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Vermont watchman and State journal. [volume] (Montpelier, Vt.) 1836-1883, February 10, 1853, Image 1

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VOL. XLVII, NO. 12... WHOLE NO. 2417.
jBalcljmtm & State 3frfnnial.
roniisnnii every Thursday morning.
TP.RMP.ftl..'iriMli In ..!,., i 3.fiO t nm menl la not
madelnnitvaiica ; inlrten alwaja th.rjert frnin Iht nd of
k tear.
Annelid it it lint nf n.nt lei rrlv aulterlptiona. arfm-
llirmenla anil cuinntutiit-atlonf, "l nelinuMleJ. payment (or
Ilaknaflf M, J. N. POWIIOY,
HrimkrirM W, M. H.VIITII,
r.b..t,r. r. miovv.N,
lantill, CIIAHI.E-. tIAN.t,
lllmote, H.fl.MtlTT.
Iljdf lik, COWARD tt. SAW Villi,
iahMi.ii, L. W. fV.KTI,
Mat.iici.un. ii. iittnam,
Moiriaellle', J. (J. NOYIIK,
jUMe-i...,, Jij"f r. Johnson, ii.
KMlkfli H, H. KMITII.
), i-Aiii.os rAPi:Ti:n,
rialnliild, A. T. IIAMIIOIT, ,
Homh Hnrdn.'k.C. HIIIIVMAV.
Hirair.r.1, U 11,1,1AM RtU.I.I.Na,
Fnuth HmlT,,r,l, DANIEL U . JUI1H,
TunbOitgn, AAHON N. KIND,
U'alUfi-ld and FTlnn. () II A Nf I K S M ITII,
WfttttW. mUtiftWr. II lJMITH, '
Wtlliamalimn, IMRM'H I'lllllC,
Wwrealef, JONAS AtWIOTT.
Tin: 3iaiii:.vs cnoici:.
A-vonnt maid itl hy her cottage ttee,
A boaoliful moid at tli dawn of (ley t
llff icwlo 1H Idle often her ke
Tor her heart aej her t hough ti were f4r away j
Wh aehei oM wooer earn np the dell,
A wooer whne hopee, otic would think, wcto few
But" matdeVa tin rt in a potil to tall
A fat though oUtila f bia fMl wta nw.
The wooer he save !tf i a wintful kok
A 11 wMttul, too, we ro the wtirdt he eeld i
Whllfl toorry the eof , ti a tj meter brook,
And pleyod with her noodle, arvl knotted her thread.
He apoko of the rlJ and lh wedding rblui.
Do proe4 bar hand, end In bnJd Ma knee j
And he begged and iwploted ber lot lie ttnt
o f, ark my trttl ir, al the ;
Obt fit it jonraetf, ray attine;, M bp
o jo ak mj oantlier, attd
Frr4fltotb koute hml the w4rr ci.
When a yMfiy msn laneil "Vr a tthhnt (it till
Ab4 cad wal ttt Mk that ih root (Ml tin,
Aad playful and (ay wn tho maidoa't mi
Trar, who it thk eail thm rom Wo to iroo.
And why at yoor itda doa htalt ao frB f
May ana four rnthar( daf Mary, tw t c
Xo, llntcy, br whiapofcil aou oirtit atk m '
I'd Uttir go to, your mothnr to
Nu, llitry, no, oo! yoo mail knool and ak Mr.
There w walhof on morn at in vlllaf 'hnrehj
Watltog and weeptnr, t.d wotda oTho
Fur the woahby oU wtmar wa loft la ih lorth j
The mid had fooo of with tbo yooo(r ho :
Warmly the tun on the h1gerrw clowrd,
Waitbly it abooo o (he old farm gale f
And ihl i tbo la tighter upon the rid
Aa Marty rod oil with bir Mr4dd toatst
Ita.h! ihepTi? bo, ho! Uojhod h
They may wait a tuny whilo ere the bride they aee,
tisi; ruosT.
iir miss ii. r. oo tan.
Tb ffott looked forth one eletr eoM elfkt,
And Mhiiperr-d, Now 1 .111 ! out f ifbt :
Hi. through Ibo end mil the titljbt,
In vilenf o IH tafco my way i
tll not jpi like that hluatena; iraU,
The wind aad th mow, the hail and the rain,
Who make to much hualle and not la vtio;
Dul 111 be bi uucy at they !
Then ha (lew tn the moocliit, and powdered it a croil,
lie tit on the tfe, end tbetr houirjibo dicattd
la diamond tead,aid orer the bteeat
(t the quivering lake he vpreed
A coat et mail, that it need out far ,
The downward pot a I of many a tpoer
1 hat he due 5 oa ita maigi far od oear,
Where a rock could rear ite bead.
lie weitt to the wlooowa oflheae who alept.
And or reach pooe like a firy crept,
Where tr be owed, w h ra er he atepo.
Ily the libt of the rooitfl were aern
Mot l )rui(lul iltinga , ihre wrrr duwrn and trtri,
Thfrti w!re b-ie of bird- nod iHaim of &,
There wer citie with t m; I and ttowra,aod tbe
All pictured in ailvei tltroo !
