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BY 15. P. WALTON & SON.
MON i'T PEL1ER, TIIUItSDAP. ML 3, 185!. VOL.XI.V, NO. 19. WHOLE NO. 2320. T . iUatcljman & State Journal. ronLisiir.li uvr.rtv tiiurhhay jioiinino. irttntia At en ...L i. -.1... .... M.OO Ifpartrrtnt m( mfttl In ulrtace, in'ervit tlwtji ehatfea ftmn th ww nr the year. jjJoctni. IJLLA LEU. A SONG OF TUB SOUTHERN IjAND. nr julia ly her hrt tha woolbtne eliftgtth To tb riaffc itijwHh. irn ; Whr ih Ktmb- luw mtlr hrlftftUt FrfHB lh baton, of the e ; With t vffuwful Uvmn, Iy btt where tweet violet h Wht th lnt kMp grot la atrtion T Um hitttbiftf f lie earn. There, there, ley her, There, there, laoe her. Oar ft it Rile, Owt y-mf, Elle, -Otir Icmi E.U, KIU Ui! IWnt Morning the mmm. Liter henMRttig like the bee. We heheved bet mmh bright owner I'raM the HmA where tank ere free. Oli, he wet M eweet tad huljr, MikimiI nv'eicowM Uitelier Ue, And the ten brightly, slew!;, An the tHwt hv Ike tee . Yei, we here lei her, Rer kNl Iter, Oar tweet t'lle, ihit f.ir Pile, Oer tilla, KIU I ! 11 hat where the long jreii iwtrftih On the berk of ma ay a tree Wtore the lot.!? willow weepeth, Lite a auereer by the tee. She wii lately, ht wee gtle, A all gifted rouit be ; FahM la a It nee nentle, Slamhariag ertr the if biiif tee ! We hate left hl, tfwlly Irti her. Our fir Kile, Our youog KIU. Our ht CiU, Lite Ue ! Troes lllecKwood. THE DAISY. The UaUy brweeenii 00 the rucka AhI the purple heath , It hi who m on the moi' ', Tbat UiraaaV the flees banwath The eegt, flit hi pride of ptac, IlthoU it by hn eett Aihi In the ana4, it rbteu tod Th latl't deioewliug breat. II (fore Iheeockoo, aarl.nl prta; lit tllter eirclat kaowi, Wba greottiNC b4 begin twellt Anal sephyi bmH the aowwe , Afi4 when Deewnber hreotei bowl A We; the Moorland bare, And ottij fcloaai the ChimaMt toe, The eWUy atil I if there ! EaaMrt'udewer! to It Alliecet ate alike, The SrtUra hie ftaaam height The Dotr han by his ljko The seal akiavetted Eiqutmiiui, llegin with icy . And onderneail. the horning noon. The patatol'il Chimae. The emigrant on dtaiaai hoie. 51 id Meo and facea alrang, Behold it duwtrieg on the rd. Where'er bi feottlep rnng , And nbon hit yearning homeirfc hrart Wvuld bow to it daipeir, It reada hta eye a ksn eege Tbat Cod it everywhere! Felrhing Waler from the Wclh lf ( annoy morning, While he Ink wet tinginf eweet, 4 Tow hejuod the ancient mravbouM, PttJ o( light I J tnopiogteet. Twa n loaelf ntatdoa foiagi Why, lot jonng beam tell, Wttb her lonely pHehec laden, 1 etching water front the well. Shadowi Uy all-wait the pathway, Atl nwnr lb quiet laao. And tho Uof lHa motelng Mttv4 thent toaut f.o agaia. OVr the taatblea, nc the abdw, l'tni-d the miieVn oftha firm, Willi adnrmnd htrt hMn her, TtlaViag of nu ill or hatu. rUsum, luraly, were bar muting. For the umIJidj lea re in rain HKihl to preat I be if hrifhUting iinate On bee eier but brain. Loatm had yayoua luidi went by kei, Iike adiwi, half-waktag diam ; AoJ ber t mil waa tj coaiwui Of lift' glJJit tuwiuer gietni. At the old laat't thadv Itirning Lay a well nf water bti; lit, il tig, toft. It hallvlujah To thograeiout Htorntn; Itjht. Fetn-laavof , Iwoad and (rtD, bent r it Where itt tilv'ry droileit tell, And the UirietdwtJt betide it, lu ibe (ultMl fox-glut e ball. Hack the bent the t hading frrn leave, Dipt U e pitcher in the tide, Pirw it, with the dripping watera Flowing oVr it glaiad tide. Dm, before htr aim eouhl place) it On her thtay, wav r hati, Hj hei ii4 a )oulh wat ilindingl Iaii e i 9itel tP ifcn ir 1 Timet of trrtituloua ematioo Tiailtwl uon ibv wwiBieg brvetv, Gentle word of bildouoa WlujrVt 'net tli the aucient treat. Hut the holy, We4 teorrii, It hetrertM in not tn 1 nil i Life Ut4 mil asvtti maaaia, i"fii)jD wir fivM the mil t Down tha rural Una tbejr taunteiedt lie the buriUn-piicbti bora ; tlie, with dewi; eyei dwalookiog, Giew more betuieout than before! When ly nearU the tlUnt loioiltaJ, Up he itd the pitcher liglit j Like a Ctiincrown he placed a Ou bet bair e wartlttt bfighti K Dibit mi of the coming butdent That for lorn of him ahad War, Caltin errrjr buido blttvtd, Ifhltfore but lijbtfd llivret Theo, tltll wai ng benedlctiona, Fuitlier lyriber oil bediew, While hi thaduw tttm'd a glory That acru the pathnay g ow. J'w ahwut her houtehult! dutira i3iteul) the maiden wrut, And an eter-retlUnt halo Willi her radiunt lile wtt blent. Little knew the ee4 matron, At htr ftet like mune fill, Whta abundant treasure found the, Fetching watei fiua the wtil. atiaiK iUisccllmicous. OUR COUNTRY. Tiiking tlie track suggestcil last week by our senior, vc licruwitli present three brief articles, from different sources, but all di rected to the s.imc point : the prospective grcatnen vf tht United Slates. The Uni tkh Stntes, rtnpliaticnlly : for upon the rnrt I'BTuitv or this Union one Constitution, tmo Government, one Nation depends tho realization of these sublime visions. De stroy this unity, separate our vast country into distinct sotcreignties, and the Western continent shall simply be n copy of the I2as torn presenting a repetition, perhaps for ! centuries to come, of the old history of i tho rise of great nations upon the ruins "of, petty statos of tbeir decline and fall ; a long succosslon of conflicts and jbatiges of growth and decline of life ami death. ls such our destiny? In all such revolu-itions tions, which compose the history ofthepast, the world has on the whole advanced. "God is in history." He lias visited nation after nation "with tho indignation of Ins anger, and with the flame of a devouring firo, with scathing, and temper, and hailstones,"-!1''0 , 1 .... yet these events, most untoward hi their day to human eyes, have but served to ac- dauntless in her mien, and collossal in lier coniplisli His vast and beneficent designs. 