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Sottrtt 1 ntttti ISSUED SIMULTANEOUSLY AT IMOXTIMSLIER, NOllTIIFrKLD, WATERBURY, &C. BY E. P. WALTON, JR. FRIDAY, JUNE 15, 1855. VOL. XL1X, NO. 2D WHOLE NO. 2539. al It aBntcjiiitttiiltatcSnnriml. rUIILl.tllGI) nVKKY FRIDAY MORNINU, TERMS.-il.&tMaih UdJt.ote 1"!,00lf pijmtol nat cnd In adranc. ; Intt Hit ! ehIpJ flora h Rd otlha jeal. Aailttad I. t lift nT ;. nt. lotacalva .ub.erlplloa., daatll.eiaaallaBdetMnmiiaieaUoal, and aaaaaw)aJa t aria.ntrot tha taint. u.keninu.j.N.rnsinuov, llronUalJ.H. II. SMITH, ciboi.c. c. niton. n, Din. ills, Cll AKI.1H S. 1IANA, Clm.ic, L. M. OtOlT. HrJt.aik,i:iH'Aitii ii. HAWVr.n, Jubmoo.C. W. SCOTT, Mtt.hr.cia.c i). rur.NAM, MoirliTllla.J.C. Nuvr.s, MidJIem, J !:.. lUDllNHO.N, Jr. NolUiiliJ,E.HJIITIt, Orini-.CAIll.OaCARrr.NTEn, ritlnfulj, A. T. ll 1 MMOIT, (oath ll.tdlk,C. Hllir.MAN, fl., JOfKI'll C.EAV.MOMI, SliarT.rd, WILLI 1M ROLLING, Booth SllalTid, OA.MCt. VV.JUUD, To.titidl, AAEON N. KINO, Vlli6tlJ and Far.lon.ORANllEHMITII IVarran, FRANKLIN A. WniUIlT, lVal-tlar and IlinSory, IVIIIIam.lowri, IMKIl S Pltltin, lVarrailar.JO.NA' ABIIOTT. llnilrnniii 1855 Yta Ccntrnl Kuiltonda 1855 SIMM KO "it t " A IV ( ! US T. Nortlirrn itml V-ti!i n, Itriflili niul Unitcil Mutes .Hull Itoiito. Trains Going North. T.KAVK IVINIlSOn n 1.00 V M., rmn.cn al yoa.a'a 1'r.lni with tr.ir. lor Monltaal, .mr atcamf , 8B'l for 0drn'.uir. ai.d Hi. Writ ea tlc wall mornii e l.r.ra Windsor at 7 on r. M . .lap oar alhl at Whit. Kirr' Junrtifin aad I rorrart Bail daj, f aaaae. tia ith Ir.lrt. far Ofrten.rturh, aa." Mearoal. far tat wa.l, laaaior' irilan.bnta it.0 .am. a.ani Lcafr Mrnlrall f II i m fc 3 S5 p. m. 11 Huillaglua at . ... m 1(1,43 a. at. & &,10 p, a aa4ronarrtat Kiuir'i I'mu' , wait traiaa for 0dai b.rU and Montreal tha .amr d-i. Trains Going South. l.KAVn ROUSC'S I'Ul M l ai A. S1.7JJ A.M. a.d 3 10.'. ' U', A than, at T fn a. m . n SJ a. m. It ),Mp. m. ' lUihaf'.a at 7H- a,. 5 II p- m. ' Mnalpahel at D.lil a. and 7 15 p. ra. The G,0 a. ni. T,ain I.. , lt.,n.r-a Pi"t,t eonnatt. at Whte K.aar JnnrMon ami VVm4,.r, with Traiaa for lla.lon, Naw Vara and inn ""' dial" Klalloa., una. ,,,(,a ll.iilon I.AItl.lKIl IIMS II V A.N J' OTIU'.R RNI.TC, and in NVw Yofl :hr iiar BV.nifl. Tirana far Nl.f.ia IVI., I'uflil , llalr.it, Chieiro, ft. L la. KaB.ar, and iliti. Wad, larlala al allnta tiona on Varmaat Caatlal r.-ulr. u. Mir.i:iMjnr, tWi. Hani. V.C. R.R. NarthSald. Vt. MajQI, ISM. 3-1 18 ij&J5 a 54. Northern. . ItM Railroad. Alter Ofl. 3, 165t, op rntfmr trtna CaneorJ it 10 4J a- M. and 3 I M.t or o irli t ( triioi ri lloaloa Vrcttr, li.ll,Lwfti.(iVe -rtnsfCMBj with tha tlm or thi Varmont Ontfil "M'tniumit'fl Kat.ri'iaai. !.. Wlnta Ilivai Jaoction, tt 7 05 A.M.ind 13.30 I. mufl arrival of lb Cit ftoiu lh Ue dytSorh, , Cent r ft), riumple and t kite 1ud tain It niiro-Hi- Dot Ii tta llawo -v.aBa OTr thi Hotd conorrt at Nn.au h With tfiina to (iioion Junrmm, Woiccilar, Xurwieh. NawVock. PfofiJnt.ro. HoiitiifieW .iltn at C nof4 witn iiihi to ' aioviih, Mantai1ei lawia.K at.4 salatn , aail io .Ailiua, M("d uoi ta. OVft.O"' i E.AR.Nti, .tat. CoatftfJ.N. ll.Sr,- lull. aLhaTnY S: KUTLAiND RAILROAD. jvtUW OI'EN AMI RL NMNO lllUOUI'.ll to Al 1 . ban. withoal riianfr til t'.ra IS53. Fall is. '- inter Ar- 1853. raugnncnt. Fhertet and itufkeit ihd.ufn Mai I Line from ()(- I daaabutgh, Moniifal, Kur' 1'oinl, I'laltiburgh and 1 via. Rutland and Eaglo Bridge, 1 la connection witli Kullainl ai4 U il(8jtoo,and Uud aoo Kuci K41UU11I. fataejige'aoverttiis rouie mjj rely upon making all the eonnnciiona wltlilho aitfarom Uuda, a ndieiliaed. Thli i' t ia oli nol'TK by which paiacngira can wiibctrMiaiygo through itotn Monfroal toNew York ma icmi day. NO CMANGi: OK CARS, C iaJuftor or llaggace Miner betweeo Katlaadand Troy or AMiny K'Kwl' t'UAlN Uavgi t1urlintoa 9.15 A. M. HUCOMI 1' K A I N leaioa lluiltpf i.-n 10.SU A M. irrteat'lro)3.)6 I. Jl.ad A to tJliP. J.,leaci Troy 4.1& r. . ot jAltean ..t T. M.ior .Vtw Vork Arrfvea.t .New Vara 15 l. M. TIIIKO TRAIN t-ai liurhngton 0.-W f. odgw at Kuttanl, and !" llutlauii al 6.J0 A. arrifeaat Troi lo A IW.and Allanv 10.15 A M.,li Troy 10,31 11 or Alxuiy 10.43 A.M. fur .Ntw York, arnffirw Yotk 4.10 I. M. Kiprata Train for Uuif-lo loaoi Albany 10.30 A. M. Thiuugb fiLket tn he pruoured al ihn Rutland and Dnrliugtoa lUitroad office, or of W. 1111.1.-, ci.tt, UurllDglea. TIl.LLY, Tolltn.' Agent. Alio, Through Tickel to UjlTjIo.t'leaTeland.To. do. Detruit, t'mcixnill, Chiga, and alt the We eracillAa.rnt eale at tke Office ol the Rolland and flmtllagtonlUitroad, orurtbo Agentl of the Albany at Rutland Rnlroad. ni-pxCAft.?J Tkrgk to Troy, Albany or New York. (o allaaiea toaioid rltUr Ckttk layf artArai, y ruiOLK Bnwnt: hovtk TIHI-. tl. OA.NVIELP, Hup. Ilurlington,Noe.9, 18A3. Mt'f CoiiH!r-lMitt! and UllioKraplilc IPKOIiWOKlCSo E. P. Walton, Jr., STATU STRUCT, J10N ITKIJKR, VT. NHXr DOOR TO THIS CO! UT-MOUSE, Ipraptr d to inra.i ori'rra for tluppalor tfttal IMala and Litbajiaphin l'nolio2 is tba ba.t .tjrlea aad al '"m"rc"u NOTES, BILUIIUAIW, BONUS, HTOCKCMTir y..... . Llthorraphl work dona aa kaod.oioa aa alaal-plala and much rhaapal. t7-i.oelmeo. toba nati anB orllea. OILMAN & CLAlUv, ClARRIAGB MANUIMCTUItUKS, Monlpaliar, j