Newspaper Page Text
BY E. P. WALTON & SON.
THURSDAY, JANUARY 22, 1852. VOL. XL VI, NO. J)... WHOLE NO. 2362. Ulaltljmnu & Stale Journal. ruDLIMMKll r.Vl:ltV Timll)AV MOItNINf). l'BRMt.-M9i)Mh) Mvtnw, S,rHl If MMMfit tf not rimrlntl Uotn tl. end if imrtnil friw r Poctuy. Northflohl's Hills. tnMIUTl AIL MAIt. It, JR. WhflS with hdtrt hf 'f in;fnf ( il, VV aft'ltir I t plnflr- .it rcl , In wltli h ! find rvpovn ; Wher I la (VIvudaMp twn-f. rvtiliar 1, Enjoy imt f ntt b(M, mf Owl Otlivtoa for Mjr wo,, Front tine' tiMofutiy fltfni ' r tliiwal wo4. wftl nil., flrHl Willi the ell kBmti Mcm-t-, I '.flit NutUiftold'i rural liitK, Im it.iiintit.il Int.! In f,inl, A td liaHward 1 nl Ilia tlmitn i-r lime T.i tut., uf ly (i 11 ji- 11 , Wln'e I la mtml lli -.p .-tin r.-n p-, And all it I'nrlv Inulii imh II..W J..11 Ir 11 ui'C Uii ' 1'iite a a ttrftiifftr III my lunn, And (IT) trttlwm .1 itc , No till.. 1 kiH-w btil I "a tt. 1', Auti li-ipey wa. mv Id. Ambftirin nut tAU-l.ttl itv ll. Ml , M-ir i'Iih1;, m.-t nl'-ln.o r i ,rt Meil t in. el.,ili.l. j.i. , t .1 lb not i ly lrttinj it. en, I fall ll o t ninl frNMil li.w , A witi1 t tmi.-u.l iq hif , I l.cuiil ilia ruins', mi'j Mini , I herd t'i- w.rl Itr.ff til1 . -VVtOi v ii ili l.ptii I ruairrd ttli, ; ,no afl.ir. ninl in 1 A.i 1 . Ami . t, rl.i w 1 l.i' ril . '. t., 11 I I,. , .1 r. , !,,. i ... . ! f 11. Mt art. . t li' ,r..un.l, 1 1 1 Mi I. n ji An The . , ' 1 ' 1 a I ll' allni-hi , .i , . r tv-i-rt-ti i i . ,,-i erct! i. i , . Mill- n'er i riioriln . , i ! ,., . I. were iiiin' , lUlloll, , . I i , i , i i it I on, mii ,1-1 Oil 'Oil III, II l I ,lnrv In- pnee .tl i,l .in aluiii . . . - v , 5 , lil.-. Louis Kiwi.th, Governor of Hutigarv. on ly bou uf aiudrudS Kos-iilh, liy bit wife, Caroline Webor, w m horii o.i the 'J'lii of ril, K ,il MtinoU, in i ho eouiuy ol i inplin. At un i:.iil) .lie Iu- uas sent to the CdviniNi Ctd.ega uf I'ai.tl., to be edti inkd. In lsHf he commenced the nrdina r) cour-e ol leyal study, and attended the distinct court of Kperie.-. and the royal court ul Penh. Having cniipbtcd hi liit)n,-., lie returned to Alonok m l-i"J, mid was ap pointed honorury alturntfy lt the county. lli- wan loud of (.purl, and .it lint time ' ive ;n ni..rr of n uriv to the field than to law ; but even as a young man, he pans hi ai In spin i u oppoMjihe tlf 'ili of Aus tria in iuiierirtlizi; Huuary. Iu liSJI tho eholtra broke out in Hunga ry ; the tliM-aw wai btrauu its ravageb it rnble. The. idea seized upon the Slovack t .Isanti lli ii the upper glasses had poison etl water, and they ruM- ami inurdered the clergy, Jev, and landlord?. All people were u rror-.-iricken. In this dark hour ol his country's hixtory, Kossuth becamn pub licly known. Wherever the pestilence was mimt deadly or the fear, -.'remest he appear ed to urge measures of relief, address the people, and by his plain and earned elu queiu.i.' dispel their delnmon, aiol calm their cxuitemeijl. l'liu dirtiuguubed, he was named by several ptntMe to attend the Diet ul 1N,; as their proxy ; which nomin ation gave the right t speak, but not to vote. He spoke but once iu the Diet ; fur his attention was given to a far more im-; porlaut object lliuu making npeeches. ICx-i cepl in those who beard them, lilhoras! members or us vimlors, the doings uf the. Diet vve.e known only by ft miserable par liamentary committee report, one sided and lifeless. Kossuth laboriously wrote reports, and netit tiieni iu iiiuiuiscript to a number of bubucrtber. The inlcret excited by lii able summary of iiiiporiaui dncumauls and buceches so increa.ud that, in lti.ll, his sub scribers iiiiiouuied to eigluy. l'o diiiiiuish tne coat and to extend the circulation and usefulness of the paper, he set up a litho graphic press. Against lliu move tho Aus trian froi eminent took measures. The great ipjoktiuu then before thu Diet vvui the abolition of serfdom ; from this u div ersion wa. the thing of all others desired by Austria. It was felt that n dUcucsiou on the liberty of the press would distract attention from the moro vit.-il fiiirsiinn. nnd Kossuth, therefore, followed the advice of: me iriends with whom he acted, gave up the pre and resumed tht maiiuscript. lho primitive little neuspaper was road at the club of everv one of the tifiy-two Hun. garlan counties, ami served to awaken nn interest in practical measures, ninl to op pose t lie systematic aggression of Austria. The sittings of the Diet ended in 18!!