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BYE. P. WALTON & SON.
MONTPEL1EK, THURSDAY, JUNE 11), 1851. VOL. XLV, NO. 30. WHOLE NO. 2301. lUalcljmnn & State Sournnl. ruDLisiiRii nvKiiv TiiunsnAY morning TERMS. $1,50 cah In adinee 1 8'i.OO Ifnarmcnt la not tokit In idne, intern. !; charged fium the end of he i mi) th Ametlen Mf Mtxvgor BIimiDAYS. nv mrb. u 11. kirournhy. Tlnf ht blnWiia, in thn hapa) bom. ! And Inndnr lore rca Fuml final, nlnaie In. nraarnaa ehtlil That dn.ll.lh on II. praaar.. It ahawat'lh n'ar tlie ntitaf. ynnlti IKaaatnfa lad inlrn, awteta Ami toara karara th. ni( keij To pay an wnVriag m.l. Th. irth.l.f of tan naaaal I TbMlbl On winflad arrall .bill 11 To diftant r.lhni, nr .ttenfer Chmta rtnnaalh ft Ijirt-Ifn ihr i Or b.r tnat rn a'nr ocean Thai im nil aagar frown, Whlnn many walera rnnnot qanneh, Smt H tbl( Mllowldlonn. Tkt iirtUtr mflktitti! D aura Tb.l ..wl nnla U t.-nj S.na pwtraul to Ik. .Ill mm! pxl, And dry Ibn .f . tbnt .man t Wrap famavti round tb. abrlaMaf form, , Horn, fur iba arallaa And, And M iba Ink I of Inowl.ij. beam Upon tba darkaatd njitad. Hpmvd wWn tb. p(. th.l piV of God ; 6ad Oaatataalam nana, O'.r w.tt.rn fLa,oer Aala'a wild., Or far tiibariaa alrand i Giva taaabar. to in. pr.iri. cb4d j abnd bona ii'er .nal. fvtUiln ; Pptab kindly word. IP rrnng haarta Thai rV.I tle aim; of .corn. rttaramovr iniitn who elimt, lb. .h'nad, And plough tbo .uifinf, main ; It.. lb. pitv ln-oath ih. pn.on grata, fin i ' d.p.trin tram; Tor all m.nbtnd I.I daaa and arat.ra Of putft lod-wiil bo fivsn, Ho ahall 'ba Hiribdnj. ul 'h. aiad ll.lp tl inn own ol lo b.a.en. 15011 FLKTCIIKU. BY HoN. TfMVMilULN't) llAJNC?. Tfcttiitbtt or iIm following graphic pietsrc f dk-nttlk )iafpiMa ih coitt lf, w Uttmmrlj tfteietar; f ifa Ournmoaweiith uf Pninyltuii, and iww Ktf iIr of the TiMtttry eftti Utit4 AtaUf it WathittfUn. I omi kutw a ploofhtMB. Ub FMetiw bit aiise, U ho wa aid and wa aglt t4 to wai Mt dan) , Yctfrt4itila ooauatad. ad fia from all tltif, ) flf tebat lb f.larbaHB and Jod; (kii wife. At lb ajMMS itrakd tba Eat ad Iba ntbt flad awiy, Ttif 7 waofd ra ap Art labor rafteabad far taa day j Aatl Kta oj of tba Urk at it ro oa tba f Founil Uwb at bii plvagb. and bit wifg at the piL A ait littla eotiao in fraaiof a gratt U'bara la toatb kif but tbair 3roamxarta optolTct Wat (ba toU9 of aja, tad ta tba oMy daar At it called f the pan wad a tattle aad a iter. at'eeh ibdiMt ibofbi. aad tfce mli lmHirt Tbtt to ib led in ymitb iba warm wuba-fiba boert i Tba thorn wat mil ibarv, aad iba bloitatni it bore. And ibe voog iiomtbv io, tacoiad tbe tamo at before. Whoa ibe cotuin of mg in uvr nature wet tpread. Uob bad retuinud from hii plough lobia hl, l.tk vht (lore tn her nval, he rrpti.ci1 fruai all cur, Kbit wtte a ivt lua T'iun;ln t r nntritlm1 w r the I a. I hata pattird ! bit Juur whn lUa rvamug wat jraj , And the htll and the landocapt waia fatding wf , Aad hate bfd from the omiaga witb gratofl aurpnit, 1 b totte f ihattk a giving lite mccutc aria. And I thought on ihe prood, who looked dw wHh teorn Oa tba oaat iiula euiiogoi, the grvva aad il.ern, Aad fait ih4t the tiebaaaud tiMal ol lila Ware dioti to coataunaeot, witb Hob and bit wife. iiHscciiancoii! J-ove vs. Health. nv MISH C. M. SCI1I1WICK. Tiom Ariliar'l tlutnu rtaz.tla. About a mile from the Berkshire villages, and separated from it by the Huusalonic, is one of ihe love'iest sites in nil our old coun try. It is on an exhausted farm of rocky, irregular, grazing ground with a incjiliiwof rich alluvial soil. The river, which so near ly surrounds it as lo make it a peninsula 'in little,' doubles around a narrow tongue of land, called ihe Ox-bow a bit of meadow so smooth, so fantastic in itsshape, mi secluded, so adorned by its fringe of wil lows, clemaiiuses, jrapc-vincs, all our vva- ler-loving shrubs, that it suggests to every one, who ever read u fairy tale, a scene for tho reveN of e ves and fairies, let, no Oberon no Tnania dwelt there; but long' ago, where there aro now some ruinous re-1 mains of old houses, and an uncouth new ; one. stood the first frame house of the low-. er valley of the Ilousatouic. It was inhab ited by the last Indian who maintained the name of Chief, and from him passed to the first .Missionary lo the tribe. I here Kirk- lxnd, the late honored President of Harvard College, was bom, and his genial and gen erous nature received its first and inehV cciblo impression?. Tenant, unknown to fame, succeeded the Missionary. Tho Indian dwelling fell lo decay: and Ihe property has now passed into Ihe bauds of u poet who, rumor bays, proposes trans forming it to a villa, whose occupant will give to it a new consecration. Just befoie its final high destiny was re vealed, there dwelt there u rustic pair, who found nut rather late in life, thai Heaven had decreed they should wear together the conjugal yoke. That Heaven had decreed it, no one could doubt who saw how well it filled, and how well they drew together. They had one child a late blossom, and cherished as such. Little Mary Marvel would have been spoiled, but there was nothing to spoil her. Love is the clement of life, mid in an atmosphere of love she lived. Her parents were penplc of good sense upright habits, with no theories, nor prejudices, ambitious or corruptions, to turn