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Green-Mountain freeman. (Montpelier, Vt.) 1844-1884, March 30, 1844, Image 1

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NUMliER 13
--r..t.jj;r.? v
1 1 -I JfUUl I'lMllMVIMle
or ffi t) c m e
h i.
1 -
In Lyman's building, Main si. near the Union House.
J. C. ASrENWALL, Editor.
J. POLAND, Publisher!
T E It M S !
Single copies $1,50 in ajvanca, or f 2,00 after the ex
piration of three months from the time of subscribing
All papers sent at the expense of the subscribers. .
IC Advertisements inserted at the usual charges.
CJ Transportation of papers will' in no case bo paid
by the publishers Unless a special agreement to the Con
, Vary is made. tdj
CJ Cook and J;b Work of every description thank
fully received and executed with neatness and dispatch.
Washington county.
Wa8sfield,0 Skinner
Greensboro',, G I Pago
Holland. C Robinson
Worcester, Rev IVf Folsomj Irasburgh, Kev J Clark
irracCfora, J D Clark
Brookfield, D Kingsbury
Do S M Bigelow
Chelsea, Harry Hale
Corinth, Rev A D Smith
do J Fellows
Fairlee, G May
Newbury, Rev S Sias
Randolph, E Eastman
Strafford, A Warner
Post Mills, L Hinklcy
Thetford, Rev A C Smith
W Topsham, Rev S Leavitt
lunbndge, W B Scott
Vershire, B 0 Tyler
Burlington, D Fish
Charlotte, C Grant
Hinesburgh, A Beecher
Williston, WII Fincli
NFcrrhburg Rv C Prindle
Cornwall, Rev Mr Wright
Vergennes, A Spraguc
Enosburg, i Fuller
Montgomery, J Martin
St Albans, L Rrainanl
Hardwick, W Wheatley
Lyndon, Mr Skinner
Peacham, Rev 1 D Runt
Walden, S Farnsworth
Albany, Rev G Putnam
JSarCot, w Seaver
Cabot, Rev. II Kendall
Craftsbury, A Stimpson
do E Cook
Clover, Rev R Mason
Miron Owen, PotsJam, St.
1 ...
no K!unner
Lowell, J D Harding
Morgan, Rev 1) Packer
Troy, A J Howell
Cambridge, M SaHbrd
-Krfoi, C Fisk
Elmore, Deu Camp
Hydcpark, El' Filch
Johnson, A W Caldwell
Morrhtown, J West
S'ote, B II Fuller
Watcrville, II A Fisk
do O D Page
V'llcolt, J Smith
bt'Jicl, Rev D Field
Cavendish, Rv W F Evans
Chester, O Hutchinson
Hf.hester, Rev Wm Scales
Roialton, D Woodward
Sharon, P Melcalf
Woodstock, T Hutchinson
Brandon, J W Hale
Rutland, R R Thrall
XVallingford, Rev Mr Con-
st'intine t f E Nicholson
Rockingham, Rev Mr liar
ber. Toienshend, W R Shafter
Wimtngron, O L Shafter
Manchester, I) Roberts jr
IVardsboro'. Dr. D Hyde
Hammonds Mills, Dr. S It
Billings .
Jamaica, Rev. M Spencer
FaycttMIe, EAlwood
i Dover, P P Perry
Lawrence Co., N. Y.
State Agents.
The following pentlemen are authorized by the State
Committee of the Liberty Party, to act as their Agents in
this State, in Lecturing, collecting funds for the cause,
nd obtaining subscribers for the Freeman,
Rtcv. George Putnam, Albany.
Chauncey Knafp, Esq., Montpelier.
Rev. John Gleed, Wolcoti. '
Rev. II. II. Garnet, Troy, N. Y.
Rev. C. C. Briggs, Randolph.
D. Nicholson, Esq. Walli'ngford ,
Rev. A. St. Clair.
Joseph Poland, Montpelier.
Our friends who wish to obtain the services of Mr.
Putnam, are desired to correspond with the Editor of the
Freeman, at Montpelier, on the subject.
this plunderer of the poor, arid he is now the cho
sen candidate of one of the political parties for the
second office in the government. At the snrne
time, the other great party is laboring to ele
vate to the first office in the nation a man living
daily in the commission of a crime, the " aiding
and abetting" in which, would, under the whole
some code of this State, tonsign any one to the
Cut let us look -a little farther at the doings of
this same Legislature, I find "in the published
laws of the last Session tlbp following"Rcsolve, viz.
