Newspaper Page Text
BY E. P. WALTuiS 6c mN.
.UHSM Y, AUGUST 19, I -a. VOL. XLVf, NO. 39...WL10LE NO. 2392. !U ' Innmi $v Slntt 3t?mTnl. I" I .l KirH VII IIMMt ',10 ,f ,vm.M i i. ' l a ''in. th. f i 'j 't -'in, Isw.t i I ' I mi ,hi . i ek . I . n . V i i . -oil.- V i i- I'll it v l.lMI, I. Wli 1.1 Vf HOI LIS , .-,f.. i n ipi irtin, a . J H I s i Fi i H .. I .,. ...il. .;B -miTM, ' II Vkl. V W I II i nr. n OutlMirt. C -' ' KIliE, i i low b m r. mho ii. wiinj oiiimtios, eici:.mi:m', V1FIKI.D SCOTT. of ni:w JKiisr.v. n n vin -l'.ti:-inr.'t ', WM. A. GliAITAM, OF NOIITH CAIIOMNA. i lto nt I'rw.lttrttt cV Vice I'n ildcut I' It I S I) WTEK.of Derby, l I.VM N. of !leiinmetnn, . IV U ALT N'.of Monlpelter, ' 'V III) MltKI. M. of itrattleboro'. ' V. MST.T. ADAMS of (imml Ule. The Candidate. iniiL'rii hi Kepubl nn fives the follow lent mi.ii'mh i y uf the prominent events .it Ij. ii. Scott; 1 1 rot- h the n of firmer, William 'i I m b irn neir Petersburir. Virginia. It i oi' nun- I7i-'(. it Ml. i amni education through the nlu-n. nf h :iio h-r, received lantruc M i n ami Mary's ollog , and vja ad 'he linr in I -Oti. 1-08 nc -ived from JeMe'sou a com- I'n.t hi oi' lie lit artillery. , lei .', bee on Lt-ut Co!, of id anil- a , . I t M .In . Iz nl's regim lit. r t.ilimiiTt-ni in the battle of Q.U ntw . i mi u m th" lif.frbtn. and u e .ptartd i. hi . i,.rr ir tene Urge as hu) i L''l "it m l tiiniiii- c. indict. - .ii i' Ii II' of id c ptu I Ir.sh in-ri. 1-11 'i . ! ii Ii ct of 'V m ''injr . i t .vor of III" Ir'ah IH i im mi lien-r.l of the nrmy at ' i , ' "i ' . i ' 'i 1 mc ;u nl (I ii h urt (i i r,-. " i "T of t'i i pir. cu :i iinnla) pi !ui tin.' il -rfii! uftliu t. law I" 1 i" tii'tl T ll. ut lilt tiii'ipe ay i ml June, til u" 't drill Ui.tt:... A nl. I' it i-: 1 1 J" I J. rnninrin.!!! the advance brigade t'l t ittlf ut Inpo v i. lil I. roinni'iiiilj tlie advnc urigade, t intilf ,)!' .N. iirar 1. 1 l.uudy'a l.une,)tn iii I- i iiti iv ivi .united. 1 v tied njor (IpikthI July 25, lfl I. i v. Il.i iff r.-H hy I'rxidont Siailiaon I'liunt of Secretary of v'aj, whioll " ' i l:j ten tli m tinny year of age. ' ! in l'.ir,iH' in 1815 iii, with a vtmv .ii.ury proiieifiioy ; mid at the atn time, i miei'i -i-.tiil I v an nnoorta.it -oininiuston Iro n GoviTtiinent. 1- inrrnd Miii-li, Idl. v 'huiI publialiiM Hie M liliirv ltistitutca It I. .'.ni trnvelx in Europe", 187 !B. Ji'i , I ti t ' e nbarka un the Likc3,eo'tiniand 'i o .jw lor ill" UlRck Hawk war. s i -iiiber, Ifi'W, u commisaioned to treat Htlh I di i iii. S. i v,iar ronrlndea everal troatioij. - i ' v.-.ir, Hlule NiillifiiMtion iviuai its height l'1" i'ihiihuiikI in CharleatoH'tt, S under Uio I'ri-ident Jackeon. In ("-Ci, command in Florida. ctiilier ti. . prienrs bel re n court of Inqui rv. ru iko a celebrated atieech, and receive the ta. .ruble judgement ol the Court Uieeinber, IH.I7, cotnmanda on the Canada fr'"iti. i, iift..r the burning of the Caroline, makea 'ITmim. apjieals to the people, and maintdiiH the p. are of the cuiiiitry i iv in ts. removea llie Ulierolteea uy oruer oi tii" I, i'rnini'nt. M m il I crj!t, rivnmamlri in the Diaptilod Ter-' ritur. mi tlm rtii Kitnterti frontier; corre)ond8 i'iifio. Harvey of New llriinswu'k, and eill-cls a ttli.iii..it. D' ri uiber, lKfit, first recere votes for the' IV, iilem y in tlio U hip Convention of that I 5 L'ar. In ItJ'J, nominated for the Presidency by llie " "mi-mum oi renwyivania. ii. lrtlti. ordered to Mexico. Mircli 0, 1817, Ian Irf ut Vera Crur. M in-li -7. te?17. captures San Jumi de Ulloa. April 1 8, 1817, wuiritho battlenf orroUordo. ' 1 5. 1817, enters the city of I'uebhi. ' uMiiimnil,) the rmy of .Mexico Jii'iib butlo nf t'ontroras. Aug. 19, 1817: In tin- buttle ..f rhurubuscn, Auj. 20, 1817: j" tne battl,. of Milium del Riy.Sept. 8 1817: Ii'he Storm m t'hipultopec Sept. l'l, 1617: Cipru.pj the City of oxico, apt. 11, 1817: Si'pt".nb t. 1817, Ioviuj contribution! for the ocnefit nd support of tho army. Vivo nber I8t7 devices a syitein of revenue, nj Htmporiry (iovprnment. April .818, ipp.'ara bufore a Court of Inquiry r "J on thu iu,t tVivoloiii pretences, which re- 111 " mlv in hiinor to (Jen Scott and dishonor A iniiustr ition which called tho Court. ' '--1-, return ho no and u received in i. uh military and civic honors anil a .iph. 'ie VI, li-52. r"niiiiated by the National ' onvuiitiou for the 1'renidency, QIT5" "Tho Whiyc uididato waluaya in hastt. Hi' puto if 4011,1 was tasty, he wroto his Na ''e American letter iiiluiite; his letter to tin ;;.'"(! Uotivenlioii was signed in hasto, yours." i-h.cig .Itmocml. Id voyjgo to Vera Crui wis performed i. niej the bittles of Cerro Gordo, Contrer-if 'h'lrubusco, olmodcl Hey, Chapultcpcc, am """capture of Mexico, followed one another n bt haste ; and in fact, the candidate is ao hash m fus temper th it he will probably achieve th rroiidwicy aj rajndly as tuu rest A. Y. 