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VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATE JOURNAL, FEBRUARY 21, 1850.
Hvcry, ch Congress is caHcdo K time, there are none . reu this which relates - cause Texas, sir, has r 7 S ,o settle. The qf uon of sU.erj, mg connccreu nTi. The North, runs into the uf ,f Texas within The South, on tbo contrary, ' tend Vheir limits to tl.csource cf the R to Grande for the purpose of obtaining an additional t Ica re for slavery ; ami it s the question of the lim its of Texasand llie settlement of her bounda ries which precedes all others. Von will per ceive that these difficulties of the boundary question mee'.us a', ever- step we take, in "Inch there is also a third question also adding to the difficulty. By the resolution of annexation, all territory north of 30 decrees :) minutes was inteidictcd from s'avery. But of New Mexico, all that w hich lies north of :5G decrees 30 minutes, em bra cs about one-third of the whole ot .New Me co east ol the Rio Grande-so that free an ! slave territory, slavery and non-s'avery, may en counter each otlier. All these difficulties are to be met. And allow me to si, sir, that among the considerations which induced nie to think it was necessary to settle these questions, was tho Ela'e of things tint now exists in New Mexico, and a s'ate of things to be apprehended both here and in the territories. Why, sir, at this moment, and 1 think I bhall have the concur rence of the two senators from th it state, when I mention tne fact, there is a fe ling apprnxi mating to abhorrence, on the part ot the people ot New Mexico, of any union with Texas. Mr. Rusk. Only on tho pari ol office-holders, officj seekers, and those they could influence Mr. Ciay. Well sir, that may be, and I am afraid that" New Mexico is not the only place where office holders and office seekers compose the majority of the population of the country. (Laughter ) They are a terribly large class, I assure yoj sir. Now, if the questions are set tied which relate to Tew, her boundaries, Ate , and which relate to the territory not claimed by Texas, and included in "vevv Mexico, all these questions will but tend to agitation, confusion, disorder, and anarchy there, and agitation here. There will be, I haw no doubt, patties at the North crying out that if the question is not set tled by the Wilmot Prouiso, or some other re striction upon them, we absolutely do nothing. And in my opinion we absolutely do nothing it we do ?it provide against these difficulties, and the recurrence of these dangers. With respect to the state of things in New Mexico, allow mc to call the attention of the Senate to what 1 consider the highest authority I could offer, as to the state of things there ex isting I mean the act of their convention, un less that convention happened to be composed of office holders and office seekers, etc. Now, f-ir, I call your attention to vv hat tney say of their situation, if my colleague will he to kind as to read for me. Mr. Underwood read as follows : ' We, the people of New Mexico, in conven tion assembled, having elected a delegate to represent this territory in the Congress of the Uniicd Stales, and to urge upon the tupreme government a redress of our grievances, and the protection due us as citizens of our common country, under the constitution, instruct h-m as follows: Tint wheicas for the las three vears. we have suffered under the paralyzing effects of a government undefined anu douoltnl in its character, inefficient to protect the rights nf the people, or to dischirge llie high and absolute iluly of every government, the enforcement and regular administration of its owilaws, in conse quence of which industry and enterprise are par alyzed, and discontent and confusion prevail throughout the land ; tho want cf proper protec tion against the various baiharous Iribcs of In dians that surround us on every side, has pre vented tho extension of settlements upon our valuable public domain, and rendered utterly fu tile every attempt to explore or devclopo the great resources of the territory. Surrounded by the Utahs, Camanchea, and Apaches, on the North, east, and south, by the Navijos on the west, with Jicanllas within our limits, laud with out any adequate protection against their hostile inroads, our flocks and herds are driven off by thousands; our !cl!ow citizens men, women, ana children are murdeic-d or carried into cap tivity; many of our citizens of all ages and sexe3, are at this moment suffering all the hor rors of barbarian bondage, and it is utterly out of cur povicr to obtain their release from a con dition to which death would be preferable. The wealth of our territory is being diminished. We have neither the means nor any adopted plan by government for the education of theiis ing generation. In fine, with a government tem porary, doubtful, uncertain, and inefficient in character and operation, surrounded and despoi'- cd by barbarous foes, ruin appears inevitably be fore us, unless speedy ai.d clteotual protection be extended to us by tnc Congress ol tho United Slates." Mr. Clai'. Now, sir, there is a set of resolu tions indicative cf the ttate ot things there; and if we go beyond the Rio Grande, to that part not claimed by Texas, we find i.o better stateot tilings, hi laci, i cannot lor n moment reconcile it to my sense of duiy to suffer Con gress to adjourn without an effort at least bring mace to extend the benehts and blessings ot covernmcnt to those people who have recently been acquired by us. With regard to that pnr- nonol New alcxico wiucii lies cast o; the Kio Grande, undoubtedly if it were conceded toTcx os, there would be two portions there, disliking each other as much as the office-scckc.-s and ot- Cce holders in New Mexico and the Tcxans would dislike each either if they were thrown to gether. That, however, might be a remedy, as relates to New Mexico. But all beyond Deser et and the north of Calilornia would be still open to all the consequences of disorder, confusion, and anarchy, without some stable government emanating from the authority of that nation ot which they form now a part, and with which ihov arc but little acquainted. I think, there fore, that all these questions, difficult and troub lesome as they may lie, ougtit to be met in a spir it of csndDr and calmness, and decided upon as n matter of duty. Now, sir, the resolutions which I have immediately under consideration propose a decision of those questions. I have said that there is scarcely s. resolution in the series I have offered that did not contain some mutual concession, or evidence of mutual for learance : that the concession vvas nol dltoncth cr from the uon-slaveholding States or the slave- holding Slates. Iheeo resolutions propose a boundary to Texas. What is it? We know the diversity of opinion which exists in this country upon the subject of boundaries. Wo know that a very large portion of the people of the United States have supposed thai the Western Iran ol Texas was the Nueces--that it did not extend to tho Rio Grande. We know that the question of what is the W estcrn limit and trie Northern limit of