the child from the inspiration of Heaven, with which she began her innocent life. When little Mary Marvel came to be sev en years old, it was a matter of seriouscon sidcratinu how tUe was lo be got to the dis trict school or 'the plain,' (the common de signation of tho broad village street) full a mile from the Marvel's secluded residence. Mrs. Marvel was far better qualified than the teachers of the said school to direct the literary training uf her aid, she was a strong minded woman, and a reader of all the books she could compasa, but she had all the in-door farm work to do cheese lo nuke, butter to churn, fcc. ; and after lit- tie Mary had learned to read and ppell , she mut lie sent to school for the mora clabo rat process of learning arithmetic, geog raphy, &,c. ' Now, Julius Hasen,' said Marvel to his only neighbor's son, ' don't you want to call, us you go oy days, with your little sister, and take our Mary to school t I guess she , won't ho a trouble. She could go alone ;j 'Go ou Anne. What other sanitary mca but, somehow, mother and I should feel ca-'surcs were pursued?' sler, as the river is to pass, &.c, if you are ! 'Just such as we all take when we arc ill willing.' she doctors if she is more unwell than A kind boy was Julius ; and without hes- usual j and she ride out almost cvey plcas italion he promicd to lake Marvel's treas-1 ant day. There is nothing they won't do urc tinder his convoy. And, for the two for her. There is no kind of pic or cake, years following, whenever the district school 'sweatmeat or custard,that Mrs. Marvel docs was in operation, Julius might bo seen con-1 not make lo tempt her appetite. If she ducting the two little girls down the hill that wants to go to ' the plain' Mr. Marvel bar tends to the bridge. At the bridge, they loi- nesses and drives over. You know father leted. Its charm was felt, but indefinable. I would think it ridiculous to do it to me.' It vat in spell upon their senses; they would 'Worse than ridiculous, Arum! what kAkp and down the sparkling stream till does the gift do fallow does she amuse it winded far away from sight, and at their herself f' own pretty faces, that smiled again in them, : ' I do believe, Julius, you arc interested and at Julius, skittering the stones along in Mary Marvel I' the water, t, a magical rustic art !) That old 'lam. I was always curious as lo the bridgo was a point of eight for pictures, dillerent modes of suicide people adopt. oilier than Claude painted. For many a Has she any occupation and pleasure !' year, the old lingered there lo recall the po- ' Oh yes ; she reads forever, and studies; etry of their earlier days; lovers, to watch she is studying German now.' the rising and sotting of many a star, and ' Poor Maty 1' children to play out their 'noon-time' and I ' What in the world makes you pity Mary, twilights. Heaven forgive those who re place it with a dark, dirty, covered, barn like, of bad odor in every tense ! The worst kind of barbarians, those who make war not upon life, but upon the life of life its innocent pleasures ! llut, we toiler with the children, when we should go on with them through thenar row lane intersecting broad, rich meadows, I and shaded by pollard willows, which form living and growing posts for the prettiest ,f our northern fences and round the turn by the old Indian burying ground. Now, hav-! nig come to 'the plain,' they pass the sol- emu precincts of th village church, and that burying ground where, miicc the Indi-iso pretty, so lovely she is fit for Heaven, an left his dead with us, generations of their 'She may be, Anne, I do not doubt it; successors are already lain. And now they but she is very unlit fur earth. What has enter the wide village street, wide as it is, her good, devoted, einihle, well-informed shaded and embowered by dense maples and mother been about? If Mary had been wide btrelclung elms; and enlivened with taught the laws of health, and obeyed them, neatly trimmed court-yards and llower-gai- it would have been worth infinitely more den. It was a pleasant walk, and Us sweet 'to her than all she has got at your famous mlluences bound those young people's boarding-school. Ignorance of these laws hearts together. We are not telling a love is culpable in the motheis disastrous, fatal story, and do not mean to imimalo that this to tho daughter:1, It is a disgrace to our was the beginning of one though we have . people. The young women now coming heard of teed a nature implants germinating! in, will bo as nervous, as weak, as wretch at as early a poriod as this, nswereintmboricd, as their unhappy mothers languished n buy six years old, who, on being reproved I embodiments of dease mementos of doc by his mother for having kept his book open .tors and pillboxes, dragging out life in an at one place, and his ujes fixed on it for , air-tight room, religiously struggling to per liilf an hour, replied with touching frank-'form their duties, and dying before they ness j have half finished the allotted term of life. ' Mother, I can sec nothing there but j They have no life no true enjoyment of Carolino Mitchell !' life.' Little Mary Marvel had no other senti- ' What a tirade, Julius 1 And who would merit for Julius than Ins sister had. She 1 think j ou were a cross old bachelor !' thought linn the loudest and best ; and much i ' Ou the contrary, my dear Anne, it is as Ihe reverenced the village pedagogues, ibecsuso I am a young hacAiidor, and desire slio thought Julius' learning profouudcr not to be a much older one, that I am so than theirs, for he told them stories from ' earnest on this subject. 