Newspaper Page Text
BY E. V. AVALTOfl & SON.
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1853. VOL. XLVII, NO. 12... WHOLE NO. 2417. jBalcljmtm & State 3frfnnial. roniisnnii every Thursday morning. TP.RMP.ftl..'iriMli In ..!,., i 3.fiO t nm menl la not madelnnitvaiica ; inlrten alwaja th.rjert frnin Iht nd of k tear. Annelid it it lint nf n.nt lei rrlv aulterlptiona. arfm- llirmenla anil cuinntutiit-atlonf, "l nelinuMleJ. payment (or nmt. Ilaknaflf M, J. N. POWIIOY, HrimkrirM W, M. H.VIITII, r.b..t,r. r. miovv.N, lantill, CIIAHI.E-. tIAN.t, lllmote, H.fl.MtlTT. Iljdf lik, COWARD tt. SAW Villi, iahMi.ii, L. W. fV.KTI, Mat.iici.un. ii. iittnam, Moiriaellle', J. (J. NOYIIK, jUMe-i...,, Jij"f r. Johnson, ii. KMlkfli H, H. KMITII. ), i-Aiii.os rAPi:Ti:n, rialnliild, A. T. IIAMIIOIT, , Homh Hnrdn.'k.C. HIIIIVMAV. Hlu., JOSKI'M C. RAYMOND, Hirair.r.1, U 11,1,1AM RtU.I.I.Na, Fnuth HmlT,,r,l, DANIEL U . JUI1H, TunbOitgn, AAHON N. KIND, U'alUfi-ld and FTlnn. () II A Nf I K S M ITII, Wniig, FRANKLIN A. ItlfSHT, WfttttW. mUtiftWr. II lJMITH, ' Wtlliamalimn, IMRM'H I'lllllC, Wwrealef, JONAS AtWIOTT. Poctrn. Tin: 3iaiii:.vs cnoici:. A-vonnt maid itl hy her cottage ttee, A boaoliful moid at tli dawn of (ley t llff icwlo 1H Idle often her ke Tor her heart aej her t hough ti were f4r away j Wh aehei oM wooer earn np the dell, A wooer whne hopee, otic would think, wcto few But" matdeVa tin rt in a potil to tall A fat though oUtila f bia fMl wta nw. The wooer he save !tf i a wintful kok A 11 wMttul, too, we ro the wtirdt he eeld i Whllfl toorry the eof , ti a tj meter brook, And pleyod with her noodle, arvl knotted her thread. He apoko of the rlJ and lh wedding rblui. Do proe4 bar hand, end In bnJd Ma knee j And he begged and iwploted ber lot lie ttnt o f, ark my trttl ir, al the ; Obt fit it jonraetf, ray attine;, M bp o jo ak mj oantlier, attd Frr4fltotb koute hml the w4rr ci. When a yMfiy msn laneil "Vr a tthhnt (it till Ab4 cad wal ttt Mk that ih root (Ml tin, Aad playful and (ay wn tho maidoa't mi Trar, who it thk eail thm rom Wo to iroo. And why at yoor itda doa htalt ao frB f May ana four rnthar( daf Mary, tw t c Xo, llntcy, br whiapofcil aou oirtit atk m ' I'd Uttir go to, your mothnr to Nu, llitry, no, oo! yoo mail knool and ak Mr. There w walhof on morn at in vlllaf 'hnrehj Watltog and weeptnr, t.d wotda oTho Fur the woahby oU wtmar wa loft la ih lorth j The mid had fooo of with tbo yooo(r ho : Warmly the tun on the h1gerrw clowrd, Waitbly it abooo o (he old farm gale f And ihl i tbo la tighter upon the rid Aa Marty rod oil with bir Mr4dd toatst Ita.h! ihepTi? bo, ho! Uojhod h They may wait a tuny whilo ere the bride they aee, tisi; ruosT. iir miss ii. r. oo tan. Tb ffott looked forth one eletr eoM elfkt, And Mhiiperr-d, Now 1 .111 ! out f ifbt : Hi. through Ibo end mil the titljbt, In vilenf o IH tafco my way i tll not jpi like that hluatena; iraU, The wind aad th mow, the hail and the rain, Who make to much hualle and not la vtio; Dul 111 be bi uucy at they ! Then ha (lew tn the moocliit, and powdered it a croil, lie tit on the tfe, end tbetr houirjibo dicattd la diamond tead,aid orer the bteeat (t the quivering lake he vpreed A coat et mail, that it need out far , The downward pot a I of many a tpoer 1 hat he due 5 oa ita maigi far od oear, Where a rock could rear ite bead. lie weitt to the wlooowa oflheae who alept. And or reach pooe like a firy crept, Where tr be owed, w h ra er he atepo. Ily the libt of the rooitfl were aern Mot l )rui(lul iltinga , ihre wrrr duwrn and trtri, Thfrti w!re b-ie of bird- nod iHaim of &, There wer citie with t m; I and ttowra,aod tbe All pictured in ailvei tltroo ! Cut he did one ihmc that w hardly flr II f pe"-ed in the cupboard, and Sading there That alt bad I woollen forhm toprepirot " .Now, juil lo aet tbewi thtakta?, I'll btte tin lMkrt of riait," eat4 he, Tt.t ri,t I) pitoc-r t U horat la thioot Atn the ,! al water theye lel for me, Shall irnttlt' it itii them lm drtokiug, iUiorclinncous. Carry Anderson. " And so jou won't liave nie V " No, that I woii'i, retoried the litilo beauty tossing her licad. " I'm to marry a rich man, if I live, not a licjjgnr, papasajs, and I'm sure )ounin'tctcr likely to ho worth anything. You're only good lit milk cows, and go errands for your mother." Tins tpeech stunjj the heart of poor lit tle JutiH'ii. lie loved his bchool-girl com panion with a boyish enthusiasm, that under other circumstances might have ripened in to an idolatrous airectiou. They hare been laughingly, innocently telling who they liked beat, os'thcy came by the fresh, bright meadows, on their way from school ; and Jasen with a blush on Ins fair check, had aid, how one of these days he meant to marry " lilllc queen Alan, for that was what they called the b'elle of the school-room. fow, howerer, he left her side, his bo som swelling' high, and his great blue eyes, aittioiign no was a inaniy uoy, lilleu with shining tears. 