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VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATE JOURNAL, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 17, 1881.
WKDNF.SDAY, AUGUST 17, 1881. Ttftui!? 00 twr ycnr, plrlrtlr In ariTancet or I2.M lt not Kdiicnflonnl. Tho Watciiman expressed tlio apprehen slou last week that the publlo attendance npon the meetlngs of the state teachers' nssoolatlon at Northfield would be, as com pared with tha altendanee upon an " agri oullatal liorso trot," inversely aj the relatlre real importance o( the agrlcultural and the edncational Intereats. Events have justlfied the apprehension as to the publlo, and tho prophecy inlght havo been extonded to In' clude the teachers themselves. Of tho gen- crat publlo Ihcre was present a very amall sprinkllng, and of the two thousand five hundred nlnety-sovon teachers whlch the oommon schools of the stato requlre, Icss than two hundred, mostly young women, wero present. Tho falthful worters, the leading teachers, that clais whlch least ueeds whatever of benefit or Insplratlon may bo gleaned f rom these meetlngs, was on hand, bnt the rank and file of tho cominon school teachers of the state, the Buperlutend- onts, commlttee men and laymen wcre la- mentably consplcuous by thelr absence. Numerically the meetlng doubtless gauged the hlgli waler mark of popular Intercst in education in this atate. In the general character of the subjects discussed, and In the pertonnel of the leading particlpators, the meeting represeuted the academies, hlgh schools and colleges. rather than the common schools. State Superintendent Uartt ap- peared as the chlef reprcsentatlve of tho lattor. A sort of " lone fishennan " from ltutland, J. J. II. Itandall, the vcteran school superintendent of that town, and Its sole representative on this occasion, made a bolt from tho subject of academies presented for discussion by Mr. Conant, and got before the meeting some very disagreeable f acts re- lating to the status of common school teach ing and management in that part of the state. Jlr. Itandall seemed to feel that con fession is good for the soul, and he should not only not be impeached for his self-con-fcssed dereliction of duty, but for the llght he has thrown so sharply and with so much frankuess upon what is undoubtedly the actual condition of most of the common schools of the state, he deserves publio thanks. The facts about our public schools seem to be briefly these : The academies, hlgh and graded schools nre either well enough or are abundantly able to take care of them selves. The ungraded schools, the " dlstrict schools," whether in the outlying or in vil lage precincts, seem to bo afllicted with a species of dry rot. The charge is that these schools are inefiicacious, fall short of accomplishing, eren wlthareasonablo meas ure of success, the purpose of schools. The respon9lbillty for this state of things is va riously located with the superlntendents, the committees, the teachers and the people. It is said that the superlntendents are re niiss in their examinations of teachers ; that through f avoritism, indiilerence, or f ear, cer ti&cates are granted to persons whoso book knowledge alone, say nothing of other re quirements, is utterly insufficient for even a primary school teacherj that committees are influenced in hiring teachers by consid erations of avarice and meanness, rather than by a reasonable regard for the welfare of the scholars and the efliclency of the schools ; that the teachers foisted upon the common schools by such methods of exam ination and contract are largely young boys and girls, who will teach for any sum, who could earn practlcally nothing in any other avocatlon, or are too lazy to " bone down " to hard industrial work, and that good teachers are driven out of the market by this kind of competition; and finally that the mass of the people regard this state of things either with indifferenco or taclt ap proval. This is a severe indictment of the common school system of the state. They who make it are not a set of sorebeads or impracticable theorists. They admit the existence of many shining exceptions, but their inner knowledge of the workings of the system as a whole entitles their statements to credit, and we believe the facts will be found to be substantially as claimed. The details of the defects and abuses of our common school system, as they wero pre sented at Northfield, will be found more fully stated in the report of that meeting elsewhere in this paper. In the matter of reduction of court ex penses aud tax reform the state has done a laudable and a thorough-going work. The reformation of our common school system imperatlrely detuands the continuauce of tho good work. The towns of the state are spending annually lfcarly half a million dollars for school expenses. This sum is not extravagant. It might be largely in creased for good schools without reaching the boundaries of eitravagance ; but for the kind of schools we have, five hundred thou sand dollars a year is a very high price in deed. If the people fully appreciated how 8tnall the results are for this outlay, they would not rest content a day with the com mon school system of the state. A school system so inefliclent, and which admits of such abuses as arecharged against it, is radically wrong and must be changed before reform is possible. If town superin tendents neglect their duty, or unwarrant ably grant certificates to teach through f avor itism or fear of losing their official heads if they refnse ; if avarice and meanness or in capacltyand indlfferencecontrol committees in the selection of teachers, the powers of ex amlnation and of hlriug teachers should be removed beyond the reach of local influences and placed in hands that will judiciously exercise these dutles. " Local optiou," in a word, seems to be the source of the inefli clency charged upon the common schools. The remedy would seem to be in couuty or state instead of town supervision of schools and in placing the power to liire teachers in hands that will judiciously exercise it for the best and hlghest interest of the school. State Superintendent Dartt shows good sense and practical wisdom in his ideas, and has clear conceptions of the needs of the common schools, IIo is disposed to labor earnestly in thelr behalf. The press of the state can do much to help liim and should come lieartily to his assistance, and endeavor to awakeu publio interest and to create a cor rect public sentiment in regard to our schools. The dlfliculties to be overcome are great and manifold. Ila will need all the Bupport and encouragement be can get from the leaders of publio opinion, and will cor dlally welcome allles from every quarter. Brethron of the press, lend hlm and the cause a helping hand. " 1'iikcisei.y tiik Same." -In publlshlng from the Watciiman the completed grand list totals, the Brattleboro Phaniz remarks that the statement "supplles the unlmpor- tant omissions in the table publishcd by us three weeks ago," and that "the Windham eounty footings are precisely the same as in the table publlsliod by us." Ilut had the Brattleboro llsters supplled to tho secreiary of state the not "uniraportantomisslou" of the appraisal of the Brattleboro & White tiall rallroad, as the law required them to 4o, the list of Windham county would not have been " precisely the same." No exnlau atlon of tho reason of this lmportant omis tiion has appeared in the Brattleboro papers, we believe. Viiwinia is likely to see a good, old' fashloned campalgn in which the rival can didates for governor will goupon the stump, " divide tlrae," and make thepot boil llvely. Tho Allanta L'xposltlon. From prevlous notlces of this proposed exhlbltion our readers aro famlllar with its general purpose. From Its Inception the exhl bition has grown in extent and importance lill it now attalns to international rank and dignity. At the outset the exposttion was greeted throughout the north as a practical means of bringlng the north and the south together gn a basls that had In it more of the clements of genulne fraternity and of reclprocal good understandlng than the most astute polltlcal measure could combine. The south, with her vast staple products and undeveloped resources, and tho north with her improved machinery, ovcrflowlng capltal and restlcss spirit of entcrprise, could not forever be kept in a false attltude to- ward each other by the remembrance of past antagonlsms. The commerclat elemeut In each sectlon, the free, generous, onlight ened classcs, north and south are destlncd of their own volitlon to accomplish under nat ural laws that which would watt in vatn for polltlcal enactments. Tho North American Indian, hlghland clansman, or discontenled Irlsliman, might mope over the feuds