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Vermont watchman and State journal. [volume] (Montpelier, Vt.) 1836-1883, June 02, 1854, Image 1

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etmont ttlatchman
lottrttal
ISSUED SIMULTANEOUSLY AT MONTI' ELI Ell, NOR'F IIFIELD, WATERUURY, &C.
FRIDAY, JUNE 2, ltiol.
BY E. l. WALTON, JIl.
VOL. XL-VIII, NO. 27 WHOLE ,N0. 2485.
to
state
'lVntrjjiiiiiii?C?tntf'3oi!riml.
rmii.tsuno kvuhv rnntAv mop.nino
r t t H. 1 titiik u i.iuno t li.on if )'j"'"i
a t nil In 4'aH Intrroal alwljl eharjtd Horn
ln 0tid with tear.
.Vim 4l la Illal r afantato leoaita autiaeilpUotia
daafiaasaailt anal umuitiuattatlona, end aeknunKlgt,
payment ful 111- MMi
liilHUrll,.. .!"M KUV,
llru.kfl.14, M.oMITII.
' Oaliiit,".' . MlOW.V,
llnlll.,i IIAIII.I1 s.llANA,
Klmoif , t OIT,
lljdrpvrk,!: W flli H.i H VBR,
Joliaaim 01 IV. KC'Tl,
Mt.l,l),I.t,IL II. I-U .N'AM,
Sl.niiatilw, 1. V. ,V iVU,
ikUMi, Jmwn joiinson, t.
NimMtM,B.iBlirit,
OrMts.l'A ilatli!AlirD!TER,
P'dnlUM, A. T. n Ni: OPT,
;Mlli II rrfariek.C. -Mltl'UAN,
Claws. JosP,H.. II VMOli,
KWarTiaal, VVI I I n It.'I.I.IN.J.
m s.,.ir. i, u vrmii. v . juon,
TMtH. Mtfn, VARUS N KIM),
WaM'tVM .aa) r.taian MIIAM1I1 MITII
U'.rr... Kit A VKI.IN A. HIHMT,
IVlt rksjfj awl llat'iolf,
Wllllais.lows O HIU I'BIIIH,
Worraalar. JONAH AltHOTT.
IvUllrniUlS.
IS.) 4 Vl. mlnilllailio !. 1851
llicrii A West rii, t'riii-li nml
illicit St -s .11 ill Itouto.
ON ni art-r Mv I, 183 -, ra..ali Tralaa will
an la fll..a.
Going North and West.
MlttO'" ON ai ? 1-8 V. .. i.arhmi But
llaatwa' & &! .a) Mua. nlnt .1 7 I. .., Moat-
aal i 9, Nd ''. I i II 1-31' M.
I,, AVR II ' I" H M , N. .tk B U
IimI-i a .Iim.? i V. .ml una. at Raitirtr'l
I- 43 i 1 . HHl. I I 10 4Hd Hi9 -UTt h .llT.M.
Ural in
111, LHA VK VKlMTt.l.ll'.lt i 4 43 A. M.,n.l
3 4 r. .
Going East and South.
1.1 AVK Rtll rE1- TOI.M 8 A l n4)r
M V tM4l INH .Ilk ai--lt'tl V..filn-.l 'I ' ljl.ll-
fak, a4 atriaiBg .n ...ta -.tal .a York 1 III
fAi1i4 II.IV. ii) h H .M ti't'i. and ih atililat,
a, ( 7 P. M ' in
Ai.-o llavi: miMn;ui:R ii.iii tt.ts
A. M.
I'm tmttht lafufmanon, aaalt at tka liga)tf.aharli
a Ml K ..'- faairi l'.a Bfn IMaiiaai., la. I'liaana4aia
aaatSl l.awfai. tfa.lr.K-l Ofliaa, Moalraal, ta uti
Klnktll, . i, if ftiol, i ka I lak.t ' 'rfia-,
4jell if1. UntMl- I, Mil nit -lurl, lUMtfn, sftdloJ
V, llubaia i-tallaw fR4, Uatilit.
05-fli;Hl Hi. alalia.
fuat V C It. .
.Naatal-14, Vl , iml ii 1-51
ri4.
TOP?:
.Yorlluiu .luiiroiid, A. E
BritishXu. . MAIL ROUTE,
VM
Host 11, it . it. CiMi-rl, m tU-
rru 111 . h r ittii lit r 111 1 Ml. f
leiiiiiii ki . mill 1 mI mIIi u(U,
j.. ,
aid i rtTwh It ihtr tl jtaii il-H-krit-t ,N ,tit-
I Iltlill uCfJ, NliWNI, 0fl, I'mtHllKMllH,
r. 1 aii 1 iru Jn ,1'tMvH, urc ii. IVui-idtrwt
VaMftM Mil St lk
ri ihi .iiri miiU iKHmvepU''.,
d aMi ' h'4jU Lki rMitUol .Now (Utfialiir -im
VffaiMMi ItitAl1 nd ftfifbt b ( itt) wlbfi
riMii
tc. Ill lO&J. iri Nwih Rltit
7.44 A. U a it . 4i.d'ieyidl 10 3W .1. M.u4
3 y Al t't ult laf U hM Httt Junftio
I 7.14 A. it -at l-Jf I. VI. iitbarriri Cart
fl -.
4jMiai- 11 1 rouiootorf Tu-
i Wnnaaiai.'i-imf
flmm r. 0(i t,t'n.l n ' IuOtrri himidj wnirn
Cooewfj.N 11. ''no. I
I IJ Y U U 11 .AiNi j Colonel Wasliiugion was also rich,
4 Tr 1 -v 4 t " i' ux Attn il y connections, and, a
J Xv ive (H'sfrcd that w!nc!i ever
int ur:. mi kc .i no
I litll'Uiilt lu Al-
l' W lia
) m Car
Fall 4. inltr r
riiii"iiii( lit.
