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lUatcljman & State Journal.
K. V. WAITOX, JK., KDITOIt. Tliiirsilny, Oct. 20, must. Political Complexion of the House Election Returns. On Thursday tho balloting for Speaker in the House indicated 03 Whigs. Adding Mr. Gran dey, who did not vote, tho number of whigs is 94, On the 22d of September we gave tho list of Whigs as being 113, including .Mr. Prich- ard or JJradford, of whose return we then ex pressed a doubt. Mr. Prichard was not return od, and our classification of the Whig members was, therefore, entirely correct. The ballot for Speaker, taking tho highest for each democratic and frecsoil candidatu at any one ballot, showed Democrats 80 Frecsoilers 40 On this ballot Mr. Grandcy received only 02 ; and perhaps one Whig voto was counted in the opposition. If so, the opposition strength is 1 10. Our classification in September gave the Democrats 82 and tho frecsoilers 37 total 110, On the whole, our readers will bo satisfied, it is hoped, that wo endeavored to tell the truth. The Senate. Mr. Millington of Hcnnington took his scat on Friday, and Air. Stevens was admitted as t Senator fjr Franklin, in place of Mr. lloguc de ceased, thus adding two to tho Whig column. Wo learn that tho facts in the case of Mr. Stev ens were clearly conclusive of tho matter, and thai tho result was cordially acquiesced in by both personal and political friends of Mr. lloguc, It it pleasant to find occasion for such a record in tho present extraordinary fctato of Vermont politics. The Senato stands politically as follows: Whigs 17 JJrcc Soil Democrats G democrats 0 12 Whig majority 5 Wo beg Icavo to add tliHt Wo havo classified tho opposition on the authority of a free Democ rat. Vermont Politics. A correspondent of tho Rutland Herald ar gues for & spirit of concession as between the Whigs and Frecsoilers, and in tho course of the article makes UioJuU giving remarks, to wliich we respond a hearty dWePJii : "It would pcrhwjFjiio too much to say that there is but one pejfffcnl question at presenkex isting in the Uhigt bjit it is ' not too, rnflfhto assert that lUaSMavtry question is Mtgreat question of tho day that it is tho one nroTind which all others hinge or rest is the ono wind? now, like an " unbidden guest, thrusts its un welcome presence before and between the two grand armies, and is the one, tho appearance of which produces tho present consternation. Political mountebanks may blink this fact wise headed pro-sMvqry men may in their wisdom, and cotton-headed dough laces in their stupidi ty, sneer at it family (political) doctors may shako their .leads, look wiso and recommend " a little moro" nnodync for temporary relief, hut all will not do. The great and important truth is bocom.ng to bo too well understood llir-t Slav cry is of itself a political institution, and that at least its aggrasions and encroachments should bo politically met, is becoming a sentiment in tho minds ol Tsorttiem Irecmen too strong and too powerful to bo longer resisted. I am not now speaking of " afcoiliomsm," as generally understood, nor indued of any abolitionism that wages war aeainst tho constitution, or that in feros with, the honest rights of the sloveholdcr under it-nor yet of that which demagogues seize upon only as a convenient hobby to carry them to political place and preferment. I simply allude to that open, free and manly nnti-elavcrv sentiment that no true Northern freeman can fail to claim as his own which no whole heart ed American can repudiate and without tho possession of which as it seems to mo (iVftn .'Ioiiuiain tretmen (especially) cease to be such : n sentiment which springs as natural from the honest freeman's heart as the first impulse to resist aggression. The Popular KJucaior.Ncvr York, published by Alexander Montgomery Lowell, publish ed by Frederick I'arkcr. Wo havo heretoforo tavorably noticed tho first number. Six numbers aro now beforo us. It is not merely the most beautiful, but also, by all odds, tho most excellent publication for pop lar education. TfCe Ladies' Paper. New York, T.D.Curtis and S. S. Richards, Proprietor. This is a very boautiful paper, well according with its motto " purity;" and moreuvcr, we like its spirit. It defends tho genuine rights of wo men, without entrenching upon the rights of tho maseulinjsi. Tho Ladies' paper is printed by do their work well. Success to the Vk&ZaiU tho ladies. Subscription price $2 (advance. s lMdys ISook lor INovcmber abounds matter and illustrations in tin latter beyond all former precedent In wow of a new volume, we must again commend tho Lady's Book. Tho December number is to contain an engrav ing of Benjamin West's celebrated picture, " Christ Healing tho Sick" engraved, of course, from tho original painting. Appendix to Thompson's Jlrrmoni ; by Zailock Thompson Burlington, Stacy & Jameson. Our thanks are duo to tho author for this val uable addition to the history of Vermont. Of course every man who has 'Thompson's Ver mont," will want tho Appendix ; and every man w ho has neither, can npw furnish himself with the whole in a single volume. For sale by S. 31. Walton, Montpelier. (jy Wo learn that the celebrated importer of tho French Merino Sheep, so favorably known to tho public, S. W. Jewctt, Esq. of Middlebury, Vt, has disposed of his lato importation, entire, consisting of one hnudrcd and eleven, to Hon. U. J. Jones, tho Senator from Addison. This is a very large investment in this kind of stock, and we trust the Senator will meet with his usu si success in this new item of stock, for which our State has become so celebrated. Vermont Colonization Society. The anniversary of this important and grow, ingly popular Society, for benefitting tho colour' ed race, both in our own country and Africa, is to be held at the ll.