of past centurles, but Americans could not long allow tho anlmosules born of a few decadcs of vlolent polltical disscnsions, engendering a gigantlc clvil war, to divide them into hostile camps. A career begun together a century ago must go on together, and the influenceof such industrial galherings as that for which Atlanta is now preparing will tend to foster friendly feelings, and to render the recurrence of hostile relations be- tween the north and the south as remoto a probability as between tho east and the west. A cotton exposition at Atlanta was pro posed by Mr. Edward Atklnson of Boston This gentleman had shown in a plain- spoken address to the people of Atlanta last winter that this great staple of tho world was most shittlessly cultivated and wastefully handled. The people whlch ralsed the crop, and the people which man factured it, were of radically dlfferent edu cation, habits and customs, and separated geographically as widely as they had been socially and politlcally. These classes had a common interest in cotton, and it was em inently proper that a staple valued In an nual crop, in its crude form, at three hu n- dred million dollars, and nt six hundred million dollars when manufactured, should have an exposition especially devoted to its interests, where all engaged in its produc- tion, in buying and selling and manufactur Ing it, could meet together on a coramon ground. The Buggestion was embodied in an organized form. Northern capital was freely subscribed, and northern meu warraly embarked in the cnterprise, and mouths ago the project became an assured fact. Tlie origlnal scope of the exposition has been vastly enlarged. Not only southern cotton fields, but her tobacco product, her gold fields and orange groves, her mlneral wealth, her forest treasures, tropical fruils aud flow- ers, will bo shown at Atlanta, and the ma chinery of this conntry for cultivating and manufacturing their products will compete thero with the best machinery of Kurope. The demands by exhibitors for space in creases rapldly. Mr. Sabin, tho chief of machinery and engineering, reports that " the rush is getting to be overwhelming. The grounds are handsomer naturally than were the centennial grounds, and when we finish the ornamentation we will have the prettiest place for our exhibitlon ever seen in this country. Thousands of dollars have been appropriated for decorating the grounds with palms, magnolias, and rich southern flowers and shrubbery." Northern men are actlvely engaged with southern in tho man agement. Senator llrown of Georgia is president, II. I. Kimball, a northern man, now resldent in Atlanta, is director-general. The exposition will open October 5th and close December 31st. Kxcursion rates are be- Ing arranged from all parts of the country, and an immense attendance is assured. Thus in the city around whlch the great arniies of the Union and the confederacy wero fiercely contending seventeen years ago, and from which its noncombataut pop ulation was removed that it might be razed to the ground, the north and the south are once again marshahng their forces, but the implements of their warfare are chauged. The hum of machinery replaces " the drum beat's roll " and no smoking ruins will mark the culmination of the conflict. 11 l'eace bath her victories no less renownod than war." A Dastardly Outrage. Dr. W. II. Bowenof Scituate, Ithode Island, has been for three years or more en gaged in tryiug to suppress a rum hole, aud has appealed to the courts to aid him. On one occasion immedlately after the instltu tion of legal proceedlngs two valuable cows were poisoned; at another, two carriages were cut to pieces. Undaunted, however, by these plain warnings and by many an onymous letters breathing threats, the doc tor pursued his work. The next enterprise of his enemles was on a larger and more atrocious scale, and if discovered should sub ject them to no mllder penalty than impris- oument for life. On Monday tbe doctor left home for a few days, leaving bebind a wife in poor health and four children, the oldest fourteen years old and the youngest as many months. There were also two others in the famlly. About midnight Mrs. Ilowen awoke to find the house in flames. She gave the alarm, and fortunately all the sleepers were aroused and escaped from the burning house. Investigatlon showed that the flre had been set in the cellar with kero sene or some other inflammable substance, imraediately under tbe lloor of the room occu- pled by Mrs. Ilowen and the children. It was, therefore only the lucky chanee of waklng that saved them from a terrlble death. About two hours later two or three of the neighbors who had come to the fire were in the doctor's stable dlscusslng the matter. They notlced the licking of a clock, aud immedlately after a fire broke out in the hay. It was, howover, put out and there was discovered in a barrel a machine, run by clock work, for Bettlng the fire. It is thus evident that by means employed ouly by villains of the deepest dyo the doctor's enemies had attempted to obtain vengeanco. He had become obnoxions becauso he would not reinain silent whlle they broke the laws, and these means were taken for revenge and possibly for a wamlng to others to let the rum interest alone. Ilut the means employed aro likely to rcact. The discovery of the nre before it destroyed the machine was ex tremely fortunate. It shows tho desperate character of those with wliora the temper ance advocate has to deal aud will warrant leglslation commeusurate with the evll tobe eradlcated. A people that can look upon such a scherae for destructlon and not be movcd to act for self protectlon is fit for the reforming hand. Funny that the lltfotmtr, In its arliole on "state expenses," publlshed two days later than the Watciiman, should, lu some placos, fall into a line of comment alinost identlcal with the Watciisian's, and should so uncousciou9ly use the same expressions to a word, and some of the same illustra tlons in the same language In characteriz- ing cerlaln features of the old court ex pense abuses. Tbis Is not intended to be a "euphemlsm for stealing." Tackle on to the school questlon now, Mr. Ittformer, and when you have Imosted that up out of the " slough of despond " you can " read your tltle clear" to your name. Only give us all a chance to help In the good work just a little. Proposed Ilankrnpl Law. Duslness men In varlous sectlons of tho country are agitattng the question of a new bankrupt law, and the matter will doubtless be slrenuously pressed upon congress at Its approachlng session. In the mean tlme sundry practical buslness men are formu- latlng thelr ideas in regard to what the new law otight to contain. Among these is Mr. D. C. llobbins, the chalrman of the New York Chamber of Commerce. He ha9 snbmllted to the Judlclary commlttee of the Untted States Senate, which Is now considering the questlon of a new bankrupt law, a number of auggestions. He holds that the ofllcers should, as far as poslhlo, bo compensated by fixcd salariea instead of f oes ; that the powers of the reglsters should bo inoreased ) that the amount of indebtedness required to authorlzo voluntary proceodlngs should be at lea.it 91,000 ; that tha composltlon sot lementi should not bo allowed to take the dlscharge of the bankrupt out of the control of the court ; that such settlements should not be allowed without the consent of a majority of tho credltors in number aud three fourths in valuo; aud that the dlscre tlonary power of the court relatlng to the grantlng of discharges should be enlarged. The New York Post, to which we are In debted for this sumraary of Mr. llobbins' suggeslions, Is of the opinion that the tlme has arrived when it is possible to frame the best possible bankrupt law. It points ost that hltherto baukrupt laws have been passed in congress in times of commerclal depression, under pressure from debtors, whose main object has been to wipe out thelr obllgattons and start afresh, and it be- lleves that in the present prosperous condi tion of the trade, when thero is no distlnct pressure from either debtors or .credltors, the main interest in the subject comes from the mercantlle classes, to have a permanent and uniform law. A Ilopctnl Vlow. Miss Francis E. Wlllard, president of the Woman's Chrlstian Temperance Union, says in a recent letter : I hardly know how to do justlce to the impresslon made upon my mlnd by Mrs. Garfield. " l'ure, womanly," expresses it, if one has been so fortunately trained that that the "sweet reasonable ness " of a strong mlnd tempered by tho "gentleness of Christ" go into the defini tion of that royal word " womanly." Iook- ing across the wlde lunch table to his wife, the president said to mes "I can hardly be lievo as I see her sittiug there