1 have been trave the Arabian Nights taught them traditions ling now for two months in rail cars and of .Monument mountain made them learn , steamers, and 1 could fill a medical journal b) be.irt the poetry that immortalized them, ( with cases ot young women, married and and performed other miracles of learning single, whom I have met from town and nnd teaching, to which the school-master j countiy, with every ill thai flesh is heir to. didu'i approach. 1 1 have been nu involuntary auditor of their Children's judgments are funned on sin- charming little confidences of 'chrome head gular premise, hut they aro usually just . ache,' 'nervous feeling",' weak backs,' conclusions. Julius was an extraordinary neuralgia,' and heaven knows what all !' boy, nud not because he was sickly and ' Oh, Julius ! Julius !' could do nothing else, (not uncommon ' It is true, Anne. And their whole care grounds) was destined for a liberal educa-' is, gentle and simple, to avoid the air! lion. Strong of heart .nid strong in body, never to walk when they can ride; never he succeeded in everv thing, and without 'to ue cold water when they can get warm; being a clurge to his father. He went llirouah colle!e. was craduuted with honor studied Uw ; and hen Mary Marvel was .ilmiit HI lie c..'iiiw' Imn.o friini Ins rcMilHiice in one of our thriving cities, for a vacation, being full of legal business. His first visit was to tho Marvels, whore be was received with as much Hamuli as in his father's home. As he left tho house, ho said to his sister Anna, w ho was with him ' How shockingly poor Mary is looking?' 'Shockingly? Why, I expected you would say she was so pretty ! ' Pretty ! My dear Anne the rose o;i your cheeks are worth all the beauty that is left in her pale face. What havo they dono to i her? When you were children, lm was a. round, robusl Imlo llung, and so strong and cheerful, vou would hear her voice half a m-lo ringing like a bell, and now it's 'Hulk from the tomb a doleful sound !' When 1, last saw her let me see four years ago she was not perhaps a Ilebo but a whole some looking girl.' ' Julius ! What an expression !' Well, my dear, it conveys my meaning, and therefore is a good expression. What has been the mailer I Has she had a fever I Is she diiented 7' 'Julius! No! is that the way the Western people talk about vounu ladies I Alary is in poor health, rather delicate ; but the docs not look so different from the rest of our girls 1, vou know, am an exception.' Thank Heaven, you are my dear Anne, ami thank our dear, buusible mother, who understands the means of health.' ' But Mary's mother is a very sensible wo man loo.' ' Not in her treatment of Mary, I am sure. Tell me how she lives. What has she been about since 1 was here ?' 1 Why soon after you went away you know 1 wrote to you thai she had gone to the school. You know her parents aro willing to do everything for her and Mary was ve ry ambitious. They are hard students ut the schuul. Mary toldiuc she studied from eight to ten hours a day. Sha always got sick before examination, and had to send home for lots of pills. I remember Marvel at once sending her four boxes of Brand reth's nt one tune. Rut she took the first honors. At the end of the first term she came homo, looking as you say as if she had a fever.' 1 Ami they scut her back ?' ' Why, yes, certainly term after term for two years. You know Mary was always persevering; and so was her mother. And now they have their reward. There is not a girl uiiywhcrc who surpasses Mary for scholarship.' 'Truly, they have their reward infatua ted people I' murmured Hasen. Have they taken any measures lo rettore her health, Annel' 'Oh, ves, Mrs. Marvel does not permit her to do any hard work. She does not e- ven let her sweep her own room j they keep a domestic, you know; and last winter she had an air tight stove in her room, and it was constantly warm, day and night. The draft was opened early j and Mrs. Marvel let Mary remain in bed as long as she plea sed ; and reeling weak she seldom was in- clincd to rise before nine or ten.' 1 Julius? Because, Anne, she has been deprived of nature's best gift defrauded of her in herilancu: n sound constitution, from tem perate active parents. One may have all the gifts, graces, charms, accomplishments un der Heaven, and if they have not health, of what use or enjoyment are they ? If that little frail body of Mary Marvel's contained all that I have enumerated, it would be just the reverse of Pandora's box having every good, but one curso that affected all.' Dear Julius, 1 cannot bear to hear you talk so of Mary. I expected you would like her so much. I I hoped . She is never lo oat bread when they can get cake, ond soon, throuuli the chapter. In the I mailer of oating and drinking, and such III- tin rr.iriiilnres ai .siiiukin". and cliewinrr. the I men are worse. Fortunately, their occupa-! lions save most ol llmm Irom the invalid-! ism of ihe woman. You think Mary Mar-1 vel beautiful ?' ' No not beautiful, prchaps, but very, very pretty and so loveable !' ' Well,' rejoined Julius, coldly, after some hesitation, ' Mary is pretty ; her eyo is beautiful; her whulo face intelligent, but so pale, so thin her lips so colorless her hands so transparent, thru I cannot look at her with pleasure. 