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T H E V E It MjI) 1ST TV F It E E iM TA N .
T f 1 G. THE VERM UNT FREEMAN. MONTPELIER, DECEMBER 10, U42. THE LII1KIITV TICK KT, NOMINATED BY THE NATIONAL CONVENTION, NEW YORK, MAY 12,1841. Fo r President, JAMES G. BIRJVEY. or MlCHIOAA. For Vict P r e$ ident , T H O MAS 31 O II R I S . or Ohio. 'The rijhteous shall grow like a Cedar in Lebanon." THE CEDAR OF LEBANON. The Cedar is the emblem of Constancy, of Protection, of Renown, ot Immortality. JAMESl B1RNEY, When th Hickory of Tfcwnessee, the Elm of New York, the Buckeye of Ohio, and the Persimmon of Virginia shall have perished in oblivion, cur serviceable, fragrant, and ever enduring Ck.imk shall stretch its sheltering arms over the na tion, and tower aloft, as a memorial of virtuous deeds, and a witness to the latest ices that God loves the good, and them that honor him he will honor. NEW HAMPSHIRE. For Governor, DANIEL HO IT, or SANDWICH. INDIANA. For Governor, ELIZUR DEMING, OF TIPPECANOE COU.NTV. For Lieut. Gar er nor, STEPHEN S. II A K DING, OF K.'I.E COUNTY. WANTED, SIX YOUNG MEN ta travel through the State and procure subscriber ta the Vermont Fkfemak. Good terms will be offered. Now is an excellent time for the biuinosj. Lt any who want to labor f r the lave, call on the publishers, at Safford's Temperance Hotel, in this town. St. Clair & Bkiggs. Montpelier, Dec. 8, 1842. THE SIGNS QF THE TIMES. It is interesting and profitible to occasional? eon temphte th put, and look forward to the future,iofef whether our cause is moving forward.or is going back ward. No time can be more auspicious for this than the present, since it must be evident to every reflecting m'nJ tint we are approaching some mighty crisis. A geit revolution is about to be witnessed. The Whigs at the 1 ist presidential election, by intreague, lair prom ises, hard cider, log cabins, and various other means, "Yucceeded in coining into power. Since that time their s'.-rength Ins been fist diminishing, and the last returns from the several States have confirmed the fact, that ' the days of the Wh gs are n timbered and finished, and their work is nearly d.me. The Whigs fnel this most in a sad di- j any at the Narth who will never be hoodwinked sufficiently to go for him, an i thsre is n j ot her man the Scuth will be willing t) support ; si that in either case there is no : pnspect of the surges "f th party. On t'le other hand, whit are the pr"spects of the; D.'in icntic partv ? Tkj hive m-ver pretended, as a j party, to be ab ilition'm'-s, ani they are so well trained i thxt they will be willing t supp irt a slaveholder, or a 'northern mm with sou'.h;rn principles," or almost any one else, except John C. Calhoun ; this would be aiking too much of some of them. The inevitable re sult will bo tint they will co ns into power at the next presidential election, unless the Liberty party is strong a tuh to defeat the election. We rejoice not in the cjntemplated change ; for we have tried the Democratic party until we are satisfied that they will do nothing to purify the f luntain from whence our evils flow. We hive nothing to expect from either party, for both are alike plfdjed to support slavery ; for neither can suc ceed with-jut the hlp of the S inth, an J this cannot be obtained miles.) the N rth bowj to the South, as it al ways has dime. So that whether one party or the other comes into power, our country cannot be in a much better condi tion than it n iw U, long a slavery is nourished and supported ; anl si rely it pi'Uical. and financial, pros pects could not be in a much worse condition. O ir only h pe, th n, is in th" success of the Liberty Partv. O.ae of the two leading parties, we have seen, Cin have no hope of success. The other, though it miy exult in its present prospects, yet it is only lor a season it is like the evenings of the dying moon. If th'se tiling are so, the Liberty party musi, it will pre vail. The signs of the times clearly indicate this; the la e returns from the d fferent States prove it to a dem o titration. The advancement of abolition principles in t i'h State, affords additional proof. Look at the reso lutions which were passed at the last session ol the Le gWlature without a dissenting voice. 1. That, a the representatives of the people of the State of Vermont, we do protest against the admission into the Union of any State whose constitution toler ate domestic slavery, or the annexation of Texas, or any other Territory in which slavery exists. 2. That we believe tht Congress have the power, by the.Constitntion oLtWUnitod. Stuffs, t abolish slavery nd the slave-trade in the District of Columbia and in ' the Territories of the United States ; and that, if Con press refuse to abolish slavery in the District of Co lumbia, that the seat of the general government oupht to be re noved from tint District, to a place where slavery and the slave-trade do not exist 3. Thit we believe Congress has constitutional power to prohibit the slave-trade between the several Stages in this Union, and to make such laws as shall effectually prevent this trade, and ought to exercise this power. 4. Thdt the Constitution of the United States ought to be amended, ru as to prevent the existence and maintenance rT slavery in the United States in any form or ma" - ?. 5. That our senators in Congress be instructed, and our representatives be requested, to present the forego ing resolutions to their respectivhouses in Congress, snd to use their influence to carry out the principle thereof. (L That the governor of this State be requested to transmit a copy of the foregoing resolutions to each of our senators and representatives in Congress. Is all this a rhetorical flourish, for mere party pur poses? If not, the Liberty party has already accom plished wonders. It has waked up such an interest ft.