Newspaper Page Text
BY J. POLAND.
MONTPELIER, VT., WEDNESDAY, AUGrTJST 24, 1881. VOL. 76. 3906. NO. 46. tdverjisemetib. isH-TomC Uiu o4 Pnnrttcraal Dar&ncciiicntJ Bltflndmt upon Di.MU.jr. Tn 1-2 lb.boUlu.15 eonU-'fiU vaoctlediilthootAueediiigilx bottle itna-hil fcy Srofctiu ud lj'X).llVxm & Ca..4S pcyBL.UeYfliTt. tfteta aAUtty. and rvtarVti balLiyunctiwtr (jjstl astoria-35aoscs (entaurIiniment any pata flpoa Mu or XeuU IS TIIK tlllKAT FAMILY MED10INB AND HEALTH RESTORER. Purifies tho Blood, Renovates and In vigorates the Whole Systemi Genornl Xolilit,y- Iteblllly 1 term ueil to dnnote a dellcleiicy of blood, The nulrtU.e ooniitllnenW of the blood are In te-w than tli elr tvKnUriroiHrtlon, wlille ttie vvalery liart 1 ln excetw. blllty I of freiuent occnrrenre. It ln Ineldent to a variety of llmAMH. Tlie loMprllmlM areattotNi nwollfn. The pa tleut I foeble aud caunot bar iuuch exerllon. The clrcula- tlon I Irregutar, bnt aliuont always ueuk. 1'ali'lUtion of tlie lieart ln a very common nj-iii(lom. Vlulent cinotlon often tlirown Ihe lieart lulo tlie hhwI tumtiltuom artlou. Tlie vltal f iincttonn are lnnitl.lljr imfoniiwl. llie tuu rutar ntrenttth ln dlmlnlNbed ffttltfiie follow moderateoriilhiht exerctne. Tlie bn-atMng, tlioiinli qniel v,hen at reat, be eomeHhurrledand even yainfully agltattsl iimler exertlon, aaln ruunlim, tiM'pinlii)(i helglitn(elc. Itie nervou nyitcm ln often ureatly dlmirdered, Vertltfo, ilUztneM. and a feellatf of falntneM are very common. Vlolpnt and obnllnate neu ralifto 1'tilnii tn tlie liead, nlde and breaitt, or other jnrUtif tbe body, are alw freiiient attendatiM uion tlie dlftease. The Rfrrt'tkiiifl are nomeUmeii dlmlnMied. Infeinaleit tbe lripiite are alnioftt alnayi rlther numHM.dod or very uartlally iHTfonntHl, Tlie blte ln ncanty, and coKttvpnens llh itn healihy evaenallonii froni tlie boweln, anl lynitlu pUI of Itie rlonmcli, are eitmuHy cumiiioii Rymtoin. Would Nol, bo Witliotit VEGETINE For Ton Timos Its Oost. TlieKreatbtiiielltlliave rwlvel from tlio hw of VKOK TINKImlucPsnie to ulve iny Untlmonyln tu favor. I be- lleve It to be not only of grent vnlue for rextortn tlie lieallh Irnt a praventlve of dlnwwes KtcuUar to the Fprlntf anl iuiu' mer Ht'tuwiu. I wouM not be v. Itliont it for Uu tlm ea IU Cot. KDWIN TILDKS, .Agent for Srlioniailipr ttoM 8trlnu 1'lano, 403 WaMiliiKton iStm-l, Ikmton. Vr.UKTINK liait rexlorM thoiiRantls to liealtliwlio ttad txt-ii tong aml jialnf ul nufreren. VEGETINE WIU CURE Scrofula, Canker, Liver Oomplalnt. fniTii 8 alkm, Maiw., Novfinber H, Mi II. It. Sterenn liear Sir-l liave ln-eti troubled wllli Hcrofula, Canker aixl Mver L'onuilalnt for tlirce yeam. Notliintt everdld meaiiy tool iintil 1 cummuiut unlng tbe VKOKT1NE. I am now neUlnn alontt flrnt rate, and tltl uning tlie VKOET1SK. ItoiiKiilerUiereUnolhlntf etiualto It for micl) oomplaltiU. Can IteartlW reuoiiniiPim It u every' lHaly, Voiumruly, aih. vi.r.ir m, rAcic.Mii. No. 16 ) jnjranne Strtft, South Salriu, Maii. VEGETINE FOR Dyspepsia, Nervous and Gen eral Debility. liHHNABDSTON, UhM 1875. We,the midniljiiwl,liavliijtiie.l VKOKTINK, takenlean- iiralnnt'oiiimendlnifit toall Uiomi tronblwl wltli IlumurH of any klnd, Hynerla,4rvmitineiu or Uent-ral lieblllty, It bflng the Orfat Iwood f iirifler. Mkb. L, F. 1'GKKINS, llll, II. W. HCOTT, JOKI'llt'H SI.ATK. VFflETISK h (rnftl licnlth rwUtrer ouii)e! eiclii rlvely of barkn, rooti and tierbK, It ln very plcanaut lo lake: every rhlld llkes It. VEGETINE! rKErABSD BT - H. R. STEVENS, Boston, Mass, Vet'elliio Is Sol liy All Drusnlsts. Jdttcatiottnl. Barre Academy, IIAHHH, VKUMONT. A Hnt-vliua attlnic mliool for botl) Kin. The tlilrtleth rlmWlli! year wlll Iwkd T1IU11SDAV, AUGUHT 1KH1 8ml for C.ulogue to (M-U7 A. M. WI1KKLOCK, l'rlncllitl. U.rrg, VI. Essex Olassical Iustitute OPKXS AlKillST 30, 1881. A flrwl i laM flUlntc k hool for colWes for llber mi, for bunltie or for teAohlnu, Ouly vtni1ovel( tlniroutflilr ta1lUhfMl Academy lu Chittenden County. ForcaU lotfiie or Inforniatioo, aidrewi WILI.1AM A. IJEKK1SU, twx Venuout. All mixnaca low. d-Vl Woi'ccHtor .A.cnclemy9 AVOHCKHTKlt, MAH9. A nhool of the flmt rank for tha premratlon of younic mn for colleice, twlmkal tu-hooli, or for biulneaa. An able f aniltr, ui'ported entlrely by endowment, Ihus Inanr InK the bMt of InMtrurtlon aml Uie lwutt esiwnmt to tudouti. Yuudh men of eurntwt nurimHe, but Uuiltwl ineans, dailrlnjt a llberat ducatlon, wlll m aided by RratuUlM.ln amoaiit from tJU.0U to more llian fV).uuannual)y, Opem Auimt 3U. Corrtwtiondeiive lnvltwl. Addrtwn W-OU X. LKAVENWQItTHt A.M., I'riadpat. Green Mountain Seminary, "Waterbury Center, Vt. l.l..li: COl.T.Hi; .... J'rlrl;il. Fall Tfrm btirlni Auiunt 29, lfUl. Counm of Htudy- Hiawlal atumtlon jfivrn to thoe prejmrinki to teath. Ad vaaUtcei etoellent, Tbe tuit Coiumenlal Itepartiitent ln CollfKa rreparator: ri. Cljuir i-al. Kuitl nh. aud CouuneriUl. Tbe ttuit Coiu i lita llian In ai tbenuut. fiiM'iuieA W than Inany otber arlux irliiMil ot like urail.. studenu will be conveye,!, rreo of charir., lo anl from deNit at WaUjrliury, at tlie Witlnnlnii and rloe of Htiidenu will be conveyeil, free of chari(, to aixl w li tnu, on aiipUtsaUun. Addriuu Hay, rt. I). C'il UKC'H, i UIU, New ilamiNihlre. U)-7 NORMAL SCHOOL .Ttiliiirion, Vcnnont. COURSEOFSTUDYREVISED. Flrat Year Preparatory. Sccond Year Professlonal. Tlie Fall Terra beglns tlie lirat Tueailnr ln rVptember. Clrtulara will he liuued July 4th Beud for ooe. KIIWAItll t'ONANT, I'rlnclnal. W. V. Olliri-KN, Vlca 1'rlutlpai. Johnaon, Vermont, June, 1381, St. Johnsbury, Vt., orrtaa tui iDVAMTioaa or iri(-Ufttion la a village wlduly ralebraM for Ib inwiiiUtintw, puuiw mvmi muu nuuu jiioraia or IU MKjie, 8eond-k tiealthful altualtou. Very few caxea ot aert- oui lilo bava for yeara oocurred ln Bchool, aud ureat paina are u.ken mai iia auiu.iy whwiuou uuty imj periw-t. fAirJ-riue bulldlngn, aiuple avparatui and cablnnli. wi yumi kjiuumiuiu. Faurth.k larne iveriiiaaent eornaof loHlrueton. ftavn of tha teacliun liava occuple-1 tbelr preMHt poalUoni from V'A-Thoroii)h IniitrucUoii ta every deirtiutmt. SUtH Bt, Johnihury Atbmia-iiin, wiui a imrary ot leu tliounaud voIuiiim, aooewilbte dally, aud a tholce Art (laN lery ojeu twlc wwkly, fffMia-Culturt Utat aliui at the foruiatloa of Cbrtitlau fharacler. Eighth-Ji low rate of eipeuitee for tho I'livlWee af fordtid. Tkrt tlatstt fn Itartmouth VuUegt ItJ tht latt ytar by 1raJitaltt if fftfi ichool, Fall Term hek'lns August SO, 1881. For Calalogu. oontaiulng courne. of etudy, fcnd for otkel iDforuiatlou, apulj to fna" U. T. irULI.KIl, frlncliwl. lew T. II. IKtSKINS, Anrtciilliiral Killlor. TIIK FAItMKIt'S HKVKNTV YKA11S. Ati, ther. h. n, Ud, At 11). l1ow II. IwntJi Ih. iojn for work, And hAto'r tti. iMk mlglit be Non. evrr o.w lihn Khlrk, And lie taq Iftngti, too, llll til. eyt. llito o'er wlth mlrthful iMrt, And slng fitll m.nr an olJ-ttm. .ong ln ittof Mrntjr jetr.. " (lood mor nlng, frtrnrfn, 'tl. twelve oMork Tlin. for . Ii.lf-liour'. renl." And f.rmer John took vnl til. Inncli And .te lt wltli . mt. " A Imrder Uik lt ll." lie Mld. " Ttin foltonlng np IhNetU-eni, Or luendloK fent-m, f.rt for lne To fel my neventf yeam. YoiiMk menliy I ffto jounBl oure, frlendii, 1 CAn't lllR llnt thtnk It 1. mr Rood wlf'. r.alt Who'. ke))t nie up RO welli 'or woinen nucli m .li. .re Brjtrce ln thu poor T.le of te.r.) Ittie'l Klten me love, and hope. and ntreniftb Kor more tlian fortr yeari , And ttien, my lioyi nave all done wctl, Ai far aa tliey har. gone, And that thlnic wamie an old man'a lilood And lielps hliu up and on il f gtrli liave never cauned a pang , Or ralned up antloim ffanl