Newspaper Page Text
BY E. P. WALTON & SON. MON .'TPEL1ER, THURSDAY, APItIL 17, 18.01. VOL.XLV, NO. 21. WHOLE NO. 2322. lUatcljmnn & State journal. l'uui.isnnn nvnitv nitmsiiAY morninu. TERMH ft 1 ,."0 rod iii .lnc $4,00 Ifmirm.iil ii not mrie In .dv.ncu inlrr.t alnr.y. dinged mm. urn rtiu 01 (lie year. Few Atlkiu'i Horn. O.fett.. THE- HUMAX HARP. II Y llAVH) HATES. Tht It a hfttp in ech fcMiin kf4t, The firings of wMcti tr netejf it irii Awitliil Hf ttioBMttJa iiffitwltH finger, IbaipUy, Itke th lmm of faitjr wing, 1 hvif notct n Hi Uiomviwd sting ttr.ngt. Thli hwiBn-lMii harp ia a pries Um boon, lu aa mwrut frame , with fu itilnp In Ian j Hut, whthr the tun of i hi tivinf harp Ar ntl an.) tender, tlai or t-harp, Wfewet tea-tor rM. astute tlwaj I hi tb enr that trW, and the haatf :bat ptaji, Ilnw ifturhntgly ttnJr It ilirn, A it fi toaermw 111 mmttrta I W hen lofjahen ijr lb miti4 hand of fair , It itirMj nkck on tha tiattM or-, And tit rtmug wrought frvma in frenrj tap W iiitefpiiitn Ma tfwpnm iwmm Mot hapftor aplrlta art heer ln nar. And ilia R.HHC Um ph w lora m Sar ; 1 hey throng arh harp with tt grata and ga;t And H4ny a owtn I've haard ttwm plaf ro olist) ut are ihay pi ay trig the m, '11. at w iuuw thru touch, aiid call tfeem by name. 'J ? I, e, wtm contra on hit tlaitfiiug wing. An ) ytjf milh, whoe he loojobet the atria ! I Ania i f p t ij (V aiI .ill uvrr the land Af ii airlfaa the corda Hh a naalr hand ; Hoi ti Faith mui! Uujm thbomaioo in To UHioti Ui- nl that bie Uvmitl in heaven. Thajr ftei atill, when the tell fcma gooo erted Ult the frn( hirp. broken tod I una , And when t'slri ita lt,t aa J nlreia AfFti hrtwfc the . irj t v ho( arVr lourb oga'n. '1 he Uvwr ii aw.m with juyiU' wiitK Ai.d alti'.f a Hi wl.xic ltw Hlifvle tiPg. The W and (he Prayer. M ltl(uu, INI ril. t l Mil i' (Miial ,mr - miff t cliaritlN, ' i. h. ! Ik i omea nt- uit t u , '! hi da).iea imghi Urial ititu. atr, T wltMi cimprpi me i.ut to (.fat , 'i ht truth tunfuf . ;t elv.t n, Fhhii rti apealttni ftMiliahlt '1 h it i u V4il ihuughl might ever real. t)i te I'onreived Mitfaiti my hreatt , 'f hat by each ofd,ath derd, each thought, (lory Hit lo avy Hod be hi ought. Hui whet are oiha.; Lurd, oiioa t-yo tta t ' . ftiml. to thet 1 cry. On, 'i' "ii in v droaa, aay tin, Make in' 'n.xn htt. iiu.i mi-- within t aatt, lot I. '!''( ii ' In i', And fttttka it cl a n n. -;) (nil, An I vrhna 'It c.o.in, LvtA, L il For thr t ii more than ( i 1 ittisi'dlaueoiu Dreaming on Wedding Cake. The editor of the F.i ansville, la, Jmir nal wntex aa ! ilbms, on being presented with a piece nl brnle S take With the wedding notice in nnotlier col-, umti, we reci ned Ip iii the l.ur baud or llipl br.de, a p.ece.,1 wedding cake todream on ' Vr.i I ( ,t in.. Lr Ik. ,a,..l r.l . ... ...II.... Well " v stmt our ims sweetly as an n.faut, and blessed with an ea) conscience, snored pro digiously. The god of dreams gently touch ed us, and lo ! in fancy we were married. Never was a little editor i-o happy. It was my love, dearest, sweeten, ringing in our ejrs eiery moineiit. On, that the dream bail broken off here, but no ! tome evil ge nius put it into the head of our ducky to ).tv a pudding for dinner, just to please her lord. In a hungry dream we sat down to dinner. Welt, the pudding armed, and a huge slice obscured from Mgbt the platu be lure us. ' My dear,' said we fondly, 'did vou make tins (' ' Yes, loc, ain't it nicel' ' Ulurioiis the best bread pudding I ev er tasted.' ' Plum pudding, my ducky,' tuggetted my wife. ' Oh, no, dearest, bread pudding, 1 al ways was fond of them.' 'Call that bread pudding?' exclaimed toy wile, her pretty lip curling very lightly with contempt. 'Certainly, my dear reckon l'e had en ough at the Sherwood House to know bread ( pudding my love, by all menus.' j ' Husband, tin u really loo had. Plum pudding is twice as hard to make as bread I pudding, and it n mora expensive and a great deal better. I say this is a plum pud- ding, sir,' and my pretty wife's brow flush-' ed with excitement. I ' My luve, my sweet, my dear loie,' 1 ex-j claimed, soothingly, ' do not gel angry. I'm sure il'a very good, if it is bread pudding.' i ' Rut, sir, 1 aay it ami broad pudding. You mean, low wretch,' replied my wife, iu u high tone, 'you know it is plum pudding.' ' Then, madam, it is to meanly put to gether, and so badly burned, that the devil hiinself would nut know it. I toll you mad am, most decidedly and omphutically, and 1 will not bu contradicted, that it is a bread pudding, and or the meanest kind at that.' It is plum, plum pudding,' shrieked my wife, as she bailed a glass of claret in my lace, the glaa utelf tapping the claret from my nose. ' llro.id pudding,' gasped we, pluck to the last, and grasping u ro.itlcd chiakeu by the ,e- .. ' l'lum pudding, rose above tl.o u.n, as l had a distinct perception of feeling two plates smaih iiciosa my head. ' I! read pudding !' groaned we, iu rage, as the chicken leli our h.ind, and went ily ing with swill wntg acruiu tho table, land ing in mudiitii'a buxHii. ' Plum pudding I' resounded the war-cry from the enemy, as the gravy dish took us where wo had been depositing the first part of our dinner, and a plate of beets landed upon a white vest. ' llread pudding forever 1' shouted we iu defiance, dodging tho tureen, and falling be neath its contents. 