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BY 15. P. WALTON & SON. THURSDAY, AUGUST 5, 1S52. VOL. XLVI, KO. 37...WMOLE NO. 2390.' mm ?iw J a n ,r hi ;r 5 im x ma it '--."-sv'a a ,v ,3 a was- wiiiis s i&s 7. hi rn . ks 'a ;v m m 3 v 1 3i .. .JJi- Ulfltcljiunn & State Journal. ' ,fc,Imv !,i7T in cvcr; u?" r, ou! Ucpu1'- lc 1 ' lio ; mill witluncti or all trades, business. P1iiunr. r.vnnv tiiuiihiiav mornino. anil proicssious, tic has been in coiiMnut communion. Tlic frankness and rcnubli- .i.i - Mywir-wit t.M P simplicity of his intercourse with men , h, , ni'nrot aiw cfi.i.d frtM ii f nd oi is the result ol llns extended acquaintance . V.'.r,i,.i1.ior.-ni.tor..i.Uh.0,ipiinni,,i,.rt,..., "'.''" l''eir habits, views and feelings. Strip KinnimieitiMi, mi nctnuwwfift p.jfment rof i inni in ins uiinorm anu an otiicr miiitiiry trappings, nnu a stranger would scarcely tusprct him of being n soldier. lie is not a citizen of thu world, but ho is rinphati cully a citizen of the w hole Kepublic. He has resided in etery quarter of it has cul- tivated the intercourse of families and of domestic life, so that wherever ho has lived ho is as much or more, loved ns a neighbor than admired ns a soldier. N military man in this country has been ' it,,. .,r,.i.i, J. n. roMEiiov, , th-UI.H II. KMtTlt- , cr.mtowN, l , 1'IMRt.F.f) tlNA, i . ,-.. wcovr, ,i,.l, l .rh, I l AM) II. HAWYEH l,i .,. mi.i-. W. Hi'OTT, ,1 ,., i,. 1.1, F. I) PI TNVM, m ,., ,n , j. r. Nov rk, M i'. .. JKS-I. JOIIN-ii.N.Jr. s ,iM,. i.i, r.. hiiitii, ii . s .l AIII.OS rAltl'P.VTP.H, I'l , f,,.l. A. T. DANi'RIlPT. . ,l, II ir.lwipk, r. SHIP! N, , JnSH'll l". RAVMUNII, I - ,,ir..ul, VI I.I.I M 1IOI.I.IN", -oil. trflnil IIVNIHL W. Jlftlll, I i ,,,!,. , JK'ti I VII FfufKli, I ,i.n 1 1 .nil I j.ln, OKAM1E SMITH, ,.-.. niANKt.i.N A. wuinirr . fi.nt, ,ni OiiilHuy, R. O Sllllll, ,v ..... ntMi'M rnmp., f JDNA AI1BOTT. Political. j Scott's Fitness for the rreslilcn- M'EBCII OF HO?'.!. C. SIM2XCEK,, .1.' lit' Albany Ratification Meeting, m Friday, July 10. H. nri il a I lute been fur several year ir n i Mr ntivo -enes of political strife, 1 .' , . j t I imt have appeared at this meeting, i 1 ii i i m ne l' duly to the ditiiieuih , ! i, in Iiim- noiiiiiinlion fur the l'residen , 'i lint- met to rati fy . cnnslraiui'd me . 1 1 in ilie opportunity thus prceuied, of ii -tire to in ciumcier m a jurticu . i 1 i liw not Ijeen ho well understood. )i m iintiirpnaed military cvploii., I i op iMiihiiii,' to s.iy The wnrhl is full ol . r. ii. .in. his only competitor in the I iii.' l)ikp of Wellington, has but an-' ,'. '1 i lie judgment of history. I do not rii. il.ciii, or their lalue to the coun 'j .i'.Ihti Hillspi'.ik of then), .mil I i i v. ir my ell ire of voiir li ne In .111--. , t. I wish to mi-'i t the olijf el mil i i i it men an- imt tilled . r il.f .-!., il ("iiploymeiU-, and llial there is - i" our iiititiitiont in elpvaitiii: to i l M iL'i-lr.icy ,i man hnip lilc li.u i , . ..Imi'il in giving command, eiiforc , i 1 1 1 Mul maintaining otirihi'iice. It 1'iljllt Le all ctiiijifl, as It is , I, to ili..c it Im 1 1 1 ;i k tins objection, i I iliptu of their support of General . t J u ksou, the succes with which, i ii in 'int. im, he ailmitiiMpred the gov-.-I ' 'it for right years; and to remind i 'n ..I then late candidate, General Cass ; .J i t'tiir-ir present candidate, Gen. 1'ierce ii ..f rthoui were ihstinetly i nj gre it military reputation - nj i he moiiih of an adtersary is not . ri--,inly conclusive to others or to our i, 1 propoe to c.taminc this point I. ii large. T ii-fitness of a military innn for civil em ... im .it, depends upon two circuni'Uiices : -- ii'C n.ilural couslilulloii ot his mind . livings, and econd, whether Ins nnl i't I,, tuts h.ite been so mingled and tem--. i In ocial and cinj duties, by extend-. .. in! t annus intercourse w ilh his fellow 1 1 jt -! i -. and by public employments, re j.fiii i ii e talents, learning and adroitness I :i ,-i uestnsii, us to hate obbierated all tin- Mitii and repugnant features of the -i .! ii r in the li'st, is there a man who has ..r .!( ii Cieii. Scoti, who h iw not marked i I'.-ilili- 1 1 .i it I tt ruing of ,i benofi.-enl 1 it-t in hi!, noble prrson and couuteu I ., Li . lining with philanthropy and nidi u i il liii.Jiitss ? Who eter heard from I n a rude remark of personal offense, or ft -ii in anger, an epithet iiiibecoming a - ii i i in in T His way and maimers arc so "Hi .i to be alinoit femeuine, and I hate iri! fwrt-igners express their amazement ' t a ui in so inured to scenes of blood and niar, should be ns simple, as natural " I us affectionate us h child. Dlticher and " ' hi an ttould probably disown him ns a ir of their mould. Ami nlin does not know how this gentle and stmpalliy with his r-ice hate been ' . . niti-il, constantly, daily, hourly, by Gen. v ii, itiipn in the field, in camp, on the ; if 'i, ' r in the barracks ! The siefc, the - ''n il, the wounded, the dying, anions tn ops lie has commanded were ever' in I'.