'luie. Free Trade and Direct Taxation. ' tit ia lyicofoco dnctrine Tree Trailo and I ri'i-t fixation. It hu been tried in Turkey. winch " tiixet) all tho produce of her agriculture m l hernhopH with taxes and duties anioiiutinjr to l i i iity tu (1,l.y in-r con', on thecoat of pro-Mi-' hi Nh only demands fro.n three to fiv. pi r . ciii. on nil articles of foreign origin thit pass throuiih the custom house." An exchange forcibly comm tits upon this : ' V t ,ke the above from Une nf the innnnln of tin- day, demrliijr t0 c II the attention of nur ' render to tho beautiful efli-cta of ilritiih free trnle md direct Inxitmn, n fivonte subject of deel iniatioii nmoiijf the Soloni of our day. nho hi ild that a llitioii is to he hcnenlled by keeping the pi,iiih .md the loom apart I'rotn each other, ami in ihe exports and also in the imports the prosperity ot a nation. Turkey ii the par adiw ot British free trade. Not otilv does alio admit a I foreign produce free of all duty except from three to five per cent, but she nlso permits fiwi'ijin trtdera to curry llinir goods from town to tun n ihroufjhout the empire for sale peddling them iHtl to In r orrfbrtunnte people, the cmise qe -nee ol which ia, that storekeepers arc almost scurre a nmnufitcturer and hor nnpoverisli 1 culm itori hire not even a place at which thc c a cxcluiigt' tticir produce for cloth or miii. sugar or coffee. It is therefore constantly wauled on the ground, and the land-owner and it' occupant are reduced to poverty, while the nation itsell i the sconi of the world Tor its weakness. RitMia piotects her people in t irnr i-tlort to bring the plough and the loom into cuuiKciion Hith each other, ami theretorc does the grow strong, hile her peoplo aro becoming Iron, day to day more free, 't'nrkev leaves her ieplo to the tender mercy of Uritish froe-trad-cm, and therefore does she from day to d iy ho come more weak, while her people become from day to day more enslaved ; nnd yet Irava wo a niong ourselves men who would cnuuinl the ad option of the same measures under which Tur key lias seen her manufactures destroyed, nnd under which Iwr agriculture is giadually dying out Ilia time that the tanner should under staud that lie it is that needs protection, and that without it Ins farm would litre speedily little more value than those of Turkey, and he h un set i' would become the mere 'hewer of wood and drawer of water to llntish monopol.sm. Folly of throwing away votes. The following on the subj.-ct ol third parties is Iron, the Albany Kvenmg Journal, favorably kimivn as an able defender uf Northern rights: ow the moral of a free Soil third party is jiisi tin ; Whatever strength it has, it must de rm troui the Tree Soil elements in (he other two parte. Thiwo who support it, leave i party tint may be succi asm I for one thai c .iinot pos sibly be. They leave a place where they con be hi use, to go to a place were they c in be of norv. heir old party is ao much the wot, lor their luw, md their new one now the better fur all i bat tt gaina by thuir catnaig. The third p.ity does not expectant: sm ,t u net even un re ooiable eisjugb to hope for it Id M8 thty CHine came uowheiw imr carrying a -ungh) St uie. he pmhabiliticM now are thit th ir number will bo even lee t lr5V. Ilkit g anting they could catty one State, or even half a dozen Stiles, all that thoy would then etlect would he to throw tho l'rtwtdeooy inUi the Hmwe of Uei rvM'iitativea, or in other word into the hands of the im nd of 1'ierce ,md Krng It is ttrae that neither of Uio Conventions at 11 1 III ..nice hive given Uietii any coconrajteinervt b, the ir ri.-ilut.ofM. Indeed, to speak frankly, both have given them juet the reverf. Vet it w tor ilirm u consider Ui.it no two men yet ever ugie -il in opinion Uion all subjects still lem ii . i . Ui ne libera ol t politic il party. I'arties ll it- tin mie en I or pi rh ips for more, but they .r-- seldom uu iiiuiuus upon a iioien " planks" at once. hey must agree here liiey can, and tolerate a diifen nee of opinion wlieri- they can ii ii .c.irci iy my hticui creed of the two ' grc it parties ever expre?eil the whole political b. of my one mill; and yet scarcely any .urn .s iiiiilne to i house between the general ti n i. ncies ot tnose parties. Une or the otner ot t cm h is principles, i-X'irossed or un- xpress iil. iii-ir-liki iy tu idvame his object than the oteer. Ii ii- ouid uct ctU ctively, he must act with in it one. .i ,tlial Free Soil I)eiu.crjt sliomd pause to deliberate is not ao strange. If they act di rcctly ith the " Ueuiucratic" party, they cer-1 taiuiy do othing to ad ince their c.iuse If they act upon a third rgamzation, though they may .ndiiectly eh-ct I'lerce and King, they yet in-ki a deiuonslrstluo 10 favor uf 1'roe Soil. I. at Hi it V hitf-f should c. operate with them in electing " item cralic" noun need, is to suppose lti.it tin y have tor got ten what tho Whig jarty lias been, in thuir tears for what it will be. " Ctttttand Trut Dtimeral"vn Hcutt AHud in to thu libelous charges brought against (Jen. Scott by the Opposition press, Vaaglm, of the l'i ue Deinoomt, in a recent issue, hoars the fol lowing honorable, testimony in favor of the groat , Hero: " There is no justification in deceiving or at-. tempting to deceive the public on theso matters. So soldier, we imagine, ever fought, who labor ed, throughout ins military career, to he humane, ns a matter of principle and duty, more than Scott. Dr. Chamung, no mouther uf compli ments, and liatur of war, upoko of htm in tho ' highest terms To this distinguished in in be longs tho rare honor,' ho says, 