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Vermont watchman and State journal. [volume] (Montpelier, Vt.) 1836-1883, August 17, 1881, Image 1

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VOL. 76. 3905. NO. 45.
-fjr. dverJUstmetUn.
Uhi nd rnocUoDSl Ilenjif emcntJ altanflinl
pi DebOltr. Inl2 lb,botUt,7G -mtl.'fllK
fcOttltf.lt AccrodUedrtiTakluiifliiiiacrtjmea
knfplUd vtth uot txof edloi ilx bolU-J ftt an-hiie
fcr Drniilau aol tjJ)KPrriT 4 Co-,43
Tiloibla i.meilr ?ai frellal and pvor eMIdmu
or p-da uron, II m or 2JuL
A A HClt AI' IIOOK I'lUTUHKH, 100 Trtns
I nfl fer, iO Opiii C'hmino", 31 Kun Ct.nl, 25 TrM
I 1 1 1 J pArent CnixW IM C'bromo CnrsU 1 Jbint
1UW rhof ngn.pt,, JUanl ri.ototrrkpl.il, 11 ient br
nmll. iwtjtiit.1. for 17 tlin-nt ilmij nj
Ilirm IOr.1 IWin i. --m-j mi- lil-r, riu wurrM
II. K. HI.AYTON. .Montpelier. Vt
&Inuufitcttirr of atnt duAler ln
.tnrhetl timt Unleacheil 4nhen,
lirnilK, lailOW, rcr,. nun, ri"., rm. n unn n
diwwltome Kt Moiui-elter l(W.oflVt wlll rfcelyB prntnpt
TncCsitr Blood PmntKS
raln Aml Il.eiie.-Caii e fiHcl to enjiy gool
heAlth wtienliAilorcorriir-lliunioniclrciilale Klthllie blood.
caiiMliig paln and dlMtam, aiut ttiimo liumora, lK-lng ileitoftttc.1
throimh tlie eutlie botly, iro,luce iimlt, c rnr-tlonfl, uVeni,
ImllKenUon, coetlveni'iM, 1ieaUclit, htHiralifla, rlieuinatl.in
and niuiieroiii ottier (xiiii,lalnb, Kernove tlie cause uy
takliig Vra.TthK. tho liiOHl rollalile reniMjr for clenBln8
Aml inirirylog Uie bloo.1.
Vegetine is Rold by All DruggistB.
Occupylng llio central position of North
Afrlca Is a smnll country bearlng tlie above
name. For upwards of tlirce centurles 1 unls
os been subjcct to tlie Turkish sultan and
governeil by an officer styled tlie Bey. Ad
jolnlng It on the west Is the French l'ro
vince of Algcria. For eeveral years past prl
vale companles of Frenchruen under grants
obtalned frotn tlie bey of Tuuis liave been
galning a footliold on Tunisian territory.
Hallroads liave been bullt aud certaln ex-
clusivo commerclal prlvlleges granted to
tliese French cltizens. A spur of tlie Atlas
mouutalns separates Atgeria froin Tunls.
The Tunisian slde of tliis mouutaln range
Inhablted by a tribe of berdsmen and
farmers called the Krouiulrs. lietwoen thls
tribe and the French colontsts disputcs cul-
mlnatlng ln deadly border forays have
occurred. Under pretext of chastlslng the
Krouiulrs, French soldlers crossed the fron
tler and invaded TunUlan territory. The
bey is said to haye oxpressed not only a
readiness to punlsh thls tribe himself, but
to have sent an army agalnst it whlch in-
flicted summary chasttsement for lts depre-
datlons uiin the Algenans depredations
nto mhlch it is alleged they were artlully
decoyed by quarrels purposely fomented by
the French. llut France, under pretext of
protectlng French Interests ln Tunls, pro-
ceeded early in the present year to take pos-
sesslon of Tunisian porta and to occupy the
country with a large rnllltary force. Not'
wlthstandlng the protests of the bey of
Tunls and his appcals to Kuropean powers
for thelr interfereoce, the French troops
coiitiuued thelr advance during the early
nrlug inonths toward the capital of Tunls
itself aud on the l'Jthof Maycoupelled the
bey to slgn a treaty with France, under the
terins of vvhlch Tuuls becomes toall intents
and purposes a French colony. The ad
vance of the French and the surrender of
the bey was the slgual for revolt among the
Arab tribes aud commumties, and the r.uro
pean settlers In inland localities have either
lled to the protection of the guns of the Ku
ropean powers or have been massacred.
The disaifection extends to the tribes of
Algeria aud also to the nelghborlng pro-
vince of Trlpoli lying between Tunls and
''gyr'" The distance from Tunis to Italy
seems but a step. The latter power is irn-
meuselydngruutled by theactiou of france,
who has evidently entered Tunis to stay.
lleat your Ikiiih. thnriMiulilr (durlnn nucli Hlnteni u
nto ni. uim n"i vj u.mb
Gas-Tight Durable Furnaces
Ttinnionrli tiavn Imil I'miBtAnt Dliil uvrn llRfi dlirllll
IIim imiI untT.tuii vKiin. hikI nre ln irti.M. (innill
tluii to-day,iihout rcatrn or eipen. Chmii to
Uijr mnl iiw. lUve tnore im.wit, KrMU-r ilurnbllltri
fcixl are flitPtlwlUi iimrw imMlfrit lmiriv-lii!MlB for
MHflniC furl itnil 1bor thn kiijt iiiriwte uiiulf. I'ro
(luciiiK laree volnme or mr Kftrtii Hlr i.rfect1 jr
f rHt from euttnii. Idiuitiwlv popuUr and UDiverlly
urceMSiill. nfim ior iroiuurn.
DYNTON 4 C0 - - - Manufatturers,
231 Wnter Slrect, New York.
Barre, Vermont.
FftUTmu lffc'!iii Wi-1ncn!iir. AueiiHt 24tU.
rootnn, c&ukKUfn or otlifr lnformnlloii, adilrts
QM 1IK.NKY 1'IUKST, 1'rliulpal
Barre Academy,
A flrel-olani fltllnu w.uwl for botli n. Ttie llilrtielh
ct.ola-'il.-, ear vslll l'n TMUKSUAV, AUUUST
2.1, 1HH1. 8en.l for CaUl'mnB to
00-417 A, K, WHKKLOCK, riiiiclpal, Ilarre, Vt.
Essex Classical Institute
()IM;S AIHiUST 30, 1881.
A flmt claiw flttiiiB whool for rolleBtw for either wi, for
bimlnw-iorfor UoxliliiK. Only eiulnwettt thoroutchlr
tstHbllliel Acaleiny In Clilltemleii County. Forcau-
loyue or Infoniiallon, altrcM
WILMAM A. DKr.HJMl, F.awx Vemiont
A1I e!eiiM'i low. 01 -WU
AVoi'cestor -A-cnloiny?
A dlIuxiI of tlie flrt rntilc for llw preparatlon of yonng
llieil lor iininni kciiuuih. or iur miniutM. n
niiln fAPUltv. mntiiorlwl enikrelv tr emlnM uim.t. thut Iiihui
tnti llie Ut of liitrm llon hikI tlin Iwtnt et iwnmi to t urteiiU,
1 uiihk inen oieuruuHi inrHrw. ui iiiiuini niouiia, umnii.
a li.wrul ftli.cftt.oti. u III Im nMtHl by ttrnlulttitf . lu amoui
from fW W) to niore thau Ml ytlHtiimally. Oiwiib Aununt J0,
IflV . U'.AVr:NWOIirn,A,M.,i'riodpal.
Green Mountain Seminary
Waterbury Conter, Vt.
1,17.'. 1 11 C'OLhlSV, - - - - J'rtnrttml.