-eiiliar oUjects of Ins most assiduous i'l- There is not a hamlet in our conn- i i .. i ..r . ' ".. b.iiiiailisiitlli ii iiurBsi: ui hub ib- .ile trait, or witnesses who have re by the Prcsidonts and their Cabinets. They thus became thoroughly iicrpiamicd with his energy, his sagacity, and his prudence. Madison, iMournc, Jackson, Van Hnrcii and Polk have given testimony which may tint be questioned without iliipeachiug them of their estimation of his qualities, by the em ployment which I have enumerated. The success which has invariably attend ed all his civil labors nH'ords still stronger I testimony to his great ability. After this,! it looks like holding up a farthing candle to illuminate a subject all glorious with light, ' to add any individual evidence. Rut trivial as is the authority, ii may be siitisdtctory to some who knot inc, to hear the results of my own personal observations during a pe riod of ureal official intimacy. I am n- reaved of fathers and brothcrs'liy tlio same cause, together with the, multitude of trn-dc-rs, merchants, forwarders' and producers, whose business is hampered and embarrass ed by the obtrtictious of our navigable riv ers, aro emphatically called upon to cast their votes at the eiiiiing eledlimi with ref erence to the certainty that tire existing o vils of which they complain trill be contin ued by Gen. Pierce. On the subject of protection to our own industry againt the potter of foreign capi tal, the foreign capital, the two Conventions arc also at issue, tion nssumes what "Tun F.nMr.n'fl Gumis to SciCNTtric jgroins, pl.tuli, or fruits how provisions j THE FLAX MANUFACTURER. AniucuLTunr. by Henry Slcphuns, I . H. S., of Hdiubtirgh, Editor of the Jour nal of Agriculture, &.c. iXic, assisted by John V Norton, A. M. New York : Published by Leonard Scott Co. This great work is eminently jirartittil. as well as learned, ami on thli account ttill commend itself to a large clasa of readers that might object to n strictly scientific work on Agriculture, bcieiicc ami prac- may bo prescrvcil,--liow cattle rmtcnod, Wc yesterday examined snccin.ons of ntid a hundred other kindred topics con- Flax Wool, or the fiber of flax (ns likc nectcd with ngritiolttirc, nro sujects, it wise Hemp) reduced by Clausson's pro may be readily seen, requiring something cess to rv condition closely resembling more than stipcrlicml examination ; call- of ordinary Fleece Wool. That front The Democratic rosoJu-1, ,ce nro hSpp,y combined, so as to make all fact nml all history j mm f o, ,hc ll0nk protection fu-ters one 1 , . . . i . nml i-ol to nlrn In ila roiiflrrA nil tllnt lllAV called sn often to tho discharge of civil du-1 shamed to put my indorsement on Gen. ties of the greatest difficulty and delicacy, Scott's paper, but I certainly will not dis nnd of the utmost importance, and indeed honor it. A more scrupulously honest, lion few civilians havo encountered so many per-! ornble and just man, never came in contact plexitis and sometimes repugnant occasions with me. The instances and proofs were of public service. j constant, of daily and hourly occurrence. Justice to him, and duty to a reflecting Personal enemies he had, although few, yet community, anxious to cnt their votes wor. never in his administration of the affairs of .i .i... ....i. uiriuovi;, tout sui.il iinncvu... ....... 1 ,1 .1 . branch or.ndustry at the expeme of another I "nil yet to give to its readers all tl.nl may and cherishes the interest of one portion of. he desired of either or of bplh. the country to the injury of 'another. It is yt. Stevens, says the Now Cnglander, is notorious that with climates l nil ll,n i-nrinliD. nf Ifiimffll III nfltlRtlOll . the interehamre of these nrodncts is calcuya taWe, or the trimming ofa horse's mane, lated to promote the interest of all. And it jit is evident ho his considered his subject is equally known that no country can flour- thoroughly, and in their proper sphere ho isli without n variety ot mausirid purm, jag boMowej aa mu0, consideration upon r me injury 01 .nnuiuui, iv is 4t(f. otoveiis, says me iotv iugiunuci, 13 i in our wide spread country, )ro.omlnolllv a yrltctiral Writer. W bother Vhr Id, Son' is .. h..,. of . ougl,, the manger in .1..1.. ,ln.nt..wi. n i.,:Ar r r n. A....i.i .1... .i...i.in-( .n,i.Ani.nr. ,.r 1. ... ,a ..ii, mil iln. ....... u unci sjriiupjis 01 suiug 01 iiiuuimj wmiu uiu wiBmii iuUii,..i.iii ... mni agiicuiiun. u wiiincDitu ...... ihpm is nonii llin most imnorlant noillls these services. the ititlticnco of enmity or of favoritism be In the year lSlo, nflcr tho termination of discovered in his official conduct. To tho n war which placed him at the very pinna- contrary, instances hate fallen under my cle of glory, he wpnt to Europe and was own observation, whero preference was giv employed there by President Madison to ns- on to an officer knottn lobe inimical, over certain the views of Great Hritnin respect- one known as his most devoted fngtid. nig the Island of Cuba, in relation to which Matters of tho gravest importance, ne there were some suspicious indications ; mid cciwnrily, become often the subjocts of con also tn futhom the designs of the Kuroppgn siderntion and discussion. On such occn courts respecting the revolutions in South sions I hate been struct; by the comprehen- America a subject of crcat Interest to our siteness and justness ol Ins views; with npiuleni nn manufactures, and commerce upon both. Hut tlua is not the occasion to It is this characteristic fonture in Ins writ discuss these mutters. Suffice it to sny, mgs which makes them so popular, and par that the Whig resolu.ion presents the Amer- ,tcuary so in this great work. The fnrm icnu doctrine while the other is a bumble commWKI!i vn, f1 ,liiricuuy i(, imitation ol the English theory. - Such arc some of Hie i-aur you are call- ' book through, and in every .In ed on to decide for they are decided by parlmenl ho will find a groat variety and the election of your officers of Government. 