Tlien vrondor not tUat 1 f eel young And tial. at aeventy yearn. Why don't tny good boy. lo iny work Aud let lne Hlt and reatf Ahl frlemlrt, that woutdn't ilo for m.l 1 llke my own way br.t. Tliry liave tlielr dnty; 1 bAV. mlnet And, tlll tlie tnd ApivAm, I liipan to.mell tlie aull, iny frieudfl," Kald the man of .erenty yeara. An Arooslook rarincr. When we were fn Arooslook county, Mnlne, last year, we liail tlie pteasuie o( meetlng Mr. Coluinbus llayford of Mays ville. He showed evidence o beinp; a live farmer, and we take pleasure iu copying a brief notlco ot lils farmlug frotn a receut Isiuoot the Home Fann,as follows : "Mr. llayford reaidosin Mayaville, f our milea f rom l'renque Isle village. lie has one hundred seventy six acrua of land under linprove ment, of whioli seventy are ln grass or mow Ing, forty-ix nnder cultlvatlou llila year, and Bixty in paaturage. lie h&9 fourteen acres iu wbeat, eleven iu oats, cight in rye and pea.i, six in potatoes, tliree in buck wlieat, two iu turulH, one in beans and one ln coru. Ilo will harvest this year at least seventy tons of hay, probably tcn or fifteen tons more than tliat. All liia cultivated cropi are wonderfully promising. llis wlieat is lieaded out, mauy of the head9 being six or neveu luches lu leugth. Ilo says tliere will be thirty builiela to the acre and 011 some acre.s forty bushels. llis oats are very rauk, his rye aud peas will be an abundant harvest and his potatoec, which are plauted after the foriner uethod in hills and uot iu drills, promiae a large yield. Xearly all of Mr. llayford 's mowing land is laid down as sinootu as a lloor, so that he harvests his hay when the weather is fair at an expense of not over one dollar per ton. Mr, Hay ford's farui buildiugs are a two-story houso and ell, a stable thirty by forty foet, and a barn forty-two by one huudred feet, sixteen feet post, and a high baseuent under the whole, where are his cattle rooms. Ile sells no hay from his farm, but keeps stock sulli cient to consume all his fodder. lie has ten cows and other stock iu abundance of the best klnd. He is one of the men who, while paying llberalty for labor, knows how to utake it available and profitable. I give a specimen : Fourteen acres of his growing wheat and oats are upon new land, cleared last year. The trees were cut in 1870, and in the summer of 18S0 he proposed to let out the clearing by the job, and $12 per acre was asked to do the clearing. This he declined to pay, but oltered i8 per acre, whlch was uot accepted. Taking a dry titne he put a crew into it by tlie day, and bossing it hiiuself. he cloared it all oiT ready for the seed for 31 per acre. He is now cutting leu acres more of trees whlch will be cleared iu due time and added to bis productlve acres. There is rooui in Arooslook for thousands of fariners like Mr. llayford. God has provided the acres ; all we need are the men." M(uld Mnnure. Mr. litlitor: Last year I wrotecommuni' catlons for your columns in regard to the saving and applying of uriue as practiced at the slables and ou the farms of II. Story of Irasburgli and I.. Smead of South Albany, Vermont. This subject had never beeu pre- sented to me in so irnportant a llght pre- vlously, and therefore the cislerns, the quan tity saved, together wlth the drawing and spreadlog apparatus, were described at some lengtb. Ilut the kindly critlcism of II Morse of Kast Cambridge warns me to touch the subject lightly. Ilo writes: "I see that Jameaou is sawing on that old string, the I.lquids from an Anlmal, but don't give the first lisp of any well attested experiment. Such writers are doing agrl culture more liarm than good." Notwith- staudlug the dullness of some persons in seeing the value of experiments, I venture to meution some of the resulU of tbe preS' eut spring at Mr. Story's : The pit under the stable of fourteen cows was lengthened so as to go under the horse stable where two or three horses were kcpt. The Unuld was drawn out ln the same tub as last year, holdlug one hundred gallous. I.ast year there were forty loads; this year seventy- two loads. This large increase is attributed not to the horses so much as to the fact that the mllk was fed to the cows and they there fore drank more llquld and voided more than ln the previoui winter. Would it not be safe to estimate the yield of each cow at flve hundred gallons or live thousand pounds? At anotlier ntable he had an equal amount, but lt was partly inade up from thedrainage of manure heaps outside tlie barn. l'art of this llquld was drawn out when there was some snow upon the grouud, and applied to grass. The hay crop showed plainly the line of appllcatlon, and the rankest growth was where the stopper was first drawn out and there was the most rapid dlscharge of the llquld. Mr. Slory favors applying this top dressing where there is a good sland of good grass rather than on very poor land, and Is inclined to advlse and practice a more copious appllcatiou. luslead of a two-inch hole ln the bottom of the tub, a hole four inclies cquare is none to big. He also favors a tub or box twlce as big as he uow uses, as this only liolds about half a ton. The appllcatiou of the eartli from under the stable, whlch was made last year, upon grass, doubled the yield and is sending forward secondcrop. If sand had beeu used as an absorbent, about two hundred tons would have been requlred lo absorb seventy-two tousof llquld. If muck or saw-dust was used it, required handlliig as many tons of absorbent as of llquld. I.et no ono coiuplain of poor crops who wilfully wastes half tbe mauure. Jameuon, ltalslng l'rlze Ktranbcrrles. Mr. V. I). I'hllbrlck writes Iu the Ntw lingland Farmer i " Those who wish to grow prlie frult for exhlbltiou next year will do well to it the earliest ruuners that Btrlke. This is done by slmply slnklug to the rim common two and a halt-lncli or threo-lnch poU in the soil of tbe bed where new rnnners aro formlng, filllng them wlth earth and placing the runner on the surfaco of the pot with a small slone on it to keep lt in place llll it strlkes root, whlclt It will do in n few days if watered, or ln moist weather. As soon as they become woll rooted, cut tho runnlng string and trans piant them into a rlch bed about August lst. If the poU are well Boaked before the planls are takenout, the plants will not wilt, and can be moved iu dry, hot weather, though of course there is some risk of losing a few, and a dull day after a raln Is better. rotted ruuners, set In this way, elghteen incbes apart, make very rapid growth, and if the ruuners are carefully cllpped, will form a very large, vlgorous stool In autumu ; such plauls, well watered In fruitlng tlme, will produco enormous berrios, and such clusters of them as would astonish any ono whois not famillar wlth Ihis method of growing. The blossom stems rlse a foot high or more, and the fruit is so abundant that lt will need thlnnlng out If the largest size is wanted. Itls nothtnguncommon for a slngle plant to produco in this way a quart of show berries; and whole beds will often produco an average of a quart to the plant Some growers thlnk this is a profit able method to be used for growing large quanlitles, but I thlnk it adapted only to very rlch soll, and the growing of extra frult, In small quantltles for exhtbltlon, or for sale to customers who are wltltng to pay a fancy prico. The labor and expense of growing the pottcd runners and enrlching and preparlng the land for this method, are very considerable, and essentlal to success. It is true that this method aaves a good deal of labor ln weedlug and hoeiug re qulred by the common method of spring planting ; tho ground to be plauted may be occupied by some early vegetables tlll August lst, and the weeding after this date, togetber with the clipping of runners, would not be so large an Iteni as the ordinary weediug of a matted bed. It is certalnly a method that will commend Itself to the fa- vorable altentlon of the amateur gardener who has neglecled to plant a supply of strawberrles for next season, and does not mlnd the expense of orderlng a few hun dred potted runners from the nurseryman. for the sake of having a good bed of large frult for his own table next June." Treatmcnt of Old Applo Trees. II. C. (illbert ot Kandolpli, Vermont, tlius describes his success in restorlug old applo trees to frultfulness : " I live ln Kandolpli on the hlll, that is, near the center of the town. The soil is a dark loam with clay subsoil, and every way well adapted to orcharding. 