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VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATE JOURNAL, NOVEMBER 29, 1849.
iDntcljmnn & State journal. K. V. WALTON, Jit., EDITOR. TlutiMlny, Nov. HO, I8i1. Dolcjratca to the Constitutional Convention. fC7" Wo do not specily ilic politic of tho del Cgntcs, for llio reason (hat onl.v a part nro desig nated in our returns i but wo auu, mat unques tionably n majority of die Convention aro Locos. Right: iho whigs proposed llio amendments J let the Locos now take tlicli share of tlio rcsponsi- bll"y' ADDISON COUNTY. Fcrrisburgh, Nicholas Guindon. Middlcbury, Ozlas Seymour. Now Haven, Elios Bottom. Panton, Silas Pond. Waltliam, Rollin Everts. BENNINGTON COUNTY. Bennington, Tlmmas McDanlels. Dnreot, Gcorgo B. Holly. Manchester, Leonard Sargent. Pownol, Wm. H. Blanchard. Shaftsbury, Samuel Ames. Woodfurd, Alonzo Fox. CALEDONIA COUNTY. Darnel; Franklin J. Eastman Burke, Beldun. Cabot, J. D. Putnam. Danville, Wm. A. Palmer; 130 votes cast. Lyndon, Thomas Bartle'.L Pcacham, James Clark. at. JoiinsDiiry, (jan.'nor Wheeler; a very sinnll vote. Wolden, Daniel Woosler. CHITTENDEN COUNTY. Burlington, John N. Ponicroy; IC8 votes cast. Chailotte, Joel S. Bingham. Cnlchesti'r, llezel.iah II. Hates. Essex, Jesse Cirpontcr. J.Iintsburgli, Elmer Becchcr. Milton, II. Adams. Richmond, E. I). Green. Jericho, J. J. Benrdslcy. Shelburne, Garad Biirritt. St. Gcurgc, Reuben Lockwood. WilliBton, Eli Branson. LAMOILLE COUNTY. Stowc, O. V. Butler. ORANGE COUNTY. Chelsea, Levi B. Vilas, by ono mnjority, and that voto disputed. Williatnstown, William S. Beckct. FRANKLIN COUNTY. Bakcreficld, W. C. Wilson. Fuirfsx, A. J. Gove. Fairfield, II. Birlow. Franklin, Clias. Felton. Gcorgii, A. Sabin. Ilighgnte, B. Peake. St. Albans, L. B. Hunt. Swanlon, I. B. Rowdish. ORLEANS COUNTY. Brownington, John F. Skinner. Coventry, Isaac P.irker. Deiby, J. L. Edwards. Irtiiburgh, Thomas Jnmeson. RUTLAND COUNTY. Brandon, J. W. Halo. Custleton, A. Wurncr. Clarendon, Thomas Siowart. Danby, G. I. Locke. Fairhaven, A. Gruvt s. , Ilubbardtnn, C. S. Rumscy. Ira, L. Fish. Mendnn, J. Wlieelor. Middlelown. J. Chirk. Mt. Tabor, B. B. Britton. Puwlot, R. II. Smith. PitUford, G. F. Ilendco. Rutland, Robert Pierpnnt; 09 votes east and Mr. P. declared nlncted by one majority. Onu vote was contested, hut admitted and subse quently another meeting was organized, 59 votes east, and M. G. Everts was declared elected. Shcrburn, Johnson. Shrewsbury, Win. Mathewson. Wallingford, Harvey Button. Wel!s,,A. Grovor. WASHINGTON COUNTY. Birrc, John E. Palmer. Berlin, J. Hill. Calais, Nelson A. Chaao, Duxbury, A. E. Graves. East Montpolier, llazen Lyford. Middlesex, Oliver A. Chatnberlin. Mnntpelior, Jeremiah T. Marston. Morctown, Roger G. Bulkley. Marshfield, Jona, Goodwin. Northfield, Moais Robinson. Plainfield, Nathaniel Slicrman. Rnxbtiry, Tlmmas R. Shaw. Waitefield, Benj. Reed. Waterbury, Eliukitn Allen. Worcester, Allon L. Vnil. WINDHAM COUNTY. Brattlcboro', Cnlvin Townslcy ; 97 votes cast. Dtimtnerston Asa Dutton. Guilford, John Lyndc. Halifax, Timothy Larabco. Londonderry, Sem Pierce. Marlboro', Phinehas Mather. Newfane, Chas. K. Field. Putney, Win. Houghton. Rockingham, Jeremiah Uarton. Wardsboro", Henry Rice, Jr. Westminister, David Gotham. Whitingham, Eli F. Ilallnu. WINDSOR COUNTY.. Barnard, Daniel Aiken, Bridgewater, Ovid Thompson. Hartford, John L. Lnverin. Hurlland, Eben M. Stocker ( 8 votes cast Ludlow, Alexander Barton. Pomftet, Alonzo Chninberlin. Royaltun, John S. Marcy. Sharon, Warren C. French. Weathersfiold, William M. Pinery. Vindtor, Carlos Cuulidgo; 53 votes cast. Woodstock, Norman Williams. " Putting their Foot in It." Wo have heard a Iccofoco boast (perhaps it could be traced to the Patriot office) that the "Long Team" had secured the adoption of tho amendments to tho Constitution, as to county officers. That was tho very thing which some of tho whigs of tho Legislature had in view, when going fur "tho team." C7" Tho Patriot is mightily rejoiced to see Its brethren elected to tho Convention, like chil dren " Ploiud with t'rittte, .rut tickled with a ilitw." Probably less than one fourth of the people vo ted at all. On u skeleton vote Iiko that, and a general disputation 0f the whigs not lo make this a party contest, tho Patriot seems disposed to claim u triumph. Take It, Msjor, and enjoy it whilo you may. The othor thieo fourths ol the pcoplo will be out in September next, and once inoro teach you the folly of crowing over 'ho vi hlgs of Vermont. Annexation of Canada. It is a remarkable fact that tho party In Ver mont which makes tho loudest professions for free toil, entirely forgot to allude, in the resolu tions of its laut Stnto convention, to the greatest frre soil movtmtnl of the ( to the nnncxntlon of Canada to Ilia Union 1 It was left lor the whig convention to invito the attention of Vor montcrs to this question, ns they did by a resold tion friendly to peaceable nnncxation, which was unanimously adopted by tho convention, and subsequently a liko resolution was unanimously adopted by tho legislature also. Tho question is receiving attention on both sides of tho At lantic, and for the information uf our leaders no givo tho nnnexnd comments from ono of the leading, presses of London: ENGLISH VIEWS OF CANADI AN ANNEXATION. Tho following two articles from the London Times of Oct. 31, and Nov. 2, nro important, ns showing ilie sentiments likely in ho rnicitnincd by a great portion of the British public, on thu subject of n secession of the Colonies fromjheir connexion with Great Britain "The nows from Canada is deeply intoresllnr- rslher than painfully alarming, 'Thoso who ex- nil I It nl'Ortf rlmf.l1l.MI1IA.lt .f ...In....,! .ill)!....). I-" ... ..-V. UVIUIW'IIIVIII -JM VIIIIIIIIIJI 1111111.1(11110 and every fiesh cause of vexation tollio Coloni- al-Umce will be delighted by the record of a tnoveincnt which, to less Iios'ile iiiinds. must sim ply mutter for grave reflection and philosophical investigation. Tho movement to which we refer is one that tends to the dissolution rattier ih.into tho disiun Hon ol the British Colon! il Empire in North A- tnerica. It is iiPilhcr ittpired by vindlciivencss nor fraught with violence. It is .cirncst in its tony, but its earnestness partakes of tho charac ter oi uciioerutivuneas ; it reasons, even though it may reason wrongly, and proceed Irom incor rect premUea to urttmeoiis deduction.