'Plum pudding,' yelled the amiable spouse, as noticing our misfortune, shu determined to keep us down by piling upon our head the dishes, with no geiitlu hand. Then, iu rapid succession, followed the war cries. ' Plum pudding 1' she shrieked, at every dish. ' Bread pudding 1' iu smoth ered toned came up from the pile in reply. Tlicn it was ' plum puildintj and 1 bread pudding.' in rapid succession, each cry growing feebler mid fucbler, till just aa I cai recollect, it had gruwn to a whiper. ' Plum pudding ?' rofifluudedlike thunder, followed by a tremendous crash, as my wife looped upon the pile with her delicti to feet, and commenced-1 jumping up and down, whan, titanic heaven, awoke, and thus saved our life. Wo shall unvcr drqam on wedding enke again that's the moral. A Strange Btory. A few days since a mcdioal man named Phillippo died in a villago near Paris, w!?c lie hud resided many years, and hod acquir ed a great reputation for skill and probity. Iln unvnr ilpitintulpil nnv raTiiniif'rnttnn nv. ccptfrom those who were hi circumstances I . i t . I . . i i . I to no auic lopay nirn : ami uurins ino iai, visit ol the cholera lio imjclatigable in bis attention to the euffcmSgfpoor. Last jenr an Englishman travelling in that part of tho country, wns taken so suddenly ill that ho was obliged to stop at an inn in the commune, and Dr. I'hillippe was sent fir. Scarcely, however, had he arrived at the bedside of the patient when the latter be came violently agitated, and his countenance changed exceedingly. The doctor appear ed alto to be agitated, and at "'ice ordered every one out of tho room. When that was done tho door was locked on the inside. The landlady being curious to know what , .... I. i .u.. ,i,.- i., " "'"" envtraaiion was carried on ,n a lan-oa, I which she did not understand ; she, hou ev er, hoard tho patient exclaim in French, " Assassin I asiasain I" after which a vio lent altercation ensued. The Englishman appeared to threaten, ami the doctor to sup plicate him. Tliu latter afterward left the room and ucnt into the kitchen, where he prepared some medicine, which he ordered to he given to the patient several limcsdur mu the night. On the following day the Mr.inger uai much nor!e, and feeling his end approaching, he unde a sign tor pen, ink and paper, and wrote u few wordt 111 KiiL'tiMi, uhich the landlady gave the May or of the commune, who, ul uiiderxl'iiid nig the language, threw u aside into a drawer, where u was forgotten. The stran ger died the same evening. A few daya since the mayor, when called on to register the death ot I be doctor, who ,un A.A rf,.i,i . .i, h,.-1.JlBrn'i ,,ot ocliatiiicleer; im lis. I.irn Kar1 IA (I.,. ,11.. n I.,., his ihi ii iiniu tut jilui t i iiuniitillll, ,.f ikii L,., ... t. . -t. : aiiv.u-ii ui una truyx-t . auw uii ilia Dliui liiu it tolii. nephew who understood the Ian- 1 . ... . guagc, it was lound that IJr. l'hilippe was: Ho other that, the famous Pat.eson, a noted , tobberof the United Stale., all traces of whom had been lost. The Englishman had recognized htm as a man win. "had. twenty rar, before, attempted to murder him, w ii e trave nrr ill t hu Stain of Vermont, in America. The Mayor immediately procce- .!..,! i.. I..,.,. ,.f h. IH..I.. - ,; r. i i. 1...1 .i i an iiiiiiii. iiu tuuiiu no nau, uuioi illness, refused to be nurjretsed, and had ' iii-dc the persons who attended h.m prom-' i-e that lie sliould tie buried in the clothes winch he then wore. The mayor, however, ordered the body to be undressed, when it was found that the doctor was i it reality a verv knarp mnti .illtioiifrh ulti'mu snnnnr. ..... . t.d ,, le buk lie, c , b hli wear. . ' ... . . J niir clothes wadded mosi thick v. His eirs were also bandaged up, and one of Ins leei wan found lo be a ver skillfully-made artifi cial one. The body ws cm red with marks of wounds. Iu a dark closet there were fiiuud several chests fastened with triple locks ; and one ol these being Torced open, the) were lound lo contain arms ol' various kinds, watches, gold coins of all nations, and diamonds and jewels to a considerable value. Particular! of this diacovery have been transmuted to the Government, and a copy scut lo the authorities of the Stato of Vermont. Otdinani. them into two or three pieces and to put j tirefi pjocos jto oacli lull. In the spring Tim AjititiCA.v Aiitic Expeiiitio.v. "f 1IU. owing to the scarcity and high Snovv'a Journal of the voyage of the Pnnco P"' of potatoes, I was induced to plant, as Albert iu the Arctic Seas, thus noticea Ihe experiment, somo small Mercers iu the daring of the vessels of the American ex- gardeu, on a square that was highly manur pedition iu forcing a louto through thu icu I'd. The yield was great, and the potatoes ttreams : ' fint ralo as to size. Hcing much disappoin- "1 fever a vessel and her officers were ' ted, ami stating tho fact to u friond. he gavo capable of going through an undertaking in 1 an unqualified opinion, that the favorable which more than ordinary difiicullie had to result was owing lothe richness of the soil, be enoouniorod, I had no doubt u would be i The past soason I planted several bushels of the American j and Ibis was evinced to me, ! the largest and belt Jltricr I could pur- even whilo wo were on board, by the appar- cully reckless way hi winch they dashed through the streams of heavy ice running off from Leopold Island. 