that she who has taught Latin to my boys was learning it of me a score of years ago ; " and agaln, " Don't blame the dear little woman yonder, if all your hopes are not fulfilled;" and when I said we temperance women wished he would read Canon Farrar and Dr. Hlch- ardsou, he replled, " Whatever you scnd me I will carefully read, only If you want me to be sure to get it mail it to my wife." Then, laughingly, he said: "When I replled to you ladies the day the llayes portralt came, you may have thought me unsatisfactory, bnt I thought I would rather take the part of ' I-go-not-sir-and-went,' than ' I-go-sir-and-went-not;'" and he added, "You will re npect my convictions, I am confident, what ever the resull," and I told bim we cer talnly would, but how the gcntle words of Mrs. Garfield cheered me when she said, " I hope I shall not disappolnt expectatious." So with thoughtful, friendly words the tlme sped on and I could but feel, looking upon the delicate, responsive face of the wife, noting the noble son's qulet attention to his mother, and the whole-hearted ways of Mollie Garfield aud the boys, that here, if I had ever seen one, was the typical American home. LoDg may it stand upon the strong foundations of intellect and conscieuce, af fectlon and religion I Long may James and Lucretia Garfield blessedly live to illustrate the poet's line : Two heads in council, Two boside the heartu. To His CitKDiT. It was said of Dr. Ag new, one day last week, that when he was urged to remain with tbe president, he de clined, because of patients requiring his at tention in l'hiladolphia. Oje of the presi deut's physicians asked what kind of pa tients they were, and the eminent surgeon replled that one of them was a laborer at the ship-yard who had a badly fractured skull, and the other one of the same character who was sudering from a wound in the abdomen. These were particular cases, and he thought he might be able to save their lives by his presence. When it was urged that the president's life was more valuable, he re marked that the president was attended by skillful physicians, and with Dr. Ilamilton here, who was abundantly able to cope with any emergency, wbile these poor men had nobody; human life was human life, and his presence was aclually necessary in l'hil adelphla at this time. It is evident the president bas been attended by at least one physician whose head hasn't been turned by his connectlon with the case. The Richmond WMg, a deraocratlo paper, characterlzes the Ilourbons of Virginla as elegant and rotuud specimens of the solid tnan, of whom we have heard so much, and who want everything 1 solid ' about them, from a 'solid' punch to a 'solid' south; obese gentlemen, too fat-witted to be any- thing else but Ilourbons ; and the sloth it- self, the most conservative of animals, does not emlt more doleful crles than they do when progress demands that they shall 'movo on '; all Ilrummagem aristocrats, mushroom nobllity, with airs that would make the Eu lisb peerage feel mean : Falstaffian monu- ments of woe stuffed efligles, whose eyes stand out with the fatness accumulaled by weeping over a past which they cannot re suscitate." New Yoiik Itulependent i There is a f ree- dom and grandeur in the position of the president which Itisnot too much tosay that none of his recent predecessors have en joyed. We pray to God that, as he rlses to strength aud to the use of his powers, be may see it Whatever may have been true before, he U now freej his hands areuntled; no man and no party can clalm hlm ; and, except by bls own act, he cannot be put into shackles again. If that fate, whlch may Uoit torefend, befalls hlm, it will only be be cause he squanders the opportunity not only of his life time, but of the people he governs, and puts himself into trauimels again." SEcnETAHY Bi.aink left Washington with his famlly for bls home In Augusta last week. This fact may be roceived as proof of tbe confidenco felt In the hopeful condi tion of the president. Before Mr. lllalne's departure the president signed his first pub lio document. His elguature was clear and bold. The document Bigned was for the extra dltion of the alleged Canadian forger I'ritch. Before alfixing his signature to tho docu ment, the president wrote his name several tlmes on tho blank pad upon which the docu ment rested. YouNa Dii. Ilussi "The attendlng sur geons were all selected with the sauctlon of the president and Mrs. Garfield. Kun day mornlng after the Bhootlng the president said he thought there were too many doctors around and told fatber to select auy phys- iclans he might need to asslst him in treat ing the case. Father asked the president If there was any particular surgeon he would llke to have retained, and tho same questlon was asked Mrs. Ga'field. They both re plled iu the negative. Nolos nnd Nollons. Sriimorir.tD Itenublieant "Collector Robertson is satlsfylng hts best frlends and disappointing his enemles by refuslng to treat the custom-house ofiices na spolls. Tiie rcpubllcans of Kcntncky have elected nine members of the state senate. Last year they had but four. At this rate of in creaso tlioy will socure a majority within ten years. O.NK of the papers read at the liankers Convention predlcts a flnanctal dcrangement In buslness clrcles in four or five years, and counsels cverybody to look out for squalls. This Is good advlco, whothor tho prophecy Is fulfilled or not. Tiie Charleston (South Carollna) A'cim (uemocrat) says that " there Is more human sympathy iu General Gatfleld's nature than In that of any president the United States has had slnce the kiudly and generous Abe Lincoln was murdered." An interview with Jere Illack in the Phlladelphla Prest glves a detalled account of his efforts to have Fort Sumter rein forced in order to prevent ctvll war, and lays the blame of the rebelllon upon General Scott in not carrying out the orders. Tiie republlcans of Virginla who are of the opinion that it is better to vote to beat the Ilourbons rather than vote in the alr, have endorsed the Mahone tlcket. They havo done wlsely, and will be commended by their republlcan brelhren the country over. In North Carollna, the presence of ne groes at the polls was courted in the last election. In Virginla, colored dolegates were promlnent in two of the three conven tlons and their support is Mahone's chief hope. Mason and Dlxon's line lies further south than it used to. Tiie Maine democrats aud greenbackers have parted company. The democrats com plain that whlle they gave to tho " f uslon " all Its strength in mouey and intellect, the greenbackers got all the ofiices, and at the same tlme treated them in a manner most discourteous and offenslve. I109T0N Journali "There is to-day a feel- ing that the president will not only recover but that he will bring from that bed of in- tense and prolonged anguish that exalted wisdom which will mako his adminlstratlon a blesslng to that wholo country which now watches ut his bedside with the intense anxiety of deep affection." GENEnAL Hancock, Freeman't Journal says, has declined all invltations to public entertalnmcnts slnce the attack on the pres ident " It is not proper," he said to some one, " that I accept invitations to festive en- tertainments while the president, ex ojjicio my commander-in-chief, isliovering between life and death." This is stretchlng a polnt, but it Is stretchlng it in the right dlrection. Cai'TAIN C. A. Cook, an old Union sol- dier living at Ilrownville, Ohlo, slapped a man's lnouth for saylug that he was glad Garfield was shot and was fined for the as- sault in all $32. Tbe Cincinnati Commercial called for one-cent subscriptions to pay tiie fine and costs, received thirty-two hundred subscriptions of a cent each before noon and has taken In in all $80 for the same purpose. Kansas Letter. Atciiison, Kansas, August G, 1881. .Vr. -fth'ror; In lookloirover eoroe of my old papers, I find the follottlDg, a copy ofwliich I have concluded to send you. It may be of Inter est to Roine of the members of the bar in Wash ington county. To all whom it may concern ; " We, the understgned, members of Washington county bar, In the state of Vermont, hereby cer tlfy that we have been acquainted with Azc Spaldlng, J'-aq., (or several yeurs, and that he U a young gentleman of good moral character, ot reapectabte talents, and handsome profedalonal acqulrements, and we moat cheerfully recximmend nlra to the confldeace ol our profertKlonal brethren ln other parts of the Union, and to the conrldence of the public. Montpelier, Septerobcr Oih, 1827, McholAs IWylles, Danlel I'. Thomion, Thomas Iteed, Jr., Dennlaon Smtth, Luclus I). l'eck, lanl Dilllngham, Jr., Wllllam Upham, Ornmel II. Smith, JoBhua Y. Vall, John U Uuck, Charles Kobinson, II. II. Heed, Dan Carpenter, Ddvln