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lUntcljmnn & State 3ouri.nl.
JG. 1. M'AliTOX, J IS.) UDITOIl. Thursday, Aur. II, ELUCTIOJV, h.sii.iv. SEPT. 0. or Onrf nor, EUASTUS FAIRBANKS, or St. Joiissnuny. For Lieut. Governor, WM. C. KITTREDOE, Or FaIRHAVIN. i'or Treasurer, GEORGE HOWES, or MOSTTEMER. WASHINGTON COUNTY. For Senatrs, E. P. WALTON, JR., JAMES GREEN. Por .Issittnnt Judges of the Co. Court, DON P. CARPENTER, A DEL K. WARREN. For Stalt'i .attorney, HEMAN CARPENTER. For Judirt of Prt,bale, OSMAN DEWEY. Ihr Sheriff, II. L. IIRIGGS. For High llailif, HARRISON KETCHUM. ORANGE COUNTY. i'or Stnalort. JOSEPH ATKINSON, WALTER CARPENTER. Tor States Mornty, .DURNHAM MAR UN. 'or Sheriff, CHARLES C. 1'. BALDWIN. For High liailiff, JEREMIAH HODGE. For ,'lssislanl Judges, ' NATHANIEL KING, HENRY HUTTERFIELD. For Judges of Probate, JAMES S.MOORE. JOHN U HUTCHINSON. ORLEANS COUNTY. For Senator, W. M. DICKERMAN, of Coventry. For Stote'N Attorney, JOHN L. EDWARDS, of Derby. For Sheriff, S.S. Kl.MHALL, of llarton. For Judge of Probate, THOMAS JAMESON, of Irasburgh. ' I'or Assistant Judges County Court, JOHN M. ROBINSON, or Charleston ; LUTHER PAGE, of Wcstfield. For Hieh BiililT, JOHN GUILD, of Irasburgh. LETTERS FROM EUROPE. NoTxVl. ' AmstehdXM, Juno 4, 'Kl. Mr Dr.ia Sir, A peculiar fcnturo of moat of the continental cities that I have seen in a grove in tiio imtnedtato vicinity. Soms of these era very oxtenMvc, often two or threo miles in length by opo in width. They are intersected by roads und walks, which nro finely shaded, nnd there of an evening the people go for relaxation and fresh air. hi theso groves are their pleaauro gardens, which are great places of resort, espe cially with tho Germans, who aro very fond of cheap and innocent amusemojits. A band of music is a necessary nppendugo, and hundreds of men wiili their wives and children may bo seen strolling about tho place, or seated around small tables under tho trees, refreshing them selves with coffee or beer. I have never seen epiritous liquors in thoso gardens. Rut a Ger man will smoke, and custom makes it allowablo every where ; in tho dining room, in tho railroad car, or diligence, in tho company of ladies, it is all the samo ; ho smokes his pipe with cool in- uiuercncc. i no objection is raised by somo persons, that these groves are resorted to on Sun days afternoon. I have no doubt, hat many mora go tboro on that day, than any other in the week, butbeforo no condemn tho customs, mo should examine tho causo. Thousands in every largo city find it difficult to support themselves nnd j large families respectably, by working six days in the week in close workshops ; to them, such a change gives new hfo and iinpulso to tho sys tem. It invigorates it for tho labors of the com ing week, and I am gatined, that if wo had more places of innocont recreation around our American cities, wliero intoxicating liquors were not sold, wu should bee fewer sallow frees among our laboring classes, and is it not hotter that the proplo should enjoy euch innocent and refreshing oxerciso, than to waste their time in listless inactivity at home, or in visiting tho grog shops? From llerlin to Hamburg, requires eight hotirs by Railroad over an extremely lo "vel c6o."ntry,"preseiithig no obstacles to building I a road greater than an occasional sand hill of I trifling elevation. Hamburg is situated mi tho Elbe, eighty milcB from its mouth, und is the principal port of entry for Germany. Ships of large size como thus far up tho river without dif ficulty. They have no docks, but ships anchor in tho stream and transfer their freight into bar gee, which pass through the numerous canals directly to the back door of tho warehouse of lha merchant. In 181 2, more than seventeen hun dred houses, bomj a largo liortion of tho city, were destroyed by one firo ; but that part has been since rebuilt, forming r very marked dif ference in the aspect of the two parts. The old is constructed with pointed gables to the street with steep roofs covered with the reddest kind of tile, while tho new part has incorporated all the modern improvements. Some estimate of the extent of tho business may be formed from the fact that four thousand vessels enter the port annually. The country people, as seen in the market place, present a novel feature in their dress. The milk men with their pointed .hats, their spencers with bright buttons, and gay small clothes and stockings, and the flower girls, wearing on their heads acovering made of draw, of the size and bhape of an ordinary milk pan bottom side up, with large black bows hanging Wdown behind, and wearing skirts or somo bright color and extremely short, while tho cook inva- . riably. carries her marketing home under her -ann,coiorcd over with tho gayest kind of a ehawl, A ride of sixty-five miles by diligence, carried pio from Hamburg to Bremen. Tho country gently undulating and in a high II ststo of cultivation. The road was most excel lent, and fdr the whole distance planted en both sides with trees. "Inch added much both to the beauty of the sce.iory and the comfort of trav eling. In ww countries they think only of cut- ling down and clearing up wood land, while the old are planting and cultivating fur timber and fuel as they would for any other crop. Bremen is a very pleasant old town, situated on the river Weser. The new portion has an air of noat- ncss and comfort about it something like our New' England t'wns. Its foreign trade is ex tensive fdr a city located so far inland, and espo cially with America it is a successful competi tor with Hamburg. The American line of steam ers, although designated as the lino to Bremen stop at Brem'erhafen, thirty miles below the city. Amsterdam, the greatest commercial city of Holland, containing a population of Ui't 000, is situated at tlio junctions of tho river Amstel with the Zcider Zee, a bay putting in fron tho North Soa. The city is built on flat ground and intersected in all directions by canals, some of which aro more than a hundred feet wi l o and have streets on cither side. In all directions vessels aro to bo seen in those ennal, loading and unloading, presenting n novel sight in the heart of a city. The soil is marshy and nil the buildings aro built on pilesdriven through a loose coil until they reach a solid foundation. The buildings generally aro well built, and