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VERMONT WATCH 31 AN & STATE JOURNAL, MAY 23, 1850.
tUatcijman & 0iatc 3onrnaI. E'. 1. WAWOX, J 1C, EDITOR. TliurMl:iy,lsiy 23, ISSO. The Question. We hid intended, according to promise, to consider the President's plan as a substitute for the compromise: but the debate in the Senate appears to be at present preparing the way for every tnan(every northern man at least,) to come to an opinion upon the matter very readily. So we wait for the developments that are to come. The reader will observe that Mr. Clay insists that slavery is excluded fru.n the Mexican ter ritory, both by the condition of the country and by good laic, and that the compromise doss r.of annul that laic. This is hi" opinion, and unques tionabiy an honest one; we hope, too.it will turn out to be true, if the compromise is carried: but let it be observed that other Senators, and members of the compromise committee, argue that slavery is not excluded, and that the com promise will confirm the right of Southern men to introduce slavery. Lei the reader also observe, that the committee's report (see first pigc,) does not contain the agreeable doctrine advanced by Mr. Clav in his sneech. Is it wrong to infer that the committee disagieeJ on this point ?- We think not. There are tiro opinions, then) about the effect cf this bill : there is doiilii about it- This doubt may lie solved: if un the right side the compromise may be tolerated ; if on the w rong side aw.iy uilh it! Another Annexation War I There is little room to doubt that some here fiom 0,000 to 10,000 United States citizens are ere this embodied and advancing upon the Isl and of Cuba to revolutionize it. They go in the sacred name of Liberty to grasp more slave cursed territory ; they go with arms and nurcy furnished in this country, probably nobody knows; they go in defimce of oar own joiern nient in violation of its laws and cannot claim its protection if they sh ill need it, as per haps they "ill. Narciso Lopez is commander in chief, and Gov. Quitman of Mississippi is supposed to he s 'cnnd in command. The men, with arms and provision- to some extent, have succeeded in getting away as emigrants for Cal ifornia; thus avoiding suspicion. The Govern ment sent on orders to intercept the expedition, the moment intcllignc' was received of it probably too lite, honevt r. The Compromisea test vote. A test vole has been taken on the Comprom ise bill in the Senate ihe motion being to lay the bill on the table and p-oceed to the bill fur the admission of Caliton.i i as an independent measure. It was lost, by our voies : absent eight, t') "it, Messrs. Hamlin of .Me.. Pratt and PSeice of Maryland. ledger of North Caroli ni, Butler of S. C, Pin ,u and Upham of Vr, (buth sick Mr. Phelps at li mic,) and Mason cf Va. Of tins number. "' think four certainly are for the ailiii.s-ion . t California as en inde pendent measure This leaves the matter rela 4ii(ly the s . as by tin; present vote that is, four mat "ty for the cu.i premise. U lio make ih.s . Jjority ? li h 1 . : alright, of hull ma, ("as, i f .Michu m, Dickinson of .New York, Dodge, of Iowa, Jones, of Iowa. Sturgeon, of Pi nn.. and Whitcomb, of Ii.diaua jrvEN Lccorocos mom the rnEF. states vo tio for the Co.mit.omisl ! and not a single Whig. Mr. WtusTF.R, he it observed, voted on the right side. Can the Vermont Patriot tell where the "dough faces' are to be f nind ? Why should Tiras be paid? The Sim to be offered Texas by the compromise bid is probably ten millions of dollars. For what? We learn from Mr. Clav'.-. repo:t that it is to ay for taking nil the land she claims la New Mexico, (two de grees of latitude in bri adth, containing 125,93'i I f quare miles, or about 7l),957,l0 acres,) and for her forts, navy, revenue, &c, "Inch became the pro'city of the U. S. by annexation. The U.S., however, is no! to be discharged from any claim, if any, "Inch the creditors uf Texas may have. If the t"o degrees bicidtli of land is to be saved from slavery by the means of this bill, we are resdy to stand our share of the money. Just clap on the Proviso, or its equivalent, and let Texas have the cash. In justice, however, we don't believe Texas has a shado"' of claim to the land: but then, the locofocos hustled her into the Union without rixitvc iiehNortheiim ai:d Westlrn eoodart, and thus gave her a chance to claim uhat she phases, and to cover her claim with her stavocratic constitution! Let the people remember this fact when they think of the ten million bargain. It is cm of the tixes of loco locoism. thrre an Organ '? At one time the " Na tional Intelligencer' has been called the "or-j-an" of the Preside nt, and at another "The I!e public" just as the enemies of the administra tion could find matter to find fault with in ei ther. Tnc editorial chur of the Republic has just changed hands, the retiring editors declar ing that they disagreed with the Cabinet on certain matters. It is certain that they have of late occupied grcund on the s'avery question (in favor of" compromise,") which the Pre-ident does not hold. The same is true of the " Intel ligencer." We suppose the truth to be that the administration has no organ, as that word has usually been applied, and will have none. "The Republic," iike the "Intelligencer," is nevertheless a Whig organ, and so is every .Whig paper. Iltliirned from Califurnii. Win. B Tyler of Selhel, formerly of Warren, has returned from California, with improved health; as to any other good fortune wo are not apprized. We are indebted to Mr. Tyler for the latest California papers, and perhip3 shall hereafter receive from him some iurorination derived from his experience in California life. Panorama o Udinburgh. Bartholomew' Pan orama of Boston, the Atlantic, and Edinburgh and Lcith, in Scotland, has been exhibited here for several days. Judging the whole by the fen- scenes represented that are familiar to us, this painting is accurate and well worth scein"-.' U5 Henry C. Doane, of Burlington, has been appointed Conductor of Passenger Trains on the Rutland Railroad. 