ISSUED SDtULTANEOUSLY AT MONTPELIEU, NORTH FIELD, WATF.UBURY, &0,
HY T. WALTON, JH.
FRIDAY, APJtIL 28, 1851.
VOL. XLVIII, NO. 22 Wlt<E .NO. 2180.
runusnr.ti r.vnitv fiuoay morninci.
TBIlUI.-f t.M.iti Ifiadtanee $5,1.(1 irpajment
e not mail, lit atlvanc. ) tnte.eit atwaf eba.f r-d from
the end of the j&ar.
AntiMCd U a llt of gent to raeetve aabfcrrptTans
adveri.etnanta and communieitlonfl( and aeknottlajfe,
payment Tor the iimf. '
IH. 1. 1,. 1,1, J. N.FUMr.nOVt
tif.,i(ifM,t. it. smith,
Dinritla, Oil ARUW X. DAN A,
Elm.l., H.r. SCOTT,
llydeperk, EDWARD II. SAW VEH,
Jodntoa," O. W. SCOTT,
Mar.hueld,U, I). FUTNASI, . . '
Jloril.allle, J. O. NUYK8,
MM.llrlei, JBesUJOIJNHON, Jt. ' "
NorthllelJ, F SMITH,
Oranjre, 0AIII.OH CARPENTER,
PftlnO-ld.A. T. IIANOHOIT,
Amth Il.tdwItk.U. HlllrIA.V,
Hlowt, JOHlXIl O. IIA VtlONll,
South StteflWd, I.ANIEI. W.JUIII.,
Tenbitdge, AARON ff. KING,
Weltiflell and l'j.loD.OIL.N(lK.Mmi,
Warien, FRANKLIN A. WIIIQIIT,
Wal-lbe.tend Iloibuia, II. O. HMITII,
Wlllleirulown, IIARIUM TRIDE,
Worcaater. JONAS ABIIOTT.
1831 VI. Central ..ailroad. 1851
JVortlici-n .V WuMcru, ItrltMi ami
I iiIKmI Stales .Hull iconic.
On tHfr March I
run aafoltawe t
rMcokti Traiiia will
Going- North and West.
LEAVE IIOMIOV at7S-4 A. H.. Montp.hef i.(M
P.M. i.rl.ifl;( Ruiliuilon at 7 25 and lloa.e'a I'oint
at 9 I', VI , Moatteal in the fWeaHon, nil Oidrft.hura.ti
at notio teat day. Al. laef a Motiti-ellet at 8.W a, m.
Going East and South.
LEAVK ROI'SE'i VOl NT nt A M.andSr M..
In oeaneelion with 1 aloe (torn Montreal A flf drns
tHiri, ead Mnifiox in Uwton ih) .New York I II U
B.iME HAY. by U.h6,.M it. in, and ihr mi day,
br the V I. M, iratn. .ev Mnntpeller l B.OO A. M.
IV l further tofiirnMiton, aftptjt al the Ugdenaborgh
a ad RiAjan'a l'on.l l4' er Mniftiia, ihr ChampUm
end tfi iawreiic ft lr 'it Offi-, Montreal. t 'Mm
Kimball, Aent, ID1 Sti Sltt, at tre Ticket t .(He-,
ijai)yt Itu.Uinf, 50 lYBit nui. Motion, audio J.
W. Heeari,gUtieA Ajent, KoijIir.
krr.iht trains mn ditf.
j i?n:s .iiooiti:t
NorthdalJ, Vt., Tah Sa. last.
HudI. V. C. It. K.
XorlluTit Kailroat!, A. II.
ICoslon, l.owclt, i;onrorcl, IVoilli-
erii, I'naaHinpalrf, Vrrmoiit Cciitial Ok
fleitbur(;li miiiI loiitrrHl llalliumla,
TO AX1 FKO.M
Ht Johmbury, nuttiaftoi. Hi Albana, Montreal,
dtnf;B sod th Writ, and IaTChfilff, .Ntah
ua(lloatuD (.awrnnfe alam, Uutet, J'ortamuuili,
1'urtlaud, (.roiou Juoclion, U 0fc-wi, 1'rovidvoce,
Nurwieb tad . Vvtk-
Tbia I iba direct foattitwitthlovBUc,
and ttwU'btbi eapiiaU ul tNew llampabirtiiind
YeriuuDt. Tbalaia and firifbt a low aa by other
Altai Dae. IS, lhi3, train Norih Uae Duatonut
7. ffl A. W. nd IB U. ad UaiJ i 10 rw A M.and
3 f M. Taia toulb lf' U Mia !! Jaiicitoa
t 7.15 A. l. anJ I JO r. II. u tba antral of Care
ftvm upper rtda.
tfuacialoatlle iraiaaptte on r tbia roale every Tues
day andlieichl I ram daily iwui Hurlingtcn, Rhui
o'a roiai,Udafcarh, vtootrvl, and iNaba, huw
ell, llMtea, cal4i, l'uiloatl , U'oreeiier, JWj
daaee aadialartoadiateplacea nod it la the oalj rwute
from I ho OjdenaSash M Mwnirral Koada by which
Prtif kteaa be eairlJ withoqiehanfinr caie.
t)HI.O. fl EAUNS, Ateet.
Coocortl.N.M.Oor. Id. law.
ALIJAY V UUTIAND
BAIL BO AD.
VOW OPEN AND RUNNING TllllOUCM to At
baa Mltbost obaac Cera
baRT Mltbost obaaf ul Cera
1853a Fall iV Winter. r
Hkorieat and qikfctil lhfaffb IM Line fiam t)g-
neoftiurga, BlONiifal, kmu' t aint, i-(aiiawi(D mi
Ituiling'uo Twt, A I ha if anl Ntw Yoik,
via Rutland and Eagle Bridge,
f n cwnaaeltan.witb Kuilaad aud U r)Blua,ead Ilud
on K.trr Haiti out.
ratoetauirerlbi rout may ttly maklnf ell
the eunuaciiuiia wtihtl-e difTatem Kod, Mfalied.