-'. It la on ihis account thai llio Montreal uddrcss is entitled iu u pattern, auu no were aininsl .laying a ret pcctlol attention nt our In ml. It buuthes no huetility against the British crown und people; on me contrary, it euipiialiculiy records llio cor iliul and kindly luelings of thu Canadian people to both ; it makes no vehement nrulostnttiins nt olfaction fnrn democratic lor.n ol Government: i. . . . . . t .. . . out Himpiy lests un prdlorcucu ol republican in suiuuous upon local und peculiar cunilitiuns ; II iidviaei epir.ition trout Kngluud, an it siiggoitr annexuliuii to tlm United StAlen.lriiiii the motives oy miiicIi coiiimuinties, nut !& thin individual are lio.elled muiuis ot tell interest und sell- uilvunceuicnt. TIimiu was a time when so singular a dncn mem as this would h.ivu exposed Iih nuihors lo iui iiniw in inii ir asou, mill llio colony in which it .wbfl broached lo tho cnLumiies of civil wrr; when every Eiigli-.hinr.ii would h.wo boiled "mi luuiynuuin nt llio presumpiion winch com plained ul English dominion, and til thu loineri i) which piopoacd to cairy tho iircsuinnlion ot hi UJgu nuu uctioii. Hut those days hive pai-neil away. havo been t iiiuht windmu hv experience; and llio most vain iblu us null us tho most cosily of orr lceuiis has been laiight by the b.irien suu of u orccmttdlu conlliet will, u provii.ee, which lioni lemonstranco proceeded lo rebellion, und crowned robelliun with indepenc unci. Wu (.hould nnt go n -,ir for llio meiil.; honor of inaiiilaining n roluclani colony in gnl- "'S "jeuuuii no 81IOUIU not pilrclLIMj ail 011 wiliing ubedieucu by un outlay ot treasure or ot blood, ll, indeed, with e.1,1,1111,,1 dependence or independei.ee, theru weru Indis-nluoly bound up ineirupolimn prosperity or decny; it it were ml etuhly clear tlul the pieeorvalioti of colonial em pire wuuid enaure thu prosorvntinn of inelropo titan grcatuchs, and thut tho latter would wane with thu exliiictioii ot the former then such r-Ug"l8tions us tlio Montroal Addrcm enntmntt. would lind no pluco in llie difcuesions, no t-ym- luui in uiu leuiiugs, 01 people in KngLiiiJ,.. They would one and all iJtntity llietr own iulur- csis unu prosperity wnu tliat which their lore t'atliurs were couient to regard lor nod by itsell viz. mo supremacy o LnlHh power. Bui thu diU'erenco between them and their foiefnth'ers is. tu.it tliey will count and ponder on that muro vol g.ir balance ut prolit and lo.s nlnch w.13 lorgol t n by thu gcneruitou which hailed tho com uiencumenl und lamented tho conclusion of the great American war. Is thu retention of Cana da profitable, will its loss he hurtful, to England? is tlio quootiun which Englishmen of ihu present day will put lo themselves, as the converse ol Ihu question is ih it which Canadians arealready diecutaiiigun llietr mile. It iuuL be admitted that tholaltrr have gtiev ancis, tliough not ullequally opprckKiva nor ull of the same ony 111. 'I hey have been plained and thriven under protective laws. Those law uru nowubrogutcd ; and abrogated as the peo ple ol Canada have beuao to .jcu wnh )ut a chance ol to-eiidctmenl. So far lliev suff-T in coniiiion with all our colonies, thu ttfacls ol" u bad and obtolete colonial sv.lein. Tlio change, huwever, is mado. Tlio 'cohiniits know lli.it what has been done will not bo undone, and that the grain ciops of Western Canada mut com petu in the markets of Eucland with tho gr.un crops of tho United Stales, ol Poland, and of the whole world. They are Miflering Irom tho re vulsion. It has uruck nt their enterprise, their capital, and tlioir energies. They sjy that liny have lostull the advantages, while they Mill sut ler Ilia burdens ot colonists. Again, they com plain of that which is to them a grievance In common with uil other colonies. They uro no bodies j they have no Malum, weight or influ ence in Imperial councils .mil Imperial dignities. They aru piovinciiils, and provincials ol a" coun try which is but Intlu known and le.ss apprecia ted iu Great Britain. Their senators hava no voice, Iheir xlalesmen no name in tho Purlin mem and politics ol England, Their delibera tions, their deimtes, uud iheir divisions aro uu linoiin be) und tlio limits of a eemi-populated province; or, if known, known only lo no coer ced by thu poner or ridiculed by the sneers of otrictals ut home. Again, they complain Ihat, wlnlo on tho oilier side of tho American border every sign of meicauiilo prosperity, and every indication of natural enterprise luamfpat thorn- selves, on llieir stdo all is puveity, stagnation, und iiierlnens; on thu lormer intiuiuuratilu ruil roads letseluto'u country teeming with abundant haiVesls and busy with a thous.ind nulls, wlnlo on their fiide th uionliiy of un iinulled soil is no less ilisliimrluuinar lliau Ihu laziness of inactive hands or Ihu want of capital lo employ fieui. Of these three grievances tho two former are real, the lattur is only imaginary ; and of tho.e which aro real, the tirsl is only temporary. The prosperity winch was forced by protection will revive, biowly indeed but suioly, under tho lulhi unco ot competition. Tho energy and industry which havo nmdo tlio United States prosperous might have tnuile Canada no less prospeious; the British Consli lulioi. has not checked them; iheColunial-oUice has not sillied ltie.it. The English capital which fluwed to readily into tin) thankless treasuries o: Indiana rind Pennsylvania would hivn gushed into llio coders uf the Canadian merchants and irrigated thu barrenness of Canadian fields, had it not been lor reasons lor which none but Cana dians are answerable. Tnni this complaint, loo. is overcharged, we inter from (he tenor uf ihe whole evidence given by Canadian proprietor, of high character beloro Lord Alomeaglu's com mittee un emigration. Canada hag grunu in prosperity, and cunsideriug the very late period of her colonization und her largo elements ul the poorest Irish colonists has grown beyond thu hopes ot her most sangutnu well-wishers within u very brief period ol litno. Whut is wanting to incieasu this is English capital thu eamo capital which bus multiplied thu wealth of tho neighboring Stales; but which it would be absurd to suppose can only bo introduced into her when she has ceased to bo uu English pos session. Tho other complaint is onu which it is easier to derldo than to utsuage. Her colonists as such unjoy only tho distant and reflected splendors of imperial power ami inujosiy, Wo havo in tins, as in oilier imtunces, lorgutt-n the generous butproloiiud policy of undent Koine, and have curtailed ho privileges of thoso re mote subjects, whose loyalty and whose courage arc tho fuitlieruiosl pillars on which rests liter glories of llio British I'lirone. To remedy this, would requnu considerable alterations, nut only in the sysiu.n ot uur representative institution, but alio in the laws of time, space, and locomo tion. A proposal to chant. o the one may bo considered nearly os Utopian as a plan (or rcvi sing tho other. On the whole, thon, tho nucslion resolves l self Into this. Would Canada belter