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BY Y.. 1. WALTON, JR.
MONTPF.LIER, APRIL 28, 1834. VERMONT POLITICS. The Crisis We have no doubt that the wliig psrty of Termont will, In the words of tlto Middk-bury Register, " nc TROtTont i-reseut cm iis." That word "'trials' was well chosen. " Crisis mdVil ItW, a turning-point-" 'Aye, this it a critical time, a turning point, for the countrv and Its politics. Let the people consider this as a crisis ; let the poli ticlam so consider it ; and let nobody lie alarmed if the crisis requires some new ar (rangemcnt, some slight departure from the beaten track, some accommodation to bring 'together, for efficient action, all those whose action the crisis1 requires. If nothing of this sort is required, most assuredly there is lio crisis. If concessions of no sort nre necessary, there is no crisis. But wo think there it a crisis ; one that calls into oxer cise ail the wisdom and all the patriotism of tho people. It is undoubtedly true, howeV' er. that even in this crisis, differences do and will exist among, the peoplo on import' ant political questions. We do not expect them all to agrco in every item of political faith; but can they not agree in all that is essential to meet successfully tho " present crisis p That is the question. Let the po liticians and tho peoplo consider that ques tion. Let them try to agree. If they can not agree, we trust tho whig party mill bo " truo to tho present crisis," and strong en ough to keep Vermont equally true. Hut we desire more than this : wo desire an un ion of tho opponents of the Administration and the extension of Slavery, a union on common ground, and united action for a common purpose. We wish to have the Whig party, if possible, the base of this un ion at any rate, in the right position on the main question. If Vermont only was con cerned, we should have no anxiety. Hut uch a union is clearly indispensable else , where: it is indisjcnsablo to securo tho unanimous verdict of the free States ; it is indispensable to create a power in the coun try which politicians will respect, and before which Slavery Propagandists shall quail in utter dismay; it is indispensable fur the present " crisis j" and we would have Ver mont set tho example. If alio does not if he fails, most assuredly there is no ground to hope for success elsewhere. The " cri sis," in that case, will not be met. If tho op ponents of slavery propagandisui do not make all their strength available by united action, Slavery will triumph tho "crisis" will bo como a ((.evolution, stripping tho Federal Government of all power to prevent tho ex tension or establishment of Slavery in terri tory now free, and of course permitting the extension, establishment and perpetuation of Slavery wherever slaveholders choose to take tho control. Let us look at this " crisis :" Tho field for the cxtonsion of slavery is broad, ex tending from Texas to tho Pacific, and cm bracing Nebraska and Kansas to the North ; Cuba Btands at tho door; and the entire tro pical region of South America, until we tench the line whern slavery is already ca tiblishcd, looms darkly up in the future. The Slave power is aiming to "cover this broad ground ; and it despairs not of nlti inatoly taking cither the entire control of the Federal Government, or of dissolving the Union and establishing " a great Southern Confederacy." Let us not forget that tho slavery propagandists are at this moment de manding four things which aro essential to this result: I Tho principle of Non-Inter vontion ; 2 the adoption of tho Southern route for the Pacific Railroad ; 3 tliti An noxation of Cubauand 4 the annexation of another slice of Mexico. Let us not blind our eyes to the unpatriotic, not to say trca. sonablc, designs of tho propagandists. The l!ichmond(Va.) Enquirer tho Virginia or pin of the Administration - boldly confes-cs iho design, so far as tho annexation of Cub: is concerned. Let us not doubt that tin same purpose lies at the bottom of all the u'.Iier slavocratic movements, i ho Enquir cr aajs: 'Our views ol tho policy of this measure, ('uba)as of ttuy oilier, fa determined by -i ' i j j iir i wjniramoum art' niwnfmiijf rcnjiurm ivri of Southern intertill. It is because we re trrd ''1U' acquisition of Cuba aa ttitnliul to ft'. stability of the system of Slavery, and to the juit ascendancy of the South, that we con sent to forego ur habitual rcpuguanco to political change, and to advocate a incasuro of such vast, and in eomo respects, uncer tain consequences. Tho only possible wsy in which the Scuth can indemnify itself tor its concession') to the Anti-Slavery fiinati. cusi, is by the acquisition of additional flare territory. Wo must reinforce the ;iotr trj of Slavery at an element oj political ron tro!, and this can only bo dene by the annex atiln of Cuba. I n no other direction is there a chance for the aggrandizement of Slavery. Tho intrigues of Great Dritainur fie a&od ion of slavery in that bland, are pursued with a zeal and an energy which cannot fail of success, unlets the United Statet interfere to prevent the consummation. The only ef fectual mode by which this may bo done, i by tltt transfer of the island to the dominion qj the States. If we contemplato the possi ble alternative of the disruption of the Onion, by the mad spirit of Abolition, the necessity fur the acquisition of Cuba as a Support to the South, becomes even mure tmtittfut uitd iw gtnt. With Cuba in possession of an hos tile interest, Southern slavery would be; ex posed to an assault which it could neither resist nor endure. Il'ith Cuba at a member of a great Southern Confederacy, Slavery migld bid defiance to itsentmiis." This leu in the light upon the final " cri sis." It means the ascendancy of Slavery or a dissolution of tint Vnion. The doctrine of. Non-Intervention by Congress is iheprrtenti of tho Green -Mountains, nnd the circum " crisis" the turning point, which is to con-. stances of the case are such as to call for trol the final event. Its purport it, that Slaveholders may extend their po er with. out let or hindrance from the nation j that they may colonize Slavery anywhere upon the public domain they may annex whatev er slave territory they can get within their gratpi and the North it given plainly to upderfctand that, finally, if the Slaveholding StUcs cannot thus obtain the political con trol of the Un'.on, it shall be dissolved. This appears to bo the substance of the whole mutter. Thii is the "crisis." We hope that not merely the whigs of Vermont, but the People, will be " true to this crisis." frois tbs ,U'v4aUick H.itu'j. Present peaitos of the Whig Party a few' angceations. Nothine can exceed the unanimity with which the Whig press in the free States, condemn the Nebraska iniquity. Not a friable Whig journal in these Suun (an be -. .