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Vermont watchman and State journal. [volume] (Montpelier, Vt.) 1836-1883, May 19, 1854, Image 1

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FRIDAY, MAY 10, 1854.
VOL. XLVIII, NO. 25 WHOLE NO. 2-183.
ruiiLisiir.D Evr.itv iiiidav mornino.
TRKMS. J t.Msail in adtanea $1,00 If plymeol
aot m4I in adaanca ) Intereat alwaya eharf.d from
tha and oTllie year.
Aanated ii t Hal oT afant' lo racaiaa aubicrlptloni
adveriramenla and eainmunicaUeaa, and aGknowl.Jie,
payment for Ilia aamo.
miauiuM, ). N.roMr.r.oy,
llrool!eM,8. II. SMITH,
Cabal, U. P. IIROWN,
IHn. lilt, Oil AltLM . DANA,
Hlmmt.K.n. HCOTT,
llaalk, COWARD D.SA1VVEI1,
Johnaon, C. IV. SCOTT,
.Mttihlidd.i:. 1). PUTNAM,
lrrlatllle,J. CNUYRg,
Northliald, IT. SMITH,
Kotilli ll.lJ.iek.C. PIIII'MAN,
Bltalfotd, WIM.IAM ROLMNR,
toull. Strafford, DANIEL W.JUIID,
TiMhildtf , AARON N. KINO,
Wll.tl.H i r.r.i .UHANOHPM1TM,
Walfltintyand lloltiory, R. C. SMITH,
Willlimatoon, DARIUri rRlDC,
W.rrealer. JONAS ABBOTT.
1834 VI, (enCral Rnilrond. 1851
Aoillirrii V AVeMrrii, Itrilisli ami
IniUil .SliiU-s rtl i i 1 Iconic
N and atl.r May I, 1811, l'ii.eo;i Tralna will
rua aa followa 1
Going North and West.
I.EAVB IIIIHION at 7 13 .. M.. chlaf Baf.
Iiatti.ii at 1 M and Itouae'a I'ol.l at 7 P, M., Sloat
rail al , and tlgdanibu'ih at 1 1 1-3 P. l.
LEAVE HOr-TON i IS.M , N.w V..ra 8 A. M..
lodge al llontiioi ier Vi. and arriae at Iluiliaftnn at
K 40 A Jl , Mono.. I at 10, aad Uaaaaurih at 1 P. M.
bat! oat.
AWfl. LEAVE MONTPKMKR at i.ti A.il.,and
3 15 P. H.
Going East and South.
LEAVE ROl : POINT i 8 A. Jl.and J V. M.,
ta eumiei-Ooii with t eio. fiom Maatraat end Ojdem.
boreo, and arriving in Bo.loo and New Votk TDK
KAMI. HAY. tiy the a A. M. tliln, and Ike aeil oey,
at tar 7 P. II. if. in.
A. M.
For further information, aanlyattka Ofdeoebtuab
and It.inae'. I'uint Paa.rng.i rtialinnt, tha Cbawvaatn
and Hi Lawria..o Kmlroad OtBoe, Montreal, to Otu
Klnekall, Vjei'l. I inle Street, at I a. Itakat IftWr,
Hrell.y'e lluildleg, 30 l'oolt flltrt, lleelon, aad to J.
W. llnbert, Ptetloo Afent, Moelpelier.
Freight train! ran dally.
j .mi:s mooiti:,
(uot. V. C. P.. R.
Nortnaeld, Vt., April S3. ISM.
is nStomsgssmsgsGs si.
Northern Railroad, A. 17
British ufg. MAIL ROUTE,
ISoston. l.owt'II, Courord, ZVortli
rrii, l'Antiiiict Vcriaoul Ceiitml. Og
licit li in U Mint 31 on (real alii uatla.
Tl) AM P it 91
HI JtlaOttxjf t . HuiliBClob. ft Albn . Montr!. Of-
ilHiufjb d lh fr.t,ntj Mnchalr,lSb-
u( liailun Uwrnre, Hikin, Ilrci, i 'itUmm
I'unUnd. ro(n Janeti'tN, lVereetlr, Proldne
Ntiwiii mni .wYuih.
Tim ib ilirvci rwaiM btiwitt tfc tlMjvB pUr4,
ind !( tkodjh tr. rpittU of Nw 1Iapt)raM
Vriat. Tdut sim! fitittn law by otbr
AKti D. 11, 1&&3, traini Nuiih Hotonl
7.45 A. H inJ U M. m1 Cmcf4tt 101 A.M.tnd
3 V M Tim r-ouih WbM l.tfti Juuciion
I 7,15 A. U. nai 1J0 I'. l. lb arrlvUf Cm
riprileMltiraMii hit rotttefTut
U and litKht traia ilail htwiil HurlijtU.n, Hnu-
1'rtim ,U(iloititrb. lltmiteal, ni Nbuit Lew-
, HO'lOll, lm, r.tHll , niMTtllfla IIWll-
a.ow. ..4iRifiMduiril.ffi il it lb onlr rofltt
fron thf Of4Hui;h tntl IuduiI Koadtby which
4 ONHLOA' Ki BAltNH, Agcmt
Cod'..J.N. II. Dae. lf, ISW-
1 ban witbout htujt of Cat
18.r)3, Fall vV inter Ar- 1853.
Bkoita.t and unirke.t iblnafli Mall l.ina from llf
daa.liurib. Monuaal, Itonaa'. I'omi , Plalliluili and
llurliaaioa loTrn; , Albany and Naw 1 oik,
via Rutland and Eaglo Bridge,
d cuanoeiioH with Rutln4 md 11 illiuo. tail Hud
wo Ilivn Railroad.
ritnieraolll.i roal mtj if upon mlilt)f !!