the city compares favorably with any otlior on tho con tinent. Formerly large ships were subject to frequent detentions in getting to soa on account of shallow water on the bar and In tho Ztider Zee, but to remedy that, one of the largest ship carrals in the world was finished m 182.", con noctinp Amsterdam with the North Sea at the Texel. That cnoal is fifty-ono rriles long, 124 feet broad it the surface, 31 feet at the bottom, and '41 feet deep, and by moans of that, the lar gest ship? may enter and leave at all seasons without difficulty. The Hollanders nro a most industrious and mrsevcrini class, and they km sc9 n most productive country, and they well deserve it, having gained it from the ocean by the greatest skill and industry. Most of Hol land is several feet bolow tho surface of the ocean and protected from ovorllow only by ditch es which ore kept in repair at an enormous nn nnal expense. They are still adding to their tillable land by draining the few lakes remaining within their limit. They have nonrly comple ted the draining of Harlem Lake, n body of wa tor over thirty miles in circumference in the cen tral part of Holland. To effect that they orcct cd three steam engines with powerful pumps, but most of the water from the low grounds is raised by ineoin of wind mills, of which there are great numbers in all directions. They are in fact tho distinguishing feature of Holland. In raising water by the wind mills, no pumpi are usod, it is done simply by the floats of the wheel moving in n circular channel; by this means they soldom raiso tho waier more than five feet with one mill; when a greater ulevation is tieces eary a second ill is employed. Most of tho buildings constructed in Holland within the present century aro built ns in other cities. Btill tho clinker brick, appearing almost black, and the steep roofs with gables to tho street have tho ascendency and givo them a peculiar nationality. At aaardam, six miles from A., I saw the house where Peter tho Great lived when ho wor- ked there as a shin carpenter. It consists of but two small rooms, betweon which was built a cloact seven by three feet, with broad doors, fur Ins sleeping place. Tho home, though some what decayed, is a place of groat attraction. Tho late Queen of Holland purchased the prop erty a few years since and had brick pillars erected around it and a roof put over it to pro tect it from tho weather. I saw about thirty vol umes filled witli tho names and comments of par sons who had visited it, hssidos thuso names in scribed on the walls. Snrird.iin ut that time con tained ship yards, but of late years little ship building has been done there, still it is a very hllAV nlnrn Ivltnn ll.A icin.t ltlnwa n llinra n.n! more than four hundred wind mills in its imme diate vicinity, and many of them are of great dimensions. Grazine; is the principal business of tho farmer in this part of Holland, and hun dreds of fat cattle and sheep ate sent wockly to Loudon. Their emtio and sheep were fine and in excellent condition, and their dames were fil ling with butter and cheese. - I wsited a pattern dairy house and I hope it will not cause a dis- ,1-1. ! - .1 - I ..... reusn lor uie cuecse uy describing it, Jluilding being very expensive hare, the farmer oconomis es as much as possible, and usually on those farim one building servos for both man and beast. Tho houso part is a pattorn for neatness, from which you havo but to pass a door and enter a stable. That has a tloor of brick well cement ed, and tho walls and partitions are well white washed, and to proveut th' cows from defacing them with their tails, they tm thoin up by a cord to rings in a beam above. Tho cows have snug and warm quarters there, but tho winter being past, thoy aro turned out to graic, and the stable is scraped nnd new white-washed, and thus be comes tho dairy room, and from its extreme neat ness, no person would Buppnse it was cvjr used fur viler purposes. The milk was certainly very sweet and the butter and cheose both looked nice. They make the small round cheeses, and instead of salting them in tho usual manner, when only in part pressed, thoy are taken out nndjmt in brum to itnbibo the salt At nearly every house in Amsterdam, 1 saw one or mora females employed either in washing, scrubbing, shaking of rugs, or such like cleaning up work, nrd so general was the business, that I conclud ed i was a time fixed upon by consent of all for a general cleaning up, but on enquiry I wustold It was no more general than on every day in tho year. 1 can only say there may be such a tiling as a waste of labor in extreme neatness. But I must toll you about Brock, a town of eight or nino hundred in nbiUms, a few miles from A That is admitted as the paradise of all neutness, even in Holland. It is situated on the borders of a small lake with several canals passing through it. .Neither horse or carriage is admit ted within tho place. The streets are narrow and pavod with light and dark colorod brick, which aro swept daily like a floor Most of the homes were shining with dark green paint, though other colors were allowable. All tho front doors were closed and it is said are never opened but to admit the new brido or carry out corpse lor uuriai. My guiue. a worthy man to appearance, informed ine that he went with a Russian Geucral, at the tune the Emperor visit ed the place, to call on the Burgomaster, but the wife refused to open the front door, saying, you know we never open that door, and they wore compelled to enter at the side one. n leaving, however, tho Burgomaster said to the General, 1 will pay you tho highest compliment in my pow cr, I will open my front door. The front room is never used except upon extraordinary uious, and the window and blinds are kept clos. cd except on a particular day in each vtk, when S thoy aro opened and tho room and furniture dusV ted by tho mitrcss of tho house, aftor which tho blinds are closed ond the roam locked. Tho whole placo had a sombre nppoarelico, nnd such an awful stillness reigned there, I really lolt tin comfort bio oven the children seemed to hao no disposition for play, but moved about like old people. I entered no house, but trom the pre cision and neatness without and the rows of shoes by the doorside, I have no doubt the inte rior fully equalled the rxterior. It is said that for ogee thcro have been but