FU Tenn hetfu Amust Tt, m. Counra of 8tudy-
Kliwul atUauUcn lven Ui Uium pretirin to teath, Att
vtmUtKei cirilttnt. The Uoumiuivlt If)rtiiient ln
tlienUte. KiiH-n leria llutn tn aity otlier Mliool of Ikke
KrmlB. MluatiuU wlll ite conveyl, rree or ciirge, vj au:
imm ilfittit At Wl.r1mr. t iho tx'ulunliiir nuil tltiw ol
tncli lrm, on applloaUon. AdIrM KeV. H. Jl. CIIUKCH
wterlury C'euu-r. or, for tlie prtuteut, IM I'rmciimi, i
lllll, ew Ilauimlilre. uMi7
$ntclmum G $otmmh
T. II. 1IOSKIN9, AnrlculturAl Edltor.
1 lts line of her liM wm ilurty Uov, n,
tler tKxly waa lean aml her nock wa tllni,
Otie liorn waa tiirtiM up anil tlio ollmr lurnwl down.
Bb waa keen of on and ong of llmb(
Wltli a Uomun noae anrt a ihort Blump tall,
Anl rtl likfl thelioopaon a liome-made pall.
Many a mark ilM lier Ixxly lear
8h liM ln a Urjtet for all thlnga known
On innny a rar tlie duaky halr
Wool J grow no rnora Kliere It onca liad irown t
Many a pjuwlonale, partlnti Miot
IIal left upon lier a lMllntf pot.
Iaoy and many a ell-aimed atonfl,
Many a brlckbat of ftoodly alte,
And many a cnrigel iwlflly thrown.
114(1 brougbt ttie teani to bt lovlng eyea 1
Or liad bounded olt from her bony back,
With a nolM lik tbe louml of a rtfia crack,
Many a day had abe paMed 1a tbe ponnd
For belplng herwlf to her nelghbor'i corn i
Many a cowardly car and hound
Had been trannDxM on her rranipled born (
Many a teapot and old tln pall
llad the famiet boyi tind to her llme-worn tait.
Old Iecon Oray wa a ploiw man,
Thongh aometlmea tinptl to b profane,
Wben many a weary tnlle he ran
To drlve her out of hli growlng gratn.
Sharp were Iho pranka ahe uned to play
To net ber fill and to get awa y,
81ie knew hen the deacoa enl to lownj
HI10 v, lnely wiitchwl hlm wheo h went by )
Ue never paMed hr wlttiont a f rowo
And an evil glwiin In ech aniry yl
l!e wonM crack bU wblp la a aurly way,
And ilrire along In bla " oii-hora Kbay.M
Then at hla nometed alte lovod to call,
Llftlng lila Itara wllh crumpled born)
Klmbly acallng Ida garden all,
Ilelptnit benwlf to lils nttndlnK corn i
Kattng blR cAbbagea. one by one,
llnrrylng home wlien ber work waa doue,
Hla htiman paanlona wero qnlck to rlne.
And atrldlng forth with a aavnge cry,
With tury blazlng from both hla eyt.
Aa lighlnlnKa flanh In a tiinmer aky,
Redder and redder hla face woubl grow,
A nd afUtr the creature he woitld go.
Over the garden, round and round,
llrenklng hla pear and apple-lrtffl,
Trami'lng hla nielona lnto the sround,
Oertiirnlng lilahhea of bea
Leavliig lilin angry and badly atung,
Wlabiog tliaotdcow'a neck ftaawrung,
Tbe mos grtw on the garden wall
Tbe yeara went by with thtilr work and play,
Tbe boya of tbe vllUga grew HroriK and tall,
And Uie gray-hatred farniera paaMKt away
One by one aa tlie red Iwivea fall,
llut the hlghway cow outllveil them all.
Tlie VftU Term otem
Tuesday, Auguat 23dt 1081.
Teucheru and thoKe ilelgnlng to tcach wlll do
well to aeod for a
New Onttiloyfiie,
aud Circulura fitvlnt; full luforraatlon io regard
Ui the iscUoo,
48 A. U'. IIDSO.V, IVInclpnl.
Johnson, Vermont.
First Year Preparatory.
Second Year Profcssional.
The Fall Term bcglnii tlie Hrnt Tucsduy lu
Keiilcmbcr Clrculartt wlll be Itwued July 4th.
bfmd lor uae.
i:i)VAUI C'ONANT. I'rlnclnal.
W. O Ultll'I'KN, Vice I'rlui liml.
Jobnaoiii Vrnonl, June. 1&8I.
St. Jolmsliury Academy
St. Johnsbury, Vt.,
orima thi advantaoh or
'tril-lAMMllon In a vllUge vaiely mlebratwt for tbe
mljlllgBini puimu apini aiui gomi nioraia or iu popia,
Htcond healibful iltuallon. Very few vAntm of aerl-
oua liluvH liave for yeara onrurrtfcl ln acbool. aud gieal
TfiirJ-rino bulMiuKM, amle apparatua and cablueti,
and n gyinnaalui.i.
t'ourth-A Urge iiernianttnt roriwof lunlruclora. Hven
of tlio W4cliura liave wicuplwl llifir piwwiit poalUuua f roin
Hve to tun yeara eUi.
VM-1boroiigh littttrurllou In every dt(rtiuenL
JHrlhl. Jobnabury AUifiiaiun, mIUi a llbrary of n
lliouund vulniHua, acAWMlble Ully, aud a eliolwi Art Ual
lery ojxsalwk wwkly,
JrtrnM-CuUure Uiat alma at tbe foruiatlon of Cbrlalian
k'lghthA. low rata of cbiwumm for Uie prlvllfgtM af
Thrt claisti in Oartmonth Vollty Itd th tatt year
ty ifradaitlti 0 (Au kAov.
Fall Term ha'lns August UU, 1881.
For C.laloxu. conl.lulng courw. of .lutly. and for ollwr
IbfoniiaUou, aoulj to
w-w II. T. VUI.I.Klt, l'rlocltwl.
The Moral of Ouitoau's Crlinc.
Tlie Chrhlian llegisler says: "Had Gui-
teau shot the jiresldent of the Bolton Life
Insurauce Compauy who refused to employ
him as ageut, or the chalrmau of a lecture
bureau who decllned bis services as a Irc
turer, would uot a cry that the systems of
life iusurance and lecturing, aud the meth
ods of engaging agents and lecturers were
thereby ehown to be very bad aud needing
thorough reform have been regarded as fool-
isli and childish in the extreme ? Were the
ideal civil-service rules in operatlon, and
had Guiteau undergone a competitive
examlnation for the oflice he desired, and,
failiug, then shot the chief of the exam-
ining board, or, os now, the president
himself, would that have pointed a moral
agalnst such examlnation and a reformed
civil serviceV if not then, why now?
C.in the " irresponsible act of an insane
man " be falrly brought forward as an ar
gument agaiust auy systeru V it does not
appear from the published account that he
had rendered any Bervices that would en
tltle blm to ollice on auy politlcal grounds.
Ue seems to have had au iusaue desire for
notoriety, and to be one of those intellectual
and moral monstrositles who sometlmes
come to llght.the cause of whose production
only Infinltu wiedom kuows. The civil ser-
vice and inodes of appointment may be os
bad au its severest critics declare ; his act
prores uothiug, and the attempt to hold
them responsible shows a lack of well con-
sidered reasous for their hostility lu the
miuds of those who make it. It is either
thoughtless or dishouest, and a clear case of
trying to make capital out of the sad event
that has shocked the nation is a gravo of-
feuce agalnst any htgh code of morals, and
is calculated to destroy the respect of think'
Ing men for the intellectual clenrness and
falruess of those who make it, while It can
not permaneutly help any good cause. It is
a striking manifestatlon of the strauge in
tellectual and moral obtuseuess and confu
sion which seems U have seized upon many
of our cultured men during the last few
years, notably iu their comments upon publio
affairs (some of our Unitariau clergy are
striking examples), which Is at least as de
moraluiug iu its general influence as ollice
l'rohlbltlon lu Jfainc.