-ick Meeting Houso in this village, on Ihursday evening of tho present week, at half past six o'clock. An unusually interesting meeting and a full attendence is an ticipated. Mr. Grcsley, recently returned from Liberia, is to be present and address the Society. The religious exercises, the annual reports, the speeches snd the singing, by our excellent choir, will all bo worth hearing. Let the friends of the slave in America and tho oppressed in Afri ca, male and female, all be present, to give life snd iou-rest to the meeting', snd sid to the cause. X. Lthas Aixr.. Do I'nj'i Lifo of "Old E- than" is the latest and best. For sale by S. M. Walton, Montpclicr. The Liquor Law. Tho first bill in the House was introduced by Mr. I'age of Rutland, a well known friend of tho Liquor Law j and as a matter of course we pre sume that the amendments which ho has propos ed will bo regarded with much interest by all parties, indicating, as tho bill docs, that staunch friends of tho law aro ready to cencedo amendments which will obvialo reasonable ob jection?, without infringing upon tho great pur pose of the law, nnd without impairing its effi ciency. Wo shall therefore publish tho bill at our earliest convenience. For tho present we remark that tho objection, that the words "give away," in tho present law, make it penal to givo for really useful or harm less purposes, is obviated by n different cot)1 struction of tho words a construction that for bids any indirect sale, or any giving away fcr tho purposes of intoxication, or whore any de gree of intoxication ensues. The objection I growing out of tho destruction of the liquor seized is obviated by forfeiting the liquor, to bo sold for I ho use of the towns, except such liquor as is adulterated or otherwise unfit for chemi cal, medicinal or meahmieil uses, which is to bo destroyed. Tfio cider clause is repealed, with a proviso which exclddes its salo in taverns, stores, groceries, and other places of public resi rt. J lie bill requires bonds oltlio town agents, for tho security of tho town ; and also requires thn commissioners to appoint town agents when ever mo selectmen require. Ono provision, which throws the burden of proof on the defend ant, is repeaicu, aim anouior suDHiiuiotl ot a proper character. So, also, as to tho provision which provides that tho defendant nny bo con victed as a common soller, although not charg ed with that offence. The right of trial by jury is also secured ; and minor defects are avoided. On the whole, tho bill, wo think, will com mend itself to favorable consideration. Caitets. Tho astonishing low rates for which tho Now Unghind Carpet Company sell such immense quantities ot carpeting, is account ed for only by their heavy purchases at the New York auction trade sales. At their establish ment they soli tapostry carpets for $1 2." per yard, which formerly we considered doing well to purchase for 2 ier yard. They display llrusscls and three ply, also paiutod floor cloths nt less than manufacturer' prices. They have always enjoyed tho reputation of selling all grades of carpeting at much less thin tho usual rates. 1 heir warehouse is located on the cor ner of Ilnnovorand Elm streets, Boston, diiw Mr. Henry Crocker, a workman in tho Island Pond Steam Mill, on Saturday last had his hand and arm drawn into tho feed rolls of a Planing Machine, to the elbow, and crushed to pieces amputation was necessary. Ueorgia Uection. Tho Savannah papers of Saturday contain contradictory statements. Tho News gives returns from 01 counties, and stato the majority of II. V. Johnson at 801) to I0T0. Tho Courier of tho same da'o irives corrected returns from several counties lamely in favor of Jenkins, anil stales that If their advices bo cor rect, Jenkins will bo olected by a'small majority. Tho result is yet uncertain. In the 1st district. both agree that Barlow, (Whig,) is beaten by Seward, (Ddm.) The failure of HuntMoriam & Co., a heavy dry good jobbing houso in New York, is report cd. Liabilities said to lie $.100,000. .Yew York, Oct. 1 1. Tho balanco in tho Sub Treasury today is $0, lift 000. Simeon Draper, stock broker, suspended pay ment today for n considerable, amount. Tho Wnslnngton !Star denies that tho rcmoual of Collector Dromon, of Now York, had been or dered. Tho Inquirer says Dr. Samuel W. Thaycr.Ur. of Northheld, has in his possession a table, which tho Pilgrims brought with them to this country m the May Flower. It is a cucular ta ble, nnd tho wurlcinanslnp is mco. Pennsylvania Election. Philaddjihin,Oci. 12. Tho returns thus fir received from all mrls of tho Slate indicate, tint tho Democratic Stato ticket is elected by a groat majority. Massachusetts Whig Contention. The Whigs of Mass., held their convention on Wednes day last, at Fitchburg Hon. Robert C. Win throp presidont, and Harvey Jewell was chairman of the committee on resolutions. Hon. Emorv Washburn, of Worcester, and William 0. Plun kett, of Adams, were nominated as candidates lor Governor anJ Lieutenant Governor. ' J'ew-York Politicians. - John Van Burcn and John Cochran nrO u brace of beauties. If the niiledictions of both are of any account, they Invo oolh nn interesting limo lieloru them. 1 If cvei 1 cast n voto for slavery,' said tho Prince in 1818, 'may I ilio forsaken by nun and accurs cd by God.' 'Tho opimsers of the Wilmot Pro viso,' chimed in tho Surveyor, 'should bo gibbet ed hurennd damned hereafter' AtSyracuse tho other day theso two worthies united their vocifor nti'Uis in favor of the Fugitive Slave law Who shall say, ufter this, that John Van Huron and John lochran are not honest, nay, patturn politi cians? 