'strength, she displays upon her banner the Tho world has grown wiser for its severe slar,ul" P1'3"- Shedding its radiance upon j. .... ..it ... us, let us reciprocate the celestial light j and ran .ug. 1 he ea tl. has passed tho eras of ,nd McM ourieUejf we ,tall have heathenism and arbitrary power of philos-' nothing to Tear from her power, but every pby and king-craft, and entered upon that thing to leant from her example. of Christianity and civil liberty. In this e- ra it is the lot of our country to lead. Shall we doubt that our favored lot is of divine appointment ? Shall we rebel and perish ? Surely, if God is in history if we are to " acknowledge the band of God in those great men, or in those miglity nations which to perceive it. IJoth sides or the globe aris come forth, as it were, from the dust tho two lienii.-pliores nre ours, by our po of the earth, and give a new impulse, anew l"tlo"i f"r ue the land of two oceans, form, or a new destiny to human adairs'-! rrom "ur'lll,,er sll("u h"l Europe- . . ... is it irreverent or impossible to believe, that er shore we greet the Ocea'nica and African j God's band was in that great historical act, j continent. And atl between the oceans isl the 1'r.nEitAi, Union? in tbatdcvelopemout 'our own; to bo filled with our own people,' of new and marvellous political powers of' u"dl!r "" institutions, speaking one , i i i . . r. I language I he interior structure of this1 attraction and ,A,0,.-draw..,g stato after , OOIjI110wt pecu,jariy flls lo bo ie marl ofi state, and binding all to a common centre the globe. Its rivers open the interior, from and into a stupendous whole, as complete, ' almust every part, and gie natural outlets; as harmonious, and in its way as beautiful j i,s 'ales nre embosomed oceans, giving to I and beneficent, as the sublime pattern from ,h.e nrll,er fr""li !". and an j . . , . ., , , . . . inland commerco, scarcely less than the At- which ,t was derived ! And ., it irreverent J Umie or 1acifio s,loro. Such arlificial way, or uiiroasonabre to hope, that in the proser-as are needed, cpecially the great thor-! vatiou ot tins system of government hi the unity, peace, progress and substantial glory ' ,,. : . i r i .i" i i ol our country, is to be found the heaven-' , " -. , ncix-ii appointed luvM'rtiNo of a better destiny : for the troubled earth tho consummation . of its hiflhost clorv. until " the new heaven and the new earth" ? Ours is the system of government founded upon the liberty mid equality of man deriving all its powers from the consent of the governed : where shall be found a better ft.ipim wlipro a , higher or safer power than that of tho will 1 of civilized and christianized men, until thousand cities spring up where ono now we ascend to the divine the perfect the ' toils and groans with the wheels of indus last and the ilcrnal era! U'J. "d let cunals and roads, and rivers be Ours, in an important tense, we !oe to 'n1cree'1 ,a buudred fold, our resources ,. . ,, ., , , - ... ,. ! when developed, will require them all. Our think, is tho land or promise." J he j mjieral lreaJrcs are no a fe not a little greatness and glory, within our own grasp, j lead, a little iron, a little coal but all min nnd the immeasurable good that can bo ac-, orals known to science, or discovered by complished for millions groaning in bond-! art-aro ,,ere- 1'vory year's discovery teach ago and sfghiug and longing for deliverance! 09 us,,mU ,.h,0 fe"'- .fou,d wi . . . . . soon bo added to the catalogue. Our ag- these are considerations that appeal to ricultural products, in variety, surpass com ovcry American citizen to stand by his pntatiun, and in quantities defy the imagin cotintry in every emergency, to pledge un-,'"". Were nil our fields in tilth, and the yielding fidelity to the Federal Union. ,pro.lucu given to couunerce for distribution, wo could supply the globe, though every t'ma ih.No.ib limuk h.vmw for rbiury. foreign acre rested fur a thousand years ! The United States the Centre of 1Iunl'$ "S"-inc. future Civilization. Prospective Greatness of the U- Accustomed to look with wonder upon nited States, the civilization of the past upon the nu- blest dories of (ireeco mid of Rome no. The London Times says that by the end on mighty empires that Imvo risen but to fall the Enghkh t-yo has never fied il-clf he U"e htaies will ho i!il),(WU,()UO, and on tho grand plicnomenoii of a Great Na-jadJ- " l,ie LT"'" 'a18 u,al luxw U lion at Schiwl. View ing America as a for-1 ""ed States will be the greatett nation the