IS'i:!.
a4Jv...i. out. ki 1 ihft.UJlt 11 .1' LtM fltMB "I
Hu.Ii.jj.i i.-Tri , w .ik,
via Rutland and Eaglo Bridge,
.OHWMM VlU linlliwll 4M' It llt,ltfHBBtf HlMt
t4 Ultvt Ui OHM O.
i-nuf i" il) oi'Mi iiiiitjj atii
thMHMe'0HMi nirrei. KimI, -ideitiol
Till t uUTk lijf hlCl MKXI CHI.
NO II NIIB UP CAKS,
O m4u. H.r ui Baataa" .a-iai. brt.-i-u K Itakdand
'I rnv wf Alfeaik),
rillSf TUAI I aa. Hullnnlua 3.15 X M.
HKOON1I A UN Irakaa uailtaaiai IU.9U A M.
aniaa.at llulllS P 'I. al AI-. t Si P. .,lara
T.J4.15P l i !. 4.K) P. M.fw.N'aw )oik.
Arntaa.l .aw ula 3 UP. l '
I'llltIO 'I'kAi.N " lliiina(iiii U3I1 P. l
lualr al atMlii.at, aail iaaa Kullai. a CUiO A. .,
amiaait I m. I A Al .ml Alhant 10.13 A M.,laata
Ti-ii I0JOA .,- li I0.4J A .i.f.i iVii,
Miarat Vaa -H t I'.
Hsuia.a Tram fur ilailal ia.ra AlUa, 10.311 A. M
riiiwuah Piekal a i urnurad al ttl' Itultantlaad
BaiHaslun .llr at-flica l
JilKl4 IV illl.L,afaiii. lltirliexloa.
tl. TII.I.I'.V, Ti ..lllu f ul.
Al.o, Tliramli Ii k.l t 1 lliifiatti la .ralanil.To
eja, ilaln.il, iri-lntoail l"lil.-aao, anil -I ilin-a.
tarncillaa.loi al al ha (lltlrai ttia llullaaa ai.a
lloil.ujlu.il ilra.J, ..r .film A.'-at- 'I ma A.uan .
Kulllad Itlilroi.i
l Caatara Tara.a lu I luj. ibanj or Jiaa
-,. . .
la all fa.ei In .loU ilrlaa Ollk Baj-aaUraafk
T iOH. II, OA.NVIEU), Sup.
Baliatua,Nca.S 1663.
NOW.
Ane . lor dj i pitng
YM yu l diM4uiin( owi
Vnui leotli it r caned ta nuv'r,
Awd funti tu 6;hl art fowoj
Vtvu pi e in the r 1 1 wiu )ou j
ll.cK m u ha pa l to ftljrf
T ha p t -11J tht luluro ar ootiin(
In !) f cv f tb atia to d-.
Ait ftra yiui diaau f lha futura-p-
Of -lu" - tuid f uht 6 Id,
Of lO'iMtif tha ai) oitr
Or bulil.Di; i b (total JU f
Yum f .tur h.doda of gU JT,
Oi h tt (UtiJ .uiil it mi) t)
U ul )our anu wi I narr bo Uuujf,
Op nvtilad a luw toIa.
AtUet If Ik ft dula )iu.
Iter vntnia au4tuiiii fi(ft )
K choma uuwwtlhjr lo hvM joh
Ai thua td a U rt-grnt j
Batdur bnfht, aba ia lilak-i cvarj
Vl hi (ibAtllOiU atm away,
Nur liMik b ck. lo Icaru tLa Icatoo
Of a itabhrt lU.fa to daj.
Ana I for tha hour it p4iinf j
'J ha tiud that jruu diu. hear,
fa )ur aoatajr tnarcbng to bit' la I
Ui al mat foi tba foa la mail
Ftaj nbt tubrihtan youi waapoaa,
Or ila houi will uili Ut,
And from tb d oama of Cuminf ballU,
You will wakco, n.d 6 ad ll (t.
HOLLOW! HOLLOW!
I atoed booaatu hollow traa
Tl a ' it ho Juw Maw
s' tb 0bt Dimo I In- butlaw woild,
Aul I III hollow tlaw
Ambiliou and it hollow achuaat
Tha l lhw h(M wa follow,
liaajr.ii! tiooa b allow diaaina
All hollow, hollow, hollow t
A crown It ft i hollow ihlit.
And hnMnw hmA tfl wfir ll I
Tl. tioiliwilllonfa King.
W'h rmttow Itfitti oft lar Itt
No hot'ow wl1it or bnnyFif imtlei
Of Mir Mr. I Mfnw
For Unuly et -li'l hiI-t dsreit,
Ti holl tw, hollow, ItMlow,
Theli.,.w Isider bit hlrtii
Thr hH'tw dupp wlm ht-ed hirnj
Thr ti.il't.w critic tindi hi ftm!6
T li1tw f nU who ftd him
I1i hollo frl'iM who iRkeff yout Utnt
la hot urAmr iwhIIuw j
hittr I m I fas thi tt,
All hollow, hollow, hollow t
BIRDS.
fcKt Mtdt thoa !! t tioijf he HtU hoati
Of wlnUr pMt. r fnmfnf, td of frf
Utl ptfed with delight whtth jr-ii.tfe.
Piilf iriti nt, buiditi( p y 'ftl mflliDjt (lower l
Tu roko, tj pptlof, t t)l:, f (m tnfj bjweri
Thoa Ihjr ritAr ortdnf dait deslii(
AJ wh do t lfl on thcr ho did not opar
A uln tn hunnn in In tin ihit loen ;
M hit tout tan h whlrh by thy
(Al mM Ii twrtl ,) wtut ! not drlfeo
Uf(t to fot-fi ifth' turmutU. pne nl wrofgt,
AatJ lift litfMrJ cyn a ltd tWitfht to ! Iravrn f
kwi mla ftttr. thnu my mind toft rata
1o lr f phiM,)r., j 10 anl ;yi.