Resolved, By the Senate and House of Repre
sentatives, That .we protest against any attempt
for the annexation of Texas to this Union-, as un
constitutional and dangerous to the stability of the
Union itself.
This.resolution, unquestionably speaks the .sen
timents of a vast majority of the 'freemen of. Ycr-
mont; rind h mlit eertr,ii:ly expect to see tl.tr
gentleniaucomposing that Legislature, and tuVir
constituents, laboring to carry it out by placing in
our national councils men who are open and un
compromising opponents of annexation. But how
is the fact? We see one party exerting every en
ergy to raise to the Presidency a western mail
monger who, years ago, attempted to introduce
this same Texas into the Union, while it was a
province of Mexico; and we have yet to learn that
his views have undergone any change since that
time. Thejther party sustain a candidate who is
wholly uncommitted on this vital question; and
whose political life, thus far, furnishes no guaran
tee that the interests of freedom will be regarded
in any contest where slavery is concerned.
But again. The following rcsolvo of the last
session, is often referred to as evidence that our
legislature is sound to the core on the subject of
Resolved, That we regard the abolition of slav
ery in the District of Columbia and Territory of
V lorida as within the province and constitutional
powers of Congress, and that we urge upon that
body the propriety of its speedy abolition in that
District and Territory.
Here, again, is good doctrine precisely the
voice of Vermont on this subject. But who are
the chosen instruments to accomplish this great
reform? Henry Clay and Martin Van Burcn,
both pledged in advance to veto every bill having
that object in view. The election of cither would
oppose an insuperable barrier to emancipation for
at least the next four years.
The course of our Legislature, for the last six-
years, reminds ono very forcibly of the system of
military tactics adopted by Peter Stuyvesant, one
of the early Dutch Governors of New York, in
ware UMlli Vnl-sc.5 auJ ultlUI (JOI'llCI' etlC-
s. Instead of employing Paixbam guns, Con-
For the Green MounlainFreeman.
Mr. Editor: Most of your readers are doubt
less familiar with an Act passed at the last sess
ion of our State Legislature, entitled "an act for
the protection of personal Liberty." The Jour
nals of the House and Senate show that it passed
by a vote nearly unanimous. All party consider
ations were laid aside and merged in the " one
idea" of protection to personal liberty. This was
as it should be. The South are always united on
every question affecting slavery. Democracy and
Whiggery are " minor questions" when the great
interests of the "patriarchal institution" are in
peril. It will be a proud day for the North when
she shall present the same unbroken front in sup
port of her own free institutions when she shall
be as uniform and consistent in her opposition to
oppression as the South now is in its support.
The Act referred to has especial reference to
fugitive slaves, and awards to any officer or citizen
of this State, who shall aid in the seizure of any
mich fugitive a penalty, not exceeding a fine of
one thousand dollars, or imprisonment in the pen
itentiary not more than five years.
This may be regarded as a most emphatic con
demnution of the whole system of slavery; for it
certainly evinces more moral turpitude to hold a
slave, than merely to assist in restoring a slave to
his master. The slaveholder is the principal in
the crime; the other merely an accessory hi
guilt consisting wholly in the " aiding and abet
ting." If the slaveholder be innocent, the man
who restores a slave to his master, cannot be guil
ty. They must stand or fall together, with only
tho difference just pointed out.
But how did the members of that Legislature
regard this matter? While providing these whole
some penalties for those who should be accessory
to man-stealing, how did tney regard the princi
pals in the nefarious business? Let a few facts
answer. While this very law was maturing,
Kentucky slaveholder visited the Capitol, and bow
was he received? As a felon and an invader of
the rights of Man? Certainly not. His progress
through tho State was marked, at every stage of
it, by processions, the firing of cannon, and the
adulation of the nooplo. The Legislature bus
pended their sitting for a season to do homage to
revc rockets, and the thousand other murderous
implements of war, he hurled at his enemies flam
ing Proclamations, interlarded with tall words and
big Dutch oaths. The Legislature and people of
this State, in their contest whh slavery, seem to
have adopted the gallant Peter as a model. The
poet hits offthe matter tolerably in the following
"Not always actions show the man; we find
Who does a kindness is not therefore kind;
Perhaps prosperity becalmed his breast;
Perhaps the wind just shifted from the East.
