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Vermont watchman and State journal. [volume] (Montpelier, Vt.) 1836-1883, October 06, 1854, Image 2

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The coming session of llie Vermont Leg-1
islnturo promises to bo one of the most im-1
portant and Interesting ever assembled. With
the ordinary business, -applications for
changes of counties and county scats, nnd a
large increase of banks and banking capital
proposed amendments to tho Liquor Law,
the election of two United Slates Senators
and a great political problem to be solved
s to the co-operation or fusion of party men
hitherto bclligcrant, thcro will bo material
enough for an exciting time. Wo shall oc
cupy our old reporter's desk in tho House,
Riid endeavor to securo a rcliablo reporter
fur the Senate, and thus givo a fair
account of the daily doings in our Daily
Journal, and also in our weekly.
Subscribers arc desired to aend in their
names at once, that we may make the nccoss-
ary arrangements in timo to supply ourselves
with the materials.
Daily Journal, $1 00 in adv.
Watchman &. Journal, weekly,
during session, 25 "
" " 3 months, (so as
to include the public acts,) 50 "
0C? Postmasters and representatives aro
invited to forward subscription, and for five
subscribers or over they may retain 25 per
10. P. WALTON, Jn.
Montpelier, Sept 15,1851.
Oy Editors copying the above will bo en
titled to the daily free.
Tom Powers and the
The 'J'tmperance Standard of September
2Utl is quite intemperate in its abuse of the
Whigs of Vermont forgetting, very likely,
that it was a Whig legislature that undo one
Thomas E Powers Speaker, nnd a Whig lo
gislature that passed his beloved liquor law.
Wo quote tho following from an editorial ar
ticle -of courso written by Thomas E. Pow.
ers, late Whig alias "Tom Powers," -and
add a few notes :
'Tho Whigs never intended tint the idee
tion of Judge Royco bhould be any thing
elso than a Whig victory. (I.) They have
used tho Free Soil party of Vermont to ef
fect their present purposes, and may. nossi-
bly, give some few of the leading men of
tint party a small snare ot I no wives anu
fishes which will bo ot tlieir disposal in a
few weeks, (2 ) hoping thereby to carry tho
whole party, body nnd soul, boots and breech
es, into the Whig camp, preparatory to the
nomination of John J. Crittenden, or eomo
other slaveholder, for the Presidency. (: )
Of this, wc have no manner of doubt, and
have been not a little surprised nt tho ver
dancy of our Free Soil lncn's. When hon
tilt) is found among tho leading politicians
of Vermont, it will uo when tho spoils of of
fice arc not north couteudin for. (1.)
Temperance Standard.
1 1.) According to our observation, there
is not a Whig newspaper in tho state which
has claimed tno election of Judge Itoycc as
"a Whig victory" -not one. On tho other
hand, Whig editor)), of tho straltcst -sort,
hate expressly disavowed it as such. In al
luding to this Bubjoct, the .S7. Jllbans Tri
bune If Telegraph (Free Soil) justly says:
"Tho general tenor ot tho comments
nid'lo by tho Press of tho State, in regard
to the Into election, is good Fairness nnd
caudur predominates. With tho exception
of one or two silly articles in relation to tho
shabby treachery by which Mr. Braincrd was
defeated in Franklin county, a correct show,
ing of which wo gave last week, wo have
noticed with pleasure tho general disposition
to attribute the right character to the lato
election result." Tribune and Telegraph,
Sept. ay.
(1.) It is undoubtedly true that Whigs
icill be disposed to givoa " share" of the of
ficcs to Free Soil men wo hope au share,
and more than that, for u selection of Whigs,
for tho Whig "share," who aro entirely sound
and reliable for Freedom men, in 6hort, who
will deserve the confidence of the friends of
Freedom of all shades of party opinion. Even
now we observe that tho " Whig" editors of
the Rutland Hernia and UrattUboro1 Hailc,
(both of whom are especially disliked by tho
man of tbo Standard,) propose to send Law.
re.nce Bkai.ncrd to tho U. S. Senate, for
the short term. Wo agree with them fully
in this appreciation of Liwrence Urn men!
but we rfon't like a, departure from tho old
rule of selection of Senators. Tho lung
term and the short term should both bo filled
from tho East aide of tho mountains.
(3.) Tho idea that tho Whigs of Vermont
are in favor of "John J. Crittenden, or Home
other slaveholder, for tho Presidency" is
worse than absurd. In a Ucdlamite it irauM
be ridiculous: in Tom Powers it is both ri
diculous 'and mischievous I la evidently
wishes to stir up the jealousy of anti-slavery
men, and breed discord among thoso who
havo generously end nobly co-operated in
the late election, in spite of their party pre
judices. Wo will only remind our readers
of two things. Tho fust is, that in any
event John J, CniTTr.MJE.N is not to be
thought of. lie is dead, politically, by hu
own band. Tho man who could voluu tccr to
defend a murderer, wealthy enough to pro
cure the best counsel in tho Union and
who lias nof yet volunteered an opinion on
tho Nebraska bill, such a man, wo say, is
politically dead and buried. Sorry are wc
that John J. Crittenden is just in that con
dition. With the power, aDl tho opportuni
ty also, wel) jigh to fill the place of Ucnrt
Clat in the estimation of tho Whigs of the
Union he hts thrown away both. Tho
second reminder is, that the Whigs of Ver
mont, by the act of the Rutland Convention,
arc already pledged against every Presiden
tial candidate who does not walk straight up
to tho mark for Freedom and against the
(4.) Honesty and disinterestedness in pol
itics are indeed too rare ; and it is also true,
as Dr. Powers suggests by his collocation,
that dishonesty is a characteristic ot profe
sioiial ofBce-seekers. Happily the Whig
party is in tho way of improvement t it is
evident, from late numbers of the intcniper
ate and splenetic Standard, that it has one as
pirant less.
The Wilmington (N. C ) Commercial, a
Whig paper, has the following:
" It is stated that the triumph of tho Whir
osrtv in Vermont is complete, Wc do not
exactly know what sort of politicians has
triumobod. If they aro anti-Nebraska
Whigs, wc care no more for this triumph of
the Whiggery than wo ilo lor Ilia squealing
in Ueacon biocum. piggery,
And tbo Auti-Nebraska Whigs care no
moro for the grunting of the Wilmington
Commercial than for tho same set of music
from any other pig.
(77.. fL'Pangborn'rws become the sole
editof and prriprieter of the'fihi.'Aibin. Trl-
Work for Know-Nothings.
Tho old adage that "drowning men catch
at straws " is well Illustrated In the following
item. Tho slavocrats, it seems, are relying
upon Know.Nothlngism " to, ptulraliie the
anti-slavery influence" They regard Know.
Nothingism as a diversion, to divide the
friends of Freedom and so gio tho victo
ry to Slavery. Tho attempt will undoubted
ly bo made, to uso Know-Nolhingism for this
purpose: but there aro two reasons why it
should fail. Ono is, that if Ktiow-Nothing-
ism is to becomo tho prop of Slavery, it will
itself lie crushed. Tho other is, that tho
present Slavocrntic Administration has ar
ranged itself against Know-Nothings, and
as a matter of courso tho Know-Nothings
ought know enough to help it on its down
ward way. Hut to the item which, it will
be observed, cornel with all the weight of
authority direct from Washington, through a
genuine organ of tho dough faces :
Tnr. Next Co.ionrss. Tim present ad
ministration avows its hostility to fanaticism,
and nil isms, and, in the long run, they will
therein be supported by tho public sense.
Uut they expect to bo obliged to fsce tho
whole phalanx of isms in tho Houso of Rep
resentatives in tho next Congress. Know
Nothingism will have a strong foothold in
that body, and will, to a great extent, neu
tralize the influsn.ee of the Anti Slavery men.
Know.Nothlngism is not Re the other, a
sectional mania. Which will run out first is
not worth tho inquiry, but both will proba
bly last long enough materially to affect tho
next Presidential election. The next will he
tho President-making Congress. Tl.ey will
intermeddle, as usual, with tho nominations,
and also with tho election i and it is extreme
ly probable that the final choice f a Presi
dent will devolve on tho next llonso of Rep
resentatives a Houso to bo elcctod under
fanatical influences. Il'athington Corres
pondent ,Yeie York Journal cf Comment.
