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Vermont watchman and State journal. [volume] (Montpelier, Vt.) 1836-1883, June 09, 1854, Image 2

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UtotrijmanWtott Sonrnnl.
BY K. I. WAI.TOIV, Jit.
MONTPElilER, JUNK 0, 1M1.
The State Convention.
Below arc the proceed ingo ortlio Convcn
tion of the 7th copied from the Rutland
Herald extra, with a few crrora corrected,
which csoriped notice In the hurry of publi-
cation. Wo have little time or spaco for
comments, and will eimply lay, that the con.
yention waa the largest convened for several
yeara; that in the Platform it has dissolved
' all connection with the propagandists of
Slavery, and prepared the way fortho union
of all honest, independent and patriotic men
in what may most fitly be styled the Leauoe
of Frekdcm , that the ticket recommended
ii composed of men eminently worthy of tho
confidence of the people; and tint in all
tilings tho convention was characterised by
unanimity beyond the most sangninc expec
tation, and by a spirit alo which will com
mand SUCCCBS.
Whig State Convention.
Rctlanp, June 7, IBM.
Agreeably to a call issued by tho Whig
Stato Central Committee, Convention met at
a o'clock P. M., and was called to order by
a member of State Committoo, and the fol
lowing gentlemen were elected permanent
officers of tho Convention:
President :
HON. WM. HEBARD.
net President: j
lion. Jon Pkck, llon.HisrtT F.Janw,
Hon. J. W. CoLauR.f, Hon. Jon.- Dewf.t,
Hon. Leonard Sarheant,
Gen. P. T. Kimball. .
Secretaries :
C. H. Hatde, Ciias. Cumuinus,
C. W. WlLLARD.
Hon. Geo. T. Hodges, of ltutland, then
made some very complimentary remarks in
reference to Hon. Hrastus Fairbanks, and
afterwards rend a letter from that gentleman
declining a rcnomination.
Ei-oovr.rt.ioR Fairbanks letter.
St. Johnsbury, May 12A, 1854.
Hod. Geo. T. Hodges :
Mr Dear Sir: Very early after the
canvass for Stato Officers, last autumn, 1
signified to several Gentlemen my intention
to withdraw my namo ns a candidate for
another election, on acconnt of extensive and
pressing business engagements.
Grateful for tho kindness of my political
associates, and for the confidence reposed in
me by the Whin Party, it would atford mo
sincere pleasure could i yield to the solicit
ations of my friends, and placo my name at
their disposal. Hut the reason I havo nam
ed for declining to bo a cawJtdato for tho of
flee, appears to mo to bo paramount. I beg
you, therefore, my dear Sir, to commtinicato
my decision to the Convention, and to assure
jta members of my desire, and of my confi
dent expectation that their proceedings will
be harmonious, and the efforts of tliu Ver
mont Whig Party, in tho ensuing canvass,
triumphant.
1 remain, Sir, with true regard,
Your friend and obt. servant.
F.RASTUfl FA innANKS.
ilk. meacham's letter.
Jl'iuhington, May 31, 1851.
Friinn IIa Rnis : 1 havo delayed an an
s .rcr to your letter in tho hope that I should
be ablo to announce, that Senator Foot, or
Mr. Sabin, would attend tho Stato Conven
tion. Previous engagements I need not
mm them will deprive m of that ptoasuro.
I feel anxious that somo ono of those men.
abler than myself to describe the scenes
of the Nebraska struggle, should be in
ynur Convention. And yet, I know that
it is impossible for even an eye witness to
giro an exact impression or tns corneal.
'1 lie alternation of hopes and fears of tlio
phalanx that so long resisted the needless,
and unauthorized, and infamous violation of
pli jilted faith, can never bo given !
Tho Missouri Compromiso is repealed!
Do you ask how it was done? I will tell
you.
1. Without the request, and against the
wnh of every man who petitioned Congress
on the subject.
2. By crowding out of place nil tho most
important business of tho r-cssion, and
crowding in a measure to which an over
whelming majority oftlio peoplo wero oppos
ed.
!J. Hy bringing I do not say bribing to
its support, through Exccutivo influence
and patronage, men who acted against their
own declared judgments, and tho known
will of their constituents.
1. By trampling under foot tho Hides of
tho House of Representatives, mado in ac
cordance with the Constitution, and thus, vi
olently depriving tho minority of their legal
rights and just privileges.
5. By refusing to allow the peoplo to ex
pre stheir decision on tho question, lest -as
Srnitor Petit, oflndiana, declared the peo
ple should refuso it now, or for years to
coins, and perhaps forever.
Iftho will of the People had been obeyed,
me .tcs coma hoi nave passed. II it nail Ink
en its legal place in tho order of business, it
could not havo passed. If Iho Executive
jin-.! uu not, uiingiiicousiy, imcruoscu us 1 uiein our co-oieration 111 the causo ot Freo
influence, it could not have passed. Iftho dom, and offering our confidenco to those1
Rules oftho House, and the rights of the 1 who confide in in. 1
minority, had not been crushed, itcould not
l""cd
Ihe Missouri Compromise, therefore, was
repealed, not only witiiout authority and with,
out law, but in known and acknowledged
iiui.uuu ui uuiiii
The Wisiouri Compromise boing repeal-
ed, the question of Slavery is re-opened in
all the Territories of the Union.
The Baltimore Platform being violated by
Hated bv
all parties except Northern Whiga, it will
not bo expected
that that body of men will
any longer be held by the IragmenU of a
broken and abandoned truce.
In this posture of affairs, I trust that the
Whigs of Vermont, holding the first Stato
7an....llnM .. I .. . 1 . C . I .
braika bill, willtako ground wisely and firm
ly, that
I. Thero shall ba no more territory ac
quired by tho funds of freemen, unless on
the txpiess condition that Slavery shall bo
Jtrtvtr excluded from it.
!i. That on no condition shall another
lave Stato ever be added to the Union.
a. That Slavery shall be wiped out of ev
ery part of the Republic, except where
shielded by positive municipal law.
I hope the Whigs of Vermont will take
that position not only for themselves, but for
their children after them; and when they
We taken it, lAal Ary xcill nail thtir colors
wv.i.viiuuu ioi,o uiu jiii,a;e oi uiu io-
io i lie mast:
Very truly your,
J. MEACHAM.
I S. I am gratified in being authorized
to ay lint our able and faithful colleague,
Hon. Alvah Habin. will be with you at tho
WVlllVUUUIl,
On motion the Chair appointed the follow,
ing gentlemen a committee to arufi rosolu
lions :
E. P. Walton, Jr., Thomas Hale, Jamea
H. Barrett, E. I). Whiting, and O. H. I'latL
E. Kirkland, Esq., offered a resolution that
the Convention be resolved into County Con
ventions for the purpose of appointing a
committee to present to tho Convention can
didatea for State Officer, and a State Cent.
ral Committee. Said Committee to consist
or thirty, and eath County to have tho num
ber on the Committee equal to its represen
tative in the State Senate.
On motion of Hon. Charles Adams, of
puriiigton, tins resolution naa laid on the
tiUe.
Mr, Adanw then offered a resolution thai
the Conventiop adjourn till July -Ith, before '
the nomination of State officers. Opposed I
by Hon. Orlando Slovens, of St. Alban.s, and
David Hazard, iEsq., of Fcrtisburgh. This
resolution was laid on tho table and Mie pre
vious ono called up and adopted. Where
upon the Convention adjourned 30 miliutes.
JVomimtling Cemmifre.
.Mdi'son Co. Wm. Nash, Edward Sey
mour.
CuItoWa County. B. Moulton, Dr. J. P.
Bancroft.
FrnnJU'in- Co. O. Carpenter, O. Slovens,
J.riatt.
Jtnm'nffon Co. J. C. Roberts.. H. 0.
Root. .
Washington Co.U. V. Janes, C. W.
Wiilard.
Essex County. G. W. Hartshorn.
Grand Isle Co. Samuel Adams.
Orleans Co. Portus Baxter.
Windsor Co. A. Field, D. A. Hoahl, I.
Raymond, G. C. Wcst.
Orangt Co. C. C. P. Baldwin, H. 11.
Hale.
CAifleniftn Co. H. B. Stacy, A. B.May-
nard, P. C. Hcwctt.
Rutland Co. G. T. Hodges, J. K. Hyde,
Amon Bailey.
Jxtmoille Cos Moses Morse.
Windham Co. B. D. Harris, M. Craw
ford, John Tults.