Vt. PERSONS wi.Mnf for . aoparior artlrla ol lVa. aiann coraiad Caltil'ai, Wajon. or Hllh. ara la aparlfulltla.itad toaiaaiiot our wotk. ttV-Allordai.plliBiptljatlaodadto. VTCaiual.. ,M,W,Ct.'J!.Vr Dental Circular. A FTCR aeonilai.t prictlca of my peofMiiea fortbe J lut nine yean In Mootpelicr, 1 have wlthdiavm fiom my olditface of huainof a, and lakca lha Office of Ike late D11. R, and U. II. KllUouine, r ltHrtauk Storet Jtmln $trl I bg Wave lo ofl'er my rro(eional Herleu lutny former patron, and those of l)r, KUboaroe, I beg leave alo to lufurui uiy filtnda that 1 continue tepei forni aeeotdmg tolbe .Host Approved Principles, and with lha aid otatltbe facilttiei afforded br the prograia of Dental ticience, evrry virif ly of oparai.en Surgical and IlToolianical lad I will atiil tuyiell of the pieaeat opportuaUv to urge the Important duty el altandiug to ihe TtETII, from a due regard to healib, couifuri and personal ap pearance, and the rtaioaabla demand of refined aocie If. fining to loy nuoifioua angag auieQlt It miy be well fort bote coning from a dMaee- tu addraia ma byw.il. 51.AKWTON, formerly of the firm ol Mew tee - forbgab, oatpatlai, April IC, ItM. 3Uf House TRIMMINGS. fa ndlei variety LOCKS, LATCHES, BUTTS, Cullf Mro'lAJji'j, Gtntltl Feme; Sath and Door t'asltniitgi, Door lioltt, Snih-Doors, 4'e. t, c. Aad ar. SHALL NOT Hi: IINDIIUSOLO olivi:r&.iielmer. nrtnj. IfVam falaam'a MtiUifr Jnt. ROBERT OF LINCOLN. ar m. c. atTtaf, Mairil; ninUt on h(Ur and weed, fNaar to tha nttt of hit little danie, 4UOtt tha tnodotaln ittla or mead. Rabart of Uncolii i telllnf i.ii name Borj-o-liak, bob o link, Ppina. pink, apish Patt( aod aala tl that Df it of ooti, IlidJan amopg tba ummei fluwera. Chet, che, che. Rabatt of Untold 1 dealt, WaariBf a bright black woddiaf cont iVMia arc hi tkou'dei and whit bi crtit, Itaat him eallio hi mir; aota, Itub-ottnk, bob-u'-lmk t Hplak apimk, apink j Iookt what a pica new coal fa mint, St. ia thcrt was nevar a bird ao fioa, Clit thee, elite. Robart of Linco'n'a Uuakr tife, realty and qulat. with pUta brwn wiofa( Tvaaitif at huiBa pattent life, Broodt ia tha prat a whila hf t hoiit -Iff a Hob o' lin. bol-o-hak, fpink ipaok, aptnk Brood, kind creaiuret jou nfd out fa at Thiavea and robtxrt while 1 am bare. Clia, the, ehae. Mtt)iat and ah; a Bito ll ib, One weak chirp ia heron! noie. Diauait and frieta ifbranrti ii be, Pourini hutata fiotii Ma hltle tbtoat, noWJmk.U.bV Hkk, Fpitkiipunfcptnk j Ntter y a 1 a fit id of meat Catib , warfly kivatei, tfytm en, Cbte,eheetiber Fit while tJt on a bed of hay, Fieked with puipl, a retl lt ! Theie tha nttfl a'ta all daj(, Rabett fa ainflog whh all hi i nfglit Itub lia, bob-. Itak, bptnk, ajwok,, aptnk Nice (oud wile, that ntvar ten out. Ktepibf borne white I ftohc ahoui, Ufcee,fht,j.t. Boon ci tha IttUa oea chip th ihall PI i we mobtha ate open for food ; RoWit tifUtm In be tin bin well, Oilhcrrf nedl fur tha bonfiy brood. ltk-' link, hob oMiua, Hpiak, ipatab, apiak j Thia aaw life M like'y to he Uardfur a (ay yLog fel(w like mc. Chee, thee, chpe. Robert of I.fteol at ienfth ii made IfttWr with work, aitdatJeat with care ; Off ie hia liay garmeat latj, Half f'cottratktV)oiry alr Uub Mtok,b-o-tnkl fptak, apeak, pek Nobody know i but my Kale aJ I Where our nut afad oor ntaiHojj lie, CheCCbfe,cto. Bummer winei ; IheeMldren are ftowat Kua and frolic nv more he kja RoWrt of Llnenta'a a humdium crene Off he fliea, and we ainjy ai he fMi DoW-Hak, bob o-Itak , Pptak, ipaak, ipink; When you can pipe that Brri old atraln Rubert of Lincoln e m back ajuo, Cbee, cbee, eheo. SONNET. tord, what a chanfe within oa one ihert hour lPet la thy pretence will avail to make i What baavy biJioi fiMi our boaonii taka 1 U'bei parched (round refieah "I t We kneel, eat all arouod ua lecma a Uwer We nae, and alt, the oiatanca and the oear, Staada forth to tunny outline, raie a ad clear t We kneel, bow weakl wo lw full of pwi ! Why, therefore, ihould a do ouratlica tan wron;, Or otheri, that we are not alwi)i itrocc Thit we ihould attr weak or hrarllraa be, Aaitoui or troubUJ whea ttb m i payor, And joy, and liaatth.and couraja are with TmiiI Treoch. ENJOYMENT. The pihtioale to liltnt' froot doth lnf , And ilope hi pipe ia growth of rijiei daya. ' Then when i... 1 b,.. d.j hV.h nin Uut that wild nuitc ootdeni every bough, And iweeti grown eoraotoa ! iboir dar dehsht, -hakfpetre. 3li.3rr!Ini.fBl.0. For the Watchman k. Journal. OLDEN TIMES. No. 7. "SEVENTY. YEARS IN THE W1N OOSKI VALLEY." Second War with Great lirilain. On the loih of June, 1S12, an net was passed by tho American Congress, declaring war with Great Rriiuiu; in the House, 10 to VJ ; in the Senate, 19 lo Ll. In October following, tho Legislature of Ver mont assembled ut Montpelier, nud Jonas Galusha being Governor, lie urged the Assembly, in his Message, to aid the measure of the general government, provide 1 lie means for the defence of our own frontier, ami for sustaining our nntioual rights and honor. Upon thii part of the Mes sage, Mr. Rich, tho member from Shorcham, introduced the following resolution : Resolved, That the constituted clarcd war betw een ilie GInTiil iaiales and Great Rritnin and her depend encies, it is our duty, ns citizuis, to support the measure, othericis': we shall identify