'of uniting with military energy and daring, tho spirit of a phil anthioprat' I W e saw Gen. Scott ourselves whrn cngag-1 od in settling the Chsrokeo difficulties in Geor- gn. His xisition was u trying one. One more beset w itli dillicultios could not be imagined. ! The hates of tho whiten who had suflured, the villainies of speculators w ho cared for nothing i save to grab the lands of the roil men, there-! veuge tiring the bosoms of tnc Indian braves in ! hum mi) wronged, the position ol the States of Gi urgi.i and Alabama all combined to render tin t aeiliuiueut of the 'i.'herokeo Question' most dJli cult. Hut lie accomplished llie task He did it i like a man atlJ a solcier. Tho poor woro pro-j tected ; just ce was done to him. us lar as it j could be dune ; and l)r Chamung speaks truly. when be says, tn the whole history ot the inter course with oiviliicd communities, we doubt whether a brighter ptge can be found thin that which reoords his agency tn the removal of the Cherokee.'" I nr. Knkkukq Calumny A rocent num ber of the 1'itUburgh Hispitch contained tho question i "Il the Cameron Guirds of Harrisburg and Captain Naylor's company of Philadelphia, were not (while on intin guard duty at Julapu,) ob!i til to kneel to thu '- iioat" carried in a Catholic procession and this under u general order issued pnviuus to general order o. iiU7." l apt Naylur now a resident of Tittsburg, inadoTeply through the 1 ommercial Journal. FrKii that reply, we quote the following couclu sivo passage: " As the Capt Naylor named in this enquiry, I am asked what I have to say upon tho subject, mid whether (Jen. -cott ever issued an order such as above indicated. My reply is, jurr nertr tro such a generat or der. No such order was ever made known to tho army. My company never waa called upon to obey such order, or any command purporting to bo founded on such order. y company never did kneel to tho procession of the " Host," eith er by obligation or otherwise. Gen. Scott never issued an order inqiosing any such obligation, nor one that would aflord any pretext or excuse to any officer under Jinn, for issuing such an or der, or imposing such an obligation. Tho wkolo ilung is a fabrication, und ts at war with that 1 lrrrp. intHllitrent aDirit of charity, no broadly e moderate of the rights ond seiiaibilities of all, c:utnntly iluunsuumag uca bcou.- VVhlg nxtrnv iginoc. This is one of th" rallying criM ngunst the Whigputv. I low well merited it h leirufrimi "ii" ubjomed, which we copy from the hester iti-piihlican ! "T.u records slmw the fact ttut i uring the last t n monthi of Mr. I'olk's admisl ration, in n st ite of nmfnund peace, he exnended revenue at the rate of forty milium of o'.'om ptr it num.' ne leu cuarges upon me revenue arising troui the Mexican war and othpr nurcps, not Vfoto recognized, of noarly fjlttn millions ptr annum. Mo left four millions to bo paid in interest, threo mid n half millions due to vmertcan citizens as indemnity from Mexico twelve million in four yp rs to be paid to exico, v.nt intutlited ac counts from the war to he settled, the territorial expenses to be arranged and deO-iyeil, and final Iy Ihe cost of collecting the revenues t be char Bed as an expenditure. Nonn of these things had existed in our financial system before, and the sum tntal of them was an extra fifleon mil liotH irAifi hn.i htm didy and lionernbly paid. And It has been paid, not only without borrow ing, hut eight millions qf the l'olk war debt lutt htm aiptd off, and the Whole twelvd millions of Mexican indemnity has been paid, with its $7iO OKU of innual interest. And withal, the aggre gate expenditure does not exceed hy more than two millions that of the last year of peace under Democratic rule. A more splendid financial achievement has not been performed by any ad ministration The surplus revenue is not up wards of fifteen millions, locked up in sp -cie in Sifb-T easury viulu A fast as the l'olk debt falls due, it will be paid o!K and. if Gen. Scott bo elected which no sane mm doubt me ins wtll be taken to anticipate thf maturity of tho loins, so as to balance the book, and dispense with tho expensive machinery of managing sticks, paying interest, and so on." End of Fiscal Year Imports. The fiscal year of the Federal Treasury, closes, b regulation of Congress on the IOUi June '1 he year just ended will probably exhibit when the official ta les are inidc up, an import trade less hy eleven and n quarter million dollars than during the preceding year. Taking tho business of N. i ork, where tiO per cent ot the total Foreign receipts are usually entered as a bis, and the informal monthly ihles is nuh t inlially correct, it would seem that while then has teen a falling olT of l;ie'c ir. on last v a 's import of Dry Goo Is, there hts be u a sli ;ht m i-retse added ,o tho recip s of G neril F to ni M"rchandise. And Ihe result, taki-n to." -h r. is is stated. The following is a summary of 'n monthly ta bli ot Imports nlered ut 5ien York for' the fi al year ending 30 June. I Sfl: 1831 lla'j Yeir July $U. 10.000 Augnst 1-1 MUX) 0 September 10, 0 ' ctoticr B,aW. 00 .November (i.MJi.'.DOU December i,7IU,0U) Toul SiflOlo. 