-r liberty, and the rights of the slave, that the freemen of this State must be In it hypocrites or they can support only Liberty party candidates, or those deadly hostile to slavery in all its forms. Let every true hearted friend of liberty and the slave take conraee. for the signs of the times were never more ominous of rood tun at F-esent. Every thing is cheering, and all that Is necessary to secure success is for every Liberty par ty man to be a his post, and labor incessantly to carry Ait l)i. ntirm nrinriiila n f 1 1 K r, .. 1 . ' , . . .. .... i y 1 ..riij,, juaiice anu numan- ity. Every movement which has been made by either oi a two jsatuuj panies, ir some time past, has bad "w sensibly, and they are aware that they ani w. 1 A m 1,1 If I Tun pu PM , t nnt .'..n'...l Jt- - ' 1 - m Ui mmmamtlyL( (M wft'i th ai there are jm a direct tendency to help the Liberty party. The cause is fast progressing, and by the blessing of heaven will ultimately prevail, whatever may oppose. THE STATES. From the Emancipator and Free American. MASSACHUSETTS. The two old pro-slavery parties are in a peck of per plexities yet about their governor. The Atlas claims whig majority of four, and the Post a democratic ma jority of two, in the House, but each party reckon to themselves a number of known Liberty men, who were nominated and elected as such. We have accounts, which we suppose to be correct, of at least ten such, besides many compromise men, who were nominated and elected because they were supposed to be worthy of the votes of Lilierty men The democratic majority in the Senate, as it now stands, is fieet and unless the whigs can obtain a majority large enough to counter balance this, the vacancies in the Senate will be filled by democrats. It is plain that our Liberty friends will hold the balance in the House, and therefore will con trol the choice of Governor. If they will exercise their power firmly and wisely, they have it in their power to do a great service to the cause of human freedom. Their responsibility is peculiar, and we trust will be nobly met. We copy the following to show how the papers speculate There is some talk, we hear, that the whips, in the event of having too small a majority in the House to nil the vacancies in the senate, will send down to the Senate, Davis and Sfwa.II, as the two candidates. This, under the Constitution, they have a perfeo! right to do, but we doubt both the justice and esped ency of exercising tins rignt, and Believe it will not be resorted to. Jyewburyport Herald. 1 That is a matter which we presume Irs entirely be tween the Representative and hi conscience. When the balloting takes place, he is bound by honor and by honesty to vote for the two candidates for Governor, whom he thinks are, by their characters, qualifications, nnd opinions most worthy of the offic. If he thinks Davis and Skwai.l are hose men, ol course he will vote for them and if these names si o i d be sent to the Senate, the responsibility will lie with the majori ty ot that body to say whether Mr Divis or Mr. Sew all shall be Governor of the Commonwealth for the ensuing jear. But this is anticipating a state of things wincn may never take place. Mtrcuntiie Journal. The extra election for town Representatives, was successful in 43 towns, electing 38 whigs and 27 dem ocrats, and was unsuccessful in 22 towns, through the obstinacy of the pro-slavery men, who persisted in 44 throwing away their votes on men who could not be elected," nther than give them for men equally wor thy, but who were blemished by the love of liberty The vole in Abington was a curious illustration of this mulish obstinacy. On the last trial, the votes stood Liberty, 229 Dem., 216 Whig, 17 Scat., 7 Necessary to a choice, 234 Had the 44 Scat." men been willing to vote for the true-hearted and literal mind abolitionist who stood a the Liberty candidate, he would have been elected. Yet these Scats profess to be ready to vote for the best men, without respect of parties. In Springfield, there was no choice, although the whigs increased nearly 60 votes and the democrats about 45, while we are sorry to say the L berty vote fell from OS to 83. The Spr ngfield Republican, and the wh:g papers generally, that were mighty coaxing to the L'berty men before flection, are now playing the second part of the old game of 44 Poor Puppy." The Republican gives us a regular jawing, and tells us that 44 The abolitionists must be satisfied by a little reflec tion that the course they are now pursuing must defeat i lie very object they have in view, viz., the conversion of the wh;le people of the North to the r sentiments a no views. I he measures wnicn tnev now pursue arc calculated to exasperate and prejudice the people against tlipm and their cause. This has been the ef fect of running a thiid ticket. The abolition cause has rot half the p-wr over the iudginen!j Witiurw of political action of the present form." We assure this editor that the abolitionists are " well satisfied on reflection," and will continue to do as they have done only better. The Republican should bear in mind that there is yet a Con jresaional election to take place in No. 6. Be careful. In L well, our friends stood their ground nobly, and maintained their full vote, notwithstanding the effrts of the great men, and the corporation influence, before which the democratic ticket suffered a loss of 20 votes, by which, and a considerable increase of their own own vote, the whigs carried their ticket. At Easton, Foxborough, and Boxborough, we are told, the democrats helped us elect our candiate. The whigs, it is said, did the same at Millbury, Hubbards ton, and Webster. There are three or four other pla ces from which our information is less definite. The Lowell Journal, after having been compelled to retract one of his falsehoods about the Liberty Party, triumphs in the success of its efforts to fill the minds of the people with prejudice by slandering the integ rity of Liberty men. We put the following jeu d'es fit on record for future use. Hard Times. There were three vote distributers of the Liberty ticket in ward 5, and the ticket received in the same ward four ctes. ELECTION PROCEEDINGS IN MASSACHU SETTS. As the result of the election by the people has left us without a Governor or