ourselves with the en emy, with no other distinction than that of locality. We, therefore, pledge ourselves lo cacli other, nnd to our government, that with our in dividual cxertiuns, our examples and influence, we will support our gov ernment and country in the present contest; and rely 011 the Great Arbiter of events for n fuvornble remit." This resolution produced much warm und animated discussion, for many days. Attempts wcro made by the federalists, in ilic legislature, to amend it by striking out nil that part in italics, but without success. Their next move was to cuter upon the journals of tho House their pro test, drawn up in clear and forcible lanciiauc. but conciliatory nnd re spectful to Ihe sentiments ol the re solution and to their opponents. In this document thoy recognized the duty to yield a prompt and cheerful obedience to every law of Congress, and tn support, with all that is dear 10 rrecmen, tho liberties and in dependence of tho country ; but de precating Die declaration of war ai premature and impolitic The ma jority, the Republicans. not only past ed tho resolution, but also n law pro hibiting all intercourse between the ftople of Vtrmmit and Canada, without n permit from tlio Governor, up llio mountain. It was one con whoe resilience wns nt 1I10 extreme ' tinned lino of cnrriiipcs, donkoiii, eoutli-wcst corner of tlio stale, nnil horses, nud pedestrians, uhicli we imposing a penalty of g 1,000 fine joined, nud with which wo ascended nnd seven years confinement at hard to tlio Hermitage. Crowds wore labor in the state prison f This coming down, having already satis unwise, unnecessary nnd oppressive I ficd their curiosity, with their torches law, as it wis termed by the Fcdcr- streaming wildly in the nir ; nnd, nlists in the Legislature, (or ns their shouting or shrinking or else ringing opponents, by wny of derision called in n chorus of a hundred voices some them, the ''Peace l'urty,1') was resist-' canzoncino in a minor key added cd in the house with all the pniver of vnslly to the picturcsqueiicss of the clnqucnco and argument that sucIT Fccno. From the Hermitage n road men ns Daniel Chipman, of Middle- leads over beds of volcanic deposit bury, David Bdniund', of Vcrgcnncs, in the direction of the cone, to tlio Rev. As:i Lyon, of Grand Isle, Leu foot of v Inch is, perhaps, nn hour's linrnnrd, of Guildhall, Jacob Smith, walk. Diverging, however, from this of Uoyalton, and their political nsso-' road, we traversed, on tlio left, what ciatcs in the House, could bring into 1 appeared now tn be a mass of coko requisition to defeat it. ' tlio depnsite of Inst night. It was "There were giants in thoso days," still hot. We took up huge pieces in form and intellect, of both parties; 'of the lava, and the fire dowed be but to no puipose, for defeating ilioUicntli us. Wo threw in paper, or ims-iigi; 01 iiim luw. nucli men ns other combustible matter, nud kept Rich, Olin, Chase, Griswnld, and up n continual flume. At last we others of the War-I'arty, were more came to the edge of n cascade of than n match in numbers, if not 1 fire, oVer which tlio burr.ing stream in eloquence and argument, for their 1 precipitated itst lf into the abyss be opponcnts ; and the measure was , neath. It is this point of view wo triumphantly carried through the have undertaken to represent, in pro House nnd Council. It houcicr Terence to a mora distant one ; which, operated upon its authors and sup- though it might haio given a pleas porters as an overcharged piece, anil mg generul effect, would have non proving opprcssiic to the people, voyed no adequate idea of the gor many of the Republicans abandon- gcons spectacle tin tlio mountain. cd llieir party ranks, nnd "went over Divided by an imaginary line only to the cricin)" not the Ilritish from the stream which tvas flowing but the ranks of the Federalists, who down, we looked on the cataract I gained the ascendency nt tlio next , haie endcaioretl lo dociibc. A plain election. No election of goicrnor, jof burning coke some 200 feet wide, however, was elVectcd by the people, 'was moling on befoie our cies, al That duty devolved upon the Lcgis- most touching our fret ; until, accu laturc. In balloting for that purpose, mtihiting in Inrge masses, over it tiic vote wns repeatedly a lie. After ' thundered into the valley bencnth. many unsuccessful balloting", nnd Down, down, wo waichod the red the cotucyunce of n sirk member hue in the distance, burning and dc upon his couch lo the House, ami stroying every thing it met with. A much political mniiunivriug on both whole plantation of chestnut-trees sidus, Hon. Martin Chittenden, the jicldcd to its power; ihpy twisted, federal candidate for governor, was and screeched, and groaned, like declared elected. How the majuri- mattjrs in an auto dn fe, and then ty of 0110 for Chittenden was obtain- gnio sigunls by a brilliant flume, cd has long been n much mooted that their sufferings wcro over. Mo question. As I was then a " looker ling away from this point, wo (Ic on in Venice," and partook, in no scended a little by jumping from mass small degree, of the nnli-war-spirit, I to mass, and crossing channels of may be permitted, perhaps, at this late fire, until wo were in face of the cat day, to reveal the fact