48st iore of information. mg, rattier, lor the iiigtiest ctiorts 01 acietitifie iiulnstry. McCormick has sent oil five hundred of his renpera, to gather foreign haneats ; sumo prostral ingthoir bhonvos in Cnglund, &0.110 in German)', nnd some in HI Dorado. There tvns hontl-wotk ns well as hand work, in tho invention nnd discovery Ilomp is harder nntl coarser than tho other ; but cither is fine enough for ordi nal)' fubrics, nnd at least ns strong ns gootl merino Wool. The Flax is nearly ns white ns sheep's wool, and may doubt less be made quite so. The cost of tho Flax Wool is about fifteen cents per pound; though in the fertile West, l'ho whig platform prcseiitsyoo the whole ground on which tte claim In bo the party Government and our citizens, who were np- what fidelity he planted himself, as it were, of national freedom, of piogrcaa, of secun- preheutite of the establishment of motiar- on an eminence and calmly suncyed the clues in our neighborhood. The ability whole horizon before him, discerning the wiih tt Inch he performed these delicate du- least indication ofa cloud a.id watching ties was atlested by .1 particular letter of the counter-currents and estimating their thanks written to him by the then Secreta- direction and force with a sagiaty which ry of State, .Mr. Monroe, by the special di- could be acquired only by a long ovperi rections of President Madison. In once in public a Hairs and a knowledge of he was confidentially employed by Gen. our ottn as well as liuropean politics, den J ickson to repair tn South Carolina, which ,ed from profound study, openly threatened forcible resistance it uul- This, lelloti-eilizens, is my testimony; Itlicatmn of the latts, and there maintain take it for what it is worth. I rejoioc in the authority of the Goternineut, and so- the opportunity of ofTenug 11, .-is the (lis cure order and peace, and the protection of charge of a duly. It is at le isl disinteres the publie foils and property. Many of us l('u- political life is ended. I neither wish nor expect eter to hold any office to which any pecuniary compensation is at tached. Still, my friends, how ever qualified, pat riotic and deserving our candidates: may he, we ott e remember lljft alarming indications of thit pirinii. We were on tho tcrge of n civil war. The great presence nf mind, cool-nc-ss, forbearucss and lact of Gen. Scott a veried the dire calamity. Amonif an infu riated people he mingled, and bv ncis nf whatever the debt of gratitude kindness and word of peace and patriot- -hem, it is impossible for National parties fsm, he accomplished what the sword could 10 be organized and maintained merely for not. be support of individuals. They must lie In 1SUS, our own frontier was in arms n-' baaed on principles common to all who bc "ainsl a neiehborinir province, and thoro luS 10 'be party, and must have in view presented as existed a frenzy that thrcatend in bring on , lhB f00"" of the whole country. Otherttisc, on; yet as a war with England. Gen. Scott was dis- 'bey become factions of the most danger-! patched by President Van IJiireii to the the-, 0118 character. Aware ol this truth, the aire of disorder ; not so much to quell it ' tuo g'enl fiolilicnl parties of tho country1 by force, Tor he had no army with him, but havo recently, by iheir respective Conten to subdue it by Ins wisdom, his olnquunce Hons, promulgated the sentiments of each. 1 and his firmness. Those events are so re- On two points of great interest they havo, cent, that it is only necessary to, recall your directly taken issue. recollection of the universal applause be- " Jf 'hem is thus presented by Demo- slowed, without distinction of party, uponlcra,lc Contention : . 