Texas vvas an open question has been all along an open question when the boundary was run in virtue of the act of 133$, marking the boundary setween the United States and Texas. Sir, at that time, llie boun dary authorized by thai act of J833 was to br gin at the mouth of the Sabine, run up to its head, to the Red river, and thence westwardly with that Hvcr, to the 100 deg. of longitude. Well, sir, that did not go as far as Texas now claims, and why? Because it was an open question. War was waging between Texas and Mexico, and it was not at thai lime authorized tosay what would be exactly the ultimate limits. But, sir, when we con-e to the question of what vvas done at the time ot her annexation, the whole resolution which relates to boundaries, from beginning to end, assumes an open, unascertained, and unfix cd boundary lo Texas on the West. Why, sir, vrtat is the first part of the resolution? It is that Congress doth consent thai territory prop erly included within and rightfully belonging to Texas may be erected into a new Stale." " Prop erly included" "rightfully belonging." It ape ciSes no boundaries it could specify no boun dary. It assumes the state of uncertainty which in point of fact e know existed. Now, sir, ihe Jatler F1' f ll: " SJid State to be formed sub ject lo the adjustment of all questions of boun dary ibal may arise with other Governments, ana the constitution thereof," etc. That is lo say, he is annexed with her rightful and proper boundaries, without a specification of ihem; bm inasmuch as a was known that these bounda ries at the west and llie north ere unsettled, tht Govetameiit ol" th Called States retained to tt-, cir the power of settlin- with any foreign na fn what lb boundary should be . 11 Now. .ir it is impossible for M to go into the .hol" question. I mean to express rather my $ion,lh.n to go into the who e extent of the argument. The western boundary of Texas be ing unsettled, and Congress retaining to iieii the power to settle it, I ask : suppose that power had been exercised, and that no cession of ter ritory to the United States had ensued, and that the negotiations between tho two countries had been limited to the settlement cf the western and northern limits of Texas, could it not have been done bv the Untied States and Mexico con jtjinll v ? Suppose Hut a treaty of the limits oi Texas Ind ueen conciuueu oeiwue:u iuhwi the United Slates fixing the Nueces as the boun dary, would lut Texas have been bound by it. Or suppose il had been llie Hio Grande, Colora do, or any other point, whatever li.nil had been fixed upon by the joint act of the two powers, would it not have been obligatory upon Texas, by the express terms ot the resolution by which il vvas annexed? Well, jow Mr, lfMex-icoand the United States conjointly by treaty tuighl have fixed upon the Western and Northern limi'.s of Texas, and it the United Slates have acquired lhat power by treaty, then all the power up m wh.ch the limits of Texas must have depended is now ves'od in the United States solely and exclusively all winch Mexico and the United Snles onjointlv possessed prior to the old treaty with Mexico. Ii seems tome, sir, t;i it the cohcIiimoii and re i6un ing run perfectly irre.iisublf. I;" Mexico and the United States could have fixed upon any Western li..iit lor Teas, mid did nut do il, and it the United Stales have acquired to them selves by Hie treaty any extent of lho territory upon winch UieU Cslern limn wa to be fixed, and must bo fixed, it seems lo ine that no one can resist the logical conclusion that the United States now has the power lo do what the Uniicd States and Mexico conj lititiy could have dune. I admit that il is a delicate power an extreme ly delicate power. I admit that it i ujhl to be exercised w ith a spirit of justice, generosity, and liberality towaids this youngest member of the grrai American, family. Upon thai question I offer no positive opinion but possibly if the United Slates fives it in a way contrary lo the desire and rights of Texas, she might bring it before tho Supreme Court of tho Uniird Sutes, and have the question again decided. I say possibly, because I am not of thai class ot politicians who believe that every question n a proper question for the Supreme Court ot the United Stales. Torre are ques tions loo large 1 )r any tribunal of tint kind to decide gieat political, nation il, an.l territorial qui s nun, winch transcend their limits, and to -Inch they aie uitorly inco npetent. Whether this is one cr iut, 1 -vill not decide, but I will maintain lhat the United States are now invest ed oolelj and exclusively wi'h the power that was in boih nations to fix, ascertain, and settle the Western and N inherit limits of Texa. Sir, trie other dny uiv Ennor.ibo friend who r presents so well the Stale u! Texas (Mr. lil!;) caiJ Hut we had no in re right to touch the lim ns ot Texas than vve have to touch the limits oi Ivemucky ; ti,c Slate is one and indivisible, and thai the federal govern.nenl Ins no light lo separate it. 1 agree with him that, when the .hints are certain anJ ascertained, they are un disputed and iiid.spuliblc. Too general gov crim.cm has no right or power to interfere vv ith the limits of a Stale hose boundaries are fined, known, ascerlaiuei', and rccosnu?d no power -..t least to interfere with it voluntarily. An ex treme case rnav be put one which 1 trust in God never will Inp.ion to this Union of a con quered nation and ol" n constitution adapting it self to fie stito of siil'jugation and conquest to wiucii :t lias been reduced, and ttie giving up ol whole Staic-s, as well as parts of 'hi State, in or der lo save what rcman.s from ths conquering arm ot tl.o successful invader. 1 say tnch a poncr may possibly exist for a case ot extremi ty such as tins; and I ad nit that short of such an extremity, voluntarily, the general govern ment has no ri;jlil to separate a Slate, or t: take any poitiun of it territory fro n u, or lo regaid it otherwise than an integer onj and indiviji ble. But then I assume what docs not exist in the SWi of Texas that llns hound-try wa3 known, ascertained and indisputable. Un th; contrary, it was eipen vi as unfixed, and remains unfixed ti lilts irumeiit, with respect to her Inn U west and noith of the Nuecc Why, sir, vve gave fifteen millions of eiollars for thc.o Tcrriiories that we btiuht, and Gud knows what a costly barijiin to th:s countrv thu was! Wo give fif teen millions ol dollars for lli3 Territories cejed by Mexico to us. Can Texas justly, fauly, an.l honorably co. no to claim all she has asserted a right to, without piung any p.rtmn j tint fif teen mihijiis of 1 illura ? She talks, indeed, about the United Slates bein her ngonl her trustee. Why, sir, shi was no more l.cr agent or trus.ee Ihuo the was the n; nl or tiusieo ot any o.hcr pari of the United S lies. Texas involved her in a wjr with Mexico: I make no reproaches none, none. Texas brought her ir.to the war; hut when hu got ui.o n, it was nol a war of Tex n and Me-xico- ll was a wjr of the whole tin ty Stales with Mexico a war in which the govern nent 4 the United States conduc ed the hostilities, and wds as much