Who combats bravely is not therefore brave;
He dreads a death-bed like the meanest slave;
Who reasons wisely is not therefore wise;
His pride in reasoning not in acting lies."
In closing this chapter upon "Consistency,"
permit me to refer to a law of this State of long
standing. (See 11. S. chap. 94, sec. 7.) It was
not got up to meet any present emergency, and
may, I believe, be considered sustained by the
public sentiment of the State. , It seems, at this
conjuncture to be of peculiar interest to our good
friends the Whigs:
rogues while we organize Wufis," and sing
songs to glorify their rJiore rurtanatcfbut not less
guilty coinpeers. ,:
Randolph, Mtirch, 2,' 1.8,44. .
"Moral Simsbii.Th Smdiliat Tells
UpoEt&c Slaveholders,
We copy the, following from hc Cincinnati
Morning Herald. It is fmm.a citizen of Kentucky
tt highly respectable gcntleirfni, to the editor of
that paperj Rend it ! lltjnd it yp go for "ever
lasting. scatterfltion," if wo have such an one anjong
our readers. The slaveholders-" -dread our votes
an hundred fold more than our jryiers, especially
such prayers as are consistent, with pro-slavery
'voting. Ed. L. P. : ' '. '
" At the time the antin-Tivt'i-v'-rnQVcment besan
"tQ assume a puitipol be 'riir', ICniembw to huve
attended u public-it;'?-: ' ' n tlns-.ruite, called tf
thu im'iKj.-tnit'..Ji-; f 'Wilrtin jiVfjiriifiy of bri ic
ing out candidates for lliu Legislature, pledged to
vote for the repeal of tho license laws. Strom;
ground against the movement was taken in the
Meeting by one of our most distinguished public
men, upon mo principle mat me temperance
movement was purely u mo;-al one, and that to
mix it up with politics waste insure its overthrow.
He argued this I'roin the history of autiuiasonry. He
then brought forward abolitionism, and stated that
as a moral object, no objection could he inado to
it. But, said he, " You see that they have begun
to make a political hobby of it; and who does not
perceive that his days are numbered! Yes, fellow
citizens, w henever yon go to advance your moral
ends by political means, you are sure to be disap
pointed. It was so with aiitimasonry; it is so with
abolitionism; and will be so with tin: cause of tem
perance." The ma jority of the meeting agreeing
with the speaker, no candidates wore brought out.
Well, four years have rolled around, and a few
weeks since I was at another pulilie nieetins for
another object, at which the speaker before men
tioned together with several of his friends who
formerly agreed with him were present. We had
just received the news from the New York elec
tions, and every body was talking about political
abolitionism. The following is a fair speci
men of the various conversations that took
place in the little coteries that would assem-
)le together previous to the commencement ol
A. " Well, have you heard the news from New
B. "Yes, I have just heard. Don;t "hese
d d abolitionists bent every thing? What with
16,000 voles in New York, 7 or 8 thousand in
Ohio, and 5 or 6 thousand in Massachusetts, they'll
soon hold tho balance of power in their own
A. " Well I tell you what it is, something must
be done to stop them"
B. " I know it. But what can be done? They
have got to voting and there's no telling when they
are going to stop. They might have preached and
prayed about, the matter to their hearts content, for
all I care, but if they go on increiisingas they have
ilono, '!itim.c to 'f-i'U' out their own candi
dates the other parties will-not know what to de
pend upon.
A. " True, but I am in hopes they will quarrel
among themselves, and then 'their game is up.' "
A. " Well, we'll see."
Thus you see thrft the tone of public sentiment,
in regard to the political aspect of your cause, is
very much changed. We have ceased to look up
on you as abstractionists, and begin to beleivc that
you intend to lay hold of the matter like practical
men. It you wish to make an impression here,
you will not only have to think aright, prny aright,
but VU 1 Ji; AUIUrll. Ail and each ot the pow
ers and influences that Almighty God has given
you, must be brought to bear on the object to be
accomplished, and of your ultimate success, I have
no doubt."
he asks for hffipp nnil iT vaii rpinpt liim vnu linvo
, . ; . . j . . ....... j
none a Horrible deed you are a perjured man,you
are a violator of the Constitution! !
