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Vermont watchman and State journal. [volume] (Montpelier, Vt.) 1836-1883, May 12, 1854, Image 1

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ISSUED SIMULTANEOUSLY AT MONTPELIKR, NORTItFIELD, WATEUBU11Y, &C.
BY E. 1 WALTON, JJI.
FRIDAY,' MAY 12, 1854.
VOL. XLVIII, NO. 2 .WHOLE NO. 2482.
aV)iitrl)iniin;?tntc9nnviinl.
I'Uiitisiinn r.vr.nv ntiDAv moiinino.
TORUS. l.M.uli In adtanc. $4,00 if payment
1. net made in ad.ente i Inlete.t alwae eharxntl from
Ilia and of the JM1.
Anaeted la all.t of agent, to roeelve aolut rlpttona
adrerl.emeota and communication., and acknowledge,
paymentfor the .artio.
Haaei. field, J. N.I'OJir.ltOY,
ItroetrlHa1,'. II. SMITH.
Cabal, a V. MOWN,
llantllle, CIIAllLIH r. DANA,
Hlmore, H.O.HCOTT,
iij.ifpaii, opwarii n. sawyer,
Joharon, O. W.SUOTT,
iiatiieid,r. i. rur.sAM,
Moirl.tllle, J.O.NOVE8,
Middle .ei, XllMIE JOHNSON, Jr.
Noillinld,K,ftMITII,
(Irene;., CAULOS CAuTENTCrt,
ri.1n6.ld,A.T. It ANCROl'T,
Kniith ll.rdwiek.C. SIIIPMA.V,
lirn, JOSEPH O. RAYMOND,
fcttafTttid, WILLIAM ItOLLINH,
Noutli 8liairid, (IAMBI. W. JUIIO,
Tonaiidco, AARON N. KINO,
WalKCId anil Pay.lon, ORANOC rtMlTIi,
Warren, Pit .1SKLIN A. WnmilT,
Wal.lhntyendriulboiy, IL C.HM1TII,
Wllliem.lnwn, DARIUS PRIDE,
WorMetcr. JO.NA8 AllllOTT.
UlnilrnniiH.
1851 VI. Central Railroad. 1851
iVoifiU'rii .VWfstiTii, lirltltlinml
LllllL'll StlltPS 3Inll ItOHlC.
0
N naif afr Mai I, 183), ra'.encel Traine will
run a. follow :
Going North and West.
LEAVE WISTON al 719 A. M.. t.aehiaf Ror
llnetonat S ami Kou.e'a Point al 7 P.M., Moat
roal at !, and Ocden.l-orili at II ISP. M.
i.imve HO -TO V.i HIM., N, V.tl SA. M..
lodin at llonlMe.iet. Vl. and rrif at Rulttnclon at
all A M , loallaal at 10, and Oje.hor,b at I I'. M.
nail tiny.
AMU, LEAVE MONTPELIP.lt at 4 43 A. Id., and
3.IS T. M.
Going East and South.
I.KAVE RUl'ttK'f POINT A l. and 7 P. l.,
ta connectt4n will, I am. ftm Montraat and OfdVn.-
h.rt;n, and arriving id tt...toa and New V.tk ItIK
PAMr. HAr.oy in. . II limn, and tne Bell nay
B, in. V P. M. Ir.in
AL'O, LEAVE MON IPEI.IEIl al 4.14 and 10.43
A. M.
Pui further inrorniatiofi, ai'idr at Inn 0d.n.wifBh
.nd Rouee. Toinl Pe,.i.nfi.r ttlaiinut, late i'hamntnin
impi Mwnac. rtairnai utnee, Hoaireel, in inn
Kieahall, Agent, lOSrtiete Plreel, .t Ine 1 icket I (W,
Soull..'. lUildMc, 0 l'wot liivt, Ibwln., andtoj.
W. Iloball, t tetlon Arent, Muelpeller.
P.efght train, ion daily.
J illV.S ItlOOItR,
rt. V. (.'. It. It.
Notlkfi.W, Vl , AntllM.
Northern Knilrontl, i. E.
British 6c U. !?. MAIL ROUTE,
VI i
Host mi, Louh'M, NuirorI, iVorlli-
ern. Iaeiiinii4ir. Vcrmoiil Ceiilrnl. Dir
leiieburf;li niul UluiilrtMl untie
TO AMI !
St Jtfaaibxiy, Uiiilii(toii, tt. dklluna, Moetreel, 0
dtniilmrjn moJ tb IV t . and Jllarh.irf , Nmh
u, Kootoa Lwinre, HnIpix, Ilavvi, rartitiuh,
I'wnUed, tlrutoe Jaitm. Wwrccfivr, I'loetdeuee,
Noiwicb and .nwoik.
Tan in itao direct fl brlwin lh elWte plarea,
and paatbUf( ttvA ep4lU of New Unphir and
Vermont. TL rem d frenhi iw by uihtr
route.
Altar Dee. 12, 11163, unlna Xitfih le Itoaluo ttt
7.43 A. M end 19 M. and C'onerd at 10 3tf A. M. end
3 P M. Teina tHih Ichvm bne Kitm iuKCtio
at 7.14 A. M. tad J.M P.M. on Ike arriral of Uer.
from appnr rotd.
Hpncttleittle train pi thie room every Tue
dey. ead lieicht tfKiaaddKly Imiwiii RurlraU-n, (ton
e'e I'nini,()(deahi.rh, Itwnticjl, nil Naihue, lw
ell. Ilomoa, .i.l-.itl l.fr-inoutl., WmcftOer. 1ioi
dene ana rnierntndiatr plaree nl it if the uttiy rut
from tb Ofdena'iai.h nmMluntreel Hoed by which
TreicKt can be rmii'd will mil cfitAf n ear.