that the charge aract. The noise of the advancing brought by the Republicans of that stream was as that of an Alpine flood dayagainstthethcnSecretaryofState, 'over n shingly bud sh-sh-sh-sh ; Josiah Dunham, F.sq., of embezzling such was the continued murmur of one of the votes for the vcnerablo tho thousands of tons of burning Galu.ha, and hiding it in his coat coke which were ever moving on and sleeve, was a political slander, and tumbling mass over inas. The out had no foundation in truth. The cr crust here and there became cool majority was giicn, and Chittenden 0(' al,J blaikened, and then detach elected, by a member of the Repiib- ilsclf he burst of heat and light lienn party anil n member of the1 H'os suilicicnt, for n moment, to blast House from one of the tow ns in 1I10 ' "d scorch us. Involuntarily wo valley of the Winontki, Ho descried held up our hands us if tn shield onr liis post nnd his tarty, for the lime bo-, solves ; but, unable nny longer to rc ing ; nnd turned traitor and (canister fsl H'eru compelled to retire. at the same moment. He was 011 liis Clouds of red smoke issued from tho wny to Roston, in charge of n load r!"'f reminding one of what Marlin of country produce, when Martin "r Hmiby has done, lleliiuil us, with Chittenden was made " Governor, BrouI u soldiers, aro their Majes Captain General, nnd Commander lies and two of the Princesses in jor in Chief, in ami over the State of tantini. The Hereditary Princu is Vermont," by tho absence, tcithaut have, of "the gentleman frmn Wor cester." How much he received fur his services ns traitor and teamster, and who bought him and his farm, nnd who furnished the mnnev to nav tho worthless nurchase. tho late Gen. Amos W. Ranium. of Vereennos. ami the late Hon. Stephen 1 1, light, of Monklon, could toll, if alive, and , to disposed. Or.iv.ut Oi.h School. ERUPTION OF MOUNT VESUVIUS. Napi.ks, May 5, 1655 After tho lopso of now live icars, Vesuvius has again burst forth with 1 to tho edge of one of tho six mouths most destructive violence. It is an ' which nro now opened on the side: event which has been anxiously wait- 0110 other has opened moro in the cd nud hoped for during the last rear, and is, thcrefoie, invisible. Tho ycur, for ihe stillness of tho moun- main crater was inactive, throwing tain, and (he occasional drying up out only smoke, Tho next below it of the wells, and the shocks of earth- throw out red-hot stones and firo quake which havo taken place more The others wore pouring out tons of or less remote from Naples, have led lava ; and the one by which wn stood people to desire no eruption as the throw out also stouos, soma of which less of two evils. What if the pre- fell amongst us. The surface around diction should bu verified that this is it was retl as a heated copper boiler, tho Italian city to bo destroyed this' nnd destructive indeed wero tho in year, und that this vast mass of hu-1 gredients which wero seething whit man souls who now jiic upon a mere in. As material was thrown out, crust, should sink into thu ribjts tho noiso was like the discharge of To many, then, it was a rebel wi'ien vViYiiodr iiillwii. --.iUvt.!. ij". tho chief guide of the mountr.iii an- pencil can describe tho scone which nounccd thatns ho was ascending on, presented iself on looking back. tho morning of the 1st May, at half-'Two streams of lava were flowing past four o'clock, he heard, as it down tho cone, their crisped undula wcre, n discharge of artillery, and lions being strongly marked. Down saw fire and stones being thrown up they went, terpent-liko, into the val from several new openings. The in-; ley wo had passed through, until, ar telligeitce spread like wildfire through Tiling al tho cataract wo have dc tho city, and the evening was look-! scribed, they wero hurled over. The cd forward to with intense interest form of the whole length of the for a confirmation of tho guide's re-1 main stream was that of tho letter S, port. As Ave Maria was tolled, and, until it reached the cataract, thousands were pouring down to- , measured between 0110 ond two miles. wards tho Mola, Santa Lucia, and , 1 ho background was composed ol other spots whence a good view could J red, rusty -looking clouds, w hich roso bo obtained ; as wo turned round by , from tho lava and gave n mysterious tho Swiss guard house, en route to aspect to llio scene. Above llio the shipping, tho whole heavens ap-1 mountain on the right wo havo plae pcarcd lo be on fire. Scarcely any ,cd the moon, which was eclipsed Ihe portion of the mountain was visible, first night after llio eruption; sho is .. . .1 c: I I n.l.l n. lor as the winu was raincrn cirocco, the denco sivcUinir clouds wero con - gtegated about its summit and sides, so as to conceal its outline, and rend- cr the iceno as mysterious ns it was grund. The flames which wcro thrown up, too, wcro only nerctspu- iihiik 01 uowiiug ciso ; 11 uazzics our. Lie from their effects, being "reflected I recollection, as it did our cjes, and from cloud to cloud, until the sky ap- j were wo to livo a ihousand j ears we pearcd to be one mass of flame. In j could not forget that wondrous spo tho centre only was there uny open- tacle. tng, und thcro might be seen a por- Tho scene, as wo approached lion of that burning stream