1 bought the farm twelve years ago last spring and found upon it only four apple trees. These had been set out about eighteon years, and were some six or seven inchos ln diameter. I was very busy tbe first four or five years in building and im proving my farm and set out no apple trees and paid no attention to the four that I had In the spring of 1872 I dug around three of these trees (the fourth being badly shaded by a maple tree I pald no attention to it), turning the soil over with a common potato digger for a space of twenty feet in di ameter. I then put around each one a small two-horse wagon load of stable manure, and workod it into the soil with a mauure fork Then after a raln I gave the trees a thorougb scraping wun a hoe, bodles and llmus, re- moving all rough bark and moss : then I cut off all dead limb9,sproutsorsuckerB. I liave used no more manure since, but have mulched them with India wheat, straw and potato tops. Now for the result; I had never gathered from these trees more than six bushels of apples in any one year, aud those were of luferior quahty. The trees soon cotmnenced to grow, the foliage turn Ing a dark green, while before it was ' sick lied o'er with the pale hue of death,' and the frult increased rapldly botli in quality and quantity. I will now give amount gathered in tliree years ending wlth 1879: Tree No, 1, Tolinan Sweet, in '77 yielded ten andone half bushels j '78, six bushels; '70, eight bushels tree No. 2, variety, winter, keep- Ing perfect until May, yielded in '77, four teen bushels ; in '78, eight bushels and in 70, thirteeu bushels. From tree No. II, a Golden llusset, I picked in '77 six bushels in '78 four bushels, and ln '70, seven bush els, raakiug in all seventy-six and one-half bushels in three years from those three trees, Now the point I wish to make in regard to these old trees Is this : If the tree is not too far gone (which inust be determlned by the owner), it can bemost wonderfully improved by a liberal appllcatiou of manure aud cou- stant and thorough taking care of." A Fair Keply. A llarvard college man recently, in anex- chauge, undertook to sneer at the students educated ln the industrial colleges endowed by tbe grant made to establish them by tbe Unitod States government, aa " state pau- jiers. At :. .1. thus replied to him : " Mr. Ilarnes' argument, tbat because the state has contributed aids to industrial education, or as he expresses it, because, ' It was de cided to declare that tbe classes needing this trainiug were so poor that the state must in terfere in the matter of their support, and thus the schools are state charltles and the scholars (beneficlarlea) state paupcrs,' is in my view a sentiment unworthy of any free citlzen, and very unjusl in its nature to tbe poor youth of our land, It has ever been the pride of all classes that the schools are free to the poorest scholar. Nation, states and towns bave woven into tbeir laws and usages methodsof raislng money for schools, never intimating that the youth aro paupers. Clergymen and presidents of colleges boldly ask and freely receive money to establish sectarlan schools or classtcal colleges, and all engaged in this good work should feel that they are dolng God's servlce by caring for tbe chlldreu. Tbe young man educated gratuitously has always beeu able to retaln bis self-respect and to go forth among men to the mluistry, to the practice of law or medicine, without auy staln upon his cbar- acter. With tho same preparatlon iu order to become a farmer, shall he be styled a "state pauper V" Kducatlou must commouly como to the boy beforo he arrives at tlie age when his labor or his own busluess ventures af ford him ineans to pay school bllls. Tbe chlld is always poor. Tbe parents, or so cleties, or the state, invests money ln his school expenses, trustiug that his futurellfo will be so much more elficient tbat the in vestment will be a good oue. If the educa tion fiU tbe young man to engage in the most liuportant Industry iu the nation, is he any more a pauper than he would be ln the pulpit? I.et uo such iuvidious distluctlons be made. Let us hope that the agrlcultural education of the future may blend the ser vlces of both art aud scleuce in one common object." The Youth ot tht) I'arm Ilemaucl a Itcttcr Education. W. J, (J. In tho Home Farm t " Our farms are to be manued by tbe boys of the rural tlistricta. They will receive their education mostly in the ungraded, district schools. Some will bave a few terms iu tbe academy or the high school ; yet most of them wlU not have even this prlvllege. They must take thetr chance in tlie common school, the people's college.' 1 Well,' eays farmer Jones, ' Isn't that good enough? lt has done for me and I thlnk it will do for my son fohn, or rny daughter Sally.' No, Mr. Jones! With all due respect to your common sense and nhrewdness, which has stood you ln such good stead, it Is uot enough. The times aro changed greatly slnce you took up that farm of yours. When I was last at the farm you told me your two eldost sons had left you and gone, one to the clty and one to the village ; and your last nnd youngest ws saying that he should go as soon as he was twenty one. You told mo that your tliree daughters had all left home to find places iu the factory. You lamented the fact. A good farm, abundant in resources, and need Ing the labor of two of the sons and two daughters, and capablo of glving them an ample return for their labor, and a pleasant home was to be left empty to yourself and wife, in your old ar;e. You asked, Wby do they leave ? I could not tell you what was easily ascertalned from the son who was iu the field that day, but the fact is they were ' mind-starved,' perhaps it should be put ' soul-starved.' They had been at school eight weeks in the summer and ten weeks ln the winter in childhood. In later years ten weeks in the winter only. ""11ie school, & type of too many, wlth an unqual ified teacher half the timo; wlth no systcm, no Intelllgeut supervisor, had falled to give them any taste for good reading. It had glven them no general Intelllgence. They had laarned nothlng in any way conuected wlth their labor. Their work was toll of the body without the least Intereat of lniud Such labor is always drudgery. A life of such toil is a life of slarery. So anything seemed better than this. Tbey therefore sought employment whero they could have others around them. Society could supply in part tho vold left ln the soul by lack of knowledge. So a life of labor ln the clty, the village shop, the factory, wlth the pleas- uro of companionship, becomes vastly more endurable than the lonely toll, with no knowl edgo tofill the longingof the soul." Some Itccelpts. 