herself, without hurlinir Enghind, by annexation to the United States? Could wc give up to a rival and aggressive Republic a province ns vastus r lance, wiuiout periling uur power iitnl iln.ua. glng our pronority ? Could wo civil un Cnn:i da Million'. iifFruutiuir the bravo loyalists of No va Scotia, ninl loing tho most valuable harbors on tlio globlc? If Canada ceases to be British, iniKl Nova Scotia, Nuw Brunswick, and Princo Edwnrd's Island ceaso In bo British also? Or is there no lutenncdiite cottrso which bIiouIiI rn euro to tin.1 documented colony independence without forcing her into rivalry or hostility ? It it impostible to devise such a Government whether Royal, tmpcrnl, or Republican ns, by consolidating tlio th'eo North American nroviif cos, would erect n hugo breakwater between us and our nearest but most formidable rival? All Ihesc aru questions of moment rind iinportnneo; but theru is ono quest on which lakps precedence even of thesoi How fur nro the sentiments con tained in the Montreal Address uencral and nop ular in Conadi ? How lur are ihey merely thu expressions ol a party spirit r Uow tar Oniia dtan? This it is not only useful but needful lo ntcertain. To take ono single btep without knowing ihis I'oold bo to plunge deliberately into darkness and d-llinultv. Frantic ns It was to wiigo a desultory and sanguinary war against the unanimous opinion of thirteen provinces, it would bo latuous to fling nw.ly one great prov ince in blind submission lo tho misunderstood dictates of an over aleil f.irtiuosncss. Mean, while ore this question bo solved let us con grutulatu ourselves on tho reflection that tho doc uiueiil which wc have quoted proves that tho po litical training which England gives In her colo nists is ono which need neither make thuiti asha uieu ol her, nor her of them ; and that ihe hi tore which awuits men thus truinud can never be ob scure nor dishonorable. l'toni llio London Times of .Vor. 2J. When wo ..onsidcr tho oddrtm published by ihe oltizoiMof Montreal on the subji-cl ol annex nllon, wo neribu lo it tho importunco which be longs lo a document omaiinliug from a great cili iilld expressing the opinions predominant iu it largo community. But it may bo salcty doubted whether wo h.ivo not uccrtbed too much luipuil aiico to il. We retract nothing that wo mid on the tone, tho temper, anil Ihu gravny of the doc ument. 11 whomsoever it was proposed, by whomsoever concocted, it reflects gre.it eiodit on the skill, tact, and adroitness of its authors. But it seems tu us douhtrul whether It correctly i xpn uses the sentinu u'a of thu u iijoiily of the iMonlreal pitpulaii in, mid il is quilu clear thai, evtn il it dies express litem, the pieseitt posi tion und col ilittoii of that city would not wurrai.t us iu measuring by the stuto of us own. the gen eral htutc o Canadian parlies and politics. Montreal has been fur many years disliunuMi ed for lis luihuleiii'c and factiousness. It is pro posed to ttuiHler Ihe s.'itl of (joverumeut to some other city. This proposal, if persisted in, must diminish its importance, and for n certain tune, damage Its interests. Under these cireu uslaii rcs, what u under is theru thai thu citizen id Montreal shool 1 exhibit discontent, uud indulge in Ihu language of disiitVeciioiir1 Surely, Ihe wonder rather is that llio discontent should have been so measured ut its terms, nut! eu luuicrute ill its lours. But, apart from Mentreol, it scent? almot bo J o ml the pn-sibility of doubt, that thu limdenej lo nniicxaiioii ins not spread far thio.ihuiii the province of Untied Canada. Tne ivl.ienco ol Ihis is htrtkini' and iilumst universal. The Gov ernor has, id his recent lour, been received itli enthusiasm iu scleral, with respect uud cordiali ty in nlmost nil places. Wo hcliiio Ihat tho inen ho nro now loudest in their cues for an nexation woulu be ti.o-t reluctant to realize their own menices. With tho exception of ono or two who might become distinguished statesmen of tho great United American. Republic, l lie majority of Ihe annexationists would really bo les considerable petsonages us American citi zens than Ihey are as British subjects. But if under Ihu prissore ot temporary nd versny, or fiout un undue estimate ot the bene fits of Republican iusti'utious thu Cauauitii people deliberately proposu to exchange the fret si polity that any eulony over enjoyed, for thu ambiguous honor of limning a small pun ol on uitiiieidly Coiitt deration, then let them under stand that the conduct of the people of England will bo directed by motives of prudence and in terest alone. If they think thai Ihey can do without Canada, then", und then only, will ihoy give up Canada. Bui in surrendering Cauadi, they will i.tko care not to Hurrentler one jot ol sea or land, the possiB-iuii of which really and eflutively concerns llio niaritime and couimrr Clal tiupnrlaticuof Great Britain. They will not cede Nova Scotia; they "ill not cede Capt Uru ton; ihey will not cede lh.it seabotrd und lhoe harbois which must ever command Ihu mouths of the St. Liwrouee and protect ihe trade of the Atlantic. In partieg lioin England, Canada wi,l hue the name ut u dependent province, lo be brought inure nearly within view of tho force whtcli might have perpetuated her dependence; in losing her hold of Canada, Et'L'land will take euro lo lusoonly the respotibibil. lies and expense of her reteiriou. Uiu wo appiuheud that ihe destined fuitunes ul Canada and the ih-p sit ion cf her people uiaKo ull buch uiiliciputlui.s uu tlicsu whully bupeifliious. 0!? A first rate route fur a road from Mont pelier to Hardwick &. on to Black River Valley, has been found through Worcester, Calais ami W oodbury ; but Calais refuses to lay tho road. Where iheie is a will thoro is a way: In those in interest go-ahead under the plank nou ciunrEn, which is a good onu oignuize, lake the land, and ; rado it so as to be used as a com mon road until ihe superstructure is ready. Appropns : LnmolUt County Plunk Itond.'Vhi hnoln will be opened on the IcHli, ILhli, and t0ih ol Deeeutber, for subscriptions to the stock $10, COO of which is required to be taken before tho company is organized. The notice of thy Coiuii,isioiters will bo lound iu another column. This mad will -undoubtedly bo built during the first part of next summer, and will probably bo the titst Plank Road built in this Slato. Tho Charter is uu excellent ono -and taking into uccoiiut the largo amount of travel that will pass over lite rotid llio slock cannot fail to bo in great demand. The Cotnuiissioneru are men uf untiring energy and perseverance, ami the Plank Road Iroiii Wttterbory tu IIydep.uk will be built within ten months, at longest, in uur hutublo opinion. IVatabury Mountuititcr. New York Politico. Tho