Iks conuccliuot wllblba dilTefMt Roatlf, uivt lilted.
Thia ltb 0UTby whrtii iaiei caO
withtflaiafyso tkrutb front Moalitat toNtw
I ha Jy.
C4ndurlora or Pafaxa Maaiata batwaao Ratland and
Troy or Albany.
FIRST TRAIN lanana Bailin;tnn 9.15 A. M.
tSECONIl TK4.IN l.aie. Ilarllarion I0.2l A M.
anlaaaat Troi Xl P. M. and Alkan) -.21P. l..l.aaa
Troj 4.IS P. M. r Alaant P. .fl Na l"k.
Arntaa .1 Naw Yo.a 8 11 P. M
'I'fllllll T It A I N taavaa Uartiazton Cjn P. M,,
lodao at Kulland, and laaaaa llatlaad al 6.30 A. 14. ,
ariiaaaat Troy lo A M. and Albany 10.15 A .U.,laaa
Troy 1030 A. M.. oi Albiny I0.4J A.M. fat Now Vork,
anl.aal.N.. Vork 4.10 P. kl.
Kipi.i. Train for HurTalo loaaaa Albaoj 10.33 A. M.
ah I'lrkot. to bo iro.arad at llio Rutland and
Burliwcloa Railroad oluco, or uf
J A II KM W. .MILL", iltal, P.allialoo.
. TILLCV, Ttalllo. Ajnt.
Alio, Thronih Tl'kal. to llorTalo.flaeaal.nd.To.
lado, Oalroit, l.'iaainnati Chii-aiso, and all tlio Waa.
lata iiiiii, lot aala at tba OrHroof tba Rnllaud and
BuiIiqjIoi. It.ilruid, orortha Aimtr ollba Albaoy ii
Rutland Railroad.
Ha(.(aCalad Tr-aa lo Troj. Albany or t.nw
la .Ilea... taaaoid dalay Utfl if tUraaf 4
ly K.1M.K BHlltar. HOVTF.
TlllW. II, I.ANPIEI.D, Hup.
Uuillajton.Noa.9. 1653. Wl'f
The Old Folks of Connecticut.
Tbt ' Old tVUt" of lUrlfyfJ. Citciicut( stir led
wilh lh food mecaory of ilier dnja, tae recanilt jiv
a(concerU lo that eliy, to the jounj lolU s.
peclmea of vlher licuee. AU Iba tuaei tan; weie iboae
fa ojue belf eeoiury tiucf, eud tba whoUordei end
nao(ioeot eie f the eouioe old foj ie aUnii with
Ih true aroma of Mr, fSuroey, lhecbariu.n
paet, bu eelebreted the eteat In the follawinj poem t
Back tbey eome ihe dajt of old,
Uck oo Memorj'e wlog of gold,
AuJ ibait Vlaloaed ereoea again
Quicken at the eociant ittaio,
Ae Hi tide ef eocieot tuii
Uuitotly loll yea title ttoof.
Up It epriPge, tb&t tine worn foe
lrtid by mtoy atuber uin,
Never there bed erjao'!
till red the lieienei'e pride or !,
t?tove DOifuroeee pever je
Comfort to It bua.blu )
Nei did wiatar'e cold deter
The wrm halJ aoribipper
1'awt, like ctoUtari. ao.aU atvd equAie,
With uncuablonedeeaU are there f
Oti lb it pelittded bel(bt,
Weary cblld. orroujuh wight,
Mibt not In that early day '
Ugbtly peer, or lafely play
J'or ike tjlbiof man nigh,
bwifi of band tod abarp of eye.
fill raofed la illery fair,
IVecloui youtbi, and tnaldcM rare,
IloUicj la lb U bead the key
Of tbechurcb'a meUdy,
With their guide ta mu.ic art
Trotsptly rUe Utake tbelrpiiU
He, with pitcb-dp labia Land,
Glaaclog round hi well treiaed band,
Qivee the key teae loud aei ttae,
Uelis time with aidoi doe.
On hi brow with tlted Intent,
Every loyal eye 1 bent,
Tor hi ear, a quick a thoafht,
Each Incipient diicord cingkt
Pcarce the reverenrpd man whoitood
Neith hi lenndinf board ef wood.
Or a king in icptered ttate
To that ebolr mllit leem to g reat.
Fore moat in the tuneful rate,
lit tbelr privilege of place,
Dreathed the tenor bo!d and clear,
Ret end treble Mlowlnj near
While the counter ihrlll and keen
Filled the Enteivil between.
Thne, with perfect move merit led,
(-rd of pralte difltlrtetly ld,
Hmibrevei accuted itrortg.
Plowed tba largiog tide of ong.
V.rtt new, end ever young,
Thai Old Hundred grandly rang,
Or ft Martin sweetly ewelte
Rath and Wincberter and Well,
Mear and Aleabtti' tone of love,
With (heir fn'I adagio move,
Jordan, end Pi. Helen' flow,
Dolce or furtiimo
Denmark with Its ehoro high.
Ilethen'a tender harmony,
And a host of equal climt
Time would fail me here to name.
Thoogntttertenee, tn niOdtrn icbooi,
Kurtnrad oeath Italian tklai,
View with arorn tfae aimple role
Of thoie qaatnt clJ melodlct ;
Yet Devotion deep and grave
Kindled at their earneet attvei
Fiona aoeettora wrre there.