1 declare to you, Anne, when 1 sen a woman with a lively oye, a ! clear healthy bkin, that shows tho air of heaven visit il daily it mav he roughly, if , ' u pleases Heaven to roughen the day, an i elastic, vigorous tep and a stron", cheerful i voice I am ready to fall down and do her homage ! Julius Hasen was sincere and zealous in his theory, but he is nut the first muii who3e theories Lute has overthrown. ' Love laughs al locksmiths,' and mischieveously moclis at the stoniest bars ami bolts of resolution. Hasen pas;ed thu Hummer in his native! tow n. He renewed bin intimacy with his old I neighbor. He perceived in Mary grace and 1 qualities that made him fuel the heavenly and ! forget tho aarlhly ; and, m spite of his wise, well considered resolution, in three inunths ! he had impressed ou her pale check ' thu kiss uf betrothal,' and slipped ou the finger of her tran-parunt baud the ' engagement ring ! But wo must do Julius liaseu justice. Whou his laughing sister rallied bun on his inconsistency, hes.ud. ' You arc right, Anne 1 but I adhere to my text, though I must now uphold it us a bea con not as an example. I must say with the Turk ' it was vvrittiiiV j He was Irue to himself and true to his wife ; and at the risk of shocking our young lady readers, we must betray that, after Ihe wedding ring Hason'slirot gift to Mary was 'The Principles of Phystolgy applied to the Preservation of Health, and the Im provement af Physical and Mental Educa tion; by Andrew Combe, M. D.' This book (which should be studied by every mother in ihe United States,) he accompan ied by a solemn adjuration, that she should ttudy and apply it. He did nut atop here. After his marriage he bought two riding horses mounted his bride on one and him self on the other, and thus pcrloriucd the greuter part of his journey to Indiana only taking a rail car for convenience, or a stea mer fur repose ! And, arrived at his Western home, and with tho hearty acquieiceuce of his wife, who only needed to know the right to pur sue it, she began a physical life in obedi ence to the laws laid down by the said ora cle, Andrew Combe. Last fall, nx years since his marriage, he brought his wife and two children to visit his Eastern friends. Iti reply to compli ments on all hands, on his wife's impaired health and beaut, ha laughingly proposed to build, on the site of an old Indian dwell ing, a quadrangular Temple, dedicated to the Four Ministers of Health Air, Water, Exercise, and Regimen ! Krum lha llrandon I'fMt.. addisox county sni:int HOUSES A(JALSTTIIi: UMOX. Sin: Not long since I received a polite note from our friend A. L. Bingham of Cornwall, to be present at the sheep shear ing by himself and his brother Merrill llinghain, and examine their sheep and sco with my' eyes the fleeces which were taken from them. I very gladly accepted the in vitation and give below some facts which may be relied upon as correct, and which I belicvo will be of interest to all j&lr readers and to tho farmers of the United ijtatf . Messrs. A. L. liiughaui and Mer;ill Bing ham have a large slock of the French .Me - rinobheep winch are known as ihe Lmtiinr Sheep. This breed of sheep were first imported by John A. Taiutor of Hartford, Connecticut, in the year IS 10, from the flock of Messrs. Gilbert and Creynott, of France. They were originally pure Span ish Sheep and were brought from Spain in the year 178(3, by a man by the name of Gilbert, then superintendent of the Govern ment flock at or near Kambnuilct, about US -'miles from Paris. Although small when brought from Spain, they have beun bred with so much care that they have regularly improved until they have attained great size and weight of fleece. Their wool is long, fine, even, and very compact on the body, and they are wooled from the tip of the nose to tho hoof. They exhibit great strength of constitution and spright- lines? of appearance, and seem not to be I anecied m the least by the rigors of the clt- !! trench merino bucks. He sold seven mate. Sufficient time haB elapsed since I of them and received prices fur them vary they were first introduced ainoni' us to prove ' iu from $200 to $J')0. Onu of them he thoroughly the decided improvement which cdii be made bv crossing them with the old Spanish merino breed, increasing greatly their size and weight of fleece. The con sumption of food by them is not in propor tion lo their size, when compared with the old Spanish merino sheep. On my arrival al A. L. Bingham's house, I found a largo number of the fanners and ; wool-growers of the surrounding country j there, to see for themselves, whether the j accounts given of the Binuuasi Sheup were j correct. Mr. Bingham's bouse is a small,1 old fashioned house, which, from its an- j pearauce, docs not give much promise of I groat prosperity in Us possessor, standing I While on the subject of Addison County on the western slope of a heavy swell of sheep, I ought not to fail to mention, that land, running through the town of Corn-1 my