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Vermont watchman and State journal. (Montpelier, Vt.) 1836-1883, July 15, 1852, Image 1

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VOL. XLVI, 3NO. 34...WHOLE NO. 2387.
lUn lfljmnn & Slate Journal. I
Ti"M- -Sl.50r.iMo idnco) $3,0r)lf navment If nol
a.lvan.t' , laiercit alwaye char
argea m
from lh and or
i he ft'
A i viiil if a liitorafenlatoreeeiTeaunierlntiona.ea.aHt...
n l rommtinieatloni, and acknowledge payment for
IlikeiiliplJ, J. N. roMHROV.
11 ... ktirld, II. rUIITH.
nim v. c. niiow.N,
i, 1 1 1 lit-, I'll MILE C. DANA,
E -.nr.-, a. O. SCOTT,
hi I,-,., ik, t:mv.Mii n. sawyer.
M.nhHolJ, C. II. PUTNAM,
l.,i.il'e, J. ('. NOVD.-",
M il.lli-.ri, JESHK JllI.NiO.V,Jr.
s Mi.a i.i, n. smith,
Orr.j. , CARLO iMlipnNTEIl,
Tin fi.-M, A. T. nAXI'KOFT,
F .lib llmdwirk, ('. HIIIP.MAN,
F.,..,JiSI,l'il ('. RAYMOND,
p.r.fl.i.d, WILLI M UOM.INP,
nil Strafford PANIBI, W. JUDO,
Tniibndj!-, jr.rtt.MIAII FOSTER,
ilfit 1.1 and Faj.lon, OR ANflE SMITH.
IV.n i'iurf and Pntlmry, R. C HMITII.
IV, Miamtloon, DARIUS PRIDE,
Frnm the Newark N. J.) Gatette.
General Winfleld Scott.
Tin Co lowing jmt tribute to General Seott was wittier,
n H'i, tv Mrs. E, C. KinnaT, nf this flty, now In Itilj
in i in! I'tiMtKhrtl in the National Intelligencer t ihe time,
! r.'i'uhoJ In ttiii an J otlier Journals. We reproduce
ii hum, - tiing eireeihnglv appropriate to tlio occasion,
ihnu.'h u TitUD without an Idea of Iti application to a polit
Ilfm of mtinv batile-fielJi,
Now urentheJ with mint laurels from afsr.
A ri'impinti both of peoco and war !
'1 In n art a haaghtynations prid
10 Spb her truest hearts belong ,
And e'er th slave, I tit l do thee wrrnig
I o ha vp thy noble too I decried.
1 1 honor' strength thou towereal strong.
V a rr-pdom'f eagle, fiom her cri
V j ftnetld by the dm ofarmi,
t 1 in Diuiania'a iron flg
! iv ir whoop joined hi wild alarmi
I i'i tiii-ti no veteran in wi,
n itdv form aroee like Mara !
A 1 a the tiloiof thy brow,
i . t. f d tin- wily Indian' bow ;
i ie Uni.in, in rbe might of n.iod,
M in than her monsreS gloiy iiw,
i nuH our baDnei to the wind
A iiib (he pUipi of Chippewa!
I I r lumr i giaven on the rocks
I hut bra re Niagari'a thutdenhocki t
I i 1 ui.lfrfiiue it ciermuie
AttutiAti of the tonenl'i toar
Gnnd nnd reiiitle.s ailhe flood
tl mIik it the gallant army itood.
h n through the tenon of Iho night
J tiy guiding atar
'iiiai lt,d ibe war
U'ai their true Cbitftalo! mi'ht I
ui thd' Achillea on the field.
In umicil thou our Neitur art,
K 1 it i h) deeds of ptace we yield
Not pMdits only, but tbe kearti
i ihpf nave wars ih htktioo saved
Dvi name muia littles honor done,
I r all the battle thou bast braved.
J 4t all the victurir won.
H vniii ilia Musisiipprt flood
Tii r name a houMeboM world shall bo,
Ji med with the nchte a lid the Roitd
V i )h 1, vh a grateful Cherokee.
I I r lim ol the foreit grows
Iltii tcri cr wbco pursued by fuet,
A ui Moumtf d, lurus la savage w rath.
I st mi the bold pursuers path t
Y' i k mlU t yti nd voices rultd,
Thn ruyal beast ol prey can tame,
' D t the timid, gen (l child,
Mv guide tt by a fondling name.
1 ut when the cruel utuudale went
1 launch the Wliwem's peaceful files
U'tir i j bold iaage race waa lent
Fr .m homev and ahe .f its lirei
I i- ! .inn f-H bi noble bluej
tuu.u will wrath aa firm he stood,
II ij-ni (or fight to string the bow,
And turn uoii his pale freed foe ;
t,n. liitmift- for the tvrants tread.
H field a nivcry voice iuataJ
F 1. no his ear, like music's dream,
"r hie his own wild foreit stream!
His weapon falls bis eye Is wet
Ilia talismaaic touch of love
II nudu him all bis threats forget
If Jih hanged the lion tu the dove J
A-, Suture to bar chieftain gave
True valor In a feeling heart
Tl at could a race i6d to r
And act tbe Christian Conqueror's pait.
Bu- hark ' the booming gun Calls back
1 tarns arm again the svordto wield
V ir itmct ahowa lis lurid '.rack,
Ai.i armies throng the tented field.