Who first mtulc Gas from
Wood ?
W. I). Porter answers this question in the
.V. )'. Times, by claiming that ht "stands
solitary and alone, and is tho only and solo
patentee for this discovery, letters patent
lnving been granted to him tin the !Wd of
August 1851, for a wood gas generator."
Wo can Inform W. 1. Porter that W. (5
iloi'oiiTo.t, a Montpelier hoy, made tho
' discovery" about thirty years ngo, and al
so inadn a" ess generator." However, cas
was not the nnin object, but pyroligneous a-
ciJ. Reach wood (boach wns best, wo think,)
was ploced in an iron retort and reduced to
charcoal. Tho products of this process wero
three, tn wit : pyroligneous aciil, gathered by
passing the steam of tho wood In a pipe thro'
a condenser -gas, which was taken from
the condensing pipe, nuir its outlet, nnd us
ed to light tho l oom - nnd chcroo.il. u Inch
remained in the retort. Tho wliolo appara
tus was very simple, probably costing less
than ten dollars, ami was made by Air.
Houghton himself, out of about U00 brick,
three or fourBliynt'Uirslicul iron, a fawynrds
of lead pipe, and a barrel for tho atcr,
through which to pass the condensing pipe.
On a largo ccalo uo suppose the coal would
piy for tho manufacture, leaving the gas ns
clear profit, nnd the ncid (crude creosote) in
to the birgnin. Wo believe Mr. Ilou'dilon
never osked for n patent: though a very in
genious man, we never Knew him to specu
late in patents.
Other VcrinonterH mimifictiirud the acid
before him i hut whether any of them ever
discovered and used tho gas, wo do not
Since writing tho foregoing, wo find tint
tho matter is assuming considerable import
ance. The jVnlinnnl InttlUfftnctr amiouii
ces that Dr. Win. P. McConnell cf Wash
ington city, "his, after a protracted conten
tion with interfering parties from Europe,
obtained a patent for making gas from wood."
Tho European contestants, it seems, are two
distinguished chemists, who patented the in
vention in Europe two years ago. Tho .V.
'. Evening Post gives tho names of three
German chemists as thejEuropenn discover
crers, and statu" tint gas from wood is now
manufactured on a large scalo in Now Vork
and Philadelphia, and is superior tocoalgus.
It also states two facts, which go to show
that tho neie process is substantially Hough
ton's oW one : 1st, tho gradui! increase of
temperature in tho regenerator, and 'Jd, tint
in addition to tho gas, tho wood yields about
25 per cent, of charcoal. In short, the new
process is to hake wood gradually until it
becomes charcuil, gathering up the gas for
use. That was, precisely and concisely,
Houghton's process, Moro cas can bu made
from a cord of woo j than from n ton of coil.
Vermont villages can have gas cheap, if
they choose. Seven cities of Europe aro
now lighted by wood gas.
Catholic Ilishops in Council. A council
of eight catholic Bishops the first ever
assembled in this country. met in New
Vork on Sunday last. Wo copy from the
opening sermon of Archbishop Hughes the
following extract, which is especially in
teresting in these days. Re it remembered,
these sentiments aro advanced by the arch
bishop to bishops and priests. Though tho
Ilishop may hvo felt special need for char
ity to him and his, it is refreshing to see
him inculcate thd duly of giving it to othcis
also. Another point is worth particular no
tice, to wit: tho declaration of the arch
bishop as to tho duty of catholics to the
country to which their allegiance is pledged.
The idea that catholics acknowledge su
premo allegiance, spiritual unci temporal, to
the Pope, is supposed to be the corner-stone
of Know Noliiingisui. Tho arch bishop
seems to contradict this idea : but this may
be Jesuitical, The first duty is due to their
(iod next to their country : but tho 1'ok3
assumes to bo Cod's vicegerent. Wu should
liko to sec the Ilishop declare his flock to be
independent of Pope and priest iu temporal,
civil and political affairs, and give assurance J
of the sincerity of tho declaration, In these
days of Jesuitry on loth sides of this que.tion,
it is hard to find a firm resting-place for
onu's faith.
" Thcro is perhaps moro reason than usual
at this moment to Impress and exhort you to
the practice of this charity. Tho reasons
sre, that not only aro you, as individuals,
when any ofyour body transgress the law,
but also the nholo body is held accounta
ble. Vou aro denounced on the incut deji
cate matters that can touch tho heart of man.
Vou aro described as unfit to inhabit your
country ; your institutions as adverse In the
genius of Die country, and even on the Sun
day you can hardly pais through tho streets
without hearing that which you bold inott sa
cred traduced and intuited ; you seem U have
lost your right to walk the streets without
being reduced to the necessity of hearing
insults too strong for the proud spirit of men
who take their standard from thd model of
freedom that u recognized in this country.
For these reasons there is tho moro. neces
sity for charity and pitience, for avoiding
everything that could disturb the peace or
destroy tho order nf the community. It is
not at all necessary for you lo enter, at tills
time, into a defense ; nor lo frame syllogisms
on your own behalf. According to their
numbers your ancestors, of jour faith, have
ever been found In tho legislature, on the
battle-field, and on the ocean, among those
who strove for the welfare of this country :
and let vour enemies If they can noint.ont
the single one who disgracod his position.
The persecutors of Christianity hive nl-ver
mado Christians disloyal. Ijok at tbe first
three hundred years of its history, when the llridgcport, Vt., there having been one va
Roman Empire tried with all cruelty to cancy.
tread it out of existence. Never wero more Mr. Smallcy then read the memorandum
loyal subjects than tho Christians. They of agreement between t in Rut and and tho
better understood tho principlo of their re Cheshire and l itchbiirgh Roads, by which
l.gion, which sets forth as tho first duly, the furnish the Rutland with
duty to God, as the second, duty to our 100,000 dollars worth of car. and locomo
conntrvjnnd his country is tho land in lives, and for hich he askco tho sanction of
li,chYacl. wns born, or that to which his " stockho dors. This was unanimously
oath or allegiance binds him. Tho Catholic Cjven, and ho meeting adjourned, sine rie.
religion places duty to tho family In tho I Hcltoic tails .'Irgus.
third place, setting it after country. Necdl Mr. Read undoubtedly mado his statement
I refer to the last 1100 years of persecution I ,e the Central " with tho best intentions
in tho Ilritisl. empire? Vet tbo only re- j ,n wor)l mlt .urcly 1C js mij.
nroici neainst CM ho ics was that they were , , . , . ., r , , ,.
too loyal! In this country, with an inpar-1 cl'rfn2 ' r'lur0 or consolidation
tial government nnd equal laws; in this ( te the Central.
country where wo hsve tho privilege cfj
meeting in council, (a pnvilcgo wo would I
not havo in manv countries called Catholic,)! A Chanter of Nebraska Illsto-
nrc wc less likely lo uo loyal man liiosc who
have never had the oppotlunity of comparing
bondage with freedom. Adhere to tho truo
principles ofyour faith and you can never
err. What justicu is thcro in transferring
to the Church the misdeeds of an individual,
n ho, for the most part, pays very little at
tention to that church, and goes abroad from
her control and hears not her voice. Let us
then bo prepared for the hour of trill, if it
come, Willi charity."
Anniversary of the Vermont
Bible Society.
Tho Anniversary of this Society will bo
held in Montpelier, on Wednesday, Oct 18,
1851. There will bo n meeting of the Di
rectors of tho Society in tho Vestry of the
llrick Church, at 10 o'clock A. M.
The Annual Meeting of tho Society will
bo held in the church, at '2 o'clock P. M.,
at which important business will bo presen
ted. In tho evening, at 7 o'clock, the Annu
al Report will bo read, and addresses will
bo delivered by tho Rev. Df. Tyng or the
Episcopal Chinch, nnd tho Rev. M. L Scud
derof New Vork.
Tho Anniversary will bo more than usu
ally interesting, and a full attendanco is re
quested. Enteituinment will he provided in
tho village, and a reduction of the fare by
railroad will probably bo allowed ns usual.
W. II. Loan, .Yec. I'.li.S.
Montpelier, Oct. 2d. 1851.
