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his behalf, and his petition is received mid refei'
red to the Committee on the . Judicinry ! Who shall say tlmt we have not ample cause for encouragement in view of these facts? In truth, nothing hut a steady mid resolute perseverance on our part, is needed to insure the speedy and com plete triumph of our principles. Essex Transcript. 'REBMAN- " Pliant as reeds where Freedom's wa'crs pli.le Firfli ob the liills In stem Oppression's liile!" M0NTPEL1ER, VERMONT. SA1TR0AY, JAM ARY 20, ISM. LIBERTY TICKET, Nominated by the National Convention, May, IMS. FOR 1' It E.s'lD F. NT, JAMES HIEtittKY, of Michigan. " Our own slavi? latm, and ospcnully the more soul h ern of them, in which t li e number of slaves is greater, and in whie.li, of course, the sentiment, of injustice is tronger than llie more northern one, are to be jdaced on the list of decaying communities. , , N ' ' The question now for the North finally to decide in' hall the slave etatea draw us down with thein, and both perish, or thall we, by a decided conjunct exertion of vir tuous energy, have ourselves and them from destruction." James G. Birney. FOR VICK 1'RF.SIDIiST, TSIO.TSAS i?SOKIU, of Ohio. " I rejoice, lhat the abolition of slavciy throughout the civilized world is. no lonuor roblcmatical ; it seems to be almost universally conceded lhat this stupendous fraud upon a j orlion of the human race is fast drawing to a close, and ihe great (juestion with us is truly, what meas ures are best suited to accomplish this desirable end in the United States. " Political action is necessary to produce moral reformation in a nation: and (hat action with us can only be effectually exercised through Ihe ballot box. And surely the ballot box can never be used for a more nohle purpose, than to restore and secure to every man kii inalienable rights." Thomas Morris. Democratic Candidate for President. MARTIN VAN BUREN. " I must go into the Presidential chair the inflexible and uncompromising opponent of every attempt on the part of Congicss, to ubulifdi slavery in the District of Colum bia, against the wishes of the slaveholding States, and al io with a determination equally decided, to resist the Biigntesl interlerence with it in the states where it exists. "It now only remains to add, that no bill conflicting ...... ...co virpi uah CVEB RECEIVE MY CONSTITU TIONAL sanction." Mr. Fan Buren' s Inaugural, March 4, 1837. Whig Candidate for President, HENRY CLAY. " I know there is a visionary dogma which holds that negro slaves cannot be the subjects of property . not dwell Ions upon this speculative abstraction. I shall , lhat ' J j wiuca uie taw declares to be properly. Two hundred years of legislaiicn have sanctioned r,nd anclilieil nugro slaves as properly." " Ifl had been a citizen of Per THE 1 linplanioferadualpmnn,:...... ' , , "pistons ot zeal lor aholition than Messrs. dams, I'THKL'tvnt. 1. I.nn P I. , , , . ..,.,., ,, uuupieu, j snoulil have voted fcr it; because, bv nn n,.;i.n;i., ..'..1.1 .1. . . .. ,-. -j uuum llie ....on. ee, g.,in me ascendancy in thai. tale.. liut ni.n.in. s,"? ,' "r W?'e now a citi'' 'n "f an- of Hi" r " f,-"s 111c somnern or eo.iti.v-s.irrn elates Ishouhl have opposed, ami u-ould continue to oppose, any scheme whatever of emancipation, gradual or'im' mediate.' k ., r . ur .hue, and i ItfJJIUE that it is not Irue, "vo B'cai parlies 111 thus country h J '"-"" or AIJ.l al ABOLITION LAMENT if it were true." TClav te. Feb. 7, 1839. I should DEEPLY Speech in Ihe Sen- Wasliiugioi. Cori-cspoi.tleiicc. Washington Cur, Jan. 8, 1841. Mb. Editor, The proceedings of the week past have been encouraging to our cause. The Report of the Committee on Rules is still the sub ject of debate. The slaveholders have tried eve ry method in their power to get rid of the report by laying it on the table, postponing, or othervs J evaomgttie question, but arc met at every turn by astern majority of 30 to 40, determined to strike that tyrannical decree from the rules of the House. The most open threats are made to in duce the Democrats of New York, Maine and other States to give way, for fear of losi,,. til0 vote of the South for Mr. Van Buren. Biit evident tlmt the politicians of the North had rather lose Mr. Van Buren himself than lose their own tales, as they know they must if they sustain this rule. The growth of the Liberty P.u tv, which in 1840 had but one vote in 400, and in 1313 had one vote in 40 of tiic whole country, is a FACT which politicians are beginning to sec and under stand. It is impossible to forsco when the ques tion will be settled, but I hope-strongly-that the best right of petition is about to bcreali,ed The Richmond Whig, the leading and ablest Clay pa per of the South, says:-- Thus, while the Whhrs were m power, the 21st rule was retained. No sooner have their adversaries obtained the ascen dancy, than it is