-. , . i - . . a j : .1 . J i tuuau uki i tJi urui, uctiuvu buu wmi iii Us opposition to this measure. There is aa Iialf nay work about it, They do not Aw'tate to speak of it at it is, a fraud upon thriVee aUtea, a wicked violation of a sol jnu rfraift it. biliwrto ost sacredly lived jjp to Md observed, a rash and foolish ui.owo of aa MfeUkaw dwnagegua and un HTipvlutM pofcticvas, Mindiy entertained iuijwith lha view to self e eraBdizemrnt, at expense of the peace tod harmony of IStO fiattso. I UO uuiu aim ueciacu siauu ; i m by tho Vi Party on tuis question, obviates the necessity for any exterior or ganization to meet the issue which this mea sure liss presented. Opposition to this in iquity In every manner anil form tins becomo n cardinal principle in tho Whig creed, and to such an extent is the patty Indoctrinated with it, that even in tho Slave-holding Mates, not a few of the whig presses are as for ward m denouncing this movement, as are their brethcrn in tho free States In esch ef the Southern States of Ixnnsiana, Texas, Atkansas, Virginia, Alabama, Icnncssce and Kentucky, it is most earnestly, consist ently and ably opposed by many of tho most ablo and Influential of the whig presses in those States. This is encouraging, and should be hailed as an auspicious omen by the opponents of this administration measure in tho frco States. So far as the Whig par ty could take action on this subject in State, District or County Conventions, it has been done, in Conneciicuf. the Whigs in fctato Convention, denounced it in the Boldest and most equivocal manner. In Massachusetts, in Uhode Island, and .New Hampshire, they have dono tho same. In fine, wherever there his been a whig gathering, since this bill was first made known in the Senato by its author, theie has been witnessed firm and determined opposition to the measure. Wo mention theso things now, to show that the most effectual opposition to this darling mea sure of the administration, can best be ac complished, by a united and hearty co-operation by the true friends of freedom and frco labor, with the party known and recognized as tho wing party. There will ever be, must ever be, two distinct political parties in this country. If one of those parties throws it self into tho embrace of the slavery interest of tho country, as tho democratic party has now done, tho other mutt and will adopt the antagonistic principle, and take its position on the Bide of freedom, as tho whig party has, nt this crisis, most unhesitatingly and decidedly done. Now with all whose demo cratic predictions do not outweigh all other considerations, there can bo no hesitation as to where the path ofduly leads the way. We desire most earnestly, not to seo but two po litical parties in tho field the coming season. If wisdom and moderation will but prctail among tho opponcls of tho administration, wo shall not. Why should that opposition bo divided, wo respectfully ask, when in priii ciplo they aro ns one man ? Wo submit these suggestions for the con sideration of all such as are honestly desirous of checking thu farther increase of the lavo power in this country, and who nro desirous of making )IHcicnt opposition to this pro-slavery administration, and who, out of a mistaken zeauor a party name, or iroin pre judice, or from ony other unwothy cauie in tho present crisis of our political affairs, aro not disposed to reject the practicable, in an idle pursuit aficrtho unattainable. Tho liraiford Enquirer a in favor of free dom and equal rights, and heartily opposed to aristocracy and oppression ; it is also very much in favor of lh Union, and very much opposed to sectionalism ; it docs not like tho free soilors, and thinks " it is a pity that tho oncstpartof tho democratic party, cannot unito wiih the honest part of tho whig party, and thus restore tho patriotic administration of Jefferson." Well Jefferson went for "frco soil'' in tho ordioanco of '87, and on thinking of slavery, trembled nt tho thought that God is just I Now if the free soilers hould happen to go for another " patriotic administration of Jefferson," we should liko to know what the L'nquirer is going to do nbout it. Alter oil, however, wo obtcrvo , that tho Enquirer is not entirely disinclined to treat frco soilers decently. It concludes a I longarliclo thus: " i'ho abolitionists in this Stato havo re peatedly shown their wnnt of integrity, and aro at tins moment in alliance with the Ne braska party. A portion, (and our friend of the Telegraph among them.) bolt. Very good, it snows independence and Honesty. In 1810 we boiled tho Van llurcn ticket, and did notgu off in a faction, but threw our voto whero it did some execution. If tho Frco Soilers in this Slate cannot act with those who aro with their party, let them tako hold with those who aro with them in prin ciple. This idea that a man is bound for 1 i to to a particular set of party leaders is on ly lit lor slaves. Let us bo men and act liko freemen. Let us vote for or against whom we please, and act for tho good of tho whole country. Wo havo high confidenco in the whig party. Defeat at tho '52 elec tion has not weakened our attachment to it. Wo bclievo it in tho main right, and it has in its ranks some of tho best democrats that cyer trod upon God's footstool." Tho St. Albans Messenger says l " What is there, wo ask, to ilivido politi cally tho people of this country of more im portance than the subject of tin cry ? Form erly the question of a national Bank, a tariff to protect our manufacturers, tho sub-treasury, tho distribution of the proceeds of the sales of the public lands, among tho States, Internal improvements, and some other ques tions of a local and unimportant character, separated tho wh:g and democratic parties. Tho subject of ' national Dank is now ut rest. No party desires it. Tho want of it is supplied by numerous banks in all tho States of tho Union, most of which ore in good standing; and the wholo business of tlio country is now carried on tnrougn sucti modes, as not to require the agency of a na. tiuual bank to regulate tho currency and fa cilitate commerce. Our manufacturers are not pressing for a high t.riff. Thu exten sion of our commerce lo remoto parts of the world, mid tho great influx of gold into tho country from California havo materially aid ed our manufacturers, and quieted the pub lic mind on the sub-treasury scheme. In short tho situation of the country id such, both in respect to our domestic relations and our intercourse with foreign nations as to render obsolete, or Inuch less important, the subjects which formally divided the two great politicul parties." Mad Dog Frobably. On Thursday of laat week, a dog, suppos ed to bo mad, passed from Duxbury to Mr, Mitchell's farm on Dog llivcr, in Berlin, whero he was killed by Martin C. Davis. This dog wounded several cattle, sheep and dogs on the way. At Mr. Kcovill'a in Mer lin, he attacked a cow with great ferocity, but wi driven ofT hy Mrs. S., who had arm ed herself with a pair of tongs. At Mr. Mitchell' the dog attacked a young bull, but got a toss or two into tho air und retreated. Mr. Davis killed the dog with a pitchfork, Mr, Davis supposed tho dog was mad, though hydrophobia is a disease which has rarely occurred in this part of the stato. The dis- ease has prevailed of late on the west shlo the greatest watchfulness over the animals wounded. litmedy jor Hydrophobia. Wash the wound immediately with tepid viencgar or water, wipe dry, and drop in two or three drops of muriatic acid. This is a newspaper recipe, and appears to bo designed for appli cation immediately after the wound lias been made. L Another, We copy tho following from tho iotton Post published there, probably, bo- .auso the disease is there; two persons hav-k-r died recently of it: Hydrophobia. The following Is said to be a prevotative, discovered by a French phy sician, M. Co&sar: Take two table-spoons, full of fresh cMorido of lime, in powder -mix it with halt ; piut of water, and with this wash keep tho wound constantly bathed, and frequently renewed. This wash should be applied as soon as possible after the in fliction of the bite. The following are the results of this treatment: From IfjIO to liy,!l the number of persons admitted into the Uretlau hospital, 174 ; of whom only two died ; l"BJ lb IcJ7, into the hospitals at Zu rich Uii parsons bitten bv diffm-ni miimnl. (I W by oosj, of whom only four died.' Vinegar is also recommended externally and internally. To the Ladiei. Frank Leslie's Fashion Book is the very thing for al! sorts of patterns for all sorts of work for the ladies. Durko vs. P.M. General, Smal lcy 6c Co.