which nearer and nearer, was more remark was now pouring down on tho de-inblo than we can describe, the roads voted country beneath. ' wcro full of carriages, jammed so Not content with a distant view, (closely together that it was iuiposii we retolvcd the next night on going .Lie to inovo on. The windows and " font i and n crowd of soldiers, policemen, and couniers arc around. After gazing on this wondrous spotaelo lorun hour or two, wc light ed our cigars in the crevasses, nnd blurted lo go up the cone. " 'Tis dangerous," said tome : " parties back." Rut we haio just turned wore bent on seeing it ; and, taking '" "ho was selling pieces of cop- per which ho had mcrusted with lava for our guide, wo leturiied to the main path. Tho torches indicate the road by which we nscended. As wo began to mount llio cone, before and behind us the view was startling Crt,ssii!L, us befnto, the tleposit of yesterday, wo pkiced ourselves close iuumiijj u, u u. .uiii u.un; owiu uu 1 the ruin that is going on below. Torches were scattered about, nnd so vast was their number that the mountain appeared to bo covered 1 with glow-worms. In short, wo can doorways of every house we passed And all this is accomplished thro' were crowded ns at a fair. Leaving 1 the agency of railroads nnd locomo our catriago at Pollcnn, n walk of a tives, within the spaco of two years, quarter of an hour brought ns to the, j The lawyer is n county judge, the bed of the winter stream of Vctrana doctor has grown rich, the black- and those who know Italy know! smith is mayor, and the sophmorc is what such a br.d and such stream arc. married and settled. They have a Turning sharp oil' to the left wo enmo ' lyceum and library nnd a little daily on nn embankment of lava of from I that regales its readers with n whole one to two hundred feet in depth or column of city items. How they thickness. As the mas accumulated j talk of our city ;' they are no lon from one moment to another behind gcr villagers nnd pigans. They nro it, gigantic fragments of the outer 'citizens. Chicago Journal. crust loll oft nnd showers ol liquid ' lava came pouring down, rolling on to our verv feet, and lavinrr the foundation of a new embankment. Vineyards were burning right and left, nnd the n.ic of woodcutters, now past midnight, resounded in ciery direction, 111 tho forlorn hope of saving 'something from tho ruin. SSIdiurs 1111.1 ,.fin mingled with the crowd to keep order, to pre serve life, and to be in readme; to break down n bridge which might impede 1 lie lava, nnd thus dillusc it more widely. Leaving this spot, wo ascended through grounds teeming with the abundant produce of nn 1 tahan spring, now trodden under foot, nnd walking on the edge of a precipice from which wo looked down on a river nay, son of firo which! Hooded down bcuenth us, wo armed at the spot from which wo have end- j eavorcd to uivo what is a most fair re presentation of the most marvellous spectacle that the eye can gaze up on. Wo looked down into tlio val ley 100 fuot beneath 1 s, filled in tho winter b) water, now by boiling red hot lava ; the width of the stream being many pans !200 fuot. Sup porting ourselves by one of tho trees wo looked over, and watched the limning flood toll inu down majesti cally towards the villiige we had left. Looking upwards, we beheld one continued sheet a cascade of fire, limine and smoke, at least 1,000 feet in lie i ti Ii l. Wo speak in measured terms. It fell into the nb)ss beneath , erty, and making two of nis neigh us and then flowed on ns wo have bors his confidants, ho deposited this described. 1 inventory with them, to bo used in I cose of his sudden death, nt the same RAILROAD VILLAGES. j limo nmking them pledge themselves a westf.iin i'lcTUiin. not to make it public previously. Railroad Villnges nre comparative- Ho was largely engaged in the ly a recent feature in this lillage ! lumber business, and raised no crops building. They usually begin with! except what were necessary for the n Depot, followed by a Post OHice, a support of the twenty-nine full grown blacksmith shop, ami tho contents of slaics, and the numerous slave cliil a couple of pedlar' picks duly dis- tlren that ho owned. The lumber tritiuted upon half a dozen shelves, got out by his slaves was rafted down and there they are born, nnd christ-1 the Kdisto river. In (his business ened, and wailing lo urow. Mr. Willis had amassed n largo estate. The trains run In and fm, ami the I Ho was noted for tho Kindness with I passenger. ; me htllo group clust-, creil round tlio track, and wonder never driven with the wlup, nor shut what they do there, anil why they ' out by a look from tho stores of pro do not go on wiili the train. 1 visions. They nte in the kitchen lly nud bi, houses get to be nn part of the same food that Mr. Willis epidemic, nnd up ihcy go, hero and nto in the parlor, there, and all about. Streets arc A number of the relatives of Mr. staked, nnd lots are measured, and a 1 Willis, who arc all in comfortable cir- public squaro is reserved, nnd they have a justice, and a doctor, nnd a young lawyer, and ' stated preach ing 'once 111 two weeks. 