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Vermont watchman and State journal. [volume] (Montpelier, Vt.) 1836-1883, May 19, 1854, Image 2

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Wntcjimnn Stntc 3nurnnlJ
IIV 15. 1. WAIT02V, JH.
Whig State Convention.
Tho Annual Whig Slate Convention of
tho Whigi of Vermont, will be held at Uut
lahd, on Wednesday, tho 7lli of Juno next,
at 11 o'clock, A. M., to nominate candidates
for State Officers for tho ensuing political
year, and also, to transact such other busi
ness as the Convention, when assembled,
may deem proper, preparatory to the next
annual State Election.
e. N. rriggs.
May 1st, 1851.
It is worth while to notice that tho Whig
Convention will do something besides
nominating candidates for State officers.
Perhaps all intcrcited can accept the call as
a fair warning, and govern themselves ac
The Nebraska Outrage.
The opposition waxca hotter and hotter,
In Congress the attempt to stifle discussion
has been fitly met and defeated. The North
ern whigs in a body, a part of tho Southern
whigs,and a part of tho Northern Democrats,
stood shoulder to shoulder against me gag or1
ths adminstration, and by dint of constant at
tendance day and night, and sharp tactics,
they were successful. The final decision of
the House is not absolutely certain, but
the prospect is gloomy. In the country, the
spirit of resistance is growing stronger and
Btronger. On the Mth another mass meet
ing was holdcn in Now York city, composed
of Whigs, (" Silver Grays" at that, some of
them,) Democrats and Free Soilcrs. As a
specimen ofits spirit wc quoto the following
resolutions :
1. Ittsahtd, That we have readied a cri
sis that threatens our rights as citizens, and
tho stability of our Union when, in order
to extend Slavciy over territory which is
ours by comparand to aggrandize the Slnvo
States at the expense of the Tree plighted
faith is trampled in tho dust, and tho kx-
Mitssr.n will or Tin- it-oi-lk is over
borne in the House, of Representatives by
influences unconstitutionally brought to
bear, with tho coinnvanco uftho atlinimstra
Hon destroying the freedom of our leirisla
lion, and thus striking at Hie root ofour lib
erties, and subjecting us to an intolerable
2. Iltsolvtil, That tu thoso members of
House, whether from tho North or tho South.
who, true to their honor and their oaths, their
country and their God, are keeping sleep
less watch at their jiosts, in defense of the
principles of true democracy, of tho just
lights of tho North and our national welfare,
wo offer our warmest, our sincerest thanks ;
and wo pray them to persevere unto tho end,
ami to remember that tho gratitude wo now
feci for their tried fidelity, will endear their
names and their memories to the hiirhrnind-
cd and honorable of their countrymen thro'
mi coming nine.
!1. Resolved, That for our nqrthern Ro
prcsentatives, who, seduced by bribes, bul
lied by threats, or deluded by sophistries,
nru abetting tho Nebraska conspiracy, and
betraying tho mighty interests and destinies
entrusted to their keeping, words aio want
ing to express our contempt, our scorn, and
our most just indignation. That we solemn
ly declare that no man who from this hour
votes lo repeal Tin; Missouri Commiomise,
or, to our knowludgo, aids its repeal, direct
ly or indirectly, shall ever receive our votes
lor any oflico in the People's, nift.
5. llesolveJ, That in our opinion tho rights
of the free States aro in jeopardy from south
ern agression and northern treachery, and
that inasmuch as union is strength, it be
comes tho people of the free States to con
f r together at this momentous crisis. That
to this end, the citizens of this State, with
out distinction of party, who are disposed to
maintain the rights and principles of tho
North, to stay the extension of slavery to
noiv territories to rescue from its control the
Federal Government and so far as can bo
properly dono to kindly aid the citizens of
mo Mouth in peaceably hastening its end, as
a system unjust in itself, and unworthy this
great Republic, be invited to assemble in
Convention at such time and place as tlia
General Commttteo shall designate, to deter
mine what course patriotism and duty require
us to pursue. And that tho citizens of the
tree States generally, as also of Maryland,
Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, Ken
tucky, Tennessee, and Missouri, who sym
pithizo with these views, bo earnestly invit
ed to hold Conventions in their several States
and to consider tho expediency of a General
Convention for tho better protection of the
rights of free labor in every section of cur
vast country.
Tlutwo Whig papers of this Stato that
liivo been agitating a project tor a new par
ly aru Hacking down down, and aro evi
dently ashamed of the imprudent course
they wero taking. Tho Watchman now
distinctly avows that it does not desire a dis
solution of the Whig party, and that it does
notscaktho formation of a new one. Tho
Middlebury Register had previously made a
similar avowal. Hut the logic of these pa
pers is less crcdifablo than their disclaimer
which wo must charitrbly believe is the
result of the fatso position they for once
found themselves occupying; and to enable
them to get out of it decently, wo are willing
to overlook thu manner. The Watchman
while it disavows any intention to favor a
new party, or a dissolution oftho Wliig par
ty, expresses a wish " enlarge its bands."
'l itis reminds us of the lltwton baker, who
disc'uimed any intention of raising the prico
of bread. The price per loaf was to be pre
cisely what it had been ho wa only going
It make the hares a little smaller.
Jlut a truce to all this. The Whigs of
Vermont ai soon to asssmble in State Con
vention, as may be seen by reference to a
notice at tho head of thu column. There is
but one sentiment among tho whig of Ver
mont in regard to the Nebraska question, or
the extension of slavery. It is doing them
gross Injustice to doubt this for a moment.
The Wings of this good old Green Moun
tain State must, and we doubt not will, pre
sent an unbroken front, not only in the State
Convention, but throughout the approaching
campaign. If wo do this, success is cer
tain. h'indsor Journal,
We have u backed down" from no position
we had taken, and undergone no change of
views or purpose. The Journal chose to
misunderstand us, and we have put it right:
that u all. Thanks to the Journal for its
little story of the Boston baker: it will do as
n Illustration of the astonishing wisdom of
thoso wings, (IT there are such,) who would
have IU whig parti precisely tchat it has been
ojur x little stiALLza! We beg the
Journal to believe that we arc not of that sort;
but rather desire to have the whig party bit
ter mi ligger than ever it has been.
Tht lltcreationt of Christopher AVrli. llos-
ton, I'luilim, bampson ai uo. MIJ p. oc
It is but a few days ffnee the death of Wil.
on wis announced, and now the most a
greeable papers of the most agreeable con
tributor lo " Blackwood" are furnished com
plew. The publishers have been prompt,
and will doubtless find their reward from the
many admirers of genial old " Christopher,"
Fur sale by 8. M. Wilton.
Martin Merrivale is very good, and beau,
tifutly printed in numbers. Fur sale by S.
, Walton, at 1121 cents a number.
j?ratlcc vs. Theory.
The following lablo, taken from the N.
V. Tribune, shows tho practice of tffo U. S.
Government to bo strongly against the theo
ry, and we may nay sophistry, of President
Pierce, as exhibited in his recent message
vetoing the Indigent Insano Dill t
Slalttntnls of Donation!, Grants, t,-c, of
Public lands in Iht ttttral Haiti and
Ttrritoria, up Iht 30th ofJunt, 185.1.
DnnntloiM CltiM tar final tot Ofinlfoi
ndlltini. Vclmi linli?Mli ! f
f.r Prhool. lnm& end rompen- fott end
PiiIm tnittTniTeiiillM
puh. Iull.
Ttrtllotltf. fce.