E. P. Walton, Jr., in belialfof tho Com
mittee on Resolutions, reported the follow-
ing:
1. llesolved, Tint while we retain our at
tachment to the general principles and poli
cy which have lillliciio ditigislm.l ..,
recognize in the issues presented by tho re
peal of tho 6th section of the .Missouri com
promises, milters of surpassing importance,
which demand the in'tant and earnest atten
tion of every lover of Freedom.
2. llesolved, Thai wo havo regarded tho
Missouri Compromise as perpetually binding
In law and conscience, and tho violation of
it, in the passage of tho Nobraska bill, we
look upon as impairing tho obligations of a
solemn contract, and therefore flagrantly
unjust in itself; as treacherous to tho inter
ests of freedom for the country at largo ; ns
cruel in its bearing upon the Indian tubes ;
as hostile to the peace, charity and unity of
tho country ; ns eminently ungetitlenianly
and dishonorable in tho spirit m which itwas
conceived : 111 the pledges by which person
al responsibility was sought to be, and was
broken down, through sectional prejudices :
and in tho " hot haste" winch would neither
calmly listen tn tho voice of the country
through petitions, nor daro to await for nn
appeal to tho people through the elections;
and wo will, in all ways, testify andstrugglo
as wo may bo able, against a transaction so
iniquitous in its, character, and so injurious
in its effects.
!1. Tlesolttil, That the virtual repeal of tho
8th section of tho Missouri Compromiso de
mands and receives our niter condemnation,
as palpable perfidy to a solemn Pledge of
Freedom, designed to bo nacred and irrepeal
able a pledge made by the (ioxcrnment to
tho people, and by tho South to tho North,
the violation of which forfeits all claim of the
South upon the frith of tho North in their
honor and fidelity, and impairs the confidenco
of the peoplo in tho stability of all comprom
ises, of all laws, ond of the Constitution and
Union itself.
4. llesolved. That rcirardiiiir this act as n
violation of tho plighted frith of tho Govern
ment, mat uovernmcnt must bo reformed,
and wo plcdgo ourselves to tho work of re
form i regarding it as n meat urc of tho Na
tional Administration, enforced by the pow
er and pitrunago of tho President, in viola
tion alilio of Ins pledges and his duty, the
Administration must ho changed, and execu
tive power be rebuked and restrained; re
garding it as a repudiation and annulment,
by tho South, of tho Compromises of 1830,
anu uamnioro riatiorm ol Ic.iV, so far as
they rclato to Slavery, "the act for tho re
covery of fugitives from labor included," wu
picugc ourselves lor the repeal or that act,
and to resist tho admission of Utah and New
Mcxicu n-i Huica without constitutions ex
cluding Slavery ; and, finally, regarding it
as a violation of tho plighted faith of tho
South, fortho purpose of extending Slavery
against our will, our conscience, and our
rights, wo heitby pledgeourselvestotho De
fence of Freedom, by the restriction of Sla
very to tho Stales in which it exists by tho
exclusion of slavery at the earliest practicable
moment and by all constitutional means,
from all federal torritory, Nebraska, Kamas,
and tho District of Columbia inclusive liy
opposing t'io admiskion to the Union of ony
now State tolerating Slavery, whether it bo
formed from territory belonging tn Texas or
elsewhere and by resisting tho acquire
ment of any now territory herein Slavery
exists, unless its prohibiton forever !iall firtt
haio been provirtod for.
5. llrsolred, That as a moans of removing
and excluding Slavery from federal territo
ry, wo recommend the formation nf associa
tions, either voluntary or chartered by tin
State, to sec-ire the emigration of reliable ond
iiueingeni ireemen, pledged irrevocably to
tho cause nf Freedom.
J. llesolved, Thatns the earnest of a do.
nuernic, ueiernuneu nnu irrevocable pur
pose to carry into practical effect the above
propositions, wo further declare that we will
not support fortho office of President or Vice I
President, or of Scmtor or nf Repretenta-
tive in Congress, or as Member of n r-'tate
Legislature, any man, nf whatever party. 1
who is not known to bo in fnvor of ihe pur- '
poses expressed 111 tho forgoing resolutions,
nnd in this alvo.
7. llesolved. That wo hereby Invite the
cn.noerfltinn nf nil Irmtnen fif V-rnumt i,lm
' agree with us in tho principles and purposes
heroin set forth, most cordially tendering to
1 8. Jlrsolved, That wo do also invito tho
1 co. operation of the people of nil other
, States who aro disposed to resist tho en -
croachincnts and the extension of Slavery
by all practicable and constitutional means ;
1 ana n case a -National (invention elm m
j called to consider the Biibject, wo recom-
1 mend the appointment of two or more dolo
I gates from each Coii''rcsional district to
' renrenent vprmnnl insneh Vm-nniinn
'represent Vermont in such Convention.
i I), llesolved. That while every supporter
f of tho Nebraska bill has impeached In char-
actcr for political and personal integrity, tho
j Northern supporters of that measure havo
I added tho guilt of blackest treachery to
I their constituents and wo hereby declare
.1 . , . , . .
mat no Mien man, wnalcvcr bo his party
affinities, hu position or professions, can
ever receive our respect, our confidenco or
our votes.
10. llesolved, That to tho delegation in
Congress rrom Vermont, to all others, iiro
speclive of party distinctions, and especially
to thcxe noble representatives of the South,
who liavo inanlully struggled to maintain the
puuuc laitn inviolate, wo acknowledge tho
wi.iui Kiamiiui; uuw iu laumui puui
vonts and honorable men.
iion. aivau nauin, llcprescntalivc in Con-
greas irom tne uu liistrict in Vermont, was
then called for, and addressed the Conven
tion in a most ablo and acceptable manner,
Hon. W. Weston, Rev. Dr Whcler, Hon.
Anson Allen, and Edward Kirkland, Esq.,
discussed the resolutions very ably, and they
were adopted unanimously and fallowed by
three cheers,
The Committee for making nominations
made a report, which was adopted with
clamatiou and unanimity;
For Governor,
STEPHEN ROYCE,
or IIerksiiike.
Pur Lieut. Governor,
OSCAR L. SHAFTER,
or Wn.uir.aTO.f,
fbr 7'rcarurrr,
HENRY M. BATES,
or NoiiTiiritui.
Salt Crnfral Committee,
Johh I'orter, Hartford.
Jacob Euoeetok, Rutland.
RoLia (iLiiso.v, Richmond.
G. F. Hoi'GUTo.f, Su Albans.
A. C Root, Bennington.
F. E. Woodbkiooc, Vergcuncs.
J 1.. Bowles, Washington.
TIo following resolutions were ofTered
and passed :
11. ifrjo.W, That wo most cordially ap
prove of the nomination of Stephen Rover,
tor uovcrnor, u. it. niiancr, lor lieutenant
Governor, II. M. Bates, for Treasurer! and
wo pledge ourselves as friends of the Re
public, and ns citizens of Vermont, who de
sire the economical administration of our
State Government, to do all that wo can to
secure tho election of tho candidates this
diy nominated, and to abide by tho Resolu
tions this day adopted.
12. llesoleed, That wo present our manus
to the Congregational Society f.Ilund my in ile above extract. It is seldom ho
for the use of their house or worship. wj( find mnro of what js caci, ..Iclting. 1C
On motion, the Stato Committee were au-, cnt out 0f tho bag" in tho same compass.
thorized to fill any vacancy that mighUiccur Let him not turn away, doubting or distrust
in the nominations by death or.dcclinations. ! in8 the correctness of this representation in
On motion tho Convention adjourned.
WILLIAM HEBARD, President.
C. H. Hatden,
Ciias. CuMMinns, Secretaries.
C. VV. WII.LARI1, )
The Purposes of the Propa
gandists. Do not fail to read tho brief speech by Col.
IIeston, on the purposes of the Propagan
dists. He thinks that there is a great plot
in the process of incubation. It may be the
enlargement of thc'Vcn of Slavery by annox
atlon, or by introducing slavery into the ter
ritories, and even into stales now free or
it may be a dissolution of the Union and the
r-stablishment of two Confederacies ono
Southern and Slavocratic,andlhn other Nor
thern and free. Tho way is open for cither:
tho latter may follow the rormcr, iu oajr tim
least. We will make a single suggestion,
and add an interesting revelation from n
Slavocratic organ. Tho Missouri Comprom
ise stood in the way of introducing Slao:y
into Nobraska. It has been ropealed, on
tho aoned principle that the peoplo of the
tcrritorios must be left to introduce slavery,
or prohibit it, without the intervention of the
federal government. Now bo it remember
ed that the ordinance of 1787 prohibited
Slavery in tho territory northwest of Ihe
Ohio. Ohio, Michigan, Illinois, Indiana,
&.c. have come into the Union ns freo states
by virtue of that ordinance. Attempts woro
mado to introduce Slavery, but -111080 at
tempts itere prohibited by federal interven
tion I. o. Congress withhold its assent.