' I u m.'lit nod on Ban Juan's wait
H ' hjjt tiling's burstwilh dismal g'ari
'' ' id' daiknt ss whUdetha freighted bulls,
A 1 streams of fire illume the air !
I in" rn ! A thick ascending cloud
A ' oi iuered city doth enshroud!
The Iu1wftik, long a nation atteegth,
Yields up its battle'raenta at tenslh,
Via as-tbe soul of Kreedvoj's wars
r.anti there our glorious slfipos and itA'i 1
tVi out the great Ulyisei mind
Ut.ute akill the wily plot designed
Tii' Ail.it no hoiti, tlio' traiuad In wars,
''hg' cuuutlesa as the walehln; atari,
M .lit ionj in vaiu have conquest hoped,
1 ii.- ju.i ufTroy had never oped.
A-', hut lor lit-1 aelf-moviwff akill
Umcti to the oeed tbf plancreata,
A-.t.ii us mi)bt be feiteoed still
'i' e Imperial city gates.
Umuoi Menco! to thae
A' Itcs, all foititi.ei give way,
And m inumphaDl pageautiy,
T iuulinn tnnun.nrou. eonaueied fur.
in their chief, thine armies xo
"'v .
But swreter sounds await thine ear
Ti -in from victorious bugles come,
Uraung familiar woidi, and dear
the worn wariior, Teacaand HtMt
Cirat conrtueror t tho1 uo epii ljro
Way.ktndliog with lloicerio fire,
Tii tn. d achievmeuts, first and Ute,
n wigitty song perpetuate j
Tim. hut tbe germ of deathless fame
''cure in that unsullied name,
U"irb itMll descend 'torn age to age,
ArtQhiiDg vcr Mittury'spage.
Kven now oa Truth's aubliuieit height
Tku stindest firm In conscious fight,
A"4 mil hie some old oak, will elaud
U'ii.1.- itofu,! iby dauiitles soul can brave.
sik from fickle 'ortune's hand
J he p oudeit boon she cvel gave.
V honored lino! from afcr
I see thy glory like a star,
K"i"I withpure and Heidf.it glow.
fua a tranquil oallun's brow j
Ttre may H rest not that to thee
The place woo I J added lustre give,
ut thai our country bleat way be
XimN. J.
K.C. K.
Too True.
u Attend your cbuicb," the parson ariei,
To church each fair one goes j
The idd go there to close their eya,
11 youj'g to eye their clothes
Gr.ft. Cass's Reiiaiiks.
Mr. Cass folloivcil in a jtibute to llie
memory of the deceased. He said" Mr.
President : Acain lias an imnrcssive warn.
in como to teach us that ' in the midst of
life yo are in demh." The ordinary labors
of this Hall are suspended, and its conten
tions hushed before the power ol Him who
says to the storm of human passion, as he
once said to the waves of Galilee, " Peace
he still I" The lessons of this providence,
severe as they may be, often become merci
lul dispensations, like that which is now
spreading sorrow through the land, and
which is reminding us that wo have higher
duties to. fulfil nnd graver responsibilities
to encounter than those that meet us hero
where we lay our hands upon His holy
Word , and invoke His holy name, promising
to be faithful to that Constitution which
lie jjave us in his mcrcv. nnd will with
fjM.u J III 1113 IIIUIU, HIIU Will WHO-
uraw only in the hour of our blindness and Ru the serenity or a Uhristiau, htly closed
disobedience, ami of His own wrath. 'his long and arduous career, here in the
Another great man has fallen in our land, ! Senate, in the full presence of the Itepub
ripc, indeed, in years and honors, but never l'ci looking down upon the scene with anx
dearer to the American people than when icl)' anil alarm, not merely a Senator like
called from the theatre of his services and ""o f s who yet remain in tho Senate
renown, to that final bar where tho lofty j House, but filling that character which,
and lowly must all meet at last. I though it had no authority of law, and was
I do not rise upon this mournful occasion 'assigned without suffrage, Augustus Cicsar
to indulge in the language of panegyric. 'nevertheless declared was above the title of
Aly regard for the memory of the doad, and i Emperor, Primus inttrJttuslrts the Prince
for tho obligations of tha living would of the Senate.
equally rebuke such a course. The sever-I Generals are tried, Mr. President, by ex
ily of truth is at once our proper duly and ' amining the campaigns they have Inst or
our bust consolation. Born during the rev-. " on, and Statesmen by review ing the trans
olutionnry struggle, our deceased associate 1 actions in which they have been engaged,
was one of the few remaining public men Hamilton would have been unknown to us,
who connect the present generation with had thero been no Constitution to be crea
the actors in the trying scenes of that event-' ted : as Itruttis would have died in obsuuri
ful period, and those names nnd deeds will hail there been no Cmiar to be slain,
bo known only in the history of their conn- j Colonization, Revolution and Orjnniza
try. He was another illustration, and n '.ion three great acts in the drama of our
noble one, too, of the glorious' equality of National Progress had already p is-,ed
our institutions which freely oiler their re
ward to all who jointly seek them, for ho
was the architect of his own fortune, hav
ing mado his life by self exertion, and he
was an early adventurer in the "real forest
of the Wosl, then a world of primitive vegi-
tation, but now the abode of intelligence, lations. This transition stage is always
of religion, of prosperity and civilization, , more perilous than any other in the career
But he possessed that intellectual stipcriori-, of Nations, and especially in the career of
ty which overcomes surrounding obstacles, Republics. It proved fatal to the Common
anil which local seclusion cannot long w ith-1 wealth in England. Scarcely any of the
hold from general knowledge and apprccia-! South American Status bus jet emerged
tion. ifiomit; and it has more than once been
It is almost half a century since he pass- sadly signalized by the ruin of the Rcpubli
cd through Clullicoihc, then the seat of gi,v-1 can cause in France.