(i. It had shown too much the spirit of reform to please the court At Vienna; and, to sty the progress of its measures, the old hack neyed strry of n conspiracy was trumped up, ninl setcrnl young men of nolo were ar rnstud. Their trials nearly rcsumlilcil those of Naploi w well exposed liy Mr. (Had stone; Kossuth urged the unconstitutional ism of the preceeding, hut in vain ; the inlluenrr ol the men was dangerous to Aus trian encroachment, and lliejr were found guilty and imprisoned. Kossuth diligently continued his paper. The county nmotings the sumo as the old l'nglish shiremotfs were then of great importance ; they discussed every project of reform, nnd resolved upon the course the representatives of the counties should iidopl in the Diet; they were, in short, lo cal parliamputs in preparation for the Diet r great Parliament. Hitherto, however, the several counties had hern isolated. The iiettK-letifr reported the proceedings, and nn counties understood oach other, and be-! came united. Tin paper, thus, though then but 111 manuscript, became a new power I the people It It it, the Imperial Court took lngUt, and iti lNi7 KosmiiIi was thrown in - j tn gaol. He was kept for a yoar without a I irnl, and then sentenced to four )cars' im-1 j prisnnment. Fur the success of such tr- nnnv there had, however, been too much' came in state to Prcsburg, to swear to the written, loo much spoken in the counties :', constitution, givo his sanction to the rc t he excitement became great. The Diet a- t formed l.tws, and affirm the cabinet of gam met in 1WJ9, ami opened us proceed-1 Count Batthram. In this ministry Kos- I ings bv declaring the prosecution of Ko- mill illciral. riie sunnlies ere refused, nnd only granted in May, 110, on the eon-' under secretary of state, in the same de ilition of i he immediate liberation of Kos- p irtincnt. The Diet had resnlied that in Mi'h, and a complete imnesly lor all puliti- luiure the nobility, or freeholders, iu com Hi olfeitders. The supplies were granted moil with the rest of the people, should pay on the loth "f May, and next day the pris-, the t.ixes from which they had hithi-rto bt.cu I.!.' r ;r.' I'l' v r loMitlt ill r'nioir, opr. him- nr le-1-i , nli- ' ti'.l il 're c irrv tbt- nn ,1-un i i i Sal , v i i iv. in t ,c t r t I ; - l u , H i I, 1,1,'- . it-, 'i ii,- it--iii!.,, .I I i 1.1,1 I, v i .' 1 1 il li, i. i i l i, t bv .1 I ,(.('-- 1 1.' I' t I ' It! ,. 1 .ri v III.' t h i li-ln'irc II I .1 lrum.pl, w itli I I .1 , unrlieon l I, hli. n- ,'t 1 . ar-, I t' i mi.i e she, l.o . f In- ilf, I ,d .it, anil I nirlii tl ll'lli ol J in, i ,I V, t'j i Wr'-zit in i. lli ll u II. g l.i- iu, ( ,d !iu .thcr'i ii ;i Ulilt ,H III- ll I I - I I . K I'll. IIP 1 i , i i 1 lit trl (l.i ll. - in. in irri-il I p tin. t n luriii il u all re- i,,iiN.-rv to I fit- mi" Thf lo.in-trv : a in rnv ol ihf I) .'l were libcr.il, ,ind .pw i ,t' j) n , I'll, nli K i -aii ili ,ti nor, ..'j'r iri'.i ine l.ri nun, In r of the li lLi.ii.i Pt -in J.uri.ii. ') At fui I'"' .1 I ii r tinif Wfl k, ti.it its CiIClll ,- l.t, .uul ten u.lit d even e.' w as ini- ' . 1 : 1 wis NIC .1 tl V to ,1 ' ii:. I,. i !i o! uiii.'ii 1-1 l, 1 e .. 11. j 11. 1 i i i- I b lit, I ll. 111 i.e. i 1 1,,- : . -, 1 1 l..r I ' I Ihll til. 11 iu t in ,,1-r. ir. 1,1 i il t ,., , tl - Id ' 0 I 1 1 11 ,.,...,.(, ai, 1 1 , .. j.ii ,.. I..,,- 1 , Au-i.ini . - .1 1 1 1 . 1 .f, v ,- 1 . I ,r e.i. The (-fleet nf this league was stu felt Auntiaii nmnulactuiers, lo preserve their i' ue, !. .,1 1 1 n.iiispiani their lactones to iiiiiinr). To repress tin new-born spirit, Ihe t. .mi ,f Viij. . 1 lei! up hi the dev ire of app 'iniiitr unpen. il coniiiiisioners at 1 lie he.i.l of ihe co'iu'.ies, in the place of the i id lieuU-uaiits. who were the old coustilu- lloiial lte..ds. 'I'll is Mcp iiicriased the ayi- t.tiion. The reform leader from every ii irier of the kingdom met at Pesih, ami during the quarterly fairi of R(J and If 17, to w Incn the people came Irom all pans, the iittiilul nn asure.s 1 f ref.vriu were publicly tbseiisst il one bv one, and 111 ererv detail ill lemoned. Al thu head of this mow- mem, as chuirui.in ol ihe meetings, was 1 he laf Count i.iuis llaithvaiii. Ko.suih made able i-peechrii, and rose in popularity ; he was as practical a be was eloipieiil. Bat thtni bll Kossiitli's importance, and exert ed lion-elf (o ihe utmost to .secure his elec tion to the Diet from the cotiutv of Pesin. The Diet met 111 November, 1M7. Pre vioul, thu pr..j. ct of ri lorui of ihe Liber als I, id fx en published; .-ind, iiiniiedtuW Iv tint Diet met, ihe law al)olsuug the feudal service of the tenants and ihe immunit) ul lliu nobles from taxation, passed the l.owir House. Kossuth, as representative of ihe county of Pesih, became, by his i loqiieii, e, the luosl popular man ot the Diet, and, 111 the ctiiuiiif uceuieul id IsIm, made Ins great speech on tho liberties of Hungary. He argued that, as tho government was consli- lined, progress w.is impossible. Hungary was ruled by a monarch who served two p iris of ins dominions iu different cap'ici- ties : at Vienna he was emperor, and abo - lute; at Prcsburg, a king, and limned by the constitution. The result mutt be con- slant encroachment nnd distrust. It was not possible at the same time to be nn im - penal tyrant and the ruler uf a freo people, Formerly en ry statu of the Austrian do- minions bad n ooiiitilutioii. The three, bun- dred years' rule of the house, of Hapsburg ami the thirty yours' war had wrested this constitution Irom all hut Hungary, and now either the constitution must be restored to all, or Hungary must follow tho otlmr states iuto slavery. The solo safeguard, therefore, of Hungarian liberty was 111 thu restoration of their ancient rights and liberties to eve ry statu of the Austrian empire. In the Diet the speech was heard with profound wonder nnd respect; out of doors