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BY E. P. WALTON & HONS.
MONTPELlEli, THURSDAY, MAY 31, 1849. VOL. XLII1, NO. 2D. WHOLE NO. 2224. iUatcljmcm & 0tatc Journal. rUlll.lSIIED EVERY THURSDAY MORNINO. TERMS Sl,50cmli In admire. $2,00 If payment li not miuB in nuvaaco) iniercu Blirayi cnargcu Hum m. fflul or tlio joar. Trt'tn tlio Otivo Hunch. " Keep on Low Limbs." TO A TOVNb rKMO JUIT COMUENClpa BCUKI". Krcpin low litiilii. Pray, friend, tMi motto take, Nor ttivo to sain ut unco tho lojmot limb j Your foot mo j illpromo fullhlrfi bruncli may break, WJil la you ottemnt In tocklcii hul& tn climb. Keep on low limbt, BiriMij: Ii the Ami ho Id there, And innny a branch 'prentli an Inviting nrm, In wlioio embrace you to roe may know u care, Or ft-el yourbofloin throbbing with alarm. Kfepon low-limb. Thnojh cloudtof tuiliitij rain Mounr'ho dArk tft-t('unJ daili alhurnrt thn iky They quickly pan tliy tun inlhs futth again, .nil harm ha failed yuui covert to eipj, Keor on low limbs, Should the mad tempest roar, And itu;dy oki full proctrate at hi beck j An humble height vu ure will not deplore, When you trend tali-ly from amldit tho urfck. Keep on low limb. There Moving clutter umlle With btuiliiiig choeko tho fallen uf tho treoj And oft their boauty anJ thulr'swccW beulhi TIilo into fljilness and ti chaitcned Ice. Keep on tow limlu. When u'er the punting dalei Tho tuuiiner iuii pour down hi fervid ru, Peep fit thu buujin the warbling iun; pretnlU, And cuolin" zephyr tuuni your ti-mptca play. Kerp on low limbi. God lovea the lowly mind, Tho hu mb l.i ipiril ; 11k ilelijjlu to bleu ThoujhWfiu-ffiariiniy deem then far behind, Thuu itrt wlili God exuttod nono tlio Ion. H'oodytock, Vi.Jlprl 181!). iHisccllanccms. I'fOtn the Missouri Republican. CALIFORNIANISM IN THE WEST. Hi, ho, for California! I say, stransrer. whither bound? "To California." Not with your family 1 '' Yes." Do you ex pect to get there with that old marc and colt, and those poor, weak oxen, and that ntil rinK'i'tv w.irrnn 1 " Wlm I r or I. rt tn" Where did you come from 1 " Hiwassee District, Tennessee ; 1 was folchud up in Bunkum, North Carolina; but when I grew up I moved to Hiwassee and married, but never could get ahead there, and when 1 heard tell of the California country, and gold to be picked up there, I sold out my improvements and took this wagon and team in payment, packed up our duds, and are on our way there. You know that Fortune's blind; there's no telling the luck of a lou sy calf, so I thought it might be my good fortune to get some of the gold as well as any others." But sir, your team cannot get there. You will neither find grass, grain, nor food for them or ) ourselves on the plains. It is a long dreary road ; no houses, no wood ; and it will bo two mouths yet before there will be grass enough to fill those oxen and beasts on the whole route; and, further, when the grass is up near the settlements it is a long time alter before anv of account will be up beyond, and the further you go the worse. "Well, I'll stop awhile turn in, and work till it grows." But where will you work ? There is no body to hire, or work to do what then? You are loo far advanced to return, you cannot go ahead, and you are in a dreary desert country, without wood, water, or a ny thing to eat, with a wife and children dren looking up to you for relief and sup port; your team exhausted and become food for wolves, and before long yourself and family will follow your team. Thus ends the mad career of u Hiwassee pioneer and family. Next conies a company of young men from some Eastern city, with fine appear ance, strength and talent, yet unacquainted with the life of an old campaigner, unused to lie on the ground, cooking, and a thou sand other little incidents attending a lono-. I monotonous dreary inarch. In a few ninhta 1 nain seizes linltl nt' vnn in nvnrv Imnn .. i ... j ... -- j " i ' 1 1. 1 n in j- i cle, and part, and you feel scarcely able to move ; yet the time has come to be up and moving ahead, another day's journey. Hunt jip your oxen, yoke them, pack in your fix-, ins, and gee-wo-h aw, Buck, Bright, get a-' long you Briudle, what are you about, old J Bawlerl Zip, )ou dog, hio up lend a I hand here, John, Jake, Josh, for these darn ed horses can't budge an inch. While oth ers are rolling on in the distance, you arol stalled in the mud-hole broke an axle, I tongue something out of fix away you! tug, sweat, fret, ai.d tear up the ground, but ' all to no efilict; your steers won't pull j one has a sore neck, another lame; ono gives out, and none to put in his place, and I you are in a bad fix. Methinks I see, about the 20th of April, 1819, a thousand wagons threading out from Independence and St. Joseph, on the road towards Fort Laramie, with some three or four thousand emigrants men, women and children all wending their way to the gold regions of the Sacramento, straining every nerve and urging on their teams to their greatest speed, in order to-be the first to ar rive; the grass thinly scattered here and there, and in spots and places few and far between; tho ground vet cold, the waters high, and still further ahead, tlio snows of the past winter unthawed. In yonder creek, some dozen wagons, horses, mules and ox en, all tangled up in tho harness ; wagons broken, lame and crippled animals all in a perfect jam old men frisking about, chil- urcii squalling, men raving, roving, curs ing and