Cut he did one ihmc that w hardly flr
II f pe"-ed in the cupboard, and Sading there
That alt bad I woollen forhm toprepirot
" .Now, juil lo aet tbewi thtakta?,
I'll btte tin lMkrt of riait," eat4 he,
Tt.t ri,t I) pitoc-r t U horat la thioot
Atn the ,! al water theye lel for me,
Shall irnttlt' it itii them lm drtokiug,
Carry Anderson.
" And so jou won't liave nie V
" No, that I woii'i, retoried the litilo
beauty tossing her licad. " I'm to marry a
rich man, if I live, not a licjjgnr, papasajs,
and I'm sure )ounin'tctcr likely to ho worth
anything. You're only good lit milk cows,
and go errands for your mother."
Tins tpeech stunjj the heart of poor lit
tle JutiH'ii. lie loved his bchool-girl com
panion with a boyish enthusiasm, that under
other circumstances might have ripened in
to an idolatrous airectiou. They hare been
laughingly, innocently telling who they
liked beat, os'thcy came by the fresh, bright
meadows, on their way from school ; and
Jasen with a blush on Ins fair check, had
aid, how one of these days he meant to
marry " lilllc queen Alan, for that was what
they called the b'elle of the school-room.
fow, howerer, he left her side, his bo
som swelling' high, and his great blue eyes,
aittioiign no was a inaniy uoy, lilleu with
shining tears.
1'resently he felt something touch his
land, and looking down saw another iiand
mall and white. And by lux side there
rent a delicate little figure, and a passing
weet face looked up into his oun.
".Won't cry, dear Jansen, don t leel sorry
ny more; I'll be your wife."
Instinctively lie nut his arm around the
ittle creature for she was lame, and lean-
d for support, like a loving tendril, upon
bvcrythiug alio ueared. And every time
Iter gentle dark eyes looked into his own,
lie was comforted ; and every pretty word
iiai ten irom uer rosy lips sootneil the an
Wuish that to a child u keener than the sor
Eow of age.
ill " I'm eolnrr In seek mv fortune, imrln
ohn'' said Jansen. now urowu tall and ro-
Ifcust ; " 1 thoualit I must come ami s.iv cood
!)e . ...
1" Hump!" said the old man, looking up
nth a scowl, "rolling stones gather no
1105 i : lictter StHV at hn'mn nml tieir slinps
pu'JI be a disgrace to your mother. I say
t-lo your family to the village. What
n nirlli vou'll coma tn. I'rnviilpnrn nnlv
'Knows ; but if had ye, precious little time
we u get to go strolling round like a vaga
tone. Want a nair of shoes. I s'oose. but
I shan't give 'em to you,"
" Good bve. uncle John." said Jansen. a-
aia pressing his hat on hard, and biting
Hut J111 lo keep his anccr 111.
" Good bye, you little fool,' growled ilia
old man, never taking Lis eyes from his
nu. n
1 Not so foolish n, jou think, uncle," ex
claimed .Iaiien, stoutly; '.'and maybe," he
added almost fiercely, " you'll live Id see
llio day u hen you'll be proud to say jou
cvr-r fpoke lo rue."
The old man looked up and rolled his
little eyes, hut Jansen had gone; so ho du
ly uiuliered a " pshaw!" and went restless
ly tn Work again.
A way rattled ihe coach, and the little
yelping cur, that turned a somerset every
(iino the ulnp cracked, followed it till It
gained the highway, and then camo trudg
ing back to tin) white cottage where his
mafier lived, and sat himself doggedly at
tbe gale.
In that pretty white cottage, in its best
chamber, lame Carry. Jlood at the window
" willing jet siiiTlMig"ni the midst "of her
tears, bhe had peeped through the half
closed blinds lo.wutch the stage us it pass
ed, and after it had gone she turned once
again lo the little note folded in her hand,
and opening it, road over and over :
" Dgau Carry : If 1 should be gone for
long yeais, forget not that sweet promise
that you gave me when wo were children.
shall never forget the words: "don't cry,
dear Jansen, don't feel sorry any more ; I'll
be your wife." Ah I you know not what
consolation they were lo the heart of the
poor boy."
Happy, happy Carry. How she felt re
paid in the loe of one pure heart, for long
years of sorrow. Many a time had she
looked in her mirror, and murmured " I
know my face is fair, hut who will love nic
for 1 am lame." Now she felt in her
inmost soul, that her image was treasured
hy the very being, who, of all others, she
loved anil respected most ; and she felt that
she could even bear trie sneets' and smiles
of queen .Mab the brilliant be.iuty, and
the hoartless coquette. No matte rr if she
did cull her " that poor thing" now
" A lectle the handsomest nair of horses
1 ever did sec," said old John Grafton, as
he hastened lo his work with u new pegged
bout 111 Ins Iniid.
" Yes, and it's a grand gentlemen what's
got out and gone into your shop," said the
little lullow who stood patiently holding the '
reius; "and he says if III "o down to will-
tmuursoii a couage, mere, lor mm, lie II
...I 1 . - , ., 1 tn 1
give me n dollar."