1 the successful pacificator. Day and night! llcsolved, that the Constitution docs not he traversed, through the most intense cold, confer upon the General Goternineut the the frosty regions of the North, from De-,Powcr to commence and carry on a general iron to Ogdensburgh, and harangued the s) stem of internal improvements, misguided people, until thpy abandoned Mark the vagueness if not the duplicity their project. During these scenes, he t it- of this resolution. I'he Convention did not iled our own city, and at a supper given ' dare, 111 the face of the history of the Gov him by members of the Legislature and our -r"ou"t under all administrations Jeffer mtu moat distinguished citizens, the fol-, 9""'s Madison's and Jackson's, as well as lotting toat wis gitcn and rapturously others to deny the potter of the Gotern drauk. As he was not then a candidate for to carry on noaar internal improvement, any office, it may be supposed that the truth Al"1 ' ,,ll "" dare to provoke the wrath of was spoken and acknowledged by the men people by a sweeping declaration against of all pumps there assembled, and I beg ' w 8cl works. A middle course was a-, leave to quote it, not only as evidence of dopted, denying tho authority of tho Gen what we all then thought, but of a fact or e,al Government to carry on n general i the greatest weight in the estimation or his I" ,,f internal improvements; as if the citil character : I Constitution permitted some, as might be " The SoLDtr.n, who hns ever made the dictated by enpneo or favoritism, but pro law r lhe. la, 1 his snoromp role of action. 1 bibited the regulation and exercise of this and who, while he has always fulfilled its 1 important power by general principles of tv and of orosoeritt. Whatever ol inditid u'al preferences or wishes we have hereto fore mdul -ed, the time for their further 111- . . 7 . . . l -1 ..r diligence lias passed, ji h .1 me gmr, m am, a( , ccms a our country and the honor ol our party, lliat ' there were so many distinguished citizens among whom a choice iiu.-ht be worthily made; and e may Imni-tli exult, that the selection of a standard-bean r by our dele gates tt -is the result ol In 1 and liidepeiiu cnt judgiiii ol, and not of .1 -u rn necessity to avoid dissension and opt 11 rupture. We hate no.v no altcniiim, but to aban don uiglnrnmsly the exerci-d. ol the birth rights of freemen, or to tote for 11 sound friend and supporter of the Constitution, whose whole lite has been devoted to his country as u whole, ralhei than to any par ticular section, and whose political opinion co entirely accord with the and sentiments of his party. The work will be combined in about tl Nos. of (31 pages each. It will contain some or !) engravings on steel, and more than 0U0 wood engravings, 111 the highest style of the art. It will be handsomely printed num ber, or $5 111 advance for tho twenty-two numbers. The numbers can be sent by mail at periodical postage. Those desiring the work can be nccouio il tted b) leaving their address at the Itook siore ol 1". P. W altoii Son. of this implement The idea would j where Land ii strong and cheap, it may never liuve iltiwned upon stupidity doubtless be produced lower. 1 his was More manual labor would not have called j made at tho manufactory in NorwJJi, it forth It was an tirort of genius, and j Conn, owned by thd proprietors of tho oldest htisbntidman of Europe nc-. Clausson's American patent, knowledge- its superiority, and gladly! A Linen Factory, oxpected to cost wolcomo it to revolutionize tlltiir iiiotlfls jgoino QSOOfOOOf' 1a" now Jjoing up-at of labor. Surclv there is room for the Fall Ilivcr, Mass, play of intellect in the pursuit of ngricul luro. Alt'chi. ascending from .'lis razor strops, now concentrates his enthusiasm in the tillage nf his grounds, nnd with stenm-pumps and subterranean pipes , irrigates a hundred nnd seventy acres. I Tho real farmer who havo no itllo tinio jof it, nor allow tunny colls of his brain ito remain inactive. The study of veg etable and animal physiology, of agri cultural geology, of entomology, ul ! chemistry mid inetreology, might well divide his time with thu labors of the ,8Ktdo. It h gcneially supposed, that if ui man cnu do nothing elso, if lie cannot 'even Inclionizc Day nntl .Martin into shining, or has not Mathematics enough 'to draw ti hautl-satv through ft slender 'branch, yet there is otic ouiplo) niont to I which his gifts are adequate, to wit, the ' tho culture of tiic soil. Hut though ti man mum sever a tire without a very ne t-male pliilosoplm t is it 1 ill cohesion. : Agriculture. Underlying all the other avocations of men, mid as their basis and substratum, ii; that ot the; tillage of the soil. Like the primal rock, whose giant ribs- and old doctrines bonus sustain tlio waters ami their tleuts, For I assume the fertile, ground and its array of ver- that 110 man who has any regard for a sin- dure the lordly tree and modest (lower gle principle or the whig party, can be Tunisd man and his mansions ;s, agriculture to cast his vote fiir a candidate who person ifies the tery antipodea of everything whig Uiljc jpiou) anb tl)c t)oc. tiv t:. v. n'AiiToA'. sustains ull other employments, nnd pto vnics the foundation, too oft lorgotten, on which they aro erected. It is the fuel that feeds them ull. It gives motive power to the great locomotive of human uclucvcmetil. Without its aid, mortal activities would siugnnte and die. Art would sink into dust, science stop in its liiuinphul detnoiistrntious, commerce languish and expire, and every avenue pursued by human enterprise, now mar gined with beauty, covered and lost 1111- llr ih-lkr tbo Plow lllii..ell n.ut itbur Het.u ur -.n fc." Faiuieh'.s) Calcniuii for Ai-oust. Co res was one or the fabulous godesses of the heathen, and is said to have presided over (ur t,e uiid bands of the desert. Tho the harvests, with one