1'iCKLF.s. Into a crock or tub, pour one gallon cider vinegar, oue pint of alcohol pick the cucumbers when small, wash, wipe dry, and put into the mixture. Keep under the vinegar. 1'uosTiNO without Haos. One teaspoon gelatine, in one-third cup cold water ; set on the back of the stove until dlssolved ; then mix stiff with powdered sugar. For choco- late frosting add one-half cake of Webb's chocolate. Hakki) Souit Arri.K.s Take good Ilald- wins, peel them, take the point of a knife and dlg out the euds just a little to get rid of the blossom and stem, and tho parlng around them, roll in sugar, put them in a common plate and bake, and eat them as you would sweet apples with mllk. lliiow.N lluKAU without Hyk. Three cups Iudian meal, two of Ibur, or middlings, which we prefer when we can get lt, two thirds cup molasses, a heaping teaspoon soda, little salt ; stlr thin enough with cold water to pour out; bake three hours, steam one ; we thlnk lt much better to bake first. Tart Ciiusts No. 1 One cup of lard and three of flour, pinch of salt ; chop the lard into the flour (as the hands melt it), add suflicieut wator to roll out easily, (use ice water when convenlent) , one Uble-spoon sugar and tbe white of one egg, if you choose is a great addition. No. 2 One-half cup lard, three cups llour, two-thirds cup sweet mllk, two teaspoonfuls cream-tartar, oue of soda, a little salt. Tkaciiiko llovs thk TiiADK. A me- chauic writlng in the Chicago Tribune on the desirability of teaching tbe boys trades " A boy should be as handy with some me cbanlc tool as with a pencil. Farmers' boys, from using the tools around the barn on rainy days, have grown to be the best of mechanics. llesides, education is becoming so general that a man must possess a very suporior education indeed to make bis livin by that means. Ilut the market for skilled labor is in no immediate danger of being glutted, because men are contlnually slriv- lng to get above it. If a F.uropean nation can deraand of all its malecitizens that they give so many years to learning the art of war, why may not this mochanical and in ventlve nation iusist that her sons be in structed in someuseful art ? If the Kngllsh are a natlou of shopkcepers, we are pre-emi- nently a nation of bandicraftsmen, and that tliere is mora demand for skilled labor and better remuneration here than any where else Is attested by the thousands of strangers who llock to our shores." ItKnuciNQ Bones I)r. Nichols gives the following exact figures of the quantlties used iu reducing boue to ashes : " llreak one hundred pounds of bones into small fragments, aud pack them in a tlght cosk or box witb one hundred pounds of good wood ashes, which bave been previously mixed with twenty-five pounds of dry water-slaked lime and twelve pounds of powdered sal soda. Twenty gallons of water will saturate tli mass, and more may be added as required. In two or three weeks the bones will be soft enough to turn out on the barn floor and mixed witb two bushels of good soil." I'OIBONINfl TIIK CODLINO MOTH. 1'rO- fessor A. J. Cook sayB he used London pnr ple on his apple trees last year, a tablespoon ful to two gallons of water, and syringed them about the 20th of May. Not a codllng worm was found, where they had previously been abundant. To prove that the frequent raius bad washed off all the poison in the three or four months before gathering the frult, he employed I)r. Kedzie to analj the blossom ends of a hundred apples which had beeu most beavlly treated with poison, and not a trace could be found. the Veed3. " A weed is a plant outof place, Howcver usef ul a plant may be ln its proper place, it becomes a weed when anywhere else. llose bushes, though of the rarest Borts, are weeds when In the wlieat field, and should be so treated ; the best of meadow grasses are weeds when ln the corn field, aud ought to be hoed out as weeds as utterly and thoroughly as thlstles and docks. There are some kiuds of plants that are always. agrlculturally speaklug, "out of place," and are therefore weeds whenever fouud. AitoosTooK Coum v. " Mr. Mayo of the Somtrtct Jlejiorter, Bays the Maine Farmer "has been speudlng a fortnlght among the farmers of Arooslook, aud brlngs a apleudid report of the additions being made to the populatiou and of the general prosperity prevalllug. He thluks, however, that the farmors are sapplng tho soil by the too geu eral plantiug of otatoea." It is estimated that the yield of beet su gar iu (iermany this year will be 0.10,000 tons, agalnst 100,000 tons last year. Itls not at all improbable that we shall linport sugar from Uermany. OS TIIK 8111)111 Tlie day 1. done i beyond tli. dl.tant mountain., The Bunpet lli(tit dlea Rlowly ln ttifl pky Only the ln. tree. break the deep nlght-.llf nce, And wht.per .oftly al the wlndgups hy, Ko humftn Tolre bnwk. on the eolnnn .tlllne.., Yet long I llnger on tlie aanderl beAohi WAtchlng the deep dark ocean rolllng on ward To lend. alilch tbonght alone.not elglit, can rpaOi. 1 liave no fcar of the blue wavee before me, That ttrlve to touch and clap me an 1 ttAnd Ito 1 not know tliat he whoae care 1. o'er me lloldplh tlio wau?r. ln hu mlghty hand 1 llnt lo my Kplrlt coine. a calm, ilopp raplnre, The while I vtatch tha lde, iinrctlng arai The a-nneof eomeUilng pure, and rull and changele.1, Of aotnelhlng unfulnllM, and yet to be. I ttilok, lrliApn, that when my feet turn Mowly, Forth from the mortal wAy. of aln And alrife When t ehall leave hehtnd earth. paln and pleature, Toetandand waltnpon thenhorMof llfe Tbat t nhall .tand wllb tbla aame uamele.. raptur And walt bl. blddlng from tbe land above, Coutent, nntll be coine, lo ge ln .Itence , Oat o'er tho ocean of hU bouodle.. love f Albany JonmaU A 1'iishloiiablo I.ailj's Iicatli. A bcautlful woman lav on a bed of sick- ness in an elegant residence on onu of the finest and raost fashionable of Iloston's avenues. She was surrounded with every luxurv and attended by klnd friends anxious to aniicipaia every wisn, anu to reneve tne monotony of lier weary, palnful days in every posslble manner. One afternoon she opened her eyos and sald, lu a low. wcak volce : " llead to me. please. U dear, how wisn luere was sometulng uew in the mat- ter and manner in the llterary world. I am so tlred of everythlng." Her sister went into tne next room lor a booK ot poems, nnd wulle sne was gone tne prolesslonal nurse who sat beside the bed took from the pocket of her plaln drab wrapper a small llible, and openlng lt began reading ln a suudueu volce : " And seein? the multltude, lie went up into a mountain, and when he was set his disclples came unto him, and he opened his mouth and taugbt them, saying t" The sick woman listened attentivelr until the nurse paused with the words, " And the people were astonlsued at his doctrlne, lor he taught as one having authority, and uot as tbe scribes." "That Is beautifull" she sald ; " that will create a seusatlon I Who wrote it 7 Where did you get it V" " Whv, ald the nurse, ln astonlsbment, looklng wun surprlse at lier pallent, and tulnklng at first she was wandering in her mind ; " it is in the llible; Christ's Sermon on the Mount, you know." " That in the llible ' Anything so beautiful and so good as that tne llible i " wnat do you suppuse was ln the llible. 11 not something good I asked the nurse, seriously, yet smiling in splte ol herseit at her patlent s tone ot sur- prlse aud mcreduuty. " u, l don l know, never opened a llible in my life. It was a matter of pride wlth my father to never have a llible in the house. How did this oue come here ? 