1'resently he felt something touch his land, and looking down saw another iiand mall and white. And by lux side there rent a delicate little figure, and a passing weet face looked up into his oun. ".Won't cry, dear Jansen, don t leel sorry ny more; I'll be your wife." Instinctively lie nut his arm around the ittle creature for she was lame, and lean- d for support, like a loving tendril, upon bvcrythiug alio ueared. And every time Iter gentle dark eyes looked into his own, lie was comforted ; and every pretty word iiai ten irom uer rosy lips sootneil the an Wuish that to a child u keener than the sor Eow of age. ill " I'm eolnrr In seek mv fortune, imrln ohn'' said Jansen. now urowu tall and ro- Ifcust ; " 1 thoualit I must come ami s.iv cood !)e . ... 1" Hump!" said the old man, looking up nth a scowl, "rolling stones gather no 1105 i : lictter StHV at hn'mn nml tieir slinps pu'JI be a disgrace to your mother. I say t-lo your family to the village. What n nirlli vou'll coma tn. I'rnviilpnrn nnlv 'Knows ; but if had ye, precious little time we u get to go strolling round like a vaga tone. Want a nair of shoes. I s'oose. but I shan't give 'em to you," " Good bve. uncle John." said Jansen. a- aia pressing his hat on hard, and biting Hut J111 lo keep his anccr 111. " Good bye, you little fool,' growled ilia old man, never taking Lis eyes from his nu. n 1 Not so foolish n, jou think, uncle," ex claimed .Iaiien, stoutly; '.'and maybe," he added almost fiercely, " you'll live Id see llio day u hen you'll be proud to say jou cvr-r fpoke lo rue." The old man looked up and rolled his little eyes, hut Jansen had gone; so ho du ly uiuliered a " pshaw!" and went restless ly tn Work again. A way rattled ihe coach, and the little yelping cur, that turned a somerset every (iino the ulnp cracked, followed it till It gained the highway, and then camo trudg ing back to tin) white cottage where his mafier lived, and sat himself doggedly at tbe gale. In that pretty white cottage, in its best chamber, lame Carry. Jlood at the window " willing jet siiiTlMig"ni the midst "of her tears, bhe had peeped through the half closed blinds lo.wutch the stage us it pass ed, and after it had gone she turned once again lo the little note folded in her hand, and opening it, road over and over : " Dgau Carry : If 1 should be gone for long yeais, forget not that sweet promise that you gave me when wo were children. shall never forget the words: "don't cry, dear Jansen, don't feel sorry any more ; I'll be your wife." Ah I you know not what consolation they were lo the heart of the poor boy." Happy, happy Carry. How she felt re paid in the loe of one pure heart, for long years of sorrow. Many a time had she looked in her mirror, and murmured " I know my face is fair, hut who will love nic for 1 am lame." Now she felt in her inmost soul, that her image was treasured hy the very being, who, of all others, she loved anil respected most ; and she felt that she could even bear trie sneets' and smiles of queen .Mab the brilliant be.iuty, and the hoartless coquette. No matte rr if she did cull her " that poor thing" now " A lectle the handsomest nair of horses 1 ever did sec," said old John Grafton, as he hastened lo his work with u new pegged bout 111 Ins Iniid. " Yes, and it's a grand gentlemen what's got out and gone into your shop," said the little lullow who stood patiently holding the ' reius; "and he says if III "o down to will- tmuursoii a couage, mere, lor mm, lie II ...I 1 . - , ., 1 tn 1 give me n dollar." Old John fumbled among his grey locks for a nn, muni, and gave n general shrug to hte if he was all right lo meet "quality," Oelorc lie hurried into his shop. A tall per- son age, with a cloak of rich broadcloth fall- nig irom ins shoulders, stood near the little , window. He held forth his hand al John Grafton's humble obeisance, exclaiming, " Good morning, uncle John, I'll lakcthiill pair of shoes now," - Words caiinul paint the consternation, surprise and pleasure of the old man ; he'of New York, da'ed and postmarked at IN stammered and stuttered, and kept saying, "well, rasly, raaly;" and when his visitor left him, after giving liim a world of news, all he could do was lo pick up his boot and nut it down arain reneatcdlv. muiiiblini'. " well, raaly, raalv, raaly." I anil - raal) l" wasn't the whole town in an uproar to lint! in the noble stranger their poor, despised little Jansen come back a , . . .1 man I Everybody said to everybody, with sagacious nods and winks," just as I tho'l." Indeed though consternation was the ruling ryiolioii, nobody was m the least surprised, save Uarry. She knew ho had returned rich, hand some, but ah! he must have forffutten her UHCICIldSII sue WOUIU IlilVO jjll till IllUCIt 111 see him, yet shrank from the thought of ci...r.i...,,i-..i 1. 