Vermont Colonization Society.
Tho Thirty-Fifth Anniversary of the Ver
mont Colonization Society will bo holden at
the lirick Church in Montpelier, on Thurs
day evening, tho tilth of October, at half
past six o'clock P. M.
J. K. Cu.iVERsr, Secretary.
Burlington, Sept. 27th, 1851.
.Inolher I'ireJ-On Saturday evening lat,
the attic of tho Patriot olficc wns found
to bo nn fire, nnd tho firemen achieved
another hindsoine triumph. Tho alt ic wns
well gutted, and property m the lower rooms
somen Int injured by n superabundance of
wuttr. Insured. It is remarkable that this
fire occurred in the samo stroet, directly op
posite tho last scene ofliro in a bulling oc
cupied for like purposes in several respects,
caught in oach in tho attic, nn.l was confin
ed to that pirl of tho building in each.
This is tho second time lit it neighbor Eist
man Ins been served in tlic same way. In
oach of thoso ctsos it was fortmntu that the
enjinot were In good order, ns if a little
timo had been lost in tho engines, probably
a very largo amount of valuible properly
would havo been destroyed.
Knickerbocker Magazine for October is
good : it is nieiryi good.
ltlaclnmodjor September lies been receiv
ed fmm (.onntril Kault iV Co., Now Vorlt.
A olcumu t isitor.
frank Leslie's Itadies' (!a:ittc of Paris,
London, and Now Vork fashions, for Octo
ber, seems lo be even more beautiful thin
When M iclnon, tho Greek Physician was
Blam, Homer slid of him, "a good Physician
ii worth as much as a whole army." Then
n good medicine like .Iyer's Cathartic 'ills,
is worth a great deal more, becauo it cures
ns well, works wider, nnd lasts longer. The
circle of tho best Physician's labor must be
narrow, while such a remedy is available to
all can bo had by every body, nnd is worth
Annual Meeting of the Rut
land &. Burlington Railroad.
The stockholder's meeting of Rutland and I there will bo n sweep takes of j.:l(!0. Hand
Hurhngton lU'lrodd took place at Ilelluws Ibills with full particulars will soon bu issued.
Falls, on Wednesday, the i-'Uth, according to Sept. Silh, IC'il.
notice, and was ealfed to order bv Thomas
Thacher, Esq., President, at 12 o'clock.
In his preliminary remarks .Mr. Timelier
alluded to the unfortunate condition of tho
Road nt tho time ho assumed the Presidency,
when with a largo portion of its motive power
under attachment, nnd its cars and the road 1 that the newspapers say ho is a Catholic,
bed and iron in need of great repair, it was laud this fact mado him obnoxious to tho
actually running at a pecuniary loss. At the Know-Nothings, For the sake of religious
present time, as ono cf the Trustees in pos- freedom we hopu this is not true. To ns
session of the Road, ho could say that its lo-1 cranio a man politically, merely on the
cnmotivcs are in perfect order, the cars m i ground of his religious creed, is Anti Re-
good repair and the rout in sucli condition
that sit express train could be run with per.
Ict sdtety over every mile ot it. with re
gard to its earnings, although the northern
end of the road seriously felt the want of its
sharo of (he Ogdensburgh business, of which,
by an arrangement with tho Vt. Central, it
is at present deprived, there hid been within
the past two mouths, a new source of income
to the road from its connection via the Alba
ny Northern Roid with tho New Vork Cen
tral, by which a share of tho traffic of the
Great West is secured, and Inch already
begins to show its effect upon thu receipts.
The gross earnings of the road since tho
Trustees had been in Kwscssion, Nov. 20,
lrtKJ, lo August III, IHjl, were $ai0,2i fc7
The running expenses
and tho repura were 210,133 03
Leaving a balance of 01,125 81
In explanation of the large amount repairs
he stated that many items justly chargable to
these accounts, and among them mentioned
the erection of houses and forges, the filling
III nftrestlo work, nnd the substitution or
masonry fur less substantial wherever it was
lound expedient, or necessary tor the safety
of the road. Extraordinary repairs had been
also mado unon the locomotives that had been
under attachment and exposed to the wealh-1 spirits manifesting themselves, by request or
or, cars had been put in perfect order, some ' a iriend, visited a speaking medium nf this
300 tons of lion had been re-rolled and laid) . vicinity. Doing a freemason of high de
down, and other permanent expenditures grce, ho requested tho presence or brother
mide which had of courso been included in' mason who has been in tho spirit land some
tho monthly expenses, although not justly i thirty years. His request was responded to
chsrgablo to any one month. ) by the spirit, and he announced himself by
Mr, Read of llostou, accounted for the di- the Udual masonic signs, and during the in
version of the Ogdeusburgh business, by i terview the signs and passwords of this or
the fact that tho share of tho Rutland was ' dcr were correctly given, and even my friend
promised to it, provided some 100,000 dollars 1 was corrected when giving some of tho
of the bonds of tint road should be taken jffrips man awkward or incorrect manner. -and
paid for by this; a proposition te Inch! He assures me that those signs havo never
tho Directors of this Company did not feel at ' been revealed by any seceding mason in the
liberty to accede. The other lines had not United States. Although this demonstration
the same scruples; they subscribed for a of sqnrit-pawer did not fully convince him as
largo suvouut of the bonds and got the busi
ness. Prior to this arrangement, and upon
tho basis of a union, or consolidation, it was
understood by tho Directors that this road
was to hive had its share of tho profits, over
whichever road the business might go) but
Mr, L'e, with the best intentions in the world,
was doubtless unable te induce his associates
in tho Vt. Central lo comply with this under
standing. With regard lo the future moans
ui rct.uiiuu a viiiuu ui um wguensuirsu ,
irauic, ue tun not uouut mat iney uouiu tie
forthcoming, and taken adrantatrn of.
Tne Report of the Directors was then pro
duced, but, as it was 1 o'clock, was laid on
the table, and the polls opened for the votes
for a board of Directors. The meeting ad
journed until 2 1! P. M., when it was found j
that some 7,000 rotes litd been cast, alt of
which (wiyt tho exception ot about l.MJscst
leriiiL'l were fur the old Hoard of Directors.
with the addition of Paris Fletcher, Esq., of
An interesting chapter has recently coma
out. I'hcra was ono Dr. Olds, of Ohio, who
presided in committee of tho whole, over the
Nebraska debate, and by his unfairness nn
points of order contributed essentially to the
success of tho bill. In March last this
Olds, addressed the following to a member
of his patty:
No. I. Wasim.ioton, March I, 1851.
" I admit that tho No
braska bill is an unfortunate afiair for the
Democracy of the North. It may be chan
ged so that I can vote for it.
E. I). OLDS."
ICss than thrco months afterwards he
writes to the s imc person :
No. 2 Washington, May 27, 1851.
" It is now morally cer
tain that the Nebraska bill will pass. am
in a position to ask a favor Jor a friend.
How would yon like n Judgeship ? This is
a private matter between you and I, and no
one need to be the wiser. E. II. OEDS."
All which means that this pure patriot, be
ing originally opposed to the rascality, when
"placed in a position to ask o favor of a
friend," sold his vote to the highest bidder !
Ono of the considerations as it is well known,
wns the appointment of Ins son to a lucrative
office in the North West. Still, it appears,
ho had capital enough left to trade for h
friend, in tho matter of a Judgtship. Com
ment is unnecessary.
There is a North.
Damki. WtnsTEn long mourned over
the humiliating subserviency of the Nonh.
Ho often sickened at tho avidity with which
" Dough-Faces" submitted to the unjust de
mands of their Southern tnk masters, a nd
sometimes not only looked forward to the
period when Ibis subserviency would ceaso,
but when there would he " a North." This
prediction ho tittered in his celebrated
Marshlield speech, ns follonsl
" Wo talk of the North. Thcro Ins hern
no North. I think the North Star isnt lat
discovered. I think thcro icill be a .Yortlt ;
but up to tho recent session of Congress
there has been no North. Wh it I mean to
siy i, if I a:n to understand a geographical
section of tho country in which there has
been found a strong, conscientious, nti'i
united opposition to Slavery, no such North
has existed."