ward child that has deserted its home and j woild over saw I" There can, few imagine, abjured its parent, we have over looked up- " "o doubt of this result, in tho coiitingen on her with a callous heart, and with an c)- hero stated, and we will not allow our evil ejo judicially bind to her progress. In j teivea to doubt that it will take place. Our a region teeming with vegetable lifo rest-PPulalir," thus far, has incroused beyond ing upon tho subterranean treasures of civ-ial' former example, and there is no roasou ilizalion intersected by noble mors, v huso . V bel,evc that its progress will bo less rap tributary and capillary streams carry food future. and life into every part of the land, the An- Imperial Rome, we believe, bad under t-lo-Saxon race Ins established itself in mmh- ty cities, the centres of mauufiicturing, com- moiciAl, and agricultural wealth; and has inirenohed itself amid noble institutions with temples enshrined in religious tolera- lion. with universities of nrivite bcoiiest and public organization, with national and uiishacklcu schools, and with all thcresour ces which science and literature and philan thropy ucmuiiU iroin the citizen or from the Stato. Supplied from the old world with its superabundant life, the Anglo Saxon tidu has been carrying its multiplied popu lation to the West, rushing onward through impervious forests, levelling their lofty pines, chasing before it the denizens of the jungle, and driving to an ocean frontier, uhero civilization will at last find them, the savage hordes that still usurp the fairest portions of creation. Nor is this living flood the destroying scourjje which Provi dence sometimes lets loose upon our species. It breathes in accents which are our own. It is instinct with English life; and it bears on its snowy crest tho auroral light of tho East to gild tho darkness of the West with the purple radiance of salvation, ol kiiowlcdgo, and of peace. Hut while the frontier of civilization is thus advancing with giant strides, the fixed population of the American States has been vying with European communities in the cultivation of the arts which contribute to domestic comfort and national aggrandise ment. Their railroads, with all their im perfections, supply the necessities of the traveller, and remunerate the public spirit of their projectors. Their steamboat estab lishments, whether on coast or on river, are unrivalled in European States ; and their telegraphic lines, superior in cheapness and utility tn ours, have been carried lor thou sands of miles into regions where the iron pathway lias not been able to penetrate. Nor is their mineral wealth equalled by that of the most favored quarters of the globe. Her empire of coal i ber kingdoms of cot ton and of corn ; her regions of gold and of iron, mark out America as the centre of future civilization ; as the emporium of the world's commerce ; as the granary and storehouse nut of winch the kingdoms of the East will be clothed and fed ; and ue greatly fear as the asylum in which our children will take refuge when the hordes ot Asia and the scmi-uaruariaiis of bastern Europe shall again darken and desolate the West. . 1,1 ,m" -'peaking of America, we have no desire to undervalue our own beloved couti' try. Wo wish not to exchange for ber ro ptjblicsn lifttftutions, a mortarcliy Ifatiowed uy time and rooted in the bnlms and lie ti f l,B people ; and still less do wc de- CIIU IU ICffiaUU IIU I IIU I ILUI Ilk. 411 UKJ , i with the aristocracy of wealth and talent' which a dcmnr.r.itir. Rnintntinilv r.ntt ulnnn I I recognise. Our object is to persuade Eng. land to respect America to love her as the J ' fi"-l'''f f ber political family and, with j "i0ii of a parent, to rejo.ee ... her, progress, and pray Jiir the prosperity and' consolidation of 1,'or en.n r. Thnnl, The United States the Commer cial Centre of the World. The States of North America are to be the commercial centre of thu globe. This destiny seems so inevitable, that one hardly i requires more than inspect. on ol the map "ugniares irom ocean to ocean, the inland ,nKmVBys. f'0"1 tho Atlantic to the Pacific are within our own hounds. We have no t . prusim on our border: no Russia beyond lar. Our vast interior is not grouped into national estates, blocking each other up, and wasting each other's means by mon strous armies ot watch or attacK. e can ask of Commerco what she needs, and ! whether it is northward or southward, east-1 ward or westward, ber path lies among our I own people, fahortly the carrying trade ol wie gione must ue in our lianas : upon our 3,,or"aro ' B ust ni Hip wnrm 4 inprrhnnilisn lint Int n ol" ll,e "ext '"n"- century tho population of " dominion, when in the plemtuue ot lier power, about one hundred and fifty mdlious of people. Itut her position was widely dif ferent from that of the United States. Her subjects wcro the victims of her military 1 Pver ; they weru conquered nations, snea kwg a hundred dillerent languages, and bearing within their hearts a never-dying hostility to their conquerors. Acquiring her ascendancy by the swurd, she was com pelled to maintain it by the simo means. Her wholo history is one continued