---More Develop ments. Iki.Lows Fails, Vt., April 22, 1851. Ms. Editor, Dear Sin Tho dastardly attempt of tlio Vermont Patriot, and other administration papers, to cvado the charges contained in A. 0. Uurku's letter to tho Post Master General j and draw the attention of the public lo another subject, namely, a difficulty between Mr. llurke and a conductor on tho Rutland &, Horlington Hail Koad, which had nothing to do with his removal from tho Post Office, at this place, is no more false and deceptive than is to be expected from that source; and if tho two wings of tho democratic party in this State will exert themselves to expose the iniquities of each other, they will have a better claim upon the public than for any other service they will bo likely to render. But Mr. Uurke lias not, and wo presume will not descend to n personal squabble with such mercenary presses as the Patriot, Sent incl.jind others; yet if issuo had been tendered in a respcctablo manner, or hud j even I). A. Smalley dared to appear over Ins own signature, wc aro inclined to think that Mr. Uurke's withering disclosures would have given decidedly a blucish lingo to tho soft side so called of tho democrutic shell in this State. Tho hard side seems al ready to bo nearly black and blue. Al though wo havo no political sympathy with Mr. llurke, or tho employees of iho Admin istration. Yet wo projiose to stato a few facts in confirmation of the Patriot's already notorious truth-telling. Soon after Mr. llurko was appointed Post Master he pub lished several editorials in Ins paper, which were severely denounced by most, if not all of the oflico-bought press in the State ; And particularly Mr. Smalley's organ, tho llur lingtorj Sentinel, was unbounded In its exe crations. It was then evident tint the dem ocratic press were ready to combine to si lence Mr. llurko and punish tho refractory official by a icmoval from office. Hut they did not think it prudent to do this while he had charge of tho paper, although it was well known that he was but temporarily con nected with it. Thinking, however, to in timidato him, a responsible person, well known to tho writer, camo to Mr. llurko with this message! "Mr. Smalley says ' yuu must take a different course in your paper or you will lose tho Post Office.'" Mr. lJutko made this reply :" tell Mr. rimalley he must not think to buy me with so paltry u prico as the Ilellows Falls Post Office." Still this ungrateful official continued an ex ception to Mr. Smalley's boast that "the democratic1 press in this Stato is finally muz zled." Subsequently, according to previous arrangements Mr. llurko left tho editorial chair; which, of course, was the signal to let fall the suspended blow and hccuru, his removal from tho Post Office, and ifpussiblo " muzzlo"lhe present editor. About the Baine time the Hail Hoad affair came off. Hut since tho removal, M '. Smalley has told the present Kditor of thu Argus (nho is not man enough to say it in his paper,) and other persons in this place, that " the removal of Mr. Uurke was determined upon long before tho Hail Road difficulty,"--anil that "the Hail Hoad affair had nothing to do with the removal." In fact tho people hero had nut heard that Uurku's removal was occasioned by the It. It. difficulty, until it was announced by the Patriot. It is well known hy thnsa who have been personal spectators to the wholo transaction, and best " cognizant of the af fair ;" that tho Patriot's story is a mere abu sive dodge, and most of its facts aro of home manufacture. '1 his is as it should be, fur its friends would havo been shockingly disappointed, no dojibt ; had they caught Mr. Kastman devoting the columns of his piper to truth and candor. Tho facts aro theso : After thu change of mail agents under thu present Administra tion, there was great complaint about the delivery of mail matter on thu line of tho Rutland & Burlington Hail Hold, especially nt thu place. Packages lint were duo here did not cmno into thu office, and even some of the public prints come out up jn the Hollows Fulls Post Master, for not promptly forwarding mail matter, when in rcal.ty, the fault was somewhere else. AIo, the De partment farwnrded instructions lo Air. llurko, and other Post Masters at favorable points, to look lip and report tlio sources of tho Irregularities. Accordingly Mr. Hurko j went aboard the Post Office car to consult I with tho Mall Agents in regard to tho mat ter, and noticed various improprieties, au"h as passengers riding in tho Mallear, tho hands on the train opening and reading packages, smoking and the like. When ho imforined them of his instructions to report infringements of the Post Office regulations, they were highly offended Ihat any man should presume to look after and report their misdemeanor. Previous, however, to reporting, Mr. llurko visited tho Post OfCicc car to communicate Anther upon tho matter with the agent. While in conversation with him, the conductor entered, and very insolently demindod fare. Burke refused, telling him he did not recognise him as con- Opposition to the Nebraska bill appe.r. ductoroflho Post Office car; that it was the i to be gaining ground in Washington, not agent's business to take charge of that car, withstanding the desperate attempt of Doug- and that conductors and all persons not 1 1,8 10 ,ho '"eT' "'"son. lio ,c r.i r, . . representative of tho Norfolk district, Va sworn officers or the Department aro exclud- w,'10 voleil ;. lhe rererel)Ce to the Coin ed from the Post Office car" by the Post Of- untloo of iho Whole, but subsequently mida fice law. Mr. llurke was however ejected I a speech against the bill, has jut returnei from the car. Soon after Mr. llurko fur. om visit to his constituents. Ho sajs , . . . ... , tho people of his district aro almost unaniii- ardedatateui.ritorfttCtslothoPostMa8.,JIIS' ,'rlKJ,ed lo UlB ln0MUrc. Tho rei tcr General, reporting only two of tho Mail , V lug member elect from Vciinessee, lp agents, and received a reply from tho De- 1 1'18 recently taken his seat, Bides with II ml, nartinentcUmiiieii.lin,fliUr.,1il,rl,h.rl,r!1 Ilum. Elheridgo and the other gallaul - , . . .. i, , . , oi uuiy, row wuetiier air. iiumo nnd a right to ride in tlio mail car, or whether the conductor had a right to eject him, we leave for abler hands, since both the Conductor and the Superintendent are bound in the sum of three thousand dollars to uDpear in court and answer fur tho injury dona to Mr. llurke. In no sense did Mr. B. prjtend to bo an agent of the Department, except the one mentioned. Never has he claimed to bo " a special agent." Never has he claimed to rido free in the passenger car, Neyer to rido in tho Post Office car, unless fur the purposes above mentioned. At the tuuo lie was ejected he had not been in the passenger car at all. Neyer hat he pasteJ from lhe passenger car to tho mail car and refused to pay fire. Now there is a beauty of consis. tency in so uncermoniously decapitating Burke for such a cause as this, and retaining such officials as these same Mail agents, who, headed by D. A, Smalley, proposed to Mr. llurke, last fall, to stop Uie whig totes passing through his oflico until afle; elec tion, saying they were going to do so on the cars. We stop here for tho present. We do not propose to reply lo every scandalous saying of tho press. But we hold ourselves responsible for the truth of what we have said, and stand ready to prove it upon the best of