If Mr. Wkiuti r was still among us, he
would sco that now, if never belore, the
North Slar is discovered," nnd lint there
is a North. Slavery has had its last tri
umph. New England Exhibition and
Fair of Horses,
.7 llralMore', 17., Oct. 7th, IStht,- I'M.
Tho Society hive organized by tho ap
pointment of the following ollicers:
Li-Mtm. lit rliiurt, of South Winches
ter, Conn.
Tier Uiesidenls.
Sanford llowird, llouon, Mais.
Ileiij. Thurbton Lowell, "
Silas Hale, So. Koyntiton, "
L. M. Hayes, F.inningion, N. II.
J. S. Walker, Claroinont, "
Dr. E. Holmes, Augusta, Maine.
Robbins Unite), Now Haven, Conn,
f Jen. IX II. Chiso, Lyndon, Vt
DjvuI Hill, liridport, "
Jl. Carter Hall, llanuinztnn, "
Dr. Marshall I). Moad, Providence, R. I.
Coi responding Secretary,
William S King, Boston, Mas".
Jticordiug Stcrelary,
Eveline I'm point. Rutland, Vt.
Calvin Townsloy, Ilrnttleboro', Vt
Committee oj Invitation,
Solomon V, Jewett, Middlcbury, Vt.
llrrrutivc C'ummillec,
H. It. Newton, St. Albins, Vt.
G. M. Atwnter, Springfield, Mass.
Lyman P, White, Whiting, Vt.
The Society will give the first Exhibition
of Horses, nt Urattlcboro', Vt., on tho 17th,
I61I1, nnd Uhli October i.ext.
Tho grounds selected are tho samo where
tho recnt btalc Fair was hold, which are
said to bo the bust in New England, nnd
which are pculiarly ndipted to a Irottiog
course, the trick bsmg grided and in the
best of order.
A liberal ht of premiums will bo offered,
for fancy horses and horses of all work, in
'chiding fnncv lrottin? horses, for winch
Joseph R. Ciu.milkr, for several years a
Itcpresentative in Congress from Philadel
phia, has been set aside by his party, and u
new candidate nominated in his plnco. Of
the reasons we know knothmg, further tlnn
, puulicau, Aim-American, were -ur.L nan
dler an advocate of the supremacy or the
Pope in secular affairs, of the right of the
Church of Rome to meddle with our poli
tics, the policy or foreign or religious com
binations to control the ballot box, ho would
richly deserve political degradation. Out ho
is guiltless in all these respects. Wo do
not believe he entertains a single political sen-
tuncnt adverse to the fundamental nnuciiiles
of civil liberty recognised by the Constitu
tion ot his State, and lying at the founda
tion of true republican institutions.
Aui'ma! lira.
Those are our sentiments. Mr. Chandler,
however, has not retired from the field, and
hols running as on independent cundidate.
He voted against the Nebraska infamy, and
his cou'se generally in Congress was such
as every truo nun could approve. We hope
ho will be elected. Urandon Post,
Ditto to that.
Spirit Revelations. Mr. Roswell Child,
of Moretoivn, Vt., communicates the fol
lowing incidents:
More Light on Masonry. A lawyer of
my acquaintance, who is very skeptical as lo
tu its origin, yet lie is uroatly puxzled te
know wheru the medium obtained this knowl
edge of freemasonry, .eie Era.
If tho foregoing is correct, the hidden
things of masonry, jesuitism and Know-noth-ingism
will bo revelled.
llallateau's Pills, for debilitated Comfit
Fl- I 1 I .- . I. .I.'.-I
fi'oni, Disordered Liver, and Indigestion
i uo wouucnui eincacy ti mis sawiary ineu
iciuc, and the good effects produced on par
ties suffering frpm disorders of the stomach,
liver complaints, bile, and indigestion, would
be incredible, if it were not confirmed by
daily proofs of thq cures clTected by them,
and tbe permanent benefit derived from their
use. The cxhiliaraling properties of these
invaluable Pills, entirely remove all nervous
symptoms froni ,lho system, strengthen the
tone of the etpmacJi, and thereby promote a
healthy digestion.
orrigit rui0.
Seven days later from Europe.
Thursday, Bopt. 28. 5 i
Tho steamship America, yCnpt Lcitch,
from Liverpool lfith Inst., P. M., arrived
hero at "1 o'clock this morning. j
Tho harvest reports from England and tho I
continent arc highly satisfactory.
The liar. The expedition to tho Crimea
has sailed. It was tho largest naval torce
ever concentrated, consisting of seven hun
dred ships, carrying at once 70,000 men,
with horses, guns, pontoons, gabions, tents,
provisions, and all the materiel of war. Tho
fleet is manned by 25,000 seamen, nnd car
ries 3000 cannon. The land forco compris
es 25,000 English soldiers, 35,000 French,
10,000 Egyptians, 5000 Tunisians, and 5000
other Turkish soldiers. On the 3d, the great
er part ot tho English squadron, with tho
Ilnlish troops on board, and onthe5lh, Mar
shal St. Arnaud and the Turkish part of the
force, lclt Varna to join tho expedition ot
Fidonia, or Serpent island, off tho mouth of
tho Danube, and opposite Eupatoria, In the
Crimea. Tho debarkation will take place nt
a point near llaba, hear the mouth or the riv
er River Katcha, where there is fifteen fa
thoms water. Once landed, the allies will
entrench themselves. Tho Russians must
next bo driven from the field, and they will
occupy tho heights above the city.
From the sea, Fort Contantino, mounting
110 guns, will be the principal object of at
tack. A position has already been discov
ered by which the Russian licet can be en
filaded, and cither set on fire in tho harbor
or compelled to come out and fight, Not
much is known of the Rusian preparations.
Prince McnschikolT, in person, will conduct
the defenco of Scbastopol. He attaches
great importance to Forts OczakotT nnd
Kherson, and about a thousand men arc en
gaged in strengthening these places. Con
tinual reinforcements arrive at Odessa and
pass on. 00,000 men are said to bo in camp,
besides a full garrison in the city.
A new levy of ten men in every thousand
throughout the Western part id tho Rus
sian Empire has been made.
There ore Btrange rumors that tho French
Admiral Homcdin strongly opposed the ex
pedition oeainst Sebastopd; that Marshal
St. Arnaud takes the sole responsibility ; and
that sealed orders were nn their oy from
r ranee to discontinue It,
all rumor
The Ihllic. I here is n report that tho
H.iltic ffect is ordered to return to England,
which causes apprehensions that the Rus-1
sian fleet will escape from tho Ililtic, and
commit depredations upon commerce in the
open sen. There is also a rurnor that Sir
Charles Nnpier wishes to resign
The Anglo-French detachment had land-1
cd nt Ulncashorg, near Swoaborg, destroy-
ed somo gun boats, nnd set the town on fire.
The D inule. The Russians havo cvacu -
oted Hrail.i nnd (Inlitz, consequently (he nav-
tuition of the Danube is free On the Ith,
(Jen. Luders removed his head-qu.rters from
0,1.1. to Ren, Ueforo leaving", he blew up
lie; fortifications and strai.d batteries.
It is reported that tho Turks entered Fok'
scliauy on the (itli.
tOiint (Jornmna, at the head nl -1UUU Aus
,.i..,.l nl , .,. r,ii
received by Oanr Pasha, with n Turkish di-' '''.'pr ' , , , ,, . r
vision, and a detachment of Wallach.an mi- . ' 'J'' a,r l,ne1, w,,h J?' rrom ',0
' , border States. In about every filth or eighth
The London D!v News reports that ' '.V'"1? fi "iTro
there are, already, disagreements between fii, " V , thjUheilaTe lioHcre
Omar Pasha and the Austrian Commanders. lTfR f .1 n A, CI"1"0 tlWl
-fsm.-Tho II ...sian army corps recently ",beffr,e U3.Bt "rst elect .on. 1 hey
operating under Prince UebuuiTVnin.t die I -?ih. fi ? ."',r P .""'f f"-'
Turks on the frontier of Georgia. Has ,ade , 'Br 'J ,fi" , j,2,, Ltlt'
a sudden and unexpected retrograde move-1 '". ' lUb2Y l' ,lot B 11 ''"; w
inentupon Gumn. The TurkS found l;i-:Ea'nit1Ar'?,,en'
liussi.n camp deserted ond ten gun, sp,k-' ' "ere h" bcc" 80," al Kanz" C"-v"
ed. It is nol known whether the retreat was P.ssex County. Hartshorn's majority for
caused by the presence of Sclumyl with a . Senator in Essex County is 40, nnd his plu
hrge forco near Tcilis, or by the report of rality 122. The whole onli-administratiiiti
the nllied movements in tho Itlack Sea. This ' county ticket, except Sheriff, is elected by
movement gave rise to a report that Scha-1 about 10 majority. CaUdonian.
myl had gained great victory nl Tcili. .-1 0n( Car, ho h beon wont , dil
guns, tSUtlCJ tents, vc.