1 happened lo go on deck when they were thus engaged, and was delighted to wilue&a how gallantly they put ande every impediment in their wa v. An officer was standing on the heel of the the ground, tho tune ot planting, nnd the bowsprit, conning the ship, and issuing his lillago, were in all respects the same. When orders to the man at the wheel in that short, ' the shoots from the small seed first appoar dccisive, yet clear manner, which the helms- ed, and for a short time after, I thought man at once well understood ai.d promptly j then rather more slender than those from obeyed. There was not a rag ofcanvaas ta-1 the larger oTtes, but soon there was no per ken in, nor a monieul'd hesitation. The ceptiblo difference. At harvesting, the size, way was before them ; the stream of ico had quality and product from ilie small soed was to bo iiither gono through boldly, or a long equal in all rospecis to tho largo ones. Hut detour made; and, despite tho heaviness of the ground on which those were planted was the stream, they pushed the vessel through rich, having been highly muiiured. To in her proper course. Two or three ahocks, ' complete tho experiment, however, I plant as she caino in contact w ith some largo pie- cd at tho same timo hall' an acre of ground cos, wore unheeded ; and the moment the last ! of fair quality that had been tilled belore, block was passed the bow officer sang out, but not manured. Half the piece was plan ' So; steady as she goes on her course,' and led with Ihe small seed, and half with tho caino alt as if nothing more than ordinary 1 largest and best quality. Theso were cut sailing had been going on. I observed our "'to two or three pieces each. Prcv ious lo own little barky following in tho American's tho first hoeing, a handful of leached ashes wake ; and as 1 afterwards learned, she got was thrown on to each lull. At harvesting, through it pretty well, though nut without I the potatoes were large and fine; and those inucn uouui oi iiiu propriety ol Keeping on in bitohlprocedure alter.the" mad Yankee,' as ho was called by the mate. The Ad vance was most extraordinarily fortified to resist any pressure of the ice, and to enable her to force her way against such impedi ments as thoso sho encouuterd this evening. Her bow was one, solid mass of timbers 1 believe 1 am right in saying, from the fore mast. Her timbers were increased iu sizo and number, so that sho might well be said to have been doubled inside as well us out. Her deck was also doubled, then felted, and again lined inside, while the cabin had, in addition, a sheathing of cork. Tho after part of the vessel was remarkably stron! ; and a moveable bulkhead, which ran across tho forepart of the cabin, could at any time uo unshipped to uituru a tree cominuiiicu lion fore and all when needed, Thu crew, it 1 remember rightly, lived in a strongly built " round house" on deck, amidships, oueendol which was converted into a cook' linuso, called a "galley, and another tlic pantry." Ten men formed llio number of working scarnnn ; there wcro'iio" ico masters," nor regular " ice-men;" but most of the sailors were Ions accustomed to the lee. A slow ard and a cook completed the full comple ment of tho ship. I ho olliccra liveil in a truly republican manner. The whole cabin was thrown into one soacious room, in which captain, mates, nnil surgeon lived together. Their slcepiujr-bcrths were built'around it, and appeared lo possess cverv accommoda tion to make them comfortable. Hut to my fancy, and according to my habits, I should have preferred some little crib to myself, to which 1 could hare retired when I wished to he alone. In this respect only did I think the Prince Albert superior; for on board of her I had, at least, n smnd cabin to myself, wliero! could quietly read, or write and Mn Av aa I fill nan " --' Disciplining Fowls. The Chinese, living in canal boats, send their ducks ashore during the day time, to cam their living, and whistle them home at night. The last duck gem a switching, there is consequently a duck race each one trying not to be last. Some years back, I kept a few fowls, and among them was n fine, large, Dominique rock that would get into my flower garden and then call his family about him. There was, of course, great scratching among .! ...:l l i .i . i .. .1.:. iii' - m umu i iiiirriumeu me upon uy nnv .' ,hem off- 1 .ho no'!s wo"M aJ " 8reat but, perching himself on tho fence, he would send me a crow of defiance, and as soon aa my back was turned, cluck a recall to the hens. This scene was repeated so often that at last I cot nut of palience with his impu dence, and ran him down. When caught, I thought the Climese method of drilling i birds of another feather might have some ! cfTed upon my premier ; so, holding by his 1 lcg, 1 laid him down at his favorite 'cratch lug around, and, uilh a light sh.IcIi, whip ped him .icruM ihe winh Alter he li.nl i been well ch.istned, 1 let go of him and nro-o ; but he lay nidi. 1 stepped back a foot or two when he raised his head. At a ' threatening motion of my switch, however, I he laid his head down again. I then re-1 treated some twenty feet, keeping my eye , upon him, and holding the switch "in lerro-1 IC1M lie lay altnoM perfectly quiet dur v-. - , - , , ,nfi tho time. Occasionally he would raise i ,,ef' b.ut 1,10 ghieti motion of my arm. at Him iliMlniii.p iv9i .iiflir.iont In innkn him . T ' -..... res"me ,,w yetJ Poi"'0- f "e,.n ""VlT1 the succeiw of toy Held htm ... this position by i,,ie ltt0r uf "!P 1 ejo for some ftf eeu ! "T ' f",' . Z' '' " .'