lalu election proved very nearly a draw game. The Statu ticket elected is equally di vided; the Senate is whig by 2 votes; tho IIou.o loco by 2 votes a tie on joint ballot I Iu the popular vote for Slato officers, bolh parties are equal. Tho aggregate vote fur Reiialurs, how ever, shows nearly live thousand wing majority. Lust year tho majority of all othor candidates against Gen. Taylor, was 18,770 proving an actual whig gain now uf about 20,1)00 votes. Truly a handsome gain. Why and how has this happoned ? Wo answor tho mass of the whig free Boilers aro honest, und have nobly re fused tu ratify thu corrupt contracts of tho Van Burens with the doughfaced Locofocos. If you would sco the spirit of tho whig freo Boilers of Now York, read ihe tetters or Judge JAr, and Hun. E. D. Culver which will bo fuund on our outside pages. (" Carlos Coolldgo is olected from Windior having but 41 voles. There, weru 53 votes east. " Anil-Radical" goes lo tho Convention proba bly tho uncompromising opponent of all " inno vation." .Mur. .Soi, Gov, Coolidgo was not tlio author of tho arti cle signed " Anti-Radical. (XT'" Wo havo receivod sundry spicy commu nication on the Patriot and tho " long team," bin too lata for this week. They will uppoar horn-ftcr. ) Basis nf nnnrnorinlnllnn Tho annexed article is worthy of commenda tion for tho temperate spirit in which it is will, ten, as well as for llio valuable statistical state ments which ltconlaln.t For Yeoman'. Itscoril. Amendments to tho Constitution. Mn. Editor: Tho amendments proposed bv the Council of Censors tu be mado to the Con stitution of Vermont, mid which delegates uro to be elected uu the 20lh inst.. lo consider of, and cngralt upon the Constitution or reject, nro important, inasmuch ns ihoy miirgest material ul Inratlons of thu fundamental law of thu St Mo. Sotuo writer in your piper u few weeks since, in tho Democratic Column, atlcuip'cd to give a partiztn arpect to ihu matter, charging upon the Whigs as a pnriy,the origin nnd support nf thoso proposed amendments, which wero obnoxious to him, und withholding from llieui croi'lt fur thuso uniendmpiita which met his approval. It seems to mo Ihat the subject is ton impor tant, loo heavily fraught witn good and evil, to bo degraded to tho uses nf n faction ; nnd that those whoso patriotism can riso above the tnoro temporary buccc.-s of a parly, and ombruco with in its scope tho enduring interests nf the whole comlnninvcaWi for all unto to emtio, will bo but but little Influenced by the suggestion that Ihe project is a Whiif or a Democratic ono. I im agine iho Council of Censors, who, I believe aro all whigs, had but llttlo thought of their party at tachments when they considoied and proposed llio amendments to "tho Constitution. In tho samij spirit of objuration of party, with vnur leave, I will consider tho first of tho proposed amentlineiiiH, and, in my view, altogether the most Important in its bearing upon tho prc.cut, and the future. It suirirests a rtntr nnd dilferent hnain from ill it In y-hich we have. been itecusioiiioil. for llio appointment ol riyihsentatives in the Legisla tuto. For each town huvini' less than !i."i(i0 in- hibitanis, olio Ropio-iontativo; each town hay ing 25C0iiriliabilanlB, two Representatives; und lor every 15C0 inhabitants itboio 2,jl)0 iu anv ono tiiwii, one additional Repiesentulive. Tim proposition .u9 curried in thu Council of Ceuors by n inajomy of ono vote. Tho argil ttient then in its laior, was, ihat llio present sys tem is iiiirquul, Us basts being territory, not p'p ulitton ; that wo are becoming a iniinufacltiring, us well us nit agricultural people; that largo towns uiu growing up wuh great nnd peculiar itiietesis, which uiigiit to Lo repro-elltcd, and winch ought not In bo controlled bv n svHtm so unequal as thu present ; that the new proposi tion is iu behall of popular rihts. It strikes trio that your late cortcsDnndcnt. in spite of Ins elfort, and" it scutes to niu his timviso eii.iri, lo idetilily ono party with llio npprov.il o'', nnd another with hostility to. ihis nrouosttion. will find present parly lines forcntlcn In the imi tation cl tho subject, and a new tlomarkalion tonned, between tlio l.trao nud s'nall towns. I he tiraiiinent of thuso who favor the iironoslion. indicates it. They sav ihu nrrsent evstem is on- i qual. Do they make' it eqoarby their oroposi- Certainly not. But. they will unswer.it approximates lo equality. They say their prop os.tuiu is in beii.ill ol popular rights 1 reler to 'hi, urgiiinunls of Ihe eommitleu who reported the amendments in llio Council of Censors. By that they mean that it lends to :t jttsl apportion ment, und exact equtlizition of representative numbers in the. Legi-luture to tho whole people. it .. n . ...t. . nuva ii etieui wii.ii n preteuus to.' lyerwiuiy not. I'ht u aiiMimenls tire ulrusible. unit I tliiinl,il- lacious. Tne present system lends to equality, and to u jiiat Hpi'urtioiiu.onl, uud exue.'. ttpializi- not, ul lopresuut.tttve riumhurs; und, 1 tltiiik, much tnoro than the proposed utucuduiuiil does, to a jiibt apiioilioiiment und exact equalization of representative influence und power. '1'hu.ar gtiinentol those who favor Ihu proposition indi cates a consciousness of this. Thev Icar to havo the new und important interests of the large ton its controlled by a system of representation so iimqitiil u tj tho present. They viriually de claro tho interests of tlio larger towns to be ad- veise lo tno interests uf tlio smaller towns, and seek by this jiioposttion tu acquire that winch ihey do not possess, viz : llio balance of power. il llietr luteSitsts aru adturst1, uud uro destined lo become more so: il the Wecr towns cuni.ut mn tide in thu jttalicu of ihu 'small inn ns, for llio present and tho future, tho very proposition Sitottld uriko the email towns inulous of llio rights and pom r they now possess, nud heedful lesl, in some alumbcriii'' moment. Iheir lueks bo shorn. Thu increaso of pnrulalion in the Stale dur ing llio several decennaries, or periods of ten years, in which ih. census has been lakun, dat ing Iroui tho year 1(1)0, has been nearly as tol Ions. In ttte list decenary. 8'2 nor cent: in iIia id, 40 percent; in Iha .'Id. '.I per cent: iu the 4tti, 20 per cent ; and in tlio 5th, and I.iri, which terminate in IHIO, -1 per cent. Too reason of thu diminution in Ihu last decennary may bo lound in the i fflux of our pop tlation nl-slwurd. I'hat reason is in u great u easitro counteract- ed by the internal improvements made, und in prospect iu tho olatc; and hencelorth, it is reas onable to suppose that tho tido of cmiirrutinn will set iinvurd ralhcr than outwurd. It is known with certainly tint a prosperous community. possessing auuituauco ul unoccupied land, will dtiublu its numbers iu SJ years, without any aid Iroui emigration; nnd as the scale ascends in a geometrical ratio, let mo enquiio how 1 ,ng it win uo under tlio proposed amendments, bo. lore our House ul Representatives must become an expensive und unwieldy assemblage? We knuiv Iroui experience and observation, that llio larger tho aem'ilagu is, the more responsibnv u divided, und the more hasty uud improvident is legislation. 