Kx-Uoveruor Uingley gives some facts
and fig'ures in response to some random shots
at tbe 1'ine Tree state as to the worklng of
the Malne liquor law. He does uot claim
that the mlllennium has dawned on tbe
state, or that criminals are not found there,
but he does claim that prohibition has
closed every brewery aud distillery in M aiue,
and such is known to be the fact. In the
second place, the same autbority says, pro
hibition has closed tbe open dram-shops in
Malue. Thls is a great galn, since it re
moveatheopen flaunting temptation. Driven
under grouud, Malne hai a third less grog'
sbops of thls character thau the average of
the states of the Unlon. That average is
one dram-sbop to every '.'30 iubabitants. In
1838 Malne had one dram-sbop to every 225
inhabitants. The average in Malne to-day.
at the outslde, is one secret dram-shop to
700 inhabltauts. There are only 750 !!
censes issued ln the state, and of these 200
are druggista. More thau half the towus of
the Btate have not a secret groggery. In
I.ewiston and Auburn, where tbe law is en
forced, there is only one secret groggery to
1,000 inhabitants. In llceuse clties the
average is one grog-shop to 200 iuhabltauts.
Then, as tocrlme, Malne has 1U0 convlcts ln
state prison, whlch is one to 11,000 Inhabit
ants i Alabaina, one 1,100; Callfornia, one
toCOO; Connecticut, one to 2,100; Massa
chusetts, one to 2,200 ; New llampshire, one
to 1,000; New York.oueto 1,100; Vermont,
one to 1,800. The law, wherever falrly ad
uiinUtered, supplemeuting moral agencies,
has, the goveiuor concludes, greatly alded
iu luitlgatiug the evils of the dram shops.
T iif. peculiaritles of Mrs. I.incoln are the
subjectof some remlnisceuces by the Hart
ford J'oil, whlch says that wheu they went
to Washington iu 1801 Mrs. Lincoln ran up
a dry goods und f urnlture blll at New York
for $25,000, greatly to Mr. Lincoln' embar
rassmeut. They wero paid for out of the
contlngent account subsequently. Slio
brought slxty trunks of goods and rellcs
home f lOin Kurope, aud took au ecceutrlo
iuterest lu their couteuts. She used to an
noy Mr. Lluciilii very inucli by her Jealousy,
dlsplayed upou very iuopportune occaslous
aud alwajs wlthout cause.
In the analysls of fertllUers the ingredi
ents of principal commercial value are nitro
eon. nhosphate of lime and potash. The
dlfTerenceiu form, combination and mechan
ical conditlon in whlch these substauces are
found creatly atfects their value. The
present method of analyzlng fertlllzers recog-
nizes these distiuctlons only in regard to
phosphate of lime, and the values founded
upon these analyses are altogether false and
erroneous. ln regard to nitrogen, the most
costly, we are notinformed as to the amouut
of soluble or insoluble, but it is usually stated
os organic substanco " ylelding ammonia,'
but we are left in Ignorance as to when
these changes take place ln the soil. As to
the other constituents contained in fertll
lzers, no mention is mado of them, as
they were valueless, although they usually
comprlse nlne-tentbs of tbe whole weigbt,
and are of value. When giving an analysis,
the whole should be given, with the form
and condition in which they exist Then
it will be known what the fertilizer is com-
posed of, and an estimate of its agricultural
as well os its commerclal value can be found
otherwise, by the present methods, which do
uot recognize these distlnctions, the conclu
sious drawn from them are uncertaln, uure
liable and of nuestlonable value. A fertil
izer can be made containing every element
of plant food in abundance, and yet be prac-
tlcally worthless. The potash of feldspai
thephosphoric acid of massive apatite, and
the nitrogen of leather scraps, are nearly in
nutritious for crops, because they are locked
up in insoluble combmatious. In commer
cial fertilizers tbe nitrogen is estimated at
from fiftecn to twenty-five cents a pound
This is tbe commercial value, for the reason
that it caunot be obtained ln a form suit-
able for commerclal purposes for less thau
that ; but it can be obtained ln the form of
fish scrap, dried blood and meat scraps, at
about teu cents a pound. Tbe agricultural
value is quite another thlng, aud it should
not be estimated at a higher rate than it
can be produced for in an agricultural form.
1'eat contains two and a half per cent of
nitrogen, and there are but few f arms whlch
have not an abundance of it on them or in
their vicinlty. As it is dug out its nitro
gen is locked up in insoluble combinations,
but by composting the peat with any alkali
(soda ash and wood oshes at the present
tlme are the cheapest) ln sutticient quautlty
to neutralize ita acid properties, will render
it soluble, and &l it for food for planU at a
cost of about two cents a pound for nitro
gen, os is well explained in " Dana's Muck
Manual." It is a well recognized fact, that,
next to temperature, the water supply is the
most influential factor lu the product of a
crop. roor solis glve good crops ln seasons
of plontiful and well-distributed rains, or
when sklllfully irrigated; but InsufOclent
molsture in the soil is an evil that no sup
plies of plant food can neutrolize.
l'eat properly composted with an alkali is
a great absorber of moisture. It tends to
keep tbe soil molst even ln tlmes of drouth,
and as it decomposes it gives off carbonio
acid gas, a powerf ul eolvent of the soil, thus
liberatlng and rendering soluble other ele-
ments of plant food to nourish the growing
crops. Frofessor Stockhardt of the Hoyal
Academy of Agriculture at Thorend (Ger
many), in his chemlcal field lectures says:
" If a farmer deslres that a mauure met
with in commerce should undergo examlna
tion, he will act wisely lu proposing to the
chemlst who is to institute the analysis the
following questions : Flrst, what quantity
does it coutaiu in oue hundred parts of nit
rogen ? Second, what quantity does it con
tain in one hundred parts of organic mat-
ter? Thlrd, what quantity does it contaln
in one hundred patts of salts of potash ?
Fourth, what quautlty does it contaiu In one
hundred parts of salts of sodaY Fifth,
what quantity does it contaiu in one hun
dred parts of phosphate of lime ? Slxth,
what quantity does it contaln lu one hun
dred parts of gypsum? Seventh, what
quantity does it contaiu in one hundred
parts of carbonate of lime Iu counection
with maenesia 1 Then ask, In what cotn-
blnation is the nitrogen princlpally pres
ent ? As au ammonlacal salt 7 As a uitrio
acid salt ? As an organic substance of easy,
or of diflicult, decay ? lly the reply to the
firat luqulry, be Is placed in position to cal
culate the approxlinate value in money of
the manure iu question, whllst from the
subsequont answers ho acquires tolerably
certaiu informatlon as to the slow or rapid
actiontbat may beantlcipated from its use."
Iu tlio Massachusetta Agricultural Heport
of 1875 and 70, pago three huudrod slxty
four, in rrofessorfloessman's report as state
lnlctor of fertilizers, he says : " Agricul
tural chemists dlstingulsh very properly be
tweeu actual aud poteutial ammonia ; the
latter refera to the ammonia whlch, iu the
course of tlme, will result from the decoiu-
position of tlio organlo malter containing
ultrogeu. Iu some instancen thls hapens
very rapldly; lu others It requlres inonths,
and eveu years, to briug out Uiu full amouut
of nitrogen for actlon. Our dcalers ln fer
tilizers havo not yet been serlously isked to
recognize the great dlfference whlcli exlsls
between the value of nitrogen ln the form
of ammonia comtounds, guano, meat, flsh,
blood, eto., and In thatof halr, hornwoolcn
refuse, leather scraps, elc, although ln the
form of the latter it is scarcely worlh one-
half the amount of the former. lor the
farmer's interest, is It not tlme the rjuosllon
should bo serlously asked, and not oalf asked,
but answered? On pago three hundred
xty-seven he says : " Fertilizer denlers are
charglng thlrty cents a pound for nitrogen
wlthout reference to the form ln whlch it is
present." In report of 1870-77, pige two
hundred flfty-cight, he ssys : " Thojphos
phorle acid lu the hones, steamed and raw,
is valued accordlng to the tnechanleol con
ditlon of the bone after grlnding ; the aame
rule applles with equal force to tbejalua
tions of the nitrogen in their nitrogenous
matter." On page three hundred (elghty-
two (report of 1871-75) he says i "The most
important informatlon which the farmer
needs, to secure to himself the full agricul
tural value of any commerclal valueofforod
lorsale, couslsts lu knowing the exacc ind,
the amount, and the chemlcal and physlcal
cnndltlon of the essentlal artlcles of.tilant-
food It contains; wlthout this, aftional
system of manurlng becomes imposslble.