hand upon the Pi.ow merchant sends his stately argosies a and the other upon the Hoe, and taught the broad, and with far-soeing vision con art ofagiiculture. Showed hou to sou- and aiders how the wants of one people may i,..,v m r. i inke bread, and to man- be supplied by tho productions of tin- Dr. D. S. Lcavitt, of KonlUcky, aided by some friends of the Flax Culture, is putting ui) Linon Machinery of his own invention at Mnrcellus, N. V. So far, it seems to promise well. Wc noticed a largo breadth of Max growing in the lower part cf Washing ton County, N. Y. It is rather short, but otherwise looks well. Flax is extensively grown in Ohio, atitl is begming tn be manufactured there. Tho seed pays cost in many Counties, so that whatever may be ob tained for the liber will bo profit. The culture is being extended. The day is at hand when Flax will tival Cotton as the basis of cheap nnd serviceable fabrics, and greatly diminish the annual requirement of Wool. Wc bolieve Flax Cotton, equal to Sea Island, can bo produced here for six cents per pound. If, then, good may be obtained I idea of the attruc- from I'ia.v at fifteen cents, thoro can bo it requires boine no doubt that an immenso breadth must pxpcricnce to know which way the sturdy , bo sown annually equal to that of trunk will fall. A man may dig, though Wheat at present. And its cultivation i he has never heard of tho law of gravitti-1 will go far to stop thu ruminous drain of I tion, and bo cntirley ignorant of the'eush or other valuables from temperate principle that renders muscle necessary , to the semi-tropical climes to pay for ! to the iiiilicnviiiK of the soil. lie mayjraw Cuiion. This will necessitate a plant, anil not know why his seed would .more diveisified Industry at the South, not draw nutriment as well from it bedjund thus benefit all sections. of stone, or fossiliferous ore. lie may ply Ins industrious sickle, and not suspect What woiik May a Gcntlkma.v do? that in the brain of 11 McCormick, there j In nn address before an Agricultural is shaping out an ideal form, which, I Society, Dr. Tutlitll thus touches on this whun 'unbodied, will, ns it courses j delicate subject : through the falling grain, laugh al the "The day has already como in our strength of a thousand arms. Hut ugri- cities, thut tf aman stout as Milo of old, culture, in its true sense, is an Uncyclo- 1 hos a load of wood brought to. his door, ptudia in ittelf requirum great know- and ho really aches for tlio pleasure of 1 leilcc. lino tmwera ut observation, lumi iinnuiiur 11, yei 110 must niro ti man to ! mental cultivation, assiduous thought pitch il into the cellar, while he stand idly by, nor so much as touches a slid: of it, on puiu of loosing caste. If n stout nnd vigorous citizen, whoso mus cles swell with an excess of strength, has n load of wood lying on the sidewalk, ho may as well hang himself nt once ns bo l foolish enough to save 11 dollar nnd saw liothur : and vet ho iutcrchnim&s but tho results of agriculture in their of rgmtil, modified loruis. If he bringi waves the aromatic leaf of but supplies our wants with of tho Oiient. If hi glud shii7mjttt&tg equal and common benefit to the whole country. livery other subject of legislation is, or is supposed to be, governed by a general sy.tein ; the imposition of duties, appropri ation tor public services, thu establishment utmost requirements, lias never, in a single instance, transcended its limits ! Fellow-citizens, can loftier praise bo bo stowed on a military chieftain, who, with hints at his command ready to obey his .liable-! nrdpr. nptpr. no neinr transcend- ml il limiu of ihn Inn ? Of whom else ; of post-offices and post roads, coasting II can this bo said w ilh truth 7 Can tho mili-' ceusos, intercourse with foreign nations and tary habits of such a man alarm you with ,ilh Indian tribes, pensions: these and ov spprehensions that he will forget that which I cry other instance of legislation by our own, he always reverenced ? i or ")' ot!,or government, are conducted up- Ilutl may not dwell on this. In the n general system governed by general midst of these oviraordinarv labors he was principle. Il la not a subversion or all summoned UL-ain bv Mr. Van Huren to the theory uf government, to maintain that in- ,,., 1 1 -,.. . ..I- .i,.,; iWoL-pp .-jiniiirv m effect the ron-nval of! ' "al improvements only are to bo made -mi... If I..I IVOIII.I.f.., ...v... . '"J I ., . r 1.1 The declaration of tlio Whig Convention of his life. Hut fie it as bound to obey tlio order of his Government, and he doubtless felt that he could do it in meicy. A great and senu-savago people were removed from the grates of their lathers and the hearth age lhe fruit trees. She was repiesenled, as the Farmer's Almanac tells, us tilth a gar land of ears of corn on her head, rode upon an ox ; carrying a basket on her left arm, and 011 her right bung a scjthe. "Hut what care tie for heathen mythology 1 say u(j tlu ,,01J(. allli mcow. our readers. Very well and go for facts. Tho N ton or Albany Cultivator, Plow, Loom and tho service of Pomona. WhclhercoarU Aim il, New York Farmer's Guide, the Piow or the almond grapes or ligs, cotton'nntl and the Hue, or some other paper, devoted tobacco, flour or wool, meats or mahog- entire, to the noble science ol "": i'i'""' T" .w m iI.p.0 Can "T"'""b 1 and -study, mid opening its arms to in genuity nnd invention. Lord Myron, in answering tho swarm of assaults upon his earlier effusions-, de clare. 