'I liu Huusu of Representatives under Ih? pres ent system, where all towns aro represented, coiHtois ol 241 member. Under tho proposed uii.ondtuesils, if you lake tho census of 1810 usn basis fur apportionment, thirteen members will bo uuded to this body, and it is of sotro interest lor tho people of tlio Northern section uf the State, lor the inhabit iniH of the smaller towns, to kuov Iroui wlnt quarter that addition would come. TlmSuu'hein und Western countus ol Iteniiinglou, Windham, Windsor, Rutland, Chit lenJen, Orango and Addison, being tho coun ties in which the larger towns destined lo havo " peculiar interests which Ihey f-ur t.i havo con trolled'1 uro located, would gain 1 1 mumbcrs, and the Northern counties ot Caledonia ami Franklin, one member each. But tho basis of Iho apportionment would be, not llio census of 1840, but thaXiif 1850. Lot us view the subject iu that relation. Too csii.,iutcd increase of population in tlio Siutu within the latdecennary,dating from 1810, is 25 per cent. On what data this rstiuiutu is founded I know noi, hut it is madu by learned men, uud reasons may bo assigned for believing it correct. Supposing It to ho so, and supposing thu increase to bo iu the exact rutin ol popula tion in all the towns in the State, the tiuiii'jer, nf representatives under tho census of 1850 wilt bo increased 41, and the relativu gain will bo iu counties us luliowi: Bunmiigtou,U; Windham, 2; Windsor, 10; Rulluud, tf; Chulunileit, 4; Orange, 5; Addison, 2; Washington, 4 ; Calu domu, 2; uud Franklin, U; and Essux, Orleans, Lamoille and Grand ls.0 will gain none, Tno Southern and Wisiern Coiiinics thon, whoso in terests aru destined lo bu " peculiar" und identi cul, gum 20 members, uud ihu northern counties gum bul 12. Moreover, fur a lung pern.d uf liiuo to come, ulior the first uppoitior.iiK'iii, the rela tive gam uf representatives iu Iho counties con taining largo ton in, would bu much greater than iu those counties embracing only a uullor towns, ev.cn ihuugii the increase of inhabitants in all ihu tuwus should bu in uu exuel ratio tu Ihu pop ulation. Tho reason of il is this, by the propos ed amendments uu small tuwu will bu emillud to uiuru than onu roprc.uutalivc, until it becomes a lurgu iiiwn, und embraces within Us limns 2500 inhabitants. Then it will bo entitled to two rep resentatives, und lor every 1500 incieasu of pop ulation, to una additional one. II the increase uf inhabitant bom Ihu exact ratio of populatiun, in thu iiuiurnl order of iniogs uvuu, thu multipli cation ol'huiuuit being in a (own ul 2500 iiiliub llama will be much greater, lu a given time, than Ilia town of 1U0J inhabitants. Consequently the lurgu town will acquire in less tuna limn the s nail tuwn, tho given number of 15110, to enti tlu it lu ami additional representative, and the disproportion of tliuo will increase in a geotuel-" ricul ratio. But thu multiplication of itihubi. taut beyund tlio natural increase, is aidod vastly more Hi llio large, than in the siu'uH towns, by adventitious ciiculnstaticcs, The allurements wliirh tholurgo towm present Injhowny of liuai- hops, and plunsurr; tho acquiilion of learning in tho schools, profession', arts and trades, nil lend In draw men thither ; and tho cinuiderato mind ...hi , i. ... . win revuai iu hvuii many niunr princip'es on which tho greater multiplication nf human be ings in largo than In sum!! towns depends. There Is another reason why I think tho pres ent rystcm tends lo n more joit ond equal dia Iribiilion of influence In llio Legislature, than the proposed amendment would do. Tho largo Imt-ncl utrnfitlti nvml n n t .. fl 1.. il.. I - .1.).. " . - ' 1 1 uu iiiiiKUiiuij in UIU lillllflia luro v.ifiil) beyond llioir .nmioricnl ixiwcr, nml llllu I linn 1 1 1 .. t l. 1.1.1 ' I . t .iiD inujr iii uitviHs un riifiiHru io J l la not bccnuKd tlioy Imvq ulwnyn lirnl llio altlont r'p ri1fGntntivn4.MVfi IvUn llint Imurt m.if ivm,..,1 . object to attain, they select Iheir strongojt men toellect it but because of their position nnd nridmvnierili.- Tltitv li...-n il.n u....lil. ,1... ....a.. and tho commerce, tho intellect and thu learn ing rn tno Etalo, and the laeililies fur expanding such endowments, itiiinly within iheir limits. 'I'l.n.rt ... ll ... . . .1 . . i . . . hbu uiu un Bourses ut power, unu u is nv tne force or then; that the town of Uuilington, or thu llio Inwn of Bennington, for example, is able to exert un influence in the. Legislature iqual to ihe county of Esiex. What if they Invu not tho numbers ? If they have llio impulsive pmv. it by which they can 'control the numbers, ihey havo to nil intents und purpnios Iho advantage, and this advantage will bo pc'rmane' l, und con tinually increasing. Sha'l they havo morn, mid Ihe facilities for its urciimiilaliou lo the alarming UXlt'llt Tirnniwi.it 9 'I'M., u ...... ,.r .1 ... . i t .'in. i uiu iueniious to be determined by ihu delegates who uro to bu plinoiin .... it... Om.i. I . yt IUSI, The Other IllnOndioeiea nrnno.pit nrnaont tn tho iniml inipurlatit considerations, hut I Imvn neither limo nor ronm t.i nniii... 1 1 ..... n,n strikes inc ihnt ln.l.,r.i tu.. ... h I , ...... v.i.ib Mb hl'l.dlH VI IIIIJ flllf'ni- tiun of Ihe fiiiidamuntal law, wo should bo clear ly saiisneii unit il win Do lor tin) belter; or ul unv r.ilu llinr it wU n.o l.n f..r il... a J . uv. .... innsc. l spirit ol inntiVHlinti , nd desiro for chuiie, is ...I..l I.I I .:. . . .. -.un.!, ii ..until uu quttu iis sato ittcnecic as to cncollrnm,. 1 ii'nntil m.i futnitt ..-..r.iii,... solely because it is new. I would not be for a ominge, lor llio purposu or trying un experiment upon the Consliiuiion. I would enquiio if we huvo succeeded ell enough thus I tr, ami ifso, I would !cl well enough ulono. I would "prove all thing, nnd hold last that which is good." I would not bu like Iho man who was well, wauled to bo bitter, took phi sic, and tiled. Our Constitution was lounded by just and wise men neu of patriotism and forecast; uud fur iiny.Bix joars wu liavu thriven under ll, with but VOIV lmuiqferi.il iilli.r.iliMii i.t' iliu ... 1....I..I 7. ... iiM.ijf.un orig in illy rngtalted, as il It wero a goodly heritaue. ...... uiu.iii.