democratic testimony j so the Patri ot's usual method of flttly denying trouble- s.imo charges or branding them as whig lies, will not avail in this instance. Any person wishing further particulars or a more detail ed confirmation of tho foregoing may ' ad dress VERITAS." Bellows Falls, Vt. Fire in Calais. At about 12 o'clock of the night of tho 1H li, one o. the o.rns o a.oiizo ue.iw.y o, i aiais was uiscovorcu io oo mi ore, aim sit a few minutes tho entire liomcsteid, consisting of a brick dwelling-house, four barns and two sheds, was in the uncontrollablo posses sion of tho flames. The people in the house barely escaped with their lives, and some of tho stock of animals were not so fortunate n horse, cow and hog having been burnt. Tho loss is $3000 insurance $ I70.i, which is within a few dollars of all tho property in sured. Tho destruction of property was al most complete. Mr. Itedway is one of the most cnterprizing and succctsful farmers in tho northern part of the County, and will undoubtedly rtako tho loss good again spec- dily if permitted. It is said there aro strong reasons for supposing that the buildings were fired by an incendiary, 'lhe War in Europe. Wo have placed on our first page, tho Dec laration of War against Hussia embracing the reasons for tho war, and other interest ing articles on tho same subject. It will be observed that a long tear is predicted. The trfindoti Morning Chronicle predicts a short war hinting that the British Government Is not in earnest Musical Instruments. Prcucott & Broth ers. Concord, N. II., havo won a good repu tation as manufacturers, and ask Tor patron age in this quarter. Seo their references. 05 Tho body of a man was found on the bank of Onion River, two miles above this village, on Tuesd ) last. It Is suppos ed to be tho body of an insane man nami"d l'meo. If so, it is probable that he was drowned nearly three months since. Noth ing definite, however, appeared before the Jury of inquest ss to who he was or how he came to ins ucaiu. Cl?" Mr. Town, a tavern keeper in Wood bury, was convicted, one day this week, of I twenty-one iiiiioicino.iencos ior sciimg ii-, , , . - ... , i quor, by a jury. Something Aew Lille's Saloon, Main Street. Mr. Huntington has opened aealoon for thu ladies. Head his advertisement first, and then examine the establishment for your self. Ilmigrtitinn lo .Yelraska. Tho Boston correspondent of the Springfield Republican, has thu fullowing paragraph in regard to the Nebraska emigration movement: " Tho movement originating in Worcester, for colonizing Nebr.iskn ond Kansas with people fruni the North, has tuken a new and enlarged form. A petition is to h present, t-d to tho legislature for nn act of incorpora tion, nith ten millionsuf dollars capital ; and by the uid of subscriptions to this capital, on which at tint but small assessment shall he made, it is intended to set on foot and foster a grind tide of emigration from the fiee Stains ami from Kurope to tho territor ies. Inch the administration at v ashing- ton is now laboring to legislate slavery into, in violation ot tho nations plighted laitli. ii ml of decency and good morals." Keep it before tho People. Tho following is the provision in lhe Ne braska bill which its opponents most mnsly denounce. It is an extract from the four teenth section of tho bill : ' It being the true intent and meaning nj thin net not to lesistal'- slavery into any Ter ritory or .Male, nor to exclude it thcrefrjm, but to leave lha people thereof, vtrjcctlu fixe to form and rcgidale their domestic institutions in their oicji iraVi su'ijecl only lo the Conri liilion of the United Stales ; Proviiiv.p, That nothing herein contained shall be con strued to revue or put in force any law or resolution which may have existed prior lo the sixtn of March, eighteen hundred and tnenty: either protecting, establishing, pro hibiting, or abolishing slavery." As tlio Cincinnati Vnquuir remarks, re ferring to a meeting to Se held in that c.ty, in winch democrats are called upon to do- ""n 11 ,,ot a "ranger utai ucfmiiuu, iicimiii in iiiu i.,'ii.iijr ill the people to govern lin-niselvcs, should bo oppwed to giving the inhabitants of Ne braska and Kanm the privilege of forminj and regulating their elonrstic institulinns subject only lo the Constitution of tht Unilea Males? uui ruriian ancestors who landed in lhe .ilaiijlower, on riymoutn rocs, in HMO nbout ono hundred in number mi. oiedulely drew up an ordinandi ol self-gov-l eminent, laying lha basis ol lir domestic institutions, without being interfered with from abroad, and why should no' their de scendants allow the oarly settlers of Ne braska the liberty?"' Vermont Patriot. i,Citrit itur Atiem ifril t a ( rlonlj rrtil ltd a to adopt tho above as correct, democratic principles, we beg oflhem to ask themselves! if Thomas JryrKBSo.-s was not a tolerably reliable democrat? Then why did Jefferson take so much pains to establish the princi ples of the ordinance of 1787 which closed tho North western territory against Slavery ? v ill it do ford, mocrats now to say that Jef ferson's Itesolvo was anti-dcinocrntic. when Ins great heart prompted it for the sake of freedom? Is it anti-democratic now to seek to restrain lhe spread of slavery Sliatne on such an absurdity. Uradford la- quirer. ! Southern Whigs who oppose the bill. I An AJfeclionale Man. Tho New Hasij shire papers are making fun uf PresKett Pierce for the very" affectionate" manntr ia which he franks documents to entire strong ers in that State. A a remarkable prior o his affection, the independent Deuiocrii mentions that they havtrseen several copiel of Moses Norris' ruffianly speech in livor of the Nebraska bill, which were " fraiiled" by " Now Hampshire's favorite son" to fVrj Soil numbers of the next House of Reprcsetr talives. In addition to the Presidcatial frank, each speech had written across the first pago in the President's hand wri'.inj, the following '. , If'ith the ajfectionote regaids ofvourjriend, Frank Piehce." I,ATzrt rnou Havami. .Wte FLri,2(llh. The I 'rcacent City, Cspt. Winkle, arnted this morning, from New Orleans 11th, na Havana 14th. The Captain General has been butt re cently making a tour of inspection of all the fortifications. It is ascertained that 'MO guns could be mounted in 21 hotrs. It is rumored that provisions tro betnz carried into the Cubana in tlio r.1(ht nine; aim mat uiaats are uein drilled, Tho number of troops at present on the Island falls short of 14,000, The naval forco is twenty-two vessels, chiefly small steamers. No business doing, being Inly week. Loss of a Propeller on Lake ic Dun kirk, April 21. The propeller Princeton, hence from Detroit, with merchandise, sunk at Barcelona, homo of the crew are on the icp, endeavoring to gel ashore. Cmigrnni. , Wr.n.iEsiitr, April ID. Sr..tATE. . In tho Senate numerous mo morials and petitions were presented, includ ing thirteen against the Nebraska bill A bill to facilitate tho unloading of ves- ' r . .. I inCT tTre'conrre'dVr' " ",0 D,,Srt- "'t ho Mnse the discoverer of' practical anesthesia wns discussed. Tlio mil recites tnai urs. Morion ono jacn- son, of lloston, claim to bo tho discoverers, ond it appropriates ? 