1 that though in over) other depart ment men must serve their trade. ' ' Critica are all ready made." , It seems to bo supposed. 111 this countrv ' 11 "P himself. Yet if the man has pitch- that Agriculturists occupy tho sam'ole(1 n iu, and the grnto is down so that j plane ; Hint their intentions are sulliciont, I lic slm11 1101 1)0 seo"' we urc "ol Surc Ullt that there is not enough of the occult in i 1,0 llmV saw until doom's day, amino their employment to reiidcr any previous) 0,1(3 esteem him lessn man and .1 gcnllc idis.iplino 111 their education necessary. , ",a- If lie curry and tackle his own ' For the last thirty yenrs efforts havo been I iwrsa or luatl t0 stnulc w,le ,IC I made, 111 this State, to establish nn Atiri- 1,1,3 tlonu uit" '''" 1,0 is unpardonably ; let us quit fable luo Mediterranean, or of thuTsmIn&j ,-,ilmr;l College, but they have not been vulgar. Ho would no sooner be catigbt S'. L. I armor, lios- ,mn Isles, she yet spreads her caiKastiii snrrescfol in foundim. nnv school in carrying a trunk the lenatli ol a block any which the science can bo adequately , 10 n omnibus, than stealing a body from tauuht; yet her cultivators of tho Soi ,u Bruvo Ji,nl Jl " ,vm uoim among ri. j .. ... 1 . i i 1 .1 . t . 1 . iiiunber half a million. Nor lias any 111 part, or agriculture, what sny you you farm it without thinking, reading, re flection, knowledge? No air, uo not to any available or valuable purpose. To be a good farmer, you imut read something be sides last year's almanacs, mid know sonic substances which derived existence from tlio nurture of the soil. Nuy, though his invoice may register only tho products of the loom, what ever form lh" fabric may assume ho tracts buck tho origin of his cargo to the prolific earth, mingled, though il may dt'id lathers and brothers. Pardon me for that uiifortoiialo people across tho Mtsstssip- ' iidiiiu m a tiei-minnl lusinni-.- when, tis-! 01. This, probably, was the severest trial 1 a nrotuer in ism, who nan ueen s i "' du- battle of Niagara, and who was dy-j Mih, n the ISrilish lines. The tecollec ' i nt the sympathy and assistance of Geo. , v 'it, on that, and on another occasion ' I ui. ire trying, suellsmy heart Willi emo ' is that wuuld break it, if they could not, 'I utterance, when spoaking of the con-1 - itutinn of that man's nature. Who ha ""t heard of Ins unjustifiable cxposuro of' 'a ottn life among the troops when the! cll,'lera swept tliein off there by hundreds. "tin' black Hank War I Ask tlue who "'"ed under hnu in the pestilential climate "i Mexico, whether he has u heart open as ' thing chainty to tho sullsrings of his Tel lW men, and a readiness and ability to ''hpvc them equalled only by the affection 0 bmthcr. No, lillotv citizens, the hardships and lubiis of military life, insicad of iiidiirating '" 'cart, have but touched him with a feel-'--'of the infirmities of our race, and have ''xglit him the great duty of man in Uinta- ' ni Hie example ol' his Saviour. Such a "'m will bring into the administration ol ' ,B Government, neither reserve, pride, ar '"gance, nor slubburiiness. f he circumstance which determines the r.-uhticatioiis of a military man for civil c tiployment is, whether he has already ac lined the learning, experience ami taclol' 4 'talesman. The military Iffo in this coun '' which has been blessed wiih peace fiir iest Bixty-five or the nearly seventy years IhJt have passed since our independence achieved, is not like that or the Kuro pton officer who has spent Ins life in long and bloody wars, or secluded in garrisons " rorts. General Scott, probably more '"III any other nf nur crrnm aenpruls. has. burn the nature of Inn einolot inent. main- 'lined Tor the greater part or his Iffe an ex 'cuded and various intercourse with his thing more than what is taught by your j have been, with mechanical, as well us own experience. Avail yourself of tho ex- agricultural labor. perience of the best farmers and agriciiltiir. I Unless tt large portion of our race nl writers or the age and countrv , which , dovulo "n l.u.o, industry nntl skill, ,t ,s vour happiness .0 live-" gather up the ! )vl1" "P1 "PPltanco., and Iuo regard . " . , . , , , 1 iu seen iiuiu uuti 11,11 tcsi, 111 ciiiisiiiiiw r "of ktioivledeo soattered throuah . ., , .... 