ONHhOvV HiKAKNrt, tat.
Cacrd. N . lie lUtc U, li$X
ALBANY iV'lUJ n.AIrl
RAILROAD.
'OW OPKN AND RUNNING TllUOUnll to ai
1 nan wilboot hanja of Ci.
1853. Full & 'tinier Ar- 1853.
range iiinil.
geoile.t aad tjuicKcl ihiaolb 31.11 Line fiom (
d.n.hufgh, Moiiiii-bI, llMtta. Print, Pl.ltiburgh and
llailirioo lTio, Alhany aad Ni w V"il,
via Rutland and Eagle Bridge,
la connection will. Rotund and II illaftoo, and llud
.on Hirer ICal Irtf -td.
Pe..en(er. over tlii. rente may icly oHn maklof all
tbe ooaiueilen. wltklke iHtfeient Itoail., a.l.rin.cd.
Tkia la ine oatt aovia by akwk fmf" ,a
with trrUflf o tbroutb Tiihu lionlie.l loN.w olk
the aaanday.
NO CUANfiU OK CAKS,
l!ondartof. or rUiJt Jda.icr. brtw.u Rati. ltd and
Troy or Albany.
F1K9T TltAIN" Iloilinilon B.tl A. M.
HIXtlM) Tit IN limice Horliuntn 10.SU A 31.
.nir...lTio3-li P. H.and Allien) 3S?. l.,l..tr.
Troy 4.15 P. M. or All.ui 4J0 P. M. for New Voik
AriiVea.t New Voia9 13 P. II.
Tlllltl) TRAIN lt.i llurliajio. f.3 P. l
lodge at Ratlaod, and laaana llyllaiM al 6J0 A.
arllve.alTroy 10 A M. and Albany I0.I3A M.,laaa
Tiy 1IU0A.M.,oi AlUmy 10.43 A. SI. fur New Voik,
anlteatNew. Vol k 4.10 P. M.
Pinre.. Tram for Itulfafu leavea Albany 10.30 A. 31.
ThirtuchTiaket. 10 be preaorad at tbe llotleod aad
Burliugton K.llio.d effiee, or of
JAMKrt W. MILLS, agent, nullinglon.
S. TILI.r.V; Tia.ellleg Agent.
Alio. Thtoofh Tlcketa lo IlulT.U, rliMt.l, l.d . To
ledo, lletroit, Umctaitall. UhlR.go, ann all iho Wee
larncitle.,loi aale at tbe Office or tbe Rutland and
nurltogtoo Itailio.d, or of Iba Agt'Otl oftho Albany k.
Itnllinri llltlioad.
Uaggago Canted Taraafk to Troy. Alby or New
Yoik.
In all aa.ea toavotd d.lay ClrcJ. BiggtftUmsk
if flit OLE BHUIIIK HOVTK
TlltU. II. CANl'IBLI), Hon.
norllojlon,Ne.9. Ib&3. tt-'t
BLIGHTED BLOSSOMS.
r w h c. Hoavie.
Oh I mourn cot for tboe
U bo in childhood tlepeit,
Ete ia darkly tbrowi
, A drtied blight oa the heart ,
Though tbe worm end lb fruit
Roll their beauty of bloom,
Oht dem them net loit
When tbey Ire la the tomb.
Three bright, bliifful jeire,
With a aoul u ode filed,
Through the detect of feara,
Walked our Innocent child,
Then her jJrlt, too white
For earth'e aulling clod,
Taaaed, through portal of night,
To tbe euatthiue of God.
Doubly aad U tbe home
Of eurh bright f oei UreA,
And wherever we roam
Kothing lovely eeeu left:
But who would cell back
Thoae who vaoUh at morn,
To groan on the rack,
And be pierced by the thorn.
Little children were deer
To our Sevier on earth-
Never deaf wee Ule ear
To their Innoeeat mirth j
And when they repoee
On Ilia ahalterlog burnt,
They are eeved from tbe woee
That thie data world meleal.
GOD'S WORKS.
God of the chaagaful year 1 amldit the gluw
Of ueogtb and beauty aad treaacendant grace,
Which oa the moualala belbu, or deep below
la ehelter'd veloa, and each aeueatei'd 'U
1 by forma of vegetable life aafome l
Whether plnea, with f Unt erne dipUjM
Brae the cold north, or, wrapt la etitern loom,
Thj truck let foretta ewtep a world of ihade j
Or whether acentinf oeetn hen? In j bteitit
Th olortfroti intmmeroufl rie,
Or nndet re r lout lijhtet formt lmprt.
Of fruiti end Itawert, Thy worki deIihloof e) j
Ood of atl life 1 wheteVr thoe forme may be.
O may they atl unite in pnlalng thee t
W, Coatoe
A CHILD'S PRAYER.
Sweeter than the nongi of thrtnhea.
When the wind ere low
brighter llun the prinj-tlme bluhe,
Heddening out of now,
Where th toiee and eheek ae fair
Of I he little child et prayer.
I ike a white lamb of the meadow,
Climlini thtoofh the I'jM J
Itke i pfifftrto in the abadow
Of (he temple blight,
Seemd he, ajtny, " ttoty One,
Tbint. end tiot my will be done,"
Alice Gnrey.
3llisrcllnncnu0.