friend S. W. Jewell, of Weyhrtdge, who wall, North and South. llut when you has been and is extensively known among come to look at the extensive, well cultivu-itho wool-grow er of tho United Stales, has ted farm around it, and "see some half a' just returned from France with one him dozen barns, surrounded by sheds and sheep drcd bucks and ewes of the French merino cotes, all fitted up in Ihe bestjjf ordcrand I breed, and that he has now on the way an arrangement, and all filled nd surrounded4 other hundred of tho same etnek. I hA'onoi with the most magnificent flocks of sheep ', yet seen these sheep, but they are spoScn of that eyes ever rested on, you begin to think as noble specimens. the appearand; of the old house of little con-' After tho shearing w.u over on the 20th, sequence. , the Messrs. Binghams invited their guests, Before proceeding to give the fuels in 1 who were numerous, Iodine with them, and relation to tho sheep, I cannot refrain from I the company sat down lo a most sumptuous mentioning some other llnnt's I saw at Mr. J entertainment, including all tho substantial A. L. Bingham's, particularly a span of and delicacies of the season. I recollect of black mares and a short-horned Durham i hearing but one toast given, and that was Cow and CMf. The Cow was one of the "The ltiiighnm Festival uf the Shctp Shear largest size, having all the peculiar marks ing : May the entertainment and Ihe sheep of that noble breed of animals. Mr. Ring- never degenerate." ham purchased her last fall at the New- Among the guests I met my friend David York Stale Fair at Albany, ol Isaac Shcl- don, Cayuga County, N. Y. She is six years old, and is of the stock of the cclebra- led Bull Old Sulcndor. The calf by her side was seven weeks old, DOUilds. and was sired and weighed !J70 by the Duke of Cambridge, imported by Col. Sherwood nfi Cavufra Countv. N. Y. The mares were bred by John Sarben of Virginia. Their , animation and sprighlliness of hi coiinten sire is Bertram!, Grand Sire, Old Iter- wee, and from his activity and energy of trand, imported from England. Their dam ! movement, that he was past nine. This is J'torazcll, Grand Dam, Old Florazcll, (I j horse has been so often and so fully desenb am not sure I spell those names aright,) al-, ed by those who are perfectly aujait in such so imported. 'They arc sisters from tho I matters thul 1 shall attempt no description of same dam and sire, one five jcars old and him. It will bo suflicieiil for my purpose to the other six. Their Grand Sire and Grand , say here that I hold hint lo be worthy in eve Duin aro said never to have been beaten on ' ry respect of the highest eulogiums ever pas- r i mil iimin him. Il is one. nftho most snlendid uiauu cuu EU til nu iiuius aiiu icuuai. , ,. , --- The one named Jbn.nv Lino weighs lOPJiMghlsI ever saw to see him move in the bar- pounds, and tho other named Fi.oRA.r...L. ne,3, in His bold, fast, and strong gait. His weighs HUH pounds. They arc 15 hands '"tuck is unrivalled. There arc now in this high. For perfection 0r form, case, cle - gance and vigor of movement, and other qualities which would attract at once the notice ofa connoisseur in such matters, but which, being not one myself, 1 cannot mi nutely and appropriately describe, they cannot easily be surpassed. I noticed also ; a fine gelding colt, four years old, sired by the Morse horse which trotted against Black Hawk at the State Fair held at Saratoga Springs, N. Y. yoar before last. But to return to the sheep. Mr. A. L. Bingham's flock of French Merino sheep consists of D',1 breeding ewes, 2!l yearling bucks, and 10o ewes and buck lambs, being from 2 to 5 months old, and weighing from 75 lo 1 10 pounds, according to their age. One three year old buck recently imported, weighs 230 pounds, ond sheared, with only ten mouths growth of wool, SI I and 1-1 pounds of wool. Also one two year old liuck not shorn, weighing M i and l- lui For this last mentioned buck Mr. Bingham . . ....... . . - . has been ottered siuuu ny ilillereiu men. The following is a statement of the weight of tho sheep und of their fleeces, as sheared the 20th ol May. Urn VVai-lit. Ewe No. 7 122 lbs. " 10 157 " vv.ltbiorrwte. 1!) lbs, 17 " II 110 " 18 " 0 " a. n. 1 1U " 17 " 12 " " 31 118 " M " 14 " 110 123 .i 2ti .. (j .. 139 9-J " 10 " 12 " " 85 123 ' 18 " 12 " Making the average weight of the sheep 132 lbs. 4 oz., and the average weight of Ihe fleeces 18 lbs. 7 oz. On the 2Ut of May he sheared six mure sheep, the weights of whose fleeces were as follows : No. SOI IT tba. fVo.QO-lti M No. 38 18 1-3 " J IG lt " tA-Hl-3 ' fiM-lGl-3 " 211-17 :-! 