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iUfttcljittan & State Hoiirnal.
c. v. WAii'ox, jbmUihtok. Tlmrsiluy, Oct. '23, 1S31. - s LEGISLATURE OF VERMONT. SENATE Mosdat, Oct 20. The Senate adjourned after attending the morning service, a quorum of members not being present. Prayer by Hcv. J. S. Ixc. Hill) introduced and referred. By Mr Craw ford, creating a State Society for the promotion of Agriculture, Horticulture and the Arts ; totho committee on Agriculture. By MrGrosvcrnor, in addition to chap 81 of It S ; empowering any number of persons to form ti society fur the de tection of hone thieves and tho recovery of stolen property ; to the Judiciary committee By Mr Smith of Cavendish, in alteration of see 2 of chap 23 of It S ; assessing a tax of 20 cents on the dollar for the repair of highways and bridges; to the committee on Kod. lly Mr Crawford, limiting tho time of election of town lleprcsentatlyes ; allowing no person to a soat who was elected after 111 o'clock of the night of the second Tuesday in September ; to the com mittee on Elections. Petitions referred. Of Abram 11. Howett and 23 others, praying that he may bo restored to legal privileges ; to the Judiciary committee. Of Joseph hippie and 05 others fur a Hank at Richmond ; of A W Hyde and others for a Hank at Cattlcton ; to the committee on lhnk.s. Of Joseph Dodge and others, of Joseph Farwoll and others, of Daniel Reed and others, for an act for the relief of insolvent debtors ; to tho Ju diciary oommittec. Of J A S White and others, for u bank at Norlhfield ; to the committee on Hanks. Hcsolidions. By Mr Stacy, that tho Judiciary committee inquire into tho expediency of no a mending the law relating to tho arrest of debtors, that debtors residing out of the State, may he subject to the same immunities and privileges as those residing in the State ; adopted, lly Mr Green, that Secretary of State procure tho pr nt ing of U00 copies of the Constitution in pimph- let form, ai.d deposit one half of them in the Library and the other half in tho Depirtment of ui"' "c employ of the State, on the State State; lost, but reconsidered and on motion or,lIull6, ''' Mr Keith, to pay Win llradford the Mr Crawford, laid on the table. From tho Sen ute, that the two Houses meet in Joint Assembly on Thursday next to hear the report of the canvassing committee, of votes for County offi cers and Judges of Probate. Mr Williams mov cd to lay the resolution upon tho table, as the committee would not bo ready to report ; lost. jur uranuey ouereu as anamenumont me suosu- i. e . , , ... ... tution Of Tucsdav next, intood of Tlmmdav. n. ! it would not be necessary to make a final report, nnd it would bo for tho convenience of the Sec retary of State, and of the Secretary of Civil and Military AlTalrs ; thu resolution was ninendudso as to hear the report en Tuesday at 2 o'clock P. M., and adopted. Tho bill repealing sections 0, fi, and 1) of act nf le.'O, of the Compiled Statutes, was called up, and Mr Crawford mocd to refer tho hiiiiio to tho committee on Agriculture ; lost, yeas 51, nays 87. Air Barlow moved it be recommitted to tho General committee for a further hearing, which was agreed to. Adjourned. SENATE. 2 o'clock, i m. Hills introduced and referred. By .Mr Koyco, to establish tho Franklin County Law School ; tothocouimittco on tho judiciary. By Mr Eat inan,. to incorporate thu Northfiuld Bank ; to committee on banks, lly Mr Bites, to alter the time of holding tho Supremo Courts in the counties of Essex, Caledonia, Orleans and Lamoillu ; and on his motion it was referred to the Senators from the counties named. Tho Iloitso amended tho Scnnto resolution providing for a joint abscmbly on Thursday next at 10 A. M. to hear the report of the joint eom mltteo uppointcd; to canvas the votes for county officers and judges of probate, changing tho time to Tuesday next, 2 P. M. and tho Senate concur red in the amendment. Tho Senate passed in concurrence tho bill relating to suits againts trustees and claimants being required to give costs. i Tho House bill relating to notiries public was j taken up, read the third time, and laid on tho ta ble on motion of Mr Whittcmore ; the bill rela ting to tho repeal of statutes was also read tho third time, and ordered to lie, on motion of .Mr Seymour. On motion of Mr Batehclder, the bill to settle the boundary lino between Wilmington nnd Scariburgh, was indefinitely postponed. Adjourned. HOUSE. n , r -. i .i ... oi Reports of Committees. By tho committee;, on Education, against bill requiring town clerks j to furnish a copy ofthe grand Ii.t of each school "fC district. Mr Bridges s,ke against tho bill on !f the ground that it was imposs.ble fortown clerk. to n.frm dntv. Mr llnu ii.,.i u but littlo account, as copies of the grand list are ... . . to be furnished, under the present law, ujmui ap-l . ,. .. r. , , ., . plication; on motion of Mr Grandov, laid on the . ,, . , ,' ... table, on account of absence of chauman ol tho 1 committee. By the select committee, in favor of the petition of It. J. Morse and others, to nimox part of Bolton to Wuterbury, with bill to that effect; tho committee also reported that the pub lication of notice was not in strict compliance with tho statute. Mr Maynard moved tho bill I be dismissed, on tho ground that tho notice was insufficient. The chairman of tho committee stated that the bill was in accordance with tho wishes of tho inhabitants of Ilolton ; but .Mr Maynard said there were exceptions, and that no pains had been taken to oppose the bill, us roll anco was pliccd-upon tho want of notice. This motion was further discussed by .Mr Barlow, as thero had been an instance of thu passage of a bill where notice was required, and that notico was insufficient in oint of time. Mr Everts de nied any such initaucc. Mr Bow-dish sustained (lie btattiingiit of Mr Barlow, and was in favor of regarding the righU and juslico of the matter without reference to a mere technicality. Mr I , . , ...... l.mnilol. AYrirpflmrl Ihn ..inn .n....nn Uf. 1.. 