Now it is certain that Illinois (for instance)
might become a slave state, were not the or
dinance of 178? in the way. May it not bo
held truV it not be, tint the ordinance of
1787, us well as the Missouri Compromise,
was abrogated by the Compromise of 1850
and thus the bar to the establishment of
Slavery in Illinois bo removed ? There is
little ground to fear, it is true, that any free
state will ever introduce Blavery: but Con
gress has begun fa take doicn the bars Hnv -
opholna is prevalent at Washington and
nothing in tho way of tyranny would be aur -
prizing 111 these daj-s. Tho following arti
cle is decidedly interesting:
Fiamlli N. Y. Tiibuitft.
The Policy of the Nebraska
Loaders.
The following pleasant nnd snggeslivo ar
ticle is from The Southern Standard, nn Ad
ministration paper published (it Charleston,
South Carolina. It is a frank, bold state
ment of the jiolicy of the- Administration
upon tho Slavery question, which nur renders
will do well In look at by way nf refreshing
themselves. It will amply repiy perusal :
"A general rupture 111 Europe would
force upon us tho undisputed hwov of the
Uu'f of Mexico and the West Indies, with
all their rich and mighty productions. Guid
ed by our genius and enterprise, a new world
would rise there, as it did before under tho
nonius of (.ulumbiis. With Cuba and St.
Dominuo, wo could control tho productions
of the tropics, nnd with ihein. the commerce
of tho worldand that, the ,w'er or tho ncs and violence.
world. Our true policy , loo'k at Brazil But Ink- wo cannot just,fy those r,.,!..,
as the next great slave power, and as the'spiritK, who Invo diigraeed thcinsek-,, ,
(;ovcn,mei.tlhat..to.l,nxt or l-e. ihe'New Englnndl-y tl.e'r conduct , le,,,t.
.1 i . .. .i i - i u.. .... i i ... .i . .i - i I
(lcvelopuieiit of lhe country drained hy the
Amazon, lnitlead of courting I, ngland, we.ot law, wo cannot regard these I ulties n
pliould look to Brazil anil tho Weal Indict. , the only guilty party 111 the miii-r. Tliev
The timo will come when a treaty of com- have received countenance, piicour-yeiiien't
luerce an alliance with Brand mil give us'and support from a majority of thehresent
the control over the (iiilf of Mexico and its I"in3res. I lie comirouns a in (Ivor of
border countries, together w ith the islands, freedmn have been wantonly assniid nod
and the consequence of this will place Afn- iuth!e,jy trimpled upon ly the Scith a.id
can Slavery beyond tie" reich of fanutii'i."ni. their doughface allies at the Norl nnd it
at home or abroad. 'I bene two great !ve is but nstnral that such an cxaiiipUjfrom a
powers now hold more undeveloped territory , source tint ought to be entitled tn rji.iider
than any other two (.iov eminent', and they ntum. vhoiild lie nut iled in rtfluT quarters
ought to guard nnd utrengihen their mii'.u il
interests by acting toiielhcr in stria harmo -
ny and concert. Cnnsidermif our vaat re
' sources ana tne migiuy oommorce mat is a- j
I bout to oxpind upon tho biwom of the twoi
countries, if we acl together bv trtatv tee
countries, if we acl together by luaty ,
ran ml onla preserve domestic servUadc, but
wo can defy the lower or the world. With
""""' nu jouKoieiii, ne can upun nji ino
....vw,, m... . - mhij;i.iivii iu uiu je'uiu itrmu
uf tho tropics. Wu can boldly defend this
upon the most enlarged system or philan-
thropy. It is far bettei for the wild races of
Atnca tncmiolves. l,oox at tho :i.C0t).00O
111 the Liuted Statex who have had tho Idea-
fc'niM, not only ol civilization but of Clint -
tianity. Con any man pretend to say tlut I quite as much benefit as tho South from the
they would have been better oil' in tho bar- Compromiso of 1850, nnd we cannot well be
b I nan statu of thoir nativo wildness; and blamed by our Southern brethren if wo fol
has not the attempt to suppross, by three, I low the example they hue recently et for
this emigration, increased tho horrors of tho u. Although the latter compromise meaa
'middle passage' ten-fold ? Tho good old ! ures havo still the form of lair.thev have lost
Lus Cnsss, in 151!), was tho first to advno 1 tho force to which all law should bo entitled.
l"!" import Africans to her colonies, as
"ubMitulo for tho poor Indians, who, from
' their peculiar nature, wero totally unauited
to boar the labors of slavery. Experinco
, has shown that his scheme was founded in
, wise ami unnsuan n u int ironv. .11 1 limn.
of tho black men, yet unborn, will rise up to
I bles his benevolent memory. The timo is
coining nlien wo will boldly defend this emi-
ernlinti helnrn Hie unrlil 'rim li,.nnF,i,nnl
gration beforo the world. Tho hypocritical
cant und whining morality of the latter-day
"ainU w" die away before tho majesty of
commerce, and the power of those vast pro-
,'a8t pro-
develop-1
s in nur'
L'ivo ilia
auctions which aro to spring full develop -
... .... i- .i. . i ... . .
ineni ui uiu migiuy tropical remons in our
own lieimsphere. If it be mercy to give ilia
rniu-gruwiuj
poor and hun:
g sections of America lo tho
gry of Europe, why not open
to tho poor African f Tho
u. uiu iiujiim to mo pour .urican r i no
ono rogion is as eminently suited to them as
the other is to the whuo roco. There is as
much philanthropy in one its tho other. We
have buen loo long governed by psalm - sing -
nig tohool-inasteni from tho North. It is
tune to Ihtnk for ourxelves. Tho folly com -
Uill ilwlliiKil liv l.u 1 . .
..--........... uiuiuii ism
cominon law. And for two nations to at-
tempt to make that piracy which is not so,
under the law of nations, is an absurdity. -
ou might as well declare it burglary, or
arson, or anything else. And we have ever
Biuce, by a jaint fleet with JUreat lint-
nn on the coast of Africa, been struggling
tn nnittmn tin. ini.anlitu 1.1 IM
... ..... ,...1UM,o ui.uiiiu,. 4 uu i.,1,,0
will come that nil tho islands and regions
suited to African Slavery, between us and
Ilrazil, will fill under the control of thcie
two slavo powers. Ill some ahaiw or other, m.
Iher by treaty or actual poaseasion of cillicr
tho one 'jovernment or tho other. And the
Hatejinaii who closes his eyes to these re-1
, iMBiiiTu in uiu uiui uuiciuuieiii uuuiiig wun iv recognises no ouugaiion ol compacts -
ic ser- "ii iMuam m utoiwo mavo importation inai u heoi no luitn wun f reedom ; that
piracy. Piracy is a crime on the high seas, I its only law is the law of force, and it's onlr
nri.i,,.. ii,i,ti- II. a I. w r,F ............ -...I C 1..-. .L ' '
.,.u .. u. iia,i,Mi, mm 11 in ua iuid vi L,ouuui:t me prosecution ol its own
uu., i... uui a very nuiaii view oi i ue great iniiniio tniis, ana can uo no good. The sue
qut'stiom and intercuts mat aro looming up cessful rescue of a slave docs nothiu" to
rn tho future. In a few years thero will be , wards repealing the law. It only saves" the
no investments for lhe two hundred millions, money which would buy him, while it in.
in the annual increase of gold on a largo jvolvcs deep disgraco and a lost of moral
scale, iu profitable and so necessary, as the strength, which will far outweigh the paltry
development and cultivation oftho tropical advamago that may be gained. 1 he treat-
regions now slumbering in rank and wild
luxurance. If tho slaveliolding race in theso
Statcu aro but true to Ihornanlvw, they have
a great destiny beforo them."
The propositions thus set forth are.J in
brief, says the Tribune :
I. To take Cuba.
To conquer St. Domingo and reduce
Us inhabitants to Slavery.
3. To uuito with Brazil and perform tho
o conquering anu enslaving process on
all the other
ler est India .l4id
.. -
4. To enter into an alliance nith Brazil
for the establishment and fortification of
Slavery throughout South and North Atncri
icn. fl. For this object to develop the Amazon
country and take possession of the Gulf of
Mexico and all the adjacent tropical regions.