17. Juurnal. The New York Evprcss says, " Wc learn that Edward Everett's letter to lord John Rus sell, respecting tho tn-partlto treaty, was sub mitted to Mr. .Marey by the writer boforo its publication, and that the Secretary of Statu rec ommended us public appearance." The Maine Law in Maine. The lato State election in Maino lias resulted in an overwhelm ing majority in the Lneixlnturo for their Lienor Law, the minority for Its repeal having dwindled down, it is stated, to 20 or HO, at most. The Anti-Liquor L w. Tho Grand Jury of isiitucnucii Vsoumy, nepi io.m, say : Tho Grand Jurors m obedience to tho chamo of tho court have enquired into tho operations and ctlect ot the present i.iquor Uw, and aro unan imous in the opinion ot its good ctluct upon tho morals and happiness of the community. They commend the fidelity of thoso officers of the law whosduty it hue been to sou this law enforced. Important llaitroad Move Wo understand, from good authority, that tho Merrimack and Connecticut River Railroad havo come under a contract with the Vermont Central and Ogdens i i . . i ii .i . i i 7 . , . uurg ruaus iu uriut; an iiiuir travel anu ireigm lor llio next iinty-ire iears. 1 tie considera tions that bring about such a result, wo have not sufficiently at command to publish. This will ensure tho speedy building of the first named road, and givo tho Vermont Central a chance to run what naturally comes over the northern thirteen miles on its own road. The completion of this rnadtrill make the distance eighteen nines shorter from Ogdcmburgh to Boston. It is un derstood that efforts will bo made forthwith to build the road. Manclu ster Mirror. (XT Hon. Edwad A. Hauuegan, who it will be recollected killed his brother-in-law in a fit or delirium tremens, has de cnuined to recover his past misfortunes by becoming an earnest Tem perance Reformer At a rcceni camp meeting, lid declared himself ready to vole for tho Maine law in tho absence of any thing belter, but ex pressed ins ijeiiei mat nothing short ot a total extripation of the article from the face of the earth would effect the desired object. Rev. Gronoc Ttleb, recently of Ixwville, N and son ofllnn. Royull Tyler, late of Brattleboro,'deceased, has accepted tho call of the ConLTCirationalist Church and Society of tins village, to bfcomo their pastor, in tho place of tlcv. A. 11. CLAriycsigiwd. urautcborv tingle. LEGISLATURE OF VEHMONT. THE HOUSE ORGANIZED. Hon. Horatio Nr.r.niiAM, Speaker. SENATE. MoMur.Oct". 17, 2 P. M. Prayer by the Chaplain. Tho Senato was called to order by tho Hon Carlos Coolidge, President pro fern. It appeared on tho reading of tho Journal of Saturday, that n bill to incorporate Waits River Hank was introduced by Mr. Sleeper, and refer red to its appropriate committee, on Saturday. Tho Senate, on motion of Mr. Dennison, ad journed. HOUSE. Tho Houso resumed tho ballotings for Speak er for the year ensuing, with the following re suit: HI st. 200 101 J 10 er Wholo number Necessary to a choice, Horatio Nccdham Oeorgo W. Grandey Wm. II. II. Ilinglmm Tho result of the thirty-first ballot having been drciarod, Messrs. Field and Miner w-ero appointed to conduct Mr. Neodhnm to the chair. Tho oath was duly administered to the Spoaker elect, when ho proceeded to auuress mo nouso as follows : Gentkmtn of the House tf Rtp-estnlalhts : I fuel on this occasion under tho strongest ob ligations of gratitude and thankfulness to this Homo, for the manifestation of their confidence, ......... extended to mo, in selecting mo to preside over : nays 01; Mr. Burroughs then moved to dismiss, their deliberations, tho present session. which motion was lost, and the resolution was 1 am not insonsible, Gentlemen, of the re- j adopted. By Mr. Plympton, for a joint nssem sponsibility nccossarily resting on tho presiding , bly this afternoon, at U o'clock, to hear the re officer ofthis House, and were it not for tho gen- port of the Canvassing Committee, and if neces crosity, tho marked decorum, nnd good f oling, ' sary to elect State officers for the year ensuing ; always extended by tho House of Representa- j adopted. tives of this State to tlrir Speaker, 1 should feel Joint llesolulions. From tho Senate, for a utterly unable to perform its duties, j joint assembly this afternoon, at it o'clock, to I ask therefore, Gentlemen, your generous in-, hear the report of the Canvassing Committee ; diligence nnd your nid, in the performance of the, providing for tho printing vf 7W copies of tho duties devolving upon me, in the capacity in 1 legislative Directory ; adopting the joint rules which you hove placed mo. I nm sensible 1 may commit errors in the discharge of my du ties, but I assure you those errors shall be unin tentional, and I pledge myself, thit in the dis charge of those important duties, pertaining to tho presiding officer of this house, on my part, thoy hall be performed with impartiality, and with due and proper respect to the rights and i the House. Messrs. Rice of Somerset, Adams feelings of all, so fir as is in my power so to do. 1 of Milton and Gray opposed the motion ; Messrs. Duo and proper respect to the rights and Washburn nnd Miner favored it, when the mo feeling of others, I view as o desideratum, in Hon was withdrawn, nnd the bill was ordered to tho structure and maintainanre of republican lie. It) Mr Itobinson, to incorporate the North- i institutions, and wo aro only uoing our uniy as fellow citizens of a republic, in tho faithful main- tainanco and defence of those principles ; and with nwiso reference, therefore, to thalSupreme Power which guides the destinies of Nations and States, let us perform tho duties ossigned us hoinasin His presence calling upon Him for that wisdom which nlono can guidu us a- right. Tho House then proceeded to the election of Clerk pro