Old John fumbled among his grey locks
for a nn, muni, and gave n general shrug to
hte if he was all right lo meet "quality,"
Oelorc lie hurried into his shop. A tall per-
son age, with a cloak of rich broadcloth fall-
nig irom ins shoulders, stood near the little ,
window. He held forth his hand al John
Grafton's humble obeisance, exclaiming,
" Good morning, uncle John, I'll lakcthiill
pair of shoes now," -
Words caiinul paint the consternation,
surprise and pleasure of the old man ; he'of New York, da'ed and postmarked at IN
stammered and stuttered, and kept saying,
"well, rasly, raaly;" and when his visitor left
him, after giving liim a world of news, all
he could do was lo pick up his boot and
nut it down arain reneatcdlv. muiiiblini'.
" well, raaly, raalv, raaly." I
anil - raal) l" wasn't the whole town in
an uproar to lint! in the noble stranger their
poor, despised little Jansen come back a
, . . .1
man I Everybody said to everybody, with
sagacious nods and winks," just as I tho'l."
Indeed though consternation was the ruling
ryiolioii, nobody was m the least surprised,
save Uarry.
She knew ho had returned rich, hand
some, but ah! he must have forffutten her
UHCICIldSII sue WOUIU IlilVO jjll till IllUCIt 111
see him, yet shrank from the thought of
ci...r.i...,,i-..i 1. 1 i. .i. . .
what she find said so many years ago.
A groal party at queen Mab's, and Carry '
invited! What new freak now I Strange,
In sav. she fell liunelled in on. and her!
Ireuibfiim fintrers e.nir,rlv r.iifiiptl m tifr
pale, soft tresses, ihe humble while buds 1
thai she had broken Irom her cherished rose
" Yon look beautiful, lore," said the fond
mother, smoothing down the snowy dress,
and arranging the pretty curls that clung!
lo the blushes on her cheek, "you do look
beautiful lo-nighl."
" Ah I" sighed Carry, hut she sighed it
lo herself" but I am lame and if he
should see me there "
ll was late when Jansen arrived. .Wher
ever he moved he met smiles nud sparkling
eyes; the beautiful "queen Mab " she who
had slighted his youthful love, and repaid
it with insult she was ready to bow he.
foro him tiuw. Her cheek kindled at his
approach, but he turned away, coldly bow
ing ; and in another moment, with a start
of pleasure, ho was by the side of Carry
Anderson, speaking to her in low, rich
Nobody hoard them but she, and how
they made her hearl leap.
" Carry, have you forgotten the promise!
I have come to claim you."
And thus childish sympathy was repaid.
Carry the wife of the wealthy merchant,
happy in his love and that of her children,
never regrets now that she is lame. Olive
lYnmtivtt oftlic Seizure and Itecov
ry or .Solomon oi t)irti Iutcr
!stiiiKXHt,CUVcry. Fmio the Ktv York pjlljr Tiniai.
We have obtained from Washington the
subjoined statement of Ihe circumstances
attending Ihe seizure and recovery of ihe
negro man Solomon Northrop, whose caso
has excited so high a degree of interest.
The material facts in the history of the
transaction have already been given, bul
tins narrative will be found a moru com
plete and authentic record than has yet ap-l not now be given, although the circumstaii
pearcd: Ices would add much to the interest of the
Solomon Northrop, the subject of the
following narrative, is a free colored citizen
of tho United States; was born in Essex
county isew York, about tlio year leua ; i
became early a resident of Washington j
county, and married there in 16'2'J. His
father uud mother resided in the county of
Washington about forty years, nil their de
cease, and were both free. With his wife
and children he resided at Saratoga Springs
in ihe winter of 1611, and while there was
employed by two gentlemen to drive a team
South at Ihe rate of a dollar a day. In ful
filment of his employment he proceeded to
New York, and having taken out free pa-
pcrs lo show that he was a citizen, he went
on lo Washington city, where he arrived
the second tiny of April, the same year, and
put up at Gadsby's Hotel. Soon after he
arrived, lie felt unwell anil went to bed.
While suflerjug with severe pain some
person carrld in, and seeing the condition
he was in, proposed to give him some med
icine, and did ro. That is the last thing
of which he had any recollection until lie
found himself chained to t he floor of Wil
liam's slave pen in this city, ninl hand-cuffed.
In the course of a few hours, James
II. Iturch, n slave-dealer, came in, and the
colored man asked linn to uke the irons off
from him, and wanted to know why they
were put on. Kurd) told him it was none
of his business. The colored man said he
was free and told where he was born.
Iturch called in a man by the name of Eb
cuczer Jlodbury, and they two stripped the
man and laid him across a bench, Uodbury
holding him down by his wrists. Iturch
whipped him with a paddle until he broke
that, and then with a cnt-o'ninc tails, giv
i nrr him a hundred lashes, and ho swore he
would kill him if he ever slated to any one
that he was a free man. I' rom that time
forward the man says he did not cominuni-1
catc Ihe fret from fear, either that he was a
free man, or what his name was, until the
last summer.
lie was kept in the slave pen about ten
days, when he, with others, was taken out
of (ho pen in the night, by linrcli, hand
cuffed and shackled, and taken Xlowu the
river tf .1 steamboat, and then to Rich
mond, where he, with forty-eight others,
was put on board the brig Orleans. There
llurch left them. The brig sailed for New
Orleans, and on arriving there, before she
was fastened to to the wharf, Theophilus
Freeman, another slave dealer, belonging
in the city of New Orleans, and who in
1 SitS had been a partner with linrcli 111 the
slave trade, came to the wharf and receiv
ed the slaves as they, were lauded, under his
direction. This man was immediately ta-
! ken by Freeman and shut up 111 his pen in
that civ. He was taken sick with the
small pox immediately after gutting there,
and was sent lo a Hospital where he lay 1
'two or three weeks. When he had sulIi-(
".ienlly rrcovcred lo leave the hospital,!