1 i. .i. . . what she find said so many years ago. A groal party at queen Mab's, and Carry ' invited! What new freak now I Strange, In sav. she fell liunelled in on. and her! Ireuibfiim fintrers e.nir,rlv r.iifiiptl m tifr pale, soft tresses, ihe humble while buds 1 thai she had broken Irom her cherished rose bush. " Yon look beautiful, lore," said the fond mother, smoothing down the snowy dress, and arranging the pretty curls that clung! lo the blushes on her cheek, "you do look beautiful lo-nighl." " Ah I" sighed Carry, hut she sighed it lo herself" but I am lame and if he should see me there " ll was late when Jansen arrived. .Wher ever he moved he met smiles nud sparkling eyes; the beautiful "queen Mab " she who had slighted his youthful love, and repaid it with insult she was ready to bow he. foro him tiuw. Her cheek kindled at his approach, but he turned away, coldly bow ing ; and in another moment, with a start of pleasure, ho was by the side of Carry Anderson, speaking to her in low, rich tones. Nobody hoard them but she, and how they made her hearl leap. " Carry, have you forgotten the promise! I have come to claim you." And thus childish sympathy was repaid. Carry the wife of the wealthy merchant, happy in his love and that of her children, never regrets now that she is lame. Olive ISranch, THE KIDNAPPING CASE. lYnmtivtt oftlic Seizure and Itecov ry or .Solomon oi t)irti Iutcr !stiiiKXHt,CUVcry. Fmio the Ktv York pjlljr Tiniai. We have obtained from Washington the subjoined statement of Ihe circumstances attending Ihe seizure and recovery of ihe negro man Solomon Northrop, whose caso has excited so high a degree of interest. The material facts in the history of the transaction have already been given, bul tins narrative will be found a moru com plete and authentic record than has yet ap-l not now be given, although the circumstaii pearcd: Ices would add much to the interest of the Solomon Northrop, the subject of the following narrative, is a free colored citizen of tho United States; was born in Essex county isew York, about tlio year leua ; i became early a resident of Washington j county, and married there in 16'2'J. His father uud mother resided in the county of Washington about forty years, nil their de cease, and were both free. With his wife and children he resided at Saratoga Springs in ihe winter of 1611, and while there was employed by two gentlemen to drive a team South at Ihe rate of a dollar a day. In ful filment of his employment he proceeded to New York, and having taken out free pa- pcrs lo show that he was a citizen, he went on lo Washington city, where he arrived the second tiny of April, the same year, and put up at Gadsby's Hotel. Soon after he arrived, lie felt unwell anil went to bed. While suflerjug with severe pain some person carrld in, and seeing the condition he was in, proposed to give him some med icine, and did ro. That is the last thing of which he had any recollection until lie found himself chained to t he floor of Wil liam's slave pen in this city, ninl hand-cuffed. In the course of a few hours, James II. Iturch, n slave-dealer, came in, and the colored man asked linn to uke the irons off from him, and wanted to know why they were put on. Kurd) told him it was none of his business. The colored man said he was free and told where he was born. Iturch called in a man by the name of Eb cuczer Jlodbury, and they two stripped the man and laid him across a bench, Uodbury holding him down by his wrists. Iturch whipped him with a paddle until he broke that, and then with a cnt-o'ninc tails, giv i nrr him a hundred lashes, and ho swore he would kill him if he ever slated to any one that he was a free man. I' rom that time forward the man says he did not cominuni-1 catc Ihe fret from fear, either that he was a free man, or what his name was, until the last summer. lie was kept in the slave pen about ten days, when he, with others, was taken out of (ho pen in the night, by linrcli, hand cuffed and shackled, and taken Xlowu the river tf .1 steamboat, and then to Rich mond, where he, with forty-eight others, was put on board the brig Orleans. There llurch left them. The brig sailed for New Orleans, and on arriving there, before she was fastened to to the wharf, Theophilus Freeman, another slave dealer, belonging in the city of New Orleans, and who in 1 SitS had been a partner with linrcli 111 the slave trade, came to the wharf and receiv ed the slaves as they, were lauded, under his direction. This man was immediately ta- ! ken by Freeman and shut up 111 his pen in that civ. He was taken sick with the small pox immediately after gutting there, and was sent lo a Hospital where he lay 1 'two or three weeks. When he had sulIi-( ".ienlly rrcovcred lo leave the hospital,! . Fiecuian declined to sell him to any person j in that vicinity; and sold dim to a .Mr. l-ord, who resided in Kaiiides parish, Louisiana, 1 .. 1 1 ,i 1 1 , i:..i wnere nu was taken uiiii iiveu a nine unite ihaunyear, and worked as a carpenter, working with Mr. Ford at that business. Ford became involved and had lo sell him. A Mr. Tihaiit became the purchas er. He in a short time sold him to Edwin Eppes in Ilayou lteouf, about one hundred and tnirt)iniles tromtlic mouth at Ken mv-, er, where Eppes has retained him on a cot-; ton plantation shicn the year 1S1!J. J To go back a small step in ihe narra-i (live, the man wrotu a letter in Julie, j IS 1 1, to Henry ft. Northrop, of the State Olcaus, stating that be had been kidnap ped and was on board a vessel, but was un able Instate what his destination was; but .... . ... 