7Vo more I'ei monters dead. Charles D. Hutch inson and Bartlett Noycs, both of Sutton, were jjrowned in California, March I3ih. EDITOR'S TABLE. Poems, by II. Laid Spencer: Boston, Phillips, Sampson et Co. A modest yellow covered volume, all in the poetic fashion printed tt Rutland, and dedica ted to lion. D. 1. Thompson. Ah! here Is an other ermont poet and very young, too ; for the publisher tells us that the first piece was composed in the author's twelfth year, "and many of the others at a period little less remote' a young lad's book, then. Well, the book is very creditable to bo young an author, and we hope the promise of richer fruit will not be dis appointed. Specimens, taken very nearly at ran dom, will be found on our first page. The book is for sale by E. P. Walton &. Son. Buys, just see what this Lidd in a Spencer his done. Godiy's Lady's Book: The Juno number is verv pood 'he last of volume fort'. Of course the July number will be the first of a new vol unic, and noic is the time for new subscribers to begin. Whig State Convention. We had hop id, before this time, to hate seen some in licattjiis of a Whig State Convention. At the risk of being considered too forward in ihis matter, c take leave to suggest that the State Convention should be held, tins j car, as I early as practicable. It should always precede County Conventions, and, as the election of scv- I .ar.il irntvirtrtnt iiitri!v rmifrs is tr nr m.iiln lit ,, . 'Vi.rw.Ur ;.. s:.. ;.. IMC fVi" j'I'i. till; IIIH UIJUJ 1 t.JVJ'll.lllUI "HI be a bu-y day, and as nominations should pic cede, by as much tune as practicable, our pnpu ltr ele.iinns, we hop' the Stale Coiiniue- "ill deem it their duty to c ommeiice a movement be fore this month elapse. .Mercury. We say d.tto to the Mercury, adding, the soon, cr the belter. The Pciiir Murder. We undeislan I that .Mr. Clark, formerly of Eden, Vt, can prove an alibi cleaily that he was m Eden at the tune of the inutder, as appear- fiom the books of .Mr. Mat thews, who at thtt ti ne kept a public lou-c. By the way, the Buston Mail says Mr. Clark is a man of bad character. A citizen of this village, who is acquainted "ith Clark, de-cribcE him as a cleier, good-natured man, alto gether too much that "ay to be guiliy of a mur der. A Correspondent i f the Manchester Me-.-senger defends Clark against the remark of the Mail. .Musical Contention. In the last Watchman, notice as given of the next annual meeting ot the "New Hampshire and Vermont .Musical Convention." Tin? association, the Patriot learns, " oinpii-rs the lest musical talent of the teachers amaieiirs, and choristers of souther. i Vermont at d New Hampshire, snd was org'n gamze.! s tine years since, with a view to the clc vat.o of s.,crod mu-ic in the two states." Their .i.cetmg ai Aluntjiulicr promises to be no hum bug. Active measures are being taken by ii. iithecrs, tu ensure a full attendance, and render its exercises in'eresttug and profitable. Prols. Biker anu U oodhury, the gentlemen advertised to conduct the rehersals and !he grand finale in the way of a concert, are persons of deserved eminence in their profession, as our village readeis will know, hen tuld that they are the "rtlers i.f tiie best pail of the music heard from our choirs every Sjbbath, and each of ihin will have at hind a new work for the use of the Con vention. In short, the Convention promi-es tu lulfil rs part well, and Montpelier will, of .Inli Crow. James W. Hatch of Halifax says ci on s won't disturb seed corn prrpired as ful- i Ion : j When ready to commence planting, dissolve i six table spoonfuls of tar in as many quarts of belling nater. then remove it fro u the tire, and when fairly done boiling, pour in the corn and stir it vi'ibmily about tno minutes, ihen dram ( ff ihe water and stir in ground gypsiiui (plaster of pans) enough to form a cutting over the ker tieis-, about a pint perhaps "ill be sutlieient, and it is ready for use. The above i.rc proportions for a peck of corn, but should a gieatir or less quantity be used the other articles may be pro portioned accordingly. Muntpelier and ll'clls Hirer lla'drond. Tiie survev was commenced on Mnndiv last. An adjourned meeting :s to be holdrnat Wells Riv er, July 10th, to hear the result of the survey and act upon the matter. Vermont Central Railroad. The I ston pa pers were wiong in regard to the time ih; bonds f.i interest are to run. The three dividends of interest due, to "it, March and Sept. Mi'J, and January I?50, are to be paid in bonds running six jcars from Jan. I, ISoO, anl bearing intenst at G per cent, payable scmi-aiiuuallv. The now stock now st uiJs a little higher than the old, j and both arc advancing slonly. j Correction. The letter rn Kyanizing, al'tided to week before lat. as not ritten by Dr. Jack so.i of P.oaton, but by Hon. Win. Jackson, ol Ne tun. Mass., a gentleman of experience in railroad matters. (T5 The St. Liwicnce and Atlantic Railrnul is steadily processing f.om St. llyncmthc to' Melbourne, lo be cotnp'ttcd to the latter place 1 by November next, a distance f'.iO miles ; from ' .Welnoi.rre to MicrDrool.e, IM mile, m a year from November, from Sherbronke to some pi ice nn the line, in two years from November. The. contnicois are .Messrs. Black, Wood & Co., from the United States. Tht-y are said to be under heavy I onr's to complete it through by that time. It is thought that it ill not intersect the line at Derby, but farther east Irasi'h Gaz (TJ3 Judge Poland has removed from Morris ville to St. Jo'insbury. .Maine. John Hubbard, loco, has been inau. gurated as Governor. ffj5" Mr. Peck, of this District, has mide a speech in Conic-s in which he labors to so cute Gen. Taylor's plan in regard to the Terii tor.es, with that In id down hv (Jen. Cass. If th"v vtcre alike, Mr. P. should be the last mm to conipl un, os he supported Cass. But there is a wide difference Gen. Cass no'ds the Proviso to be unconstitutional, consequently it could not be applied by Congress in any case; vlnlu (Jen. Taylur's plan of admitting Slates formed out of Ihe territories does not preclude the application of it lo their constitutions, proi ided they do not contain frre principles. Good honest free noil era freely confess that Gen. Taylor's plan is fair, and carried out as it may be, would inevitably nuke free territory of New Mexico and Dcscr ct; the Slaveholders concede this too: and .Mr. Peck and oilier freesoilers render themselves ri diculous in finding fault with it Caledonian. Canada. Toronto, May lGth. In the House of Assembly last night Sir Allan McNab gav notice that he would introduce a bill to an end the rebellion losses bill so as lo prevent persons actually engaged in icbellion from receiving compensation. Col. Prince presented a petition for an a Idress. to the Queen, praying her to grant Oanidian independence. The House re- ceived it without any mark of surprise, and ad journed. Canada. Toronto, May 17th. A petition for addresses to ihe Queen in favor of Canadian in dependence was rejected in Assembly todar.bv a vote of 57 to 7. 