few marriages out of their own community. K. VERMONT POLITICS. Liberal County Convention. At a Convention called and liolden nt the Courthouse in Montpehor, on tho ilOth day of July loan, Theodore ritrong tjm., oi uornn was chosen President pro tern, and J. A. Vnil Esq., of Montpclicr was nppointed Secretary pro tern. On motion, Voted that a committee of fire be oppointod to present nominations for the perman ent organization of the convention) Jas. M. Cur rier, lq, of Northfield, C. F. Walker of More town. Harvey Johnson of Berlin. A. L. Cham berlain of Middlesex, and Eli Broco of Fays ton, were appointed said rommittce. On motion, tho convention niljoiirnod till half- past 1 o'clock, r. M. AFTERNOON. The convention met ncreenbly to adjourn ment. The committee on nominations made their report, ns follows : For President, THEODORE STRONG. For I'icc Prosideuis, William S. Smith, Harvet Jom.nso.v. for Secrtiary, Timothy J. IlunriAnn, which report was accepted, and the nominations confirmed by thn convention. On motion, Voted that n committee of two be nppointed from cadi town represented, to present ri nomination for County officer, to bo support ed at the next September election. The following persons were appointed said committee: Harre. Timothy Dudley, Jesse Scott. llerlin. Looimrd Ellis, Joshua Line. MUUltMX.h. I Chamberlain, Curtis Has kins. Mortlovnt. C. F. Walker, Joseph Sawyer. Calais John Rich. John White, Jr. PUtitfidd. David Fay. I last MonlptUtr. - Ira Siblry, A. S. Brown. Montptlitr. Levi Boutwell, A A. Sweet. XorthfiM. James M. Currirr, R. H. Little. Duxbitn. Oliver Clark, James Stuart. Il'anen. Richard Sterling. Fnyslon.S. W. Fisher. Eli Bruco. Il'aterbury. Augustus Haskins, T. B. Search On motion of Levi Uoutwell, a committee of live was appointed by the Chuir to report resolu tions. viz : jHCKson A. Vail, .ilontpelier : Asa (iforge i aiais ; Harvey Johnson, llerlin; A. L ( ham berlain. Middlesex ; David U. Fay, I'lamfiuld. Subsequently the committee on nominations made the following report: For Scwitms, JESSE SCOTT, l!..r,.-, JOSEPH MOODY Jr. Wateihurv. for .itssittanl Judges. ROGER O. BUCKLEY, Moietown. ELI BRUCE, I'ayston. Judge of Probate. JACKSON A. VAIL, Moutpelier. Stalt'e .Women, M H. SESSIONS, WaitBfield. High Sheriff-, J. M. RICHARDSON, Waitsfield. llish ItadilT. LEVI BOUTWhLU, rtfontpelior. The report was accoplod, nnd the nominations, uunnimoasly confirniod. ComraiUco on Resolutions by their chairman made report of the following Preamble and Uuu olutionB : Whereas, at tho last eessi 'ii of the Vermont Legislature, an act was passed, commonly cul led Jhu '"Jlaino Liquor L-iw," nrslet circumstan ces Calculated to excite stirprws mid fsgrel a tnong temperate nrl fair minded men awl well calculated, it the hct Uselr was not liable to strong constitutional objections, to arousu a spirit oi opposition, to n measure pushed by trick and in hot ha3te through the fornrH of legislation, and w herons, tho act aforesaid in its most sub stantial and material provisions is iinunnl, vio lent, arbitrary ,nnd tyrannical " and in no other time, since the tculcinent of tho country, unless in the parly and dmkest penod of New Lug. lands' history, can an act continuing more bigo try and intolerance be found," feud wlieroiis, "fccaroely n section of the art that is not liable to strong and unanHwerable objections, eitlu r on constitutional grounds, or admitted axioms ot policy and justice, or on (eiierully recognized uud woll understood doclrinus of civil iVimloin. and its arbitrary and Uraniuml character, its bold and reckless disi eg ird of personal rvrhUJ iniiiorio acKnowiei gjd as sacred, and its utter incomiwtibility witn the principles and spirit of our institutions, appears on the tace ot the act. And wnoeas," the net naturally excites animos ity, strife and contention in the' community, and fills our courts with costly and vexatiouo nuea- turn," mid it is justified by its friends Ukui the solo ground tint it was intended to promote the public weitare-'- and all expenenco has shown tint whenever civ il liberty is invaded it is und -r fair nnd plausible p.olensew of the public good, und for the moral or social, religious or politi cal advnntsgo or improvement of the people." And whereas, wo are in favor of temperance in all things, whether in matters of religion, eat ing drinking or legislation. 'And wo do not belie vo that the temperate uo of liquor, especially of wine, or cider, fur health, strength, or innocont exhilaration, either of the body or mind, is, of itself, n crime or vice any moro than a tmnpeiate uie of food and to call ii either, would be an exaeaeration. a ho contradicted by scrinturo. hislorv. nnd the uni versal history and practice of the chrhrtiim world" aim wherons " the wrons to society, consists not in the temperate uae of liquor, but in using it to excess : and any law, intended cither to prevent or punuh tho wrong or abuse, should not only bo suited to tho and aimed at, and freo from ntiy woll founded objection on constitution al grounds, but should go no farther than justice, sound policy, nnd public opinion will clearly warrant," and whereas the act aforesaid is liable to all the objections above set forth and in con filet with the principles wo have abovo in.licui' ed,and with our views ot Uie natural andconsti- tut.onal rights ol tho people, and to numerous other objections ; among winch, wo declare that, it is more likely to increnso than suppress in tomperanco It authorizes tho invasion, and opening inspection not only the places of busi ness but the fireside of nil our citizens. It ex poses tho domestic hearth to the official search and judicial enquiry of some executive officers perhaps instigated and witnessed by those who are prouipieu oy curiosity, nialigiuty, or revenge. It allows nil the judicial caprice, of an execu tive officer to arrest thu citizen, and seize his property lor connscation. It allows the arrest of the citizen and his in carceration in jail, and during the discretion of n Biicrin, aeputy snenii, cunt-lable, town grand juror or (elect roan. It authorizes the town commissioner to com- pot a town to deal in iiquurs without their con. sent and a person apjiointed by the commis sioner to purchase an unlimited quantity of li quors at the expense and on tho credit of tho town, in whoe appointment the town has no voice, and