Lieut. Governor, and with one third of the seats vacant at the Senate Board, it will doubt'ess be interesting to see the mode of proceed ing that is laid down by the Constitution in organizing the government for the ensuing year. The first thing will be for the two Houses to organ ize, Dy me cnoice oi ineir own omcers. Alter this is done, the vacancies, 14 in number, in the Senate, will be filled by the two houses meeting together, in joint ballot, according to the following clause in th Con stitution : Senators." The members of the House of Repre sentatives and such Senators as shall be declared elect ed, shall take the names of such persons as shall be found to have the highest number of Votes i each District, and not elected, amounting to t(wice the num ber of Senators wanted, if there be so many voted for, nnd out of these, shall elect by ballot a number of Senators mfficient to All up the vacancies in such dis trict ; and in this manner all such vacancies shall be. fil'ed up in every district of the Commonwealth ; and in like manner all vacancies in the Senate, arising by death, removal out of the State, or otherwise, 6hall be supplied as soon as may be after such vacancies shall happen." It will thus be seen, that unless the whigs have a majority of more than six in the House, t j overthrow the present democratic majority in the Senate, the lat ter body will be filled up with democrats, while if the Liberty Representatives should hold the balance in joinl ballot, they will be able to secure the election of such Senators as will vote for Sewall for Governor After the Senate is filled, then comes the election of Governor, as follows; ijorernor." If no person shall hove a majority of votes, the House of Representatives shall, by ballot, elect two out of four who had the highest number of votes, if so many shall have been voted for ; but if otherwise out of the number voted for, and make re ttirn to the Senate of the two persons so elected ; on which the Senate shall proceed, by ballot, to elect one, who shall be declared Governor." This provision of the Constitution, authorizing the House to take which they please out ' thebur high est candidates, is itself a full answer v those who ob ject, against the election of Sewall because he has so small a number of votes. That is the very principle of the Constitution. It could never be reasonably ex pected that there would be fouk candidates, all receiv ing about an equal vote, although it is possible there might be three. The people of Massachusetts, there re, when they estall.shed the C MaiMmntrnfd that the House should have it in their power ui obtain the election of the fourth candidate, in caw the state of parties, or any other contingency, should make it fi r the interest of the Commonwealth to do no. All we ask now, is, that they should elect the third, and for good reasons because the majority of the people re so opposed to the others that they had rather have Sewall. A whig House will rather return him to the Senate than Morton, and a democratic Senate had rather elect biin than Davit. All that is plain enough. From the Boston Atlas. OFFICIAL STATEMENT Or VOTES GIVEN Of THE 14tH ULTIMO. FOR MEMBERS OF THE 28TH CO.NGRIS3, AS COLdTED BY THE GOVfcR !OR AND COUKCIL. Published by detection of the Secretary of the Common wealth. District No. 1. Whole number of votes, 10,772 Necessary for a choice, 5,387 Robert C. Winthrop has 5.782 And he is chosen. William Washburn has 4,473 ; Dexter S. Krrnr. 388 ; nooert j. Bit aw, yi ; William Sturgis, lit; others. iy District No. 2. Whole number of votes, 11,561 Necessary for a choice, 5,781 No one has that number. Robert Rantoul, Jr. has 5,403: Lverett Saltonstall has 4,928; W.lliam B. Dodge has 839 ; David Pinsrree. or- II .1 " ooo , an oiners, ,jo. District No. 3. Whole number of votes, 10,213 Necessary for a choice, 5,107 No one has that number. Joseph W. Mansur has 4,(22 ; John P. Robinson, 4.U34; John G. Whittier, 648; Caleb Cushing, 208; oiners, iui. District No. 4. Whole number of votes, 13,043 Necessary for a choice, 6,522 No one has that number. Samuel Hoar has 5,6 )7 ; William ParroentJOpuSll Thomas VV. Ward, 776 all others, 5'.). District No. 5. Whole number of votes, 13.676 Necessary for a ehoice, 9,83'J No one has thnt number. Charles Hudson lias 6,5: (5 ; Pliny Merrick, 6,269; Phim has Crandall, 769 ; all others, 52. District No. 6. Whole number of votes, 12,33 Necessary for a choice, 6,467 No one has that number. Osmyn Baker has 6.624 ; Chester W. Chapin, 5,c9 ; Gardiner Doiranoe, GsO ; all others, 31 District No. 7. Whole number of votes, 11,597 Necessary for a choice, 5,799 No one has that number. Henrv W. Bishop has 5,373; Julius Rockwell, 5,213 ; J h1 Hayden, 534 ; Elisha Hubbard, 137 ; Hen rv Shaw, 299; all others, 41. The return from Mount Washington, in this-ftrict not being sealed, was rejected. It would not have va ried the result. Disthict No. 8. Whole number of votes, 11,577 Necessary for a choice, 5,789 John Quincy Adams has 5,998 And he is chosen. Ezra Wilkinson has 5,413; William Jackson, 147 others, 16. District No. 9. Whole number of votes, 11,954 Necessary for a choice, 5,!!78 Henry Williams has 6,575 And is chosen. Seth Sprague, Jr. has 4,510; Hodges Reed, 800 Seth Sprague, 51 ; others, 18. District No. 10. Whole number of votes, 0,179 Neces-ary for a choice, 4,590 Barker Burnell has 4,776 And is chosen. John H. Shaw has 4,C65; Caleb Belcher, 322; others lb. For members of the 27th Congress, to fill vacancies viz UisTRiiT io. l. Whole number of votes, 10,740 Necessary for a choice, 5,371 Robert C. Winthrop has 5,7s 1 And he is chosen. William Washburn has 4,468 ; Dexter S. King, 358 Kobert G. Shaw,J4; all others, 39. District (Old) No. 9. Whole No. of votes, 9,198 Necessary for a choice, 4,600 No one has that number. William Jackson has 4,579; Ezra Wilkinson, 4,453 i heodore Lyman, ; all others, 98 The return from Foxboroutrh not being signed by the lown Clerk was rejected. It would n t have vane the result. The Council has adjourned to Thursday, the 15th inst. when the