Its idea of security to Hungary by the en franchisement of tho whole Austrian peo plu w us caught up with enthusiasm. The popularity of Kossuth increased, it was fell that the proposal originating in the Di. ct could ho truly put as that of tho wholes! Hungarian people. Never was eloquence lonoweii more quickly by practical results. It was determined (hat a project for the res toration of the constitution should he pre pared and carried Uy deputation to the em peror. The report of the speech and ac count of the proceedings, reached Vienna on tho same day with the news of the revo lution in Paris and the flight of Louis Phil ippe. Forthwith the people were in com motion, and tho storm of excitement rose, until, on tho ISth of March, it hurst into revolution; the soldiers refused to fire on the populace, the court was terror-itrichen, Mctteurich (led, and the Hungarian depu tation, with Kossuth at its head, arrived nt Vienna. Tho emperor, who at onco rcccited them, was complacence itself, and accept ed the project of the constitution, and at the same lime entreated Kossuth to restore the peace of Vienna, " which he alone could do, and, in doing which, ho would prove himself the hesl friend of tho Haps hurg dynasty." Kossuth consented, and, with the theme of re-raising to its former glory the Austrian empire bv the restoration of the ancient rights of self-government, he ! jgave direction to the disturbed ferment of , ideas amongst the people, fixed their ; thoughts upon law and order, restored frith j in the emperor, and made peace. Exactly one month after these events, the emperor, accompanied by his whole family, stub was, outhellth of April, appointed minuter of finance, and Francis I'nlszki. r xe . ; ! 1 hce ttiivintiiiPiit- utrr m.ide, r info ;it bi l- .1 I i.u j OltV I i. m r..l I, ..h.l . 1. Hi i-:r v r i, ' o C i ly-ltl 1 1 t i , i . q lniH n t i it He p i! n , ; v i I I In i ii irh I !m I 1 iii tin- al in 1 1, n 1 1 u lier noes h Hi d, n il in ail pr b- al'inl v the lin n-i t I oiiio i-.-n-in, r Ihe. atr-.t the Daiiuot, in. l.t tlot iht ir Ca- ri i r lii!t the Iluiianati ii.ni lrv Mire ttu ibiiiy enaed in laborious preparation "I llieir relorm mtanirt to be brought be tore the D.t t, the attention ol the Court of it una 4 nhmrhi l in intrigues their i r i in.- in ver heinn' tli. Art htlucheb Sophia, M-ur of the (ititem ol Pruscia, Saxony, au.J the King of I! lvari.i, and mother of the prt. ut emperor, a woman ot boundless ambition, and who, from her ability and reoiniton, has earned the name of being thetnly in, iu iu the Uinily ol ii ipsburg. lit r tinjpct as not tiitly'llie 111 Junctmi.oo ol I. hi. i naliMtt as it .lotI, but its extent. on ov t r tne w iiole of Hunar) l.er iiil.iii-, the a a n.,r n" ihf tuiu bund 'nlwciu the t r.. ii-, .verv i t , ni,.l S ..llacle ner n.an In i...' work, Je I tL'inc.i. II' r scheme bu ng t m f. ide.l to hint, lie .11 lir.t rel.is.tl to t nn r upon it. lor the M.npV reimni that it vv .'.I I,.' i.i c i.M .lull, ii , or, in p .on. r i in-, ..n iiiqieriil trei-ii.i. Tne areitduLb-.- , r' i. .to n .irs, t oiht nun .ii h. r arti.-, , . .it . . iicd lli I wni.on nun tin v u ere a. I , -I lie ja.e vv v. ai. d b. i till'1 a Iran t. .iv. i c 1 1 v . r e 1 1 e II 1 I III. C , .-'!'., ill. 'II ..I . il i. ii ,1 v nt , n , tu 1! ' l ' o . r 1 hri . i, i v s v. . -. j 1 'T t ' j . I -worn t 1 r 1 vv ,, 1 .1, . u 1,1 I 1. ,' 1 ii II 1 I l I'l'Ui , ai.. o 1. 1 Ih ll I lllqi. . 1 1,,-itl, t IV- then one iu ibeir I UlC Ci'll -lllllll.ill t 1 il'-, as llie 1 i-t I'My t 0 v .,r a i.ougsl a peine 1 1. in ii ism i..r reloim 1 iu. 1 il e law- Jt-ll.ichieh whs nut . u'l r rn ' upon his m 1 v ii-e ( I 1 1 .1 Ion.; iu 1 til. ol Mii 1 In- Si rv 1 ins thv, in d w ,.r nn-l the Hungarians, ami ro- , and w nl.uui tpiarter, pui to .It itli all the Iliinj; ii 1411s iin-y could 'ind. TrKips were enl agani'l iIiliii, but, iiolwilhslautling the most positive inMiuc- lions of lire minister f war, they coutimi- ally acted, under secret instructions from' the court of Vienna, solely on the dtfeu- siv e, and mi gave ihe Strviaus opportunity 1 to gather suenlb The Croats al the same j tune refused to acknowledge tho llungari-l -"i iiiimttry or the ldw of tho Diet, although ! their ow n representatives had helped to pas ' them. The Open instructions sent to Jel-, laeh.ch, allhouh several were autograph hitcr of the emperor hun.elf, to obey the lluaanaii miuiiry, wrra pereieringly du- rujardeJ ; he began to assemble an army the Ifolllier, and was declared, on tne IO1I1 of June, a traitor by ihe emperor. Si'H the Hungarian Diet, unwilling to de- cliro war ag.nusl the Croats, proposed that the Archduke John should be appoin ted lucdirilur. Hu mission failed. Jel lacinch, 111 l.is own pier, bo.iMed that he hat! .itiihonty f r all Ins acts, and that in ev r v 1 li 1 1 4 contrary to them lliu emperor acted by compulsion. On the 1st of Sept. the Ooatian army crossed the frontier. iSlill the Diet ol'Iluu- ary wore resolved, if 11 were possible, to arert war; nod a deputation, consisting ol several member of the mutuary, the House of Peers and Commons in alt, sixty per sons wassenl to