over whom they have no control, and for whose fidelity thev havo no second-. It inflicts cruel and unusual punishments upon o uiuzrn woo snau oxoreue the right ol hospital ity to his cuest, friend or neighbor in fivinrr him at his own houso a glass of winb, nle, or oi der. It inflicts penalties of fines and imprisonment upon physicians' and apothecaries who mix li. quors with their medicines and dual it out to tho SICK. It makes criminal and penal tho giving away orsellmgof a gallon of cider for medicinal oi culinary purposes, but allows the sale of five gal Ions or moro for such purposes, (hereby compel ling a poor man with u small family to buy four gallons more thau ho wants, or go without the one gallon. It compels any person accused of aching or giving cider or alo or wino to n srek neighbor, or friend, to give excessive and unreasonable bail before he shall bo allowed tho right to appeal, thus depriving him of a right given to all other persons accused of crime. It infringes upon the right of trial by jury and indeed it would seem upon tho right to trial at all, in florae cases. In soino counties tho right to a jury trial is allowed nnd in others it is denied. It provides that a person accused of an offence under section 19, shall bo deprived of introduc nig evidence in his defense, which is nllowed in all other criminal trials by tho rmcs ol the com mon law. Why tint prohibit the accused from producing any evidence at nil ? It authorizes tho seizure and connscation, and instruction of a man's property without his con sent, nuil without making him any compensation llierelore and this too, in n criminal prosecu Hon, in which ho is not allowed tho fair and im partial trial which the Constitution provides fur every man. Il authoriies and compols tho courts to ad judge a man to bo guilty of boing a common seller nt intoxicating liquors in certain cases.anu lined S 100 and costs, when he has never been accused ofsuch an offence, nnd never been tried for it; nnd worse even than that, where there is no proof, that he has oversold a drop of liquor. Tho act instead of presuming a man innocent until proved guilty, presumes a man, from whoso custody the officer takes liquor under section Iti, guilty of having it with the intent to sell, without a panicle of legal evidence being intro duced in court ngatnst hun. I'y tno net, it a person purcimtcs liquors in Boston or Now York or elsewhere, not of the town agonts, for his own family use, or has a barrel of -cider hi his cellar of his own trranufne tofe, ary &rM may' go and take the liquors out of his possession by force, without law or right,and convert the sanislo Ins own tuo, nnd the owner has no redress for the injury. Sec. Ul denies tun all right of r tioii for the trespass. And, whereas, the natural nnd inalienable right of tho people to be protected in the securi ty of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness and in acquiring holding and enjoying pro erty ; their right to be cecure in their houses, person and effects from tinrpasomble searches and seizures ; und their right in all criminal ac cusations, to a fair nnd impartial trial by jury ; to introduce evidence in their dolence ; to be con fronted with the witnesses against them ; and to liave right aud justice freely ; were purchased by our" Revolutionary sires with blood nnd treasure ami secured to thorn and their children, nnd to us by the constitution of the Union, and by the constitution of our own State; and those nacred rights are violated and infringed upon by said act in the roost bold nnd reckless manner & said act passed the Legislature under circumstances which have no precedent in the annals of our Legislation. And whereas, in oor opinion the ac'. was and is wholly unnecessary, ns the former act in force at the time of the passage of this was sufficient, if enlbrcod. to prevent i lie unlicensed sale of in toxicating drinks and was as strimonl in its pro- '' visions as public sentiment would warrant and ! was not Imoli to tho many constitutional oDjec ' Hons which we quote in the " M.une ,ict," And whereas tho " Maine act" so e.UUd in ' some of the most essential features li.is already i boon pronounc, d unconstituiionnl hv the Su preme Court ot '.he Stute ot .New Hampshire. ' .....I Ku tk., lT...f n.l ttti,d f 'tr.iit t t if, 11 n.iilo Island, nod by eminent jurists in this State, aud elsewhere. Thertfort Iltsolvcd, 'I hat the act aforesnd conflicts with the constitution of the Union, and infringes, upon tho natural and inalienable rights of tho peoples n arbitrary, violent and tyratncul in its provisions ; and us execution nas uecn au ministered with a spirit of persecution and fan aticism worthy of the days of theSalerr. witch craft. llcsolccd. thatsaid net ought to be immediately and unconditionally repealed, and we hereby af firm and declare that wo will support no man for office who"te not in favor of its repoal. And be it further Jiesolved, 'I hat wo hereby form ourselves into a political organiza'ion to bo called jjiid known asu .Liberal l'arty for tho purpose. o,the immediate repeal of said act,.' I'csBtsttlTVA the icket this day nominated tie recobir3sd to the Liberal ana ternmrate freemen oY Uie County, as composed of title, faithful, and competent men, worthy of the sup port of all 'Vnrnnt who think moro of their na tural and constitutional rights, than thoy do of the importations of Neal Dow, and his army of intolerant followers. The report was accepted and on tho question of the adoption of the same, tho Convention was nildrrssed by J. A. Vail, Doctor A George, William H. Smith and others, ami the preamble and resolutions were unanimously adopted. (in motion, it was voted that the committee on numinous for euch Town, be authorised to appoint town committees in their respei tive towns. On motion, it was voted that the pro ceedings of this Convention be signed by its of liecrs, and furnished to the proprietors of each newspaper, and that they be rtoursted to publish the saino in their respective papers un til September election. On motion, the I onvention adj. THEODORE STRONG, Pres. W. S. Smth. v Presidents. JUitvnT John? ON, J TlMUTHT J. IlCHBARD, See. For the Wielim4n and Jsrril. Mr. WAt.TO.v I notico by your remarks, commenting upon the Liberal Convention, that youeeoin to think the repeal of the "Maine Li quor act, so called, passed