votes for Senators will be e.ounted ; the returns of which are not, as yet complete. The Gov ernor has assigned Monday, the 19th inst. for mxW -tW-tf-.V-w'.Ch LftBlTTcTruTfiTTifre vacancy. Nb : 1 t I i- .1 i-v- , I RHODE ISLAND. The new constitution prepared by the landholders' convention, has been adopted by a vote of 7,024 to 51. The suffrage party declined to vote, professing to regard the suffrage constitution as stil! in force, notwithstand ing the Legislature elected neglected to effect an or gan zatiou of the government under it. The present constitution had a special clause referring the question whether colored citizens shall vote to a separate vote. The vote stood, ayes 3,715, noes 1,561. Carried ! So, here is another constitution in which all men are ac knowledged as equal. It is said there is a great inequality in the apportion ment of political power, especially in the Senate, where 51,641 inhabitants have 25 Senators, and 47,196 have only 6. This inequality will, we hope, be regulated as soon as the forms can be gone through with. NEW YORK. The official statmcnt of votes for Governor has been published. B mck'a majority over Bradish is 21,982. Poor Mr. Bradish missed his figure irretrievably, when he an abohtionistave in his adhesion to Henry Clay. His own personal worth and popularity would have served him as a much better capital. The L'berty vote for Governor is 7,262, a trifle small er than was first stated. Last year it was 5,882 gain, 1,380 nearly 25 per cent. It is probable the Congress vote in some districts will prove larger than the vote for Governor. New York has done well, considering all the circumstances, but not well enough. Try again, Diedrick. We have bpen so much occupied with the affairs of our own Stale that we have hardly done justice to the efforts and success of our noble associates in New York. Although we have a large number of subscribers there, still we are conscious that the new location of the Emancipator must render us less effective in the State movements, but what we fail of doing will be faith-- fully done up by the three excellent Liberty papers there. The Tocsin of Liberty feels the influence of brothen Torrey's quick eye and expenenef d band. We 5Vfe 215, Cuyahoga, 185, Lorain, 353, Medina, 157, him much success in his new engagement. HejUi rendered a most important service to the anti-s av Ty cause by his defeat of the slaveholder's convention at Annapolis, and by his indefatigable Washington cor respondence with so many papers all over the country. We should be glad to have him continue in that line of labor, but suppose it cannot well be done. The expe rience and information he has gained there will add greatly to the value of his labors in the editorial chair. Our old friend, Lmnsus P. Noble, and Mr. Torrey propose to establish a daily paper at Albany. We wish they may be well sustained in the enterprise. The Liberty Party ought to have one daily paper in in each of our large cities, but we fear the way hardly prepared for it in most of them The Liberty Press takes the place of both the Friend of Man, and the Abolitionist. Published at Utica, by Wesley Bailey. J. C. Jackson, editor. We like the arrangement, and are pleased with the spirit and in dustry of the editor, who proposes now to devote his whole time to this work. Mr. George Lawson is ap pointed an agent for the Press. The committee, fur- ther announce that "Mr. Lawson is further requested to invite nor veterans in arms, the tried abolitionists, to assemble in their towns and see how many committees of two can be raised in your ranks. Then cut your town into as many divisions as there are committees of two : remem ber these committees of two are held responsible to visit every famtlv in the division over which said com mittee of two is planed, giving and urging reasons why the families in their divisions should become abolition ists. And further it is expected that these committees of two will join in a simultaneous effort of two days on the two last days of January next, believing those two days will be employed through this State, by abolition men and women in visiting and talking with their neigh bors, in their divisions, through the State, or wherever abolitionists are to be found. 'y We further hope, that: the abolition ladies in your town,-will form an association and enlist in this same visiting service. J;.' ... We hope every town, without fail, will nominate a Liberty ticket for town officers, at the com ng election. We hope our friends will hold their meetings, in new portions, or places of their town. We believe we should take great pains to convert the school masters and mistresses, in our towns to our 'use. because through them and their scholars, we can noti fy our abolition meetings; and often hold by their con sent our meeting in their school rooms. Let every di vision of two in a town have a perfect list of each of our friend, and also of all inquirers and doubtful ones. Our friends in New York State have prepared the following form of petition to Congress against the act of 1793. To the Congress of the United States in the Senate and House, of Rejiresen'otirrs assembled : Your petitioners, a portion of the citizens of the County of in the State of New York, beg leave to represent That we regard the act of Congress of 1793, by which the slaveholders ol" the Southern States como armed into our peaceful ano quiet towns, alarming our people by pursuing defenceless and guiltless men, women and children, as a great crime against, human nature ; and by which the writ of Habeas Corpus is dumb, and a Jury trial speechless, and Justice herself powerless in her own temple. By this law we are compelled to look passively upon an act which, were it committed on the high seas, would doom (Ae doer to a pirate's fate. We, therefore, most respectfully pray, that the act of 1793 may be repealed at this session of Congress; and that the fields, and hearth-stones of the Empire State may no longer be stained with the blood of the innocent slave, or marked by the foot-prints of the