Turning from tbelr week day tare,
Holy Babbath joya to there ;
Iltooming cheeka and temple grey,
Paintty fathetc, where are tbey 1
Find they not a Better Land i
Hwell they not the srph bandf
IVint were thote time, I trow,
Half a century ago,
Vho our country, nenly fiee,
Pobcr In ber Itbetiy,
Well content with rural cheer,
Had not delTcd ber huroeipan gaar,
Did not ak oo ateim to fly,
With a whlnl and a cry,
Nor the lightning fUh empley
A her tire lei errand-boy j
Hut the bad a peace fe I troile,
Fell of heart and free fiom gaile,
And at hearih-loo taught tfee while,
Truth to rear a healtMul throng,
It that made rcpubftc strong,
And we bles the eacteat tiraia
That rettete her tb egsie.
a tHrLtiT av h raav.
For pit;' ik! aaaaaeaeaH
Oa wmi new tbema Ar eanvertalloa
Poatbfag to Ut u ret a ha
Froa tb eteraal hatbartttan
About tbe eastern (fuatttaa, sod
It various probable talutWo f
Something la tld n out of band
Of the one topic now tbe Reoihn I
Tbi tepio bailHt me day atwlaigbt,
N xngla hour gwi by without (
The milkman couat before it1 light,
AnJ tell the houttiaald all about It.
t ring the bell, the tairant bring
Hot water for the roam! ahultimt,
Thau through the kejbol loudly si'ngt,
11 rlir, have )ou beard about tbe Kooih'nt V
Tnraged, t dewa to Iraaklatt sit
There li (I'm fit mast eonatint reader)
Tbe Time I dare not open it,
1 know the aubjaci of the leader t
A knock cornea I am told it i
A man eallectiag eaatnbutiona j
For whom? Tbe wnti e4 rnllls
Of Une wbo've gaoa la fig a I th lioho.,,
I go to town, aad went to know
If fiinda ate up, and Law to rat 'tra t
aneweied, ' ell, I think tbaiVa low
DLt bev you read tbe alttaeteu '
I try again. I ail, ' How fare
The mlaUterUl retolutlor.t
Or the reform Ulir" "r.r.!oh! tbeyie
FuttpoaM until we've tbraakod the Uoo-h'of."
I ra Into ea iaa to diae,
The waiter cue all pilm tad emiiky,
AcJ ttj tbelr poultry's vary fin,
The Ciar baa pet atlaektd ii.r Turkey.
In tba neil boa I ovetbetr
A Ulk of Auttmrt aad t'rouihna i
I'm plea tad, another topic here 1
No. 'Ti but" Will they help the Uootbn."
Tba question haaolt me every way,
I, ten the bay that eweep mv tyfl.ee
Yvuag rascal! asled me t'other diy
Ta tell hiui who rriae MeotrbikotT 1.
In reading ron twegbt le is readj
In siiesti 6c inlilutloas
Science it ret aside ioitead,
Fik lacture all about IL Ikooab'n '
I cannwt steefl a wiak all nlgbt
I frrl that I am daily sinking
I've lost my bealib eud eppeil'e
The worry's driven rue lo drinking,
t fel Ibit toon I shall b free
Fioui ell these daily pct euiioaa t
An inquest snoa will sit on roe
Tbe verdict, Bored to death by Roosh'ii 1"
The Bachelor and the Baby.
Tlicro was no 0110 nt home except
the baby's mother, and baby, and I.
Huh) had just gone to sleep, when
baby's mother remembered a trifling
commission which she hail promised
to execute for me in the village.
With mi injunction to touch the cra
dle if b.iby woke, sho departed, leav.
ing ino proud ol my new employment
and lulled by past immunity into u
blutc of falttl security.
With one eye on my boot and the
other on the cradle, like a faithful
watclrdog, I listened to the retreat
ing footsteps tiiut should have warn
ed me, but did not, " to look out for
squalls." I had no idea of the aw
ful responsibility which I had taken
upon myself, or 1 should havorihruuk
from it, as a cut does from water, or
a mastiff from it churniiig-inichino.
In fact, I rather suspect that I felt in
a trifling degree ambitious that baby
should open one eye only one-
thai I might have the pleasure of
shutting it again. Unwary mortal I
liovv little do we know when we are
well off! My ambition was but too
seen to be gratified ; I had yet to
learn by bitter experience how wca
ry is tlio lot ol those wno tenu on
I wonder whether infants ore con'
scious in their sleep of their moth'
er's absence and know that an op
portunily lias arrived for " cutting up
The baby, over whose slumbers
had become the guardian genius
how the flies pitched into its nose 1
was as sound asleep as any baby
could be when its mother departed :
but no sooner had her shadow fad
ed from the room than symptoms of
wakefulness began to appear, first
came a sigh ; then a chuckle, that
said, as plain as chuckle cr,uld say,
" now for some fun ;" then one eyo
opened nnd shut, nud llicn both be
gan peeping nliout, till the head
seemed inclined lo bob ofTtho pillow.
1 felt a little nervous at these symp
toms only n little. " Poll," said I
to myself, " n roll or two of the cra-
lle will soon settle your business,
youngster. lint it did not. Unby
was bound to haven spree. It knew
that " its mother was out." That
big, bothersome blue-bottle fly, too, 1
tired of watching for the ship over ,
the clock face, started on n voyngo
of discovery on its own account, and
the first promontory winch it reached
was the nose of the baby, n tempt-
ng spot, upon which it lauded for
refreshments, buzzing most villain
ously as it did so. It was a ticklish
landing, however, and baby soon
drove it offwitliJi sneeze that aston
ished its nerves, and mine, too, more
than the fly's, for the fly wns accus
tomed to ticklish situations, which I
was not. Daby wai thoroughly rous
ed. Up went its- round, chubby
arm; bum rock of the cradle soon
sent that back to its place. I did
rock that cradle beautifully. The
little head rolled to nnd fro as easily
as it it lintl been lastencu on by n
toy mandarin's neck. I could not
help mlmiriiiL' myself for the way in
which I did it, nnd I am sure that
any reasonable baby would have gone
to sleep again, if only for compli
ment's sake; but the bnby in the
cradle didn't. The moment the rock-
ng censed, up popped the little head,
ike Judy's in the show, wilhn small
peevish cry. That cry ! it was like
the " fizzing of the fuse" of a pow
der magazine, sure locn.l in a explo
sion. Were you ever roused in the mid
llcofthc night by the maid of all-
uorK coming in her slippers nnil
night-cap to inioriu you that the
house was on fire! Did you ever
bland by a .Dutchman who was
weighing gunpowder with u lighted
cmar in ins mouth f Uid you ever i
stand ovct the boiler of a Missisippi :
steamboat, and expect every moment
to bu landed on the tree-tops half a
inilu inland? If not, you cannot
conceive my horror when I heard that
cry. I was in a cold perspiration
from head to loot. I have no doubt
that hailstones as bin s peas might
have been picked olF my forehead.