3Wsrfllniifoii0.
Pussagcs from the Life of
vv iBiungton.
I .ni a Riu( .fli; li; J. T ll.a ill f uSIi.hlnj Id Gia
ba.i.'a l.facina.
His CiiuiiTJiiii'. It was about
Ins lime lht;siriiig nl 1758, while
on Ins way to Williamsburg that
Wii-liinglnii wus first ntado aciiaiti
teil Willi the young widow who was
destini-d lo become his wife. The
Colonel, in military undress, moun
ted on a splendid charger, and atten
ded by a single body servant, both
the gift of the dying Ilraddock, as
he lied from the fatnl field ofMo
noiignhela, had just crossed Wil
liam's Ferrry, over the J'umunltcy,
a br-Mich of York river, when ho
was mot by Mr Chainberlayne, a
Virginia gentleman of the old seliool,
who invited him to house Wash
ington excused himself, on the
ground of urgent business with the
Governor. Hut tlm hospitable plan
ter would take no denial, and at last
succeeded in luruing the scale by
promising to introduce him to a
j oung and beautiful widow. The
Colonel finally consented lo stop
and dine nothing more. A short
delay could be made up by haid
I riding and pressing further into the
I night. In demounting he nave Ins
I li..rcu il.t.. ll... ln.t.t nf It..
in'ioi. nil" inn vnuiiji; ui 111a ruiviiiii
1 Uishop, will) explicit tiistrtii tintis to
have htm at the door at a certain
hour : giving hi arm to his guest,
' ihe hospitable plainer enteieil the
; liouvo mid introduced him tn hn,
family. The youim Virginia Col
onel immediately drew every eye
1 1 m mi him, for a hue, commanding
appearance heightened, rather than
Icsi-oiiod. the romance that gathered
firntmrl lli f lilL'iilriuiK mill mit'ntiliir.
,011s life. The young widow was
iiuhu.-wuj, luinuuitjj, tniv4 iucuo-
1
sod 01 a largo lornine. anu was,
withal, the widow of a Colonul
he.'irt, that would beat as calmly a-
mid whisili g bullets and death and
1 aruago as in its peaceful sluinheis
The lady was only ihreo months
younger 1 1 1 a 1 1 he, and from the fust
could not dguise her admiration ol
tin youthful hero. On thenther hand,
her society was so agreeable to
Washington thin tor ihe fir-t time in
Ins life lie forgot his own appoint
ment. His servant IJUhop. punctu
al to his orders, had the two horses
saddled and bridled, standing ut the
gate at the tune appointed Con
trary to all military rules, and all the
former experience, his master did
not make his apcaraiu:o. Linger
ing under tho sweet iuflueiico of tho
beautiful young widow, tho time
slipped unconsciously away. Al
length, as the sun stooed behind
tho western wildoiiiess, tho planter
slopped forward and declared that
it was contrary to the rules of m
esmto to allow a guest to leave the
house after sundown. Washington
laughingly acknowledged that ho
felt bound to submit to such whole
soiuo legiilations, and was soon for
getful of everything but tho fascin
ating woman beside him. Other
dreams than those of military glory
visited lus pillow that night, and oth
er liotics impelled him forward, as
tho next morning he continued his
journey to Williamsburg.
On his return ho stopped again nt
tho " White. House" of Ins friend,
and surrendered at discretion to tho
blooming widow.
His MAHitunr.. Having now re
turned to private life, ho consum
mated Ins engagement with Mrs.
Curtis, and 11 wedding was given
January utli. 170", on a scalo com
mensurate with the wealth and
standing of tho parties, in keeping
with the good old customs of tho
titno. ! rum lar and near camo tho
laced coats and powdered hair and
long cues, till the hospitable man
sion overflowed with tho wciltli and
beauty and gayety of the colony.
And a nnblo couple they were tho
young Colonel six feet tluee inches
111 height, towering above nil around,
and tho beautiful bride, radiant with
happiness. The rafters of that huge
mansion rang that night with mirth
nnd gayety. The brido brought as
dowry thirty thousand pounds ster
ling, besides one third of largo laud
ed estates. She had two children ;
a son, six years old, and a daughter,
four. To the former belonged one
third of the estates left by his fath
er, while the latter had the remain
ing third, together with ten thousand
pounds sterling This su oiled
ington's fortune to nn enormous
mount for those davs.
Ho did not take Ins bride
nnme-
diately to Mount Vernon, but repair- ges of tins Almighty's ever open vot
ed to Williamsburg and took his -eat ' utiio. Ills heart was iwirtnoil with
as member of the Assembly. I)ur-uiw life as ho looktd upon Hie
ing the session the spcaki'r was di- rinse') -written lent en of n lure, and
reeled, by a vote of the House. " to I the breath ol heaven fanning Ins
return thanks on behalf of the Col- olieek, gave it a naturul glow us un
ony lo Colonel Washington, for the like tin- hectic llusli im ihe stead)
distinguished military service he has shining star is to the lightning's tr
ren.ti'red tho country." This the ratio Hush. Mr. Liuige wasun inilit
eloipieut Sicaker did in .1 timiiner to ferent angler, mute- so, and cons. -suit
himself, and nniired forth a Muentlv it reouired bun oil iiluc
strain 01 cuiogiiim nt once unex
pected and ciuharriug. Washing
ton, taken wholly by surprise, rose
to reply, but could not stammer
forth a single word. Out of this
painful dilemma the witty speaker
helped him a- generously as he had
bellied htm into it. " Sit down,
Mr. Washington," said he. " your
modest V equals your valor, and that
surpasses the pi-wcrofany language
that I posses-." Nothing could be
more elegant in id skillful than this
double stroke which nt once relieved
Washington, while il enhanced the
compliment.