-u uiu iiuiiniaiioii oi tnaiyol tno wisest met), holr. lit llnmn tirol til.. I'... :. . . - --- .........u, iui im just appreciation of human rights; und the great oiuii.Biiiuii in iyciuuckv, to. tu nuoiii perhaps lew lllen aro hetlnr nhli. In ,o,l ... ,i- t :.. ...... .u ., , ..ii, iiiinio- lormed, has pronotlncetl it better adapted lu the preservation oi etvil unit nil i .riling lit... -it. o..,t .. -t ,. 1,n,.,1 muu.ij, unu n JtlH eq utlity ot rights, for ihu pn sent nnd the u.ure, iitun any ol tittj i;onstilniions ol the Unit- v.i oi, lies, it iiiih no tine, let lis not rnei i I n Willi ils fraillt! worl rnslitir lint ill. it... .- Ireedom Itom silfisliness, Iho spirit ot ix.rlted I'litioiisoi iu iHiicn u was lonned, lit us ex fin Hie It. and determine if it is -nii,..l i ,,. ,. . ses und cundttion, tioiv. VERM .MU.N I'. rrmii tho lJmttVjmo' riicsnix. Gen. Taylor's views on Slavery. Col. Jefferson Davis. U. S. .Senator from Mi. sissippi, is iho sou in-law of (Jen. Taylor, uud n Democrat. From Ins connexion with Iho fumilv of (Jen. Taylor, lie may fairly he ptesunn d to nii'iw soitiPiuiug oi ins opinion-, und l.ein.' tin ultra pro-slavery man, would of course lejiiic-; in clui t:ing (Jen. Taylor, if ho had any reason to uenevo no could tin so in truth, llu goes lor iiisiiumii lamer man mo vviltnot l'rovisn, uud It is not lo bo suppokod ho would falsely impute to his father-in-law opinions hostile to tho South on tout question. We cull Air. Davis to the stand as u wjtne's, wbrno interest is aga'nxt ua, lo thu HCiitlments of (Jen. Tailor. u tin this Ihat our unit bhticry friends may remnik what dillercnt colors thy a. mo object lakes hen seen tlnough thu medium uf opposite in'creslri nnd prt-jtidices. Mr. Davis addressed a loiter to .Mr. Haynes, in uuoi, uu iui: ivtnnoi itjviso, auu Wu Ual houn protest, in which ho siys: ' Whin purpose can ihoy havo who alviso de lay, unless il be submission ur disunion ? There t'laybosomo who "ill ttiiswer Ihat they o.specl the question to exhaust itsell; others, tnal they rely on ihu Executive vein. To the latter clusi, I would say, no dc'L'reo of confidence in ihH present President will juslily sucli depenJence." i uu H.-.iuu oenaior ueciureii, in a sji'.ech it hu h he delivered recently lu a meeting ol the pcoplo in Mississippi, that ' Con. Taylor was pledged, iu his decliraiiou nguintl lite use of the veto, not to imi o-o it upon ihu Wtlinot I'r iviso. aiuI that ihe South cool I lilacs t.o dtptndcnce won him on Ihe question." J ho llirhmond Lnnutrcr, rotc-mmr lo the spoech of Col, Davis, says : " Col. Je.lterson IJ ivn denounces ihe admin. istratioii of (Jen. Tuvlor as ulterlv faithless anil unworthy ot suppott. The gallant Colonel has thus domonslrateil, that with htm laintly lies uro inferior to Ins duty lo his country, ami llutt the conta.'O nnd patriotism of Brutus art) muled in him. In view of Ihe social relations hold by Col. Dans lu Gen. Taylor, these revolalioni are lu.poitant, and s-liovv how littlo dependence the Sotilh, in her trials, can huvo in thu President nml ihu Regency." ( I'urliz ins who persist in denouncing General Taylor us pro slavery in his views, beeauso il bein' all iheir slock in trade politically, ihey wish it tu ho so, vt ill not bu convinced by "this or any other prool : but u.rn who look solely to the advance ol Fret; Soil principles, will lindlu these facts, evidence thai Gen. Taylor, will lailhfully redeem Ins pledge, to curry out the will uf the people." Notice to the Public, and In structions to Postmasters. The Califurnia nud Oregon .Mails, via Huvan?, Chagrcs, uud I'linuma, will be despatched fro.n Now Vork on iho JUth nf December next, from Charleston, South Carolina, nud Savannah, O'eor gia, on tlio Kith; (nun Now Orleans on or ubuut tho 15th; and from Havana, at which point the steam packets from Now Voilt ami that (tout New Orleans l.l connect, tho mail will depart on llio lUth of December, direct for Chagres, reaching l'miaum in due time for the I'acitic ttcuui packet to leave that pott for San Francisco on the first day of January next. In January next, soiiii-muuthly service will he put in operation between New Vork and Cha gtcs. Ami steam packet will Icaio Iho differ enl ports, dining tho ensuing jcir, agreeably to the tiilluiving schedule : New Vork on the lUlIt and 28th of each mouth. Charleston und Savannah on the IGtli and 31st, or first of each mouth; New Orleans on thu 15th uud UOih ; Havana on thu lOih und 4th; und I'uuama un ihu 1st. LeavH Havana lor Nuw Vork on thu 10th and (iih of each uioi.tli, wiili thu puvilego of leaving on tho 4tli instead of the (Jth, it thu Chagrts mail bus arrived ; ami also fur Now Orleans un thu sauiO dales. The entire postage for a single letter not ex ceeding half un oonco in weiglu will bo 12 l-2cts to Havana, 20 cents to Chugres, 30 cent to Pa nama, lu bo pro paid iu ull cases; and 40 cents lo Monterey, San Francisco, Astoria, or any other point in California or Oregon; to bu pre paid or left unpinl, at ihu option ot tho sender. Newspaper ami pnnphleis, seu ptxtuge thieo cents each, uud inland po-ungo lo bu ndded. J. CULL A. ME It, J.M. G. I'osl OJfict Dciwtmml, Nov. 15, I till). T ,.,IU, .,., rnl,n,t,l.r Mr. II. II. IVnol,. burn has been appointed I'ostuiastcr 111 Ludluw, in place nf Mr, Charles F. Mason, removed. Ludluw Star. The Ccniiu fur 1650. Juhn M. Clayton, Sec retary of Stale ; Jacob Cull.iuic, 1'osliuuster General ; and Thomas Ewing, Secielury of the Homo Doplrtinonl, aro constituted, under lite Act of the third of March last, tho Board of Con trol for taking llio Census of 1850. Tho primary object ol the Census is to ascer lain tho basts of representation uf llio scvo'u Stales in Congress ; and secotidury lo litis will be Iha collection ol'stiilislics of the products and resources of tho different Stater. California Constitution. M. Norton of Bennington, Vt. was second on tlio Comniitteo for drafting tho Constitution of California, nnd tho instrument contains substan tially the 1st, Glli nnd 7th articles of tho dcclara tion of Rights of Vermont. Tho article on slave ry ii ai follows! "Sec. 17. Neither slavery, nor Involuntary servitude, union for tho punishment of crime, shall ever bo tolerated in this State." This question, the California newspaper says, was settled nnimimously and without debate. And tho Monterey correspondent of tho Now York Tribune thin speaks of tho agent sent out by tho Taylor administration to report upon tlio population, roiources, and condition of Califor nia: " Among tho3e who gave this direction to tho popular feeling, nono labored moro zealously, or deserves a larger sharo of credit, than Hon. T. BtiTi.r.n Ki.no." Now let the coalition organs keep on their ly ing abii30 of tho administration if they choose Probably tlio paoplo nro not to bo deceived by it Hut what will Congress do? Tho courso of thu