Thia l tbn aouia by iich pvaoeMira can
wiiii tmty inruuftu iiuui aiuunvi i a via
NO CHANGE OP CARS,
Odadurlnra jut Uaicec AWiitra betwarn Kbtlakd and
Trtiy or .Mtenj.
TUAIN 1-aea Uurlmetou 9.13 A l.
HEOOMl Tit A IN !a?a l.ttilinfin IOl'JU A M
arrjfatfct I rut XI $ i X.aad Afhao 22 11. M.. leaTca
Troy 4.15 P. M. ul M'nnx 4J0 I. W. f flew oik.
Arritea at New Yor 9 ii P. M
TlllHIi TRAIN f-ava lluriiaUn CJ-i P. -M
lodie al Rulland. and Ukvea Uutlau i ai b.30 A.
arilreaat Troy lu A M-and Albauv 10.15 A loaf a
Trur ltUd A. M.,r Alb.ur lu- A M.fjt New York,
arnvaatew Yirt 1.IU I ai ,
lr'ipraTrau tor llutfulu leavea Albany 10.30 A. M
TbiiugbTickcla tu Um pr mured at the Kutlandand
Huriiugtan Msiirou t-mca. vt -
JAUE-4 V. MILL,art. nuillnlon.
H. TILLKY, Travelhu Ag-ni.
AUo. Throufb liwkeu toUtiCraUj. lerehnd, T.
ledo. Oein-il, l?i-)iMall. ChMacu, and -It I be We a.
lraeiii,li at at th Office the Uuilaii.1 add
MUHiiiftun Kailrva, urvrtno Ajwla ul lie rtiuany m.
Ilaj-sjfr Cktk4 Thrtmgk 10 Troy, Atbny or .New
lo all eaea loarid dnlav CArckajre;Urauk
y tuiti UKiUitt. nvuft.
Tiion. M, UANtMKl.D, Sun.
llurliojtoD.NcT.9. IfciX M:f
ar aav. Gcoai.a raotr.
The eon wa ainkjtif on lh moonuin lone
That (Utrria thy vale of beauty. Pa lea tine 1
And lovaly Trout tbo daaert roae lit moon,
Ytt Ilbf arinj on the boilioo'a purfla line,
Like a pure (utl o'er Ita taitLly ihifue.
Up PdiuAraui'e hlht, abrupt aud bate,
A p'lgrioi toiPd, and t'fi oa day declioa
Look'd pale, then pa u ted for eve'e deliciuua air j
Tba aumuiit jaia'd.he kaeli end breatbM hia efcalof
Ilaapread Ida cloak and alumbeied darkneat fall
Upon tba lwilibt bill f aauddeu aound
Of ailver liumpet o'er bioi aeetu'd to a well (
Jluuda hny wiibtbo teiupeal futltai'd round,
Yet wee ibe wkUlwiad laite ceveru fouud
ftill deeper lolled the daikneaa fiooiva bib
Gifaouo toluuie nponuluiue ouod,
Above a pilUr ahoutliif to tba eay j
Below, a nimbly aea, bat agreed inceaaaatly
Voieci are beard a choir of (olden auiaa.
Low wlade, wboe bieath la lo0d wrtb tba loaaa
Iben chaiiot wbc U the nearer ruab of wm(a
Pale lifbtniajrouul tie deik pavilion lowa j
It thunder the reapleodent ate uuclwae)
Far aa the eye cau fiance, on Iteifbl o'er hIbt,
Uiaa fiery waving wioga, and alar ciowu'dbrowa,
Uilliooe ou nullioba, biifbtaraod uwi brlfbt,
Till all ie Juat lu uie aupreme, uniultiled JighU
Dot Is ! beiide the alcepiof pilf noi atku4,
Likacbtiub, KiDt, wlttj lifted wlgbly plume, 9
Pii'daua-bilbl eye, and look of bib counuand 1
bey tell the I'atriaiui vt bia (lonou douuof
Father of count leaa myiiada that fball tou.e,
Pweepluj the land like billy of the aea,
Ilrlbt at the alara of Leavea from twllifbt'a tlooo,
Till lie la given whom Angela long toaee,
Add laiaePe apleodid liua t crown'd with Ueitjr.
From Rruuk'e German Lyiica,
VOICES OF SPRING.
WW b it lb. I diuiu on tba wind w fw ,
Tha taan botiflu iailka.1; ia)ln(
Youne, Mornlpj Wind Ii h re 'lit h j
fill merry pranktrVa hylnft.
11 Corns out t thou aon of mm, come oat 1"
Tht taacy fellnw h hiwlm
"Pprlig-jar, lurnuhonuilf, ttmnt
Thy chimtKr-UiVfaKiU ar tall in;.
11 Mttarcit ihon nuf lh t tiafet'a horn, '
lleamt not window )ne antpplof, fgt
Aa, drunk with larinr and tight, l lief tome
Afiinat Ik taat hatd fliilnf I
" Tbo aunbfama, throujh th twnktln tiatt
Afa bimblj tti almj lu (SiiJ thee j
Around thy head thy ahoot and aMi,
And litift aa If they would Miod thee.
"Tli nihlin;ilt'a aloioit hour iff poor ihlnf I
Ho loi. haa aha tn tinjiR( (
And 'canto thou wooldit not hear her
Luws fiom (he it to aht weot apr Incfof.
" t took her Sooth in t I awonj It about,
And I lathed the caaemtnt, aaylnfi
L'oma out to the kin(dom tif Pprlnx, comti-ott
If will not much tonjef bo ttayinf I"
The Story of Plingauscr.
