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VERMONT WATOHMAN & STATE JOURNAL, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1882.
WKDNKSDAY, DKCtiMHKU 0, 1832. Ti-l3.W rr year, atrictlr ln advancei or 2.M If not pald wlthln three monttw. lteinlitancea can be mfo by expreM mrmey oriters, ob Ulnable t hnj ofnrfl Of the Vnlted PUtft A Canmla, or Arnartcan KipifM Companr. hlch cost only Jfre rrflfl tor any anm les than flvo ilolUra. In the proflldonfs annual coramunlca Uon to congresa the conditlon ot the coun try 1s mlrrorod. Tlio conditlon U heace, nnd a fitudloufl attention to tho businws o( conducting tho internal affalrsof a great nation at peaco wlth all tho world aud trou bled by no Internal dlstutbance?. No se rious Issue dtvides tho Arnerican people. They havo a vast inherltanco hero in this western hemlsphero. Thetotmsupon which they hold thelr inhcrltance havo become reasonably well settled, and to that settle ment n wllllng concession i. ylelded by the diTOtso elementa of tho heirahlp. On all tho dlstinctlve features of internal policy thero ls aubstantial agreenient, Tariff re vlaion and reduction, reorganizatlon of tho civil sorvlco and klndred matterp, find ac cording charaplons among tho dltferlDg ahades of political bellef. Tho difTerences which exlst among those who represent an honest purposo and tho best tliought of the country relate largely to detall. Tho prcsldent'a messago ls a fair expression of enlightened viows upon leadlng natlonal subjecte. The partisan may labor to cheapen tho chief executlve in tho estlmatlon of the people by impugnlng his motlves, and theo rlsts and doctrinalres may afnail his meth ods and hla recorarnendattons, but tneu of candor, inen who aro not slaven to a consutn ing partlaanship, must graut that could the presldent's Ideas of financiai policy, of civil appointments and of other matters which ho treats prevail, tho occupation of the pro fessional poltHcian and reformer would be gone. The president devotes considcrable space to the subject of tariff revlsion and tax re duction. Ile shows that the surplus revc nuo for tho last fiscal year was one hundred and forty-Ave mlllion dollarsand antlclpates that it wlll bo greater for the current year. Ile portrays the danger to tho country frora an oveitlowing treasury. Swollen revenues lead to extravagant expenditures, and he earnestly recommends the adoption of such measures as shall brlng tho taxes down to tho rigld requlrements of an ecouomlcal ad miniatration of tho government. Ile recom mends as one meana of reducing tho reve nue the abolition of internal revenue taxes exceptlng thce upon tobacco in ita varioua forma and upon distilied spirita and fer mented llquorf, and theapecial tax upon the mauufacturera of these arlicles and dealers in thera. Thla recoramendation must con mand the approval of the people. The enor mou3 and iocreasing tax the present tariif imposea upon tho people is Bhown by the fact that in lfa70 it yielded a revenue of 5137,000,000, which in the last fiscal year had swolleu to 2-20,000,000. The amount now taken f rom the pocketa of the people in excesa of tho needs of the government amounts to three dollars to every man, woman and child in the country. Tbis Is no new revelatton, and It ia to the everlast ing discreditof the present congress that at ita aecond session the chief executlve ls again obliged to dlrect Ita attention to the matter of removing tho outrageoua burden from the people and to withdrawing from the government thia frultful source of ex travagance and corruption. Tho preaident re-enforcea hiaposltion on the river and har bor bill, and tho figurea he prcsents must brlng a twinge to some mcmbera of each branch who havo either lost thelr 8fats or aro trembling for their safety by reason of their vote for the great steal. The recora mendation for the reduction of letter post age to twocents per balf ounco la warranted by experience drawn from previous reduc tlons and by the fact that the revenue of the postoflice ia now in excesa of ita expen diturea and that the excesa will grow in the future if Bomo measure is not taken to ktep it down. Tho burden of malntaining the service falla most unequally upon domestlc letters and the president's recommcndation ia certainly wlse and reasonablo. Cavilera may sneer at the president'a hearty endorse ment of a measure for civil service reorgan Ization aud hla condemnation of political assessments, but all good citlzena wlll trust him and bid him God-speed in the work of accomplishing a practlcal but an exceed Ingly difftcult work in adminlstrativo re form. The mesaage ia a plaln, straightfor w ard basin 033 document, devoid of buncombe but full of sense, and aa such the American people will read and approve it. Vermout Tcachers Assoclatlou. The executlve committee of thia apsocla Uon haa changed ita original purpose of holdlng a meeting at West Randolph Fri- day and Saturday, December 20th and 30tl, and the mcetiDg has been appointed at Montpelier, commencing Thursday eveniog of the 23th inst. and continuing till b.itur day noon of tho 30tb. The order of exer- cisett la published in another column of thia paper, The subjecta selected and the apeak' era who are advertised to dlscusa thera should mako the meeting both intercstiug and proHtable The last meeting of tbls scclety was the aubject of some criticiarn by tho presa and by many of ita own members. In varlous ways Ita executlve committee haa endeavored to adapt the assoclatlou to the pecullar demanda of the educatlonal <ua tlon in thia state. So far aa framlng the order of exercises is concerned thero is abundant reason for hope that the coming meeting will be a notable one. The 8ub jecta chosen, the plan of Ulustratiug methods of instruction by the Introductlon of classea of school chlldren, and the dlfatlnguished edncatlonal gentlemen from thia and nelgh borlng atatea who will give the assembled teacbera thebenefitof thelr experience and counsel. should raake the occaslon one which the comraon school teachers aud ofll- cera ahould be unwilling to lose, and one in which the goneral publlo should feel a strong interest. Uewlsh to call tho atten tion of Iheso three classea sharply to the ob- ject of these meetlnga. That object needs no explanatiou. It ueeda only to be meu tloned to be understood and appreclated, Superlntendenta of schools should make it a polut to bo present and to brlng with them the teachers. A change in the time of hold ing thla meeting haa been raade for the es pecial beneftt of these two classea. Occur- riog at the time when fccliool work ia In progreas, the Instruction derived from the varioua exerclsea can be glven at once a practical applicatlon and aecurely lucorpo- rated lntoone'a experience. Superlntendenta ahould call the attention of their teachera to the advantagea of this meeting and urge them to close thelr schools and attend with note book in hand, and cara and eyes wlde open. Intereat in the eommon schoola in thla atato among the people at large may be encouraged without danger of warming it to a fanatlcal fervor. Aluch may be aald on tho general aubject of the echools that should deeply intereat every member of bo- olety. Wo trust that the advooates of pro gresslve school manageinent will be pre pareu to ulscuss the aubject clearly aud with well-oonBldered reasona wlll arrest atten tiou and carry convlction to the hearta of the third estste, the people at large who should be the most Interested in the ichoola and ahould for a day or two leave their f arma and thelr merchandlse long enough to hear what the educatlonal doctors have to say, Tho Trnnslt of Venus. Venua holda tho key to a vast treaaure of Bolenllfio knowledge. To-day she wlll un lock that treaanre, and having for a few houra dlsplayed It to tho eager gaze of thousanda of Bclentista wlll close tho por tala which nhleld her secret, not to open them agaln for one hundred twenty-two years. For a few montha past Venus haa been "the bright partlcnlar star" in tho westera sky. During the brilllant autumn evoningi her gllttering lamp haa been hung just above the soulhwcst erly horizon, the admiralion and wonder of fltar-gazera. Settlng earller every even Ing ttll December 0th, sho wlll pasa to day In a dlrect llue betweon tho earth and the sun, and becomo tho morning star. Thla movement of thla bright mem ber of the'heavcnly host la an event of tho deepeat intorest to tho scientlfio world, MHliona of dollara will be Bpent In observ Ing tho transit by tho civlllzed governments of tho earth and by Bclentlfio socletiea overy where. Full forty cxpedlltonp, wlth stx and eight Inch equatorlal telescopea, have been Bcnt out to obscrve the intereRtlng event. Among other pointa tho Unlted Stalea will take notlce of tho transit in Patagonla and Xew Zealand. The object of all these palnstaklng labora ia to ascertaln wlth a greater degree of accuracy a matter which the geographiea from time immemorialhave announced as a tixed fact to generatlona of confiding fichool chlldren tho dlstanco of tho sun from Iho earth. Incidentally tho questlou of tho dlstance of other planeta from the earth, from the sun and from each other, Is also to bo decided by tho revelatlona which Venus wlll mako to-day, if provl- dentlalty the fikles are unclouded along the llne of fcieutifio obaervation. Aatronomers tell the non-professlonal reader that by ob- aervlng the passage of the planet over the Bun's disc an opportunlty ia afforded of ob talnlng " the parallactic angle of tho sun," that ia, the angle contained botween two Hnec, proceedlng from tho center of the sun, ono to thocenter of the earth, tho other a tangent to it. Upon tho accuracy witb which thia angle ia taken dependa all knowl edge of the distance of the sun from the earth and from tho other members of the solar system, as well as that of tho fixed stars, and tho veloclty at which light travel. Tho revolution of Venua around the sun is made in seven and one-lmlf montha. Her revolutloua aro not, therefore, colncident with thoso of the earth. At such times aa shecomea in a direct line joinlng thecen ters of the earth and the sun, she seema to pasa over the sun'a dlsc, and this event is the transit of Venua. A transit occurs four tlmea In two hundred forty-three yeare, at intervals of one hundred twenly-one and one-half yeara, eight years, ono hundred five and one-half yeaTB, eight yeara, in regular rotary periods. The last occurred In 1871. The next, after to-day, will tako placo in the year 2001, and individuals who, wlth smoked glass or teleacope, fail to noto the event, must take their chauces for witness Ing another aimllar occurrence during the period of their uatural lives. The star wlll enter the lower dlsc of the sun at abouthalf- past nlne o'clock and make ita egreas at about half-paat threo o'clock. A close ob- server may possibly be able, with tho aid of a plece of smoked glaas, to detect the Bpot on the sun which the planet will make, but as it wlll somewhat resemblo a speck one-slxteenth of an inch