00 18.72 ( Yar. January SIliHOSOOO Febru.ry ii.tSU.OOO .March lU.CHCt.O 0 April IO,tCHi,OiO May .!W,0iO Juni- (not oxacl) li.O-tO.iji.O Total $.7l8,t4JO tti.llSOtrlJ Total being (X) per cent. at New Vork 1 lli.7l,0O0 Add 4i p. r cent for other ports 7 '.1.8 111,000 Grand total l:-'.iiU,ti(iO reastiry returns I8T)0-1 $41.1,70.000 Less specie 4.iHH.st!UU iilt .820,000 Decrease 1851 2 $1 1, .-1-1,01 '0 The Foreign Dry Good entered at this ort during tho fiscal year, co i. pared with tho year previous, were sub.-tantiallv thus : lc.lu "l July-December Sol,7;W,000 January-June 3',',8ej2,O0O Toul le.-,l .12 July-Dec ernber Jsmiary-.lune 8i4,oll,000 Decrease from I .11-51. $'.'0,lM,0lr0 51 wr cent 27;1&..VW 17 " cent Total $.17,2'.' 1. 000 lUpercunt The falling off in Dry Goods was owing in part to tho cheapening of Cotton fahrics, and in part tp the very poor returns to Importers and consigning anufacturers the pat Fall. The General erchandise column has been ki-pt up, and slightly increased by reison of the demand for Sugars, Colfee, leas and Itnlruad Iron. Who Oppose General Scott I It is a common remark, that you may know a man by his friends. Vou can tell something a bout him by noticing w ho are his enemies. Geiu cott has variousopjioiitiits. Rev. Mr. llrowidow opposes him bcoauso he caused the churcheis and religious services of tho Catholics in xexico to be respected bv Ins sol diers. And all supporters of the Religious est in Now Hampshire, and sectarian bigots every where, follow the lead of Rev. Mr. Ilrownlow, The London Times opposes him becauso' Gen. Pierce will bo u valuable practical ally to tho commercial policy of Knglund," by which Iieland has been ruined and America seriously injured. And the capitalists and I .ndholders 111 hnjjlaud follow the lead of The lMndan Tmts. Messrs. Toombs and -tepht-iw oppose hnn be cause ' he gives no uther guarantee for the poli cy of his administration than the known men! uts of a long hie." and they h iv looked through them, and can find nothing that indicates any loaning toward their views. Ami the Southern Secessionists follow the lead of .Messrs. oouibs and .Mcpheni. The Philadelphia Sun opposes bun, beoauso he is disimsed to grant too many privileges to foreigners." And Nativmts over) where lullow the lead of The I'hitadel, ha Sun. The Mexicans and Canadians opposo hiiu, be cause they tlnnk "he is too much of a military man." 1 he South Carolina and I rentier malcontents oppose hnn, because they thitik lid is too much of a Peace man. The nags and Sawyors und Shoals and llreakers in the Rivers slid arbors oppose him, because they know that It he is elected they will have to more. Locofoco office-holders, here and there, oppose him lor thu same reason. nd the greater part of tho Locofoco party follow their lead, simply because they aro Loco locos, without knowing why or w hereforc Jib. Journal. tignilcant. A iercn and King campaign paper called the " Democratic 1' laifonn, pub lished in Virginia, has been scut to ui Among tho embellishment of its lolumua wo noticu the liguro of a negro, with u pack upon his back, in tho act of running away Over this tiguro are the w ords " northern whig ticket I Scott und Graham." The " fugitive Irom service" has thesu words put into his mouth t " Ihs .Wgger off to dene Nate ! Massa -eott !f toicard, aa firms to 'peal the tvgilu 1mu, and Unus .ipgers gits our liberty I lie no mind dal Carolintr Sagger owner U only put dar for ,1 blind f This 1 tho way the enemies of Oeu Scott electioneer against him iu the tioutu. Caledonian. Tlio War Carried Home. It will he remembered that Hon. G. . Dallas, iimde a speech at a ratification meeting, held at Wanhington, immediately after the nomination ofGcn I'ierce, in whn h he ddclm-d that the reunions tost disqualifying ntl.ol.c from hold- Ing certain offices, was retained tn the ronstttti- tion of Now Hampshire, against the wuhes of l'eirco ami tho Democratic patty; and further ilW succeeded m retsitim - the test. All tins w, on the part of Dallas, entirely gratuitous. The Democratic party had not then hoenchnrccd with seeking to retain it nor had til. Whigs manifer.- ted any desire to introduce the nubjc-t, into tho r.r.l . . ' n 1 9C"r-,J-c" It annears thsf the lleitinemla r-nlMirltrl lli.l feature m the Constitution of a State, proverbial for its suhservicnco to thpir principles, was dc- cuieaiy oojectionauie, and that it would ho & tnaster-atroko of policy to charge this obnoxious j idhiiih-- oi'u iiiu - inirs in aovanr.i1 In order that all the i-u-ts m the case might ap-1 iVilfiami;. lo!Mnson.Fs;anlrlsr!nbvb.rti i, gin nnuij r n rijriii UVn.Mls lIMlier, tliam K l;o.,t u, .viJLKj.t.i..-! a graduate of Valo f'ollege, and a not"d political vvriter, has been to New . ampshirr eramtning the political records, with regard to the a tion of I'ierce and hw wny in conin Hon with this dis graceful test, an h is embodied the result nf his resoarcn. Ill a speecn Ueiivered tit iew Voik. I it , r. ., last Friday evemmj. As th- - onWrnls" ofi"1 J"rM" H,ld '" l"""i "' Gen. I'ierce have been fully considered in Ins re cent biography, and the life and doings of his father made v'ry prominent therein and as all these considerations have been urged as viltd claims in favor of iho Demnrritie nominee, these ' antecedents' and claim hive been d'lly exnm ined by Mr Uobinnn. In his speech ho laid down the following assertions, and so earnest wns he in challcnifilig n investigation, that he announced that he would deposit, in the hands of Simeon Draper, one hundred dollars to be for feited and given up to my one tint would prove thit in any o o of these propositions be mis-stated the tacts. Thu decision to be left to Robert Kinmel. I. Franklin Pierce did not spi- ik at ill in fi vor of Cithohc. B ninopo mi hi-n'he wh il time the ithnln- test w , bef.