. The consequence was, a complete refnr maiiu.i in i maiiou in ftts moral character, and he never afterwards iresnassed on nrouuds that were t ' 1A I ,, , T, MH" r .. ; ' ., , l?b ? Sk,me "f 1,0 farm:r bo"s U,a r.mi ieih j'.fin.M f tt t .nnv nua in rpnpni the experiment ; if so, let me advise them not to act cruelly towards what ought to be the pet of the farm yard. The lightest pos sible switch should be used a blade of grass will almost answer. It is not the pain he sutlers, but ihe degradation that has ef fect. IjVfnin" l'ot. Seed Potatoes. In the Dec. No. of the Genesee Farmer, patio 77, the question is asked, " Wheth er it is more advantageous lo plant small po tatoes than large ones?" From my earliest youth I have been taught the importance of selecting the lar gest and best potatoes to be used Tor seed. My practice has been occasionally to put one such iu a hill ; but, generally, to cut chase in thooity. J hey were generally cut in three pieces each. Hut the supply not being sufficient, 1 planted llirco bushels uf small ones, such as had been laid aside as too small for table use. Of these, three were put into each liill,,aud were planted a , long side tho largo ones. The quality of i uoiu mu biiiuo tccu ncic c.p.u. m nuc mm product to tho others. Thu richness or tho ground, therefore, in tho first parcel, was not the cause of producing as largo pota toes from the small seed as from the large. Iu tho latter case, ground comparatively poor produced the same results. If a bush el of small potatoes, that would not sell for one-fourth the price of largo ones, should prove us good lor planting as the large, it would be well to know the fact. 1 have made these suggestions to direct tho attcn tiou of the farmers to the subject. uencste J'armer. Puktentativks. To prevent tic-dollur owe never run iu debt. To prevent nuir Irom turning grey make up vour miiiu todye. For a tigtuess of tho chest first eel your heart open with somo mild charitable laxa tive, and the HU oi your cuest will open easily. A Powerful Ulicgoscopc. B. IlAsscnT, Optical and Astronomical Instrument Maker in Cincinnati, (Ohio,) has just commenced n Micfpscopo which he designs exhibiting in prrswj, at tho World's Fair. Tho manufacture? claims that its magnifying power surpaisecs that of any oilier instrument ever nfa'dajn this or any other country. Its higlwstjcap.iciiy being to magnify any objects icPV&ix thousand di ameters which makes a superficial surface nf thirty-six millions. Wo cvitnnicd some minute particles of dust," or secondary scales, from the wing of a biitterfly. These have been seen with microscopes, the lines running parallel with tlio sides of the dust particles, both longitpdinnlly, down wards, and transversely. This is all that has hitheito been obsorvetf Tins micro scope, however, shows thai l"' these longi tudinal lines of the dint of tliajjultcilly, and between ibsnsxlhliiotiH'. arranged a rtiumbcr of little scalos similar to the scales of a fish. JSctween each pair of lines arc seen irom live to six rmvi ol thete li'tle "e wuuegc, was sciecieu lor me scale. For instance, a dust particle from first 8Chool to he erected. Dr. Chalmers the back of the body or a spinx, measuring called on Dr. Taylor, the head of the Col the one-Anli of an inch in length, and one ,e8e. "fder to purchoso this site. Ileex-two-hundredths in breadth, discovers one Pres!ed his hope of obtaining it on reason hundred and four longitudinal lines. The nble terms, in consequence .f the noielly number of scales between each pair of lines a,ltl importance or 'he undertaking, in width, is six, making the number of ." 'N undertaking," said Dr. Taylor, aralca six hundred and twenty-four orcr the an important one, wit it is not a new wholo width, and the number of scales Ion-ione- W have been talking lor twenty gitudinally and downwards, twenty-two ' J'ears " establishing parochial schools in hundred j which makes the entire number Glasgow." of scales on the dust particle equal to four-; " Yos," said Dr. Chalmers, "hut ho.v teen thousand millions to one square inch. ! '"""' llll)r do you inland to talk about it I On another very minute particle from the Nou' woiiro going to do the thing, and not wing of a tenia, measuring only one live- Hundredth nt an inch in length, and otic thousandth of an inch in breadth, the num ber of scales arc found to be eighty-four thousand, which reach the number of forty two thousand millions to the square inch. A very interesting examination was also made of a very minute panicle of human blood, which exhibits the fact that the blond is composed of minute globtiU.s, which roll through the veins like shot or quicksilver. An examination of .i dn p of stagnant v i ler disclosed numberless iimmacnles, which dart about with wonderful rap.dity. An cxa-niriatiou of the common flea shows a striking resemblance to the elephant in its confirmation. Many oilier observations ol reports. To the rogue every bush becomes -un equally interesting character were made, an officer. In Italy much alarm has been which we have not the space to record. ( created by rumors that Genoral Garibaldi ! 