repealed. The people of the South must be stone blind if ,iey do not BCp through the Kumbuggcnj which has been practised on them, by ,c,, professing to be their peculiar "e"S!,iWi,y:tlief,!l1 '-'virtually ,.cpcaIcd u'1 nu, "ireudy, and there is little doubt tint before the end of the session, the reception of ab olition petitions will become a part of the settled policy oi tne country." A new daily paper has been established here for the advancement of Mr. Clay's inrerests as a can didate for the Presidency, being the third attempt of the kind. The two former were short lived abortions, and I have little doubt that this will be, unless sustained by other resources than its sub scription list. It is called the "Whig Standard," and is understood to be the combatant organ of the party in this central point between the North and the South. The editor is Nathan Sargennt, of rnuaiielphia, a gentleman of so elevated standing in his party that he was run as the regular whiff candidate at the last election, in opposition to C. J. Ingorsoll. We may therefore look to this to learn the reason assigned by the party for suppor- ting the right of petition in favor' of abolitionists. The editorial article of this morning,- after refer ring to the certainty, almost, that the rule will be repealed, endorses Mr. Clinginan's remark, that by the old policy "we have given the abolitionists too much consequence, we make thorn look too stroii";." Multitudes of sagacious men delude themselves with this fallacy; and will only lie un deceived when they have gone too far; but it shows the true ground of a great part of the whig zeal for the right of petition they think that, by vo ting for it they should most effectually defeat the object ol the petitions tne abolition ot slavery. And then they blamo abolitionists, for refusing to vote for these very men. And avow that all they do for us is done with a view the more certainly to destroy us! Doubtless, the Standard would en dorse the other remark of Mr. Clingman's, "that the Whigs in Congress are us unanimous as the Democrats against touching slavery in the Dis trict of Columbia." That I do not judge uncaii didly of the Whigs may be proved by copying the concluding paragraph of the same artirle.At least, I judge them by the same rule ofcfaaiit.y that they apply to others "With what measure vn mete." &e. " The course of Mr. Bcnnlsl.-v, M. llai .In M " f1 anil others, indicates most clearly the strength mildicomnionattheNorth.andit also indicates what is there known to be the fact; tlmt Mr. Van Buren, or his party, is now courting the favor of tlio abolitionists. The whigs do not court the.ti. Mr. Van Buren Knows this, and is therefore en deavoring to take advantage of it. To do tins, he has his agents in that party indeed, many of its active leaders are Locofocos of the most ultra stamp, among whom we may mention Mr. llan toul, of Boston, Gov. Morton, of Massachusetts, Mr. Bancroft, late collector of Boston, the Rev. Mr. Eoavitt, travelling agent, editor ot the Iviiaii- cipator, prime wire-worker of the "Third Party, and delegate to the late World's Convention, Lon don, Mr. Earle, of Philadelphia, Mr. Morris, of Ohio, late Van Buren U. S. Senator, Mr. Tnppu;i, ; now of the U. S. Senate, and hundreds of others in every State North of the Ohio and Potomac ! rivers. " i This declaration that "the whigs do not court"! the abolitionists, is the coolest instance of wiping, of lips that I ever saw, when it is notorious that : the great labor of the whigs has been to select candidates w hom they can persuade the abolition ists to believe to be at least "favorable" to our oh-1 jects. For this, and only for this, Gen. Mattocks was nominated in your State, and Mr. Briggs in Massachusetts, and Mr. Baldwin in Connecticut. For 'his, Mr. Giddings was nominated for Con gress in Ohio, and Mr. Severance in Maine, and Mr. King in Massachusetts, and scores of others. "The whigs do not court !" However, it is well enough to remember this. And as to hisarrav of alleged "Locofocos," who are abolitionists, he will not say that Messrs. Rantoul, Morton and- I Bancroft have clone more or made louder orofes- f. . n .... . - . . . Slade and Seward, or that Mr. Leavitt is more of . ' . a democrat than Mr. D. L. Child is wIiil'. or tin.' Ti,...aS Kane, o.l l'onnsvlvania, a dem 1 1 , , - , , . . (,(;lllt wl)0 ''-It Ins ll party, is more justly chargeable with acting under old pai ty views, than 1 , , T , ., , L , Ins brother, Joh:i Milton Earle, of Massachusetts, who W ith equal professions of abolition, remains with his old party. The joke of coupling the j tlmt spring from the working of the system, are name of Mr. Morris, who was turned out ly his ,V ,'.jlt? party on account of his abolition, with that of Mr Tappan who superseded him as an anti-abolition-! 