J. Keith, Jeduthan Loomls.' I.z-Governor Dilllng ham and myself are the only survlvlng memberB of Washington county bar of that perlod. ThU paper Is over a half century old. Yenerable for agel Great changes have taken place slncetheKe fourteen of the members have made thelr last I'lca. With them the book ls closed, and the sur- vlvors are living only on Kufleranc& the one ln Vermont, the other in KanBas. Such Is human life. To-day full of life, anxiety, and hope; to morrow, dcad and food for worms. Flfty years ago Ohlo was a border state; now Callfornla and Oregon. Flfty years ago a rallroad was hardly known ln the United States. Mkhlgan was a territory. Not a white man waaln Kansas. Now Kansas counts over one million of frcc In- habitants. ' I do not now live entirely in the past, although men of my age are apt to look back and Uve over the past. e are very anxlous for the president, and look upon the would-be awiasgln with perfect dis gustandabhorrence. Had this foul deed happened in Kansas, tho assassln would not ha o lived three minutes. We have very warm weather. The crops are not as promlslng this year as usual. e need raln. The prohlbltloa law is not answer- ing the expectations of tlie ultra temperance peo ple. No attention is pald to it In several countlea in the state. The state ot Kansas Is pecullarly adapted to the grape, and large amounts have l,een expended In vlneyarda, Tlie Germans, as a gen eral hablt, use wine and beer. It is hard to force such a people. I do not thlnk it can be done ln Kansas for many years. It now looks as though the people will do all they can for and against the law. The democrats and foreign voters are mostly opposed to prohlbltion. The law keeps back emi gratlon. Not more than one-siitii of the state ls now settled, and every means Is now trled to keep out settlers. We have lost, now, over elghty thousand settlers ln conHequence of our extreme leglslation on temperance. The trutli U, the law helps ln some respecta and hurts in many cases. Were It general in all tbe states, I should llke It better. Atchlson, I believe, holds her own, and must go ahead. I have been ln Kansas twenty two years, and love the state. Next to Vermont I love Kansas. If a man cannot Uve In Kansas, he could not get a llTlog anywhere. The weather continuea very warm, and were It not (or the wlnds it would be very oppresslve. We are qulte well. llease remember us klndly toour frlends. lly tt, I mean to lnclude my better half, Vours truly, Azbi, SrALPiNO. Tiiehe Is one New York lady at the United States hotel, Saratoga, who has the reputatlon of havlng brought three hundred dresses with her and slx raaids to take care of them. She wears three dlfTerent dresses per day, and never whlle at the place ls seen to wear the same one twlce. ller dlamonds are numerous and gorgeous, and the keeps a Udy who Is ln reduced clrcumstances constantly employed embrolderlng her clothlng, ln cluding stocklngK, as well as dresses and parasols. Tiik czar has a cnrlous ornainent on his wrltlng Uble. It ls nothing less than a piece of the foul bread a mliture o( unlnvltlng and Innutrltlous refuse on whlch the peasanta have been trjlng to Uve in one portlon of his domalns. lle was lg norant of the dlstioss In the dlstrict untll a news pIer publlshed the facts, and now keops the bread betore hlm on a letter welght that he may see what his people havebeenobllged to eat with out his knowledge, Unitkd Statks Internal ltevenue Commlssloner Kaum dectdes that the popular oom;iound known as " Kock and Itye" Is not a medlclne, but a bv erage, and just as taxable aa any other intoxlcant sold ln the market. IIoston Intecds to protlt by the ponurlousness of New York, Her splrlted cttlzens are ralslng 0,000,000 to Invest In a national oiiwsltlon in 1884, Tiik llats of arrlvals at Saratoga contlnue to lengthen, and the departures are few In number ln pro;ortton to the thousands of guests now In Saratoga, Tiik trottlng mare, Maud 8., at the ltocheeter, New York, races last week, beat her prevlous record of 2.10J by one-fuurth of a second, Mus. Jsaijki, SroNK 'ot salled from New York, on Saturday, for Kurope, where he will 1111 an engagement for thlrty concerts, IUhtmamn, the Ituashtn nlhllUt, Is at Ilamilton, Onutrlo, under the asanmed name ot (1. Ulock. Tho Teachers ln Council. The thlrty-flrat aonnal meeting of tho Vermont State Teachers' Asaoclatlon, held laat week at Northfield, was cnlled to order Wedneaday even Ing, the 10th Inatant, by the prealdenl, J, 8. Cit ley, after whlch prsyer was offered by Iiev, II, W, Worthen of Northfield. After miwlc by a quartette of male volcca, Ilev. W. 8. Haien do- llvered an addrcaa of welcome. Tlie occanlon was to hlm both sad and ptoasant, sad becauae ol tlie memorles It CAlIed up of the changes slnce the meeting held In the same place ten years ago. Ofllcers and apeakers of that tlme, many of them personal frlends, are dead or absent, the prlncl- pal of the vlllage school lielng amonz the fonner. Now the teachers are strangers largely, The oc casion was ploanant because It teatlfled to tho Im- provlng condition of the school. Thla Is shown In methods of teachlng. Onco knowledge was pumpedln;now it Is drawn out. The dignity and Importance ot the teacher's work ls more re- allzed than (ormerly, because we know the nceds and dangors of our country, Senator lloar re cently stated that there would bo twenty new states by 18110, and a populatlon of 100,000,000 by 1(100. Toeducate and ChrlsttanUe these Is the work In hand. Mr. Itar.en said further that tho convention was welcomcd lieartily for what It would bilng, for the personal frlends among Its members, for the lnfluence nimn the schools of the town, and for Its social iower. It was wet comed to the chnrcli and by the chnrch, the paa tor, and the cltlzens generally, becaute its mem bers combine character, deeda pcrrormed, post tion won, and brlght promlses tor the futnre. President Clltey resiiondnd. Ile referred to tho enthuslaatio meeting of twenty.four years ago, and hoped that thla would be llke uoto It, and brlog to the teachers of Vermont and the people ot Northfield an lnfluence (or all that Is lovely and of good report. CerUlnly tho people of Northfield will do what thoy can to make our stay pleaaant, and they have nnr thanks (or their corlial welcome, After mnslo by a trlo of ladies heannounced that the speaker of the evenlng, ltot,l, B. Gow of Brattleboro, was necetsarlly absent, and his pnperon Theprovlncoot the State In IMucatlon wonld be read by lils son. rIuca tlon, the wrlter said, may be looked at as for aelf developmeot, (or happtness, for soclety, for God, and for varlous other ends. It ls for them all, There have been two meihoda ln education, the method ot authorlty and the method of freodom. The method o( authorlty was exerctsod by the medlxval church and by dcspotlc governmonts. Now the church should not control the schools ex cept by Indlrect lnfluence, nor should the govern ment except (or purposes o( its own, vlz., topre pare men for cltlzenship. It should not malntAln profeaslon sclioola, but (urnlsh to all a primary tralnlng. Anclent and modern languagea, hlgher art, sclence and matheraatlcs should be excluded; and polltlcal economy, blstory, aud morallty. unly moral peoplo preserve a nation. Normal schools (or tralnlng teachers only and boarda of examlnatlon should rccelve government support. TIIUItsDAY FOltRNOON. Tlie mornlng's sesalon opened with muslc and prayer, after whlch I'rlnclpal O. S Johnson of Bakersfield read a pnper on the splrltital sig nlflcanceof education. Man has been varlously sty led a laughing, a cooktng, au antlqulty-lovlng, a tool-nsing, and an educatiog animal. Looking at hlm in the lAst sense gives a true idea of edu cation. This alone keeps up clvillxttion. The pupll ahould be taught the prlnclplea ot soclety and government and a trade or professlon. Above these the prlnclplea of morallty and Chrlatlanlty stand. These prlnclplos and the wisdom whlch Is attAlnable by all and free to all are the cssen- tlala of education. To (all of them ls greatcat losa; to wln them la to glve the sotil a flt abode. l'rof. Cbas. Dole of Lewis Collego, Northfield, opened a discussion on tbe questlon, "llowcan the aUndard of education be ralied 1 To thla end we must have better teachers. Nelther teachers nor superlntendents seem to have any adenuate ldea of the work they have to perform. The gen eral idea ls to get the cheapcst Instead of the beHt teachers, Every tencher In the cominon school should be able to teach all that the average com mon cltlzen should know. Teachers as a rule have not this knowledge, and clalm that thelr pay Is so small they cannot aftord properly to quallfy themselves. They can't afford not to fit them selves. Mr. Dole thought the present