Vicuna, and bad an audi- euce, fur the purpose of explanation, on the .Mi ot September, with the emperor, at tho palace at Schoiibrun. His answer was cva-j five; and whilst lliu deputies wero still hear-1 ' nig him, thero was found 111 tho auto-room the oll'icia! paper declaring that tho umpo-i ror approved of every act of Jellacinch. , The deputation departed 111 silence; hut ev-j ery man returned to Fiesburg with the red war feuthur 111 his hat. Thero was little room loft for doubt us to 1 the future ; hut thoy resolved, as one further elfort for peace, to send a deputation 10 tho Austrian Diet at Vienna. It armed 011 tho lOih of (September, was refuted admittance, and the Hungarian ministry resigned. On the l;!ih, the Minister o! the Interior occu pied alone the ministerial place 111 tho Hun garian Diet. The. Diet called upon Kos suth for the time lo resume hi potation ; he obeyed, and taking again his ollicial seat, was welcomed with enthusiasm. Tho Diet , authorised him to carry into effect his fi nancial plan, and lo creato :t government debt by the issue of paper money. Volun teers flocked in fur tho defence of tho town and Diet; but still another attempt was made to avert the war. Both by law and ilia autograph letters of tho emperor, tho Archduke Stephen Hood ut lliu head of the got eriiiutiit ; and the par- ty, still dinging to the hope of peace, urged him to direct the lortnatinn of n new cahi nei, which nas undertaken by Louis Ilat thyani, Jellachich, to avert hostilities, was ilnwly advancing upon Posih. Ho issued orders to all the Hungarian cavalry regiments to join his army, and to offer no opposition to the Croats. With the exception of a single regiment of cuirassiers, the Hungarian offi cers refused obedience to tho general, mil followed the instructions of the ministry. They sent, however, a deputation of officers to Jellacinch, with the request that ;ney might be shown the imperial order for the invasion of Hungary. Jellachieli adm tted that ho had no euch order; but dechred that ho was acting under a direct under standing with ihoemporort Uatthyani at once demanded that tho archduke, who, as palatine, wijj constitu tionally captain-goneral of the kingdom, should take command of the Hungarian army. The duke obeyed, and, as a last cf-! fort for peace, sought an interview with On the 2 1th of March the Hungarian ar Jellacinch, on a steamer on the Lake Bala- my began to act Umii the offensive. For ton. On one side wore gathered the Hun- the first and most important part of tho uarian, on tho other the Croatian forces It was arranged that each general should come wiin inreo attendants. Jellachich 1 inn not appear, ollermg as his reason that ii l ...t; ,ci.UIikc iio ra.seu tne Hungarian, and not Aiistriaii colors, which Here those or his family I inding thus no chance of peace, the duke, on the 24th, set on" for , . Un the JOth Count Lxmberg arrived, bearing the appointment of commander-in- chief of both Hungarian and Croatian ar- tines, and orders to dissolve the Diet and take possession of the fortress of Buda. 1 he appointment and orders were not countersigned by any minister, and were, therefore, illeiMl and not acknowlf tWri : thp I).et UbLi i... .. . it tne Lliet ileclared him a trailor, and he was w arm d hiinst'l I I.v FrancH , Pulszki not to show at P.sti, lie, however, came, and n 11. e thh, a l.o w r rinsing the bridge b at. 0 11 hu way to Mininion the fortress l) he w 11 recoi'iiized b , ihe neonb 1 , , - 1 ami inur.Vr, ,'. W In n 11.. ,.rcl duke f!. 1!. tl le nling men 'I ihe r .ii.i.iii urre tbrnwu nil . i,imii,iv ; t oe.nl ..orieiiu vv ml mad. Thus en 'v . f. t irt It. preserve p. -ace had fa,. .1. arm t , Iluiifanan government were e...iijv Hi d lo lijht lor the ron-liiuti'in, to whu-h the em- peror linn-elf h id declared Jt bad it li a ir.ntor, and who 1, ul .stirred up uul ir in obedienre to uitti uclions from the nnpern.l court, wnirii at the tune he himelf declared treason, vei vtinej lie would follow, though tiiey should lead him to the scallobl. Kos- suth if.siu d a proclamation to the Hungari- an people. He declared that if they h id faith and re.-i .jtioii they had sufficient 0r.Mi1.1i, ......... 1 .1.- . ..v.,..1. ,u inritiiiovv me v-roaiiaii army, aud c.illnw uiion all to arm. W Un the iiniiiiiieiice of the late of ilnn tr.t l.i vMv, tl.. .,,u f U.si.ii. rtfa , the pern- tl the moment awiiUeilat once his sirenuih and el quence, and relinnee up. 011 ihe pe. j !.-. He went down to the plain .1 Huii.:nr . and there preached the w nr lor the eon-lituilon, ajiJiust ihe unpen il Irei. or, as a Im.Iv War. iNever belt .re had mj.-Ii yn 1 1 11 bi 1 11 he.tui 'X'lie enthusnts.,, sir,. Ihe I ' pit llorkxl by thousands 10 Ihe Hun-g-irian si.iinlir.! vuluuieers n-t out om Irom lenn 1, aim vv t re in it prt v t i.K 1' , 1 e enure 1 it pie tl 1'i-ih sw.iriin.l to t . prein ; un le l.uN c one, .ind old ine'i . f s . iv t i'it ciuie vv nli knives, sov ihes, halt. Ii-tl-, lor ten dais they gathered to the Ini tio. ,1, No one km w their number they v I'n ini.lr. h.l, un. llicercd, unttugnt in vt, ir. A I. tree m 1! l-eiiuinped n arce ever -loi.ii 111 me lice 01 un enemy, but they ol Kusstn and Austria demanded that the were earneM, tearless, and, inspired by the fugitives should be given 11,1. A messe eloquence, of Kossuth, were impatient for was at once sent to the Hungarians, lo the binit. 