1B3 r!UiC4 j t,j3 country money and troop TllC Discoveries Of lilO Last Half- , for ,hc emancipation of his country. At Ceildll'V j tho lime tho bravo General is quietly mak- ' ing caudles at Ii is present residence on Sta There has been no period sinco tho com-! ton Island, near the city of Now York, mcucement of tho world in which so many I important ducovortos, tending to tho bene-' fit of mankind, weru made as in the last ! half-centurv. Sume of the most wonderful . - - - j results of the human intellect have been i witnessed in the last fifty joars. Somo of j the grandest conceptions of genius havoi bt'on pafected. It is rouitJWt; ljow thai world has run into scientific Tnvestiritions, ' and what achievements it has effected in that short period. Ileforp ihejear ISOO, there was not a single steamboat in existence, ' and the application of steam to machinery was unknown. Fulton launched the first steamboat in 1807. Now there aro 3000 1 steamboats traversing the waters of Ameri- I . I l I ... sevcioy per ccm. I he rivers of every country in tho world nearly are travelled by steamboats. In the United States alone there are ii.w 8.,0. tmles of ra, road costiug t&..,imO,000 to build, and about S2.000 ...des r railroad in 1'. nnhiii .inn .niPrir.n 1 hp Irtr.rmifit 1 1 n vill now tr.ivid in as maiiv hours .1 distance I which in 1800 required as many days to accouipiisu. in icuu u iook werKs to con- COIl- ' , ,,, .,,.1 ey intellisence between l'hialdelpliia and Ncw-Orlcaus; now it can bo accomplished in minutes through the electric telegraph, which only had its beginning in 1S-18. Voltaism was discovered iu March, 1600. The electro magnet in 182 1. Electrntyp- ing was discovered only a lew jears ago, II . . I 1 r . hoc s prim. ug press, capauie oi nriiuin" J0.000 copies an hour, ,s a very recent d.s - env ery but of a most important character. Gas-light was unknown in 1800, now every c.y and town of any pretence are lighted with . , and we have the announcement of a s .ll pea or discovery by wh.ch hgl.t heat and motive power may all be produced from water with scarcely any cos. Da- gucrro cotn.nun.ca.cd Ins beautiful ...ven- tion to the world , in INK). Gun-cotton and o i oroform are discoveries but a few years . old. Astronomy has added a number if new planets to the solar system. Agricultural chemistry has enlarged tl.o uui.ia... u. hiiuiucu"!; in wnti iiiipuriaut branch of scientific research, ami median ics have increased the facilities for produc tion, and the means of accomplishing an amount of labor which far transcends tho ability of united effort to accomplish. Tho triumphs achieved in this last Tirnnch of dis covery and invention aro enough to mark the last lialf.ccntury as that which has con tributed must to augment personal comforts, enlarge the enjoyments, and add to the bles sings or man. What will the next half century accomplish ? Wc may look for still greater discoveries, for the intellect of man is awake, exploring every mine or knowl edge, ami searching for useful information iu every department of art and industry. 1'hiladtlphia Ledger. Kossuth in liXilr. The following description of this banish ed patriot is given iu a letter published in an English provincial paper, the writer be ing a resident of liroussa : " I saw him in Hroussa. Oh, the spirit of patriotism thai circulates iu his soul I It would almost enchant you to hear him talk in English. What then must be the effect of listening to his eloquence in his own na tive language? My interview with linn was delightful. I don't wonder at tho en thusiasm with which ho is regarded by his country. 1 believe he is et destined lo accomplish ureal things for his country. You will perhaps scarcely beliove it, but ho seldom sees a newspaper, and is ignorant of many uf the transactions now going on Europe, because the post is very irregular to Kutaya. 1 should like to send him two or three numbers of the Leeds Mercury, which I occasionally receive, Many travellers in passing to Kutaya;, call at oar house, and thus wo have, a get' i tain opportunity of forwarding letters p. .,, ...... u.u .... su. ... .sv.o.... vofo am, neuher tbrcatened to secede from pers, or parcels, as Franks, Americans, or English arc not searched. A friend, an American, from Kutaya, called a week or two ago. He says ' Kossuth is much dis satisfied with his situation.' lie spent two ojjtbrcc days with him. They (the exiles) lived in a kind of barracks. I believe the Turks do all thry can to mako him and his associates comfortable, but you can have no conception of tho grand difference between English comforts and thoso of this country. Hero there aro no household comforts but thoso of your own creation. Without fur coats you cannot in winter keep yourselves warm, for the liousos arc made to let in and not keep out the cold, and the winters arc intensely cold. Kossuth, you know, N un der the caru of Suliman llcy, who is a re markably nice fellow." Talkino and Doino. When Dr. Chal mers was executing his plan of establishing parochial sfloo!s In tdnnoclfftft wlfh St. John's Parish, in Glasgow, a site, which he- 10 ,alk al,ou' anil, so you must even let the prtco be as moderate as possiblo, seeing we arc gomg to take the labor of talking and projecting entirely off your hands." There is a great difference between think ing and doing, though all men don't seem to bo aware of it. In ihe case above allu ded to, mure was accomplished by the lat ter in six mouths, than by the former ni twenty )ears. "Tub Whkf.u ii.be when no Man riBsi KTil." ll is good evidence of the precarious tenure of power which is held by the despots of Europe, to observe how continually they are frighletied with flying wpnAinwr AivrnT-i'sj t rrrcr a VERMON TA N 1 1 S LEGISLA- CurrevMMiil-a of tli Uutt.1l AlU.. Cai.uuo.ma County, ) Vermont, March 3, 1; Tho bassed by the Legislature of Ver mont last Fall, fur tho protection of such of her citizens as may fie churned as fugitive slaves, has subjected this State to much un merited abuse. She has been assailed by ridicule ami denunciation