11715 1-9 ' 330-13 " 3115 3 4 " " 3D-31 1-3 ' 110 SK " 7118 " ' 31-18 1-3 " 719 " 71-18 M " " W-17 Making the average weight of the fleeces about 17 lbs and 4 ounces. So much fur the horses cattlo and sheep of Mr. A. L. Bingham. In the afternoon of the '-Oth instant, the company went from the residence of Mr. A. L. Iliugham to the residence of Mr. Merrill Bingham, which is on the Eastern slope of the swell of laud before mentioned. Mr. Bingham has built a fine house in the cottage style, with oul-buildings to match, which overlooks a large ami finely cultivat ed farm, with bams and sheds fitted up in tho best manner for the purpose of breeding sheep. He has not gone so extensively in to the Tai.ntor Sheep as his brother, but his flock embraces some fino specimens of dial and other breeds, On the afternoon above mentioned, Mr. Bingham sheared four sheep, the weights of whoso fleeces were us follows : No. Ill 17 lbs. " f IB fi oz. " f 111 " (i " " 50 12 " 11 " Making the average weight about 10 lbs. H ounces. On the next day he sheared five breeding ewes Ihe weight of whoso tleeccs were as (follows No. 8119 lbs. 2 oz. " 071(3 " 12 r,a ir, a r,in " 2 " 201 ir i i The average being about 1(5 lbs. and 10 oz. At tho same time he sheared eight half bloud ewes, one year old, being a cross of tho French with the Spanish Merinos, with the following results : No. 18 lbs. 11 oz 2 S 3- 3 17 5-S 0-7 7 o 8 7 The average being about 8 lbs. and 2 oz. Mr. M. Bingham imported, in March last, has been oflered $-100 fur and refu-ecl the ofdr. Although 1 did not see all of these sheap sheared, and the fleeces weighed, I have the above facts ou authority upon which I place implicit reliance. I certain ly would not give thum to the public in this shape unless 1 had the fullest confidence in their truth. For a pari of ihcm I can vouch from my own personal observation. Can these sheep be beaten in tho United States ? I believo, not, though I do not profess to he "bookedup" as perfectly as some others in these matter's. At all events, if they can bo beale'nlfjhis statement may serve to call forth thefproof. Hill, of Bridport, one of the proprietors of the celebrated horse lilack Hawk, who in vited mo out to Ins place to sec tne old horse and his stock. I could not decline such an invitation, and a lew days since I made him a visit. The horse lilack Hawk is now about 10 years old, but no una would 1 ludce from his appearance, and from Iho 1 vicinity some half dozen ol his coin, lour and Ave years old that can only be rivalled by i their sire. Persons from all parts of the country even from Virginia are Fending to llridport to secure some oi nis siuck. Messrs. Hills showed me a four years old cult which they called the Pint Hoy lilack Hawk, his dam being a Post Boy mare, lie is a roan, nut ns lauiucss in nis propmiiuns as the old home. He will be considerably larger than his sire, and will rival, if not surpass him, in those qualities which make the stock of a horse most desirable. But I was must pleased with a two year old Black Hawk cult owned by them, for which thoy paid last winter over $700. He is perfect ly symmetrical in Ins proportions, showing all the prominent characteristics, in Ins shape, limbs, and movements, of his sire, but will be found to be more faultless liorsc,whcu crown than he is. He has tho most beautiful neck, head and ear that I ever saw, and such ' I believ o, is the opinion of all who have seen i f. : ..i .. nc..,.. l....,.lrn.l '" n w imiiu pmoj m " iiiv" , uf miles to witness the horses 1 have above IllUIIUUIICU. llut I must close. I have made this com- i niunicatinii a long one. I trust it will nut bo uninteresting to the public. Yours, E. D. BARBER. Middlcbury.May, 27, l-ol. Despotism and Eoucation. In the whole empiro of Russia, containing sixty millions of human beings, there are only 1,200 public, 60 parish, and 521 private schools, at which 60,2cU youths me educa ted, exclusive of U5 schools among ihe Jews, and the schools in Poland. There is nut a school for the serfs, the masses ; all the schools being for the nobility, or priests, or rich merchants. Poland contains 1,533 schools, with 81,003 pupils. SmrriNo or tiii: United Status. Tho amount of tonnage for 1850 was 3,035,000. This comprises the tonnage in the foreign trade, the coasting trade, the lakes, rivers, and canals. Its is a little larger than that of Great Britain. FAIRBANK'S SCALES. Wc published some time ago an account j of tho Weigh Lock Scale at Albany, con structed by tho Messrs. Fairbanks of St. Johnsbury. Wc understand that several i other Scales of the same kind aro to bo furnished by them this season for New York and Ohio. The skill of the Messrs. Fairbanks has been tested at New Orleans with another kind of Scale. A dormant platform Scale for tho use of the Iliauch Mint, was can- traded for, of tho capacity of iio.OOl) Truy ounces, and not to vary from the standard in a greater ratio than one ounce in 20,000. Tho following ccrtificnto shows tho result : Unitrd Statusi Bimncii Mint, Nr.w Oruians, March 22, 1851. J Mr.Nsus. E. iV, T. Faiihiankh iV. Co., Gentlemen Wc have received and put up the Platform Scales, sent us by order of Mr. Brooks, late Coiner, at the Branch Mint in thisplawe, and after having subjec ted them lo repealed tests, I take ploasurc in staling that I find them very accurate, much more so than I had anticipated pre vious to trial. Considering their capacity and size, I am of opinion that they are more delicate and perfect than any scales I have ever seen, and have every confidence that they will prove fully adequate lo perform what you designed they should. Having placed upon the platform onu thousand ounces, (Troy,) standard weights, and nineteen thousand ounces, (Troy,) the weight uscertaincd by tho Treasurer's bal ance, I found a deviation from tho aggre gate weight (20,000 ounces) of twenty hundredths of an ounce. ' I made the experiment of placing upon the platform one thousand ounces, standard