His Ho.mk and Shouts In tho
spring, W.ihiin;ton retired to Mount
Veiuou and devoted himself to ag
ricultural pursuits.
Ho adorned Ins library with lite
busts of distinguished military chief
tati s of former ages, and, with true
Virgiui.i hospitality, kept an open
house for Ins friends. Ho was inter
ested in every improvement in agri
culture entered largely into the
cultivation of tobacco, which he
shipped directly from his estates to
Kiitrluud. lie was very fond of
hunting, and kept a fine pack of
hounds, inn only for his own amuse
ment but that of his friends lie
was a splendid rider and when fol
lowing the hounds in full cry. tak
ing tho daring leap as he flew over
the fields, he was the admini ton (
all. Two or three tunes a week.
with liorwj and dogs, ho was out
his nature finding relief in the ex
citement and cluino of tho chase.
Duck-shooting was another favor
ite pastime, and he spent hours in
his boat, stealing stealthily 011 the
coveys of birds, or watching their
lheht trom Ins place iil concealmein.
His love of tins spurt once brought
Inm in direct collision with ,1 bold.
reckless fellow, who lived on the
opposite side of the Potomac, but
would oiteu cross a .d shoot near
Mount Verismi. Washington had
rcaldlyPado his doing so, hut
without etfecit lu some t-eclllded
reek or nook the poacher would
hide away, and shoot nt leisure
One day the former hearing a shot.
sprang on his horse and galloped to
wards the spot whence the sound
came. 1 lie marauder, seeing htm
approach, ran for his skiff, and had
just time to pii-.h offfrom shore and
loap in as ashmgton galloped up
The lattor instantly rodo in ifc, seized
the bont. The teckless fellow with
in, immediately levelled his gun at
Washington's, breast, swearing that
ho would shoot him dead if he did
1101 lot him go. licit the blood of the
ex'ciied young planter was up. and
paying no attention to his threats,
he drew ihe desiicrado fiercely in
shore. Ho thou disarmed and drag
ged hull out upon ihe bank, and
g.ve him .1 thorough eowhiding, as
merely a foretaste ot what awaited
him if he continued Ins depreda
tions Tho I'ltrc was etrectual and
the poacher sought other fields in
which to pro-ccuto his callmii.
Photo was something about Wash
ington's demeanor nnd look, when
excited, that would make a bold
man hesitate to assail him.
The Trout Stream What was
caught in it.
A poor student with empty purse.
thread bare coat, loftv aspirations.
wasted form and pallid check, appli
ed ul Monsieur Dalhs bnanluiti
house, bin us he could not " pay
down," was required 10 give bonds
for lus board, or seek it elsewhere.
The somewhat laeetious bin wttli d
benevolent Dr. IS lu.-ard llie conver
sation between the Mudcui ami the
landlord, and coiiipiisslonuting the
poor fellow's condition, said 10 him :
'riir, I will board you without
bonds." The student turned to the
Doctor with a hopeful air, tuuiuriuu
Ins terms, when the Doctor replied,
' I hey are simple, yet imperative; I
shall require punctual u) incuts
weekl)."
Mr l.ange, for so was the student
addressed began lo look anxious, but
Dr. II. good uuturedl) continued:
' You shall pit) me every week l)
minis caught by jour own hands in
kiiflicicnl i unlity to furnish our ta
ble with one dinner per week"
Mr. I.uiigo looked a little perplexed
nt first, but S 'on rallied and agreed lo
the proposition, mid ver) cheei fully
accompanied tho Doctor homo lo
diiiui r, where he was introduced lo
the good Doctor's wife mid her
neice, h school-girl ol some sixteen
Summers, and possibly as many
Winters though in speaking of the
young, I believe they are considered
to know no Winter, or al least the
nnu'ltsl, so far us my memory serves,
gives them only Mummers, while the
aged ai invariably huvu all tho Win
ters to their shun. Is this fair?
Is it just?
Our hero was a devnicd student,
and mi assi'hiousl) hid he bowed ut
learning's shrine, thai ho whs, though
iilmosi uiicnnscinusly, ruining his
health and di-slrojiug Ins cousliiu
lion lorever Uui his comical en.
Wash-gngcmcnl with Dr. B. interrupted
n-,tlio closeness of Ins application to
books written by man, nnd brought
nun into near proximity to nunc pi
mail) Hours exercise li) toe imiim hi
the siUer slreiiiu" lo entrap suf
ficient wnry trout lor dinner, in order
to the fulfillment of hi contract Willi
Dr. II, ulio never allowed liiui to
forget the iiirungeuiuut.
U eeks passed, ami instead of 11
iltcailed task, ui.d his p.ilroii't. iioinc
Imigli, as not uiifreqilentl) l.ange re
turned em l) ; instead ot Icelmir Ilia
time 1 ti t is tmplnjtil 10 lie tlitoon
nun), Mr. Lu. ge begun t look fin
Ins lippouiied angling bonis mill
sotlietliiiio of tin; spiilt vviiti wtilcn
old I7.11.1k vViillnu" diillieil 011 Ihe
bunks ol'iliu D..VO.
lilt' not atone mite all the siii-
denl's ruuililes h) llie b.ilililuig
s ft tun. Tin- sbU(s of I nrnelui.
the good iioeior in ici , hud guidtiul
I) worn uuiiv In dint ol tin; piolong
ed dliiliir tionr unit tho Uiciiliil
'int. the wit nnd intelligence tliui
Honed at t. nt social hour, nod Ue
plensiint twilight comcrsMinms uhotil
the departed poets, the sweot tinids
of "other d.is," llie wandering
iniiistiel, and the slicphciil mid tits
sung, evun buck tn J)avtd, "the
sweet l'suluust of Uraul." 'I heir
thought thus htirnioiuoiisl) blending,
Mr. I.uuge began lo tlnnk that Cor-
i.elia ought to leuru lo uiigtu like the
ladies of oliteti ttm , 1111 . Iter iinclu
suggesting that a line opportuiut ,
whs prise, led for 'bo puisiiil in Ii I- t
.III)' under Mr Lunge's luiliou, tie .