'requesting .Mr. IV lo aid linn in recovering !his freedom, if possible. Mr, N. was una- ble lo do anything in his behalf in conse-, jquencc oi not Knowing wnere no uai: gone, ' d not being able to find any trace of him. ' His place of residence remained unknown r . I - I t I.. .1 ' until (he mouth of September last, when the following letter was received by his friends Hayou Bboui , Aug. lS."ii. ,liV. Wm. J'tui or Mr. Lewis l'nrktr: Gentlemen : It having been a long time since I have, seen or heard from you, ... .1 n. I. (.. uum nut mum Illy IIIUI ,tiu mil ji,ii,, with uncertainly that I write to you ll is hut the necessity ol Die case must tie my ex-; cuie. Having been born free just (.cross ihe river from you, I am certain you must know me; and I am hero now a slave. Ii wish vou to obtain free papers for me, audi forward them to me at Marksville, La., Par-' ish of Avoyelles, and oblige. iours, SOLOMON NORTHROP. On receiving the above letter, -Mr. ap- plied In Gov. Hunt, of New York, for such authority us was necessary tor him to pro ceed to Louisiana, as an agent to procure llio liberation of Solomon, Proof of his freedom was furnished loGov. Hunt, by af fidavits of several gentlemen, Gen. Clarke among others. Accordingly, in pursuance of the lawn of New York, Henry B, Nor throp was constituted an agent lo tike such steps, by procuring evidence, retaining counsel, &c, as was necessary to secure the freedom of Solomon, and to execute all the duties of his agency. Ho left Sandy Hill, in New York, on the l tthof Decem ber last, and came lo the city of Washing Ion, and stated tho facts of the case to Hon. Pierre Soule, of Louisiana, Hon. Mr. Con rad, Secretary of War, from Js'cw Orleans, and Judge Nelson, of llio Supreme Court of the United Stales, and other gentlemen. They furnished Mr, N. with strong letters to gentlemen residing in Louisiana, urging their assistance in accomplishing the object of restoring the mini to freedom. From Washington .Mr. N. went by the way of Pittsburg and the Ohio and Missis sippi Hivers, to the mouth of the Red Riv er, and thence up that liver In Marksville, in the parish of Avoyelles, where he em ployed Hon. John P. Waddill, an eminent lawyer of that place, and consulted with htm as tn tho best means of finding and ob taining possession of the man. He soon ascertained there was no such man at Marksville, nor in that vicinity. Bayou Heouf, the place where the letter was dated, was iweuty-three miles distant, al its near est point, and is seventv miles in length.' For reasons which it is unnecessary to give, the very providential manner in which the residence ol the man was ascertained, can narrative. But he was found without great ! difficulty, and legal proceedings comiiieu- iced. A process was placed in the hands of a slierill, directing Inm to proceed to liayou Heouf and take the colored man into his possession, and wait Ihe order ol the court in regard to his right to freedom. The next day, tho owner, with his counsel, camo to Marksville and called upon Mr, N., who exhibited to them the commission which he had received from the Governor of New York, and tho evidence in his possession relating to the man's being a free citizen of New Y'ork. Eppes' cpunsel, after examining it, stated to his client that the cridenco was ample and satisfactory ; that it was perfectly use less to litigate the question further, and ad vised him by all means to deliver the color ed man up, in order that he might be car ried back to the State of New York, in pur suance of the Governor's requisition. An article was drawn up between the claimant and Mr. Northrop, the counsel for the col ored man, and recorded in accordance with the laws of the place, showing that the col ored man was free. Having settled every thing satisfactorily, the agent and the res cued man started for New Orleans oa the ith of January inst., and on arriving there traced the titles of llio colored man Tihaut to Eppes, from Ford lo Tibaul, and from! Freeman to Ford all the titles being re corded 111 the proper books kept for that purpose. It is but justice to say that the authori ties of Avoyelles, and indeed of New Or leans, rendered all the assistance in their power to secure the establishment of the freedom of this unfortunate man, who had been snatched so villainously from the land of freedom, and compelled lo undergo suf ferings almost inconceivable in this land of heathenism, where slavery exists with fea tures more revolting than those described in " Uncle Tom's Cabin." Having traced the titles back so far as possible in New Orleans, the party then proceeded lo the city of Washington, where Iturch lived : and on making inuuiry, found who was the keeper of the slave pen in that 1 self, to inflict one hundred lashes upon her city in It 51 ; and also accrtaiucd from the 1 bare flesh, she being stripped naked. I lav keeper, upon the colored man (Solomon N.) ing inflicted the' hundred blows, Solomon being pointed out to him, that he was plac-! refused to proceed any further. Eppes ed in that pen 111 the Spring of 1811, and tried to compel him to go on, but he abso there kept for a short period by Uurch. jlutely set him at defiance and refused to Immediately upon the receipt of this in-j murder the girl. Eppes then seized the formation, complaint was made before the Whip and applied it until he was loo weary Police of Washington against Uurch, for ! to continue it. Blood flowed from her neck kidnapping and selling into slavery this free to her feet, and in this condition she was colored man. The warrant for his arrest I