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r - Liiili .':i:.i.ty r,i BY E. P. WALTON & SON. THURSDAY, APRIL 15, 1852, VOL. XLVI, NO. 21...WHOLE NO. 23?4;w ' ' -I.: i j'r .SUalfci- ,1, t lUf ttljman & 0tatc3oucnnl. PI Ill.ISMKl) r.VF.KV Tllt'ltflAY MORNING. i rtvi-.-a'..'ifi'-s.bn Btltanre c a ns, t r u . t . , , . t,.inca In-.rt.il alwata chargf-d1 fium thttewrlof I i litirC.AlatornrriieBheripiotta,ad'ferUas ,l i iminutiH'itliuni, null l'kmm ,a,lg , lialfjt for "7i ' 1. 1.. M. J. N. POMEROV, , . . t, 1.1, - II. "II I'll , . ii ( . BROWN, I, I '! MlLF." J. II VNA, i ,, WllTT, , , , .,k, i II A'lU H. SAWYER, i. .,. i W. HI Ol T, M ,,.l,fl- M, E. I). I'll I NAM, M,., -, J. ' . SOVK-1, M ,n ., t Jl'.l-' JOHN OX, Jr. fi F. f ITU, ,, , ,i aiiw kresTr.R, ii , ,i, a. t. iiak miri, s i,li (l4.dwi.-k. t (UIIPM ' K, -.., in-I'll r. tlAVMONO, .-,,,11,, ,1, WILLIAM ROI.I.IN- - , ,l, -n,rT, .d DAMFU VV, Jl'DO, I ,i.i,. . JE U'.VIIAII ro-"l I'R U ,i.l, 1 anl ' nto., (ANnf. ftMlTII, V, 1HVKKI.I A. Wxti.ll'r u . , .l,uri ni liutlnrr. K C "MIT II, vv,, , ,,... n a mi i-Hinn, V . ,-.t. i, JUNA-V AUIlOTT. Poetry. THE LINGERING WINTER. DT n. T. CORAD. "II,- iliti fo.tl. luftb waaplnf, b.aong rrel,iat aaad, ,1, I. utiilr.. crime again wnb rajalcing, bunging III , , ,,, w,tl, hin Piilm rElti. 6 II,. . ,. fl.k. In.. Ib" i'oujhmi,n. ritnMofl.rf fe II i, If. ,1, .hr uru. tba furru .llil h m ,rlr p.tienp anri Kb itwaamad aaea, .Nr h'vil. ihb wiater ltttKrix a ih hid. I itn A ,'. I rn.ra, tull.n, throtlh id ; r rt , k. tl,a bl..t whh I.Koimf winf , I ,k .ht.cr. in laa nnrlhrm fata t it .1., ,u lujiitHMI '.Miaiglf taa llaalaf lni.. ,ir .:inj lb ploug! iaia krart tha lur.- ',.,1 i il au4 if i.l-Kiuutg ala) : i l if. al witb .tu .ia,, alnfif, " , in l,, Im.on, kiiif. tbe itf aaaac- lay. tlx. Himmr iBilt( in hi rote ; ill hi. I rloud 4. low ti. btndl.if gr ilit ) , o i , if , the Mn grer-t, thr gt.'d. H it im , ti. teoato hw.ua It. lowdad .in. . u-. .'!, II. ,l, .iit. und I tnf , - tl ,,v, I i. ,ir It, li.tr ft I , '.il.M.tti I, a ,( , ' Ur I a ,,, . ' 1. lull" r 1 1 JJt r iiijj m, Ibe I. . 1 hi i.-i i 1 . r '. t t in, - I'lifnl, sin, or Ihi- i.i,., . I ii.-r.-d A 11-. ui ul lit.ma i,. h.na.l mid ii,a VVimn aaall a. nt .I mid . Ih I iborar. fuint aat f. w , I ,.,i;i. flrha uti.i. 1 !ti,g ba ,b .ra , . t l,Ntkth. It ht.. Iotf.1 Ibiougli; ,tt vn bigb, a rui di.eta daap.ir. I , ll. i.daaanad 1 hri.tB karaaai aland, . wilb hymn of Praia, bi. bawotn thrall , hr i-ia with a wrr.gibtfWMS band, ,1. lh W taiar ItBgartng sa tba bill t a - i,.. Ii.mb.i und u,a Winoi .mil a. illisccilnncous. 1 : 1 1 Ilick.iM1 HuuaiboUl Wofda. RAINBOW MAKING. Ii i a great idea too Urge to tie arrived , .11 fit hj deirrcos that the fleeces of sheep i 1 1, 'the nations ol men. tne neece ot .1 s. i p, when pulled and apread out, looks much I truer ihaii while coveting tbe mut-' t m , hui atill it is with a sort ol despair lint we think of the quantity required, and ol 1 1.,- dre.-siiig anil preparation necessary, t i r ii ithitij liltc-eii million of men in one. , iiiiilri, and double thai number lu am'th tr, (to -ay nothing t f the women,) and of Uie iiunilier of countries, each containing i'i in, ni, which ate incessantly demand ni.1 tin Ik'tcesof sheep lo clothe their in li iti t nils. We rc iieinber the hill-sides of o .r .mil mountainous districts; and the i U- tint1 grssy plains of Saxoov ; and the 1 h- table lauds of Thibet, and the vail, )s oi Cishniere, all speckled over with il.s ; we think of the Australian sheep vv,tlks, where there ate flocks of such un it ni ige ihlo size that the whole sheep is l Mi'-il d.i.vu for tallow ; we think ol I'rince L-'ernazy's reply to the question of an l.n j: i-h nobleman, when shown vast flocks, .i ul a-kt-d how his shct-p in Hungary would i' nip ue in number wiili these thai his tin puerils outnumbered thfl Englishman's sli'tpr wc think of these things, iitd by dc t 1 ecs begin to uuderstaud how wool enough may bo produced to furnish the brnadcloths and flannels of the world. But tho most strong and agile in agination is confounded when the material of bilk is considered in the samo way. Compare a caterpillar nub a sheen: comDaru tho cocoon of a mIk worm (the achievement of its life) with the ! annual fleece of a sheep; and ilia supply of1 silk fir the looms of l!uropc, Asia, and A-' racrica, seoms a iiura miracle. Tho uur-; vti it the greater, nut the less, when one is, in a silk-growing region atiouding to the I lacts and appearances, than when trying to i conceive ol them at home. Ill I.omhardy, we travel from dav to dar. durum the whole , inontli of 'May, between rows of mulberry trees, where the peasants aro busy proud-, ing fund fur the worms ; a man in the tree I snipping off tho leaves, and two women be low with sacks, to carry home the fuilago. We see what tons of leaves per mile must be thus gathered daily lor weeks together; we go into houses in Cvery village to inspect the worms ; we. mount lo the flat roofs of the dwellings, and find in oaoh countless multitudes of the worms ; we pass on, from Country to country, till wc mount to the hamlets, perched on the rocky shelves of the Lebanon; and we find everywhere iho insect secreting its gum, or spinning it forth as silk ; we remember that the same process- is goinc forward in tho heart of our Indian Peninsula, and throughout China; we look at the broad belt round the globe lltttn.. .1.. I ..I . . " - .... "iciu iiiu nine worm is tunning us cocoons , and still vre find it impossible to imagine bow enough silk is