tern. Mr. Minor nominated Chalon F. Davoy, Esq. of Burlington, and up other niino being presented, tho nomination was adopted fira rore, and the oath was duly administer ed. On motion of Mr. Field, tho rulos of Inst ses sion were adopted until others shall be provided. On motion of Mr. McLoan, the House ad journed till to-morrow morning atO o'clock. SENATE. Tulsday, Oct. 18, 10 A. M. Prayer by tho Chaplain. Tho Senate was called to order by the Presi' dent pro tan. Mr. t'olt introduced a joint resolution that the Senate and llouso meet at three o'clock this af ternoon to hear the report of tho Canvassini; committee ; and it was agreed to. Messrs. Bingham nnd Grandey wero announc ed, and informed the Senate that the House was organized, and ready to proceed with besmesR. tlitls introduced and reftrred. By Mr. Hoy t, granting to Amasa L. Holoomb, his heirs and us.signs for ten years, the exclusive right of keeping u furry from Roynold's Point, on tho oast shoro of Islo La Mo t, to Alburgh; referred to tho committeo "ii Roads. On motion of Mr. Hale, Messrs. Hale and Stovons of Franklin, woio constituted a commit- tco to inform tho Governor of tho organization of the Senate. Tho Canvassing committee had leave to with draw during thu bitting id" tho Senato Tho Seuato wero informed through tho Clurk of tho, Houso that that body Ind concurred in the joint resolution to meet at throe o'clock this afternoon tu hear tho rtpurt of the Canvassing committee. On motion of Mr. Stevens, of Caledonia, ad journed. HOUSE. The Speaker announced tho nomination of tho following gentlemen, as tho Canvassing Com mitteo on tho part of the House, to oanvass tho' votes for Stato Officers, to wit : and they re ceived tho.oath Pennington County Mr. Roberts of Man choetor; Mr. Phelps of Rupert; Mr. Blood of Stamford. It'indluim County Mr. Burrows of Vernon; Mr Jones of Dover ; Mr. Walker of Grafton. Jlutland County Mr.Manlyof Chittenden; Mr Morritt of Sudbury ; Mr. Hitchcock ofl'ittsfurd. Windsor County Mr. Richardson of Choster; Mr. Dodgo ofAndovcr; .Mr. Henry of Roches ter. .'Iddison County Mr. Barnes of Ferrisburgh ; Mr. Dond of New Haen; Mr. Smith of Monk ton. Orange County Mr B'odgett of Chelsea, Mr Bradford of Randolph, Mr Gihnan of Strafford. Chittenden County Mr Smith of Williston, Mr Stanton of Essex, MrCloasouuf Richmond. H'ashington County Mr Spalding of Roxbury Mr Tenipleton of East Montpelier, Mr Holdcn of Middlesex. Caledonia County Mr Judevinoof Hardwick, Mr Bancroft ol St. Johnsbury, Mr Huston of Walden. Franklin County MrDruryof Highgatc, Mr Kinsman of Franklin, Shcpardof Georgia. Lamoille County Mr Hotchkiss of Water- lillc, Mr Warner of Cambridge, Mr Benjamin of Wolcott. Orldins County Mr Kendall of Newport, Mr. Smith of Kulem, MrCobb of Derby. Essex County Mr Wells of Granby, Mr Fol lansby of Maidstone, Mr Holbrook of Concord. (Irand Isle County Mr- Hall of Isle La Mott, Mr Macomber of Grand Isle, Mr Hazen of North Ile.-o. Tho Speaker announced the appointment of the following Standing Committees for the Scs 61011. On Rules. Mr Field of Newfanc, Chairman, Orandoy, of Vergennes, Rleo of Somerset. On lllttlions. 4 Mr. Uingham of Stowc, Chairman, Plympton of Wardsboro,' Carpenter of Ouilford, Hatch of Windsor, llurnhain of Middlctown, Nichols of oslford, Itonnltt of Uridport. On"1 motion of Mr. llingliam, tho Speaker ap pointed Messrs. Illngham and Grandey to inform tho Senato that the IIouo had organized, and arc ready to proceed with the business of tho session. Air. Palmer presented tho memorial of David Francis, claiming a seat in the House as tho representative from the town of Wollsj referred to tho Committee on Elections. ifMoIulion.t.--Uy Mr. Hartsliorn, that tho Speakor bo directed to request the several cler gymen, in Montpelier, to officiate in rotation, as Chaplains of the House, during the present ses sion; adopted. By Mr. Walker, that tho Clerk be directed to furnish ono wcokly and two daily 1 papers to tho members of tho Houso during tho session; on motion of Mr. Rice of Somerset, tho resolution was amended so as to proviilo for ono j ,iallv ,,, t0 cach mernb(.r. nhen Mr. Grov - moved to further amend, so as to restrict the papers to those published in Montpelier. The amendment was favored by Messrs. Hayden and Gray, opposed by Messrs. Plympton. Hotchkiss, McLean and Grandey, and the question being taken, tho amendment was rejected ; ayes 48, of the last session until others shall be provided ; severally concurred in. PUl introduced and referred. By Mr. Page, in amendment of the act, renting to the traffic in intoxicating liquor for the purpose of drink ing; Mr. Page moved that tin; bill be laid on the table and 300 copies printed for the use of field Bank ; to the committee on Hanks. Mr. Field presented a remonstrance against the right of O. C. Hale to occupy a seat in tho House, as the representative from Newbury ; referred to the committee on Elections. On motion of .Mr. Rice of Somerset, it was ordered that when the House adjourn, it bo till II o'clock this afternoon, and the House ad journed. SENATE. Arrf ntroo.v The Senato was called to order by tho Hon. Win. C. Kittrudge, President. On motion of Mr. Stevens, of Caledonia, tho Senate took a recece of half an hour. At tho uxpimtkm of that time the Senate canio in, nnd nt :) o'clock, in aocordanco with the reso lution adopted this morning, met tho House in joint assembly. On returning from joint assembly on motion of Mr. Bogue the Senate adjourned. HOUSE. The Senate came in, and the joint assembly was formed, for the purposo of hearing the re port of the Committeo appointed to canvass the votes for Slate Wieers, ami if necessary to elect Hiich officers. Tho report of the Committee not being ready, Mr Washburn