I rocked for dear life, nnd baby
bounced about like a ball of india
rubber. But it was useless. I sang
nil the songs I could think of, from
the cabalistic " Hushahaby 1" to
" Cease, rude Boreas 1" I tried ten-
or, and tried bass : out the bauy did
a . a ..a. . .
not know the difference. It seemed 1 feet. Even a lump of sugar would
to think it nil base. The louder 1 1 not bribe it to bo quiot. It made
sang, the louder it cried. It was, wry faces at the mirror, and pilch
bawl and squall; and squall beat. ed savagely into the pillow, turned
Tho nry peevish became the cry in- i
lignant, and the cry indignant
cumo the squall imperative, niue-iliad
bottle buzzed with delight, nnd danc- verily believo that it would have
ed a horn pipe on the window, while cut oil its own head, and made two
the clock kept up a tantalizing " Oo squalls instead of one ; but I for
it ! Go it !'' I bore. Give mo credit for my mag-
In an unlucky moment I lifted the
little tempest out of the cradle. .
Never, never, never, will I commit
such an act of thoughtless impru-
dence again! Before I did so I
could have truly sang with tho poet,
"The white- squall raves;" but after- ;,J0WI1 smoothly since. If my trial
wards the fiercest blasts ol Boreas m asted much longer, I should
seemed belching from that little 1 certainly have had a "gray head
throat. In the hope of quieting tho ( poa young shoulders." Perhaps I
tornado. I took it in my arms, wad- 'should have sunk into the grave
died to and fro the room, tossed it w,,h a nervous fever, and had " l5i
up and down till my shoulders ach-crj 0f baby nursing" for an epitaph
ed; dandle!! it on my knees, nowni)on my 'tombstone. Fortunately'
the right one. now tho left ; but noth-' for ,he public in general, and mo
ing would do, Liko an easterly j particular, I was spared such a
gale, that multiplied squall seemed catastrophe by tho return of tho
to be endless. I fell really alarmed, j mother, who burst panting into the
I wns completely terrified. I saw vis- r0oni at tho critical moment when
ions of convulsions and such like ills my jobliko patience had miserably
that infant " flesh is heir to." If 1 1 perished by degrees, as tho water
had been in tho city; I am sure that a , leaks. from n broken-hooped bucket,
crowd would have collected. I might With what a feeling of relief did I
nave been taKcn up anil accused 01
an attempt to commit infanticide
perhaps been published in the papers
as it wretch of cruelty lo dumb anim
als. Dumb ! How I wish that dear
family organ ifi been dumb 1 I
even envied the deaf men that pick
up cinders.
I looked ut the clock and exclaim
ed in despair, answered, with mock
ing monotony, " Not yet I not yet !"
Blue-bottle had ceased its buzzing,
and returned to its old quarters over
tho dial-plalc, lo watch fur the reap
pearance of the ship perhaps asking
as impatiently as I did, the ques
tion, "When will she return?" to
which the clock continued to
unceasingly, Not yet ! not yet I
I know nnt what to do, and rush
ed a dozen times to the door, hoping
to see the coming relief. But the
walls uf the distant church nnd the
houses beyond were thick, and I
could not see through them. The
brook was laughing in the sunshine,
ond murmuring joyously as it glided
over the stones, and I fell a strong
temptation to pitch the piping ba
by into it. I am suro the clock cried,
mockingly, " Do it 1 do it 1" but the
thought of a corner's jury restrained
mo ; a country jury of Dutch boors,
with short pipes in their mouths, and
skulls two layers of brick thick.
Thero was a rooster upon the fence
flapping his wings acd crowing like a
Trojan I do believe it was over my
perplexity; the pigs were grunting
in their sty, pulling each other's ears
for amusement ; and cow was giving
nourishment to her calf in a distant
field. Suddenly a bright idea struck
me. I seized an old tobacco pipe
that had been stowed away upon the
mantlcpiece, and immersing the bulb
in a tumbler of water, thrust the stem
into the babv's mouth. Uaby was
no ccuius. 1 became satisfied of
that in a minute. It is an attribute
of genius to accomplish its desires
with imperfect instruments. There
was no stoppago in the pipe ; I tri
ed it myself.
1 was nt my wits' end, anil I
laid the baby on the floor, cramming
my fingers into my cars. , It was of
no use. I could not chut out tho
sound. It was like a thousand " ear-
piercing pipes," drilling me through
and through. I was riddled with
screams that touched like galvanic
wires on every nerve, l lie clatter
of a three-story cotton mill, with a
hundred girls talking of now Don
nets through tho din, was nothing
to it. All the locomotives in the
Union, tortured into a state of ago
ny, would alone compare with it.