produced to supply the wants of the woild. from the brocade of the Asiatic potentate to tho wedding ribbon of uie English dairy-maid. Nowhere is tbe specuUtmn more diflicult than in u dye bouse al Coventry. Probably there was as inuch wonder ex cited by the same thought, when King Hen ry VIII. wore the first pair of silk slock uigs brought to England from Spam; and when Francis I. looked after the mulberry trees in France, and fixed sumo silk weav ers at Lyous; and when our Queen Mary passed a law forbidding servant-maids to "ear ribbon on bonnets ; and when moil arch after monarch passed acts to teach how silk should be boiled, and whence il should be bruught, and who should and who should not wear it when wrounhi: but the perplexity and amazement of king, lords, and commons could baldly, at any time, Imio exceeded thai of ilie Iminlilosl visitor of to-day in any die-house nt Coventry. '.. I .1.: ., r . .. . J iu kihuv somcimug oi mo .act oi tins as- ttiniililrlcilt : for we bavo been lintinu Ilie . niniicr uiai arc 10 oe tumid on ilie prem ises of Messrs. I.eavesley and Handc, at Coventry. On onteritiK wo re, ranged along the counters, Imlf round iho room, bundles of pliwsy silli, of the imnt brilliniit colors. Uliies, riise-cnliir, greens, liUcs, make a rainbow of tbe place It is only two days since this silk was brought in in a very dif fereiil condition. Tbe tbrowster, (tolbrow, means to twist or twine,) nflsr epinninjr the raw silk, imported from llaly, Turkey, IJeii gol, and China, into tbtcads fit for the loom, sent tt here in Ixindlcs, gummy, harsh, dm g) i except, inriped, the Italian, wbicli looks, till washed, like fragments of Jason's fleece. If bundles, and regiments of bun dles, like these, come into one d)e-botie eery few days, to ite prepared fur the wea ring of rilibon alone, and for the ribbon wearing of a siuiiln town, it is overwhelm. uig tt) think of the amount of production required for the broad silk-wcaiing ofKuj iand, of Europe, of ihe world. Of the silk uteo at Coventry, about eiuhtv Her cent, is used lor the ribbon-weaving of the city and '(rouble. There is actually a precipitation, neighborhood; and the quantity average jof metal, of tin, upon every fibre, to make it six ions and a half weekly. Of the remain- j receive the dye ; and then it has to be w ash ing twenty per cent., half is used for the'ed; and then dipped again, before it can j manufacture of fringes; and the oilier half : take a darker shade ; and afterwards wash-' eoo to Macclesfield, Coiiglcton, and Der-jod again over nnd over, til! ii is dark J "J' ; enough: when it is finally soused in water. The harsh, gummy silk that comes in ' which has fuller's earth in it, to make it ' from the throw. ng mills is boiled, wrung ' soft enough for working and wear. What, out, and boiled again. Ifit wants bleach- is doing with that dirty w hue bundle It1 ing, thtjre is a sort of open oven of a house ; ! is s ilk of a thoroughly bad color. Whether a vault in the yard, where it is " sulphur- it is the fault of the worm, or of the worm's red" The heat, and the sensation in the food, or what, there is no saying that is the throat, inform us in a moment where we manufacturer's affair. He sent it here. It! have got to. When the hanks come forth is now to be sulphured, and dipped in a very , from this process, every thread is separated faint shade of indigo, curdled over w Hh soap. , from us neighbor, and the whole bundle is . This will improve it, but not make it equal . soft, diy, and alosy. Then follows the dye- to a purer while silk. Next, the hanks injr. To make the t,,lk receive the rolor, have to be wpieezed in the Archimedean H is dipped in a mordant, in miiiic diluted pre?, Rml then hung up in that large, hot acid or - Inn. n ot nut il, v Inch enables the drvmg room. cul ,r , .hue into the fibre. To make pinko One serious matter remains uninlHIigillo of .ill h.idr-. the silk is dipped in diluted to us 11 md ribbon; lh.it 11, all cons ol tartaric acid lor the mordant, and then in a checked ribbons hare been in fashion mi decoction of sufllivrr for the hue. To long now, that vo have had tune to pecu- inane piuin-wwor or puue, iiioigo is me dye, wiili a cochineal. lu make black, they can possibly be made. About the col nitrate of iron first ; then a washing follows, or of Ihe warp (the Ion; way of the rib and ihen a dipping in logwood dye, mixed bon) we are clear enough." But bow , in the , with soap and water. For a white, pure weft, do the colors duly return, so as to enough (or ribtioiia, the silk bos to pass make the stripes, and therefore, the checks, through the three primary colors, jellow, recur at equal distances. We aro now red and blue. The dipping, wringing, shown bow this was done formerly, arid bow plashing, stirring, boiling, drying, go on is ii done now. Formerly, the harms were vigorously, from end to end of the large tied very lightly, at equal distances, and Ihe , premme., ,s may be supp. icd, when the alternate spaces closely wrapped round vv ith fact is mentioned that the daily consuinp- paper, or wound round with pacK thread. . tion of water aiuoaut to one hundred thou- ThwtooK up n nroat deal of time. We were and gallons. A reaerroir, in the middle shown n much belter plan. A shallow box of the yard, formerl) supplied the water ; is mado, so as to bold w uhui it tbe balrea of but it tiroted llisiilticient or uricertk.ni ? nairi-ral tu-ntns nT h'iIk : IhCM hsivn. ,j llo,v lt ls Rbout to Le filled up, and mi Artesian well is opened to tbe depth of oue hundred and