13 CONGRESS. Mosdat, May 13. The Senile chamber was much crowded with spectators today, to hear Mr. Clay'sspcech upon the report of the Compromise Committee. Pe titions from citizens of the District of Columbia, for a rcorganizilion of the Judiciary, vcro pre sented by Mr. Walker and others. A commu nication was received from the Wtir Department in relation to the commerce of the North" estern lakes. The Census bill, with the House amend ments, was made the order of the day for loinnr ow. Mr. Dickinson introluced a bill lor the coinage of three cent p.eces, of silver and cop per, "Inch was referred to the Committee on Finance. The California bill was then taken up, when Mr. Clay spoke tno hours upon the subject. Du ring the delivery of the bpeech, the galleries nere densely crowded, lie said, although no member of the Committee agreed precisely with him in every particular embraced in the report, yet that fact simply was no ground for discour agement. He indulged a hope that they might yet agrte upon all essential points; and that the Senate would pass the proposed measures by a handso ne major ty. On the action upon this re p irt the peace ot the country depended. He de tei ded the claim ol Ca'ilbrni i to the right of represent nion in Conres. The proposition ot 3(i teg. 3l'm. i'8 herSoiithtrn boundary, came strangely from tile S mth. It slaves nere taken to any put uf California, they nould escape by lji.d and sea. He reretlcd the difference of opinion between the President and hi.nsi lt, in relation tu this siibjccL N'.n-action, ulative to the other ter ritories, was a dange ons olicy, anJ would lead to the organization ol ii.dqeuuV nt yoverntnent on their part He congratulated I lie Senate, lint the heat of passi'Ui upon lluso quesli ins h id begun to so' sie. He bidii-vcd tint the North and Smith ui'iealiout lo comet gether as brcth r li. Had the Pre.-idenl been better in'ormul, he would have recommended a more compreln n sive plan of settlement. He feared that bio ul shed nould ensue hctneeu Texas and New Mexico if their buiinJa.ies eie not spcclilv defined and sctilid. He thought a pruv.sun forbidding Ten i ones to hgislalu on Slavery, would opcra'C equa'ly for the North and S mth He alluded sorcaslually to Mr. Seward's bill, and showed its connection in theory with G irri son's doctrines, rtcenlly promulgated at the Tab i ornacle, in the city ot New York. He had no coiiccs-ions to make to lint class ot politicals. He "as glad to observe so many at the Noith ho weie disposed to drop the Wil.uot Proviso; ni'd believed that s'tviu tenths of people nere roadv to vote lor the plans of the Cumminee. He liOfied lor a h rmumuus turmmutiun ol the pies cut controversy. Tup House, in Committee of the Whole, re sumed the dlsCUsS.on of ihe President's L'di or nia message. Mr. (."lark made a warm but gi od nitlirid spicch in faverollhe President's plan, which caused much merriment. Mr. Savage made a strong ami-savery speech, wlu u Mr. .Menclir.in ouuincd the floor, anu the House ad journed. Tufsiiav, May 1 1 Stnate. The deficiency bill js passu!, with Hip Uouiu amendments, ami is now a Ian. The census hill cuiic up, and Mr. Vinton's i import 'III aiiienunieuis, giviin; the tct a perpet ual efficacy, and tiing Ine number uf uii ii.tieis j ul the House of Kcprisunlitives at two hundred and tl.iriy-thn:e, were both arei d lo. The Sen ate voied 10 ad.iere lo lis own S..iUsticul Tables, 1 so the hill oe bicK lo the IluiisOj ! In Ihe Home, it was deuJci!, altera sharp ! struggle, to close tl e Callturiua Lbatu on liie first I uesday in Jui e. i In Cou utttee ol ihe Who'e on the Califor- I nia bill, Mr. .Me, chain, (whig). f Vi.. sp .;.e in j lavor ot the admission ot CaMoruia as en inuc pendent measure, and not mixing I cr up with olheis. He cl iiiued that Ver.i.om, tlurly years ugn, look a .-land lo pr. Inliit slavery in iht Ter ritories, and incidentally condemned toe Ciay cenipromiso. Mr. Julian, (Free Soil) of In 1., denied tint 'he North had aercssed un Ihe South. He made a calm and decided anti-slavery speech. The Committee ruse, end the H mse a.'jotirn. d Wf.I).m.sdiv, .lay lo. Senate. A memorial was presented fjr a na tional ves-el tu tra s.Kirl the delegates liom ihe Untied States to the Ptnce Convention, lo le ! liel.l at Fiiii.kl'ort mi the Maine. The Senate resumed ihe consideration of the bill tor the admission of California und tne es taUishineul ol Terrilurial G ivermnenis. M . Deiigljss expressed a desire to get a test vote upon the seja ation ol the measure lor the ad-tin-siun of Culiluruia foil the other subject--. With tint vn-w he moved to lay the bill in.dtr cons;deraten on the table, in order to laky up the bill tor the aduiis-.iou ot Calilnru.a, which was negativt d, 21 to us fulloits : Yeas Messrs. IJiliUin, I! n'on,lir:,d hi y Bu tnt',i orii.,(n.iS ', Ci irke, Co 'pef,D.iv sot .Ma-. DaytunjD.ideol Wis., i.'oue.la-s, l''e.i h, tir cue. Hale, Mil. er, N rns. Sew ,ird,Sh,i Ids, S. r. auc , SiulTh, W.iUs, Walker, eb-ier, jit.d i u.ie. Nays Me-srs. At h nson, Be- , Berr.en, B -i-hnd, Bngln. C s-, Clay, Clemens, IJ.im-,. I Al'-s Dawson, Dickinson, iodee ot lu.va, Dinns, lemon', Foute, Iluustou, liui.ter, Junes, King, Manguin, M irton, Pratt, Ku-k, Soule, fctureou, 'i'urney, UiluCi .i.ied, and tlltco i.b. Mr. Dais, of Mis., moved thai the 10. h sec tion of the bill be str.ckcn out a prohibition preventing the proposed Territorial legislatures troni inssin any Ijws in respect to Atnc.in Slavery, and subsliluie a protision prcv. ntmg said Legislatuies trom pas.-mg any laws n.ter- lenn n.th tin se rights ol p openy whlcu !;ro . out ot the institution of African Slavery as u ' notice uf an amend, nent which he shotil I ollr exists in any i t the States ot the Uuinii. I in case that of .Mr. Davis dm not prevail. .Mr. .Mr. Cliy said ll the Senator's object was to Clemens gave notice ot another an. end. nent tor establish slavery iu Territories no.v liee. he "an I sjltinig tne boundsnesof Texas, and removing entirely oppo o 1. Tne ubieel ot the Committee j the Indians. Mr. Foote spoke lo huurs, tollon had been to leave the question on slavery to the mg out the news which lie expressed yesier.lay. lev luii, which he believed and argued pmhih- j Mr. Ceinens attempted to reply, amidst uumer lted All lean slavery in Hie Termor its acquired '. ous interruptions, bit tin illy ivo nay lot an ex froin Mexico. ecolive sessl.m. Tne Senate ihen udjotirued to Mr. Ivtisk ilefendi'il the title of Texas to the. Monday. Rio Grande against the imputations winch he understood .Mr. Clay lo have cast upon it. Mr. Clay denied that he had gone into the question of title; his position was mat no matter how ooor I fir title of possession lo a terruory, therr loci of the Territory continued the same as beloic i s acquisition, uuill the acquiring power should, by Legislative act. extend i.s laws over said Territory. Mr. Utisk proceeded at considerable length, in supiHirt of iho claim of Texas, slating iu the course of his remnks, that the Prcsidnl had recently instructed his Federal officers in ihe disputed territory not to interfere in any contro versy which m iy arise between the cuizjns of the Territories and the State authorities ol Tex as, iu vindication of the State jurisdiction. Mr. Davis d .Mississippi, said his .object in moving the amendment, was to ascertain dis tinctly whelhei or not the people of the South were to be permitted lo go into the Territories proposed to be established with their vlave prop erty with any degree of security. He believed that the South had a nht lo carry their properly into the territories. He claimed some promo tion in its u-e and enjoyment. Mr. Clav onnosed the amendment, admitting that us ill'icl would be as Mr. Davis stated. 