1 00,000 to tlio real dis cnvcnT os decided by a suit in equity. A debate ensued. Mr. Dawson said a Dr. Iiong, of Athens, Ga.. claimed to be the real discoverer. Mr. Petit said, he could satisfy the Senate that such discovery was made in 1831, by Dr. Samuel Guthrie, of New York. Mr. Husk mentioned nnothcr claimint, nam ed Dr. Dickson. Tho bill was amended so as to include the names of theso and all oth er claimants, and passed by a voto of 31) to Kl. The Homestead bill was taken up. Mr. Wade offered nn amendment, sinking out that part limiting the benefit of it to those who ore residents of the United States or its territories. Air. Adams opposed both the n- mcndinent and the bill, omi spoko at length on tho subject. Mr. I hompson, ol ny., al so opposed tho bill Mr. Drown, of Miss., gave notice of a sub stitute Tor the bill. Tho substitute makes pre cinption rights permanent. Tho bill was postponed, and after an executive session, the Senate adjourned. Ilousr.. After the transaction of some unimportant business, tho Indigent Insane land bill was takeu up. Soma discussion took place, and tho bill was passed by a voto of 81 to Ri. The amount of land granted to tho sever al States is ti'ii million of acres. Adjourned. TiwniDAr, April 20. Skte. In the Senato Mr. Petit pre sented twelve petitions from various states praying for the abolition or the unconstitu tional office ef Cuaplun. A r Sumner presented petitions from Mns saclmsetts nga'uut the repeal of the Missou ri Compromise. Mr. Dawson presented tho resolutions of the Georgia Legislature in favor of the ro braska bill. A bill was passed authorizing tho settle ment of the accounts with thoso miil con tractors whose contracts Mere suspended in 3d and ;). The bill c't.ibllshing a Ian I system for the territory of Now Mexico was taken up nnd parsed. Alter an Executive Session, the Senate adjiurncd until Mundav. i !.. i... i.. ....! I'dlJBI.. 1 IIC llimau ll.in ,'liril llnvil i ihe considpration ot (ho bill for tho trans Donation of the mails between Mobile and Montgomery. In Committeo, the West Point Academy bill was discussed, and amended in sevpr.il particulars, which wore afterwards concur red in by the House, Adjourned. rniPAV, April 21. Sest. Tho Senate was not in session. Ilousr.. -The House took tip the consid eration of the San tie bill for compensating thu discoveries of practical anesthesia. Af ter some discussion, it was laid on the table yeas 82. nays -It?. iii. AlcDougnl reported a hill providing for the transportation of weekly mails from New Yorlt, Philadelphia, Baltimore and New Orleans to San Francisco and bacK, the entiru cost not to exceed $'2511,000 per annum. Tho consideration of tho bill was poMpoued till June. The House then went into committee on tho private calender, and afterwards adjourn cd to Monday. Mn.tPAT, April 24. Sesatf.. Tho morning tune of the Sen ate was principally taken up in the reception of memorials against tho Nebraska bil,; in favor of cheap postage ; of religious tolera tion, and other matters. The Senate ihen took up tho bill appro priating 8 100,000 and gold rndals to tho res cuers of the sufferers of tho San Francisco. A long discuion ensued. Mr. Merwin offered an amendment, cut ting down tho money award to $50,000. Tho amendment was adopted, and the bill as amended passed. The Indian Appropriation bill was taken up, and several amendments adopted one, appropriating 5SU,U00 lor negotiations with the Indians in Washington Territory. Ilocsr.. In the House. Mr. Gray made o.i unsuccessful attempt to get up Ins rcsolu lion of inquiry touching certain regulations in the l'ost Ullice Department, debarring members of Congreus from examining the records of that Department. A resolution by Air. Faulkner was adopt ed, requesting the President to communicate to the House the instructions relerred to in President Munroa's Annual Message of De cember, 1b2H, on the subject of issuing com missions to private armed vessels, iVc. Mr N. P. Hank, of Mass.. introduced a bill, having for its object the refunding to Massichusctts of tho balanco duo to her for disbursements during the war of 161-!. The liniHO went into Committee on the Senato amendment lo tho Deficiency Hill. Air. rhelps spnxe ol the strong necessity of passing tho Nebraska bill, and addressed ine nouse onuio ineriis 01 trie question, Mr. Ileiiton obtained tho floor, hut cav way, with the understanding that he should speak on the bill tomorrow. Mr. Harris, of Miss., also addressed the House on the Nebraska bill, defending the ''Missouri net of 18-20, ns a compromise ehp"lu bo '";lu inviolable, and declaring that him self opposed lo the bill in its present shipe. uoioro mo conclusion oi nr. uirri re marks, tho Committee rose and the llouso adjourned. TcfsiiAT. April 25. Ske.xatk A bill to grant land to all the blates, lor school purposes, was passed. House Mr. Benton sjioko against the Nebraska bill. Small Pox. This disease is still prevailing at various places. For the last year it has been unusu ally prevalent, in city and country. There is now a case in this village, at a liouso on Railroad street a Mrs. Spikes. The case is not a severe ono, and tho pa tient is doing well. Mrs. S. took the infec tjon from washing the clothes of asister.nho had the disease In Boston, and came here liefuro all of her clothes had been cleansed. The Selectmen have closed tlio house whero tho woman resides, and forbidden the the inmates to leave tho premises. The disease is still lingering m the west ern part of Danville, and in tha borders of w alden. A recent case has proved fatal in Danville Mr. Nehemiah Hunt died of it on the 15th, the father-in-law uf Mrs, Isaac Hunt nho died ol tho same disease umio weeks ago. The disease has been prcpag ated in Danvillo by the imprudence of peo ple. The young children of Mrs. Hunt were permuted to seo the corpse of their mother, and in consequence they took the disease two or three of them but they had it light ly. Mr. Nehemiah Hunt took it from them. A son of Benjamin Kittredge, or Wulden, also took the disease, and at last reports was tery sick. Mr. Nehemiah Hunt and theso children were all inoculated with the kino pox during tho winter, but it is now euppos cdUie matter made use of was not genuine. The small pox is also prevailing at Rock Island, Canada East, Cufeioniaii. II 'ashinston Items -It'ashinerlon. AnrilQi. The Gadsden treaty will m all probability be disposed of tomorrow. Tho Spanish Government having, in its correspondence nith our Minuter al aladrid, broadly assorted " the right of search when ever circumstances may, in the opinion of uui uoveroinem, justiiy it, or when mere suspicion of fillibutenng may occur." From despatches recently received from Mr, Soule, dated Madrid, March lid. it appears that he plainly told ihu Spanish Minister, Senor De La Bsrca, that " the simple suspicion only, lhat a vessel uudcr the Hag of the United States has beeu forcibly detained sud search cd by one of Her Maiestv's armed cruisers in tnno of peace, will be sufficient to excite the very serious attention of tho United Slates Government, and must necessarily in every case, lead lo a rigid investigation of the circumstances, which may havo tended to sucn a step Doing taken. The new Nebraska echemo h becu a. handonod, alter crcat.n' mur h exci'itent jJiirfigu jOrum Four Days Later from Europe. Tho stesnisliip Asia, Copt. Loll, from Liv erpool April 8. arrived at New York at a bout I o'clock, Thursday afternoon. Jincland. In tho House ol lommons, nn e fLlier o ifflj J"" e""M l ' what course Ati'tria would oursiie, Liverpool SfA. 0 '. .If. The Imdon Ga zette contains an order in council, dated A pril 7th, stating that Russian merchant ves sels which, at this dale, shall be in any of her Majesty's ports in tlio Indian territories, under the government of tho Hast Indif Company, or within any of her Majesty's foreign or colonial possessions, shall be al lowed 30 days from the time of publication nf this order for loading and departing; nnd if met at sea by any or her Majesty's ships, shall he permitted to proceed, if