As tlie laws in regard to fertlllzers do not
requlre thls informatlon to be given, of
what value are the laws, except posslbly to
ralslead? Same report, page three hun
dred elghty-onc, he says : " Manuf acturors
of fertlllzers ought to take lnto considera-
tion that the artlcles they offer for salo have
not only a commercial value, but also a pe
culiar agricultural value, aud that the latter
Is independent of the former, for both are
determined by qulte a different standard.
The commerclal value depends here, as well
os elsewhere, on the relatlon of demand and
supply ln the market, and is controlled by
competltion. The agricultural value de
pends on its pecullar crop-producing capao-
ity, and is determined by the judicious ap
plication of the farmer. A shovelful of
lime may do more good under certaiu clr
cumstances than several times lts welght of
more costly drled, blood."
IIow long wlll it be before farmers have
laws framed and passed in their interest 7
Not tlll they bestir tbemselves and look to
their Interests (" Who would be free them-
selvos tnust strike the blow "), and not leave
legislatures, through ignorance, or design,
on the part of a few, to pass laws for a
favored few at the expeuse of the many. It
Is timo the subject was understood and ven-
tllated, aud until it is the manufacturers of
fertilizers wlll coin money by the sweat of
the farmer's brow. Farmers ask no protec
tion at tbe hands of the general government,
neither should they be made to pay duties
on pliosphates or superphosphates, ammouia
salts, potash salts, and nitrates. These, to
them, are the raw materials from which
they manufacture or grow their crops. Thls
is one step to be taken ; another is to have
the laws in relatlon to the analysis of fer
tilizers so made that they shall state the
exact kind, the amount, and the chemical
and physical condition of the articles of
plant-food they coutain. Witbout tbls a
ratlonal system of manuring becomes im
possible, and manurlng, in New England
particularly, Is the most important question
the farmer bas to grapple with.
Anukkw II. Waiid, Bridgewater, Mass.
nroceeds on the nrloctnle that corporate emolu-
roent Is subordlnate to tlie pubUc welfare;they
have far more to fear from dcmAROgues than from I
aUteffmen, It Is an error to suppose that the mll-1
llons lnvested In ttieso worka were so lnveated I
upon the untenable and mlachlevou. hvpoOiesl I
thnt a fooll.h contract has subjectod all the Mt I
Indiiatrlex of thls great country to tlie unre-
strslned And uncontrollAble ctinld tv nf Irreapon-
slble nionn)oly, On tlio rontrary. ca)ltal, In thls
as in other caaea. is truated to tlie dlncretion of I
the soverelgni and unleas thatdlacretlon ls de-1
bAuched, unleas Integrlty and latelllgence are ex-1
cltided from tlio publio service, the confldenre I
wiu not ue aeceivfHi, iienco, rauroaas snouia
dlHcontlnue thelr elTorts to rolalead the publle
mlnd and to corrupt the Imllot-boi. The politl
clans whom they are now nalng do not deaerve, aod
wiu never ontain puiiiie connuence, necaiHe sticn
men ara nnt AAtnAtad bv nrlnclnle. or atlmalAted
by the courage of connctlon. llut, actlng on the I
theory thAt the pulillc wellare ls tne xirsc oonsia- i
eration, they should publlih In good lalth full and
re lauis lniormAuan as 10 ineir mrninirs nnu x-
penses, to the end that the eople mny come to a
tlght underatandlDg of what tolls are reaflonabte
and what are not. There Is In thls country An un
der carrent of con.emtlre reAaon whlch ls brlro
full ol honesty and good faith, and rallroad men
rauji leani to tro.t it.
Tli. look or irnipathr, thfl gpntl. wonl
Siiok.n ro low tliat onlr angHs tieard.
Tlifl wcrl act of pnr. Mir-narrlflc,
L'nwtn liy nipn, bnt tn.ikoil by angelft' fyeo.
Tnn. are not loal.
Tlie liapi'T ilream. Uiat gUiMoiioil all our routh,
When dn-ain. lia-1 tws of Mlf and more of trnth,
The chlldhoort. falth, ao tranqull anil .o iweet.
Wlikll ut llke Mary .t tlie Manl t'. feet,
Tlie hlnlly pl.Q ilfTlMil for otlwt' gooil.
HowMomgneMeit.ao llllle nnilenitood,
Tlie qiilet, iladfakt love thal .trov. to wln
Nom. wandrrpr from the wara of .ln,
Tlieee are not loet.
Nut lonl, 0 1-ortlt for In tby clly tirlgtit
Our ejn itiall toetlie past by clearer lutilt
Aml tlilnga lung MiMen from onr gilxe below
Ttiou wllt ri-rrat, aml we thalt mrely know
Tbene are not loit. atleeted.
after you pass the mlll there'a a bunch of uttered by the devoted Greek, flnds deep re
filbert trees rlght back of the king's forest; sponso in every thoughtful soul. When
there, in a little bit of a honso, please slr, about to yield his llfo a aacriflce to fate, bis
Drlvlng Huslness from Ycriiiont.
Our readers know that wehave never said
hrd thlngs of our Vermont railroads. They
are a great benefit to the state, and espe-
Calllng the Ferryman.
They reached the river, the father and his
little daughter, late in the evenlng. Far
away on the opposlte shore was here and
there a twlnkling lleht in the small scattered
hou8es; white farther oll stlll were the
tho Heavenly Father llvosl" The whole
school broke out in a loud laugh; even
around tho schoolmaster's mouth a smlle
lurked. "Uoys, be quletl Ilans, my boy,
why do you thlnk God lives there ?" I.lttle
I laus was rnuch abashed by his schoolmates'
mlrth, but the benevolent face of his
tcacher encouraged hlm to explaln: "Lant
week I went there with father to bny some
onlons ; a man lives in that house with his I wholly perish-
...! f 1 A .tAnt.AM 1 l l.tl. I nr.tl,a "
nuo aiiu VlfV UaUCH.UD UU MICI MO IWW nu.uv.
married his daughters aro, please slr and
they have some little chlldren ; they all live
togetber in three small rooms, and they are
dreadful, dreadful poor; but they are al-
ways clean and neat, and never cross to
each other, but always good and kind. They
never ssv bad words. thev never tell lles : 80
so father said to rae he said, llans, see,'
he said, ' the Heavenly Father lives there r
The little fellow's couratro had been rrradn
ally ebblng away, and at the end of his long
speech he put both of his fists lnto his eyea
and began to wnimper.
Clcraanthe asks If they should meet again,
to whlch be responds s I have asked that
dreadful question of the hills that look eter
nal, of the clear streams that Ilow forever,
of stars among whose fields of azure my
raiseu spinis nave waiaeu in giory. All are
dnmb. llut as I gaze upon thy livlng face,
I feel that thero is Bomethlng in love that
mantles through its beauty that cannot
wo snau meoi again, uiem-
Denlh of a Tjrant.
Aa ltobesplerre was taken to the guillo-
greatly touched. " Do not cry, Ilans ; your
father is rifrbt: the eood God lives there.