I, 931
II, 1 M
Ohio 797.5M
IntUam C73,U7
lllmoL l, 11,79.1
ML.outI I,H,in
Alliums. tt,H
tlli.l.ilpitl 8l,fi!4
IvraUlani 33,134
MieMsia 1.1 13.477
Atken.ei 9J3.SI0
rioridi VHfiKt
lo. Oil, Ml
tViieomls 1.004.738
80,93 (
l.-.lifoTnl. (5,70.1,404
Minde.oltl 5.083.241
Oreron t 19,1811.787
N. Melleo 7,43.1,120
Tout 49,410,435 41,971 "555,791 M.S00
These grants aro entirely aside from all
grants for military services, swamp lands
granted to tho States, Railroad, grants or in
ternal improvements.
The New Banks
At Waterbury, Northfield and Bradford,
havo commenced business, and wo hereby
givo notice that wo aro entirely willing to
rcccivo their bran new bills in exchango for
certain other bills that aro not half so good
looking printer's bills, of course. Tho
bills of tho Northfield bank bear tho names
of Calvin Ainsworth, President, and H. M.
Bates, Cashier ; and of the Waterbury, L.
tiuicliliii, 1'realdeul, and S. II, Slowcll,
Cashier. Ily the way, we obscrvo that ono
of the Northfield bills bears an admirably
engraved head of tho late Gov. Paine an
accuralo portrait, engraved by Tappan,
Carpenter, Casilcar A: Co., New York and
Philadelphia. It is a gem.
Head Quarters for Merchants
who Sell Farming Imple
ments. We havo just received and are now whole
sating like hot cakes, a large lot of first rate
Steel l'lale Hoes, cheaper than ever sold in
this market. Those who want had better
tako them whilo they ore going.
Wo are also getting in for tho wholesale
trade a full stock of scythes, snaths, stones,
forks, hand rakes, &c, all of the very best
make and at less than tho usual jobbing pri
ces. ,
Seo us before you buy.
Montpelicr, Moy 17, 1851. 8J;tf.
Specimens of Nebraska.
A 11
... KillU is
'xhibiting to tho
pcopla of Mont
pelicr a pair of no
ble buffaloes a
bull and a cow
caught wild, ono
on tho plains of Nebraskn,and tho other near
the Rocky Mountains. They are altogether
tho best specimens ever' exhibited in this
part of tho country noble animals, together
weighing forty hundred and every body
should sec them- Tho land that furnishes
such animals is the spot for freemen 3, land
for farmers. Ily alt means seo tho buffaloes.
QJ- Leonard Scott & Co., New York, 51
Gold Street, havo already published tho
Westminster (quarterly) Review for April.
Manners and I'ashion Schamyt, the Proph
et Warrior of tho Caucasus Thomas do
Quincy, and his Vorks and the ltalance of
I'ower in Europe, aro attractive titles In tho
list of contents. Prico S3 per year; for
two Reviews 5 ; for three $7; for tho four
tjo, juucKwoou. mngazmu so, itm;Kuuu
. ... , ,,.. .--- ,,-.. ,
an., tl.n (.... IF n.,,n,.,a Oi l ...it.... . n
York will find tho publication ollir.o ot 71)
Fulton Street, entrance 51 Gold Street.
3Vte fYrsJ Class standard Header: by Epos
Sargent, author of tho Standard Speaker.
Huston, Phillii8, Sampson & Co.
Not many days sinco a gentleman, who
has had somo experience by way of educa
ting others as well as being educated, re
marked that thu old " English Reader" was
a very excellent book almost a classic but
for that very reason he held that it was a
bad school book. Soiriug fur above tho
comprehension of youthful readers, it serv
ed tu fix a mechanical habit of reading, ex
pressing neither the sense nor tho spirit of
the language read ; and thus defeated tho
main purpose of learning to read at all. The
book before us remedies this defect by an a
bundance of explanations, and thus serves
to bring up the scholar to tho level of his
teacher. A friend, to whom wo handed tho
book for examination, remarks that the au
llior has adopted some of Webster's bad
rules as well as his good ones; but wo do
not attach much importanco to the objection..
Any scholar who will master this book will
very soon bo looking out authorities and
judging for himself. The book is hand
somely printed, and comprises SO pages
on the principles of elocution, nearly 100
pages of exercises, and a copious explanato
ry index, forming tho most complete book of
the kind that has over been published. For
sale by S. M, Walton.
Lijt and Sayiiurs of .Mrs. Partington : by
U. P. Shillaber. llostou, 1'hiHips, Samp
son &. Co,
Handsomely illustrated, and tho genuine
edition. Enough said. For sate by S. 21,
Our Parish, or ,'lnnals of Pastor and Pco.
pie : Boston, L. P. Crown &. Co.
Tho annals of a New England pastor and
his people could not easily fail of being a
popular book. This t decidedly popular,
and we suspect it deserves its popularity,
At any rate, one of our family has commen
ced the reading of it in advance of us, and
has proceeded far enough to find it interest
ing. 450 pages, handsomely got up. For
sale by S. M. Walton.
f7" We understand that the publishers
of Our Parish," whose advertisement ap.
pears in another column, are ubltged to keep
two power presses running to supply the de
mand for that work.
lnalhtr Canirressiannl fntj. fit tinv.
on, May 15. Special Despatch, 3 P. II.
I The excitement in tho House is indescriba.
Mr. Craigc.of Ala., denounced Air. Hunt
of La., as a fsctionist.
hi the midst of great confusion, Mr. Hunt,
after learning what was said, arose to speak.
He said: "If the gentleman stigmatizes
me aa a factitionist, before God and man I
pronounce it false." (Cries of order, order,
and great tumult, members running all about
the hall.)
The bergeant-at-Arms, with his mace, at
length restored order.
It is understood that notes have passed be.
tween Messrs. Hunt and Craige, and a duel
is expected.
Annular Eclipse of tho Sun.
The Temperance Standard gives tho fo1-
, . . .i... ..n,i. n it,. .llnn cd ilo and umu to me passenger ocucr man
lowing interesting article on ths eclipse lm,rhjaili Wc navo ,0 tMf that
which will occur on Friday next , ,1C ociays at Essex Junction tho last winter
llclipses of the Sun and Moon, but more nd present Spring abaut which there has
particularly thoso of tho Sun, are amcng tho been so much complaint were not charge
most interesting and imposing phenomena Bb1o to this road ; but, in almost every case
of the heavens, and havo been attentively to the Northern N. II. road. Wo now say,
studied aad observed from the earliest ages ihnl no Hail HonJ in Ihe country tins madt
of antiquity. Among barbarous nation', Ittter limt through the icinlcr ami Spring
even at the present day, where the light of past anil pasting, than Iht Vermont Central.
scienco has not yet dawned, thov are ever But we look up our pen to say that our visit
regarded with fear and terror, as being liar- ) ivforthficld last week convinced us that no
binders of evil or visible manifestations of nM l(0ad in the country is doing moro to
tho"wratli of an offended Deity. But by tho lncct n10 ,,., Bf ihe public than tho Vt.
astronomer, and all admirers 01 utc suuinne
and beautiful in Nature, tney are vicweu
with tho highest interest, not only as vcriiy
ing the truth of their calculations, but as
contributing to establish beyond a doubt tho
certainly of tho discovery of Borne of thoso
unerring laws by which tho univcrso is gov-
Tho crcat solar Eclipso of May 20th, of
the present year, win uu unu ui
ndof the present century, being central j
and annular inroiigiiuuv wk u... .
the northern part of tho United Mates, and
visible rrom neatly the whole of North Amcr-
'C The lino of Central and Annular Phaso of
this Eclipse first touches tho Earth, and tho
nnlr.t 1!rtlT)SO beffins. 41 av 20th, 2li 5m.
rvenin", in Latitude tl s , 43 min. North,
IxmTitude 1 10 0 . Gin. West, which is in the
Pacific Ocean westerly oftho Alulgravc is
lands i and moving in a northeasterly direc
tion, passes northerly of the Sundwicli Is
lands, and touches the continent in Wash
ington Territory, north ol the mouth of tho
Columbia River. Rending its coursa east
erly, it pisses along tho northerly lino of tho
United States, cruises Lake Superior, and
taking a southeasterly direction, crosses
Canada West, the northern part or tho Slate
of Now York, and Lake Champlam, touches
tho Stato of Vermont in tho northwesterly
part of Addison founty. Continuing Us
rmir.n unntliRnstnrlv. it nasscs throU"h that
mil nt v. nm 1 ulonir tho northerly line of
Windsor County, theStateof Now Hamp
shire, and terminates in the Atlantic Ocean,
in Latitude 30 s. 18 min North, Ixingitudo
25 o . 10 min. Eist of Washington Observa
tory, May 2fih, 5h. I0m. evening, Mean
Timo at Woodstock, Vt.