imieiy-nvc Irel. 1 he dyeing sheds are paved with pebbles or brick, crossed uh gutters, and vane-gated w ith gay puddles. Sioul brick built coppers aro sialioiicl round the place. Above each copper -irr cock", which Irt in hot and cold Wiiterfiointhepipesih.il tr.ml round the walls of lie si. id-. Thcie are ood-ii trough- f r il.e ilvr ; audio thce troughs Ilie vv ati r i-c, nve) I'd by -pouts. The -nk bangs duvvii into the lto Irom poles, smoolhlv turned aid uuilorm, which are laid ut-ro-s the troughs by the dozen or more at once. Thews slaves ate procured from I)t rhy. TU-y cost Irom six shillings to tweiuv-lour uliiiiinif pit do. '.en. Mid con- e(,tuio an independent subsiduuy manufne- lure. i he silk hanks being suspended from these poles, two men, standing on ei- devil's dust. ther side of thet rough, take up two poles, There is a calendering process employed and shake, and plunge the silk, and turn in the final preparation of the dried silk, by that w hu h has in en uppermost under Ihe which, we believe, its ghs is unproved ; surface ol the litpn r, and pass on lo the but it was not in operation at the time of nt xl two. When done enough, the silk is, our visit. We saw, and watched with great wrung out ami pressed, nnd taken to the curiosity, n stlli later process more pretty drying house. The heal in that large ' to witness than easy to achieve the mak-i chamber is nl ml one hundred degrees. 'ing up of the hanks'. This is actually the, On entering it, everybody begins lo cough. 1 most difficult thing the men have to learn in The place is lofty and large. Tho staves, the whole business. Of course, therefore,, which aro laid across the beams, to con- it is no matter fur description. The tvvi.t, tain the suspended silk, make littlu mova- the insertion of the arm, ihe jerk, the, bio ceilitms here and there. J hit chain- her contains five or tlx hundred weights of bill, at once. Uur minds glance once more towards the spinning insects on hearing this; and we ask again, how much of their produce ma) be woven into fabrics m Cov - entry alone I We think we must have made a mistake in setting down the weekly aver- aire at six tons and a half. But there was no mistake. It is really so. While speaking ol weight. we heard cntTiMihiiirr w-liiih reminded us of ICimjtTom mii?hl snv for it vcrv Ion? bcfoie he Charles l.'s opinion about some practices which were going forward before our eyes, effect is beautiful. The snaky coils of the It appea's thai the silk which comes to the polished silk throw off the light like frag-dye-house is heavy with gum to tbe amount i menlt of mirrors. of one fourth of us weight. This gum Another mysterious process is the mark must be boiled out before the silk can be uig of the silk which belongs lo each man Jyed. But the manufacturers of cheap I ufacturer. The hanks and bundles are goods require that the material shall not be j tied with cotton string; and this string is bo light as this process would leave it. It ' knotted with knots at this end, at that end, is dipped in well-sugared wator, which adds' in the middle, in ties at the sides, with about eight per cent to Us weight. Many , knots numbering from one lo fifteen, twen tons of sugar per year aro used as (what ty, or whatever number may be necessary; the proprietor called) " the silk-dyer's dev-1 and tho manufacturer's particular system of it's dust." Il was this very practice which knots is posted in the books with his name, exoited tho wrath of our pious King the quantity of silk sent in, the dye requir Charles. in all his horror of double dealing, 1 ed, and all oilier particulars. A proclamation of his, of the date of 1(530, Wo were amused lo find that thero is a declares Ins fears of the consequences of particular twist and a particular dye for the " a deccitfu hand 1112" ot the material, by adding to its weight in dyeing, and ordains that the whole shall be done us suit as pos sible : that no black shall be used but Spanish black, "and that the gum shall be fair boiled off before dyeing." He found 111 time, that he had meddled with a matter that he did uol understand, and he had gone loo far. Some of tbe fabrics of his day required to be made of "hard silk;" and ho took back his orders in 1(.'JS, huv uig become, 11 s he said, " better informed." From trough lo trough wo go, breathing steam, and stepping into puddles, or reek ing rivulets rippling over the stones of the pavement ; but we are tempted on, like children, by lliu charm of the brilliant col ors that flash upon the sight whichever way we turn. What a lilac this is I Is it pos sible that such a hue can stand I It could not bland even the drying, but for the alkali into which il is dipped. It is dyed in or chil first, and then made bluer, and botuc- wli.it more secure, by being soused in h well-soaped alkaline mixture. This is n good red brown. It is from Brazil wood, wiili alum for its mordant. 