He lives everywhere, where good men live,
as a loving uoa ; dui wnere oaa men nve,
tine, throngs crowded about tho cart to see
the fallen tyraut, and the gendarmes pointed
lilm oul wlin thelr swords. llo was pursueu
by the bowling mob, who had formerly yel
leu as fiercely at his vlctims, and now
charged hlm with the blood of them all.
lroops ot women wno naa uanceu at tne
death of those that he had sent to the scaf
fohl. nnw rlAnrtpH thn nArrnAfrnnla rnund the
The master was I cart M t paused before the house of I)u-
clally to iU agriculture. They are managed Q0,uef whlle fartber oll stlll were the as a punlshlng God. The Heavenly Father,
h,IZ J,rZ, ,lLr tmmnte bright lamps of the great clty whither they then, is omni-, omnl-," " Omnipresont 1"
bymcn who apparently desire to promote were Nothlng but urgency would crled the whole school in a chorus.-f rom
the interests of all to the exlent of their abll
Ity. Our personal acqualntance with the pres
Identsof our two great roads, tbe Central and
the l'assumpslc (whlch haa extended over
many years, and has enabled us to f requently
dlscuss with them in a frieudly manner the
condition of railway trallio in the state as
affectlng the farmer's interests) satisAea us
tbat they are truly the frlend of the pro
ducing classos. llut they do uot always see
thlngs as the farmors do, and it would be
a good thlng if the two partles could be ot-
tener brought lnto close intercourse, as at
the Brandon meetlng of tho Dairymen's
Association, where Governor Sralth freely
discussed the transportatlon question with
the assembled farmers.
Vermont is full of iugeuious men, and
many of them are farmers. Very many val-
uable improvements of various sorts orlgin
ato here, and not the least among these are
tho improved varleties of potatoes, graln,
etc, that result from the palient labors and
careful experlmentatton ot our farmers
Nearly all the leadlng varieties of potatoes,
and not a few of wheat, corn, oats, etc,
were produced in Vermont. Mr. I'ringle of
Charlotte alone originatod the Snowflake,
Alpha and Huby potatoes, and the Cham
plain and Defiauce wheats. Of the latter
the introducers, 1). K. llliss & Sons of New
York, have had orders by the cargo for for-
eign markets, particularly for Australia.
They were obllged to supply tbemselves for
the flrst year or two from Vermont farms,
but these cargo orders have to be grown iu
the west because wheat ls lald down ln New
York at a cheaper rate of freight by the car
load from Minuesota than from Addison
county, Vermont. Vermont farmers were
ready to grow the wheat and deliver it to
the cars os cheaply as the Minnesota farm
ers, but the cheaper freight gave the job to
Minnesota. In the same way potatoes orig-
inaling in Vermont are grown for New
York seedsmen ln Northern New York
ratber than tn Vermont, on account of the
greatly less freight charge there from the
farm to tbe New York warehouses. We
have sold a new early pea of our own to a
New York house, and of course they must
have the first crop from us, but we cannot
have the privilege of growlng subsequent
crop3 unloss we submit to a lower price per
New Ideaa are worklnc lnto l'alestine. A
new city was golng up on the West slde of
T 1 ' i.! .1 it. 1 .1.
ircner inen ne wouia uciuoucui, uuuiiua mu iiai-co. huui; vud . . .... -t , , . ,
At length theysawa turnpike to Jaffa ruu the telegraph wlres, Presented a most -ghastly figure his isky-blue
heard the moving of and on the plain of Sharon stands the large ?oat cpvered with btooi and dirt, 1.1s stock-
nr th nt.. ".Tewlsh Agricultural Colleire " surrounded ngssllpped down about his heels, his foco
liw mfitai tnrm fhrlffv niiraarlAR. I HVid
have tnduced the father to be out with her
thus. As thev came to the ferrv. thev
found the boat over on the other slde, whero
the ferrvman lived. So the father shouted
and called, but no voloe answered ; then he
would walk to and iro, and spoak to his
chlld and try to comfort her ; then he would
call and call again.
mtie iignt move. ana
the boat. Nearer and nearer the notae
came. but it was too dark to see the boat.
llut It came across, and the travelers entered
IU " Father I" " Well, my chlld." "It's
very dark, and I can't see the shore where
we aro golng." "No, little one; but the
ferrvman knows the wav. and we shall soon
be liomo in the city, where there will be
llelit and a irood hre." "Uo. 1 wish we
were there, father." Slowly and gently the
boat swuug off lnto the stream ; and though
it was dark, and the river seemed torun fost,
thev were carried safelr over. aud tbe ciiud
soon forgot ber great fear. In a short tlme
Ihe German.
Jenisalem and the Dcnil Sea.
plalz, where he had lived. A woman, break
ing from the crowd, rushed close to hlm, ex
claiming, "Murderer of all my klndred,
your agony fills me with transport I Descend
to perdltlon, pursued by tne cursea oi every
mnttiar ln Ivra.tal " Whon ttiav raalm.l
the place ot executlon, Kobespierre was first
shown to the people, and then lald down on
iua BGBiioiu wilil bue uiuuuy nuu ucuriy uonu
bodies of his brother and Henriot. The
batch conslsted of twenty-one, and Ilobe
plerrs was executed last o! all. When be
was raisea up to be led to tne guuiotine no
Iletblehem is a thrivlng town largely it ls
nominally Chrlstian and it carriea on ex-
tensive manuioctures iu motner-oi-peari.
The Uethlehemltes broucrht back from our
centennial exhibition at 1'hlladelphia about
seventv thousand dollara os net profit of the
sale ol ibelr beautilul wares. n raiesttne
were only delivered from tbe tyranny of the
sullan, or were ruled by such a man as tne
l'asha lloulff (the governor of Jerusalem),
it would rise rapidly lnto a new era of eco
nomio croeress. The Sultan's toucb and
after they landed she reached her home, I tread are death. The much maligned Dead
- . . I .... ... I ,1 . 1 1 1 .
toos u uam in iu cuui, ciear wamrs. uuu ae-
tected no dilference from a bath at Coney
Island except that the water has such a
densitv that wo lloated on it llke mne shin-
?;les. No fish from the salt ocean can live
n it j but it ls very attractive to the eye on
llvid os death, and tied up in a bandage.
ihe execntioner plucked the banoage away,
and let the jaw fall. He gave a dreadful
yell, which struck every heart with horror,
and the next moment was put under the
axe. Samson hcld up the hldeous liead to
the people, who shouted with delight, and
then weut away singing. One poor man, as
he gazed on tliat head, said, " llobe3pierre,
you said true there is a God I " Selected.
room was warm with fire, aud was flooded
with linlit. On the bosom ol love she rested,
and tbe chllls and terrors passed away.
some moutbs atter this, tne same little
chlld had rrone to another river. datker.
deeper, and more fearful stlll. It was the
State Ilcgulatlon of Kallioads.
An excliange, noticing an artlcle in the
July North American Jleview upon the above
toplc, written by Mr. J. M. Moson, says truly
that it throws a good deal of light on the
question whetber the state has the rlght to reg-
ulate railway charges. It is one of the main
arguments of the railroad managers that the
management of a rallroad ls a business, in
no way different from any other busiuess;
tbat tho question of charges should be de-
clded by the law of supply aud demand
regulated by natural competitlou ; and that
for the Btate to Interfere with this natural
method of regulating charges ls os iudefen-
sible as state interference with any other
kind of business would be. Iu other words,
it isurged that the state has no morerigbt to
ssy at what prico a bushel of wheat shall be
carried than to say at what price it shall be
sold. This is certaiuly a plausible state
ment of tbe case, and the author of the artl
cle referred to labors to show that it is
fallacious and untenable.
After showing that, merely as a corpora-
llon, a railway company differs in no respect
from any other corporation, Mr. Mason says
that ln order to determine the powers and
immunttles of a railway we must ascertain
the specific rlghta conferred on it by legisla-
tive charter. Tbese riglibi are riglits of
publlc properly as dlstinguished from rights
of private property, and are two iu number
the eminent domalu, or the power to take
private property for publio use wlthout con
sent of the owner, and the rlght to take toll
It is this second right wtth which the artl
cle ls malnly concerned. The allegation
that a railway is purely a busiuess, and lts
charges to be regulated by business princl
ples, rosts on the assumptlon tbat the rail
way is private property, and the charge
made and paid is a consideratlon for the
use of such private property by other per
sons. llut the legal vlew ol the case, Jir.