Tho Times siys that on August 25th, the
Turkish Minister left Teheran lor Erzeroun.
The rupture between Persia and the Otto
man i one is cnmi'iore.
'ri. ..
I no ansn er or ius-
7Vie Czai's lltphi.
sia Ins been officially notified by Austria to
the representatives of tho Western Powers.
The IndepenJence ISclge gives it Mibstantiiil
ly. Russia expresses surpriso tint Austria
should hive transmitted such proposals to
St. Petersburg, unaccompanied by ony con-(
cession 011 tho part of the Wostorn Powers; , n Pike in the Connecticut River, at the Kerry
slio therefore rejects them. The C&ir lnli- ( in that town, on Friday Evening last, weigh
nilcly regrets that ho has been unable to ac- ing eighteen pounds and a quarter, and
ccpt the list overtures nude by Austria. He
consiuers mat no lias maue every concession
compatible with the honor of Russia, and it
only remains for him to do tho same as his
enemies; that is, to try the eventualities 0r
... ' i.j 1 ..e
war, in order te arrive at somo solid basis of ' ' . ' " ',. ,1, : ,
negotiations. The Czar has directed his '"t ' "'" 'I''-General-in
Chief te pass the Pruth with Ins W"W3t
troops, from strategic motives, and Russia
res, anti Kussia
.vith'm l...r fri.n
d increasing the
will keep on the defensive
tiers until more equitable cond
rered to her. He will avoid increasing tho
t .: r .1.. t. ....II ...nnt
: z z ,:" z
him, from whatever quarter they may pro-
.... . ... b.v. h-
. luslria and Prussia. The Western pow.
ers h ivu expressed themselves satisfied with
Austria's resolve to remain for the present
In armed neutrality.
The Germanic Diet resumed its sittings
on the I Ith, when tho I'russian representa-
tivuiniormca tno iiei mat rrussia never
having bound herself by the guarantees de-
manded by the Western powers, will in tho
futuro remain strictly neutral.
CWria. Canton, .lug. 20. There was
great confusion at Canton, the insurgents
having taken several places near, and now
threaten Canton. The foreign residents aro
, .. .... ."-.!. ,
piace 1 u ,iuer uio proiccuu.i o, um uauer.en
and the ships.
Spain. The intelligence from Madrid is
important. Tho republican party is extreme
ly active, and new outbreaks aro considered
met tun e. 11 nan ueen uieeuvereu mm ro-
pubheanism has been extensively organized,
and was almost ready for action throughout
inevitahle. It has been discovered that to
apam. I He programme ot the intended
movement is clandestinely circulated. The!
Marrjuis of Albaida, recognized as the head
of the movement, has gone into concealment, '
tho better to direct tho secret operations. I
Public oninion connects Mr. Soufe's absenen
with Iho limn ratisc,
charge against hitn.
,;,i. ,i, ... . . ot .i. ",t7"
.Imcrican Ministers and Consuls. The
administrations of both parlies, for the last
twenty years, have sent out for the most part
to represent us abroad, persons distinguish
ed only by ignorance and vulgarity and vice.
They nave not been on a par with tho aver
age at home, and commonly are ignorant of
tho language, manners and business icla
lions of the country to which theygo, and
even or the French, the almost universal
language of Europe
'I'lmo avhiia J,',, ,-, .,,,! k
has followed, wo are Wred in the eyes of
loreign governments, jncy looKuponusnsa
bold,'bad people. They regard us as iho '
sourco rrom which universal liberty is to
How. Hon, Geo, P. Marsh's .Iddress.
tl'isconsin. In the Locofoco Convention
of tho Second Congressional district of Wis.
consin, represented in the present Congress
by B. C. Eastman, nn anti. Nebraska Dem-1
ocrat, the Nebrsscsls had everything their i
unit wov. iteurnsKa rcnoiuiiuns, strong f -
nough for Douglas himself, wero adopted.
Whereupon, Mr. Eastman considered himself
censured, withdrew his naino as a cundidate
for re-election, and with his friends retired
from the Convention. The Convention nom
inated ono Otis Host, an office holder under
tho general government, in the land clfico at
Hudson. Mr. Esetmati is to stump the Dis
trict in favor of Mr. Washburn, thoaiitt-Ne-bratka
The Woodstock ,1ge miles the following
W were aorry te see in a democratic
paper in his State, the week before election,
the statement that Merritt Clark is opposed
to tho .Nebraska bill. This of course is an
error, and such a statement should not be
made even for the pitiable excuse of secure
ing a few abolition votes."
IMew Vork Dutchman did the Yankees, with i '? " J"lr"','
"great respect and abhorrtnce.- The people ! lho of Montreal, snd of the 1837 rebel
ol Europe, however, look upon us will, more on "00'1: VilB aff"r "u,cd a
indulgence. They resard us ns the crcat ' ca' f sensstion about Kccscville.
Patent Potatoo Diggers, at Ol
iver & Hclmer's.
Having purchased the right to make and
sell the cclebtalcd Potatoo Diggers within
tho County of Washington, Vt., wo aro
now prepared to furnish the farmers of our
county, with tho best thing ever offered or
used cither as a Potatoe Digger or a Culti
vator. It Is simple and cheap. You can
dig as many pototocs with It in a day as you
can with a hoe in n month, and do it as well.
Farmers, come nnd see.
Montpelier, Sept. I!), 1851.
Stoves. They nro receiving a new lot of
Cook and Parlor Steves at Oliver & Hcl
nicr'ff, nnd people say at new prices. Oo
nnd sec.
7'Ae Callaudet .Monument. Tho erection
of the monument to tho philanthropy of the
Rev. Thomas II. Gallaudct was celebrated
iu Hartford on Wednesday. The monument
consists of a platform of Ciuincy granite, 0
feet 10 inches square, tho plinth also ol gran
ite, 1 Toot thick: tmrblc base 5 TectO inch
es 8quarc,vcry richly moulded j tho die con
sists nf four panels. On tho south panel is
represented in has relief Mr. Gallaudt and
three mute children. His left arm encircles
the body of a lilllo mute girl, of seven or
eight years of sgo ; his right hand is brought
forward and clasped in Iho form of the let
ter A of the mute alphabet. The little girl
is imitating the letter with her left hand. In
front sits a little boy, apparently eight or
tuna years of ngc, who has a slate in his
hands, and is making tho capitals of tho al
phabet. A lad stands by their side, with a
portfolio under his arm, watching the move
ments of Mr. G. very Intently. On tho last
side is the inscription.
Ohio. At a late discussion between Sam.
Gullowny and Dr. Olds, the latter attempted
to defend Ins, Nebraska vote by showing that
emigration would keep Slavery out of Ne
braska. Sam. replied that Judas Iscariot
sold his Lord and Master for thirty pciccs of
silver, nnd the Lord overruled the act of
treachery to the good of mankind, but no
thinks to Judas for thai ; no thanks to Olds,
Pierce (, Co if the people overrule tlieir be-
Rut this may bol1"" r,f freedom.
! .More Hold in Vermont. Gold has been
recently discovered by Mr. Oliver Hudson,
of Plymouth, in the bed or a s.nall brook
which runs through his farm. It is found
, by wnshimr the sand nnd gravel, iu particles
j of considerable size, somo of which Mr.
Hudson has shown U3, nnd areas large as
i kernels of wheat. This new "placer" is
ubotit 5 or 0 miles from that iu Bndgenater,
of which so much has been said of late, and
1 will doubtless prove about ns valuable.