(1. To rc-open tho African slave trade.
7. To boldly i elend this sclicmo upon,
the "most enlarged system of philanthro-
py .
7. To boldly defend this schemo upon
Such is the programmo of tho fuluro pro
ceedinirs under tho new Nebraska dispensa
tion. Wo trust the reader has carefully pc
. . ., .,.,,, ,, . H,i,,n , ,'.,
! renardto tho desisns of the Nebraska dy
i nasty. Ho may depend upon it, that what
i is here shadowed forth is no dream and no
I vagary. It is a faithful picture of what it
the fixed and determinate policy of the Ne.
I braska leaders. The conception of this fa
ilure, wc happen to know, is distinct and vi
vid among the champions of tho new dis
pensation, and they are firmly bent upon its
1 regular and systematic accomplishment.
, The Nebraska bill is but the first, and ns it
has heretofore been regarded, an easy step
in inn eompreiionsivo pian oi Aincanizui
i the whole of tho American hemisphere, an
establishing Slavery upon what its ndvocatu
rcrard as an impregnable basis.
Does any moderate, conservative, northern
man doubt tho policy of offering a lilflo re
sistance to this brilliant system of measures
by way-of calling tho yeas and nays a fe-v
extra times on Nebraska ? Perhaps such e
very pcacablo pcntlemm as Mr. Geritt
Smith may hang fire on tho proposition, but
is there nny other northern man whoe head
mill ntnrl nm rrnrtd find srmnd. whn rnn rt'
tire before this inconceivable pusillanimity
ot a suggestion mat sucii a course is un
wise ? Wo presume not. We do not know
for a certainty that Mr Smith occupies the
position we assign to him. If lie does, all
wo can say is, that he had better resign his
scat at the earliest possibln moment, and let
his contttuin1 elect somebody in his place
who will do his duty among sinners and not
gj for applying inillenium tactics in n body
liko tho House of Representatives at Wash
ington. This, That and the Other: by Ellon Louise
Clundler. Boston, Phillips, Sjmpson & Co.
The ladies seem to have entered the field
nf light literature with a lU-termiuttion to
wrest it utterly from masculine dominion;
and their success is wonderful. The author
of this book we infer is young: she brings
" only the violets of spring," modest, fresh,
and most nclcomo of all. llv! pages,
salo by S. M. Wall on.
ror
, .
Martin .Mtrrivale his X Mark: Boston,
Phillips, Sampson & O.
No. 2 of this popular and beautiful serinl
has been receiteJ, and is for sale by S. M.
' Walton.
- -
, Plora I.imtsuy: by Mrs. Moodie. New
, York, De Witt & Davnpon
1 Mrs. Moodie has long been in ht:h fjvor,
and wc commend her new book witiiout hes- 1
itation. and without reading also, for it has I
come tn hand at the moment of writing. For
sale by Ballon & Loveland.
Mob Violence and The Fugit
ive Slave Law.
Tho rrcent exhibition of niobocracy. in
tho attempt to rescue on alleged fugitive
slave from the hands of tho officers in whose
keeping ho waa in pursuance of law, re
ceives, as it deierve, the condemnation of
oil good, hw-abiding citizens everywhere.
Forcible resistance to law, 111 a government
like ours, cannot be justified for a single mo
ment under any circumstances, however ag
gravating, devolution is ton powerful nn
oloinent nnd too dangerous to be rssorleit lo
under .1 republican governmmt. It is tho
dlltv of evorv citixen rlnmunrr dm i.MibMmn
of law, tn abide hy and obey all the Iw of
Ins country
IJIIiermse liberty in PMftniigcd
1 for anarchy, and legal restraints for nwlem
ing by violeneo to th vart the ad.ii:iiltrdiniii
lifrerdoin ennnot he secure under tin fou
' stitution and the laws uf the land, ittanno
- 1 b? expected thit slavery will eccart some
severe snocus.
Not in jusiificat
consideration that si
juslificatinn or mob law, bit ns a 1
consideration that should be oniitlodto great
weight when oco.ou for the uplay0f;
moh violence are forced upon us, we would 1
uikv o" unugc iui ims ueou cnaiou in
. puunw pcKuuKii, iii-u in lira iiuiui uy tllD
j recent action ortho Nwith in abrogating a
compromiso of their own making. liter
having received thoir confide
vvlnlc that oftho Nortli was vet
they have annulled tho contract,
1 pens that tho fvorth has au
Tho North will earnestly seek and improve
all opportunities for the repeal of every por-
! Hon of those measures that lavor slavery 111
, the least decree. We bono they will offer
, no violence to tho oxecution of those laws i
1 wm u tliov rem.nn nn the tnintn.hrv,l. 1,,,.
wo are nuito coulident t hat t hev wi m, nn
farther than the ktnet letter of the law di
rects in aiding their execution.
V n rn,nm.n il,n rnlln...;n.. vAn. .1 ...
' York Times, aa a faithful exposition of tl,
feelings of the North in relation to tho mat-
I ter, as well as
correct statement of our
1 present duties:
"In 1650 it was alleged that goodaiA
to tho South required every citizen to id m
, tho execution of the Fugitive Slave Law,
This reliance exists no longer. This appetl
has lost its force. The Slaveholdin" inter.
nan iosi us lorcc. i lie olavelioldin" inter,
, est lias lurfuited all claim to such a plea. It
i has set the oxamplo of violated faith. i
' has proclaimed, by thohigh liJiided repeal of
1 tho ulde.i and inont sacred compact undrr
1 the Constitution, that such things as LegB.
, lativo Comprmnisen havo no vaTuluv
...I. .., I........ I . .
"V.H.IHOO, ijr mi aim tvery means w lucli oc-
casion may otlbrd. Nobody in the Free
States can any longer feel under any inori I
1 obligation to consult the interests or the
.claims nf Slaveholders, in connection with
I this or any other law. Itut wo owe it la
ourselves lo obey the law,-or, at all events
, not lo opjiose mob violence to its execution'
i Vrn .1.. ... .1... . .
, ,, v uu nut ui)xie(j tun uny nun, wiiosj in-
, stincts would not incline him to become a
slave-driver on a Southern plantation will
, volunteer his aid in returning a fugitive
slave, or acceot nnd hold no nnn,r. .
which would make It his duty todosn," lljt
I resistance of the law is another thin'. It
striked at tho basis of sociwty ; u mvolvci
ment of Judge Hon in South Carolina,
.miner in cm on a pcriecuy legal audio
gitiuiato errand, sunk that State into a pro
found and universal contempt, from which
half' a century will not redeem her. .Massa
chusttU cennot afford to imitate her exam
pie, or to provoko her fate."
Henry
enry Augustus Lake, 8 years of age,
fatally poisoned in Now York on Situr-
day last, by a quantity of
was
brandy administer-
id by a man named Frne,- i!rl... ...i'
h..,l. ... ..
iiaa uticii nrri'ipii in, 111.1,1 ,n, r.,i
. - - .v,i, . t.ii
Mr. Soulc's Demand upon '
Spain. '
,, ,, .. I
Whc her Uusgentlomanwa. acting unJer
nttructions or not, in tho demands said to
have been mado upon Spain, wc aro not of
ficially informed. If ho were not, he de
serves to bo dismissed at once from a posi
tion fnr which lie nnvnr linrl the least nunlifl-
T : :r T i.. .i. I .. "thai tnis reposo is 10 suiicr no suoi
rSXiJtintit,llj official term, it I have the pow
bce,n bl ,0? '""essful in bringing reproach ,0 nvcrt ,t' 109a who Iaccd , ,icre
anu riaicuiu upon mo American ituviyii-
mcnt.
It, However, he had authority lor ins
conduct, as wo arc inclined to believe ho had,
then tho Administration merits, not tho
thanks of tho country, but its rebuke.
We are at a loss to conceive how any ad
ministration can so far forget what is due to
tho dignity and character of n great and
chivalrous people, as to assume tho attitude
ofa bully towards a weaker power, under
any circumstances or lor ony purpose wnat
ever. That our minister ot tho court of
Madrid has acted in a manner unbecoming
the representative of tho American Govern
ment, and in direct conflict with tho wishes
and sentiments of our people, is not to bo
denied, if the substance of his demands and
the overbearing tone he ndoptrd in present
ing them, have not been entirely misrepre
sented. To deliberately hunt up pretexts
for n quarrel with Spain, and proceed to act
upon them in an arbitrary ami unusual man
ner, to make demands of an extravagant and
uncommon character, and, in doing so, to
employ tho tone and Ianguago of a bully
and a braggart, is overstepping all just and
reasonable limits, and prostituting our na
tional character in tho face of the wholo
world.