ferocious slaveholder. We incline to think there is a slight error in the cap tion. The legal style i.t, the " Senate and House of Representatives in Congress assembled." But perhaps it will maie no difference. The Liberty Press proposes a Grand Mass Conven tion, at Rome,' Heikimer or Little Falls, about the first of February, to complete the organization, and nominate Governor and Lieut. Governor for 1844. The Tocsin favors the Convention, but thinks it premature to make the nominations so long beforehand. The Press gives several reasons in favor of an early nomi nation, one of the most urgent of which is thus ex pressed : " We may reasonably infer that, as soon as the party defeated at the late election, shall perceive' that we hold the "balance of power," it will propose an alliance. The proposal will be made, doubtless, under somewhat of a different form from the old ant'r-masonic alliance. It will shtw itself, we apprehend, in an attempt to go in, as a party, at our smaller elections town meetings, county elections, &c. ; keeping up its old organization all the while and trying to merge in it, while it -trri.fi bly merges itself in the Liberty party. Now, whatever may be the ithirs of the scattf.mng pjrtv Abolitionist, about holding the balance of power, and all such nonsense, we go against any coalition with either of these par ies, as such, in the slightest degree. Nominate no man for any office who has not cut him self entirely and forever loose from them, and has proved himself a good and true soldier. The better the men the more dangerous are they to freedom, while in such associations. We have never reposed trust in one of them who has not betrtyed us, from J. Q. Adams down to some " Whig-Abolition" Justice of the Peace. For the slave's sake let them alone. When such men of iheir own free will are ready to crucily their reputa tion, their standing and their popularity, for the eanse of Liberty, thev will find us out. Ti 1 that time let us trust in the living G d and his great imperishable truths, and not go to ,gypt tor chariots nnd horsemen An early nomination of our Gulvernatorial and Vice Gulernatorial candidates will save us much trouble in this matter, and serve strongly to keep any portions of the party irom entangling alliances, should our oppo nents propose any. This is sound argument, and should be conclusive in favor of an early nomination, but whether so early as next February, we are not so positive. If a nomination can be made now to general satisfaction, the sooner the belter. If not, don't be in a hurry. A HINT FOR NEW YORK Dear Sir, I wish you would recommend to the people of this State to send petitions to the Ler:sa- l.ature, asking them to pass a law prohibiting the use of the jail, and other prisons of this Slate to he used for the sate eeutnir ot Dersons taken no as runaway l:ivn. Vnnn i-oeneotfolK- L V ,,, , , ., . ,j ,4 4. fSr . . . . nnr MiiminrTiror.epniiiiT! win ne 11.111 in 1 ikin. -1 all the free States. If there is any technical diffi culty in the way of precisely such a provision, let all use of the jails by the U. S. be withdrawn, until so much of the Act of 1793 is repealed, as authorizes the employment of State officers and magistrates, or the useof State jails in recovering fugitive slaves. OHIO. A friend at Bellefontaine, writes: " Urge our friends forward. We are in great hopes for the future in Ohio. The defeat of the whigs is clerly an abolition triumph, and so all parties here view it. Yours, &c." The Philanthropist, after a suspension of two weeks, has re-appeared for a single week, in order to publish the proceedings of the "Ohio American Anti-Slavery Society " The following vote passed by that Socity, places it substantially, on the same ground with the old Ohio State Society, from which it seceded, and shows the absurdity of the New organization " in Ohio. Resolved, That we call upon all the voting abolition ists to come out from the whig and democratic parties, and cast their votes, irrespective of party, for such can didates, and such only, as are practically pledged to go for the immediate and complete abolition of slavery, and the restoration to the tree colored people of this State of those rights of which the constitution and laws unrighteously deprive them. This does not endorse the Liberty Party, neither has the old Society done so, although the pap r has, which is the organ of both. The Liberty vote is given officially now, and amounts to 5423. In 1840 it was 903, and in 1841, 2748. In crease in the last year, 2677, just about double. Let the friends of L'berty do as well as that next year, and then again in 1844, and Birney will then have 22,000, and the electoral vote in 1848. The largest vote was given in Trumbull county, 456. This is a part of Mr. Giddings' District. The next largest is in Ashtabula, 453. This is also in his District, and the county of his residence. The other two counties of his District, Geauga aud Lake, gave 286, making the whole Liber ty vote in hii Distri t, 1195, equal to one-fifth of all the Liberty vote in the State. Among the other coun ties, which he vistei for the purpose of lecturing a I T ' 1 a J fr a. . 1. a against the Libert jprty, we observe that Columbiana po Portage, 133, &c. &c. The vote last year in Ashtabu la, was but 7, in Lake, 5, in Geauga, 12, in Columbi ana, 100. The Clay party will have to employ a more potnt charm than the deservedly honored name of Giddings, or the well known powers of persuasion of that distinguished gentleman, if they hope to prevent the growth ol the Liberty party A State Convention is to be held at Columbus, on Wednesday, the 28th o December. We should dear ly love to be present, but it is impossible. The Ad dress of the State Committee is a sound and able doc ument, and we intend, if possible, to find room for it. ,-ln this they take ground that M slavery is the coneea- isKratej essence of despotism, and wholly incompatible in its nature and principles with the maxims of genu ine democracy, expressed in the Declaration of Inde pendence, and that there is no real security for the r ghts of ant, under a government which doea not protect the rights of all." That is sound, and we infer that no man whose principles allow him to up hold such a system, can be fit to hold ay office over freemen An amicable understanding has been effected between Gerrit Smith and Dr. Bailey, the accomplished snd faithful editor of the Philanthropist, with regard to th objects and aims and character of the Liberty Party in Ohio Dr. Bailey aays ; "It has sever been sought to make this party pala table to' pro -slavery men, or to gain for it the sup port of pro-slavery editors.