the triisiee and agenr of lira twenty nine other Stites composing this Union, as she w is the trustee and agei.t ot i eviis. Sir, with respect to all these circumstances such, fir example, as a map an r.exed to the recent treaty ith Mexico : ihese arc thu emimons of individuals, hiirolv respecta ble and eminently rlevited indin lu ils, as vvrts the lamented Mr. IV, late President e.f the United Males. It was his individual opinioi, ilmt he had no ri.trht, as President it th- United State, or m any other character, otherwise linn as regotiatmg wito Mexicu,4iud ihen the Senile had to act in concurrence vvi.h him, to lix a boundary. In respect to that map, which is at tached to the t-eaiv. il is sufficient to say that the treaty itself is silent, from beginning to cnJ, upon the limits ut Texas; and ihi annexing ol the map to the treaty no more confirm.; the truth of any tiling delineated upon that map in relation to 1 exas tnan it does in relation lo any other geographical subject which compos is tho man. Mr. President, I have siid that I thought the power has been concentratpJ in tho U. Stales to fix upon the limits of Texas. I Inve said that Mils power ought to be exercised in a spirit of great liberality and justice, and I put it to you, sir, to sny, upon this second resolution ot mine, whether that liberality and justice have not been displayed in the resolution. What is proposed ? 'To confine her to the Nueces? No, sir. To extend it from the Sabine lo the mouth of the Rio Grande and Ifi extend it up the Rio Grande to llie southern limits of New Mexico, and thence, with that limn, to the boundary between ths United States and Spain, as marked out un der the treaty of lcll). Why, sir, here is a vast country. I have made no estimate about il, but I believe it is cq'ial in amount nf acres of square miles to what Texas cast of the Nueces and extending to the Sabine ha 1 be- lore. And who is th-ru that can hay, with truth and justice, that there is no reciprocity, no cor diilitv, no concession, in iheso resolutions, made lo Texas, even with reference to the question of boundary line: They give tier a vast country, equal in amount nearly, 1 repeal, tu what she in disputably possessed before a country suffi ciently large, with her consent hereafter, lo carve out of it some two or three additional States, when the condition and number of the population "may render it expedient to make new Slates. Well, sir, H not that concession, liber ality and jusl'ce? But sir, it is not all that we propose to give them. The second resolution proposes to pay them a certain amount of ihe debt of Texas. A blank is left, because I have nol hitherto been able loasceitam the amount. .Mr. Fooie. Will Ihe honorable senator allow me to make a motion that vve now go into exec utive session, in order tu enable hiui to finish his remarks to-morrow ? Mr. Clay. I do not think it will be possible for me to conclude today, nlthough I wished to go through as much as possible. Mr. Poole. I will make the motion at any time that the senator may feel disposed lo give way. Mr. Clay. It the Senate will allow me, I will merely couclude what 1 have tu say in i elation 10 Texts, mid thcii 1 will give way, if the senate desires. Mr. President, I was about lo remark, indepen des: o!" the tsotl liberal axd gcauroiu boundary tendered to Texas, we propose to offer by this second resolution a sum which the worthy Sena tor from Texas, in my eye, thinks will not be less than about three millions of dollars the exact amount neither he nor I yet possesses the requi site materials to ascertain. Well, sir, you get this large boundary and three millions of your debt paid. I shall not repeat iho argument l of fered upon a former occasion, as ta the obliga tion of the United States to pay lint debt; but I was struck upon reading the treaty of limits, first between the United Stales and Mexico, then the treaty of limits between the United Slates and Texas, to find in the preamble of both these treaties a direct rrcogniiion of the principles out of which. I think, spring our obligaiions lo pay the debt fur which the doties ol foreign im ports were pledged while Texas was an inde pendent Slate. The nrincinle asserted in the treaty of limits with Mexico is, that whereas, by ihe treaty of ISID bolween Spain and the United States, a limit was fixed between Mexico and the United States, Mexico then composing a portion of the possessions of the Spanish crown, although Mexico was, nt tho date of that treaty, severed from the crown id Spain, yet she was bound, as having been a part id the possessions of Spain when the treaty of lril! was made she was bound by that freity ns much as if It was made w nh herself instead of Spain. In othtr words, that preamble asserts that the severance of any pait nf a common empire cannot exonerate eith er portion of that empire fro u the obligations thai are created when the empire 13 entire and uusevercd. So the same principle is asserted in the treaty ul IS-'li between 'IVnas and the Um tc.l Slates; the principle asserted ueiui ill it the treaty nf 1S&S between Mexico and ific Untied Slates having been nude when Texas was a part ol Mexico, and now Texas being dissevered Iroiii Mexico, she nevertheless remains bound by that treaty, as if no such severance had taken place. In other words, the prirciple is this: llut when an independent power creates an ob ligation or u duty, no bubscqient political mis fortune no subsequent pol, Heal severance of the territory of that power can exonerate il from the obligations which were created while it was an independent powei. In other words, to bring it down and apply it to this specific case, Texas being an independent power, and having a right to take loans, ami to make pledges, having taken loans and having pledged Ihe specific, imports, arising from llie customs, to the public creditor, the public creditor became vested with a right to tint fund of vn.ich he could nol be divested by any o hT act bul his own consent by no p dilical changes winch Texas might subsequent ly think proper to make. In the absorption or merging of Tex is in ihe United Slates, the credilnr, being no party to llie treaty by which that operation wa3 peifurmeJ, did not lose his rights, but retained his rights to demand the ful lilmtni of the pledge an.l llie payment of the lund, just as if ihrre hail never been any annex ation of Texis tithe United States. That vvas the foundation upon which I arrived at fie conclusion o i. braced in thai resolutii.n. The United Slates, having appropriated lo thein srlves the dunes arising from imports winch have been pledged to the creditor by Texas, as an honorable and just p iwer, oughi now to pay the de'at for which these duties were solemnly pledg ed by a poiver independent arid competent to make the pledge. Well, sir, I think that were you to give to Teas the large boundary that is as.