THE TURK AT HOME.
rrto.M DICKENS 1 HOUSEHOLD WOrtDS.'
Concluded.
There are, however, other Otto
innns who vclicmcnlly i spouse the
reforms of the Snlliin, mid wish to
place the Turkish empire in its prop
er relation with the civilized slnleoof
Europe Thirl)' yenrs ngo there
were relentless confiscation?, tyrnni
cal imprisonments, ntbitrary judg
ments, an organized system of gen
eral robbery, corruption in every de
partment of the administration, nnd
irresponsible pnehns quietly pillaging
at their own private will. Against
all this disorder and wrong Turki-li
reformers have struggled manfully ;
nnd if at present, Iho Ottoman em
pire presents a spectacle of compar
ative barbarism in close contrast to
advanced civilization, the advance it
has made during the last thirty years
from anarchy lo some kind of order
and law, may tempt us to hope lh.it
the '' infidels" who lime led tint
Mussclmans thus far, may yet let in
more daylight upon them. The Sul
tan's people venerate the law when
it is made. This is 'part of their re
ligion, and every iinlivitlti.il not only
strives to obey it, but also watches
his neighbor. Thus, strange as it
may appear, smuggling is a crime un
known in Tin key.
The constitution of the Turkish
Ktnpire is contained in two vast lo-
! lio volumes, and is known as the
1 Multcqua. It wos written originally
in the Atab language by the learned
iChcik Ibrahim Haled;, who died at
'Constantinople in 1510.
The civil code regulates tho treat
ment of slaves, tho claims between
husband and wife, and the succession
to property. Slaves arc daily de
creasing in number throughout Tur-
koy. War no longer furnishes a
tupply, nnd open slave-traffic is, as
already Mated, prohibited throughout
tho Ottoman empire.
I The penal code, now in force
j throughout the Ottoman empire is
that promulgated in the tear 1610.
I I t tt a nriaii I rtt nrnt-n m mil in llm jiLI
iv in iaWttl l IIIL II l Wl lilU ltl
penal laws, by which the punishment
of ilea ill was in the hands of the
pclly provincial tyrants. The first
article of this recent code declares
that the Sulmn promises net to in
dict death upon any subject who has
not been tried by competent judges
and condemned nrcording to estab
lished law, and threatens with capi
tul punishment any vizier who shall
henceforth lake the li lo (if n bulijuct
on his own responsibility, ' even that
of a rthephcrd." Capital punishment,
by this code, is indicted for exciting
Ottoman subjects to rcuilt, for its
Misiunlion, nnd fair resistance to the
police (when this resintuni iullicUa
moriul wound) in the execution of
their duty. Ily this code robbery is
punished by seven years' imprison
ment : various periods of confiue-
j ment or banishment arc awarded to
public officers, who fail to discharge
their lunctiniis honestly, and all sub
jects of the Sultan are enjoined to
deliver up lo justice any delinquent
who may comu under their observa
tion, Every subject of the Sultan is
by this law equal in the eyes of the
judge, without regard to race or reli
gion. In 18 Hi, the famous talimati o'
mouiuieh were published. These
decrees regulated the powers of all
the government olticers, the adminis
tration of the national treasury, and
the organization of the police. In
1850, tho Turkish government, pur
suing its measures of reform, issued
a new commercial codu of laws of
three hundred nnd fifteen articles,
regulating the internal and external
trade of the empire.
hut all these decrees put together,
although important, uro not likely to
effect that revolution which may bo
expected from tho great reform made
in the educational machinery in the
Ottoman empire. The first of Sep
tember, 1845, when tho first stone of
a great Turkish University was laid
on the she of the old janissaries' bar
racks wasarcmarkableday in Ottoman
history. Education was taken from
the hands of the Mahommedan priest
hood and the children of the empire
taught the great truths of the world.
Henceforth every Turk must send
his child to school, and tho State
charged itself with his instruction.
Thus, al tho present time,
when the child of a Turk has reach
ed the ago of six years, tho father is
compelled to present himself before
the monkhtar or municipal chief of
his locality, and to inscribo the child's
name on the register of the mckteb
or primary school, unless he can sat
isfactorily prove that ho has the in-
tcntion and means of giving his prog
eny instruction proper to his ago at
home. To enforce this law among
the laboring population, no employer
is allowed to take n boy as appren
tice who is not furnished with n cer
tificate from his mckteb declaring
that ho has gone through the pro
scribed studies. These studies con
sist of reading, writing, and arith
metic, and tho principles of religion
nnd morals. In 1851 thcro were no
fewer than !J9G mektcbs in Constan
tinople alone, niustorini; 122,700
scholars. These mektcbs arc divid
ed into fourteen groups, with a com
mittee to each group, charged with
the duty of inspecting each mckteb,
and regulating and recording its pro
gress. A Turkish child generally passes
four or five years in the mckteb ; af
ter which ho goes lo the schools
known as the uicktebi rudidic, or
schools for youth, if his father wish
es to give liirn more than elementary
education. These secondary schools
arc of recent creation only ; yet in
1851 the six then established includ
ed 880 hclmlars. In these schools
the Turkish boy obtains a liberal ed
ucation, tie is latight the Arab
grammar nnd syntax, orthography,
composition, sacred history, Ottoman
history, universal history, geography,
arithmetic, nnd the elements of ge
ometry. Even this instruction is
provided gratuitously by the State.