swearing about their bad luck. A little ahead appears a portentous black cloud, the lightning flushing, thunders roar ing, peal after peat ; the rain begins to de scend, the wind blows; thicker and faster falls the watery element; the whole canopy of Heaven becomes blackened and darker grows ; the creeks swell, tlio water rolls and pours down ; rivers run, where a fuw hours before, all was seemingly dry. Your goods are wet, your wagon covers shivered ; tat tered, and torn to threads ; your clothes all wet, and without tent, houso, or shelter stand up and sleep, and let it rain. Your cattle, horses and mules discontented, anort and snuff the brcezo; fly the picquet, and away they go ; horses and mules without a rider, oxen without a wagon, pell incll, over lull and dale, far away. Tho wolf, with his hideous growl, breaks in upon jour cars, and ho singsyou n night ingale song, hoping (o share the titbits you will leave. Tho lluvor arising from thn fri ed bacon sharpens his appetite, until his notes become shrill and near. When dark ness hovers o'er, his snuffing and growling becomes nearer. The guns being wet, priming out, and no sentinel shot to bo heard, then comes reflection. " Oh ! what a fool was I to leave homo and suffer here j nothing to shelter me from tlio northwestern blast of an April's shivering rain, sleet, and hail, and all tho imps of tho evil one come to sing psalm tunes over my distress and misery. I wish I had stayed at home, as dad and mamma said ploughed tho old fields, learned a good trade, and been con tented when I 'was well off, instead of com ing on this 'wild goose chase.' However, a fellow may as well bo ' hung for an old sheep as. a lamb;' 'my fist is in,' and this is oniy a ueginning, and it is said that 4 ft bad beginning makes n good ending' so here ntnti llir.tnrrk l.il, - !.! it I ! I., i goes, through thick or thin, thunder, light ning, or rain. Uut stop, where in the name of sense have those infernal brutes run to in this storm ? They've cot started back. and all creation can't get that thunder storm I briefest period practicable. And in tho in out ofthem until they reach the settlements; Ueritn, the mail-stage and the traveller, by uuujusi ncrc among uiese wild varments the land route, by following, as near as con snakes, lizards, wolves, and the Lord knows ' venient, the track marked out for the rail- wiji meso women, children and wagons must stay until they arc brought back. Ge willikins, how they run! Old Zerubabel couldn't catch them." " How are you, stranger 1 Whoso com pany is this ?" " Captain Pushafter's." it r . . j sou you are in a nati nx there your . .. .. ... . ... ed horses run so before in my born days, and the mules took after them, and it was raining so awful hard we could not see. But such a stampede and clattering of hoofs of four legged animals ; it fairly shook the ycarth, it did !" " Don't you know what started them 1" "No, I thought it was the thunder and lightnin', or the cursed wolves, that kept up such an infernal barking, it scared tho chil dren into fits." "Fudge! man. It's no wolves, but some roving bands of Lipans and Camancho In dians, who are nil over the plain ; for our boys saw them in the distance just before the i-lorm, and they run oh" our besl horses and mules; but our cattle were so tied they couiuu i run. W o lost at feast (illy horses , anu mines last night, and I'm out in search lor them, while others have gone in differ ent directions on the same errand. Did you see any conic this way last night 1" "See ! 1 couldn't see my shadow, it was so dark." " How far ahead is your company J" " About ten miles on a small branch." " How many do you number 1" " Fifty." " Who commands 1" " Captain Knowsall." " Good bye 1 I'm oni, " Ilal'j nflgat, and the river's risin' '. " Nancy ! Oh, Nancy ! tell your dad to come here. The child is mighty powerful sick and I'm afeard it will die." " What's the miitter, old woman!" " Matter enough. This baby's going to die, I railly believe." Oh, just hush up; give it a drop o whiskey, and it'll uit well.1 "And there's Molly, what picked up a lizard, thinking it was a bird, and it bit her Imnil sn nrf.il W,i ii.nt l. i, u..,iu,i i to the shoulder. And Jim says there's snakes all round here, for ho seen them crawliu' under the blanket iest a little bit ago. I'll tell you. old man. we'll nil die1 here, or be eat up by the varmints. I wish we had stayed back, and let this r0d no to old scratch. Hadn't wo better turn back before we all die ?" " Well, I believe I can do well enough anywhere in ' Elcnoys' or 'Misery;' but I )- r-n . '.I l . wr J ' huiv a ii teiier to git uacit Hero we re l three hundred miles from St. Joseph, all the ; OXetl rronn ? ivnmin lirnL. rliMcii ...nl .. ma I to lend us a team and too poor to buy we could!" Old Woman. I believe I can walk, jf, you-ii oniy try to git back. We all that's worth takiu' i n that old lltld let the wnll'f-s Imvn tho mat ahead we can't Old Man. Agreed ! by hokey ; 'notigh d. Ilttrr.