1 .Ti.i V.i . T , erts insUted that the technical ty should bo ' gnrded. Mr Kellogg thought the provisions of I . " ' ' ttie statute in regard to cases of tins kind is t'. rectory merely, and not peremptory, and cited cases whero it as so regarded. The vote was then taken and the motion disagreed to. Mr Maynard then moved that the bill be recommit ted for the purposo of giving its opposers a fur ther hearing. This motion was discussed by Mr Barlow in opposition, snd not agreed to, and ' the bill ordered to a third reading to-morrow morning. By the Judiciary coiiuuitleo against bill in addition to the alienation and mortgage of the homestead, as it contains no new provision.;; dUmitied. By the committee on Education, against bill hi relation lo Uie division of the school money lor benefit of districts where scholars from other districts aUesd school ; dismissed. By the select ccrarai'.toe in faToi of bill toi petitions for tho annexation of a part of Wrybridge to Middlebu ry i bill ordered to a third reading to morrow morning. By tho General committee, agairut bill authorising attorneys to sign writs and tako recognizances; dismissed. By the committee on llloads, in favor of tho bill incorporating the .Chair plain Steamboat Co., with nn amendment subjecting the charter t3 tho control of tho lg stature ; adopted and bill ordered to a third reading to morrow morning, lly the committee on Education, in favor of tho resolution, provid ing for the purchase of Webster's quarto dic tionary for tho usoof tho severnl school districts, as a similar provision has been successfully tried in Massachusetts, and a like measure adopted in New York at the last session of its legislature; laid on tho table. Petitions referred. Of tho Trustees of Dart mouth College, of Nathan Lord, for on act to sell a grant in (lie township of Wheelock, there bring a doubt as to tho power of the tnitees to dispose of the same ; to a' select committee of three, on motion of Mr Davis. Of Calvin Ains worth and others, for a bank at Northtteld ; to tho committee on banks. Resolution. From the Senate, that the two Houses meet in joint assembly on Wednesday next, at 2 o'clock p. m., to elect a Statu Superin tendent of Common Schools, a Superintendent and thrco Directors of the Rta e Prison, a Com missioner of tlio Insane, and a Bank Conimls sioner. Adj. SI'-NATT Tuksihv, Oct. 21, . M. Prayer by the Chaplain. Hills introduced and referred. By Mr Currier, to constitute Frederick V A Townshcnd heir at luw of Amasa and Sophia Watkins, with the pe tition of A maun VVutkiiw, praying fur the pas sage of the bill ; to the Committed on Finance. lly Mrlloyce, to extend the charter and increase the capital stock of tho Hank of St. Album ; to committee on Banks. By Mr Dewey, in amend ment of nn net relating to the Vermont Histori cal Society, appropriating a room in the State llouio fur tho Society anil making it incumbent Uion thu Society to have an address delivered before oaehGcneral Assembly, explanatory of its object; to committee on Kducstion. lly Mr lliiley, to pay selectmen of Ulinoro for the cup-1 poit of Luvvis Tucker $75 pur year, so long as i tho town of Khnoio shall support said Tucker, it i being on account of injury received by him i sum therein mentioned, beinir tor limes sustain fid in drawing stone, for the St ite Mouse ; by Mr 1 Seymour, to pay Hussell Urnu-im the sum tin re in mentioned, being for c.penj in arresting ii fugitie in New-Vork, mid r a requisition (nun ' the Governors!! to committee on ('! thus. Ih .Mr ' Currier, in ri ference to coiif xmioii of judgment, 1 a.nenflinr Berlion .1. chnn. 1(1 S : a ennfe -noii " omv "Pcmle nPu""1 fnJant, not against puw tut.ju uvimniuj f:ri'(iiiji-H cu .iino proper! ; to the co nimtteuon tho Judienry. From the House, to annex a part of tho town of Wey-1 bridge to Middlsbury ; to the Keintors from Ad-1 disou county. To annex n pirt of lljlion to W.i-! terbury ; to Senators from Washington and Chit- j tendon counties. To incorporate the t hiniplnin i Steamboat Company ; to committee on roads. ' Tho following communication from General I). W. C. Clarke, the former Secretary of the Semite, was rcecnod and'read, and on motion of .Mr Iloyce, it nas ordered to bo spread upon tho Journal with the proceedings of the Senate : MoKTrrainn, Oct. 17, left I. To His Honor Julius Coxvunsi:, , Putidint ot the Senile nf l ermont : Mi Dt.Au Sin : The Secretary of tho Senate has this day com municated to me, in the hinder t terms, an official copy of a resolution, ndopted by that body on the I l.'lh instant, bonnvini; up-m me the high honor I of their approbation of the maimer in which I I have performed tbo duties of their Secretary for I ttie past eleven years. I assure you, Sir, that I am wholly tinablu to express the feeding of grat itude which so unusual u compliment awjkens, nnd I can only beg vou to inform tho Senate that I esteem their deliberate approval as the ' must honorable tcUimoiiTal lhat could lie con- furred upon me. I Smco the constitutional organization of the' Senate, in Isl'll, that body has had but two Sec- I rctant'8. I take ery great pleasure in saying that whatcior of accuracy nnd punctually I may hv displayed in tho discharge of the official duties of my position, is attributable to my respect for, and attempted imitation uf, the example of my only predecessor, Nonnau Williams, Esq. Tho success which the very (Uttering liosoliitiou of tho Senate fully warrants mo in claiming for my services as their otlieial organ, I ascribe no less, jlhorefore, to the inllueuco of uJiright exsmplo, ,l,a" 10 l,';it k""' ndoruto leeliug in llio Senate, winch has always lightened the cares, m I''C!,"allt ""J vai' 'le resjKjiwibilitiac, ineir aocrciary. lam nine i moro like v to, . , , . , ' . . l; n,k ? ,0 ""ure ,1,e SrMlo P" "nJ iomu ihah M ''"ous, testimonial ll"',r "PPwtaMoii and confidenc,, than I amto ,wrul " l'"an8 Miess wludi I Invo always received at Uieir hands 'nod to whirl, I nm rrr.vitll' innrn initnltlail Cir tl,n scccplsjile perfojrmanco of my official duties, lli UJ uuy vt,iui iMiauiltULluil4 Ul III) on 11. , During tlie entire poriod ot my twice in the . ,, , r.i . , , ,. l.i,ii.la tltn tnAinlird ,r,l..it m. I.I ... . ..a .'VI.U.V, ...V III. Mlini.n V.. ...U, UVM . , .IMUII V I I US political opponents, have scpanted as warm per sonal friends ; and not tho least gratifying cir cumstance connoctud with their present com- phmentary action, i tho fsct lhat it originated with a Senator to w hose jioliticol opinions ami associations I am known to bo polaically oppos ed. The " opposition" that thus Oistinguisliva between the individual anJ the politician is pre cisely the " opiiion" that is beneficial nnd de sirable, because it springs from tho must effi cient, the highest, and tho most attractivo form of truo patriotism. 