1 Standard.
... ... ,, ,
1 r Aots.ii.- The following extract
f"1"1. relia,b'a sol,rfc', ,varnJ ,UJ h'
, ' ' ' B "8" o to .pP-bende
in relation to slavery in Knnzas. The friends
of freedom should do all m their power lo
aid and encourage the emigration or freemen
to that territory, and what thev do should bo
I M""-''- aocieuurisu.ncinnivnnzis,
beaten by one of his customers lately in a
drunken row. Whereupon he applied to the
authorities for redress, who prosecuted the
customer fur a breach of the pence. Ilo in
Hum iMcnteJ this treatment, ind co.nplalnea
. f . . , .. . , , j .
ui uuuv Mipjiij'iiii; uiu iiecuiui iiiai oc
casioned tho row. This resulted in a prose
cution against Car'cy for such practices, and
he wns duly fund thirty dollars, and costs
amounting to fifteen more. Piee Press.
.Mr. Geo. Unlcrmod. of Putney, speared
measuring three feet six inches. For the j
iroiu 01 which statement tno nratllcuoro
St-itcsman is responsible.
. - , .... . . rv.
T'Zf u II "" tf-
I he steamship Hermann, from llicmcn and
arrived here this
A despatch dated Hone Konir, July 22,
, , r TV 7" i 1 '
l"'c" received here hy a houso d.ung an
, 0 tensive business with Ch.na .
oniodore Perry has arrived at Ui.ng Kong.
All was quiet nt Canton although tinny
. "v,g ramn.cs
There was but a tritlinjr business doini? in
7Vie V.piscopal Convention. .New York,
Sept. it). At the evening session of the
Episcopal Diocesan Convention yesterday, it
was agreed, after considerable opposition, to
proceed to the election of a Ilishop. in place
01 ine late in. vvainwnght.
. At the evening session the Rev, Dr. Pot-
ter, of Albany, was chosen Ilishop of the
Dioeeso of New Vork, on the 8th ballot. lie
received 172 votes of the clergy and laity,
against 2(! for the Rev Dr. Vinton. The
election wis confirmed by acclamation,
' n,- ,,, ,,. . .. . m
11.110 Politics. Cincinnati. Sent. 29.
Tj 0 . ,, ..-... ,.
rn 111 the fifth street market space, lost
night, and addresses were made by the Hon.
George E. Pugh and others.
1 ho meeting was very disorderly, and the
hill, nlltinna ar.nn.art ,n k. in ,1.
,.- m ,i , - . ..
k ' w ll,,nSf 'comod 10 bo, " lh '"'J0"'
" ,hoe,ec,lon
Of the five hundred Methodist Ministers
in the State of Indiana, only three support
the Kanzas and Nebraska Platform.
ir w,i.; .:.. i..:ii,
. Know-Noth.ngism" is decidedly on tho
' increase it we may ludgo irom the follow-
ing. lri,lt .ii0lh,r. " Arroh, Johnny, and
I where have yces bin, so long!" .Votive
I iSbn" Why, mo and the rest of tho boys
has been licking an Irishman ." Mother
" Wait ye spalpeen, till yer daddy gits
homo yuo'l bo after catching it!" .Sim
Oh, ho bo blowed? That's the
vvce'vo tided."
Mr. Nelson, Postmaster at Kcpscville,
N, V., was arrested, some time siuco, for
committing depredations on tbe mails under
his charge. An examination took place at
Iroy, last week, ana tho result was that
Nelson was bound In the sum of 82,000, in
fau't f whicI' l,e,WM committed to jail.
," .,: v.
Aeeiei-Je Cotee, an Administration paper.
I mil Kansas be a Free Stale 7 This is a
'question moro easily asked than answered.
I Wo have examined tho papers published at
Iho West, and we find that they are divided
in opinion as te the present prospect in that
' territory. That the slaveholders are sending
in emigrants into that territory, thcro can be
no doubt. They have the advantage of
proximity. But If tho free States will do
their sluty if they will put forth their cner.
gy, that territory win yet un tree, flow is
the time for acfiori Cor vigorous, united ac
tion on this subject. We call tbe attention
or tho lovers ol freedom and Tree institutions
to this subject, and trust that they will see to
it, that no advaniago be gained and that no
opportunity be lost, Kunsaa cau be made
Tree, and must be. .'7lo.
A'ol Had. We clip tho, following capital
hilfroni the Walcrford Sentinels
"If you want to keep your town from
thriving, turn a cold shoulder tq every young
ineclnnic or beginner in business ; look upon,
every new coiner with a jealous scowl.
Discourage ell you can it that wont do de
cry his work, and ruther go abroad for warca
pt his, kind, than givo him your money.
Last, though not least, refuse to patronize
thu tillage paper."
Ex Gov. Slade formerly of this state, ar
rived In Albany, last Friday evening acconv
pinlfd by twenty-fivt young women on
their way to the far West as teachers, un
der .the direction of tho Educational Society,
They aro bound for Mississippi, Arkansas,
Indiana, Illinois, fee. Over 100 teachers
under the patronage of the Society havo al
ready been sent out. somo having gone to
Oregon, California, and Texas.
fjyTho rcprcsen'ntiun of .Maine iu tho
next Congress, consisting of two senators
and six representatives, embraces but two
supporters of the ndminislratlon of Gen.
Pierce, though the vote of tho State was
givon to it in '5i by D0O0 plurality.
The Vermont llaptist Association hold its
fiOth anniversary in Rutland on the 5th and
fith inst Tho number or churches connect
ed with the body is ten, all in Rutland
county. Rev. J. Goadby or Poullney,
preached the annual sermon. Revivals have
occurred in several churches, and forty bap
tisms aro reported in 0 churches. The
members of ten churches now number IUS,
who have contributed for benevolent purpo
ses $1100 during the year.
During tho last six nnd a half years, says
a letter Irom llelfasl to tho New York Com
mercial Advertiser, 32,000 persons havo left
the Romish church in Ireland, and become
members of Protestant churches ; whii e
more than 80,000 Catholics have become
unsettled in their old opinions. Rev. Dr.
McNeile, the celebrated evangelist preacher
in Englano, has been deprived of his license
to celebrate mirriages, because ho refused
to marry a Romanist nnd a Protestant with
out a guarantee that the children should be
brought up iu the Church of England. It
is computed that tho Mormons in Great
Ilruoin number about 00,000 in Utah
51,000, and that not less than 10,000 aro
scattered over Iowa, Missouri, Wisco nam
and other western states, making in all
Speaking of tho know nothings, the Haiti-
moro Argus says
'Dr. Ornck, who was somo short tune
a leail'mi; man In tho movement, has formal
ty withdrawn from tho association ; and with
him a large number of others who had been
led into the secret machinations have also
resolved to quit.
liulwcr, the novelist, in a letter to a gen
tleman in Rostnn. said:" I have closed my
career ns a writer of fiction. Iain gloomy
and unhappy. I havo exhausted the powers
of life, chasing pleasure where it is not to be
fXThe St. Louis Democrat says that
Hon. Edward Hites or that city, is opposed
to tho Nebraska bill. He is named Tor U. S.
Senator from Missouri. We trust te record
his election. No truer man is contained in
the Whig party than Edward Rates. CVii
cngo Journal.
Attorney General Cushing is preparing
te carry the ltooth case, on which the Su
premo Court of Wisconsin decided against
lite constitutionality of the Fugitivo Slave
Law, up to tho Supremo Court of tho United
.'I Long .'I&jcnre. A man ronnerlj be
longing to this city, (says tho Silcm Even
ing Journal,) returned home on the PJth,
alter an absence of forty-two years. He
lett a wife, and a child one year old, behind,
and when lie returned ho found his daughter
the mother of twelve children someofwho-n
ore married. His wife lived a widow as she
supposed, over twenty years, and married
again some twenty years since, and now re
sides in Silcm.
The first sheep introduced into any part
of the present territory of the United States
were brought from England to Jamestown,
In Virginia, by tho Iandon Company, in
0. In 101S the number of sheep in that
colony had increased to three thousand.