upon exam ination it shall appear that their cargoes were taken on board before the expiration of tho above term, providing Jhoy have not on board any officer in the naval or military service of tho enemy, or any article pronioitcu or con traband of war, or despatches to lhe Russian government ; also, that any Russian vessel "Inch, prior to the 2Uth of March, shall Invc sailed from any foreign port for any of her Majesty's Indian territories or colonial pos sessions, shall bo permitted to enter such port or place and discharge their cargoes, and nf forwards depart without molestation, ami that ony such vessel If met ut sea by any of her Majesty's ships, sho shall be pcnnitted to continue her voyage to any port not blockad ed. 27ie It ar. A despatch from Berlin says that tho negotiations between Austria and Prussia were not then closed, but that Pms sia had joined in tho protocol signed at Vi enna on the ildof April, botwpen Great Brit ain, I ranco and Austria. Sir Charles INanicra fleet was still nt Ki oge Bay. Navigation was open to St. Pe tersburg. I he allied fleet has entered the Black Sea, lo effict n movement in conjunction with Omar Pusha, and has steered for Var na. No battle has yet taken place in the Bal tic. As soon as hostilities commence in lhe Baltic, the F.mprerfs of Russia, with the Court, will reiiK)e to Moscow. The Russians have dismantled their for tresses on the Island of Aland. The Russians ore razing all the fortresses in the Dobrudsch. Their position is consid ered cntical, and reintorcements are called fir. Mima pin Pasha is advancing his troops in three lines in tho direction of tho I rajan Wall. On the 27lh the fleets were between Bat clnk and Vnrnn. Tho Turks have beaten Gen Gortscakoff in Dcesarabia, and forced him back. They Itavn nlati rrr,rl iho nnolif. .1 VmirM. I have also crossed the Danube at Nico po lls and llustchilK. The I nrks were falling back in good or der on the Trajan Wall. , llerlin. trtdait crcning, April 7. I lie I'.ng- lish ..ml French Governments entirely reject 1 Iho propositions or the Czar, made in his lei- , ter to the King or Prussia. t It is now rumored that Austria will make the crossing of the Danube by the Russians a casus belli. I Spain. A serious movement of the Arli- ans had taken place. A riot occurred at j Bircelont on the l.'lth. Tho military wore called out, and several citizens killed. I Italy. A man named II cchi had been ar- rested as the assacsm of the Duko or Par- i ma. Two steam frigates, nearly completed, in ' the yard nf Mr. Ritcher, of Sorthflect, in . tended fur th Russian Government, were seized by Mr Scinlau. of lhe Customs, on the 5th inst. The machinery Tor thm, or the valuo or 110,000. was also seized bv tho Custom authorities. The vessels are of 11100 tons, and pierced to carry 2d mi-s. iHiu tons, ano nierceo 10 currv rro.n They are not named, but Iho ono ready Tor launching bears lhe figure head of the Czir. Tho London Globe, of thu 7th, adds tint further seizures had been made, of a very eotisiocrduio quantity oi inacmnery, qiso in tended for thu Russian navv. In the Ins tended for the Russian navy. In the last cla sor seizures is comprised alargo portion oi iimcoioery imunueu ior mo equipuieni or me irigaies nan- unucr capture, aim engines destined Tor exportation to Russian ports in , which ships of war are now being built for the service of the I zar. Tho total value of' the last seizure is estimat d at about $IO,C0O The report by telegraph that Gen. Gortso- j hakoff had been driven back is apparently a mistake; P. probably originated in the con- ' firmation of iho previous report of the defe.it ' of the Russian General Uschakoff, and lhe retreat of his corps on Bessarabia It is ui- i so stated tint the forts said to have been cap tured aro still in tho hands of tho 'lurks;' that the Turks have crossed tho I) union at ?. -- a..d Hui,ci,uk;1 that 2U,(.0u 1 tirks are on their way to I ru- jan's Wall or Kassova, and 25,000 for the Boinu uirecuon iroiu ouumia. i nero. were also rcnorts of the Turks bavin-. ,M.I The Paris Pntrie says that tho treneral in- ' chief affile Russian army, after the pissage I oi on troops into ma iicoriidscna.cousidcrrd his Position so critical tint ho iimn-itijtelv demSed remfo toimi t. from Bess ab. , I 0 )"l" rLlTen tiZTolT UL""ral",'l ijiMa, nnu even ocuisiop.il. ; "el"a',s" is nothing more than nn iuiportatant demonstration of public feeling against miss a was made in thai city. iu merous b inds marched in procession through seterel streets, bearing flags with inscrip tions in favor of Turkey, Franco and Eng land, and crying, "long hvo tho allied pow crs !" The procession was attacked by the police, who dragged the banners in the mud, and made several arrests. In tho House of Commons April 7ih,Enrd D. Stuart asked l.ord J.Russell whether tho Austrian Government was not concentrating a large army on the frontier or Servia ; and whether the explanations hail been obtained from that Government as lo ihn iilii.-t nf such proceeding, or generally as lo tho in tentions of Austria in regard to Turkey ? Lord J. Russell said it was quito tru- tint tho Austrian Government was concentratinsr a largo army on the frontier of Servia ; cur tain cxpl -nations had been offered on the subject by Austria, and also on the policy of Austna in reference to Turkey ; further ex. plauations, however, had been ask d, nnd the correspondence on the subject atas still proceeding. The Czar's New Pronosal Deceptive Polloy of Russia. From the London Times, April 7. We are told that the last messarre reeeiv. ed at Berlin from the Emperor of Russia, ond conveyed o that Court by Prince George of Mecklenburg, is to the efTect that the Umperor will evacuate the Principalities whenever the ll'estern Potters hare obtained Urom ine mthe Turks, by treaty, the emancipation the Christian nouulation. Tha tVutrm or Powers have sought os little as possible to bind the Porte by treaty lo any such condi. tions, and it Is not necessary for their object that the concessions made to tho Christians should bo iho result of any compact with a foreign Government ; but as a matter of fact. tho rorto has already conceded infiiiiielv more to its Christian subjects, of the friend y ,n,rn.alil.linn l.n .lll-l ,1 ,vr,w.,,ii, u. ins nuieu t owers, than it could ever have erauted to th of Russia; snd, if the Emperor iS'ichulas ' "iloseu io mane tne emancipation of Ihq Christians the test of peace or war, he may at once withdraw from tlio Principalities ho has invaded, ainco we have gained more for the Christians of the East by defending the rights of Turkuy than he claimed by ntturk ing them. Wc cannot, however, regard the proposals last forwarded to Berlin by lhe Prince of Mecklenburg, as a serious orhon est overture; and we lear ihey are intended to Berve a very diiL-reut purpose. Tho ob. jeel of the Court of Hu-su is, if possible, to detach Prussia nd Austria altogether Irom the alliance or tho Western Powers, and eyen to induce them to repudiate the Prmci. plis to which they hate given their assent ho . de of HassevaoVra.h r from Che n"" I !""' 