... gh n rod tut nliiiost dully 111 re- j
(pilltio 1, and loads of u ilil Horn is 1
iidoroi (i llie luhle on liieir leturti, !
Utta.iiug "il.ssiC.io ," us the Doctor .
persisted lu calluii: me proeesa of an- j
mil) zing u llovver much to tin; mi- 1
inn, nice of Cornelia.
Hut I need not prolong my sketch. 1
no may "see through'' lite good '
Doctor's plan ti ibis tuec, uliie.i
u -s, sunpl) lo restore health to ihe
1 1. uug student In driving linn trom a !
pent-up room out into God's pure
sunshine ; mid the roh-jsi Inrin, 1
swiiflh) ' lieek ami liquid e)e ol Mr.
I.uuge gue ample evidence tlml Dr..
I! 's iliui siiceeeded lidilorulilv A ail (
lor tin: Invi is of iniileh-uiakiiig. I
illl leue llieni oil the qui viva to 1
know wheltiir Cornell 1 t v. r married
ihe sluili nl or not. since it vu4 no
in'entiou of mine to write a inve
stor), but sunpl) tn give one 1 x.ilil
iile out ul the man) ol I lie beneficial ,
results of 1 xcrcise 111 the open mr.
CtntAK Hill, Vl. o 1:.
The Cubd Qution.
Tho plans of the Spanish Gov
eminent in regard 10 Cuba, as em-
bodied in several deciees just pub
lished, and which arc quite minute
in their du ails, may be embraced
under four heads, u follows :
1. liy .1 re-arr-itigemcul of the,
iKill-ta.xes upon slaves, to discour
age their use as domestic scituuts,
and so leave inoiu hands for lauor
111 the fields.
2. Connected with this system of
taxation is one of premiums and ex
emptions, intended to encourage
marriages ol slaves, in order that,
by increased propagation, the cessa
tion of imports from Africa may Lo
in some liicasme compensated.
With this part of the enactment are
collected regulations tendinis to en
courage humanity to the s uves, and
to render their good trcatmeiitpro
fitable to their owners. One of the
premiums (which are to be paid by
tho poll-tax) is to bo allotted to that
proprietor of slaves,who, possessing
the largest number, has had propor
tionately tho fowest deaths among
them in tho courso of the year.
:i. A very long decree contains
rchlatious lor the con vo) mice, pay
ment, good tieatiiieut and security
111 ull respects of laborers and ser
vants, whose introduction into the
colony from the mother country,
Chum and Yucatan, tho Govern
ment desires lo encourage.
4. Under this head come tho reg
ulations, comprised in fifty-six arti
cles, for the registration of the
slaves. Registers are to be opened
in the chief towns of the vurious
provinces or Governments of tho Is
land of Cuba. After a certain peri
od, umly sufficient to permit slave
owners to have their staves iuscrib
ed, the registers will bo closed, and
theucolorwurd all blacks who are
not set down in them will be con
sidered as free men, to whom nono
can lay claim.
I ho register, are to bo kept by
persons appointed by royal order
upon the recommendation of the
Captain General of Cuba. They
nro subject to heavy fitios for any
faults or irregularities they may
commit. A slave who by neg
ligent is lefi unregistered obtains
his freedom, but the registrar must
pay his valuo to his owner.
The closing aiticlos of Ihe decree
order the Captain General of Cuba
to put them into immediate execu
tion, provisionally appointing regis
trars, and fixing the amount of se
curity they are to give, and report
ing progress to the home Government,
Tho decrees do not provide for which kind of expedition every civ
tho importation of negroes uJider ilized nation in the World by their
nny name or pretence. All blacks law have declared to be piratical ;
except those registered as now and the proposition of Mr Slidell
slaves, and their descendants, to bo divested of all attempt to cloak it
free. jovcr with specious argument, is
Mr. Senator Slidell would antici-, nothing more nor less, in its naked
pati this change in Cuba by bring-1 deformity, than inviting the organi
ntg about another. It is known ' saiion and equipment of piratical ex
tli.it men in the United States are jicditions lo redress rent or pretend
ready to make n piratical descent , ed, actual or apprehended national
upon tho Island; ami Mr. bhdell
proposes mat tlie l'restueut uc uu
thorised to suspend all laws that re
strain them, in other woids to au
thorize and invito the fillihustcrs to
go ahead. 'Phis, of course, is a now
matter of agitation respecting slave
ry f but is not brought forward by
northern agency. Tho North is
content that the law should stand
as it is and be faithfully executed.
Ii is the South that demands n
change, that gels iqi it 1 1 agitation
Antic slavery question
Mr Slidell' a Plnn fur Amtri
citnix'utg Cuba .Having succeed
ed in persuading himself that Hug
land and France are plotting the
' Africanization" of Cuba. Mr. Sli
dell proposes lo head them olf, and
to Amcicunizc it, by repeali .g our
uoiitiulily laws, and opening upon
the devoted island the llootlga.es ol
lillibiistertsm and piracy. The fol
lowing article trom the Charleston
Mercury, a high-toned democratic
journal, shows that Mr Slidell will
not he sustained by the unanimous
approbation of the South : Tra
veller. ' 'Pho resolution introduced by
Mr. Slidell, a t-cuator trom Louisia
na, authorizing tho Piestdeut to sus
pending the neutrality .awn, cer
tainly merits the utti ntiou it has re
ceived, and m our judgment, calls
lor a stem rebuke from those who
cannot complacently see the Gov
ernment committed to such acourse
The circums'aucus and disastrous
results of ihe Lopez expedition aro
distinct in the inmds of ull, and
their graves aro yoi fresh, who in
defiance of law and under the -in-faiiiutiou
of falsehoods, wasted their
lives in that miserable expedition.