1 certainly in we it lends tho best charm to the tunes of approbation, while it as surely clovntes and dignifies the unavoidable contentions of party. Nothing but my profound sonso of obligation lo tho Senate, in whoso servico labor has so long been a pleasure to mo, and my grateful apprecia tion of their generous kindnsc, would liavu in duced tno to y n word beyond the simplo and rupcctfiil acknowledgement of the ignal honor um.nni Mvnil""vtl 1 lheyhao conferred upon me, and 1 trust that, , , ... , .. for W'ltntHvnr I mav hfll'i, &nlil hni-fiiiil tliu I ....... , ', ' 3 exnpct llioir liidillniinno nnd mnlim. expect tiioir indulgence and pardon. I have tho hunor to be, With the siiicrckl respect and gratitude. Vuur ery obedient servant, I). W. f. CLAItKR Mr Bailey presented the iwtuion of Samuel G, .Scotland 17 oth-rs of Elmore, praying for a bank at Johnson; referred to I'oiniiiiiti'O on banks. Adjourned. HOUSE. Prayer by Rev. ll Ballon. Hills rtjerred. By Mr Wudward, reicaling act of 1850, relating to subscriptions for bank stock ; to the committee on Banks, lly Mr Den ion of Hartland, providing for trial of suits brought before a justice of peaco whose term of office expires before time of trial ; allowing any other justice to try the same; to tho Judiciary committee. Dy Mr Green, regulating tho flow. ing of lands for mill and manufacturing purposes : whenever it is necessary to overflow tho lands of another, and tho parties cannot agree as to com pensation, or purchase, a petition may bo prefer red to the county court 5 to tho satno committee, By Mr Scott, to ray William Bradford for losses ' . - . . ... sustained m drawing granite for tho State House; to tho committee on Claims. By Mr Worthing ton, in addition to act of 18IH, to protect the homestead ; exempting no estate, except a no tico shall be lecorded in tho town where it is situated, describing tho particular estate to be held; and such notice shall bo construed to bo tho time of purchase; to the Judiciary commit tee, lly Mr Kellogg, in addition to clnpter .'II of It S, relating to the right and competency of witnesses; no witness shall bo incompetent on account of his opinions nnd religious belief, and no evidence shall bo admitted in relation there to ; neither shall any person bo incompetent by reason of the conviction of any crime, except of perjury, subornation of perjury, and of endeav ors to procure the commission of perjury, but ev idence may bo given to cfleet the credibility of such witnesses ; this bill shall not effect, howev er, the attestation of any instrument required by law to be attested ; referred to the Judiciary committee. Resolution, lly Mr Newhall, that the com n.ilteo on the Judiciary inquire into the expedi ency of amending section 0, chapter 107 of It S, so that town clerks shall receive for record of a common deed poll, and for copying the snme, seven ceiitH per folio: adopted. Petitions referred. Of Leonard Dcming, for the purchase of his work on the biographies of certain distinguished individuals in tho early his tory of Vermont; totho committee on Kduca tion. Of Elijah Town and others, for a bounty on crows; to the General committee. Of James M. Trench and others, of Justus Edson and oth ers, for a bank at Northfleld; to the committee on Kinks. Of John N. Pomcmy and others, for an appropriation for a statue of Ethan A.llcn; to the committee of Ways and Means. I remanded ; if not regular, he must be discharg fif E. II. Novo and others, for alteration of the I od. militia law ; to the committee on Military Af- I , No,v- h, Krc,",m nn",'', in lhat .- , , t-j ... i I the accused, without ahow mg or pretending any fairs. Of Solomon Ldson. for restoration to le-1,, rVP11 ,f lu, tho Jmjt ,p h(1 n gal privileges ; to the Judiciary committ' e ciikp, may appeal to the next county court I'.ngmssed JIUU. Annexing part of Wey- Hut what 'is to bo done there? Suppose he bridge to Middleburv if those towns shall comes before tho county court, the same ques . , " . , ,. ,, , ... tion is presented, and no other, which the first vote ; passed. Annexing part ot Bolton to U a-, ,u!,.i(,.Hi.I,,. mlelnn 0f,n Thp mo,t terbury ; passed. To incorporate the Clninphin thai can be laid in favor of the right of appeal is, Steamboat Cnmnny ; pat'ed. that it gixes an opportunity of reviewing the de- Ite ports of (ouvniltcts. By the judiciary com-l?" of the jittlge, and rearguing the question mmeajMiust bill relating to tin West buying promd in W-.iltli im ; Ud reading relu-ed. llv the general committee, in fior of b.ll r-t il. -h-ing the buiind iry lines between Stocl.hri 1l- ' d Pitlstield, with an amendment inserting He' n of llnney Mnw instead of Robert M. K i m--bee, in the 1st sec ; inlopte I and b.'i i l !. "' 1 to a ;f I reading T'mr-diy iK'irmiig. t "i,. uiitsoe on Agi icu'iure, in fivor ol " t ' m "I .Inimihin Perkins ami others, for nn iet r i . v.i ing for a board offences viewers f. i Cn-le n Gore, in Plamfuld, with bid to 111 t ef!' et ; Ud readiiit ordered to niomiw aftern n n. Bj the coiiimittro on the judiciary, in r-j .rd to the p. ti tinn of A. II. llewett, for restor il.'.ti to b"al privileges, who was convicted nf ripe mid ar dond by the Governor, that no lec-l at: n ..e cessary, inasmuch as tho pardpn rill fed this oh ject; petition onlered to be witliilr.m n mid '-oin-niittee dmcliargril. Mr Hiehanlson called up tin- bill d.rtctng . . ; .. .1 .. i i.... ..r Twitchell. Ailjo'irned. 1 SENATE. 2 oYi.ot i.. i'. i. After tho Sen ile n turned from Joint Awm lily, Mr Marvin, from the committee on Edm u tum, rejmrted ng-iint the lull providing tor a n "j istralioti of marriages, births and deaths: ami on motion of Mr. Bntchelder, it was hid on the ta ble. Adjourned. ' HOISE. I The two Houses met in juint assembly to.hear the report of the canvassing committee appoint I eil to canvass the votes for counly oiheers and, judges of probate. The reiort not having been entirely read, und several justices ofthe peaco having been elected, lurther action as suspen ded until Tuesday next at it o'clock P. M. The two Houses then proceeded to the elec tion of Judges of Supreme Court and Circuit Judges, Librarian and Reporter of Supreme Court. For Chief Judge, Hon. Stephen Itoyce elect ed t'ini rocf. For 1st Assistant Judge, lion. Iwiac F. Hcd iiold, ri'tw voce. For Ud Assistant Judge. Whole number of votes 'iU5 Necessary to a choice lid Fierpoint Isham 1 17 Daniel Kellogg 110 Milo E. Ilontiett t Scattering -I On the 2d hallo Picrnoint Isham was eleoted. ,. , . ' , , . . I P T . . , 1 1." . 