tecord of outrage upon her neighbors, of war a broad, and revolt and coiicpiracy in the bo som of Italy. The temple of Janus was closed but twice in five hundred yeais, and tho Caledonia General who said that "she created a desert, aud then called it peace," if this speech be any thing more than a rhetorical flourish of Tacitus, described her whole policy in the most accurate terms. The great empires of modern times have been acquired in the same manner. The Russian Czar reigns over CD or 70,000,000 of human beings, and forty thrones, the trophies of successful aggression, are shown to tho curious stranger in St. Petersburgh, as memmitoca to provo that the national ex istence of as many separate people have been extinguished in blood, by the over shadowing power of Russia. Tho history of the ilntish Einmro in India is a record of blood and murder, which can scarcely find a parallel in the " Annals of Tacitus, or the luminous pages of Gibbon." The proceedings of the earlier Ilntish satraps in this unhappy country, were justified by the man who defended them most successfully (Lord Erskine) on tho ground of expedi ency, or rather, necessity alone. On no other was it possible to defend llicm. There is this thing about the history nfthcscgrc.it empires, which should bna warning to nil nations who evince a disposition to enter upon a career of conquest. The conquer ed country may add to the numbers, but it cannot increase the strength of the con queror. On the contrary, it is always a thorn in its side. Tho, immense armies which Rome found it necessary to employ in order to keep down the spirit of revolt in the provinces, drained lief of her wealth, debased the minds of her people, placed tho Government at the mercy of the military, and after plunging her n)r centuries into miseries, of which modern nations can form no conception, led finally to her complete annihilation as a power. Ireland is at this day a thorn in the side of Great Britain, and Poland is an efTectualJcure upon thu umbitioii of-Itwsia. Hut the caso is widely different with the United States. We bae hero no conquer ed provinces to bold m subjection no re volts to suppress tiy the arm of the milita ry no foreign nations bound m fetters and foaming for revenge. Every Stato is sover (ireigu and independent each has the same I iiumucr oi prmiuiius huh in sisters an regulate their own iiiietml alTiirs by means of their oitn Legislatures and all submit the conduct of external matters to a com mon head. No nationalities have been ex tinguished in our progress no captive peo ple, weep over the da)s of their nation! in dependence. If then, the Union should bold until wo shall have acquired such a population as tbat indicated, woshull be the most wonderful nation in mure respects than one. We shall bo homogeneous, for all na tions melt into the great Anglo-American family, and assimilate with the utmost facili ty. Richmond Dispatch, IVom Gatef'i Ltd;'! Hock, for Ja.oary. A TOUCIMXG iYAItlMTIVE. BV LOUIS OAVLORII CLARK. I have often wondered why it is that pa rents and guardians do not more frequently and cordially reciprocate the confidence of children. How hard a thing it ii to con vince a child that his father or mother can do nothing wrong. Our little people are always our sturdiest defenders; thev are loyal to the maxim, that " the king can do no wrong," and all the monarcbs they ever know are their parents. I heard the other day, from the hps of a distinguished physi cian, formerly of Now York, but now living in elegant retirement in a beautiful country town of Long Island, a touching illustration of the truth of this sentiment. " I have had," said the Doctor, " a good deal of experience in the long practice of my profession in this city, that is more re markable than any thing recorded in tho Diary of a London Physician.' It would bo impossible for me u detail to you the Hundred) part of tho1ntercstiif aud excit ing things which I saw and'heard. That which affected me most, of late years, was the case of a boy, not, I think, over twelve years of age. I first saw him at the hospi tal, w hither, being poor and without parents, he had been brought to die. He was the most beautiful boy I ever beheld. Ho had the peculiar cast of countenance and com plexion which we notice in those who are afflicted with frequent hemorrhage of the lungs. He was very beautiful ! His brow was hroad, lair and intellectual ; his eyes bad the deep interior blue of the sky itself; Ins complexion was like the lilly, tinted just below the cheek bone, with a hectic flush 'A. on Consumption', waoio efceek, 'Mid ruio bloom, the rote.' And bis hair, which was as soft as floss silk, hung in luxuriant curls about his face. Hut, oh I what an expression of deep mel ancholy his countenance wore ! so remark able, that I felt certain that the fear of death had nothing to do with it. And I was right. Young as he was, be did not wish to live. Ho repeatedly said that death was what he most desired ; and it was truly dreadful to bear one m young unci so beautiful talk like this. 1 Oh,' he would say, ' let mo die 1 let me diet Don't try to save me; I want to die 1' Nevertheless, he was most