In diameter, seen at a dlstance of eighteen feet, the obaervation with the un a-tslsted eye does not seem to promise very satisfactory resulta to amateura. To stu dents with a desire and capacity for investl gation the event Bfforda a practlcal and an interesting opportunlty. Tho observations of 187-1 are saidto havo been unsatlsfactory, owing to defective instruments. Thenlcety cf the adjustment of the astronomlcal ln struments requlred for making these ob servations, in order to secure approximatn accuracy, will be appreclated when it ia un derstood that by a differenco of one-fifth of aecond in the measurement of the angle a differenco In dlstance of two milllon milea will result In tho computatlons. A comtEsj'ONDKNT of tho Washington Capital aays : " Here are a few facts for my democratlc frienda, whoso eyea are already glistening with the prospect of a grand re- distribution of oOicial power in 1831. venture to ask most careful attention to them : There ia a man in thla country naraed George F. Kdmunds. Ho haiU from the Btate of Vermont. Ile la the eort of man whom a largo majorlty of the peoplo in this country want for preaitlent verymuch that sort of a man. Ile ls a republican, and tho other party doea not happen to havo any man who possessea the publio conudence and respect to the same extent. flo does not want to be prealdent, and will not try to be. Thia la among the Hrst qualincationa for the oflice. The feuda in his party will probably make him a necesslty tolt In 1881. The factious can unito easily enough ou him. Ho is a good man to keep in raind when you are figurlug on the next pres Idency." The Worcester Spy eaya the Vermont senate discussed the tax bill with closed doors and thinks it waa an 41 extraordinary proceedlng." Tho Vermont aenate dld nothlng of tho klnd. Sltting aa commltteo of the whole for tho conaideration of the Ilooker revenue bill, it exercised tho same rlght that all leglslatlve commltteea have of holdlng a seaslon wlth closed doora for tho conslderatiou of an Important measure. Kvery party desiring a hearlng had been fully and patiently heard at publlo hearlng, To mature the bill and put it in fihape to report to the senate the committee of the whole very properly closed Ita doors agalnst all outslders. When tho measure waa reported to the senato that body aa usual Bat with open doors and the debate upon the bill, exteadlng over half a day, waa publlo and the vote upon ita passage was taken lu open senate. Is there anythlng " very extraordinary " In thia i Tiik Free Vrt$a ia apparently aching to seo tho new revenuo law aasalled. It haa found a declslon " in an important case in Callfornla which seeraa to bear upon the new law, at eomo pointa," and with an in cendlary "a'te-boy," like tho atreet gamln when two belligerent dogs meet, tirnidly in cltea the corporations to pitch In. It has the trnpression that the rallwaya wlll not reslat the law, but that "some other corpora tions may do so." With many "it's" and doubta it seema to be iu favor cf tho law, but conveyB the Impresslon that it would rather like to seo a free fight over the measure indecd would be somewhat dla- appointed If "aome other corporatlon" doea notplck up the cudgel. The hearty unanlmlty wlth which th leglslature voted to the widow of the late Chief J udge Fierpoint the salary for the un expired remalnder of hia term of cllice waa a graceful mark of the blgb regard in which the man who had apent hla beat and latest years In the service of the Btate waa beld by his fellow cltUens. No word or thought of opposltlon carrted bitternesa witb the glft to tho reclplent. Ou the contrary it was rendered moro grateful by the oonsclousnesa conveyed wlth it that the atate wlth no dissentlng voice thua manlfested ita appre clatlon of the falthful servlcea of the dead judge. Tiik Bpeaker of the Mlsalsslppi house of representatlvea waa ehot and kllled, a day or two since, by one Haundere. Tlio Frosldcnt'a Mcsiflgo, The mMAf-e onftnn wlth a ntatement of the con- dltlon ofour rolatlons wlth foreln power, wMch tne premaeni ftnyn Are iuractory, o com mencfl our extractti from the mpcftfso wlth the flmt domentlc fiibjfct of rpeclal iDterent of which the document tronts: TIIK TnKASCnV HKrAHTMKNT. A full and IntoroNtlnir exlitbtt of the operatlnci of tho treftrury depArtment Is afiordtd by the re port of tho sfcretftry, It appearo thAtthe ordlnAry revorjupn from r11 Pourcen for the fiscal yonr cnded Junn 30, 18R2, were ah followsi Irom cntfm, 8220.410,730 2Si from internal rerenne, Slia4(.r7S93 40i from iaIm of piibllc lflndn, Sl, 7B3.H0.37i from ta on clrciilllnn and deimplt of riRtluDal l)flnkd(?8,t)W,7Wl 45; from re-iympnt or ituprpft uy raciiio Miiway compamcn, cnu, 654 37j from ntnklng fund for rtlfic rftllwfty corrjnnle(i, $7lK.271 42: frnm cimtom, fee, flnei, letters imtpnt. and lftDdn S2ftl.RU!) 07i frmn pro- cpfds of flftlcfl of Rovernment property, 831,4'J.V 085; from prfitx on roliiHge, hulllon deiHipltn and no-flyn, Sl 110,(;'J3 73; from Indinn truft ftindfl, $5,703,2 13.22 from deixltd bv liidktdoftli for duiveylnu iuMlo Inndn, ?2,0C2,3Crt J; from rev- from tnlKcellAnoous dourrm, S3 3S3.445 4.1: totAl ordlnary rccflpUt, ? 403, 723, 250.28. The or dlnary eipendltaren for the HHtne rerlod werei rorcmi expcne, ih ui-'.iwt tor mrrifjn in tPrcourse. 81.307.RH3 l'H for Indlii9. Sl).73(i 747.- 40 for lyndon, 501,315,103 H5; for the mllltary CBtaDJifliimenr. lnciudire river nna naroor im- provcraentfl nnd arf S43,5"0,4iU 19; for the naval entAhltnhmnnt. Inrliidliiir veiisplit. niArhlnrrv and lmproTemenU at navy yardi, 515,032,010 20; tor mipceiianoous expenauurrs, inciuuinK puouc bnlldinen. llehthouaesncd collectlnjz the reyrnup. $31,53'J,237 50 for eipendltnrM on nccouot of the Ditrlct ofColumbla, 53 330.M:t 87: for Intcreot on the publlc debt. S71.077 200 70. Total onlinaty eipendtturpfi, S257.tWl.430 57, Leavlng a niiTplun revenue of 51-15 543 810.71, whtch, wlth an n mount drawn for the each bnlnnre In tlm trenKtiry of 520,737,00181, niftkloc 5100,281,505 55, was ap- piion to tro rtciempuon oi vonaa loriue finKing fiind.S0O.O7O 150; of frartlonal currcnev for tho ffinking iund, ?o,(uooo; ni ionn ot juiy nna Aiipnl, injI. iZtoi,vwt oi ioan oi niHrco. jwm, 51,47.000; of fundcd loan of 1881, 537,101,450; r f loan of 1838 81.000: of loan ot FVbrnarv. 1801. 5303,000; of five-twentles of 1802, $2,100; of tlve- SflOOi of tenfortl'es of 18(11, 5251 550; ot conols vl 18G5. 580.450: of roamU of 18ii7. S408.250: of conoifl oi 5Hi,iw; oi uregon war aeut, 5075.250: of tM demand. comrxmnd lntereit and other noto 518,3501 total, SK'-O 281,505 65. The lorfiRn commerco oi tne unlted siates during uie lant llpcal year, InctudicK Iniports and exports of merchandfoe And i"oTie. wanti followa: Kxrtnrtn -merchandlse, 5750,542,257; t pecle, 549.417,470: torni. imooriB mercnannie, 039 574; ppecle, 542,472,400; total, S707.tll,!KVI f.xrpfn oi itnpona over exportn oi mercuanaise, QOn IMVl P.U1 u Anu Ih.n It V,. Iuixh beforo ior any of the previous r-lx years, an ap peara by the followlng : Year ended June 30, ex- CP8 of exiiorttt ovpt Importa of incrchancll'ie 1870, S7!t,0-3.481 ; 1877, 5151,152,001: 1878, S257f 814.2341 1870. S204.0U1 000; 18N). Sl07.ti83.!tl2 1881, 250,712.718; 18J2, 5250,902,08:1. Durlnc the year there have been organlred 171 natlonal bankf), and of these Instttutlonn there are now In operatlon 2,209, a larger tiumler than everbe fore. The valueof thelr note In actlvo clrcula- t on on Juhr 1. 1882. wa 5321 nU58. I com- niena to your aiieunon tne teerecary viewn id renect to the llkellhood ot a Btrlons contracllon ofthls circulatlon and to the mcdc by whtch tnat result may in hts judgraent be avertcd, TIIE COINAOK OF HII.VEH IKfLLAHS. In resnect to the colnaeo of sllver dollarn and the retlremcnt of rilver certiflrfltes, Iliave seen noimng to aiter out mucn to connrm tne penu ments to which I cave expresMon last vear, A comparlaon between the reepectlve amonntn of fluver aoiiar circuiaucn on rtovemoer i, 1001, ana on November 1, 1882, Miows n Bllslit Increaso of h mmion and a nait oi aoiiars, out auncg tne in terral there had Voen In the whole nuniber colned n increaseof twentv-?ix mllllons. Of the one hundred and twenty-eight mllllons thus far mlnt ed little roore than thlrtv-flre mllllons are In cir culatlon, The nms of accttmulated colu has grown so great that the rault-room atptcsent nvaiiAbio lor siorace is pcarceiv ut ucient to con taln H. It U not aoiarent why It ls detlrable to contmtie iMi coinflge, now no enormousiy in ex cess of the rmblle demand. Ah to the sllver cer- iincaies, in aaauion to ine grouDas wmcn seemea last sear to lustlfv thelr retirement. may be mcn- tloned tho ellect whldi Ib Hkety to ensuefrom the nurmlv of cold certlticate-. for whotte Issuance coDgress iccently made provlslon and whtch are now in nctive circuiation. KEDUCTION OF TAXATION. You can not fall to note wlth lnterest the dlw- ouislon bv the necretarv as to the neeefMtv of oro- vidlog by legMatlon some mode offreelcgthe treasurv of an excess of assets. Inthe event that congre falls to reach an early agreement for the reduction oi tnxntion, i neartuy approve tne sec retarv's refommendation of Immedlate ncd t-x- tenslve reductions Inthe annunl revenue ofthv eovernment. It wlll be remembered that I urged upon the attention ot rongresiat ita last celon the lmportince of rellevlna the Industry nnd en- terprNe of the country from the prewnreof un necesary taxation. u is one oi lue inieiii mux Imti of wlltlcal economy that all ttxcs are bur denporae however wlpely andVnidently impoped, and though there have alvrayn been nmongonr people wlde dlfferencea of pentlment as to the bet methods of ral.