compelled the next day to go into the field was issued on the 17th instant by Justice to work m u field hand. She bears the Goddard, and returned before Justice Man- j marks still upon her body, although ihe sell. Uurch was arrested and held to bail j punishment w;as inflicted four years ago. in the sum of SU.UUO, Shekels, a slave-tra-i When Solomon was about lo leave, under der of seventeen years standing, going his j the care of Mr. Northrop, tins girl came bail. j from behind' her hut, unseen by her master, On the lSth instant, at 10 o'clock, both, and throwing her arms around the neck of parties appeared before the magistrate. Sen- Solomon congratulated him on his escape ator Chase from Ohio, Gen. Clark and Hen ry A. iSorthrup, being counsel for llio plain- tiff, and J. II. IJradlcv fur the defendant. -?,. fi 1. 1 1, a xt.i .. Gen. Clark and II. A. Northrop were sworn as witnesses on the part of the prosecution, and establish the foregoing facts : On the part of the defendant, Heujainin Shekels and U. A. Thorn were sworn. The pros- ccution offered the colored man who had (has been stated that the nearest plantation been kidnapped, as a witnessKiti the part of was distant from Eppes a half mile, and of the prosecution, but it was objected lo, and 1 course there could be no interference on the Court decided (hat it was inadmissablc. the part of neighbors in any punishment The evidence of this colored man was ah-, however cruel, or Im.vpver well disposed solulely necessary lo prove sonio facts on to interfere they might he. the pirt of the prosecution, as he alone I By the laws of Louisiana no man can was cognizant of them. Le punished Ihcre for having sold Solomon Mr. Shekels, who had been, as before iinio slavery wrongfully, because mure than stated, a slave trader in the city of Wash-1 two years had elapsed since he was sold ; ingion seventeen years, testified that some and no recovery can be had for his services ten or twelve yeitrs ngo he was keeping because he was bought without the kliowl public house in this city; that Burch boar- j edge tnat he was a free citizen. ded at the house and carried on the bus). ness of buying and selling slaves; that that year two white men came into Ins bar-' room and stated that they had a slave for J sale. Mr. Uurch immediately entered into j a negotiation for his purchase. The white men staled that they were from Georgia ; had brought the negro with them from that State, and wished lo sell him to be carried back to that Slate ; that the negro expres sed a willingness lo be sold in order to re turn to Georgia; Shekels, however, was unable to state the names of cither of the white men, or the name of the colored man ; was unacquainted with cither of them previous to that time, and had never seen cither since the transaation th3i he saw j them execute a bill of sale to Burch, saw Burch pay him ilMo and take the bill of. sale, and that he read that bill, but could: aS the person sold, as appeared by the bill of: sale. Air. Thorn was .next ' called upon tho stand, and testified that ho was In this tav ern in the Spring of the year 1811, and saw a white man negotiating a trade with Uurch for a colored man ; but whether this was the colored man or not, he could not tell for he never saw either white man or color ed man but that once, and did not know whether or not Uurch bought and paid for him. Burch himself was next offered as a wit ness in his own behalf, lo prove the loss of the bill of sale. His evidence was object ed lo by the prosecution, but was 'allowed by the Court. He testified that he had the bill of salo and had lost il, and did not know what had become of it. TI.e coun sel for tho prosecution requested the Court to send a police officer to bring tie books of Burch, containing his bills of sale of ne groes for year 18-11 and previous years. - They were fortunately procured, hut no bill of sale was found of this colored man by a ny name. Upou this positive evidence that the man had been in the possession of Burch and that he had been in slavery for a period of more than eleven years, the Court uecid ed that the testimony of the slave trader es- tublisheu the fact that uurch came honestly by him, and consequently discharged the defendant. The counsel for the defendant had drawn up, before the. defendant was discharged, an affidavit signed by Uurch, and had a war rant out against the colored man, for a con spiracy with the two white men bemre re ferred lo, lo defraud Uurch out of iG2o. The' warrant was served, and the colored man arrested and brought before officer God dard, Uurch and his witnesses appeared in Court and H. U. Northrup appeared as counsel for tho colored man, stating that ho was ready to proceed as counsel on the part of the defendant, and as'king nd delay whatever, Uurch, after consulting private ly for a short tnac with Shekels, staled to the Magistrate that he wished him to dis miss the complaint, as he would not pro ceed further with it. Defendant's counsel stated to the Magistrate that, if the com plaint was withdrawn, it must be withdrawn without the request or consent of the defen dant. Uurch then asked the Magistrate to let him have the complaint and the warrant, and he look them. The