at uie lan session ut the Leg stature, would bo to " legalize tho unli censed sale of intoxicating liquors." I presume that you did not think that tlio repeal of the set of the last soasion would mire and restore the act in existence- before the passage of the act of the last session. But such is tho fuct. The new net repeals the act then in existence so far ns the same conflicts with the new net ; and by the le- peal ot the repealing act, the old or original act then in foreo comes into life again, and stands upon tho etatuto book as the law of tho land. I think your comments upon the convention and the liberal party wore hardly just or in ac cordance with your usual courtesy. I suppose the freemen of Wnkhington County who are op posed to me mniue L.iquor act, n&ie just as much richtto meet and express their opinion in rolati -ii to my measure of legislation, or to any act of the Leg slature, as its supporters, without being called the " new rum party," or disorgani zes, or enemies to law and order. I supposed that U4"inrri who onaoced an act of thsLe-ait- lature by frrttng for its repeal, which they thought was aronrary, tyrannical nuu uiivuiisuiuiionai, were the friends of law. I have always thought that the Constitution was tho bupremo law of the land, and that all thoso who stood by Uie Consti tution, and vvere in favor of tho repeal of all sets of the Legislature which infringed upon that palladium ot our liberties, wo ro tne true mends of "law and order," Hut I shuuld judge by your remarks that you thought otherwise. And I per ceive by a cull for a Maine Law Convention to be held the lUtli of August that tho writer of that call is of the same opinion as yourself, and therefore, it may be that 1 am mistaken in sup posing that the friends and bupporters of tho Conutitution are the friends of law and order, unless they also support tho " Maine Liquor Law," notwithstanding it may boldly and reck lessly infringe upon the natural lights of the people secured to them in our Hill of Rights. Of this matter let tho people judge. One would suppose from your remarks and comments about the Liberal Convention, that you wuuld not sanction or give countenanco to any ninveinciit wherein the Maine Law" should be made n issue in tho coining election. Rut before concluding your comments, if I under stand the moaning of your language correctly, you adopt, sanction and recommend tho very course which hi tlio foro part of your comments you so iiointcdly condemn. And it seems that this is not a new matter with the friends ot the " Maine Law." Its great originator, champion, and expounder, in tills state, Dr. Powers, the ed itor of the Maine Law organ, lias recommended and advocated this issue from tho beginning ; and only a few weeks since he recomu ended, in his paper, to the Franklin County Maino law Whigs, not to vote for Jwo of the Whig candi dates for Senators in that County, becauso they who opposed to tlio Maine Law, The Aurora of tho Valley, printed at Now bury, takes ground in favor of tho usue of the Maine Law or no Maine Law. And tho Orleans County Temper ance Maino Law Convention, held at Barton on the 14th day of July last, in their 7th resolution, declared that they could not rote for mtninouti fo be opposers of the Maine Law tofdl offices of truit in toicvs, county or state, but tcoutd vote jor those in javor til Hit law. louuonoi scorn to object to or condemn the Jriends of tho Maine act tor malting this matter an issue tn tho approaching rlection. It is all right for them to do so, but it is nil wrong for tlio friends of repeal to do so It is all right for the friends of the law to hold a convention on the subject, nnd re solve that thoy will not vote for any one for of fice in favor of its repeal. But it is all wrong for tho fricndi of repeal to hold a convention and de clare that thoy will vote for the fnonds of repeal, nnd for those only. I suppose that mon of liber al views on this qiies'lon, have the samo right to vote for whom they please, and to so declare and resolve in convention, as the Maine Law men have. If I understand your view of tho Maine Law, it is that it should not be repealed, but modified somewhat, if necessary, thourh not so much ns tn dostroy the substantial features or principle of tho act. in mis, noerai mpii diller w.th you. Thoy require such modifications as would destroy the substantial part of the act winch vanes the new net lrom the act existing in 183'J. 1 hey think that the Maine act was wholly unnecessary nnd ought to be repealed, nnd if repealed, it would leave the old net in force. It would seem to be fair to place the matter where it stood when the Maine act was passed, for the reason that the Maine act was not fairly considered, end was un fairly sent nnd retained from .ho possesion of the Hnusoof Representntives. The House reques ted its return to thorn for further consideration by a vote of 1 1 majority. Fair 1'i.av. Montpelier, Aug. 8, ISM. REMARKS. In the exercise of that courtesy, for which " Fair Piny" gives us credit, wo have given his communication above, and the proceedings in full of the Liquor Convention. We now pro pose to remark briefly on throe points. 1. On tlx effect of an unconditional repent of the present law. We aro aware that the effect of repeal is to restore the act of )e!0 ; but we insist that the consequence of that restoration is to permit an unlicensed traffic in "rum and ruin." What was the fact under the law 0f! 1850 ? Every body knows that rum was sold freely, here and elsewhere throughout the coun try. Hardly n day passed, in which you could not find barrels of the most poieonous of nil "rot gut" in the depot of this village, marked with signs which, however cabalistic or mysterious to the unitiated, indicated wholesale and re tail dealers in the article. Rod noses flourished, delirium tremens got its victims, public and pri vate peace were often distuibed,and drunkenness never increased so rapidly, since the first day of the temperance movement in this community, as I in the years 1851-2. This town and county got a bad name abroad, and retnin it now. We know tins to be true. "Fair Plav" knows it to be 1 true : nnd yet what did the Inw of loO avail ? 