S. M. Ihkrr, a Pickaway farmer, has own
ed during the past year, upwards of three
thousand cattle ; Ins capital actively em
ployed in this business being something over
5 150,000. C'iticiiinafi Commereht.
Washington despatches intimate a speedy
mil mutinTly satisfactory adjustment of the
C ntrnl American difficulty between the U.
S. and (Jtual Ilritain.
Imw liipcrience. A judge's duty is to
snub the counsel oil both sides, and bother
the jury by furnishing them with a third
method of looking at a case. We got this
from a wag who onto went to law to get
damages: and he got what hi went after,
enough to liat him a life time.
" Ever since the groat Rutland movement
wc have had serious misgivings nnd un
pleasant apprehensions." .-lurorn of the
f alley.
So his Frank Pierce, Stephen A. Doug
lass, tho Administration organs in Vermont,
and the Woodstock Stand trd. Rutland
Rumors. The Paris correspondent of the
New Vork Tribune asserts tint a large loan
to Russia has been taken through tho agency
of the American Minister at the Hague, Mr.
Belmont, for hie father and uncles, the Broth
ers Rothschild. Abo, that at tho council
held in Pans convened by Hon Dudley .Mann,
and attended by .Messrs. .Mason. Piatt. Uel -
iiiont. Cass. Sie'kles. and others. Mr. Belmont
received peremptory and explicit directions
to demand thnraymcnt ot ? I UU.UUU lo Capt,
Gibson, by the Dutch Government, within
the period orten days. Tlusame correspon.
tlcnt adds that a political combination Has
just taken place on that side or the Atlantic,
with a view of electing Mr. Buchanan Presi
dent of th- United Stales in lB.'G. This
combination consists or Messrs. Buchanan,
Sickles and Belmont.
Several or the Southern Whig papers are j
very much troubled at the Resolutions of
the Whigs of Massichusctts and New York,
because thev resist slavery encroachments.
Tho Whigs of Virginia even thrciten t0
leave tho Northern Whims. Don t brethren, i
don't ; for tho locofoco State of Virginia to
leave the Whig party, would be too bad ;
it would be dreadful. .lllas.
I'.tiLcni. (ii xi I.vsuna.icr: Company.
Wo hear by telegraph that the Protection
Insuranco Company of Hartford has become
bankrupt. Until within a short time this
Institution has stood well in public estima
tion, but any person familiar with the pres
ent method adopted by many of the Insur
ance Companies to nbtain business, cannot
be surprised that thev full and defraud thoso
who nave trusieu iiiem. mere are many t
offices that might more properly be named
" .tfiitirfliicr," than Insurance Coinpan.es, ,
nnd we advise all parties to look well not
only to their policies, but to tho names or
the officers or tho companies they trust.
No department of business, requires more
judgment and discrimination than tho pnat
ter of insurance ; and it is of tho highest
importance to persons or limited Tncans, that
they should avoid all doubtful insurance
companies. Where safety is needed no
risk should bo incurred. Motion Trans
cript. It seems by nn official statement that!
there was in tho treasury of the United
Mates, Sept. 2:,ltO), ir'-'l B 13.701 in specie.
Tnus, while tbo commercial community aro
sulTering tor the want of Tunds. the Govern-
nMiitsV linl'A Iminlrtit ll ei nlintit I a it aa ii . T
"r: 'r I"ii. ' i m i . " 'r " SJ
f,,i,iw, v, uunnia a 1110 a uuu ui anu ucau
ties of our democratic system of finance!
A Washington correspondent telegraphs
that Gen. Cuzcneau has negotiated a treaty
i r . .i . it i c .
with Dominica, ceding to .he United I Bute.
Port Samana, togelhei with a strip of land.
The price of brcadstuffs is now so much
lower lu England than in America, that
several cargoes of flour are said to havo
been shipped from Liverpool for New Vork.
Cholera at .Veil York. The number of
deaths from cholera at New Vork is rapidly
decreasing. The number of deaths from all
causes in 1651, between May PJ and Sept.
0, was j from cholera, JKG3. In 1843,
during the corresponding period, tho number
of deaths from cholera was more than twice
as nany, 5015.
The mails continue to furnish cold com
fort fur thearniiie viakcrs, either as regards
tbe crops at home or abroad. Tho crops In
England and throughout Eurobe generally
provo tq be unsually abundant.
Mr. Green, ore of tho wealthiest men in
Chicago, worth aorae threo or four hundred
thousand dotjaxs, is charged wjth tho murder
ofhis'wjfe, IJe resisted the arrest with
Wholcsnlc Prices Current.
By Kmllhv Fnllrr.
MoisTrrtitn, Oct 5, 1851.
APPLES Dried, per lb
o a
2 50 a
50 a
Grafted, per barrel,
Com. "
nUTTER Very choice,
Ordinary to fair,
CHEESE Prime, per lb.
3 00
I 00
XU a
12 a
8 a
C a
Uom. ami new
EGGS pcrdoien,
FLOUR per barrel.
0 00 alO 00
GRAIN Corn, per bushel,
Rvo, "
Oats, "
White Iloans,
POTATOES-Peach blows
a t 00
1 00 a 1 121
10 a 45
100 a
75 a
12) a
117 a
20 a
':tiiilrlti;: Cattle illurkct.
U'mn.Dr, MoSr , HJI.
Ittpoititd for llit All.,.
At mutV.l lod.j 3OT3Cmitf. hVjoiOMO n.."., nn.l
803 Atom ron.i.tlr ir IVortlng Oieo, Co, ind
CdltMA; Y'ntlint', T0tinl Thrfu Vrat.OM.
rrlrt,Miletllrr-r.lt.$?.M.rrel lit nn.l
llT.Ml SJqulil) $7 7, tM tliulHf , Bint
IliStB $3.A0tfi ptr r. St.
rfT.llow li, 8.2J
I'alu ill ia l it
Cttrgkliti II c pa, II,.
lUtralllnf Uallla .Inua,
V.tlCnl.. .-(1,1,8
Btorn VVorkitnOii.n.So !'..
Oowi ndeiWt.-tjH, a 2S, 30,,
aitin,-.7,8a. two trail OM-tK, 13, IS. a
OS Tinas Vaar. tll$2, 17, 59. 30,31 jf.
8haaran,l l.aml-!l at a.aik.t. Hun ftl,S0, J,t7i
Swiii. What-. ale hard fat ho, a I 3.
Retnitki Caltla Iratni l4lc, precluding frmarlf.
wo it ms i woieins 1 woims 1 1
t&- A graat man, trarna'1 llaalUra h.tabaan wril
ten,eipllflinxttiooriif, of, an!el.iMiftinf tha wnrma
lantratait lb Ilia human yttm rarcaljr ant Inpla
ol mrdlnat telrtica haa rlleHad more aeuta oWltallon
1 " l,",rn"1 i""t . k! ji iiiieli ua rj
mu eb divided in opinion 00 Ibe tahjret ll matt bo
admtlen',bowflter,tliat,antf all, a n m'a or atptlliar
Ihtm and poiiltmc tbe bad, fivm Ihtii praiaaea It at
moia tataa than Ilia wi.a.l diioi.iiioBt at lo than
Hath an .apt lltnf atant haa ot Ital Irion Itaml. Ilr.
M'l.ana't Varmlfo o piotaatobo ha much tna;at
iftar apaclfie lia tfil cae Uipg amitiMlllf attnt.
odftd br tba mtlit medical fltuttt. Aa fotlhcr (.roof
laad Iba following Ttnm a Udt one of our own till
New Voa,(loliiar 15, Iai1.
Thtl ll lo ttf'lfj, tliat I waa tumbled with VVofmt
Tit mora than a year. I waa adtla-4 touteM'l.iitie'0
Oletjl eitait VrrmlriiK t twol oaa botl't,
which bioojht la,) aboot fiftf worn. t I comniaeeed
lm rotim at oo'e,and am now paif-ttry wall. The
public can team mj noma, and fuilhei purlieetila, be
aj'ptyiaf to lire. Itardia, N 3. Manhattan pl.ea, ot
10 ft. lThail, tlrujtiat.cornarof Itutger and Man
ia atreela.