moved to adjourn the joint assembly till to-morrow nwrning at 10 o'clock, which motion was agreed to, yeas 04i nays 70, and the Senate withdrew. Hill iiitroduce'd and referred. By Mr. Spencer, to incorporate the Vermont Italian .Marble Co. to tho Committee on Manufactures. Adjourned. Printers and Printing. J T. Buckingham in his series of reminiscences, in course of publica tion in tho Huston Courier, speaks of the impor tanco of the printers to authors, us follows: Many who condescend to illuminate the dark world with the fire of their gomus through the columns of a newspaper, litle thiuk of the lot of tho printer, who, almost suffocated by the smoko of a lamp, sits up till midnight to correct his falsa grammar, bad orthography, snd worso punctua tion. I havo seen the arguments of lawyers, in high reptito ns scholars, sent to tho printer in their own handwriting, many words and especially technical anu loreign autireviateu, worus mw jpcllud, and few or no oiiits, and those few, if there wero any, entirely out of place. I havo seen tho sermons of divines sent to the press with out points or capitals to desiguulethe sentences ; sermons which if published with the unperfecnon of manuscript, would disgrace the printer's devil if he were the author. Suppose thuy had been so printed. The printer would havo beon treated with scorn and contempt, as an illiterate block head ns a fellow much bettor fitted to be a wood sawor than a printer. No one would havebohevfd tfiat such gross and palpable faults were owing to the ignoranco and carelessness of the author And no one but the practical printer knows how many hours thu compositor, and after him tho proof reader, is compelled to speuJ in reducing to a readable condition minmcripts that tho wri ter himself would bo puzzlod to read. Smart. At a ratification meeting in Now York last week of tho Van Huron section of tho loco foco party, ono of the speakers holding oflic- un der President Pierce, culled Vermont a benighted State. It is rather dark up hero wo admit, when tho moon does not shine, but Vonnont has never yet beon sufficiently benighted to givo her voto for locofoooism, & " e do not apprehend she ever will bo found in such gross darkness. Caledoni an . .'lid to the Hailroad The township of Stan stead, in its corporate capacity, takes S.10,010 of stock in tho Stanstuad, Miefford & Chuiiibly Railroad. .Magog and Bolton take a propor tionate amount. The Country of Shellbrd, by a majority of ltJt0 of her voters, agrees to take 8 100,000. Tlio prospects ofthis road arc flatter ing, and Us friends aro in hi'-li spirits in view of their success thus fjr, and the futuro prospects of the enterprise, notwithstanding the Council of tho City of M ontreal decline subscribing for stock. Caledonian. (L7 A Hoard of Public Works of Virginia havo instructed the Superintendent of the Cov ington and Ohio Hallway to advertise for tho rails that will bo needed on tho entire route, to be nude un the line of the road. This will havo an important bearing upon the iron and iiiinu- factunng interests ot erginia. llu is uUo tu advertise for freight and passenger cars, to bo made on the line of the road or elsw here. Patrick Wall, of Vermont who had both of his thighs broken by tho accident on llio New York Central Railroad at Oneida, is sinco died. F. W. Joynor, Fsq., his bneo unpointed Post master, at Richmond, Vt. Julius P. Smith has been appoin'cd Poitmas ter at Royaltou, in place of K, D. lflodgctt, resigned. .foment oS'cujs. Four Days later from Europe. Arrival of the litcamship Atlantic Vtr (litlnrtil by Turkey J he liinstan Ar my moving to attach the Turkish Posi tion. New Yortx, Oct. 10. The steamship Atlantic, nrriicd this morning nt 10 o'clock, with 200 pir-sen-gets, uiimtig them Gen. W. Sumner uuil fiuiily, Lieut. Mutiry, G. T. Lamb, and Hun. J. it Ingcrsiill. . The news by this nrrival is important. The Eastern question lias taken another turn. The Olniulz mooting nl tho Etnpernrs is over, null u new proposition is to be olfcrcd to I lie Porte. Austria again puts herself in accord with France, Hnglaiitl ami Prussia, in confer ence at Viennn, nnd iingotiatious are re sumed, ginng innre promise of a peaceful and tpecily eettlemeiit ; but n telegraphic despatch from Constantinople, of the 20th, that a Grand Council of tho Ottoman Em pire had recommended the Sultan to de clare war against lliii-sin, caused an immed late mooting of the British Cabinet, nuil inn r li apprehension is felt by the public. The Sultan's decision was not known. A courier was hourly expected at Mar feilles. Constantinople ami Turkey generally, was ) net nnd tranquil. No hostilities hale commenced. The troops linve been ordered by the Minister of War to winter in the Principal ities. The Heels remained in the Bay of lies kn. Mariiu k'l-'ZU was to embark on the 21:1, on hoard the American biripie .Mimo sa, for the United Stales Austria assent ug to Ins embarkation. Mr. Drown was at Smyrna, to eeo him off. The cholera had increased slowly at Liv erpool The term of suspensinn of duties on corn anil Hour, brought into France in foreign vessels, is extended to July ISol. Another decree prohibits the export of pi Mines and dried tegcmbles until July BIm, 185 1. .Materials of any kind, for railways, may ...... t? i..... i- lie iniporiru mm oimo uoij ircv. i At Civita Vecclna there was a riot, bull it blew over, before the reinforcement sent for from Rom" could arrne. ' The duty-free import if breadMuffs into Neapolitan port is ettenilpd till May, Latest by Ttltgrnph. Vienna, Oct. B. The Divan, al the (jr.oid Council held tlu- day, r coiled upon u declaration of Mar against Russia, against the advice of the four powers. The Sultan had signed the declaration ot u nr. Report says that hostilities haic commen ced. Omar Paslin had previously urgently de manded leave to fight before winter should set in. The Russians were supposed to be mov ing la attack llouslehntik. Iimlv. A fresh outrageous persecution has been instituted hr the petty Grand Duke of Tuscany, under color of the now criminal code, which lie promulgated a fortnight ago. A Miss Ciinninghame, said lo he a lineal descendant of John Knox, has been thrown into prison, and now occupies thu stmu duri- .. ; ...i. int. ii.. i-,i.; i...... i... . . ... . 