U e are sick sick at this loathsome adulation
paid to the slaveholder. It would really seem as
if the American people were so in love with some
sort of an aristocracy, on which to lavish their rev
erence, that they had virtually constituted the negro-holders,
the Lords Temporal of the nation
and by and by, we shall expect to sec Patriarch
McLMilhiB, who led the way in an Abrahamic ar
gument in behalf of slavery, and the whole hatch
of Doctors of Divini.ty who have prostituted them
selves to tho defence of .datesrablj3 system of op
pression, cmstititted the Lo(Tj: Spiritual in which
case, we suppose, it wilLfce field 6 lie grossly un
eonstiuitisnal not to do tvjiatsoevor-fljese two Su-
pej'torfcsiales ot trie, realm rjiay maydirect."
uijuufiaiiiimoiiai uon.o Yuiciora oiayeno-tjicr:
Who tjutftye' men wjili their ncj-ks'ynder tWe yoke
would ever, whrs'per so deffwdinir V'serMimeht"?
D(iul)tless,wi;re wc'at die. Nortfi tir Resolve 'never
to tftve our support to a Smlhem man for oflice;
we should be violating the spirit ol the Union, tho'
not the Constitution. But this is not the point in
question. Liberty men have no sectional feelings,
or ought to have none. Give us a Southern
man of sound principles who is not a slaveholder,
ami we will vote lor him. Have we not such a
man on our ticket? The selection of Mr. Birnev
is our candidate, shows that we care nothing about
geograpical distinctions. The slaveholders are
not the South. There are thousands and hundreds
of thousands of worthy citizens in the Slave States
w ho are. not slaveholders. To them we make no
objections. But slaveholders arc habitual viola
tors ot every fundamental principle of our Gov
ernment, and therefore we oppose them. -
W hat are these principles? hvery man has a
right to property, to himself, his wife, his children
ind Ins earnings. 1 his is one principle. Docs
not the tdavehnlder .violate it every day? Every
man has a right to liberty to Iree thought and
reo action. I his is another principle. Does the
daveholder recognize it? Every man has a right
to " pursue happiness." I his is a third princi
ple. Does tho slaveholder allow the slave to pur
sue bis own happiness? The Constitution was
framed " to establish justice." This is the fourth
principle. Is it just for two hundred and filty
thousand men to reduce to the condition of brutes,
and keep there, two millions and a half of other
men, and to use the government for the support of
this system ot gross injustice:
J'.very fundamental system then, of civil govern
ment of our government, do they violate, and
yet to refuse to support tbem for oflice would be a
violation of the constitution ! I may vote against
a Whig, because he holds improper doctrines, or
Democrat, because his views are "destructive,"
or an Abolitionist, because he would carry out the
principles of the Declaration of Independence in
application to slavery, all this I may do, and not
violate the constitutionjhut torelusc to vote tor the
aveholder, a gross violator ot every principle ot
the Declaration of Independence, and every prin
ciple of the Constitution, " 0,my oiTcnce is rank,
it smells to heaven."
"Every person, who shall engage in a duel with
any deadly weapon, although no homicide ensue,
or shall challenge another to fight such duel, or
shall send or deliver any written or verbal mes
sage, purporting or intending to be such challenge,
although no duel ensue, shall be punished by im
prisomncnt in the State prison, not more than ten
years, or by fine, not exceeding one thousand dol
lars, and shall also be forever incapable ot holding,
or of being elected or appointed to any place of
honor, profit or trust, under the Constitution or
laws of this State, or of enjoying the privileges of
a freeman within this State."
Henry Clay, the Whig candidate for the Presi
dency, according to his own biographer, (Geo. D.
Prentiss,) in 1808, challenged Mr. Marshall and
exchanged three shots with him. Again, in 1826,
ho challenged John Randolph, for words spoken
in debate in the Senate, deliberately attempted his
life, while Mr. It. discharged his pistol in the air.
In 1841, a duel was projected between Mr. Clay
and Senator King, and both were bound up in five
thousand dollars to keep the peace. Had Mr.