I. H. Dr. VI I.AVKM rvlehfeJed V rmUof, alw
Ilr ll'HN'W t.HT.fl fll.L?, can M bo U,l at
all tetpeeiaUe llrut til jtat Im tlltaitjr.
$3" Fotchaaeit will ploate be catrtVl! loaak Tor, and
Itio none Utl D'. M'l.eae'a UoletVrateal Vatmituli .
Allothera, is rupart.oa,eie wofthl ta.
A H. IMjetai Doai Sir I h,t tunere,l f.,r a
lofif tlntn from l)tpap.M , an I it fltce Aa araaf pi aa
ore 10 taCiim yau that, aAar oaing botlk nt jour
rumpond 1'llracl ol Hook Rota, I reoelted to ntufh
boneM that I eon rhi eplwllj rvcomnied It 10 an oso
tout attliale't, aa being a valuable mrdisfse. aod tha
beat I a.er o.td.
Youie, Irttlj,
Otwtietbl OrtnlaodOHrott'Caia.
tt-MANUt'.VlfrUril'H foMbe l',orleo,t b, I'
ll. WlttlSTtilt, IVtlmaeavtia.l Ckeoai.l. St
llaMoCt. Pot ttta hj KRBI). K S1IITII..S H II.
TVI.Kn, Moattliar Vt., and .1 il.M . in Medlclen
2tnere!tl , where pim.thlele, Lt , mat be had gratia.
A VVotoaarl'L PiaSottnt haa terontla haeu mttlo
bf ilr. t'urli, f thi. eilt, la tha ir-atowat of Coo
an.naliitB, A.tbma tad all DitMttt o1 laa Lonta.
VVe rafal to . Carlu'a 'efreae, or akatia llg.
ft tVavraad Carrry Sgruy.' WYh tbia new meth
od Ilr. V. haa re.loro.1 in iny aftliel-J owe lo pelt'Cl
Irttallh ; a an rtKleic ul whieb he hta tonuaittabla
eelifidle. Saahmo the liaatiueat, a ,!itaieltn
r-ratika: tt it etid'-iit ib.t infca lot coatiaally
bre.lhinf la eereM. hnallng .ap,ir( Iho maJleiMal
pfoltatlfa mail um, 10 riira't ronlert with tbe whale
or the atial cetlty of ibe eua and tbua .cape tha
many ailtariad ehani.. (irtidiK'ed iraa Iftem wban to-tri-JocedlBlwlha
atu n.eli,aud aol'J,ctidtotha tloceae
ofdlsaatloa. Tlaa llria.na laroi t.Ub, IVRHII U
sS VI 1 1 II, .Man'palitr, Vt , ol at all iha ftruyritta
ihrouih'M. tha eouatty. Frm tka A'Vtf Ytk UUh-
waa aaa.Sl.
ar eoluiao wt Ihla pepcr .
Tu all who uso Liquors Tor "tic
ilii:lniil )iiriMt-ti.
rbyaicitni whoprt.stibe Alcoholic driait tor med
icinal purpotaa abotil! fi-e tha ptelrvo)Co te WoKa'a
Ichiedata Aromatic Mabaafa.,.
1. ll la ntenafeelofto at "abiad.m. in Hollaed, aod
ax-lailtaly tn the faefoiy n the rreomtor, by ro
ca,a aod from malatltli alaewbara taaemplojed ond
S It ia prated, by Iho raroalel aoaltait 0 tttaral
emioaot rhcmi.la. lo bo aatllf ly Irao Iron, tbt perat
eloua foail ot . hih raatoint in avail I tod of Uiiuor
dlatllled from ;fio, and wbkUltiba caaia ol tba
nartoiH aal viacaral dt4aeemim rHH eortiattl on,
end looibid deaire for hibitoai aad intrmperala iodol
vance, which aoeh Jiqtore iataii iSly tend to topano-
I d''"-
1 1 " r"d, by iha te tt.u, tl.it thla
J'P" l i' ' "o.od with 1 araaend and
I indisealible otl of Jaaiper hart'ofum u,ad, but with
Ilia .pacifically lixbler, mvra volttila, aromatic aod
medicinal or tba two eaaantial oita ol th a Italian Jon
iprr berry, neilaclad by every other maaaftemrtr
4. It it chemically protad to be abioloialy pore in
ill reetibeetlon a quality oblabrd by aa entrraly
newptoeeia, and wbiea 110 other tlullind Gin in Iha
world baa aen,ired.
5. It la proved by attentive madii-al eipettonee aod
leatlmony, lo be an tfUitnt at well a a an eteablo
tcmady la many diet of incipient diopay, (latet, tout,
cbrooie ibeuraalitro, Aitalcnce, colic, coaciellone to
In tba kidawyaaod bladder, dyaprpaia, fate land acaa,
aaaral debility, alurfiab aitcolatloii of tba hl-tod, de-
! -! -airoilwti- ul fti .ttd h...td tt.t anet
A. It fl a tooetf Mttfal aod reoovotiat cordial, and
whan uacd ea directed, never tafliniea tba ejeleoi ol
inaoeee inebiirtf ,bul Uode lalhci Iu eubdue tbo lattel
frailty, by creating a dt.hke to all infarioi ha,noia
Aod II iavartably eurrccta tha 111 CVcta oftiad water,
wfaclbel in ewampy or lima. tone dl-uicta. In all of
thoae eootuerated qualms it baa .10 rival io any mar
ket ta the woild.
Pot op In aualt and pint bottlel, with Ibe r.vpfle
lot oatua on Iha bottla, coik and label.
l'ot aala wholcaalein lloaton, at Near Yofkpticee by
nuittiv fc rr.itnv.No. 1 coruhiti.
A 1, CUTLER. No. S3 India Htreet.
WUrlhri aa rorreu.Na. lit IV-.liincton St.
IIIIKVVKItM.tsrKVK.NH t OUMIlNtl, W VVa.b. 81.
UKIIVV'.N, LVMHON & :0.,4J l-jla ft.
IIKNSII S.VV. EH MAUN i. Co , 3 1 ladle u
HF.TII VV. FOVVI.K, IJ3 VV'athlnrtnn Bu
VVUIIillT, IIAitNKd t CO- I'M M.Ik Hi.
mi. ah hi:iii;i: t co , in V:ii m.
lAM'L,a.COi:llltAN aUII , 30 L?b;iiii St.
HKTII K. I'1U.'KKU,B Kim a,.
I. II, KICIIAItlMai. Ml.8,21 i:im 81.
Aad at retail by n'l ih a icapeclebls diut:tla aoJ
cioceta In Ibe United finite.
uooi.i'iio woi.ru,
tfolf Matwufsi.ii.rtr aaJ Impcsfinr,
lht '40 4t U4 iUirti titr-il.
:1w timw Vwk.
... , i,y r, r
SPUING 1 I 11 lia ll b,
? ..
Fortha cure of DVilfUPSI A. I.I V KR CON r f Al.t j .
HILIOUS andJAUNlllCB IIISt:A8t., and rai all
who eleeipoied lo cold and and tool.t air or heal,
and thoae who lead aoilaotary llaee, and apply Ibetn
aoltat loocloaely lo biialneaa m interne eludy, aa
w.ahaa.aorthoiiwnacb." Umiba etiieatiaim
fiom ibie diaeate ale not coaSaed lo Iha atooiacf ,ll.
by Iho tympatbl which raiile balojeen lua brala mad
alomacb.ibopaiieiit ia afflicted with iiddine.a and
pais in Ibe bead, loeiof appallta. vooiini,bailbiiia,
dialantionoftbaalouiacb,ote. ibla oiediclaa, tooi
poacd of
,a tha beat which can ba taken la lbs iprfoi aad auti
niel uioolbt. tba lata llon.Hamoel Coabnian, and i.
Boiith and I Knowllon, Aldtiuien of lho lllj ' l
I'orlinwtitb, N. II,, with thttr ladioe leccomniend Ibil
Mo4irte hljUly (n their eclfficalci, and lay it bat
ufl,'':.rzif..',!; jm. r.t. u,.. u... . ...
J. F. HOLM AN. Proprietor.
Hsuuraclurcd audsota lty
T T ST. AT Ell & CO.
FHUa E. SMITH, Monlpelier, ficoaral Asanl
Vf(ioV tJ:l"

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