The approximate lime oftho beginning of
the Eclipse, as seen from Woodstock, is 4h.
17m. evening.
At tho tmioof tho middle of tho Lclipio
to an observer situated at iiny place- over
which tho central lino passes, there will bo
pcen, encircling the Moon, a bright, clearly
defined, luminous ring, in width about l-ySth
of tho Sun's diameter, qr nearly in ratio of I
inch to a circle of 3 root. Tho uniformity
in tho widtli of the ring will bo affected by
tho nearness of the obsorver to thoso places
over which the central lino p isses ; tho more
perfect ring being seen from places nearest
that lino. At Woodstock the broader por
tion of tho ring will bo on Urn southern or
southwestern sida of the Sun's disc.
There is a beautiful law that regulates tiio
return lit the samo Ecliiwo at certain purl
1 ods, a shgiit investigation of which may not
Iib ii m v unintfirnslinff. 11 is lounu uy uu-
servation, that U'i'l synodical revolutions of
the Moon aro perlormed hi very nearly uie
same lime as ID synodical revolutions of the
Node, tho former occupying 058512 days,
and tho latter 0585:78 days. Consequently
ilm Mnnn' nnilH occuoies vorv nearly the
mimn nnsition ot tho btfuinninir and end of
tins period of 893 lunations ; and a recur
rence of all the Eclipses within llns interval
must take place. If then, to the time oftho
middle of any Eclipso wo add 18 years and
1 1 days, having regard to the intercalary
days added for Loan Years, it will givovory
nearly the timo ot tho next return of tho
samo Eclipc. Applying this rulo to tho
great Eclipso of May SUth, of the present
von, it will be soon tlnt4he same
1Vli,n ncetlrrcil tin tllf 23d of April, ItOO,
on Iho 5th of May, 1818, and on tho l5tjLof
May, iSSd. It win also occur iigiim mi
Oth of June, 1872, and on ilia 17th ot June,
18110, but will not bo visiblo at the samo
ulaces tin tho earth.
There aro but lew of all tho Eclipses of
tho Hun, Hint occur in any series oi yuars,
that tiro visiblo at any one place, and but
little moro than ono-hnll ot those ot tho
Moon, l'roin the voar IcOO to tho year
thrift inrliiaivi-. tharo worn till) Uctipxes:
132 of the Sun, and 87 of tho Moon. Of
those, only 10 of tho Sun and 5"2 oftho .Moon
wero visible in New England.
Tho next largo liclipso ol tno sun, visi-
bio in Vermont, will occur on the Jthh ot
t.. i. ij-r l ....it i... r'n.tr.ii u.,,i
tepiitiiuer, to
and will bo Central slid
V'ork. Vermont, low
i t i tiiur ti ..u
. 1IimM,.iru. MiwiMclllueOJ. d llne.
Previous to Hut time, tbero will bo no lurge
Solar Eclipso visiblo in this pan of iho
United States.
lloginn'uig of the Eclipse at Montpclter
lb. 1 7m. P. M. formation ttf the ring 5.30
rupture of the ring 531 duration of the
ring, a fraction less thali 3 minutes ond of
the eclipso 0.11 duration 2.121. We dd
Iho following paragraphs from a pamphlet
published by tho Auvmcin Academy.
" As sixty-three years havo passed sinco
the occurrence ttf tho last annular ecliHu
in New England, and tut in tho last furty-six
years of Iho prcent century only one more
will tako place, it is not doubled that tho
one of May '20th will bu viewed with inter
est by every spectator; but it is hoped that
those observers, withm the limits of Ihe
ring (nearly the wholo of Vermont is in
the limits ol tho ring,) who may be provided
with a good telescope, will givo Kirticttlar
attention to tno singular appunraiici-n which
i so olten havo ueeu iiuttcuu ui itiu eeuotm
and third contacts, and w lucli.iii consequence
nt" bavin" been minutely described by Mr.
llnllv. are known by his name, especially
as thero is somo reason for the suspicion
that these beads, &c, may bo seen or not,
at tho pleasure of the observer, according tits
he employs a Bcrecn colored red or green.
In the eclipse of February 1'2, 1831, which
I..,,, i ii. he tho writer at the liL'ht-hnuso
on Monotnoy Point, off Chatham, with a red
screen, llioso beads were, just before tho
formation oftho ring, so very conspicuous,
that it was difficult to dolermiiio with precis-
ion when it actually took place, whilst in l
that which was annular in Washington in
September, I Sid, and that which was total
nuar Savannah in November, 18'JI, these
appearances could not be perceived by him,
although carefully looked for through a
screen composed of two glasses, ono shaded
light red, the otner iignt green,
Indeed, it is particularly desirablo that at
some places there will be two observers ! l"stI m his pocket, Mr. llutler invited
furnished with telescopes of nearly the samo 1 them lo a side room, where he would ex.
optical power, but with screens colored V'm- 'icy refused to go. Mr. Butler
green and red, who, after the second con-1 8Slll ho had no apology to give there for
tact, shall exchange their instruments for whipping Wm. Ward. "Youa-cad d
their observations on tho third, and ehall h" said Ward, and raised his hand. But
noto carefully the appearances and phen ,cr placed his hand on Ward's shoulder,
omena ny wnicn oacu contact is aucniicu.
llailroad .Iccidenl. On Saturday after
noon a serious accident occurred on tho
Northern road in the town of Bedford, near
Manchester, N. 11. Tho facts as we learn
them were-, as follows. A freight tram run
ning north broke some of her machinery and
was unable to move. To avoid this, tho pas
senger train running north, switched on to
the other track at the nearest Malum south
of llietii and come on at full sjtecd. In pass
ing a curve they camo in collision Willi a
heavy freight tram, demolishing both en
gines, four freight cars, and two baggage
cars and their contents. Ono man named
Rollins, baggage master, was instantly kill
ed. Tho engineers and firemen all jumped
from tho trains. It was said by thoso pre
sent to bo one of the most complete wrecks
of cars and engines over known in New
England. It is ery fortunate that no pass
engers were injured. It appears to have
been tho result of sheer carelessness, aa the
track on which they met belonged to
the freight, and the passenger train
was of course in fault fur running there.
Grrtn .Ml. Herald.
The above agrees nearly with the report
here, though it should be added that the
passenger cars were also broken, and Borne
oftho passengers slightly injured.
The citizens of St Louis city and coun
try, by much the largest vote they have ever
given on any question of internal improve
ment, have instructed tho County Court to
subscribe $1,1200,000 to the stock of the Pa
cific Railroad, and to pay the aarne by the
levy of u direct laz on the property of them
selves, tho citizens, to voting.
Vermont Central Railroad.