From Miss Howitt's " Art Stu
dent in Munich" in press by 'Vick-
nor Co., Rostou :
It was in the year 1705, the year
after the great battle of l!loiilioim,
when Jjiiiropo was devouriiig her ve
ry heart in contcstsnbom the ' Span
is Succession," that the Ilavnrian
pcaantry rose cn masse They were
smarting under the bitter vengeance
Of the Austrian government, who
visited the sins of the princes upon
the people; they were grouud to
the very dust by imposts and cruel
ty, and had already in public assem
bly addressed the diet of Itegens
burg, declaring that 'necessity forc
ed them to arms.'
Two students, I'linganscr and
Mcndl, placed themselves at the
head of the peasant insurgents and
were everywhere victorious. Vari
ous of the nobility joined them;
but this in the end only led to the
betrayal of the peasants. On they
marched victoriously towards Mun
ich, whither the Imperial General
Krcichbaum had beau despatched
The Vorsiadt-Au was already in
full insurrection. Thq giant moun
taineer, (he Smith Iialtcor Sibaldus
of Kochel, with his two sons, led
on the excited people with the cry
of Savo tho children !' n rumor be
ing atloat that the young Bavarian
Princes were to be carried out of tho
land. One of the city gates was
forced, Sibaldus with his 'Morgen
stcrn' slaying an Austrian sentinel;
and a bloody and fierce conflict en
sued. Tho peasants, relying upon aid
from tho nobles within tho city who
had joined their side, fought long
and bravely, but no succor reached
their little baud : fighting on foot,
between the fire of the Austriaus
from the city aud of General Kreich
batim in their rear, they Hod towards
the village of endlihg, where, ral
lying round tho church, these peas
ants fought like lions; Sibaldus and
hi:) sous f;llii)2 anions; tho slain. It
i is said that five hundred perished.
! The wounded were carried back to
Jiuiiicn, anu exposed in me streets
during the rigor of the Christmas
night. Tho battle was fought up
on Christmas Day.
Misery foil, of course, with only
tenfold bitterness upon tho peasan
try; beheadings drawing nnd quar
tering, mutilations, grievous fines
and imprisonments, being the solo
wages received by the survivors of
Historians tell us that 'the ring
leaders were beheaded ;' but the
popular voice relates a termination
to Plingauser's history which rings
in ouo's heart like n lovely ballad of
Long years after this battle fought
iijioii the Christinas Day around tho
church, the Bavarian Elector was
hunting in a wood at some distance
from Munich : ho encountered an
old beggar ou his path, an old man
clothed in rags, and having lost an
arm and leg.
' Who aro vou, my poor man ?'
demanded the Elector ; ' and where
did you loso your arm aud leg ?'
'I am Plingaiiser!' proudly repli
ed the old beggar ; 'and I lost my
arm aud leg fighting for Bavaria a
gninat Austria '.'
Down from his horse alighted the
Elector, took the beggar by his one
remaining hand, mounted him upon
his horse, and bare-headed walked
besido him; and thus with music
triumphantly sounding before them,
ho conducted the braVu old man
back to Munich. Through the city-
gate he led him where the conflict
had raged so fiercely, and on towards
the old Palace, where tho Electress
and her ladies were summoned forth
to rccoive the old man. The bolls
rang out from all tho churches ; tho
cannon boomed ; the begcar was led
into tho Palaco ; tho Elector himself
took of his rags, clothed him in flue
linen, washed his feet, . combed his
hair, and seated him at his right
And not alone, says the voice of
the people, was this tho honor of a
day, but as long as the hero lived ho
dwelt in tho palace as a beloved and
cherished brother of the Elector.
Mr. fou D. says, that some years
ago a Munichin poet wrote a drama
upon this incident, and that his play
had an astounding success. It was
acted fifteen nights running, the au
dience coming to the theatro in
Tyrolean costume, and bursting
forth into long shouts of applause at
each expression of liberty, and con
tempt of Austria. So great was the
excitement, that the Austrian gov
ernment remonstrated, and after
fifteen nights' success the play was
uot only withdrawn from the stage,' Ambassador at Constantinople, atl
hut nil copies of it destroyed. tliorizing him in certain specified
To withdraw tho memory of the 1 contingencies to send for the British
cdlingcr Ihtllo from tho hearts of fleet, was dated the 31st of May,
the people would be no easy task ; and the order sent direct from Elic
it is their Thermopyliu. Not alono laud, to Ilcr Majesty's Admiral to
do peasants from the. mountains visit proceed to the neighborhood of the
the grave of Sihnlns and his follow- Dardanelles, wits dated the S.I of
crs, repeat prayers beforo it, sprinkle 1 June.
it with holy water, and then with 1 The determination to occupy tho
awc-strnck looks regard the ficsco j , Principalities was therefore taken
hut Philip Von Zwackh instituted befmo the orders for tho advance of
a mass for tho souls of tho slain, j tlm combined fquadrnn wero given,
and each atitum u pilgrimage visits' The Sultan's Mininter was inform
it from tho An suburb, " to pray for, cd that unless lie signed within a
the souls so suddenly departed from I week, and without the change of a
among them." And tho Guild of word, the Note proposed to the
Carpenters pilcrimaco each summer I Porte bn Prince MenscliikolTtin the
to the far-famed Maria Eich,' thoroievo of his departure from Constant
to pray for these patriot souls.
rVaia Sapilrratal ( fJUAanaVii f7atru,7e. .Varcl 34
It is with deep regret that Ilcr
Majesty announces the failure of her
anxious and protracted endeavors to
preserve to her people and for Eur
ope the blessings of peace.
The unprovoked nggrcsinn of the
Emperor of Russia ngninst the Sub
lime Porte bus been pirniited in
with such a disregard of consequen
ces, ti.at nftfcr the rejei tion by the
Empcmr of Russia of terms which
the Kinperor of Austria, the Emperor
of the French, nnd the King of
Prussia, its well as Her Majesty,
considered just ami equitable, Her
Majesty is compelled by
1 . , .11 .1 -
what is due the honor of her Crown,
to tbr-interests of ber people, and ...
ll.n indr-norlMorn J ll, X.nlr., r.f,
p ! r 1 1 r
Kiirimn. in r.nmr turtvnril in ilfUitiwr.
tif nn ally whose territory is invaded.
and whose dignity and independence
Her Majesty, in usiificatioiioft!io
to the transactions
the transactions in which Her!