0 "1 T o i 1 ill HM . iiuui iirAi, u, tiaii in.. v i.ivi.i . i ' . .. .' J.ittrunun. I George Nichols, ruvi rorc. Reporter of Supreme Court, Peter T. Washburn 126 Edwin llutchiiieon c3 Peter T. Wa&Uburn was accordingly elected. The Senate withdrew, und the House ad journad. We give place to the following, without endor sing it. To say the least, it is not certain that'fliir correspondent's law is law, under the statute of Voniiont,cvon if it be good common law. Dy the lfith section of tho Revised Stat utes, the party imprisoned may not only deny any of the facts set forth in tho return to the w rit of habeas corpus, but " may allege any other fuels that miy be material in tho caRC." Should tho party, claimed as a fugitive slave, allege that ho is a free citizen of Vermont, und is therefore illegally arrested under the lugi- town cieiKS io lurnisn copies ui me j.r:iou n.-i oi , iii . roiiitnis.:oner, or anpmiitnp et ot tliennr each school district and on his motion :t w.s dm- 'sdiil or oomiiih-iiii" r. or to the i-on-titiitioinl,tv , I of the lav.- rreit ug th" court, thesr would still nnsseu. , be questions nf law. wh.ih could nut be tried bv Leave was gnnled the committee on elretions i (l 'rv to set this afternooh during the st-sinu ofthe It is snd. also, that the Irhfis corpus law af I louse. fords the menus nf curving the constitutionality The Chair announced the followinir as these-l w' to the I'mtcd States , . ... , . .. ( urts I w in not examine the question w lieth- lect committee on the pVUtmns M Trustees ,.r tJl,K lti ,ruc or ,mt, no.. f.mlU than to s.v Dartiiunith College, and Jf Natliati I iord, to sr 11 ' ,t tb" rth ainl tith sei-t,iH are not i:"ressnr'y n irrant in Wheelock Messrs l)ais, Slei liens, fr I 'i it nm nose. The qu.-Miou ot roust, tution- live slave law, and entitled to a discharge, is from Springfield, und the cars urranged in pairs, there not hero a question of fact proper fora'two on ono track and two on the other jury, as well as of law, for the court i and is Tl,t! 'i01''1 w.ns fclid "P01! "i60 T projecting . .l i- . i .i ... I on nth. rsido to a considerable distance, the en- n..t the fact of freedo.n,(ir very question which pmo lltciicd uii, and the whole removed to tho evsry freeman must of necessity raise, in or- new location, a milo and quarter distant, in nine der to protect hiin.ulf against extradition 't Wo i minutes. It was then rolled off upon Uie situ siiffgest this rmcrv. and add: if the views of "Justice" are correct, ho should urge not only the repeal of thu 5th and (ith sections of the habeas corpus act, but thu substitution of more effectivo provisions for tho protection of K'isonal liberty. Ld. Hatch. Vwr llit Dailf Jouiu.l. A bill has been introduced to repeal tho 5th aud Gth sections of the habeas corpus law. I hopo the bill will pass, and if you will allow ine the space, I desire to give my reasons fur it. I tavor the bill, bccau.o I do not find in Uio5th and Uth sections any protection or security to any freeman claimed as eejugitivt. As that was the eol object of thws stations of th habeas corpus act, and the sole argument in their favor, thero is not, if my views are correct, any cood reason for retaining them in tho statute. I find no fault with the other sections of tho ha beas corpus act. Tho allowance of tho habeas corpus, and the duty imposed unon state's attor- noyn to appear and defend the alleged fugitive, is linmsnn. lll.t nt.il nrnlinr fPl.n f.,li Mtwl lltl. hum-mo, just and proper. The 5th and tlth sec tions of the act however provide 1st, that the al leged fugitive, if he shall not be discharged by the officer before whom ho is brought, may an peal to tht next county four.nixjn bail, at the dis cretion of the officer; and 2d, that the appcllato court shall, on the application of either party, al low a trial by jury upon all questions of lart in is sue between the parties. My first remark upon these sections, and to which I invito the attention of members of tho legislature, it, that tho question whether tho al leged fugitive is nfre e man or a slave cannot arise in this proceeding. The act in question dors not alter the nature, extent or power of the habeas corpus, as settled by decisions at common law. Now what is the scope nnd power of the writ of habeas corpus as settled by our courts ? It is to protect citizens from illegal arrest and detention. It has no power to take away ono from the custo dy ofmr. It is powerless as against a regideir process of a court of law. It has no pnweris a gainst the final jwlgment of a court of law. A regular process from a court of law, either mesne or final, is an effectual answer to n writ of habe as corpus, and the person held under it must be remanded. This is the settled law of this state. j It is the eon.mon law throughout the t'nited mates, wun tnis principle to guide us, let in see wliat must be the practical operation of the Tith and 0th sections referred to. A person soiled under thu fugitive slave law is brought up by habeas corpus before one of the judges for discharge. The return shows that ho is held under regular process of law, for ex amination before courts duly authorized by Con gress, ns a fu.'.'ive slave. Vh"n tins appears, the power of t;ie writ of hnbens corpus is sient, nnd tho imperative duty of the jtidgn is, to re mand th' prieoner. Every lawyer knows this. It is ono of trje most familiar principles of com mon law. 'fillf judtfc cannot go behind the pro ce, to enqtiire whether the prisoner is either guilty or innocent of the offence alleged that would bring lum in conflict w ith another court. Hut irrespective of the jruilt or innocence of tho accused, if the process is regular, and from a court established by law, the prisoner mtit be I ,,., .,-, -,, ,Pt.,1(. ' h. ,', , , , it lent sone1 a' rnt'on (p i nf v r o! ( r i n ,l.e I'.ire d em to be V. t I.e. lie M le i ly 1 1 M ei 'on is t j j i ll 1 ' : II1: I'l 'i ,i ,i , - I h. ! I 1 mm . , i " r it -lt ns i!' 1 t IH il . I' JS ii'i. the r 'lit i on w l,r t'i r 'I " . T n n Ii tinl.i' to l'l' 'loll l f frre i 1 In. I'l !rn d II I' t II !. No !"