Masou urges, is that the rallroad is a hlgh
way, and as such publio property, and tbat
the charge demanded and paid la strictly
and emphatically a toll. If this latter vlew
ls souud law, it follows as a matter of course
that the state may and should fix tbe
maximum ot these tolls. llut even in its
capacity of common carrier, Mr. Masou
holds that the rallroad's charges are subject
to the state. The carrier, accordlng to law.
may name bis own price at bis peril ; if it
is unreasonable, he is Uable for damages
Whether it is uureajonable or not is a ques
tion for judicial declsiou, but it is compe-
tent for the legislature to pass a schedule of
rates whlch wlll be obligatory on the courls
as a rule of evideuce.
llut it is further urged by the railroads
tbat thelr chartera are of tbe uature of
contract, and cannot be impalred by subse
quent state leglslatlon about charges. Mr.
Masou replies tbat the statutes whlch con
ferred the charter conslst of two clauses
flrst, the glft of the right to take toll ; aud
secoudly, a legislatlve declaratiou ot the
amouut of toll to be consldered reasonable.
The polut at Issue has never been declded,
but it is competent for tho courts to hold,
iu tlie present state of the law, that the glft
ot the rlght to take toll Is a contract which
cannot be impalred by subsequent legisla.
tion, but that the Bchedule ls only a rule of
evideuce, aud as such may be modifled at
the discrctiou of the legislature.
Iu conclinlou, the author makes thls prao
tlcal appiicatlou of his vlewa i
A. the amount of toll 1. wlthlo the dlacrettou
ot tlie sovereign, the allu should be tu make that
dlxuretiou as wle, n Intelllgent, aud a. eullht
ened as ioalb!e. 'Ihe people of UjU country will
never aliAndon tlie UinQ-buDorul doctriue ot the
coiniuou law, that toll mmt It reaiwnuWf, and the
true dAngor ls that the lrifl.lature, uot belng
proiiorly advlaed, will err In the wrong dlrectlon,
aud by niAklog tlie ratos unreHaouahly low, luir
alyie this liniortant branch ot lridualry, Uall
roHds liave far luore to fear from lioneet fguorauee
than (rom thal enlUlnenwl stateauaiiahli wbldi
Klver of Death. When she first came near a hot noonday. A scorching nde we had
it, theair seemed cold, and darkness cov- across the barreu plain to the sacred Jordan,
rprt it. anil All aeemed llka nlf.ht. 'jna 1 wnicu uisappoiuieu uie sauiy. jvi- tue uiacus
same loving father stood near her, distressed where the Israslites crossed and our Lord
that his child must cross the river. and he was baptized, it is about one hundred
nnl abln fo rrn with her. For dnvs and twentv feet widei it flows rapidlv, and In a
nlghts he had been, with her mother, watch- turbid current of light stone color. In slze
lncr nvr-r her. Anrl ifiavlnp ner beaslde onlv l auu appearauce lfc is iiie xier.eui, cuuui.riarb
loug enough to take his meals, and pray for of the Muskingum a few mlles above Ztnes
the Ufe of his precious child. For hours ville. Its useless waters ought to be turned
she had been Biumbering very quletly, and off to Irrigate lts barreu valley, which might
it seemed as II her spirit was to pass away "O cuangeu invo a garueu. rur uoau.y iuo
udtliniith.r wakinir airain : but iust before Jordan will not comnare with Eliiah's Urook
the morulug watch she euddenly woke, with Cherith, whose bright, sparkling stream
the eye bright, the reason unciouaea, ana went uowing past uur luugiu-iaua ab uou
every faculty alive. A sweet smile was cho. We lodged over nlght in a Greek con
playlng on her face. " Father, I have come
again to the nver-side, and am agaiu waiting
for the ferrvman to come and carrv me
over I" " Does it seem dark and cold as it
did when we crossed the river V" " Oh, uo I
there are no dark crloomv trees here. The
river ls not biacK. but coverea with tioaung
silver. Tbe boat cominp: toward me seems
to be made of solid light, and though the
lerrymau iou&s uarx, i. aui uui airaiu ut
hlm I " Uan my cnua see across tne river t
" Oh. vea I but instead of the little twink.
lin? liirhLa here and there M before. I see a
great, beautiful city, flooded with giory aud
light. 1 see no sun and no lamp, no lnoon
or stars, but it's full of light. Ah 1 I hear
the music, too, comlng Boitiy over tne river,
sweet os the angels could make!" "Can
vou see anv one on the other bank of tbe
river " "wny, wny yesi i see une, uie
vent (very small), and rode next moruing to
see the ruins of the town made famous by
Joshua, Kliiah, Ziccheus and tbe restoratlon
oi uartimeus to signt. aquana Araos naunt
tne sacred spot ur. uuyUT, m ucangetui.
Latcst Home-Thrusts.
Dr. John Hall. iu his recent address to
the graduates of Wells (Female) Collego at
Auroro, r.ew lorit, saia: - ue wouia nave
woman educated to be herself an educator.
First. an educator at home. In illustration
nf thin noint lie snake of the onnortunltles
. . . . c . . ts . .
whlch a young loay graauate naa to uirect
ber younger brotbers and slsters at home, as
well as her tnuuence to restrain an oiaer
brother who may be prone to do thintrs not
entirely approved by his parents. Then
when this young laay, wno may do cauea
Laiy Chrlstlans.
There is a cood deal of religlous lazlness
in this world. Once in a while we hear of a
Chrlstian worker who is overwrought, one
who dles too soon, or ls lald aside, through
excesslve devotlon. I)ut the occurrence is
so rare that a small volume would probably
contaln the records of all such lives in a
generatlon. There are more churches dyiug
for want of worklng pastors than there are
pastors dying through excesslve work for
their churches. There are Sabbath-schools
that are lauguishing because of want of
energy in those who conduct tuem. inere
are classes that make no progress because
lazy teachers Bit before them, and yawu
through a lesson which they have not pre
pared, and which they have not earnestness
enough to teacn li tney were preparea.
There are Christlan men that let their
church run down because they aro too lazy
tokeepitup. let these same men make
thelr own secular business succeed. It is
only os Chrlstians that they are lazy. It ls
a shame to do the woria s work weu, ana
then Cbrist's work shabbily. Wbat is
wanted is a revival of Christlan energy and
zeal. God never blesses lazlness. It is a
farce for you to ask him to bless your par
Ish work, your preaching, your teachlng,
your superintendency, 11 you put no uie
1. r- .nu.A.Inn la n nin.UnT
1UIU VUUI WUIlk. bUUStUMlvu 14 a uiwnv.j
unless it be made real by tbe utmost we
can do. The curse of the churcb to-day is
Tbe Folly of tbe Day.
There is a dreadful ambition abroad for
being " genteel." We keep up appearances
too often at the expeuse of honesty; aud
though we may not be rlch, yet we must
seem to be ' respectable," though only ln the
meanest aense in mere vulgar show. V e
have not the courage to go patieutly onward
in the condition of life in which it has
bushel suinoient to offset the extra freight most beautiful form I ever saw I And 'wbat Mss Joy, bas an opportunity to change her pleased God to call us ; but must needs liye
o.r Vrmnnf llnoa tr. Vow VnrV. anrl thn a faEB what a smlle And he beckOns me ""i "0 wH uouomo, iur lusuauce, iura. iu ouuio '"" ""i "
difference is suflicient to transfer the pea
growing business (especially adapted to
Vermont) to the Now Y'ork countles west of
us, iyiug between the bt. Lawrence and
Lake Champlain. It may be said that Ver
mont derivea scarcely any beuefit from tbe
originatiou of these thlngs wltbiu her bor-
ders, because the subsequent growing of
them to Bupply the demand which springs
up is taken away from the farmers of the
state and transferred to other Btates where
so much lower rates ot freight may be ob
Now we do not know that the managers
of Vermont railroads are to be beld respon
sible for this trouble. They have to get to
New Y'ork over other roads. llut we call
their attention to the matter, boping that
some remedy may be devlsed, and tbat we
in Vermont may be placed upon an equal
footiug with the SU I.awrence river county
farmers ln New Y'ork iu thls matter of
growlng seods on a large scale. There are
many kinds which grow best on the northern
border, and Vermont ought at least to re-
tain the possibility of supptying the stock
of those wblch her own people originate-
to come. O. ferrvman make haste I I know
who it la 1 It is Jesus my own blessed
Jesusl I shall be received lnto his arms;
I shall rest in his bosom 1 " Is my little
daughter afraid ?" " Afraid, dear mother ?