1 1 Who, among th" hundreds of unlicensed traffic ers in this county, were stopped? How nnnv prosecutions were there We have examined I the records of the county court, and find that during the two years' existence of that law, there were tes than one dozen prosecutions uiulrr it in ll'aslungton County Court ! In short, there were just cltttn prosecutions, and convictions in nil, and thee were all at tho last term of 1852 ! Enough 1 1 this point of view. There is another. What is tho consoqunce of uncondi tional repeal If it dots tiotsutttul 1 " Fair Play" takes tho ground that the law is unconstitution al void of course; a nullity of course; and the Liquor Convention avows this doctrine. What is the inevitable tendency ofsuch a proclama tion by a convention respectable in nurnsenantl character, and by I lawyer of good standing in his profession? We submit that it is an open proclamation to the people to disregard the law ; to treat it as no law ; to trample it under foot ; to j convict and punWi no offender. To um up in our language last week : "the liquor convention has raised the issue of unconditional repeat and also the issue, :n fact if not in form, whether an ! unlicensed traffic in rum and ruin is to be legale - 1 ed (i c. ncrmitted as it'leirnl.l or il. Inwr ,t" ii,e laud is to be despised und violated wiui impuni ty" precisely lis was the act of IH.10. 2. The Constitutional objection. We do not doubt the right of ' Fair Play," or of any body obje, to entertain, and on nil proper occasions and for proper purposes to express, his opinions op this question. Now grant, if you please, tf at the objection is well Uken. We say, then, it forms no excuse or warrant for the formation 'of an anti-liquor law party. If the law is un constitutional, it is not the office of any parly to set tlio law aside. No party can be tho judge to decide that point. This belongs to the Courts, and it is enough to say, that if the law is uncon stnutional, it will be authoritatively pronounced so : and from that moment the law will be dead. No " repeal" will be required. A ' repeal party" is therefore entirely unnecessary. We ore 6iirpiic4 that eogood a lawyer as "Fair Play" has failed to perceive tlio absurdity of i.b- stituting an irresponsible and powerless political party in place of the Supreme Court. a. ISringiHg the question into polttics. " Fair Play" beonwlo think that wo havo changed our opinions on this point : that wo have been against bringing tho question into politics, whereas wo are now in favor of it. He is considerably mis taken. Our opinions are changed in no respect : our course may bo changed; but if it is, the re sponsibility rests entirely with " Fair Play" and his associates. The. u havo forcod upon all par ties in tho county the question of Rum or No Rnm the Iaw or UepaaL . They nave said to every candidate, and to all parties, " wo will vote foi no man unless he is for the repeal of the law." Their war cry is, " lepeal or Defeat" nnd it is in the very spirit of tho highwayman "your purse or your life." We say they havo done this. We aro not unmindful of "Fair l'lay's" plea, drawn from Dr. Power's "Standard," tlio "Aurora," and tho Orleans County Tempernnco meeting. Our answer is, that no Temperance ticket had been nominated any where, or by any body no political convention had meddled with the law and in this county tho Whig conven tion had resolved "to raise no new issue " Tho Rum convention it, and it only lias " raised a new issuo," and it is but fair to suppose that they intend to make us take it, or rebel. Wo don't liko tho dose. Clear, it would be bad. Mixed, six parts locofoco to two parts Whig, tho thing eHall not gn down our throat. We havo not chang ed opinions or principles on this subject : but wo tell Fair Play" that he nnd his associates Aaie forced upon us, and upon every freeman of tho county, a new and important question of duty. "Fair Play" has arrayed himself against the whig ticket in this county, by pledging himself to an other ticket, six eighths locofoco, aud three of them on the regular locofoco ticket: does ho think that tlio Whigs of the county havo not tho right of self-defence, and to cbooso their inoJo of de fence ? We tell him that he has required us to cxerciiu tills right has raised a new question. It is this: will you go for unconditional rep tal in order to tavo tho votes of these gentlemen who propose most kindly to cut your throats political- ly ifyou won't do it ? or will you for thenonco turn to and unite with all men of nil parties who nro disinclined to tako their politics at tho edgo of the knife or the twang of tho bow-string, nnd de fend yourselves by defeating them? 2'Aafisthe question forced upon us. Wo nre ready to tako this course if It appears to bo tho best one. Wo arc ready to unite with free toilers, democrats and whigs, against this movement, and to try the is sue, if the issue can be fairly tried. That re mains to bo seen. Tho Convention of Saturday next will dctcrmino it. Wo hopo nnd expect that men of nil parties will attend, nnd that the result may be nn agreement of men of all parties upon n county ticket fairly representing each party. Wo do not expect that it will mako tho present law a Shibboleth, nor do we desire to havo it do so. Wo do hopo that it will go against unconditional repeal, nnd in yawr of the purpost of the present law, and in favor of judicious a mendmcnts such as may obviate nil rcasonablo objections, and yet leave the law efficient for eve ry good purpose. That is reasonable, right, prac ticable ground; and it seems to us that no man can object to it, unless his real purpose in to pro mote nn unlicensed traffic, and open wido the flood gales of drunkenness, and public and social disorder. The people of the State by thousands demanded such n law ; the people of the State havo formnlly approved it ; and wo cannot doubt that the public voice, if it can bo ngnin fairly had, nnd tho public good will equally require such a course. A few words as to tlio state of parties in this county. In November last the Presidential voto was as fallows : Scott, 1102 Pierce, 12.'11 Hale. 1217 On a fair party vote, therefore, the Whig party was in a plurality On that vote it would havo elected its whole county tickot ; nnd we do not d ubt that the fact indicated by this vote was the very thing which imluced sundry political opera tors in this county to resort to means which in other tiraM would be stigma'ised in any party. Tho first step was to form locofoco nnd freo soil