11 nuuld vote against it on the ground that the sec tion as it stands gave all proper protection to citizens ot the boutlu lie appealed to those who had acted with .Mr. Calhoun, whether they could persis' in asking the positive introduction of Slavery into Territories? Would not the exercise of such pawer admit the power to pro hibit Slaverv ? llJt again. Why should Sena tors embarrass the pending proposition by an attempt to scturea piuviston protecting Slavery, where it could not and would not go? Mr. Davis said he was contending for a prin ciple, for the recognition of tne rights ol the Soulh. Air. Yulec said that he had voted to lay the bill on the table this morning, for the purpose ol expressing his discountenance ot the entire scheme presented by the Committee of Thir teen, and proceeded with some general remarks adverse lo the bill and report. In the course of his observations, he expressed his surprise at the position taken by Air. Clay, who, in the Alls, soun contest, eloquently and vehemently main tained that it was not only just and right to the South, but consistent with humanity, that the North should permit and aid in the diffusion of Slavery in the Territories. He (Air. Vulee) could be satisfied with n0. such scheme of sel- tlement as the one proposed, nor any that failed to recognize the rights of the South, and vindi cate ils honor. Mr. Eootc ex'prcssed his gratification that Air. Vulcc was the only Southern man who, by a di rect vote, had expressed himself called upon to express his entire disapprobation of the compro mise. He hailed this tact as an omen of good, and hoped that after an interchange of opinion in the Senate, the views and feelings of all Southern gur tlemen would be so modified as to stcure their support to the measure. Mr. I'oote proceeded at length in support of the proposition that ihe Alexican laws repealing slavery in .Mexico, were no longer in force in the newly acquired Territories, arguing tncre from that the provi-ion of the bill leaving the question of Slavery in the Territories to the let loci, not onh recognized, but confirmed the rishts of ihe South. Iu conclusion, Mr. I'oote gave notice that if Mr. Davis' amendment was rejected, lie would move lo amend the ten'h sec tion of the bill, so as to provide in term, that the Terntoiial legislature shall neither estab lish nor inhibit African Slavery. The debate continued between Messrs. l-'oote and Yu'ce. the former occupying the greater portion ol the time, until -1 o'clock, when .Mr. I'oote gave way, and the Senate a Ijoumed. In the House, the letter of Sir Henry Bul-nr to Mr. Ciavton, in relation to the trade Iron the Atlantic to the Pacific coast of the United States and uoainst certain changes in our Tariff, was the principal topic discus-ed. Mr. Brooks f Wing,) sa d thattho British Min- isterhad rtnuestn. that the coistise trade from our Atlantic por slo the Pacific bo surrendered lo iireat iintain, 'n ccnsiueration oi cciiuin con cessions vvh ch she gives us by her navigation act ol lastJanuay. The s-cond demand nas, that American registers shall be given to British vessels. The thid, that the contemplated mod ifications: of the Tardl slunld not bo made; and the llrins'i .Minister took especial occasion lo say, if this be m.tdon-, it wdl produce dt-agiee-abie i IE os on nublic opinion in I.uglaud. Phis coinniumiatMn should m.t have g.'iic to the Committer on Foreign Adair-1. Part sho ild go to the Coiiuii tee on Commerce, and the other to the Connnttec on M mufai tuns, and th s was his mot tm. The subject should not be trans ferred frou Congress, nor be muter for negiitn t Kin. IP quoted Iro.n the Navigation Act, Mid said it sood on the statute book, subject to re peal by he Queen and her privy council, in "hole oi in p rt, at any moment; therefore wo should tut give her any poriion of our coasting trade, o modify our lantf to suit her. She has jry n i tie, an 1 would take .nin.li. She has no right U ask lor coasting trade from the At'aimc to the fac.iic. Before we consent lo this, we should lpinind ot her the restoration of the rignts we enjoyed under the Ire ty of 17:3, and up o lie treaty of (ilient. We aru asked to gne A nericau registers to British vessels, be cause Britain l as given registers to Am ncan vi sseli; but this she has given to vessels all ov r tie world. It was c. nee s on for tier own nit' r. it Mr. Ca vin, tU'htg) of Peon , spoke ab. tit the d pr"ssion of iiiauulactuns, under form r im tiritl's, and the freshness inipail. d to then by the acl i f '12. This was. lion over, ot shot co t nuance, and the law ot 'lli again de-prrs-ed he. n. Now, when ttis proposed to give gr at inter. s s protection, we iiro i el by a pro ie-1 from her B itanmc .Mbicstv. This, .Mr. Cavin denounced as an iuttrlercncu tmpr.ee deiled, impcit neut and reprehensible. He ad vocated the ie-to-alion ot spedtic duties, the abolton of the warehous n.' system, and, in coni'usion, oo-d that so much of the Messige nnd- cnnsidcrati.iii as relates to tiie tar. If. be riler.-'.l to a .-elect committee, with instructions to rcpiri by bin or otherwise. Mr. liavly (Loco), ot Virginia, moved that set urn lid the letter uf Mr. liulneras related tu the TmlTbcrcleired to the CoruniHieeol Ways and Mtms. .Mr. iMti (Whig) of Penn. said it had be ii) ne a iinin. e rtamy :hat ihe net o! '-Iti as fur the ii'iresi ot the British goveruuient. Are nt lo sitaly ih interests ol Lngland, and consult pub,ic o.iinon there? Were gentlemen sent here t.ir any si ci purpose? lull ho should -o tar ierg-l l.un-elf as to act with tear lest he s lou.d di.-pii .'je liueUud. hi- Litr.sttuieiiis would lei! hi n to r. -igu a position " hlch, by such con duct, he w..uid di-r.ice. Let eentlemeu meet the wi-le s . f i; inland, and v. hat then ? Tno i.exi demand w ill be to do uwkv with our reven- ue s s'C'ii eiitiit ly. It was novel to have inti j.d'o.l t.i us h a foreign source, Hint e mud Cuiisi.it the iii'ercs s . f Kiigla.nd rather than our iimii. 