. Fiecuian declined to sell him to any person j
in that vicinity; and sold dim to a .Mr. l-ord,
who resided in Kaiiides parish, Louisiana, 1
.. 1 1 ,i 1 1 , i:..i
wnere nu was taken uiiii iiveu a nine unite
ihaunyear, and worked as a carpenter,
working with Mr. Ford at that business.
Ford became involved and had lo sell
him. A Mr. Tihaiit became the purchas
er. He in a short time sold him to Edwin
Eppes in Ilayou lteouf, about one hundred
and tnirt)iniles tromtlic mouth at Ken mv-,
er, where Eppes has retained him on a cot-;
ton plantation shicn the year 1S1!J. J
To go back a small step in ihe narra-i
(live, the man wrotu a letter in Julie,
j IS 1 1, to Henry ft. Northrop, of the State
Olcaus, stating that be had been kidnap
ped and was on board a vessel, but was un
able Instate what his destination was; but
.... . ...
'requesting .Mr. IV lo aid linn in recovering
!his freedom, if possible. Mr, N. was una-
ble lo do anything in his behalf in conse-,
jquencc oi not Knowing wnere no uai: gone,
' d not being able to find any trace of him.
' His place of residence remained unknown
r . I - I t I.. .1 '
until (he
mouth of September last, when
letter was received by his
Hayou Bboui , Aug. lS."ii.
,liV. Wm. J'tui or Mr. Lewis l'nrktr:
Gentlemen : It having been a long
time since I have, seen or heard from you,
... .1 n. I. (..
uum nut mum Illy IIIUI ,tiu mil ji,ii,,
with uncertainly that I write to you
ll is
the necessity ol Die case must tie my ex-;
cuie. Having been born free just (.cross
ihe river from you, I am certain you must
know me; and I am hero now a slave. Ii
wish vou to obtain free papers for me, audi
forward them to me at Marksville, La., Par-'
ish of Avoyelles, and oblige.
On receiving the above letter, -Mr. ap-
plied In Gov. Hunt, of New York, for such
authority us was necessary tor him to pro
ceed to Louisiana, as an agent to procure
llio liberation of Solomon, Proof of his
freedom was furnished loGov. Hunt, by af
fidavits of several gentlemen, Gen. Clarke
among others. Accordingly, in pursuance
of the lawn of New York, Henry B, Nor
throp was constituted an agent lo tike such
steps, by procuring evidence, retaining
counsel, &c, as was necessary to secure
the freedom of Solomon, and to execute all
the duties of his agency. Ho left Sandy
Hill, in New York, on the l tthof Decem
ber last, and came lo the city of Washing
Ion, and stated tho facts of the case to Hon.
Pierre Soule, of Louisiana, Hon. Mr. Con
rad, Secretary of War, from Js'cw Orleans,
and Judge Nelson, of llio Supreme Court
of the United Stales, and other gentlemen.
They furnished Mr, N. with strong letters
to gentlemen residing in Louisiana, urging
their assistance in accomplishing the object
of restoring the mini to freedom.
From Washington .Mr. N. went by the
way of Pittsburg and the Ohio and Missis
sippi Hivers, to the mouth of the Red Riv
er, and thence up that liver In Marksville,
in the parish of Avoyelles, where he em
ployed Hon. John P. Waddill, an eminent
lawyer of that place, and consulted with
htm as tn tho best means of finding and ob
taining possession of the man. He soon
ascertained there was no such man at
Marksville, nor in that vicinity. Bayou
Heouf, the place where the letter was dated,
was iweuty-three miles distant, al its near
est point, and is seventv miles in length.'
For reasons which it is unnecessary to give,
the very providential manner in which the
residence ol the man was ascertained, can
narrative. But he was found without great
! difficulty, and legal proceedings comiiieu-
iced. A process was placed in the hands of
a slierill, directing Inm to proceed to liayou
Heouf and take the colored man into his
possession, and wait Ihe order ol the court
in regard to his right to freedom. The next
day, tho owner, with his counsel, camo to
Marksville and called upon Mr, N., who
exhibited to them the commission which he
had received from the Governor of New
York, and tho evidence in his possession
relating to the man's being a free citizen of
New Y'ork.
Eppes' cpunsel, after examining it, stated
to his client that the cridenco was ample
and satisfactory ; that it was perfectly use
less to litigate the question further, and ad
vised him by all means to deliver the color
ed man up, in order that he might be car
ried back to the State of New York, in pur
suance of the Governor's requisition. An
article was drawn up between the claimant
and Mr. Northrop, the counsel for the col
ored man, and recorded in accordance with
the laws of the place, showing that the col
ored man was free. Having settled every
thing satisfactorily, the agent and the res
cued man started for New Orleans oa the
ith of January inst., and on arriving there
traced the titles of llio colored man Tihaut
to Eppes, from Ford lo Tibaul, and from!