1 hat s a mulatto woman, whom he purchased pretty good beginning, but it is only with her mother, brother nnd sister, 11 beginning. A lining sophomore, ! about K! years ago. This house out of fund, nnd looking for n place keeper's name wns Mary Amy El- 10 teach n winter shool, gets till' from I more Turner. Her lather, who was a straggling train soino day. Every owned by another master, had tlescr body knows he is there, lie reach- ted his mother, and for this was 011 there at two o'clock, ami at a 1 sold to a cotton planter in Alabama, quarter past two every body knows Amy, as tho housekeeper was ordi who he is, and what ho is, anil the narily called by Mr. Willis, while Squire sees him, nnd tho Doctor Ihe slave of a former master, u Mr. shows him round thu town waves Kirklaud, hail a colored husband by his hand towards tha prairie, anil li-1 vvhoin sho hail three children beforo lutes upon its resources towards llio hu was sent South. town; and pronounced 1111 eulogy up- This woman, by her faithfulness on its enterprise, ami tho loungmuti and shrewdness, soon acquired great is charmed, and over llio store he I influence over Mr. Willis, by whom climbs nt once, up one flight of stairs 'she had three children. She watch into a ' High School.' fully superintended his domestic uf- Things go bravely and a public fairs, attended to tho wants of the spirited individual, who, as he says, slaves, and advised as to the business, has more room ihau ho wants, gels I Mr. Willis, feeling concerned for tho painter for meanwhile, such an tho future welfare of his children, iirtizau has taken passagu in the vil-'nml urged thereto by Amy, at last lage en route to greatness to em-, determined to free her, her mother, blazon his name in icry black letters, her six children, her brother and her upan o very broad board, and there sister. When he came to Cincinnati, is a general rejoicing nlthonev'Hn-ono year ago, and had his will writ tcl,' where the lawyer argues with j ten, it was to curry out this intent, the store-keeper nightly, while lhe After his return homo, ho arranged doctor completes the triangle, upon all his business as rapidly as possible tho destinies, of tho world in gen- and taking notes for outstanding eral, and Depot-dom in particular, debts due him, made preparations for , Wlmi( iltiv Ipek now i n nevvgpa-' disposing of his entire estate nnd sale in a neighboring town, nnd n to locate on a farm, with Amy, her ' tramping jour' has slianded upon mother and the children. Finding their beach, and the lawyer promises that llio expense of bringing Amy's to write the leaders, tho doctor will brother and sister ond their fumilicB contribute the obituaries, the school-1 would bo considerable, nnd (hat there master do the puzzles nud the poetry, 1 might be some difficulty in at once while the hlacksmiih and tho trior-1 securing a home, Mr. Willis conclud chant promise to bo liberal patrons cd finally to come north with Amy, in tho way of advertising. Tho pa- j her mother and tho children, nnd per nppcars ; like tho village it is having secured for them 11 residence, small, but with the village it grows, j return to close up tho business nnd The trains used to whistlu and , bring the others, ring, and barely slacken their speed. I On last Tuesday week thoy left Now they stop ultngether, for there ( homo ns thus proposed. On rench nrc more to gel off and moro to get' ing Louisville, they got on board the on. j steamer Jacob Stradcr, uud reached Ihe tavern-keeper takes n state map of a pcdler, who happens to bo Ms guest over a rainy Sunday, and iiscovers that Depot-dom is the geo- j graphical centre of the county. Ilicruisun immcdi.ito ugilutinu. Tho scat of Justice Justicu herself, tcales uud ull, must be removed thither. They work nt it, electioneer about jmativuly, gave two or three heavy t, bid fur it, and get it. j breathings, and then fell dead. Now tho huddle is n village ; now ' Juct ut this moment soma 0110 ask ho village is n town ; now lha town ed where they camo from. Amy's is a shiru-lowu ; now the shirc-tovvu : mother did not answer, and was 3 a city. The blacksmith's shop has threatened with being kicked into tho grown into a half dozen factories ; river. Somo one urged Amy to go llio lawyer is multiplied by ten, ondjon board the boat again, and the re the doctor by six, ami tho store- fused. By advice she nt once secur (ceper knocks down his prices leu ed the money (about $5 )0) in W.'s jcr cent, to compete with nineteen possession, notes and due-bills n new comer., (mounting to tlucc or four thousand A Strange Phase of Slavery. A KLAVKUOLDER'S LAST JOUIINBV, HUDDKN DKATIl TWKNTV-NLNh HLAVBS HIKED A LARGE FOR TUNE TO EACH A SINGULAR HISTORY. From the Cincinnati Columbian, May On the 23d of February, 1851, a tinudooKtiig, corpuiont gentleman, apparently about sixty jcars of age, came to this city in search of Dr. Rris banc, from whom he wished advice as tn tho proper course to pursue to cflcctuatc the manumission of a num ber of his slaves. Not readily find ing Dr. Brisbane, he obtained the nd lice of John JolifTc, I2sq nnd had duplicate wills drawn up. One of iliosc he took with him, and the other ho deposited with Mr. Joliflc, to bo used if ho should die suddenly, nnd the will in his possession ho accident ally or purposely tlestro)ed. He stated that one of his brothers had tlied very suddenly, nnd that he him self, being subject