tickets, which embraced n coalition of these two parties upon four candidates for one of theso candidates taking Mr. WiictiLrn, who voted for the Liquor Law last year. Sofarthu liquor law was no objtncle, certainly. Then came the rub, how to save the rest of the locofoco lioket, and defeat both freesoilert and bigs ; and it was solved by getting up an anti-liquor law ticket, and putting on those of the locos who were in danger. This has been tlio course of the Patriot clique : willing to take cither horn, or auy number of horns, to suit their purposes. We say ' the Pat riot clique," for so we learn. They chuckled over the Liberal Convention as a wisely arranged trick of theirs, controlled by getting in the right men ; and Eastman himself has begged temper ance men of his own party to bend tho knee to rum in order to save their ticket. This, we think, 1 is a fair statement of the case, t lught lugs 1 and freesoilert and democrats to countenance such management t That is the question. (jy While condemning the Liquor Conven tion, we feel bound to condemn also the spirit and sundry statements of the Woodstock Stan dard concerning it Somo of the alleged facts arc not facts ; tho Standard has greatly exaggerat ed the whole matter, and in our opinion il has not done its cause any good service by iU The Temperance Question. A Stato Tempor ance Convention was held it Springfield, Mess , Inst week. It was fcfly attended. In Massa chusetts as in Vermont, a liquor law is in suc cessful operation ; and there as here, the oppo nents of the law have made its repeal a para mount political question at the coming state election. Among other appropriate resolutions the following was passed with much unanimity: lletnhed. I hat the preservation and (iidicious 1 amendment of the lawere ol higher moment , '"'l ""nsiderations-of part) ; that this is to 1 i. . . upon us as such uy oui-trpnnjeiile, am accept- ed ! ourielvoB ; that we iwfh esury voter that he 1,h n.it misled in respect tnihe is.-ue and tlio bearing of Ins vote ; and earnestly r. commend to our Irituds to attend Uie pi unary meetings of their several parti' s, ascertain forthwith the po sition of evt ry nominee, and secure if possible the nomination of candidates who will be true to the best interests of the Commonwealth. 1 he above resolution breaths the right spirit. Let the Freemen of Vermont, who will be cal led upon to speak out on the same question at the polls in September next, on whom tho tem perance question is forced, as a political one, act out the tame noblo spirit that animates tho friends of the best of causes in Massachusetts. Let them show to the world, tlial in this, as well as other quastuins, Vermont is the " star that uevor sets." X. Tbi th VV auhtun. Mr.. EpiTon, Vour remarks, last week, in re lation to the recont " rum convention," (so called, for brevity's snko,) I believe will receivo thu hearty approval of the friends of law and order and temperance, throughout the county and the state. Not only of wings, but of the temperate and the considerate of nil ji&itieg. 'I he liquor liarisites, rum republicans and v". lngg of all spir its but the genuine Whig spirit of 70, have held their convention and issued thoir war manifesto and go for unconditional repeal, and no quarter. Well, let tho war come and the bullets fly. We may as well " meet the enemy" and make them " ours," at ono time as well as another. If thoy prefer the ballot box to the cartridge box. why. just fight them with their own weapons, and give mem a uecent Hogging, rut mem wnero tney will stay put. alter election. There aro soldiers in thu temperance ranks to be eiied on at all times, and ready (Br nny emergency. None of your sham-patriots, who fight for tho spoils but men of muscle and of principle, who have enlis ted for life, if the war lasts so ha" ; and are pre pared fur " war to the knife and the knife to tho hilt," if their opponents desire it. 1 think the opposers (if the Vermont Liquor Law who have, of their own free will and accord publicly soun ded the tocsin of repeal, had a perfect right to do so. Let thein enjoy tho privilege. If thero is not enough of the spirit of '7' in the temper ance ranks of Wasiilnotpm County to put tho foo to flight, the county is not worthy the namo it bears. Tk-to-tal, If'indsor County, Tho rummies put two of tho locofoco candidates for the Senate on their ticket, and lico uhigs who were on no other tictuts. Tho design, of course, was to get whig votes for locofocos, which votes would possibly count to mako an election of these locos, while every lo cofoco voto for the two Whigs, who were on no other ticket, would amount to just nothing. Tho same game is attempted in Washington County, as our readers have seen. Where is tho Whig who will sell his vote so cheaply ? It is u bar gain to be ashamed of. I'. S. Hon. Solomon Kcyes, one of the whigs who was put on to tlio rum ticket in Windsor, has interposed his veto, in the following sensible letter to tlio Windsor Journal. Good. Readi.no, July 25 ie5.'l. Mr. 1'niTort: As my namo has been placed upon a Senatorial ticket nominated at Conven tion, assembled at Woodstock oulho 4th instant, I deem it my duty to decluiu that nomination. I am a big ; and if the people of Vermont can not expect justice and moderation at the hands of a Whig Legislature, I know not upoa whit party they can rely. I certainly prefer to truit tho making of new laws, nnd the correction of past errors in legislation, to that political nartJ which hns so long enjoyed tho confidence of tha people of this Stato. In my opinion, whatever support is rendered by tho Whigs of Wln,l,. County to this "People's Ticket," will be ao much nid given Inwards electing two Locoloco ' Senators from this County, and I cannot consent .i.o..uiui.-tiiai in juutiuuinp; sucn a result. oui-vjjiuiN KKYES. Chittenden County. A coalition has been tu rned again betweon the old liners and free sod. ors. tho latter swallowing a regular Pierce tick et, in consideration of having a single free soil, or (formerly a Whig) put on for Judge of Pro bate. It strikes us that tho free soil leaders ! themselves " dog cheap." Wo cnn'i help what tho H'rtchman's " V"m. say In relation to Mr. Jewctt's namo in cornier, tion with tho governorship. He, and every one else who attended tho Democratic State t on. vention, knows what ho " nllirins" to bo false Spirit of the .Ige, ll'oodstoek. Wo Anoi what wn affirmed to bo true, and so do the delegates from Addison County to the Democratic State Convention, ond so, also inn Mr Solomon W. Jewott, tho vulgar charges of falsehood, by the editor of the Age, " to the con trary notwithstanding." David A. Smalley, Esq. This undented leader of tho Old Hunker par ty and Collector for the District of Vermont, has just visited the little port of Canaan for the pur- liuso 1 1 Bun-wing some suiudio person tor Dep uty Collector mid Inspector. 