Freeman to Ford all the titles being re
corded 111 the proper books kept for that
It is but justice to say that the authori
ties of Avoyelles, and indeed of New Or
leans, rendered all the assistance in their
power to secure the establishment of the
freedom of this unfortunate man, who had
been snatched so villainously from the land
of freedom, and compelled lo undergo suf
ferings almost inconceivable in this land of
heathenism, where slavery exists with fea
tures more revolting than those described
in " Uncle Tom's Cabin."
Having traced the titles back so far as
possible in New Orleans, the party then
proceeded lo the city of Washington, where
Iturch lived : and on making inuuiry, found
who was the keeper of the slave pen in that 1 self, to inflict one hundred lashes upon her
city in It 51 ; and also accrtaiucd from the 1 bare flesh, she being stripped naked. I lav
keeper, upon the colored man (Solomon N.) ing inflicted the' hundred blows, Solomon
being pointed out to him, that he was plac-! refused to proceed any further. Eppes
ed in that pen 111 the Spring of 1811, and tried to compel him to go on, but he abso
there kept for a short period by Uurch. jlutely set him at defiance and refused to
Immediately upon the receipt of this in-j murder the girl. Eppes then seized the
formation, complaint was made before the Whip and applied it until he was loo weary
Police of Washington against Uurch, for ! to continue it. Blood flowed from her neck
kidnapping and selling into slavery this free to her feet, and in this condition she was
colored man. The warrant for his arrest I compelled the next day to go into the field
was issued on the 17th instant by Justice to work m u field hand. She bears the
Goddard, and returned before Justice Man- j marks still upon her body, although ihe
sell. Uurch was arrested and held to bail j punishment w;as inflicted four years ago.
in the sum of SU.UUO, Shekels, a slave-tra-i When Solomon was about lo leave, under
der of seventeen years standing, going his j the care of Mr. Northrop, tins girl came
bail. j from behind' her hut, unseen by her master,
On the lSth instant, at 10 o'clock, both, and throwing her arms around the neck of
parties appeared before the magistrate. Sen- Solomon congratulated him on his escape
ator Chase from Ohio, Gen. Clark and Hen
ry A. iSorthrup, being counsel for llio plain-
tiff, and J. II. IJradlcv fur the defendant.
-?,. fi 1. 1 1, a xt.i ..
Gen. Clark and II. A. Northrop were sworn
as witnesses on the part of the prosecution,
and establish the foregoing facts : On the
part of the defendant, Heujainin Shekels
and U. A. Thorn were sworn. The pros-
ccution offered the colored man who had (has been stated that the nearest plantation
been kidnapped, as a witnessKiti the part of was distant from Eppes a half mile, and of
the prosecution, but it was objected lo, and 1 course there could be no interference on
the Court decided (hat it was inadmissablc. the part of neighbors in any punishment
The evidence of this colored man was ah-, however cruel, or Im.vpver well disposed
solulely necessary lo prove sonio facts on to interfere they might he.
the pirt of the prosecution, as he alone I By the laws of Louisiana no man can
was cognizant of them. Le punished Ihcre for having sold Solomon
Mr. Shekels, who had been, as before iinio slavery wrongfully, because mure than
stated, a slave trader in the city of Wash-1 two years had elapsed since he was sold ;
ingion seventeen years, testified that some and no recovery can be had for his services
ten or twelve yeitrs ngo he was keeping because he was bought without the kliowl
public house in this city; that Burch boar- j edge tnat he was a free citizen.
ded at the house and carried on the bus).
ness of buying and selling slaves; that
that year two white men came into Ins bar-'
room and stated that they had a slave for J
sale. Mr. Uurch immediately entered into j
a negotiation for his purchase. The white
men staled that they were from Georgia ;
had brought the negro with them from that
State, and wished lo sell him to be carried
back to that Slate ; that the negro expres
sed a willingness lo be sold in order to re
turn to Georgia; Shekels, however, was
unable to state the names of cither of the
white men, or the name of the colored
man ; was unacquainted with cither of them
previous to that time, and had never seen
cither since the transaation
th3i he saw j
them execute a bill of sale to Burch, saw
Burch pay him ilMo and take the bill of.
sale, and that he read that bill, but could:
the person sold, as appeared by
the bill of:
Air. Thorn was .next ' called upon tho
stand, and testified that ho was In this tav
ern in the Spring of the year 1811, and saw
a white man negotiating a trade with Uurch
for a colored man ; but whether this was
the colored man or not, he could not tell
for he never saw either white man or color
ed man but that once, and did not know
whether or not Uurch bought and paid for
Burch himself was next offered as a wit
ness in his own behalf, lo prove the loss of
the bill of sale. His evidence was object
ed lo by the prosecution, but was 'allowed
by the Court. He testified that he had the
bill of salo and had lost il, and did not
know what had become of it. TI.e coun
sel for tho prosecution requested the Court
to send a police officer to bring tie books
of Burch, containing his bills of sale of ne
groes for year 18-11 and previous years. -
They were fortunately procured, hut no bill
of sale was found of this colored man by a
ny name. Upou this positive evidence that
the man had been in the possession of Burch
and that he had been in slavery for a period
of more than eleven years, the Court uecid
ed that the testimony of the slave trader es-
tublisheu the fact that uurch came honestly
by him, and consequently discharged the
The counsel for the defendant had drawn
up, before the. defendant was discharged, an
affidavit signed by Uurch, and had a war
rant out against the colored man, for a con
spiracy with the two white men bemre re
ferred lo, lo defraud Uurch out of iG2o.
