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u Give me Liberty or give me Death!"
MOIVTPEL.1ER, VERMONT, FRIDAY, JUNE 7, 1844
THE GREEN FOUNTAIN FREEMAN.
PUBLISHED EVER)! FRIDAY,
In Lyman's building, Main st. near the Union House.
J. C. ASPENWALL, Editor.
J. POLAND, Publisher,
Single iopies $1,50 in advance, or $2,00 after the ex
piration of three months from the time of subscribing.
All papers sent at the expense of the subscriber?.
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trary is made.
ICJ" Book and Job Work of every description thank
fully received and executed with neatness and dispatch.
For AGENTS see last page.
For the Green Mountain Freeman.
"The Calvinist Baplist Home Missionary
Society and Slavery."
Bro. Aspenwall: I notice under this head you
have reported the proceedings of the "American
Baptist Home Missionary Society," upon the sub
ject of Slavery. I am, Sir, a member of that So
ciety, and was present at its late anniversary in
Philadelphia. In all the proceedings of the Soci
ety, nor in their printed documents, nor yet in the
secular and political newspapers, have I seen the
title by which you designate the Society. 1 ask,
sir, by what authority the word American is era
sed, and Calvinist inserted in its place. So far as
I am acquainted with the Baptists, they are strict
adherents to the command of Christ, Mat. 23:9
" Call no man your father upon the earth; for one
is your Father which is in heaven." And certain
ly, we should be the last to call a man father, one
article of whose creed (infant sprinkling) we be
lieve to be the main pillar of Popery.
I would not have taken up my pen for a correc
tion of the above caption, did I not know that cer
tain denominations of professed Christians try to
keep up the idea that Baptists are followers of
Calvin; and our silence might be construed into
consent. Yours truly,
M. D. Miller.
Wilmington, May 27, 1844.
In the simplicity of our heart we copied the pro
ceedings referred to from the Morning Star, 'cap
tion' and all. Wo never thought of the subject in
the Ugh in which Brother Miller thinks we had
an unworthy motive, until we received his letter.
For the Green Mountain Freeman.
In his kind remarks upon the Freeman Mr WhI
ton asks all honest antislaverv men, can vou do
better, than follow the example of the N. Y. Stan
dard, give up Van Buren and support Clay? Yes
certainly. Honest antislaverv men are not driv
en to the necessity of choosing between two evils,
Clay or Van Buren. They have a good man, h n
est, and capable, and they may vote for him ; thus
choose the good and refuse the evil. Why should
they not? If they are honest men, let them show
their faith by their works, not say one .thing and
do another. Supposing it should be so, that a ho
ly God should leave this nation to give their votes
to oppressors and bloody men, and there should be
only seven thousand votes cast for Birney, which
would best please God, or which would feel the
most comfort on a dying bed, those who followed
a multitude to do evil, or those who chose a right
eous man to rule over us? Let all honest men
look at this subject, and act as moral beings, who
must give an account to God, who will render un
to every man according to his works and they
will never vote for a bloody duellist.
For the Green Mountain Freeman.
How must the milk of human kindness have o
erflowed when friend Walton penned the remarks
respecting Mr. Briggs? " We regret that a man
of naturally clever abilities should so stultify him
self; but since he has done it, the third party is the
place for him. It is politically the "receptacle of
things lost upon earth" the very place for disap
pointed demagogues, and unfortunate office-seekers.
Of all such who leave the Whig ranks, we
say heartily, it is a good riddance of troublesome
customers." So it seems a man may be possessed
of clever abilities, and seek after office as much as
ho pleases, if he will only draw in the Whig traces;
but if he kicks out, ho stultifies himself, and is fit
only for the third party, the sink of all impurity.
Don't be angry, sir. Why do you not stick to your
text, and let the scum and drift-wood which is dai
ly collecting in the third party, alone, and not coax
and woo them back? If they have got sick of coons
and bloody duellists, let them alone. They have
got their eyes open, and think it better to vote for
a man who fears God, than for a Grand Master
Mason and slaveholder. Now they may be right.
Why throw mud at them, nnd then woo them back
to your party? Say good riddance, and let them
go. You have a fairproportionof such characters
already. Be content, and let us have a portion.
We will try to give them more light, to make them
good citizens, and to keep them from striking
hands with wicked and bloody men. If such be
your choice, we hope honest abolitionists will find
a better way, and not turn aside from it. (S3"
DR. BEECJIER'S SERMON.
THE REMEDY for DUELLING.
Extracts from a Sermon by the Hev. Lyman Beech
er, D. D. text isAiAHlxix: 14.
AN IMPORTANT (QUESTION.
It will be demanded, "How can people prevent
duelling?" By withholding yonr suffrage from
every man whose hands are stained with blood,
or has been directly or indirectly concerned in a
duel; and by intrusting to men of fair moral char
acter and moral principle, the making and execu
tion of your laws. ' ;
REQUIREMENTS OF CHRISTIANITY.