-t " n till-' (i-er-i.mt' el ion to the 1 ill ll 'I.I-. ill, i UVII .I'l IV. Ill' In 1 1 1 V up 'It the 1 is iiit em'in or a m i o'n -liuiiH Inni li.,i ll. ' 1 1 1 i r ' r rim, h :ii' j 'n 1 r 1., - -e f t . n 'n- .i on --I , 1 1 yer ol' l "p' et'ibilily w i!' o t'on. : lid 'I' ll H tni", tie n. ngirs ar I li'iertii s ot our e'tiens h not mnong the re-i-.i,'- lor retaining tin i section 1 I lo'.i if i - ud bv eiir (iini'ieor in Ins tnes--!''". Ili-it per-niis iuhv act 'is ninrslnls or com tiucini.iiiers, who 'ire net authorised. Pni m mch a e.ice, if Ii" acfd without -i 'i.hliince of anthori tj, no jiide could refuse to disehirge a prinon er. II the obiectien went to the re"ulantv of ., ...... slitv. if it c in be ru-ed at till, can be i.-usid be- i'oi e th'- iidge w ho i--ii"s the r t of Inlie.i- i or-iii-, ind c lined to the I'ln'ed Stati - Court from irs (I, i'i-ioiis, us u ell ;i- I'lutii iho dt i i- on- ofthe eotinty court. If 't is tine, lis I h u e riuli'T. oreil to -how. :!i i tin- .".th and lliii - ,tui-r, f-in d to, do not m I'n ' fiord tiny pn t' etum in ihi- I,',, rtv of th" i .'..'en, if they run hue no ftli-et incivinto llie t, Hedged fujitie u tritil upon the question "li.ili M- lo- is a h'nve or not, -s there any utility or prDjritv in i fniiin'r surh ii 1-iw upon the statute ' In my judgment there is not. .ns-picE. HANKING IN VERMONT. Crli acts from the .luditar's HiwU, shewing the incrtase of Hank Capital, Hank Circulation, and Hank I Maui in I'trmonl from ItMti lo lr-51 : rujiit.l. ( we-,!..! ii.n. lpl.uduH Ui. Hsu... 8 1 , 1 eO.000 1 ,5.1!) K35 .-52, 1 'W.iO 1,301,500 2 3.12,2!12 2,1)12,501 1,(101,22.1 l.7:KI,182 2,910,053 1.WH,31I5 2,321,'OrJ 3,511,081 2,15!),I10 2,650,027 iJJ(il,727 2,1103,112 a,:i77.0M7 5,500,103 j The foregoing docs not include the circula 1 lion or lo.ins ofthe People's Bink at Derby , Line, or the W liite Itiver Bank at Bethel, which, when included, w-ill show an increase of more than ono hundred and twenty-fivo per cent, of I Hank Capital, Circulation and Loam, 111 Ver mont, within the last five years. r-,.,i.l ti. :... r.. , . ', .... 'January to August, 8 mouths of Ie50, were $M2,r-'0. For Oie same 8 months of lc-51 to , ... . .... ..... August the receipts were J:0,5IU. . This is an lucruuao 01 11 per ccnu j .1 llig .Mart. On Sunday last, tho hotel and I store ot Air. Fuller, at Joucksville, on tho West , em Railroad, six miles East of Springfield, were moved a mile and quarter West, to the Indian Ori-hird "deiot,w1trra rapidity and ease which we believe to be wholly unprecedented in the histo- 1 ..r a i .: .1. . , i) ui uu-;im'emg. i tm weeiws since, 1110 UO- pot at Jcueksville was moved to its new location, at the junction of Uie Indian Orchard road, upon platform cars. This took away Mr. Fuller's bu siness, and he determined to follow. The work of removal was undertaken by Messrs. Trask, Blanchard & Parker, on Monday week. Tho hotel, a wooden building two stunts high, and 52 by 32 feet in its other dimensiun, wus raised and prepared for sliding upon the cars. This building contained -(stacks of chimneys, which with all the furniture in tho house, were entirely undisturbed. The store, also a two story wood en building, 10 by 30 feet, was prepared in liko manner, never disturbing tbo goods upon tho shelves. All being ready, on Sunday morn'mir. an engine with four platform cars wus runout P"Ti;1 'T t. tho cars were run back, and tho store served in the same way, with equal facility, ....i ...i . '.' uuu sutucja. iuirvu v-mv m uiu auernoon, the engine w as housed at the Springfield depot We presume lhat never, in thu world, was such n pieco of work effected so cheaply and so quickly, and the operation retlects tho highest credit uKn those who effected it. Thu only causo of regret, in connection with it, is, that it was necessary to do it on Sunday, or not at all. Springlield Republican. The first newspaper tolerated in irginia was in i7e?0; the subscription pricu wus ?50 per an num fur one copy ; advertisements of moderate length were inserted for Itn dollars the first week, nmftfrerj dMIirs for each weak succeeding, i ir. V... 0 ' ll, nil.. , lHii i; 1817 lti It! IS 21 .181!) 23 I lt.10 v.7 1 lr-.1l 31 POULATION OF VERMONT. SEVENTH CENSUS, 1850. BENNINGTON CO fftftrtitlss. 002 7585 I (SI I tnttm. Minglon, Hennwgton, Dorset, (ilastcnhun, liandgrnve, Manchester, fern, I'menal, tieailsboro,l lluprrt, Sandgalc, Scarsburch, thajlsbury, Stamford, Sunderland, irinMI, lloolfortl, rorcLAtius 1081 .'l!Wl 1700 Oolton, llurlinglon, Charlotte, Colchester, V.x.i 20..2 llsscx. ai7 llinesburgh, lluntinKton, 18IU 1782 .MI"! 171'J 8.17 ucrieho, Mittan, 16.M7 2151 llielimond, SJulburne, ll.VI 1101 12.1 127 S50i&'l. (ieorge, mjfndc'hill, IS'MII'estrortl. SnllilUston, lCfW 2!;oyo 471) WASHINGTON CO. lSdsa: llarre. 184f Iterlin, Calais, 1507 1410 815 1117 081 1102 WINDHAM CO. . Ith.ns, llralUeiuro', Hrookline, Dovtr, Dummerston, I. raj ton, Guilford, llalifar, Jamaica, Itondonderry, fhVJ Uuxburv, 0810 L'ujf Montpelier, 283 h'ayston, 70U MarshfieU, mt Middlesex, 121 1 MontptUir, I!le!l!.Uor((oirn, 1 m Xorthfietd, lliOli I'lainfitld, 12747ori.un, tWWII aitsfitUl, 1 105 U3I0 mi 2! 122 80lj !h.7 1021 UliS 2352 1070 702 .Marlboro', A i ufane. Putney, Hockinghum, Somtrset, Strallon, '1 oicnshend, I'rmnn, IVurdsbnro1, ll'rstminster, II hilingham, II ilmington, ll'mjh'tm. V,m llarrtn, 1 18.11 ll'aterbunj, 28:)7 !I21 lloodhury, ll'orctsler, 28(! 1351 21034 K!I 112.1 1721 CALEDONIA CO. I I'arnet, 2.121 107 110:1 :.1! 2577 lrCi l;l80;W.ii Vale, 1U72 lluike, Ttii abol, n. ,,;, 2U0O2f.'uifti O'orc, iGojAtn Core, South, 'fi ItUTI AND CO. iGoon, 61)5 llenson, tlrandon, Cast'eton, f.'hitlenden, Clarendon, la'iby, Fairhaven, llubbardton, Ira, Mendon, Middlelown, Mount llnlhj, Miunl Tubur, I'auM, Pillsfield, 1'itlsjord, Poullneu, Rutland, iV crburne, Shrewsbury, Sudbury, Tinmoulh, It 'tluntrjord, 1305 llnrdunek, 28311 Harris Gore, mn'Kirbu, 140; 5M 07.11 Lyndon, 1 177 A twark, I'tticham, DOAllycgate, OVShejjicld, 4(.0;A'(. Johnsbury, 501.Si((loii, 8737atrftn, 15347rarror., IV 8 11 hcetoik, l?4:t IT SO 431 1377 1000 7!)7 27.1! ll'Ol 010 1112 S55 512 SO-Jlli SI2t! 0715! PK AN KLIN CO. 578.-Jren' Gore, l-'ttf Hakersfield, 7!' I llnhhuc, 717 Hnasburgk, I'.:.-- Pairftir, Mil Pairftld, 7 IP hl'ehir. Pninkltn, SJ'C.y Uronria, Mirhaiitc. If 152.11 1M55I 2110' 1' 2111 , '.'