1. lh ' am 'i J.utiil ol Ins colleague (.Mr. Cuh rn) s .ouh. f.e i.iled down, he would in ve i ne, ni-'ru Mmg ih' coimmtiee of Ways and Means to 11 nunc u ti the expediency of iiupositi ' an n'. li lnuii du:y on lion, and stibsliluiug sp.--cilic t r ad v iloreui duiic-u .Mr llj.ly 1 tie.' lo say that the gentleman's ; pr..p?.;..i.i- sh ul i kvt no oppstliou troin me. i .Mr. S an oi , Wing) cf N. C Do you tan lo ' .y . ii aie tu t,iv r ul itti ii.cn aso on ir.ni r .Mr Hay iy N A at all. I will noi object to an iin;iuil .n. i .Mr MiLn e. (Lie) of Md , with a view lo , di-pose 1 the s .t, ct now, Hut tlio Census and . Mini Lil s be :akei up tomo.roiv, moved tliepiu- vious qui si. o i, wiuoti was stconded. I U itii.ioi taking ihe questiun on pending a I un n Jmcnis, t ie 11 atise a. joiirned. i 1'iiL'KsiiAr, May Ifi. Senate. 'Pile bill to reorganize the Patent laws was lake i tipand considered. .Mr. 'I'urney tiered several amend incuts. 'I he consideration of Air. Clay's compromise re-soluiinns was its. imed. .Mr. Davis moJiiied ins amendment, w.i ioui however changing the ob.ects winch it contemplated. .Mr. Foote gave .. Mr. Burt mured to refer ihe Senate bid, to .ncrease the frontier military force, to thu Commute on Military Affairs, lie said ihat ac tion should be tiken immediately, as the .1. nihili ties thereto bo encountered were imminent and formidable. Mr. Jones objected lo the reler euce. Air. McLme fro n the Committee on Com merce, reported the Canadian Reciprocity bill, accoinpann d with correspondence trom Sir Hen ry Bulwer, British Minister, which is represented as higuly favorable lo the p.oject. Air. McLme nude a speech in favor of the bill, and alter much tiuuble and confusion u was referred to the Comni'tttc ol the Whole. '1 ho House then look up that put ol .Mr. llulncr's letter respect ing commerce, which vas rcfened to the Com mute uti Foreign Affurs ; tint part relative to i unes on iron was relerred to Committee of Ways and Means; and that concerning the free navigation of the St. Liwrence, lo Co.umitieeof the Whole. Communications nere received iu answer to the Senate's inquiry relative to doings in the dis puted territory iu New Mexico ; also respecting Slate Bu.ks, with valuable statistics. The House concurred in the Senate a nend incnis to the coinage bill. The Senate bill increasing the military was referred to Cuminiltee on Military Affairs. The bill granting land to the Cenlial Illinois Railroad was referred to the Committee on Pub lic Liuds. On motion of .Mr. Meade, a Committee of Conference was ordered, in relation to the House amendments to the Census bill. The bill in relation lo a Board of Accounts mis retcrred lo the Committee, uu Claims. Sealed coinuiunicatiuns were recened, enclo sing ii lisl of pensions and pensioners. Air. Peck advocated the printing of this list, for the purpose of delecting frauds ; and it was fi nally telerred to the Committee ou Printing. AdjI Fridat, May 17. The Senate was not in sessiun. In the House ihe committee of investigation on the Galptn claim made taeir report. The majority (five locos) report 1st. That ''the claim was not a just demand against the United Stales." The entire committee (five locos and four whigs,) report SJJ. That the act of Congress made it the du ty of the Secretary of the Treasury to pay the principal of the claim. The majority also report I 3d. That the act aforesaid did not authorise the Davment of interest, and the payment of interest was not in conformity with law and precedent. The minority report that the payment of both principal and interest was just and proper. Finally, the committee unanimously agree that the Secretary of War (.Mr. Crawford, who waslargely interested in the claim,) has in no way acted improperly in the matter; and also that the other olhcers who passed upon tne claim were noi apprized ot Air. Crawford s interest and hence all are clear from every imputation upon their integrity. Who is to be blamed? Is it the whig offi cers who allowed the claim? Nn, the last C'on gress ordered them by law to pay a cl liin which ihe IojoIucos of this committee declare nas not a just claim. That Congress, then, clearly was w.ung. Now are these officers wrong in allow ing inlctest '! If the claim was ju-t as the la"' decided ll lo he why is not the payment of in terest just? Shall the government be privileged to do what an individual would not be CrinuteiJ 10 do that i-, refuse interest on a just debt? 11 is no answer to say that the claim was not just: ihe fine said it was just, by ordering pay ment; .u.d we think the executive officers had no right to go behind ihe law. II there was a mistake in allowing interest, it was a mistake shared by certain officers ot'l'ie late administra tion. The officers' of ihe late administration, honevcr, were divided on th question ; so were Ihe rifficeis ot the .resent admiulst a Hon. On ihe whole, it the L.co majority is right, it seem lo us that the burden ol blame is after all casi upon the Congress tint allowed tne claim. If it had been rejected, there would have been nei ther principal nor interest to qu irrel about. Another loeof co investigating commit'ee made a report on Fridav that appointed n the cr-se ot Air. Humor, the Wing dour-iiceH.T. lie was exculjsitcd entirely. ARRIVAL OF THE STEAM SHIP HIBERNIA. ONE WEEK LATER FRO.M EUROPE. 1 Halifax. N. S., Telegraph QJf.ee, Wednesday-, May IH, 12o'ciock. The s'eatnshtp Hibcrnia from Liverpool for lioUun has arrivd. Cotton has advanced I O a I-ld. Flour Ins advanced I , and is firm. Corn in good demand at about GJ advance. Provis ions -a full average business, llecf his advan ced 1 litis er ti r.e. Potk no change, but new Western h less-firm. Hanrn iu good de nt :nd at previous rites. lire in steady. Sales (M) tun Lard at ab. tit : I lower. Coffee dull at Liverpool and L mdon, and 2 tolls lower. The ttueen was -safely delivered of a prince on ihe 1st i.f May. J:-jim.i! the fact ihat the Ministry have been again left in a minority on a point ol little moment th1 p.oceediiigs of Parliamtnt posess no gei.ereal iiiteres'. Ait is quiet on the itu, tu ent. 1' igene Sue has been elected to tne a.