affec tionate, and was extremely grateful for eve ry thing that I could do fur lu relief. I soon won his heart, but perceived with pain that his disease of body was nothing to his ' sickness of the soul,' which I could not heal. He leaned upon my bosom ami wept, while at tho same time ho prayed for deatl. I hate never seen one of his years who courted it so sincerely. I tried in every way to elicit from him what it was that ren dered him .o unhappv but bis lips were sealed, and ho was like ono who tried tof1'0 management f railways, they might turn his face from something which opnre sed his spirit. " It subsequently appeared that the father of this child was hanged for murder, in It county, about two )ears beUttv. It was the most coid blooded homicide that had ever been known in that country. The excite- j irom the rest, Jiiie the easy chair of an ment raged high; and I recollect tbat tlie "'uefiiiaii, in which you can entrench your stake and the gallows vied with each other isrelrn"d """,""0 that the world was mado f.u the victim. The mob labored hard to! rr al""e- llut 0,ll' a sma" Part of tlle get the man out of the jail, that they might wreak summary vcnj'cancc unou him by hanging him to the nearest tree. Rut law triumphed, aud he was hanged. Justice held up her equal scales vrilh satisfaction, and there was much trumpeting forth of this consummation, in which even the wo men merciful, tender-hearted women teemed to take delight. " Perceiving the boy's lifo to be waning, I endeavored one day. to turn his mind to religious subjects, apprehending no difficul ty in one so young; but he always evaded the topic. I asked him if he said his pray ers. He replied : " ' Onco always now never.' This answer surprised me very much; and 1 endeavored ccntly to impress linn with the fact that a more devout frame of mind would be becoming in him, and with the great necessity of his being prepared to die; but ho remained silent. " A few days afterward I asked him if he would permit me to send for the Rev, Dr. II., a most kind man in sickness, who would brt of the utmost service to him in his present situation, lie declined firmly and positively. Then 1 determined to solve this mystery, and to understand this strange phase of character in a mere child. ' Aly dear boy,' said I, I implore you not to act in this manner. What can so liavo disturb cd your young mind ! You certainly be lievo there is a God, to whom you owe i. debt of gratitude t' "His eye kindled, and to my surprise I might nlmost say horror I heard from his young lips, " ' No, I don't believe there is a God 1' " Yes, that little boy, Vounir as he was. was an atheist, and he even reasoned in a logical manner, for n mero child like him. I cannot believe there is a God,' said he; ' for if there were a God, he must bo merciful and just; and ho never, never, NEven could have permitted my father, who was innocent, to bo hanged 1 Oh, my fa ther I my father 1' be exclaimed passionate ly, burying his face in tho pillow, and sob bing as if his heart Would break. t I was overcome by emotion ; but all tbat I could say would not change his de termination lio yrould have no minister of God beside him no prayers by his bed side. I was iTInftleflth all my endeavors, to apply any balm to his wounded heart. " A few days after this I called as usual, in tho morning, and at once saw very clear ly that the little boy must soon depart. " ' Willie,' said I, ' I have got good news for you to-day. Do you think that you can bear to hoar it V for" I really was at a loss how to break lo him what I had to commu nicate. " He assented, and 1 listened with the deepest attention. 1 then informed him, as best I could, that from circumstances that had recently come to liglit, it had been rendered cortain that his father was inno cent of the crime for which ho had suffered an ignomiiiiousdeath. " I never shall forget the frenzy of emo tion which he. exhibited at this announce ment, lie uttered one scream the blood rushed from his mouth he leaned forward upon my bosom and died." EXCJLISII It.llLW.ll3. Tun last word reminds me I bat I must say a word or two hero about the English railways. In point of speed I think "heir reputation out runs the fact. I did not find their average, (with the exception of the road between Liverpool and London,) much above that of our best northern and eastern mini M Imv mnU f.tt hardly twenty miles an hour with the ordi- - " - m. ' - . . .... ..II I 1 1 1 11 L I V. I nary trains, and about 3(5 miles an hour with the express trains. Hut the nerfect order and system with which they are man aged ; the obliging civility of all persons in the employment of the companies to travel lers, and the quietness with which the bu siness of the road is carried on, strikes an American very strongly. For example, suppose you are on a railroad at home. You are about to approach a small town, where you may leave, and lake up, perhaps, twenty passengers. As soon as tho town is in sight, the engine or its whistle begins lo scream out tho bell rings, tho steam whiz zes, and the train stops. Out hurry tho way passengers; inrush the new comers. A gam the bell rings, the steam whizzes