34, L';ttlm;,l thi evening in another district, ist, is capital. It is true that there are numbers of j K'l,tH-t'tl 2n ol" 30 llf;!l1'. ' ! """ll assem men now active in the cause of abolition, i. e. b-' ''' 111 !1 I,u" s1'1'""1 Mistakes corrected, boring to advance the Liberty farty, who U(!.t. "O' "I'.i't. and this being the first lecture in once Democrats; anil it is equally true that as ma- j 1,10 ,lisri'i,,f """'J' "''". w(: to my hcar- ny more are as zealous in the same chum: ,, (,''s, tmd heard with evident surprise audi trust were once Whigs. And all that are now laboriii" ! I'1'"1""- Brother Lovejoy a dear anil faithful meth- with perfect unity and confidence, to defeat, dis perse and destroy both the old parties, on account ot their pro-slavery entanglements; and that in our minds it is of no moment at all what were the former political predilections of any one, so we find him ever decided, uncompromising and cur nest in the cause of true Liberty. J. L. For the Green Mountain Freeman. East Brookfield, Jan. 10, 1814. Mr. Editor: I have read the first No. of your paper with no ordinary degree of interest, and trust that it will be the means of disseminating much light upon the soul-ennobling enterprise in which you have engaged. I fuel that this glori ous cause should call forth the best feelings of wo man's heart, anil should excite her to continual ef fort to promote the extension of Liberty, w bich to gether with Christianity, has elevated woman to her present position in society. 1 have recently been connected with a Literary society, in this place, called the East Bronkfil.l Literary Society, ofDistriet No. 11. It has for its object, the mental improvement of the young in this vicinity. The exercises of our meetings are as follows: Rehersals, Declamations, and compositions, after which, a subject of discussion is introduced, in which, all the members are invw cd to participate. . : Our first subject of discussion was "Is it prob able that Slavery will ever be abolished in the U. States." The subject was treated in a manner which discovered thorough investigation and much mental effort. Some good arguments were ad vanced on both sides, but those on the affirmative having the vantage ground gained a complete victo ry. The question was decided in the affirmative twenty-eight to one. Children and youth arc drinking in the same spirit, which inspires the noble hearts of tho more mature. Abolition rolls on in a deep broad chan nel, and I trust will, ere long, completely flood the land, and will literally exterminate tho Hydrn headed monster, Slavery. Then will liberty live, not only in song, but will reign unrivalled, thro'- out Columbia's wide domain. Yours for suffering humanity, MARY G. COOK, See'y REV. J. GLEED'S JOURNAL. Dec. 21. I have commenced this evening a course of lectures through all the districts of Ifard wick; delivered my first in a district that never had a lecture before on the subject; held the meeting in a private house, and addressed a very attentive audience on the. nature, effects and remedy of and for slavery. iLo' much ignorance still prevails among us on this all absorbing subject. Said a Clay man to-day, and n man of high standing too, the only differance between you and me is, you go round to the right and I to the left, and we both meet in the end. I am as much opposed to slave ry as you; you vote the Birney ticket and I the Clay, and wee-hall both meet in the end. When? When the Northern and Southern poles shall meet and shake hands. 22. Lectured this evening in another district, and the first lecture ever delivered in that district. Had a large number of children find young people ami a few lulults, and why not more? Oh! some hate the color,; .some hate the thing as bad as any . - . . i not Iv Imt i):ti go.witu tlien party we must sup jiort.lhat j niid still, more tjunk it is none of their J, -'3 M hoFtv a -late a Southern al- '" . 'l ,,-ht I' '' but suffer themselves todftiuu . better.,! Met , with one respectable man " "":'" " "lc ' sprung noi irnm tin: same parent witu tin: white man; mat they must by kept apart; that our proceedings wo'd i bring on a eiv',1 war; that slavery was a great evil ! but we could do nothing with it, fcc. what poor helpless creatures we are! Oh, reason! Oh, men land impels have pity on us! Frame our constitu ! tio;i elect our rulers make our laws, yet cannot iget rid of amoral and political evil wholly nt our disposal ! u ell, it we are the lice .t people in the world anil thus bound neck anil heels, Cod have mercy on the rest part of Adam's poor family! ,,l I proved to my hearers that slavery does effect us I in the North that we do most interfere with it on tne ground oi sen (leience ana that we can ,ll;l vvdl i, ;r ' . 23. Addressed a very attentive audience in another district this evening, and pretty full. Is j emancipation worth having? eninni'inat'mn worth Irivimr ? U it ilm i- .