1 Ins is a liril linnl blno : iiiditrn. nf couran 1 W. mil. phatc of indiijo, with tartaric acid. Here are two yellows? bow is that? One is much belter than tbe other; morcuier, it makes a better (jreen ; tnorooier, it wears immeasurably better. Hut what is it t Tbe inferior one is the old fashioned tumer ic, witb tartaric ncid. And the improicd yellow! O I we perceive. It is a rccret of the establishment, and we are not to sk questions about it. But among all thot-e men employed here, are there notio necessi-1 bio to a bribe from a rival in the art I j There is no say ing ; for the men cannot be 1 templed. They do not know, anymore! than oursihes, what this mysterious yellow ! is. Why does it not supercede the old fashioned tumeric I It will, no doubt ; and it is gaining rapidly upon it ; but it takes time to establish improvements. The im provement in greens, however, is fast rec ommending the new jellniv. This deep amber is a line color. We find it is called California, which has n modern sound in it. This Ndpoleon blue (not Louis Napoleon's) ii n rich color. Ii oivfn a unrul lral r laic wuicu we nave oiten uoncj on now curiously twisted, so us to alternate with tbe other halves when the haiiKs arc sIiokpii bacK in Iheir right position h-r winding. One half being within the box, and the olh- er banging out, the lid is bolted down sought that the die cannot creep into the box; and the out hanging siIk is dipped. So much can be done at once, that the avmg of time ' isvery great, and judging by the prodigious ' array of plaid ribbons that we saw in the looms afterwards, I lie vabie of ihe invention isnotritle. The name of this novelty is the Clouding Box. We tee a bundle of cotton. What has cotton to do here ? It is from Nottingham very fine and well twisted. It is a pretty pink, and it costs one shilling and sixpence to dve. Hut what is it fur t Ah ! that is the question I It is to mix in with silk, to I make a cheap ribbon. Another pinch ot drawum of Ihe mysterious knot, may be looked ul for hours and days, without the j spectator having me least idea now tne , thing is done,. We went from workman to , workman from him who was making up1 the blue, to him who was making up the, red we saw oue of the proprietors make i up several hanks at the speed of twenty in j ' four minutes and a half, and we are no; I more likely to be able to do it than if wc. i had never entered a dye-house. Peeping would be much the wiser; when done tho . Irmseol Drown narasois. 11 is uesircu inai 1 . " , ... , 1 . .1 .. .1- e. mere Sliouiu uu u ciaiei urn on hub mugc when seen against the light ; and here, ac cordiugly, we find the claret tint. The silk is somewhat dull, from being hard twisted; it is to be made more lostrous by stretch ing, and we accompany it to the stretching machine. There it is suspended on a bar rel and moveable tun ; by a man's weight applied to a wheel, Ihe pin is drawn down, the bank stretches and comes out two or more inches longer than it went in, and looking perceptibly brighter. A hink of bad silk snaps under this strain; a twist that will stand it is unproved by it. Looking into a little apartment, as we return through the yard, wo find a man en gaged in work which the daintiest lady might long to tako out ol his hands. He is making pattern curds and books. He arrages the shades of all sorts of charming colors, named after a hundred pretty flow ers, fruits and other natural productions bin lemons, lavenders, corn flowers, jon quils, cherries, fawns, pefcrls, and so forth , takos a pinch of each floss, knotgu in the middle, spreads it at the cuds, p:isi- down these cuds, and, when he has a r,,w com plete, covers the pasted part with slips ill paper so numbered as that each number stands opposite its own shado of color. A pattern-book is as good as ii rainbow for the pocket. This looks like woman's work ; but there aro no women here. The men will not allow ii. Woman cannot he kept out of the ribbon weaving; but in the dye house thoy must not el foot, though the work, or the chief part of it, is far Irom la borious, mid requires u good eye and tact, more than qunlities less fumimm:. Wc found many apprentices in the works, re- ccmug nearly half the amount of wages of; their quuiiheu elders. The men earn Irom ten shillings to tbirty shillings a week, ac cording to their qualifications. Nearly half of the whole number earn abaui fifteen shillings a week At the present time. And, now, ue aro impatient l-i follow these pretty silk bundles to the factory, and 'pattern, close before his face, like the cur tec tbe weaving. Ills strange to see, on lam ol a cabinet piano. L'prcared before our way to so thoroughly modern an uslab-j bis eyes is his pattern, supported by a slip iishinrnt, such tokens of antiquity, or re-jof wood. He brings the line he has to minders of antiquity, as wo have lo pas. . ' read in" to the edge of this wood, and We pass under St. Michael's church, and then, with nimble fingers, separates the look up, amazed, to the beauty and lofti-1 cords, by threes, by sevens, by fives, by ne?s of its tower and spire, tbe -pir-la-J twelves, according to the pattern, and penng olT at a height of three hundred and , threads through them the string which is twenty feet. The crumbling nature of the , to lie them apart. Tim skill ami speed the stone gives it richness and beauty to the . with which he feels out his cords, while hu edifice, which we would hardly part with icyos are fixed on the pattern, appear very for Mirh clear outlines as those of there- remarkable; but when we come to consid stored Trinity Church, close at hand. And er, it is not so complicated a process as then, at the angle of tbe market place, , playing at sight on tho piano. The reader there is Tom, peeping part the corner, has to deal thus with one chapter, or scrios, looking out of his window, through bis j or movement, of his pattern. A da cttpo specticles, with n stealthy air, winch, bow-'ensues; in other words, the Jacquard cards ever ridiculous, makes one thrill, as with a . are tied together, to begin agiin ; and there vv hilf of the breeze which snrred the Ladv i" a revolution ol the cards, and a repetition Uotliva's hair, on that memorable day, so long ut. It is strange, after this, to see the t trtory chimney, stra:ght, tail and hand some, in Us war, with its inlaying of t-,.tr-eil bucks, loitering before u- lo about th hi i'!il ol a hundred and thirty O-et. No pi i i" ha- proved il-elf more unwilling thin Civtnti v to aiiiuit sueh im. o alio, i- .N i pla' f has made a more desperate re-ist.