The' warrant was served, and the colored
man arrested and brought before officer God
dard, Uurch and his witnesses appeared in
Court and H. U. Northrup appeared as
counsel for tho colored man, stating that
ho was ready to proceed as counsel on the
part of the defendant, and as'king nd delay
whatever, Uurch, after consulting private
ly for a short tnac with Shekels, staled to
the Magistrate that he wished him to dis
miss the complaint, as he would not pro
ceed further with it. Defendant's counsel
stated to the Magistrate that, if the com
plaint was withdrawn, it must be withdrawn
without the request or consent of the defen
dant. Uurch then asked the Magistrate to
let him have the complaint and the warrant,
and he look them. The counsel for the de
fendant objected to his receiving them, and
insisted that they should remain as a part of
the records of the Court, and that the Court
should endorse the proceedings which had
been had under llio process. Durch deliv
ered ihcm int. and the Court rendered a
judgment of discontinuance by the request
or the prosecutor, and filed it in his olhcc.
The condition of this colored man during
the nine years that ho was in the hands of
Eppes, was of a character nearly.approaching
that described by Airs. Slnvvc as the condi
tion of " Uncle Tom" while in that region.
During that whole period his hut contained
neither a floor, nor a chair, nor a bed, nor
a mattrass, nor anything for tiim to lie upon
except a board about twelve inches wide,
with a block or wood for his pillow, and
with a single blanket to cover him, while
llio walls of his hut did not protect him
from the inclemency of the weather. Ho
was sometimes compelled to perform acts
revolting to humanity, and outragcas in the
highest degree. On one occasion a colored
girl belonging to Eppes, about 17 years of
age, went one Sunday without the pcrmisiou
of her master, to the nearest plantation,
about half a mile distant, to visit another
collored girl of her acquaintance. She re
turned in the course of two or three hours,
and for that offence she was called up for
punishment, which Solomon was required
to itillict.
Eppes compelled him to drive four stakes
into the ground, at such distances that the
hands and ancles of the girl might be tied lo
them, as she lay with her face upon the
ground; and having thus fastened her down
1 he compelled him. while staudinrr by him
from slavery, and his return lo his family,
at the same time in language of despair ex
claiming, " But, O Godl what will become
of me?"
These statements regarding the condition
of Solomon while with Eppes, and the pun
ishment and brulal treatment of the colored
girls, are taken from Solomon himself. It
Alexander Dumas, the negro author of
Paris, has written fifty dramas and mm
hundred volumes of fiction !
SI)C piouj CU1U ti)C i)oc.
BY 1.. V. AV.W.TOA.
'lie tlial by thn Tl.iw would Oil!,,
lliau.irniuat either hold or naive,"
Progress of Agriculture.
Pliny the Roman historian, who lived
in the days of Christ, describes the nian-
ner in which the Romans, the Egyptians,-
'and tho Assyrians carried on furmiiiL' in
.; time. '
The Esjplians at first ihrcw the seed
,,nr. tlio rM,l loft ,,..nr. ,1 I !..
.,'"" " . " ,, ""'"I"" B'o"'' '
mi. Ljuui i.v.j u, .nu inu uuer 1111;
subsidence ol its annual flood, and to
get it in, they drove hogs over tho
ground, which performed the ofiieo of a
When the ground became too dry be
fore the swine were to be had, for they
were like day laborers sometimes too
few for the work, the Egyptians used a
sort of hoe or picku.e, which nt length
was changed into a primitive plough
drawn by men and women.
In Syria, which has upland soil, n
plough was invented nnd used in Pliny's
One of those rude implements was
shown nt the State Fair of Ohio in 1851,
having undergone apparentlyno improve
ment since the days of our Savior.
Mr. Ewbanks, in his valuable report
of 1851, remarks that " the science of
agriculture and the true principles of till
age are no better understood now by the
mass of mankind than they were five
thousand years ago." For the mas
of mankind this may bo true, but it is
not true of civilized countries. In Eu
rope and North America there has been
wonderful progress within fifty years.
We do not know at what periotl the
practice of manuring ground began to
bo adopted ; whenever it was, n nenr
era in agriculture commenced. Ileforc
that only the fat and Hooded valleys of
rivers would long repay the expense of
cultivation, and therefore comparatively
few of manking could engage in tillage.
This compclleu,lliem to bo graziers.
When Julius .Crcsur invaded Gaul nnd
Great IJrituintiliere was little agriculture
in tho North of Europe.
The importance of placing agriculture
among the sciences lo be encouraged
and made part of all good education, is
just as great as that ot any other sci
To know how to procuro tlio greatest
yield from tho soil during a long course
of cultivation with thu least labor, is the
best of knowledge.
It is of as much more canscqucnce to
any people, as the number engaged iu
ogriculturo are superior to those employ
in any other calling; Ohio Farmer,
Snnp.f ami Docs. Wc recently had
theplear mro of visiting the farmjhouse of S.