eminent of Ohio, where I was a member of j The continuous Administrations ol Wash
the Legislature, on his way to Sake bis placo ington and John Adams had closed under a
in this very body, which is now listening to cloud which had thrown a broad, dark
this reminiscence, and to a feeble tributo of shadow over the future ; the nation was
regard from one who then saw him for tho deeply indebted at hnmo and abrotnl, and
first time, but who can never forget the im- its credit was prostrate. The Revolution
prcssion he produced by the charms of his ary factions had given placo totwo uiveter
conversation, the frankness of his manner, ate parlies, divided by a gulf which had
and the high qualities with which ho was been worn by the conflict in which the
endowed. Since then he has belonged to Constitution was adopted, and made broad
his country, and has taken a part, und a or and deeper by a war of prejudice con-
prominent part, bolh in peace and war, in
all i lie great questions affecting her interests
and her honor ; and though it has been my
fortune to differ from him, yet 1 believe he
was as firm a patriot as ever participated in
llie councils of the nation, the public gootl
was bis desire, and he saught to attain it '
during all the vicissitude of a long and c-
ventful life. That ho exorcised a powerful
influence within the sphere of his action,
through the whole country, indeed we all
feel aiitl know. And we know too, llie em-
incut endowments which gave him this high
distinction. Frank ami fearless in the ex-
pression of his opinions and in the perform
ance of his duties, with ram powers of elo
quence which aLvays commanded admira
ttiou even when they did not carry com ic-
linn, prompt in decision and firm in action,
and with a vigorous intellect trained in tho claims or justice and tolerated no pretcn
contests of a Mitring lifo and strengthened ( sions of neutrality. Moreover, the tcrrito
by enlarged experience and observation, ' ry possessed by the nation was inadequate
joined withal to an ardent lovo of country, to commercial exigences and iudcspeusable
and to great purity of purpose. These wcro 1 social expansion ; and yet no provision had
tbe elements of his power and success, and been madu for enlargement, nor for extend
we dwell upon them with mournful gratifi- ing the political system over distant regions,
cation now, when wc shall soon follow him inhabited or otherwise, which must mevita
to the cold and silent tomb when we shall lily be acquired. Nor could any such ac
commit earth to earth ashes to ashes nuisition bo made without disturbing the
dust to dust but with the blessed comic-
tion of the truth of tho Divine revelation
which teaches us that there is life and hope
beyond the narrow house where wc shall
leave him alone, lo tho mercy of his God '
and of ours. .
He has passed beyond the reach of hu-'
man praise or censure, but the judgment of;
his contemporaries has preceded him, and !
has pronounced the judgment ol history,
and bis name and fame will shed lustre up -
on his country and will be proudly cherish- i
cd in the hearts uf bis countrymen for long!
ages to come, les, they will be cherished
and freshly remembered, when these mar
ble coliims tint surround us, so often the
witnesses of his triumphs, but in a few
moro brief hours, when his mortal frame,
deprived of tliu immortal spirit shall rest
under this dome, for the last time to become
the witnesses of his defeat in that final con
test when the mightiest fall before the great
destroyer, when these columns themselves
shall have fallen, like all the works of man,
leaving their broken fragments lo tell the
story of former magnificence, amid the ve
ry ruins that announce decay and desola
tion. 1 was often with him during his last ill
ness, when the world and the things of the
world were last lading away before htm.
He knew that the silver chord was almost
loosened, and that Ihe golden bowl was
breaking at the fountain, but he was resign
ed to the will of Providence, feeling that
he who gave has a right to take away in his
own good lime and manner.
After his duly to his Creator, and his
anxiety fur his family his first care was for
his country, and the preservation and per
petuation of the Constitution and the Un
ion dear to him in the hour of death as
they were in the vigor of life. Of that
Constitution and Union, whose defence in
the last and greatest crisis of their peril had
called forth all his energies, and had stimu
lated those memorable and powcrlul efforts,
which he who witnessed can never forget,
and which, no doubt, tended to the final ca
tastrophe which a nation now deplores with
a unanimity not less honorable to themselves
than to the memory of their affections.
When wc shall see that Narrow Vallev
through which ho has pasted before us, and
which loads to the judgment seat of God,
may we bo able to say in tho beautiful lan
guage of the hymn of tho dying Christian,
" dying, uut ever living triumphant."
Tha world r.cedeatl dliapptait
Heaven open, on my ey... mijt tan,
Willi tuundi er.rl,ie ring i
Jienil, land your vrlngi, t meant. 1 fly,
Oh, gratf v,hate la Ihjr victory 1
Oh Dealh, where ia Ihj .ling I
" Let me die the death of tho
and lei my last end be like bis."
Mr. Seward's Remarks.
In Senate, Wednesday, JuueilO.