7 guislied, ami ihectuirge iigaitist llus Scutch I " " : lady is that she had circulated ain.inest aj""ne n,,l l,e,"re '''i')' V'liM put uplheir few Tuscon peasants n copyol the Pitgrim'sl "mbrella, dispersed the whole people Progress, nnd an llahan translation of the ! making jfie country a bo, ns ymi see it, Itible. The Grand Duke has been appealed j and never ceaMug lo pell away witii his lo by Mr. Scarilelt, the Dritish representee little pellets of wuler, from that day lo at Florence, hut all Ins appeals, ahh.xigl, I tins. Hut though they were scattered, hacked by the A.nencai, Charge d' Affairs u. ,,,,. ,t.Mrnw.(1. y,,,, 1I1IV haio proved unavailing 1 lie fanat.c Grand ,.,, f , j (1(..CL.;i(l!lts , Duke is inrxoralile. 1 he lady stands l ' commuted f.,r trial, and the penally for her ! '",'r ol u"rl''' "r" ai l''ch alleged crime is no less than five year-, per-' believers i;i blarney as ever tin ir lun: hajis ten years incarceration with hard fa. 'fathers were in iliu days of ouid O.ius- bor in an Italian House of Correction. The Curopean Tunes says: We will not enter into the legal niceties of the .p.csl.oiiasit may be slfected by Tuscan or interiialioii.il law, hut the broad fact that a lintisli subject is imprisoned under such aggravating circnniMancoj, will no douhi excite' deep indiguaiion throughout all Kngland nnd Scotland, and wc shall lie greatly mitakeii if this miserable Mtli-rute potentate is permuted to defy lintisli power with impunity. Ilislelctalile new criminal code is an insult to Protestantism, and a lirui-li inau-of-ivar before Leghorn may possibly bring this fanatic to his seneps, il he has any. Lord Clarendon has already taken up llio matter in the right spirit. The Ailminittrntion Creed. A corre poudence li.r? been published in the St. Louis papers, between Mr. Ilentou and Post master General Campbell, in reference to supposed charges by Mr. Alclusoii n gainst .Mr. Watson, who had been recom mended by Mr. Denton ns a candidate for the olfu'e of I'ostuiaMer of St. Louis. The rosima.sier ueueral declines presenting n copy of the correspondence of Mr. Atchi son, us contrary to t lie rules of the office. He however remarks that ahhoiioh ho can not give a copy of any repro-enutioiis Air. Atcluion or others, "1 think it but proper lo inform you 1 that it has been represented that Mr Wat son tens engaged in the frccioil maiicmiul uf 1818, and signed a public call for a meet ing f thrfriendi of free soil." Mr. Wuison, in a letter to the Postmaster General, denies the charge of free soilisin, ami that of taking part in the call of the Ireesoil meeting referred to, and says that he voted for Mr. Cass. Col. Ilenton.Tla Washington corres pondent ol the liahnnore Patriot, say s that a strong and systematic efTort will be made to pluco Col. Denton tu the Speaker's Chair of the next House of Representative. The New York Herald, in common with the other New York papers, notices wilh out comment, thu statement of tho Wash uigtoii Star, that James Gordon Deiuiell was among the unsuccessful applicants for llio French mission. Telegraphic des patches slate Hut Gun. Oix, nt his urgent request, will be soon superceded in his of lice of Assistant Treasurer. Having taken the office for 1 lie temporary accommodation oi the administration, after having received a promise of die French mission, it seems he wishes now to be disembarassed uf the offices, since the promise is not likely tu be performed. The Crystal Palace. The exhibition in the Crystal Palace, in New York, will close at some lime during the month of Decern her. The display is s aid to be at present most brilliant, specially in the, evening. Arrangements are making for warming the budding, a measure mnto necessary at this season. How the Peltcvcra in Blarney cumc to bo Spirit Happcrs. Diogenes hits n good hit at llio spirit tnppiiijj tinttiin, by printing Fill s story, ns follows : " Onco upon it linn! tln-ro wns it whole itnunty in lrclttntl peopled liy n curious rncu culled Mmlmwns, nnd one litng Oniisbonrgli reigned over (hum, mid he nnd his stilijccts were till believ ers inhlarney. Well, who should coma to Hie king one rtny, out n nittn Hint siml, tfliegoilho wciiditof whnt hu could ate, during nine days, in gold, nnd hud his own people to unit on linn, he d iniike till the spiders grow so big, tltitt tho In dies tnighl wear their webs by tho wny of veils ; nnd nfter tlml, mny be, for more gold, lio'd enrry his intention to such a pitch, that tho itiseeis should weave lish ingnets strong enough to cnteh whales themselves, to sny nothing of salmon ami smaller fish. Well, while ho uas at work, nioug comes another, who soiild them secret for planting trees in such away llmt they'd grow of themselves into ships ; and, siiys he, ' for a trifle I'll "each you how to sow hemp nnd (lax, in little pots on their branches, so Unit they mny shoot up into toady-inudu soils and rig ging ; and all by philosophy, uitlioui a morsel of Minnie.' Wasn't this moro llinn one could wish ? Thu bonbies bit Ht the butt- -high and low : and thinks lliev to themselves, ' what fine lellows we'll be, to catch uhnles mid conquer the world by philosophy !' While the Hers were grovwog and the spiders) wore spinning, there comes another man, uud snys he, 'Don't ton know me, tiny of you ?' And some suspected they did ; nnd others vtnsiihnost sure he wus relat ed to them by their mother's side : but nobody owned him. 1 So then,' snys he, I'll tell you who I nm : that moon yonder, that lights you, is my properly ; yon'to had ihe use of it for years, but I've been too generous. I'm grown poor, nnil can't nfToril to be liberal any longer : you shan't have the light of my Mi' on urutis ; so, pay me five hundred . l,0,llltl a y ear, or I II put it ou: and then what'll yoii do?' Well, what they'd do, sure enough, they didn't kt.'ow ; but bcl'irc they'd done debuting upon it, up comes a smart little uiun a foreigner who advised them to puy whut was usked for the present, and it they'd Mihscnhc lor him, he'd gel up an oppoMnou moon, tlml would .