W. Jev rett, Esq., of Wcybridge, in this
'late, 1 he etilorprising Green Mountain i
farmer , who has imported so many French
Shpr.n iin.l ;n..l..AH.i .1 . I
luuuuuwu mum lino ins native 1 itn mm ui inu iiououi wiiu sirici 111-
Statcfor the benefit of tho wool-growing I juc'i0,,s "'to move from t he place. Scarce
interes t and the lining of his own pocket. h"iv"crl: had ho ijalncd the height, when
w , " ... 1 one of Ihe Scotch mists of frequent occur-
We cc .nfess we were not a little gratified j rencCi RUddenly came on and almost chang
on an examination of his flocks. We 1 ed the day to night. Ho returned lo seek
found them altogether a superior race of ' ''is child, but was unable to find him, and
anima Is, far exceeding our expectations.
lhey had the appearance of much strength
and h rdihood of constitution, with heavy
and hi ic fleeces. In one of the nens. all
which were neat and convenient, we saw
tin. ..rt.i o . i t.i t
fine pup, of the Scotch Sheep Dog,
winch, tlio above cnirravjni; ii a fair fooci
men. Wc copy from the N. E. Farmer
the following remarks on the race of the
Shcp ard's dog :
T he sheep dog, in all ages and climates,
pros erves its peculiar properties, and tho'
may be several races, their character
sues are similar; and it is the least re- , where the child had been left. It was a rug
mov ed or any race from tho natural type of, sed nm almost perpendicular descent which
the dog. I or certain purposes this race . the dog look, and he disappeared in a cave, -has
been modifi!, as by a cross with the.; the mouth of which was almost on a level
mas till a stronger raco is produced lo miard ivuh tl, mrn.ni. Tim hen!nr.l with tlif.
the flocks against wolves. When the iIot
is to serve as a guide rather than n nrotcc
tor, he is rather small, activity being an im
p.... j.ii .inject. , Just uroR,t ,0 ,jn)( while the faithful ani'-
I he muzzle of the ahepard's dog is sharp, ,a aiod boy, eyeing his young charge
the earshort and erect, the tail is long and ! with the utmost complacency I From ihe
busiiy, like that of a fox; and he is 'gener- j situation in which tho child was found, it ap- '
ally covered with thick shabby hair, panic- pearcd that he had wandered to the brink of -ularly
about the neck.- He is usually black, the precipice, and then cither fallen or
or b lack pruvails, mixed with gray or brown. , scrambled down, the torrent preventing his -Ih!
true sheep dog is regarded by the j rc-atcent. The dog by means of his scent
she tp as a guide and friend, hut some of tho had trneiMi him tn the snot, ami afit?rvnrili
cro ses with ferocious races are tho objects
of dread, and often injure the sheep by
fright and violent attacks upon them, cspe
cm-.ijr uttuei a wuiai BliepiietO. Ill sui.il
cases the dog is worse than useless.
The theep dog is distinguished. for his
intelligence, fidelity, obedience and sagaci
ty, performing naturally what other dogs
would do only after along course of train
ing. In many cases this dog will do more
in assisting a shepard than several men,
and often performs what it is not in the
power of man to do. The following re
marks, showing tho fidelity, sagacity and
intelligence of this valuable animal, will be
read with ipterest.
Mr. James Hogg, the Ettricl; Shepard,
living in his early days among the sheep and
iiiuii ijuuui ujcia aiiciiuiiuis, unit tin yuuur.uu
observer ol nature, as well as an exquisite
poet, gives some anecdotes of tho collev
(the Highland term for sheep dog,) with alayS grateful, and nlway8 ready to exert
which the reader will not be displeased )liB utmost abi,lliej in his master's inlerests.
"My dog Sirrah ' says he 111 n letter lo!Ncither hunger, fatigue, nor the worst
Ihe editor of l lackwood s Edinburgh Mag- treatment, wili drive him from his side, and
aziuc. was beyond all comparison, the ho will follow him through every hardship
best dog ever saw-. He had a fomevvhat wilhoul ,mlrmuri,1(, (jr repining. If one of
surly and unsocial temper, disdained all them is obliged t chanr-e masters, it "is
flattery, and refusing lobe caressed; but
his attention to my commands and interest
will never again bo equalled by any of the
canine race. When I hrst saw him, a dro.
fver was leading him with a rope. lie was
both lean and hungry, and far from being a
j beautiful animal ; for he was almost black,
and had a grim face, striped with dark
brown. I thought I perceiv ed a sort of sul
,'leu intelligence in his countenance, not-
standing his dejected and forlorn appear
ance, and I bought him. He was scarcely
a year old, and knew so little of herding
that he had never turned a sheep in his life;
but, as soon as ho discovered that it was
his duty lo do so, and that it obliged me, 1
can never forget with what anxiety and ea
gerness he learned his different evolutions;
and when I once made him understand
a direction, ho never forgot or mistook
it." !
On one night, a large flock of lambs that
were under the Ettrick Shcpard's care,
frightened by something, scampered away
in three different directions across the lulls,
in spite of all he could do to keep them to
gether. " Sirrah," said the shepherd,
" they're a' avva !"