-i fiir tim nitl,r,o. I vf.n said, don't catch this child again with vour hum- bug ! EZEK. J ' t t r? TiT?ntj a TiTra " AND'9 I'ZmVIV rOK A ESAIiiltOAI) TO SAN- FISANCISCO. A meeting of the friends of a Railroad to California, wus convened by public no- tice in the newspapers, at the United States Ilntnl in ltiuinn the 10th of April, 1349.' Dr. William In- galls was chosen Chairman, and Thomas R. Sewall, Secretary. It was resolved that the plan proposed by Mr. Degrand, is the only leasible one which has yet been pre - sented for the consideration of thn public A committee, consisting of the following named gentleman, was chosen to forward the enterprise: E. II. Derby, James C. Dunn, S, S. Littlehale, I'. V. F. Degrand, R. F. Fisk uud O. D. Ashley. The impor tance of the subject is sufficient for pub Hailing the entire Address of Mr. Degrand. Fkllow CtTiznNs ; I propose that a company, (composed of men in whose in tegrity and steadiness of purpose confidence can be reposed by tlie nation,) bo chartered by Congress, to construct a railroad from St. Louis to Sail Francisco, with a capital of 100 rnillioi.s of dollars, and that this company (after having paid in 82,000,000,) shall have the right to borrow United States 0 per cent, stock, to such an amount (not exceeding 898,000,000,) as may be suffi cient to furnish tho road and carrying it in to full operation, with a double track. 1 propose that Congress give thu compa ny a strip of public lands, 10 miles wide, on the north side of tho road, and tho land for tho bed of the road, aud for depots, and tho right to tako from the public lands, wood, gravel, stone, iron and other materi als nocessary to construct the road. Tho adoption of this plan, will secure tho completion of the road in as brief a I gwna in uiui guiiy nnii uurieu in water : lar and r.s last as practicable, to transmit in Where's your stock ?' I tclligence for the purposes of the road, and " All run off last night in that storm, like for the government, and for tho public gen the devil was after them. I never see horn-1 erallv. spaco of time, as may be permitted by its physical obstacles: and will secure this by a singlo act of Congress, free from tho chanco 'hf future freaks of Legislation. This is the distinguishing feature of my plan and it is free from the objection of absorbing tlio private resources of activo men ; and free from the risk of halting in this great work, ut every step, for want of tangible means. 1 propose that, immediately after the sur veys arc made, tho company proceed to con struct this railroad on'tlie whole route, go itijr to work at once, on as many different points ns practicable ; and building at diffi cult points, temporary railroads, to be used while the permanent railroad is construct ing and actually bringing into use tho va rious portions of the road as fust as com pleted. The company being thus in possession of tangible means, and acting under asenscof public the facilities of railroad travelling as , . . ...Ill . I.. - . me imperative necessity 01 giving ui me fast as practicable, will very soon reduce to a moderate distauco the inconveniences of a land journey to California, and will secure the completion of tho entire line in the road, will avail themselves more and more every day, of the comfort and protection naturally incident to the incipient stages of civilization, which accumulate on the line of it railroad, from the very moment it is begun to the day of its completion. 1 propose that while the toad is construct ing, a lino of telegraph be constructed, as - O I I propose that no stimulus stronger than cold water be allowed to be used by the of ficers and men employed by tho road or by the contractors. This rule has been found of inestimable value in building and carry ing on the Now England railroads, in the construction of tlio Boston water works, and in the navigation of New England ves sels. I propose that at points of any difficulty, two separate sets of men (relieving each other) be employed, to secure the continua tion of the work, night and day, and that, at the most difficult points, three separate parties of men (working each of them 8 hours a day,) be employed, to secure con tinual work, without interruption either by meal-times or by night, employins in all cases as many men as can work to advan tage, and having all sorts of work going on at the same time, for the purposes of the road, both on the route of the road and elsewhere ; so that there may be no delay which can be avoided. This course was pursued in bringing the water of Cochitu atc lake into Boston, from a distance of SO miles, through two summits and great phys ical obstacles ; and in the unprecedented short space of two jears and two months, from the day the first spade struck the ground to begin the work, the city and its citizens found themselves in the full use of the water, flowing through a work calcula ted to endure for ages The importance in a pecuniary point of view, of using the road at an early day, is shown by appendix B, by which it will be ' perceived that the extra expense of travel ling is estimated at J?o3,tu,uuu a year over and above what it will be after the railroad 13 ,use- , . P .... I , ' lic, arguments, in favor of the plan, are ' fully elucidated in the appendix. By mov- ing for this plan, the friends of the measure will, by one single effort, viz., "the passing of the act," secure the completion of the road, in the shortest possible time; wherc- I ?3' ',f tliey acJ,T a"' lla"' w'"," , " ! f,,nd3, created b? th "le, otr tho laIld i .or dividuals; or on funds to be, from time to time, appropriated by Congress, they will impose upon themselves the never ceasing labor of Sisyphus, and by tlio delay waste enormous sums for the nation. To secure the loan of the United States if,Slocl. mad(; to lhu Company, and to secure tho carrying