in un measured terms, and sometimes from quarters where she had least reason to expect it : but sho has quietly sutfercd tho storm to spend its , y nr nnC( lierter to the ,eB,, f ( resl6tilI1Cb uf the VcderB GoT. Thoto ,0o mllcl bl f c)aracter, and couscous rectitude of pur- , f our b J , , , b the tallnl3 ()f t'hc Vl J o iuiih iiiui i vitnuiu j ii mti-i iiiuii niv three counties or the Old Domiiiiuu, J 8enjjn ig only lour Kepreoentalivcs to Cou ,.., ,! ...I,,.,- il, , I,,, -,,,... -I,..,!,, .!. UI33. U.IU " IIUSV lllliuuiiuuia uiu t.illk.111 U13' if: r... .i.. .i,.u ,...i tiuguislied for their skill in whittling pine sticks." Wo can even forgive Gen. Ham ilton of South Carolina, fur charging our Legislature with " being under the inllii ence of that inspiration which makes men , more merry than wise," when they enacted ! the law in question, for we infer that such ... !.,,..., ,. i,i , i. .i,,,,,,, ,.,., i. onowl)ois Jo1I j ed b commendalje inliU0MCc: , . , wo cam,ol g0 read ' Muni nnd Ml dl)iul J , dJ M ,f ,,,., maiicmus charge, W le.i our integrity, our love of order, our , oljcdlcIiee lo fP ,a'ws are oacU m ,,,,,, , , 5 , dd uien alle, ,s ar'0 mad' b ' , fiu , 1)f , uf ouf ,.,, ,0 ium W ,, ,, vo the ciwa lllB rhl l0 u j ' " ,0j ; c, , j n romark ,ore fu ( rultl fhail wll011 hu ba,d . or all thu possessions which appertain to man, iu his colloclivo or individual condition, none should be preserved w till more sedulous and unremitting cure, than thai of au unsullied character, ll is impossible lo oaliniato it too highly iu society, when attached lo an individual, nor can it be exaggerated or too greatly magnified in a nation. Those who lose or are indifferent to it, become just ob jects of scorn and contempt." These words are like " apples of gold," and deserve to bo " set iu pictures of silver." Their truth and justice will be acknowledged by all whose mural sense is not very groatly per verted. What can be mora valued by a vir tuous man than his reputation ! and next to his own, the reputation ol the state or country which is his home And what can bomuru trying to a man of u generous nature, than to bu regaided wall suspicion ; or to bu falsely charged w ith wrong or dishonorable couductl Or what will sooner rouse his indignation than lo hear the State in which ho claims citizenship thus charged 7 It is this reputation which Veimoutcrs value. The hardy and enterprising charac ter or our population, tho high moral touu which pervades the different classes, mid the steady, unwavering attachment which they have ever maintained lor correct prin ciples, have, until recently, been generally acknowledged. Au honest independence, a stern and unyielding resistance of every attempt to trample on their rights, au anient love of liberty, and a patriotic obedience to just and wholesome laws, are prominent m ilie character ol our people character ol our people ; aim iiiesu ........ 1 . .... I, . ml ..(..... .... 0,1 tlii.ni llm ri. sped and honorable regard of the virtuous t riUjiijve... vjndl.wjy, H-M W uud good 111 all comiuuiuues, . j -t.i.J v4mMinatlo iii,reqjtirm Um 'ut f!i. vjHra-, Uut a change-has-oeeurrcd,- JlVwwul- L Hn.'&SlW Sf'-if 'fflFffi baeil uikrfMiud from mrynnuimiitU'iud- Omiii tho cry has been reiterated, ' Ver- mont nullification I" 1 his denunciation ry !cs, galling on the green hit! sides, and has been especially loud in the Slave Stales, among tho "sequestered dells" of Vermont, Ihe reckless and the unbridled press of! where the love of rreedom is inhaled in ev tlto South opened in a full pack on our , cry breath, than iu tho dominions of -the atatc, like hounds on a stag at bay; and.Sublimo Porlel If thn Gnir.-il not a few of tho journals of northern cities joined tho chorus. Hut it has been city journals only, for the most part, iu the nor thern States, that have attempted to read us homilies on nullification. Tho country press has been mote generous. While these charges of nullification were ringing out ' fYritn art m n n U bniiiitna nil nllnmnla In I ' ...U..J ouuiiiw, .in tiuuiiiifio uf u-ci ,i I. ' r d. . . ;i . i . hoariiiir for our State. 'cither in justification i or extenuation of her high offence, were fruitless ; but now that the clamor is subsi ding, perhaps a row words may be heard in her defence. There is no cause why Vermont should no thus vilihed. ,bhe has ever maintained .on adhesion to tho IJuim as firm, an obedi-' nice to tho laws. 1j5iIi fill 4 as anv other! oiuiu iii our uoiiieuernu-"aiir)'si!C lias ucv jer given occasion for tho charges brought against her. It is well known that a large majority, probably niiictecu-twcnticlhs or lour citizens, were decidedly opposed lo the j passage of tho Fugitive slave law. The ilotc of liberty is perhaps the stroncest prin ciple in their nature, ami they could hardly j brook the idea that the cause of Ireedom should take such ti huge backward stride as I that law contemplated. Hut when it finally passed, they considered the matter settled, and obedience to the law was thencefor ward tho duly of all good citizens, until it could bo repealed or modified. They did believe, however, that if Vermont could no longer bo the asylum uf tho oppressed, who had burst their fettors and breathed our free mountain air, ret every possible measure should be adopted, lo guard their own citi zens Irom tho rulli'ess crasp ol the slave ' hunter ; and for this purpose the law of the 'last session of our Legislature was enacted, w Inch has been stigmatised as an act of