That tho reported demand of on indemni
ty of $:JOO,000 for the injuries inflicted upon
nur citizens in tho caso of the Black ar
nor. is grossly exorbitant, and that this de
mand was mado purposely exorbitant with
llm.viawtn a rupture With Spain, and the
consequent seizure oi
Uuha, no one ran ,
doubt who has any Knowledge ol wtiat is ..An i)aii Vermont! The spirit of her
eutomary and proper 111 negociations of this imni(,rt(li founders is in her vet! The im.
.. . ..... . ., 1 compromising opposition of other days to op
Mr. Pierce and his Minister have evident- prCT.,mn, w,en Allen's beach seal applied to
ly hut httlc of the manliness and generosity ' l)ie ..j llllrn!lnity 0f New York sheriffs
of their countrymen, in assuming to hector (excuse me for mentioning it) impressed up
over 0 weak and feeble nation. It is not tho I on them Ju0 Appreciation of cnuiiy-lhat
wish of our peoplo to require of other gov-1 mme hidomitablo opposition to over-tramp-oniiiients,
weak or ktrimg, what they would ing tyranny 0Ut.Crops again among tho
not submit to themselves. And that we (jrern Molmtain. Oh thou whig all over,
should have instantly and indignantly reject- thnuSlt alUlie world ere loco foro ! Friend
odsuch demandsas have been mado upon of tlis slave, tho' all amis and peoples be
fpam H entirely certain. v, would beBid .hunncd him! Oh thou backbone of
justitithle, too, not only in promptly reject- M VuriUM peraistenco all had ! We hon
ing them, but in chastising the insolence of I or ,ho(! l0 (lllr Uesnt ceter. not iacause
the irovenimcnt that made them. hiehmnnd 1 we firit drevv i,rea,, nmollt, tlly ron,.gi nnJ
II nig. I the bones nf those we love are cherished 111
V.mn-r..v fnv9a tail j thy bosom, but because though office and
as in -ot...-., May 2? , il lnonopoy im,ug, .. all h, oppos9n hy
M,..r. ln Maurice. John Wheeler, I revere,ICc for law, "the Higher 7,1 w "
jan-n -, n ...a n-,
1 ...V .... ;
rin.u- 1 mvpr I letnnentiie. iLpnreftemniii'M in
1 onress irom me 1 si, um, :un, iuui ami
Cliih Congressional Districts of Now York,
have Riucd an address to their constituents,
defending their course 111 opposition to the
Nebraska bill. Thny contend that the tran
sit of the measure through the House was
char-u-terized by the moat tyrannous excr-
ci.t" nt power They object to the billon
I the tirnnnd that there was no immediate ne-
ces-uty for organizing a Territorial liovern
I eni'ni'iit. th"r' Ihmi;' according to the last
' ri'"irt of the ledum ('oiiiuiisieners, only
j thn e white piTf-im- in the territory cnibrac-
nig NchmxUa and Knn.iug. in addition to
Government olfieirs; tint the land is sull
owned by Ihe wnnilering tribes or red men ;
and tint the lands cannot be taken without
, ., ,1 ... .1 . .
rxlin.-nishing the Indian titles ; that to ex-
tinguih tho tillea would oe to extinguish
the tribes, and they do not feel called upon
to set in motion tie-machinery that is de -
signed to eradicate them ; that tho organi -
at...n of the territories involves great ex -
pense and creates a large amount of Lxccu -
to
uirnpromise is i a departure rem iiioriattorni
l4w! H.,wn hu Inn llammrn1if I .iiipnntinn nf
Ie.V.', and opens again tho agitation which
was lulled by the Compromise of fJ50.
The address is severe upon tho President
for his alledged departure from the tonti
nients expressed in his inaugural address,
ond alo upon thocourae pursued in relation
to those who havo
opposed the meaauro in
ate. They say that the
the House aim Senate,
to increase the one and extend tho other ; L,mt they mealUi What did they do?-I
and a sl.ll greater objection is found in the rllCy vot,, down lhe amfjn,imon,lofi to
fact that the annulment of tho Missoitri r - ht i. ik.,.u..,-.i n. n i
..... i.wti vi.ufe.., nir, . .,iv. ,.,v ,, ,,u ,n ,,i.,n , n rlnrat a r, n nti.l .1.1.
I ft 7 r, ' ;, Viier id that .lis-1 '7, , Kttimul 1 e,"0,Cr", , l,B ",,d' h'
ConCo, U 1 1 .mSS hf Ui ' d 1 " '
, , .irca,,. lo iiarr,, Bmi 3i,lrb the!?-U prevail he would do ao.
. ""c0 ,'a "v "0 or their own nart 8,'U"W n'- h? ""'"'I vote against the
piJiu oi mi. union. i or tneir own pari hi as at nroBent udvmei .
tiftflmnnri nf the rniinlri- hnvn liiwn nriianrl liv
are indisposed to Mlow the authors of
renewed commotion, but prefer to re -
i where they have ever stood, true to
.r.ncples and professions and pledges of
B .ltuoore Convention, and opposed to
ii;-nt men preymns to the introduction or the
iNcbraska bill. 1 ho address says :
. -
In tonti fortius hill, we' were called
a , ,,n..n t,. B.II..W .!. I...I nf II,.
, this ue.mrtiire from the Compromise ineas-
Mr of iaso and wl(1 the mot, 8uWrvlent
uf ,, croatures, to violato our pledge to nd-
liore In the platform of
I ?..', anu thus re -
open the Slavery agitation in its most rormi-
dable aspect.
I hi- we have relused to do
v ej, ... "iu.3.. lu IOI...W voe oumor. 01 Th1 wag , a t wayb ,
i'iih renewed commotion, but prefer to re- mijonty, in obedience to orders, voted down
man. where they have ever stood, true to his proportion, !Hto75. VM,,t wa. the
tin- principles and professions and pledges of plaln flnpua(rc )lt votfl ? w t,)(,
in- B.ltuoore Convention, and oppn-ed to , prlrrs ot-tll(. tU, , rill not grant the Terri.
disturbing or unsettling so ancient and su lonl JK;,latur,s nicer to establish or er
he,, heal a measure as tho Missouri Com- rlaJe slllven,. Anil yet, northern members
promise. volll f(jr thl, bM will go home to th-ir
t he authors of tho address g.vo copious ClMUui.nta d lc l(ie, that it confers
extract troui the opinions of Messrs. Polk, thu. very power on tbe Territorial Ii.l.
1 a-, Doti-jlas, Atchi-on and Pinkney, totturefl, knowing all the while that had they
show the great esteem , which the M1.so.1- 1I1Corporated such a power . the brll, not K ,
n t ..iiiproiuiso lias been held bv those eini-1 m.,i.n. .. ,k a .- ' , , !
I nml H'e emiltilnnllv BnnA, tn t'nii tr. ivl.n,. ....
ration, and i ,i...i.. ... :......i : . ... l""". v-uui irom
inaberanee. ..1....1. 'i , n ni open 10 tneir utnn
ItMh.n T. i' . i , . 11 " wltUh' "l0 fl'MW-eate of 'agitation," a
, u bo inp- tlffht. "hvents dal v trausninmr nnnslm m in .....i. - 1...1 ni l, ,
fur rv.ivi.,t ' .." .1 . .1 " - . ... " " OIMII1. nillcll will 06 OliaVCU not
c... r . ... ,j.. .
citizens, in addition to the reiieal of the pro -
h.hition of Slavery north of latitude afl d aO
, ., m s..,. i UUta..i, legatuicK. 01 ox-
1
iiciicid 111.1 uiu iiuuuilllclH Ul lllO iVIia- Rnm 11 fltinn .il' Ih.