1 K"i 111011 1 uri't.'u u 111 111 uoiisiaui 1-
Maicstv has been engaged. b , ., b ., , , 1 , n . .
',, roii ople on the Jlst of December, and
the hinpernr of Russia had some 1 , . ... ., ,
cause of complaint against the S..I- "I'Ped at Vienna on the Jlst of
tan with reference to the settlement PanJ'' us r,n U' ,he 7 I""
, , , I, , I, . i i ties the means of arriving at an Un
whicli Ins llimtuess had sanctioned,1 , . . . , - i
r., . , r,. ,' i (lerstaudiuir in a becoming and hon-
of the convicting claim of tho Greek .,
. .. , orable manner,
and Latin Churches to a portion of, . . . r . .t . i . r
,, ,, . ... , , ', , It is thus manifest that a right for
the Holy Places of Jerusalem and I . . . r ...
, , , i n. ,t i . I Russia to interfere in t ie ordinary
lis neighborhood. To the complaint ' , .. . , ,., .... , .'
, ., ,. r i, ' , . relations of 1 urkisli subiecls lo their
of the Emperor of Russia on this o , . J. ,
i . . i .ii i 'Sovereign, and not t be happiness of
It. tnil ittelit-j. it'Me fliirif nrifl lif.r Mrt. " 1 ' '
head, justice was done, and her Ma -
jesty's Ambassador at Constantinople
lust, 9 j inu.ts'.auiii ui -.uuatuiiiii.ui.iiij
.-., . t ,. r '
linft lni ii:itmriir.linn nl nrnrnnlinrr nn1
... 1 0
arrangement to wiucli no exception
.1 1 .1 1, f
was taken by the Russian Govern-!,,.
while the Russian Oovcni-
.nn.it ,. .i,..H,.,llv nssormt ll.n fiiivnrn-
. n i . . .1 . .1
nicnl of her Majesty that the mission
I of Prince MeiiscliikolT to Constantin-
ople was exclusively directed lo the j
settlement of the question of the!
,,i ,,, . i 1 , ,, .
Holy Places at Jerusalem, Prince1
m ' i -i r i - ir i .
MeiisehikofT himself pressed upon ,
., ,. . ., , , f 'f i
tho Porte other demands of a far i
,. . . i
uioro serious and important charac-
.. , f i i i . i i
ter, the nature of which he in the
c . . i ., i r
first instance endeavored, as far as
, I , i r i m ,
ty s Ambassador. And
, mauds, thus studiously
1 . . ... . .
, t i i
. aflccled not the privileges of the
1 r..i. r-i....i. r .....i...
po,i..on of many millions of Turkish
subjects in their relations to Ulcir
sovereign the Sultan.
, These tlemands were rejected by
I ., . , r .i i
the spontaneous decision of the &ub-
.. ',, . i
1 lime Porte.
i ... iii - .
1 wo assurances had been given to
! He, Majesty-one, th.it the mission !
I of Prince Mensclukolf only regarded I
.. ,, , ' .1.1
j ho Holy Places; tho other, that his i
. . J ii i e i . 1
I mission would be uf a conciliatory i
respects Ilcr Majesty's
jusl expectations were disappointed
Ucinaiids were made which, in the
r .i. ..i 1...1 ...
uiiiiiniM til iiiu i3ui!uu, uAigmivu tu
,,' 1 r .1 . i. . r
tiiu Duuatiitititiii 111 iiiu l.iiiiuiui ui
,, . , .1 . r 1
Itussia s mil hority for b is own over a
. . , , - . .
ariic portion o his subjects, and
'. . fit
i those demands wero enforced by a
! . 1
threat ; a.,.1 when Her .Majesty learnt ,
that on announcing the termination ,
nf lue mwfiiiiti I'ruir-n M nnsr-lnU'rill
,1 I .1 . .f t I t I ' I
declared that the refusal of his de-
, ,. . ,, , ,
mauds would impose upon the lin-
. r. .i -. r
penal Government the necessity of
eeeKiiig a giiuruiucu uy n mvn iiinv
or, Ilur Majpsiy thouijlit proper that
, . I . ...
her fleet should leave Malta, and, in
co-operation with that of His Majes
ty the Emperor of the 1'rencli, take
un its station in the neighborhood of
thu Dardanelles. J
So long us the negotiation bore nn ,
amicable character, Her Majesty re- i
rrnined from anv demonstration of
force. But when, in addition to the ,
nsseinblauo of large military lorcesl
on tho frontier of Turkey, the Am-1 truls from all unneccessary obstruc
bassadorof Russia intimated that se- i tion, Her Majesty is willing, for tin
rious consequences would ensue , present, to waivo a part or tho belli
from tho refusal of the Sultan to geront rights appertaining to her br
comply with unwarrantable demands, j the law of nations.
Her Maiestv deemed it richt. in con-, It is impossible for Her Majesty t
junction with the Emperor of tho :
French, to give an unquestionable
proof of her determination to support
the sovereign rights of tho Sultan.
The Russian Government has' she must maintain the right of i
maintained that tho determination of belligerent to prevent neutrals from
the Emperor to occupy tho Principal- breaking any efTectivo blockade
ities was taken in consequence of the j which may bo established with an
advance of the fleets of England and! ad' quH" force against tho enemy's
France. But the menace of ihe in-. Torts, harbors, or coasts,
vasion of tho Turkish territory was But Her Majesty will waive the
conveyed in Count NcssolrodeV right of seizing enemy's properly la
Note to Red.chid Pasha of the 19th ln on board a neutral vessel, unless
(3 1 si) of May, and re-stated in his
despatch to Baron Brunow of the
20ihofMay (1st of JunoA which an
nounced tho determination of the
Kmpe.rnr of Kussia to order his
troops to occupy the Principalities, if
the Porto did not witnm a week
comply with the demands of Russia.