forward, in good taitn, of the contract made witli the Company, tho Uni- an walk jfi contract made witn tne uompany, the uni e cun pack ,cd tatl's may t'luy desire it, take a d lame steer i mortgage of the road, and its appurlenan f for to co 1 CM ' take one-third of the stock, and ap ' point one-third of the directors, following point one-third of the directors, following the precedent so successfully practised, by I he Slate of Massachusetts, in tho case of uosion nuu dittany roao, (.commonly called the Western Railroad,) in which j case, ns in the contemplated charter, the Railroad is Company to provide punctually I for th0 paymellt f ,,0 interest on the pub- I lic funds loaned to them, and also are to ' provide, and are providing, by a sinking 'u"d' (aud occasionally by extinguishment H purchase,) for the payment, at maturity, or,.1!0 Pi'"0' ''''r1'.? '"'"V c cent. Slock loaned to the Company, be- i , Y I ax"?K I"'Jau hi uonuon, win, ! as ,,ave fchuselts Sterling fi's, m tll(J uaso of ,ho We3le Road,) furnish, at ! l""u 1 u, uuiiuugoon lingianu.io be sent there, in lieu of our specie, and op erate as an additional capital, to be used by the citizens of the United States. The 893,000,000 ofUnitcd Slates Stock, loaned to the Company, (being made paya ble ut the ruto of 8!i,000,000 per annum, after CO years,) will be paid off, by the Com pany, with perfect ease, cither by actuul profits, or by the creation of new Stock, to represent tlio amount paid oil. The other distinguishing featuro of my plan is the creation, by a single act of Le gislation, of one hundred millions of dol lars; of American labor, by ordering, in the very charter, that the materials used in the construction of tlio road shall be exclusive ly of domestic origin. These one hundred millions of tangible money will naturally, directly or indirectly, be distributed to pay lor tho labor, the manulactures, and the ag ricultural products of every State in the Union, and will set the whole industry of the whole country in motion. Tho moment this Railroad is made, it will bo the great thoroughfare for the Mail and for passengers, from Europe to the Pa cific and to India. The saving of interest (by tho saving of time) and tho saving of insurance, lor gold and silver, and tor valu able goods, will secure to the nation a great prom anu a vast trade. Whether wo consider this railroad as nn indissoluble bond of Union between greatly distant parts of our widely extended Em pire ; or as a means of averting European Wars, and Wars with tho various Indian Tribes; or as a means of transporting the Mail and communicating telegraphic intel ligence; or as a mensuro of Internal Com merce, so vast, so varied, as to defy all pre cedent ; or us a measure for National Glory, outaineti witnout waste of blood or treasure, bv construction and comnletintf. in a brit.f spaco of time, tlio Great work of the Age, i we are irresistibly fed to the conclusion, that National Glory and National Interei rest a-' like dictate tho adoption, at the earliest dav. of a measure calculated to obtain, for the present generation, the honor which poster ity will award to those who secure for all fu ture ages, and by this single act of Legisla tion, the immeasurable benefits flowing from tho existence of this great work. The Hashish. sinotlar nrrncTs or an omuntai, nrtuo. A writer in Chamber's Journal recalls the public attention to the singular effects of this drug, the produce of the Indian hemp, which, particularly in France, since 1810, lias been a matter of interest in its connex ion with medicine. French authors of dis tinction have published memoirs on the sub ject; M. Virey attempting to prove it the Nepenthe of Homer Sylvcstre do Sacy find ing in it the charms practiced by the Assas sins. But the author, Theodore Gautier, lias given tlio most wonderful account of its effects from his own sensations. " The Orientals," says he, " have in con sequence of the interdiction of wine, soti'dit that species of excitement which the west ern nations derive from alcoholic drinks. Tho love of the ideal is so dear to man, that he attempts ns far as ho can, to relax the tics which bind the body to the soul ; and as the means of being in an ecstatic state are not in the power of all, one person drinks for gaiety, another smokes for for getfulncss, a third devours momentary mad ness ; one under tho form of wine, the other under that of tobacco and hashish." He then proceeds to say, that a few min utes after swallowing some of the prepara tion, a sudden overwhelming sensation took possession of him. It appeared to him that his body was dissolved, that ho had become transparent. He clearly .saw in his chest the hashish which he had swallowed, under the form of an emerald, from which a thou sand little sparks issued. His eye-lushes! were lengthened out indefinitely, und rolled like threads of gold around ivory balls, which turned with an inconceivable rapidity. Around him were sparklings of precious stones of all colors, changes eternally pro duced, like the play of the kaleidoscope. He every now and then saw his friends who were round him disfigured half men, half plants, some with the winzs of the os trich, which they were constantly nltakiiig. So strange were these, that ho burst into fits of laughter; and to join in the apparent ridiculousness of the affair, he began throw ing the cushions in the air, catching and turning them with the rapidity