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to tote Journal ermott ISSUED S I'M U LT AN ICO US LY AT MONTPELTER, NOltTlIFIELl), WATEUBUllY, &C. IJY 15. l WALTON, .Tit. FRIDAY, APRIL H, 1851. VOL. XLVIII, NO. 20 WHOLE NO. 2178. Wntrjjiiimi??tntf Sournnl. I'Ulll.lf lir.l) EVHtlV FltlnAV MOlt.NINO. rp.mn. .(I Meith In 4n i SJ.nn If payment lenot medln adaftet1ntteitalwye charged trom the nerd of tbe year. .sn- tffd le llet lif ifoint. ti raawtte aubvcrlptiona idvaef.vBMfilaamI cntmrtufttmtwH, d aeknov. lodge, .ayct fbl tit- tin. llkeellrHI,.. N.IDM' noV, llre-.kll. M,H II.SMITII Uak.it, C t.l.riOIV.N, Ilorlllt, CIIAKIiFl- 0. DANA, ittaMw.HkO rotT, HyaWiMtk, B ilVAKI) ii.h vw YI1R, JaWan. ft W. i()i1l, MM.(iM, K, It, rill-NAH, lre4ritl, J. C. .VOVttS, Mllte.ei, JH-.SH JOHNSON, Jr, .VllhM, It, .SMITH, Orange, CAMl BAlrCVTIiR, H.ii.m.H. a. t imnoi avr. Smith II idwrtk.O. nlllPvlAN, Htow. JOMIIPII T. IIAYMOM, PutrTird, HI I.I I.Vil lltiLI.INt), Halhlrfrrd, I. VNII1I. W. JOllll, T'lwlwtdge, AAROM N KIKn, Wnll.ri.l.l .ltd K'aj.lan.OIHSUr.-'MITII Warren, FRANKLIN A. " IllnilT, W.I ,br,.od lolui, I!. I' SMITH, lV'll.imwo, II I lilt'- l-KIIIB, V ......... JONAH AISWITT. llnilroni. ii. 1851 VI. Central ..allium.. 18."4 .oi tlirrn .V Western, Itilllli nmi I iiileil M .H's .11 ill itoulo. ,nl alee M,F, I, I8J , t fi.JI'.w. faa.eigei Tralna will Going North and West. i:vn hi- kin in m.. uiH' s. I' II. . tiiae rtnlinioa 7 3i .ad Neaier'a .'wo. i 9 I . , Atiiaue .1 n Urn l ...'tiooii, nd t..l.rtowrii ..IH.lt II. 11 .l I. ... l ti I'll.. .1 P.8 . m Going East and South. i.rAVKitiH'eevroi.ii .it a m..!' si. .n a-nmacltoN with l tin. trow Montreal .i i ng.wn-. 011, and arrivtftg in 'I. lno .nd Vk lll. HA UK tlAY.Ir to. I M ii la, aeul t- n.n a.,, hi Ih.tP, M. Ft tin. I.eae Mm palter "I .M A.M. K l further af. rate. ".. ,i, t the tga. oelmigb anil R in..1. fifll (..- n.. , mn, ll.i I n.n.ila.n l.l 1 .l,.wr.Bt. K. If.... Offl , tto.orrl, t. tti. Kluili.it, Afai.i. 103 Hi .i. ri...,.i. i Ilia 1 1, a. t ffir-, Hfull ttmldi' . Ml i . w.t 1 1. andloJ W. lIoMrt.rttioa i.fnt, Ki t.-ltr. (JTF. eight 't m tun A -i, J lII'.N 3IOOKK, ii V C. M. H VotihlMd, Vl , r-'. J. t-M '8 JSW'JSu 51 A'orllM in Uuiliontl, . I. BritishXu. i?. MAIL ROUTE, m Stfist tii o wrll, Cmn'oril, IVm tl - cm I'm ! in i f (iiciiit tiMlinl. ilviiiliiircli aiiil Miiitiril Ititlli witUk, I'll ASiM l'u .M 41 JatbuaWf), UutllAgltt., ft Atkft. MtMitrMl, O;- Jijita UTII Htl lb tl AHJ aU.Vltlt. .N. te al), ijlti UtTfttM, alrin. tlntrt, f'onmOlli. I'ur I . imutt i auctM( rit, rriiaiit r, .tfitUH 04 uk V,t ( ilM I tuttl Hlltl ik r p !, mmd ft l'Wjh l It Milil). iH Smw MHhlfo mntt Vfnii tlilii nti firijjh.il lo kj utti tlti IH.H 1653, im.f .S'nilh U1iit , 7.40 A. H iiMt it l. t.'uiic..i.i it 10 A. M -oU 3 I l riM .-Miih ) l kit tit rut Jitttofc t 7.15 A . , IJI6 r. JW. Bthtiival(t Car flMUl la(l. -j -ciaiC iui tfaiiaa iikt ov i ihia nwir t f j Tn t ijr tttil Midit ifilHi 4 fly ittsiwit HurliBrtN, Km ' !. I24aturf h, U 1 , .-ttif w II Ha1U, -((riel, fulll(tlUl' , VlHCttl, I'lufl- 4 hi aiimtietti mU i"l it i Ik olt nt f ri n til- Oj Uuti'Hiifc ibj'I M mi. KomI fc) whtcli Ff tjtkte urn vnti-i will oi.'. i.njitf At. Coiicof N . II. IHmi. lu, l.. ALIJWV UITTm.AiNI RAILROAD. vo.V I tMHt Ml Kl NMMi 'I lilU.U4.ll la Al- I8.r)3. Fall .liiln Ar- lS.r)3. rangt'imnl. HbSoft(l nmi quirk t ibr'c ll-il Iin fftwn He ii Hu'Cts Motin-al, It fvint, I'tallibvf lt nml Huilin(iMi lTfM, lhanv and .N Mr Will, via Rutland and Eagle Bridge, a o-diimcIioii Nrttli Rait ml mm U ilfaftus. ma4 Ilal u Hiii Uiiliu fnt nHtbuvt-rtM fa!a mn j itlr ttfwtii iklnf nII lb Milietlfia wllhllii iiirff KMi, laitMiMt-tl ril i-in i)i,r a0Tkfajr wi'teb 4eii(i with rrUii ju n iuwt TitMii Slt'tHi! Iw Nw York Ilk Smtdmjf. NO CHANGK OF CAUS, C malactiMfl 6f IUa lltrn twiMBta KtflJatdJ and Try ur Alaj. KMtitrTKAI.N UartnQail.Mttn9.lS M. tilH.OMl I.N Utiaa htulirii.a I0.tf A M. iioo-l I rwj ili I'. M. J AllMa T2.'. I'. t.,tat Trutti&lVM I". vi.fitr Vofk. Anft.l .N Yur9 U P. H I Illicit ThAI.N '... IWlUi'slM fjit I. i) lotttyf at liuiland, 1 Jj Ui.lt a 60 A. ' ar'i -il 'I f I" A M AlHaat i0,(4 A M.( 'IV., (UdA lMr Alum IttiA.M.l.r sw Vurkt riUt Nl w VmiIi 4.10 1'. t l Ti lor HutfalM lar APan 10.31 A. M Tbiifti'nktiiioiM procqrcki at li UutlaiHiind JAHty VV U,U,a(ul. Hmlioiloa. TIL1.T.V, Tt4vallito fm. M.o, Tarouh 'fir I at- llaln.l Urwl, Tu Il4s, I 'llll, liicmM I blfft(Ml l lir UVt. taarilitli at OSra tr tli Cultau ami llu.tiuttai Itiilrai d, ruf lh AfU ul lbs A4n 4 Kuihni! Ilstlrojitl. Ild('l Cw'i TkrMgK (o Try, AtUny or f . IVII. Id all Mica toatuht aVIay u tiiOLU Dkinnt: noun. t ki ii. :.nvii:lii,hp. llurljaxtoa.eN'rr.t) urtrq. THE BOY AND THE ANGEL. bt ns. c. u. Siwtt n. Oh, rootber Pre beat . wttb an aaral lo day ! I waa.llakini-totha fwreat at pi-.y, I haamftbe bntte fliea watilHMa Ue haea. And baarinf tb mioilrioekei t.p,.twf tb. Iran. I pl.yrd and I ila)ed, -ill o weaiy I iew, la t doM n to ra.t la the ab de of a yew, While tbe Imde aaee o awvettr hib up on ita top, I be d my hmath, molb.r, for fear they would aiopt Tbua a 1 o while I ail, luokta. up.l the ak, A'td w.iehtui tb e ouda that waul burtyiaf by, IVben I beatd a auice Call of jul ov.r my head, That aoundrd aa if ' IWa. ob, hrutber 1 it laid Aud there, right up over tbe lop of the tree, Oh, moi h.r, an angel w.a beckoing to me 1 And lliotlier '.' o.ca mre, .coin., ob, brother! be ciled, And flaw oo bright pinion et"e down