-.ui. .. I.i,i,,,e uci 01 iow, is me iimoi ftorth who will have aided in the consiim
aberieso 11.oas.1res long premeditated and mation oftho infimy-although that will be
deliberately pursued, having for their object I done; -it will demand the demolition of
-he form mon of a great sectional or south- every barrier which repoaUblo statutos havo
en party, of which the present Executive thrown around tho institution of Slavery,
dwigiis to become the leader. In order to ; No evidence his ever yet been furnished
wm the South and propitiate tho favor of her ' in Cnrnrre.j il,t o ii.n.J . . m.i. .. ......
erntory rrom Mexico. The (Jadsdon tree-1 and infamy than any or its predecessors
ty recommended by the President to the has warmed tho cold blood irour l'ooplo ;
n 7 a ilnaiuu lu .ay , anu neroaiier, .Massachusetts will find p en
Santa Anna the extravagant sum of twenty ty of backers in her warry of " Death to
millions or dollars Tor a mero rragmcnt or Dough-aces." If this bill pass, there villi
torritory, to supply additional resources to n Xril .. nnA ,h v..i. , ,u V .........
the .lave States. I his treaty modihed in less in its war for Justice, Liberty and Hu
many owential particulars, has been return- , nan Rights. The South has thrown down
ed to Mexico, and is now m progress or ne- gage or flattie, and tho North has taken it
l,?", r .1 ,- ,U!p- f'ew-lt Cod help the Right!--iaiijf
"In pursuance or the same political Lcenin" Journal.
scheme, it was determined at an early cay, "
to acquro Cuba, utterly reckless of conse-1 O'llrage and Incitement near Xcnia.
quences. To that end, a genlloman was se- i On Thursday of last week, a man mmed
lected to represent this country at the Court I , w'10 had been stopping in nnd a-
or Madrid, whoso appointment occasioned I "0t ema fr few days, and who is ropro
ularm in tho minds of those who wero ac-' eentc1 sa heing a disreputablo person, left
quainted with Ins d1somtiou, manners and ' ,'"it tow" ln ,lurfy am' drove towards Sel
political sentiments. Whether he attempted A few miles out he overtook a colored
to open negotiations for the peacerul acqm-1 ,n,n w"01'' he suspscted as being a fugitive
sition of Cuba is not known but certain it 8,ave "'"l asked huu to get in and rido to
is mat no success attended Ins efforts, il any
were made.
..I. ' '
"The seizure oftlio steamer Illack War
rior, by the authontios of Havana, afforded
Mr. Soule, as wo aro credibly informed, the
opportunity to address acominuaication to
the Spinish (lovernment, so insolent in tone,
so peremptory in miniver, and couched in
language of a character so insulting as to
render a compliance with his demands in
the highest degree improbable. Whether
this affair will be adjusted, or whether we
aro to bo precipitated into a war, aro prob
lems that tunc alone can solve. That no
effort will be mado, directly or indirectly, at
ttlO COUdlleSt tlf Pllhl Anil ita in.nrril.nn
i. . ... .-."-"i'""u" i
nnu uiu union as auuitionai slave territory, '
admits, we think, of little doubt, A war I
with Spun and her allies (England and ' wni1 soon oftor c,l,ght. beaten and tied into
France) on this question would "place intne ou?sy ?a'"- Hefore they had pro-
instant and immediate ioonirdr millions of
dollars of tho hard oarnuigs of the people of
the Atlantic Statu, iuveted in dhips and
their cargoes, and in the peaceful pursuits
of their commerce, and all in order to ad.
vance the personal objects of political trad
ers. " Under such grave and portentious cir
cumstances, u e aro uiiwjlljng to contribute
by our votes or otherwise, any aid orasspt
anco to these selfish and destructive schemes,
although, under a d.iTercnt state of things,
we would regard the annexation of Cuba
with decided favor; and however calamitous
a vrar inii'lit be. when aatiafied iUr t1,
war migiit be, when satisfied that
rights of our citizens have been violated ami i
redrcia demanded in vain, wo would enforce
justice at whatever hazard.
We uv reached tlio conclusion of our
task, with pain and deep rega. Hut an oc i
casion should havo arisen which rendered it
necessary for us to address you in the man-
ner wo havo done. Conscious of the recti-
,udoofourconilllct w0 enlcrl,lri no fma
. 3arr.rovo of it. or condemn it."
Tho address concludes with an extract
from tho message of President Picrco to tho
present Congress, In which ho says !
I nai inis rcixwo is iu miner iiu euu:k
cr
may
be assured,"
Tho Springfield, Mass., Republican, has
always been ranked among tho Conservative
journals of the country. Whit it says
thousands feel ; and when it counsels
" Death to Dough-Faces" it is because that
cry is in the hearts of the people. In antici
pation of the passage ol the Nobraska swin
dle, tho Ilepublican asks :
"What then? First and foremost, an
unrelenting war in tho freo States 11(1011 all
ISortliorn men who liavo parllciplca in the
deed, or who havo apologized for or defend
ed it. Death to Dough-faces ! This shall
be our rallying cry. It nil truo northern
men unite to wage the war of extermination
ogainst those who have sold their honor, vio
lated the plighted faith of the nation, and
outraged tho convictions of the peoplo, to
purchase a moss ol" pottage ! Eel us sso
if there is not a North at lat. When that
is secured, wrested frompoliticalcorruntion,
and planted ujion the honest popular will,
then can wo study our duty to the Union
ami to slavery. Hut let the North be freed
first."
Honor to rermonl. A correspondent of
the Plattsburgh (locoloco) Ilepublican, elated
by the result of the Sallus case, after an
nouncing the Chancellor's decision, goes off
in Hail (Jolumbta etvle. ihiw
, r t0 , ,0D, .,lu t0
. . .- . . . - .
the outermost hairVi breadth of thy bounda-a.-m
'
I The President's organ in tho North and
I West assert perpetually that, should the lull
pass, tho Territorial Legislatures will have
S ' till, ntwvor In nrnfiil.it nr rf., CT .........
xhe or of Ulfi , ; ,h s; ,
,.i ,, ,Y,, .. - ....
should the bill piss, the Constitution carries
Slavery theoretically into tho Territories:
si ivehoiders may enrry their slaves there,
nnd the Terr. tonal Legislatures may nnd
Might tn protect them, but will have 110 pow.
er to prohibit the slave relation, or exclude
the slaves.
Mr. Mace, to expose this contradiction in
,i.w.ir,..n c...i .n it... 1..11 .I.... a. 1. ......
, ""v.n.v, iioiiu III liiv Ulll, 11,19 uuiniciiy
' nm lt8 mpponeni roovt,n lo in9ert'm
fimt section
.. AnJ tno TerritorW lj,!,, g14,
, ,,, powur ,0 a,lmlt or exclude Slavery at
' 1I(H! uy jalv '
1 ,ere wa!t an opp0rlUnity for the northern
1 anil B0,rtiarn gpp,,ters if the bill to come
,w lMure toith power to admit or ex-
..... '
Again they wero tested by Mr. Fuller, of
Maine, an Old Line Democrat, n fnend of
the Administration, desirous of acting with
the majority if possible. He moved to in
sert: sJMO.
u,1 'I'.. ;.1lTE.-:.i.i i .n
I iaTC' the pow t0 mMlh or exclude
!,... . , ,i,, .i,.n .... ,
I . , . ... '
i Thl1 W08 a
1 m,J0ryj ln obed.elice to
hls prp,w,tlon, ;i , 7;
pliln flnpuac ,)lt vt
, pr,rrs ot-tll(. hill. 1
iuifcniiiniiun II Wl w a.fllll'ruftM WUUill
m.8 gupported it ! If the
1 pe" stltfur thomselves to bf
overeicn peo 1
Z " u ,r .3.. .1. "TS? T. '! ,
i. : i
' --" ""V
lJ"r,l,, !i 'i""'
J? iSllf
iustitutions.-.afiono
government, and bring discredit upon Dcm-
ocrunr iiiMTiTntmna ni,n..i r.-.
1 'l'h .fwiii.io r.i. . ...:n u
inemberod but as tho frntl nlJV nf m.'
;(mor zephyrs." in contrast with tho tamoest
utmost
nd
by
:i.. M: e .1"
: ""'"'"'j ' vou
, mass of Northern Representatives have
seemed content to bo .ewers of wood and
arawcrs ol water" for Slavery. But this last
1 mu nexi cro?s roaus. i no nogro thanked
Inn, nn.l nr. ... i.n t
him and cot iu the bun?v. but at the first
farm house McLeod said he must feed his
horse, and persuaded tho negro to wait.
McLeod went in the house, and succeeded
in unking a bargain with the farmer to help
in securing the supposed tlave for half tho
reword. Tho negro was invited into a room
to oat, was siezed, tied with ropes, and plac
ed in the buggy to bo driven towards Co
darville on tho Railroad. The man who
assisted, and his son, accompanied McLeod.
After proceeding about a niilo or two the
negro broke his rojie and then broke for tho
woods, chased by all three of tho party.
The old man overtook tho negro, when tho
i ...i . i.i " : e..i...