weights, and found the Scales to indicate that weight as nearly as it was possible for me to iudc. i I thou placed one hundred ounces, stand ard weights, upon the balance, in addition to the one thousand ounces, nud found the Scale to indicate accurately and so on up to two thousand ounces, by augmenting the weights one hundred ounces each tune. 1 therefore consider that tho contract, on jour part, has been complied with. Verv iepectfully, A. Dr.v.w.,'CWrifr U. iS. 11. Mint. The Messrs. Fairbanks state, and doubt less correctly, that there is no compound balance of equal capacity in any part of the world, which will sustain such a tost. Yel ihoir ponderous Wutgh Lock Scales arc c qually accurate. The improvement made by tho Messrs. F. in Weigh Lock Scales for canals was referred fur examination, last winter, to the Conmiilteo on Science and the Arts, of the Franklin Institute, Philadelphia. The re port of that committee embraces a mmuto description of the Scales, and a statement of its advantages, including accuracy and rapidity in determining the weight, and du rability, and concludes as follows : " In conclusion, the Committee were sat. isfied, by their own observation and the tes timony of those who had tho apparatus in daily and continual use, of the greatly in creased efficiency of iho Weigh Lock Scales of the Messrs. Fairbanks Co. and they believe ihe greater part of tho arrangement to be new. They therefore report it to bo worthy of, approbation, and recommend its general a- doption." Such results aro attained only by Ihe un- ion of mechanical genius with science ami long experience. Attempts have been made, we have lieaiu, lo worn aiier me oi. jonns- bury pattens; but it is found that tho am ides turned oul arc very far from being so 1 perfect and reliable. I In addition In their other advantages tho Messrs. Fairbanks have recently availed themselves of the exclusive right lo use Pierce's Patent Steel-edco Guards, an mi porlant protection from wear and friction, and keeping the Scale as sensitive in its vi brations afler years of constant use as at first. This improvement is invaluable in the construction of all the common modifi cations and sizes of Scales. It is impossible lo estimate the benefit derived by ihe community from the iuveutivu L'einus employed in the works nt St. Johns- bury, and the perfectly reliable character of! the articles toriusiicd nv ttiat esianiismneut . . . . " A false balance is an abon .. am . to the ; Lord ; but a just weight u his delight. - i Chronicle. A Wild Man oi- tiik Woods. The Memphis Enquirer gives an account of a Wild Man recently discovered in Arkansas. It appears that during March last, Mr. Ham ilton, of Greene county, Ark., while out hunting with an acquaintance, observed a drove of cattle in a state of apparent olarm evidently pursued by some dreaded enemy. Halting for the purpose, thoy discovered, as the animals fled by them, that thoy were followed by an animal bearing the unmis takable likeness of humanity. He was of gigantic stature, the body being covered with hair, and the head with long locks that fairly enveloped his neck and shoulders. l'ho wild man, after looking at them delib erately for a short time, turned und ron a way with great speed, leaping from tvvelvo lo fourteen feet al a lime. His foot prints measured thirteen inches each. 1 his mii- gular creature, thu Enquirer says, has long r elaborate- workmanship ami ilesigu, en bcen known traditionally in St. Francis, ! cUsiug tho Prussian gold modal fur scion Grccno und Poinsett counties, Ark., spurts- j tilts merit, as an acknowledgment of his men and hunters having described him sev enteen jcars since. A planter indeed saw In in very recently, but withheld this infor mation lest lie should not bo credited, until Ihe account of Mr. Hamilton and his friend placed tho existeuco of the animal beyond cav il. A great deal of interest is felt in the mailer, by tho inhabitants of that region, and various conjectures have been ventured in regurd to him. The most generally en tertained idea appears to be that he was a survivor of the earthquake which desolated that region in 1811. Thrown helpless upon the wilderness by that disaster, il is probable Ihal ho grow up in his savage stale, until ho nuw bears only the outward resemblance of humanity. Su well authenticated have now become the accounts of this creature, that an expedition is organizing ill Mem- plus, by Col. David C. Cross aud Dr. Sulli vju lo scout for him. Tub SecitET of Hapi-inkss. We can be truly happy but in proportion as we are the instruments of promoting tho happiness of others. How to Make Vinegar. There- are great'many notions entertained among our firmer about making vinegar. Tho grand old plan was to put out cider, or water and mnl.isses in a cask, to tho sun and expose it to the luminary with a bottle in tlio bung hole. There are still as many ideas entertained about making vinegar as there are about mukuig soft soap, and lur k is fre quently held to bo the umpire who decides whether it will be vinegar or no vinegar . i iic roasou wuv ciuer or omcr Hunt mix- ,ures change their nature and become vine- gar, is owing to a transformation of the par ticles and then a separation of one or more, and a combination of others. The oxygen of the