-ing the natlonal revenuea and Indecd as to the prlnclples uin whk-h taxatlon should be bised, there haa been rubstantlal ac cord In the doctrlne that only pucIi taxen ought to be levled as are nececsarv for a wlpoandeconomi- cat admlnlHtratlon of the government. Ut late the publlc rcvenues have far exctcdeu that llmlt, and unless checked bv ADnroorlale lecislatlon. pucji excesa wiu conxmueto inen ave ironi year to year. j-ortno iincai year enaea juno m, ttwti, theiurnluH revrtnue amounted to 5100.000.000 For tho ll-cal vtar ended on the 30th of Juue lut the utphw was niore thn 814S,(oo.OOO. The re- nori oi tne srcreinry enowa wnat ui!ik)huuu i hh been made of theie monevs. Thev have not onlv nnswered the rtqulrementa of the elnklng fund, but have afforded a large btlance appUcable to other reductiona of the pnbllc debt. But 1 renew tne expreattion oi iny conviction, iuai fuvu rspiu extlDguishment of the natlonal Indebtedneafl as Is now tuklnc tjlaco Ia bv no meaiia a cause for con gratulatlou. It ia a cause rather for Beriona ap- preiienMon, u u conunuea it mnn epeeaiiy or loiiowea uy one oi tue evu reeuiia fu cieimy e forth in the renoit ot the secretary. Klther the BurDlus Tnimt 1 e Idle In the treasurv. or the gov ernment wlll le forced to buy at market ratea lu bonds not thcn redecmable. and whldi. under eoch circumttancea, cannot fall to command an enormoua prcmfum, and the swollen revenues wm oe aevoten to exiiavagant expenauurB, wineii, as experldice haa taught, Ueverthe bineof nn overllowlnir treasurv. It was rrade arrarent In thecourse of theanfmated dUcusctons which thia oueBtlon arouied at the laet re-alon of cungrecs tnat the policy of dlmlnUhlng the revenue by re val ot the memVcrs of both houees. I regret that becauiie oi conlllctlng vlews aa to tne uebi ruettt odd by which that policy should be made o era tlvo none of Ita becetita have vet been reapcd Id fulflllment of what I deero my conHitntlonal duty, iui witn little itopeiuaii can maKevaiu able contributlon to thla vexed nuettlon, I nhall proceea to intimaie urieiiy my owu views in reia tion to It: AH0L1TI0N OF INTKHXAb IIKVE.NCK TAXCS. Unon tho thowlnz of our financlat conditlon at tue cioee oi tuo last iischi your t leei juniuou iu recoramecdlng to corjcress the abolition of In- ternal revf'nuo taxei except thoae upon tobacco in un vnniiun iuiiua nuu ujhju uinuuru biiiih and fermented llquora, and excptalsotheppeclal tax upon the mauufacturera of and dealera In aucn articied. i veniure now to nuggest tnat un lesa It shall be apcertained that the nrobable ex- pendltures of the government for the coming year have been undtr-eetlmated, all Internal taxea savo those wblch relate to dictllled splilta can be prudently abrogated. Such a course, If accompanled by a Blmpliticatlon of the machlnery of collection. which would then be oav of accom- pllshment, mlght reasonably be expected to re- euit m aimini-mnd tue cosi oi eucu couection uy at least 52,500 000. and In the retirement from omceof from 1.500 to2.00) lemona. TheBva temof exclje duties haa never commended ititelf to the favor ot the American people acd hig never been resorted to except for supplylng defl clenclea in the treasury when byreaaun of c pe cial exlgenclea the dutlea on lmportu have protd Inadequate for the needs of the government. The pentlment of the country doultlettg demandit that the present exciae tax atiaii ue aliollaued aa noon as Buch courao can eafelv be nursued. It seema to me, however, for varlous reasona, bo Bweeptng a measure as the total abolition of In ternal taxes would for the present be an unwtse Btep. Two of the-ie reasona are deservlng cf speclal roentlon, Firut, it Ib by no meana clear tnat even u tne exiaung pyaiem ot uniiea vu un ports ls continued without modtllcatlon, these uuuea aione wui yieia suuicieut revenue ior an the needa of the government It ia estlmated that SlOO.uoaoou wlll be reoulrej for Ptnelon during the coiulng year, aud it may be well doubted whether the maximum annual demand for tuat object haa vet been reached. Uucer talotv uDon thla auetlon would alone lustlfv. in my Judgment, the retentlon for the pre out of tuat ujrtion oi tne aytuem oi internal revenue wblch la least objectlonable to the people. Sec ond, a total abolition ot the tax would almtet lnevitably prove a aerloua l( not an Inaurmount' able obbtacle to a thorouch revUlon to the tariff. and to any conelderable reduction In Import dutlea. 'Ihe present tariff eyitem U in many re ipecta unjukt, It makea uuequal dUtrlbutloa, Doiu oi it uuraena ann na oenenu. iiiia lact waa iiracllcallv recocntzed by a maioilty ot each house of congresa on the pahsage of the act cre- attngtiie tarm commiBHinD. ino report oitnat cominlsalon will be placed before you at the be- glnning ot ttiia session, and wlll, l trust, atiord you bucu iniormation aa to tne conditlon ana prot-pecta of the varlous commerrlal, aerlcul tural. manufacturlmr. mlnlnz and other Interesta of the country, and contaln euch BuggeBtlona for ti&tutory revision aa wm practicauy aia your Bctlon unou thla linnortant eubloct. The reve nue from cuBtoma for the ilscal year ending June 30th, 1879, amounted to 5137,000,000. It Tiaa In the three Hucceedine vtars reached flrst 5180.000. 000, then 5198,0(X),OOU and ilnally, aa haa already been atated, 5220,000,000, '1 he Income from thia Bource for the ilxcal year which wlll end on June 30tb, 1883, wlll doultlesa be conslderably in ex cesa ot the um latt mentlontd. If the tax ou doraeBtlo BplrltB, la to be rotalned lt Ia plaln, there lore, tnat urge reductiuua irom tne customa rev enue aro entlrely feaalble, While recommending thla reduction I am far from advlcloir the abun- donment of the iiollcy of bo dlKcrlmtnatiDg In the ttujudiiuea ui uuinua aa m huuiu iu uwi pro tectlou to domestlo labor. llut the nresent s tem ahould be to revlsed aa to equallze the publlc burden among all classea and occupation and brlug lt Into cloaer harmony with the pretent needs ol lodustry, Without enterlng into mi nute detall, whtcli, under the circuuistancei, Ia uulte unnecessary. I recommend an enlariie- mentot thefroellst ooaa to Include wlthln lt thenumerouaartlclea which yiem luconBiderable revenue, a Bimpuucauon oi tue couipiex auu iu conslatent Hchedule ot dutlea upn certsln manu' lautuivD, itaniiuiuriy iiiub ui wiwu, ifuu nuu ateeland a subctantlal reduction of the dutlea upon those aitlclea and Uhju sugar, luolaanes, allk, woolen goods, lf a general revMon of the taritf khalt be found to be Imptactlceable at thla seaslon 1 ex presa the hoje that at leaat Boitie of the more coufplcuoua Inenualttles of the preaeut law may be corrected belore your flnal adjourn ment, One of them ls sclally referred to by theiecretary in vlew of a receut declalou of the aupreine ooun, ine necesaity oi ameuaingtn law bv whlrh the Dutr.h ntandard of colnr U adopted as thetest of the r-accharlne strength of sugarn ls too obvious to requlre comment, T1IR WAH DFrAnTMENT. From the renort of the secretarv of waritan- ponts that the only ontbreak of Indlana dnrlngthe past yfar occurred In Arfzona aud In the noiith western pattof NewMexlco. They were nromptly qnelled nnd thequlet which hm prevalled In all other parta of the country has permltted anch an addltlon tobemade totne mllitary force Inthe region endangerea oy tne Apacnes mai inere ib little reason to arnrehend troubto In the future. Thoso pirts of tho secrelarv's report which relate to our sea consi aeiencra nna ineir annnmres puk gest the gravest nflectlons. Our exlstlng fortlfl catlnns are rotoriously.lriadequftte to the defence of the great liarlxirs and rltles for whose prtrc tlon they wero bnllt. The qtiestlon of provldlng an armament Bnltod toour mtsfnt necessitles haa bfen the mibject of conBldrratlon by a board whose report was transmltttd toCrngress at the last serslon, 1'endlng the constdeiatlon ot that report Ihe war department has taken no stepn for the manufacture or converslon of any heavy cnn non. llut the necretary expressea the hope that authorlty and meana to begln that important work wlllbedoon provfded. I Invlte the attention or congress to tne proprlety of making more ad eqtiate provlslon for armlng and equlpplng the mintia tnan is aiioraeu uy me act oi lwts, wmcn la ntlll unon the stnttite Itonks. The matter has nlreadybeenthesubjectofdlflcusslonlnthepenitp, and a bill which r-eeks to supply the derlclencies oi exiHting laws is now opon its caiennar, ine secretary of wnr calls attention to the fact that an embarrassment growlng out of the recent act of congress, makes the retirement of olTlcera of the army compnlaory at the age ot 04. The act ot 1870 U ntlll In force, which 11m Its to 400 the num bcr ot those who can be retlred for dlsablllty or up on thelr own applicatlon, The twoactA, wheneon strucd together, seem toforbldthercllevlng, een for absolute incnpaclty, of f-fticers who do not fall wlthln the purvlew of the latter statute, save at such tlmes ai there chance to be less than 400 ntmea rn the rttlred Ilst. Thero are now 420. It U not llkelv that congress Intcnded this lesult. I concur wlth the secretary that the law ought to be amended. INTKIINAL IMHtOVIIMRhTS. The ffronnds that Imtiellcd metowlthhold mv Isnature from the bill entltled " An act making appropmtions ior tne constrnction, rejairana reservat on oi eertain worason nvrrs ana nar- Imrs." which became a law near the close of vonr last sfsslon, prompts me to expresa the hope that no fimiiar measure wui ne aeemeu nessry our Ing tho present sesston of congress. Indeed, such n measure wonld nowbeonen to a serlous tbjec- tlon In Addltlon to that which was latetv uraed upon our attention. Iam Informed br the sec retary of war that the greater nortlon of the sum approprlated for the varlous Itema specllled m tnat act remnins unextenara. ui ire new works which It anthorlzed exnenses have been In curred uiwn two only, for which the total appro- iriation was czhi.ijuu. ine present avanauie balsnce Isdlsclrsed bv the followlnir: Amnnnt ot npprcpriatlon by actof Augtnt. 1882, 518,738.890; nmouiitof approprlatlon by act of June 10, 1882, 510,000; amount of approprlatlnn for paymentB to j. ii. un. 4.IHHM tirexnenneo naiancn oi ior- mer nnproprUtlons, 51,738 203. Total, 523 701,- ion. LfM nmoiiDi riiwn iium tre"ury iTinrru Julv 1. 1882. and November 30. 1882. 50.050.191 Total, 517,734,941, It Is apparent by this exhiblt tnat bo lar as concerns most oi tne nems to wmcn the act of Auguit2, 1882, rclates, there can be no necd of further approprlatlons untlt after the clowe of the t.resent seMlon. If. however. any actlfn should seora to be nece-i-ary In respect to particiuar onjecrs, it wm De enureiy ifaiuie 10 provide ior tuese oojecta uy nppropriato legisia tlon. It la iHit!ibIp. for examnle. that adelav untll the Afuembltngof the next congress to make addltional provlslon ior tne 3lisMs)ppi luvcrim provements mfght be attended wlth serlous con- a just bill relatlng to that aubject would commawi myBpproval. Thla lrada me to oiTer asuggps tlon, which I trust wlll commend ltself to the wlsdom of congress, It ls not advlsable that irrants of confdderable suras of nionev fur diverse and Independent schemes of Internal Improve raent should be made the snbjects of sfjarate and dlslinct leclslativo enactmcnta. It wlll scnrceiy bo galnsald. even by those who favor tho most liberal exnenditures for such rurpoteaas are sought to be accoropllshed by what Is com- moniv caiiea uie riverana naruor lhh, mai me nractico of gronplng In such a bill Ppnrcprlatlons for a great dlverslty of objects, w Idely eI'aated either In thelr naturo or ! the localitv wlth which thfyare concerned or ln both, is one which ia muchtobe deprecated unlesa it U itreinedlable. lt lnevitably tends to secure the success of the hlll as a wlioip, thougli many oi tne nenw u sepa mtely concidered could scarcoly fall of rejecthin. uy tuo adorjtionoiinecourseiiiaverecominenuea everv membfr of coneresa when orportunity should arise for glvlng his Influence and vote for inerltorioua approprlatlons would be enabled so to ao w ii out Deintr cn lea mHn iu miiuuuii othera undeserving hla approval. So, also, would tne exeruttve to auoruea tnereuv iuh opikuiu- nltvto exercUehla constitutional rreroiratlve of omioslng wlmtever appropriations Fcemed to him objectlonable without impcrillng the suctets of othera which