-) r rPtlm several parties who are nlloetei! iv a averv the slaveholders, the free colored people and the poor whites in the South the nation at large, the free North, and the slaves? For all these parties and others, arc abimed, shamefully abused, by ourconi-mander-iii-cliicf, General Slavery. Can we get this boon? Is it. our duty to try for it: was the train of thought I presented to my hearers, and I think not in vain. 23. Preached three abolition sermons to-day, being the Sabbath, to full and attentive congrega tions. The ability of Christ to save sinners Christianity a great and essential good to the hu man family and the piercing cry of justice and iftercy, 'Let.jhc oppressed go free!' have been the suTjects d'seWed. Good I think lias been done. Had to say a word to one respectable man on one of the most famous arguments of the day "some ! tl. era unm hotter nIT tlmn sonm of our - ,I0r nconle had better clothes and more to cat." . 11 Yes, said I, better oil than our poor deluded and miserable drunkards, for they are generally poor, poor enough in all reason. But what has this con tingent circumstance to do with the principle of : slavery? Is lhat ritrht? and the enormous evils ! odist brother in the cause, followed me in n pow j ei fid address. The old Tyrant got some hard thumps, but none too hard. Every where do I 1 meet with persons both aged and young in this re I gion of light and knowledge, knowing little or ' nothing of the nature, and real evils, ami effects ol slavery, .tracts ami plain lecturing, without loss of time, we must have. 25. Slavery is not a self-supporting system. It must go begging, borrowing, or stealing to get along or starve out. This was my subject this evening, logically? naturally, and historically il lustrated and proved. Northern men ought to know and feel, that they commercially feed, and politically protect and perpetuate Slavery in the South. Mere is the sin, folly, and ruin of the free north o tn'"f snbject. When shall wo awake up our iTiij , 2G. Biassed my labors this evening with a lec ture on the unscriptural character of slavery, and ! l,,c I'ccuiiinrjr ruhhericd it commits on the free States. Tin assembly, good and attentive. "One half a loaf man better than no bread," thought the liberty folk did not give the Whigs credit enough for the Ta.'iff, as it was the best they could get, ami better than nothing. Lame policy this, I thought, if justice entitled us to a whole loaf, and we had the means of getting it and would not use these means, a quarter was too good for us. Thus I have delivered eight antislavery lectures and one Temperance lecture in this town. May the di vine blessing water the good seed sown, and may it bear much fruit. Massachusetts. The Legislature of Massa chusetts met at Boston, Jan. 8. lion. Josiah, Quincy, Jr., Whig, was chosen President of the Senate, and Charles Calhoun, Clerk. Thomas Kinnicutt was elected Speaker of the House, by a vote of 173 to 127, scattering 7.. The Election sermon was preached by the Rev. Mr Chapin of Cliarlestown. There being no choice of Govcrn ''''''ytho people, Hon. George N. Briggs was c'ceted over his Excellency, Marcus Morton, by a vte of 187 to 126, only 4 scattering; and in the Senate by a vote of 30 to 6. Hon. John Reed w'as elected Lieut. Governor. From the Western Freeman. FORCE OF CIRCUMSTANCES. So long as our opponents could, with any plau sibility, deny the alleged results of the anti-slavery agitation, they were satisfied, That time has gone by. Progress must be admitted. Nu merous, iucontestible facts show that the labors of abolitionists have not been in vain. What now is the device of our enemies? Ef fects arc admitted, but, they have hit upon a very pleasant theory of causation, which shall yet spare, their self-love. They have become religiously philosophical, and deal out grand dissertations on the force of circumstances, the advance of event; the laws of human progress, an overruling provi-j slaveholders are looking forward to the event deuce, and so on. True they do not explain to ' with much gratification. They know that slavery us, wherein consists the potential power of eir-j is a curse to themselves as well as to the African, cuinstances, or in what manner events advance, or .and are willing to act whenever they ear. act effi of what consemienee would be the laws of hu- ! cicntly. man progress, without the deeds ot human actors or how there can be ayy overruling providence, without intelligent actions to overrule. According to this ingenious theory, the Refor mation was the result of the force of circumstan ces, and Luther himself was a mere circumstance. The American revolution was purely a providen tial interposition, and men had nothing to do with its inception, progress, or eomph.'tion. All this is an admirable device, to strip unpop ular reformers of their honors; and under the mask of an humble piety, to enable a man to cher ish hatred against the good, and hold himself aloof iron, all