0, it is yours your pocket umie. icis sirango you snouid liave sur prised me into listening to a chapter, and tnat i snouiu nave been so cnarmed, and not know to what I was listening." " You have certainly heard the llible read cburch t askeu the nurse. in surpnse, " Not I ; I never have been to churcb. We have always made a hohday of Sundav. I'apa got Into that way in l'aris. We have been to all popular places of amusement, of course, but never to church. I never have thought about tho llible. I did uot su pose it had literary merit. I had no idea it was written in the siinple, beautiful atyls of the portion you have just read. I wish I nad known lt belore." A lew hours later her disease took a fatal turn. The phvsl- clan carae aud told her that her tlme on earth was very short. Sho would never see anotner eun rlse. " lt cannot be possible," sho said. " I never supposed lt nosslble for death to come to me. What was that prayer you read, nurse V 'Our Father, which art m heaven.' Say it with me, busbaud," and he complied with her wish. and did so. " I wish I had known it before." she said. over and over, until she fell Into a sleep from from which sho awoke in eternity, and that wau oi regrer, was me last worcl upju ner dvine lips. The nurse said it was the sad- dest experience of her career to see that oeauiuui, cmtivated, guted young woman, with kiud friends, a loviug liusband, and a beautiful home, who had all her life taken pride in ienorinir the llible and the Chns- tiau Sabbath. turn. when death came. from ererything she had prized to the little de- spised book, and dle wltn the cry upon her nps, i wisn i uau Known it beiore. Mrs, Anuie A, J'reslon. Mako lt Itlght. Tliere are few persons who are not con- scious of haviug wronged their fellow-men, lhey may dispute lt, nuestion it. or denv it, uut tney know tnat lt is true. uevertheless, The nuestion then arises, AVhat should be done 'I There are many who know the wrong, but will not admlt it; there are otli ers still who both know and admit the wrone. doing, but who take uo steps towards ro- 1'iuriug tua uiinmiiei Liiujr uavu wrougtll, or undoing the wrong which they have done. Strictly speaking, the wrong act done can never be uudone ; tbe wrong word said can not beunsaid; but no man who has been uilty of wrong should restsatisfied until be as doue his utmost to make suitable repar- tion. If he has wronged his ueighbor ne- cuniarny, let nim make restitution, not lu Bcrimped and scanty measure, but liberallv. uearuiy, ana ungruagingiy. i.et ulm re- Btore fourfold. If he has sald wrong things, let him promptly and openly rocall them. Let his apologiea be as distinct and hearty as his accusations have been. Let him ln a manly aud Chrlstlan way, bo far as in him lles, remove all occasion ol grlevauce, 1. him see to It that the false impressions he has given be corrected, that tbe slanders which lie has uttered bo recalled. 1 nns, and thus only, can he win back the love he has foifeited, and hope to receive the blessing ot tne ljora wuom lie has ollended, llious- ands of Christians aud churches are sufler ing throueh neglect to take such Btumbling- blocks out of tbe way, Men will do wrong. will iuiure or misrepresent a brother. aud then, while he is grieved and stricken at beart, will endeavor to go right aloug as ser vants of God without correcting their uils- statements or conlesstng their wrongs. sucli clrcumstances are freouentlv sufficient to &c. count for the deadness and paralyals tbat often overhang the churcb. l'eople are nneved aud tlriveu away from the cotntnun. lon of tho saints and the fellowshlp of those tbey love, in consequence of the wrong-do-lug of the leaders and managers wbo do not coufess their own faulta and rectify the wrongs which they have done. Often Buch persons seem to thluk lt easier to seuu for mlnlster and "have a revival," tbau to con. feits their own faulta and right the wrongs of which they are gullty. Ilut a revival of rellgion which comes in ou top of old grudgss, misrepresentations, dlahonesties and wrongs, will never be effectual. The high tlde may float their credit for a little while, but when the llood recedes, every rock, and snag, and shoal that Btuds the chaunel will reappear, and the sailing will be uo better tbau be iore. ii rengiou luai ts uot lounueu upon righteousness is of very little use in this world, and the men who thlnk that special services, protracted meetings, labors oi evan- gelists, earnest prayers and gospel hymus will make amends for wrong, robbery, slan der and abuse, will probably fiud out their mlstake before the day of judgmeut comes, but if they do not, will certalnly fiud lt out inen, i ne Kjnrwian. l'lllliig tlie House. A certain churcb, wbich occupied a very spacious place of worshlp, greatly desired to see tbe vacant eeats in their temple occu. pled, aud the burdeu of their prayer used to be that the Lord would seud some one who would JiU the home, Their thoughts and petltlous aud ellorts seemed to tend maiuly ln this dlreotiou. At last their prayer was auswered. A preacher came, young, eloquent and popular, It did not take him long to llll the house. 1 1 Is reputallou did uot Im- prove with close acqualutance, but lie filled the house. He uot only filled the church ou Suudays, but he filled tho court-house to a iH'rfectjani wheu his name was called in conuectiou with a scandal sult, He filled the house wlth people who were rarely eeen iu a place of worshlp, aud who were appar eutly attructed by things whlch would repel tlio devout worshlper. He filled the house with a rabble he filled tbe commuulty wlth scandals; he filled the uewBpapers wlth reading uulit for any lamily cirola; and so he went on changtng his locatlon, but not his character, dlviding his tlme between law, gospel, politlcs and scandal, tlll he had won n name whlch few could covet but he filled the hotise. When people pray for somo one to fill the houso lt may be well to spccify the material wlth which they tieslre to have it filled. It is not very dimcult to fill houses, nor lo build vast heaps ot wood, hay and stubble, which are dektlned to perish ln tho devouring flames) Itls far more dlfiicult to bulld up in the most noly faltb a cougrega tlon of true bellevers who love and serve tlie Lord their God. The fact that a man can fill a house Is not always to his credlt nor to tho church's profit. Tlie material used for filllng, and the means by whlch it Is ob tained, aro mattcrs to be considered In con nectlon with filling the house. Chrulian. The l'owcrof Faltli. Fntth works wlth hone and love I lt is falth that worketh by love. The contro versy of falth and works has its ground in empty and abstract theorins. True falth is one with works, and good works are one with faith, because both allke have right- eousness lor their end. llierefore falth ln Christ brlntrs us into that ricmteousness. in in the f ulfilment of whlch he came into the world. There is no leeM fiction. there is no fictitious transference of righteousness, but there is an actual particlpatlon ln the right eousness of life which had in the Christ Its perfect fulfilment. Throueh faith there Is communlon wltn tne inrist ln ms eternai life. SU l'aul savs he was raised acaln for our iustlficatlon. This rlcht that was vln- dicated over tleatn and declared ln nls res urrectlon from the dead, is ours the proper TlgnteousneHS ol man, and ln nlm to men, w l ne love and loreiveness ol iod. tbe will of God toward man, is made known to man in the Christ. This love is tho ground, and not the sequence of faith. The unnst, is tne autnor and me nnisner ol our faith. Throueh faith there is the knowl edge of the love and the forgiveness of God and ttirougu faith there 13 righteousness ot life. There is, then, no condemnatlon to him that believeth, who walks not after the llesn, but aiter tbe splrit. lhrougn lalth mau comes into tho life of uod, tho llto of love and righteousness. This is the true life of man. lt apprehends in the ground of life the love of God. and ln tlie fulfilment of righteousness the will of God. This is the iouudatlon ol tne llie ot the lamlly and the nation, and though it may not seem Justthed lu tne physlcal process, wltnout lt "Tlie plllared firmament is rottenness, And carth's base Luilt ou stubble," Fnthcrs of tlio Early Church. Iremeus was acnualnted with individuals wbo had been taugbt by .lohn and by other Apostles. n bad known, in lils chlldbood. 