commended themselvea to hla judg ment, It may be urged ln oppoKltlon to mene suggestloni that the number of works of internal Imnrovement which nro lustlv entitled to govern mentalald is so great bm to rendrr irapraiilcable sernrate Hpproprlatlon btll therefor, or evcn for such ccmparatlvoly limltcd number as niakedfs pocition of large sums of money, Thla objrctlon msv re well founded. and whether lt le or not. the advantages which would be likely to ensue from the adoption of the course I have recom mended may perhaps be more effeetually attalned oy anotner, wnicn i respectiuiiy suomit io con creaa na an alternatlve nronosltlon. II la rrovlded by tho contitutlons of fourteen of our Btatei that the executlve may dlaapprove any Itein or ltems of a bill appropiiating money, whercupon the part of the bill apnroved shall be law and the pait dlsapproved shall fall to become law unlesa repnfed accordln? to tho provislons pretcrlbed for the passage of billa over the veto of the exec utlve. The ntfttpjt wtiereln Kome surh nrotlslon na the foregolDg ln imiL uf Uie (uutlNiticulul 1hw mo IuUlaiiH. MlnnPMota. Mlssourl. Nebraka. Xew Jersey, Xew York, Tc nnysvlvania, Tcxas and West Vlrglnla. I commend to our careful con slderatlon tho qneitIon whether amendment of uie ifuerai constitution ln the particiuar lndicatel would not afford the best remedv for what la often a grav e embarrnssment both to meml era of congrem ana to tne executlve, ana is someuraea a serious puuuc micniei. OtH NAVAL FOUCK. It aDurars bv the secretarv'a rerort that the nvallAbfe naval force of the Unlted States conHts of thirty-seven crulsers, fourteen slngle turreted monltora built durlnc Ihe rcbellion. a larce nuir berof smooth bore guna and IUrrott rlllesand elghty-seven rifled rannon. The crulslng vessels should begraduwlly replaced by Iron or fteel shlns, tho monltors by modern nrmored vescels, nuu ino nruiHineiit uy nign powur iiuea guna, The recont-tructlon ofour navv. which was rec ommend ed In my last messace. waa beirun bv congress authorizing in Ita recent act the an- ftruction oi two large unatmored strel vessels of tne cnaracter recommenaed oy tneiaie.Mvai Ad vlsory board, and aubject to the tlnal apDroval of a new Adviory lioard, to be orgAnlzed ak provlded by that act. I call your Attention to the recommfndatlon ot tho ecretary of the board that authorlty be glven to conntruct two more crnlera of t-maller dlraennlons. and one fleet dk mtcu ve ssel, and that appropriatlona be made for lileh nower rlfled cannon for the tortiedo servh-o and iurotner narbor defencea, pendlng the con- Hiueruun oy concress oi tne iniicv u oe nereai. ter adouted. In condufiini?theiffht Xhvv Yard and their expeni-lve establlshraenta the secretary advocatea the reduction ot exptndltures therefor to tne lowesi possioie amount, AMEltlCAN COMMEItCR. Thla Aubject ia oneof the ntmoBt imiortance to tl e natlonal welfare, Methods ot revhlng Amer can sh nbuild nir and of reittotine the Unltrd Statea llue ln the ocean carrvlns trade ahould receive the immedlate attention of con gress. Wo have mrchanlcal cktll and abundant materlai tor tne manufacture of modern lron BteaniBh ns ln fair comnetitlon wlth our commer clal rlvala. Our dlsadvantage in btiilding hlpa i littj ErcHier cust oi lauor. anci in san n ' ti em. hlelier taxes and ereater Intereht on rHnitul nimu h:iiq uignways are Aireaay monopo llzed by our foimidable compftitors, theaeobhta-Cle- whould some way be overcorae, and for our rapldcommunication wlth forden landa wefhould not continue to depend wholly upon vesbela bullt In the yards of other countrles and aalllnir under foreign Ihgs. Wlth no Unlted btatea steamers on the princfpal ocean llnea or in any fortlgn portB, our facllltlea for extendlng our commerce are greatly retttrlcted, while the natlona which uuua ana tuu tne Ana carry tne maiia aod )assengers obtaln thereby consplcuous advau tages In Increax lng thelr trade. THE POST OFFICR UEI'AUTMKNT. The renort of the irfmtmanlfir-trpnnrHl fflvpn ftvU dence of the satUfictory coaditlou oi that de partment, and contalns tnuch valuahle datA and accompanying auggeBtlona whtch cannot fall to be of Interest The informatlon which it afforda that the recelptB for the fldcat year have exceeded the expendlturea rnuBt be very gratlfylng to con gresa and to the poople of the country. As mat- mrM wiiiuii iimy lainy ciaitn particuiar attention, I refer VOU to hla obaervation ln referenra to thft advlsability of cbanglng the present basla for Ox- ing taiane ana auowancea, oi extenuiug the money order eystera and of enlarglng thefunc tlona ot the postal establlhment so as to put ander its control the telegraph systera of the coun try, though from thla last aud mott Important recommenda tlon I muat wlth hold my concur rence. HEPLCTIOM OF LRTTEIt I'OSTAOB AIlVlSKI). At the last seaslon of congrcsa teveral blllawere Introduced into the houe of repreventatlves for the reduction of letter tKtaee to the rate of two centa per half ounce. I have glven much tudy ana rtneciion to mia suojecE auu am thoroughly nersuaded that such a reduction would be for the test interesta ot the publlc. It has been the pol icy ot the government from ita foundatlon to de frayasfaraa posalble tho expene ot carrjlng the malla by a dlrect tax in the form of iotage. It liA4 never been clalmed, however, that thla eer vlce ought to be productlve of a ntt revenue, Aa haa been etated already, the report of the post master general sbowa that thero la now a very conslderable aurplua lu hla department, and that hencefoith tho reaipta are likely to lccrrase toa much greater ratlo than the neceasary expendl turea. Unlesa some change la made ln the exUt lng lawa, the protlts of the postal seivlce will In a very few jears swell the revenues ot the govern ment manv mlllloua of dollara. Ihe time aeems ausplclous, therefore, for vome reduction in the raies oi poHtago, in wuai suau tnat reduction comlat ? A tevlew of the leglstatlon which haa been had uoun thla aubject during the lat thlrtv yeara diaclotieathat domeatlo letteia cuntltute the onlycla.iao( uiall matter whkh haa never been favored by a sulwtantlal reduction of rate. 1 am convlnceu that the burdeu oi malntaining the ser vlce falla moat uneuually uiwn that claas. and that more than auy other lt la entltled to present rellef, That such rellef may be exteuded without detrlment to other nubllo lnteaeU wlll bo dlncov- ered upon reviewlug the resulta of former reduc tiona, Immedlately prlor to the actof 1815 the postage u;on a letter coroposed of aalngle heet waaaaionowa: ji cunveea iiurty miua or leaa, UctnU; between 30 aud 80 mlles, lOcenta; be tween 80 and 150 mllea. 12ii between 150 and 4x) mllea, over 400 mllea, 25. lly the HCt of 1815 the jAwtage Uxm a alngle letter couveyed for auy uiauuce uuaer ;si mura waa uxeu aioieuu, aud fur Nnv sreater dlstance at 10 tenta. llv thn act of 1851 U m m provlded that a alogte letter, if ttrenald. ahould bo carihd any dlstauca not ex- ceedlng 3.0U0 mllea for 3 centa, and any greater aistance lorn centa. n wui oe noucca tnat boiu of these reductiona wereof a radlcAl character and relatlvelr qnlto as Important as that which Is I now prnposea, in eacn case tnere ensuea a tem- lornry iosn oi revenue, but a sudden anu large 1 nflnx of bnslness. whtch inbstAnttallv renatTed that losi wlthln threo years. Unlesa the experi ence of sBt legUlatlnn In this country and else where goes for naught, lt may be safely nredicted that the stlmtihn of 50 per centum reduction In the tax for rartisge would atonco lncrrae the number ot Utters consigned to the malla, the ad vantAges of secreey would lead to a very general substltutlon of setled packets for postal cards and open clrculars, and Indlvers other ways tho volumo of flrst'Clasa matter would be enormonslv augmentf d. Such Increase Amounted ln England intne tirstyear aiter the adoption oi penny pos tage tn more than 125 per cent, As a resnft of careful cstlmates, the detalls ot which cannot be here set out. I have become convlmed that the de flctency of the flrst year after the projwsed reduc tion would nnt exceed 7 per cent of theexpendl tures, or 53,000 000 while the deflclency after the reduction of 1815 waa more than 10 per cent and after that of 1851 wbs 27 per cent, Another In tereftlng comwrlson Is Afforded by statlBtlcs fur nUhed tne by the pctofllce department. The act ot 1815 was passed lnfaceof the fact that there cxhtd a deflclency ot more than 530,000. That of 1851 was encouraged by the sllght surplusof 5132,000. Tlio exccss of revenue In the next fl cal year Is likely tobe 53,500,000. If congress should Approve these snirgestlnns, it may be deemed deiIrable to supply toaome extent thode- nciency wmcn must ior a time rcsuit uy mcrrns lng the rharge for carrjlng merchandlse, which la now onlv 19 centa ner mund. llut even without such anlncrrae, I Am confldent that the iecelpU unuer tue atminisncd rates wouia equai tne ex pendltures after the lapse ot three or four years. TIIK STAH ItOtTK FltAUDS, ln mv messaee of December last 1 referred to pendlng crlmlnal proccedirtga growlng outof al leged franda In what Is known as theetarroute service of the post-oiTlce department, and ad vised you that I had enjolned upon the attorney ceneral and assaclaterotinae. to whom tho Inter esta of the government wero Intrnsted, Uie dnty oi prrspcuiing witn ine ntmostngor oi tneiaw all persons who mlzhtbe found chargeable wlth those ofTrnes. A trlal of one of these cases has slnce occurred. Itoccupled for msny weeks the attention of the supreme court of this diunct, and was conducted wlth great xeil and abllltv, Itresnlted In a dlsagreement cf thejury. llut the cause haa been ocaln nlflced. nnon the cnlen- dar and wlll shortly be rettled. If any gullty persons shall (Inally escare punlshment for their ofTecces It wlll not bo for lack of dlltgent and earnesl eiiotts on tho part ol the prosccution. NATIONAt. HANKIIL'IT T.AW I trnit that Bome agroemcnt may bo reached wuicu wm specuuy cnauie congress. witn tne con currence ot the executlve, to afford the commer clal communlty thebenelus of a natlonal Lank rupt law. T11B INTFniOR DEPAUTMFJJT. The ternrt nt the neoretarv ot tho Interlor. wlth ita accompanying documents, presents a full ttfment nf the vnrled ooerat ona of that detart" ment. Iu respect to the Indlan affairs nothlng iifls occurrea wmcn nns cnangea or spuoupi mndlflnd thn vIawh ti whlffh 1 devoted mucl spnce ln a former rommunlcatlon to congress. I fpnflw thft remmmendntlnns thereln contained AS to extendlng to the Indlan the protectlon of the law ln Allottlng land In severalty to such as deelre lt, and making sultable provlslon for the educa tloii ot yotith. Such nrovlolon, as the secretnry forclbly ranlntAlns, wlll prove unavalling unlesa it ls brond enough to luclnde all those who are Al.tft nnd willlni? tnmakemeof It. and hhould not solely relate to lntellectual tralnlng, but also to instruction iu such manual latror and tlmple Mustrlal Atts as can to made practlcally avall able. Among