1 effect that their only safety lay in their be- There was no tune to mend their condi- coming Mahomed.nis, and "Ubjects of the turn, the Cnnis, 1(1,000 strong, and in Turkish empire. Bern and Kernetty adopt 1 u ryihuin well appointed, were in view. jed the couililiuii. Kossuth uuswered, ho The Hungarians had some cannon, manned would prefer death to the abjuration of his bv law yers and engineers of Pesth who had ' faith. On the 1st of October, tho Sullan piaciistd under ihe Bohemian artillerymen; , declared that he would not, on any condi but to this part of the force the victory was lion, give up the refugees, and vtoltitu tho not to belong. The news that Batthyani 1 laws of hospitality, until he knew how far had left the country, and thnl General ham- j England and France would support him ; berg had been inurdered, was soon known 1 but that in the interim he would consent to to both armies. Laiuberg had been a fav- their being kept as prisoners iu somo dis orite with tho Hungarian soldiers, Balthy-' tanl part of the empire. Al the cud of Oc am with the people; and, rolying on tho tober, tho fleet of Admiral Parker entered depressing elliset of the news on the disci- the Dardenellos, and there was an end at plmed portion of the forces, Jellacinch, on once of the threats of Russia and Austria, the morning of tho 20th, gave orders for nn , Kossuth and his followers wero sent first to attack. A cannonade, with little effect, 1 Shumla, thence to Buda 011 November 19, lasled for borne hours. Charge on charge where thoy arrived on the 12th of April, Jellachich's cuirabsicrs came upon the Hun- I60O. Kossuth occupied the apartment gariau infdiilry, and were ropulsed. The over the barrack gate ; and, villi his com bnttle bad lasted until evening, when there panions in exile, occupied his tunc 111 lay was a lush forward of the Hungarians ; the 1 tig out us n garden the ground allowed rough, self-devoted multitude tried its them for exercise. There his hours were strength agaiust the disciplined force. The spent iu study, and, with Johnson's Die Croats broke and fled 111 confusion. Jella- titulary and Uhaksoeari! for zuides. lie chich tent a flag of trucu, asking for thre days' armistice 11 was granted; and the same nnjlit he broke up his camp and lied. Of his force, 5000 were beaten on tho llrd by the National Guariis of the southwestern l counties; and on tho 5th tho raw levies which Kossuth had uathered overtook and captured 10,000 men, with twelve pieoes of j Massingberd ; Iligaldi, whom Lamartinc cannon nnd two general ollictrs. Such was ' calls tho gioatcst impronauturu that has the baltlo of Pakord, and so ended Jella- ever appeared j and thu author uf tho "Itev chich's dream of an unfought-for victory to ( lations of Russia," in whose yatch they treason. - wont. They remained at Kutayab n month, Tho news of the defeat of Jellacinch ( and it was on that occasion that Mr. Mas reached Vienna about tho ilrd of October. tsmgberd requested that, 011 Kostuth visit On the -lth he was appointed civil nud mili-j nig England, ho would honor hlin by bo tary governor of Hungary, tho Hungarian uiet to bo dissolved, and a portion or the garrison of Vienna was irdercd to march to Pestli. It refused. On the Sth thero was a battle 111 tho btrccts ; the people and their liberation. Tho United States sent refusing force wero victorious ; the minisl- their steamur Miaittippi to convoy him to er of war was hanged by thu people; and America. on ihe night of tho 7th the emperor loft ' There were throats from Austria of occu Vienna, and thu war became a war between ! pying the Moldavian proviucosofTurkey, if Hungary and Austria. Tho Hungarians! the Hungarians wore liberated; but, on thu ullured their help to Vicuna, but Kossulh ' '!d of August, Suimati Bey came to Kos- reluteu to marcli unless uiviied by the ptu - per authorities, who had uul the courage lo L'lvo thu invitation. Vienna was besiescd and taken by tho Austnans ; the Hungari an army retreated ; and tho Austnans ad vanced into Hungary. On the 15th of Nov. thero was so intunso a frost that tho Danube and all the streams and swamps were froz en, Kossuth named Gorgey commander-in-chief of the army ; he olfered but small resistance to the invaders, and (hey came lo the gates of Pestli 011 the 5th of Janua ry, 1819. Kossuth then advised to retire into the centro of Hungary and organize thu army ; others advised an effort to make terms with Austria. In accordance with this advico Count Louis Hatthyani was sonl with .1 flag of truce : ho wna seized, im prisoned, and seven months afterwards shot. Meanwhile Kossuth had gone to Dehrelzin, and there again his eloquence won volun. teers by thousands, so that it was said " wherever he stamped his foot there sprung up a soldier." But not only had ho to find men. There were no arms, so that ho was obliged to establish foundries and forges. There was no powder, no sulphur in