Clay been a citizen of this State he would have
been employed in the making of rifles and pistols
in the penitentiary at Windsor, instead of using
them in affairs of honor. Where is the great dif
ference between selecting Our Presidential candid
ate from the convicts of the penitentiary, or tak
ing a man who (ourselves being tho judges) de
serves to be there? So far as the morality of tho
thing is concerned, I see very little difference.
If it has indeed come to this, that we must sus
tain, for the highest possible trusts, men whose
hands are red with murder, and all of whose
whole wealth has been u-nined hv a systematic
0 ,v
course of robbery and plunder, let us, at least, be
consistent, and at once repeal our penal statutes
throw wide open the doors of our jails and peni
tentiaries, and proclaim a jubilee to the small
From the Cincinnati Herald.
"He was willing, and he wished to co-operate
according to the original design of the franiers of
the Constitution,. to carry out all the compromises
ol the Constitution, and one of the last things lie
would do, would he to refW-e to vote for a l'resi
(lent ol the United states, or any other ollicer, up
on the ground that ho was a slaveholder."
Speech ot Ur. Severance.
Mr. Severance had just been referring to the
policy of the Liberty men, in withholding their
votes from slaveholders. The declaration above
quoted, as it followed immediately, seems to indi
cute as the opinion ot Mr. beverance, that it
would be a violation of the compromises of the
Constitution to refuse to vote for a candidate be
cause he was a slaveholder. Where is such i
compromise to be found? We recollect that Mr.
biddings once contended, as did the JNcw York
Tribune, that for any party t'i make non-slavchold
ing a condition to cai:didates!iip for office, was i
violation of the rights of the slaveholders! And
the same sentiment we have heard repeated again
and again.
Under no circumstances could the privileged
order of slaveholders, the Twc hundred and fifty
thousand men who rule thii republic, be persuad
ed to support the claims ol an Abolitionist to any
office under the General Government. Has any
one ever thought of charging them with a viola
tion of the Constitution in this respect?
We have heard some whigs say that they would
rather vote for tho Devil than Mr. Van Buren.
Do they violate Mr. Van Buren's Constitutional
rights? Indeed, the whole party absolutely pro
scribe nny candidates for State or National offices
who entertain certain views m regard to the cur
rency and tariff. How dreadfully they violate
the Constitution!
The " Democracy" too, in this State, could not
be ore vailed uiinn to sunnort for the otlice of Gov
ernor, a Bank director, or a Bank supporter. How
dare they thus violate the Constitution, which se
cures to all adult white males over 21 eligibility to
oflice ?
Every man of common sense knows that if the
.... . . i . i . i! i i :
constitution secures to us an tne rignt oi engwnii
tv. it secures no less completely the right of selec
tion or suffrage. Any man who chooses ninj stand
as a candidate; any other may vote for or against
him, as ae chooses.
This is all plain sailing. But, when men of good
sense on other occasions, come within hail of
slavery, they seem perfectly infatuated. You may
systematically vote against a Whig, or a Demo
crat, or a Tvferite, or an Abolitionist; but a Slave
holdbr take care' he is sacred speak of him
softly he has peculiar constitutional guaranties
hands off of the compromises of the Constitution
of liberty,' in to Victoria's dominidns-, wlren'ce hV
thought he should not venture himself. .
The betrayer vanished immediately after and
the disappointed agent was missing the next mor
ning after the flight. To all the parties concerned
this was a loosing affair. Henry lost his free pa
pers, some money, much sweat, and for a time his
..mi..., nniuf TT'.a r-lnimnnta ivnrr pVill'ermv TYlinnu
II 1 U IILLII V L. 1 t IO . !. " " ' I J
several hundred dollars, and though the traitor
doubtless obtained a ;good " sop;" yet he lost his
place in Canada, where he owned a tarm ana was
a man of some consequence. Having stamped ott
his brow the mark of Cain, he will have to beeom'd
a fugitive and a vagabond from that refuge of (&'
gitivcs, lest it cometh to pass mat wnosoever
findeth shall slay him.
in tins whole anair wo see those tearures oiae
nravitv hv which the visasre of this "dorries'tie in-
stitittion" is every where marked dee'epti'dn-, ly
ing, urioery, aim n comeinpi ui me icnuer Bympn
tjiies of our nature. Scarcely a transfer of a slave1
from ntie master to another is made u.ilIioiit 't.
nccoinpanirnent ot deceit and falsehood. ...Aiil
wiles are thought too unworthy, no lies too greati
no triilina with the sweetest emotions of the heart
too cruel, to be employed in efforts to recover a
fu-ritivc. OBSERVER.