Administration, wo think, is evident; and it is to submit the issue ns prescntnd by the peo ple of Cilifurtiia. Until now, wo never havo dnub'ud Ihat Congress, by neatly n unanimous vole, would admit California on this ground, and thus put a quietus In agitation in both'exlrcmes of the country. Wo havo relied on the Freo Soil professions of Northern Lorofocos to go at least this length to secure rte soil when it has so good an opportunity. But Hit Locojoco Free H.iil organs hue jtyns up TRr.Aciirnv! Tho Now Vurk Evening I'ost lias already led llio way, und broken iho ice, by indicating ofier qutstiona iu iho Ctlifornia constitution, osido from free soil, on which it intimates that the ad mission nf Cilifornii may bo tlaved off until after Ihe close o Gen. Taylor's .Idministration. In other words, the I'ost wishes to embarrass Gen era! Taylor's Administration, and 'o keep a bone of biltei e (intention between the North nntl tho South, Is this Locofoco Freo Soilistu? Is it not playing into thn hands of tho Slnioucrutic Nulliliers? Lit Iho pcoplo watch and sec. There seems lo be n Southern Sluvocralie. parly loriuing. Mr. Clir.gman ol Norlh Carolina. (whig,) hits written a letter lo Senator Foute, (llio n o't intra of slavucralic lucufocos,) in which ho scorns reatly to fellowship Foote. This letter, ho osseris, is approved by Senator Alangtitn, also n whig. On Iho olhcr hand u compromise is talked of a compromise which it is said .Mr. Clay uud Calhoun will agree upn ; but which seeu.s lo us lo he no compromise; il jiolds Ihe u7in,'e principle of free soil ond no northern loin, wltitr or democrat, can support il wKltout proving n traitor lo the freo soil profes sions of bolh patties. Unlaw wo tivc a couple ol articles upon litis tiuhject, ncco upuuiei! by just comu.ciil from the editor of tho Alb'tny Evening Journal a whig of whigs, nnd tin older and much better free soiler than thu man of tho Post. Tho reader will observe that tho co nin ses sion of Congress is at least destined In be inter esting; und our udvico is lo watch tho politi cians closely. Currc.piinjpnce of ths Juurn it i f romntBrsi. WAsin.torii.N, Nov. J7ih. I am hippy to learn Ihat thoro is to he a propo sit ion from a Southern Democratic source, on iho ti'St thy of llio Session, Ihat will it is believ ed, settle the Slavery question, so lar as the ad mission nf Californl i uud other States in tl.t: newly acquired territories, ii concerned. Tlu proposition will ho in the form of a lull, and f.o tier of its tetcniled inlrodnclioa il bu given on iho lirsl day of tho meciinir of the Senile. Mr. Calhoun uud .Mr. Clay will both support tho compromise, i-.a is beltuved by those who have sumo hnowleilgit of Iheir views. Doubled In this way, the perils which uro iu.tnniont will ho avoided. Tho u.olciulo and rational men aro called to the rescue of thu country. If thn counsel of tin; ultra men should prevail, wo should havo twos'pira'H tiigiu'Zitioiij ut Uu) Hons.', nt ihu euotitng scs-tun ; tu say nuthing ol oilier difficul ties. California cannot oomu into Iho Union with tho boundaries ut which tho upuears lo aim, Iho whole, sea coast. Wasiii.noto.i, Nov. 17. Sinco writing to you in relulion to ihe matter of u projected compromise of the territorial and slavery qne-tion, I have learned tomething ot Ihe tluiiti.s of tho measure, and thu strcnolh which il is likely to havo in Ihu henalc. The schcuiu is well got up, und is to ho urged as an u.lernilivo lo, pr rather in opposition to, thq moveuitntrf contemplated by Mr Calhoun, and other extreme men. I'hu scheme is based on iho principlo and tlio lino ol tho Mtssouil Compromise, on tlmsuppo. suioii that California can bu divided into threo Stales, or lerrttorns, which will soon be reatly to assume the relation nf Stales; und on Iho usige winch has long been acted on. ol prcservim? ti sort of bahuicu between Iho Slave and Freo Slates, by adiuil'iiig ul llio satno limo ono Freo und one Slave Stale. I'hus Maine and Missouri, as it vvil be rn meinbered, were admitted ut iho same tune. I he Bill which will be Introduced in the Sen ate, will provide, first, for the establishment ot 4 t'-rt itiiriul government, lo u it, that of Now Mexi co ; 2d, that lor Descrct ; !IJ, for tliat of Califor nia, north o degrees .10 minutes, and west of Ucseret ; and -Mi, Hint putt of California, foulh of degrees .'i0 minutes. It will also provide lint Iho territory north ot 30 degrees 'M minutes, shall be authorized forth with to form a Stuto Constitution, nnd shall bo admitted in o Ihu Union. Also ihat u new Statu shall bu inhumed Iroui the custom pari ol Texas, uud south 11(1 degices 30 minutes. Tho hill will nut Beltloihe boundary between Texas Mid Nuw Mexico, bul will provide that tlu question bo submitted tu a Buird of Commissioners. California will not bu allowed lo lake the Ocean boundary, which has been proposed in Iter Contention., These territorial questions, mingled with the slavery agitation, and llio uncertainty as to the permanence of either of Iho present party or ganizations, will give an extraordinary interest lo ihu co ning sussiuu, even al ils vory com mencement. Themolivo which lays at llio bottom nf this scheme, nes very palpably to Ils suifuce. It looks to Ihu simultaneous udmlssion ol a Free und Si ive Slate, llul to do this a point musi bo strained. Californii, with a population which entitles her In admission, cumes with her consll ttt'.ioii in her hand, und knocks at thu door of Congress. Slid will bu asked lo walk in. In her constitution sluvery is foinver prohibited. This induces the imposition of u southern Sen ator lo liu'lou thu admission of a Slave Slate. Tho business of creating suites belongs to the people of Ihu territory out ol winch they are to be formed. Congress cannot muko I hem to order, even though our peculiir institutions should rtqittru thai kind uf protection. Jllb. f.'riiiwig' Jour. The Slavery Question in Georgia. Resolutions huvo been introduced into the Legislation of Goorgu on tho subject of Slave ry. They complain of tho iutcrlercnce of tho .North iu thu multcr ol Slavery, nnd contend hut Congress has no constitutional power to mss la us excluding Slavery from the Territo ries. Among Iho resolutions presented aro Iho lollowing : llesohtd, That in the rvent of tho passage if the Wiliuot 1'iovuo by Congress, iho abolition of slavery in tho District if Columbia, or the continued reltisal on Ihe part ut tho non-slave-Holding Slates W deliver up fugitive blives, us provided for by the Constitution, it will become iho immediate and jmpcralivo duly of lilt) peo ple uf ihla Statu to meet in convention, tu uku into cnnsidnrntlnn thn ninilrt nnrt innianm 1 ...,.. ,VMSUIV Ul IS- UrrM, llrsohed, That tho people of (Jooroia nnlcr tnln nn ardent