by my tide ! And mother, ob, never waa being ao bright Aa theune wblrb then beamed on my wondering aigbt. Hi- fica wa. aa f;ir aa the delicate abell. Hi Lali dowobia aouldeia in long liogteie fall, Ilia eye leafing oo me, ao melting with love, Were aa aoft and aa mild a tba eyea of a dove J And ftum.b'.w, dear moiber, I fe I not afraid Aa bi bead oo my bead wa caft-.iogly lid, Aud be wbi. pared u aoftly and genl.y lo me, Coma, brother, tba aagel. ate waiting for tba 1 And thee, oo my forehead be tenderly prd 8ucb bi., oh, mother, they thtllted Ibiu my bteaat Aa awiftly aa lighloing leapa down f.otn on bigb ) Or be chrioiof God loll along the dark tky Wbilo bi breath floating round ma wa oft aa tb breela . Tbt played lo my tieaves, and rovtled lb tree. At lt on my bead a d.ep bteaiiag ba poured, Then plumed bi bngbt plniooa, aud upward ba a tared, And up, up be went, Uiruugh lb blue iky ao far, II aemd lo a ! there like a glitteiing tar ; And .till my ayaa followed bl radiant flight, 'Till lot in Iba aiur, be paa.ed f.ora my light. Tbao ob, bow faaiad, aa I ceuabl the laat gleam Of bi vaaiabibg form, it waa only a dream 1 Tban toll volrca whlapeied one moae from tba Ilea, Come, blotter, iba angala at welting foitb.tt" Ok, pale grew lint mother, and hey h.r heart, For the knew I hat her Mr boy from tlilt ttmH mull d.pitt t Thit lilt hifff.l lot I. nio.t f,d n ts. l,i. of t),. tomb. Eia Ilia autamn win.li w.llietril Ilia iimiui'i nth bloom. Oh, bow bl. yoo" rmlllvn. .he witcboil la by dij, Aa bl. if.li.tta fofm wa.trd alowl awa.( Tib Ibe.olt lijht orhFa..nf.raatl.liednVr bia f.te, And be ereiil up In die in hrr lovlnf embrace. "Ob, cla.p me, dear mother, elnae, tloaa lo yonr br.aat, On that jentle fi l'ow .j. In lt ma rail, I ma oneo mora f aaa up In that dear, lorffte eta, Aadlhrn, oh.nethlak. I can HlHiatta d a I .w kl.a me, dear meatier! Ob. ijuickl. f.r aee, The btlihl. klei.rd anf.la ate ntlllnf fottn I" Ob, wild waa Ike aniui.b that apt tbto' ber tirr.it, Aa Iba lor, frantic ki.i a bla pnle lipa .he re.aed. A ml Tall the tain rr.reh ol bla aort . dtej je, Aa II alrore ton, or I ht!i,ero the fall hoj eeuld die. " 1 lee you not, rnothrr fordaiknc.l and oljhl Are fchling you dear, lo.lnf fare from my alf kt Riit I belt your Ion auMiln'i, ila.r moiber good bye Tba angala are wallln to beat me oa blgb t I will wall f.ir you there, but oh, tarty not lo-, la.ttlf at y..ur alwnte .hould laiMen my m." lie eeaied, an.1 hta banda meekly cli.pad on bla brea.t, Wtille bla aw.et f.ee aank down on Ita pillow of reel, Tl..a eb.lnr hta eyea, now .11 ratio., and dim. Went up win tbe Logala that waited for him. 3lliDrrIlmifous. LEGISLATION IN FRANCE. Tlic folIoMitig is ihf rcpoft of the proceedings of llie luitislmivu iissciii lily in France, in pas'inrj a bill for .iiiihorizing n ln.in of 250,000,0(l0f, fur defraying the exposes of ilm l(iisi!iii ivnr, Tlio form in which thii nt tliinu was that of proiiluig "fMranrilinnr, resoiirrrs," lur incct uif tho ' 1'Xlr.ioriliiinry expent-cs" of the )cnr, lor ihe piirpiinu of iihiiii tiiirimu llie Hinlcet t.f the ompire in " tquilibrio." I'liu I'linnce Miiih ler, in recniiiiiiuiidinx l lie loin to tlio Kinporor, rcHsmioil us fiillnivii: " The expensi-s for which it u in lii'piiiinilili' to provide hcini; all -(ether rxer-ptiniiiil ami e iraortlitmrv. ii is mil lo tHXHtiun. tint to a loan, that it is ndvUnlitc to have rrcrmtM'. 'In (inn iiiu ihtM' t Mtiiunliiiiir) re ;oiiri:es tiy ineai of iiitution would In- lo trammel both public and pn iiKi fnriiinc ut a moment when they linvu need of bcini most tirefully iillemleil lo uould be to diminish employment and cii'iisiiinpiion ivhen, on the contrary, there is overy ii'o iixe fur t'ticiitirriuiiiu them ns iniieh us pnsilil(! To proemc these resonr ccs by incatis of a lo.in is to dilri bote the charge of them over the fu lun is lo allow limes of pence in pay thu t xpenso of war. If ytir Miijety nppioves the idea of'ihii I'liin, I hnl h:ic the lioimr of pio po.iiiij to j ou to fix ils amount tit SSO.IiUU.lobj that sum lii ing Mif licient lo prmiilu fully for ilin new neceisiiies hirh hau arUen The public dtlii of the Kmpiri! will, no iloiibl, be augmented, but that cir cumstance, "ill throw hut a liuhi charge on the lax ai,cis.pnriii iiIhiI) I if ihey compare it with the retlnc i lion, iidinilel) larger in aiiuuinl, u Inch your Majesty has already pio jtbn-etl in the great I took of the pub I In: debt by the conversion of the fnc per ceiiln.'' j Paris. Marrh 7. The Legisla tive body met lodny, ni 2 o'tlmk, to i tlbcns-s the project of law aullinriz mg the Miuiiter of I'mniicu to nego- nine a loan of 250,tl0l),000f. M. i liillnull, the I'rt .-iilenl, who b.id been nppoiiiteil repoiter, coiiiiiiiiiii caied, in the fnllotving terms, to the Aksembly, the result of the del'bcru lious of thu commitice to u Inch the bill had been refe. red : "Gentlemen, In the iinme of n policy cs.veniiiilly- iiutiiinal, and en joying the sympathy of the cmlizud wotlit, tho hmperor appeals to your loynl co-opeialioii. Tlio committee you clcclcd now demanils ill. it n unanimous sole should realize that co-operation, mi encrgetlcullt attest ed yesterday bj your patriotic ac- claiunlioiis. 