But mill and locomotive might bo
stopped, and baby could not bo qui
eted, oven for a moment. Any thing
but a baby's lungs would haVo bcen
worn out by such an abuse of "pow
er but their strength only increas
ed, seeming to acquire new pipes at
every blast.
What would I not have given for
the sight of a petticoat bearing down
to my relief? Never did Robinson
Crusoe on his desert island gaze
more longingly over tho ocean in
benrch of a sail than 1 did down tho
road for a bonnet and curls. I could
have smiled lovingly on the fattest
dowager that ever sweltered in the
West Indies, or the thinnest scrub
that pays her devotions to the. door
steps. Ilut the feminine, liko other
useful commodities, had all vanished
when most wanted. Even the cat,
accustomed to nursing as she was
even the cat, sensible creature,
had disappeared.
Like the distressed hero of a nov
el, I was loft to my own resources,
and had no resources left. There
was a baby flopping about on the
floor like a porpoise on a ship's deck,
las if lying on its beam cuds wAs a
natural position. 1 ngiiieu u a uoz-
en times, but over it went again, as
if all its ballast had shifted to the
head. I brought tho shovel and I
tongs and the bellows from the fire
place, but baby wouldn't look at
them, not a bit of it ; although I
took the trouble to blow the bel
lows in the blue-bottle's face, and
sedt tho threads on the carpet flying
about the room. Even the clothes
brush and nutmeg-grater proved no
attraction, and I broko a suspender
button hopping about liko a frog on
all fours. If 1 had stood on my head
and shook tho pennies out of my
. ill 1 f
pockets, it would nave nau no ei-
indignantly at the tea-kettle, and
he-'squared olf at the rolling pin. If
civen u the carvinc-Knite, i uo
nauimity ! 1 forbore.
For nearly a mortal hour an age
,,.as r ti,us kent in a state of fienzv.
jiy hairs stood up " like quills upon
the fretful porcupine." -They have
nwaVs stubbornlv refused to lie
, look up at tho old clock as it an-
nounced to mo in its most cheerful
tones, " She's come ! she's come 1"J
Would you beliovio it but I'm
sure you can't, the fact seems too
great an enormity that little piece
of perversity was quiet as a lamb in
a minute ! Why, the mother was
so deceived that she actually called
it her " precious lamb !" I heard
her, nnd was astounded. I wonder
she didn't fool sheepish ; I know I
did. Lamb, indeed 1 If that was
being a lamb, what would it bo
when it becomo mutton ? Why, it
was fast asleep again iu no time,
and laughing in its dreams over the
fim jt had enjoyed. Didn't I vow
never to bo caught alone with a ba
by again ? If over 1 am, may I be
--served in tho sarno manner a
gam. From tbe Observer,
Tho following sketch fo the char
acter of the Czar is taken, from a
work just published by the Messrs.
Applelons, entitled " Russia as it Is."
It is written by Count A. De Gur
rouski, a distinguished Pole, now re
siding in this country :
All his qualities lor good and for
evil, appeared on the surface, and
shaped themselves out when he as
cended the throno. The first steps
of the young sovereign were made
cautiously, with great circumspection.
He tried to surround himself with
honest men, rare jewels in Russia,
even among those in the highest pla
ces. He was directed in his choice
by what is there a caricature of pub
lie opinion, by the voice of some few
saloons, and likewise by the advice
of his mother. He thus made some
good and some bad (elections of
course. Ho devoted his activity
to stopping thadisordcr9 which had
miglitily seized upon the Umpire in
tho Inst years of Alexander; during
which time it can be said thcro was
no government and no administra
tion, and that Russia kept together
by an inward, inborn force of colic
sion. His primitive tendency was to arc frozen, nnd all generous aspira
be a reformer, to givo a new and re- tions die out in that atmosphere. The
freshing impulse to the nation, nnd basest inconso nnd adulation became
to awaken its intellectual powers. nlono palatable to him. Then struck
These first steps woro successful. the hour of his moral downfall, in
Tho torpor of the past reign was so i visible from without, but felt deeply
great, thnt the slightest movement in by Russia.
n new direction could not but prove In that part of his reign when his
beneficial. The nation saw a new moral influence was in the ascend
light, a new era dawning before it. nnt, tho Czar tried, as we have nl-
Oicholas proclaimed tho supremacy :
of the law over his own will. AH
seemed to blossom under the rays of
success. His star rose and shone
mrro nnd more brilliantly. The
campaigns of Turkey and Persia
W'lc glorious. Then came the Pol
ish insurrection. From this crisis,
Russia, after for n moment coming
nearu new Reparation from Europe,
by tht possibility of a restoration of
Polatnl through tho preliminary suc
cess i( the patriotic armies Rus
sia, nfltr the first blow, which was so
nearly deadly foi her, recovered
and Poland was annihilated t
Theso fcvents, thus happily accom
plished in rapid succession, surroun
ded tho Virow of Nicholas with a
bright hnlo, The nation believed in
him. People always worship the
successful. Ami thus Czarism, de
graded by Alexander, was again rais
cd into a higher region. During this lowed some of his counsellors to
time of his ascending movement, j give him even the most humble ad
Nicholas believed his mission was toi vice, came to an end. Now, he be
lie the conductor of his people into jgnn to usk for blind compliance, und
light and civilization, that he was to the most debasing adulation.
lay a corner-stone for their moral and
social amelioration. lie believed
this lo be the mission of an ntitoctnt.
The earnestness of his purpose audi
efforts at that time dazzled and at
tracted ninny generous minds, many
strong nnd active intellects, and they
thronged to servo under his banner,
to share with him in this laborious
but generous toil
It was something
. , . .. ,. -
more than ,, dfcam-.t was a reality ,
of several years duration. seem-
ed that in proportion ns ho lose, his
m.ud eTtended and purified Ulf.-
riguer, ormiinncu uii.sib, n o ..a-
no.m. genius was cr.ppieo, an w.lfc m)( lhe (g, lose their cover
imitation in fhmk.ng, acting and in . ' , ... f ... ,,.v . .