Tho desiatch to tier Majesty's
innple, the Principalities of Moldavia
and Wullaclua would be occupied by
Russian troops. The Sultan could
not accede to so insulting a deinajul ;
but, when the actual occupation of
the Principalities took place, the
Sultan did not, as he might have
done in the exercise of lug undoubt
ed right, declare war, but addressed
u protest to his nlhcs.
tier Majesty, in conjunction with
the sovereigns of Austria, France,
and Prussi.i, has madu various at
tempts to meet any just demands of
the Emperor of Russia, without af
fecting the dignity ami independence
of the Suit .n ; and, hail it been
the sole object of Kussia to obtain
security for the enjoyment by the
Christian subjects of the Portu of
their privileges and immunities, she
would linc found it in the offers that
I I I t ,, 0..I1.... II...
Hutu ij';ii imiiiju ur itiu 0.11. uii. uui.
, . . ' . .r i
n,S ,,'?t SCCT W" , f "'
,I,U 8 PCCial and separate
1 stipulation with Russia, it was reject
1 . ' . J
ed. Twice has this offer been made
1... 1 I. ..I I...
. ,, , ,
t flu. l-nllr t'mvrire innn 111 n IVflf
originally prepared at Vienna, ami
subsequently modified by the Porte,
I ft nnl lit fli.. iirnlincnl tt t.ncna r.l 11.
, . .-"..
communities in I urkey,
.1 , . 1 . r I .1 it
was the object sought for by the Rus-
J 0 . '
amii I tfiviiriimmit
In allnti n fl(.rtifinil
I .. ,. ,'. . . .
inu oiiiiuii iouiii nut ullllll, uuu
... . . . . '
ed war upon Russia, but Her Majes-
V crt..ow, ... ommu ict .... ....
! her allies, has not ceased her en-
1 , ' . .
, ,lal "
1 "'as however, now nrr.v-.
etl when, the advice and reuionsiran-
e , , .
ces of the 1' our rowers liavuiK prov-
, , ,, . . , . ., " ' r
ed wholly ineffectual, anu the mi h-
, 1 , , ,', .
tary preiiarations of Russia bec.iminjr.
, 1 . , , .. , .. ,
daily more extended, it ts but too ob-
. ,. ,. r
obvious that the Emperor of Russia
. . ' r .
has entered upon a course of policy
tvllinh. ll linnhprkf.il. milfit In.'ifl tullw.
, ' . ., -
dctrUl:tlon of the Ottoman empire.
... .in. .Ui.it..i.u.v. ..v.. lillM
ni, uttir-l ii m TI.ip M.ii.icfi.
1 feels culled upon, by regard for an
uJr',ho """ty antl independence
f hose ei.ip.re hate been recog,,,Z.
ei n,( Cs,6,em,a, lo '.e Penfc of hu-
7'' '.'f, l,M? "J '"!''"" of ,,cr
P'u with right against wrong, bv.a
. p , , !
desire lu avert from her dmnimoM
most tniunous consequences, and to
,, ' , ., 1 ',
7 ,mp f'T T'
ffa ,f ,,,w" W,"cl! V
faith of treaties, and defies the opm-
. , .' , ,, . . . '
ion oT tho civilized world, to lake lip
. . . .,, ,. ,,
arms, in conjunction with the Etuiu
I ror of the French, for the defence pf
! Her Majesty is persuaded that in
so acting she will have the cordnl
. r i I I .1 .1
support of her people ; and that tie
r 1 f f, , . ,1
pretext of zeal for the Christian re hg-
! . , .. . , fa
ion will bo used in vain to cover in
. , . ,. ,. 1,
aggression undertaken in disrcuald
, , , , e . '
of its ho v (.recent, and of Us ntnn
d fi ;
er Mjejlv ,ulllblv trllsts ml Iur
L11UII3 1IIUV UU SU(.,t93IUI. UUU l.lUti
. ,, , , ' e . , '
bv the blessing of Providence, peatu
- . , , ,. , ,
ni"y be ro-establislied on 6afo and
r . .
Westminster, March 28, 1834.
Her Majesty, the Queen of the
United Kingdoms of Great Britain
and Ireland, having been compelled
to take up arms in support ofan all),
Is desirous of rendering the war at
little onerous as possible to the Pow-
crs with whom she remains at peace. 1
I o preserve the commerce of neu-I
forego the exercise of her rights of
seizing articles contraband ot war, I
"d of preventing ncuiruls from I
be iring the enemy' despatches, and
it be contraband of war.
It is not Her Majesty's intention
to claim the confiscation of neutral
property, not being contraband of t
war, found on board enemy's ships, i
and tier Majesty further declares
that, being anxious to lessen, as much
as possible, Ihe evils of war, and to
restrict its ojierations to the regular-
ly organized farces oT the country, it whether, sooner or later, these re
is not her present intention to issue .forms shall take place in Turkey,
letters of marqtio for the commission. j(br they must inevitably take
ing of privateers. placc,) but the question wo have to
consider is this whether Europe is
THE WAR DEBATE IN THE 'to lie prostrate at' tho feet of one
BRITISH PARLIAMENT, great overwhelming Power (hear;)
Tho English journals received by ! vhethtr one Power is to bestride the
the Arctic aru largely occupied with gbefiom north to south, Jrom the
the report of tho great debate which Baltic to the Mcdittcrrancan, to
took place in Parliament on the Rotate to Germany, and to domineer
night of tho alii of March upon the ovcr Turkey, to have the whole of
address to tho Quran, in rnr,U ln lhe rest of Europe at its mercy to
her Declaration of War. The ad
urcss was moved in the House of
Lords by Lord Clarendon. Tho
fuel that the address was adopted
.without a dissenting vote is evidenco
of the unanimity ol sentiment in the
nation upon the subject of the vigor
ous prosecution of the war.