hazardous or laborious attempts to better the world. Why should he sacrifice ease, or expend wealth, or seek a gooil name, when circumstances arc the Great Reformer? He need entertain no jealousy of this mysterious personage, which can awaken no enyy, wound no self-love, never become a subject of admiration. How de lightful, that under the auspices of this shadowy, undefined, Impersonal being, mind and morals march onward to perfection, without the necessity of word or act from human agents! Is not this a vile doctrine.' It betitles human nature, it nurtures selfishness, it dishonors God. The New-York Commercial has given the la test instance of this mode of philosophizing; and you will find illustrations in almost all those news papers, which, being stimulated by the force of public sentiment to .say something of the progress of anti-slavery principles, and yet conscious that they have done nothing to promote, but much to retard this healthful change, are determined at least that nobody else shall have any credit. AWFUL TRAGEDY! A SLAVE MUR DERED! ! Mr. Editor In conversation with a gentleman from Petersburg, Va., he gave me the following account, with a request that his name should be withheld : A Mr. Minitree, (master mason,), of Peters burg, had in his employ a slave man belonging to Mr. Ilasiiibtirg. The pom' slave had been in the habit of running oil': be was told by Minitree that if he ever ran away from him, that he would kill him. It was not long before the slave took it into his head to run off, and, if possible, get to the free States; he was, however, overtaken by the man-hyenas, and returned to his employer. Min itree tied him down in his barn, provided himself with three new cowhides, and gave him about rtg7ihundrcd lashes! He washed the sullering victim in salt and water! afterwards gave the poor fellow a syringe of Cayenne pepper ! ! ! and released him. Soon after his release, he went to a pond of water (such was the thirst from the ef fects of the syringe of Cayenne pepper,) and drank nearly n half gallon of water. Minitree, not satisfied with the tortures already inflicted up on his victim, secured him again, and Hogged him till the poor fellow became senseless. He died in about two hours after. Minitree threw the dead hotly in the yard that night, and in the morning, put it in a box and buried it. Mr. Hasiuburg, having heard of the igomiuioiis death of his slave, bad the cruel monster arrested. The civil authorities had the body disinterred, anl held an inquest, assisted by several physi- cians, who held a post mortem examination overj the body. Verdict ot the jury that the slave came to his death by the hands of Minitree, his employer. He is now being tried for willful mur der. This awful event took place about the last of June. I am informed by the gentleman that none of the papers at Petersburg published or noticed the affair. Wji. P. Powell. Boston, July 14, 1843. SOUTH CAROLINA. In compliance with the Governor's Message, which we noticed a few days since, a bill has been introduced into the Legislature of this State, to prevent free blacks from entering the State. The 1st section of this bill requires the Captain on a penalty to deposit in the Sheriff's office, as soon as he enters port, a list of the negroes he has on hoard, with their description, Sir. Tho second section requires "that such free cooks, stewards, mariners, &.C shall not leave the vessel or come on shore, except within such limits as may be defined by the municipal authorities of the port. For violation of this clause, the captain or master of said vessel shall forfeit one hundred dollars. The captain is also bound to enter into a recognizance in one thousand dollars, with good and sufficient security, for his faithful compliance with the above requisitions. On the captain's re fusal to enter into the recognizance, the free ne gro or person shall be committed to jail, and the Sheriff, by order of the magistrate, shall take pos session of the vessel and retain such possession until the recognizance has been executed or the vessel is ready to proceed to sea, and the expenses of arresting and detaining the vessel have been paid." This bill, so odious in its character, calculated to cripple the commerce of the State, has passed the House, and now waits the action of the Sen- ate. The only consolation one has, in view of such a bill, is, that it will injure the State that passes it more than any one else. Really, wo hardly know of a more benighted State than that same South Carolina. N. Y. Tribune. THE LIBERTY PARTY AT THE SOUTH. Almost every paper from the West brings en couraging information respecting the progress of anti-slavery sentiments at the South. The non slaveholders in several of the slave states are ready to act in the organization of the liberty party as soon as a knowledge of its objects arc sufficiently extended, and many of the intelligent Gerrit Smith, Esip, on the 22d ult., forwarded the following extract to the Liberty Piess, accom panied by a note saying that he had that day re ceived the letter from which the extract is taken, "fi-oni'im esteemed friend who is a merchant in one of the cities, of the South. There are al ready members of the Liberty Party at the South, i . i. . .