of an Indian juggler. One gentleman spoke to him in Italian, which the hashish transposed into Spanish. After a few minutes lie rccovcrd his habitual calmness, without any bad ef fect, without headache, and only astonished at what had passed. Half an hour had scarcely elapsed before he had fallen again under the influence of the drug. On this occasion tlio vision wa3 more complicated and more extraordinary. In the air there wero millions of butterflies confusedly lu minous, shaking their wings like fans. Gi gantic flovers with chalices of chrystal, pe onies upon beds of gold and silver, rose and surrounded him with the crackling sound that accompanies the explosion in the air of fire-works. His hearing acquired new power ; it was enormously developed. He heard the noise of colors. Green, red, blue and yellow sounds reached him in waves. A glass thrown down, the cracking of a so fii, a word pronounced low, vibrated and ,C,N? one year man my lutuers lamny rolled within him like peals of thunder. !,sed t0 do with tho ady.ee of a physician His own voice sounded so loud that he feared."1.8'" ycdT.3- But one day when my wife :iu iinviiu uunii, .ii uiufiiuii ui i aw- to speak, lest he should knock down the walls, or explode like a rocket. More than five hundred clocks struck the hour with fleeting, silvery voices; and every object touched gave a note liko the harmonica or yEoliau harp. Ho swam in an ocean of sound, where floated, like isles of purest light, songs of " Lucia di Lammermoor" aud the " Barber of Seville." Never did Kimifiir Mica ni'nr itlmlni liim tt!tt i wrwnn he was lost in a wilderness of sweets; ho?TbQ 6!cl, And was not himself; he was relieved from con-1 11 1 und m-v """'V sciousness, that feeling which always pre - . i .i ' . A r i vaues me mina ; ana lor tne nrsi lime nor comprehended what might be the state of existence of elementary beings, of angels, r i.. .j . i -. u. souts. separu eo irom me oouy : a., n.s system seemed to be infected with he fan- tastic coloring ill which he was plunged, S.l nrl...A i:..i,. ,..-t.,..i t.ini .,..lT. I... 1 iuiuuiu ruv, ... mo imusioi wii.ct. tie near.. i ,.,s,., umc. .., ng aiottg. cor - ding to his calculation this state lasted about i,.. nuuutcujiiun tor uset.s.u.ui.s were Secret of Living always Easy. An Italian bishop haviuc stroggled through great difficulties without complaining, and met with much onnosition in the di discharge of his Episcopal functions, without ever be - traying tho ioast impatience, an intimate friend of his, who hiuhly admired these vir tues, which he considered it impossible to imitate, ono day asked the prelate if ho could tell him tho secret of being always easy. " Yes, " replied the old man, " I can teach you my secret, and will do so very readily. It consists in the use of my eyes, His friend begged him to explain. " Most willingly," said the bishop, In what ever state lam, I first of all look up to heaven, and remember that my principal buisncss here is to get there ; 1 then look down up on earth, aud call to mind the space I shell shortly occupy in it j I then look abroad into the world, and observe what multitudes there arc who in ail respects have more cause to bo unhappy than myself. Thus I learn where true happiness is placed, where all our cares must end, and how very little reason I have to rcpino or complain. " u ..uu iuu. u. u ..umeu, uni. upon ' f dinner arrived Mr3 Chittenden, to tho other, that a real appreciation of time was ast0ni3lment of her lady guests, went out 11 .P"0?'"", 0VCr' ho, Wand blew a tin horn for the workmen, who aware that it had lasted only a quarter of Hnon ,... . . n , ,,' sllr. nn hour. . . J'."""' . '.. I Doctors'Bills. A Tho folly of dabbling in medicine is very pleasantly hit off in the following humorous piece : "About four years ago I was happily married to u very prudent lady, and, being of the same disposition myself, we inado a very prudent couple. Some titno after our marriago my wife told mo that the doctors' bills were very high, and, as we could not always expect to bo free from disease, she motigui u uesi to purcuaso somo uociors' uooks, anu inus, saiu situ wiiu a sinue, ' we can steal their trado at once.' This I agreed to, and made it my particular busi ness to attend all auctions of books, in or der to buy medical books at the lowest rate. In fine, in less than twelve months I had bought a couple of 1 Dispensatories,' ' Bit chan's Family Physician two or three treatises on tho art of preserving health, by different authors; seven treatises on the dis eases of children, and divers others of the greatest note. My wife spent all the time she could spare from the economy of her household in studying them, and as soon as my store was shut up in the evening, I edi fied myself with a few receipts from my Dis pensatory. " As soon as spring arrived my dear wife informed me that she found it positively en joined by some of our writers that wo must swallow a large dose of cream of tartar and brimstone, to be laTcn every evening for threo weeks, in molasses; this the whole fumily complied with; first I myself, who being the head ofthe family.I reckoned first ; my wife, my brother Dick, who lives with me, my son and my daughter, my negro boy, antl the servant maid. This cure we all went through to the entire satisfaction of my wife, wlio had the pleasure to find her medicine had the desired effect. " Soon after this tho contagion