Not a bit. I tbmk of my l'salm, ' Though
I walk throuch the valley of the shadow of
death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with
me; tliv rod and thv stall, they comlort
me.'" And thus she crossed tbe dark river,
made like a silver stream bv the nresence of
the blessed Hedeemer. The father and
mother wept. but iov and sorrow mineled
in their tears. They could almost see the
liolden liatea open to recelve tneir lovea
ouo ; and they understood the woras oi tne
prophet, " The child shall die an hundred
years old." Children's Friend.
Gladly. Her power to educate will, later, ulously please to call ourselves, and all to
be requlred among her own little nngiet- gratity tne vanity oi mat unsuosiauuai,
browed chlldren. Send them to school ? centeel world. of which we form a part.
No. llut when they are between two and There is a constant struggle and pressure
iour years oia teacn tuem suomission to con-1 ior irom seiis iu uie suuim aunmiiuiwvoi ,
stituted autbority, punctuality, regulation,
veracity, self-control, usefulness and careful
ness, aud theu thev wlll become men and
women with those traits ingrained lnto their
very characters. In the second place, a
woman should be a diplomat When Jliss
Jov becomes Mrs. Gladly she will find an
abundance ot opportunity to Keep tne royai
family of Joys on pleasant terms, and she
will need to be a diplomat to get aud secure
in the midst of which all noble, self-denying
resolve is trodden down, and many fine na
turea are invariably crushed to deatb. What
waste, what mlsery, what bankruptcy, come
from all this ambition to dazte others with
the glare of apparent worldly success, we
need not describe. The miscbievous results
show themselves in a tbousand ways in the
rank frauds committed by meu who dare to
bo dishonest, but do not dare to seem poor ;
Urought In by a Smlle.
A London mluister said to a brother
clergyman one Monday inornlug : " Seven
persons were received lnto my cuurcu yes
terday, and they were all brought in by a
smlle." " Brought lu by a Btnile 1" echoed
the astonished listener, "what do you
mean V" " I will explaln. Several mouths
ago, as I passed a certaln house on my way
to cnurcn, l saw, ueia in tne arms oi lts
nurse, a beautiful infaut. As it fixed its
large eyes on mo I smiled, and the sweet
child returnod tbe smue. ihe next aun
day the babe waa aeain before tbe window,
and again I gave it a smile; and tbls tlme,
as ueiore, ll gave back an anawering smue.
1 he thlrd buudav 1 looked up to tbe win
dow as I passed, and now the babe smiled
down on me, and this time I threw to tbe
pretty prattier a kiss. instantly oue little
which the pity is not bo much for those who
fall, as for the hundreds of inuocent fami
lies who are so often involved in their ruiu.
Home Journal.
tierfect peace with the Imperial family of aud ln the desperate dashes at fortune, in
me uiauiys iu uie imro piace, a wuiuau
should be tralued in finance. It is said that
marriaee makes two lnto one. but it often
requirea some years to find out wblch is the
oue, aud if percbance the woman ls to bear
that tltle, sbe should understand finance
well enoueh to make her purchases. There
might be a new aegree estabiisnea witn
much propriety. It should be called M. E.
D. F., Miatreas of Educatlou, Diplomacy
andtinance. The reason should be exer
cised as well as the memorv cultivated-
Lastlv. the conscieuce must be trained, aud
taught that Uw ls the chalu that binds
ureator aud creature togetuer,
About Consumptlou.
After takiuc lnto account all the Influence
of bereditv. wbtcu is made much oi ln treat
ing the causea of pbthisic, lusuffl:ient nour
ishment is responsible alike, in most in-
stances, for the deposit of tubercle and the
lnrlammation to whlch it naturally gives
rise. There are many men who, by a change
Tho Eycs of Other People,
The wife of a New Eogland emlgrant to
Kansas writlug home Bays : " If people woul d
live in Vermont as we have to live. they
could save money foster there than it can be omi was extended, and a kiss tbrown back f - d th ' tubereie.' afready &
made here." There is a powerful lesson ln watcU fof tha baby 0 to
tbls remark of a homesick woman. Dr. chUrch : and as tlie woeks went bv I notlced
Franklin's uroverb. " It Is the eves of other that the nurse and the babv were not alone.
people that ruln us," contiins a mine of Other members of the family pressed to the
tnai eon ot wisaom wuicu goes uy uie uaui . ,. - hQusehol(i Mt. 0nB
nosited in the lunes harmless. Vitality be
comes so biehin ita power that it domlnates
these evil lnnuences ; ana tney uve out a
fairly long life with enemiea in tbeir lungs
that are rendered powerless by tbe strength
of tlie fluid that liuhta them. We have seen
consumptlou cured again and again by the
of commou sense." We would that It s,T hIaVm InLssed. two chlldren. ' bov ud S"'?"??. K"u .i "..
were more common than it is. A young a girl, stood at the window beside the baby. vitafity'tbroagu passive exercise In the open
couple with a few thousands beglu by buying That morniug the father and mother had alrandlhe aurrV 0f an abundanceof nu-
a farm costing many thousands. When fairly sa4 f89 f r ' . m l fi y,u.r8elTea tritious food ; aud wehave no doubt that it
.Urted theyL in debt ou laud, on stoi uTbSK ta 5 &
and implements, on family Bupphes, and of- minister. When he passes, do you lollow . , . drau-nt maaa upon It by a cold cli
teu for bired labor. They haye Iu posses- hlm and see where ne preocnes. tne cnu- fe d constant labor, unless it is well
uren were quuo wuiiuB w juuuw mo nuB- f. welli0thed and well-housed. Some-
rresuon ot uieir pareuts: ana uiier i uou i i.- j,.i.i: in , u.if ,i i
mav nnt ezceea SJ.UUU. 1 " . - r i .i 1.11.1 1 nuc.o .....
sion say 810,000 worth of property, but their
interest iu it may not exceed 83,000.
How tenderly and sweetly falls the gentle
" good-night " into loving hearts, as mem
bers ol a lamliy separate anu reure ior uie
night. What myriads of hasty words and
thoughtless acts, engendered ln the hurry
and business of the day, are forever blotted
out by lts benign influence. Small tokeis,
inueeu, DUt lt is uie iuue uuurboaioa buM
make up the sum ofahappy home. Itis
only tbe little courtesies that can so beauti
fully round off the square corners in the
homes of laboring meu and women. The
" I thank you," lor a tavor receivea, wiu nu
with happiness the heart of the giver. True
wealth is not estimated by dollars and cents,
but by the gratitude and afTection of the
heart. If a home be bappy, it is of heaven
the truest Bymbol. If a home be happy,
whether the owner possesses a patch of
grouud or a thousaud acres, they who live
there are Indeed wealthy beyond mathe
matical calculation. Then how much more
lovlnelv are the sable folds of night gath-
ered around the happy home. How much
more conudentlally do lts memuers repose
their weary body in the care of divine good
nees, smoothing thelr over-taxed minds to
the llvlnc realities of beautiful dreamlond.
X Woman's Wit.