Wo have repeatedly said, this road sccur-
(Central, l or the nrst lime wo iook occas
ion to examine tno macKsmitii, f.ngino and
other makinir. repairing dim) finishinir Shops,
belonging to this R. 11. Click, clack, whick,
whack, slam, bane, dins, done but we
cive it up. Who can describe tho sound of
those Trip-hammers, or that shrill tenor
music produced by bending cold steel with
a hammer on the anvil. We have not room
for details. Suffice it to say that, through
t10 kindness of Messrs. Graves, Morrill and
I'roctor, (foremen of tho Shops,) wo enjoyed
the best opportunities of sccinir tho tools.
workmen, operations and inanulacturcs ol
every department wood and iron work of 1
one of the best shops to be found in Aineri- 1
ca a shop, too, filled with reading, intclli- !
cent and temperate men. All is under
I good rules antl well superintended. To
give nn inventory ot the tires, tools and other
apparatus or to tako tho simple bars and
sheets of steel, iron, etc, and lollow them
through all tho proccrses to tho perfect ma
chine, is what wc have not time to do. Nor
is it necessary. With a highly-opproving
verdict upon tho whole wo mention a few
pirticulars only for the present. Connected
with the great general ltlacksmith Sliup,
Mr. Proctor showed us a shop entirely de
voted to tho rtpair ot mill. Hero tho rail
is heated, the layer which is worn offat tho
ends or otherwise, is cut in twain, and new
iron welded on, so as to restore all to lis or
iginal size anil soundness ;- a fine piece of
economy. Mr. Morrill, of the Engine Shop,
gave us a fine chance to sec tho Engines in
anous stages of repair and manufacture.
He took particular pains to display lis drall
oftho plan of "Old Zack,"or"GeniyulTay
lor," which is to bo a strong, powtrftil En-
f;me ; now pretty wclbunder way. lie cal
cd our attention to tho number a' Engines,
(43) in readiness for tho scni-'O of the
Road and especially "The STnS0Ett,".
(rolled ho fir down tho prccipuo at White
lllver last winter,) now being rtpaired illi
one of the most tasteful ' Cabs"to be found
anywhere. Two thirds or treso Engines
are used dally when nothing jeeurs to call
for an extra. We ought io mention Mr.
Gurley, who is varnishing, etc. and who
makes n lettle heller polish than cier was
made. Wo step into tho food shop a mo
ment and see many of the nicest tilings out.
It gives us particular comfort to n-o tho
planing and sawing all done by our good
friend Mr. Steam. Wo have never beforo
aeon anything quite tip to that machine for
straightening and planing hard-wood plank.
Tako the thickest, toeghest, cookedest oak
ptank in tho world am in some ten minutes
it would be smooth and in the slmpc you
choose In have it. Twenty men w,ili the
ordinary tools roultTnt put it in sliaf in a
"holo hour. We should like to str.y long
er, bul wc must gr over the way and see
them get out " Tit s." Hero the logs come
rough from tho forest, are sawn into shapo
by steam, placod on a car anil rolled into a
lloiler soino sixty feet long, nluch is closed
and exhausted of air, and then thevpump in
a solution of Chloride of Zinc and Vitriol
from the Croat vat below. This solution
saturates the timber, so that it is proof
against rotting lor many years. 1 Ins surely
is the grandest piece of economy we havo
found yet. It is called ' llurnttizing Ihe
tin," from some man, wo believe, who
either invented, applied or improved the pro
cess. St. Albans Tribune.
U. S. Senator Frank Wade.
Uur Frank is n curious genius Ho pays
no more regard to Southern chivalry, than
if there was not such a thin" in the world.
Senator Norris, from Ne Hampshire,
who is serving lilts last term in tho Senate,
sud to him tho other day, in company with
a number of Southern Senators, while dis
cussing the Nebraska question:
wuul.1 you, Mr v,i, if oaiitxl upon
by a Mi rshal ttf the United Males to assist
in catching a fugitive slue, obey the or
INo! said 1 rank. " I d seo mm in in
... fi !,,
That." said Mr. Norris, triumphantly to
Ins .Southern friend, " is mi evidence how
little regard is paid to the laws of 'he United
Males by these Abolition Whigs."
" Wofl," said Frank, " Mr. Norris, would
you help In catch a negro, if you saw him
j running off ?"
Curtninly, I would," said Mr. Norris,
with some litt'o trepidation.
Frank, turning to Senator Dickson, of
Kentucky, " Would you, sir, if called upon
to arrest a runaway negro, obey the com
mand ?'
' tNo, sir!" said Dickson. " P seo him
" Well," said Frank, in his dry way, " I
should not wunder, wht-ii you can get so
many Northern men, like the genilenwu
from New Hampshire, to do it for you."
Ohio Sale Jour.
Murderer protected
Last year, there was a Schoolmaster by
tho mnio ofllutler from the North, teaching
school in the city of Louisville, Kv. lie
,i.n v?v, uu mui uutt-
i ""u "u a who unu one cniiii.
! ' jls manners wero courteous, and his dispo
sition umiauic, arm no as notKnonn to
havo an enemy.
In the same city thero was a rich aristo
cratic family, by tho name of Ward, who
owned slaves, and who sent a son to Mr.
Roller's school.
Ono day Mr. Duller whipped, not severely,
this ard boy for violating the plain rules
of school.
When the brother of tho boy heard of the
j punishment, he went to a pistol vender, and
oueht two revolvers, and had them loaded
and made ready for immediate use. Anoth
er brother armed himself with a bowio knife,
and both went to tho school room, and en
teicd it without knocking. They called for
Mr. llutler. Ho came out from an adjoining
room, and saluted the 'ards politely.
.Mat hew Ward addressed an angry question
I W llutler. Ward's hand was graspinj: a
" "' i""1- ftw atuiisi uui-
ler's broast, and fired a ball throuuh his
lungs. Mr. llutler staggered and fell, say
in" " My wife my child!" TJio other
Ward llourished his knife, and cried "keep
off." Tho Wards left, and the scholars car
ried their dying teacher to a physician's
house, where ho died the following evening.
Mat Ward has jut been tried for murder
and acquitted ! Thus have woalth, and so
cial custom, triumphed over law, and tho
murder, cool and deliberate, of a laboring
man is pronounced to beno murder in Ken
tucky !
" ftlookty eeuftrd llttaoQ'. Hut.r,
Hut fcl.'d o b.il b made bluttt."
Tho Slate llanner, with a sort of sneaking
kindness, winch seems to receive a brotherly
endorsement from the .Vuriarrn P.anuirer
and sundry other whig trprs, about thc.o
days, calls tho f 'rnnanl iViJuiic the (aid
ing Free Soil paper of the State." U may
bo so ; but the leading, wo fear, is where
few sincere free soilers will care to follow
smack into the rank of Baltimore whiL'trerv.
CM. Herman. bi 1
If the Prerman had been a leading Free
Soil Japer, where would its followers' have
been led at the timo its Editor caved into tho
Democratic incs room, and helped himself
to a liberal supply of porridgo? The editor
di'Jlead over to Democracy a fexe followers,
to the tune,
. jij bird ist oa i bicloijr l,m,
II wioktd t na, 1 winked t Mm
I up tiiS ft .tana ftttd bit bpt vn Iht .bio,
A&d d.U tba wmj I fucked btui la 1
Bradford Inquirer,
The damage by the flood in Hartford is
estimated at 100,000.
.i yoars. Wo havo had questions of pcaco
ILUIiniTDIl. and war decided with less debate than has
" been permitted on this question. Tho ma
Ijority think time enough has been taken up
Wr.nEiiAT, May 10. ' in (pCCCi1Cs. Wc are willing to cx
Skmate. In the Senate, a report was mado teni) t10 debate an entire week, contrary to
recommending the purchase oftho Mount tho judgment of the House. There aro
Vernon estato for an experimental farm. , lnsn whom tho gentleman front Tcn-
A motion to print tho agricultural portion ncMCt! BCtSi wm ,vallt n niotlth or year
of the Patent Office report was agreed to. There are gentlemen who declare their
Mr. Hunter mado an ineffectual attempt
to take up tho vetoed Indigent Insano land
After somo business of liltlo importance,
the Scnato went into executive session.