of reading medical books spread through all my fam ily, and scarce a day passed but somo of them made use of some medicine or other. My poor brother Dick, after lie had permis sion to read my books, had acquired a de jected countenance, tho cause of which I could not conceive. At last ho broke si lence: ' Brother,' said lie, (supposing that I had read more than himself,) ' feel my pulse ; I think I have to much blood; hud not I better get bled f you know that if too much blood gets into the head it produces apo plexy : the symptoms of its appearance, says Riichan, arc remarkable redness in the face, and you see that it is exactly the case with inc.' I could not but laugh at him ; he was indeed red in the face, but such redness as indicated the very offspring of health. Our maid, from an education at a country school, had learned to read ; she earnestly reques ted her mistress to lend her a doctor book to read on Sunday afternoon. This reason able request was granted ; but, poor crea ture I being not ofthe fairest complexion in the world, she in a little while became low spirited, and finding my wife and nie alone one evening she came in, and ventured to express herself thus : 'La! mistress; lam concerned and afraid I shall get the yellow jaunders, as I begin to look yellow in the face.' Decency prevented my smiling for a while, but when she had left the room I could not but enjoy a laugh. My negro boy is always eating roasted onions' for a cold, but as he. cannot read, ho has luckily es caped every other disorder. One night as we were about going to bed my wife desired me in the most serious manner that if she should ever be taken with a lock jaw that I should Tub her jaw with musk, as she was convinced, from comparing the arguments of a variety of authors, that this was the best remedy. I told her there was no dan ger of such an event, as I had Dr. Cullcn's word for it that it seldom attacks females ; indeed, I am convinced that a lockjaiccd la dy is rara avis in tcrris. Hitherto our family medicines were used with confidence and satisfaction on all sides, till 1 considered one day that our family, without a doctor, had consumed more med- .. , ( , , told me she thought it would be well to weigh our lood before we eat it, lest we should eat too much or too little, and that Sancuorious advised it for good reasons, I got such a disgust to our scheme that I re solved gradually to abandon it. I am now convinced of tlio truth of a saying of a ra tional medical writer, ' one or tnoro tilings must happen to every human body to live temperately, to use exercise, to tako physic And I am pretty certain that persevere in the two lor- ' courses, , we iieeo noi ue in Ganger oi I tilt! two :is" - - - . i t i Authentic Anecdote. T Chittenden, tho first Governor of Vermont wm WM a jain far aikc . i ,,b,.i.i' r. r ...:...i ' : . 10 F"v,a .""". implicity with which ho COMUvctelr vnrv .i,;,,,, in m.l.liR d.tti. 1 ,j j,, hjs dolnes,io es,ablishment, was once I vUhed . a of trave,in fashionables j fmm one of our cities. When the hour prise ot these lair cits, the whole company Governor and his lady, guests, workmen and all, were invited to sit down to the substan tial furc which hail been provided for tho occasion, After tlie dinner was over, and the lathes were left to themselves, one of 1 thu guests thought site would gently tako Mrs. Chittenden to tnsk for this monstrous violation of gentility, to which she had been, as she thought, so uucourtcously ruado a victim. " You do not generally sit down to tho same table with your workmen, I suppose, Mrs. Chittenden," she said. " Why," replied tho Governor's lady, whose quick wit instantly apprehended tho drift of the other, " I am almost ashamed to say, wo generally have; but I soon in tend to amend in this particular, I was tel ling the Governor, this very morning, that it was an ubsolutc shamo that tho workmen, who did all tho hard labor, should fate no better than wo do, who sit so much of tho time in the houso, earning little or nothing; and I am determined hereafter to set two tables, tho first and best fur tho workmen, and the last, not so good, for tho Governor and myself." SENATOR BENTON AND CAL HOUN. A convention nt Columbia, S. Carolina, on tho 15th instant, passed resolutions affir ming the recent Virginia resolutions, and appointing a committee of vigilance and safely, to see that other States pay proper attention to the ' emergency." The views of tho convention are sufficiently shown by tho following, which was the leading reso lution : Resolved, That a full and deliberate ex amination of tho whole subject, has forced a deep conviction on the Delegates of the Committees of Safety here assembled, from the several Districts and Parishes in the State, that alarming and imminent Peril is hanging over the Institutions and sovereign rights of the slavcholdiinr States, caused liv unconstitutional antl mischinvntt ininrfi-r. ence with our domestic slavery and the j ln Gazette contains somo important infor rights of slaveholders on tho part of the rnation for the Ladies, with regard to the people of the North, their Legislatures, ! manner of placing their lips, when thoy de Courts and Representatives in Congress, jsirc 10 'ok amiable, dignified, &c. It sug and by withholding from them the aid's and Ees,s ,llat vv,len a Iady would compose her remedies guarantied by the Constitution. ; ,I10,'th to a bland and serene