A womau'a advice is generally worth hav
ing; so, if you are in any trouble, tell your
mother or your wife or your eister all about
it. Be assured that light wlll tlash upon
your darkuess. Womeu are too commonly
J-UUU' nassed. the door onened and the chlldren .11 V.i. 1. j' j .".nT,,,. Z. t&
Whether they are really worth a cent depends stepped uin the pavement. and kept near t ,M , ., . 8ame. where the Deo- iffaTra. No nhilosoohical students of the
upon the question whether the property in me from street to street until I entered my , are worse ei than herethe poverty of sex thus iudee them. Their intuitions or
their hands will aell for wbat they agreed to own cnurcn, wnere tney loiiowea me, ana blooJ ehow9 ,U8i ln tbe delx,slt o tuuer. in,ight OT lhe m03t ,ubtle, and if they can
not see a cat ln tne meai tuere 19 no cat
there. I advise a man to keep none ot his
affairs from his wife. Many a home has
been saved and many a fortune retrieved by
a man'a confidence in his wife. Woman is
thnv mnet at laast how do thev penera v " , lC . 1 fim u 1 tneir piaces aretaxen uy soreiguers, 11 1 uov ur more a Beer ana a prujiuci mu "
they meet, at least now ao tuey generany . ,n8 parent, waa uot dinieuU, nnd ,:ti '.i,, ,i, .t.ii.n.: t 11 Lh Im. ii.TT i f.ir C.nJ. A. a rBnerA
meet, tliat grave rosponslbiuty 1 guided by their chlldren, they found their ; for a reat manv vears to come, . .ha wives confide tho mlnutest of thelr
They have a good farm and probably good way to church. ihey, too, were pleased, J. our ..byslclaus could only be paid for pre- nlans and thouehts to their husbands. Why
ImlMlnrrs ln thelr nossesslon. To outstde and otuer members 01 tne nouseuoia were vfln.inl;dIsBase. and could be permltted to ?int reelnrocate. if but for the pleasure of
n,. o, li ff tl,nnh In trn, induced to come to the house of Uod. God .,reacri'i.8 or cacU (amliv IU way of llvlnff. meetlnrr confidence with confidence V The
!." "T... . h-m vt (m,,t. b,eMfd to ,l?ue,m, my , u"7' , there would be but little difficulty in rout- men who succeed best in life are those who
uu,; ... - ..B-. g.v. ... - . memuen. ui uiu uuujouoiu u utjcu w . f ..fnnuhold that most latal and make confidanta of thelr wlves.
pay for it, and can be kept at that value. A f"" ' J Their parenU aniex- W W . gS lner,e,8D0Jula
, . ,,.,, n,ome fuey spughitneir parenw, anojox- be by this time some improvement in New
shrinkage of thlrty-three per cent cleana claimed esgerly, Ile is a minister and we Kn fand ln con8equence of the increased
them out. Any way, they have a twenty have found his church, and he preached a iuteiigence of the people ; but so long os so
years job ahead to pay their debts. Howdo beautiful serinou this morniug 1 ou must matjy 0f them are ruuning westward, and
Yet the tempt
ation is to live ln accordance with their aur-
roundlngs. The eyea of other people are upon
them, and to young, proud, ambitious begin-
uers iu life there is a terror in those eyes
past the power of words to expreos. Good
furnlture. rrood llvlnir. a eood team for driv-
lng, llberal contributions to churches and
socletles, generous entertalnments to vislt
ors, all those are euforced by those awful
eyes ot other people. jiieena 01 11 au, aiter
more or less years of struggle too palutul and
soul-witheriuir for desorintiou. is commonly
to be found in a Kansas " dug-out," or Da-
cotah "shanty. xoung meu aml women
lust startluir for vourselves upon the farm,
betweeu the terror of " those eyes," aud the
gire their hearta to Jesus and to unlte with
tbe people ot God; and I repeat what I be-
loro saiu 10 you mat tuoy were au urougnt
ln bv a Binlle." No one is too poor, too full
of labor aud care to cive a smile aud a kiud
word : aud the lovlne bavtour makes use ol
Instrumcnts so slinple to brlng souls luto his
Yhcrc tho Heavenly Father I.lrcs.
A school teacher was lnstructing liis
boys oue day on Scripture subjects, and ln
the course of the lesson he saidt "Now,
boys, yesterday I explained to you some of
the ditTereut qualities belonglng to the Cre-
ator. liuam, can you name iup 1
William was at that momeut deeply en-
persisteut enemy of human life, which we
Call CUUSUUipUUU. OlTUirilT . -uuyut.'.c
A Sonr or Seuvice. As to servine the
Ijrd with cold hearta and drowsy souls,
there has been too much of It, and It causes
religlon to wlther. Men ride stags when
Shall Wo Meet Again !
Tlie late George D. l'rentlce, the famous they huut for galn, and snalls when they are
edltor of the I.iulsville (Kentucky) Jour- oa the road to heaven. I'reachera go on see-
nal, was known throughout the country aa sawlug, droning and poslng, aud the people
one of the keenest and sharpest writera on (all to yawning and foldlng their arms, and
the press. But sometlmes be fell lnto a then say that God ls withbolding his bless-
more subdued aud penslve mood. In such lng. Every sluggard, when hefinds himself
a inood he wrote the following i " The fiat enlisted ln the ragged reglment, blaniea hia
of death ls iuexorable. There ls no appeal luck, and Bome cuurchea have learned the
for rehef from the grest law whlch dooma Bame wicked trick. I believe that when
us to dust. We tlourisb aud fade as leavea lul plants aud Apollos waters God gives
of the forest, and tbe llowers that bloom, the increase, and I have no patleuce with
wlthnr and fade Iu a dav. have no frailer thnae who throw the blame on God wheu it
equal terror ot a loverty-strickcn refuge Iu gaged lu drawiug the head of au ass ou his hold uion life thau the mightieat mouarch belonga to tbemselves. spurgeon,
U10 lO-r JU. iwi. wuw wmuMii UeSA 1 Bb UIO lOttUUOI B IIUVOUUU UO UAJU.CU UlHfc O.c u.'v- " " . II,.,,,,,, 1 l.,l n..
I l. . ol.l ..... " II .... ii.i. -. .....1. 1.1. .,' . I. I I .1. II II... n iiiaii miwir anrlri nan.1 Tlllt l'l.A.V Of HEIt IIOUSK. A Udy OUC6
your coat accordlng to your oloth ; "" out " Wllllam, go foot I Henry, oan you name pear os the gross, aud the multltudea that drewoneout. "This, ahe said, pointng
of debt, out of dauger the dlllerent qualities or attrlbutea of the throng the world t(Mloy will diaappear aa to a large room ou 18 u '
l- creatorV" "iiod is eternal, omulscicut, fooUteps on the Bhore. Men eeldom thlnk house, and havlngaeveral pleasant wlndows,
. . ir I iri !..... I aml a1ltu-kuiart.il " l aa Imt llinru la .11
thal"if auv oue wlll thorouEhlyexamlnoa oue quality which you have forgotteu; omnl falls across their own pathway, hiding from my husbands private icimi, ana n ,ere u
.rSi tuto hiimedl ,omui-. Come, then, who knows lt?" thelr evea tbe faces of loved onea whose llv- ralne. Tbey aro of about the same slte, and
uft$l&L& Tl e whole school r'emain'ed dnmb. Noone iug smlle waa the sunllghtot thelr exist, are just large enough to toUUH tt letable
.Z virv .3 wblto kuewlt. Now, boys, where does the Heav- ence. Deatb Is the autagonist of life, and and a chalr. l.ach has a window. On the
nve eaXed a c eatui onlj Father I vf Can no e tell me thethoughtof thatombls the skeletonof table are a few books, a 1 Ible, hymu-book,
; if. dni -foZFS tl i. that?" From the las beiU a very small allfeasta. Wedo not want to go through aud whatevorelsewe may desire when alone
waysfiud tl e to held pUrt Thls " tle hands , "fknow. the dark valley, although tbe dark pass.ge with God." If .11 our house. w buU.
WKTiiiillbeW teiherl" !' Well, Ilans, that'sabrave gooJ may lea.1 to paradl.o. Vo do no , wautto after "JZfi&S
should sav that 1 never saw oue that was boyj come forward and tel mo whero the go do n luto datup graves, even iwith prlncos slldlng Christians; for there is nothlng so
anouia say tuai never .w ni.l.i w.ii,., n. ti, ll.Avnl fnr hlfello. ln the beautiful dramaof aure to produco Buch aa ueglect of one i prl-
vklu ueruuuua
Father lhe Heavenly Fatlier, alr lives I lou, tlie hopa of iminortality so eloqueutly

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