."Ml 1(4 1 ll K. 2tiM , 21 .V! 1 Hi! ... i U llitven, INDSOIt CO. 'Montgomery, l..r I.V1. " , 1074' . In ''tier, .','. oie, I'm 'i rd, Hi -h '. Hi h'eirttltr, Can ,'ia'jyA, Ch'ste-; lliill'nr.l, llni'V.ind, L'.dow. A onritlt, P'lmvutfi, Piimfnt, Heading, Hurlusler, liny illinx, Sharon, SiiinLrficUI, Slnrkbridgt, II rulhersfirld, II estvtt, ll'ist ll'indsor, II inrfw, H'uodstock, VU Sheldon,' lfjlJ St. ,11 bans, I7'i0 .SiMnon, Fill 1.17(1, 3."; . 2f2l j at.wii 1 SOU I 2I.1H, LAMOILLE CO scuei! lfiI!WttiVfrc, W Cambridge, 125E'e. 154tiJJ'mr, 117lyrrmrrJt, 1 mJol,n,n, 1850,.larr(somi, I240.9wu'np, 2702'S(ci, 1327 llaterville, 1851 ll'oleott, 1150, 1002 11)26, 25b' li-4'J (liisi 501 1107 131 7.13 !'()! 10f! 3011 OliLEANS C017NTV. 3f320 .-Many, Hai Ion, DDISON COUNTY. .'roirninWon. 1051 !'t7 ' 0I31 7 , 122:1 17.10 1137, 10' M ik a 1 10.11 . 371 G37i 4c,li' 748 1 15.1 , lOOtj, .Iddisan, Hridpoil, Hristol, Cornwall, Perrisburgh, Goshrn, Granville, Hancock, Leictsti 1 , Lincoln, Middlebury, Monkton, .Yewtlavcn, Orwell, Panton, Itipton, Salisbury, Short him, St rtnLuio', Verge, fines, ll'uttham, ll'eyb'idgt, II luting, I27! Charleston, FIWI Country, 13 1 1 Craltsbury, 1 1.1.1 Derby, 2075 Glover. 4n Greenslaro', 003 Holland, 430 Irasburgh, 5!iJa, WrLoueU, :i517.1ors;an, 121UAritixir, IM-i Salem, I l70 7V, WJ'll-iyicld, 5071 ll'estmore, 10171 ItiOl 1100 5(i2 152 57u7 137e 2701 ESSEX COUNTY. 8j4 02: .lcerill, (unorganized,) 7 lUuomfitld, 241 IM3 ll'.i 471 unghton. 205 d) Hrunsieick. Canaan. ORANGE COUNTY. Concorii, 1 15 Uradford. 1723 Hast Haven, Ml llraintree, 12.6 Cran&y, 127 liroukfied, 1072 iGuddhall, 501 Chelsea, lU5rd,r minglon, 187 Corinth, ll)u..!,iinf(i4n.gA, 112J Pairlet, 575 Maidstone, 237 .Veutbury, 25W4 Victory, l(W Oranjre, 1007 !rttiioci,(unorganizodWi; Randolph, 2000 Strafford, 1510 Thetford, 2010 4050 Tupsluim, U,(io GRAND ISLE CO. 'Punbridge, 17rM, lershxre, 1071 Allturgh, II ashinglon, 13 let' Hi and hie, II est Vuirlte, (l!)lije La Molt, ll'Uluimstown. 1452.Wi Hero, South Hero, 27200 1 508 (itfi 470 730 705 4115 Aggregate, 314,125. CHITTENDEN CO. ,'lvenfs SfHuel's Gore, 1 Preneh P.rpedition lo the Head Sea. At th late annual meeting ot the French Academy of Belles Lettres, M da Saulcy read an account ol an exped tion to the Dead Sea, accomplished by him in tho early; part of this year 'I he danger and difficulty of travelling m that region is prov ed to bo no greater than in other parts of Arabia Petm-iu Tho first thing that struck M. do Saul cy's travelling party, on reaching the dreaded bhoro, was luxurious vegetation. A forest of reeds 20 feet high vus thickly populated with birds, which skimmed along, and even swam up on the luke. 'I hey also found some dead fish upon tho banks, which led them for a moment to supposo that the common opinion, that thero were no fish in the Dead ;sea, was erroneous. It is. However, quite truo Uiat no fish can exist in tho water, and those found by the travellers must have been washed down by some of tho rivers, and have died the instant they touched the salt! bitter lake. Thu deadly emanations commonly bolieved to exhale from the lake, M. do Saulcy completely contradicts. He found the air deli cious. He sneaks of numerous interesting rums, and umong them.aa he confidently thinkshe was able lo identify the sites of Sodom and Gomor. rali. A". Y, ISmes. Money Matters. The Boston Atlas of Oct. 18, says : The gloom which has for months past over spread the financial horizon, and whoso effects have been so severely felt by the greut mercan tile interests of the country, appears to be fast wearing away, and we are emerging with safety from a winter of pecuniary trouble into a spring of comparative ease. Tho tendency of rates is still downward, and thero is every prospect lhat tho demand for money will bo met ere long by a fur supply. Tho change for the better, since the incoming of October, is proof positive, we might ihnojt say, that there will be no backwird step o-ards a ctiiis or i linancul pinr Report of the Commissioner of the Insane. To titi: Hon. F. E WooDnnmor., Auditor of Accounts i Thu undersigned, Commissioner of the Insane, respectfully reports that lie has at tended to the duties of his appointment, by repeated visits to the Asylum, making such examinations nnd enquiries as the luw di rects. Aly visits were made without previous notice to the Superintendent, nnd once my visit was made ill his absence, he being out of town nn business connected with the in stitution. Visits wetc thus made, nut from any belief 011 my part, that any change of treatment, or different manner of supplying the wants of the minutes, would be the re sult of notice given ; lint rather to satisfy the wishes of some residing near by, nnd others at it distance Irom the Asylum; it having been more than intimated, that there was unnecessary severity exercised towards the insane, that their reasonuhlu wants and requests were neglected, that they were poorly fed and b.ully lodged. From the most critical examinations re peatedly made, in all the several depart ments, embracing the cooking, baking, cel lar and larder; the wash room, the various halls and dining rooms; and their lodging apartments, there was older und neatness. There was a placu fur everybody and every thing, and all were kept 111 their several places. At the hour of meals, the tables were a bund u.lly supplied with good and whole some food, and of sitfiicienl variety from time lo tune, to satisfy all reasonable de mands. Nurses and attendants manifest n wish, by kindness and courtesy, by forbearance and good nature, lo make all happy around them. The Superintendent, Dr. Rockwell when ever lie enters the halls, or the apartments of these unfiirtiinalc beings, is ever hailed ns their delivering angel ; thpy ask favors ofhmi beyond the power of mortals to be stow. Except the Superintendent, none can fully appreciate the arduous duties in volved in the charge of thu Asylum for the lusjtie. It is a Herculean task, requiring all the aid ivluch skill and science can be slow, combined with patienue-uiitiring and hope iicver-ce.isuig. Careful reference to European and A nierican statistics, shew conclusively , that many, if not most cases of incurable insani ty, are those made so by ihe ill-judging of trieuds, causing delay of proper treatment. They neglect to place ihein