nul lification : and which charge some leading j Whig and neutral papers, in the good cities of Huston and Now York, have been most officious in reiterating. Tho two essential features of this law which have been objected lo, aio the pro - visions in relation lo tlic issuing ol Hie writ , izens tho enjoyment of " life, liberty and of habeas corpus, and iu relation to a trial tho pursuit tr happiness," and the free ami u)'j,lr'- untrammelled exercise and expression of Tho special legislation in our State in re- opinion on all subjects. Sho will not, how gard to the writ of habeas corpus was ren-' ever, threaten to secede from the Union : if dercd necessary by the change in our judi-itho General Government dives not proceed ciary system, w hich takes effect ibis ) car, j in all things agreeably to tho views and wish nud tho act gives no now powers to our . os of our people; nor will she, like South Courts. Tho Constitution or tho United i Carolina, take measures for castiipt a sup States, (tho authority or which Vermont ac-i ply or cannon, arminz herself to tho teeth knowledges, ns well as her revilcrs,) pro- vides expressly that " tho privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not bo suspend ed, unless when in cases or rebellion or in vasion, tho public safisty may require it." The opinion or tho Attorney General and tho proceedings iutliocaseuf Lougin New York, seem to settle thu question in regard to this nnvileue bcilif extended to iinrMin f claimed as fugitive slaves' Judgo Story remarks "Although writs of habeas cor pus have been issued by State Judges and State Courts, in cases where the party has been iu custody, under tho authority of pro cess of tho Courts of the United Slates, there has been considerable diversity of versily ol opinion whether such an exercise of author- i ilv is r...st,inl.o...-ih n.i.l .1 vm . ;t r be decided whether it can be ' ,. . . . . J ....... . . maintained." Story on the Comtitntion, .... , . 1 ho utmost, ,.. i ............. i.i., I.., n i Vr "gaiusi Ver.no.il is, that she has passed a law which gives powers o her Curls, the const.tu- t.onal. y of winch may be questioned; and tt tasiiilil rfktiltlVi ennui I ltv I lino . ' '"" , "" ''' ,:";'. '"""- i'iiou s iu..,.. uo .a. v oe.ore. u.e wnoiesaie Phnrrrn nt it 1 1 1 1 1 h r 1 1 if n ti I nut ttiwiti l.n. I ' ".'h.T . - ".any re.-pectablo publitntiurmt . i -a pecially vvlieii opinions ol eminent jurists ., . . j . . !.ud the proceedings of other Stales make f lwe u!,.P",ou f lhe VfP so clearly in her favor. , f Vermont , 'e core; an l ard- Iu regard to the provisimi for a trial by cul ' ; " ,ed, to U PP'w. 'ft M-U jury, it .nay be remarked, that the only " "ubl ' 1,10 ;9o.Uit t toy.do iiotujrm question of fact winch can bo submitted ' ''V WMh a .of P.0'11"51. -Mv a8 under this law, is .hit of idenuty. It has j ""S " u,"'8y relurp a pub. reference to the tr.U or the question, not 1 0 ' ' "'f "l V"'0 " 5 whether the ...dividual claimed is actually a ' ''St 0 e '"V" m'lA ., ' , i. ........ .... ... ,i "l0 Norlhan States, on the subject uf sla- qi.l.u, u... ..i.e. no. no ,.,.rp!M, i slave-catcher asserts The claiuittiit comes into our State, and seizes a person, who ho 1 fijs, is a slave, ltobert. The person seiz ed suys hu is a citizen of this State, and not Robert. Before hu is dragged oil', our law ' says this question must be settled. If ho is ! tho person claimed, he must go iu obedi ence to the law ol the Union, and drag out his miserablo existence in slavery. If, how ever, ho is not thu person claimed, hut it citizen of Vermont, he shall not, like un 'ruber Adam Gibson, he furcud off to hope- ' less servitude. The rights of our citizens 1 shall be maintained. If hu is a slave, he .... ... r ii . i .. ;r i sliall ue imtiiiuiiy given up, uui u uu is a ! citizen of our State ami nut a slave, notli I ing iu the Constitution or laws of the Un ' inn requires that ho should be delivered up I to false claimants. It may be objected that the iugitivu slave law provides lor a spcciltc method of trial. True, it duos provide fur a single Commissioner not a Court who may remand back a Iugitivu to slavery for life, but it gives him no power over the free citizens of our Stato. Whan our jurj has decided that question, tho Comir issiotier can exercise his powers, if the person claim ed is identified. Our jury cannot consider the abstract question of shivery, but wheth er this individual is the Robert claimed. On both of these points it is claimed, that tho law of our Slate embraces nothing at variance with the Constitution or laws of tho Federal Government, lint if iu any re. sped there is a collision, the people ol'Ver mont will freely submit tho question to tho highest judicial tribunal ol our laud ami cheerfully abide the decision. II thu Su premo Court should decide ibat any or the provisions or this law are incompatible, with the laws ot the United Stajes, it will un doubtedly be repealed or modified ; bui un lit there is sucu ii uccisiuu, all tlio storm and bluster of the South, aided by tho N. Y. Herald and Journal of Commerce, vnd their ready echoes iu Hoston, will poably f.u! tofijreoour jet uiitrummelledgishiture lo recede from the position iiey have as sumed. Our law further provides, that Stale's At loriiisliqllualU'OimM sioprocuroi UiA. liem Ihtf cfmrpttifoisl- Are-tl.e clrarfjs Ol sUVC- mnnl l ..l.t: ... . have tho little benefit they may hopo to de- ' f f t ' ftvo irom lecai counsel. . Hut it is contended that there