other lmoitant Bubjecta which are Inclnded wlthln the secretary's report, and which wlll doubtlcos lurnl-li occaslon for con gresclonal actlon, may be montlDncd the neglcct of the rallroad conipanles, to which large granta oi iana were mnae oy inw ntin vi ici. nuu juwi! to take tltle Ihereto ABd thelr consequent in equltable exeraptioa from local taxatlon. TIIK EDt'CATIONAL IhTF.UFtTa OF TIIK COUTHY. Xo survey f our rrateilal conditlon can fall to puggest inqulrles as to the moral and Intellectual progressot the people. Thecensus returns dlsclo-e analarmlngstatoof llliteracy In certaln portiunB of the country, where the provlslon for schoola la grocslv Inadfquate. It is n momentous ques tlon for thededslon vl congress wnetner immeai nta atid mlm'nniUl nlil klmtilfl nnt be extended bv tho general government for suppleroenttng the effoiNof private beneficence and ot itateand terrltorial legUlation in behalf of education. INTFU STATK TIIADK. The retrulatlon of luter-state commerce has al- rendv been the Riibiect of vour dcHteratlons. One ot the Incldenta of the marvelons extenslon of the rallway sjstem of the country haa been the adoption of tuch mfnmres by the corpora tiona which own or control thernadsa has tecded tn Imnnlr the advantneea of hralthful comnetitlon andto mako hurtfnl dircrlmlnatkna ln the ad Juttment of frelghtnge. Ihese Infqualities have been corncted In seeral of the states by nppro- prlate legislatlon, the ellect oi wnicii w necesa rllv retrlcted to the lmU of thelr own teirltory. So far ns auch mlschlefs affect commerce between the statea or beU een any one of the gtatea and n forelgn country, they are subjecta nf natlonal concern, and congress aione can nuoru reiiei. TIIK MOltMON (Jl'ESTlON. The resulta whfch have thua far attended the enfntcement of the recent t-tituto for the sun- prest-lonof polygamy In the terrltnries are re- oiieu oy me secretary oi tuo iimTnir, n n ni probable that any AdditlonAl legMatlon ln thla regard wlll bo deemed deslrable untll the effect of exlstlng lawsihaU be more cloely observed and studled. I congratulate you that tho com mlsstoners under whose superi-lon thesolaws have been put In rpetatlon are encouraged to be Mee that tue evll at which they are almed msy be suppressed w itnout report to sucn raaicai meas ureaaainsome quartera have been thought ln dlt pCDablo for tuccesa. TIIR INCIl'IIC.VT MTATFJ. The closo relation of tho general governmeut to the territorlcs iretarlnz to be ureat states mav well engago 3 our speclal attention. It la thero that the Indlan dlsturbances malnly occur and that iljgamy haa found room for ita growth. I cannot doubt that n cnreful nurvey of terrltorial legNlatlcu would beot the hlghest utllity. I.ife and prcnertv would become more secure; the 11a- bllity of outbreaks between Indlana and whites would be hstened; tho publlo domaln would be more succepsfully guarded and better progress be made in tho Instruction of the young. Alaskala stlll without any form of clvli government. If meana were provlded for the education of Its people and for the protectlon of thelr lives and propertv, the Immense resourcea ot the ugion would lnvite permaneot settleinenta and open new tlelda for iuduptiy and enterprite. OUH AQHlCt'LTritAL IJTKItF8TS. The repott of the commlssloner of agrlculture presenU an account of the labors of that depart ment during the ist year and includes Informa tlrnof rauth Interestto the general publlc. The conditlon ot the forests ot the country and the waxteful manner ln which thelr destruction is taklng placo glvo cause forserloua apirehenslon. Their actlon ln protectlng the earth's surface, tn modifylpg the extremea of climateand in regulat ing and susUlnlng the fbw ot springa and streams, la now well understood, and their Ircportance In relation to the growth anl pruBiertty of the country cannot be safely disregarded. They are fast dlaappearing before destiuttive fires and the legltlmate requlrements of our Increaalng popula tlon, and the total extlnction cannot be long de leayed unlesa better methods than uow j.rcvall shall be adopted for their protectlon and cultiva tion. The attention of congress la Invlted to the necesslty of addlilocal legislatlon to secure the preservation of the valuable forests ntlll reuiatu ingon the publlc dumatn, especlally In the ex treme western states and terrltorles, where the necesslty for thelr preservatlon ls greater than In lesa mountalnous re glons, and where the prevar log drynoss of the climate rendera their reatora tl n, if they are once destroyed, w ell nlgh lropos Blble. TIIK CIVIL 8UUVICK. The communlcatlon which I made to congress at lta flrst seaslon In December last contained a aomew hat full atatement of my sentimenta In rela tion to the piinciplea and rules which oucbt to govern apiwintmenta to publlc service. Kefer rlng to the arioua plana which had heretofore been the aubject ot dlscuseton ln the natlonal hkh Iu tho maln were mod eled upon the syetem which obtalna ln Great llrltaln, but which lacked certaln of the promi nent features whereby that system ladlstlngulshed, 1 felt bound to Intlmate my doubts whether they or Any of them would affurd adf quate remedy for the evlla which they almed to correct. I declared. neverthelesa, that 11 tne proposcu meuio3 puuuiu tirnvn nrrei.tAble to concres they wuuld receive the unhesltating support of the eiecutlve, Wnce the BUgge stlous were Bubmttted for your cowdder atlon there has been no legfalatlon ujKtn the aub ject to which thcyreiate, uut tnere naa menn while been an lucrease In the publtc tnterest In that subject, and the people of the country, ap parently without dUtinction of party, hae, ln varlous ways aud upon fioquent occaaions, glven eipreslou to their earnest Uh for prompt aud deflnlte action. lu my judgment such actiuu iihould no longer be poetiwued. I may add that my own sense ot IU presi.ing Imiortauce haa been quickentd by obaervation uf a practical phaeof the matter to which attention has moro than once been called by my predeccBsora. The clvi llt now compnaea auuui uuouuuuiwujwmmum nu,nj fur thn DHtt of whom must. under ;t.a tut.IU .r it.A Pi.nntitutlon. beiulected bv tbe president, either dlrtctiy or inruuKii u uwu p- pOintt04. iu tueuany .uo inn ni ihA F..vfrntn(nt the neiBonal directlou of appointments to the ilvllBervice maynothae that the bureau haa Increaaed fully a huudred fold it haa become greater thau he ought to bear, anH it npeoMiHrllv illverta hla time aud attention from theprorerdhchargeof other dutlea no lesa dellcale aud reiqiomdble, and wblch in the very nature ot thtnga cannot be delegated to other hauda. In the judgment of not a few who have glven atudy ana leuectiou w tuia unuicr, mo un i..t. un i.tiiffmwu the nruvlnlona whtch the con stitution hu establlsheJ for tilllng the mlnor ofllces of the publlo service; but whatever wlll be thought of the wledom or expedlency ot thanglng the fundameutal law in thia regard, lt ia cetialn that much rellef may be afforded not only to the ..ronMnnt nml biRdof deiartinenta. but to sen- atora and repreeutatlvea in congress. lly dls crett legislatlon they would be protecUd In a great meaure by the bill now pendlng before the senate, or by any other whtch should embody lts Irnttortant features from the presaure of persoual liuportuully and frora tho labor vt examlulng conillctlug claima and pretenslons ut caudldatea. I truit that before the close of the present aeselon aome declhe actlon may be taken for the cor rectlon of the evlts wlth the preaeut methods of apwlntraent, andlaaure )ouot my hearty co ntrHilnn Id hiiv meaatire whtch are likely to cnuduce to that end. As to the most apnropiiate terui andtenureof the i-llicial llfeof theBubor diuate employes of the government, it seema to be gcnerally agreed that whateer their extent or character. the one ahould be detlulte aud the other Mtable. and that nelther should be regu lated by xeal lu the ser lce of party or fldelity to the furtuueaof aulndlUdual, lt matters little to the people at Urge what competeut persou ia at theheadut thla depaitment or of that bureau If ti.au f.i naktirfH thtit the reinoval of one and the acctMlon ot another wlll not Involve the retire ment ot honest aud falthful aubordluaiea, whoae dutlea aro purely adiulntstratlve and have 110 legltlmate ounneitlou wlib the trlumph of auy tHjlltlcal prluclplo or the auccesa of any uionopoly, irty or factlon. It la to thla latter claas ot otth-ers that the neuate bill to whtch 1 have already re- ferred exclnstvely npneats, whtlo nelther that bill nor any other prominent scheme for lrDproving the cltll service concerm the hlgher grade of offlctalswho areapjwlnted by the president and conflrmed by the senate, I fcel bound to correct aprevalent mlsapprehenston as to the freqtiency with which tho present executlve has dlsplaced the Incnmbent gf An oflice and appointed another In hla stead. It has been repeatedlv alleged that he Iias In thla partlculAr slgnally dearted from the conrso which has been pursurd under recent admlntstratlona ot the government. The facts are as foUowat The whole number of executlve appointments during the four years ImmedUtoly procedlng Mr, Gatfleld's accesslon tothepresi dency was 2000. Of this nnmber 211, or nlne per cent, lnvotved the removal of previous Incum bents. The ratlo of removals to the whole num ber of appointments was much the same during ench of those four years. Id the flrst year, wlth 700 appolntmentf, thero were 74 removals, or 0 3 per cent. in tne secona, witn uit appointments, there were 85 removals, or 8 5 per cent. Inthe the third, wlth 480 appointments, there were 48 removals, or 10 per cent. In the fourth, with 420 Appointments, there wero 37 removals, or 8 0 per cent. Ia the fourmonthsof President Oar ileld's AdmlnlstrAtlon thore were 200 appoint ments and 89 removals, or 22.7 per cent. l're ttsely the same number of remorala (80) has taken placo In the fourteen months which have slnce elansed. but thev constltute onlv 78 ner centof the whole number of appointments (118) witnin tnat perioa anu iss tnan u oi ine entire llat of ofTlclals, 3450, excluslve of the army and navy, which is fllled by presldentlal appoint ments. POLITICAL AS3ESHMRNTS, I dectare mv approval ot such leslslatlon as roay be found necesary for sopplcmentlng the exlstlng provislons of law In relation to political assessments. In July last I AUthorlzed a publlo announcement that employes of the government should regard themselvea as at llberty to exercise thelr pleaBtire In making or refuslng to make po litical contrlbutlons, And that their actlon in that regard would In no manner aflect thelr omclal etatua. In thla announcement I acted upon the views which I had always malntalned and stlll mnlntAln, that a publlo ofllcer should be as aofo- imeiy iree as any otner citixen to give or to witii hold a contributlon for the ald of the political party of his cboice. It has. however. been ureed. and doubtless not without foundatlon In fact. that by sollclt atlon of superiorsand by other modf