counsel for the de fendant objected to his receiving them, and insisted that they should remain as a part of the records of the Court, and that the Court should endorse the proceedings which had been had under llio process. Durch deliv ered ihcm int. and the Court rendered a judgment of discontinuance by the request or the prosecutor, and filed it in his olhcc. The condition of this colored man during the nine years that ho was in the hands of Eppes, was of a character nearly.approaching that described by Airs. Slnvvc as the condi tion of " Uncle Tom" while in that region. During that whole period his hut contained neither a floor, nor a chair, nor a bed, nor a mattrass, nor anything for tiim to lie upon except a board about twelve inches wide, with a block or wood for his pillow, and with a single blanket to cover him, while llio walls of his hut did not protect him from the inclemency of the weather. Ho was sometimes compelled to perform acts revolting to humanity, and outragcas in the highest degree. On one occasion a colored girl belonging to Eppes, about 17 years of age, went one Sunday without the pcrmisiou of her master, to the nearest plantation, about half a mile distant, to visit another collored girl of her acquaintance. She re turned in the course of two or three hours, and for that offence she was called up for punishment, which Solomon was required to itillict. Eppes compelled him to drive four stakes into the ground, at such distances that the hands and ancles of the girl might be tied lo them, as she lay with her face upon the ground; and having thus fastened her down 1 he compelled him. while staudinrr by him from slavery, and his return lo his family, at the same time in language of despair ex claiming, " But, O Godl what will become of me?" These statements regarding the condition of Solomon while with Eppes, and the pun ishment and brulal treatment of the colored girls, are taken from Solomon himself. It Alexander Dumas, the negro author of Paris, has written fifty dramas and mm hundred volumes of fiction ! SI)C piouj CU1U ti)C i)oc. BY 1.. V. AV.W.TOA. 'lie tlial by thn Tl.iw would Oil!,, lliau.irniuat either hold or naive," Progress of Agriculture. Pliny the Roman historian, who lived in the days of Christ, describes the nian- ner in which the Romans, the Egyptians,- 'and tho Assyrians carried on furmiiiL' in .; time. ' The Esjplians at first ihrcw the seed ,,nr. tlio rM,l loft ,,..nr. ,1 I !.. .,'"" " . " ,, ""'"I"" B'o"'' ' mi. Ljuui i.v.j u, .nu inu uuer 1111; subsidence ol its annual flood, and to get it in, they drove hogs over tho ground, which performed the ofiieo of a harrow. When the ground became too dry be fore the swine were to be had, for they were like day laborers sometimes too few for the work, the Egyptians used a sort of hoe or picku.e, which nt length was changed into a primitive plough drawn by men and women. In Syria, which has upland soil, n plough was invented nnd used in Pliny's time. One of those rude implements was shown nt the State Fair of Ohio in 1851, having undergone apparentlyno improve ment since the days of our Savior. Mr. Ewbanks, in his valuable report of 1851, remarks that " the science of agriculture and the true principles of till age are no better understood now by the mass of mankind than they were five thousand years ago." For the mas of mankind this may bo true, but it is not true of civilized countries. In Eu rope and North America there has been wonderful progress within fifty years. We do not know at what periotl the practice of manuring ground began to bo adopted ; whenever it was, n nenr era in agriculture commenced. Ileforc that only the fat and Hooded valleys of rivers would long repay the expense of cultivation, and therefore comparatively few of manking could engage in tillage. This compclleu,lliem to bo graziers. When Julius .Crcsur invaded Gaul nnd Great IJrituintiliere was little agriculture in tho North of Europe. The importance of placing agriculture among the sciences lo be encouraged and made part of all good education, is just as great as that ot any other sci ence. To know how to procuro tlio greatest yield from tho soil during a long course of cultivation with thu least labor, is the best of knowledge. It is of as much more canscqucnce to any people, as the number engaged iu ogriculturo are superior to those employ in any other calling; Ohio Farmer, Snnp.f ami Docs. Wc recently had theplear mro of visiting the farmjhouse of S. W. Jev rett, Esq., of Wcybridge, in this 'late, 1 he etilorprising Green Mountain i , farmer , who has imported so many French Shpr.n iin.l ;n..l..AH.i .1 . I luuuuuwu mum lino ins native 1 itn mm ui inu iiououi wiiu sirici 111- Statcfor the benefit of tho wool-growing I juc'i0,,s "'to move from t he place. Scarce interes t and the lining of his own pocket. h"iv"crl: had ho ijalncd the height, when w , " ... 