.""n-u ""i n uiuw u puivenuny
hroko tho arm of his pursuer, but ho
latter turned and dealt a blow so powerfully
that it broke tho arm of his pursuer, but ho
cecded much farther the ncsrro broke the
cords a second tune, and had nearly escap
ed, when McLeod grappled with hun, and,
the others coming up, n fight ensued, in
which the negro was beaten until ho fell
dead.
Tho party placed the corpse upright a
gainst an oak tree at some distanco from
the road, and tied. The body was discov
ered, and on Saturday tho murderers wero
arrested, when tho frightened eon of the
farmer confessed to tho circumstances abovo
narrated. The three culprits are now lying
in .enia jail. The excitement in tho sur
rounding country is intense. Cincinnati
t'o-t Mondn.
" Massa saye, kin you pay dis bill V
your m,ster' U , 'ercit 'hurry - I am
not goiug to run away." No, but I golly,
ole massa's gwme to run away hcieir"
. ..cl,,,, auuiuumu agression nvo vint mnn nr 'nn e ft ih
Congress.
WKii.ir.snAT, May 31.
Senate. Mr. Badger presented ihe pro
ceedings of tho North Carolina Convention,
relative to tho improvement of Capo Fear
river.
Mr. Adums' resolution directing enquiry
as to granting 0 pension to the widow of Mr.
llatchclder, killed in Iloston. 011 Friday, was
adopted.
Tho vetoed Insano Land bill was discus
fed. Mr. Hunter defended tho veto, contending
that tho bill was unconstitutional.
Mr. Foot spoko in favor of the bill, nnd
the subject was then postponed.
The Senile went into Executive session,
and then adjourned.
House. A bill was introduced providing
for tho survey and salo of tho public lands
111 the Territory of Kansas, and establishing
a land office therein. Referred.
The House then went into Committee on
the Pocific bill.
Mr. Perkins, of Ea., spoko mainly in reply
to the manifesto nf the New York IIard,
defending tho Administration, and Mr.
Soule from somo of tho aspersions therein
contained, and closing with an argument in
support of the constitutionality of the pro
nosed povcrnmeiit aid to the bill.
Slessrs. Pcekham and Maurice, signers of
the address, replied, detcnding the propo
sitions of the document.
A message was hero received from the
President, stating that yesterday ho approv
ed and signed the Nebraska bill.
Mr. Smith, of Va., also spoke on the ad
dress of the New York Hard, denouncing
it as a deliberate attempt to injure, deeply
and vitally, tho Democratic party, and wish
ing it to bo distinctly understood that gen
tlemen who signed that paper aro no longer
hold as part and parcel ot tnai party, auj.
TnunsiuT. Juno I.
There was no quorum present in otiriur
House today, and both adjourned over to
.Monday.
Tuespat, June fi
Senate. The Senate was not in session
today.
Hot'in. In the Houe, no business of
importance was transacted todiy.
Mr. Letcher asked leavo to olfcr 0 resolu
tion instructing the Committeo on tho Dis
trict of Columbia to inquiro into the exped
iencv of so ornennin!rthe charter of tho city
of Washington, so as to abolish the nystcin
of voting by ballot, and substituting therefor
tne mode ot twit roce.
Several objections wore made.
Tho House adjourned at 1 o'clock, no
quorum being present.
Riot lis IlnooKLY.v. As if York, Sunday
Evening, June -J. A riot occurred in Main
street, Brooklyn, this evening, which caused
great oxcitomont for a time, on this side the
river as well as in the unmcdiato neighbor
hood of tho affray. The following are tlie
particulars, as nearly as they can be gather
ed from the many exaggerated rumors
which were circulated during the contmu
aece of the fight :
While Ihe Americans woro marching
ilnurn fnin alroit arm in arm fVnm ivl......
they had been to hear a street preacher, they
were attacked by the occupant of some lr -
ih houses on both sides of the street, who, 1 " "mma 15 concentrated near
it is said, had collected Hones, clubs, vitriol , '''"P"' w"h n to 8ct ffunat Sil.ainn
bottles and other missiles, in anticipation of , , ')" troops ofo'S" 1'h hve driven
the arrival of the American procession. ' ,he out f '1r"J"v- ,
The Americans retreated to the Catharine .. April 30. 1 he forts cf Nevo
Ferry, and a. many as were able, got on 1 f0"" k'"1 eleiljik,on the Circassian coast,
board the boats. A considerable number, h-T" -vcuate,l by the RusAan.. Tec
however, were obliged to remain imprisoned h"" Kle " m?1 ".
in the ferry houses for somo time, as the , .,A "l?te" " Ormar Paelia, dated
boats stopped running, and the mob blocked , '''"'l. th. states that Sell Pasha hid
up the other Bide on the 26lh or April defeated tl UuhUiis
During the continuance of the riot, a
meeting was held in the Park, which was
addressed by some of those who had escap
ed the melee. It was votod bv this meet
ing to arm and proceed to tho assistance of
their comrades, Ly means of tho other Fer
ries. The vole was carriaTby acclamation,
ami tho crowd started for the Grand street
Ferry.
As far as known, but two persona wero
killed outright ; one a policeman, the other
a man shot through the forehead, dying in
stantly. .Many were severely injured, or
peciallv th? Irishmen who resisted the Po
lice. Largo nnmbcrs of Irish have been ar-
rt-se(l.
A rVimcnt of troops has been ordered
out, and : four companies of Americans are on
il,.. ground. Oiocr companies remain at
ll,earmor,.
Tw,. In.li companies took their arms
fro-n the armory, vvithnut order., and went
to South ll.or.klVn. away from the scene of
.1.- ... . V ..'I,-m .,.,,., ,l.a ,..,I,M .a
teare d, as the re ;i lining Insn companies say
.l.- .1.11 ..... .......
I""""' I...H...1.
The AmencsiH .hut nn t t ho Cat h irino
Ferry got over safely
o'clock.
..... ..... c.t.. ii ..
-
DrsTntrc'TivE Evrusmx Sev nnu
Ems lost ll'ilmingon, Del., May Ml.
About 1 1 o'clock this morning, throe wag-
ons, leaded with five tons of gunpowoer, be-
longing to Dupont Al Co., exploded at the
corner of Fourteenth and Orame streets,
killing fifteen horses and three drivers,
named Joli
ohn Keese, Thomas Farley, ond
Chambers. Two other men, and
Thomas
one woman and a child are alio missing.
Une man. two women and a child were seri
ously injured. The dwelling houses of Bish
op Lees and James S. Price, together with
five dwelling and six stables, were demolish
ed. About 5 other houses were badly dam
aged, and many persons slightly hurt
Tho teams wero mssini. bv tho olnirant
residence of llishop Lee, which was badly are, with their cargoes,
shattered. Tho front wall rull into thu At Riga a largo fleet were taking iu pro
street. The floors were broken up, and cv- ducc, and at Archangel a number or ships
cry window and door in the lions ws mm were expected, which will be permitted by
away and broken to pieces. The Bishop's the Allied Powers to bring away their car
beautifiii irarden was entirely destroyed. goes, altliou gh tho Russian merchants op-
I Thero was fortunatoly only a" servant nnd a
emm in mo House, tno jiisnop and lus lainily "i-" mown,
being absent attending a Convention of tho , Pari, -May Iti. A distrust of Prussia is
Diocose in St. Andrew's church, a few increasing, nnd tho government papers, by
squares off. The servant woman was very quoting articles hoatilo to the Prussian King
badly injured. Tho child escaped unhann- nnd cabinet, show the displeasure of the
ed. French government at tho conduct or the
Three houses on Orango street, below furrier.
Fourteenth street, were completely destroy-1 The correspondent of the London Morn
od ; one of tho houses, a wooden structure, , 'g Chronicle, saye it was reported in Pans
utterly demolished. A young Irishman, in -Monday, that a levy of 100,000 men bn
boarding with John M'Laughlin, was fatally been ordered by the Russian government,
injured and died shortly after the disaster, j Spain This Spanish government havo
The scene in the neighborhood of the oxplo-. sent an answer to Air. Soule, who dospatch
sion this forenoon exceeds all description, , ed the samo by a special messenger to the
and looks as though an earthquake had taken , United States.
place. Thero wero three largo teams, each i It is reported the American government
containing -130 kegs of powder, from Du have abandoned all their "claims against
pont's mills, the wholo estimated at about Spam if sho will cede her African posses
five tons. The powder was being conveyed B1ns in Melilla to the United States,
from tho mills to the wharf for shipment. I LATEST.