- I speak what I know to be true, when 1 say, that the Liberty men of Ohn ; want no pro- rrr .votes. . I agree with Mr. Smith, that an increase of our votes from 3,000 to 30,00 wou'd have been a strong evidence that all was no' right. I never suspected such an increase. I did expect, s'x months ago, a vote of from 16 to 15,000. . But for the last two or three months, calculated on a great reduction. As it is, we are all satisfied. Our vote doubles that of last year. Our increase will be slow, hut sure, atid for one, I wish never to see it in advance of our principles. Lei it keep pace with these and our gain will be permanent." That is right. Now let us see the names of Birney and Morris as the national Liberty candidates, and we will all go along together. - The next thing now is, to get the State organized with an effective and discreet committee in xverv county. We can never do justice to our cause, or even show our present actual strength, until that is done. Hiram M'Cartney, Esq., of Bellefontaine, writes to the Philanthropist: " Our organization must be more efficient than ever, and it now behoove us soon to mark out the stand we are to take in future. Many counties were entirety without tickets, and many of our friends on account of the smillness of their numbers, are often constrained to be silent, and either go with one or the other of the great parties, to which they formerly belonged, or stay at home, instead of going to the election The latter predicament will, no doubt, explain why it is that so many of the counties have receded in their strength ; particularly, when it is known that our interest is by no means insignificant." A letter in the Philanthropist thus corrects the latest party lie about the Liberty men iu Ohio. It is from F. D. Parish, of Sandusky City : ' A prominent whig of this place has just returned from Columbus and that region, and reports that the 'abolitionists' are heartily sorry for what they have done, since they have come to see the result. This whig has ' a flea in his ear,' it he has not a lie in his mouth. The abolitionists are not ignorant that it is ihe same to iheir objects, and the same to the country, whether the whigs or democrats are in power. Noth ing is gained or lost to liberty or justice, or to the rights and interests of the free labor, o.- the free States, by the (succession or falling oft of either of these servile, pro-la.very parties. Why then houH Liberty uwn either rejoic or weep at the overthrow of the one or the other of them ? Steadily and unitedly adhere to our own cause and pursue our own objects, and we may confidently look for final success.' Our faithful friend, Eli Nichols, demands three cheers for Belmont : 'In old Belmont we set out in 1840 with the pro mise to get all the votes we could for lib rty, and to double that number annually. So far our promise our expectation has been realized. In 1840 we had 34 votes. Twice 34 is 68, and we had over that number of votes 1841, the lowest vote having been .2 Twice 68 is 136 and in 1842 the vote for Jtidje Kinjj is 171, and the average of all the votes given on the ticket, 13S 1-2, and but for the extraordinary exertions of the other parties, it would have been 200. No constd erable exertions were made in our county neither King, nor Lewis, nor Morris, nor Chase giving us a single speech, and the doubling the vote in Belmont may be regarded as the natural progress ot public opin ion, going calmly, but rapidly and firmly forward. And should the same progress be kept up, it would give us an overwhelming majority in five years and would probably elect in four years. ho is ready to say voting for the Liberty Party is doing no good. It is full of hope and promise. It is the only way of redemption for the country. Let the friends of liber ty be firm, and the victory will be theirs. The abolitionists of Ohio propose to have all their petitions to Congress united together in on; roll and presented to the II mse of Representatives The fol lowing is the form of petition. PETITION. To the. II wsc of Representatives of the United States. The un lersigncd, inhabitants of in the State of would respectfully represent that the 2Jst rule of the House of Represen tatives, relative to the right of petition, in the follow ing words, namely, "that no petition, memorial, reso lution, or other paper, praying the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia, or any Slate or Territory in the United States, in which it now exists, shall be received by the House or entertained in any way what ever," is a violation of the principles of republican ism, a trampling on tKe right of petition, and a com plete abrogation of a sacred right guarantied to us by the Constitution, and we therefore earnestly request of you to rescind or repeal it forthwith. The Executive Committee of the Ohio Anti-Slavery Society have engaged the services of Arnold Buffutn, to promote the general objects of the Society. He needs scarcely an introduction to our readers. By reputation he is well known to the anti-sl very world. 