1 he peine wlusli Eur ope has enjoyed for the last forty )ears is about to ct nc. The Kus sian goveriiun lit sacrilii es it to its ambition. In order to avert that ca lamity, every L.xcrlinii was iiimlo by the P'iiice nho, on the eve of his ac cession to tho throne, responded to the calumnies of one parly and lo the auxiely ol Jim other by that fruit ful muxiui ' Tho Empire is peace.' (Ilr.ivos.) Deeply peneiraicd with this mission, and proud of thu pros punt) nlttcti Ins courage Imil rusltir ed o us, nd of that magnilic.eut de velopement of iuilustrial aclivily which, in the Course of two years, covered the deficit of our budgets, .mil opened to the wealth of the couutiy the broadest liorizoii.ihu Em peror expected from peace moio real glory lltiin Trom war. lie did every thing in his power to maintain it. and to use his own words, 'in order to avoid n collision, hu uent as far as honor allowed him,' (Applause.) The diplomatic. correspondence. which his letter concludes so nobly, lias exhibited to France and to thu world the nio.t continuing proofs of liu constant cxcriionsaud good faith. (Kedniililctl npplause.) The Rus sian Gotcrnmciil vainly attempts to disclaim the terrible responsibility of the coiifidgratiou it has kindled All the great Courts of F.uropo are in possession of the documents, and whatever sympathy lliey may have experienced for llusia they will con demn her. Thut banner of order and European- r pose which Russia welded to influence the councils of Diplomacy is now borne by France, who, intimately united with Eng land, advances, with tho sympathetic wishes of the continent, to defend the repose and security of all eguiust the ambition ol one man, Our poli cy is unselfish, ami without mental reseivation ' France has no idea of aggrandizement ; the only wishes to rr:it dangerous encroachnicntri, nml defend the cause of the Sullnit auuiiist an unjust ntiacli, nml lo pro tect, nt the Mine lime, the rights of the Christians, to mniiitiiin the free dom of the pen and our just influ ence in tho Mediterranean, to second Germany ngninst the preponderance of o too powerful neighbor. France wiahes, in a word, to preserve that equilibrium on which the security and the Independence of States de pend. For the siiccers of that holy cause no will march with all thnae whom iniquity revolts, with all those who desire the triumph of right, of justice, and of ciuhzitiou.' 'As to the resources necessary to execute efllcnciously this grand nml loyal policy, your commitice approves the idea that they should be sought lor in a loan rather thnn in taxation ; it is tttsc, ns has been r-aid, to l"avo In llio rii-heo. of poaro till' burdoil of tho expenses ol war. Tho Coiii'miii sion i qtinllv approves that full lati tude sliall be given to the Minister of Finance in all that relates to the mode nod coiidiiiou of llie loan. I'li.it facult) is an arm which the Government will know how to make u.x of for the interest of the Treas ury ami of the tax payer?. As In the ulterior employment of these re sources, ie cannot do otherwise than Ir list to thut prudent and ener getic u'll which, lifter having so m bly niiiiiaued the diplomatic pen ofi rrnnco. will know how lo handle .. . .... I'liinniislv her sworil. fliravo.) Your commute', gentlemen, pro-j po-esto you to give to llie Govern-1 nient of thu Emperor that siiMial i pledrtP of confitlonce. Our country, I which is reminded of the disasters of . 1612, has no need to remind its one-, mies that lliey then hail on llieir ' side the rigors of a winter mure invi'i- official presur'. in llie prouiolioii nf cible than their arms. Il might op 1 llie national redemplion tin mfl'i )ise to ihem other gloritn s soiiven- euce was prodenily kepi in Iheback irs lint it is better to create new around The spuiilaiii-ons nlincli ones, (r.ivn!) Intne-iril with thu I merit of the people to 1 1 is Iiupcriul country, the Kuipcror did mil ,v i;i ! Mnji sly was fiist relied upon, and to draw llie mvomI. Hill since wo when it was i-eon ihat thu trit k sue tire driven lo it, tin-war must bo nip-' eeeded, the Ministers lire said to id, enerae'ic and decisive. (Tres have gone so far as to repudiatw the Aioi. Tres Li'iti ) Let that ureal officious zeal of cerlain I'refecis, international policy prncli-ed bv the Weslein Powers against llie distur ber of the lepose ol Europe be effica cious, and the continent be mice re stored bv our t Hints, in common with En.d.intl, lo a security which it shall be in the power cf no one lo nuaiii disturb wiih inipiiuiiy, und France, tvilislied, will, under the glotious ajgis of the Government which she has chosen for himself re- siiinu tho free rmirso of her pnetfir. eoiiqueslri. Unanimous npplnae. Your committee iinanimnu-ly propo- m-h to vou ihe adoption of tho Pro- :l of Law ; it is as follows : ' Aiit. 1. The Minister of Fi iiuiicu is authorized to have inscribed on the great book ol t'lu public debt the amount of rentes n quired to pro di'ce, according to the rato of the negotiation, a eapitul of 250 millions of bancs. These rentes may bo ali enated at such rates und conditions ns shall conciliate the interests of llio Treasury. A sinking fund oftheont- liumiicdiii part oi luc (luminal capi tal of tho rentes cieaied in virtue of the preceding authorization, shall bo ""'J "I ol the People ! added to the sum nsbined each year The molive is not bad, but as if to the bind for paying olTtho national lo uinko this monetary demonstration debt. a real proof of self-confidence and Aiit. 2. Tho proceeds of the security, the Government ought not loan shall be appropriated, os an ex-J to e,'P a ,l,lss regime of nbsoluto truordinary resource, to ihe wauls of "'lo mid oppression