-tgned to her, when vou take into view the abhorrence for I think 1 am warraii.ed in u-ing ihal expression with wlrch the people of New .Mexico, east of the Kiu Grande, ou'd look upon any political connexion w i;h Texas, and when vou take u.to view the laro amount vf mown-, liberating and exonerating Texas from a portion of her jiunlic debts, equal to that amount when youlscr,ll thtse circumstances into consideration, I think they present a case, with regard to which, I con fess, 1 should be grea'ly virpnscd, if Ihe people of Texas thcuisi'ivos', w hep they come Indelib erate upon this seiiously, should hesitate a mo mcnl to accede. 1 have finished my remarks upon this resolu tion, and it the senator wishes it, I will give way to an adjournment. I.t Soate, Wednesday, Feb. C. Mr. Clay resumed ai.d concluded his speech as follows : Mr. President, if there be in this vast assem blage ol beauty, grace, elegance, anJ intelli gence, any who have come hereunder the ex pectation that ihe hu nble individual who now addresses you means lo attempt any display or lo use any ambitious language, any extraordina ry ornaments or decorations of speeeh, ihey will be utterly disappointed. This se.i-on nf the year, and my ow ii season ol life, both adiuuni-l, me to abstain Irom the use of any such orna ments; but abovo all, Mr. PiesiJent, the woful subject upon which il is my duiy lo address the Senate .i,id tl.r country jforbids my saying any thing but wnat apportaius sdnu, ly to that su'ij' ct ; and my solo i!i sire is lo male in) sell, v nh sen uiisnes!, soberness and plainness, understood by vou, and b) tio-e wlu ihin'.; proper to listen to me. When, sir, vosienlay, the adjounnccit o' Ihe Sri. ate tool: place, at lint s'age of the discus sion nf Ihe resolutions which 1 have sub i i"cl, wh. eli iclaled to 'Texas and l er boundaries, I tho.ighl 1 had coneLided the "vholfiMiliji.-ct; but 1 was reminded by o IrienJ that perhips I vvas not sufficienily explicit upon a single point; and tl at is, tlie- re'lalion of Texas to the government of the United Slatrs, in regard to that prnon ot ihe debts ot "Texas ft-r which 1 ihink a rcsyon,! bnity cxi-ts upon the part ot the government ol the United Stales. Si-, it was said thai it might perhaps be understood thai in the proposed grant of t'iree u.iilions or whatever may lie the sum whenever it may be ascertained lo Trxa-, In consideration of her suricnder of her title to New .Mexico, on tins side of the Rio Grande, in lhat grant vve merely dischjrge the obligations wnicn exist upon the put of the government uf Ihe United States, lu consequence of the appro priation of tho imports receivable in the pores of 1 exas while snc was an independent power. But that is not niv understanding, Mr. President, ot the subject, as betn cen Texas and the United States. 1 ne obligation on the patt oi 1 exas ti pay the portion ot the debt referred to, is com plete and uncancelled; and there is, as betweer, these two parties, no obligation on the patt of the United States to discharge one dollar ot Ihe public debt of Texas. On iJie contrary, st, by an express declaration in the resolution of ad mission, it is declared and provided lhat in no event are ihe Uniicd States lo be liable to or charged with any portion of ihe debt or liabili ties of Texas. It is not, therefore, from any re sponsibility which exists to the State of Texas, on the pari ot the government ot the United Slates, that I ihink that provision ought to be made for lhat debt. Nu such thing. As between these two parties, the responsibility upon the pail of Texas isconp'ete lo pay the debr, and there is no responsibility upon the part ot the Uniicd States to piy one cent ot it. But ihen there is a third pirty, no party to the annexation whatever that is lo cay, the ciedi tor of Texas, who advanced his money upon Ihe credit and faith of a salcmn pledge made by Texts to him lo reimburse the loan, and by the appropriation ol duties receivable upon foreign unpens. The last is the party to whom we are bound, according to iho view 1 piescnled upon the subject. Nor, sir, can the other creditors with '1 i xas complain that a provision is made for a parlicular portion ot the debt, leaving the res idue unprovided for by iho government of the United States; because in so tar as wo may ex tinguish any portion of ihe debt of Texas, under which she is now bound, in so far vve shall con tribute to the benefit of the residue crednors of Texas by leaving the funds of the public lands held by Texas, and what oilier sources the may have applicable lo the payment of those other debts, with more effect than if llie enliic debt, including the pledged portion of it, as well as the unpledged, was obligatory upon her, and she siood hound by it. Nor can those creditors complain for another reason. Texas has all the resources which she had when an independent power, with ihe ex ception of the duties receivable in her por's up on foreign imports ; and she is exempted fro.n certain charges, ex en enures, and responsibili ties, which she wuuld have had to encounter it sbe had remained a separate and independent f-oarer. For example, she would have had to provide tor a certain amount uf naval force, in order lo protect herself against Mexico, or a gaicstany fu.-eiga caeiny w tutcver; out, by her annexation to the United States, she becomes liberated from all those charges, and of course those entire revenues may be applied to the pay ment of her debts, except those only which are applicable to the support and payment of the in cidental debts of the government of Texas. With this explanation of lhat part of the sub ject, I pass to the next resolution in the series which I had the honor to submit. It relates, if I am not mistaken, to this District : 3th. Iksoked, That it is inexpedient to abo. ish slavery in the District of Columbia, whilst lhat institution continues to exist in the Stale of .Maryland, without the consent of that Stale, without the consent of ihe people of the District, and without just compensation to the owners of slaves within the District. Mr. Piesident, an objection vvas made to this resolution by some honorable senators upon the otlier side ot this body, that it did not contain an assertion of the unconstitutionality of the exer cise of the power of abolition upon the part ot Congress, with regard to this District. I said then, as I have uniformly maintained in this bo dy, as I contended in l&ii, and ever have done, that Ihe power to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia lias been vested in Congress by language too clear and explicit lo admit, in my judgment, of any rational doubt whatever. What, sir, is tln language of the Constitution? Congress shall have power " To e'xercisc exclusive legislation in ail cases whatsoever over such district, not exceeding ten miles square, as may, by cession ol piriicular States, and the acceptance of Cmigrcs, bfcmiis the scat of goversumni ot the United States." Now, sir, Congress, by lias gnnting of power is invested with ail legislation nliatsrievcr over the District. Not only is it here invested, but it is exclusively invented wiih all legislation whatsoever ovor the District. Now, sir, can we conceive of any language more paiticular and ompreliensive ill in that which invests a legi.-l.-tive body with exclusive pjwcruiall case-whatsoever of legislation over u given disttict of ter litory or ountry ? Let me ask, sir, is there any power to tbolish slavery in this Di.