The learning which flourishes in the
Turkish university of course includes
all those studies in vogue throughout
the universities of Europe. Hut in
this part of the government reform,
the Sultan finds he has a strong par
ty to fight and overthrow. Tho old
Mussclinitn spirit, the stronghold of
which is in the hands of the ulenins,
has to he rooted out, nnd this is to
be done only by separating learning,
in Turkey as olsowhere, from bigotry.
To the schools tho government have
recently added separate academies
for tho study of agriculture and vet
erinary science.
In the face of all this energy on
the part of the Ottoman government,
the individual laziness of the people
is remarkable. The industry of Tur
key has fallen into insignificance. At
one time Turkish manufactures fed
iho great mnrkcts of the cast and
found their way to some of the coun
tries of Europe: now ihcsc indus
tries do not suffice for internal wants.
In 1812 no fewer than 2,000 muslin
looms weie at work at Scutari nnd
Turnova,; in 1811 hardly 200 of
theui could bo counted. Anatolia,
Diarbekir, and llroussa, once so fa
mous for ihcir exquisite velvets and
satins, now produce about one-tenth
of thu manufactures they gave forth
thirty or forty years ago. In Europ
ean Turkey there arc about three im
portant' manufacturing establish
ments: the forges of Semagor and
Fogniz.i in Bulgaria nnd Bosnia re
spectively, nnd the manufactories of
arms at Mnstar and Traonik. The
stories of the commercial coma ofi
Bagdad nnd Aleppo are equally stri
king; jet this general dccity is easi
ly accounted lor, in the dogged de
terulinatinn of tho Turkish manu
facturers lo cling to old nnd dear
processes, nnd thus they have
found themselves ousted from their
old markets by the competition from
the manufacturers of Western Eu
rope. I o escape these tcrnblu re
sults Micro was y;;t one resource for
Turkey. Her inexhaustible wealth
of soil pointed her out as n gicat ag
ricultural country that might make
her perhaps iho mnsl important gra.
nary in the world. This resource
has only lately occupied the atten
tion of the government : the estab
lishment of uu agricultural ncadctny
being the first hopeful result.
Thus in estimating iho Turk as un
individual, mid Turkey as a nation,
we nro led to curious contradictions.
The old school Turk is slill the de
vout believer in thu prophet, the
slttvo-owner, iho man who denies to
woman all the great blessings of her
social life. In all theso points he is
n baibarian ; yet Iraec his youth, fol
low him through his course of stud
ies nt the mckteb, and in tho higher
schools, with overy office in tho Statu
fairly open to him ; with n rich coun
try, anil markets eager for anything
lie may choose to produce, and you
see that he has thu opportunities for
energy and greatness. He is lord
over immense tracts of the richest
lund, that would yield him golden
harvests in return for tho lightest la
bor, yet he allows them to grow rank
with weeds ; ho lias tho germs of
splendid manufactures, that, develo
ped on the systems of Western Eu
rope, would yield him enormous rev
enues; yet they ate dying out; he
has institutions of a liberal kind, ti
wide system of gratuitous education
urn! humane laws ; yet he cannot be
measured for intelligence or persever
ance with the poorest continental
peasant. Daily his government en
deavors to rouse him from his lethar
gy ; but the Sultan is a second Hok
man, and is only tying his political
medicines on n dend, or at best, a
half-animated body. He cannot take
the amber mouth-piece of his tchi
bouk from between his hps ; he can
not raise himself from his luxurious
carpet. The son before him is splen
didly blue ; the warmth of the sun
is exceedingly grateful ; the fumes of
the aromatic coffee are delicious, and
he is content. In short, ho is enjoy
ing the kef, and may not be disturb
ed. Tho spiders may be the only
busy spinners amid the looms of Scu
tari ; he cannot help it, tho matter is
in other and higher hands than his.
It was written. His house is tumb
ling about his enrs, it is useless lo
scud fnr tho masons. It is ordained
to tumble. lie is n clock ; ho has
been wound up for n certain number
of years ; nnd when he has run down,
ho will stop nnd have his head turn
ed towards Mecca. lie deplores the
madness of those of his countrymen
who pretend to direct events, to plan
great projects for tho prevention of
nil kinc'sof accidents, lo usoall kinds
of infidel contrivances; these aronot
good Mussclmans. He, good easy
man, waits patiently, prays devoutly,
opens his doors with n benevolent
heart to nil comers, is beloved by his
servnnts nnd slavcs,and waits events.
Everything is written : of what n
vail then any exertion on liis part ?
And so his life is one long kef; iho
nmbcr moulh-picce remains for ever
in his inojth ; his legs remain cros
sed, and, with n dignified reserve,
nnd some philosophy, he looks out
on the bright waters of the Ilospho
ru, ami turns Ins buck upon Europe.
But behind iTim he has strong men
in his country. He is nt war with
his government for this government
has determined to make Turkey of
some account in Europe ; to inter
pret their religion ns men, and not
as blind nnd slavish bigots ; to seize
with n strong hnud upon all improve
monts from the west that promise
comfort nntl pmspcritv. And the
contest between the old Turk nnd
the new governors is one that, nt ihi'
moment, happens to interest us all
very decidedly. If the old gentle
man be determined doggedly to keep
that amber in his mouth for ever, to
look in no quarter except that in
which Mecca lies, and to loll always
upon his handsome carpel; then we
feiir there is imbued little hope for
Turkey ; and he does well, for the
repose of his bones, lo have them
carried to the greut cemetery of Sen
taii. Unt if his sons, now imbibing
new truths in the little reformed nn-k-lebs
of Constantinople, learn to ihink
otherwise, and to hail nnd help on
nil human improvements, golden har
vests will wave over Ihc great plains
of the Ottoman empire, artisans will
bo once more busy in Anatolia and
Uroussa, and spiders will be routed
frotu the looms of Scutari.