character, she That arguments and appeals to cease and s,louldi jllst before entering the room, say abstain from this course of unprovoked " Besom," and keep the expression into wrong and insult, have been exhausted in , which tlio mouth subsides until the desired unavailing efforts, which have only been fol- e""ect uPon tlie company is evident. If, on lowed by repetitions of injury and aggres-, lM0. (tler hand, she wishes to assume sions more alarming, persevered in with an distinguished and somewhat noble bearing, appearance of concert and determination, not sllEgestve of sweetness, she should say' which leaves to us no alternative but abject " Brush," the result of which is infallible, and humiliating submission, or a like con-!Ifsne wol'Id mako 1,or mouth small and cert and determination in maintaining our Prc"y' slie must say "Flip," but if the mouth constitutional rights and in defending our J ue already too small and needs enlarging, she property and persons thus wantonly put in m,,st 8ay " Cabbage." Ladies when having danger. That South Carolina should stand ! ,,le'r daguerreotypes taken may observe prepared, us she now is. to enter into conn-1 cil, and to lake that " firm, united and con certed action" witli other Southern and South Western States in this emergency, which ine preservation oi tncir common honor.sovereignty and constitutional privile ges demands ; ami to maintain them at ev ery hazard, and to tho last extremity and that, in view of this alarming condition of public affairs, a Central State Committee of Vigilance and Safety, to consist of Five members, be now raised by ballot, to cor-' respond with other Committees and persons in this and other States with a view to such concerted and united measures as may be expedient in any emergency that may arise. Tlie following is the letter of Col. Ben- ton : To the People of Missouri. The General Assembly of our State, at its last session, adopted certain resolutions on the subject of slavery, and gave nie instructions to obey them. From this command I appeal to the people of Missouri the whole body of the people and if they confirm tho instruction, 1 shall give them an opportunity to find a Senator to carry their will into effect, as I cannot do anything to dissolve this Union, or array one half of it against the other. I do not admit dissolution ofthe Union to be a remedy, to be prescribed by states men, for the diseases of the body politic, any more than I admit death, or suicide, to be a remedy, to be prescribed by physicians for the diseases of the natural body. Cure, and not kill, is the only remedy which my mind can contemplate in either case. I think it probable, from what I observe, that there are many citizens good friends to harmony antl stability of this Union who do not sec the Missouri instructions aud their prototype, tlie Calhoun address, in tlie same light I see it, aud in the li"ht in I which it is seen by others who best under stand it. For the information of such citi- I zens, and to let them sec the next step in tins movement, and where it is intended to go, I herewith subjoin a copy of the Ac- comac resolutions, lately adopted in that county in Virginia, and fully endorsed by the Richmond Enquirer, as the voice ofthe South. I do not produce these resolutions for the purpose of arraigning them; on the contrary 1 see something in them to admire, as beingbold, open, and to the true inter pretation and legitimate sequence of the i Calhoun movement. I consider tlie Cal houn address, aud its offspring, the Mis souri instructions, as fundamentally wrong; but to those who tliinli them richt, the Ao comae resolutions are also right aud should be immediately mutated by similar rcsolu tions in Missouri. I produce them to en able the people of Missouri to see what it is to which their Legislature would commit the State, and what it is they have instruc ted me to do. I appeal from these instructions to the peoplcof Missouri the whole body ofthe people and in duo time will give my rea sons for doing so. It is a question above party, and goes to the whole people. In that point of view the Accomac resolutions present it and present it truly ; and I shall do the same. I shall abide the decision ofthe whole people, and nothing else. Respectfully, Thomas Beston. St. Louis, May 9, 1849. Tlie St. Louis Republican, in publishing thu letter of Mr. Benton, supports, in the its doctrine. It says : We are for the Unkn as it is, and scout the idea that because we cannot be permit ted to introduce a few slaves into New Mex ico and California, the glorious fabric of a Republic, reared at so much cost, should be dissolved and destroyed. Whenever such a catastrophe shall be pressed upon us whenever the South shall desire to sepa rate lrom the North and the East we trust ; that the free men of the Great West, who I have now grown to man's estate, will be I ton ml ready to inquire into the reasons and ' the causes which inav be advanced for tho j adoption of so disastrous a revolution ; and tlllJ II I U OUWII 11 J UUIIIIUV UO I CWUIIIIIUU with a sense Of justice or of constitutional right, Umt they will stop tho execution of the unhallowed purpose ut every hazard. Fortunately for tho existence and perpetui ty of the Union, the West 6tands in a re- lutiou to the other States of the Union. whichwill justify lThr in deciding between them ; and wc feel satisfied now that she will resist all efforts to dissolve.the