arc no fu gitive slaves in Vermont, and theroforo the act was designed only to irritate and dis turb the South. It is very true, there ore probably no fucitives in Vermont, and (this very fact shows that the design was to i MFnlnnl isi, m I I . I ' . V . . i protect our own citizens ; and it is too lalo in'the dav tnsav iborn i. nn ,,nn,l nr ..,t. protection, after tho trj&jicliouv at.. Rius- burg, Philadelphia, New A.t.iny, Cincinna ti aim oiner places, to drag Tree negroes in to slavery under cover of the fugitive slave law. Tho natural etfect or this law has been to encourage a class of reckless bI.ivo catchers, who aro now swarming in the Nor thern Slates, ready to soize any person hav ing the least taint of negro blood, who they think will bo unable to exhibit direct proof of his freedom. It is obvious that a man who would engage in this business would not hesitate to swear to any faet w hich would enable htm to put a few hundred dollars in to his pocket, by tratuportinga negro, slave or Tree, into a State whore " sinews may bo bought and sold." It is not true that tho law or Vermont was designed to irritate tho South, though Vermonlcrs do not feci themselves under special obligations to bow very low to tho prejudices or Southerners. They have heard the storm and thunder of Southern politicians too often to bo very groatly terrified, and they probably will at tend to their own affairs anil quietly etiact and enforce such laws a they think neces sary to protect their own citizens. Though a small Slate, and possessui little compar ative inllueuce in the great sisterhood, Ver mont yet claims thu right of managing her : own all'airs, and of securing to her own di ' and preparing for all the crim horrors of u bloody war; but ir acarievad and iniureil by any act of tho Federal Government, sho w ill probably appeal to the highest judicial tribunal iu the land, ami calmly abide tlio decision. It is somewhat difficult to assign a reason for the disposition ofsomo Whig journals, to placo Vermont, whioli bus always beear so true to Whig principlee, in a false position. A few weeks sinco, a pnper of that class in Hoston, which has usually manifested a very dove-like tenderness for the slavehotdiii-r in", lercst, and has unceremoniously denounced all who did not yield every point m motlest- 1 1 i;m,i i, o... . .. "... .,,..,.. .ITZ ' l, m ' l'" "H '""-, joo-i.a.uo o, aoionion root. Senator c act- from llu!) 5st.ntll i. n f.'ritn s2.nl... . n...l . I " I 1 - ' " w "unci , nun iijlji .uuiuiiioy rn,i,..l n fi.., .!...:..' ".: ....j, ,.w mi au ore- mug paper or a similar class; when the edi- lorslnu'?l ,1M0 know tW M'r i TJil o rC(,ubr Wh camlida(e .lld thdt he la a sound a Whig as tho pre-'ent Wni- catidi- . . 17 n dutoTor thaf office iuM'.ivsBcbiisetts.- Such a collrs0 II)aI11esls a ,onr ma:U;e ...... unworthy .p. l,rn,. ,!, ,lu -SbjA. " , . ,' 7 . ' , .iu.. iii a tvvi liiiiuiius iwuose uumoers per haps tire not greater lhairibeinsahehlrtfady iu our Hospitals) the wltoje JNprlb, almost as one man, are devoted to tliu Union; and that the Union mass meetiugs got up. with so much parade, lo secure. tho Uuioii-ffoundui- ruptiou, are as great a burlesque asau aV tempt to uicrca-u the light of noonday .with a candle. The solt, Ellan tones winch, have gone out Irom such meetings tovvards South Carolina and her sister spirits, are in singular contrast with the denunciations so liberally extended to come tactions'' of tho iNorm. tor do vcrmonters bclievc-that till discussion in regard to (he minis of lliol'u- gitivu slave law mutt bo smothered, and every expression of opinion adverse to.it.s.i leuced. And il appeal s a little, unreasona ble to us, that tfioso occupying thu highest station iu the government should condescend to proscribe such as claim the rigt of free dom of speech on thi subject. No'r'Ho' wo believe that the. combined effort 'of South erners and the friends of the fugitive sluvc law at the North, n defeat the election of a Senator in New York, is ut ull juttiftablc. Many, alio, consider that it, admits of a doubt whether coiciqiu: ia henceprlli to.bu erased from our vocabulary, the aws, of ,t.hc Union to be entirely paramount to, the hws of God, as some of our leading' politician' ure now contending. Hat tho sarhaslci 're mark is sometime made; "'sxim'evvhrvo otit of the world in Vermont," atid ptvhaps- wo are too far remov cd ftom kofi eat iekjrhlia justify an expression oLn'tmon bn sued weighty subjects. Wq wd suppoved thai the world was making vj0srf, but when wo see men doluff the right. of.,private judgiiie.it and ire discussion, anil ...ridicul ing " couscie-ee." "d ,')' " '"SyHY" ves3iewbt doubt vvhicrfwjy Uie w'vmd is pwgreliig. ,,' ' '' If any upology is iln'de'il fir nreseiilip theso views to the public, It may be found in the following consideration : Eicli' indi- vidua) lifl a comnVoti interest in le! reputa tion pfnlitt Stato inUhieti hcJcUiiascitttien hliip, Atid(jHM a right; and u iu ddtr; bound ...rt.i.i;.... I....I.....IM uihMfT fidiolv; 2 , III I UU b.lV UVI.I.U.IIIW. . . . j Jw dumi, of .1 ' i ".iv M.U'tt m rvirws ate eiiiertaiuuu in uu h !'. ...-m Voi' f.l..S i prupiirilOll'OI ijiuceua uvd'l u-.il t-it rur ifiucellaueuus articles sco last page. .,.,. ,., UUuur oongaiion lo step in Willi such ii vigorous exercise or its powers, and thus to throw a broad shield over thoclalms of slave holders, at tho expense of human freedom, lot the miserablo victims who aro thus to be hurled back into Iron servitude.