Mr. Jones' Adventures at the
" Bal Masque."
" Bell Smith nbroad," who writes
dclightlul letters from Paris t-j tho
National Eta, is responsible for tho
nppearnnce of so scandalous a story
as the following, in so straight laced
a paper as the Era :
It is my duty to give you some in
formation of the gaielies of I'aris.
Hut you must look to some' other
correspondent I hnvc neither health
nor inclination. Save n few inits
to tho opera, nnd three dinner parties,
I know nothing. The bal mnsquu,
once so famous that all strangers were
expected at least to seo one, have
degenerated into such vile tilings
that no one having the slightest self
respect ever wishes' to witness the
second. The most famous I was
empted to write infamous ire at
the Italian Opera House, and com
mence al midnight, Saturday. This
makes it a Sunday or;ie ; nnd it con
tinues on Sabbath morning until day
light. Our little party, one nnd nil,
declined witnessing such, until curi
osity overcame their icruplcs, and
they went, Dr. Bob protesting that
it was a shocking nfTair any other
day would not be so bad. I), ans
wering that Bob reminded him of the
old lady in Virginia, who begged tho
gentlemen engnged in running tho
boundary lino so to nrrnngu it as to
keep her house where it was, for
" Curoliny was kicli a sickly Stute"
D. thinking tho evil to be in tho
ball, ond not in tho day.
I saw nothing of our friends until
after u late breakfast, when they ap
peared, looking much ashamed of
themselves, and were loud in their
condemnation of tho affitir. They
amused me with a littlo history of
nn elderly gentlemen thoy were pleas
ed to call " Ancient Jones." This
individual had accompanied his only
son to I'aris, to see that his medical
education should bo thoroughly com
pleted and under his paternal care.
1 did not learn that tho youthful
Jones was disposed lo break from Iho
wise control of his careful father.
But the old gentleman wns full of
fears ; he had heard of Paris as tho
city of evil, full of pitfalls and snares
for youthful steps. One night not
long since, the quiet hopeful said that
his dear ond kind friend Brooks was
very ill of the typhoid fever, and ho
wished to tender his services, and sit
up the night by his friend. Tho fa
ther readily consented to this Chris
tian conduct and, as hu permitted
his boy to liavo no night key, left the
door of their bed room unlocked.
After his son's departure, however,
ho remembered that it was Saturday
night tho night of the grand bal
masque at the Italian Opera House,
a thing he had heard much of, and
had been solicited by his delicate boy
to attend, merely for once ; but his
morality, his senso of duty recoiled ;
ho sternly bade his son to be silent
on that vilo subject. But, to tell the
truth, the old gentleman had a lurk
ing curiosity, and on this evening it
became frightfully strong. What
could possess him,? Ho nttcmptod
his usual French studies, btit Ollend
onT seemed doubly stupid. One or
two sentences in that valuable work
took possession of his brain. " Com
plex vous alter au bal masque ce soir ?"
(Do you intend to go to the masque
ball this evening?) "Je compto y
aller." (I intend to go.) The op-
porlunity wns so fnvornble ho could
go nnd return without his sun's
without nny one's knowledge.
His salanlic majesty fairly look
possession of tho good old man ;
nnd he repaired to n neighboring
store, where drcssess were rented or
sold, and selected the most appropri
ate that of a friar of order grey
placed himself in a voiturc, and in n
few minutes was nt his destination.
He entered tho sccno startled him
beyond measure the crushing roar
of two hundred instruments, tlio
dazzling lights of chandeliers nnd jets
which seemed to bo glittering up nud
up into a dizzy distance, lighting tier
nfter tier, where thousands of eyes
from behind black dominos redceted
back the rays, ns they looked down
upon the myriads of fantastic forms
which rolled and tossed under the
swny of the deafening music, liko n
vexed sen by moonlight made up a
whole lo drenm of, not to sec. Mr.
Jones wns startled, then shocked, n
hllle, very little amused, nnd finally,
ns I shall tell you, greatly alarmed.
A strange fascination possessed him.
After ho had gratified his curiosity,
he still lingered ; he wandered on
through tho wild maze, nnd ns the
tioiirs wore cn, the fun grew fast And
furious monks nnd Knights jumped
higher and higher devils twisted
gypsies, flownr-girN, dibar.lcdcurs,
screamed ns they fairly dew, while
hideous heasls roared, howled and
squealed. Tho musicians seemed
possessed, nnd rolled out without
ceasing the wild strains, thtit seemed
to madden every one. Mr. Jones
wns bewildered ; many times wns he
seized upon by some fearful cre.ilure
anil whirled through dances which
made him dizzy nnd sick.
At last Mr. Jones was frightened
ho wns' captured by n group, that,
in n mad fit, seemed determined lo
torture him to death. He could not
get nway ; one of the number, n girl
scandalously habited, seemed to bo
tho leader. Her dress uys very im
proper her conduct disgusting.
Shu wns evidently intoxicated
smelted dreadfully of bud cigars and
brandy. She would not let him go
called him, in excellent English,
"her ancient garenn "a regular
brick wliile the others laughed,
shouieil ond danced round him. At
last he lore himself nwav. rushed
home nt daylight, tore ofT his gown, they needn l hud out how clumsily
thrust it into tho grate, nnd by its I ho operated. No, it was quite beau
wnruith hastened lo bed, fenruig, j tiful to seo him tnke u man's head
every moment, the arrival of his son. down between his knees, and drnj.