tho kingdom; he had it niado from the black jack of the copper mines, ami so set pow-dor-mills to work. Battalion after battnlum was drilled, and in these preparations the time was spent until the middle of March. Monnwlnlo seeral battles were fought, some of which woro defeats, sonic doubtful for (he Hungarians; hut Transylvania fell entirely into the hands of tho AustriaiiB. Kossuth appointed Klapkato the command ol the northern army, Bern to that or Trait- sylvania. important part campaign Kossuth my. In April he was with the mm ii ar returned to Debrot.in. and on the l llh nrnixiscif in Prnlnttnnt II - Chuich the deposition from the throne of ; Hungary ol the house ol Il.ipsburg. The proposition was carried both by tho com- , tnons and peers, the independence of Hut.- gary was proclaimed, and Kossuth was ap- 'pointed governor. Iu ten great batdes tho Austnans were defeated and driven to the j very frontiers of Hungary. Before the m;w of thct.c events reached , Vienna, the Russian intervention hud been , resolved upon, and Count Stndion, tho 1 prime minister, unable to resist, and lernfi- ed at the contemplation of the effects, went mad. Thp It lis.llll nrmv mnr-f-.hr.r4 ultm-lt t i ii i v. -.-"v towards Hunuurv. and (jorirev mat e. but little effort .0" oppr se the,.D Several bat- ties were foiiBlil with various succesti. (.'.tr. I'ey, instead of joining the armies of Klap- ka and Hem. made a sort ol tour through Hitnary, as if for the purpose of sparing the fnre.es of the enemy the los from nny halile". The Itusiuu ami Ausirim armies effected a junclioii , and on the 1th of May, Buds was btoriiied. Ktissuth and the gtv 1 rnnieut retired bom Pesih to Szegetlin, .un) thence to Ar id. Here ii irgey arrived on the 7th of August, lb-10, with his army (ii'ini'i. i nnd demoralized by long retreat ind i i discipline. During the whole of lus rt neat uorijey had been iu constant coinniuiiicatii.il with the Russians, and, ar- riving at Arad, lie immediately went to Kosuth, nnd told him the Humans had promised to guarantee the laws of 18-lS, on cm, dilion that Kossuth should cease to be at the head of the government, and appeal- .1.1 . f . 1 '. .. eu 10 111111, inereiore, as a natnot. to abni- cate. (In the Dili. Duinbiuski'a nrmv. then rnmmaiidod by Hum, was defaaled at U'ein csvar. Kossuth called a council of minis ters . and ns the majority wero for accept ing the Russian terms, and Qorgoy was in posst s.-i.'n of the fortress, he, on condition Hi . 1 ti'orgey would entitle to Hungary tho !aa-i of the previous March, signed his ab uiaatioii. Oorgey made no etfort to fulfil hia p!ed e, bui, on ihe contrary, 011 the Fitli, surrendered at illaeos his entire ar The news spread fast, i.ntl, with lib Hit lit; t ct pliull, lin; other forces dis in 1 t d. K. s-iiih, w nli about .7000 men, crossed the In niicr at )r.-ov a on ihe fftlh ol Au-i;n-t, ilier having received from thu Pacha of Viddiin assurance that he should be treated as llns uest of the Nuhan. This known at Cout-uuiiiionle. the ambassadors j taught himself such English as tho peoplu have hoard from him ut Southampton, Will- 1 Chester, Ipswich, London, Birmingham and ! Manchester. In tho October of 1 850. Kossuth was ' visited, atKuluyah, by Mr. David Urqu- 1 hart, M. P. for Station!: Mr. Alaernon coming his guest. The sympathy uf the English people be came enlisted, and memorials woro signed catling upon the uuteriimeut lo interfere for l uth, announced Ins Irecdum, kissed Ins baud, and said, " Go ; you will find friends every wlit.ro now ; do not forget those who were Iriands when you had uul lew." Un the 1st of September, Kossuth left Kutayah, in tho Mississippi, by way of Spetxiu, .Marseilles, and Lisbon, and reached Eng land ou the 23th of October, having left the Mississippi at Gibraltar. The escape of Madame Kossuth and her children is a story full of interest. Her constant wish was for the quiet retirement of home, SI10 had no higher ambition than to enjoy tho bucicty of her husbiiiiil in their social circlw , but determined that ho should not ho alone in the dangers anil risks of war, she determined to nccompany him from Pestli to Arad ; hut to spate the children tho privations to which, were they with the army, thoy must inewttihly be ex posed, they were entrusted to the care of a female cousin, by whom thov wero to be conveyed to another relative. ' When Kos suth had, truitiug to the promises of Gor- goy, signed his abdication at Arad, one of Ins most laithful lollow era was sent for the children; Ma lame Kossuth remained to accompany them ; and, on their way, they were all taken prisoners in the county uf Vejfpretn, and conveyed to prison at Prcs burg. At this lime Madame Kossuth was taken dangerously ill. In prison the chil dren were far from being kindly cared for ; in the garden they wero closely guarded by snldrers, their fowl- was no better tnaii that of grown up prisoners, and hut for the kind ness of persons in the town they would have been on short allowance. Their tutor, the gentleman who had been taken with them, and whom they begged to be allowed to see, was not permitted to come to them : but when they h.id