It was a disgrace to the country, a
libel upon the orderly chtuacttr
which should belong to the citize s
ol a Republic, and, in the judgment
ol sober men, called for the active
enforcement of our neutrality laws
'Po have sanctioned such an en
terprise was to commit tho senti
ment of the whole couuirv 111 fuvor
ol .1 project which howi yjr worthy
in some ot its aspects, was blacken
ed by the spirit and passions of
mere inbbery. Hut tho failure of
the Lojiez oxpiduioti only sharpen
ed the apjictttesol lillibusterism.and
muCle ii more rational in its plans,
more resolute in us temper. And
how stands the case now ? Is it
not a luct wed known that 111 some
of the cities of the Union there ex
1st secret but powerful organizations
eageily watching for tho first op
portunity which oiteis to pounce
1 down upon their
prey t is 11 not
also well known that ihe existence
. of our neutrality laws, their enforce
ment dun g the Lopez expedition,
and the diead of this now, alone
j keeps these adventurers within
bounds., and saves the country trom
tho violation of ire ties and from
war?. Hut again: Fillibtisterism,
white darkly vicubatuig on our At
lantic coast, has recently invaded
with firo and sword the province of
a sister Republic, wiih whom ques
tions of a most sensitiva nature ure
now pending, tho peaceable settle
ment of which has been emoarrnss
ed by these outrages. It is at such
a tunc and with all these facts in
broad light befoie us, that a propo
sition is introduced in tho Senate to
miihorizo the President tu suspend
the neutrality laws, and thereby to
let loose upon sea and laud pirates
and marauders."
The Proposed Suspension of the
Neutrality Laws. 'Pho object and
1I10 effect of Mr. Slidell's proposition
to repeal or suspend the operation of
tho neutrality laws, is 'clearly and
fairly stated in the following ara
graphs from tho National Intelligen
cer: " Our neutrality laws prohibit not
only our own citizens but ull others
from fitting out hostile exieditious
wiihin our own ports to wage pri
vate warfare solely on the personal
responsibility of the parlies engaged
and thus to prey upon the com
merce, subjects, or territories of oth
er nations. A person who, being
armed, stops another on a iitib ie
road, and lorcibly despoils him of
his watch or lus purso, is culled a
higliwaymntij and is by the laws of
all civilized nations subject to sev
ere penal punishment in most
countries to be iguominiously put
to death, fames who congregate
tor the saiuo purpose to proceed 111
armed vessels upon the high seas,
and there to captttro private proper
ty of individuals, or to laud upon
foreign territories and wage war,
are by the acknowledged laws of
all nations considered as pirates, and
us such aro liable as criminals to be
executed by nny nation into whoso
hands they may fall.
The proposed suspension or re-
eal of our neutrality laws would
thou amount to a public ami official
declaration 011 the part of the Amen
can government that our own ciii-
zeus or foreigners may fit out, with
out let or hindrance, in our ports.
expeditions against the territories,
commerce, and subjects of Spain,
wrong. We aro to invoke private
individual; to congregate 111 our
ports for tho purpose of waging war
with a friendly Power, with tho
full knowledge of tho fact that all
parl'e.s engaged in such proceedings,
whoiannot procure national com
missions and national authority, are
deemed and ennsidered as pirates,
and liable to capital punishment as
such if captured"."
,otij Napolion and the Sultan
Dixotidul from American Anres
tors -The past history f tbo fniu
iltes of Louis Napoleon and the Sul
tan of Turkey is full of interesting
and marvellous incidents, some of
which aro proliuhly not generally
known to our readers.
'Phese two monarch, now so cor
dially united in the struggle to
maintain the integrity of the Otto
man empire, aro both grandsons of
American ladies. These ladies wero
bom and raised in the same neigh
borhood, on ihe island ol Martinique,
. , ... . . 1 ? no
0110 ol llio wes' inuics. 1 uey
wero of French origin, and com
panions and intimate friends in
childhood and youth. 'I hey were
Josephine dc Pascher mid a Miss
Tho history of Josephine is gen
erally known She went 10 I- ranee
and was married lo M. de Heauhar-
iiais. by whom she had one sou,
Lltigeue, mid a daughter, Monetise.
Some timj alter tho death of Heau
haruais, Ji sephuie- was married to
Napoleon Hounpaitc, and became
.-Impress of France. Her daughter
Hurteuso was married to Louts
Honaartc. ihen King of Holland,
and the pieseut Hut, emr of Franco
is her son by that marriage.
Miss S. quilled tho Island of Mar
tinique some time befotc her friend
Hut the vessel that was carrying her
lo France was attacked null taken
by the Algoriuo Cor-airs. ami llio
crew and passengers matlo pitsou
crs. Hut ibis Corsair ship was 111
turn attacked and pillaged by 'Pun
is pirates anil Miss S was cariied
by them to Coustuuiiuo'plc, and of
fered for sale as a slave. Her ex
iruonliiimy beauty und accomplish
ments found her a purchaser 111 the
Sultan ; and she soon became the
chief lady of tho Seraglio, & Sultan
ess of Turkey. Mahuiotid II. was
Ifer son. nml ihe present Sultan, Ab
dul Mejtd, is the sou of Mahmoud.
Thus ihg two sovereigns, who
now occupy so largo a space in tho
world's eyo, ure grandsons of two
American Creole girls, who were
playmates in their youth, and wero
as remarkable for their beauty and
excellent disposition, as for their
varied and singular foriuucs.
Holh of these women, 111 tho
height of their power, temember-
ed all the friends of their youth,
ami provided munificently for their
welfare Many of the relatives of
this Stiltauess lclt tho Island ol
Martinique nnd settled nt Constanti
nople, where their descendants still
reside and enjoy the favor of tho
Sultan.