From the N. Y. Evangelist
Interesting Slave Case.
Messbs. Editors: Some four or five vears
ago a bright mulatto man, about twenty-five years
of age, calling himself Henry Going, came to Pcr-
rysburgh and established himself as a barber, lie
stated that he had come from' Alabama, and hav
ing free papers, none suspected him of being a
dave. Not succeeding well, he left, after a resi
lencc of eighteen months, and went; to Canada.
There he lived in comfort and respectability until
about seven months ago. 1 hen he became ac
quainted with a black man, who learned from him
that he had a wife in slavery m Alabama, who
was of his own color, and of nearly the same age
and size. Affecting great sympathy for him, the
black imp expressed his readiness to assist him in
effecting the escape of his wife. After the lapse
of some months, during which time the scoundrel
had doubtless communicated with the owner of
the woman, he stated to Henry that be was going
to Alabama on business, and told him that it he
would follow his advice, be would present him,
on his return, with the wife from whom he had
been so long separated. I he plan he proposed,
was, that Henry should let him take his tree pa
pers to the woman, whom he would cause to dress
in men s clothing and pass tor the person therein
described. Jtlenry was oupcu, and parted witn
his defensive nrinour. A fortnicbt since, this
Judas went to him with the intelligence that he
had succeeded in effecting the escape of his wife
and brought her as, far as Perrysburgh, where,
from the aliguc of her journey, and cold which
she had contracted, she had fallen sick, and was
exceedingly anxious to see her husband. As busi
ness called the friend back to Uhio, and his route
lay through Perrysburgh, he proposed that they
should take passage in the stage together. This
was acceded to, and on arriving late at night, they
stopped with a colored friend to Henry, where he
directed him to wait till he should go to his aboli
tionist friends and bring in bis wife. An old man,
with w hom no one was acquainted, and who seem
ed to have no special business at the place, had
been stopping at one of the hotels about a week.
At break of day Henry was arrested by a consta
ble and identified on oath by this man as a fugi
tive slave named Elijah, belonging to the estate of
one bmiih, deceased, in Alabama. 1 he trial was
on hand three, days be to re Justice Huntington, and
through the zeal and talents of Messrs. Hostner
and Hopkins, the indictment was quashed on the
ground of informality.
The moment the prisoner was discharged, he
hounded away, in accordance with the previous
instructions of bis counsel. A fleet horse, bolong
ing to a colored man, was in readiness for him,
which be innunted.and in a moment was off. Soon
he was heard thundering over the bridge into Lu
cas Cdunty, regardless of the requirements of the
law, and without stopping to apologize to the gate
keeper, he flung him his toll and pursued his
course, John Gilpin course. Meanwhile, tho old
agent, who had thought him safe in his clutches,
ordered another writ then he offered a reward
of $100, then of $200 then cried " in gold," for
his arrest and all within n minute after the fugi
tive was on the wing. But the only response was
a shout from amid the multitude" Go it Hqnry;
a dead horse or a free negro!" And whether the
cognomen by which he had formerly hung out,
was a misnomer or not, certain ho was now going,
and soon gone. Messrs. H. &. II. received a note
from him yesterday, thanking them for their kind
ness and efficient exertions in his behalf (for he
had not taken time to do this after his discharge)
and telling them ho had got safely out of .the 'land
From the Emanclpatoh
Texas Admitted
The papers of this city and of 6ther cities, ei
pccially of the Whigs, have been regularly astoun
ded by the news that a treaty is actually negotiaU
ed, and probably already submitted to the Senate
by which Texas is made an integral part of the.