House. Mr. Richardson notified tho
House today, that tomorrow morning he
ould introduce a resolution terminating tho
debato on the Nebraska question, tho timo
for which would depend upon tho opponents
e( the bill. If they wished to go on and
debate it, he was disposed to allow them un
til Monday, when the Pacific Railroad bill
will be tho special order of the d.'y.
The House then went into Committee on
the Nebraska bill.
The bill was discussed, without action, un
til adjournment.
TnuasDAT, May II.
Senate. In tho Senate, Mr. Hright of
fered a resolution directing tho Secretary of
tho .Senate to contract with the editors of the
Sentinel to publish the debates of the Sen
ale in that paper.
Tho resolution was debated lor an Hour,
and then, without (lnal act, was laid over.
Mr. Mallory offered a resolution ol inqt.i-
ryasto the expediency of authorizing tho I
Secretary of W ar to finish the fortilications ,
n f 1 zip,,, rn ml km, no, A.ltntn.l
at Tortiieas ond Key West. Adopted
The vetoed Indigent Insane Land bill was
next taken up
Mr. lladger spoke two hours, sustaining
the constitutionality of the bill. He held
that tho power to dispose of the public lands
was vested in Congress, without any limita
tion. Ho read from tho journals to show
that grants of land to Connecticut and Ken
tucky, Tor tho benefit of dcatand dumb osy.
lunts, had been voted for and sitpported by
Messrs King, Buchanan, McDuffee, ood-
Itnrv. MfM.im I'n K nnil nthers nil strict
burv. .McLino. Polk and others, all strict
Consiruotion statesmen, antl approved of by
President Monroe and his able Cabinet.
The bill was postponed to Monday. Adj
House. In the House today, Mr. Rich
ardson offered a resolution that the debate
on the Nebraska bill shall terminate tomor
row ot twelve o'clock.
Discussion and much confusion ensued.
Messrs. MJcc, of Ind., Taylor of Tenn.,
ond Giddings, opposed iho rusolution.
Mr. .Mace moved that the resolution bo
laid on the table.
Mr. English moved a call of the House.
Refused, by 7 to fed.
dinning. Thoreis every reason to tie-
!.-.... ll... ft ....II . .1.- .11-
cussion until Tuesday. Such is the deter-1 ul "uu" " '"")
imitation of the minority now. By that timo I Mompat, May 15.
the Pacific Railroad bill will be reached, and 1 S:nATr. In the Senate, several anti Ne
llie Nebraska bid will be thrown behind. 'braskn petitions wero presented.
10 o'clock, P. M. The House is Btill in i Mr. Sumner offered resolutions from tho
session, antl the whole afternoon has been Massachusetts Legislature, recommending
passed in a fruitless effort oftho majority pensions to the survivors of the war of 1812,
lo proceed to business. 1 and against the Amistad Claim.
I1UVU IIIUI LI1U 110U9U Will UUIllltlUU U1U U IS- '
Tin' minority appear resolutely determin- The Senate then took up Mr. Cass' reso
ed to doleat all business until after Tuesday, lution in favor of religious toleration abroad,
FnintT, May 12. when Mr. Cass addressed the Senate at
Senatf. Tho Senate met at the usual length, principally in a review of Arch Bi
hour, but no quorum being present, did shop Hughes' letter defending the persccu
nuthing, antl goon afterwards adjourned to Hon of the Madai family iw'fuscany.
Monday. When Mr. Cass had concluded, Mr. Badg-
House. Tho House was in uninterrupt. , cr alluding to the recent publication in the
ed session from 12 o'clock on Thursday Shepherd of the Valley, of an article to the
noun, until midnight, Friday, thirty six effect, " that when the Catholic population
hours. The majority wero striving to force of the country get the supremacy, religious
through, by brutal numbers, Richardson's 1 toleration would be at an end," suggested
itio iou to terminate- tho debate on tho Ne- tho propriety of amending the resolution so
braska bill. Tho minority were equally do- as to becuro to American citizens religious
tcrintneil to prevent it by the employment of toleration at home.
parliamentary expedients. Tho latter pre-1 On motion of Mr. Clayton, who intimated
v.tiled. Innumerable votes by yeas and an intention to speak on the subject,tho res
nays wore, in the meanwhile, taken on mo-1 olution was referred,
tions to udjourn, and other minor questions, The vetoed Insane Land Bill was ordered
bul nothing else was done, and the House t0 be printed. Adjourned,
finally voted lo adjourn without the majority j Housr. In the House, Mr. Richardson
being ablo to accomplish their tyrannous and wjthdrow the demand for tho previous qties
high handed purposes. i tjon, on tho resolution offered by hmi sover-
Wc abridge from the reports some of Iho al days ago, and proposed to extend tho dc
incidcnts of tins memorable struggle. hate until Friday next, and then to demand
On Friday morning, at daylight, theinem-, the previous question,
bers wire all nearly fagged out, ond somo , Mr. Washburn moved to lay the resolu
with their heads tied up. 'I he morning tion on tho table.
nowspspeis camo to tho roliofof tho honora- ; Mr. Giddings moved to suspend tho rules
bio body, and occasionally baskets of re- to introduce a bill to repeal so much oftho
freshments wero brotlght in to individual United States law ns authnruea oot.t"ie
members. Tho House had been called, and glove trde, but subsequently withdrew it.
the Sergeant-at-Arms directed to sally forth Mr. Dickenson moved to suspend tho rules
and arrest absentees and bring them to the to introduce a resolution to restore the bills
bar oftho Hou.e. on t,0 Calendar to the same position as thoy
Amoug these was Col. Bsntou. The fol- occupied before they were set aside to reach
lowing is his excuse for his absence: tho Nebraska bill.
Mr. Denton I have an oxcuse which I , Mr. Richardson moved lo suspend the
hope will prove satisfactory. Neither on , rle8, to enable linn to offer another resolu
accoiint of age nor infirmity did I slay tion to close the debate on Saturday next,
away ; nor did I pair oil-, though such offers nmJ sct oside the Pacific Railroad bill until
were made to me. I never did pair off, and the 21th.
I do not intend to begin any such thing After a long dmcusston and many meff-e-now.
Laughter. I was absent without tllai motions and propositions, the House, un
disrespect tit the HCiuso. I am not inclined motion of Mr. Stuart, agreed to the first ptrt
to impede the business of the House. I 0f Mr. II ichardson's motion, deciding to
have been groatly delighted with tho.decor- close the debate on Saturday, by a vote of
urn, gravity and precision with winch all till to 511. The second branch of the mo
qtiestions havo been put by the Chair. Ths t,on, postponing tho Pacific Railroad bill to
Chair conducted itself well throimhout tlm the 21th of May, was also agreed to, 123 to
proceedings. I went away after taking a kj. Adjourned,
survey oftho House. I saw good men and
true sitting around in the hall, and enough , Tuesuiv, May 15.
to keep up a quorum and carry on tho busi-1 Sk.mte. In tho Senate this morning,
iiess.sucliaait wus. Laughter. And my '"r- Mallory offered a resolution drclaring
absence undo no difference. .7tt'muj rcitr. '''al t,,e "e,nt ncu of Ihe Cuban authorities
Undi. I designed to return, ami not to clearly show a design to throw Cuba into
skulk from the business of the House, and
iiko my snare tu turn saving some
strength for tho pinch when it comes. I
was without doors for some time, waiting to
bo let in, and therefore am entitled to credit
tor the fine I was kept out. Laughter.
I declarn I mean in .In hetinr timo r,.
other. Renewed laughter. i 'eyi "d denied that that paper was a Catho-
At half past 4 P. M., Friday, tho motion he organ,
to adjourn was within ono vote of succeeding, MU'i'i debato ensued.
li." W Cli. At 10 o'clock Friday evening the 'l iia vetoed Insane land bill was taken
following scene took placo : " uPi an,i Mr. Butler spoke in support of tho
Mr. Hunt said: Tho fr.ends of tho Con- vet0
stitulion, Liberty and Union aro anxmus to Mr- Roller continued his remarks for an
bring this matter to an amicable close. As "our-
one, it is the strongest wish of my heart ftlr- Rfwn got the floor.