average grade of teachers get all they earn. If they can get more, as they clalm, at other work, they should take It and leave the market open to teachers who are qnallfied, and such should be jiald a fair com pensatloo. The communitlos must be aroused to sce the need of havlng better teAchers, The people should Uke the matter up. Local teachers' meet inga should be held, and the public, tho commit tees and superlntendents should attend them. The boys and girls tliemselvea should be inter estod and dcmand of thelr parents better teachers in the achoola. We should not waste tlmo lament ing tlie condition of our schools, but go to work, hlre better teachera, demand the (ull value o( thelr scrvlces, and forco the poor teacher to drop out oreducate himself up to the right standard. Itev. J. D. hmerson, Underhill, urged the neces- slty for more rlgld examloatlons by the superln tendents to sift out the itoor (rom the good teach ers. He would bring out and keep ln aervice the old, the born teachera, and not euffer them to be crowdedout by these young boy and glrl teachera. Teachers' meetlngs should be held In towns where they have never been held, get good apeakers, and devote wholesesslons to one branch o( study, Goo Ws Kennedy o( Waterbury placed the re- sponalbillty (or the inefllclency of the schools npon the town superioteudents. Few have the coursge to refuse certlGcates, Teachers' meetlngs every week, attended by the aupcrintendent, for the pur pose of comparlng notes would be beneflclal. Professor A, W. IMaon of ltandoluh said it waa useloss to speak to committees, to superlntend ents or to the people, forthey were not attendlng this meeting, Superlntendents don't do thelr duty, because they will lose their heads lt they do. We must show the ;ieopIe that good schools are better than poor; attend school meetlngs and vote for good committees; town meetlngs and vote for good superlntendents, and lalior to create a healthy public scnUment. It Is tho commlttee'a pride to drlve a aharp bargatn with a teacher. He had heard them chuckle over beatlng them down a few cents a week. Tbe people should scorn such a transactlon and tell the committees that lt is a mean thing. 'rlnclpal Weld of Bradford spoke In (avor of county examinations and women superlntend ents, thlnklng the latter would be more securo ln the tenure of thelr ofllce and would dlscharge thelr dutles more (earlesaly and efllclently, Self tralnicg in normal methods waa advlsod the best normal tralnlng ls open to the teachor while in servlce. Itev. I. P. Booth of Northfield lald the respon- slbllity for the success of a school u;on the teacher himself. He bas a slight Idea ot what a teacher should be, makes lt only a slepplng stone to somethlng else and gets hla ccrtldcate often tlmes through frlendihlp. Tbe teacher must first be fit for his work, and then ln his own heart ln the consclentlous 'dlscharge of hla duty ls the beat raeana ot ralalng the stAndard of his qualtfi cationa. rrlncipal B. F, Blngham Bald the teacher must be the magnet whlch should attract bls puplls llke lron flllngs towards hlm. Ile must make It busy work tor the parents lest tlie teacher usurp thelr placo in the affectlons of the children. President Cyrus Hamlln of Middlebury College dellvered a most lntereatlng address on the Mo hammedan system of education. It dlsclosed the secret of orlental immoblllty, and by comtiarlaon with occldental systems hla audltora saw with new llght the power from whlch the marvelous progress and prosperlty of westcrn natlons have sprung. Kev. J. I). Kmerson opened the afternoon exer- clses as a drafted man to supply the place on tho programme filled by Mr. I'riest of Barre, who had marrled a wife and could not come. llavlug had recent experlence ln inpplng the questlon, the substltute facetioualy said that hts jirtncipal should be the betjor quallfled to speak on " the interrogatlon iiolnt," the subject of his dlscourse. The address wasorlglnally prepared foraSunday school, but was exceodingly spplicablo tu com mon school teachera ueed, andlf they will lay its aenalble, and oftentlmes humorous, Injunctlona serloualy to heart, their auccess and usefulness ln thelr vocatlon will be Immenaely incroased. Chrlit was the model questloner, I'.xpertness ln asklng qaestlons ls the secret of the lawyer's suc cess ln exaralnlng wltuesses, and the teacher should no lesa study to perfect himself lu this dif- flcult art. A paper was read by Prlucliial I'-dward Conant of Johnson, on the iosltlon of the hlgh school and academy ln our school system, ln whlch he argued that these schools served aa a sort ot conductor between the primary school and the colleges. Mr. J. J. It, Itandall, superintendent of schools ln ltutland, waa called out aud confeased to the ru mlssness of hts town lu relatlon to oducatlonal meetlngs, He waa the only reprcsentatlve present from ltutland and had not attended such a meet ing himself for ten years, although he had seen over twenty yearaserrlce ln the ltutland cominon achoola, Concernlng tho dutles of town superlu tendenta, he bad granted certlllcates to flfty out of fitty-one appllcants; had to lower ths stAudard ot quallflcatlon or caudldates couldn t anawer flfty iier cent of tbe questlons u such questlona even aa were aaked. The speaker dldn't know aa he ought to be proud of this reoord. It he should carry out the law, the committees would have to go out of town (or tearhers, Imt ahouldn't Know where to go to get them. Not more than one ln ten Is quallfled In the matter of booka tnerely, Snperlntendents are placed in an awk- ward position. They moat reftise all If any, then there would be a howl from tlie frlends and the commlttee, and ao they wlnked at the Imoer fectlona though they knew theyonght not to have done It. What Is the remedy ? Pay to get good qtiallflcatlons, It costs a large sum to get a good education, and teachers of that rlaaa are crowded out by pretendera. Make teachlng a professlon, have permanent teachers. Kvery school should be known by Its tflAcher and not by the number on tho door, Two dollars and twenty-flve cents a week ror teachlng forty weeka.a year' work, will not snpport a teacher, Commltteea will haggle over ten cents a week In the price of a teacher, He clted the amart trlck of a commlttee who ln his bargaln with a young woman teacher had en gsged to carry her home at the ctoae of her tcrtn, Flndlng lt convenlcnt to tulflll hla contract at noon of the last dayo( school, he told the teacher she might closo tho school at that tlme, Havlng returned tho young lady to her home, when he !a!d her her wagea he docked her (orthe half dsy ne nad given ber to suft hla own convenlence. Doubtless he was rewarded for his meanness by a re-eiectlon, Town superlntendents are poorly pald, In many towns adjotutng ltutland thoaii- perlntendents have not been In the schools for years. Thetiay ls no lnducement foraraanto spend his tlnie. lle was hlmaelf out of pocket for time and money expended. Hlgher pay must be glven (or good teachors and superlntendents. Tlie state must take hold of the matter. Bring the teachers up to the standard and glvo them and the town superlntendents an adequate com pensatton. Itev. II. T. Fuller, prlnclpal of St. Johnabury Academy, objected to normal de;tartments In con nectlon with academlcal Instltutlona, Ile had rcfued to oatAbltsh euch a class ln connectlon with tho St. Johnabury Academy, and experlence had proved the wisdom of hla course. Better do a few things well than to try to cover too much ground, We are not worklng too widely In the common schools, but ln hlgh schools and acade mies there is a tendency to attempt too much. Ho compared the stndy of blstory twenty years ago with the lncreased importance of the atudy now, and clted, aa lllustratlng the wtdenlng of the work o( tlie schools, the lntroductlon of the mochanlc arta Into the school, and the establlsh ment o( (ree Industrial schools. Goo. A. Brown, Ksq , of Bellows Falla, spoke force(ully upon the necesslty to the teacher of a hlgh and definlte alm. IvlucMo with reference to a definlte use. A shlp la bullt to rlde upon the aca and not upon the Iand. Cltlzenship, temper ance, honesty, character, should all come within the range ot tho teacher's alm. He should be origlnal, conatruct hla own ayetem, not take one. Ilon. Justus Dartt, state superintendent of edu cation, spoke for the ungraded schools of the stAte. Ile spoke of Vcrroont's enterprise and envlable poaitlon among the states of the Union In other matters, and said her educatlonalprlvlleges ought nottosnffer by comparison. Her two colleges, especially If united In one, would afford amplend- vantage (or a colleglate educiulon. Thero are acade mies enough, and some of them rank among tho best in the country. The graded schools In