Nicholas pbt forward the
idea of nun in bathing the Russian
mint, in tne pure i.ie-g.v.ng "i""' 1
ri i:iiiiniu uijauiiii.ii iiniii.'iiaiiij1 ui
making it the focus and tho compass
of civilization. Such is the origin
of tho so-called Russian government,
At that time Nicholas was accessi
ble to truth, hearing remonstrances
patiently, sometimes thankfully. He
nlloivcd the criticism of abuses thro
books and dramatic representations ! (1o dorva from 10 (,ec0n.
He combated with all Ins might, and, of hjs b(,ams rjc,ier
trial to eradicate the boundless ve-1 more vnrjei V latiol)) slimualC(i
nal.ty and corruption-unconscious ( b ,1IJllt nm, lnuisTure,-appears .,. Us
it may be that they lay at the very , um)nsl vj mu, beftu fmm ,j0
bottom of tho principle by winch he fi glm(ks nn ItfcIi:a.1 lmliy
holds his power. In ho first years umcg )f .mj f;,
of Ins reign he several tunes tried to , lmeUOi .?,,' lnllk of (hb0 lulan.
relax the seventy of the censorship , ,neasllrcs ,llrly.fotlr fee, j,,
for home as well a, for foreign P'l-, dmllle, )0 Ncw Uollaml ino r.
hcat.ons and newspapers ; but he , s(jg lQ (he ,ieight of lhreo ,iun(lrcd
was constantly dissuaded by Ins ad-, feol Nnf .g Jj0 anilIia, ki ,om
visers. Very soon he became tired tlc(icienl jn nn iluto antl micly.
of many good measures that he had Wilin l0 , .M ar(J foumi tho
attempted. And he lacks real know,.,, qiwUr 'j, a(I hirds of
edge of men I hut he was o ten , br,llClt plumage. T)ie groun,i
misled in his choice even then, when I (eems f, nd the air is
flattery was not yet omnipotent over-f(j(, whU h of ....ect..
Ins mind n his attempt at reform, , Thc MJ- description by Hum
he stumbled at the above mentioned bu,dl .yc( Um h(J
....pediment. Incontest.bly he had mm a)imali cvc ; iu ,owesl
the power of comprehending a new fo undor th(j Qr .
rciormuiory iiica, auo even n ueep,,
broad nno ; ol adopting nnd giving
it form transforming it into a law.
But deprived of the capacity of em
bracing all the details requisite for
putting it into practice, ho has had
in his endeavours to depend on the,
cood will of his ministers who ve-
ry oitcn, when bowing ostensibly to
Ins will, and feigning to accept ''10
projected reform, have surrounded
its execution with countless dilfieul-
t'e!" , . .... .,
His mother inspired urn with a
rigidity of principles, and with a re -
r. . , , . .1 . .
ngious rcspeci lor ins own woru.
Thus ho has a certain scrupulous
, , I
tain scrupulous!
with contempt
honesty. He treats
u.s.iKonu .iip.oinauc hicks ur "
-i:..itt ii i .i:
"" """ iuy- " ' 1 i
husband, an excellent fa'her ; but
these qualities do not always indicate '
nlruo generosity of soul. l ew, if,
any, nave seen a warm tear moisicn
his eye 'at a great general, and not
his own personal misfortune. From
tho beginning ol Ins reign one can
say that he has been generous in his
own wny, and even lavish, principal
ly fur ostentation, when iu foreign
lands, as well as to those who sur
rounded him, and whom he believes
to be wholly devoted to his person.
But such men need kindness loss
than others, who work hard in the
service in lower position!, and
whom ho is rather parsimonious
in whatever manner he bestows a fu-
vour, he never docs it in a simple,
natural way, but always with a pom
pous ostentation, sometimes painful
to the receiver. This leads one to
presume that he lacks real bencvo
lence of heart, in which respect ho
is far below his brother Alexander, or
even Constantino.
These principal features of his
mind and character have been his
companions,--the lights and shadows
in the exercise of power, in his pro
gress to its climax. Having reached
it, ho could not withstand its intoxica
tion. No mortal can : Christ alone,
in his God-like nature, resisted temp-
tation. But the tempter, tho spirh
of lies, darkness and treachery, this
father of absolutism, gets control of
others. He subdues them all. Thus
lie ruined Napoleon. On that un
natural height tho head of Nicholas
soon became giddy. Those regions
ready seen, to kindle anil to spread
among tlio people some spurns r
glimpses of light nnd vitality. But
ten or twclvo years ago n change
took place. His mind faltered, and
tho downward movement began.
Tho regions of despotic power, lim
ited by neither law nor reason, arc
liko the ethereal space where swim
the celestial bodies, in themselves
dark, frigid, nnd lifeluss. In that
cheerless sphere the Czar lost the per
ception of light. He became afraid
of his own work, and learned to
dread civilization. He evoked and
made n compact with the spirit of
darkness, nnd arrayed himscll against
his own nation. The bolter germs
in his mind withered and ihriii)k,
while tho weeds of his chaructcr
grew exuberantly, poisoning and
strangliii!; nil the generous pulsations
of his heart. The time when he nl-
The Effects of Heat.
A native of Europe, remarks Dr.
Arnot, views with surprise the cflect
of heat in the equatorial regions.
Sealing-wax, he finds, will not relnin
the impression of a seal, butter be
comes nil, a tallow candle must be
poured into a lamp; if ho nttempts
III IJMUI UlllUf IIUI1I 1. I., tl.W K.IIW.