Wearied to death, he soon fell in-his double teeth out. IIo didn't
to n henv sleep. When he awaked j write a prescription for mnlasspss nnd
ho was conscious of some one being j Wiilcr, in High Dutch; ho didn't tell
not only on the bed, but partly on I you that you were booked for the
him. ilo aroused himself he look- river Styx, nnd he was the only M.
ed could he belicvTj his eyes 1 there, ! I), in creation who could annihilate
on his bed, in his room nt home, was ' the ferryman waiting to row you over,
that infamous female sound nrleep, I Ho didn't drive through the town
with a cotton umbrella under her arm with his horse and gig, at break-neck
worse and worse, the mask was nfl" speed, just as meeting was out, as if
nud this female was his own innocent , life mid death were hanging on his
boy. He sprang from the bed, full- j profitless chariot-wheels; ho didn't
ing over nnd arousing some one, in , slick tip over his door, "At home
the guiso of n devil, nsleep on the J between 9 and 2," as if those con
(lonr; another, a (all savage, wns onjSccrnted hours were all ho could be
t lie sofa yet .another on the table, stow upon a clamorous public, when
they were nil around him. Did he he was angling in vnin for n patient
dream? Was ho yet at that mfii-. every hour in tho twentv-four : no.
mous hall: Aeither. His son o
w'lkened, stared stupidly at him, and
the sleepers, starting up, burst into a
roar, as one of them exclaimed,
" Why, Hurry, Jim, here's thu nn
cienl garcon 1" M r. Jones happened
to glance in tho mirror ho had for
gotten, in his haste, to remove his
mask. Theso gentlemen had kindly
brought his son home, nnd, being
somewhat fatigued, had remaimcd
wild him. The emotions of tho el
der and younger Jones 1 will leave to
your imagination."
Modern Improvements.
" Modern improvements !" 1 won
der what they nro 1 Perhaps il is
fashionable cloaks, that lake leave of
their shivering owners nt tho hips ;
or the lone; skirts, whose muddv
trains every passing pedestrian pins
to the side-walk ; or iho Lilliputian
iionncis, mat never n string in stiop
dom can keep within hailing distance
of the head ; or the flowing sleeves,
through which tho winter wind plays
around tho arm-pits; or tho break
neck, high-hcclod boots, which some
little dumpy feminine has introduced
to gratify her rising ambition, and
render her tall sister hideous ; or (ho
. . i . ,
gas-iu, lurnace-ncated houses, in
which tho owner's eyes are extin
guished, and their skins dried to a
parchment ; or perhaps it is tho
churches, of such cathedral dimness
that the clergy must have candles at
noon-day, and where tho congrega
tions are forbidden to express their
devotion by singing, and forced to
listen to tho trills and quavers of
some scientific stage dnountebnnk ;
or perhaps it is the brazen irrever
ence with which Young America jos
tles aside gray-headed wisdom ; per
haps thu comfortless, forsaken fire
side oftho "strong-minded woman ;"
perhaps 'tis tho manly gossip, whoso
repetition of somo baseless rumor
dims the bright eyes of defenceless
innocence with tears of anguish;
perhaps 'lis tho schools, where a su
perficial show of brilliancy on exhibition-day
is considered the ne plus
ulira of teaching; perhaps 'tis the
time-serving clergyman, whose tongue
is fettered by a nionicd clique ; per
haps 'tis tho lawyers, who lie un
der a mistake I perhaps 'tis a doctor,
whom 1 saw yesterday at Aunt Jeru.
shu's sick-room, a little thing, with
bits of feet, and mincinrj voice, and
lily-white hands, and perfumed mous
tache. I wanted to inquire what all
ied Jerusha, so I waited to cee him
I wanted to nsk him how long it
would tnko him to cure her, nnd if
ho preferred pills In powders, blislcrs
to plasters, ont-mcal lo water gruel,
wino-whoy lo posset, nrrow-root to
fnrina, nnd n few such little things,
you know. Ho stared nt me over his
dickey, ns if I had been nn unevnn
gclizcd Kangaroo, then ho sidled up
to Jcrusha, pryed open her mouth,
nnd said " humph !" in Latin. Than
ho crossed his legs, nnd rolled up tho
whites ot his "eyes nt the walls ns if
he expected some Esculnpian hand
writing on the wall to enlighten him
as to the sent of Aunt Jerusha'a com
plaint. Then ho drew from his pock
et n box with n whole array of tiny
bottles, nnd uncorking two of them,
he nipped out a littlo white speck
fiotn each, which he dissolved in
four quarts of water, nnd ordered Jc
rusha to " take n drop of the water
once in eight hours."
Tom Thumb nnd I.illiputl ha
might ns well have trierl to salt the
Atlantic ocean with a widow's tear 1
He should be laid gently on a lily
leaf, nud consigned to the first stray
zephyr. Ah, you should have seen
our good, old-fashioned Dr. Jalap,
with u fist liko n sledge-hammer, n
tramp like n war horse, and a laugh
that would puzzle an echo. He wasn't
penurious of its physio ; he did'nt
care a pin how much he put doivu
your throat no, nor the npolhecary
cither. He pilled, and portioned,
nnd nmeticked. nud blistered, and
plastered, till you were so transpar
ent that even John Mitchel (and he's
the shortest-sighted being nhvc)
could hate seen through you. And
then ho braced you up with iron nnd
quinine, till your muscles were liko
whip-cords, nnd your hair in n bris
tle of kink--. Ho was human-like,
loo; he didn't stalk in ns if Napole
on nnd thu Duke of Wellington were
boiled down to make his grandfather.