-iMiliy in Paris', and no iilstnihii.ee. He n c ivod the v .tes of full one lull ol ihe army at Pans, mid beat his ojiuoneut by c"t!00 vuU-s. The eleiti ui passed otl quietly, and the S ci ilists -.re greatly dated. The 1! reek difficulty is nn h-rseitlcd, nOr apjiarently likely to be at present. Interesting News from Turkey. THE lit M.AIUAN REFUGEES. t'lon in- New York Titbnne. L'.imi i.vn.Mirit, April 0. The Vienna Obinei risuutcs its alliance with Turkey, becau it has attained evi ry'bing which it ci'iitd w isii alter ihe refusal ot the extradition, that is to sa; , the peiti cl secuiry tint the fugi tives c.,n no no Inritier injury. Tliey form a i poneifi'i wta;ou ot be eue in the hand ol Tur key, ln w ih nut let them go, so lung as there is any propicint danger. .Meanwhile ih. irl'.ile is iiecided, and I hey iruc fiisl informed of it in Kmtahia. As we learn, they are lo be permit ted to go freeiy Irmii one city toaa-ilher within aceittiu c i ji is-, aitend.d by an othcer f r each of the Cintts, and a sub-officer for nil oth ers. The subeid.e allowed to them are verv con siderable. Kossuin is to receive 10,000 piasters a month. Ih.: (lenerals 4,000. Tiie volunteers who followed merely troin attachment to their duels, are 1 1 be supported by them. 1 he liov eriiinent gins thiin20 1 islcrs a day only In Ivtutahii. A serious ilmes.-ot Jvossuth and a vi. lent i., low -.inn, detained the caravan in their joi.ri.iy. wmu liny werelo nave cuinun need .one weeus aii.ee. A letter received from U us- sa, id .1. lrui o, slates u.itiuiig Uelinite as to their departure. liiasnd bee that ll:e American Altmsie', Mr. Altii.-ii, has projHwed lo ihe IVrte io senu it..- iti.ig. es io uiiieriea ai ine expanse ol his lion rn.i.ent, wheie they could renwi'i on their parole ot honor anu not leave the Countrv tor a v ear. I'i.e- I'ic ch at d Lngli-h miiiifters had noth- i mg to otler ng .in-t tne proposal ; it was agreed I to oy the Anstr,.in Ambassador, vrno iruuld j rather have tne togunes in the new world than i in the neighoorho d 1 1 Aus na. but it ivns r. lecied by h H.ingar.ans tiemse.ves. I J ho u p. rt seen s s'rango tu us, and mcoi.s s- tei.t ith nunieroiis pietestutions o! the .Magyars toward the n tULCi -. 'Ihe jlais ot inln u-s against the llisc.'ild vl.iiistry.he.de'd bv Kuslar Agas-i, haio been suddenly frustrated by his deposition. St. Louis, -May l.Vh. Mainr Alexander and Air. Harvey htvearuved I'ro.u I'orl Cam;ibel,2."o0 ', nines up tiie .itisiourt river. 1 hey lelion the 2d Ajuil in asliiff, but tound the river much en- cumbcied wit'i ice below tort Camel. Djrin" inc-ii i ,,...s.a,s, a.lc. ,.e u i. on oj on oy a piny ; ot Crow In Inns. On ILe I Ith ot April a snow stoiui coni.iu'iiced and coulimie.l tl nt 1 1 the l!) h. At Horse rianie they were assailed oy a jiarty of Sioux l.idian but made their escape m 'a boai. Un ttie 1-t id .May, at the 1 hiee felauds their boat was sivampeu in a gale, and three of the poly were dro.ined; the utliers righted the skill, and reiched the stlliement i.i saftly. A govern neut express arrived at Fort Kear ney, bringing aecoiuis of great etitV-riu.. among tho Calilornu emigrants, between Fort Kearney and Fort I.irauile. Ten trains, including sever al hundred persons, had started on the rouie be tween the two places, and the emigrants were then ma deplorable condition Tueir mules and oen had given out (or wanlof food. The Hour, incai and bread of Ihe compiny had been used lor ihcir animals until they reiched Fort Plains. The country is destitute uf gris, and it was thought that most of thu annuals nuuld perish, and the emigrants suffer greatly for w jnl ol lood. At St. Josephs, on the lOtu, large numbers were prep inng to go oul with iJt. goveinme.it escort. ihe town s armed with theo emi grants, many of whom had become si. k, and were weary of the undertaking. Sixty orseven ty returned on the steamer St. Pauls. The weath er was mtderating, the trses and grass becom mg green, which rev.ved the spirits ot the emi grants, who will generally move on their expedi tion i u tun or T.wxive uavs. The intelligent Washington curresaonJcnt ol the New York Tribune savs: There i- oi ly one thing wanting to the immp. diatu admission of California. Tins is, that Air. Clay should t,,rego a litle ptide ol opinion and displiy u little ot his nugiiaiii.iuty, by omlttim' Ins Omnibus bill, which H imw uritiiely out ol the question, and give his great and efficient aid to the me.waure. Air. Webster will tike this cuiirsc, and go lor the sepirate admission ol California. U by should not Air. Clay do so too! Let him yield so much to the demands of the pojiular will. The Custom House .'lecounts. Air. Ifnm.l. Maxwell's accounts lor the first tu mr.r.thj.t of his Collectorship from July In io December ill, have been set'led at the Treasury -in, I t..n,.,l rnrrn.1 ... n C..tl.l.. 'Vt . . 3t , u ...,,,oy. , ,le uillOUIll Ol public moneys received by Mr. Maxwell durino- this period, and paid into the Treasury of the United btatcs, was 1 I,oS3,I0d SC. From the immense amount and complication of the busi ness transacted in our Custom House, the cor rectness of the accounts testifies to a remarkable accuracy in all branches of' the office. A 1. 1 nbune. Counterfeit ten's on the St. Albans bank are in cuculatiun. I be imitation is good, but the engraving ccarss. Chips and Clippings. Sir John Franklin. One of tho New York ghostly thumpers says that Sir John Franklin has made the North West passage and i3 now a prisoner, and has been for eleven months, on one of the Japanese Islands. The "spirit" who tells this news was a sea captain when in the body. The N. Y. Tribune svys that the spirits will bo believed when this turns out to be true. Perhaps so; the Rev. (Jeo. Loomis, chaplain at Canton, (China,) wrote on the 23d of Feb. as follows : Report is current here that Sir J. Frank'in has made the North West passage an. I is site." Did the "spirit'' get this news before he thumped? 'The ghost story and the item from Mr Loomis were contained in the same Tribune. The Girls. Dr. Holmes has certainly hit fuslroiiablc boarding schools in the following lines. Our notion is to patroirze really good srhools wherevcryou can find them even it they happen to be in I'ermont. Thy 81-nt tirr ti a itih.li ictiuol; M'wa. in lii thirteenth June ; Am! u it I nor, tliu rule, intuited, " I'wo lottflj ami a .noon." 'J hey tirare.1 liur back against a board, Tu in Ike her tral;lil and Call, Tbe) laced bei up aial starred her duivn, '1 u make her li-iit and small ; T!it pia-bed her feel, diet singed her bsir, '1 hvy sciewed It up wilh ptns () never luuiul lult'cled mole In .euance lot bei sins t From tho recimt speech of Hon. Truman Smith, on Air. Bradbury's resolutiun, we learn that, on the first of January, the employees in die ditVtficnt departments were as folluws : Democrats. VnVt. iu uie ovate uepannent 1 1 Navy Department 2j War Depar ment 11) In erior I'epiirtment oi Ticisurv Department 202 Post Office Department ftf 15 2U 30 0 150 II .'JUS "ll 2 Fifty six majority of locofocos in the iflicos at Washington unJer a Whig administration. How prescriptive! Ithubarb Pies - look out .' A family in Kees villc, Essex county, New York, nuned Ration, and a fervant girl, were all poisoned by eating greens co i posed of ihe i ie plant. The servant died and the whole family were seriously til. On'y ihe .