lo palpitation of the heart, was liable to bo also sum moned to another world at a mo ment's notice. Lhj.ih Willis that was liN name staid only a few days in Cincin natti, but his bright, benevolent countenance and ninnly frankness wore not soon forgotten by those whom circumstances had thrown into contact with htm. Upturning home, he drew up a complete inventory of all his prop- which ho treated Iris ulavne, who wero ciimslanccs, lived near him, but sel dom visited his residence. His house keeper was a dark, but very shrewd hero at six o clock yesterday morning. Soon after tho boat touched the whurf, Mr. Willis and his company went 011 shore, and ho culled a car riage, when, just ns lie went to reach one of the small children into it, ho brculhcd heavily. Amy asked him if ho had unother nttack of palpita tion of the heart. Ho nodded uflir- dollars, a gold watch and other val uables. She wns taken with thu trunks and tho body of Mr. Willis to the Dumas House. Dr. Menzics being called in, held an inquest, when a verdict was re turned in accordance with these facts. M r. Hall, of tho legal firm of Chase it Rail, being called in, the will of Mr. Willis found on bun was opened and read, when it was found that he had willed his entire estate to Amy and her children, and had appointed John Jotiflo, A. H. Ernest anil Ed ward Harwootl ns oxcculor9. This will is a duplicate of that left in the care of Mr. Johllc, which has not yet been opened, 'if the properly is ob- laincd, each of thnso colored children will have a fortune of twenty-five or thirty thousand dollars. Tho body I of Mr. Willis will bo buried to-day. Thu executors of the will are all rts-idi-nis of this city. Those who affect to believe that the abolition of slavery would lead to universal amalgamation nt tho North, will please mako a note of the above case. A Picture of Life,. A maiden of somo forty years standing, entered complaint before Esquire Rowecnmp, last Saturday, against n young man ot eighteen summers, for an assault with intent to maim. The substance of the lady's evidence was that the young man had been wailing upon her for ' somo several weeks,' and when, after she thought he had been coming quite long enough to arrive nt ' the point,' she intimated that his ultimate wishes ought to be uiado known, he became aggravated, nnd besides other lingcntlcmniily nets, endeavored lo bite her car. The attorney for tho accused, who, like many others of his profession, nercr allows gallantry to interfere with the rights of his client, brushed up his hair and assumed a position which plainly told that he intended to put through a scorching examina tion. ' Miss,' said he, with nn impudent, brazen look, so becoming lawyers of n lower degree 'Miss, look at mo. I have a few interrogatories to put to you.' Well, sir,' replied the witness, unawed by his terrible nppcaianco. ' You said this young man waited on you ?' 'I did, sir.' ' Did he ever say, or even inti mate, that he wished to marry your' 1 That is my butmess,' remarked the witness with n haughty air. 1 Yes, and it is mine, too. You must answer. Please the Court, wo wis 1 that question answered ' The Indy can do as f-he chooses,' replied the squire. 1 As the Court please,' remarked tho lawyer, not a whit dincomfitlcd. ' .Vow, Miss, you said that my client committed many ungcntlcmaiily acts toward you. State particularly what he did ?' ' Must I answer that question':' as ked the lady of tho magistrate. 1 Yes,' was the reply. 1 Well, sir, he put his arm around my waist.' ' Was that nil ;' ' No, sir ; he prcsssd me.'. ' Tightly ?' ' Pretty tight.' 1 Sufficient to hurt you r' ' I cannot say, sir, that ho actual ly hurt me, but it was nn immodest act, to say the least.' And so it was, but did you never prcFS him V ' That is none of your business, sir.' Has n't he often pressed you Y ' I shall not answer such imperti nent questions, sir.' 1 Very well,' replied the attorney, ' then wo will leave that point.' ' Aro you suro ho attempted tn bitr your cor r' Yes, sir,' ' Did ho not merely attempt to kiss it ?' 'Kiss my car? Tho lips nro to bo kissed, not tho car, sir.' ' I am aware of that fact, Miss ; but what I want to get nt is this: whether you havo not been in tho habit of kissing each other, nnd if you did not tell him on thu occasion could ever kiss you ngnm ; nnil lhat, in endeavoring to kiss you, ho acci dentally got your car in his mouth?' ' Sir, your impertinence is intoler able,' replied the lady, the color rush ing to her cheeks. 1 1 insist, Miss, on the question be ing answered,' ' Well, sir, you won't get a reply from me.' 1 Does the court henr that ?' asked the attorney in triumph. 