1 m? .no,.?wf re; Al" ',r!v',le ' Ac d,le iiUn. FridV .venmg. rrf" Madr, .,, me Ap-.l I Ith. s.ys ,he l.ri.UI, frigati Amphiou, " Plstb;, IT. : "'Vile no. from Hambnr,,, on U, , tth, re- JJ r ,::,".?.l.L was not only the fir.t . ower lo recoinizo ports that Sir Charles Lanier l,v.n re. ii.i-ii nun, ,,i-, mi, mat uil llitf iilll un. an by tho Protocols of Vienna. To Accomplish this purpose, the most obvious course is to put lorwnrd a proposition of peace, ufiicienl-' ly plausible to nimble the German powers to make It n pretext for them to de-crt 'ho in tcrests of Knrnpe, though not sufficiently real ond important to arrest the operations of the Western Powers. . Important Change in the In ternal Policy of Turkey. From the London Times. April 7. When we stated yesterday that tho changes now introduced in tho Ottoman Km ire hy tha influence of the Powers which Iwve allied themselves for its defence amount ton revolution in its social condition wedid not foresee llietery striking confirm ation of this remark which reached us a low hours later by tlio telegraph. Wo nro in formed by a letter from Constantinople, dated tho "Jth of March, that lhe iossestons of the moijiie.t are to be declared the property of the Mate, and that tho refusal of lhe Mheik-ul-Islam to consent to this Measure was the the ciinsQ of his deposition If this state ment bo correct, it is beyond all comparison the mot important resolution taken by tho Turkish Government slnco tho destruction of the Jannissaries, for it is a measure from which Sultan Mahniotind him;cll recoiled, though he had oAen contemplated it ns ono of most escntial conditions of the regenera tion of the Kuipire. In lact, n measure so contrary to th" prejudices of the Mussul mans and tho Interests of the Ulcmas could hardly have been attempted with any chanco ofsalety to tho Sultanor Ills Ministers un less he had the supuort of n con-ddcrable force in the immediate neighborhood of the capital; nnd even now we sh ill not he Biir- prised to learn that a cop Metal at this de-1 scriplion has been lolloned by agitation and exciicmcm among mo .tiussuiuinn popuia- tho D iliuhe. io date is given. ,IU" , , . - , . " . 1 'I'ho Turks had evacuated the fortress I lie mosquKs and religious foundations or Czarnavudi, in tho Dobrutscha. which wu the Ottoman Cmpiro form important -pintuaL' shclloil hy iho Russians corimralions, exercising nn independent, le-; )t rilhf r ,tllej witilollt l1s( .. . gal. and theocrat.cal power in the St ,te.-' 30)0U0 Huia.n had crossed alOalatt with. I he u'emas or misters of the law and lhe out opwition. Koran, are the solo possessors of the vast , Accounts of theso occurrences nre very wealth belonging to these found minis, nnd confused By dates from Malta of ih- ?th at tho Buna time, as the expounders . f tho , s,tej , Knlicli brig.' in tow f .' faith and fundamental laws ot tho Islam, i crescent steamer fmm the lariub wasfired th.-y enjoy an authority to which tho highest jnt0 by the Hus-ians. Also, tha't another powers hi thu State hive been compelled lo English brig, mmo unknown, was sunk bv bow. 1 he insecurity or pioperty under an the Russian batleries on the Danube arbitrary Government andtniiiy othercauscs Gen. Canrobert with 2100 French troops have induced land-owners, from generation . arrived at Comtaulinople on the :td f Amil to generation tonisign over the h-f simple ol The declaration of war by Franco and their estates to tho mosques -reserving only England was known in Turkey, and caused the usufruct to themselves and their direct iminense enthusiasm, m ile descendants. Land thus held by tho I There is a report of tho death or the mosques or religious corporations became French Col Deen on a rrcominihance Ha vacoof, or, as it is termed in India, irukf, and wns a meritorious stafroilicer of Omar Pashs is held forever in mortmain. Such lands i ,st. Petersburg was illuminated and a' havo hitherto been exempt from taxation and te deutn" sung f.r thu pissiee of the person ,1 confiscation, nnd tins tenure lm so Danube. increased nnd extended by tho mere influ-l Gm ek IsfHnr.cTioy.-Accounts from eneuofdurition -nd.secunty in an Enpire Jai,na of the I lid, stale that tho Greek in where nil other property Is fluctmting and surgent.had been repulsed. I tirkti-ti rem- nfthu ' urkish dominions sre s "d to be thus l.ul.l 'I1,, ilt.nM.... il..un M.r.il Mt.iMp. iiBrvmc, Mini ion mreu iiu ineia oi uiu ion on un untro ii- nueiiui otiwh- atlons of landed property winch they have held lor centuries by the twofold bond of lo- ueiu ior centuries uy lhe twoiold uoud ot io- g.il usigo and religious leiiemtmn to re- sums-tho direct nu'hority of the Sultan over so larea portion of the "lands of the Empire, uiiv-iiiiru Ol w uii'ii was niioiu-u hi intr inus oops Uy Mntio.net the Conqueror smltnde tj the whole power which the Ul.nnas and Paris on the 1 1 hi, nnd were cordially receiv religmus onh-rsmny bo ablo to put forth in rd hy the Parisians. The Emperor iravo oeieucooi timir vosmn rmms. n cennmiy ono of he boldest measures ever taken in a great emergency. Birt wc eno-nam no doubt that Mu re- sumptiou of ands is nn indispensable prelim. inarulo the 'eat reform and progress of the Piuntry. S-ioner or later In us lutory, eve ry hristian Male his undergone it. and the- vt possessions which the superstition or lhe rapicity of former ag-s paced in the hands of Iho church havo been restored to the common ue of ociety. I he social rev- oiunon which is ueing enecieu in i uri(ey ny the ei'isncinition ot iho I hrtsliins and the ostabllshment of a p maple of tspiality be - iwn . ...m ,n. r ,i,n u...n,M led by an met liable consequence to the abo-1 crnment made thu n-edful opoWy and a htton of the exclusive supremacy which the 1 pecuniary recompense, besides also cenau--Mnssahnans have hitherto exercised ovor , the Captain-general for hi. conduct. ' the largest portion of the soil. eMpl in the .- I he overland mail received via Arehluelai.u and in the nrovinceia Irnin wtoeh i.Ha.n. r.A... it i , .... . ; they are excluded by treaty. And. although I changes or this nature aro never accomplish- i ril without the dangers and suUermgs in- seperabIelronirevoiiilioiis,thelulureireiHi1h and independence of t urkey depend on the introduction of a system totally diMinei from ;.,, Telegraph. Copenhagen Aonl that which has reduced so magnificent an :,. Foursleain frigates, under Admiral empire to tho verge ot dissolution. Plumndgo, are detached from Sir Charles a.. . " r o 1 . , ., Napier's fleet and sent to Uio Gulf of Fin Attempts Of Spain to Join the l.nd. Western Powers--f he Guar-: I'ho Impcrieuse, a British frigate, had ftmco of Cuba to be the Price. Correspondence of the London Times. l'ABis, ednesday, April 5, I8.VI. I alio led some days since in Spain us ..I .... I. L.d ..... ............ r - is:riv':01;;;s Hon nf i.uro(-, and which promises to ugi- .. i... ttiu u i..r u iuti.. inn,, in come, i ue conoi 1 ' " "' "":U""S lu ",B opinion oi au,.,r..O,u ..n.t .....I...... ju,r,ii;U.lgri,NlF, Ki,oiui iijiciHuiiu iu i the Postern Powers, is one which would' mit tail to add other and serious comphca - """""""""-" iiy i-ii nameiy, W iran" anJ i''W ,I,0U,J aranW secuityojiuba against the attack, of American iiJrenlurt, s. i li-ih..r .m i..r.,,. I al .,ru.K,ilUimt have been insd. to lha. ef- the Sovereignty of the young Queen when h-r throne was wry toilenn.' indeed, and lhat she not only did so, bul spent her blood nnd her treasure in in iiiitainui Her Caino- lie Majesty on that ihrone. which lhe world nno wueiuer eno liss Honored, and that Russia refused to recognize her. one tnicht. expect declaration somewhat more lu ac cordance with feelings of gratitude. One Week Later from Europe. ARRIV.AE OF I'HE SIEAMSH1P A RAUI . Halifax Ti:leobai h 'wet, ? Widnesday,.irilU.iih. V i ne royal nun steamship Arabia, dpt. Judkins, Irom Liverpool April 15, arrivud at this port at 7 o'clock, this morning. j THE EAS ERN UAH. The interest this wcok is moro centered in negolulious than in fighting, although im portant announcements have been published that the Austriaus entered Serym on the I litis, in consequeuco of a violuliou of Scry uu territory by the