No, sir ; he'd just us lief sit down on
a butter firkin as on a velvet lounge.
He'd pick up Aunt Esther's knitting
needles, and talk to grandpa about
Butikor Hill and those tee-totally dis
comfrizzled British, and oiler grand
pa a pinch of snulV, nnd trot the bn-
b), and stroke iho cat, and go to llie
i closet nnd cat up the pickles nnd
doughnuts, nnd make. himself useful
generally. He didn't have to stu
pefy hit patients with ether, so that
did lie give little boys shillings tn
rush into church, and call him out in
the middle of tho service. No, Dr.
Jalap was not a " modern improve
ment." Evening Post.
That Tarnal Railroad.
AS SPOKEN AT TUB FULTON INSTITUTE.
Jo whiticans, Whew, Wal, just
manufacture mo into a double rofiti'
cd spinning jeniioy and set me ago
ing in fifty acres of cotton, if ever 1
come across such a rarin, tarin,
ripping, snorting, double-revolving
piece of machinery, from creation
down to my most marvellous deliv
erance just now, as the one givo
mo chase down your railroad. I
beam sometime ago that thcro were
rich doings going on at the ' Fulton
Institute,' so ns I liko things that
j open rich, 1 mado things about right
, round hum, and broke for here. 1
come across through tho country,
and struck your railroad, and was
plying it down about four knots tho
linur AT,.r T I,nn. i ..11 r l
iwi.i. nut., a iiliu iiuuiu tun ui lo
comotives, but never dreamed of
seeing ono alive and kicking ; but
nbout two miles from hero, I beam
something behind me coffin, sneez
ing, and thundering, and I looked
around ; sure enough here she came
right down after me, pawing the
airth up and splitting thu road wide
open, with more smoke and firo fly
ing than or'to come out of a hun
dred bunting mountains, with about
a dozen wagons follerin arter her,
and to savo her tarnal black, smoky,
noisy neck, she could'nt got clear of
them. I don't know whether they
scared her up or no, but hero she
como foaming at tho mouth with
her teeth chock full of burnin' red
hot coals, find she pitched right
strait at mo us if she was going
into mo liko a thousand of brick I
could'nt stand it nny longer, so I
wheeled around and broke down
tho road and began to make the
gravel fly in every direction. No
sooner had I done that than she
split right after me, and every jump
I made slio squeelcd like a thousand
wild cats ! She gain'd on mo com
in' up a hill, but we cum round a
pint to a level in the road. Now,
thinks I, I'll gin you ginger, as 1 am
great on a dead levol, so I pulled to
lit and soon got myself tinder full
speed ; then she began to yolp and
nowl and cough and stamp, andr
come on full chizcl, and made tho
hull airth shake. But I kept on be
fore her, bouncing at the rate of
twenty feel every hop, till I got to
a turn of tho road, and I was under
such headway that I could'nt turn,
so I tumbled head over heels down
a bank by a house and landed my
head and shoulders co-slomick right
into a swtll barrel, and my feet
stuck out behind and into tho air 1
Just at thu time tho locomotive
found I had got away from it, it
commenced spitting hot water into
me, and Utterly spattered all over
mo that was sticking out of the bar
rel. I thought in my soul that Alt.
Vcsitvious had busted somo place in
tho neighborhood. But do you
suppose I staid thcro long? No,
Sir 1 1 just walked right through
tho barrel and come out the other
end so quick that it really looked
ashamed of itself.
Now, here I am, a ralo self-propelling
double-revolving locomotive
Snolly Oostcr, ready to attack any)
tluiiix but a combination ol Thun
der, lightning, railroad-jron and hot
water.
I'd like for some of your gals tor
give me a chanco to play Hop
Scotch among your hearts; and if
I don't play the swill barrel garnet
by walking right strait through your
tarnal prejudices into their young j
alFections, then help me cozey.
Cincinnati Commercial.
What is the Hardest Mode to
Die 1
To bo shot dead is ono of the
easiest modes of terminating life ;
yet, rapid as it is, the body has leis
ure to feel and reflect. On tho first
attempt by ono of the adherents of
Spam to assassinate William, Prince
of Orange, who took the lead in the
revolt of thu Netherlands, the ball
passed through tho bones of tho
face, and brought him to the ground.
In the instant that preceded stupe
faction, he was able lo frame the
notion that the ceiling of the room
had fallen nnd crushed him.
Tho cannon-shot which plunged
into tho brain of Charles XII. did
not prevent him from seizing his
sword by the hilt. Tho idea of an
attack, the necessity for defence,
was impressed on him by the blow
which wo should have supposed too
tremendous to leave an interval for
thought. But it by no means fol
lows that the inflicting of fatal vio
lence h accompanied by a pang.
From what is known of tho first
effect of gun-shot wounds, it is
probable that tho impression is rath
er stunning than acute. Unless
death bo immcdiavc, tho pain is as
varied as the nature of tho injuries,
and these arc past counting up.
But there is nothing singular in
tho dying sensation, though Lord
Byron remarked tho physiological
peculiarity, that the expression is
invariably that of laugour, while in
death from a stab, tho countenance
reflects the traits ot natural charac
ter, of gentleness or ferocity, to tho
last breath.