Fifty years ngo, Henry Clay, of Vir
ginia, already adopted by Kentucky, then
as youthful as himself, entered the service
of his country, a Representative in the un
pretending Lrgislaturo of that rising state;
and having thence forward pursued with
ardor and constancy, the gradual paths of
aspiring change, through Halls of Congress,
Foreign Courts and Executive Councils, he
lna IIUIV, ttlllllllU UUCl I 1UII1103 UI II IUIIIIIl,
I.-. .1.. r.. ,.r .. .
ulien the Western J'ainot appeared on the j
public stage. He entered in the m xt di- j
vision 01 tuo inajeMic scenes winch was
market by an iiiuutnlle reaction of politi
cal forces, a wild strife of factions, and ru-
inous cmb.irrasamcnls in our Foreign Re
corning the merits of the belligerents in
the groat European struggle that then con-
vulsed the civilized world. Our cxiraordi-l
nary political system was little more than'
an ingenious theory, not yet practically cs-j
tablished. The Union of the States was !
yet only ono of compact ; for the political,
social and commercial necessities lo which 1
it was so marvellously adapted, and which,'
clustering thickly upon it, now render it,
indissolublo, had not then been broadly d'u- j
closed, nor had the habits of acquiesence
and the sentiments of loyalty, always of j
slow growth, fully ripened. The bark that.
had gone to sea, thus unfurnished and uut ri-1
cd, seemed quite certain to founder by rea-
son of its own inherent frailly, even if it
should escape unharmed in the great con-
flict uf Nations, which acknowledged no
carefully adjusted balance of powers among I
the members of the confederacy. j
These difficulties, Mr. President, .iltho' i
they grew less with time and by slow dc-'
grees, continued throughout the whole life;
of the Statesman whose obsequies we are '
celebrating. Be il known, then, and I am j
sure that history will confirm the nislruc-j
tion, thai Conservatism was the interest of'
1 the nation and the responsibility ol its rul
' ers, during tho period in which he flour
ished. He was ardent, bo'd, generous, and
even ambitious; and yet with a profound
conviction of the true exigences of the
country, like Alexander Hamilton, he dis
ciplined hunscll, and trained a restless na
tion, that knew only self-control, to ihe j
rigorous practice of that often humiliating
conservatism which its welfare ami securi
ty in that peculiar crisis so imperiously dc-'
manded. j
Il could not have happened, sir, to any
citizen to have actetl alone, nor even to have
acted always the most conspicuous part in
a trying period so protracted. JIunhy
Clav, therefore, shared Ihe responsibilities
of Government with not only his proper
cotemporaries, but also survivors of the
Revolution, as well as also many who will
now succeed him. Delicacy forbids my
naming those who retain their places here,
but we may, without impropriety, recall
among his compeers a Senator uf vast re
sources and inflexible resolve, who has re
cently withdrawn from this Chamber, but I
trust not altogether Irom public life ; (Mr.
Benton) and another who, surpassing all
his cotemporaries, within his country, and
even throughout the world, in the proper
eloquence of the Forum, now in autumnal
years for a second time, dignifies and ad
orns the highest seat in the Executive
Council, (Mr. Webster.) Passing by these
eminent and noble men, the shades of Cal
houn, John Quincy Adams, Jackson, Mon
roe and Jefferson, rise up before us states
men whose living and local fame has rip
ened already into historical and world-wide
Among geniuses so lofty as these, Hen
ry Ci.ay bore a part in regulating the con
stitutional freedom of political debate; es-
tablishing that Inng-conlcslcd and most im
portant lino which divides the sovereignty
of the several Slates from that of the States
confederated j asserting the right of Neu
trality, and vindicating it by a war against
Grcit Britain, when that just but extreme
measure became necessary ; adjusting the
terms on which that perilous, yet honorable
contest was brought to a peaceful close;
perfecting the army anil the navy, and na
tional fortifications ; settling the fiscal and
financial policy of the go.rrnmcnt in more
man one crisis ot apparently threatened rev
olution; asserting and calling into exercise
the powers of the government for making not by any difficulties of resistance, but by
and improving internal communications tho moderation which results from our own
between the States; arousing and cucourg-j internal constitution. No one knows how
ing tho Spanish American Colonies on this rapidly that restraint may give way. Who
continent to throw oir the foreign yoke, and j can tell how far or how fast it ought to
to organize Governments on principles con-1 yield t Commerce has brought the an
(lenial to our own, mid thus creating extcr-lcient continents near to us, and created
ual bulwarks for our own nal'ional defence; necessities for new positions perhap's coni-
cstnblishiiii! equal and impartiul peace and
amity with all existing maritime rowers
and extending the constitutional organiza
lion of Government over the vast regions,
all secured in his lifetime by purchase or j thy kindles, our indifferenco extinguishes,
by conquest, whereby the pillars of the Re- i tho fires of freedom in foreign lands. Be
public hate been removed from the banks foro wc shall bo fully conscious that a
of the 1st. Mary o to the borders of the Rio
Grande, ami from the margin of the Missis
sippi tn the I'acific coast. Wo may not
yet discuss the wisdom of the several meas
ures which have thus passed in review be
fore u, nor of tho positions which the de
ceased statesman assumed in regard to them,
but wc may without offence dwell on the
comprehensive results of Ibem all.