-lrici? Let nie sunp:iM lnndditian lo what I suggested ihe oilier dry, that slavery had been abolidied in Marvlanu and Virginia; let me add to that sup position tli) t it was abolished ill all the Stales in llie Uniati; H there any power, ihen, to abolish slavery within ihe District id' Columbia, or is slavery pi intodJieru to all eternity, without the possibility of tl.o cxcrc.se of any legislative poiver for its abolition? Il cannot be invested in Maryland, because the power with which Congress is invested is exclusive. Maryland, therelore, is excluded, as all the otlier Slates of tho Union are ec!uded. It is here, oi it is no where. This was the view which I took in IS33; and I think there is nothing in the resolution which I offered upon that occasion incompatible witli the views which I now present, and which ibis resolution contains. While I admitte-d the power lo oxisl in Congre-s, ami exclusively in Congress, to legislvte in all cans whatsoever and coiisiqu' nl.y in ihi case of the abolition of slavery within this D sirict, if it deemed it prop er to do so I admitted upon tint occasion, as I contend now, that tl was a power which Con gress cannot, in conscience and good faith, exer cise, while ihe insliiulinn of slavery cmi'inucs iviilun Ihe S i'te of Maryland. The question, sir, is a good deal alteied now t.-om what it wns twelve veaio ag, when Ihe resolution to vvlrch I ullode was adopted by ihe Senate. Upon lint occisir.n Virginia and Maryland were Loth con cerned :n the cxeicie of the power; but in the retrocession of the portion eif the District which lies south uf the Potomac, Virginia has become no more interested in the question nf the aboli tion of e-lsvery in the rest of the District than any other slavcholding Slate in llie Union is in terested In lis abolition. The question now is coi.fined to Maryland. I said upon that occasion, lhat although the power was complete and uer fect, and the right to abolish slaveiy, vei that it was a thing which never could have entered in to the concertino of Maryland or Virginia that slaver.' would be abolished hero while slavery continued to exist in either of those iwo ceding Slates. 1 saitl, moreover, sir, what th granting of tr,e power it-elf mdiciies, that, although ex clusive legislation in all cases over the District was invested bj Congress within the ten miles s piarc, it w in make u the seat of govern nent ol the United Stairs. That was the great, par amount, substantial object of the grant. And in exercising all the powers with which we are in vested, complete and lull as they maybe, yet tbo great purpose of thu cession having been to create a suitable seit of government, that ought to be tho leading and comrollnig idea with Con gress, in the ex-rei-e nt tins power. And inas iimch ns it is no', necessary, in order to render it .i proper an.l suitable seat of government of ih? United Siales, lhat slavery should be abolished witlnn the limits of the ten ..n'.es square, and inasmui'h as, at the lime ot 'he cession, in a spir it of generosity inri.ed'Ote'ly after the formation of this con-titution, wh-n all was pcac?, and harmonv, and concord when brotherly affection anJ friiH-rnil foeltnir prevailed throughout liie whole Union when M.iryhnd and Virinn, in a moment of gei.erotn impulse, and wi h teeluigs if high regard tiwariU the principles nf I hi 5 U..1 ii. chose to make this grant neither parly could have suspected that at so nr- distant and fu'ure petiod, alter the agitation rf this unfortu nate subject, their .enerous grant, wuiiout equivalent, was to be tinned against them, and that the sword wns to bs lil ed, as it were, lo their fmso'Ti--, to strike at thtiro vu hearts. Tins impl.ed lai'h, ilus honorable obligation.th'n hon esi) anJ propriety of keeping in constant view ihe olijJct of the cession ihese were the consid erations which, lu Id-Jo, urged mi, as they now I ir.flocr.ee ine, in the preparation ol Hie restitution wh c'i I have submitted for your consideniii'.n. I Now, as then, 1 do think that Congress, a a an honorable body, acting bona tiJe, in good I'.nih, according to me naiure, and purpose, and objects of the cession al the time it was made, and look ing at the condi ion ot the ceding States at this tune Congress cannot, without lorleiture of all those obligaiions ol honor which men of honoi, and tntiioiis uf honor, will respect as much as if they were found laterally, in so many words, in the bond itself, interfere with the tn-diuitiun of slavery in this District, without a violation ot ull those obligations, rot in my opinion less sacred or less binding than if they had been inserted in the constitutional instrument itself. To be concluded next week. Jfonrlirful Cure. The Belfast (Me.) Journal tells of an old lady who was always troubled with the asthma during tho prevalence of cast winds. "Alter consulting physicians without success," her husband nailed the weathercock with his held lo the west, and she hasn't been troubled with the disorder since. (U The Indiam House of Representatives have passed, 53 to -II, a homestead law, exempt ing from sales under execution pioperty of the value of five hundred dollars. ( The name of the Post Office at West Readsboro', Bennington Co., Vt., has beenchan ged lo " Hartwellville." Qy Barnard Lyude, Esq., has been appointed Postmaster at Guilford Centre, in place of Geo. A. Hunt, Esq., resigned. In the Senate on Thursday, Mr. Clay made a declaration, which produced great emotion : " I know no South," he said, " to which I owe alle giance. There arc out two sovereignties to which I owe allegiance one is the sovereignty of this Union and the other is the sovereignly of Kentucky." "The Seven Mi'e Mirror" exclaimed a maid en cf thirty "I wish it vvas a seven year mirror that would reflect my image as. I looked at twenty-three, Aoip I would gaze!" Post. Summary Justice. The editor of the Jefferso uian, a Free Soil Democratic paper at Bangor, has been cowhided by the wile uf the publisher of the Democrat, of that city, for an ungallant and as is slated hi llie Bangor Whig a false and scurrilous charge against the lady who ad ministered the punishment. Jenny Lind coming lo .Imerica. Tho Euro pean Tunes announces an agreement between Jenny Lind and Mr. Bjrnuio lor a professional visit oi me iornier 10 mis cuuniry. UT Mr. Beale, of Virginia, has issued an ad dress to ihe people of his district. lie recom mends moderation on the pari of the South, lie is opposed lo holding a Cuuvention at Nashville. (juv. McDowell enteiiAins the same opinions. ttJaJcIjmem & State Sonrnai. E. P. WAWOy, JCIPITOK. Tlim'Mluy, Vcb. 21, 18SO. 5tS5io! A PROCLAMATION, BV CARLOS COOLIDGE, COVERXOR OF THE STATE OF VERMONT. Whereas, in pursuance of the Ordinance of the Council of Censors, of the State of Vermont, dated in Council "of Censors, Feb. IS19," a Convention of delegates of the people met at the Slate House in Montpelier, on the first Wednes day in January A. I). 