1'olycarp, whose recollections of tlie Apostle lohu were lresb. Ile hau conlerred wltl: elders ;" that is, venerated leaders ln the church of au earlier day, who had been nunlls of men whom the Atiostles had ln- structed, and some of whom had sat at the leet ol tbe apostle) tbemselves. Une ol these "elders" in partlcular he makes repeated menuon, wnose name is not given, out wuom ln one placo he stvles " apostolorum disci- pulus." l'otbinus, whom Iremeus succeeded at Lyons, was tbrown Into prison ln the per secution under Marcus Aurelius, A. n. 177, and dled two davs aiter, being post ntnetv years old. l'otuinus was probably from AsiaMlnor, whence tbe church at l.yons was plauted. His meinorv ran back berond tho bcginniug of the century. He is oue of mauy who had numbered among their ac- nuaintances younger contemporarie j ot apos- tles. Clement of Alexandrla was a pupil of I'ant.'enus, who bad fouaded the catechetical school there shortly aftsr the middle of the secoud century. In all of the oldest churches there were persons who were sparated by uuiy one huk. irutu aiosues. I'nnceion ne- vtew. Tlie Extraraganco of Sln. The most extravaeant thine in the world issin. juen tmnc ot sln as to its conse- nuence upon the indtvidual who commits it. but the most expensive thing ln society will uo tounu to uo sln. ln whatevdr lorm ttmav appear; and a grand thing it will be when men reaclt this convlction. Some men thlnk it is very well for men in the pulpit aud on putlorms to talk about lt in trym to induce convictlon and psrsuasion on thl nioral questlon, but when they fiud that the cost of sin touches them in the shane of tax- atlon, they begiu to feel a new inteiest in relorms. lt will be fouud in the long run that the pocket is alwavs on tho sida of vir tue. Aieu nave always lormulateu some what out of their own experience. and when they see thit honesty is the best policy well, It will be loumi to be so with regard to everytbing tbat auects personal babits eating, driuking, dressing, and the mods of conductiog life. The most oxtravagant is sln anything that is wrong and that vio- latea any great law of morals. Dr. Willlam Sabbath Itesl. I wish all tlred people did but know the rest there is ln fencing off the six days from the seveuth. In anchoring thebusinessships of your daily life as the Saturday draws to its close, leaving them to ride peacefully upon the flow of the ebb until Monday morning comes agalu. O, the dellght, the iuu oi ieeung: " .no neeu to seme inis ques tlon, no need to thlnk of this plece of work for a whole lonrr. sweet thlrtv-six hours." wny do you take bunday papers, to keep your nerves asiir wuu uusiness on tne ivrd a own day of rest 'I Why do you add up and cousult and consider in the pauses of the sermon, or make opportunlty for a business wnisper in the porch,andon tbe way bomer ny uo you let tbe perplexltles ot servants. of means, of plans ruflU your spirits on tbe one great day of f reedom 7 1)j you not kuow inat even a Uebtir may walk abroad ou buudav wlth no fear of a prison. and house doors may stand open and no sheriff can enier i bhall lt be worse wltn you mina tuan witb your uody i belecleil. Walk lu Christ's Tcrrltory. If we are to walk with God, we go nowhere that Christ will not go, must Oh how many venture beyond the territory in which thov ought to walk, and thev wouder why they bave not the enjoyment of re llgion I They go whero Jesus will not go, " lllessed is tlie mau that walketh not in the couusel of the ungodly." Christ is not there. "Nor sitteth in tbe seat of the scornful." Christ is not there. If you would walk with Christ, keep out of all evll compauy, oi all evll associations ; keip lrom all evll places from every place where you caunot go in the splrit of Christ, and where, u uo were upon eartu, you migut uot ex pect to meet him, If you go out of the ter ritory, whero he would go you need nol pect to find him. HUhop bimpson. Thk Si-mtlk Gosi kl. Now.supposeth I were to say, " I have read a great many books, and there are a great many people wllling to liear me. I really could not preach such a commooplace gospel as I did at the first. I must put It lu a sopblstical way, so ttiai none uut tne eiae can uuder sland me. i enouiu ue wnat should be 7 I should be a fool, writ large. I shoul be worse than that; I should be a traltor t mv God; for if 1 was saved by a slrapl gospel, then 1 am bound to preach tbat same sitniue gospet tiu i aie, so tnat oiners too mav be saved by it. When I cease to preach salvatlon by faltli iu Jesus, put me into a lunatic asylum, for you may be sure my miud is goue. apurgeon. Tiik Chrlstlan system Is essenllallv ethi cal. It is not mystlcal llke the Hlndu re. llglons, nor ceremonlal, llke the Jewlsh, nor naturansiic, uxe me pagan, uut strictly aud supremely moral. Its ordlnaucea are few aud slmple, its worshlp is lnformal aud un couveutlonal, aud Its genlus trausparentlv splrltual, a bleudlug ol tlie purest emotious wun tne ueyouuwt, oi aspirations, vr. Ueorije V, i.enmer. A man may be an eterual failure. althoueli his footstetis glltter witb cold and his words sparkle wlth Knowledge. Tbat man is the most successful ln the dlvine kingdom who sets in motlou the greatest amount of epir- liuai power lor me giory oi uoii, wuatevcr may be tne opinions or rewanls ol lalleu moriaia. jom nru, Intuosi'Kotion may bo carried to excess aud become morbld ; but there is a world withlu as well as without, and the oue Is as impoitaut as tlie otber. 0H Joittq ircJii. ONI.V A I.ITTI.K CI.OUI). Only a lltle clond, ln tha wretern eky lt lay, Only a llttla cloud, Fleepy, and llght, and gray i The blae wa. aronnd II, The eun a. h. stink to ret, Made It gleam llke an opal, And left It liithewnit! Men were elreplntf or fea.tlng Th..tara wltbdrew tbelr llght lllacker and blacker grew Uie cloud, lllarker and blacker tlie nlght) Up to Uie renlth It npreful, The wlnd rcee flerc. and lood 1 Borrow, and ruln, and death, Followeil the little clond, Only a little cloud, A cloud aa llght a. foam, ln the brlght blue ky of love, Overab.ppy homel Ju.l a eha,low of doubl, JiiMl a pa..lonaU glooin, And out of the .liadow or frown, Tbe lltue cloud of doom. Spreadlng and growing blacker, Up to tbe zenllh Above, Tlll anger, batrcl, and plrtfe, Had darkenel tbe beaven of lov.l And ruln came ln a moinent, And home wa. ewept away, lavlog a track of aorrow and ahame For many a wretcbed day, Oh ln tbe heaven of home and love, 1 1 a little cloud appear, Kver ao llght and thln a clond, lti.alhlngtofear Only a frclf ul word or look t May ehailow tbe brlgbuwt day, So, wblle It U bnt a little mlet, Son it wlth .mllea away, Only a little cloud No blgger than a hand, And It may grow untu lldPeolaUea'andl Only a fretful wonl or look, Only nome IhoughtleM bl.me, Alaat alA., And It my grow To Aorrow, ruln, ehamet Then If a little cloud .honld come WlUiln your home, 1 pray Ibimember that tbe aun of love Can drive 11 f ar away, Ei Thc Mocklng.DIrd. I wish to lift up mv volce ln behalf of the mocklng-blrd. No bird on earth ever had a more unfortunate name, and no genlus was ever more mlsunderstood than this artist of the woodlaods. He Is not a mockinc-bird at all. Ile takes no lesson from any creature under the blue vault. He ituitates no Bound ln nature, and never mocks anything. This is a broad statement, and these are Btroncf words. Now fortheproof; Having watched tnese leatnered singers lor many years and in many longitudes, both in captfvitv and in their own wildwood haunts, I suspected that tho versatllity of the blrd was not ap- !