-li i .. . -;.-wi it ll iimt pariy win oui mainiino 113 niiyi.ij 11 tm soon overspread not the North only, but the South, also." EXTRACT. " When running up the Mississippi with O crowded cabin, and an unusual number of intelli gent passengers, some of whom were from New Orleans some from Virginia, Missouri, and other slave states, (and these were mostly holders of slaves) there was, for amusement, an Election amongst the cabin passengers. Out of 75, with very little electioneering, there were obtained 32 to 35 votes, that were decidedly abolition almost all for J. G. Birney. Two evenings we held a public discussion of the subject of slavery." 7'Yom llie Anti-Slavery Standard. SLAVERY IN OREGON. It appears by late letters from Oregon, that slave ry 11111I the slave-trade in prisoners of war, exists to much extent among the Indian tribes. Wars arc undoubtedly made for the express purpose of obtaining slaves. A collie of twenty is mentioned as having been brought in by some warriors of the Clainoth tribe. Seme of them sold for three hors es, and some cheaper. Will Christian ministers quote this example as authority for slavery and the slave-trade, as they do that of ancient barba rians ? It is just as good ! But this is not the only slavery in Oregon. The emigrants who have gone thither, have carried slaves. This we suspected long ago, but were never able, until lately, to verify the suspicion. At last we met a Missourian from the emigrating region, and in answer to interrogatories, he aih. milted that slaves were carried to Oregon; that I 'heir masters, however' considered them f- .0 j But th- ,n-re,T? d the .1 ,ves the consiiter me 111 itt ' ' lain 11,; iitnvmntio,), ,tf,niih to havu it distinctly understood, a-, on 1 1 ' 1 f, tli it the Oregon emi grants are malm, territory; and when our laws shall be j. v- f ver it, and our money given to f.irtilv, improve and protect it, the set tlers will milnjy those la they contain any in terdict of slavery or the slave-trade. Mr. J. N. T. Tu'tker, mentions the following touching incident. Arc there not other ministers who need a similar warning? 'While in Camden, recently, I was deeply im pressed with the sublime dignity of the anti-slavery reform, by an incident that occurred there. A lady of dei p and consistent piety, who is a member of one of the churches in that place (w hose pastor is an abolitionist ( !) but is afraid to vote (!) or say a word in favor of the cause lest he shall "Sive unnecessary oli'cnse to some dear saint!!") was supposed to be dying, and sent for her neighbors, and among thein her Pastor. Af ter exhorting all in turn, she called the minister to her bedside and faithfully reproved him for his si lence on the subject of slavery, and exhorted hint to deal faithfully with the people of his charge, lest jn th(j (Iny ()f ijs accmlllt at last) ,ie sllouj fiml that the opposition of the people and their hatred of emancipation should be traceable to his neglect!. Those who witnessed the scene describe it as very affecting. Several pro-slavery men were present and notwithstanding their hatred of abolition, were affected to tears by the heart touching ap peal of this dying woman.' FROM WASHINGTON. In the Congressional proceedings of the" last week there is but little to fix attention, except ik statement by Mr. Archer, chairman of the com mittee on Foreign Affairs, that a minister from England, fully empowered to settle the Oregon 'l'"'""', llllil- expected. The 21st Rule has been debated a good deal, Mr. Adams quietly sitting by to enjoy the new movement in favor of the liberty of Petition. As to political movements it is notorious now that tho President and his friends aro strongly op posed to Mr. Van Buren. It is also confidently affirmed that Mr. Calhoun is and will be equally so, regardless of the Democratic Convention in the spring. And a Washington correspondent of the Boston Courier asserts that Messrs. Rives, Webster, Gen. Scott, and others, have buried all differences and agreed to unite in support of Miv Clay. We notice that the nomination of Mr. Suethcn to be Solicitor in the Land Office in the place of Charles Hopkins, Esq., removed, has been unani mously rejected by the Senate. Prospects. The decisions in tho House of Representatives, within tho last two days, upon questions connected with the Tariff, may, we sup pose, be considered test questions. So considered , they confirm the impression upon our mind, here tofore conveyed to our readers, that the existing Tariff w ill not he touched at the present session of Congress.