early, immedi ately, 111 a proper Asylum. l'riivds and relatives of the insane .should know, and fully appreciate the I'icl, Ih it however much wealth ihey may po-sess. however lare and commodious iheir dnil'i.ijs, that home, and kindred, nnd Iru-nd- llie mo-t t-udcui- mil, pmiiu e no -ucee- they are not Ine lit .ippli diice- lor the remov.il of insanity. During the current ve.ir, I have v isiled several ,, A'ylum- for the insane in other wun a view to examine their ar rangements and nieihod of lie.iluienl, and without disparagement to others, 1 think it must be said of the Vermont Asylum, it is well managed, and must have a favorable comparison uuli others. The Asylum buildings though much en larged Irom time to time, and still now hav ing in progress and other; 111 contemplation; yet it is lo be feared that quite soon, further enlargements, or a refusal to receive all who shall apply, will be necess iry. T.'io recent! hint pinpiiflilorilii in all tlipir '." various, departments, are managed mill e I acmes snd economy, yet without parsimo ny. 1 ne annual appropriation 01 rive thou sand dollars for the relief of the insane poor, is not adequate to their wauls. Tim al lowance from the Slate fund List year, was 4 fracli(ti less itutt sixty-uinu ihhiIs per week, while one dollar and seventy-live cents per week is the lowest terms for board and accommodation-, leaving a sum of one d. II ir and six cents per week to be provided for Irnin oilier sources CALVIN' JEW EPT, CommiiHunrr uf Insane. Si. Johnsbury, Sepl. II, l-.1l. South Carolina. An rU-ctiou lakes place to-day hi South Can t ma for delegalis to a Southern Con-gre-s. The canvass has been lonj; and an imated. The rrsi.ll will probably be, in favor of "cces-ioii. Georgia, .Mississippi, Alabama ill the other Southern States are in f.ivor of rcmuiui.ig in the Union; and there is undoubtedly a very larjje portion of ihe best citizens ol South Carolina who would stand Willi them. ISut the maj iriiy of the people in that State ure probably in favor of immediate secession. The elec tion, we think, will ilnnoiisir-ite that fact. What is lo ho ihe issiiu of such a move ment ? Ills nut easy to say. If ihe gov ernment ol South Carolina declares that State independent of ihe Union, and re fuses assent lo laws of Congress, the feder dl authorities will unquestionably still at tempt to put Ihn.-o laws in execution. Col lisions may nrisc from such an endeavor. And this is probably the issue which South Carolina will teck. In such an event, she confidently counts upon the aid of tjie oth er Southern States. It cannot be disguised that tins aid would probably be rendered to a very great extent. The legislative au thorities of those Slates might not take such aclion, but they could not prevent very large numbers of llicir people from do ing so. No one can fail to deprecate, as n great calamity, any inch collision between tho general government nnd ;i Stale. What ever might be its iisuc, it would prove in liiTuely mischievous to all tlie best interests of the country. No State which should be driven into subjection (ie federal government-would ever after be n useful mem ber of the confederacy. If il were possible, consistently with the Constitution we should prefer thai nuy State ivluch may desire to leave iho Union, should have full liberty to do so. Wo would not compel any Stale to remain in the Union, if the majority of her people desired to leave it. It ought not to be forgotten that our Gov ernment is one of the people ; lhat their de liberate will, expressed in constitutional forms, is ihe eupreine law; and that tho Government can find its true and proper ground only in the consent ofthe governed. j So soon as it is lo be forccel upon .my sec tion or state, it loses its essential nnu best characteristic. If ll.e people of South Car olina desire to leave the confederacy, and go back to the position they held before llio formation of the Constitution if it can be done constitutionally, we arc in favor of al lowing t lie m to go. The great Republic of Ihe West would nut thereby be destroyed, although a deep injury would be inflicted upon her growth and prosperity. Tho great bond of Union among the States of ibis confederacy is, and must always be, their intoest. The Uiiiuu was formed for the sake of promoting their interests. The Stales bound themselves together to promote Iheir general welfare: und certainly the strongest possible reason why any State should belong to the Union, isfouud in thu fact that its best and highest interests are promoted thereby. And practically, in our judgement, this will be found to be the only reason. The Federal Government may hive the right to compel the ndheiioa ofiny Slate to the Union, and it may not he p,,fc sible, in case nf emergency, to evade ik - l'"iiiraiv .. will be useless. If a Stale is determined', secede, she can only be prevented by , strong and continued application of ntu ry power ; nnd to this our Government c not permanently resort. Public ocutirnen might sustain tho Government in using forr' to disarm ittilcficutiou. Hut even Vetinot would not vote permanently to quarter ' army of fifty thousand men in South ('amh na, to keep the people thereof in subject'l)n to it Republic, based iipun the consent !r the governed. No Stale in the Union is more directl. interested in remaining a member of it, tJ South Carolina. Secession would prove bet ruin. Slavery, upon which she mainly fh lies, could nut exist ten years vviilm, ier borders. She would inveitably be plungcj into serious ilillictiliies with other power. her commerce would be subjected u n,,, restrictions and lo serious competition her manufactures are not equal to ihe , of her wants, and her expenses w, , , t , H enormously increased, while tlie iihn.i, i her people topaylhcni would be diinmi-i v She Could recover untie of her fugitive si J(,. and would invetitably lose ten where , . now loses one. Alt these conider.ui , she now despises, but they would inevitu, force themselves upon her attention ;cr , very brief experience of independence ; she would then be quiet as anxious i,, -( back into the Union us she is now to gr ,,, of it. A'. V. Tribune, I 'dlh. Later from California. The Illinois arrived at New York on Km it. exercise ol iiml nitlil llol .. ilay, Willi advices Irom ban 1-rancisco to Km. alis brings nearly 100 passengers and gOut 000 in gold dust The election for Governor in California i f in couui, anu mo omciai returns can aiore c termme the result The Legislature w ill t,e i, mocratic suro. Tho vote throughout the S -.