-..! - 1 11... i , preciaieu, uuu tuai, jus Laieui ana geniUS were not fully known. Wo took a young mocklng-blrd out oi lils nest belore he had feathers sullicient to cover him. or sense enough to understand anything, with the exception of a chirp from his parent whlch ne lnterpreieu to bo a signal lor openlng his mouth, whlch he always obeyed to the extent of almost turning himself inside out for fear he should mlss a morsel. lt was late iu the season and it Bhould be noted tbat the martios had gone away, and few oiras sing aiter J uiy ln tbe latltude ot St. Liuis. AVe shut the bird up in the dinlnu. room, and he neither saw nor heard a chlrp or song from any of that innumerable com pany which heeo perfectlv "imltated" the next year. It was in September that we snut nim up. iiuring tbe latter part of tbe following February, he one day perched him self on a wire, and twisting his head in a very inouKuuui way inea to "lmitato" tne liquid note of martlns in sprinctime. It was a mlserable fallure of course. Wo laughed at nim, ana uenoppea aown, but soon tried it agaln. After three days ol steady prac tice he succeeded; then he undertook the cry of the jay-bird, aud after mauy patient auempts ana numerous iauures ne suc ceeded. After that be began the very dlfii cult andotherwise inlmitable " ch-r-r-r-u-u-p" of the blue-bird. In two davs he mastered it, but he had never seen or heard a blue bird and this rare genius evolved from his inner uie tue marvetous power tbat he bad inherited. What has usually been set down as the"mocking" of this bird isonlvthe exerclse by way of suggestlou of the talent ne possesses, dui a nrst-class singer ot this species invanably excels that which he is popularly supposed to be imitaling, and other birds recognize and acquiesce in this wimout anv exception. lt ls a we known fact that the brown thrusb, the cardlnal bird and some otliers are also " mocklng blrds" in a llmited way. One day I stole quietly under a tree to listen to the varied and exquisite rendering of a diilicult plece oi uira-inusic, ciassic lndeed, by a red-bird. Conscious of his success he n.inl nnd struck attltudes as though admiring himself in a mtrror, ana as ne pourea out his song other birds thereabout were hmhed into sllence. All at once a regular "mocking- uira took a posiuou ou a tree near by, aud in a very iu-mannereu out emlnently suc cessful wav, struck the note on the first ef- fort exactly where the red-bird was doing nis very oost, out me song oi tue "uioclrer' was so much sweeter than his own that the red-bird morely glanced in the dlrection of the great star performer and closed his beak in an instant Aware of his triumpb, and unairaia oi interruption, tne wonderlul bird ran over all the notes easily and then towering in lils matchless song, cuarged over tbe great field of mustc. known onlv to him self, weaving into barmony andmeftlng into symmetry all the blrd-notes ever heard or imagined. He had a great audience that day and knew himself cnual to their hlghest expectations. The red-bird merely hopped to a lower branch aud wlth mute reverence listened. An old fussy, cawing crow etop- pea ana was siient. x ne little wrens spoke never a word to each other, while the doves forgot to whisper love ; and a snulrrel. pok- ing his head half way out of a knot-hole far up in a great oak, rested his chin on his bauds and closlng his eyes enjoyed it in his own ireditauve way. Xvot one ot tbe au dience moved or shifted an opero-glass. commented on the dress of the singer. Crit lcism was dlsarmed and we were all togethi caugbt up into the third heaven. llobert West, iu CArufum al Work. Table Comforts. It will be " hard work to eat " for tbe next four weeks, except for people with robust appetues. i ne wise house-wlle will there fore plan to devise as many tempting dishes, and to Burround the table wlth as many comforts, as possible. In tbe first place, look to tho diniug-room. Air it well at nlght, aud keep It shut up and dark duriuc the day, with only light enough at meaf tlme to make lt pleasant. Cheap home made screens for the windows, to keep tbe llies out, can easily be arranged by buylng nettlng and making a fixed or movable frame. Set the table at a goodly dlstance from the cook atore, even If you have to put the latter out-of-doors, or carrv the former out uuder the trees. Advantage may be taken oi me morning nre 10 roast the meat, where meat is needed, aud the man who will fiud fault with a cold roast durlng August, doesn't deserve to have anv. It is just as uutritlous and qulte as palatable, if oue isn t " notionai. uoid pressed meais are very seasonable, if oue has a good placo to keep them. The custom of iiring up at nights, for the sake of hot tea or bread stuffs, ls much more honored in the breach thau in ouservauce durinc doe-davs. btale bread Is the best. aud with frult. mllk and coid meau, tne lamlly tbat canuot make good evening meal without hot food c drink needs a little dlsclpllne. Tbe gen eral use of grains has made breakfast-get-tlng a good deal easier thau it used to be. Oatmeal boiled uutll thoroughly done.poured Into a jelly-mold or other disb, and served wlth sugar and cream, makes a breakfast disb fit for anybody. Fried In slices llke homluy, it is even heartier, and to some Is more palatable. For a variety, use cracked wheat, fiue homluy and rice. FrulU and berries are not seen often enough on the average breakfast table. Nothlng makes a more grateful "foundatlon" tbau a nlce cool melou, and a disb ol currenu or black berrios givos a fiue fiuislt to breakfast. Coffee is made to do duty f or food too much ln not weatner; uouer swan lt olf for mllk or cool Bour driuks if tbat doesn't "arrroe ' with you. In sbiftiug around the country we Und few people who know how to make that grateful diiuk lced tea. The immense blunder prevalls of supposing tliat cold tea ls lced tea. It Is a great mlstake. Make Iis iceu ica. u n great mlstake. aiaxe your tea ftesh and hot the best Engllsh breakfast tea Is the general favorltea little stronger than usual, as tho meltlng Ice will """' " gouiei iuu not uau or two-lhlrds, but full of liroken Ice. l'ut on Jumps of sugar If ycu llke lt,and add creara if you fanoy tbat ai we do, and then pour on the fresh hot tea, stlr until cold, and you im b iiw ira, h iuusi. rutresning ueverage. It Is hard to say anything new about sum mer dlet i esneclally to those who have not learned the dlfference between August nnd December. Ilut it is always safe lo remlnd ieople that Nature knows, aud lo advlse them to heed her admonltlon both in the selecllou of food and ln abstainlng from it. Golden llule. llonsckccplnglloarillng. Mrs. Henry Ward Ileecher rjlves her nnln. ion of soine matters touchlng her sex as toiiows i " inat lasniou and styie, gentuuy, and the customs approved of by tho hlghest type of society have greatly increased the manual labor of housekeeplng cannot be doubled. Every Bervant added lo a family detracts larg6ly from real home enjoyment ana tne enjoyabie privacy oi domestic uie. Yet It is an evll that cannot be avolded if one sbows any deference to tho establlshed etiquette ot society ; lor wltnout more neip than our mothers found necessary the mls tress of niodern liomes must bo over-bur-dened wlth labor. It is a sad trutb that the increased tax on tlme and strcngtb, the greatly augmented labor called for by the extra work demanded, if one conforms to the customs that style has sanctioned, is rapldly breaklng up Iiomes and building up boarduig-houses, thus filllng our cltlos wlth fecble, nervous, hysterical women. Too ae vere labor has doubtless broken down many exceuent constiiuiions, uut not uau so mauy as boardlng, Inslead of keeping house, has done. The release from homely household cares does not tend to build up a woman's strengtn or cuaracter. lne tlme tbus galned is not very largely spent In doing good to others, or ln study and effjrts to acqulre knowledge, but an iucessant round of gaiety and self-indulgence. 