Ifyou adjourn nil Monday, you will find full ' . Mr" "unter moved a postponement of the
time for consultation with friends. I belong ""d l',at lllu Indian Appropriation bill
to no clique, nor am 1 associated with any De token up.
couctis. Thero is no factious spirit in my ! o quorum voted, and tho Senate atljourn
bosom, but a spirit of liberty. If you join 1
mo in tho same spirit of liberty and friend- Housr. The House went into Commit
thin, I will unite with you. I ask yuu to ac- lce 0,1 1,10 Nebraska bill,
cede to this proposition. j Mr. Hunt made a iwrsonal explanation,
Mr. Richaidson I would most rdadlv sc.
cede, but my friends on this side oftho ' l'le difficulty yesterday between himself
Chamber have advised the courso I have in- ani A'r' C'raige. Ho asserted that the re
dicated. When we meet tomorrow I trust Port was t'UB m far as his own remarks wero
we shall discuss and arrange tho prelimmar- concefnod, and that ho was willing to stand
ies on which wo can bring about a result ''
which is as desirable to me as to tho gcjitlo-1 Siiio excitement otuued, when .Mr. Hunt
man from Louisiana. again took the floor, saying that yesterday
Mr. Stephens (Gaj While the gentleman ,1U branded the words of Mr. Craige as
from Louisiana says what he does, yet ha ' a"d he branded them so still,
cannot speak fcr thoso who obstruct ihn I Mr- Craige replied : " Tho Gentleman
business of the country.
-nr. Hum .several gentlemen acting
hero today as tho opponents oftho bill, have
requested me to consider what nlau I could
devise to brinir about an amicabln srlin.t.
ment. For the reason that there is some
hoo of buccess, I think it reasonable ta ac
cedo to what I havo proposed,
Mr. Stephens, of Go. But the gentleman
cannot speak for them, as I stated, with due
respect for the gentleman ; and while he
docs not wish unnectssartly to obstruct
business, yet all those who act with tho
gentleman with entire harmony, I doubt not,
uu mrow uuiiruciions in mo way,
Mr. CuTlom I havo been actiii" firmly
acting firmly
hat I, for one,
with thoso who have resisted w
regard as an attempt in some degree tostiUo
debato on this important question. I hare
been actuated bv no fietinn fooling i
!...,. . ., . .b. ,
''". resoriciiionouiing dis-
organizing to defeat the passage of this bill,
i ii is mo deliberate intention of the House
,... lu u, 11Jr outer uui nave thought
there Ins not been full discussion. When,
however, discussion shall have been ex
hausted on this important question, I am not
one of those bo will stand m the way and
impede tho legitimate legislation of tho
country. How fir 1 shall yield my opposl.
Hon to the bill I am not prepared to say, but
wiltsay to the gentlemen from Georgia and
Louisiana, nd tu the couutry, that I havo
bceu prompted In all I may do, to perfect
measures that may redound to the greatest
possible good of the country, and thero my
opposition shall cease.
Mr Stephens The I'entleman iv In,
cause there hs not been full discussion ho
inus acts, i vt in not meet the question how
long the discussion shall continue perhaps
tno months, or six the Homo must bo the
judge, ll has been so for tho last ten
mcanine is factious.
Mr. Giddings (hastily arousing from n
nap) I call tno gentleman to order. If
this stump speech is to go on, I'll take n
hand in it. Laughter Cries of" Good"
and calls to order.
'Iho Sjieaker pro lem. (Mr, Orr) The
Chair sustains tho point of order of tho gen
tleman from Ohio. There is no debateabto
proposition beforo tho House. The question
is on adjournment.
Mr. Campbell I desire simply, as tho
wholo matter is out of order, with tho con
sent oftho House, to inquire if tho gentle
men from Georgia
llcforo finishing tho sentence he was cal
led to order by Mr. Scwartl.
Mr. Campbell Raising his voico above
tho din "I will resist tu the bitter end."
(Deafening cries of "order."
The Speaker exerted his power to restore
quiet. Great excitement prevailed.
Mr. Campbell much excited, exclaimed
"All tho powers in tho world cannot pre
vent tno."
it. im,,i.. i,..:.ii -,,,i ......
t0 Mr; c Ml m , meMiing aYlUuae) sod
lnst,nty tll'e pmiea wcre undod by
,i ' .,' ,i,, i -. ,t'.
l)e,k(1 , lcir anxie to ch the scone.
. - . -
Loud cries of "order, order
Tho Speaker said, tho friends of order
will prescrvo order. Gentlemen will tako
their seals bang, bang. The Sergeant-at-Arms
will enforce ,order. Gentlemen
who make this disorder aro acting in con
tempt of the House.
Tho Scrgoant-at-Arms hurried to the
scene, boanng aloft tho mace of office. Ilu
arrested Air. Kdmuiiilsou, and ina lew min
,fua) coln,,on wn, prcventpd.'
.. . . . 1 .
utes, much to tho relief of al! present, a per-
Members having returned to their seals,
I .Mr. hewaru had a word to say
j The Speaker taid objection was made,
I and he must enforce the rules.
I Mr. Seward did not propose to make a
I .Mr. Washburn (III.) rose to a privileged
question, and moved that when the Houtu
adjourn it adjourn to Monday.
Tho Speaker put the question.
I Tremendous shouts of " Aye," andjml
i few ' Noes."
I The House was then declared adjourned
jamid clapping of hands and immoderate
! laughter, and at 1!0 minutes to 12 the mem-
i bers darted out of the Hall homeward, to
. , ....
,l,e ",na, 01 Alricsn population an
event detrimental to thu United States. &c.
Mr. Sumner objected to IbQjConsideration
oftho resolution at this tune.
Mr. Mallory called the attention of the
ocnaio to me quotation made yesterday by
Mr. Badger, from tho Shepherd of the Vat-
' denying the correctness oftho Globe's report
cannot strut into a scrape, and sneak out of
it in that way."
Sensation, and cries of
When order was restored, Mr, Maxwell,
of Florida, commenced a speech in fuior of
, i'lorida, c
. 1)18 Nebraska bill.
! Nebraska bill.
Mr. Mavall, of Maine, followed, with somo
remarks against Ihe bill.
Messrs. Flagler, of New York, and Gid
dings, of Ohio, also spoke in opposition to
tho bill, and the llouso adjourned.
Tho s-ore of William P. Downing, of
Washington, was entered lo.t Saturday iuht
and sixteen hundred dollars in cash stolun,
togeher with sundry articles of merchandise,
I mostly silks The burglar entered by break-
i ing into the cellar door,
and ascendmz the ccllui
r ti i .,
outsi'lo of the store.
liar stairs. Tho horse
, ,,. , jumioiomcw was missiti''
olomcw was missiti''
Sunday morn ng, ond it is suspected that an
I old mat,, who had been about the village a
j short tune, rodo hiuioff, H ind. Jour.
Harry Donaldson of Swanton started on
the evening of the 27th ult., to go from the
fishing ground across Charcoal creek in a
boat- a simple affair for a sober man. But
Harry was drunk, and so fell from his boat
and was drowned in two and a half feet 'of
wotcr.- Pree Press.
Small Pox umtng the Indians Tho
MmeioUi Democrat, of the 2Gth ult, con.
tains a report of Dr. T. T.Mann, who had
been sent out by the Governor of Mineaota
tu vaccinate the Chi ppewa Indians, amon"
whom the small pox was raging with grca"
violence. The party found that the disease
had made fearful destruction. In one band
forty-seven had perished. The Indians were
almost Trantic with fear and dread of the
foreign jta
Arrival oftho Steamship Can
Halifax Tr.LEnnArii Ofi-ice,
Wednesday, Way 10th,
Tho royal mail steamship Canada, CapL
Stone, from Ijiverpool about 1 1 o clock, A
M on Saturday, the 2lth, arrived at this
this port at 7 P. M.