'I ho residence, barn and stables ot John F. A telegraphic despatch to the London
Price were nearly demolished, and a colored Times, Saturday, from Vienna l'Jth, states
mill killed. that the Government messenger had reached
Trees were torn up by the roots, frag- j Oalatz, May Dth, with reliable intelligence
incuts of tho wagons, horses and drivers that Scbastopol had been bombarded for four
were scattered in all directions; the iniitil-1 days.
atcd remains of one of tho drivers were lod. llueharest, May 15. The English 6team
gcd on the shore of the Brandy wine. ; er Tiger, of 1(1 guns, stranded close to Odes-
N early oil tho houses along Orango street, 1 sa, and was obliged to surrender to tho Rus
as far south as Tenth street, had glass shat- sians. Two other steamers went to her as
lered. j aiSiance, and bombarded the Russian works,
Tims far only five persons aro known to , but with little effect.
have been killed. Explosion was felt Il.'i Paris, Thursday evening. -A telegraphic
miles south of Wilmington. Total loss, despatch has been received here, aunoun-
875,000. i cing a bombardment of Revel. No parlicu-
" I lars are given, and tho report is considered
T.... ii. .-.. i ... , ... P. 1
irrt.f.:.,.vA -;n 'in.. . ..r
ib uuiiiM inuis ia vvu.uiit.as m
"u '(jiwii, uu. iiio Buujutt ui hi w
Boston riots w-as brought up In the House
today, by Mr. Faulkner, of Virginia. IIa
proposes to bestow a pension upon tho
widow or tho officer slaiu in endeavoring lo
enforco the fugitive law. Tho resolution pool dates to the i!7lh ult.
was received with very little favor ; tho vote There is uo news from the scat cf war of
oftho Speaker was required to make a , a decided character. Silntria was hard pres
?uortim, and the proposition was excluded i ecd by tho It ussians at last accounts. Ad
rom consideration by (ti votes against 50. vices from Vienna stato that negotiations
Mr. Dean, of Now York, ond many others, looking to an adjustment of the present dif
privatcly declared that ir the Houso went in- ficultiea between Russia and Turkey, hate
to tho inquiry, they Bhould move to add the ' been again opened, and that Austria and
w idows of Lovejoy, Miller and others, who Prussia havo taken a decided aland against
lost thoir lives in the opposite side of tho Russia.
quarrel. , Urcadstuffs had declined.
j The wires vvero cut in several places oc-
.Spamisii DiFLOUAcr. Washington, June 'yond Portland, and nothing further was rc
5. A special bearer of despatches from the ceived.
Spanish Government, was this noon in of-1 , ,
licial communication with tho new Minister I One of the means used by tha I resident
from .Madrid, in 1I04 ntv .ml tin rnanli id 1 tn influence votes for tlio swindle, is stated
eaid to indicate events ol the hiehest im
.. i .1- i- i.-. ....
portaucc. All our difficulties with Spain
are in a train uf amicable adjustment.
It u said that Spain has announced her
willingness to sell Cuba, and that neirolu-
lion aro now actually on fool between the
."W UClllli:llS ,W1 IMBl CI1U 111 ViOI.1
nrtign Sims.
Ono Wook Later from Europe.
. .. . k'EW York, Jane 1,
The ltoyal Mail steamship Asia, Capt
Ixitt, rrom Liverpool May 20, has arrived. '
Intelligence from the Falkland Islands
states that the U. S. sloop of war Germaiitown
had demanded from II. II. M. brig Express'
some prisoners who were detained for trcs-'
passing on tho llntish fishing grounds. The
Captain or tho Express refused to deliver
them up, ond tho Cant, of tho (Icrmantown
wrote an imperious deirand for them with a
threat, inot complied with, ho would firo
into tho Express, and he beat to quarters and
ran his guns out. Tho Captain of the Ex
press, however, maintained his position and
delivered up the prisoners to the civilauthor-
Hies, uy whom mey wero lined. This af
fair is stated to havo occasioned snmn
correspondence between the United States
and iirmsii authorities, winch has been for-
wordeu to tneir respective governments.
DETAILS OF WAR NEWH.
A despatch received in Paris from Vien.
ni on the 15th, states that tho bombardment
of Silistria, with tO pieces of cannon had
commenced.
Tho ovacnation of lxiwcr Wallaebin l.-.l
boon suspended.
The Allies are now in sole possession of
Varna, and as the French had already adrau
ced to Adriamfjilc, the Turkish garrison
of that city is nn its way to Slmmls.
It is also confidently asserted ot Constan
tinople tint the French will place a rescrvo
corps oi ou.uuu men at llodosto, whero their
engineers ere already taking measurements
for n fortified camp.
A despatch from Constantinople, of tho
Dih, announces that Sebastopol had been can-
iiomueu ny tno i rencn and English flels,
with guns of long nnge, nnd with a view to
destroy the advanced work of the port.
The nllied fleets nltrckcd ono of the out
pU or Sobaatnpot, and the Russians wero
compelled lo abandon it.
Three vessels were crnising olong the
coast of Circasma, wailing for tho Ottomin
uect, wiHen was to bnng 5000 men Tor dis
embarkation in Aabsia.
Voly Pasha Inm been confirmed in his post,
at the request of Prince Napoleon.
Constantinople, May 10. Tho Duke of
Cambridge, nnd .Marshal St. Arnaud, have
arrived.
The ratification of the treaty of triple al
limwe hive been exchanged.
A great quantity of French artillery and
fmtr sqiiidrons of Spain Inve reached Oal
lipoli. I rom Kalnfat it is reported that an en
gagement between -ix squadrons of Cos
sacks ond five of Turkish hussars had taken
place near liadoum, on the -Ith of May. The
Comcka were defeated, and lost CO horses,
two gtitia, and men killed.
'irrina, May 10. Orders hive been re
ceived at Adrianople to have provisions ready
for 70,000 men, wlro are expected thero to
wards the end of the month.
'I be Vladika of Montenegro has declined
to mak" war against the Turks, having re
ceived strong representations, upon winch
he has acted
The R-in"nn are prepinng materials for
. " bridges, .mended to be thrown across
. i1'0.1''"" btwn ''Jl d the A-
at .Nicopohs, wnh a loss to the Russians or
l.ilX) men.
On tho 2.1 of .May, Suiiman Iley had also
defeated tho Russians at I'adova, not far
from Krajnra
The Parw Journal Patrie says new a has
been received from Constantinople that the
Russians had attempted recently to cross
the Danube at various points, ond that they
had been repulsed with heavy loas.
Accounts hare been received from tho
Danube to the effect that, owing to a sud
den rise and overflow of the river, immense
damage had been done to the Russians.
Their iwntoon works havo been swent awav.
their bridges destroyed, and it is also added
''ckne-s had broken out among them to
i" """memuio "tcni.
1 J','""",-. fr "If 10 P0"'
"T1 C"'P' of 0,0G0 Russians,
w"" n.rU or Pvisri.. i, on its march
"ard, the Austrian (,. hc.an frontier, so
that the roads be ween Warsaw and Kiel co
,D :iK.uiiiwt-ii:u.
On the Austrian side there are stated tr
be 1UO,0K) men already concentrated at lial-
. ,.,!.. .,l. -j,,m, . ...
.''"- " .',w men in oown
lHiii"ary, part ot whom aru directed on
South 1 ransylvauia.
! An American and tiro Russian shins bad
arrived atCronstadt, und the navigation must
j therefore have been completely open.
' Prom St. Petersburgh Olh, letters nUte
that the British fleet had b?en seen 'Z miles
i'f Cronstadt, and had captured a number of
gun boats.
i The houses on the right side or the N
at St. Petersburgh, hive been doinohshed.
I The telegraph tn Stockholm is open.
no ivussians retired irom Hie ci posed
ports on the I llh.
The Dnlisli Ililtic Fleet took possejsion of
Hosncrs, on tho Island of Aland, on tho 12th.
Odessa, Stli. Great surprise has been ex
pressed that no blockade had been establish-
l. hlnns were laden, and several had been
senl to lhe Sea of AzofI, whero tliev now
pe" ft" ' astonishment at the liberality
tinreuauio.
Ono Week Later Irom Europe.
lUi.irAi. June C
The stoamship Nngara, Capt. Leitch, ar-
' rived about I o'clock. P. M.. bringing Liver-
I .l. ...il.n;i., f !, VV.r--,:ntnn Afar,
wil uiu minium, wi ti.u ,,bd ...... .
to have been tho threat that ir the Neh"1
bill did not pass, ho would turn out all tho
Postmasters and other office holders who ob
tained office through the solicitation of the
Democrats who voted against the bill. What
j a lovely administration;

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