feeling of devotion to Iho Union of thosfl Klntrn. mill tlmt tiMtliln ul.. ..r - ... sistapco in flic present tyslcin nl enrrotcltinent opou our rights by tho non Rluvcholilina States, can induce us to contemplate the poisiointy of UISSUIOUOII Tltcto resolutions have not yet boon affirms lively acted upon, nnd miy not bo. Thcro Is, however, or, tvident I'elcrminitinn on tho pirt r, a portion of Ihe prominent men of tho South, to push their disorganizing purposes to extromca. Hut what right havo ihey lo do so ? If ihero is any force in precedents, no question is inure ills tpicily buttled than " the Coiiititiitlonul power of Congress lo pi, laws excluding Slavery from tho territories." It hid iho sonctlou of tlio fra liters of tho Constitution themselves. It ha re ceived Iho HidorscuiPM nl'niiimt cvry Presi dent Iroui Georgn Washington to James K. Polk. Congicss hrs repeatedly exercised tho right no-v denied lu it, und the Supremo Judicial Tribunals of Iho couuliy havo ratified ils action. Theso reiterated endorsements should set Iho qtiesiior- at rest. But neither Congressional nor Judicial .recedetils wi'l bo permitted to havo their legitimate wrishl with inen who are re solved to overrule both written nnJ natural liws to perpetuate and extend an unholy and inhumin institution. This question of frcodnn in lerri .ories already free, can bo neither settled nor ninMioiied bv ni. ther bluster or threats. It is u oravo nnustton. which should bo tle'iberalelv considered, and considered independently of every extraneous question. The diy hits gone by when the South can dnvo Iho North Iro n her position. The reic'ii of " doimh-faces" is pasted. There aro doobtless a tcmiiant of that class still in public lile; but ihey are too few in number to be either courted or feared. When tho question shall come up in Congress, it will bo acted upon uc- iiteraioty. it will be neither nlhrtnod nor nega tived because a few hot-headed men at the South threaten " dissolution." Thn sentiment of the North will be calmly but firmly expressed. Tint sentiment is overwhelmingly in lavor uf tho " Proviso," and will admit of no compromise. Bui the possibility of defeat induces no threats of "dissolution." The South will bo allowed to monopolise t hat specie of urgument, for It is not congenial lo Ihosu who a'0 acquainted with im arithmetical rule by which to "calculate tho value of tho Union." M. Etc. Jour. The late Railroad Race. " W. B. G." complains m the Burlington Freo Press, nnd sundry other paters, tint wo Invo treated iho late railroad race w iih much " unfair ness." Perhaps we have; but if we hive, it has been entirely w.th itit anv intention ot the sort. Wo have published the statement a they weio mode to us; and made', Hot on Iho authority of tho managers or superintendent of Iho Central road (with whom wo havu never exchanged a word upon the subje.;!,) but on Ihu authority of a gentleman in Burlington who was supposed lo bo accurately poslcd up. Wero wu not confi dent that " W. Ii. G." is himself wry unfair, wo would publish his article. As it is, wo t ko his own statement as to the dajson which, nnd puints frum which, expresses wero run by both roads, nnd tho lime ot fuch correcting two er rors, lo wit: ho suis the Central ran expresses through on the !1J Nov., while it actually ran from Concord only, being prevented by accident below Concord ; lie also makes an liou.'s error of time against tlio Rutland on that day, which wo correct. This will give thii story of tho nrlwil lace. excluding thodtys on which the Central ran expres-es and the Rutland is W. B. G. says did not. With W. 11. ITs statements as tho basts, wo classily the modes of running on each road, taking thu distances from Hol'jrook's Railway Guidu thus : CENTRAL. H'liote rfl. inncp. Ki-g.tr.iln. li.'.. train. Slitf ssp1... Time. Miles. Miles. Miles. Mite Il, ill. Oct. 31 244 144 144 75 75 73 73 142 142 430 27 27 27 27 !I57 041 y.io 7 30 Nov. I 244 " 2 241 " 3 244 Total, l;7(J 431 108 3527 RUTLAND. 143 C8 143 (18 50 Kif 50 ltil Oct. 31 2:13 23 22 i 10.10 10.11 a to 7.08 Nov. 1 M " 2 2-13 ' 3 'm Total, V32 3eU 458 68 35.3'J Now for the results from ihoso data on tho lays which " W. B. U." says wero the express il tys of both roadi ; In the four trips the Central beat tho Rutland 12 minutes. Tho number of miles ran by the Cen tral more than the Rutland is 44 The number of miles ran bv tho Cen tral in regular train time more than tl c Rutland is 52 The number of miles ran by Central railway express less than the Rut land is 23 The titnnher of miles run express by 6tage on the Central more lliau on tho Rutland is 23 'To get at the nub wo say, tho Central ran more miles than the Rutland in distance, less of miles by railway express, more by regular trains and moro by stage, and vol beat it 12 minutes in the four day.. But ihu Rutland ran 31 minutes the shortest time iu ono trip, says " W. B. G." Yes on tho 3d of Nov.: yet on tint day tho Rutland ran 16T miles express by railway, and tho Central only 142 miles, and at the'samc tliuo the Central ulso had fivo miles moro to co by stage. A railrotd that gams only 31 minulcs out of 10 miles of railway express, and wuh nn advantage of fivo miles less staging hto iho bargain, is not on very strong bragging ground. Such arc tho results of the actual racing. Now if " W. B. G." and our friend of tho Fres Press really think they have any thing to brag about, why lot 'em brag. Central Road. Tho earnings for Oclobcr were $31,907 03 a large increase over preceding months. Another Vermont Railroad to be organized. Tho stockholders of tlio Bennington and Brattle boro' Railroad Company, aro notified to meet at Bennington, Dec. fitli, for the purpose of choos ing thirteen Directors. The Vermont Valley Railroad Company or ganized on the 17th : Charles Chapin of Brattlo boro', President, and B. F. Harris of Brattlcboro', Clerk. Tlio Directors aro Horaco Brooks, of Now York, F. R. Griffin, of Guilford, Connecti cut, Charles Chapin, of Brattleboro', Peyton R. Chandler, of Putney, Hugh II. Henry, of Chester, Franklin Evans, of Boston, Alvah Crocker, of Fitchburg. Railroad Jtecident.We togret to learn tliat l ho passenger train on Ihe Rullind and Burling ion Railroad, run nlT tho track yesterday morn ing, about four miles this snlu ot Burlington, by which accident iho locomotive and ono of Iho passenger curs were so seriously injured as to be rendered unfit lor use. Fortunately no ouo was injured. Vtrgtnnts Vermontcr. Discouraging, Tito Boston Atlas publishca a letter from California, dated Sopt. 30, very strongly urging the Yankees not to emigrate. Cliinalo bad, and luck ditto. To say the least, it is hazardous to start with thu expectation ol reaching there in the winter months. 4