the larger towns are doubtless as unobjectlonable as In any of the states. There li no antagonlsm be tween them and the nngraded schools; but to the founders of the " people's colleges," the common schools, the hlgher honor la due, and to these schools ln whlch the means ot some education U placed within the roacu of all classes the country owes Its propperlty and power. Many ot the children ln thla atate recelve most of their educa tion in the common schools and a very large por tlon never attend any other, Notwithstandlng the (act that there are many good schools, the speaker said there were very many where but little good work Is done, andas a whole they are (ar below what they should be. One of the causes Is pub lic indifferenco. When we devote the same care and attention to obtalnlng good schools aa we do to securlng superlor excellence ln crops, stock, bntter, etc, we shall havo good common schools. The latter need the care tbat bas been bestowed upon the successful graded schools. The neglect of the common schools by the people la one nnd the prlncipal cause of thelr ineftlclcncy. Uaste ln adrancing from the clementary to the hlgher branches, a ha.'te enconraged by parents some tlmes, is another evll, and the polnt that the toachers are not dolng good work la well taken. Some are not quallfled as to subjects, some are notcapahleof teachtog well, and others will not work hard enough to aticceed. Management la a sapremequallfication. Thelack of it, tlie want of good dlscipllne at home, and the antl-corporal punlshment ldea nre responslble for many (all urcs. Poor and III (urnlahed school rooraa, badly warmed and vcntltatcd, lack o( apparatos, want of atiltable books by many scholars, school housea uncared for, walla and out-bulldlngs shamefully and Indecently defaced, these tend to fallurea and to educate puplls ln Imraoralltles lu many dUtrlcta. A teacher for a small sum ls expected, under clr cumstances llke these, to develop boya and glrla Into well-tralncd and intelligcntbelngs, "to make brlcks n ithout straw," In the graded schools many dctallsof labor are llfted from the teachers. In the ungraded, the teacher muat do the arranglng, classlfylng, (urnlsh ber own books and ap paratus, comblnlng the (unctlons ot asslstant, prlnclpal, examiner and superintendent. It re qulres more dlscretlon, tact, aoundness of judg ment, coramon-senae and knowledge of human nature to succeed ln an ungraded school than In any other position of equal IraportAoce. But In dlvlduallty and independent thlnklng are thus developed; the scholar Intherural dUtrlcta, de votlcg three months to school and nlne to work, acquires a knowledge of buslness with his study, and practlcally applies the school Instructlon, so thesltuatlon has Its advantagea. The speaker advocated fewer studlea and better classtflcatlon, a few elementary stndies well followed, rather than a amatterlng of many, He acceptcd the crltlclam that the achoola do not give a practical education, meeting the wanta of the Indlvldual, of Bociety and the atato. Teach things ot prac tical appllcatlon. Ajudgeof tho aupreme court siys a pupll ahonld be taught a knowledge of the nature of a promlssory note and probate law. The first datyof thecitlzen la to obey the lawa, and hercln ls the great defect in our common achoola, obedlence prompt and ready la the ex ception, not the rule, Secure good deportment without corporal punlahment, K possible, but ae- cnre it some way, He admitted tbe grave defects of the common achoola, but that theybave proved a fallure, never. To remedy the de(ects, Mr, Dartt appealed to the leaders of publio opinion to wln it to the aide of better schools. Ile Invoked ln this wotk the ald of the press, the putplt and the leading edncatora of the state. These rouqt be theleadere of public opinion. The addresa waa an excellent one, and showed that the state su perlnte 'dent o( education comprehend the great needa of thedeiartment entrusted to hla care. lle la practical and well balanced In hla viewa. Our report of his address Nnecessarlly confloed to a brlef abstract ot the leading iiolnts bearlng dl roctly u;ion the condition o( the common achoola ot the state. TIIK KVKNINO SRSSION opened with slnglngbya quartette, after whlch l'renldent M. 11. Buckham of the Unlveraity of Vermont addreused the large audlence whlch filled the church. llla subject was The Moral llygieneof the&chool, Tlie addresswaslongand the sublect waa ablv and exhauativelv treated. The mattera dtacuaaed by rresldent Buckham aro of the hlgheBt IroportAnce to the best succesa of ino teacuer s isDora, ana report oi iua reniarsa h deferred to another week when a more eitendod abstract will be possible than ppaee will now per mit. A aolo flnely sung by Mr. Jones, a Welsh minof Northfield, closed the evenlng exerclses, after which tha ladies ot the Consreiratlonal So clety received the members of the associatlon at ine resmence oi uev, n. llszen, wuerea so cial hour was very pleasantly spent, riiiiuv MOIINl0, A buslness session was held. and. after the va rlous reports were made, the (ollowlug otttcerB were elected i President. J. S. Clllev. Jericho: aecretary, W. C. Cr!p)eo, Johnson; executlve commlttee, A. W. l'.don, W. A, Deerlng, A, R i-eavenwouu, sute euitor of Journal oj r.duca tion, C C. Boynton of Townshend, One vlce pres ident from each county was chosen. A finely wrltten and snpreclatlve mer on The Li(e and Work of Mrs. Fanny K Kyls was read by Mlsa AllceM. Guernaey, baxton'a Itlver. Itev If. T. Fuller, pr!nciial of bt. Jnhnsbury Academy, gave the result of hla extended and crltlcal obser rations of teachlng ln foreign landa, In a paper entltlud, Among the Schools ot Kurope, Mr, lill ler la a close obnerver, and he is also a capable and dlacrimlnatlcg observer, He la a thorough scholar, a teacher of large ex;erlence, and the auccessful manager of one of tlie best aud largest schools ln the state. IIls observatlons anddeduc tloua, aa embodleAl In this addresa, have practical value, and contain the gerin of teforms whlch the Yermont educatlouul system, or lack o( syatem. Imperatlvely demauda. llla auggestions will "keep," aud a report of hla address la reserved for the next Uaue of the NVatciiman. The last ia;er of the seaMon, on Tlie Teacher'a Need and Meunaof Growth, waa res4 by Lyndon a. Mnuu or norwicu, now connecieo wun ine BureAll of llducatlou. Wasbinirtou. I) U. Mr. Siulth said the teacher ueeda irrowth nhvsl- cally, mentally and morally i phyaically that he may endure the strain ot the ichool room and nave atreugtn lor aeii-improvement, ue neeoa meutal groiatU toavold ruts, stimulaleand anawer lnoulrv. aud luiss ui to better Dtacea. lle can obtain it from the people, the Indiistrlea and the naturai icaiures oi tue neiguooriiooa ne is in ; from the school he teaches throuch lts better scbolara, lts reelatlon cf human nature, and Its uuuziog iua owu powerat irom coiuterai stuaies whlch the true teauber always enjoys, and from profesatonal litcrature. Moral growth la needed to make the teacher falthful at etery polnt of outart with parents and puplls. It la the result of aystematic, uuceaslng eltort at excelleuce. T he reaultot growth will be better posltlons, better soclety, liapplcr life and eternal reward. A benedlctlon by Itev. W. 8. lUzeu closed tlie exerclaes of the meeting, and the associatlon ad- iournedto meet again at the eill ot the execu-Ireoommlttco. Hoino Iteinlnlscenees. Mr. Hdilort Thlrty.flve years ago last Jnne, the wrlter of this paragraph became a resldent of Montpelier and has roslded here ever slnce A recent vlalt to his former home, In one of the northern counttes of the state, has served to qnlcken memory and enabled hlm to recall many Incldcnts connected with both the former and his present home. The mortnary record of Mont pelier slnce that far-back date ls saddenlng, not to say startllng. Of the actlve buslness men of thlrty-flve years ago, less than a dozen re main. The llat at present embracea the names of James It. Langdon, George W. Scott, Charles II. Cross, J. W, Ellla, Ilon. K. P. Walton, Ilon. Joseph I'otand, Nelson l'eck and perhapi two or threo others. Tho llat of those who are gone Is a long and bonored one and embracea well known names In all the professlon and movlng In every bualneHs and aoclal clrclo of the town. The clergy men of that day have, I believe, with one excep tlon, passed to " the boyond." The physicians, Adams, Spauldlng, Burnhatn, Taplln, tho homeo pathlst, and McDowcll, the eclectlc, haveall " gone over." The lawyers of that day, (rom Prentlas, the urbane and able jndge, Upham, tho pollticlan and Benator, down to F, F. Merrlll, the gentleman and Chrlstian, and Charles Iteed, the youngest of them all, have, with the eiceptlon of Hon. II, W. Ileaton who still llngera, an