The Sultaness died in IS 1 1 , the
(Impress in 18 11, and their grand
sons now rule over two wide nnd
powerful empires, and are entering,
as friends and allies, upon otic of
the most momentous and sanguina
ry struggles in which Kuropo was
ever involved Pittsburg Post.
Skullcap a Cure fo.' Hydropho
bia. A writer in the Christian Watch
man i$ Uijlcctor (Win. Hubbard, of
Middleboro' Centie,) urges the claim
of common skullcap us n cure for llio
bite of a mad dog. Though wo
believe that very few dogs indeed
become rabid, unless pelted and
hooted into madness by men nnd,
boys yet, as once in a great while
a person does get bitten by a rabid
dog, it is well to know all wo can
about remedies. Skullcap Scutel
laria galcriculata) nearly half n
contury ago was proclaimed us an
effectual uuliuotc for tho Into of a
rabid animal, and for tho cure of
disease 111 an animal. As loig; ago
as 1809 11 letter was published in
1I10 Salem Gazette, and afterwards
copied into the mcricau Disxusa
lory, in winch the fact was slated
that a family by tho name of Lewis
in West Chester County, N. Y ,
had long known this remedy and
had cured scores of persons und an
imals bitten by r-tbid dogs,
'Pho family wus resorted to by the
whole neighborhood in such cases ;
and il is said, never failed to cure
when their prescriptions were fol
lowed. A white powder was ad
ministered ovcry other day in a tea,
and sulphur intermediate days, for
successive weeks.
For a lime, the nature of this
white powtlor was kept secret j hut
some seeds having been found in
one of tho powders, some person
had the curiosity to plant them, und
thus discovered that, tho article was
simply pulverized skullcap. There
are soveral species of this herb.-r-Tho
proper kind grows about 2 feet
high, has a squarb stalk, green
leaves opposite each other, and
spear-shaped toward the end, with
a small stem of flowers, of the color;
nml shape of the common garden
sage blow, though much maller,
between the leaf nnd ihosinlk. It
flowers in July and August 5 and
that ts tho proper time to gather tho
herb. It grows generally ni wet
ground, in the woods, by the side,
of ponds and streams, and best 111 1
shady spots. The genuine article ,
may bo distinguished from other
kinds by tho curl of tho small ,
leaves toward the top of the mam
stalk. The herb should bo gather
ed, dried nnd made into a tea, nnd
taken every other day, two or three
ounces of it divided ytto several por
tions. Boston Travttler.
College
Incident Some of the
students of the Indiana State Uni
versity were suspected to bo in the
habit of drinking brandy. Where
thoy obtained it wa a mystery.
Dr. Daily determined to lurrot out
tho n'crct. Calling into a small
drug store, the .proprietor asked him
" how that sick student, Mr. Carter,
camo 011J" Smelling a rat, the Dr.
answered in nil evasive manner,
and soon drew out of the apotheca
ry tho (act that the students under
suspicion had been in tho habit of
purchasing brandy for n sick stu
dent by llio name of Carter ; that
they said he was quite low and
kept alive by stimulants ; that the
young gentlemen seemed very
much devoted to him.
Now llie secret was out. This
Carter was n fictitious character,
nnd the Dr. had the secret. How
ever, he kept his own counsel."
'Pho next time the students as
sembled in the chapel for prayers, ho
cast his eyes over the crowd, and
satisfied himself that Carter's nurses
nil
present
'Pho devotions
were duly conducted, and then he
culled the attention of the students, j
remarking that he had a mournful
task to perform, as President of the
University, it being his duty to
announce the death of (heir fellow
student, Mr. Carter. After a ling
er ng illness of several weeks, dur
ing a portion of which he was only
kept alivo by stimulants, he had
hrcailied his last He had 110 doubt
that this uiiiioiiiicciueut would fall
sadly on tho cars of tlioso who had
so faithfully attended to his wants,
hut he hoped they would bear it
with resignation ho hoped that
they would reflect upon tho oft re
peated words, " Memento mori"
said he would no longer detain them
but It-.atu them to their reflections!
The result of this announcement
was startling Nono of tha profes
sors, and but few of tho students,
hud over heard of Curler. " Who
is ho ?" was whispered ; nono
know but the kind friend, who at
tended him, ami ihey wouldn't tell ;
and tho President seemed so deep
ly alfected, thoy didn't like to usk
him Uronkville American.
Akkkcti.no I.nuidk.nt. Tremens,
of the New Vork Observe., m a lei
ler, written after leaving Cologne to
pass up the Rhine, relates the follow
ing occtii fence ;
On tlm following day my visit to
tins cuthedrul, I wus in n steamer on
the llliine; one of tin Knglisli family
nn board wusu )oung ludv, on invalid'.
Sho wus lovely to look on, (hough
(bin and pale; the brightness of her
dark ejes und her expression so spirit'
uelle, hud often caught my attention,
und when I could be of any service
to her, there wus pleasure in minister
ing 10 a stranger in this world, and
neur a belter. Il vvns at sunset ; wo
ha. I been admiring the cusllntl lulls
und picturesque scenery of (ho Ithine,
when Jie quoted Longfellow, and I
said it was pleasant to hear the hards
of my own country repealed in a
foreign la nil.
" 1 think hi.11," said she, " the first
of living poets. And us you are mi
American tell in- vnur impression
ol 1 uiope: you have been al Cologne,
what think )oti ol tho cuthedrul ?'
" Heuutiiul exceedingly," I tanl.
"even glorious, mid a lliiug lo be re
iin inbered u life time ; but Americans
are worshippers of utility, and I fi-iir
tlml ninny of 119 on that account, do
not iidmire. us ou do, the vastness
uiid ruuihlir of a temple that is 1101
demanded by llio wants of the peo
plo." She replied with soft hut enmesi
tones, " I do nut associate utility
with such 11 fmple : 11 is not merel)
to worship in : il is worship itself 11
is an iiuiheiu -praisiiiu God as it
stands, silently, like the slurs lha
have no speech, but ure heard in their
evening songs forever singing its
they shine."' Her palo luce was
Imlf crimsoned us she spoke, und
gathering strength si. e added, " I shall
never see an)lluug so beuuitfiil.''