by deliberating Ihe year ill which it shall be realized." , as il ,,t's. in the midst or tins finan- Wlien M. ilillaiilt had concluded, ciil1 success, upon measures for llio M. tie Fl.ivi-ny rose and prcenled suppression ol ail tho newspapers, some nbseivutions on the necessity save li c Monileur and another olfi or reducing certain taxes. j cial evening organ. As long us tho Thu discussion was then closed, Emperor is afraid ol She continual and Ihe two articles of the bill hav- maiiifuMiitioii of Iree public opinion, iug been road by llio President, were P'lrades, military and civil, lo adopted without opposition. Tho , slmvv his power, may be indulged, entire mil was nfierwards voted by 1)1,1 low "ill believe in a permanent the 23S members present. isirenyth ami secutiiy, based on such M. du Monlreui! ihon moved that ' negation of political lights. the whole Chiimber ohould wait this Ar. Y. Times. evening on tho Emperor with liis Bureau, by whom the law jusi voted; copper and Copper Mines, was to be presented lo His Majesty, . ,. , , which was una.ii.noti.ly agreed to. I . lio copper nimos ol Lake Sup.- i nor ure beginning lo aitraet much at THE FRENCH LOAN. Louis INapoleon bus givi-n a new amusement to slock brokers to spec proof nf bin clcvisrocns. Kin foiitii- olutti upon in tlio way of Blocks of I cial measure to raise fifty million dol-' In' iiin.me nl il ntitlikiiiil aillw.riii '" ..a.,.-, ................ ......w..,, upon their arms nnd legs massive i.ttn. voluutur) among the people, is day being belter known, and as the , ri(lgj( probably of this meliil, but mi indisputable evidence of his ihor quality becomes known it is better es I whelher it vvus of their own smell ough knowledge ol his poiition and j timaic.l ; vve are told it is now con- , or obtame.l from visimrs is not of tho trench character. Wo hi.vo , sidered the purest and best in 1 dear, though Ctesar says expressly, some private mlvices from Pans de-; market, and sou. hi oiler by iiiauu that the Britons made use of iumor liiihng the origin and reason of this faoiurers m copper und brass as far te,j copper, naiional demonstration. Tho Eng-1 preferable to the South American or bsli Iludgei anil tho rrench Loan any other. 1 lie mines appear lo bo Bill, it will bo remembered, were inexhaustible, und it will be an aril moved uhnost simultaneously in thcjclu of great wealth to llio nnlinii respective Lugi.itivo bodies. No within a few years This region is one was more surprised at Mr. Glad-, richer limn any other in llio world stone's double Income policy, than of this valuable metul. The celo the French Government. They ex- braied mines of Cornwall, in Etia- pected to hear of a regular loan proposed. ior n sum in magnitude something like their own ; instead of to 8 per cent., white in 1850 the ' constructed as to return soveral ech wlucli the simple process of raising j Luke Superior mines y ielded 37,000 oes in very different tones, the ef the Income lux is brought forward tons, with uu average ofilO percent, i feet will bo unpleasant. Sir John with, to the French Emperor and Ins pure metal. 'Hcrschel says it is mainly for this Ministers, the vexatious declaration, Tlio antiquity of these mines in reason that in cathedrals tlio servto that a loan " is a wholesale nnd sys- ibis country, has been a curious 'es are usually read in a sustained tcmatic decopiion ol tho People I" subject or inquiry. That copper .uniform tone, rather that of sing There were, indeed, somo preliminn-, was known in this vicinity, and pus- ( ing than speaking tho voice boitig ry inquiries uiuoo irom oiuciai quur- lers at Paris, usio tho measures by which the English Government would probably propose lo cover the extraordinary expenses of tho War, Mr. Gladstone, however, was excee dingly discreel, and to the lust mo ment declined to commit himself us lo what he should bring forward with his Budget. Napoleon and hit Ministers wcrt thus left in tho dark, nnd tho two propositions camo be fore tho publio having all tlienppenr nnco of a scheme to discredit each other. The subsequent embarrass ment was extreme in the Allied Courts, and paiticulaily so nt tho Tuilcrics. In direct antagonism to the Enuli'di Chancellor's opinion as to the nature of n loan, the French Minister of Finance had declared taxation the means " to throw oil llie present generation a burden which more nnturally belongs to the future !" It aiis under such circumstances that n National subscription lo tho lom was resolved upon, under sano lion of the Emperor, to the nstnn isliment of the good people of Fans nnd elsewhere, who could Foarcoly believe their ces on rending the de cree in die Monileur. The metis lire succeed, and its prnmpi success is not onh of lintiueiul but political tuiportiiiiRo. To got the inonoy at the chuap' st rate, to provoke an Auti-ituss'inn doiuonsttntiou, and last, though not lenat, to take, by this process, tho stiffrugrs of the moiiejed classes nnd small proprie tors, in the shape of a pecuniary vote of confidence in the clnbility of the Imperial regime, were tho leni1 iug points in this bold measure. Wo remonihnr how thu, olectious after the cnup d'clnl were mans-jeil. Tlio ho ongi neons character of the Legislative body ls evidence cm-ugh 1 "f the sort of insf ructions the pro- I .Ir.i tt a coimiis oi mo ittpariiiieui rcceiven in order to iusiiio such unanimity ' nere is little dout'l Hint the wormy I'relecls htid riimlnr iiiMriietions