atmosphere, although it is not now, as was once believed lo be, the only acidifi cr, still it i the groat one, and vinegar is formed by the cider parting with its carbon ic acid gs, which it cannot do without ab sorbing oxygen. The reasonable way then lo make vinegar rapidly and surely, is to expose the citle as much at possible to the atmosphere. The new way, and what is supposed by many to bo a patent way to make vinegar, is to let the cider percolate over a very exposed surface. This is the way thoy make it in the vinegar manufacto ry. The apartments where it is made is freely exposed to the air, and is kept at a temperature of about GO . The cider is left to run in small streams into troughs with bottoms full of small holes, then from that over very fine wood shavings, such as soft maple, and let these be fully exposed to tho air, and rested on a slatted bottom inado of clean bows or lathes, below which the vessel for receiving it should be placed; vinegar can be made from molasses and wa ter, grapes, corn stalks, beet roots, and ma ny other substances by this process, in a few days. Cider, however makes the best vin egar. Many tnouilicalious (lor cheapness) of the above plan may bo resorted to, tho grand secret being the exposure of the li quids to be changed into vinegar, in lavcra or strata to the oxygen of the atmosphere. There is ii. t .i l.irint r but w nh a cask, an old tub, and a I' W -hivin'", could uialiO imod viue.i.ir in one fnt'ili of t lie period now 'required hv the en miinii plans in uso lor that purpose. In thor vinegar factories introduced here by Frenchmen, the plans adopted are tho-e wc h ive narrated. How to nc Misuit MiLii. Sit at the win dow and look over the way at your neigh bor's cxcollcnt mansion, which he has re cently built and paid fur, and sigh out, 'Oh, that I were a rich man!' Get angry with your neighbor, and think you have not got i a menu in t no woiiu. aiiuii a tear or two. Take a walk in tho burial ground, contin ually saying to yourself, ' When shall 1 be buried hero !' Sign a note for your friend, mid never forget your kindnoss, and every hour in the day whisper to yourself, ' I won der if he will pay tint unto ?' Think eve ry body means to choat you. Closely ex amine every bill you take, doubt its being genuine, till you have put the owner to a great drat vf trouble. lleliovo every diuio passed to you is but u sixpence crossed, and express your doubts about gelling rid of it if you lake it. Never accommodate, if you can pnesibly help il. Never visit the sick and allhcted, and never givo a cent to tho ,)0or. Grind tho faces and hearts of tho poor and unfortunate. Brood over ymir j misfortunes, your lack of talents, and bo- lievclhat at no distant day you will come to want. Let the puor house over bo in your mind, with all the horrurs of poverty aI),i distress. I nen you win ue tinseramo to your heart's content if wo may so speak sick at heart, and at variance with all thu world. AmsTocnAcv. When tho French Gon. Foy was once entering, with much fervor, into a political discussion in the Chamber of Deputies, and had just pronounced tho word Aristocracy, a loud voice from the Minisiorinl side sternly demanded its mean ing. " Aristocracy" answered he at once, and calmly, " Aristocracy in the nineteenth century, is the league, tho coalition of those who wish lo consume without producing; to Ihe without working; to occupy all pub lic places, without being competent to fill them ; to seize upon all honors without mer iting them. That ij Aristocracy 1" How to out iin Ciiedit. The Salem Observer says, a young man who had been in business two or three years, was in want of a small loan of money, from two to three hundred dollars. He inado some inquiries, and was directed to a worthy citizen for the needful. He accordingly called on tho gentleman, and asked the favor, and the following dialogue took place : "Sir, do you take the newspaper I" " Yes, sir, the S U ." " Very well call on me in a day or two ." " During the interval the gentleman call ed at tho printing office, and on inquiry, found that the applicant for tho money had paid his newspaper bill punctually, vvheiiduc. On the young man calling on him, at the lime appointed, ho said, " You can havo the money sir, upon your note." Not without Honor uxurit in his own Cot'NTiiv. The king of Piussia has sent in rrnl'. .Morse a magnificent "old snuff-box. success in perfecting his telegraph ; which, afler comparison and experiment, is pro nounced tho must cllicicut of any in tho world for greal distances. Foreigners are thus) delighting to honor the inventor, while some of his own countrymen seek to deprive him of tho reward of his invention. Mom; tiioi nix rem tub Poi-e, It is said that there are in Florence aluue more than a thousand persons prepared to demand freedom of conscience and worship. Many of them aro republicans, and are influenced only by political considerations. Tho preaching of the gospel in the Italiau lan guage was some lime siuco prohibited in Florence. Onk little Si:.vroiiT. The tonnage of the port of New Bedford is estimated at 137,000 tons, while Baltimore has but 00, 000, New Orleans 83,000 and Philadelphia 74,000. No port in France has suchntuu nage, and only four in England ; and but two in the United States exceed it.