-.-th Convention S. He had uolhin .' t 'n w th " hmmuig fr-wir-l" th siibj-cl. Til - -.'ution ubolishiiiii the -est n lnn ip 'n Mr I1, i km of N shin a Dinr ,. i m"b ..ii-i . a I" by Mr 1' h . er ..iv. I I. ivhen it ' is dis u--eil in Convention. '1. It t ku n In i'i i i ' i II i nns!.. i.. I n '! l , . I ' i 1 , i itrip I n in i . ii r ydeteut. .1 .n . H.vl. .1 ..... . .. .. U. ... . .. w eks ' ' OV'i.m, ., s,.!;ein"lW,..m il 1 5. 11 n R - ' "ii - l.u' n n de f a ehi". a,ler L itlin1 c , n mC!i iti 111 n id b en earned in I'onveiili.ni h" found t u . vrhile niktng a sp-ch u.i th.; Property Qn 1 iti.iiion, 1.) encuse an. apologise for the test of h.gotry saying it ww a deid letter and a blink winch ins simply stating th ,1 Cithohc. would rju.e the nselves to get into office, by swearin? in support a Con- sUtution which expressly shut ihe n out frum of- -ui . r L , . , ti. I hit so lar from all h s ' mtneeaents" be- mgriaht hie father, lleiui mn Pierce, wted ta (ait tho anti Catholic clause into the ConsUta tioo. and voted for the Alien and Sedition Ltws of old John Adams! 7. hat so far fro,,, C.thohc Kmancipation failing onlv fiir vmnt of a two Unrila vote it had not one tiilh of the votes cast throMghout the St u the wum election f ;s,rt, nd aid not cinno nenr n simple iiwiunty f tlio BntiUvuve cast on thu question 8 That in place of there being any high em- fidonco in Now Hampshire of CaUiolic Krnanci- "'iZnTs aying. th it while the phgne spot is on her. and tho ship is unpunfied, no nun, captun nor crew, shall land, and thus, by the defeat of General Pierce, bring his bigoted party In their senses, theCalhoi.cs'intha State stand no chance of being Kmancipatcd for half a century ll. And in a word, 111 tine, that the father. Hen- jamin IVirce, was .1 red hot ciieinv of the Cuth- olics, and a siiporler of the Alien i, ml Seditkin acts and that Franklin Pierce, the vnung chick- en, learned to crow ao glibly from' the old ono that ho raised not 0 voice 111 favor of abolishing his father's brotry during thu whole time the subject vvas under ditcission in a 1 onvention of winch he was leadimr uieinberMd President .. . .. .., . , ... . . Ul!)C jJUUU ai'iU tlJC IjnC. V f. V. V.I,TO. MI Id b Ikr I'lnw wnsMlhti.. llllUMlf ISU.I Slllivr HOLA C pailfc.'' SnoiiTbM.o.iN.-Tlii pr..c. may bu J tucces.-liilly applied to applu, pear, pe-iuii, cherry and plum ireo; mid to vines, of va rious kinds such ns melons, cucumbers, rqiiHshOf and pumpkins, Tomato.-, &o. On fruit trees, the opcr ition is thus performed. " Dow mug says ut ihe end of tirn.irj t.r as early 111 the rpnug as may he, we coin iiieiice pruning the peach, 111 Us first bio sinning jcar. This c iisisls mil) culling oil' hull' the last year's gr.min over the vviiule ouiside of tne head of ihe Irce, and also up " Ihe nun r nei . As the usu al ,uir..i- growth i Ii .1 one nvn leei, i shall in i-i s inlv i.ir.i fl' m iii six to tvvcive mc 1 1 11 t.i in 1 ". if - 11I1 preci ' 1 ( 1 ' . win d, 1. 1 ' i.jm 1 Shu. 1- .1, , .1 -i 11 m il ll .ck illo-l, III older In tn ..i ll, lie 1 liters, 4. el ao) long r i ri te liny I ni!isi...il i'i- no. tin- I1.1l nice of lie lie id, n'i lie cut iCs In a ilinlofiii liu.iii. This brums tin- tree Hiiu a "' ' l.nv ino occasion to go to the farm hnuso, round, d sliapi. Ill r dm nig the young ttt-st the horses In 11 tree. Almost jin w o. d 0111 lull, weai 11 c - 01 e tune rcdiHt Uie(liatt Ij ttlti't a multitude of bees, eith the ciuiiii.g crop one I1.1i m inniiu.-r. Tu. fr irritated nl the slinking of their luvos renaming hall, receiving all siisteii.iu. e , h) the 1enun.1l of Ihe cunli from the of theme, nr.- nl d u i. die ZB. The i "i". r oxe.te.l by the electricity with vou.,,. ,h.-.i. luo. su i.mi.,1 1, I '' J1'0 l""pl're h-ppened .0 be ,. . .11 cluiigcd, issued Irniii their hives, as d 111 from every purl o t n-toe, heep it ell sup- p ' , , 3 1 1 1 mbedience to 11 given signal, und with plied vvttl, bearing o Im the next )-". ,,,. ul,acM ,l0 ho.ses. in an while the greater liuunauce and nze of tho ,,, t. ,,,)r nuimals were cnltrnly foliage as a necessary consequence produces cov,.rfi, wll, ltiva Irom head to loot j larger and higher flavored fruit. Thus, 0Vc'il llieir nostrils were flll'd with llicin. while we have secured dgimt tho prevalent When the curler returned ho found one evil, an over crop, we have ulso provided of Ins horses lying deud on the ground, for the full nourishment ol the present year's i nnd the othurs tolling about furiously, fruit, and induced a siinpl) of fmit hearing ! ill cries nltrueked eeverul persons j one slum's throughout the tne for the next Sea-;ol them attempted to dnvo uwjiy the , , . . ,1, .... , bees, but t icy allacted hnn, and he had son. 1 us course ol pruning is loll, .wed 1 11. ,..l , , ... 