1 one of Ihe Scotch mists of frequent occur- We cc .nfess we were not a little gratified j rencCi RUddenly came on and almost chang on an examination of his flocks. We 1 ed the day to night. Ho returned lo seek found them altogether a superior race of ' ''is child, but was unable to find him, and anima Is, far exceeding our expectations. lhey had the appearance of much strength and h rdihood of constitution, with heavy and hi ic fleeces. In one of the nens. all which were neat and convenient, we saw tin. ..rt.i o . i t.i t fine pup, of the Scotch Sheep Dog, winch, tlio above cnirravjni; ii a fair fooci men. Wc copy from the N. E. Farmer the following remarks on the race of the Shcp ard's dog : T he sheep dog, in all ages and climates, pros erves its peculiar properties, and tho' tiicr may be several races, their character sues are similar; and it is the least re- , where the child had been left. It was a rug mov ed or any race from tho natural type of, sed nm almost perpendicular descent which the dog. I or certain purposes this race . the dog look, and he disappeared in a cave, -has been modifi!, as by a cross with the.; the mouth of which was almost on a level mas till a stronger raco is produced lo miard ivuh tl, mrn.ni. Tim hen!nr.l with tlif. the flocks against wolves. When the iIot is to serve as a guide rather than n nrotcc tor, he is rather small, activity being an im p.... j.ii .inject. , Just uroR,t ,0 ,jn)( while the faithful ani'- I he muzzle of the ahepard's dog is sharp, ,a aiod boy, eyeing his young charge the earshort and erect, the tail is long and ! with the utmost complacency I From ihe busiiy, like that of a fox; and he is 'gener- j situation in which tho child was found, it ap- ' ally covered with thick shabby hair, panic- pearcd that he had wandered to the brink of -ularly about the neck.- He is usually black, the precipice, and then cither fallen or or b lack pruvails, mixed with gray or brown. , scrambled down, the torrent preventing his -Ih! true sheep dog is regarded by the j rc-atcent. The dog by means of his scent she tp as a guide and friend, hut some of tho had trneiMi him tn the snot, ami afit?rvnrili cro ses with ferocious races are tho objects of dread, and often injure the sheep by fright and violent attacks upon them, cspe cm-.ijr uttuei a wuiai BliepiietO. Ill sui.il cases the dog is worse than useless. The theep dog is distinguished. for his intelligence, fidelity, obedience and sagaci ty, performing naturally what other dogs would do only after along course of train ing. In many cases this dog will do more in assisting a shepard than several men, and often performs what it is not in the power of man to do. The following re marks, showing tho fidelity, sagacity and intelligence of this valuable animal, will be read with ipterest. Mr. James Hogg, the Ettricl; Shepard, living in his early days among the sheep and iiiuii ijuuui ujcia aiiciiuiiuis, unit tin yuuur.uu observer ol nature, as well as an exquisite poet, gives some anecdotes of tho collev (the Highland term for sheep dog,) with alayS grateful, and nlway8 ready to exert which the reader will not be displeased )liB utmost abi,lliej in his master's inlerests. "My dog Sirrah ' says he 111 n letter lo!Ncither hunger, fatigue, nor the worst Ihe editor of l lackwood s Edinburgh Mag- treatment, wili drive him from his side, and aziuc. was beyond all comparison, the ho will follow him through every hardship best dog ever saw-. He had a fomevvhat wilhoul ,mlrmuri,1(, (jr repining. If one of surly and unsocial temper, disdained all them is obliged t chanr-e masters, it "is flattery, and refusing lobe caressed; but his attention to my commands and interest will never again bo equalled by any of the canine race. When I hrst saw him, a dro. fver was leading him with a rope. lie was both lean and hungry, and far from being a j beautiful animal ; for he was almost black, and had a grim face, striped with dark brown. I thought I perceiv ed a sort of sul ,'leu intelligence in his countenance, not- standing his dejected and forlorn appear ance, and I bought him. He was scarcely a year old, and knew so little of herding that he had never turned a sheep in his life; but, as soon as ho discovered that it was his duty lo do so, and that it obliged me, 1 can never forget with what anxiety and ea gerness he learned his different evolutions; and when I once made him understand a direction, ho never forgot or mistook it." ! On one night, a large flock of lambs that were under the Ettrick Shcpard's care, frightened by something, scampered away in three different directions across the lulls, in spite of all he could do to keep them to gether. " Sirrah," said the shepherd, " they're a' avva !" It was loo dark for the dog and his mas ter to see each other at any considerable distance, bul Sirrah understood Inm, and set off after tho fugitives. The night pass ed ou, and Hogg and his assistant traversed every neighboring lull 111 anxious hut fruit less search for the lambs ; but he could hear nothing of them nor of the dog, and ho was returning lo his muster with the doleful intelligence that ho had lost all his lambs, " On our wav home, however," says he, " we discovered a lot of lambs at the bottom of a deep ravine called the Flesh Clench, and the iudefatigablu Sirrah stand ing in front of them, looking round for some relief, but still true to his charge. We con-1 cluded that it was one of the divisions which Sirrah had been unable In 'manage, until he came to that commanding situa - lion. Uul what was our astonishment when wc