on the present ofcitsimi ; but ns the warlike spirit, peeuharlt predo nin- "nt in the French disp.itiiiu, is pre stimeii in nave come lorin, wiiiioiu without, however, naming the olfeii dcr or ofleiulers, whose like scrvicts nl some future time may not be deem ed overzealniis. The Government means to make much as it can ol this succe- and our informant adds that there is a talk in Government circles, of a s,'rl of proclamation lo be addressed I" the French People, or tho Somite "d Deputies, in which llie Empuror will cntiurriluliilo Hit tuition on bav- ing given such new nml .ill-imp.. rt. '"'I proof of iis fidelity to order nml national honoi, of which ho will ro- main the sleady protet lor. iN'.ipole ou III. is Miid to have made some thing like the following runi.uk on the firsl favorable tidings of the pro gress of the subscription : The men sure is worth not two hundred and fifty million francs, but an Umpire. What 1 wonted was not money. The capitalists would have been but too ready to help mo In that on their per cents. Bui it was another dem onstration from the ix.'opUi in proof that I am Lmperorof the French by tention us something more valuable and substantial than merely louflurd the respective eou.p in.es. I Tw triilim l lln. ..., l,i-.o1 I. .ti.,...i I laud, formerly yielded 12 per cent, of 'pure metal: lliey uio now reduced ' cacu ujr niu nunuiis, is well auilieti- ticnted, In " Brentou's Account of Uosnoiti s Voyage," in 1P02, mention is frequently made of utensils of cop- per found in tho hands of Indian, and lie says, " I was doirous to un derstand where they had such store ol this metal and made signs to one of them, (with whom I was familiar,) who taking a piece of copper in hit hands, made a hole with his finger in tho ground, and withal pointed to llio main from whence they came." lle nlso reports is among the "com- uiodiiies'Mhey saw ' copper in great nuuiitiance." 1 his was upon our, own shores. In 1818, sonic curious iliscovcrici were made in thu Lake Superior re gion. Mr. Knapp, of tho Vulcan Mining Company, worked into nn old cave which had been excavated centuries uyo. I his led them to look for others of the same sort, mid they found u number of sinks in the enrih to a groat distance. Ily dig gmg into litem, they were found to nave been made by the hand of man Masses of copper were found weigh- Hig eight or len tons, which had been got out ,ind left there. trees had grown up over them of a very -large growth, and had died mid deenved many years bincc, at the same dace Ijfcos were now standing of over ihrce hundred yenrs growth Tools were nlso found, sumo of which were of copper, nnd ome that re sembled wedges, mallets, and ham mers, similar to those used by black smiths. The Chippewa Indians nil nay that this work was never done by tho Indians. Ily whom then was it done? h the curious inquiry. H'hun did these ancient miners work, and who Were they ? Is il po.sible they were Ifio forefathers ol ill" pie-cut race of Indians? It is possible; Miviigo mini in allenuulrics is a wreck of former civilization. 'I he (It sceiidnnls of the Greeks ami Koiiiaus are not like their toielaihers ; we know them lo ho wrecks ol a for mer nivihzitiou. Tubes and men, separated trom coniuiumcaliou and contact with others of their species, soon degenerate nml dwindle into the suvuge slate. It is, therefore. , ipiiie po-siblo that the old copper I uiiueis of Lake Superior region,1 were the lorelailnrs of the present, ( race ol Indians. v.iTi-i iii eu hiionn to me on- tintlS of IllltltlUltV. Illld the frenilCIlt mention of brass by m.cienl authors must be ollen timleistood us having reluroitce to cupper. Such is iiii dotibledly iiiu meaning ns it occurs ! Ill Scripture, which describes " a land whose stones are iron, nud out of ivhoM hills thou luavest dig brass." Ilrass being a factitious meliil, the bise of w hich is alwnjs copper, the hitler iitelal alone must have been the niinenilo"i.-al oroduet alluded lo heie. Tho. chief sources of iltu , - As tho snows disuipear blossoms great wealth of the Pharnolis weio I "f ",l,cr fl"Wcrs open, which display mines of Nubia and Etbiopit, winch ll'omselves more boldly, but they ure weieproduelivo of nipper oi biass in Id.inched, or ncurly so. In the pass great abundance before iron wll8 rii!' f"m the l.i.l snmvs nf winter lo l.uowu in Africa Tim earliest knowl- Hri blossoms of spring, tt,., bar edge which ti.e Greeks possessed or, """) or color is preserved hillside, Ihe working of the ores of this met- ,lml rt-ln rls uro laid w ith a delicate al is allribtitod to C.idmu, who, r. ; " hue. varied rarely by a pink upon riving will, other emigrants in Greece tl,c "Immid-trces. Petals of applu tii 1501, before Christ, opened tlu t blossoms, floatjjg on the wind, inimie first cupper mine in llie mountains 1 lhu lhkca or snow thai were so lato of Thrace. The Etrurians, bv their , cl'"- As tlio wnnn season nd knowleilgu ..r minim:, suprhedKoinc , vances. c.ilois deepen until wo come with the copper from which was coin-' 1(1 11,0 ll,rli cmmon ol nutumii flow ed ull tho money which circulated in !rs 11,0 '"-""nuess of the niiti.mn Homo through several sunccudiog 'oaVPa- 'I his rlmrgo is mil only meant centuries. In iho museum at Copeu- '" 1,0 lionutiful it has ils use. Why htigen various tools and implements ",G ,l,e firsl sl,miK flowers nil white, of copper edged with iron, are e.v- ,or nc,,rl' wl,,,c? Uecatise, when tho hibiledas found in Doiimnrk, and ",mla !,ro s"" nol.l, oiul the sun is presumed lo have been oudu at u ""'l' i nluratly kind, a flower would period when uleel appears lo have , bo c'"l,el1 " ,le,,,h lf "s l,eal ra,lm been .uore piecious than gold. led from it rapidly. But radiation Copper was obtained in Enghnd I ,aK, s l,l',n! ",l,sl fr,'uly fro"1 I'"li Ci,U at C.ruwall aboui tlx, doso of the . "rs f,,M" bliuk rr,," ,lie ronply fifieenih century. In the year 1712 ,lolllle(l "'-'". '! blues, nud reds, ihe copper manufacture was'broughl 1,1 "'p "'onlliBr. flowers and leaves lo greal perfection in England and colored, cool themselves moio read continued to increase, fluctuating, I ''' T iiil-IiIs, and form upau their sur however, much or lale years uml.