,,;' , T1(J wloIu of
jvny nalr0 changed. Our oaks
, transplanted to the tor-
id Wcomo stunted and
W()0, of - ,;,,,. such , ,,u
IJaJUl V ia II IN 111 13 UMIIl't
I...P, ,.', tllk' . ,.
ilia, in a few months becomes almost
,1!lkeiJ and is deprived of spirit and
courage, ilut ttiougu nature uas not
the aspect of colder climes, it as
sumes other forms of greater mag
nificence, und luxuriates in a more
profuse development of life. The
atmosphere is more clear and pure,
iund tinned with a deeper azure, the
, ' nrch of heaven is higher, the splendor
i r f tin. firl, r.r liiwlit mnin int. .lien nml
. , ..,: c.i.
mates, the bcusts of thc forests rc
tiro to the thickets, the birds hide
themselves beneath the foliagi of tho
trees, or in the crevices of the rocks.
tr. . . i . -t :l
I I': i niniusi ims apparent suencu wo
hear n dull vibration, u continual
inii.ititi. nrinenula llinl fill I f ill 11 V
IIIUIIIIUI VT. Ill.bVl. .. ., .. .. U ...UT
usQ ,hc c rcsi0 ,(0 ,owcr
I strata of the air. Nothing is better
, fme(, (0 makJ man fee ,)0 ex,cU
Bn pmvcr of orga)i(J ifo Myria(3
of insects creep upon the soil and
fluUer rounJ ,an) b
j 10 ar(1()r of ,ho gun A confused
, ,, frm nvnrv ,rnm
... ,., ,tl,i. f,' ,-., ,,
(ho j d IrunU of
defts of',l0 rockg) fl
and from tlio
V V W , It J I . . mv
ground UIlderlnll)ed by the lizards,
millepedes, nnd cecilias. These are
80 ,nnny voices, proclaiming that all
naturu breathes and that under a
lllulBnd diffurcnt forms life is d.f-
fused throughout thc clucked and
dusty soil, as well as in tho bosom of
the waters, and in the air that circu
lates around us.
First Impression of an Earth,
Before wo quit this great pheno
menon, we must advert to that inde
scribable, deep, and peculiar impres
sion which the first earthquake that
wo cxperienro makt s upon us, even
when unaccompanied with subter
ranean noises, the impression is
not, 1 believe, the consequence of any
recollection of destructive catastro
phes presented lo our imagination by
historical narratives. That which
seizes upon us so wonderfully is the
disabuse of our innate faith in the
firmness of the solid and sure set
foundations of the cailh. From in
fancy we are accustomed to the con
trast between the moveable element
of water and the immutability of tho
soil on which we stand a belief con
firmed by the evidences of our
eeusei. But when the ground sud
denly rocks beneath us, the feeling
of an unknown mysterious power in
nature coming into action, and
shaking the solid globe, arises in tho
mind. Tho illusion of our early life
is instantaneously annihilated. We
aro undeceived ns to tho repose of
nature ; we feel ourselves transport
ed to thc realm, and subject to tho
empire, of destructive, unknown
powers. Lvcry sound the slightest
rustic in tho air sots attention on
thc rack, nnd we no longer trust the
earth on which wc stand. Tho un-
usualncss of lhe phenomenon throws
the same anxious unrest nnd alarm
over tho lower animals. Swine nnd
dogs are particularly alTcctcd by it ;
and tho very crocodiles of the Orin
otherwise ns dumb as our lias-
ords, leave the trembling bed of tho
stream, nnd rush bellowing into the
woods. To man, the earthquake is
something unlimited and all-pcrvad-
in". We can remove from the ac
tive crater of n volcano ; wc can es
cape from the flood of lava that is
pouring down upon our dwellings ;
but with the earthquake we feci that,
whithersoever we fly, wo aro still
over the hearth of destruction.
Humboldt's Knsmos.
Origin of thc term " Old Do
minion." '
Few thing? arc so well calculated
to awaken in tho mind of thc proud
Virginian, when wandering in for
eign lands, touching reminiscences
of home and kindred, hs thc stmplo
mention of tho " Old Pominion."
And yet there are comparatively few
who arc aware of tho origin of a
term which has so long and so gener
ally been applied to Virginia. It
or'ginnted thus : During tho Protec
torate of Cromwell, tho Colony of
Virginia refused to acknowledge his
authority, and declared itself indepen
dent. Shortly after, when Cromwell
threatened to send a fleet and army
to reduce Virginia to subjection, the
alarmed Virginians sent a messenger
to Charles II., who was then an exile
in Flanders, inviting him to return
in tho ship of tho messenger, to bo
king of Virginia. Charles accepted
the invitation, and was on the eve of
embarkation when he was recalled to
the throne of England. As soon as
he wus fuirly seated on the throne, in
gratitude to tho loyalty of Virginia,
ho caused her coat of arms to bo
quartered with those of England,
Ireland nnd Scotland, as an indepen
dent member of tho Empire a dis
tinct portion of the " Old Dominion."
Hence arose thc orgin of the term.
(.npper coins of Virginia were issued,
even as lute as tho reign of George
III., which bore on one sido the
cont of arms of England, Scotland,
Ireland and Virginia
India Rubber Combs.