1 ' ell S'ricken in VeSTS. With linabj .. :Z Tre, Tie labors to. ue lree. .is country. His devotion to the anti slavery cause is entire and perpet ual. Our friends will welcome him wherever he goes. VIRGINIA. The Act of the Legislature of Virginia, declaring war against the State of New York continues to be enl 'rced, at the very moment Virginia is getting into a horrible passion with Massachusetts for maintaining her own ancient laws on her own soil. The Journal of Commerce has the following: Virgi.ua Duties. The authorities of Virginia are now exacting on all vessels bound to New York, which put into their waters, a sum of money varying from three to ten dollars. This is the result of the con troversy with Governor Seward. The Collector of the port of Norfolk has fast sailing vessels with which he boards all vessels passing out of the Chesapeake Bay, whether they anchor or not. Vessels driven in by stress of weather are all compelled to pay. It is an exceedingly wrong and vexatious business, and ought to be taken into tite consideration ot the proper author ities at once, and the matter set right. It will breed difficulty if persisted in. FLORIDA. We learn from a gentleman of high standing in Flor ida, himself a slaveholder, that the approaching session of the Territorial Legislature will be an exciting time. A strenuous effort will be made to bring up the Legis lature to make a peremptory demand upon Congress for admission into the Union as a State, under the Consti tution prepared by the convention of 1838. There is, however, a hrge body of citiz-ns who are already sat isfied that the perpetuation of slavery by its incorpora tion in the organic and unchangeable law of a State, is at best inexpedient, and tht re are men in the Legitla ture who will on this ground, oppose the organization of a Slate government under that constitution, which says that the General Assembly shall have no pnwr.r to pass laws for the emancipation of the slaves, or to pre vent emigrants from bringing in slaves. Congress ought to be waked up to look out for this matter. Send petitions on the subject, and nrge your own represen tatives to take a firm ground in the matter. Fiye.nyn of Vermont! se how the Spirit of 'TtJ" is liguinVP the hearts of the sons of Massachusetts! The ' F.er Cross " of our brethren in arms let it be YOURS 1 From the Latimer Journal, and North Star, Extra. FREEMEN OF MASSCHUSETTS. The events of the last few weeks have lorced upon the people of this Commonwealth the truth that they no longer live under the blessing and protection of free ' institutions. We have seen a foreign slave law exalt ed above our bill of rights. The sanctity of individual freedom is gone. It has been violated in the person of one claimed as a slave is Maisachcsetts, who was arrested and imprisoned for weeks without writ or war rant to whom trial by jury and the right of habeas corpus were denied, on account of whom our jail and public property were prostituted. By the decision of the Supreme Court of the United States and of our own judges, certain laws of Congress based on the Constitution of the United Stales, strip a multitude of our citizens of all legal protection when their freedom is at stake, and endanger the personal security of all. To our shame, our institutions are not what we thought them. They are mixed up with slavery, an institution which we abhor. To free ourselves from the responsi bility of this curse, is now the first duty of Massachu setts. We are solemnly bound to procure the repeal of the laws and provisions which enact this wrong over ns. For this end the following petitions to the State Legis lature and to Congress asking that Massachusetts may be freed from all connection with the institution of slavery should be carried into every bouse, and be signed by every man and woman in the Sute. At the convention of freemen- held in Boston, Nov. I9lh, the following resolutions were adopted : Resolved, That this meeting adopt ' The Latimer and Grand Massachusetts petition," as a proper expression of the duty of the Legislatuo and we do urgently entreat that it may be signed bv every man and woman in Massachusetts, so that the roM, when piesrnted to the Legislature, may embrace the whole (700,000) names. Rnsnlted, That Henry I. Bowditch, W. F.Channing, and Fredrick S. C ibot, be now constituted a committee to take charge of this business, to be called the Latimer Committee. Resolved, That it be recommended to have all the petitions signed, and returned to the Latimer Commit tee at Boston, on or before the 22d of December next forefathers" day. Resideed, That we advise to have a committee of two from each county in the state, to unite with the Lati mer Committee in presenting the peti ions to the Le gislature on the third Wednestliy of January next, The Great Massachusetts Petition is given below, and also the Great Petition to Congress which has been annexed by the Latimer Committee. It is now earnestly requested that every individoal into whose hands these petitions may fall, will become responsible for their thorough circulation in the town where he lives. It is advised that each town be dis tricted, and that persons pledge themselves to visit every house and invite every inmate to sign, in their district. It is also requested that each individual shall ascertain that the neighboring towns are supplied with Petitions. This work must be done under a solemn re sponsibility by each town for itself. It is earnestly requested that public meetings be held in each town to adopt these Petitions and urge the duty of signing them on every citizen. It is advised that delegates be chosen at each meeting to a County convention, wio shaTi appoint a Committee ot two t utitt 'e ai'"er i.vv i, m the Massachusetts Petition to the Legislature on the third Wednesday of January, next. It is also advised that such town meetings communicate to their local repre sentatives to the Legislature and Congress, their views and wishes on the subject of SLAVERY IN MASSA CHUSEPTS It is requested that the Petitions, having been signed by the citizens of each town, be returned if possible, by Dec. 22J, (Forefather's d iy,) and also, if possible, free of expense, directed to the Latimer Couimitt e, at either 15 State street, at the Emancipator, or Liberator Office, Boston. S-parate the Petitions, and sign ach under the word "names," in a single colcn.i. H. I. Bowditch, W. F. Cm aicmsg, Latimer Committee. Fredrick S. Cabot,) GREAT MASSACHUSETTS PETITION. To the. Sen-'te and House of Represevtatins " the Strte f JHutsat huselts : The undersigned citizens of the state of Massachusetts, earnestly desiring to free this commonwealth and themselves from all connection with domestic slavery and lo secure the citizens of this state from the danger of enslavement, respt-cti'ully pray your honorable body, 1. To forbid all persons holding office under any It w of this state from in any way officially or under color of office, aiding or abetting th- arrest or detention of any person claimed as a fugitive from slvery. 