5Jt is very evident from the tone of
fui.,peeches of. prominent Knglisli
slalesmeii, that thev feel the irons
crndeiil importance of the struggle in
which they have engaged.
Lord Brougham said he could not
help taking that opportunity of ex
pressing his satisfaction that one no
bio Marl had taken occasion to state
what ho thought il was most essen
tial to have staled thai this cuntcst
in which wo wero now most unhap
pily, though most inevitably, engag
ed, was not fikely to be an easy con
test one not unaccompanied with
heavv sacrifices to this country and
ho must add, he feared it might not
prove a very short one. It was nec
essary that thostj things should bo
stated, in order lo prevent any popu-1
lar delusion as to the extent of the
sacrifices which he greatly feared the I
country might be called on .to make;j
ami it was the more necessary when
their lotdships remembered that the
Government, having most wisely and!
most consistently shown the utmost
possible reluctance to enter into this
struggle, had been anticipated by the
popular voice a:.d the popular foil
ing, which had been much more gen
eral and much more loud in favor of
hostilities than the Government, as
appeared by recent negotiations.
Neither of the speakers of the
government could give any definite
notion of what they expected to ac
coinplish by the war, farther than to
check the encroachments of Russia.
Upon this subject Lord Clarendon
Our object is to check and repel
the unjust aggression of Russia, but
in what manner that will be carried
out, and to what consequences it
may lead, must depend entirely up
on the provcibial chances of war,
upon the success that may attend
i-ur anus, aud upon the activity of
Lord Clarendon and Lord Brough
am both took occasion to state t lint
England had every reason to be sat
isfied with the conduct of Austria.
The former said :
She has behaed in an honorable
and straight-forward manner through
out the negotiations with Russia,
and she has done, m her own way,
and at her own tune, everything she
coutti lor the preservation of peace,
maintain the integrity of
The Earl of Derby, in the House
of Lords, spoke in behalf of the op.
position to the present ministry, and
made an elaborate attack upon tho
course of the government in regartl
to the secret correspondence. In re
gard to ihe probable duration of the
war, he saitl :
If I venture, my lords, at this mo
ment, when we are entering upon a
great war, to tall your attention and
the attention of the country to its
importance, to its magnitude, und,to
its possible duration, il is not with a
view of discouraging that enthusiasm
which the noble earl describes to he
felt by the nation ou this question
it ts with no wish to damp the ardor
nnd eagerness of the people of this
country to support, at whatever sacri
fice to themselves, that which they be
lieve to be a just and sacred cause ;
but 1 do it, well knowing the charac
ter and nature of my country uien,be
iicving mm tneir energies, uieir cug-j
erness, ami their enthusiasm would
rather be increased and excited than
diminished by having placod before
Ihem plainly and distiucily the mag-!
mtude of the struggle nnd the great
n ess of the sacrifice for which they
must be prepared. I think nothing
could be so unfortunate as that we
should enter upon this ureal struimlo
with an idea entertained ou the part f
ol a great portion of the country
still less with an idea entertained
nnd encouraged on the part of her
Majesty's government that this
war is likely to be un uffair of trifling
hi thu House of Commons, oppo
sition speeches were made by Mr.
Luyard, Mr. Disraeli, and Mr.
Bright, which were answered by
Lord Pulmerstoii and Lord John
Russell, The debate goes over the
whole ground, and tlirows great light
ou the origin, causes, and probable
results of the pending war.
We copy the closing paragraph of
Ihe eloquent speech of Lord rainier
ston. lie said :
The real question, however, which
we have lo consider is, not whether
Musselman is better or worse than
Christian it is not whether it is de
sirable to hasten more or less those
internal reforms which must, sooner
or later, take place in the Turkish
to Turkey a
lliat we have proposed
exactly the same dictations which
we have meed her to reject in the
caseof Russia. Nothing of the sort
has been done ; the question is not
uiuc. 7(.fit us it jnwisvs , Vt lXYtttfCY
that Power shall be taught that
there are limits to the ambition even
of a Czar (chceirs,) to lite conquests
even of a military empire of which
one may say that tho whole territory
is one great camp and the population
ouu regimental depot; that in spite
of the powei which the sovereign
may be iiblc to sway, m epito of the
military resources which lie is able to
command, there does exit.1 in Eur
ope a respect for the principles of na
tional independence, that there ihcs
exist in the Powers of Kuropo a de
termination to resist overwhelming
encroachments in any one Power, be
that Power what it may, and that we
aro able, as wo are willing, by arms,
as resort to arms has become neces
sary to maintain by laud nnd by
sea the liberties of Europe and the
independence of nations. (Loud
and continued cheering.)
F.om tha London Tlrna. of pril4.b.
DURATION OF THE WAR.
Let our younger read, rs carefully
note the visible signs and prepara
tions for war. Let them enter in
their diaries the regiments they saw
in route for the East, the day they
bade good bye to the uncle or brother
they were never to see again, when
they first heard of tho Czar's bluff
answer to our summons, the Queen's
Message to Parliament, the addresses
in reply", mid it they chanced to wit
ness it, the procession yesterday to
tfie Palace to present those addresses ;
nor can we omit the first Sunday
when they heard the prayer for time
of war used in our churches. Let
them store these things in their mem
ories, and ponder over them, for,
though it may be only n few years,
in all human probability it will be
many, befoic they will see the end
of which this is the beginning Six
ty years ago, with great ardor and
temerity, we rushed into war with u
people whom we had learned to hate
and despise, standing at that time
alone among nations, beaten by us
nut of their colonies ami dependen
cies, pent up within mountains nnd
seas, and under the perpetual surveil
lance of our fleets. Nevertheless,
that war, so begun, with so much en
thusiasm, and with such a coiffidcnco
of right ou our part that hardly a pul
pit but what sounded the alarm, !ast-
ed near a quarter of a century, filling
Europe with disaster and convulsing
the whole habitable world. VVu
havo now to deal with a continent
rather than n State, and with a largo
section of thu human race rather
than a people. With our mvn num
bers more than ever finite, nnd with
materials, labor, and man himself
early more appreciated, we contend
with a cheap ami inexhaustible mill
titude. Wo wage war with a Gov
eminent whose domestic sjstcm is
despotism anil whose foreign policy
is conquest. In the former it has ic
fuscd to improve ; in the latter it has
scarcely known a check. Sixty
years ago it was imagined that the
indignation and the selfishness of all
Europe would concentrate all her ar
mies against devoted France, the nno
common Joe. JNow there aio thou
sands of miles of frontier tint! an un
approachable and unknown interior
to be attacked. Our foe contains
within her bosom the seed-plot of na
tions, nnd still harbors tho originals
of the very tribes that used to menace
and conquer the civilized world.