It was loo dark for the dog and his mas
ter to see each other at any considerable
distance, bul Sirrah understood Inm, and
set off after tho fugitives. The night pass
ed ou, and Hogg and his assistant traversed
every neighboring lull 111 anxious hut fruit
less search for the lambs ; but he could
hear nothing of them nor of the dog, and
ho was returning lo his muster with the
doleful intelligence that ho had lost all his
lambs, " On our wav home, however,"
says he, " we discovered a lot of lambs at
the bottom of a deep ravine called the Flesh
Clench, and the iudefatigablu Sirrah stand
ing in front of them, looking round for some
relief, but still true to his charge. We con-1
cluded that it was one of the divisions
which Sirrah had been unable In 'manage,
until he came to that commanding situa -
lion. Uul what was our astonishment when
wc discovered that not one lamb of ihe flock
was unsung ! How he had gotjill the di-
visions collected in the dark is beyond my
comprehension. Tho charge was left en-,
lircly In himself from midnight until the
rising sun; and, if all the shepherds in the
forest had been there to have assisted Inm,
(hey could not have effected it with greater
promptitude. All that I can say is, that 1
never felt so grateful to any creature under
the sun as 1 did to my honest Sirrah that
A shepherd, in one of his excursions orer
the Grampian Hills tn collect his scattered
flock, took willi htui, (as is a frequent prac-
ticc, to initiate them into their future busi
ness) one of his children about four .years
old. After traversing his pastures for a
while, aticuded by his dog, he was compel
I IW ,W UftlWI. U OUI1JI1J1. O. OU1I1U IlllUllbC.
As the ascent was loo great for the child,
I. ir. r..- -. -
led to ascend a summit at some distance.
concluded a long and fruitless search by
corning distracted to his cottage. His poor,
dog was missing in the general confusion.
On the next morning by daylight he renew-
of! ed his search, but again ho came back with'
a .ul 1,19 c,,i,(1' Uo. found, however, ihatdu-
ring hii nbsenco his dog had been at home,
of, F reccivi . . aLance of r ooA '
and, on receiving his allowance of food in
stantly departed. For four successive days
tin; shepherd continued Ins search with the
' same bd fortune, the dog as readily coming
' for his meal and departing. Struck by this
singular circumstance, he determined to fol
low tho dog, who departed as usual withliis
. ninrA nf nltn 'IMin nniMinl lit tin u-nv f.
- cataract at some distance from the snot
1 r,m lit fi1lntfni- litt fn vhlnrinrt llm fit-
- 1 er. what were liis eni'minns when ho heht-hl
- the infant eating the cake which ihe dog had,
prevented him from starving by giving up a .
, part, or, perhaps, tho whole of his own daily . ,
allowance. He appears never to have quit-
tea the chilil nlglit or cuy, except ror rood,-.n
he was seen running at full speed lo and
from the cottage.
Mr, Hogg says, and very truly, that a sin
gle shepherd and his dog will accomplish
more in gathering a flock of sheep Irom "a;
Highland farm than twenty shepherds could
do without dogs ; in fact, that without this
docile animal, the pastoral life would be a
mere blank It would require more hand's
tn mauago a flock of sheep, gather-lli'cin
from the hills, force them into houses and
folds, and drive them to markets, than tho
profits of the whole flock would be capable
of maintaining. Well may (he shepherd
leel an interest in Ins dog; he it is indeed
that earns the family bread, of which he is
liimcntf cnntniil tvilli llin amitlncl fita-vi-eAl
sometimes long before he will acknowledge
tho new owner, or condescend lo work fur
him with Ihe willingness that he did for his
former lord; bul, if ho once acknowledges
him, he continues attached to him until
We will add another story nf the colter,
and proceed. It illustrates the memory of
the dog, A shepherd was employed in
bringing up some mountain sheep from
Westmoreland, and took with him a voung
sheep dog who had never made the journey
before. From his assistant being ignorant
of the ground, he experienced great difficul
ty 111 having tho flocks stopped at the vari
ous roads and lanes ho passed in their way
to London.
In the next year the same shepherd, ac
companied by the same dog, brought up
another flock for the gentleman who had
the former one. On being questioned how
ho had got cn, he eiiil much better than
the year before, as his dog now knew the
road, and had kept the sheep from going
up any of the lanes or turnings that had
given the shepherd so much trouble on his
former journey. The distance could not
have been less than 400 miles.
Iluffon gives an eloquent and faithful ac
count of the sheep dbg : " This animal,
faithful to man, will always preserve a por
tion of his enrpirc and a degree of superior
ity over other things. He reigns at the
head of his flock, and makes himself belter
understood than the voicn of tho shepherd.
Safely, order, and discipline are the fruits
of his vigilance and. activity, They are a
people submitted lo his management, whom
lie conducts and protects, and against whom ,
he never employs force but for the preer- ,
vation ol good oruer. II we cousiuer mat
this animal, notwithstanding his ughncs.t
and his wild and melancholy look, is supe-
rior in instinct 10 ull others ; ilial ho has a-1'
'decided character iu which cducalion has
1 comparatively little share; that he is tho
only animal born peifecily trained for ihej
service of others; thai, guided by natural
powers alone, he applies himself to the cre ,
I of our flocks, a duty which ho executes with
singular assiduity, vigilance and fidelity ;
that lie cunuucis mem wiiu an auuuraoie
intelligence which is a part and portion of ""
himself; that his sagacity astonishes at the
same time that it gives repose lo his mas
ter, whilo it requires great time and trouble
to initruct other dogs for the purposes lo
which they are destined; if we rellect ou
these facts we shall be confirmed in the
opinion that the shepherd's dog is tbe Irue
dog of nature, the Mock and, model of ib
whole species."

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