discovered that not one lamb of ihe flock was unsung ! How he had gotjill the di- visions collected in the dark is beyond my comprehension. Tho charge was left en-, lircly In himself from midnight until the rising sun; and, if all the shepherds in the forest had been there to have assisted Inm, (hey could not have effected it with greater promptitude. All that I can say is, that 1 never felt so grateful to any creature under the sun as 1 did to my honest Sirrah that morning." A shepherd, in one of his excursions orer the Grampian Hills tn collect his scattered flock, took willi htui, (as is a frequent prac- ticc, to initiate them into their future busi ness) one of his children about four .years old. After traversing his pastures for a while, aticuded by his dog, he was compel I IW ,W UftlWI. U OUI1JI1J1. O. OU1I1U IlllUllbC. As the ascent was loo great for the child, I. ir. r..- -. - led to ascend a summit at some distance. concluded a long and fruitless search by corning distracted to his cottage. His poor, dog was missing in the general confusion. On the next morning by daylight he renew- of! ed his search, but again ho came back with' a .ul 1,19 c,,i,(1' Uo. found, however, ihatdu- ring hii nbsenco his dog had been at home, of, F reccivi . . aLance of r ooA ' and, on receiving his allowance of food in stantly departed. For four successive days tin; shepherd continued Ins search with the ' same bd fortune, the dog as readily coming ' for his meal and departing. Struck by this singular circumstance, he determined to fol low tho dog, who departed as usual withliis . ninrA nf nltn 'IMin nniMinl lit tin u-nv f. - cataract at some distance from the snot 1 r,m lit fi1lntfni- litt fn vhlnrinrt llm fit- - 1 er. what were liis eni'minns when ho heht-hl - the infant eating the cake which ihe dog had, prevented him from starving by giving up a . , part, or, perhaps, tho whole of his own daily . , allowance. He appears never to have quit- tea the chilil nlglit or cuy, except ror rood,-.n he was seen running at full speed lo and from the cottage. Mr, Hogg says, and very truly, that a sin gle shepherd and his dog will accomplish more in gathering a flock of sheep Irom "a; Highland farm than twenty shepherds could do without dogs ; in fact, that without this docile animal, the pastoral life would be a mere blank It would require more hand's tn mauago a flock of sheep, gather-lli'cin from the hills, force them into houses and folds, and drive them to markets, than tho profits of the whole flock would be capable of maintaining. Well may (he shepherd leel an interest in Ins dog; he it is indeed that earns the family bread, of which he is liimcntf cnntniil tvilli llin amitlncl fita-vi-eAl sometimes long before he will acknowledge tho new owner, or condescend lo work fur him with Ihe willingness that he did for his former lord; bul, if ho once acknowledges him, he continues attached to him until death. We will add another story nf the colter, and proceed. It illustrates the memory of the dog, A shepherd was employed in bringing up some mountain sheep from Westmoreland, and took with him a voung sheep dog who had never made the journey before. From his assistant being ignorant of the ground, he experienced great difficul ty 111 having tho flocks stopped at the vari ous roads and lanes ho passed in their way to London. In the next year the same shepherd, ac companied by the same dog, brought up another flock for the gentleman who had the former one. On being questioned how ho had got cn, he eiiil much better than the year before, as his dog now knew the road, and had kept the sheep from going up any of the lanes or turnings that had given the shepherd so much trouble on his former journey. The distance could not have been less than 400 miles. Iluffon gives an eloquent and faithful ac count of the sheep dbg : " This animal, faithful to man, will always preserve a por tion of his enrpirc and a degree of superior ity over other things. He reigns at the head of his flock, and makes himself belter understood than the voicn of tho shepherd. Safely, order, and discipline are the fruits of his vigilance and. activity, They are a people submitted lo his management, whom lie conducts and protects, and against whom , he never employs force but for the preer- , vation ol good oruer. II we cousiuer mat this animal, notwithstanding his ughncs.t and his wild and melancholy look, is supe- rior in instinct 10 ull others ; ilial ho has a-1' 'decided character iu which cducalion has 1 comparatively little share; that he is tho only animal born peifecily trained for ihej service of others; thai, guided by natural powers alone, he applies himself to the cre , I of our flocks, a duty which ho executes with singular assiduity, vigilance and fidelity ; that lie cunuucis mem wiiu an auuuraoie intelligence which is a part and portion of "" himself; that his sagacity astonishes at the same time that it gives repose lo his mas ter, whilo it requires great time and trouble to initruct other dogs for the purposes lo -if which they are destined; if we rellect ou these facts we shall be confirmed in the opinion that the shepherd's dog is tbe Irue dog of nature, the Mock and, model of ib whole species." Lail