1850, to consider of the amendments lo the Constitution of this Slate proposed by said Council; and W nr.r.KAS, il lias been certified lo me by the order of said Convention dated January 12, I8.1O, that on duo consideration, the said Con vention adopted the Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth Seventh. Ninth, Tenth. Eleventh, Twelfth, and Fourteenth Articles cf Amendment proposed by said Couuncil, which Articles arc in the words and figures following, to nit: AriTtcLF. H. Tlie A's'slant Judges of the County Court shall I e elected by the Freemen of their respi'cuve Coiintie-1. Art. -1. Sheriffs anil High Bailifis shall be elecled by the Freemen of their respective Counties. Ar.T. 5. S'ate's Attorneys shall be elected by the Freemen of their respective Counties. Art. Ct. Judges of Probate shall be elected by the Frce.i.en of their respective Piobate Dis tricts. Art. 7. Justices of ihe Peace shall be elect ed by the freemen of fheir respective town3 ; and towns having less than one thotisin l inhabi tants may elect any number of Justices of the Peace not oxceedingjlre , towns having one thousand, and less than two ihousand inhabi tants may elect jeri; towns ha v ins two thou sand and less ihjn three thousand inhabitants, may elect ten ; towns having three ihousand and les than five thnu-and inhabitants, may elect tice've ; and towns' having five thousand or more inhabitant.', may elect ftjiten Justices of the Peace. Art. P. All the officers named in the pre ceding articles of amend npn! shall be rinrmally elected by ball it anJ shall hold their offices for ouCjcar, said year commencing on the first day of December nxt after Ilieir ele-ctinn. Art. 10. The election of the several officers mentioned in the precedrng or icles, excepting Town Rppre-entatnes, shall be made at th tunes and 111 the manrier now directed for the choice of Senators. And the Presiding officer of each Freeman's mc-.-iing, afier the votes shall have been liken, sut-.iand couiile.l, s,''all in open mectirg, make a err iticile of each per-un voted for, wiih the r.-niW ot votes given for each annexed In Ins 1 an.e and designating the ullice tor which the v.ies were oiven, a record of which shall be madf in tho 'Town Clerk's of fice, and he shall seal up sud certificate, nnd shall w rue thereon the name of the town and the words, Ctrhjicnle of ruUj for and add thereio, in writing, tl.o title o! the office voled for, as the case- may be, and shall deliver such certificate to some Representaiivc chosen as a member of ihe General Assembly, whose duiy it shall be lu caufe such certificate of votes to be delivered to the Committee of ihe General Assembly appointed to canvass the same. And at the sitting of ihe General Assembly next af ter such balloting fi.r the officers aloresaid, there shall be a Committee rppointeJ of and by the General Assembly wm shall be sworn to the laiihful discharge of their duly and whose duty it snail be lo examine such certificates an.l as certain Ihe number ut voles iven lor each can didate, mid ihe peisons receiving ihe largest number of votes lor llie respective offices, shell be d ciared duly ciecicj, and by such Commu te be repotted to ih, General As-embly, and ihe 1 fficers so elecled shall be commissioned by llie G iveinor. And if to or more persons d sign lied lor any oiiu of s.nd offices, shall have received an equ ,1 number of vote's, the General Assemb'y s,lu,l elect one of such persons to sucii office. Art. 1 1. 'The i. r-n of office of the Govern or, Lituleninl G ivvrnur, Mil Treasurer of lh State, respectively, shall commerce when Ihev shall be chosen and qualified, and shall continue lor the term of oi.ejeir, or until their succes sors shall bo chosen a..d qualified, or to the ad journment ot lhe sesi m of the Le"isl iturc, nt which, by the Constitution and laws" i,jr sr. cessors are required to be chosen, and not afirr such adjotirnmen-. And tho Legislature sh.l! provide, by rmierat lew, dccltring hat officer snaii act tsejoverimr whenever llire shall be vacancy in l oth Hn, otuces of Governor and eiec, or by .hev ffi..i or 'hVie i death, resignation, or inability of both Govern-1 or and Lieutenant G .vc-rno'r, to exercise the I pin erst and eli-caargi- the duties of Ihe nfne ol Governor; arid such eflicer so designated, shall exerci--! the powers and discharge the du- or a Governor shall be elected. And in case 1 there shall be a vacancy in ilia office nf 'I urer, by reason of any of the causes nnn,,...i-i. ted, the Governor shafl appoint a Treasurer for me iimo oeing, wim shall aci as Treasurer until the disability shall be removed, or a new elec tion shall be made. Art. 12. The Treasurer of tho Stale shall. before entering upon tl e duties of his office, give sufficient sprnritv tn ir, .... r o . . . ... 7 , . . 7 1 , -v .111101, Mi oiaie, in behalf of the Slate of Vermont, before Ihe Gov ernor 01 the stale, or oi.e of Iho Jud"cs of the Supreme Court. And Sheriffs and High Bailiffs, before entering upon the duties of their respec tive offices, shall give sufficient security to the Treasurer of their respective Counties, before one of the Judges of the Supreme Court, or the two Ass.stant Judges of the county Cou.t of their n.-j'vi.iivt. uumii , ir. such manner anu 111 such sums as eh lit be directed by the Legislature. Art. 1 1. 'The Senate shall be composed nf irony senators, to tie ot llie rreemnu otlhe Coun ty for which they are elected, respectively, who shall have attained the age of thirty )cars, and they shall be elected annually by the Freemen of.each County respectively. The Senators shall be apportioned to theseve ral Counties, according to the popu'alion as as certained by the Census taken under the authori ty eif Congress i'i the V eir IdlO. rcrard bein- alwa)s had, in such apurlior.inerit, to the Coun ties Having ine largest Iraclion, and givm to each Cojniy at least one S.-nator. The Legislature shall make a new apportion ment of the Senators to the several Counties, af ter the taking of each census of the United States, or alter a census taken for the purpose of such apportionment, under the authority of lliis State, always regarding iho above provisions of lliisar liclc. Therefore, be it known that I Carlos Cool idge, Governor of the State of Vermont, hereby cause llie said Articles ol Amendment, adopted as aforesaid, to be proclaimed, to the end that the same may be known and recognized as parts of the Constitution of this Stale, and binding on the people thereof. S , Given under my hand and seal of this t State, at Windsor, this Twelfth day ' ofFebruary, in the year ot our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifiy. CARLOS COOLIDGE. By the Governor, Georoe F. Hct'ouTo.t, Secretary. No. 3 of Byrne's Dictionary of Mechanics has couie to hand. I Congress Clay's Speech. We again omit tho usual summary this time giving way lo the speech of Mr. Clay. No speech ever created a greater sensation, either in Congress or the country, and we cannot doubt that our readers will be glad to forego the usual variety in order to have it in their possession as early as practicable. The remainder will be given in our next. In Congress, Ihe debate upon the Slavery ques tion has been continued for the past week, and will continue some weeks more. Mr. Calhoun and