1 hu magistrate insisted Hint the question wus 11 proper one. The lady hesitated, but her passion being aroused by repeated appeals, she np- proacncii ncr into beau, gave him a u terrible slap in ihe face, told him sho would not ' havo him for his weight 111 gold,' and then left tho office. Though jealous of tho digni ty of his court, the magistrate ihouttht it best tu let her go ; and with the remark that hu supposed the com plaint was uiado from disappointed love, discharged the accused, and en tered the costs against tho disappoint ed old maid. The sceno caused considerable merriment in court. Cincinnati Times. Volcanic Phenomena in Nova Scotia. A correspondent of the St. Johns News says that quite a com motion has been excited among the people in the vicinity of Digby, up on llio southwest coast ol Nova Sco- tia, by a scries of convulsions of the earth, which havo recently taken place upon the southeast side of Granville Mountain. On Ihe day of the earthquake, which occurred, several months since, tho mountain was considerably shaken, nnd n small opening wns made upon ils slope, whenco a great quantity of smoko immediately rushed forth, ami con tinued to issue throughout the re mainder of tho day. This manifes tation nt length censed, nnd nil re mained quiet until nbout a fortnight ago, when suddenly the ground in the vicinity was violentlv ngitatcd, and n chasm opened from which not only n dense volunio of smoke, but great quantities of dust nnd small stones, were ejected. The ngitation of the surface continued from day to day, until, in a short time, a portion of tho sloping nicont wns converted into n small level plain, which is so shaken up that nt n little distance it presents the appearance of a well ploughed field. Shortly nflcr tho opening of the chasm, a huge frag ment of rock was thrown from it with such force ns to penetrate tho side of n neighboring cottage, the in mates of which have since removed to what they consider a safer home. The correspondent of llio News says that eruptions nro still constantly taking place, and no person has yet dared venture clo-c enough for a minuio examination of tho pheno mena. Hoeing In Dry Weather. E.vporicnco has fully established the fact, that corn, nnd other crops, are essentially benefitted by hoeing in dry weather, but tho reason why, or the manner how it is done, is not sogtnerally understood. That moist ure is formed by stirring the dry par ticles of earth and changing their rel ative positions, is generally admitted. Water is composed of oxygen and nitrogen. These substances are also contained in different particles of earth, w hich'act upon each other, when brought into contact, m dono by hoe ing. Water ncls as a solvent on other substances, and holds them in solution so that they can bu taken up by the roots, nnd made lo nourish the glowing plant. This is thu rcu sou why it is best to sow or plant our scciL as soou ns possible after tho land lias been plowed or harrowed. Tho different particles ofmattcrcom ing together, form new relations nnd chemical action, during which heat is evolved nnd oxygen nnd hydrogen nre generated and caused to unito, forming water ; which with other sub stances net upon the seed and pro duces germination, nnd gives to new born plants a vigorous start into exis tence After tho soil has remained quiet for somo time, these substances having exhausted their energy, by neutralizing the powers of cncli oth er, tho plant having absorbed nil tho elements of nutrition within reach of its roots, its growth becomes re tarded, and can only bo restored by renewing the chemical action. This can bo dono by applying somo com post manure or by hoeing or stirring the earth, so ns to bring different particles in contact with each other and forming new combinutions, nnd consequently, thus producing u fur ther supply of nutrition. Corn that is hoed uiery two or three weeks will come to maturity sooner, produco more, nud bu butter filled on the cob, than it will when treated in (ho usu al way. Wu would recommend to our farmers to select two or llircn rows in the field, and hoe them reg ularly once in two weeks, nnd in (ho fall inform us of the results of their experiment. Mr. Daniel Kilhurnc, n young man residing in Charleston, Vt , was, not long since, brought beforo U. 8. Com missioner Prentiss, of this village, charged with robbing the Mail. Ho was As-iislant P. M. at West Charles ton. A letter was left in that offico containing about $'25, directed to St. Johnsbury East. No letter was re ceived st St. Johnsbury East, nt (hat time; but (hero was little or no proof tending to show that Kilburno took the money. At the timo it was ta ken, Webster, tho Post Mnster, and Kilburnu were on good terms. They Kilburno, might have taken the mo ney. Tho Court, very properly, ns wo think, under tho circumstances, refused to bind him up for trial. He was promptly discharged. liepos. The Sea Serpent in Vermont. As Mr. Abbot of this town nnd an other gentleman were coming from Sudbury n few days since, they ob served in tho middle of Otter Creok what they supposed to bo a log, but 011 coming opposite of it, it 'hump ed itself up' nnd disappeared under the surface. Mr. Abbot says it ap peared as large round as a stove-pipe, ami lhat ho saw it in length as fur as he could reach each way, It must havo been the Patriarch of Pickerels or a respectable sized ivntcr-siiakc. llrandon Post. Wo have heard of cool things, hut never anything cooler than tho following: Tho landlord of a hotel nt White hall called a boarder to him one day. and said Look o'hero I I want you to pay your board bill, und you must, I'vo asked you for it often enough ; and I tell you now, that you uoirt leave my house till you pay it !' Good!' said his lodger ; 'just put that in writing ; innko a regular a greoineiit of it ; I'll stay with you as long as I live '. Knickcrbwhr.