Tlicro is no material which has re
cently been applied in tho nrts which
has more rapidly developed its use
fulness than India Rubber. The im
provements in it have rendered it a
vailuble for a thousand purposes, and
the manufacture nnd consumption of
it having grown so large that the an
nual importations of the crude mate
rial reach the value of four or five
millions annually. The last use
which has been made of it is the
manufacture of combs, and a really i
bcautiM article is produced from it,
possessing the lightness, elasticity
nnd tenacity of shell or bone, the
prico not being uinro than one-third
of tho shell combs. Tho India rub
ber is first prepamd by being deodo
rized, hardened and colored ; then it
is spread into sheets oT the necessa
ry thickness by machinery. A cir
cular saw set against tho edge of thc
sheet cuts it into strips resembling in
shapo two combs locked together by
tho teeth. Ono blow of tho cutter
divides thu teeth. A grinder shar
pens them, and a grailer with a filo
gives them tho requisite hovel. Tho
entire surface is smoothed by n re
volving wheel covered with cloth,
and the comb is then bent nn a met
al cylindor heated with steam. Thc
polisher, upon n wheel prepared with
a lino polishing material, imparls a
beautiful finish. All kinds of combs
dressing, puff, children's combs
aro manufactured by nearly tho samo
process, and the finish and beauty of
theso articles must recommend them
to general use. They neither warp
nor split in the teeth, and may be
washed iu warn water,
Akctic Echoes. Doctor Kane,
the American voiUier, relutcj the
follow inc concerning the caves of
tho Arctic regions. Some of tho
bergs were worn in dcop, vuult-like
chasms, lo which a way was practi
cable to broader caverns within. In
tho crystal solitudes tho echoes were
siarlling " A whistle your own
whistle you could hardly recognize
for lhe length and clearness of the
ring ; the clang of a ramrod was
heard running down the whole length
of on army in review; i ml when
yod spoke, your words repeated
through the motionless atmosphere
almost as long a. your breath could
hold out to make them. I tried a
haxameler used to quote at homo,
and it came back to mo in slow and
distinct utterance, word for word."
A Good Idea. Tho Erio llail
road Company havo adopted the
nlau of carrying a telegraphic ap
paratus in one of the cars of their
trains. So that if any accident oc
curs, wherever thoy may happen
to be, they can connect with the
telegraphic wires running beside
their road, and instantly telegraph
information to the stations in both
"lie thai by tha rioar rrnol.t tHrlao
lUmaalfntaateltNarM.Lo or Data a.'
Devon Cattle. This raco of
pure blooded' cattle are getting into
deservedly high repute among tho
stock growers nnd dairy farmers of
tho country. For beauty of form,
color, symmetry and substantial
make, they nro not exceeded by any
raco of cattlo in tho country, for
working, nnd for beef, farmers and
butchers are alike eager to procure
them. There may bo breeds, os
milkers, as good as thc pure Devon
Cow, nnd perhaps givo a greater
amount of mill:. But if tha amount
of cream is a test, wc apprehend tho
Dcvous will bear off the palm. Wo
saw thc bcnuiuui liovons at tho
Saratoga Fair, in Sept. last, and
have examined them at other places ;
but after all, little Vermont can show
as fine specimens of pure Devon cat
tlo as any of her sister states. Wo
have again visited the farm of Mr.
Obadiah Wood, of Barrn ; antl so
well pleased were we with tho up-
poarancc ol his oxen, bull, cows,
cnlvcs, of tho Devonshire, that wo
could not come away without bring
ing along with us one of his beautiful
calves, uf the feminine gender. Fif
teen or twenty dollars may be consid
sidcrcd as a pretty tall prico for a
calf, but wo arc contented with our
prize, and think it worth more than
tt cost. At any rate wc mean to do
our best to make it pay. It will pay
any man, who admires fine cattle,
for a journey to Barrc, to sets Mr.
Wood's stock of Dovons ; tho' ho
should not purchase a siuglo animal.
Thc Hen House. There is nn
abatement to its onward progress.
Chittigongs, Shanghacs, Polands,
Cochin-chinas, nnd mixed breeds of
black and white, blue and gray, are
sought after with great avidity ; and
since tho national Hen Convention,
at the city of New York, Biddy
Palaces have mado their graceful
appearance in the rear or at the side
of many a fym cottage, much 'to the
comfort nnd convenience of those
who chat in tha ono and crow and
cackle in tho other. Eggs aro eggs
now-adays, and chickens will be
chickens until their necks tire rung,
or until they are a year old. By
that time any farmer and every citi
zen who keeps Poultry should have a
place for them. The following plan
of a Poultry House is by tho Editor
of the New England Farmer :
Fia. i. ,
Thc front should face the South,
and the yard placed on cither side,
as taste or convenience may suggest,
but so long as tho ground is uncover
ed the fowls would enjoy a range on
the south, and would bo benefited
by coming to tho ground. After
snow falls they will rarely leave the
A house of this description say 8
feet wide, by 12 feet long and 8 feet
high will aceommodato from 20 to
30 fowls, and that is ns many as can
profitably be kept together, unless
they have a wido and frco range.
A portion of the yard should af
ford a dense shade of low trees and
shrubs, to which thc fowls may retire
in hot weather, where they will bur
row nnd spend much time in the
most social and agreeable manner.
Figure 1, is a perspective view,
and beautiful it is. Fig. 2, is the
ground plan ; a, is the doorway ; b,
tho grain chests ; c, the feeding box
es ; , the stairway to tho loft ; and
e, a small opening for the fowls to
pass out and in. The opening at
tho left of a, is tho door-way from
tho entry into the main poultry room.
Directly over tho feeding boxes thero
t'la. 2.
may bo placed another row for nests,
3 or 4 feet from tho floor, which may
be examined thttpugh a slide from
tho entry without entering the main
room, Thete boxes may be darken
ed and made a little secret, by plac
ing a shelf along in front of them and
nailing a board edgewise against it ;
and as Miss Biddy, like some other
of tho gentle sex, is a little prudite,
at tines, it is well enough to indulge
herfaactM. On a floor under tha
' (Set 4th pag.)

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