-im-e to thu introduction of steam power. No place has more persevcringly struggled for protet'lioti, with groans, men ices ami up- cess ol all the actual weaving. We cer plicntions. Up lo a late period, tbe Cov- laiuly bad no idea how line h spectacle il entry weavers believed themselves safe from might be. Floor above floor is occupied the inroads of steam power. A Macules- with a long room in each, whero the looms field innntil'tcturer said, only twenty years arc bet as close as they can work, on either ago, belbic a Committee of the House of ( band, leaving only a narrow passage be Commons, that he despaired nf ever appl- ( Ivvcen. Il may seem an odd thing to say ; ing power-looms to silk. This was because but thero is n kind of architectural gran so much lime was employed in bundling deur in these lofty looms, where the trans nnd trimming the silk, that the steam pow-. verge cords of the looms nnd their tlnilis er must be largely wasted. So thought the and beams rue so uniform, as lo produce weavers, in the days when tbe silk vvasgiv- the impression that symmetry, on a large en out in hanks or bobbins, and woven at scale, always gives. Looking down upon home, or when the work was dofie by Imid the details, thero is plenty of beauty. The Iuum. wawvers in ihi, bator s-aaiUtd the i m in -iaairs-aaiuklit'U me loom-sbi.p. The day was at hand, bow iv- nr, when that should be done of which ihe Maccle.-field gentleman despaired. A small factory was set up in Covenlrv, l y way of CXD'T 11111-111 , ill lite tlir oi Blt3in-pm i-i , ill l-HI. It was burned down duriiij. a quar- . ... .1... .., . rtl about wages nobody knows how or by tilium. J he weavers declared it vv as not their doing; but their euemiiv to steam- power was strong enougu to re-irnu me employers from the use of it. Il was not till t very body saw that Coventrv was los ing us manufacture parting with it to pla ces which made ribbons by steam that the iiimititactiirers fell themselves able to do what must be done, if they were to save their trade. Tho state of tlnuus now is very significant. About seventy houses in 1 ished, leaving the shuttles above room to Coventry make ribbons and tiinimiugt, ply their work. (fringes and the like.) Of these, four make ', Tho variety of ribbons is very great, fringes and trimmings, and no ribbons; and though in this factory wc saw no gauzes, six or eight make both. Say that fiflj -eight ' nor, at the time of our visit, any of iho bouses nittku ribbons alone. Il is believed extremely rich ribbons which made such a that three ('ninths o." the ribbons are made show at the Exhibition. Some had an cle by no more than .twenty houses of these fif- gaol and complicated pattern, and were ly-eight. There are now thirty sleam-pow-, woven with two shuttles (railed the double er loom factories ill Coventry, producing, batten weaving) which ctimo forward alter about seven thousand pieces of ribbons in ' nalely, as the details of the rich flower or ihe wt'ik, and giving employment to about leaf required the one or the' other. There three thousand persons. Ilfceuis not to be , wore satin ribbons, in weaving which only ascertaui'd how large a proportion of the one thread in eight is taken up the gloss population arccmplojed in tho ribbon man- being given by ihe silk loop which covers ufacluro; but the increase it great since the oilier seven. On entering, we saw the year 1S!H, when the number was about some narrow scarlet satin ribbons, ivoyen eight thousand, without reckoning Ihe out- for the queen. Wondering what her insjea- layuig places which would add about three thui. and to the number. The total popula- tiou of the city was found, last March, to amount to nearly thirty seven thousand. So, if wc reckon tho iiumbors employod in coiuiex'ion with the throwing null and dvc houses, wo shall see what an ascendency the iibbou manufacture has in Coventry. .All ho Taclorv we aro enterintr. the ore- parutorv processes arc tioiu forward at the top and thu bottom of tho building. stripes of all varieties of width and hue. In the yard is the boiler fire, wluoh sets ihe '.There were diced ribbons and speckled and engine to work ; and, from the same yard, frosted. Thero wero edges which may in we enter shops, where the machinery is troducc a beuuttful harmony of coloring ; made und repaired. Tbe ponderous work j as primrose with a lilac edge; green with of the men at the forge and anvils contrasts 1 i purple edge; rose-color and brown; puce curiously with the delicacy of tbe fabric j and amber ; and soou. The loops of pearl which is to be produced by the agency of or shell edges arc gircn by the silk being these masses of iron and steel. Passing up' passed round horse hairs, which are drawn a step-ladder, we find ourselves in a long 1 out when tho thing is done. Thero aro room, where turners are at work, making . bells double ribbons which have other the wooden apparatus required, pieicing material than silk in them; and thoro are the " compass boards," for threads to pass n good many which are plain at one edge, throucb and displaying to us many ingeni- and ornamented at the other. Theso arc ous forms of polished wood. W hile the apparatus it thus preparing below, the ma - . r r ........ terial of the manufacture is getting arrang- cd, four stories overhead. There, under u skylight, women and girls are winding the ; silk Irom the hanks, upon the spools, fur! ilie biiuiues. Here wo see, again, inc cluuded silk, which is to make plaid rib bans, and the bright hues which delighied our eyes at the dyeing house. This is easy work many of the women sitting at their reels; and the air is pure and cool. The great shaft from the engine, passing through the midst of the building, carries off the dust, and affords excellent ventilation. Besides this, the wTiole edifice is crown ed by an observatory, with windows all round; and no complete ceilings shut off! the air between this chainner and ihe rooms. of two stories below. In clear weather there is a fine view from this pinnacle, ex-! lending from the house gardens, audorch aid of the .Messrs. Hiinicrtou below, over tho spires of Corentry, to a wide range of country beyond. Descending from the long room, where the winding is going on, we find ourselves in an apurtmetil which U does one gooo to be in. It is furnished with long narrow tablos and benches, put thero for iho nke of the work people, who may liko to bavo ( heir toa at the factory, in peace and quiet. They can hare hot water, and make them elves comfortable here. Against the door hnurrs a list of hook 5, read, or to be rend, by the people ; and a very good list it is. Prints, from ltalfalle's Bible, plainly framed, am on Iho walls. In the middle ol the room, on, and beside, a table, are four men and tints preparing iho " strap ping" of a Jacquard loom for work. The cords, so culled, arc woven at Shrewsbury, Wo next enter a room whoro a young iiimii is ungaged in the magical work of ''read mit in from the draught." The draught is the pattern of the intended ribbon, drawn and painted, upon diced paper like the patterns for carpels that we saw at Kendal, but a good deal larger, though the article produced hero is much smaller. The young man sits, as at a loom. Before him lungs the mass of cords be is to tic into oi ino pattern, tin tne piece ot ribbon is finished. In the same apartment is the press in which the Jacquard curds are prepared; ju-t in ihe way which may he ecn wherever silk or carpet weaving, with Jacqnjrd looms, guts forward. All ihe preparations having been seen llit- making ol the niachinerv , the lillmu of the spools, the drawing and " reading in" of the pattern, and the tving of lliu cords 'or strapping, we have to see tbe great pro- Itizbt clan Cass upon the gloavsv colored ailks. Usui tutuices upon itio tioita coiureu aiiKs, depei.ding, like a veil, from the bacKs of the looms, where women and girls aro buy piecing the imperfect threads with nimble lingers. There seems to be plenty for ono ... . , . . , I. -u. !......... I.A. .1 itiB,in iu m , oil Oleic aiv tioi tveo uinaii ribbon, or a greater number of narrow ones, woven at once, in a single loom; yet rt may sometimes bo seen thai one person can attend the fronts, and another the backs of two loom. In tho front we sec the thir teen ribbons getting made. Usually they are of the same pattern, m different colors. The shuttle, with their gay little spools, fly to and Iro, and the pattern grows, a- of UK own will. Below is a barrel, on which tbe woven ribbon is wound. Slowly re- wiring, it winds oft' the fabric as it is fin- ' ty could want with ribbons or siinh a color j and quality, we woro set at ease by finding that it was not for ladies, but horses. It was to dress tho heads of the royal horses. There wero bride-like, while-figured rib bons, and narrow flimsy black ones, fit for tho wear of the poor widow who strives to get together some mourning for Sundays. There were chocked ribbons, of all colurs and all sizes in tho check. There were for trimming dresses. One reason why ' lliuro are so few gauzes is that the French I . .1 'l't...u 1 1... La.,,1 nr.illi beat us there. They grow the kind of silk thai is best for that fabric; and labor is cheap with them; so that any work in which labor bears a large proportion to the material, is parucuiuny ruimuic iui iiiviu. Wo have spent so much limo among the looms, that it is grow ing dusk in their shad-, ows, though still light enough in the counting-house for us to look over the pat tern book, and admiro a great many pat terns most, till we see more. Young wo men ure weighing ribbons in scales; and a man is measuring oil" somu pieces, by reeling. He cuts off remnants, which he casts into a basket, where they 10011 so pretty that, lost wc should be conscious of nv shoii-li(iinr propensities, we turn away. There is a glare now through the window which separates us from tho noisy weaving room. The gas is lighted, and wo step 111 again, just to eeo the effect. It is really very fine. The Hire of the separate jets is lost behind the screens of silken threads, which veil the backs of the looms, while the yellow-light touches tho beams, und gushes up to Iho high ceiling in a thou sand caprices. Surely the ribbon manu facture is one of the prettiest that we have to show. Inmlha AmnriesB rltranologieal J ml ma I. THE GRAVEL WALL: No. -1 AND LAST. In my own house I laid brick sills on which to set the window frames, as is done in hrick bouses, and a brick arch over the windows. At to the thickness of the wall, this will depend on the height of your building. My own lioiiso is four stories high, and the wall of the first is 18 inches, the next sixteen, the next twelve, the other ten ; while the inside walls, or partitions, arc, for the first story, ten inches, and the second eight; but if I were to build another four story house, I should deem fourteen inches amply sufil cieiit for the first story, twelve inches for the Mtond, ten for the lltlld, and eight for the fodrth. My inside walls are twenty feet high, and seventy leet long, with a cross wall in the middle, makinrr n snan of third. Turn fi.pt. The flooring of tbe two upper stories andjmv" j"''gn'cnt, you can hardly go astray me rooi resi on uie wan, so mat at me points of pressure the weight resting on the walls is immense, but they stand any thing thus far put upon them, without the first sign of giving away. I should not be n- traid to put one hundred tons on the roof, such is my confidence in the strength of the wall. bull, the thickness of the wall is too small a matter fur serious consideration ; as'brnled alike fur speed ami bottom, will bo shown in the last article, the cost of the ma-1 i.uorcstcd in tho follow inrr article, which wo t a. r in! it loo Irifltii, noit il ilnita tint r.oat nttv ' more lo gel re.viy to tuiiiii a thicK than a thin wall, so that the difference is not great. To those, therefore, who arc timid, I o on Id iccommetid n twelve inch wall for the first story, and ten for the second, yet would deem leu incite for the first, and eight for Ihe M-corid, sulliciciit, provided the material used be of thu right kind, and prop erly mixed. hen the wall is completed ami levelled, aun imams ns wine as uie wau piaccti an around, you are now ready to lay )tur Urn- hers as you would on a brick wall. If these floor timbers do not run clear across the ! house, of course the inner ends must rest I upon some thing, which should be Hie usu- al mode of studding. 1 should hardly fee- ommend the gravel material for the inside (walls, because that can be made cheaper by j studs, lathing and plastering. Tbe floor I timbers and tho studs to support them re- quire to bo laid story by tier,, as you pro- coed with the wall. j If you bavo a pitched roof, you need to, ! serve this wall exactly as jou would a brick I wall under like circumstances. The roof """! "' f. lf..iipDortiii, a, on I brick walls, Iho details of which belong lo .' the mason and carpenter, but my own judg - .... .. .. inont lavors tt root nearly hji, o hui iuc j iop of your house will furnish u beautiful promenade, and a plac for Mowers, grapes, j hanging clothee, tSic. ! But here a dillicully arises to render l.l I . . 1 . I . . I . t . llicse oil la llglll, w IIQ11 SO nearly ll.ll. .tiy ow n house is barely pitched enough to turn , the water to two points of that root, it go- ing down inside into cisterns. It has so little nitcb that in sumo nlnces the water stands and dries up, and yet il has never ( rniscd I by Gen. DcLancyof Long Island, leaked one drop. nnd sired by his imported English horse j The material of which il is made is en-, Traveller, who traces directly back In , tirely new. The original Blake's Oluoj(m Gotlolphin Arabian. Dam of the Paint constitutes, one of the ingredients and :0rigiual Morgan was of the Wild Air clean sand ...other ; but I am not at liber- br(,C(, B. , , , 1)inmoni, who wns ty to statu thu details, nor need readers- , . ,, i, ., , ,, , , trouble tne with questions or tellers upon rn,6e'! "', Knt llnrlfortl. Conn. Diamond 'the subject, because, when my judgment I W,1S slrC(' ty ,',5 Wild Air, known ns the 1 deems it best to make it known, 1 shall do j Church Horse. The Church Ilorso was 1 so unsolicited. The cost of my loot" is less i sired by Wild Air, imported from Eng by from UO to 50 per cent, than a shingle , land by Gen. DoLancy, nnd nltcrwards i roof, and is heller, being smooth ns glass, lntc i,., to England. lie wasn grand j and so hard that you can grind off the head isnll of ,ie Godolphin Arabian. Tho of a nail, wi.hout making any perceplib.e , ' (Jan o( l0 ciurci ,(Kje WM nn . be repaired by any body for the mciest tri- U0'Bu't' of Sinngfiehl, Mass. lie is fire-proof as well as frost und water . 1 "o Woodbury, Sherman, Dehno, and proof. I once did build quite a fire on the j Belknap were the only stock horses sired roof, without making any impression upon j uy tne Justin morgan, the Ueluio it. It can be put on for from three to four i horse was from u hulf-blood Canadian cenls per rqture foot. As a place for our tmir0 w,ich has given rise to tho erro evening promenade, or for drying clothes or neous guppjtio,, nf tjJU cxistenco of fruits, and many other like uses, consider French bloQtl Qn u t of hc otlur the top of my house a very valuable acqui- . sit. on, and incomparably superior to a bl. in-1 f "r.8, , , , . - . gleroof. Il also deserves marked attention1 All tho noted Morgans, and tho fast that, in making a roof pitched, say at the trotters, decended from tho Woodbury usual ungle of tweniy-seveii degrees, you nnd Sherninti branches. Tho Giflbrtl aro obliged lo have one-eighth more square! Morgan, raised by Ziba Gifibrd.of Hart- feet of roof, than tbe square Teet you cover. Those cottage roofs, so steep, with so many anglos and corners, I consider perfect moil- and very liable itr leak at their points ofl :, I UUIIjUUWtlWH. Let us return to the wall. When the boards remained 011 one, two or three days, according to the weather, they may be re moved or taken off below to put 011 abuvc 1 carried up a wall of eleven feel in seven days, with an average ofabout three tiers of boards. In good drying weather it will be perfectly safe to fill up eighteen inches for iho irl tier, ciuhtcuu to-morrow tortile, 1 1 .i. .1 1 .1 -1 ii .i, r..