1'arties, balls, theaters, concorts, the superficlal culture galned by going irom one picture gallery or school ot art to another, fill up the hours that ouco were better employed. Wbo will dare sur- mise now mucn oi this tlme is given lo gosslti rather than in securing by such a roaming life any substantial mental or artis tlc culture? Ilut this ls not the worst. The hours of the day do sullico to accomplish all nns ; but tne leebie woinen wno canuot en dure the burden of housekeeplng are out on this wearisome disslpation till closj on to the small hours, when they return home no, uot home, but to their boarding-houses jaded, nervous, out of spirits, often out of temper and Hysterical. lo galn strengtn for the next day's duties they cannot rise till qulte late in the forenoon. A strong cup of colfeo must be brought to the bedside to braco up the Ihgging nerves for the great burden of dressing and a rcpetition of the same follies. Does any lionest, truth-loving woman belleve that our hardest worked housekeepers encounter half so much ex haustive fatigue, use up half so much vital force, or half so fatally break down the nervous system, as tnose wno, to escape care and labor, have exchanged homes, of which they were the queeus, for a boarding-house 7" Mrs. GarlleldMaklng Uread. In a. recent number of & llttlu nitnsr pub- lished by the pupils of Hiram Collegs, Ohlo, (of which General (iirfield was once the very eflicient presideut), called The Stwlent, appeared an extract from a letter written by Mrs. Gar field to her husband over ten years ago, and lntended tor no oyes but his. lt fell into the hands of Presideut Hinsdale, who made use of lt in a lecture to the stu dents, and as it showed the qualities of Mrs. Garfield's mlnd, and her opinions upon the subject of womau's work, he gave it to The Stwlent. The extract is as follows : " I am glad to tell that out of all the toil and dis- appointments ol the summer just ended 1 have risen up to a victory ; that sileuce of thought slnce you have baeu away has won for my splrit a triumph. I read something llke this the other day : ' There is no healthy thought without labor, and thought makes the laborer happy.' Perhaps this is the way I have been able to climb up blgher. It came to me one morning when I was making bread. I said to myself, 1 H-sre I am compelled by an inevitable necessity to make our bread this summer. Why not cousider lt a pleasant occupatlon, aud make it so by trying to see what perfect bread I can make I' It seemed like au insplration, and the whole of life grew brighter. The very sunshlue ssemed llowing down through my Bpirit into the white loaves, and now I belleve my table is furnished witb better bread than ever before; and the trulh, old as creatton, seeuis just uow t) have bscoms fully mlne that I need not be the shrlnk. ing slaveof toll, but its regal master, mak ing whatever I do yeld mo its best fruits. You have been ktng of your work so long that may be you will laugh at me for having lived so long without my crown, but I am too glad to have found it at allto be entlrely dlsconcerted even by your merriment. Now, I wonder if right here does not lie the ter rible wrong,' or at le.nt some of it, of which the woman suffragists comnlaiu. Tho wrongly educated woman thlnks her duties a disgrace, and frets uuder them and shirks them if she can. She sees mau triumph antly pursuinghis vocatiou, and thinks it is the klnd of work bedoes which makes him grand nnd regnant; whereas it is not tbe kiud of work at all, but tbe way iu which and the splrit wlth which he does it." Equal to tbe Occasion. Chambers' Journal relatei the following : When Lord Liverpool was formlng bis mlu istry in 1822, be thought it absolutely nec essary to have Cannlng at the forelgu ofl'ue, although aware the appointmsnt would be obnoxious to George IV. The Duke of Wellington undertook tbe unpleasait task of communicating Lord Liverpool's deter mlnation, aud went to Brighton for that purpose. As soon as the king knew what was wanted of him, he broke out ; " Arthur, it ls impossible I I sald, on my honor as a gentleman, he should never be one of my mlnisters agaln. 1 am sure you will agree witb me tbat I canuot do what I sald ou my houor as a gentleman I would not do. Another man would have been silenced, but the great soldier, always equal to an enier gency, replied : " Pardon me, sir, but I don't agree with you at all. Your malesty ls not a gentlemau." The bold assertion starlled tbe king, but tbe duke went on : " Your majeety is not n gentleman, but the sover elgu of England, with duties to your people far above any to yourself, and these duties render lt imperative that you should em ploy the abilities of .Mr. Caining." " Well, Arthur," said the king, drawing a long breatb, " If I must, I must" Although he did not like being told he was no gentle man, George IV. bad once, at least, while regent, forgotten he was one. That was when lie fluug a glass of wine in Colonel Hamlyu's face, with ; " Hamlyn, you are a blackguardl" Tbe insulted ollicer could uot return tho cotnplimeut without commlt tlng something like treason; it was outof the questlon to challeuge the prince, while to let the insult pass uunoticed was equally impossible. Tbe colonel filled his glass aud threw tbe conteuts in the face of his neigh bor, saying! "His royal highness' toast; pass lt on I" " Hamlyn," cried the regent, "you're a capital fellowl Here's your bealtb I" And they were f ast friends from that evening. I.augh nml (Iroiv Fat. There is uot the remotest corner or little inlet of the raluute blood vessels of tbe hu mau body that doea uot feel some wavelet from tbe convulslon occasioued by good hearty laughter. The life prluciple, or the central mau is shaken to the lunermost depth, sending new tidesof life and strength to the surfaco, thus materlally tendlng to insure good bealtb to the persons who ln dulge thereiu. The blood moves more rap ldly and couveys a different impresslou to all the orgaus ot the body, as lt visits them on that partlcular mystlo joprney wlien the man is laugbing, from what lt does at other times. For this reasou every good, hearty laugh in which a person indulges prolougs his life, couveying as lt does now and dis tinct stlmulus to tbe vital foroes. I)ou btless the tlme will como when physlclans, conced lug more importauce than they now do to the inlluence ot the mlnd upou the vltal forces of tbe body, will make up thetr pre Bcrlptlons more wlth rofereueo to the mind ana less to arugs lor them, and will, in bo I aoiug, iina tue best and most olfectire method of produclng the required effect 1 upou the patiout