-r i f'icrs ,l,u '"-"'"'y l'. In euily spring the competition or the South Amur- ''"'"i l,,,lc nc(!(l "f ,ll;w ,,r of fi,cl1 ican markets. In 1803 ihero was a ' nus f,,r C""I"'S- I ho dehcato spring gieat depression nnd check in tho flowers are, iherer.ire, t.r a color ihal pro.lueli.in or copper throughout ' " I1-'"1,1 r,i,,,,) loencoiiiage r.i.lialion. England, pari or which was caused. I'"r ,l,u s;""V f-,a! 1'; 'luie In the imporliilion ol ihorore.gn r. , subslancos give oul tho least rrcely tide. Very large quantities were ! ,ho l,L'!,, .,l,a ,l,u' c'""1"" or cover br.mght in which were taken by ,1(J luetic annuals are white us llieir na llritish cruisers, ami the prizes bro't "vo I or sa," r,:"s'"b into England, and also by imporiu-1 to0' snow ttscir ir while, when lions under licenses Troiii the Urilih;:,W l,l;C","us v,!ru- Ml '"'"r! and Spanish gover.imei.ls. The an- l,ko a '""" al'" "'"I If ti.iuityoi the copper mines in Hni!. ' land is os much m obscurity ns all others. Swords and other articles have been round ami thought to bo or British manufacture; but al what period is not known. Tho curliest llili.lhllqiile tF tlmt ifl.n.l wlmm w Iliive ntxomt, certainly wore . . 4 . J ACOUSTICS. Tho velocity of sound is such that in a room of moderate sizo llio echo is not prolonged perceptibly after tho original sound. In larger uuuuiugs nnwever, tlio echo is heard after llio principal sound has ceased : and if iho buildin? bo lints blended ill unison Witli ils 'echo. In churches and other largo I buildings tho echo is sometimes i productive of dissotiauco, when it Its heard aftor llio Iiarmony of a chord has changed. In the perfor mance of slow pieces, or in a small room, it is rather advantageous than otherwise, inasmuch as it only tends to reinforce the note. Sir John says that " when ten notes succeed one miotlicr in a second, aa is oficti ,' tlio enso ill niodcru tmisic, tho lon- gititdinal echo of n room fifty-fivo i feet lotig will prccisoly throw tlio second reverberation of each noto on the principal sound of tlio fol lowing one, wherever' tho auditor ho placed ; which, in most cases, will produce in so far ns it is hoard only discord." As regards the transmission of sound, thcro can bo no question i that tho shape of the building lias much to do With it, , irrespective oi size. Sir John Hcrschel gives tlio following examples of remarkable echoes, illustrative of the influence produced on llio propagation of sound by the forms of buildings: " In St. Albans' Abbey-church, tlio tick of a watch may bo heard from otic end of the church to tho other. In Gloucester Catlicdrnl a gallery of nn octagonal form con veys a whisper scvciiiy-fivo feet n cross the nave. An echo in tlio tmrtlt sido of Shipley Church, in Sussex, repeats twenty-ono sylla bles. In tho cathedral of Girgenti, in Sicily, the slightest whisper is homo, with perfect distinctness, from tho great western door to tho cornice behind the high altnr, a dis tance of 250 feet a fact which oc casioned some scandal a few years ago, hi rendering tho secrets of tlio confessional audible to persons who sought to gratify thoircuriosity, mi. known to the confessor or tho con fessed. In the whispering gallery at St. Paul's as is well known to most country visitors in Loudon, the faintest sound is faithfully con veyed from one side lo tho other of the dome, but is not heard at tho intermediate points. In the Man- from Paluco at Venice is a square, room about 2"i feet high, with- a concave roof; a person standing in the centre of the room, and stamp ing gently with his foot on tho floor, nenrs tlio sound repeated a gieat ' iminlinr nf linten " Harmony of color in Nature. RtifTacllc. was not more choice a bout his painting, than we find the sun lo be. As winter departs, tho modest violet first blossoms beneath a veil of leaves. The modesty menus nued of shelter. Protecting leaves radiate buck upon the fragrant little "wer !" ,i,c ,IL'al ,lml deparln from "r ":u or u,,iCi it would still l.'l some of the heat es cape, which is retained under ils w 1 1 i I c 1 1 es . Ho uselmltl I Vords. Do your Best. " When I was a little boy," said a gentleman one evening,'? I paid u visit lo my grandfither ; u venerable breeches, and huge silver knee-buckles filled mo with great awe. When I wont to bid him good-bye, ho drew inu between his knee., nnd placing his hand on my head, said ' Grand child, I have one thing lo s.iy to you ; will you remember it? I stored into his face and nodded, for I was ufraid lo promise aloud. Well,' he con tinued, whatever you do, do tho best you can." "This in fact was my futher's legacy to mo, and it has proved bel ter than gold. 1 never forgot his words, und I believe I have