Somo of theso causes aro of in
terest, to show with what slight
disturbance life may go on under a
mortal wound, till it finally comes
iii ii suuuuii Mup. d. iuui suiuier ui
l.l a -. 1 1 . .
it nierioo, piurccu uy a musKci-naii
in the htp, bogged drink of a troop-
cr, who chanced to possess a can
teen of beer. Tho wounded man
drank, returned his heartiest thanks
and mentioned that his regiment
was nearly exterminated, but hav
ing proceeded a dozen yards on his
way to the roar, fell to the earth,
and with ono convulsivo movement
of his limbs, concluded his career.
" Yet his voice," says tho trooper,
who himself tells tho story, "gave
scarcely tho smallest sign of weak
ness." Caplain Basil Hall, who in his
early youth was in tho battle of
Corunna, has singled out, from the
confusion which consigns to oblivi
on tho woes and gallantry of war,
another instanco, extremely similar,
which occurred on that occasion
An old officer, who was shot in the
head, arrived pale and faint at the
temporary-hospital, and begged the
surgeon to look at his wound, which
was pronounced mortal. " Indeed,
I feared so," he responded, with im
peded utterance, " and yet I should
like very much to live a littlo lon
ger, if it were posiblo." He laid
his sword upon a stone, " as gently,"
says Hall, " as if its steel had bcon
turned to glass," and almost imme
diately sank dead upon tho turf.
Quarterly Review, j
Ft' tu LB
n -it'
Brautv in Old LncilandI
and New England.--It is generally
allowed that there is more of what is
called chiseled bcaulv in America
than in Europe that the features of
the women aro finer, and the Iieuu
moro classical. But here ends the
triumph of our sisters of tho West ;
their busls are far inferior lo those
we udmlro at homo, and an attenua
tion in thu wholo figuro gives iho idea
of fragility and decay.
And this idea is correct. What
they waul is soundness of constitu
tion ; and in consequence of this
want, their finely cut faces, taken
generally, aro pale instead of fair, and
sallow when they should bo rosy.
In this country, a woman is in the
prime of her attractions al thirty-five
and she ficquently remains almost
stationary till fifty, or else declines
gradually and gracefully, like a beau-
tilui day melting into a lovely even
ing. In America, twenty-five is the
farewell line of beauty in women ;
it becomes decay ; at thirty-five, she
looks weary atid worn, her flat chest
symbolising the collapsed heart with
in ; and at forty, you seo in her thin
nnd haggard fcalurcs all tho mark.
of premature nge. The cause of
tho difference the Journal finds in
the use of Stoves in America, our
females keeping themselves within
doors in tho vitiated atmosphere
which iho stoves produce. Cham
ber's Edinburgh Journal.
BY K. P. WAI.TOIV.
"It- thlt hjr thn Plow would IhMtn
Hi n.a if nut either hold or otiri.
Farm Implements. In relation to
farm implements, from a threshing
machine down to n hoe and rake,
such great improvements have been
mado that there would be n real pro-
fill and economy in throwing away
such ns nro imperfectly constructed,
nnd procuring others.
Tnke, for instance, the old fashion
ed heavy iron corn hoc, weighing
several pounds, and compare it with
the light cast steel implement of tho
same size now made, and wo con
tend that thu hands of a farm could
do ns much additional work with the
latter in. one season, do it better and
with less fatigue, than would pay for
them several times over. The tame
may be said in respect to the catt
steel garden rakes, spades, shovels
and many other tools. A few years
ago it was thought farm implements
could have no strength without
weight. Now they arc made of the
best materials, equally strong, but
much lighter and plcasantcr to work
with. They are nlso made in great
er variety, being constructed with '
reference to the work to bo done.
Instead oftho common pointed shov
el for cleaning out post holes, we
now hnvo a perfect instrument for
t,hij purpose
in the nearly circular
post spoon or scoop, adapted to the
shape of the hole. Instead of u
piece of old board or rail for ram
ming the dirt, wo have tho cast iron
post rammer, which settles it much
better and in half the time.
Instead of ono spado nnd shovel
for every purpose on thu farm, we
have trenching, garden, post ditch
ing and field spades, with shovels of
various sizes and patterns, adapted
for particular uses. Expanding and
rcvcrsablo harrows und cultivators,
with steel teeth, have superseded the
cumbrous and unwieldy ones of ol
den times. Mowing and reaping
machines arc fast crowding out the
scylhc nnd sickle, and with the un
loading fork by means of tho ropo
i nnd pulley, aro greatly abridging tho
labors of the harvest. In fine, labor-saving
machinery has become
not only a matter of choice but nc-
ccssit). In nothing is improvement
moro apparent than in the plow ; not
only has great lightness of draft been
attained, but the work is much bet
ter dono than formerly nnd the soil
left in better condition for growing
the crop. True plowing is closely
allied lo spading, at least this should
uu me iiu n uiiiiuu at.
' ... ...
l. .1.- i .
A line and minutely pulverised
seed bed greatly promotes the germ
umtlon of seeds, attracts moisture
and nutritive gases from the atmos
phere, nnd rnny be cultivated and
freed fiom the weeds with much
greater facility than where the sod is
turned, and allowed to harden and
become baked by exposure to the
sun. Tho success ofa crop depends
very often on the character of tho
first plowing. A plow of wrong con
struction, however skilful the plow
man, can never make good work.
Robinson's Eagle Plate, and his
admirable Cultivators, are well con
structed implements for tho farm, and
in the hands of u good husbandman,
make tho earth light and niellow.
As this is the season of planting
corn, we givo thu above tt ef
the Corn Planter, by Mesf. Ruaj
gles, Nourscit Mason, of Boats..,
f lilt

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