Tho Union exists in absolute integrity,
and the Republic in complete and triumph-
ant tlpvelopement. Without having leliii-!
quished auv part of their individuality, the ,
states have more than doubled already, and ;
m , t. nivtta.iii ill iiuiuucia l 1 1 vj w,,iug in
political Mrenglh and expansion more rap-,
idly than ever before. Without having ah-'
sorbet anv Stale, or hating even encroach
ed on any Stale, the Confederation has
opened itself so as to embrace uli the new
members who have come, and now wilh ca
pacity fur further and iiidefiuilc enlarge-
menl, ha become fixed, enduring and per- ihe bier, pass on. Wo will lollow wilh sor
petual. Although it was dhublt'd only half row, but not without hope, the icverend
a centuary ago whether our political ays-, form that it hears to its final resting plice ;
tern couid he maiiituiiied at all, tmd wheth-' and ihen, when that grave opens at our
or, if maintained, it could guarantee the 'feet to receive so inestimable a treasure,
paaco and happiness of society, it stands we will invoke the God of our fathers to
now confessed by the world tho form offend us new guides like him that is now
Government not only most adapted to em- withdrawn, and give us wisdom to obey
pirc, but also most congenial with the con- their instructions,
stttiition of human nature. I
When wc consider that the Nation has
been conducted to this haven, not only
through stormy seas, but altogether, also,
without a course and without a star; and
whon wo consider, moreover, tho sum of
happiness that has already been enjojod by
the American people, and still moru ihe in- and was born in the jcar I St) 1 . His father,
fiui'iicc which the great achievinent is ex- the late General Joseph Graham, was born
orling on ihe advancement' .nd melioration t in the comity of Chester, in ihe Slate uf
ofthe condition of mankind, we see at once I'ennsylvania, in the jcar 1 7."l), of parents
that il might have satisfied tho highest am- who bad emigrated from the North of Ire
union to have been, no matter how humbly, Und, though of Scotch origin ; ihonce, by
concerned in so great a transaction. tlip remnral of a widowed mother, he was
Certainly, sir, no one will assert that transferred in early childhood to the vicini
Ilr.Nitv Clay in tint transaction performed ty of Charlotte, in tho county of Mecklen
an obscure or even a common part. On 1 burg, North Carolina. Here he grew to
the contrary, from the day on which he en- man's estate, and received such education
teretl the public service until thai on which as the county could then afford, at an
he passed the gales of death, he was never ' academy in Charlotte, called Queen's col
a follower, but always a leader; nnd he lege. Ho was then the associate of Jack
marshalled either tho parly which sustained sun, Adair, and many others who subse
or that which reisted every great measure, queiitly became distinguished in the history
equally in the Senate and among tho peo- of ihe country. When a vouth, about fif
ple. And he led where duty seemed to him teen years of ago, he was present at the fa
to indicate, reckless whether he encounter-; mous " Decimation of Independence," on
ed one President or twenty Presidents, the OOlh of May, 1775, by the people of
whether he was opposed by factions or even Mecklenbcrg ; and lale in life, furnished
by tho whole People. Hence it has hap- his testimony in relation to that event, when
pened, that although the people are not jet its authenticity was called in question; and
agreed among ihemsehcs on the wisdom of ' bis certificate will bo found appended lo
all or perhaps even any of his groat mens- the published accounts of that remarkable
tires, jet they arc nevertheless unanimous occurrence, so honorable to the patriotism
in acknowledging that ho was at once the and valor of the people of that county.
greatest, the most faithful, and the most re- With two elder brothers, he entered the
liable of their statesmen. Here the effort glorious revolutionary army at an early
at discriminating praiso of llr.Miv Clay in age, and nerved several campaigns in the
regard to his public policy must stop, even Carolinas and Gcoigia, in which ho rose to
on this sad occasion, which awakens the ar- the rank of a major of Cavalry. In n sharp
dent liberality of his generous survivors. action on the occasion of llie entrance of
But his personal qualities may be discus- the British army, under Lord Coruwallis,
sed without apprehension. What were the , into Charlotte, in September, 17&0, Major
elements of the success of that extraordiua- Graham, commanding a corps of Cavalry
rv man ! You, sir. knew him longer and under Col. Davie, was cut down, wounded.
better than I. and I would prefer to hear
you upeak of them. He was indeed clo-
nucnt all the world knows that. He held
tho keys to the hearts of his countrymen, 1781, and continued in tho service until
and he turned the wards within them, with the end of the war. After its close, he
a skill attained by no other master. ! filled many important public trusts, and was
But eloquence was nevertheless only an (for many years a member ofthe State Leg
instrument, and one of many that he used. islaturu, and of both the Conventions which
Ills conversation, his gestures, his very
look, was magcstcrial, persuasive, seductive,
irresistible. Ami his appliance of all these
was courteous, patient,, and indefatigable.
Defeat only inspired him wilh new resolu -
imiij iii?hk;u mill .inn iiwit icjuiu-
He divided opposition by his assidui-
ty of address, while he rallied arid strength-j
cued his own hands of supporters by the.