United Mates ot America. 1 he Ooston Atlas of
Feb. 28, while the Texas resolutions were pend
ing in the Legislature of Massachusetts, had &
long article respecting the manner that Tesas Was
to be admitted by treaty, treating the story with
open contempt. Wc copy a sentence or two, to
show thcspint ot the article:
" We have the most heart-felt pity for the weak
brain of any individual who could allow so shal
low a report to maintain a lodgement in that brain
for a moment. So many improbable agreements
would be necessary to tho full fruition of such A
plan as this, that no reasonable man can entertain
a momentary supposition of its probability and
least probable of all that the Senate of the United
States the Whig Senate of the Vnited States-
should so irremediably disgrace itself as even to
entertain die idea of negotiating wilh a foreign in-
dependent Stale to annex another independent
Stale politically and territorially to these Unittd
And again, on the 20th, iti reply to a correspon
dent, the same oracle hits a base charge against
all who doubt its infallibility:
" We fear the excitement is gotten up-, in sOrftrJ
quarters, for the purpose of attracting attention1
from other important matters, and of. attempting
to prejudice the chances of Mr, Clay for the pres
M any of the Southern Whiss are obforised td
the annexation. The South will not unite on the
question. Tho Callio.nn men will not support
Van Buren, even if thev could carry this project
of annexation by doing so. Mr. Clay's friends ui
the South and West we speak it with the Utmost
confidence will be prompt enough to put ddwfl
such a project, whenever the contingency occurs.'
Here is, then, the sagacity nnd the honor of the
Boston Atlas, pledged to the people of New Eng
land, only three weeks ago, that there was no
danger, that tho scheme was preposttJroltsi that
tho southern friends of Henry Clay in the South
and West will promptly put down the project.
Let us test the competency of this proud and over
bearing oracle. Let the people understand how
far tho Atlas is to be relied on as a vigilant senti
nel on the walls, to warn us of the dangers to the
public liberty. Read the following editorials from
leading Whig papers: '
" We hear to-day, directly, and irl such shape
as to command our belief that a treaty for the an;
nexation of Texas, unfinished at Mr. Upshur's
death, between him and the Texian miriistef; Iihs
been hurried to a conclusion by the acting secre
tary, Mr. Nelson, and signed, and that to-morrow
or Monday it will go to the Senate, where noses
have been counted enough-, it is said, to ensure
its ratification. N. Y. American, March 15."
" So far as the President of the United States'
and the President of Texas are concerned, the"
treaty is all but made.
" This information has, we confessj filled pur"
minds with humilliation and apprehension hu
miliation at the unauthorized and almost clandes
tine manner in which, after having heretofore SoU
ernnly rejected, for unanswerable reasons, u propo3
sition for annexation, when sought by thegovern
ment of Texas, our own government has done A
wooing to that of Texas, and solicited its favors
and apprehensions of the consenuences of the con
summation of the treaty, which the President at
least has been made to believe will be promptly
ratified by a constitutional majority of the Senate
of the United States. It is a question of peace or"
war of self-preservation of national existence
in comparison with which the ordinary topics of
party controversy dwindle into absolute ihsighifi
While speaking thus, we know and feel that wd
are not expressing sentimehts iti uCfordance with
those of some of our political friends. We sih
cere I v regret it, on our account and ou theirs."
Nat.' Intel., March 16.
" It is stated in the Philadelphia North Ameri-
can of Thursday morning, on the authority of ft
gentleman who assures the editors of the aecurncjr
of his information, that Mr. Tyler has signed a
treaty for the annexation of Texas to the United
States. Should this be true, the monstrous act rfc
quires still to be endorsed by two-thirds of the
Senate) before it becomes possessed of vitality and
the power to do mischief." Bosl. Mas, March
" There is a great breeze in Washington' about
the annexation of Texas. It is said that the Pres
ident has already signed a treaty for this purpose;
and that it ii immediately to be submitted to the1
Senate." Boston Post, March 18.
Mr. Calhoun, the new Secretary of State, it is
understood, is in . favor of annexation, and a mii-i
jority of the cabinet.- Indeed, only one of the
heads of Department, Mr. Spencer, is a citizen of
a free Sftlte. On this subject,- in Massachusetts
and indeed in all tho free States, especially those
of New England, there will be bu: one opinion.
Party-lines will lie thrown aside, and the people;
we trust, will move in solid phalanx to prevent
the admission of Texas into the Union." Mercaix
tile Journal, March 18.
iVVehad hoprd, and wj still hope, that suctr g

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