-Ulk or stem (peti.de) of the rhubarb leaf should be used, and the whole of the leaf proper, and of the skin of the stalk, should bo careful'y removed. When this is done, the pies, sauce or j lly, made of the rhubarb plant, are not only perfectly harmless, but healthful. The leal" and skin of ihe stock abound in oxal ic acid a vuulcnt poison. Chalk and water, taken, immediately, is the best remedy for the poison. There wr. scarcely ever a finer c"mrIimpnt .lid to a lady, tinn lint which Dean Swif: ad dressed to a wife who was always praisin" her husband: a oil always are rodl,irj a God of your spouse, Dul t'lrft until' I re,,.-, n-n cmi.cieiice alluws ; IVrh .(. inn litk 'tis 1 1 -'itnu le dm, .Vna .,u -ii, ire h rt, ... case he a.Wa ,u. Your ar;-i it 's , ii. and vou ul tin t. Fur uu. Iiy tbis tut, n.ust ailur'e alt in iukiu.1. Interception cf the Cuba r.rpidili'.n. The Government have sent despatches south to the Golf seyj idrun, to intercept lien. Lopez's expe- uieiuii iu euua. More Factory Inductions. Tne propnet irs of the Stark Alnls, at Alanches er, N. II., propose io stop ab. ut one half of the loom during the summer. The Anioskeag Company wi I curtail their operanotis ti some extent. One-half of the operatives i i the Kennebec Factory, will be discharged on thf first ot June and the wages reduced about 12 1 2 per cent. State Constituting. Iti addition to the States which have al early ma le alteratio-is in their C'listttnttons this year, movement are made for change in the 'm sMtut ons of .New Hampshire, Virginia an.l Alaiy.ai.d. IX The Se.m Ccn eni il celebration of the establishment of .Midd c'.niry College will take place on the 21st and 22d days of August nuxt -Many di-tinguished spcikr-rs are to be present and pailicipa'e in the (.xeroses. M Inncho'y Occurrence. We are exceedingly sorry to heir that the Rev. 'I'. J. Tenney, of the einrc mage in mis town, Inst an uueres'in' d lighter few davs sl ice in lordin in llanleit X tl ' '........:.... stream Thc.Miryland Convention. The vote ofMt ryLnd n ihe questi .n of constiti.tional re'orm is so small that it is douhtlui it the c. iiveiiiion will be he! 1 ; the law requiring tint it shall bo voted fo. by a iuiij.;niy ol the legal voters of ihe Sure. i he Lh-Merir. tit. Louis, Alav 13th, lhethmera. St. Louis, Alav 13th. Two fa tal cases of cioleia occurred todav. The int. r iiieius in lJcunetertes for the week were !l, of which 2? were i f cholera. '1 here were cem eteries :riat had not rrp-.rte.l. '1 hese will not grenly increas.' ihe aggregate result. The weather is quue unfavorable. t'A rrg-e Austria. A telegraphic despatch to the Tribune st ites 'hit Charlei J. .McLurdv Lym. Cotuiecticut, has been appointed Charge to Austria. The Cuban Frpedition. New Orleans, May I Ith. During the ttast few ilav-) e.inji.tomhl'.. quantities ot iirms and anijuiiution have be-n received, and several vessels have left w vh men, artil.eiy, &c, osieiisthly lor Cliagrcs, but sup posed bound for the invasion .if iNiln V..-..e day the Spanish Consul offered ("OtJO for the charter oi a si. amer to convey desna'clms tn Cuba. 1 he ow ncrs, nowever, refused, and tho Con-ul then sent them in a fast schooner. Vrte Counterjeil. The Iloston Atlas says 'Fives ot tho Iron Hani;, at Kails Village, Ct, are in cuculatiun. They are the same style of the counterfeit City Rank, Providence, thai were circulated in ihis city, a few months since." Ohio. The Whigs of Ohio have nominated William Johnston, ut Cincinnati, for Governor. Resolutions were passed in favor ol the Presi dent's plan for disposing of the territorial ques tion. A gent'emait who has recently visited the family of Dr. Webster, sine th it all efforts lor a mere co ninutatioii of the unfortunate Profes sor's sentence, nl be ni-tasiefu! to them, as they desire at ihe Governor's hands an uncondi tional pardo i. .Hull. Ohio. Judge Johnson, the Whig candidate for Governor ot Onto, has resigned his Judge ship, and in a short time wnl ue in Cleveland. He is going to take off his cu.it, and go to work in earnest in the coining campaign, and he will be the neu Governor oT O.iio. Mr. Tilden the Free Soil nominee lor G r.eruur, has declined. Cleveland Herald. Four boxes ore said to govern the world: The cattnuge-box, the baltol-bu.x, the jury box, and the bauu-aox. A nun who had lived much in the world said that his acquaintances would till a calhedrai, but a ptilpu nould iuld uis Itiends. 'A Liwyer," Said Lord llrongha.r, in a fac tious: mood, "is a learned gentleman who r.'S. cujsyoure5iatelio.il yuar onuiuius, and kteps It hnuseil." Tne uffioitl canvass of the votes ca-t for Gov ernor at ttie election in Al.iine, in September last, is as follows: for John Hubb lrd, (Uem.) 37,li.iti; for E ijah L 11 uiibliu, (SV'iiig)2d ,050 for George F. t'aloot, (t'ree Son,) 7,'Ji7 ; 'scat tering, ?. tluboard elected over all others, by 1,521 majority. Slave Insurrection. A letter received at Washington states that the slaves in Union Township, Alourou county, Virginia, had plan ned an insurrection, intending to murder all the white inhabitants and escape. An Ohio uc"ro girl gave information of ilia plot. Sixty of ihe insurrectionists have been arrested and impris oned. The hearing before the Supreme Court, upon the writ of error in Uie case of Prof. Webster, and also of Pearson, is put off to the month of June, when all the Judges wnl be pteseut. I Pi nper time for Slaughtering .Inimalt rn,. lately been discovered by a French chemist ir t the flesh of animals, which are killed in th Ut ter put of the night, will keep much ,,'" without salting than it will w hen they are hA l in the day time. This proves that the flestn, better fitted for keeping, when the life and blood are taken from the annual at the ti.i.p tie ,er) perature is the lowest, and the respiration u , ' least active. Hence Ihe reason tlut tl,e g0 from animals that have been highly heated ' bird driven, will scarcely keep at all. ' r A young man at Iiurlington, N. J pat a r,;.. of honey-comb, in which a bee was concealed... While in the CI of swallowing u ifo. bee son timi in the throat, which swi lied s . ' ciismn, within half an hour, his death by suit,. car ion. Ilurned lo Death. A Mrs. Andrews ef i, ,, Tntior, aged DO", and very dicrepid, was burrd to death on the ,11st ult. by !:er clothes taking tire. Sho was left alone in the hnnae bv i.I family for a short tune, and on their return jH tound sitting before the tiie place in her 1 1 her clothei almost entirely consumed, aud t ' body shockingly burned. She was former y ,,f l awter, nnu onto in muuei l circumstances Ilutland Herald. Tho brother of the "myet8iiaC3 lads' ha tat en her (rum Springfield to