tried lo act upon them. After reaching home, my undo gave Marcus and mo some wci'diutf lo do in llio garden. It wus Wcdnsdtiy afternoon, and we had laid our plans for something else. Marcus, fretted and ill humored at his disap pointment, did not more than half do his work ; and 1 began pretty much like him, until grandfather's ntlvico came into my mind, anil 1 determin ed to follow it; in a word, I 'did my best.' Aud when my uncle came out, 1 shall never forget his look or approbation, i.s his eyes glanced over my beds, or the fourpcuco he slipped into my hand afterward, because, as lie Mid. my work was well done. Ah, I wut a glad und tlmnkful boy ; whlo poor Marcus was left to drudge over his beds all tho afternoon. " At fifteen, I was sent lo llie nc ademy where I had to earn my own way through the course. I ho Icsn- ons camo hard at first, for I was not mnd of study j but grandfather s ad vice was my motto, nnd I tried lodo my best. As a conscqiicnco or this, though I was small nf my age, and not very strong, my mother had three offers for mo before the yenr vvns out, nnd one vvns from the best merchant of Ihe village, n place in whose store was considered very desirable." Here then was the key to tho man's character. He is considered one of tho best business men, and or the best citizens, ono of the best officers in the church, one of the best friends of the poor, ono of (he best neighbors, rubers, husbands, friends; in a world ho is universally beloved and tespected. And what is the secret of it nil ? lie always tried to do llie best ho could. Let every boy nnd girl lake this for their motto. Acted upon, it win do wonders lor you. it w ill bring out powers und capabilities which will surprise and delight your selves nud your friends. "Do your best, or ns the Bible has it," What soever thy hand findcth lo do, do it with thy might;' or in other words, " Whatsoever you do, do il heartily ns lu llio Lord." Telegraph from Ncwfound ladn to Irenlud. Wo find in the Washington papers uu olucinl document addressed lo the Secretary of the Navv bv Lieut. Mntiry, giving thu results of tho deep sea soundings cHcdcd by Lieut. Ber- ryman, Troiii the shores or .Newfound land' lo those of Ireland. These seem In bo decisive of tho question ns to the practicability of a submarine tel cgraph across the Atlantic ocean, in that re.'ion. thu distance between the nearest points of Ihe two countries beiiii? one thousand six htitttlrc.it mil.., mill ih Ir.ii,.ii of tin. s,.n iinmrr n o plateau the whole distance, singular ly adapted to tho purpose of holding a lino of magnetic telegraph wire. The depth of tho plalcatr is quite regular, gradually increasing from the shores or Newfoundland, where it is fifteen hundred fiiihunis, until it rea ches two thousand luthoms when ap proaching Iho other sido. This is just suited to the purpose, tho depth being such us to secure the wires ugainst ull tho periles or icebergs, anchors, etc., and yel not loo deep to bo useful. More lemarkablo than Ibis is tho fuel thai, upon this admi rable pluuteau, "the waters or the sc-i appear as quiet nud us complet ely ul rest ns they are at thu bottom of a mill pond ;" thut " there nro no peioiijiliLilo ouricllla all. ubrilllillg U- gents at work nt tho bottom or tho sea upon this telegraphic plateau ;" " consequently a telegraphic wire ouco lodged there, there it would re main, as completely beyond the reach oT the accidents of drift as it would i( buried in nn airtight cuso." Lieut. Aluury suggests thnt a natiunnl prizo bo tillered to tho company through whose telegraphic wiro the first mes sage shall be passed across the At lantic. Philadelphia U. S. Gazelle. n v i:. i. wAii'oA. "lie that by the Flow would thrive lliaieeirinuelaither .(o..o or Dates. The Exportation of Corn. Tlio Uoehpslnp yli..nVrti oli-o. "With iho best possible facilities for tr.inspotation, this cointry might pro fitable export one hundred millian bushels or corn a year. Tlio corn crop or Monroe County is but a trifle below a million bushels while its wheal crop is a million nud a half bushels." To which the fura New-Yorker shrewdly and opportunely replies: " Would il not bo far better to con- vert this hundred million bushels ofi corn into twelve hundred million ! Tho application of this merely rud pouiid of pork or beef, ns tho rrieglit inieuinry knowledge, will enable on tlio ono would bo fivo times ns i formers, (if they will but set about much us on llio other? and freight lil) t0 rc"0 from many improva is no small item iu carrying grain fr.iin ' bl sPols ,ho sti8"ia of beiS Pr our Western Slates to tho Atlaiiiicinlld C,M ' n "ppeHatiou" hithetto cities, or lo Europe. By so doing wo laPPIied 10 them, not because they should not only uxpend less in rre.glu ' nro na'"re unproductive ; but be charges, but would uinko u quantity . causo ignorance, or indoleiico, orin ofminure, ami liius enrich uislend Idifforenco, has liulicrto prevented of impoverish our farms. We trust 1 tI,0'r lla,ural capabilities from being the .lay will never como when we ei,,,or appreciated or mado availa can export u hundred million bushels, b, ,wjl",t ls 1,10 remedy ? A ro of corn, lfwecan afford lo export ,,loval "i0 exce5s wa,cr- And wheat, ull very well, but do let us l''"w? effectual drainage." keep something al home lo Teed stock I Journal of Agriculture. and make manure. Would the Atner can huvo 'ho farmers of Monroe Coun ty grow corn instead of wheat for ex portation ? It may bo difhculi for us to con vince our Wisconsin nnd lowu farm ers of iho importance or reeding slock , with any reference to the value of the manure thus obtained, but wo hope that the other urgument by tho Itura , inquiry,. How are coming genera-Neio-Yorker, and oilier considera-. 