confed eracy on such trifling pretexts as are Dut forth by the resolutions to which public at- teiiiiou uas ucen caucu, NoTiiiNa Lost uv Civility. A gentleman. who hats filled tlio highest municipal offices in one of our cities, owed his education chief ly toa singlo act of civility. A traveler, in hot summer's day, wanted some waiter for his horic, and, perceiving n well near the road side, turned his horse up towards it. Just then, a lad appeared, to whom tho' stranger addressed himself, saying : "My young friend, will you do mo tho fa vor to draw a bucket of water for my horse, as I find it rather difficult to get off and on V Tho lad promptly seized the bucket, and soon brought a supply of water. Pleased with tho cheerful temper and courteous man ner of the youth, tho traveler enquired liis nalne, and so deep was tho impression maJcv on his mind, that the name ofthe lad and his place of residence were rcmembrcd until several years afterwards, when the trav eler had occasion for a clerk. lie then sent' for this young man, and gave him a respon sible and profitable place, from which lie a roso to (ho chief magistracy of a city. Important to the Ladies. The Lon- tllese rulC9 Wltn advantage. gricultural. Vermont Fruit Growers' Con vention. The State Committee ofthe North Amor- ican Poniological Convention, at the request of many Fruit Growers and others of the State, have decided on calling a convention to bo held at Alontpelicr, on Thursday, the loth day of October next, uentlcmen in terested in growing fruit in Vermont and delegates from Societies are invited to at tend. , Specimens of fruit from every part ofthe State are particularly desired. If sent by any one not personally attending, they should be accompanied by a statement, giv ing tlio name of tho fruit and ot the grower ; tlie origin if known; the habits and growth ofthe tree; its adaption to particular soils, &x. (Sic. Apy membrr of the .committee will be happy to take charge of specimens from his vicinity. Communications and fruit mar also be sent to the care of Daniel Baldwin, Esq., of iMoiitpclier, who will take charge aud pre sent them to the convention. C. Goodrich, Burlington, A. Chapman, Middlebury, E. C. Thacv, Windsor, Rev. L. D. Bingham, Williston, V. Atwood, St. Albans, T. II. Peck, Burlington, J. D. Bkadlev. Brattleboro'. Commit tee. Editors in Vermont interested in the ob ject, will confer a favor on the Committee and their readers by inserting the foregoing in their respective papers. How to Raise Good Potatoes. My object in writing at this time, is to give you my method of growing potatoes free from tlie rot. I have practiced it two seasons with entire success, and have now six hundred bushels of fine Mercer potatoes in my cellar, and all free from the disease.. My method is, to plow the ground late in the fall or early in tlie spring, harrow it smoothly before planting time, then haul out say fifteen tons rotten manure, spread it broadcast ; then take two horses and u plow, and back up two full furrows, the furrows just meeting in tlie backing ; leaving a strip one foot wide, and back up two more ; and so continue until you have; completed the lot. Then turnabout and split these double furrows open with a single furrow; then commence dropping your potatoes (pieces of cut potatoes, containing at least four eyes) in the furrow, six inches apart. Af ter the lot is dropped, tako your horses and plow, and throw two good furrows, (one round of a team to a row,) just meeting, on the top; dress off the top, clearing the row of stones, &c; then sow broadcast five bushels common salt over the ground im mediately after planting; cultivate well till the plants arc in blossom, and you will have a good crop; never cultivate potatoes when in blossom. When the crop is ready to gather, clear the ground, take your two horses and plow, turn a furrow from each side of the row; let a boy pick up the scattering potatoes; then turn out the row, pick up the potatoes ; then hoe down the ridge ; lastly harrow over the ground, pick up the remaining potatoes aud the work is finished. The agriculturist must at once observe that, by this process, he gets a broad, loose bed for the potatoes to grow in, also double depth of soil; then you arc certaip of good dry potatoes. I would hero observe that potatoo ground is the very best for producing a good crop of wheat ; and I would advise farmers to grow a greater surplus of this valuable root. If there is no market, store them, and feed them to your horses, cattle and hogs; feed them in your stable through the winter; give your stock good bedding; clean out your stablc3 once a week ; make as- large manure heap as possible; and you will not bo troubled with the disease, nor that worse malady arising1 Irom always taking out ot tho meal tub and never returning any ; you will thus come to tho bottom. Ohio Cultivator Value of tub Birds. It is proved that a pair of sparrows, during the lime they hayo their young to fqed, destroy, on an av erage, every week, three thousand caterpil lars. Tins calculation is founded upon ac tual observation. Two parents have been known to carry to their nest forty caterpil lars an hour; and, supposing the sparrows to enter tho nest -only twelve times during each day, they would causa a consumption of four hundred and eighty caterpillars; this sum gives thirty-three hundred and six ty caterpillars extirpated weekly from a gar den.