been a couple of months in confinement. Ilavnati camp that hf mitt lit I ',,!, the nl on.,.io ..r It :;- , , " drnn in trol ,.t,l am hA.j i. i : t"ni i mix ll lis III Rttliailt II lll.t i:iiri i osity w ith sicht of them, and impressed their memory with his fierce look and limir inous-1 tache, he went awav, promisuifi however ! that they should bo better fed. A proclan-.v I lion was issued declaring that whoever i should house Madamo Kossuth would place 1 himself under martial law. The children ! were in prison, there was no hope of her i i being enabled to join tlterti, and she there-' fore, as the only hope of-al'et'y set out alone 1 I for Shuin'n. In various pnor'iliscunes she I wandered about was frequently whole days1 1 without food and after -and, after four months of toil, unvinti- nn.l Kn-. .1.. I l3, t' v..i ...... .. ... unit. mm ruacneu ismimia , on thr? 1Kb nl I.,,,...r .,4.;i.u.. 1...1 I been six months in wioi, , n..n ,l,..b.... Kl . 1: they were mini to her and their uramlinoth- er atPes'.h, but were kept couslaniU under, heard of a farmer, too much addicted to the the eye of the police. Here they 'exeited , ue of the bottle, the value of whose farm ' the grea.e.t euU,us,.,sm When they went ' slock) ,II,p,eI1onls of ,ius)ami ,ow htu ( out the ptopie llncked round t em , shoe- . . , - , ,, , makers iiiuh make their slices for nothing.;!'0' a"d Pl,c,,r"rk. n" r" down his throat tailors their clothes thu country people ' '" tne course of forty yoars. That was had,,' I brought them bread, flour, fowls, oil sorts of I enough ; but in a national point of view, I'luviBiuijs , niuuy u poor peasant 1 but a couple of eitgs, brought them. The ! children were looked upon as (jiving assur- anco of Kossuth'a return. ' Ho never loft big children," said they ; "ho will come back; wo shall hove Kossuth ajjwin 1" 1 nese uemnsiraliotis determined the trnv- . . i. .. -. 1 . eminent to let the children be sent to Kn. tayah. They left Pesih in May. ISoO. and Ion the occasion were the subject of rpiilo a I demonstration; thousands Hocked to sec prouuettve industry. Under its operation I thorn, and parted with them with regret. I moro than two hundred thousand spindles,- loloonl'i11 tojTl-?-,"Mh'ia ",e Ne,v KlnJ.iaie.,TO rusting, and' folorjneiitjc. lit fmrlillig words hare iimv L, ... ... , ' , ' reached the ears of mam-tlioiisnntl. of Kt.r,. "'0 n",u containing them deiertcd the1 lishmeii; and tho student of Shakspeare nnd Johnson lias proved the diligence of his labor in his room over the barrack-gate , ... ......... 1 ue ni.iirii.ciii iiiiitiii 111s name j. ...:.,. rr 1 ...... awakened in this couniry when it was do- dcsem"S J" suffering industry. Millions, finittvely arranged that he would visit Fng-l"" '"''ens of the hard earnings of worthy laud before lie proceeded on his voyage n-1 citizens, invested in factories and forges, cross thu Atlantic, is well known to alllithir.lt mn in l..l.. .....:..i ,- o ,1 I- , - , ., ..... . uiiiiiiiii no scraps o. news . .... .1 1 1 er intercsith.il, those which referred lo ili .....iiuuuiui.iii oitm ic vvurti roau w 1111 irrHai ho I progress of the grejt patriot and his family Sljc plow. ' II.' llmt nv lb Vtnw wjutd lltljt lliu iell mtMl uillier hhlv or uhivje." ,, , Di-.bt ami Cumin-. Gentle reader, are 1 . .. , ,,, you good at ligures I Wo presuine so, as , . r 1 ., most intelligent farmers are, as we Us iner - 1 , ... A . . chants and tnechaiiics. Como. then, and 1, . ,, , , ', let us cypher it out," nnd neo if the " boot lis 011 tho right leg;" or, in other words, I see if our inevmes arc more than our out - goes, for if our beloved country is running I tit debt to Great Britain, depend upon it, pay day will come, monoy or no money, and the people, like politicians, will have to "stand up to the rack, fodder or 110 fod- der." How stands tho account? Let us see. - Accordins to the oflicial allowing, the deposits of tho precious metals, mostly gold, u tho Philadelphia mint, sinco Jauii - ary IPS I, amount to ?!17,0ll,6d. Of this amount California has furnished about S;j(l,U00,000. The actual product of the unties, is estimated by competent judges, as follows: Sent to U. S. Mint, 5u.0il0,0)0 (In IVtatiflit in frvrtti Mrn oiiiinlrHiii ' Carried by piutKuuireni to f'utoigu countries, 10,480,11.2 H, ,WIJI05 5,U0U,olK) 15,000,000 I, 1)00,000 in,i ,00,000 -1,000,000 ll nut sent abroad via New York, Made into jewelry in the U S., Specimens procured in California, ('oined in San !'rnciBCo, say tWnud by Mexicans overland, say, , Total, 107,070,107 1 leaving out of the account tho uumensu I sums which have been sent to Chili and many foreign ports, without being mani fested, anil much more which has beun made into jewelry in England. A precious amount of gold indited ! Enough tu make the people and tho oountry rich and iiide- pandeut, prorided, by n wise nnd prudent j policy, it were kept at home to circulate I among tho active business men and ;inW 1 errs of tho country. But alas, it is not so. Wo aro the mere igaits of other', the trus- lets of European nioicliaiilu and manufac turers, to hand it aver to them, nl their bidding, in payment of " goods, wares and merchandise," most of which wo ought ei ther to manufacture for ourselves, or do without. Tho following is the amount of gold and nnd silver exported from the sin gle city of New York in ten months. Let us seo how it foots up. In January, ? 