Infirm old gentle man, struck the Imlance In the unknown rcgton. Of the banker and promlnent buslness men of tbat tlme, James It. Langdon alone remalna, whlle tho Ueeda, Thomas and Hezeklah, Zenaa Wood, It. K. Kelth and the very late Jndge Bald wln will be known no more to tho acenea where they were once so famlllar and ln whlch they wcre ao actlve. But the mortuary record of that nelghborhood whlch I left behlnd when I camo to Montpelier la qulte as striklng as that above clted. For a dla tanceofsome two mlles along the rlver road, every proprletor ot that successlou o( good farms and comfortable homes, IncludingMr, Anderaon thedoacon, Captain Comlngs the wlde-awakoand genlal nelghbor, Mr. Hurlbut the frugal and hard worklng (armer, Kdward Morrla the chorlater, llardlng Allen the money lender, Caleb Combes thenlrarod of the nelghborhood, Itufna Ilamilton the gentleman and judge, and Ilarry Hopkins the silent man, have all "gone hence." Of all these noble men and thelr wlvea, two only remain to tell of events whlch occurred among them alxty yeara ago, to wlt: Mrs. Hopkins, who has jnat passed bor 8.11 blrthday, and Mrs. Judge Ilamil ton. Itelerrlng to events thus iong passed, the mlnd Is (urtherqulckened, and 1 recatl events of sur paaslng Interest, whlch occurred In the days of my chlldhood. There were'the days spent In the old log schoolhouse under the care of teachers whom I am pleased to remember and gratefully honor. There wero the old play-grounds, the plot of whlch la atlll famlllar to me, the "deep hole" where we boja ued to go Bwimmlng, the passlngof the Montpelier and Montreal stage, the golng post, on horao-back, of Judge Itoyce bound for or retnrnlngfrom Orleana county court. Ouone occasion, lt la remembered, that when " boys were out," a footman carae along. Ilis step was meaaured and dlgnlded and hla vlsage very grave. It was Judge Itoyce. lle had been holdlng court In Irasburgh and waa on hla way home. Those, too, were tho days, In thelr sea son, ot siigar-making, of sheep-wasblng and sheep-shCAriug, of rafstnga, parlng bees and husklnga, theslnglng-schools and spelllng-schools, the memory of which cannot escao us. They were the days, also, when in (all and carly winter, the baying o( the hound or the report o( the hnnter's rllle might be surely taken as evldence that a luckless deer or fox had beea driven out from hla hldiog-place and would soon bo captured. Game, in those large forests whlch overspread the bllla all about the rlver farms, was plenty, and It waa nounusual thing to see both deer and foxes ln the pasture. On one occasion, I remember that deer came qulte near the house, " close by the bars," and Upped thesalt where, in the mornlng, the cattle had been salted, I came to Montpelier on that June day ln 1840, by Holbrook's stage. We atarted early and had a wet rlde through Avery's Gore and Belvidere woods. Arrlvlng at I'belps' in Belvidere, we had a refreshlng breAkfaatof brook trout, just caught, On reAchlng Montpelier I found a home with one whose famlly has slnce been sadly ahattered by the " last encmy, whlch Is death." The " chlaeled column" ln Green Mount Cemetery will tell you who and how many they wcre, and the relations whlch they BOverally held to those who eurvlve them. Cnrrent Litcrature. IIons Wotsnipi Selrctlont from lk Seriptttrt. tetth ift.lttaHoni, Praytr.and Sono, yr erery day in tht Vtar. ily Rn. Jwph P. Thompioit, I),b. lljtloni lloughton, Mijtlin .V Co. Five hundrej ttiitl-etithl quarto pagu, with Iwentv-tito illuitrationt. It has been truly said that no sccne on earth la more sacred, none more tender and beautlful, than a famlly ln the act o( devotlon. Secluded (rom the outer world, with a domestlc life ot en- tlre eympathy and unlty ln wanta, destres, affec tlons, alma, Intereats and hopes, they together recognize thelr dependence upon thelr Father lo heaven, confesa to hlm thelr falllngs and their needs, aeek hla favor and guldance, and commlt themselves ln all things to hla graclous provl- dence. Together they read his Word for instruc tlon in duty; (or consolatlon in trlal; for the knowledge of that hlgher life to whlch they as plre; for the perfecting of their love and joy; (or the hope of that blessednesa, complete and eter nal, to whlch they look forward In thelr Father'a house. Together they slng the pralae of hlm who brlngs them under daily obligationa to hla love and grace. Yet a aervice which Is capable of bo rich a meanlng, and whlch should be so fnll of beauty and of profit to all, la sometlmes neglected altogether, sometlmes apasmodlcally observed, and too often rendered sptrltlesa and wearlsome, or profitless and unedlfylng, by the manner in whlch It is performed. In very many cases this la owiog, not to Indiff erence to religion, nor to tbe lack of devotlonal (eellng, but to want of thought ln provldlng for the aervice, or want of experlence or of confldence In conductlng it. It la to encourage famlly worshlp by provldlng facll ities for conductlng It with regularity and proprl ety, that thla book of "Home Worshlp" has been prepared, iu the hope ot rendering this delightful and useful servlce more genoral and uniform, Tho plan of the book la slmple, Ich fage con talns a complete servlce, of whlch there Is one for every mornlng ln the year, and an additlonal one for every Snnday evenlng throughout the year. By confinlng the ser lce to a slngle page that reason able brevlty is aecured whlch la so lmportant for the younger members of the famlly and for those wbo have little time at thelr command, Indeed, a few verscs of Scrlpture, a short mediution, and a brief but comprehenslve prayer, are much more likely to command attention at the tlme, and re membrance through the day, than a lengtby paa sage, with comment and prayer of corresponding proportiona. Each servlce conslats of four parts: First, a selection from the Scrlpture. Due regard has been had to varlety in selecttona from the Old and New Testamenta, and these are often brought together so as to shed llght upon one another. Nearly the whole of the New Teatament la con- talned ln the book, and enough of the Old to fairly represent it, both in lts spirit and ln lts or der; and such connected narraUves as those of Abrahain, Jacob, Joseph and Moses are contlnued without break from day-to-day. Second, each selection la followed by a medltatlon, deslgned to glve a splrllual commentary upon the leason pre sented. The results of yeara of study and travel ln Blble lands are here compreased Into brlef aentencea, eaally read and remembered. Few atudents ot the Blble, either Uvlng or dead, could have so brlelly but effectually bronght out and enforced the lesson of the text as haa Dr, Thomp son. Thlrd, a selection of hynina aud tunes Is ar ranged at the close of the book, and on each page hynina Bppropitate to the selection for the day are indlcated by thelr numbers. Fourth, a prayer for the day, About one-fourth ot the prayera have been exproasly comiiosed for thla work, whlle the remalnder have been complled from the worka of Alford, Goulhurn, Harrle, MacDufT, Oiendon, Stobart, and (rom tbe Llturgy of thechurcli of Knglaud. All are tuodets for the use to which they are devoted. A few montha' use of the foregolng work haa so lmpreased us with lts excetlence that we most keartUy commend lt to others. It may be obtalned through Phlnney. Tiik old soldlers are looking to Captain Albert Clarke to see that preparatlous are made at St, Albaus for the soldler's reunlon ln accordauce with hla Invltatlon ln bohalf ot that vlllage, made with a great tlouttsh ot trura;ta at tbe laat re uuloa here In Auguat, 1870. Thua (ar nothing has beeu done, and the time la rapldly pssalug when It la safe (or men to camp In the o;n alr ln Vermont. The otllcera of the reunlon associa tlon are aa followsi Cummauder, W. W llenry; vlce-commandera, SergeautC 1'. Ilugan, Lleuten- ant-colonel, 1), J, Ssfford; executlve commlttee, Captain F. 8. Stranahan, Lleutonant D. K. Gllaon, Captain Albert Clarke, I.lentenant llerbeit Uraln erd, Sergeant Warren Glbbs. Mit. Vk.vnoii wrltea tbat the public la to have no more " predlcttons " from hlm untll October Very good, Now we may oipect a iwll of old. faahloned weather. Umikai.tiiv or Inactlre kldnoys cauae gravel, Brlght' dlaeate, rheumallsm, and a horde of other serlous and faUl dlaeases, whlch can be prerented with llop Ultten, If taken In tlme. Look Ont for tlie Klcphnnt. Conp Is comlng. The palace advertlalng car No. 1, has been here, and hundreda of people have been to see It, Thla Is the first of a setle of novel advertlalng features whlch will be comlng around In rapld successlon untll the show arrlres on Frl day, Auguat 20th, In Montpelier. Mr. Conp, so long and favorably known as one of the llveet show managers, relnvcsts all his profits In