When some ono observed the other
day that it had been long foreseen
that il must enmu to this, and that
we were only accuptini; a task that
otnerwise would nave lalien on our
successors and proved nbovo their
.strength, that implies not merely the
I greatness of the efforts required of
us, but tho length of time durinj;
which they will probably have lo bo
sustained. A few great blows, aided
by fortuno, and by some return to
sanity in tho councils of Russia, may
perhaps bring tho war to an early de
nial is no uncommon
resolution of tho difficulties which
despotic violcnco is apt to bring on
the world. But it cannot bo disguis
ed that the vaslncss of the Powers
involved in tho present war, the
depth nf tho causes which have pro
voked it, and the importance of thu
principles at issue, al( portend a con
test as long and as changeful ns any
that have darkened tho annals of the
As usual, and as seems to bo the
fate nf this country, ours will be nut
so much the painful endurance, ns
tho costly mainlainanco of active
hostilities. Wo take a public and
active part in the afl'airs of tho world
at large, and we hold it our vocation
to do so. Relying on our power and
our comparative immunity, we be
friend thu injured and chastise the
oppressor. Once engaged in these
generous, though sometimes gratuit
ous interferences, our honor forbids
us lo recede, and we find ourselves
pledged to crusade in support of the
common liberty and justice, and our
own national honor, that is our
case now. There is little likelihood
ol ouf own shores being invaded, or
our commerce seriously damaged.'
Wo shall oven wago tho distant war
with caution, skill, and with every 'case, a less quantity may suffice.
appliance that modern art nnd aril With a spade nnd iron bar loosen
inexhaustible treasury can supply. jthe soil In the pan, or dead earth,
The courage nnd the discipline of pcihaps 15 or 18 inches, according
our soldiers, and the steady judgment! to the depth of tho soil. Do not
ol our commanding officers, hiayj loosen deeper than tho soil extend,
probably save us from painful revcrs-lns this would induce tho roots down
es. Wc have little fear that mothers where they could not extend them
and sisters, and those still dearer, I selvcc laterally, but, in time, would
who have just suffered tho pangs of' fail for lack of food. Hoots should
separation, will hoar of such unquali. bo induced laterally, as in that di
ned nnd unredeemed disaster as that jrcction they aru to reccivo their
of Cnbul and some incidents in the J nourishment. Perhaps it may be
continental war. Of final victory 'necessary to return n part of the
wo will-allow no doubt. But what 'good soil at first removed fiom the
wo havo to expect is a protracted, 1 hole, that Ihe trco shall bo planted
difficult, cosily war, costing a largoj no deeper than It grew in tho nursery,
mortality rather than much blood,: Then mix the manures nnd loosen
and entailing ou tho nation a large jed soil evenly together. If the hole
increase of expenditure, bs well as be too full to receive the tree, a part
a sad check to that long course of of tho prepared earth may bo remot-
social improvement m which wo so
confidently believed ourselves; to bo
TtiB Chances op War. Tho
probabilities of sickness and death
from ordinary causes have long
been the subject of study by statt
cians, mid m England tables have
been prepared under which benefit
societies nnd life assurance compan
ies havo prospered for many years.
"Accidental deaths" havo recently
been made the subject of very close
examination, and there, arc now
companies which insure against in
jury or death by railway accidents,
for a sinirle trip, for tho Vear. or fori
tho duration ol lite. The war in
tho East has now opened n now
field for these accttrato gentlemen,
who have calculated precisely tho
number of miles or number of years
you may travel in a railroad car free
from disaster, and they havo already
determined the chances of being hit
by a Russian bullet, or being trans
fixed by a Cossack lance. Upon
what data these calculations are bas
ed, wo aro not informed, but it is
determined that a party 'may bo in
surcd against " death by accident or
violence from any cause, lncludiu
death in action, for 3 os. on the
100 per annum : and if to include
a payment in case of loss of limb
of half tho sum insured, and payable
on death, 3 3s. per cent, oxtra."
It would seem from these terms that
the Russians aro expected to fire
low, and that a man is twice as
likely to loso his leg as ho is to lose
his head. N, Y. Courier.
U V IT. I ."tVALTOJi.
'Mia that by tba llov would thnva
Ulcniairinu.t either hold or dbjte.
Fran th. Maine 1'arnur.)
Transplanting; Fruit Trees.
I'll. Holmes ; Having been often
taxetl to give my modus operandi
for setting fruit trees, and often invi
ted to communicate it for the Farmer,
I draw up to my table, seize my
anil become, for the hour, the hum
ble servant of tho public. Should
I ever be invited to repeat it again, I
shall answer, " If you take the
Maine Farmer, vou are a careless
reader; if you do not, I will lake
Tin. Tnll ! ntnra full ..f lt......
and the better time for transplanting!