s such c-ontrlbutions have at tlmea been obtnlned from persons whose only motlve for glvlng has Deen me lear oi wnat roignt oeiau inem li tney refused. Iteoes without savlns- that such con trlbutlons Are not voluntary, and ln my judgment mrir Loiinjimn snouia Deproinoiiea ny iaw, a nin whtch will effeetually cnppress thera wlll receive my coraiai approval, TIIK I'RESIIlKNTlAL VOTB, Among the questlons whtch have been the toplo of recent debate In the balls of conzrrss none are of greater gravlty than those relatlng to the ascertalnment of the vote for nrestdential electors. and the Intendment of the constitution In lta pro vlslon! for devolvlng executlve fnnctlnns upon the vlce president when the president suffers from lnability to dfochargethe wers and dutlea of hla oflice, I trust that no embararsment may rcsuit from a fallure to determlne thene questlons before nuuiuer naiiunai eiecuon C'0CLCBION. The closlng year Iias been replete with bless Ings, for which we owe to the (Jiver ot nll good our reverent acknowledgment for the uninter rupted harmony ot our forelgn relatlona, for the decay of scctlonal anlmodtlea, for the exuberance of our harvfsts and the trlnmphs of ourmlning ana roanuincturmg lnanstrieo. ior tne prevaience ot healtb. the snread ot Intelllaence and the con- servatlon ot the publlc credit, for thegrowth of the country In all elementa of natlonal greatness. Ycr these and countlesa other bleslngs we should rejoice and be glnd. I trust that under the lnpl ratlou of thts great prosperlty our counsels may be harmonlous, and tnat the dictates of prudence, ntrlothm, juctice and economy may lead to the adoption of measures in which the congress and the executlve may heartllv unlte. CHKSri'U A. AKTHUU. Washington, December 4, 1882, Vcrmont Stato cwn AHPISON COUNTY A Vergennes street one mlle long contalns thlrty-five wldows and fifteen widowera ...The rallroad men at Ferrisburgh, thinklng the wood nt that statton wai dlaappearing more rapldly thau lt should, loaded a few stlcks wlth gunpow der and awaltrd developments. Xot loug after the stove of the vltlage blacksmlth b!ew up. Slcce then the wod has melted away If s rapldly,... For a few dajs Middlebury waa dfstltute of ju tlcesot the peaco quallfied to act as such, the pnmmi'sions of the old one having expired Thursday night and those for thenewones not having arrlved The sheep trado of Addison countyhas come almoat to a stand stlll. U haa been unuaually grod throughout the suinmer and fall.... Addison county ia sufferlng from drouth and many farmera are obliged to drlve their cat tle seeral mlles to the lake for water. GrUt rollla have been obliged to atispend buslnesa on account of lack of water. . . .There ii some talk to the effect that two Middlebury capltaltsts aro condderlng the advlablllty of clubbing together and bulldlng an oper.i houe. . . .A comptny ot Middlebury men have assoctated themselves to gether for the purpose ot Ifghtlng tho town by electrtcl y, wlth water power as tho generatlrg force.. ..The onion crop In Cornwall waa large and of a good qutllty, but the prlcea pald are lower than for many yeara past, only 40 cents per biishel bing pald. They have often aold fur over 51 ln recent years. 11KNNINOTON COUNTV. Ihe Bennington knlttlng mllla have shut down for repalrsnnd Inventortea George E. Scott, a Heunlngton man, forged a check fnr 535 on M. K. Uurgess And presented lt at the bank. Ile for e payment could bo made, however, he became so frlghtened nt hla own temerlty, that he took to hla heela, and the lat that was seen of him he was runnlng At full speed down the road between Bennington and North Iloorlck, , . . A teneruent house situated Inthe south part ot Bennington village was burned Saturday forenoon. It was owned by Elljih Dewey nnd cccupled by Irsklne Cole. l'art of the furn'iture waa sated. The tire orlglnated from a defective chlmney. The losa la putat51200;Insurance, 5400... .Chnrles II Scott, a farmer of Bennington, has had his team stolen, probably by a stranger who acked Scott to take htin to a dance ln Shaftsbury, DLt whom Scott re fueed to take. CALEDONIA COCNTV. St. Johnsbury haa fifty subscrlbera to lta tele- Ehone excbange Dudley 1. lUllof Lyndon aa returned from Mlchlgan. Mr. Ilalt'a com panv manufactured 22,000,000 feet of board s and 1 18 000.000 of Khlncle on thelr Mlchliran landa last f ear and expect to saw out about 525,000,000 of umber the coming year. ...Mrs. D. S. Allenot at. jonnsiuiry nas a louster cactns wun over nlnetv bloasuma on it... Mrs. Delia Holton, In- jurcd ln a rallway nccldent near Hardwick some time slnce, hua recovered suHlciently to be taken toherbometn lsex Juncttou. . Welwter Whtte- hlll ot Groton, the alleeed child nohoner. who has been out on ball, has been giveu up br his Dondsmen ana ue is now in si. jounsuury jau. ORLEANS COUNTV, Dana Iladlock of Jay had hU leg broken whl!e worklng ln the wooda. Also Moses Wheeler was sertous'yif not fatally injured by a falllng tree. j . ...juim uvingston 01 coventry nHu jhh nectt broken on Thursday by being thrown frora a slelgh. HUTLAND COCNTV Rutland haa a new secret order called the Amer ican Leglon of Ilonor The new hotel at Fair- haven remalna unoccupled and unlet. The proprietors offer this property at a rtut of 51000 a year tor five years, and from now till April 1, 1883, free..., Frank Davla of Brandon, who was prostrated bv an epileptic fit at Glens Falla, N. Y.t Monday evenlng, waa taken to the poor house at Warrensburgh, Wednefday, by Over seerBaker... Klrfck (iuertln, while worklng on the recond story of a brtck bulldlng ln Rutland, fell to the ground and ttruck on a plleof rubblsh. llia conditlon Ia crltlc.il, WlhPIIAM COl'NTV. Vermont arademv. at Saxton's River. cleared 530C0 by lts recent fair. The money goea to ald poor ttudenta. Mr. and Mrs. Amasa Proctor of Cavendish cele- brated tbetr goldeu weddlng recently ...The Woodntock rallroad eamed last year tu.tjuti And handrd this sura over to the town treasurer of Woodstock, the town hav nz guarante&i luitment of intereat on the company's bonds. The re.e Ipts were larger than those of anv precedlng vear, and the grosa earulngs of 523 548 were 52,053 ebove thoBe of 1881. 'Ihe frelghtand passenger buslness Bhow a galn 01 about iu per cent. AT LAItOE, A boat from the Iilands brought to Burlington on the 29th ult., for sblpment to Boston, thlrty tons 01 picaies. tue conMgnment nnea two frelght cars. . . .Qulte a buslnesa ln brokeu down horaes is being done just now in Vermont. Old horses are boucht at Boston and lu other citles and shipped tn Veira nt farmers, the latter buy- ing itiem anu leeaing inem over winier on siraw aud coarse fodder, In sprlng they prove a per feet bonanta to the horse jockeys, who Becu1ate ln thera wtth avidlty, Several carloada uf these horses have been aold recently ln Addison county at from 55 to 510 aplece,,..The new schoouer, 'Johu 1 tloward," loaded wlth Btono and oata, ln golng frora Fiak a wharf, Burlington, to UiU's wharf, Isle La Motte, recently, waa wrecked on a reef about 100 feet frora llill'a landing. The ves sel was owned by FUk t Montgomery, and coat over S4O0O. Insured for 53000. Other Ilemsof luUrcst. The grand jury at Ogden. Utah, found nolu dictmeuts under the IMraunda law and were dis charged...Ihe suburbs of Dublln are to be placed uuder the curfew clause. .The KgyptUn trlals wlll probably be comproralaed. . . T he chief secretary for Irelaod has notlrled the Irlsh Incen dlary orators that if they persfat In tusklng in lUmmatory spfechfs they wlll be punlshed.. , The Charles Jiaucls Adams banco case is sooo to couie before the upieme court on a wrlt of error broueht by the atturuey for the bw Indler. . Gen eral lUnlel Tyler, aecond ln command at the tat tleof Bull Kun, haadled ut New York,,,,A tlre at Qncleo lately destroyed 5200,000 worth of troperty. Ihe lrovldeuceTool Company, whtch aa aupplied Turkey with arms, haa sued the porte fur Ihe batance due. , ..Durlog the trform ance of the Play " Sl Mocum," ln a Cfnclnnati theater, Frank rrayne, tn attemptlng to shoot au apple trutn Ihe head ot Mlsa Annle Von Behren, ahut her In the forehead. bhe expired in a few tutuuteti 1 . ,'Mie decrease ln the publlo debt tltir ing the month of Xovember waa $5,531,142.84 ... About two hundred iop!e were arreeted in Xew York cltv last Suudav for breaklng the Sun- day law. They comprlaed people ln almost every occupation ln llfe except rura-sellera. A number of Jewa were arrested, but diacbarged wlth a rsutlon. Thev clalmed that the law waa not ap4lcable to thone ot thelr creed, but were Informed that lt was, ..Stx hundred Quakers last Suuday at jenkiuatown, i'euu , celebrated the two huudredth aunlveisirv uf the firnt meet ing ot the soilety,, ..Clavton McMlchael, edltor aud publlaher of the Phlladttl; hla Vur(A Amerl can. haa been appointed marshalof the Dietrlct of Columbla ln placw uf Uenry, lemoed...... There Is a secret organlzation ln Xew Mexlco for the purpose uf deaulng out the Chlnese They rtcently attacked a atage coach but otlered nolndicnltlea excent to the Chlneao iaMnercers. ,,,Arabi Bey has pleaded guilty before a court maitlal to a rharge of rebellion, Afterwarda the court found him guilty. It U thought he wlll be exueu ine Arcuuiaiiop 01 interuury 11 aeaa. Vermont Toflclient' Assoclfttlon. I The thlrtv-thlrd annual meetlnir of the Ver mont tenchers' assoclatlon wlll beheld atMont-i pelter, Thursday, Frldsyand Saturday, December 28th, 20th and 30th, The followlng Is tho order of exercises. Thvrmlny etcn 017 seven o'clock, meeting of town snpetlntendents; addiess of welcomo, by Itev, II, F. 11111, superlntenilcnt, Montpelier; reponae by the tretldent, A. U. i-nvenworin 01 castleton; general aiacussion, cannot do," Uon, Justus llartt, state anperln- icnueni 01 eaucation; louowea uy nuiiennienaeni II. O. Wheeler, Burlington; Mr. W, W. Trescott, Montpelier; Superintendent J. J. U. Randall, Rutland; Superintendent J, M. Comstock. Chel sea; Superintendent V. V. Vanghn, Middlesex ; I'rlnclpal II. II Sanderson, Woodstotk. The whole evenlnir wlll be clven in thla sublect and It ls expected many othera will take part in thlsdls cnsslon. Frfday tnorntna nlne o'clock "The present system and future prospectsof the eom mon schools," 1, "The present system," Henrv l'rlest, prlnclpal Ooddard SemlDnry, Il.irre; 2. "The town system," Col, J. B. Mead, Randolph; 3. "Relation of hlgher education to common schools," Rev. J I). Beeman, prestdect Methodlst semlnary, Montpelier; 4 "Relation of induxtrial (ducation to the common Pchools," M. II. Buck hsm, president Vermont Unlversltv Burlington. Fritlay qlemoon ono o'clnck. "Reading In the publlo schoola." 