confidence of success which, feeling him-
self, he easily inspired among his followers,
His affections were high, and pure nnd gen-
erous, and the chicfest among them was that
one which the great Italian poet designated
as the charily ot native land And in him
that charity was an enduring and overpow
ering enthusiasm, and it influenced all hit
sentiments and conduct, rendering him
moie impartial between conflicting interests
and sections than any other statesman who
has lived since the Revolution. 1 hus with
great versatility of talent and the most
catholic equality of favor he identified eve
ry question, whether of domestic adminis
tration or of foreign policy, with his own
great name, and so became a perpetual
Tribune of the People. He needed only to
pronounce in favor of a measure or agaiust1
it, here, and immediately populur enthusi
asm, excited as by a magic wand, was felt,
overcoming all opposition in the Senate
In this way he "rought a change in our
political system that 1 think was not for
seen by its founders. He converted this
branch of the Legislature from a negative
position, or one of equilibrium between the
Executive and House of Representatives,
into the active ruling power of the Repub
lic. Only time can disclose whether this
great innovation shall be beneficent, or even
Certainly, sir, the great lights of the
Senate have set. The obscuration is not
less palpable to the country than to us, who
ate left to grope our uncertain way here, as
in a labyrinth, oppressed with self-distrust,
1 ho time, too
, inc.-uiiin new Liiiiixii.isn-
0 rising to another and more
incuts. Wo arc
sublime stage of national progress that of
expanding wealth and territorial aggran
dizement. Our institutions throw a broad
shadow across tho St. Laurence, and
stretching beyond the valley of Mexico,
even to the plains ol Central America,
whilothc Sandwich Inlands and the shores
of China recognize its renovating influence.
Vhcrcvcr that Influence u felt, a desire for
protection under those institution is awak-
cnctl. Expansion seems to be regulated
! ncctions or colonies there and with the
trade and friendship of the elder nations
their conflicts nnd collisions are brought to
our iloors anil to our hearts. Uur Rjm pa-
change is going on in Europe, wc may find
ourseltcs once more divided by that eternal
line of separation, that leaves on the one
side those of our citizens who obey the im
pulses of sympathy, while on the other are
found those who submit only to the coun
sels of Prudence. Even Prudence w ill soon
be required to decide whether distant re
gions. East and West, shall conic under
1 our own protection, or be left loaggranduc
a rapidly spreading and hostile domain of
Sir, who among us is equal to those
mighty questions I I fear there is no one.
Nevertheless, the example of Hf.niiv Clay
remains for our instruction. His genius
has passed to the realms of light, but his
virtues still live hero for our emulation.
With them there will remain also the pro
tection and favor of the Most High, if by
(he practice of jutice and the maintenance
of freedom wc shall deserve it. Let then,
Tho Secretary of the Navy, and nominee
of tho Whig party lor the Vice Presidency,
js a mtireof Lincoln county, in that stale,
and left for dead, a short distance from that
village. Recovering from his wounds, he
nartictnated actively in the campaigns of
deliberated on the adoption of the 1' cderal
, Constitution by North Carolina. In the
1 war of 1813, having the appointment of a
I Brigadier General of Militia, be volunteer-
jed his hcrt ices, and commanded a brigade
cu Ills BCI I ILLS, aim luillllidliucu .1 UL1U(2
called out from North and South Carolina
against Ihe Creek Indians, and joined the
army of General Jackson soon after the
battle ofthe Horse Shoe, in time to receive
the submission of that powerful tribe. He
died in 1830, at the advanced ago of 77
i) cars, beloved, honored and respected by
the people of the good old Whig Slate of
North Carolina.
William Alexander Graham, his young
est son, was educated in his native Stale.
After the usual course of preparatory in-
structinn, he entered the University of
North Carolina, and was graduated with
the highest distinction in a class of unusual
merit. His professional studies in prepara
tion for the bar were pursued in the office
of the Hon. Thomas Rutlin, the present
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of that
State, and one of the ablest lawyers of A
merica, lie commenced the practice ol
law thoroughly prepared, and fixing his res
idence at Hillsborough, in Orange county,
soon attained the highest distinction in his
profession, and was eminently successful as
an advocate. Mr. Graham always had a
right appreciation of the character of his
profession and its noble aims. Puro in
heart himself, benevolent in his disposition,
and generous in all his impulses, he early
became tho friend of the poor and unfortu
nate. The oppressor and wrong doer found
no advocate in him; but he was always
ready lo give his aid to the widow and or
phan, without fee or reward ; aud his hap
piest efforts in his profession were made in
their cause. In him are happily blended
the graces of the christian gentleman and
the virtues of the pure and upright man.
All who know htm love him fur these qual-
lilies of tho heart, which eminently distin-
1 14111311 nun, ami wuicii manliest themselves
juteii upon u flight acquaintance. Accus-
lometJ Irom earliest recollection tn lc,k
upon tho wounds on his father's face, re
ceiied in the bailies of independence, and
listen at the fircsido to the legends of the
revolution, he hail more than nnlmary in
centive 10 take part in public affairs. Ho
was elected n member of the lower branch
of the Letrislature of the State of North
Carolina in le.'lll, and was continued by
successive elections, down to 1810. At
the session of 1833. ho was chosen tho
Speaker of tho Lower House, the duties of
winch ollicc he discharged with great abili
ty and impartiality, in which station he re
mained till 1810, when be was promoted to
the Senate of the U. States.