-lime briur and be full nil the yi ur round, lor half tho expense of the old one. Wasn't thai too good an offer to be rejVcitd f Ituasjiiiid the Mnlhawns bit nt llmt loo. Dal this wusn l nil : hi lore the ; UQW mm, wns 1,,e or ,IC Uws otow n into ships, or the spiders' webs big enough for veils, llio people were por Mmded by n traveler to lei him build un umbrella that should be large enough to keep the rain o(T every inch of the coun try ; and it was to be so contrived that thoy could let it down by machinery, if llio lain! wauled water, and put it up when they'd just as much wet ns they liked. iNoiv, this was so ureal un insult 'III St. Sw fllttll lhfil Iim lu..nfi ruuiiiiit n bourih the king : and its my i.lea llmt .these same pe.iple who believe in the spirit nippers are some ol the ? alien-d (egcell(,llnls f ,ho Mn,mwil!l , 11U(I Ireland the genuine, original believers in blurncy. A Remarkable Man Tho Koward of Probity. Andrew Johnson, ulio hasjist been elect ed G ivernor of TenuesRce ("er ti.e most popular Whig in the Stale, il.ij r llenrj, whose oratorical gifts are hardly second lo those of any oilier jrenileuiau in the Uupm) is an extraordinary man. Indeed, there is inoie in his history to encourage probity, luiiualiy, energy and ambition in the youth of America of nil degrees, says I lie VVsh uigiiiii .Slur, than in that of any other pub lic iiuii tre know of. At two years uf age Mr. Johnson was (u learn from iho.-e m whose knowledge of his early lusloiy we pi ice every coiilidence) un iiiiimip uf Hip alula-house of Wake county, Norm Caro lina; where he remained until his eighth year, when he was apprenticed to a tailor in Raleigh. His masier, if he failed lo hate him taught even Ihe ruihuienu of an of! Bglili education, at least trained linn up lo hoc llio truth, work hard, nnd be straight forward in his dealiu s null uerv one When his apprenticeship was up, Mr. John son married a woman utter his oah hrarl, who knew enough Iroiu boks lo he able lo aid him in in isier in,; the arts of reading and wriiuij. On Hurrying, just afier ho came of age, ho emigrated lo Kistern I'enneasre, undo ing barefwlod, It is said, with his faiihlul help-meet uj hu side, uud hu pack on Ins hack. Assiduous labor ut the uilor'a trade, placed lino, at llio end often years, in comfortable circumstances, f.r Ins posi tion in thiil region ; and by thai tune, by (hut uf hard study during his lei-nire mo ments, he had come to be actually a ui m of considerable general inform num." Ueing a good Uilkur on ihe slump he wa seia coiiieculivoly for lerm or two lo both branches uf the Legislature.. From thence he was transferred lo ihe House ol Ilepre sentatites of the United Status, where he served six years. As a member of C iu gres, he has been distinguished lor the in tegrity of all he did. Whaieier may be thought of views, such as he at tunes takes td public ntfairs, all do linn the justice tu believe that a more upright legislator was never in the Congress ol ttie United Slatos. .Mr. Johnson is uol more Ihau forly-seveu years of age at this lime, having seen us much of public service as uhnutt any other man of Ins uge, notwithstanding the trials and drawbacks by wheh Ins early days were surrounded. .Milwaukee Wisconsin, Should the Legislature fail to electa Gover nor, tho present incumbent holds over only until the close of sesaioii, when the Lieut. Governor, if one is elected, would become Governor. If both olhces are vacant, the Secretary of Mate becomes acting Governor Mvlllebury le$istcr. Tho Koszla Correspondence. Chevalier Hitlsitnann, in behalfof the a, trian Government, has writton to Seereinr," Marey, in relation to the conduct orrnpt lt,,,ra ham In the rescue of Kosta, at Smyrnu , eluding with the following demands: " Tho imwrial government entertain', t , high nn opinion of the sen) or justice nmi t togrtty of tho government ofihe United s,i,, to doubt for singlp instant its nnxieiy hi , . vow the conduct of its agents, umh'r tin , ciimlances above mentioned, and that n , j Imstrn to call them lo a severe nci num. ,; ,, der to Austria a saiisfietiou proportioua e i, 1 magnitude of the outrage " Mr. Marey, in a long and able biter. tho Injustice ofthis dcimtnil, justifies tli ,',, , ol Capt. lugrahiiin, and thus declares th ,. minalion of ihf President : "The conclusions nt which the Prexnh t , A arrived, afier a lull examination of tin- u lion nt Smyrna, and a respectful cniMi,i..r,. of the views of thu Austrian goverinm r,- e, on, as presented 111 Mr. Hulseiiiaini'-. 1, , , tint Kos-Ma, when seized and unirison..,i' , ' invested with tno nation ility ol the t Mates: and they had, therefore, the riuht, 1' chose to exercise it. to extend llieir .n . to lumi thai from international la is law which enn be rightfully hx l.