with a noise something between a screech and a yell, but more infernal than either a noise that deafens the old ladies, delights the boys, and frightens all the horses; on1 rushes the tram whizzing and yelling over a mile or two of country, before it takes breath for the like process at the next sta tion. In an English railway you seldom hear the scream of the steam whistle at all. It is not considered part of the business of an engineer to disturb the peace of the whole neighborhood, and inform them that he and the train are coming. The guard at tho station notices the train when it comes in sight. He immediately rings a hand bell, just loud enough to warn the passengers in the station to get ready. The train arrives no yelling, screaming or whizzing; pos sibly a gentle letting oll'of the steam quite a necessary thing not at all for cfTect. The passengers get out and others get in, and are all carefully seated by the aforesaid guard or guards. When this is all done, tho guard of the station gives a tinkle or two with the hand-bell again, to signify to the conductor that all is ready, aud off thu train darts, as quietly as if it knew screaming lo be a thing not tolerated in good society. Hut the difference is national after all. John Hull says in his railroads, as in every thing else, " steady all right." Urother Jonathan, " clear the coast go ahead I" Still, as our most philosophical writer has said, it is only hojs and savages who scream men learn lo control themselves wo hope to sec the lime when our people shall find out the advantages of possessing power without making a noise about it. If wo may take a lesson from the EiiL'lisb learn vastly more from us in tho accommo dation of passengers. What are called ' first-class carriages" on the English rails, are thoroughly comfortable in the English sonc of the word. They have cents for six each double-cushioned, padded and set ,racl " "glauu is in nrst class cars, lor it is a luxury that must be paid for in bard gold costing four or five times as much as the most comfortable travel by railroad in the United States. And the second class cars in which the great majority of the British people really travel what are they 1 Neat boxes, in which you may sit down on a perfectly smooth board, and find out all the softness that lies in the gram of deal or good English oak for they are guiltucss of nil cushions. Our neighbors of this side of the Atlantic have been so long accustom ed to catering for the upper classes in this country, that the fact that thu railroad is the most democratic institution of the day, has not dawned upon them in all its breadth. An American rail car, built to carry a large number in luxurious comfort, at a price that seems fabulous in England, pays better prof its by the immense travel it begets, than the ill-devised first aud second class carna ges ou the English railways. Horticultur ist. Tho married ladies of Fairmount, N. J., have organized themselves into au Indepen dent Order of Odd Ladies, in order to be revenged upon their Odd Fellow husbands. Their lodge is kept open half an hour long er nihls than th3 Odd Fellows. English Women in the Conulry. There are other guests in tho house Sir Charles M , Lady P , aomo Irish ladies without titles, (but so rich in natural gifts as to make one feci tho poverty of mere rank,) and a charming family of grown up daughters, it would be difficult perhaps, to have a better opportunity to judge of llio life of the educated middle classes of this country, than in such homes as thi. And what impressions do such ex amples make upon my mind, you will ask 1 I will tell you, (not without remembering how many fair young readers you have at home.) The young English woman is less conspicuously accomplished than our young women oflho same position in America. There is, perhaps, a little of that jc tit scais quoi that nameless grace which captivates at first sight than with us, but a better and more solid education, more disciplined minds, and abovo all more common senso. in thetwholo art nftecmvcrsatioii,. including all the topics of tho day, with so much of politics as makes a woman really a compan ion for an intelligent man in his serious thoughts, in history, language, and practi cal knowledge of the duties of social aud domestic life, the English women have, 1 imagine, few superiors. Hut what, perhaps, would strike one of our young women most, in English society, would be the thorough cultivation aud refinement that exist here, along with the absence of all falc delicacy. The fondness of English women, (even in tho highest rank,) for out-door life, horyes, dogs, fine cattle, animals of all kinds, for their ground, and in short every thing that belongs to their homes their real, unaffect ed knowledge of, and pleasure iu these things, aud the unreserved way in which they talk about them, would startle some of my young friends at bono, who are educated iu the fashionable boarding school of Madame , lo consider all such things " vulgar" and " unlady-like." I accompa nied the younger members of tho family here this morning, in an exploration of the mysteries of the place. No sooner did wo make our appearance out