During the seven years be was a member
of .the Legislature of North Carolina, he
acted a consfrtcdmis yiart. Tho consldera-"
tion of questions of currency and finance,
arising out of tho expiration of the charters
of the first Banks of tho State, the adoption
of. i system of internal improvements ade
quate to its wants and exigences; the call
ing of a convention to revise the constitu
tion, with a view, principally, to equalize
representation ; a revision of the whole
j body of the local statute laws ; the establish.
j tnent of a system of common schools, with
.many other subjects of great imnottance.
jcame under the consideration of the Gen
icral Assembly of the Slate during that pe
; riod. On all these subjects be was rrgard-
cd by all parties as one of tho ablest and
. most influential members, and rendered cs
I sential service, as is now hciug both seen
and ifli, in the improvement of the Slate
and the udoplion of the policy which he en
forced and advocated with so much abilitv
j and enlarged patriotism. A decided Whig
in political opinion, be deprecated the too
frequent introduction of Federal politics, j avalanche every time the earth is refreshed
into the Legislature, to tho neglect of its'w-itha fall of rain add fruit trees upon
appropriate functions. At the session of themroots serve to retain the earth in its
USM, when resolution, were introduced to tI111iTll deposits on the hill sides, and tho
instruct Mr. Mangum lo vole for oxpuugiiig , , ,
Ihe Journal of the Senate. Mr Graham fr ml ill refresh the possessor of a hill farm
greatly distinguished himself by a speech in
oppoHitiou to incin, winch was much ad
mired and commended for the eminent abil
ity and soundness of its views, and the great
constitutional learning which it evinced.
Taking his scat in the Senate of the United
I States in December. 1810. the voumrest
' member of that bod v. in which were Clav. I
Webster, Calhoun, Wright, and others, Mrj
Graham deferred lo the superior age of his!
USSOCiates, and participated but little in ils
general discussions. 'c find, however, in j ami uc think he is correct in the main, that
the reports of that tlay, a speech by him on cattle can be much belter and cheaper rais
ihe financial policy ofthe administration ofCd in l)l0 u.,anj districts than on the plains
Mr. an Buren, and another in favor of the ! , , , , , . ., . . .. .
bill directing the several States to be divid- and "ch lolV lamJs a,ld ,1,at J'" V
1 cil into districts for the election or meni-lom "I" high and low land culture, each in a
hers of tho House of Representatives both manner congenial to tho soil of each, would
of which arc highly creditable and able cx-1 result in richer rewards to well directed inv-
riI,!l.,.0,uiHr.I,"',,l,,enUr3r f0880"1."8, ; Jus,ry- 110 s'lll:lt cauld ca Raised
rcplele with sound conservative Ing sen- , ,r ,
limonts. Having much exporionce as a !" the upland districts at half tho cost n
presiding officer, fie filled the chair of tho those kept in the vales whero land is of
Senate, as the substitute of Mr. Southard, double the value. If the hill districts would
the President, (,hrm in his last iljuess.) dur-, ft,iovv breeding cattle only, and do it inu-
ing a considerable part of the session of . n i . . n .i it
Ifcfll, with grea. acceptability to that h Jy. tu?" nd s''l0'',a,ica,1 Il0' "ld rc'
Occupying the laborious posl of Chairman cclvo f:ur Pr,ces from ,IlJ rlclier an" attcxi-
of the Committee of Claims of tbe 27th I ing districts ; and the latter would save
Congress, he participated but little in the tho valuable food for fattening which they
'general debates; but he had the entire con-1 now UISSip3tc in rajsing y0lll)f, alnin,s;
fidence and respect of tho Sonato in the i , , . . .
busings committed to his charge, a)lll 1 a"J "y syhtem and good management,
Governor Wright, of New York, and Judge the breeder, tbe feedor, the curcr and the
Woodbury, of New-Hampshire, who served merchant might each approach perfection
under him on that committee, took occa- ; iieir appropriate branches, and establish
s.on after his retirement from the Senate, I a saf slpa( anu rcmuncralivc bus;nei!!,.
to refer to bis decisions, and publicly to at- ,, . , , . - . .
1 test their confidence in his ability and im- I'arn'ers of Vermont, on the hills and in
1 partiality. The Democratic party having 'the valleys, think of this.
1 elccte'd a majority of members to tho Legis-, Articles in tho Cultivator will be noticed
laturo of North Carolina in 1812, for the jr, our ,)ex, and noles of ,he con,cllts ofthe
i first tunc in many year, Mr. Graham was 1 , .. T , ., . , .,, r ,,
' not re-elected, and retired from the Senate 1 ,ow ,,,e Loom and the Anvil, will follow
of the United States on the 1th of March, i in successive papers.
1813. Resuming the practice of law with .
his usual energy and eminent success, he j , c r,
, had but renewed his relations with his old j BiNnitAM Siicki- Sshraiung
friends and clients, when, to redeem the , ur menu A ,J "ingnum, Esq., tlio
, State from Democratic rule and ascetideii-( celebrated elinep breeder, had his annual
cy, and to aid in securing her vote for Mr. ' shearing, on his premises in Cornwall,
Clay, he was prevailed upon to accept the on the 1 8th ami 19th ult., previous no-
iiuuiiiiaiiuii mi uic miito ui uutcrnui ui
the Slate. In 1811 he was elected the
. ...