her home in Chm . ton, S. C. It appears her true name is AI. i,;e and ihat she is the daughter of a weal.hy ter. Quite a scene, says the LuuisviPe r.,'in.r occumd recehtly un the mail boatBe.iFr.nl,-.' Im, on her upward trip. A colored preach'r and his wife, who were going lo Aladi-on, tWl their seals at the dinner lable with tne re-t of the passengers. The white folks remon-tiatd and Captain Simmons at once ordered the.u ;., leave. Two white gentlemen wli their Iim. lies took the matter in high dudgeon and mir ed from the table with their colored friends. The St. Louii Intelligencer of the 3d ire tint says that within three or four d iys mure Vna one thousand emigrants of Ihe Alo'rman rer-m. sion had passed through that city on their ay toCreat Salt Lake. Thev were nuctir t i-.u"ianu. I" I A negro, named Jame- Snowden, beir.T a-. rested in New Yoifc a few days since-, on a charge of theft, was claimed by a gci.tlri.ian from .Maryland, asn fugitive slavp. On Mcndiy he pleaded guilty to the criminal c!nrr. ari l thus obt lined a reprieve from slaverv f r to years, which he is to speod in State Prison. Dr. Jadson. Litters from Maulmam have been received in Roston, bearing date .1 Jai ua ry 21st, whu b bring intelligence of the sen re I'lness of tins pioneer missionary. Un c r.. plaints are the congestive tever and dy sentery, and great tears are entertained by ihe friends ef this great and good mail, thai his sickness urny terminate fatally. Choltrit in Havana. There appears ti be ti iicii cholera in Havana, where I iiw cas - aro ! snd to have taken place in a tew das. It i .n ; mai'c its appearance on board of the II. S. si. i ' Rat ran, and nil 'he fortressess have be-en r.. .de In s.nt.il-i, as h is also the old Romney. a Briii-h I in in of w, .r, used as a de.t for rec.ipturel t. I mats, takin tro.r. sl.iveis, winch fur tn.a..s: I ti.ieni year has been moored beneata tiie h. .s , ahuve tne Cabanas. Tiie International Art I'ninn has awin'e ! to A Inn irder Rutherford of Sheldon, in thi S f, a yoMtgn nt ot twenly, the iiighei .riz'M r a v. an eii by th it ass ci itt.in. Tney in ide i r-i e ut'yir, nnart'ing to the a-;-ir.iiit wl.u s.. ., i .-el etui, as the mist un ntori.n a, a s ! u.o ,ey si tfi :ieut to maintain hfn one yea. in It-i an sc ool uf art. Air. Ruthe-'ora wa P u lueky man. I'ergennes I'trm'HiUr. MUhigan. The returns id iie'egat- s e'ecte 1 to the Mite Convention of -Mi. Ingan, Ir.i.n l. ihe (otmlies exeepl ( In. tun anu Sniiw i-s... , show i lie eleelion of 7.1 Uemocj Hi, J- Wli ai d It Abolitionists. The Detroit Fie-; t'r- -s st.i'es ti.il ll.e Democratic m-.j rny nr. th , . lar vote, throughout ihe Stale, is about e OuO. The Itight Spirit.-ThK Ohio State J savs in conclusion of the State Coiuenti.i r.nl. h-.J 1 la-it w res : I " We sav to the Whigs ef the Sti'e ar d h? f I'liion, Ohio is sound, Tint sl.e retains her is-"' - Ha. pnnci 1 s on tu r b mi e-. and that s e i. s I ihe resolution and deteroitn tli. n logo into t-1 j .in. iss ..rid carry that rlig proudly and v. e I riously tiro igh the cotu.ng tight." At Tiltsville, Vi., Mr. J. Corbin wisms'aii y j kii.e.l iy the breik'tg of the grindstone np n i w lii h he was riiioing m D. 'Tall & So.i's axe t tactory. I It is reported that Mr Edmund Burke rr- 1 "IP's Irom Ihe edit, rduuo! the Union on the bv i ' ut i In-, mouth. Denied. lirecn peas selling m iial'i.uorc for ?1 per peck. The Cnhnn Hzpedilion. The following i an extract from a private letter, d ned New Or.ean.-, Ajril 15th, In a gentleman in Cincinnati : ' I an h-re with a C. uipinv for (Via, !'ch we hive railed, and sha'l receive for this year's sen ice SlfOO. I could not have told you t . but we are going to sail tomorrow, provided we are not as iinsui-cesstui as ihe exoedilinn wh last summer, and there is already considerable discussion here."', AH the States but two have contributed b'ocln of stone for the Washington Monument, or made arrangements to do so. prom ATmragni. By an arrival from Hondu ras, accouots from Trnxillo have been received in this city to the iT.Uof April. These accounts confirnj the previous statement of the suppres sion of the attempt to revolutionize Niciragua, an I make it a separate Republic, under the '"- tectioti of England; and say that the States ot Nicaragua, Honduras, and San Salvador, mdi nanl at the support and aid given to the rtve.s by the State of Guatemala, have declared war against that coun'ry, have raised an army uf 5C0O 'lien, which, at tho last accounts, as about to march fur Guatemala. .Mutters arc r?i rcsented to be very uu-eiiled throughout Cen tral America. .V. Y. Tiibune. A treaty between AI. Hois Ie Compte, the French Minister, and .Mr. Clayton, has been con cluded, substantially like the treity made "i :i Air. Bulwer in relation to the Nicaragua ques tiun. The opening article of the " Law Reporter" ior May, relates to the Webster trial the writer taking strong ground against the verdict. thinks public opinion was commuted against ihe Professor and that it had its influence upon tho jury. The article intimates, in regard lo the court, that the apprehension of being charged with too cieat lenity, in consequence ot Dr. Webster's position in sic.ety, inclined the Judg es to bold all doubtful points against the pris oner. The w riter Iwi'ds thal Cinef Ju-tiee Shaw's charge was an argumtnt ngaiusl Dr. Webster. He enters into a severe criticism upon the law ot malicious homicide as e.XMin.ded by the learned CtucfJust.ee," at which, says the writer, "the whole conrnuiuiy shudders" and expres sive of a regret, that "the manly views, con tained in the dissenting op'n ion of Air. Jus'tce Wild., could not be adopted as containing tno true rule ol law." Loicett Courier. The Evening Post contains a letter from Rio, dated April nn, titling that the official Report gives the number of deaths trom Velio.v Fever, since the disease first broke out uttouitttn thou sand. The crews of seve.al American and Eu ropean veo-els, stopping at Purl on their way to California, had suffered greatly. So.ne vessels lost every soul on boird. At the date of the letter the deaths on shore and in Ihe harbor were estimated ai three hundred daily. .Major T. S. .Morgan, U. S. Secretary of Legation had died of the fever. A Fish Stout. Tho ll'hilehall Chronile is responsible lor the following tough yarn : " On Saturday a pig belonging to II. J. D'T of this village, was nut iced playing some ver. curious antics about the edge of the marsh, aci alier a little lilting ol' snout, d.d right to 1 brave the Hood, dived clown and presenl y e i C " ged, bringing up a percii s ime t ol m a" ' and afterwards in the p cs?oe-e of some t " f persons, repealed his piscatorial teat three uuim with equal success.