of doors, than wo were saluted by dogs of all degrees, and each had the honor of an interview and per sonal reception, which seemed lo be pro ductive of pleasure un both sides. Then some of the horses were brought out of the stable, and a parley took place between them and their fair mistresses; some favor ite cows were lo be petted aud looked after, and their good points were descanted on with knowledge and discrimination ; and there was the basse cour, with its various population, all discussed and shown with such lively unaffected interest, thai 1 soon saw my young companions were "born to love pigs and chickens." I have said noth ing about the garden because you know that it is especially the lady's province here. An English woman with no taste for gar dening, would be as great a marvel as an angel without wings. .And now, were these fresh looking girls, who have so thoroughly entered into these rustic enjoyments, mere country lasses and dairy maids? Uy no means. They will converse with you in three or four languages ; are thoroughly well grounded in modern literature; sketch from nature with the ease of professional artists, and will sit down to tho piano-forte and give you an old ballad, or the finest German or Italian music, as your taste may dictate. And yet many of my young country-women of their age, whoso education wholly intended for the drawing room is far below what I have described, would have fainted with terror, and half-blushed with false delicacy, twenty times iu the course of the morning, with tho discussions of the farmyard, meadow and stables, which properly belong to a wholesome country life, and are not in the slightest degree at variance with real delicacy and refinement. I very well know that there are many sen sibly educated young women at humo, who have the same breadth of cultivation, aud I lie same variety of resources, that make the English women such truly agreeable companions ; but alas, I also know that there are many whoso beau ideal is bound ed by a circle that contains tho latest fash ionable dance fur the feet, the latest fashion able novel for the head, and the latest fash ionable fancy-work for tho fingers. Ilorti culturist. DOYS. Mrs. Denison, the accomplished assistant editor of the Olive Hraiich, gives the fol lowing excellent exposition of that queer and inexplicable creation a boy : A boy is the spirit of mischief embodied ; a nerfect teetotum; spinning round like a jenny or tumbling heels overhead. Ho most invariably go through the process ol leaping over every chair in his reach, makes drum heads of the dour, turns tho tin-pans into cymbals, lakes the knives out to dig worms for bait, and loses them, hunts up tho mo lasses cask and leaves the molasses running, is boon companion to the sugar barrel, sear ches up all the pie and preserves left after supper and eats them, goes to the apples ev ery ten minutes, hides his old cap in order to wear his best one, cuts his boots acciden tally if he wants a new pair, tears his clothes for fun, and jumps into the puddles for fun, and for ditto tracks your carpets aud cuts your furniture. He is romping, shouting, blustering, and in all but his best estate a terrible torment, especially to his sisters. Ho don't pretend to much until lie is twelve, then the rage for frock-cuats and.bigh dick ies commences. At fourteen he is loo big to split wood or go after water, and at the time these interestiii!; ollices oiiL'ht to be performed, contrives to he invisible; wheth er concealed in ibe garret with somo old worm-eaten novel for a companion, enscon ced in the wood-shed, trying lo learn leger demain tricks, or bound off on somo expe dition that turns out to be iu most cases more deplorable than cxplorable to coin a a word. At fifteen he has a tolerable expe rience of the world but, from fifteen lo twenty may we be clear from the track when ho is iu sight; he knows more then, than Washington and Itctijamiu Franklin together ; iu other words, ho knows more then, than he will ever know again. Just hail one of these young specimens " boy." at sixteen, and how wrathy he eels 1 If he does not answer you precisely as the little urchin did, who angrily exclaimed, " dou't call me boy, I've smoked these two years," he will give you a withering look that is meant to annihilate you, turn on his heel, and with a curl ot tho lip mutter dis dainfully, " who do you call boy 1" and O I tho emphasis. Hut jesting aside an honest, blunt, meM ty, mischievous boy, is something to be proud of. whether as brmlirr nr .r.n rn :n nii i.:- v. dui, , iui i, un scrapes Ins good heart gets the better of mm, ami ieaus mm soon to repentance; and bo sure ho will remember his fault at least five minutes. How the Eye is Swept and Wann ed. For us lo be able to see objects clearly and distinctly, it was necessary that thocyo should bo be kept moist and clean. For this purpose it is furnished with a little gland, from which flows a watery fluid, (tears) which is spread over the eye by tho lid, and is afterwards swept off by it, and runs through a hole in the bono to tho in ner surface of the nose, where tho warm air, passing over it while breathing, evapo rates