011 this subject is as follows: ti. Tho Constitution testa iu Congress the potter lo open and repair harbors, and remove obstructions from navigable rivers; and it is expedient that Congress shall ex- whenever uch I.. .,,.. .1 ..f I, ...... I. l .... a. I ll.r,... II dj.lt;ill3 UI UIIU.11W.I(W BWUIIOIC H..up the pages of theso works, on periodical on scientific farming. Store your minds with inviting thu good old Lurlh to pour its energies through branch nntl stem, into the yellow grain or rounded fruit, sturvu- stouexor their homes, without one dmp of ercise that potter lohuurer ucli improve- blood being shed. The admirable sell- j menu arc uicctturyjui tue ivmrnvn ntyrntc, coiiiinaud. prudence, forbearance and lact , r jvr inc pruieciwn ana jaunty ry cum of Gen. Scott, actiiuted that which the bayonet could have failed to accomplish without tho destruction of one half the Cher okee raco. Iu the next ) ear, tve find him again un der the order of Mr. Van lltircn, on the North-oastprn frontier, pacifying the distur bances respecting tho boundary, and arres ting the hostilities, fur which adverse troops were actually encamped, burning with mu tual haired and revenge. Again, by the di plomatic talents or this General, was the country saved from war. Tlio last opportunity for the exhibition of his qualities as a statesman, was presented nfier Ins conquest of .Mexico. Iu the midst of a hostile population, and the must fright lilt disorders, he organized a civil adminis tration that gave peace and protection to the inhabitants and restored order and respon sibility. Ho devised and established a sys tem ol finance, through military coniiibii lions and expenditures, which sated millions to the country. Tho last act of this dc scnption was his plan so characteristic iff his gteat aoul or a military asylum Tor the disabled and worn-out soldiers ; founded by the proceeds or their own conquests, which ho insisted belonged to them. And now, fellow-citizens, you haveberore you borne of the evidences of Gen. Scott's capacity for civil government. There are others, which from their nature cannot be public. As commanding the army, or di visions of it. and much at the seat of Gov- eminent, he was necessarily often consulted mtrce Willi loroigii nations or among tne Slates; such improteuicnta being, in every instance, national and general in their char acter. Daily witnesses of the obstructions of our nubia river, which impede the com merce or some dozen States, hotv can any man among us sanction the evasive, jesuiti knowledge, if )ou would fill your cellar j tioni or at once, nil ellort and aspiration. with provisions, your granaries with proven- Tim muscles ol tho smith's arm, growing dor, and your barns w ith hay, then shall j flabby and diminished, could 110 iimro )ou prosper. Hear us wake up Mr. Drow-1 wiold tho ponderous sledge. The last sey, and look around upon this boauiiful j human habitation would havo been luur-carth-and up, bel.ev.nglt , to Him ttho has I au ",,SJ". carpenter and architect promised 'bat seed tune 'and harvest ahall , vity. loo Could tempt 1 ........ . , 1 tho lawyer s tongue. Considerations uT ..ever fail, and Hunk what a change ha. ; fl m01mous fulurn ttou,d lipt 110 been wrought upon the surface of the oarth , ....i.,:,....! .i1!iCIlrse. 'j'l.o ,, of novel- since father Adam, the first Farmer, left the , gt m acc0tiint would ne'er be plucked ' other Slate boon more fortunate. Statu I Legislatures nro deaf, and congress will i not hear. Hut iu other countries tho j subject is better appreciated. ARricul jtural colleges and schools nro established ' iu Fuglaud, Iruland mid Scotland, I Franco tint! other continental tuitions. For instance, one alGrigiiun, near Paris, j with a farm of 750 acres, ami 60 pupils, 1 embraces Nomo of the mathematical 1 sciences in its touching: with meleorcolo- I ,,1. inlnr.rfkl ntininulrt III I oertltoi. v rrnnt- BJ, ............ S..W..I,.,; v fa-.- ogy, botany, agricultural zoology, nibor tuultiire, rural urchitecluro farm accounts rural economy mid law, and n variety of other subjects pertaining to rurnl aliairs. The National Institute, nl Versailles, occupies near four thousand acres' of land. Iu Htiropc nt least b5 schools exist for iiuriculturul education. AWc&imvo not mi institution of tho kindltituitf United j States. I his friends of tho enormous weight ho carries in tho gymnasium, having paid u fee of thirty dollars tt ycr for tho privil ege. Ami ins menus apin.iud ins l'viii- utistic expenditure us wise and exceeding ly judicious ; for surc,!s!iy thev, 1 how can 11 man live without exercise ?' In short, labor which promotes tho ends of econ omy, is an abominable thing ; that which advertisers their imbecility is a source of pride. Theso soft-handed gentry may by our sons nntl brothers ; but wo fancy they must at times feel nshamcd of our common father, old Adtitii, who farmed it in l'arudise.' Tardea of Eden. No miracle has done it No, it is the work or the Creutor, hy his cal declaration or the one Convention, on choicest instrument, man, through the me- rail heartily to applaud thu opeu,maulv,X' phcit and constitutional argument of the other t As if, however, to gite distinctness and meaning to their resolution, tho Democrat ic Contention hate nominated for tho Presi dency a gentleman who, during his service 111 Congress, was distinguished more for his invelcrale hostility to all appropriations lor the improvement or harbors nnd rivers than for any other political act. Kveu the limit ed appropriations which the majority of Democratic Connresi voted, and which Gen. Jackson sanctioned, wero opposed by Gen. Pierce, Is it not amaziug that a can didate with