1 "Reading In prlmary schools, witn a ciasa 01 pupns," Mlss K, r Sweet, Mont pelier. "Supplementary And thean reading," L, V, IUsketl. prlnclnal hlgh school, Windsor; 3. "Methods and rules in grammar school reading," HlustrAted wlth a class from Xorthfleld schools In chArgeot MlssS. C Chsse; 4. Thellbraryan ald to the reading class, Rev. I 0. Ware, Bur lington; 5. "'Ihe culttvatlon of Uste In readlnir." l'rof, F.xra Brainard, Middlebury college. Friday et'enfny Lecture "Recent educatlonal pto gress," l'rof. 0. Stanley llall, llarvard college. Saturday morning Ilalf past eight o'clock. Buslnesa meeting; 0 o'clock, "Sclence for the comraon schools, l'rof, 1. J Oibun, teachcr of natural sctences, state normal school, Salem, Masa., 10 o'clock, "How should teachers be ex amlned ?" J. lUyinoml Brackctt. prlnclnal Unlon school, Montiteller; 10:40 o'clock, "Should there boan lncrnase ln the number of atudies requlred bv law to be taoght?" F. (1. Wheatley, prlnclpal hlgh school, Spriogfleld; 11:15 o'clock, "femper- ance work in the schools." Frank rlnmlev. Xorthfleld. Throughout the whole meeting op portunlty for discuislon wlll be glven after each toplc. 'Ihere ls every propect that thts meeting wlll be one of unuaual Intereat, The time of meeting has been nlaced the last of the week be- causo teachers can then more easily leave thelr work. Several pnbllshcrs of educatlonal works have aereed to nnt on exhlbltion their books. There will be n meeting ot town superlntendenta at tho same ttmo and nlace. Bv a recent act of the leglslature teachers wlll bo entltled to thelr pay while attendlng. The meetlnga ot theaso- ciauons wui no neia in tne Aieinoaist cnurcn, The uaual coutteales will be extendcd by the rall road companles. Board can beobtalnedat the followlng ratea per daj: ravlllon 51.50; Amep ican and Hlshop hotela 51. speclal ratea wlll be furntshed for ladles tn private famllles for thoso who npply in advance to J. Raymond Brackett, Montpelier, Vermont. WATEnrtuiiv. That waa a bad example to the rlMng generatlon, tho rallle for turkeya And chtckens hetd ln a blacksmlth ehop on Maln street last week. When the fathers openly en gsge In a speclcs of ganibllng, what can be ex pected of the chlldren? Sections 4302 to 4304 of the Uevised Laws apply to this klud of "fun." proceedlngs should go on without tntenuption? Njme sort ot a charitable asoctatlon should be organifed to provide these people wlth Thanks glvlng luxurles to save them from trespasring nion the laws of the stato to obtaln them. . . .Ten years aco three young farmers lMward Wallace, Frank Gile and Suirner Blalfdell wero marrlcd on the same day. They have each been tAklne thelr turn at cefebrattng thelr "tln weddlng" Mr. Wallace's was reported tn thee ttema last week. Mr Gale celebrated hla tenth annlverwtry Mnuday evenlng, Xovember 27th, and Mr. B'ali dell, Frtday evenlng, December lt. A large And pleANint comjimiyof merrymakcra gathfred on each occaslon. There were mnstc And dancfng, many presents, and no end of gixid wlshea..... Charles M.dy fell tntho sldewalk. Ust week. ln front ot F.vans' drug store, and cut a severo gHsn in nia necic upon tne cunstone,. . Mrs. Parker, wtdow of the l.ito Kmftua Parker, dled last week ut the ageof slxty.flve.. . . Mrs, Cecil Grates, whose obituary nppears In amtther col umn, and Mr, Ubenezer Xewc mb, at the age of seventy-nve, are aiso among tnoie wno nave un ished ltfe's battle and who wlll be mied ln this communlty. . . . Geo. J. Colby, formerly a re-ddent of Waterbury, for many years jre.tident of the flrrn of Colby Broa. & Co., and more recently lhlng near Chfcngo, la tn delicate health and has removed to CalifurnU, where hehaa a lArge cirele of rclatlves, It ia hoped hla health wlll impmve ln that favored climate. Ile haa been a great sunerer irora pnysicai uiaDiuty ior many ye,irs. and this communlty wlll give him and his all good wlhes tn thtir new home. Ile Is well nnd kindly remembered heie fur hia enterprlse and energy, his warm heart, and nnatlcted generoslty. BitADFonn. Dr. Ira Clark, formerly ot thla town, died Instantlv at his resldence ln Lexlmr- ton, Mlchlgan, last week, The remalna were brought to this place for in ter ment; and the funeral waa from the resldence of hla brother-In-law, Mr. K P. Bllss, Filday morning,. .. er vlces are now at eleven o'clock, Sunday mornlnn in nur churches Intead of half- past ten.... .Thanksglvlng day was duly ob- serveu in our viuage uy reugioua servlcea, raatrl raonlal alllances and the consumptlon ot turkey, The avernge citlzen was roore deeply Interested in hia turkey than ln hU rellglon. ICach year the governor of the commonwcalth calla upon the peple to ansemble in the churches; and each year some chosen ministert.il vtctfm tn the sev eral towus rob his chtlly hsnds nnd tiies In a chtlly church to di-cour-e to a chllltng audlence of unwilling stragglera, while the people make merry ln thelr coiutoriaUo ln iut. nv, AUen Clark was the victim here. However two wed dings soothed the clergy and excited the ua ual cc'iitllctlng emotlon of joy and sadness ln homea Mlas Corlnne Leavett acd MNs Geor gte Dickey were the bluhing brtdrs; Mr. John Sargentand Mr. Xat. D. Page the happy brtdegrooma Walter O-iborne returned from Dartmouth and Charles Farnham from Burlington to jmrtake of mlnce ple and plum nuddlug beoeath the paternal roof . ...George Farr, cmtractor and builder, is still in Orford, New Ilampshlre, superlntendlng several jobs furS. S. Ilouzhton ot Bolton J. M. Warden has moved to his new resldence on well. how would It do to chance the name of the sii:httv avenue which haa eolong been honored by the claislcnnd euphonlousappellatlon ' Bick street," and aoftcn ttdownto "Postertor rtreet"? ...,F. Sherwtn of Wells River and G. B. Iloimes ate now with Wtuship & Co. Ulv. Amone all the manv storles In circuia tion in rezard to bintlneas here. it N difllcult to slft out the truth. Mr Cazln Is not the manager of affairs here now. Mr, D. F. Long haa clnrge ot the furnacea, and B. W Barrett of the mlne nnd ore dresslng. The men emp'oied were all pitd last week for one month. Some of thn Ger mans are leavtne. And amone them ia Mr. L'Kzer and famlly, whose departure wlll be regrttted by all who kaow them. . . .The baker's shop Ia closed, uut we nope tne Dusiness wui dq continueu, There was too much beer drank there, and Satur day evenlng the boys w ere rough, and the " gen tlemanly baker" forgot hfmself and fired upon thera after they were ontsfde, Five shots were flred by aomebody, but noone was hurt. One man found abullet In hla boot leg and aholo tn hlstrowsers. Then, ln retaltatlon, the boya broke the wlndows, and cleared out thtngs tn general, wnereupon ne snut up snop, w e want tne ureaa without the beer.... The store neda reOlllnc. for the Btock of goods Ia gettlng pretty low, bat it ia not cloaed, as reported. WAititEN. Mrs. Adeltne Sarcent. a former rea- Ident of town, dled at Rochester last week.. . ,The only child of Mr. and Mrs. Xathanlel Blalr dled laet Suuday morning The Sabbath-school is toceieurate unristmas wuiiAcoucea Anu tree, ....Uerbert Thayer and Frank Goodspced are ependlng ahort vacatlons at home Mrs. Wil- limn Klliot recent lv enend a few dava wlth her daugbter ln Gardiner, 5lMasachuaetta. Upon her return Bhe brougnt witii ner so ciever au lmita tlon of srood Vermont butter that even our eenlal producedealer, Dr. Slayton, dll not dream it was oleomargatlne. He dld thlnk, however, that sho liad lcat some 01 ner well earneu skui in making butter.. . .Willte l'oland waadangerously iujured Tutsday ot Iat week, while at work in the wooda for Xatnan Thayer, Ile was struck In tho head bya falllng llmb and reraitas ln a critlcal con ditlon. Moketown, Qulte a number attended the Thanksgiving senlco. Rev. S. 11 Currler aioke irora I'sJimia cni., , o..,...iue moretoHn teachers' assoclatlon, which adjourned tine dit lat snrluu. haa not been heard from slnce. Why ls thla so? S. D. M milton recently went to Brattleboro and brought home hU son Archle. who has been ln the fnaane ay lum.. The Jurabo oyster supter he!d ln the town hall ThankstEivIng evenlng for the benent 01 tne new uauio ic cnurcn. was a success, A good number attended and the net recelpts were about S'.K).. ., .Frank lUssett haa moved back to her o'd home, and Samuel Baird of Fays ton ls to occupy ner late resiaence. r. r. Bpaum Ing has moved Into the McKlroy house, Mr, Rus sell loto the Joslyn tenement, and T. T Soraer vllle into the old utrouage. MiPiLKSHX, Mrs. George F. Kenaston who came frora the west about two mouth slur'e, on account of the death of hermotber, Mrs. Ward, haa returned to her home lu Atttca, Indlana Gllbert T. Mllea. who was suiniuoned from hta home ln Lake Park, Mlnnesota, on accouut ot tne latai injury to nia motncr arnving uut a lew houra before her dfath, has ruurmd west...,. Kusene K Luce. a Middlesex Uv now Itvlne ln Wadena, Minnesota, waa in town cne day lait week. ile reports htmaelf aa being engsged ln a thrhlng busluesa la his western home, both In tne uauKing uusiness and as an auorney-at' law. Suctftn to hlra. 1IU vlslt here waa pleas- am 10 many, as ne pam numerous amait aeuia coniraciea previous 10 nia going west. Fayston II. & S. Balrd have dtssolved part' eranip. uugu remains iu ine vinpuumu uiiu, and Samuel goea to Moretown, where he will mAniifantnrA rlRttluuirrlit In Fdflaett a mlllt JohnJ. Keltyhad hla horsit'a leg broken while Bklddlng luga on the mountaln. . . . All the schoola ln town cummeueed lat Monday wlth thelol InwiniF tft.iihrm X.v l. Xellle I.a Polnte: No, 2, Ulllart Porter; Xo. 3, J. 11. Thomiwon; Xo. 4, btella 11111. Xo. 5, Clara Kitou; o. u, caaie 1, Balrd, Xo. 7, Mary L. Auatln. RiciisiONU About twenty couplos vlilted Dlxon'a TbauksgWiog dance, from thta town, and hii.l a vnrv oleaaant tlmo Mr llubbell Sralth of lloltou was buriedlatt Sunday. Ula son Fred waa builed the bunday previous from the same house and two daughtera are also serloualy 111. Another son, who realdes ln auother )rt of the town but haa been aaalatlng In care of the etck ones, ls also very 111. lypnuia lever is tue cause, rank l'erry loat a child last week frora acar- let lever. Noimi RANPOLrii. Sluglog.fchool, taught by C. II. Riitetow. haa atarted ttf ln good eirnest. wllh foity pcholar D. D. Moultoa lost a very u lce fuur-ytars-uld colt laat wetk, with splnal menluglila. T hla uiakea two he haa lost wlthln a few years, wlth the aatne dlseaBe, ...Hlodgett's mllluoverrun wlth graln, owlng to the scarclty 01 water. Chelsea ltcni Mrs. Sarah M. Fnlsnm. the alster of S. M Keves snd Mr. IindtAv Pjiliot of this town. dled at South Berwlck, Malne, last week Wednes day. ...The schools In town are now all ln sos- sion, witn ine roiiowmg teacncrs 1 io 1, airs. Kusebla M. Slmonda of Braintree, No 2, O. B C Xason of Woonsorket. R, I., and Jennle F Ful lert Xo. 3, Kllra F. Baker: Xo. 4. F Ileibeit Pearborn; Xo. 5, .Insle K I.ytlle; Xo, 0, Uiella Mattoon: Xo. 7, Mrs, Kmnm S Stoddard of Brwkflofd) Xo. 8, Milton A. Ilfcksof Weathers field: Xo. 0, Mlnnle A. Smlth of Brookfield, Xo. 10, Mlnnle O. Board of Washington, Xo. II, Marv K. Dutton: No. 12, AHhur J WUllams of Bradford; Xo. 13, Uura It. Fnller. Xo. 10, Ssra A. Medcslf, Xo. 17, Adella M Clement, Xo. 18, Wllllam A Ilood The followlng of onr teach ers are to teach out ot town Mabfl M Allen at South Royalton, Grace M Xoes at Corinth Cor ner; Msggle A. Little