1 1 i r 1 to plunge into u pond, nnd even to place legularly every year, i..r the hJ f, um(;r .uler for u ,eW seconds, the tree. It is done much more '''""l in nr(lt.r ,,, esu!,,)u from u,,.,,,. The cute than one will suppose; the pruned wounds uf (juluVlc ulso ultciiipicd to approach are too small to iilhnv uiiy gum to How j and ,10 ,orses, but, he too, was put to lllgllt it is done at the close nf winter when labor 1 ,y ,IL. enraged insects. Al length, two is worth the leust to the cultivator. Tne j fire engines were sent for, und by pump tree becomes a fine ofjrci, with a thick, nig on the bees, u great number were low, bushy head, tilled v. un t.ealili) young killed on the hoisesorput to .light The wood, -ud 111 the euiumei tvitiid Uiuk giecu . horsM, however, woro su inucli injured, . hoary foliage ami handsome fruit. Gnu any intelligent nun lie.-itato alnml adopting so :.! ... , , Minllle " C""MC "' lri,i"n""' cc.uro 9(, valuable result." 'I'mnatn- nnd vines afo sliortcticd-in by ,, , in- cutting oil all shoots and small tomatos that aro more than eighteen ino ics riliove the ''""'- ' Ihiin six feet friHii the mailisteiti, except in winter r-niiahes never lot them rtln more . . r i . - . ,hi"1 ,c" erX' aml ,r"" ,,(r '"Pouter shoots, The yield will bp more abundant, .tnd the vegetable of better .tu ilitv. B I I'll n P.MtsNtr. This is a awed, rich and delicious rout, and nlikc p ilntalile to man and lie am. It is easily cutlivnted, whether as n garden ve.euhle, for the tablt, or a :!fi",,, or"l' ,,,r c""li. ""d 'I g.r.,,1 Kill, ft I.I I fli-lil j flefidj plovveil .md well piilvcri-cd, yields a w.t) t,ent cru. Ve have them liotb in ! , . , I L'-'flfH and fit 111, and they promise n rich ! return fur a trilling ontl.iv. On the islaiuls lensivel) cultivated, and It is said that all the pork on the latter island is fattened with this root, and is noted for its delicacy .mil flu vi nr. We are quite Confident that me farmers of Vermont rmm I o few roots, f r their own pr .fit -mil the benefit of their -lock. Cons, in the winter sonsoii, fed ex liiMvelv on dry hay, cannot reasonably be expected topi) fur their keeping, in n good -iipply of milk, '''hey should he treated to Mangel VV.irisel, Rut i II ig i, Curr ds and l'irnif. Tt.e ui re ..f Ihe two latter, the '.elm . The Country Fresn. iitliiiifl is tn -re i-'iinniiiii. snv.s one of our hr'M'iren of ilu- rottn try press, when il liersnn riiun s t" fI if his iwper t lira ' t U)V(, (s n) f,ir no iloillg tlllll he ",kps m:,"., l,,""'rs ' Mtl't Hf din I o I HIV for llioin nil, Hud tf In: Could he Inm un (une to rmul tlie.ni (ill Tlio , - , - ,' , ""u leelnnis nl Ifio ttililor : mill if sucli i- run 1 1 v llin nmsnu why liu (llscon- liml(1, ,-S ,.,, . ,w,i ,,IVU .,, , 1 . 1 . . 1 ir '" t" " ' llllllslilf. I' virlnilli .1 iou iN m this;! inku 11 number of pttper!-, I vVunt to utop onu, null ns 011rs is tin; poorest of the vvliolo. . ., 1 , , , . .. 1 11 """I N,,u'- wlnlu we iidilllt the riujlll of 11 lIKin In filic wIi.iIl'Vit jmper r pnners lie tileiibus, ct we lay ll ilowtt 1 .1 . .1 1 1 1 11 8 '',('-''''- lnt H10 local pross should re five Ills lirsl siipiort, lieuause upon liinisclf iinii hiIiith in the nuigiiliorlinnil f (,ts ,r s,,,nri tNnihiiit; cnii Im 1 ,.. . . ., innrt; ptlliumo 11 country minor, limn to hear of l!oion papers Im vint; their .six , 80veu llionsaiiil Milisertliurs, when Ins lper l. many hundrml.; ye, he 4V"fis "S h'.tril to ucl nut a good paper perhaps ns his eily frieinl. anil the only rellson whv It is not so largo anil inlur- . , , "" ,s " llns " oll K'od sunport. I nrly presses ilepe.ul upon parly men for support, anil in all polil- icn c(m,g,s t10 country press, if it does , ,111 e ,ho ,''1"1' ,loes ,,l"sl of l,!t' u'ork- Vc liKe the country p ipers ; tint) re- tl,jnr us of home. I'liev eoiiurally . , , T , . 7 . ' rusticity, a j-ooil-niitun diiiissnlioiit tlicin winch ones in lite In-art. lint the pnlilte iiiind litis lifi'iitne vitiiateil, it longs for t,e uiftropohtan papuis. nnd He Kood old paper which has been tiiliuu in the latnilv f"r twenft wars, has to be given up, turneilolV. like astiperaiintialed horsu, tn ilii; iu its old nge, thus everything js beeoinnio lhmlo-ittn. Our wiling- muu , 1J"S""' V""- u) fl1" ' lvo .Mill In . . f . .t : I !.. .. I.e.. .1 1 ... lliisiiill iusiiioiis it. ill uusi'iil 100, un: piovv and the net thu mid the hoe lose their charm. ilu longs to be a merchant; fnrmini! mid mechanical labors arc only lit for clowns. Well, lie eoes to llosiou, enters into business, in a I'otv )uars tails, ci 11 lies back to his father ft house 111 debt and unfilled for even thing useful. A ure it dual I' a been writ en on the pass ion which our young men have for city life. Let farmers lake papers primed in their own county and no- if iho pass ion don't cc ise Dal hum Dtimocrat. Tlit- i-ATTt. Of THE lit KB A Ctlrl- otis ciiriinisl ince occin red tccenlly ut (iuilh vill. , in I'liu cc A mnull lariucr had in a lield about -50 beehives, con taiuing a vast nil ubur of heed. He sent a 1 11 it 1 1 with a t-urt, drawn b) five hursus, to loinnve s-'iue earth Irom the wall near which the hives were placed. The curler that they died in nn hour. Tito vnlue ol the bees di-slrnveil wns 1500f., tint) of llie horses JuDOI. A lew dag before, bees from the samo hives killed 17 gos lings. How Protection Aids Aerculture. "Thore is a farm in Statidish, Mc., consiRiing nf eight acres, including yards, buil ling, vtc., from which was gathered lust fall 1,1 ofj bushels of ap ples. Wherever the loom nnd thennvil lako thoir natural places by the side of the plough and the harrow, vvc sec that men obtain largo crops from stnnll surfaces, und that both the laud and its owner be coin; enriched. Wherever the plough nnd the harrow stand nlonc, wc see thmn obtain small crops form largo sur faces mid the owner of the land becom ing, poor, while the Innd itself is cxhans- M. lllll.