his bualnesa, belng determlned tokeepln adrance of all compeers. In thla, his latest and grandest venture, he has assoclated with hlmaelf ten well known show managers, added three clrcus rlngs and a Purls lllppodrome, with a race track nearly as long as the famous t)orby race track of Eng. Iand, In whlch will appear novel and excltlng charlot races. There will be three clrcns com panles, performlng slmuluneoualy In three separ ate clrcus rlngs, whlle the hlppodrome race track extends entirely around all, One attractlon Is t.uln, the flyer, who Is hutled from a powerful en glneor catapult adlatance of one hundred feet through the alr, reaching an altltnde ot sevcnty five feet, descrlblng an arch of more than two hundred feet from the tlraeof leavlng the catapult untll allghtlng on the ground, literally flyiog llke a bird through the alr. Tbts is said to be one of the most thrllllng acts ever wltneaaed In any show, There aro a thousand other noveltles, not the leost ot whlch are the elght gangs of adver tlslng men, who will scatter clrcus Uterature broadcaet throughout onr atreets. There will alao be an elephant coapled toa rnuslcal charlot, whlch will be driven through our atreets In advance of the show, for the purpose of dlssemloatlng the varlous advertlalng devlces. All of whlch goes to prove that Coup la a wlde-awake Bhowman. The Bradford (Fenn.) OaZttet lo cloalng a column no tlceof the how, sayst "Tlie bare-back rldlngof George Melvllle Is superb and artlatie. Mlas Katle Stokcs, the acknowledged queen of the arena, the charmlng Kmma Stokea, the daring Mlle. Geral dlne, the dashing and fearless Msdam McDonald, who standa llke a queen In her Itoman charlot, gulding her fiery blacks, four abreaat, around the hlppodrome track, all appeared and more than gave satlsfactlon. All In all, W. C Coup Is de termlned to and will keep hla place at the head of all amusement caterers, and It la not aurprtalng In the leost to know that he now Btands on the top most round of farae as the ' Amusement Klng.' Every promlse made waa faltbfully fulfilled. It Is undoubtedly the beat and tbe greatest show on the road this season." Vermont Stato Sews. TiiK.wldowot the late llenry J. Itaymond ls vls iting (rlcnda ln Vermont. A SEMi-ANMtALdlvldend of three per cent has been declared by the Paaaumpslc rallroad. Tiie three sons of Itev. C. B. Hulbcrt of New Haven were all born on the ZGth ot January, a strange colncldence. The work of extendlng the Montreal, I'ortland & Boston rallroad from Frellghaburg to Sheldon Junctlon was coramenced last week. Dii. Hiham A. Cm-ri.va of Lunenburgh has been elected to a life membership ln the American In stltute of Chrletlan l'hllosopby ln New York clty, Garu.nkii Lont, formerly of Charleston, Or leans county, commttted sulclde by sbooting hlm sel( with a revolver at I'eorla, Iowa, on July 25th. Mn. Fiiancis D. Moclton of New York, pres Ident of the National Dalrymen'B associatlon, will dellver the address at tho ltutland county fair ln Septembcr, NWETY.TiiiiEK of the harmless and Incurable have been removed from the Brattleboro Insane asylum by the town ofllcers of the state nndcr the new orders. It Is underatood that tbe Brattleboro House at Brattleboro will close as soon as the boarders can iind other accommodatlons, on account of finan clal embarrassment. Wiluau O. Thomas of Poultney has returned froma trlji around tbe world, and lt is said he dug Beveu dlamonds ln Afrlca and sold them to the queen of Madagaacar. William Coaki.ey of St. Johnsbury was run over while trylng to board a traln at Lyndonville statlon Saturday, and one foot was so crusbed that it will have to be cut off, Waiuien Khiih of Putney, for many ears an lnvalld and a great sufferer, commltted sulclde tbe 7th by tyicg a bandage round his neck and producing strangulAtion from his bed. Lovett Divou., living near Cole Tond In the north part of Jamaica, Windham county, com mltted sulclde on Frlday nlght by hanging. It la Btated that he bad been drlnking heavlly and bad qnarreled with his famlly, Fiftekn sheep were killcd by Ilgbtnlng ln Woodstock the other day, Fourteen ot them were found on a pace about four by fifteen feet, nnd there were no brulses or wounds of any kind to be found upon the carcisses. Bknjamin F. I'uisah, a farmer of Rocking ham, was arrested last week on'a charge of mur derous assault, He walved an cxanitnatton and was taken to Newfane (or trlal at the next term o( the county court. He la thought to be insane. A Youi.0 son o( II. II. Gilman, employed In It. M. Clapp'a (actory at Burlington, was unfortn nate enough to be caught In the Bhaftlng Thurs day of last week. All hla clothes were torn from his body and a severe wound waa lnlllcted on bls head. Tiie supreme court for Orleans county convenes Augnat 18:h at Irasburgh. Nlneteen cases appear on the docket. The session of tbe county court will open Septcmber 7th with one hundred forty nlne cases on the docket besldes twenty-flve to chancery. A cotoitEn boy, who said hla name was Merrltt Johnson, waa arrested at Manchester last week on suaplcion of belog a horse thlef. Ile confesaed the crime aud waa taken to New York for trlal. Johnson exclted ausplcion by offering to sell the anlmat for 10. Tiik American sheep reglater aasoclation bas been formed to secure a reglatry of blooded sheep (or the whole United States. Tlie members of the Vermont commlttee (or cxamloing tlocks and pedlgrees In Vermont are C. It. Jones and F, C. Gault, both ot Ilubbardton. Mrs. Loi'ha Faiiiieu of Manchester waa in stantly kllled last week Monday e enlng on Staten Ialand whlle crosslng the rallroad track ln a car rlage, accompanled by other ladies. The horses became (rlgbtened and atood still on tbe track, and a locomotlve struck the team, Geneiial GAnRiKL J, liAisa, who will be re membered by the eterana of the Second Vermont aa the Major ltalna of tbe United States army wbo mustcred the reglment Into the United States senlce and Immedlately after jolned therebela, haa just dled at the age of seventy-seven years. E. C Cor-ELAND of Lebanon, N. II., formerly a resl jent of Windaor, haa been arrested for steal Ing horaea at Enfield, N. II, Tbe prlaoner ac knowledges bla gullt, but ctaluia that he had an acoompUce who etole the horaos and otlier prov erty, but that he afterwarda jolned hlm and as alated in getting away wttli tbe atolen property, EmvAiiu Sl-AfUi.Mi of Bellowa FaUs bas been arrested at Whltefield, N. II,, for blgamy. lle was recently marrled to a Miss Carpenter of Burke at Carroll, N.U., where she was teachlng school. lt Is claimed tbat Siauldlug bas a wife living In Charlemont, Mass., to whom he bas been marrled several years. Ile clslms to believe she la dead. A, J, Ti'CKKit of West Halifax, a promlnent man and proprletor of a large tonnery, sent his son Arthur to Brattleboro to get a 200 clieck cashed. Ile got the iu ney at the I'eople'a bank, left hla team at a livery Btable, lingered about town durlng the day, and uot returntng at nlght his father weut in search of hlm, but at last ac counts he bad not been found. Daniel Williaus, an employe of the Horton quarry at Poultney, leased by Wllllam Willlaraa, tell flfty feet into the pit, Tuesday afternoon of last week, His akull was crusbed. Ile was standiog at the time on a platform emptylng a barrel of water whlch was bailed fromthequarry, wben the platform fell carrylug him with it. Sllgbt hopes are entertalned ot bls recovery. W. W. Evahts, D.D., of New York waa at Poultney last week, accomp.inled by CapUln E. Morgan, president ot tho American and Foreign Blble soclety. Captain Morgan has just engaged one of the most brllllant scbolara Vermont ever produced, Dr. Coaant, formerly of Brandon, to make a oomp'ete revlalon of the Blble at a cost ot JM.OOO, whlch be will pay out ot hla own pocket. A ciituii slmllar to that eatlng the grass roota In Pownal baa been notlced In New ltaven. The animal" baa the general appearance of the white grub often (onnd lo plne loga left over euni- mer with the bark on, and does eiceedlngly thorough work. lts work haa been largely In what la kuowu as " buffalo grasa." lts presence may uaually be detectod by the red, soorched appear ance ot the tuif, Ckuetiuiy hlll ln Brattleboro waa thrown Into a llurry of excltement Saturday by a Btrange fel- low' attempt to abduct the twelve-years-old daughter of George Burnham, It appeara that Mrs. Burnham had left her liuabanil aome tlme slnce to Uve with one Pellett. Saturday mornlng she appeared at her former home with tlie strangor, wbo secuted the chlld by threatenlng the huuaekeeper and drove rapldly Into New llamtshlre. where the chlld escaped from her captors and returned bome. It'h hard to believe Miss Whlltler was cured of eucb terrible sores by Ilood's SarsaparllU, but rt Itable peo)le prove it