2. To forbid the use of our jail or public property of any description whatever within the Common wealth, in the detention of any alleged fugitive from slavery. 3. To propose such amend :nenU to the Constitution of the United States as shall forever separate the peo ple of Massachusetts from all connection with sUvrrr. Names. GREAT PETITION TO CONGRESS. To the. Sen-tie nnd H tuse ttf R'p-eien'atirfS if the. U tiled Stairs of -Iruerira : The undersigned citizens of the state of Massachusetts, earnestly desiring to free their commonwealth and themselves from all connection with domestic slavery and to a-ciire the citizens of their state from the danger of enslavement, respectfully pray your honorable body. To pass such laws and to propose such amendments to the Constitution of the United States as shall for ever sr-p irate the people of Massachusetts from all con nection with slavery. Names. LIBERTY PARTY GROUND Boston fercantile Journal. d tjlrmper rrf f"JTrre Whig, has recently come out to deftne its pasition in p tlitics, and in the following paragraph seems to place itself precisely o,i ti? plitforjj proposed by the L berty party. R;J it, a.al see if there is or ran be any otli.r pirty ti j'i w.ll Jir t claim for itself such an exalted station : ' A still greater re-action is about to take place. Ac cording to indications which are seen in the political hor.z n, we are on the eve of a great political revolu tion and the wise, the good, the intelligent of both parties, will separate from the eurrmts, mmd met on rud dle ground, and lake counsel of reason and justice, in stead of prejudice and passion and estublisk a great America Party, ok the fum axd ' solid basis of Pa triotism, and virtue, and tri th which will triumph 'over error, and establish beyond cavil, the glorious fact, which we cannot wonder begins to be doubted in other climes, that the people of this great Republic are capable of self govermmi-kt. " We are in favor of bringing all our citizens as near ly on a level with each other as possible, by raising those who are depressed, to the highest scale of society, instead of degrading, of pulling down, the enlightened, the v-rtuons, the enterprising, and the industrious, to a level wih the ignorant, the vicious, the idle, or the un thrifty. We are in favor of national faith, of state in tegrity, and individual honesty of an impartial ad-ninistr-ition of jnstice of a scrupulous observance of order in society, and of obedience to the laws. In a word, we wish our government to be in the true sense, government of the people and administered by wise and gotnl men, without regard to sectional feeling, on the noble principle of promoting the greatest perma nent good of the greatest number." The Newark Daily Advertiser exclaims, with almost infantile simplicity, 44 We have supposed for many years that this was precisely the basis and character f the Whig party." Beautiful ! Does the Daily Adver tiser still remain of that opinion ? It perpetual slavery tbe bond of onion of a great American party, on the firm and solid basis of patriotism, virtue, and truth ? " No sir, not at all. Let all who truly seek such a plat form, rally for th support of James G. Birney for Pres ident of the United States in 1844. He is the living embodiment of just such principles. ANOTHER PLOT OF THE SLAVE-CATCHERS. The poor, benighted, slavery-soaked fanatics of old Virginia do not know when they are whipped enough. The Richmond Enquirer, Dec. 2, says : We understand tht Mr. Gray, of Norfolk,jrssin, this cUy-4m-Wed at'iiiy last for the purpoe"r obtain ing a warrant from the Executive of Virginia on tbe Governor of Massachusetts foi the delivery of Latimer, as a fugitive from justice, on the charge of larceny. We must hope that the claim will not be made in vain, but should it happen that the Governor of Massachu setts, deaf to tbe voice of justice, and insensible to the requisitions of the Constitution, should refuse to deliv er him np, without even the fltinsy excuses of Gover nor Seward, then we have no doobt that Mr. Gregory the acting Governor; Virginia has not been able to elect a real Governor aine Gov. Svward demolished Gov. Gilmer will bring the matter before the Legis lature by a special message, and then it will become the duty of the Representatives of the people of Virgin ia to met, as becomes one of the parties lo the federal compact." This requisition, if made, has not yet been received, or at lesit is not publicly known As soon as the pa per arrived wt sent word to Latimer to retire to a place of safety, and also took measures lo inform Gov. Davis ot the facts in the case. Should he comply with the requisition, under a mistaken belief of con stitutional obligation, it will make up a good issue be fore the Legislature. " Authorities " of Bostos. An official call, beaded 1 y the mayor of Norfolk, Va., summons a public meet ing ol citisens of that borough, to consider tbe outrageous proceedings of tbe abolitionists, and tbe High Sheriff, and other authorities of Boston, in the ease of Latimer, a runaway slave, the property of Jas. It. Gray, a citizen of that borough." We did sot know that the abolitionists had already been recognised among the "authorities of Boston." Hope we shall improve the police, and teach our constables not to turn blood-hounds. Had we been installed a month earlier, it would have saved the city at least a thou sand dollars in the Latimer case alone. 44 Keep it Wfore the people " Siavxrt mcst rm! ) I V