- IMC lUIIU I'-UH S 1-AllllllS- We have herea yte.d of 1.730 .,, , . tir.fr. . isi iiiiiii in ino worm loriy. nny. or sixiy hushclsofcorn, which I.G sells at 25 or 30 cents er bushel; and vet he too 'u.tgh. raise his tipples, his strawberries. and the various other products of the earth that would pay him by hu.id.e.ls of tlollars per acre, if he would but u nl in 1 bringing tho miner of lead and the smelter of iron and copper ore to the side of hi'ttself and his fullow-ciiizeiis Plow, Loom, ijV. ) Birds-.-A. CarelcBS Observer. J. C II.. of t-irti.ii sitvs, inn cotn inuiiiRHtiou to Mr. Dnvntng. on "birds. insects ami other mutters.'' und now one word as to 'ho utility of birds It I toil bushels or tipples, worth probably Imle , . - . ' "j "-' ""' , " If than .o.OOO. from a farm of eight ""f ',C VP f autumn ; if u u ucrcs. beinC .S-'tiO per ncre, whilf the l9",; .' the surfneu wnh a new laro.erof Illinois obtains from the rich- B"Mvtl ol ire.;., the culling must be . . . is a '-'.1111111111 belief that they tire great 01 P"oti s"'1 npp'ted to the ton. liay beiii ficlors of nun in the destruction of l'mt ls "t cured thoroughly is much im pi sttfcrous insects. To this belief I nm P'ovd by it. Try it, alongside with that an inexorable in n. lei. Who ever saw "" saled, and observe whothor tjiere is one of the whole raee touch u caterpillar, , n difference. You will thun know next uhich, at thisi-eusi.il infests ourorohurds .vellr whether it is tt waste of salt or not or other kindred nuisances, which, i ,0 "I'I'1)' l 1,1 hny. . luio in the season, appear on nil trees, indi-criminutcly ?" j Changes l'litmucKi) nr Cultivation-. Now we would ask, where bus J. C. i ' ',8 c,1ire appearance of many plirnti 1. been, ull hid davs? Has ho ever' 's changed by modifying their treatment, watched the operations of birds? Has! Wood's Ilotany informs us, that " Tho he ever killed anil opened any of them, cabbage, in its wild state, is a slender, and etiumued tlm contents of their nop branching herb, with no appearance of and gi.z.irds? If he hud, he would nev- ,n head. Tho potato, in its native wilds er bu caught asking such questions as ho of iropic.il America, is a rank,, running' has, nor would he ever intimate that vine, with scareluv n tuber upon its roots.. . birds do not destroy caterpillars and ,ne r'ch and delicate varieties of the ue!i like musum-os. Wu have seen tbo nPI'le have Hrung, by artificial mean. Hiiltnnore t)riole. or English Itoliiu, olten from an austeru forest fruit. . seize upon the common tent caterpillars kt't not those farmers, who barely as they tire called, which infest our or- ('lough four to six inches deep, manuro ehtirds, and tearing them open, feast ' slightly, nnd hoe seldom, il ever, in a upon their entrails. V0 have repeat- proper manner, talk about cultivating edly seen the common robin iu gardens, cor"i or wheat, nr parsnips, till they can ferret out tne cm worm and swallow him. show more change in their crop from its The sw.tllows. nt sunset, scale along the appearance when left to itself, than has surfuce of the ground, and snatch in ''I'0" "'ton witnessed in certain quarters their rapid flight thousands of insects on i hitherto. the wipg. Otner birds devour other in-, .,, " suets, and if he is tailhless, or has never ; HAT ,s U'"T'i not.NO, no Well. seen the birds cuich them, let hi n just l0 nn"c. "f lif! husiness of life does enteh tho birds, and cut them open, and tlllB junc,io11 "PP'y with so much force he will often find the miects themselves as lo "uU of ,IU """er. The mechanic sululj slowed away in their gizzards, or nml ''u' professional man are nlso rc- olher parts of their digestive organs. umulod that their work should be dono Wendviai: him to study ornithology a w!'" A " ""-' ' uien and nil branches little, in a practical way, nnd ineiid his '"'"css prosper in proportion to wisdom iu this particular. .V7.'iic-Vir 1,10 s,rli:,"eM W1,l which this rule is via: lv,',' "P " 'l i1 "i'fi' everywhere to ..conclude that if a thing is worth dcing Tub Atmos iikui:. The ..tmosplH re n.,lul'' ","!"' ,,,u 'profitable gener is mainly composed of two d.si.nct ?"v ,,y ,,?'" ,'",""'l) '""I wi'H The gases, which ...visible but not it,.- f;,r"),L'r who C'"P"es a farm of two bun ponderable boiies, everywhere sur- . 