tn Williamstown. Wll llam Carpenter, Sadle K. I.yttle and Dlna h Bra man In Washington. t, .The hetrse Is undergolng repatraatthehands nf P W Rngers. ..A large number attended the promenade last Thursday evenlng.. A 8, Austln left on Tuesday for Ala bima, where he expcts to settle. His famlly wlll remaln hern untll ho haa deflnitely flxed on a lo catlon ...The lecture by Mrs. J. Kllen Foaterot Iowa last Frlday evtnlng was much enjoyed by the large andlence. She treated of the legal and constitutional aspectsof the llquor questlun, es peclally the latter. .. W. B. Mtrston. now of A1 tlon lt. f., has been spendlng a few daya In town, ....Catlll Cnrwln Is clerklng for V F Ilood, . . .Grace I. VI n cent has returned to her work at McLean aavlnra, Somervllle, Msss. Dr and Mrs. S. X. Gdsa spent Thankselvlog wtth rela tlveIn Mssachtisetta....Chaa, I Ilood and John O, Rogers of !well, Msss., wlth thelr famllles, spcnt Thanksglvlng wlth W, F Ilood Rev 11. A. Spencer. prtslding elder, was present at qunrterly meeting at the Methodlst church on Saturday And Sunday. . .Owing to the departure of A. S, Austln, Curtis 9, Kmery wlll continue hts law studles wlth Mr. S. B. Hebard, Mrs. Burnara Martln acd her daughter, Mrs, Watson, have gnne to Vergennes. Mrs, Martln wlll return here after the ho)ida s. . On account of tho recent death of his father, Bjron Berry re moves this week to Barnet. ...Two Washington men, while under the Influence of llquor, hada quarrel on the street here Saturday evenlng, aud one drew a revolver on the other. The scene waa renewed Monday morning, but there have been no lives lost aa yet, lUititwiCK. The sectlon wet ot thla place has recently recelved two cars of steel ralls, which wlth five cars used lat sprlng, wlll relay about one mlle, The lron of this sectlon has long been ln bad conditlon and several accldents have re sulted therefrom dailog the past year, The sec tlon men have dona thelr brst wtth extenslve patehlng b keep the road tn a reasonably safe l-uuuuiud. . . . iiiurucr reports tne saie 01 aiwut scventy-flve tkkcta at hts Thanksglvlng ball. The entertalnment waa dUtlDgnUhed fur good order and decrjrum throughout The llard wick noiei prnperiy waa ueeoed uy u 1; utusoi Wolcott to Ira Bitchelder of Ixlnatnn, Mas., on S.itunliy, December 21. Batchelder has had control of the property for the past year or more. ... .A meeting ls announced for Thursday even lng, the 7th, at the town hall, for the purpose of determtnlng na to a singlng school the present winier. rroiessor ucer is expettea 10 ue present. . . .Sprlngs And streams were never lower at thia aeaontnnd the drouth already ser!ouly Inter- feres wlth the operatlon1 or mllls and mathlnery In the Abence ot henvv and nrotracted ralns soou much Inconvenlence and perhaps sufferlng mu"t reult.... Mrs. G. W. Houstmi and daugh ter arrlved here from Iowa on Snturdny, We hear they are ncit tntendlngto return west, thelr two yeara exptrlence there not being altogethe'r nnalloyed happiness aa antlcipated. Kast MoNTrEi.iKir. On the uleaaant. rroan- Ilght evenlng of Xovember 23, Thursday of last wtck about 120 netghbors and frlendaof Mr. and mrs. Auatln a. roster asembled ln thelr new, beautlful and conventent dwelltng-houe, tn Kast Montpelier, to tcnder thelr co ngrat ula tlon s to the famlly. Mr. Foiter and his wife have been very busy all the pist summer, n t only In cnrrying on thelr farm, but in the addithmal entcrprle ot bulldirgand furnlhlog tor themselves and thelr chlldren a neat and C'lmmxlloua tw -tory house. May It be to them a good home ot pence and love, and long may they Jiveto enjov lt. Thehoapltl Ity and good cheer of the occaslon were abundant and gncef ul. The choir sang ery s ppmpriately Rev Mr, Ilallou presented the corgratuiations ana good wtshes of all hiarts to the happy couple. Mr. Foster, ln behalf of htmaelf and wife returned heartfe.t thnnka to thelr numerou- gue-t for the honor they had done them and the preents they had glven. Itgve great pleaaure tiall present, but especidlly to hla retativeH, to have with them on the happy occaslon the enerab!e Stephen Fos terand wife of S anstead, P Q He ls uncle to Au.tln S , and by hla love and generoslty, nepo-tl-m, haa greatly encouraged nnd aNtel these frienda In the crection and completlon of thelr very deslrable d miclle. Cahot ThaDkgiIug aervlce were held tn the Congreg.1tlon.1l church. The sermon was by Rev. J. T. Baxenbale T. A. Tonn haa just dimpleted hla new bun Mra J KKen Foter of Cilnton, lowi, gave a temnerance lecture ln the Methodlst Kplcopal churrli last Wednesday ivening, It wah one of the best lecturrs of the klud ever dellvcred tn Cab-jt.. . .Mr. W H. Pow ersloata horse Ust wek.... X K. Abbott has jut returned frotnhU fifthannutl trtpto Lowell, Mas"itthuett, to market the products of his dairy. Thla year he supplicd all ot hla old cutom era be-Idea addlng fev-ral new oneatohta list, which ahoAS plalnly that hts goods glvo sattsfac tlon. The average of hia sales this year waa thirty-six cents j er pound Albert Bidger of Eat Cabot ls dolng quile a buslnesa In buyicg hay aud drawing it to St. Johnaburyani selliog lt He finda no didlcu'.ty in marketlng all he can furni-h. Rpresentatie Palge returned to hla home on Wednesday hst after the adiournment so aa to eat tutkey with his famity Thanksglvlng day. He Is looktng hale and hearty as though weii-ive not seen anv account of hU dhllvrrinu any long-wlnded speechcs, we thlnk his acta and voteshave glven general satisf.ictlon to hla con stituency. West Randoli'U. Thanksdvlnir unlon ser vlcea were held at the Congregtional church ocrraon bv liev. .M inrdv, suMect, " ihe Church, tta Present and Future Posstbliitles,". A series 01 flniiiug schoola wlll becln sooo. con ducted by Charles Bigelow of Brookfield, A good degree of interest Is shown and all give read lly ... .A fair and oyster supper wlll be held at the Congregatlonal church Thursday, December 14th, the object being to raise f unds to ald ln com- pletlcg the parsonage D. C. Wtodward haa moved hisBhoptothe north partot Smith'sblock, into rooms formerly occupled by Miss Ijimb, John Lyn h wlll occupy the rooms vacated by Woodward as a imrnesa snop..., itruce ana Adama of Dirtmouth college were ln town Mon day ...Judaon Mtta returned to Iloston Tuesday evenlng ...W II, DuBola has reopened hta house. The treasurer's utllce will now be located here. Dr. Greene coea to U arren thts week. .Mrs. Cband- ler U movlng into rooms formerly occupled by Or lin Dewey ln gmlth'a blotk.... Walter Smlth haa obtalnel a flne sltuatfon in Jacksonville, Florlds. several 01 the former students ol tne craaea school aro engngfd ln teachlng this wlnter,... The Xew York comio opera company played to a small audlence on Saturday nlght. WaitsfiflU1. Geonre W. Haher died lnst Frl day morning. A few weeka ogo dlphtherla made lta appearance Inthe fanjily, and in n few days the oungest child, a little glrl of four sumraers, Ylelded to the fatat dlsease. Mr, FJsher had dlphtherla, but rallied and got over tt, only to be attacked by pleurlsy and pneutuonla, which re sulted fatally. Mr. tlsher wnsa manofenter-pil-o and good business capacity, whoe absence wui ue aeeniy leit uy tno teoi:e 01 tnia commu nlty. He has beld many important ofllces ln the town, lncludiug thoe of selectraan, lister and school director, Mrs. H-her has thesvmpatby of all In thU, herdeep alll ctlon. .C D. BLllloga of 'Fayston has bcenteacMig his horse to stand without betng hltched and had just given lt the last leston when lt ttarted oiT and left Mr 11 1 In ira watchlns lt run luto Uharlle Ainawortn s te,un and smash hU wagon. Mr. Atnaworth had n narrow escpe from a serious Accldent. Unlon servlcea were held at the Cougregatlonal church on Thanksglvlng day. Randolph.!!. 11 Kastman, law student witb X L. Bovden, went to hta home tn Underhill, to spend Thanksglvlng, Wednesday., ,J, W Fargo went to Iloston, Thursdiy.. .. .There waa a unlon service, Thanksglvlng Dty, at the Congregatlonal church. Rev. W S Dlalidell preached an exceb lent serruon Profesacr George V BeArd of Callfornla, 1'ennsylvanl.i, waa in town last week . Prlncipat S. X, Putnam returned to Unosburgb Fatls, Vermont, on Frlday A large number went to Montpelier from thla place Iat week, to witness the last nlght of the leglslature, and to at tend the temperauee lecture given by Mrs. F.llen J. Foster. Among thn number were Piinclpal A. W. IVison, Prolessor W F Rochelenu, 1 K Grow, superintendent ot schools, J W. Fargo and Mr and Mrs. Luke Parlsh Miss C U. Weyraouth haa gone to Stockbridge Cowmon, to teach the wlnter term of school. M'sa Weyraouth taught the fall term wlth excelleut success. MAit-iiiFiHLi). Our town superintendent, Miss Carrie Packer, waa out on Thanksgivfog day, the llrat time for sli wetks, havtng been conflned to to the hoase wlth eiyslpelas and rheurasttam, . The promenade concett by the band ls at Mead er's hall on Frlday evenlrg, December 8th, at wblch time the Danville cotmt batd U expected ln unlforra. Both bauds wlll play together, after which each land wll! play separately Admla aloutj hall twenty-tlve centa er couple; slrgle admlsblon, fllteen cents Moat ot our schoola began ou Monday. The prlmary department In ln this village is ;ostpmed oue week ou account ofalckneiis of the teacher, Mlas Clara Wooater The higherdepartmsnt ls taught by Fred Lalrd, MlnuieK D.ivlatearhea on lepct hlll and Cora Carpenter In Johu II. 1'ike distrlct Mr Farna- worth wlll dlscourse about "Jacob'a Stns" next Sunday evenlng. Jr. Editor ; As the subject of brbed wlre feuce haa beeu pretty well advertUed through the proceedlngs of the leglslature, and many of the who meu having s;oktn thelr minda, I wlll tell wbat I learned ot an Iowa farmer That lt would do to aet the pnats, say 25 feet apart by puttlng stays of scantllng, twu tn each apace, set upon a ttone and fasttued to the wtre by a staple. From another source I learn that to make the f tnce vUibte tt la a good w ay to haug by w Ires aatrlpof whltewashtd board underueatli theti p wlre. The followlng is frm the Xew York 'Inbunevt a latu datu; "The batb-wtr monopo ly ha beeu tlghtlug the Farmers' Free Factory at Des Molues, Iowa, by compllcattd legal procea ses, and lost lta case. Aa one constquence the managers ot the latter concern now sell, The Ilomettcail says, 'good palnted cable wlre for 72 centa ir pouud, aud extra galvantred foi ei cenU lu any quamlty. large or small, de Ivered at any rallroad sUllou' wlthln the ltmtta of the atate." J. Y lt. Kknt, ." Kvil disjHwitlons are early ihown." Evll tendemlea ln our syateraa are to be watched and guarded agalnst, If you find yuurself gettlng btlioua, head heavy, mouth foul, eyis jellow, ktdnejHdisorderrd, svrapums ot plles tor men t Ing you, take at ouce a few doaea of KidoeyWort. Itls nature'a great assluut. Uso it aa au an ad vance giiard dott't walt to get dow n blck, Read advertlflemcnt. Yotm health depends on the purlty of your blood. People who reullze this are taklng Houd's Sareaparllla wlth the beat resuUs.