-. second, nuu inu iniiu uuv laau imi tuu 01131, tier or course yet this is hurrying it laster, ' perhaps, than would bo judicious. A foot j pgr day, with a house say twenty feet high, ' would only taKe some three weens, aim 10 go much faster would not be desirable, yet, ili,ti iL-niibl nr, fnator USA mom boirds. !c.Vo .ouTu be taken lo se, the standards i j true, also lo adjust Iho boards so as to ,,,.ke I a plumb, smooth wall, us by so doing it will ! save nlast.r 111 levelling the sui face 111 iiu-i i gahing. We now come to the process of finishing! the walls outside. This may consist ol ajjg0 Qf the speed of tho two brunches, plain coat of murtar like the insidu of iho .j..1(J fustcill time which it has ccr been wall; or, by pulling lamp-btuck, together 1 i,e Black Hawk himself bus with some kind ol spirits, into ttio last coat,; ........ 1,. r,,,l,.reil cloudv. and ullervvard i it can be rendered cloudy, and afterward sprinkled wiili coloring matter, so as to re semble marble or granite. For all practical purposes for keeping out moisture, a tingle coat of mortar may be put 011 thu outside, side, as on tho lath, winch, besides look ing well, will render the house teiiantuhle till you can finish fho outside to your lik- nB , It may bo objected that the outside coat will peel by the action of the ram and frosi. I answer n. because il incorporates itstlt into, and becomes a nart of the wall. There will bo more or less holes, and into theso the mortar is pressed, and wherever It 'goes it sticks, leaving no crevicct for water, tp pentrate and thereby be liable to the frost. My wall was exposed, wholly uncorcred, two winters, and not the first sign of peel ing any where, ex'cept in the places already mentioned, that were not dry. The inside can be plastered directly up on the wall, though it will be warmer with furring and lath, as employed on brick walls. Rooms desizncd for winter uso should have birring. Tho caves of the house project from one to three or four feet, which woultl shield the wall lo n considerable extent. Whero it can ho afforded, I cordially rec ommend balustrades they need cost but little, and will aid so much to ornament a house, as to be worth their extra cost. The object of theso articles is not so much lo give details as the general outline of this mode of building. And now, read er, these three articles will enable you to put up tho walls of your house on this meth od. haro given you all tho details neces ''."f, sity their very simplicity may make you think you do not understand them but with these directions, nnd the use of vour ' II. thai if Ilia Plow would thllra lllmaalf mual either liau or dbivk." Black Hawk a.vd Moiuian Houses. The lovers of fast and good horses, cetc- copy from the Vcrgenucs Vormonlcr. We jdo not pretend lo much skill, or science, in horse flesh. But we do like a good horse, mid always did. As to the two breeds of horses, Black Hawk mid Morgan, wc think siz ol one anil half a dozen of the other, and i much of both.. They arc as very liko in their good qualities, as two silver cpootic, 1 cast in the same mould. For tho saddle or ,he urlies5, it will bo hard to find their su- penors in this or any other country.- ! "tnusumcr nurses may do tounu in many places, but belter ones, no where. Wo hare n six years old golden, of the pure Morgan blood, sixteen hinds high, with a . ., . ., . . , 1)01,1 fr0iu a,ld broad rcar' Hu Soes ten miles an hour with ease, and says tohis i driver, by prewsing bard upon tho bit, "I Llouj ij0 1o go Uvo miles more in thu cc of ; ,f bo(j ,. ', ,, !lln' mor' l,in" we do. Ilu cn Lc fur a ' conplo of hundred dollars. But to tho j . fsets j l0 case." Hear Mr. Scott : , , , b d , f , I n . t - t . 1 &IorBnn Horses, .living been personally' n f.t itn I otn.l ii'lto t Imtr tif.il if iron from I Rill , ....... totlio present Unto. 1 lie pedigree of thu ' Juslin Morgan, the sire of the Woodbury 'ntitl Slicrmnn nnd also of the Uclino and ' JJelknaii Mor"nns is as follows : . Justin Morgan wns raised by Justin Morgan, of Springfield, Mass., ntul ta- l li I..I..I. sr. .t. r it i , KU" 1 '"'! u , v i., in uioiauoi itvo ; M""-"'' 1 r,lc Hrilon or Beautiful Bay, land, Vt., was sired by old Woodbury. The Black Hawk Morgan, owned by David Hill, of Bndport, was sired by tho bhcrm.in Morgan. It will bo seen I from this, (which is a correct statement of tho pedigree of tho horses,) thnt what are now known as iho. Morgan and Black Hawk breeds, origi nated from tho samo sire. Both theso branches were well represented at tho d(Uc i,Vr at Middlebury last Septem ber. Every horse led into the ring by the Green Mountain -Morgan was a di- met dccoiidant from the Woodbury 111 1 tii I 11 ...I. branch, and those led by the Black Haw U were descendants from tho bhermati brunch of the Morgan stock. As to the peculiar muriis 01 111a yoou- I a . m)j Sherman horses, the peoplo I . i I.. . I...!... I"..- l',U W" J of ... ., ,i speed between the 1' lying Morgan nnd f 1'1C fos'est. Black Hawks, I do not consider il a fair criterion by which to . . , , b. advertisements t 111 V . . in my possession,) is ono mile in 2 min utes nnd 12 seconds, which 1 consider thu best time ever mado by tho Sherman or Black lluwk horses. - The Henry Clay, sired by GilTord Morgan, and owned ty Mr Wood of i'rovidunco, 11. 1. lias trotted u mile in i: minutes und 30 seconds. Ccppo, sired by the same, trotted his mile over tb Ccutrevillc track in 8, minutes 3P' onds. Tho chestnut horso (.See -Uh v-