Mr. Webster will speak on the question in the Senate, and in the House a legion. It is said lhat California will be admitted, with her present constitution, by nearly a two thirds vote in both Houses. Dis-mion is at a discount. Central Railroad. Some weeks ago the Bur lington Free Press announced "the largest freight tram out of Burlington" lo wit: 23 car loads, which went over the Rutland road. Hap. pening at our depot on Monday, when tho down freight train was in, we found 23 car loads, aed the conductor informed us th it this vvas but a botit the average daily on me Central road. (jy The to al amount of California gold re ceived at the Mint up to Friday was eight mil Huns of dollars. Of lhat brought by the last three steamers, but one and a half millions have been received. Shukspeare. For the benefit of the admirers of Shakspeare (uof being moved lo a pulTby' an " editor's copy,".' we cummend a new and very beautiful edition published in numbers by Phil ips, Sampson &. Co. Boston. It is printed with large type on fine paper, and illustrated by real ly excellent engravings. Grammar of .'Irilhmitic, or .'Inalijiis of th: Lan gwieof Cigurcs and Science of.Vumbers: by Charles Davics, LL. D. .New York, A. S. Barnes Si Co. Here is a nerr book and apparently a good one also. Teachers and Superintendents will find it well worth examination. California I'utitics. We learn from the "Al fa California" of Dec 31. tint the Whigs of San Francisco met on the 27th and organized for the first time as a po'.uical party. Ii. Simmon3 is chairman of the committee fi r the city, and Frederick Billings vvas nominated as a candidate for a vacancy in the Legislature both Vcrmon ters and Woodstock men. Fied, wo are happy to learn in otlier ways, is doing well. Good luck to him. The vote on the Constitution in California stood ayes 12,Cfil, noes 51 1. Vote for Governor: P. H. Burnett, GTS3 W. S. Sherwood, 3220 J. A. Siiuer. 2201 W. M. Stewart, lil! J. W. Geary, 13od Scaforuir, 32 , For din W'astdnsn. DceR, Sir. : -Will v-nu have the goodness to ive this note a phce in votir paper. I have al ways been a supporter of the Vermont Patriot until the editors thereof flew from the helm of democracy, and loeled tn the suburbs ot coili Uonisni and there begged for pap. One would judge from theirtilk that they areas much lost in going through this clnnge as Rip Van Winkle was when he awoke from his sle"p and accused his friends of being liars nd iraitors, they being right an.l he being wrong. I nance in the Pal not of January 31, a p;eco of DmJj Jc.V sling 011 which I wish to say a word. Dandy Jack and the M.ij ir have a great deal of irouble nbout the Long Team Deputies and Sicrifi's, as they tern them. All there is about the long team is this : th legislature sw fit to break down the oirgaining cliques of counties w Inch had loo long pi iyed th" duspul in Vermont. I ask Ihe cand.d people lo look and see the men who ruled imr caucuses and conventions, and wfia made thu nominations for the people; fur ihsiancc, lo-ik at the nominations ot the county officer, in Orange county, and otter counties, which .v ere made last lall by these cliques. Is there a freeman in the stale of Vcroiont.who will say the legislature did wrong in using their con s'ltutional right to put down the cliques and their game of bargain an J corrup'iGn ? I wish the cdiiors. of the Palriot and their con federate's, would crawl out of tie mud in which t ':)' lie, and tell us the difference between a whig and a Democrat in these la t'ir days. I am sir, what I ever have been, a true friend nnd supporter of equal rights, and I really wish to knW ulMber anSel.n-a or .he unchanged 3r0 ,(' ,r,le ''""""MCf. Q. n 7, . U-vix, Boston. Mr. Siurnons is ever lual''"fJ f0!,u-' improvements on his beautiful Ciotnng Depot. He certainly keeps pace with .oU Winter clotVng of evory dcscriptl.m he sells lowerthan ever. A new Plan. Among Iho schemes which are noiv entertained by the Disunionists, is onu to force the Wihnot Proviso upon Gen. Taylor, by retiring from Iho Senate whenever the question reaches that chamber from the House ot Repre sentatives. I have already shown in former let ters, tint by the resignation of Gen. Cass, and iho negative vote of Mr. Dickinson, together wiih the contingent influence of Mr. Douglass, Mr. Bngh', and Mr. Dodge, the restriction would be defeated 111 the Senate. Tuts opinion was of course based upon Ihe presumption that the South would present an unbroken front. Since it has been ascertained lhat these Northern Sen alors would oppose the Proviso, Mr. Foole and his followers from the South, who have been in stigated 111 all their inDvcnients by a desire lo break down the Administration, have intimated in an authentic form that the Proviso should go to the President, let the consequences bo wiut Ihey might lujAington Correspondence of tlie Boston Journal. So the Slavocratic cry against the Proviso is all for party effect to enrage ihe South against llie Administration. Mr. Marsh in Florence. We see it stated that the two distinguished Vermonters, Hon. George P. Marsh, andHiram Powers, ihe fiisl sculptor in the world.havo late ly hid a tiitf-ting in Florence, the present resi dence of the latter. Powers look ins guest to sec tho statues and paintings, with which that celebrated city abounds. No man has a better laste, or can better appreciate excellence in the fine arts thin Mr. Marsh. It we are correctly informed, Messrs. Marsh and Powers were boys together, boih being natives of Woodstock. Sentinel. .1 Caliornian Venture. A Liverpool mer chant who purchased ."o,000 worlh of American Qour at22s. per bbl., sent the whole out to Cali fornia from this port, where it proved an excel lent ventuie. The barrels sold at fifjs. each, and he cleared 10,000 by the transaction Liwr. pool Chron. Cy The Baltimore Clipper says: ' vVe feci confident that not a solitary individ ual in Baltimore, or in ihe Slate of Maryland. can be found vrho will advocate a dissolution of the Union and vve feel equally sure lhat public feelinit is adverse to senuinr? delegates to tlm Southern Convention, or lo any other ineeiiuir where ihe question of dissolving the Union may be dLK-injed." To our Subscribers. We thank those who have heeded our calls and squared accounts : and now for a fair and important notice to those who are in arrear. On tlieSOTH OF APRIL NEXT vve shall erase from our direction books the names of all r.ub scribers who are in arrear for more t ian two years, and proceed to collect the amount due from them. If any can pay without trouble, they have no excuse; if any iciW 110 pay except upon compulsion, duty to ourselves requires 1,3 to compel them; and if any really cannot pay, it is time for us to stop furnishing papers wi h. out compensation. Nor is this course for our advantage only : it is really for the advance also of all whoe accounts are running up faster than they arc aware of, and will prove a serious difficulty to them if suffered to go on. We are anxious to settle every case without recourse to the lawyer: but old accounts must he settled. Godeifs Lady's Hook for March is received ia excellent season. Il is a good number. The Southern Convention. 