-was small. The mining news continues very favornh! . Crime hat very materially diminished, unci ir. prospects of the State were highly sntisi'ji iur The news from the whaling fleet is most d s. astrous. Several vessels have been lost. in. i , ing the Aramattu and Henry Thnmpwm ot .V liondon, and tlie Arabella, New Bedford, and .. inerica of New Bedford. A dreadful not has occurred at Sin Juan i Sur between the soldiers and emigrants. Gen. Harrara htt subdued the revolution-!', movement in new Grenada. The California mirkets were brisk an 1 cons.i. erablc speculation ni unlisted. FlMB tllL- Al.A C.1 fu Bill. Important from the Whiting Pleet. The),', lowing vessels are reported as beinsr tota l-. ' -t tins season: Ajax. of Havre; Araiuatta, ot . i. London; Henry Thompson, of do; .r.il,- . f New Bedford; New Bedford, of do; .V of do; 'osmopolite, of Krnice : Mary l.i-, of San Prancisco. It appears lhat the w hole w hul n' ll- i, ' w:nt red in the Gulf of Anndin, on the " , , puit of the se i of Kaiiisc -tka, Russia in A-,,, and on the ro.inng on uf s;rui'' h.nl -el - il 1 r Behnnes Straits; but on atlcuiptnu; i, thniutih itito the Art.c Ocean the th t - i roned by Ic. am! the abnvi ua.m.l ve-s totally wrei ktd Tlie crews of the destroy d vessel ir.- : n.. ed to have reached the mini land in union, hi.- ,t is stated that in souv! distui bances a!'', : with the mttives, eleven ofthe wh.ileiiK n , their lives. The John Wells is stated to hive born" , ,'. once of the severe nsvuration she h.id cnr. m;. ered. Her span were nearly all g- ne. h'r l.i, , more or less damaged, and" she had scare. i sheet of copper upon her. The John Wells was the first whaler evrr ev from New ark ; it was supjinsed some ti i,n -e vessels had shared the l'jte of those m ti' m. shove and it was quit" itupos.-ible to t'- ' ' . many more would be likely to be lost in thi ir tt tcmpts to eoeape from the ice. The general result of this senson'- h.i le li-!i ing is set down as a total failure The lo'lm ing ves-els have don- nothing-; Ship John i , clean this season; ship Neptune, Sew l.o' i. clean thisr season, 1st Auust ; ship Msuisd . .ew iledtnrd.no; slim A. II. Howlainl, dujolup ' Vineyard, Martha's Vm-jard, 450 sperm, c'i ..n ! this season. i The whole fleet is behevi d to have do-v I --' if any I) -tt-T. ll m thoo ,ht th.it the wh '- m 1, some tlttu sad ve behevi , are now w, ii'ii i '.m r way ius rijin'ly as n,-.Me to the .Nurtlm Coast, for the pitrp i.'il'n tittiug and e: ! ' T- i ing to retrieve th'ir ill lo-' ine. I The steamer Constitution arrived at lVm i j on the 2;id, Irom Sin lV.un i.-o, with I2 ( sengers and S?R0.00,) on In iht. ; The Illinois made th oiiin,,rd p issi--' i". I days 3 horns. j The Brother Jonathan arrived tlie day after 'n 0 days ii hours. ! Tlie Illinois has made th run home in 7 i,r-i lti hours, the quickest on record. Senator (S win came passenger. Tlie Brother Jonathan saihsu from Chagres on the evening of Uie Uth tor Sau Juan. A mutiny occurred on board the schnoner Sharon at Acupulco. 'I he nm' n'" is no .. rested and the vessel ordered ty the U. S. Con sul to lie under the guns of Iho Vnnd Jiia. The I' uama Railroad was progressing fan i ably. The engineers ronlderitly exnt-ct to ru i a locomotive to Gatoon by October I tith. Among the passengers by the Illinois ire 7 person who have made SlCO.OOO at the u us The California marktts are very flatti r.'it'--Breadstufis have advanced and were still on the rise. Provisions have likewise improved. Lum ber, steady ; Boots and Shoes, plenty ; Seamen's wages keep up, and cause considerable difficulty to outward bound vessels. San I-'rancisco bonds at present rates g.vethe holder 85 per cent per annum upon the invest ment A disease has broken out among the Chinese population of California, resembling cholera. The dysentery is also prevalent. The Indians in the Southern part of the State are iiuiet, while those m the North, m Trinidad and Klamath Counties are becoming somewhat troublesome No executions have taken place since the sailing of the last steamer. The latest returns of the election show a ma jority of 12-J for Beading, the Whig candidate lorviovernor. The division of the Stile still attracts consid erable discussion. The members elected to tlio Legislature from the southern counties are pled ged to aid tlie movement The gold diggings continue to yield rich re turns The (juarlz veins arc being worked witn great success. In the dry diggings the miners are only waning for the rainy season to take out large amounts of gold. The L-reat specie train of the Pacific Company was robbed seven miles from Panama. After riding several miles, Capt Garrison and h'1 friends camo up with the train and found it Hi the wildest coufusi ui. H of tho Guard had been shot by the rob bers and wero lying in the road. 2 in a dying condition, tho robbers had made ofT with tho box of gold but delayed by its weight they were overtaken and lied, ii were captured, 5 others it was thought would bo caught, the robbers were told that the train contained two millions- The produce of an IjVancif co is being brought to market in abundance, and tho quality is sup perior. Thero is, througnout the Slato, an am ple field fur farming and gardening operations. Several vessels had left, and others were about leaving for Sydney. The .Veil Legislature. The San Francisco Herald of tho 15th, says the Whigs have elect ed H Statu Senators, aud tho Democrats 1 1 ; 1 Whig and 5 Democrats hold over. The Senito consists of 23 members, to the as sembly, U Whigs, 28 Democrats, 2 Independent. The House consists of (Ul members, of which;. is a majority, and the counties to be heard from will undoubtedly give tho Democrats a majority J that party will then have both branches and the United States Senator. Jlessra. K. C. Marshall and ilcCoskle, Democrats, are elected to Con gress. Tea Culture in Soidh Carolina. Julius Smith, who has introduced tho culture of tea with wc" gratifying results in South Carolina, reports ia the Journal of Commerce his continued success He has no doubt that tlie cultivation of the te plant may bo made an important branch of af" cultural industry in that latitude.