1,215(1,831 1 February, 1,007,(539 1 March, 8,yOS,30l April, a,168,lo2 May, .l,flO(l,i;K June, (i.lflJ.Uftl July, 0,001,170 S,0o3,.tlt :I,1'JI),1I2 1,779,007 Total, SJ13,0-2G,J53 So it seems, as plain as " addition and subtraction," that of all the deposits at tho mint there is only a balance left us of about four millions, and this is liable to bo exported at any moment. But this even could be borne with somn tolerable degrco "f equanimity and good nature were tho", balance in our favor on footing up the amount of imports and exports. If our cy pheriug is corrcct.and any schoolboy inVer motit can correct us in that, if we are in fault, the balance of trade is altogether !n ' favor of Great Britain and her merchants, mechanics, and manufacturers, and against our own country and its industrious people. l lus is all wrong. It should not be so. The " boot should bo upon the olAtr le?.' j But let us figure on, and seo how stands the Pis . JmI'OIith anil ttvtnnru I Jnn- Slo. KW, 170 S I.SlCJ.OOl) . " m.j. Jan. Feb., HJ.0.Vi,.l02 51,010,070 March, April, May, June, July, August, Sept., October, i:t.0SG,102 10,7(!I,,VJ 10,071)03 ,0iJ(),02 ii,r,o.-.,o.-i9 1:J,.01,I30 io.r;).",i70 8,009,2 Ut 0,000,07.1 8,(21,8:17 o,a32,-7:i l0,r,02,:isi S,173,9lir 0,20(),o01 oSII.HO 4,917,003 Total, $119,701,718 S71,I.-.l,;ifi:$ ! Deduct 'ho sjircir part of the exports, $33r tt.v n-ir? .i ll . . uo,yr", tne oatuiice against us amounts to .. ..... . ocnnc one Immtral and Jtjty-Joitr thousand three?. '" 'tity-tircc dollars. We havo August, September, October, poor peasant who had 'this running in debt fo mother Britain, at" broui'hl them. Thnl.i ... .. f .. .... 1 tne rate 01 moro tiiau seven millions ai month, is much like swallowing pitchforks,1" tino foremost. It is a little too much for the industrious laborers and hard working 1 Vf-rvmnttrv nf lltn pnnn.r,, tn l.r... If !. . . . l'd i tiencc. It is a ruinous policy, and tends directly and inevitably to the depression of. . lron f"'gcs oris'ew York and Pennsylvania, ' , aro prostrated, and their fires put out the1' )rolll cf labor is taken from the. mou'th of 1 .,IJ, not. 11 .nr,j. no... lic ....,, .,,. . . .. ... """J"1 ,0 "I"'1 tIecay; spectacles of tho fully and madness of excessive importations, ' to the ruin of our own manufactures, and the prostration of the hopes and prospects of the industrious laborers and nrlizatis of thoi country, whose government should jirotcct , their rights nnd promote their interests. I And the wrong ami injurv is as great to ev- 1 ,. - ., 1 ' h , ... LrY li'ltr the sntl as to any other c ass r . .1 . t- of cl"ns in the lepuh he. How urcat. . ,, , .... . . . b a,ltl ,,ow' '""5 11 13 10 continue, 1 beyond ., 1 r 1 the rench of our arithmetic, Tin: Sauiiatii and tt.r Bnu. The one, ' is an emblem of rest, the other an emblem- ! of industry, and both inestimable blessings' to man. "By the sircat of thy face shall! I thou eat thy bread," was a blessing toman 1 instead of a curse. Perspiration is neccs-' sary to health, iiidustry.energy, enterprise,' toil, labor, work, work, work, first, midit, and l.tt, from early dawn to setting sun;' 1 are wonderful improvers of the health of 'the purso, the fertility of the farm, and the. vigor and strength of the man. Up at five 111 the morning, rain or shine, hot or cold f ' take an ablution of pure cold water, outside and iu. 'Pry it try it for yourselves, and give us the result of your experience, fur, . tho benefit of those who think it n lash, to" rise uncnrlv and eat the bread of r.tro nr.. I . . ' . 1 industry. All that wo can promise you is a good appetite for breakfast, and a hearty relish for the labors of tho day. Imitajo thu busy Bee, " who gathers honey all the duy from every opening flower," and ref member " the Sabbath was mado for njan, ami not man for the Sabbath." It is " God's special present to tho workingman," and one of Us chief objects is to prolong his lile, ard preserve elbcient his irorkin' tone. Tho man who works six days iu the week and uniformly rests 011 tho seventh, will have accomplished moro labor at tho end of the year, and performed it better, than he wiio labors incessantly all tho seven days in Ihe week. Honing 011 the Sabbath "acts 011 tho vital system Itko a compensation pond ; it replenishes the spirits, the elas ticity and vigor which the last six days la bor have drained away, and supplies thp force which is to fill the six days succeed ing ; and, in the economy of existence, it answers the same purpose as, in tho econo my of income, is answered by a savings bank. Tho frugal man who puts aside 'a pound to-day and another next moath, and who iu a quiet way is always putting aside his slated pound from time to time, when he grows old and frail, gets not only the same pounds back again, but a good many pounds besido. And tho consctencious man who husbands one day of his existence et ery week (&'ce 4(A page.) ,