Tho Monileur publishes a telegraphic de
spatch that the Russian) had experienced a
severe reverse at Tchenavoda.
Little Wallachia is evacuated.
By reports from Stettin, 27th, Sir Charles
Napier was at Stockholm. Tho fleet was a
bout fifty miles off.
Several more prizes havo been taken.
The allied licet anchored off Odessa on
tho Uiith.
Vienna jiapcrs report that 5000 Egyptians
sacked Volo. It is tho old story revived.
The marquis of Anglesey is dead.
London, Saturday, 11 A. M. Tho Hus
sions have entirely evacuated Krajova, car
rying their guns and stores to Wilna.
Tho occupation of Albania and the Her
zegovina is determined upon.
News from the seat of war indicates in
creased vigor on the part of the allies. 20,
000 French and 10,000 English troops had
landed at (j all i poll, one portion of which Is
sent to Scutari, and the other is on tho march
for Adriannoplc, but no event of importance
has taken place.
Tho icport of tho bombardmont and cap
ture of Odessa by tho allied fleets was to
tolly untrue. The story oroso from tho cir
cumstance of the batteries at Odessa hav
inc fired harmlessly into the British ship Fu
rious, which was sent with a flag ot truco to
bring off the consul and British residents.
l ho lup4 of Ihtt nlliatl flaotft wpr., however,
within sight ot Udcssa on tno uist, and an
attack may very soon occur.
The reported capturo of Silistria by the
Russians was also unfounded ; but Paskie-
witch was makmir nrenarations to attack it
On the IHlh, a sharp combat loop place
beforo Kolafat. Twenty squadrons of Rus
sians, with six guns, were making a recon
noisanco of tho Turkish lines, when tho
Turks sallied out with two regiments of reg
ulars, somo drachu bayouks and cannon, and
after a combat of three hours duration, obli
ged the Russians to retreat with a loss of
Omar Pasha was at Shumla, concentrating
his forces, apparently fur defensive measures
Tho Russians wero still fortifying them
selves in tho Dobrudscha. They pad not
crossed Trajan's Wall. Their strength in
tho Dobrudscha. is about 30,000 men.
It was rumored at Vienna that Paskie
witcli had ordered the evacuation of Lesser
Wallachia. This, if true, was regarded as
a concession tu retain the favor of Austria.
Troops wero retreating towards Buchar
est, indicating a change in the plans of Rus
sian upcrations.
The Sultan has offered a command to
Tho expulsion of the Greeks from Tur
key continues. Their stores and dwell
ings, in which some srms wero found, have
been seized anil closed up.
1 rom Hamburg, 2:ld, it is reported that
Sir Cliarlos Napier had formed his fleet in
three divisions, so as to be within roach of
each other. The first division was sent in
the diiection of Livonia, near the forts of
Poland ; second, off Riga, and the third at
the omranco of the Gulf of i inland, near
Sweaborg, where Ihe Russian fleet still
keeps close. On the 2tkli the fleet was off
Guttorgan, Gothland.
Capl. Foote, a deserving naval officer, was
accidentally drowned in thu Bailie
Nodefiuite statement is received oftho
position of the.RbickSea fleets. Tho French
fleets were anchored off Dolbchik. Several
steamers wcre in sight of Odessa 21st; hence
arises tho probability nf an attack on that
The following brilliant foat is announced :
The British steamer Fury, six gnus, on the
1 1 th instant, under the Austrian colors,
steamed within three miles of the entrance
tn Scbiistnpol, and saw two merchantmen,
two frigates, nm! a steamer leating the har
bor. The Fury dashed in and seized one of
the merchant ship and towed her off, but be
ing chased by tin' Russians, was obliged lo
cut the prize adrilt. Ono of tht) frigates,
and the steauifr cuius within range and ex
cli i nged broadsides After four flours the
Kurv escaped, carrying off the Russian mer
chant's erew aa prwoiiPrs of war, who gave
important inform iiiou respecting the strength
of ScbtiHiopol.
A steaituhip, supposed to be a Russian de-
spatch boat, under British colors, boldly
stenmed from the Archipelago, passed the
batteries of the Dardanelles, snd succeeded
in escaping into the tllsck Sea.
.Isia. F our thousand Turkish irreoulars
refused to march from Erzcrouin to Kars, on
account of the arrears of pay.
Accounts from Circassia of the 1st, stato
the insurrection againit Russia is becoming
general among all tho warhko tribes of the
Caucasus. Schainyl's agents arfl indofati
gable. Tho presence of the fleets in the
Black Spa, with the consequent abandon
uienrof tho Russian posts on tho Circassian
coast, and supplies being cut oil from the
Russians via Redout Kalehad made a deep
impression on tho mountaineers, and it was
believed Schamyl would soon be in sufficient
force to attack tho Russian head quarters at
'I'he Journal de St. Petersburg contains a
notice from tho Russian minister of finsncs,
allowing English and French vessels six
weeks from the 10th of April, to depart from
uussian pons in mo mack sea, and six
weeks from the th of -May to leave Baltic
l'f'w. .nay lit. I.ipram s corps will probably at-
Lnemy'a property in neutral bottoms will tempt to cross tho Danubo at Nicopolis.
bo regarded as inviolable, and may beimpor rirnna, April 1 1th. The frigates Msgfl
ted into Russia. 0n and Sidon, cruising beforo Kostenji, lir-
Subjocts of neutral powers on board cne- ed on the Russian cavalry, and thus secured
my's sbps will not be molested. the retreat of two officers who had been re-
A French imperial decree allows Russian connoitering the position,
shins, which lay in ports in the Baltic and linden, May II. An authentic despatch
White Sea beforo the 11th, to unload and , states that Odessa was bombarded for ten
return unmolested to Russia or ccutral ports. hours by tbc allied fleets, and part of the
Twclvo Russian merchant ships aro al. city laid in ruins. Four gun fortres.es wero
ready captured by British cruisers. Six of i dismantled. ; four Russian and ono Austrian
these have arrived in England, and the crews merchant ship were burned in tho harbor.
Iioerated on parole, not to serve against,
England or France.
Ureal llritain. Wednesday, 2(5th, bein(
the day apppointed for the fast, all busmeas
was suspended. 'Iho London Times pub -
tehgs luur nugoa of uermona.
Parliament reassembled on Thursday,
27th. In Iho House of Lords, a long debato
ensued rospectmg recent burning of Circas
sisns. Earl Hardwick taxed government with
having denied tho circumstance when in fact
it was true.
1jrd Clarendon mado a long explanation,
and laid before the house a despatch from
tho British admiral, contradicting the Rus
sian published account.
Lord Ellenborough look occasion to men
tion that the Russians havo taken twenty,
two Circassian forts, bul have only destroy
ed six.
The Auicrican Consul at London has de
termined to send from London cirrht aenmnn
belonging to the clipper ship " Sovereign of
tno nuas,-- to tow j orK lor mutiny. Uela
tives of tho prisoners have petitioned Lord
Palmerston to prevent the removal of the
prisoners tu America.
Lord Cockburn, a Scotch nobleman, is
Flatter. Prince Napoleon was well re
ceived at Malta, whence ho left on the 20th
for Turkey,
'Marshal St. Arnaud embarked on the 27th
at Marseilles for the east.
Continued activity prevails in shipping
Spain. The JIadrid correspondent of the
London Times writes on the 20th, a letter
commenting unfavorably on Mr. Soule. It
says up lo tho 0th, the notes exchanged be
tween Mr. Soule and the Spanish govern
ment were five in number. No. 1, by, Mr.