such sentiments, who would be bound by his convictions of duly to veto every bill or thai character, should be pre sented lor the suffrages of tho men who so recently at Chicago, either personally or by their representativesdemanded tlic exercise or this power by Congress, as one not only clearly given by the Constitution, but as a duty imperatively required by that instru ment The citizens whose aiuiualtlosses by lhe want or harbors are counted by mil' nous, and the families who have been be diuui of niiuil and body Let buth nc active iu the diligent use uf means, and trust to Hun for success, who " sl.llolh the noise nl tho seas," who " uiakoth the outgoings ol the morning and the etenmg to rejoice," who " visitest tho earth, and ttuterest il ;" who " eurichest it with tho river uf God, winch is full of water who " preparesi them corn," and " waieiusl the ridgus thereof ;" who " uiakost it soft with show ers," and "blesscbt the springing thereof;" who " crovvnest tho year with his goodness," whoso " paths drop fatness," and the " lilllo lulls rejoice on every side." Tho gurgling rill, both puio and bright, When Hocks and herd their thirtt allay, Is ever cheering to the sight, As through tlio vtrJanl fuhh wc stray. 'afr dire Journal Devoted to Physiology, Hydropathy, and the laws or life an excellent publication, Publuhcd by fowler & Wells, Nu. 131, Nassau St., New York, u no( receu-frf. from its tiuquarricd bed, nnd eloquence, poesy and music fleo to their native heavun. Successful agriculture culls for some thing more than mero application of sin ew. It is not enough to plant nnd hoc. Intellectual must mmglo with physical toil , n good head, ns well as it strong urui, is required. In lhe development of the best mode of agricultural cultiva tion, observation, study, and experiment, uru as necessary, us 111 tho progress ol nuturul philosophy. It is not only u sci ence, but other sciences contribute, und are indispudsublo to its success. The study of soils tho best tnodoof enrich- nu them the proper alternation 01 crops the tidaptulion of ground to wheat or corn, oats or hemp, root crops uuu vines or clover and tho gmsscs, tho applica tion ol chemical principles to tho ticat ment of thu ground-lho exhausting pow ers of certain productions tho best sys tem of irrigation the true timoof sow ing or hurvesling, or felling of timber die introduction of lubor saving mucliin try, or of new grams, plants, or of now The Ciianccs or Litk. Among tho interesting fuots developed by the recent census, are some in relation to the. laws that govern lifu and douth. They aro based upon returns Irom tho Slate of Maryland, und n comparison with prc- Let uu hone, llmftwlulo wo run vious ouei. I lie calculation it 13 uti- ahead of tho world iu ii.'aillnicjwrtments , necessary To explain, but tho result is n we may not fall so farGotlintikm lliis , taUlo from which wo gather tho follow most important branch oMinowk'dgo. ; "o illustration : Where more than 0110 thousand), millions! 10.203 i fonts arc born on tho samo of uiublo acres spread outJlicir inviting day c',,tor "P0" l,r simultaneously, surfaco to culture, we' tnnf- reasonably Of those, I ,'2-13 never roach the anniver c.vpect llmt schools and col cges, where, of thoir birth. 9,(125 commenco tl.o best mode of cultivation' irny be "o second year, but the proportion of taught, will soim t.iko posilon With the deaths still continues so great, thut at educutionul institutions offjh'o country. ; 'ho end of the third, only 8,183, or n Lettis hasten tho dav. An Kmpiro, "0"' fi.ur-hfihs of tho onginal number, such as tho world ha nuvcr known is survive, iiui iiunng tne tourtit year, rising up 011 this meat Continent people of till other countries arc throng- j'hu 1 tlio system seems to acquire mora ' -trsnrrtli f 1 m I tlua nmiilinn .T .tst,ti,j r.itt- iug to its shores. I ho importance can not bo ovur-estiiutitcd or tho establish niont and icachinii of 11 proper system of thu cultivation and preservation of its soil. N. Y. Times. Nothing wus so much dreaded in our schoolboy davs a lo bu punished ty tut ting between to girls. Oh I tho forco of education. In after years wo Icuru lo submit lo such thing without shedding a tcur. A Furmcr who recently hud his but ter seized by tho c'.orl; of the m irket for short weight, said that tho cow from which the butter win made was subject to the cramp and that caused tho butter to shrink. idly decreases. It goes on decreasing until twenty-one, tho commencement ot maturity and tho period of highest health. 7,131 enter upon tlio activities and re sponsibilities of life moro than two lliirds of tho original number. Tliirty fiva come lo the meridian nf manhood; G,302 havo reached it, Twenty years moro, and tho ranks uru thinned. Only 1,727, or less than hulf of thoso who entered lifu fifty live years ago, uro left. And now death conies moro Irequetiity. Lvcry year the ratio of mortality steadi ly increases, and at seventy thcroaro not a thousand survivors. A scattered few live on to tho closo of tho century, and at tho ugo of 0110 hundred and six years, the drama is ended. The last man 'n .lead. V. Y. Tribune '