on dry land. The earth settles and j
becomes compact nbout the roots, so
ns the butter lo resist the drought,
and assure the life of th tree. Vou
may transplant in )iio lull ot liny tune
nfter the first frosts, and-nfter the
leaves bcincr to fall. Trees trans-
planted at this season of Jho year I
start early in thu spring. They
seem not to realise that thoy have;
been wrested from their native soil. t
It is better, perhaps, to transplant
in the spring, on wet land. By so ' rich the soil as the mulching docoin
doiii'' the suit docs not fuM heavy :Pscs. Any substnnco which will
and bake. The earlier you trans-) accomplish these three objects, may
plant after tho frost is out the better, bu used. Leaves or turf from the
provided water does no stand in the 'forest, seed hay, vines, cornstalks,
holes. Trees may be taken up in I straw or oats may be used adrantage
the fall or early in tho spring, placed i ously. A covering of "earth should
in n cool, moist cellar, or healed in i bo appliod to prevent tho wind from
planted in a trench and sot nny disturbing litem. Turnings from the
time in May. Holes may bu du- in j lathe, spent tan, or oven shavings
tl0 fall for spring setting al your ' muku u tolerable inolcliini;, by adding
leisure. The soil will be refined, lushes and lime to hasten tlccoinposi
pulverizcd and enriched by ihe uc-j tioq and neutralize the acids,
tion of the f.'ost and atmosphere. But the most available and valua
It would bo well had thu ground ble mulching material is muck. Far
been made rich by field culture. mers cannot to highly prize it for
This is not necessary, as a plenty of,
suitable manure in tho hole will do
tho tree belter service for five or six
year than previous field culturo
Trees may bo set on green sward un
der these directions, and flourish bet
tcr than on ground previously plough
ed and made moderately rich
Dig tho holes from four to six feet
across, according to the size of the
tree, and length of the roots, and
ten to twelve inches deep, keeping
tho richest soil by itself. Should
your soil be light und sandy, and
without a subsoil, tho bottoms of the
holes, say 15 incites ;ecp, should bo
flagucd with stones, planks, boards, or
even slabs. Stones nre preferable,
because they tend to cool and moist
en tho soil. Without a subsoil, or
flagging, roots will turn down into
iio cold, dead earth, and tho treu
will struggle, through a miserublo ex
istence. Put in each hole ouu bush-
el of well rotted animal manure, a1
liko quaulily of decomposed muck,
iwo or the quarts of live ashes, one
pint of stacked lime, one gill of sail,
and one gill of plaster. Any of these
manures, in the absetice of the others
would be beneficial. This quantity
of manures is recommended for soils
not previously made rich. In inch
ed. Broken bones, rags, old leather.
turf, njr'nny enriching substance may
bo pldbct in"t he-ou tcrrwrtwf tfeei
hole. These will become ilecorn-
posed and fit food for the roofs in af-
, tw years. Place rich fine, pure soil
' inch or two deep Upon your pre-
- 1 pnreil soil, that the roots may not
come in contact with tho manure. '
If the soil be dry, wet the roots'bf
the tree, nnd set it in the hole ne
deeper than it grqw before. A straight
edge will assist you in the operation.
Most trees are set too deep. The
roots aro planted wiere nature never
designed below tho genial influen
ces of the sun, air, dews and light
rains; and in fact below the upper
sou irom wnence uiey sfiouid derive
their sustenance. Let tho tree
branch or lean N. V. Tho wind
will right il and perhaps lean it ''to
the cast, as nearly all the fruit trees
in the country do. Place the roots
as evenly about the hole as they will
admit, that they may shoot, and the
tree bo supported, in all directions.
With the hand pack pure, fine, rich
soil about the roots, keeping them,
especially tho fibrous ones, in their
natural ami true position. Fill in
thu rich soil, and manured soil, if any
there be, until the bote be nearly
filled. If the soil bo dry, especially
in the spring, pour in a gallon or two
of water. Complete filling with (he
poorer soil, and raise it sonic four
inches about the tree, if in the
spring, that when the earth settles
there may bo no hollow. If in the
full, raise a cone of earth about the
tree eight to ten inches high, to pre
vent the mice from girdling them.
This is a sure preventative, as mice,
in quest of food under tho snow, will
shun such an obstruction. If water
be poured in, there is little need of
treading the soil. If not, tread care
fully with the foot.
Prune tho tree, having reference
to tho future top, taking off about
half ihe last year's growth. If trees
bo small, or high and limber, and ex
posed to winds or snow drifts, set a
stake, to which tic the trco with a
listing or leather s'ring tacked to the
Well, my trees are now set, and
well set, what shall I d fur them in
future? Yes, they "are set and well
set," and have cost you something:
but they will repay a hundred fold.
There aro manures and pulverized
soil about their root, to accelerate
i "'eir growth and bring them rapidly
to tlm bearing sato. Ono or these
I tri'Ca is worth n Anron col iii tlin 'rll
fashioned yyn)V a sod turned up,
'o roots crowded in without man
ure, and the sod turned back upon
Vou have still a duty towards them,
I""" performance ot.wiucii win eo-
dear you to them, and they will bless
you in your basket and barrel while
life shall last. Young trees should
e mulched, to prevent the sua
from heating, drying and bakin? the
soil, to prevent weeds and grass from
springing up, and to enliven and co
thii purpose. It can ba easily carted
or sledded Irom their swamps and
meadows nnd 3 or 4 bushels of it
placed about each tree. When it
has lain 1 or 2 years, add 2 quarts of
ashes and one pint of lime, and spade
it in. The spading operation enliv
ens the soil, and destroys the sward.
It may bo heaped about the tree lata
in the fall to prevent depredation by
the mice. Straw or oilier litter mutt
be removed in winter, or the mice
will nestlo in it, tb'lhe deitructioa of
Ihe tree. '
Above all things, horned eattle
must be kept from a young orchard.
They will tread down the soil, chafe,
browse and break the young tree;
und destroy it. Let no ono plant aa
orchard, without fencing it and keep
ing jho cattle therefrom.Horses do
but" httio damage; sheepu likewise
unless the feed js: short, in which
case they rvould bark the tiroes ; calves
would trample the noil aud rub against
thorn, which would bo very injurious.
I have been explicit and lenuthy,
but I have said nothing that I would
unsay. Having devoifd a quarter f
a century to the cultivation of frail,
I dvam Mi wy duty, wow partie.
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