Hussions at Kodejuval. Austria appejrs to be acting more iu uni son with tho Western Pov.ers. while I'rus Bia leans more to Hussia, although tempo rizmg, with both parties On tho Dili the Protocol re-defining the in tegrity cf lhe Ottoman territory, was signed al Vienna by the Four owers, including Prussia, but simultaneously therewith Prus" sia introduced into her mutual alliance a trea ty with Austria, conditions and limitations w hich would render ihu treaty a dead letter, nnd which Austria consequently refused lo a emu The military arrangements growing out of tho proiioscd treaty hi ve bein referred to a commission presided over by thu Prince of, rrussia. Hanover sides with the Western Powers. All tho minor States, except Bavaria, do the same, and will support Austria in forcing Prussia to declare herself, should the sub ject come belorelhe Federal Diet, The Independenee lietge announces posi lively that a treaty or permaueiit alliance, ' oflensive and defensive," has just been sign ed between France snd Englir.d, independ entity or the treaties or the present war. The fiirki.li Government have oflered all Greeks who wilj not content to place them selves w tolly under the protection of the Porte, permission to leave iho Turkish terri tory within fifteen days from Muich UOth. This expulsion, it is said. ns. determlnm! nn by the odvicv of the representatives of the The 'lialtic. Sir Ch.rles Namer left Ki ogo Bay for Gothland, in consequence of a report lhat souw of the Itustian ports were open, and that a Russian squadron was off I rn On tho 2n of April, it was reported lhat three American ships were somewhere in the Baltic, with stores for Russia, and that an English steamer was nn the lookoul for idem. A decree of the Senato of Hamburg fur biiU exports contraband of war. Similar decrees were Issued at Lubec and Bremen. Illnek Sea. The allied fleet., with iho ex ception of tho Chtrlcinagna strainer, were nt Kavadana Bay March iCth Eight French lineol bojtlo Rhine ami sx steamers anchor td East of Varna, ami further Hast nrrolcn English lino of battle ships and six steamers All til'! marines of Iho fleets tiero to land to protect Varna. admiral D in I is hid signalized his cruis. era, " Pake, burn, and destroy everything." His fleets were in communication n ith iho Turkish land forres. , Prince Pnskiewiich arrived at Bucharest on the 6th of April. Gortschakoff retains the command of Iho army, hut subject to Pnskiowitch's orders. 'I lie latter is nuested with the snmn powers he hail in Poland. On tlioUOlh of March an important attack was made at Katafat, and a sanguinary en counter took plare for some hours. The Russians were routed and purmed for a con slderable distance. From March ytith to April 3d, there were somo engagements ofgreater Or less severity. It was reported that an important battle was fought near Hnssova, which continued from April 2d, lo April -It h. Result un cur , ,let.t, hotrnver nre unknown, Known; om uoiinuess some lighting did oc- Tho British war steamer Cvclorw. t m.i. ta on tbu 7th, brings important news. Tho Turks purposely left a free pamgo tacked them in the rear, nnd after a hard fjfiilt one half of the Russians were cut to pjecp., the remainder being obliged to cross iui uiu iiii-ismii? iu mmova, our, men at- lorccinetin had arnveiT at Treiesa nm! c,U. I he insurrection makes nirmwreM a ....... . - I n lS. An Austrian notn of r,....-... I.. I been forwarded to Athens holding Hie (Jru,k government liable for all muoln, f tirek guvermnent liable for all urn that may arise through tho Insurreem Eola..d.- Eerj llnng is very dui consequence of iho EaMer holiday ion. lull in ! rntirr. Tlin DnLi. ,,r rv.i..iu.. , , Raglan, and th English Staff, arrived it them a grand review of 25 01 0 men The )uke carried n friendly anto.-raph' letter ' rom Her ;njV?ty Q,.un Vkloris, to ihe hinperor. Th English MafTembarked from .Marseilles for the East. On the luh, a farewell dinner was riven latthe '-Trow Freres Provencsiix " Over tJO Americans were present Consul Mc , Rae presided, and Mensrs. Cirbui, Miiiirno , l)l)rr. and olh-rs, acted as Vico Preflrtemt' ir. a son and others, members of tho di plomatic corps, were invited guesU , ..JWin. Iteporn from Madrid stale that f. k..i.. i.-.i i . ' ,nd reparation for the Black War, er Vti ... .... . ? 1 renorled that llmt A .,l,;,n.- fEJ ..?ru!.? nn Affghan alliance against Hussia and Persia. News from Burman is unfato.-able insurrection fml linden ,ot .t !i,..i ' An !c"aeua ""!au covcttemio Svoaborg. ""T '"'--',""o H-rclay d. Tolly J nucharest. Uth -Ho toihis H.t. h.i.l- had been fonghi either at Sihslria or at I II ... . .... ... I, ..I I :!" rhnnil vessels hive been sent out nf port onsianitnopie. .iu.- I he Uett hat sc- . ' coums irom oi, reteMUurg to the Uth, stat- .III. ,O.I. St . .juirrij, i .iui, .uL'ia Aa nts arrived. Marseilles, lllli. Admiral Bruat will re 1 place Admiral Ilsuieliu in the lllark Sea. for iob (.o, B giving .tuiniral Hum las the ' chief command of ,he combined fleet ; h.le Mamhal St. Arnaud. tho French General is o. hxvn iho ,-,,,. I ,-.k- ... i force. ceived a despatch from Admiral Pluuiridge, lb it sixteen Russian slum of war. anchored at Helsingfors, wished to reach the port of i Revel, ha is preparing to attack them 1 TV Creei Insurrection. Corfu, April 9. I I iih r.ui'iisn mid French vessels of war on the cosst of Thuasilv are ordered to search all vessels, suspected of having muiiitwns ef on boird,snd to seize those iu 'which such may be lottnd. From Cuba. Despatches from Washington to the New York Herald nf taalurdty, sliito that I onimo--dore Newton, commanding the home squad ron, arrived there on I nday, and had an in terview with the President ami frcrtlary of tho Navy. "We uinlernland his conduct in refusing In salute the Spanish fl.g at Hava na, whiln a misunderstanding existed be tween his government and that of fpun, has met with lhe full approval nf the President The joyful feelings am ng the Cubans at the thought that thero may be a difficulty between lhe United States and Spun, which will lead to the annihilation uf So inlsh pow er in lhe island, is represented as being uni versal, -i m leeling u attcinptel to oo kept down by lhe Spaniards, who fid every office in Cuba; but it is, nevertheless, appa rent io the iiiosi careless observer. Commodore Newton came to Hampton Roads in his flag ship, the Col'imbia. The Government have ordered l.im to remain in readiness till they receive the reply from Spain relative to the Black Warrior X'ooi. Newton communicated to lhe Ooverninf nt thu important fact, whicn had come to hu knowledge at Havana, from a source be deemed perfectly reliable, that the Captain General has iu Ins possession a mynl de cree, authoriz ng him at any moment be may deem proper, to cmaucipare all the slaves in the island. This is the measure of defence which has been hinted at by Engl11'1 snd French papers, and is intended tocorry out the threat that Cuba mutt bo Spauisb, or clso a second llayti " Hank of Casttclun. We have noticeJ a telegraphic report from lloston, elating that ibe " Bills of astleton were not received t the SulTulk Bunk in Boston, and thut the Bank had failed." We do not believ th re u any truth iu the report. It may be that tn unusual amount of bills have been pre sented for redemption for a few days patt, and that there was not funds enough in the Suffolk Bank to redeem them at a moment notice. But so far as the failure of the Bank is concerned, it is all moonthiue. The bills aro perfectly secured, and e ad vise oil per-ons to giv themselves no troub le about the matter. Castlelon Journal, A' pril 12.