1 "crcH; wl"'" lu" ""'ans w,,uUi -round tie planet l.ku an ocean. It has ,,"n ,,1",ke Pl';r fiire of but fifty a mean depth of B.ne forty-tivo miles. "cn:s' lo"s '"s "rk lwily "'' W uut The gases which form the air are call- lMM,r "'" ' '' ncres of l.ind made e.l nitrogen ad oxygen. Acrd.ng to -,,m1 u"'1 P"'vo, is more profimblo the u.cu.a.e unulj-.s of dry, pure tr. ')"" " ""'' ."; f J"'. toUra madebv M M. Uuu.as and II .uss.ng- blH. bu. .ud.nerentl) eull.v.t- ui.lt, 100 pans consist of 20.8 oxvgen LC,K Uu huntlreds of and VJ.-i ...troen. These ci.e.'.ns.s ,f'1,r",er1B U'I.", 'T ,urB far",s u,,der found i to 5 par s of carbonic acid ... 10,0 0 of iitiuosplif r.c air. Dr. Fii'sen i ii m has usci run i:d that the propori.on of aim. inula in the at uosphere is us I lo 2 00 ,000 varying; to I to .I.OOO.O .O Undoiibfi'dly there are mjii) other vola tile and juseous bodies in the n'mos- llli. Mill! M..a.,roa ininn.a in ,n. t.s- i . . i i i . i phere, in u stuto so extremely diluted i ' .. J Hud dillused us to Uscapo all chemical tests, air llobuii Kuliu found that mil- I phureied hydrogen will pass throgh u thin peicu ol India-rubber into the at mosphere, against a pressuru equal to 50 iiu.es the weight of common iiir (inscnus compounds of phosphorus, chlorine, nnd sulphcr, are constantly discharged from dec yiugnuimalnudveg- fti.uie suusiuuccs into tne ai.uosjiuuiu j These gases tall lo tho earth again iu ' riiin-wrtlur. It is one of tho law pecu liar to all iiiises. that the presence of ono in iinv mvou soace does not in the least llr.lL'.Hil L.itv.trii I 111 Ions from oi ciini iiiL' 1 IMuvuiii uuiviui - - -i Oi ' -t ls I ! 11 . i I. . - the vacancies lolt between atoms ol gas that been, to repel each other with sui guhr aversion. The facility with which the atmosphere takes up vapor when wu ter uvnporittes, is lumiliur to ull. This ca pacity to hold immense quantities of wa ter. mbibcd from the ocean, lakes, rivets, the foltagM of trees, ami moist earth, is u wonderful piovisinn nf nature. Out thu filling of the air with wuter, like a wet sponge, is less remarkublu than the con trivance for squeeztitg tlio sponge, so to speak, und causing the diffused moist turo lo full in gentle rains, snows nnd dews. The drying or the utinosphcie, ufier il is saturated with water, is a phen. ouienon. without which it would neve' rum ; nor could mere be any spri-kt ner, laud plviut " aniuwl? Hw globe. This precipitation of water is erTcclcd by n change nf temperature; which change is tho result of tho revo lution of the earth on its axis nnd of solar henf. Day nnd night, spring, stin. tner, ntittnnn nnd winter, with their ever varying temperature, varying winds and clouds, and constantly changing humid ity, nre all results of fixed laws, which invite tho roseureh of every reasoning mind. Ct'TTiNo Tmufit. When it is deter tnind to cut timber, it is of considerable importance to strip off the bark in the spring that the body of the tree may dry during sumim r. When, however, it ii tin object to reproduce a forest from the romaini-'g stumps, then winter, or the very first of spriin;, is much more favor (iblt! trt'the growth of sprouts. There tiro ilien. two seasons for cut- . , , ".'11 oiiiuc i.iiu III winter. I.. I .... : : . t, i ... . ' '""'-M.osS,.-,e to mout.y these ",n "l ; f' uinple the wood a f r!: . " " ' 0',T,,, " " lmrk " V'my b 'C'1 "":" w.nicr arrives, which is a period when fanners huvo le.s to do than iu summer or nutum. SAtT Youu Hay. Especially that'" which is cut late iu the soason.'and nil, nt any season thai is not perfectly well cured. As much Milt applied to the hay on placing it nuny. as the cattle would imtitrntlv eat during the time thoy arc eonsntniiii: tho hay, gives a relish which is very aureealilc to the stock. URfides, ,m' 'it!t't better with two or three quarts ) , . uu scanty crop,. I'hey labor hard, but don't seem lo got ulo-.g vtell. The truth is, thoy gel but half erip, whilf thcr outgoes, in the shapo of exin. interest on investments vtc, nre doiiblud. The testimony of. ull is that such n coiusu is bad uoliev. ' . , , , , ... ' . - und it ii idoiiii edit is bud po hcv. but , , , i'' '"ji u still linoilrioltf iii.rAin it il'k.Liiiii -l.t.rjl -.1 4 ' still hundreds piirsie it, working hlird: till their life tune, uiid conclude thnt the business of tilling the soil is u l.ard.busl uess. ' Let them adopt tho motto, do well whatever you do, und tilling the soil is nut so hard after all. ' . ' JefiHrsou, Farmer..' ' t , "I'll Think of it." Will you? Well, that is boiler than nothing.. Hut I have so often heard boys and girls suy so who never did anything but thin!;, thut I confess I am a lrti!-u 'afru.d when one tells mo ho will " think about it." that the matter will end there?1 - flunking is well enough, but it is' not worth much without doing. So bede libera'te, bnt do not think too. lung. Anecdote A friend tells us the following anecdote, f which we proitnuiice decidedly good : . Onenf the nore keeper of tins iiiace,.; few days sincu, purebred of an Irish wo man a quantity of Uull'er, the lu'nips of wh'ch, intended for pounds, he ' weighed" in the balance 'd found vvaiituig.' 'Sure, it's vcr uw)i fault .1 tley are light',' said Uiddy'.n'eply to ihe c.ouiplaiut uf-ihe buy er, ' Uy )er wn fault, ir for wasn't ij a jiniwid o' joip I bought here inesilf, that I lad in die oilier end ol the scales when I " weighed 'em I' ' i I'ho store' kerper hid nothing mtye'lo sy on the uleol. Weittrn Pr. ' , '