1 Chief Magistrate of North Carolina,
"i' a
very large majority of tho votes of the peo
pie, and was re-elected to the same ollicc
in isjic. r.n, ,.i,ii. l. .i, r....
or January, 181U, being no longer consti- ol wo might speak, we started on the
Itionally clligible. Returning again to his morning ol the 18th find arrived at Mr
profession, he was, in a few months there- 'Uingham's just ns the shearing comnvmc
1 after, offered by President Taylor tho mis- led. Wo found every thing prepared for
Ision to Spain, which, for reasons of a do-'the festival, wilh neatness and order and
I mesne and personal nature he promptly on ,a, comportII)g wjlh tle arg0
ld"'",e' 'UV:7,,ed,a,h a.en-T-ylor, carle'd gCnerosity and good taste of our
who was a member of the House ofReorel
" " - ... ..wu.-u w a v. j. , v.-
Isrntativcs during Mr. Graham's services in
tho Senatn. head ofthe Navv Department
la station which he has occupied for two
I years, with great usefulness and eminent
I ability, and advantage to the country, and
much honor and credit to himself. At the
lato Whig National Convention, which as
sembled at Baltimore on tho Iliih instant,
Air. Graham was nominated, with almost
II Ufa VI III ttllfl II II ft tt il r llin nnmli.lnlA , f ,
IVHlllj'IV,U UlfU.il I II ) IllUm II IO
ih.ii ant mrtv r,r ti.n v.or. n,.-r
the United Slates. A purer man, a nobler 1 our most intelligent nnd thrift)' ftirmers,
statesman, a more honest and devoted pat-ifrom Addison and the neighboting coun
riot, could not have been selected to fill the ties, and soino from out of the Stale.
second great office of our Guvernment; j The shearing commenced with yearling
and such ihe people of tho United States UIVCSi the most splendid snecimons of'
wu nnd him to ue, me .more they inqu re
and become acnuainted with htm. At the
South, whero ho is best known, his nanio
is a tower of strength to his party, and eve
rywhere throughout this broad Union,
where virtue, honesty, ability, fidelity and
devoted patriotism aru appreciated and es
teemed, will he he honored, beloved and re
spected, as his pure and spotless life, and
eminent worth and ability aru made famil
iar to his admiring and discerning couutry
men, Philadelphia North American,
The Tklfuiiai'I!. Seven years ago, Piof.
Moreo sent tlio first telegraphic despatch Irom
Washington lo New York. Siuco that limp,
about fourteen thousand miles of telegraphic
lines have been constructed in the United States.
LirK Insurance versus Death Insurance.
A man who spends only 1-1 cents a day for
intoxicating drmks, pays out in a year SVS.Sl,
which would moro than defray the annual charge
for a policy or insurance on his lifo ftr $l,w0
beginning at the go of twenty-on.
l)c Iplotu anb tlje i)oc.
" He that by Ilia Plow wouM thri.e
lllmaalf mntt either hold or oal .."
SrmtT or the Arkicultural Prkss.
The N. E, Farmer, Albany Cultivator, and
tho Plow, Ihe Loom and the Anvil, for tho
present month, adorn our table, and for tho
benefit of our readers, especially the farm
ers, we propose to notico the leading arti
cles in each of these truly excellent publi
cations. In tho Farmer, we find, 1st.
Farm Work for July, extracts from which
were given itt our last. 2d, Bone Disorder,
symptoms and remedy, from the American
Npws sjmplq)ns, loss of appetite and .a
disposition to champ old bones,, gnaw
boards, rotten wood and bits of old stable
floors on which horses have stood remedy.
dry the cows and turn them into nuw pas
tures of white clover, herds grass and red
top neither bleed nor physic them in
winter, feed them with ruta baga and other
nutricintis roots, and occasionally a pint of
bone meal. 3d, Potash water for fruit trees
instead of using an infusion of a pound
of potash to a gallon of water, and killing
the trees, use strong soap suds and kill tho
insects, and save your orchards and the
fruit thereof, .lib, II ill farming ridgo
the stones along the hill-sides, as they do
in Palestine, to prevent the soil from wash
ing down, instead of removing them from
the earth, and thus paving the way for ati
more readily and abundantly than if grown
upon plains and meadows. oth, neat
stock, in a communication from James
Jones, Halifax, Nova Scotia, a grazing
country, whose farmers are described as
having a good soil for grazing, but no fixed
purpose, no systematic action each doing
a little of everything, and effecting compar-
ameiv nummi;. mi. juiicj, uisiau upon n,
nee liavtllll uceii civeil Ol 11 in the nn.
o i
r.ers. Ilnvincr n cunositv tn vvittnoKn
. -D J
nrniin the wonders of sheen antl wool.
o -i
and having a special invitation to be
, . .i . 'i.. i . , ...i
present, uiui wo 11111:111 no curiam vviicro-
frlc,ld- A lar8 "Y tho south end of
i ' 1 1 'll t 1
19 barn. waa I'roviiieu with ft gooa clean
:. fl'or, with seats raisctl nt the east end
of it, which overlooked the shearers, for
the ladies. On n scaffold in the north
' side of the barn over the stablo, seats
i ,. nrnvi.lnd for tho Miildhhuru
Brass Bund ; from which was discours
ed most excellent music to the shearers
and tho assembled throng. When wo
I I at I
f, arrived thero was a large gathering of
, ki , witnessed.
They were coveted with wool on every
part except their noses and the tips of
their ears, and wcro ercaily admired by
every one for their lino healthy and vig
orous appearance. As each sheep was
sheared, it anil the fleece were weighed
separately. In order that tho record
might be kept in such a manner that no
charge of unfairness or deception could
be mudc,on motion of J.A.lleckwetli, it
was resolved lo organize a meeting of
thoso pretent, and appoint u committee
to luke tho weight of the sheep sheared
and their fleeces and report to the meet
ing ut a subsequent time.
The committee, through their chair
man, Mr.Morse, made the following re
port of the result ofthe shearing,eJtcept.
the six last sheep of tlio second day,
See Uh page )

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