1 hero nre some half dozen applicants for the office, nnd we aic informed by high democratic authority that he has nvowed to the one selected, tint be mu-t sisnu reaoy at nil times and in every einerirenrv to devote his timo nnd money to the support of the old line Democratic party, under the pen illy of being removed in n foitmght. U e l.eieV.. the salary at the port of Canaan is $-Mo per annum, but since the completion of the Atlantic and St. Iiwrencc Rail Road, the business i t ken away from Canaan, so much so that thee arc competent men who will, and haveolTere.!. to take charge of the ofilco for $15(1 neran num. But no; this Baint of the pny inn-e keep up tho salary, awl have it expended i, -the support of the old hnr regency. we would nsk tho good people and ntirntu ,,t our enlightened country if we nie to he rule.!, governed and gagged by eurh officials ' A', we to remain mum, and sink into polio, il ranuy with no higher morality thn mmi makes right"? Aro we to be led by the , ., nnd made to obey the commands of Fuch un principled party leaders ? The time has l . i in this northeast corner town tn tho State i Vermont, when somo half dozen mdivuiua - nt ! . Locofoco dynasty managed the wheels in ii party machinery their own way, and the n . - ignorant, nd consequently more bom st ..ir the clique, were led along in the un: us if . magic. And here we use id the charac r 4 i i. Smalley, the head, soul, Biid bu.lv nt o, I ( lid Hunkers 111 .Vermont, Ihat'princip.e w ; would be mo-e congenial to the darK np , to tins enlightened age of our exist, iv e. V. Iliad hoped such time had passed, hi. in , names were of paramount impoitjrice in , pies, when honest freemen would let a ! ,cal jngjjleredo ali the planning nnd jo v 1 tho virion party inov.-inoiits, wuho .t n inn. " wh) do ye so 5 But we are lulhi'g on -s- .. into the belief that such times are limit, d 'i. the intelligent part of our ficeimn u ,, m fiom their slumber, to think and act l-.r '!: . selves, put down unprincipled office m.-r., and break away from all political juggling, and act like freo slid independent men. Canaan, Vt., Aug. 1, I8.VJ. Iisrii.i.n Ifore Ilatmony.-On Thursday, week, i Democracy of llennington County met in I vention, and after rejecting two or three nmvm tions made by their Committee, promptly la d reioluunn approving their State ticket on th te ticket cm Km- II pleasant taie . ' IV andidatc t. rti v i conventi'.n tu.l II tame, ana adjourned in highly , feeling. Mr. Robinson, their ca ernor, was a member of the doubtloss felt highly complimented by the pn.- ccedings. it is a somenhut nignincniit f, u t tut only one or two County Convention-" in t,.. State havo made any allusion whatever in tne resolutions totho national administration. llal ' tteboro' FagU. The foregoing is confirmed by a letter fr -. Marvin Dole, Esq., a delegate to the Convent i n ho announces in the llennington Dinner t I " we ;the locos) shall call a new Convii: which will be composed of men who will not 1 our State nominations on the table nor uiiuc.- i Till. Watchiuh denies the charge rf u. ' paper week before last, that the edi or .id- t Gov. Fairbanks to leave out of his message ', . pan recommending the Maine Liquor Li.- l erhaiH wo did not draw our indictments r.. enough to prevent him from dodging the ! tti Rut where is the great difference between arh i ing the Governor to leave out from the M sage a clause which he had actually intc-rt. and advising him not tn iut in one win.:, had prepared or concocted with the ir.tcni' of inserting f If tho editor, with one i two whig leaders, did not advise one or ' othrr of these courses, tliey wero sadly bi l.c about thoso days, by their own political as ate -that's all. Green Mountain Freeman. It is tho Freeman which ii dodging nut tit Watchman. Wu have before said that (-"' ernor Fairbank's message never contain i clause recommending the Maino Law. now say that ho never prepared or "concocuc' a clause " to put in," which recommended i I Maine faw. Porlnps somebody did belie about this matter that sometimes occurs: bt ruully woeupposu that somebody niisnndenduft tho facts very much as the editor of the Fr man persists in doing. Certain papers of tho State aro endeavor t to excite prejudico against Gov. Fairbanks, a circulating a story that he struck out lrom " inossago. last fall, n recommendation of Maine law, by request of somo Wings. U know this to bo a sheer fabrication. Notlii"." the kind ever occurred. Certain Tempi ri' men wiUd such a reeommsudation mse after the message in its present form was cte ally printed which strikes us as a very li ft' ent matter. Middltbury Reg. (Cf Tho Green Mountain Freeman if' i mites that Messrs. Moody, Sessions and Hicna" son wero put on the liquor ticket without u- ktHiwIedrrn or eminent. Thev will decline. t!('l wWt they ? Whatever may have been'- action of these gentlemon personally, we ' assured that thoir friends, sundry vriro movef 1 the locofoco party in Montpelier, managed toel cure their noinimtion by the Liquor Cuiiventi! The tiling was well managed, too only tf! imbibed rather too big a "horn," and vui! Pe sibly come to tho grass. Such is tho usual w sequence of undertaking to carry too muco, Major Eastman & Co. have had their H Convention in Montpelier, but we do notw exactly how they ca mo out Probably 11 "little end of the horn." llurlington Coun" They have taken the " horn" butt, tip contents. How thoy will " como out," rem1 to be seen. A Glorious Example. Tlio noble Whigs of old Kentucky hve1 rrlnrinna nvpmnln fnr Vnrmnnt tllVllllT ftf a handsome majority in both branches oftbet. n.i !... r ,!,. .n niembf1' Congress. The delegation stood 5 whigs tclJ locofocos last year : now it stands 8 whig 15 : l,nfo U'll .!., I I'. S M'l.n tnenv elnini fnor' or five CO'81 f m Ky. Tennessee end Missouri reported 1