" Never," I naked, "do )ou mean
never Y'
She looked at me thoughtfully, and
comprehending my question, said,
" Ah, yes : I hope lo tee il lieuven,
heaven."
' Tho building " I continued, " not
made with hands : its gales are peurl:
its dome is u sun, nod every pinnacle
is a star. How mean these earthly
temples are when once compared with
Heaven. And trie Anlliem ; toheui
It in thu choir of that house the an
lliem of angels, and tho spirits of the
puro who have gone up there to join
in tnu song 01 uui you will liuiik
uui preaching."
"No, 110" sho cried, "if that is
preaching I would hear more of it
they tell mo that I am gaining health
and strength ; but I know better
my thoughts are mure up then than
here tell me 01 ileuven.
And in my poor way. in on under,
tone of voice ihut the gay around
iniislit not henr. I talked with tlni
gentle spirit of the spirit. world, till
the curtain of cveniim fell, nnd wc
nunc lr the end of our journey for
lltt'duy. 'I'lie nnxt morning, utt-pping
into the curs, I miv her leaning on
the turn of her fntlicr, about to take a
tram in Pimiher direction. Stic
wnvi d her Itniid In me as a fnrcwell,
m.d then she poiultd upward. I
never saw her again.
IvipOnTANT TO I.OTTF.RT SrECD-
LTons. A decision wus given in
New York on Saturday luitby Judge
VY oodrufT, on a motion to advocate
arrest in n suit brought against Josiah
Pcrliiini for violating tho statute n
gaiusl lotteries. It shows that Mr.
I'crham's attempt to evade the law,
is not likely lo gucced after all, nnd
it should be a warning to speculators
on the score of "Gilt enterprises,"
which have sprung Up of late, cs
well us to tlioso who aro foolish
enough to put money into " gift tick
ets." "The circumstances in this case
ore well known. Mr. Perhnm pro
feaped to bo the owner of tho Seven
Mile Mirror, furm, a trolling horse,
jewelry, and other properly which ho
propose to distribute by lot among
100.0011 purchasers of j I tickets.
The property was turned over ton
committee, who proceeded to George
town, D. C, and thcro distributed
tho "gilts" by lot. The Judge de
cided us follows :
" Tho Court is called upon, under
this state of facts, tu say that tha
stuttne prohibiting ajiy game of chaco
or lotteries bus not been violated b)
defi uihint, and that the arrest should
be vacated. It considers that the in
leuiioii wus to evade llie law.
" 1 1 schemes like llie present nro
successful, we may expect to see ofli
cus uioi) ivery corner, and allure
ment hehl out, to attract our citizens
10 engage in un old vice under a new
name, till this species of gambling is
ns common us it is pernicious. .Nei
ther courts nor juries can, for thii
leuson, make laws, but tney may and
ought 10 be vigilant to see that the
laws wc liuvo aro not violated with
impunity.
" The motion to discharge (he or
der of arrest, must be denied, with
costs to cither party, to abide tho e
veni of ihu suit."
PolllTIIINO ABOUT CxttPF.TS.
Pei hups eight out of every leu of
newspaper readers huvu experien
ced tlie nnnnynuce of laying down
carpets; ha vo fell tho ruh of blood
lo lite heud (ho straining of nether
garments the unpleasant nipping of
tho lops of fingers instead of lops of
llio tucks, which lhn( employment is
heir lo. The foreign correspondent
of the Newark Adviser, writing from
Florence, suggests the basis of a re
form which all housekeepers will ap
preciate nnd desire. " Mere," he
snys, " iron rings nro fastened in I ho
floors when the carpets aro laid, and
they have hooks in ihu binding, for
winch these rings nro eyes, so that
there is no taking out Mid nailinu in
of tacks, and carpets are raised and
laid its noiselessly and ensv as bed
covers." There nro 11 good many
people about this lime, wc imagine,
who will approve of the hook and
eyo system for carpets, and tho abo
lition of tuck-hammers and bruised
fingers.
ttV C. P. WALTON.
thtl by lha Pluw woulilthilva
ttlniaalfiaoataitliar huld or Dllrs.',
Now is tub Timk. The clerk of
tho weather predicts n great drouth
tho coming summer. Drouth or no
drouth, he tlml is wise, should pro
vide for himself ami Ins slock, and
sow m drills, three feet apart,
green sweet corn, tn fond for his
cuttle, especially for his milch cows.
Common corn will do well, if sweet
corn seed cannot bo had. Now is
the time to sow it. Try it, brother
farmers. Try it. Wo know, from
experience, (hat tho practice is a
good one, oud so do the cattle.
The best and most reliable substitute
fur grass nnd hay is Indian corn,
sown tu drills , sutlictcutly far apart
to admit the Cultivator between the
rows. Next to corn, oats nre recom
mended, to be cut when the grain
is in the milk and feed unthruihed.
Kither corn or oats, thus raised and
fed, nro equal, ton for ton, if not
superior to thr best of hay. Run
llie stocks through a straw cqtler ;
und so also with the oats. Tho
cows will more than pay the lubor,
in milk, butter and cheese. Try tho
experiment and see if they don't.
livery farmer should raise, of this
kind of feed, at least a three, months'
supply ; and then, come rnin or sun
shine, drouth and deurlh, it wil) bo
found that the " merciful man has
regarded the life of his beast,"
I would like to know where I can i
obtntu the best Agricultural Boiler
fpr cooking feet), for stock, wilt
price of ona of 30 01 40 gsllo (
D P. Iailiet. FtirjleU, Tt. ' t
At Hubbard and Bkke; 'AfflbaV
lural Store, Montpvlier, Vl.

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