'ions to bo provided ? is much more lions fo great iniporlancc.may induce than an idle question. Yet the axe thehi to convert all their extra grain j is still swift in its work of do into pork and beef, instead or trui.s-istruction, and what is moro lament- porting il. Under the present con- dition of things Ihero is no way in I which it can be mado lo giveso much , real vulue. If wo can read ttioslaiis ef tho limes with any degree of skill.iiiewnl. Ihero is going tobo a siill greater de- -JYith many it is a practice, in uiiird for pork ami beef. No more than the usal number of boss, and sc rcely any cattle, are being fatten - ed, while the number of consumers is constantly increasing among us. under tlio present demand for beet' and pork, and where there is not e-1 nough to supply iho demand, no grain should ho nwi for nnv other pirrvi I Tho farmers of Monroo County now feel Ihe result, anrHvnluo man ure. They once thought ns our farm ers do now, that their lnhd was tee rich to bo impovciislicd by culture.' lowv Fanner. UNDERDRAWING. In our rambles about the country, wo have tioticcd thousands of acres of wet, nndraincd lands ; and many or them were annually mown over for tho scanty crop of wild, sour grasses, brakes, pollypods, &c, that they yield, winch, when gath ered into the barn, as fodder, scarce ly repay tho oxpenso of getting. Thcso wet soils, generally, may, al a moderate expenditure of labor, bo made the most valuable and pro ductive portion of many of our farms. If, in their natural wet state, lliey nro plowed and planted with potatoes, or sown with oats, fas is sometimes the case,) the product is usually poor, faown with Lng- lish grass seed, they may yield a tolcrab'c crop, for two or three years ; but tho wild grasses nnd brakes will soon take their place. It is practi cally impossible to grow, success fully, what wo term good English crops, upon a soil thus saturated with water, however rich it may. bo in all thu requisito ingredients of plants ; and we know that many of those water-logged soil, when judiciously drained, are of the best quality. Hut they have long rested under tho stigma of being poor, heavy, cold lauds. Now it should bo known, that there is no such thing, in Iho common acceptation of words, as heavy, cold lands : only as they are rendered so by excess of water, winch becomes stagnant, causing the lornialion ol acids, I preventing the admission into tho i soil of air and warmth, which are indispensable to tlio porfecfioii of indispensable to tlio porfecfioii the more useful kinds of plants. To illustrate this, wo quote from Prof. Johnston : " When an open pan of water is placed upon Iho fire, it continues to acquire heat, till it reaches tho temperature of 212 Fah. It then begins to boil, but ceases to become hotter. Steam pas-cs off, aud the water diminishes iu quantity. Hut while the vessel remains upon tho fuc, the water continues to receive heat from the burning fuel, as it did boforo it began to boil. Out, since, as al ready stated, it becomes no hotter, tho heat received from llio firo must be carried off by ihe steam. " Now this is universally true. Whenever waler is converted into steam, the ascending vapor carries off much heat along with il. This heat is not missed, or its loss pre ceded, when the vapor or steam is formed over tho firo ; but let water evaporate in tho open air from a stone, a leaf, or a field, and it must lake heat with it from thcso objects ; nnd tho surfaco of tho stono. or leaf. r r tf.ft flntrl no l-ia- r iti n .rs- IiIa y i iiiu iixiu 1 1 1 it .j uiyUiiio wuiuui Tho stono or leaf also, must become coldest, from which tlio largest quantity of vapor arises. " Now, let two adjoining fields bo wet or moist in different degrees ; that which is wettest will almost at all times give off tho largest quan tity of vapor, and will, thereforo, bo thu coldest. Let spring arrive, and tho genial sun will gently warm tho earth ou tho surfaco of one ; while tho water iu tho other will swallow up tlio heating rays, and cnttso them to re-ascend in the i water' vaPor- Lot summer come, aud while the soil iu one field rises nt midday to perhaps 100 Fah. or upwards, that of the other may, in ordinary seasons, rarely reach 80 or 90 ; and, in wet seasons, may not even attain to this temperature. " What, then, is tho cause of the coldness aud poverty, tho fickleness and uncertainty of produce on land of tho kind now alluded to? It is Ule presence ol too much water. Frorntb rbiwi'tb Loomdlba Anvil, Wood and Timber Landa. In ninny sections of (ho country, j the scarcity of timber for practical i auu economic purposes ia present- iS au alarming feature. Iu many portions of tho" country, too, tho use oi uiei is so iusi increasing, mat tne able, the useless manner which wood-lands are allowed, to remain, in too many instances, furnishes but poor reason to anticipato their re gettlng,lheic-annnal supply of fuel, to get ono treo in this place and , another in that, thus running over the territory of trees, and, of course, 'marking the whole with path., wnicu, u rauiiipiwu, wkuuw land, aud occupy aii Irmipgor- tion oi tnewooa-iot. rn,","-, fiM.ntei.-'j '