'The L-gialatcr of Virginia, 011 Wednesday of last week, passed the preamble and resolutions relative to the VV n. mot proviso, the appointment ot delegates to the Nashville Convention, etc. The resolumnj were considerably modified, and ctd n.t then pass without much opposition. 'They Co not treat the conveirion nt Nashville, in June next as a body authorized lo act for the vhje Souiti but as a convention which can only co. snlt and adv ise. They look on it m'rely as a notification to define what should be the acti in of Ih; Smih 111 case of any interference in slavery. In ci-a of a passage of the Wihnot pruv:so, the goverr. or is authorized to issue his writ tor a conven tion of llie State, which shall be empowered hi select delegates lo the general convention oi iha South. (jyTlic Logishtnrc of Kentucky sus-i r-s Mr Clay's; position in the Senite ful y ,in,l en ar ly. and ihis.ioo, enlirrly unsolicited Dy lu r i!.s tinuished Senator. We roj dee il ilus, and a 1 llie more lhat he has been assai ed by so ina .y Senators fiom tho slave stales, the men if nur.t in the bo y like Berrien and and Davis, of libs., as well as its mountebank, Mr. Foote. .Mat. fjyThcfulloiving aie Mr. Weaver's le narks on .Monday, in relation t receiving a pu.tioa asking for a dissolution uf the Union: Mr. President, I am much obliged to she num ber from Michigan, for ihe clearness a.nl lo,ce with which he has expressed opiuiins in hicii. in the main, I entirely concur cspectnhy 1,1 waat he says o! that exjsung idealism which I find spieadcver the country, that there can be onmv be such a thing as a peaceaijio oreaKiug op ul this Union. I am quite sorry that my friend from .vew Hampshire has presented Any such petition as this, and I shall be quite suipused if iuere be any votes in ihe Senate receiving it. It wi uld be oti'our part an assumption of power ; it woull look as if by possibility we could do sotr.eti.'n; to the effect and with the tendency which ih.s, I will sav. presumptuous petition, troni whatever source it comes, calls upon us to do. I ihink the substance of this peii'nu is such lhat, to be appropriate, it should hive had a pre amble in these words: u Gentlemen members of Congress, whern, at the commencement of this scsswn you anl each of you took yujrsnleoin oaths 1 11 the pres ence of God, and un the H. ly Kvaugeli-ts, nut you would support the constitution ul trie L'. i ied States ; now, therefore, vve pray ycu to 1.1 . umnedi He steps break up tiiu Urn jo, and verthiow the constitution of the United Slites 43 soon as vou can. Ami, as m duty bound, c wi.i ever pray.'1 Mr. (ass. That's first rate. A Model Engine. We take Inmi the Syraoue Star, ot Feb. I, an accoui.t ot the s:eum engine ''Lightning:" Toe Lightning came upyesterdiy ai'iemon 'roui Ulica, with a twin of six eight wli.jel c irs, wi-h a strong head winJ, in sixty-sir aimutes. This is the grealesl speil oil record, in llns country or Europe, tailing the length or Ine roid 53 imies. The running spet-d would be just 51 mimites. Her cylenders are IG inches diaoittcr. ?J i'ich- ts stroke, placed horizontal, midway ot thecv- llnorical part ot Ihe boiler. .'ne pair of dr.vn.g wheels, 7 feet in diameter, ari" placed un nedi i;e- ly under ihe tiro door. In fir nit of the fire bot are placed a pair of bearing wheels -1 feet in di nutter. 'The boiler is supported in front by fttr wheels of o 1-2 feel in diameter, in a true!;. 'The eccentrics are placet! on the outside of llie wheels, attached 10 thft crank wheel. Th! cost ot this machine, we understand, h I j t00, v-bich is certainly a low price tor such a machine. Breaking up of the Hirers. The Connecti cut is fnluely free from even fliting ice, at Springfield, and the water is very high. On the Hudson,at Aleuuy.the ferry boats have renewed Iheir bo3inrs3. 'Tilt Albau) Argus of Tuesday says : The warm rains at Ihe glose of last weekhavt; I broken up ih: Muhisrk an I Hudson. OnSju ' day allernjOT ihe ice broke away at Troy, mil I pas'ed away rapidly fro.n that city until it.- pri. rfss was checked by a dim funned oppiis tn j II11I1, where ihe ice was bleickel tin to 11 Eriat height, setim;.' back the w aters upon Trov a -J su'inv ring the lower pjrtionsnf th t city. Li ter in the evening the elani foroied at Bii"i gava way, anJ the ice pissed gradually out of the riv er opposlie the city. On the L t flits al Cas'.le- j ton Ihe ice was again stopptd, ibro vmg back til water upon the city, inunJatiog Qny .-ireet and I tho Pier, and laying Greenbnsh completely na iler water. The damage done to properly M co.npnatively tnil ng, our merchants having hal sufficient warning to teuiova their effects out ut hum's way. Panther killed in VtmtnLii Mr. Burnt caught a panther in a bear trap in Manchester on Ihe 5th inst. The skin ot the annual has been presented to the University of Vermont, and placed in the Museum of Natural History. Length of the Panther, from nose lo ibe Up of llie tail, C feet and 7 inches. Weight e(i lbs. fjy The Mnntreal Gazette complains that agitators from tho United States have come a mong tho Canadians, for the purposo of furlho. ing the ends of the annexationists. Il warns th"in that the conduct they are pursuing is dan gerous for them, and likely to lead to serious consequences. Mr. Hannegan. The New York Glo'oj has ihe following paragraph: " We perceive that our late Minister to Ber lin, Hon. Elward A. Hmnegan, has returned in ihe Europa ; and-a personal friend of ours, who Knew mm innmatelv abroad, authorizes usiosiy that ihe letter defamatory of Mr. Hannegan, pab Iished in the Whij pipers of Boston, and copied elsewhere, makes nothing but statements utterly without foundation. Mr. Hannegan never last ed a drop of ardent spirits during his wholo res idence 111 Europe, anu his conduct vvas of iho most amicable and exemplary character under all circumstances. Tho stories, therefore, of tb.2 letter writei in question, are most cruel as well as unjust, and were no doubt Ihe manufacture of some personal ill feeling and malignity." A'c ic Jijjicutlt tcilh Great Britain. lion. 11. H. Sibley, delegate to Congress from Minnesota, complains 10 the Secretary of Slale, relative to Ihe sale of spirituous liquors to the Indians in our north-west territory by the Hudson Biy Company. Mr. Clayton replies, under elate of December lhh, that the United Stales Minister 111 London, his been instructed to address .1 re monstrance to the llntiih Government oil tho subject. The correspondence appears in the Minuesota Chronicle.. Vermont Valley Hailroad. At a meeting of ihe Directors of this Koad, held at Brattleboro' on the IDlli inslam, a contract vvas cntcied into with responsible persons to prosecute this impor tant enterprise forthwith. The parties agreed lhat the entire road should be completed and in readiness for Iho running of the cars, within fif teen inonllu al farthest. This road is to extenl from Brattleboro,' where it connec'.s with the northern terminus ot ihe Vermont and Massa chusetts Railroad, along ihe west bank of the Connecticut river lo Bellows Falls, there uniting wiiu me buiiivan Hailroad at iu southern termi nus.