-o Tides of action in this case An-lrn ( . rive no authority to obstruct ormtirl, j the United Stat-s in the exercise n h,, . in effi-cting the liberation of Kn-ztn ; .m 1 aptain Ingrnham's intcroosm.in lor Ins : wan, under Ihe peculiar and extraordm o. cuiiistances of tho case, right and prop 1. " These conclusion indicate t vir Ii insriri the answer which the u'lders.co' 1 strurtcd by the President 'o make to tu. I or of Austria to the demands present, .1 u Hulsi matin's note. "The Presidont does not see a mi,, cause for disavowing tho acts ol ih., ,, , 'agents wlnrh are eo nplsined ot In , I Her claim fur satishiction oninit ,,,,,, been carefully coiianfuicd, and is rc.j-e clined. I " Being "ommeed that the seizure ,n,, , inment of Kosmtv were illegil an I nine .1,1 j 1 he President also declines to gae In , l I to his delivery to Ihe 1 onul licnenl ,i at Smyrna, bet after n full ex iinon,;,,,, lease, us herein presented, he hti ne-tr 1 I undersigned to co nniunn ate to Mr. Ilu . 'his conlident expoetiition tint tie- 1'. j Austria will take the p-ouer iup-mih t , I Martin Kozta to be ri s', re.l to th , , was in oetore he was "e ed m ,he v Smyrna 011 the 'Jlst of June Isei " The Koszla .ijfoir. A I etter fro n V , ccived by the America uud din 1 1. .1 t., . man in this cry. rontons tho folmn 'i , I ting uifirmation : I he Auntri ui gm, ,,, , ilfiveii its consent lo the lihernti,,u i,f k III" understnnding that he should he 1 , I pir 011 hosrd hii Vneriertn vesn ! ,1, 1 .. 1 to th United Matei It was kn, i'n I Marth Ind prutm-ed nn nrnnireni ut , 1 toi), mil itru , uud th - ntrnn -j . sn i lo hive tTiv ,-n its c 01-ent, pot 1 relieve the Fr-iieh C.,ii o! in ii. -i ,1 t, areahie fitiiii mf t k. "p K - i hud nnd' rt.ik.'ii 'or lie- purpose ,,i - i, , ol' S oinm nnd th" slii. 'p'M ; in ii - h mini di'te de-erut hoi, i h, At-.-, t inent, in consenting to t!n arrnn.-i premiy roserv.-d il.s n'',t ri cm' K - , -return to I urkey. and ,il-o run- .i", Aiis'rnn aubieet 'is long is bosh id i Vested ot" his n itivf o . I eirui 111 v i ri u r. Imlul nay .NVie Yuik lliraid. 1 P. S. The Nationil Intellig.-n.-, r , sy : " We were not wrong yptenh. surmising that the -,iii the A u-i n . u 1 I to vir. Mtrc.V al A'.haiiv relsied in ti ' the Kos c i". u e now lesrn ih il ih Government, about a'nionth iro, eoi, ' the liberation of Kos?ia, on cuieUi n should bo put on bonrd of an ',m"ii , and return directly lo the United St in -. Austrian Minister at Coijstaiitiiiop'o j ted to ronirniinic ite' llns determin He n ' ! Ameriosif Mm'ier. Mr Marrh. I'lni , the release of Konzta was givi n, we uu I in eonsequence of the rivovert nl ill" II , 'ni;shi. as relsted in our iast Paris id' r, i the French piper." ! A Washington I, n, r in the N. V. 'I ' Siturd iv connrins tins m n ui"nt I ' the Ahiiiriau iroverum. ut vh .1 i-- , reiic Ii Waxliiugiuii iii m i-on for Mi. li t ' recall lu note "ii the Miiijeet. J The Cue of In I "nl-. Vat f .1. ' ins ami t rostiti . 1 nt.dj In.i. ( . i h ibe..s corpus ce ol t M.i .out I ro-ier, is n.oui t ill' . I i . i i ' I 'o irt today. J m! . ( i, ,. r 8 ml .,. . low the ,'iiimii -I i-irp'ox,,! hl. John P oil i!io. n . " i i ' . . ' , vate proa. : r,n- i , i ,; , the euvi rniiieu; in th" - i.', i. Mr. I'.ruwn ii- ,l , ii u n ' , th il no pr.vute pro", , utioii cou. i tu i by romi-el, in piocetdingn ag-i.o-.. , . ' g nerniiicnl. The Judge snd t!i it the Ci.i.ri , queslioned by any "person. i Mr. A'hiuead then asked that tli" . . ', discharged. I Jujge drier md that it must b- , they were acting by uuthonty. Mr. Commissioner loi'rahiui t. -.in ' ' ing Ihe arrant Tno Mar-hal i.mi i! ' lug his Deputies to wei ute it, o. i i ! ynkonp teatttind to wiineMi g He r made by the fugitive to the Depum i 1 rest. I Ihe Judge said he would give h. on Saturday. i The Washington Stntintt, uli.eli -' , 'lut city some tune m.'i iiu.li r tie- v ,of Iteverly Tucker, a dissppoiiii.'.i .., i the Marshalship in lh Diairici ot i . idoinu very well, h mug already !( 1 ciilalion of copn-a. al lu a y , Washington paper it is quile p . !.' ; hive shi far noticed but ne b ire fu 1 itient in It, and that was to th" ' i ' Wings still hold hall' tin- offices in U The truth is, that when Mr IMlm n- i the 4th of March, the fodcral offi. - Uiitriut of Columbia were about v 1 ' between the two pui lies Loco F '. - 1 ly holding many of the beat clerU,,i Genrjl TaUx Came Ulto po r, ICollainer and Kri Henry Warn n t 1 ' i (ion of the Post Office Diirt"H 1 Wlnirs could be found therein. l'"t "' Ihundrod ien Mr. Filhuera went ' "' ' leral Pierce came, the Lico Fu . 11 'with the Whigs, and there " " ' ' man. AW. out of ilia one him !r. I thereabouts) thire are but eight i.ei . and I believe not one who has be. n I." ' 'active Whnr fur some years. At" ring Mr. Fillmore's iduimKr it 1 clerkship of the Departments bee. i ' 'and tho office of Secoud .s,staiii I' ti'eneral. I'hey wero all filled by t.' Iinent of Uemocrats. Tbo Ueparn. " plied were those of the Interior, St it l Otfioe. -Tribune. IvAUOUIlATIOir OE liuV.I'Koulli Cluirlulon, Oct. Pi.-Jaine ti. hr 1 augurated as iiov of Florida, on ill In hu inaugural address he tiik"--- X' removal of the Seminole Indioi them as a blight to the prospen'v ol ll' ' in violation of their treaty oblij-m-"" open defidnceot thu power, mniUoi n tunityof the Fa eral Governm at. eider it a part of his cunstiiuiio"'' ''" the law of tho l ist session, providing t rnoval. faithlully executed. ",lu" ' moil schools, railroads, inwwal i '",r &C., and promises hw support to l"" adminUtration. Ohio Klkctiki (oluubus, oci. State Jus gone largely Ueiiiucrati'. unjority for Gov. wUI probably be Cincinnati!, Or-t. It!. The vol. '" ' ty are, as yet, only h .If counted, um cratic ticket is elected by a wj"" lOOdtoA.00. Five or six 'a-' H , throughout the Slate, and uresu"1" counting proceeds very elo!y