Soule, states the complaints, and the rcpara
lion liu is instructed to demind, and rcquir
tS ?P?3lti.ve "T'y "'"' forty eight hours.
fo. J, by the Spani.h government, declar
ing its inability to reply until information
was received from Cuba. No. 3, tho Times
cabs a most irato and discourteous docu.
ment from Mr. Soule, taxing the Spanish
government with seeking to postpone a re
ply, and affirming or rather insinuating that
Spam had received despatches from Havana,
but suppressed them. No. -I , from tho Span
lsh government, was so strong (hot tho sen
Idcrs thought it not unlikely that Mr. Soulo
I would demand his nasspoits. No. 5, from
1 Mr. Soule, was in milder terms cnntf.ni.
Tho letter above referred to goes on to
be sevcro on on Mr. Soule, and professes al
so to say that tho Spanish look on American
claims as overbearing and exorbitant.
Prussia. Huron Alantsuflbi' speech t
tho chambers staled definitely that 11 I'm.
sia maintains accord both with Austria and
the western powers."
Chevalier Brunsscn's resignation as min
ister to London is accepted, and ho is suc
ceeded by Count llemstorf, present minister
at Naples a man thoroughly Russian.
Greece. From Athens 21st of April, the
reports i aro that tho Gulf of Corinth was
guarded by French shins of war. and all
communications stopped between the contin
ent and Peloponnesus.
Tho wholo of Southern Thcssily is in
arms, and it was reported tho Turks were
defeated at Mezznva, but doubtful.
P.gypt. The viceroy has revived the ds
creo prohibiting the exportation of corn.
Persia. Prince Dolgoruski, Russian ex
minister to Persia, reached St. Petersburg
on the 12th. Russia will not send another
minister there, but the consul remains at
ni'o. By letter per mail it is confirmed
that " Dost Mahomet" seeks to form an alli
ance with Groat Britain.
A revolution was reported at Ava. The
prinei' had poisoned his brother antl seizt-u
on tho throne.
The gold discovery in Ceylon is confirm
ed by papers nf the 25th, bul not in quanti
ties to remunerate diggers.
Chxna. Hong Kong dates of March 1 1th
stato that tho storosliiii Supply reports the
Americans to tiara sailed for Japan, date not
Canton was quiet.
il bhanglm there wero continued skir-
pushes between the insurgents and imperial
I'he following is published as tho draft of
the convention entered into between France
and England :
AnT. I. The high contracting parties
bind themsslves to do tlioir utmost to affect
the ro-cstablishtnent or poaco between Rus
sia and the Sublitno Porte upon a solid and
durable basts, and to secure l.uropo against
the recurrence of tho lamentable complica
tions which havo just now so iuihapp.lv dis
turbed the general peace.
ART. S. 1 lie integrity of tho Ottoman
Empire boinir violated by tho occttpvtion of
the provincos of Moldavia and Wallachia,
and by other increments of Russian troops.
their Majesties the Queen of the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and
the Emperor of the French havo concerted
and will concert upon tho means tho most
proper to free the territory of the Sultan
from foreign invasion, and to attain the ob
ject specified in Art. I, and they engage to
maintain lor the purposo, according to the
necessities of the war, to be judged By com
mon content, military and naval forces suf
ficient to meet the emergency, and of which
subsequent arrangements will determine, if
there be occasion, the quality, number, and
AriT. U. Whatever event may arise in
consequence of the execution ol this con
vention, the high contracting parties bind
themselves not to accept any overture, or
any proposition, tor the cessation ol tiottih-
tM, ,) ,t to onter into any engagement
with the Imperial Court of Russia wnho.it
hiving previously deliberated in common,
Art. -I. Animated with the desire to
prrscrve the liiropcan balance of power,
nd seeking no self-interested object, tli
i high contracting prtie renounce beforehand
the acquisition of any special advantage
from the evttnts which may occur.
Art. 5. Their Msjestit, tin Queen of
the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Iruland and the htnpuror ot the French, will
receive with readiness into their alliance, to
co operate for thtt proponed object, the other
Powers of Europe who may be willing to
join it.
Four Days Later from Europe.
N.w York, May 15.
The Collins steamship Atlantic, I apt
West, from Liverpool May lid, arrived hero
at about half-put 1 o'clock this afternoon.
A dreadful catastrophe occurred in the
English Channel, at 2 o'clock, on the morn
ing of tile 2c th. The .American barque lles
per, of Charleston, S. C, for Antwerp, came
in collision with Ihe Bremen barque Favor
ite, t'Bpt. Hogueman, from Bremen for Bal
timore, with leO passengers. Tho Favorite
was struck on the starboard bow, cut down
to the water's edge, and the foremast carried
away. (.out. Hogueman, the mate and four
'seainen got on board ihe llesper, while the
1 vessels wero in contact, and the remainder
of the crew are ihought to have taken lo lite
' boats, but have not since been heard of. At
! day break nothing w its seon of the Favorite,
I wilted no doubt sunk immediately with all
', on board. The Hesper also sustained dam-
1 aue. but proceeded on her vovare. havtntr
etil the rescued to Portsmouth in a Pilot
Tho Baltic fleet had been further reinfor
osxl, and was awaiting tho arrival of a French
squadron. Until tba Utter arrives, a Britts'i
force will cruise off tho Gulfs ot Finland
and Bothnia.
On the Jllst, nineteen ships anchorod be
fore Stockholm.
Sir Charles Napier arrived on the 23th,
and had an audience with King Otho.
Russia has imposed a hoary war tax on
all classes. On tradesmen and merchants of
the first guild, U00 silver rubles, on those of
the second, IG0, and on tho third, 100. All
house-keepers withcut distinction aro at.es
sed 10 per cent on tho actual rcut they pay
or receive.
The Russians were making tremendous
j preparations for an attack on Silhstria about
Three British bombarding steamers were
badly damaged. The attempt of the alltfs
to land 18,000 men failed.
The Kusstau licet camo out ol fcebasiopui
1 during the fi"ht, and threatened tho allied
fleet, but rotiiet without a battfo.
A despatch in tho Vienna O-ste states that
tho Woronzoff palace was entirely destroy
ed during the bombardment, and that four
frigates wero severely damaged.
Another despatch Mild that 20 sail of tin
combined fleet arrived before Odessa on the
10th. On tho 18th Iho fleet bombarded the
city for an hour, and during the whole day
of the 2.d. Tho magazines oftho outer
town wcre in Haines. This is official.
Tho London Times saya : " We reced
ed intelligence of tho bombardment of Odes
sa, with feeling which are not unmixed with
It was expected that tho first operation ui
war, which the combined fleets, now in tbe
Black Sca would inflict, would be a severe
blow on tho enemy, and would prove w itn
what overwhelming force iho armaments ol
England and France are provided; but wo
must be allowed, without the slightest dis
paragement to tho gallantry of the officers
of the magnificent fleets under their orders,
lo feel some regret that tho first blow in U"
war should have fallen upon a commercial
city, rather than a military or naval port
Ono statement uya " that ihe bombard
ment lasted over two hour,s." Another thai
"it continued incessantly for ten hours, ana
only closed with the night."
The Russian account is in these tenns
"The English and French Admirals deman
ded the surrender of the Russian ships m
Hie Port of Odessa; this being refuse",
bombardment begun from eighteen "'"P1
small part of the city was destroyed. 1"
bombardment produced no effect." .
The Ru-siaiu havo entirely evocuatea
Little Wallachu, Tho Russian right wing
now rests on the Aluta river, with the heao
quarters at Bucharest, therefore tbe int"'
of tho campaign is again concentrated c
operations below Nioopulis. , . j
The Turks havo come out of K"a!aft. ana
are occupying all the towns in the U1
the Russians.
The allied troops wcre idle.
No news of any importauce from An.

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