it. It is remarkable that no such gland can be found in tho eyes of fish, ns the eleement in which they live answers the same purpose. If the eye had not been fur nished with a liquid to wash it, and a lid lo sweep it off, things would appear as they do when wo look through a dusty glass. Along the edges of tho eyelid are a great num ber of little lubes or glands, from which flows an oily substance, which spreads oyer the surface of skin, aud thus prevents tho edges from becoming sore or irritated, and it also helps to keep the tears within tho lid. There are also six little muscles at tached to the eye, which enable us to movo it in every direction ; and when wo consid er the dillerent motions they are capable of giving to tho eyes, wo cannot but admire the goodness of Him who formed them, and has thus saved us the trouble of turning our heads every time wo wish to view an object. Although the eyes of some animals are in capable or motion, as the fly, the beetle, and several other insects, yet the Creator has shown his wisdom and goodness in furnish ing their eyes will thousands ofluile globes, and by placing their eyes more in front of their head, so that these little insects can see almost all around them without turning their heads. A gentleman who has exam ined ihe eyes of a fly, says that the two eyes of a common one are composed of 8000 lit tle globes, through every one of which it is capable ol formingan image of an object 1 Having prepared the eye of the fly for tha purpose, ho placed it before his microscope, aud then looked through both, iu the man ner of the telescope, at a steeple which was 21)9 feet high and 750 feet distant, and he says be could plainly see through every lit tle hemisphere, the whole steeplo inverted or turned upside down. American Eloquence. A writer has a good remark upon Amer ican eloquence ; " But am I asked what is the best field of American eloquence? I answer, the stump, decidedly the stump 1 This is the Ameri can rostrum from which aro to come the highest efforts of eloquence. The direct ad dress to the people themselves, is, so far as the production of eloquence is concerned, incomparably superior to that of the legis lative halfs. Our congressional and legis lative oratory is not, nor can be, of the high est order, for tho want of that prirao cle ment of oratory proper sympathy between the orator aud the audience. Alt are alike bound down bv the adamontinc chains of party and sectional interests, which no pow er of eloquence can move or sway. So far as any practical influence upon the audi ence which ho is addressing is concerned, the orator may just as well address tho pil lars around him, or the marble statues standing in the niches of the wall. Rut when ho is speaking to the people, he knows he is speaking to those who are both honest of purpose and free to act. Ho may havo prejudices to remove ; but the people will listen lo reason and argument, and when convinced will burst asunder all the ties of party, and go for the right." Hiiilical. Mr. Recs, a well known street preacher in Cincinnati, was accosted by a would be wag the other day and ques tioned as follows: " Do you believe what the Ilible says a bout the prodigal son and tho fatted calf?" " Certainly I do." " Well, can you tell me whether tho calf that was killed was a male or a female calf, eh ?" " Yes-, it was a female calf." " How do you know that 1" " Because," said Rees, looking the chap iu the face, " I sco tho male is now alive.1 To TAKE A SlT.CK FROM THE EVE. We lately learned a very clever and safe mods of extracting any little speck from the eye, vlieii it cannot be easily removed by the hand. It consists iu licking it out with tho tongue. The person affected lays his head down with his face upper-most, and the op erator, desiring that tho eye shall be kept open, comes across it gently with his tongue, so as effectually to wipe it clear of the ex traneous body. This, wo find, has been a common practice among somo classes of stone-cutters, on getting what is called a Jire in their eye; and we doubt if the whole of the resources of the medical art could afford a better remedy. This process of remov ing specks from some eyes must be both delightful to the operator and the person operated upon. Poisons. Vessels of copper often give rise to poisoning. Though the metal un dergoes but little change in a dry atmos phere, it is rusted it muisturo bo present, its surface becomes covered with a green substance carbonate or tho protoxide of copper, a poisonous compound. It has sometimes happened that a mother has, tor want of knowledge, poisoned her tdinily. Sour krout, when permitted to stand some time in a copper vessel has produced death in a few hours. Cooks sometimes permit pickles to remain iu copper vessels, tbat they may acquire a rich green color, which they do by absorbing poison. Families have often been thrown into disease by eat ing such dainties, and may have died, in somo instances, without suspecting the cause Dr. Thompson. Well Put, Old Lady. Mrs. Parting ingtoit asks very indignantly, if the bills before Congress are not counterfeit, why should there be such a difficulty in passing them.