The elevation of duelists to power is a practice
in direct opposition to the precepts of the Christ
ian religion. The character of rulers, God has
himself prescribed. They must be just men
such as fear God a terror to evil doers and a
praise to them that do well. Do duelists answer
this description? Are thev iustmen? Dothev
fear God? Look at their law of honor. Its pre
cepts, like those of Draco, are witten in blood.
THE DUELIST IS A MURDERER.
Shall we snatch from the dugeon and the gal
lows the victim of justice, to invest them with
power, and adorn them with dignity and honor?
I do not hesitate to say that every duelist is a mur-
acrer, lor lie lias said so himself. He has avowed
as his own, principles of murder: he tells you that
:r .... i I.? i it i rt. . .i .n
n occasion cans, uiiu ins siuii e surneicnt, ne win
murder. And, when he has stood forth in the field
of combat, and aimed the deadly weapon, and thro'
fear and trembling, has failed to prostrate his vic-
um, is ne inerciore not a muruererr is tne pro-
tesseu rouuer wno laiis in nis attempt, therefore
not a robber? Is the assassin, because his thrust
was not deadly, therefore not an assassin?
PARTY POLITICS NOTHING MORAL PRINCIPLE EVE
I know it is said that a man's principles and his
private character are nothing to us. If his ability
be adequate and his politics correct, and his pub
lic conduct, as yet, irreproachable, this is suffi
cient, liut arc you prepared to be the dupes of
such wild absurdity?
According to this sentiment, a man may set his
mouth against the heavens he may be a drunkard
in tne intervals ot ins omcial dutv. a prodignl.
tyrant, and still be trumpeted by unprincipled poli
ticians and electioneering haddbills, us the great
Chaampion of liberty, the very Atlas on whose
shoulders rests the destiny of his country. But
what is a man's political creed, what is his past
conformity to your wishes, when his profligate
private life demonstrates, that he is prepared to
betray you the first moment he shall find it for his
interest? Dispense with moral principle and pri
vate virture, and nil is gone. You can find no sub
stitute; honor is a cobweb, and patriotism an emp
ty name in the hour of trial. Admit that there are
instances, in which men destitute of principle have
acted with integrity in public stations; can you tell
me hoio many thousands have betreyed their trusts
for the want of it? These are exempt cases the
persons did not happen to be tempted. But do
you desire no better pledge of rectitude than the
mere absence of temptation?
Will you confide in thieves and swindlers to leg
islate, because two in a thousand, though utterly
unprincipled, may have found it for their interest
not to cheat you? - It is in trying emergencies,
when the price of perfidy is high, and temptation
impei -iou, nun uuprmcipieu men are weighed in
the balance and found wanting. And will you op
poini cowards and traitors to command your ar
mies, because they might answer in the time of
peace? Why does this lingering cofidence in the
duelist still survive the extinction of moral princi
ple? One crime of equal magnitude in any other
case would decide his fate forever.
The thief solicits in vain the public suffrage; the
highway robber can find none to palliate his crime;
and the common murderer, might he live, would
be doomed to linger on a life of disgusting infamy.
But the duelist who, in cold blood, or with bit
ter malice and burning rnge,murders his neighbor,
can find enough to exercise charity and palliate
Peculiar Education no Excuse.
But alas! the dui'list,iw7 man, is overcome by
temptation. lie has peculiar sensibilities, habits
ot education, and modes of thinking, which, in this
one case, led him astray, without inferring at all a
general deficiency of principle, religious or moral.
In plain language, because the duelist is educated
a duelist, the crime of wilful murder in him is
very small, and is consistent with religious and
moral principle. If men, then, are only educated
to theiving, assassination and robbery if, by hab
it and false reasoning, they are so familiarized
to crime as to rob and steal, and destroy life, with
out mucn consciousness ot guilt, then, indeed, they
are very honest men, and are fit to superintendj;the
auuirs oi me nation !
Pernicious Example of Dueling Legislators.
I o pass over the the crimes of the deenest dve.
I may even say, this rewarding them with the nrof-
ils and honors of the State, confounds in the pub
lic mind the distinctions, between virtue and vice,
and weakens that abhorrence of crime, which is
the guadian of public moralitv. F.lpvntp swirullprs
to office, and who shall guarantee the integrity of
hid cumiuuii cujie: r.ievaie adulterers, and who
shall punish incontinence? Elevate murderers,and
wno win oe tne avengers oj blood!
r.. . ..ii i i
uui, waiving uu morui considerations, what se
curity have we that the duelist will not desert us
in the hour of danger! What security can we
have, when it is in the power of some facetious ri
vol who can shoot straight, to compel him to the
neiu; ana ny destroying nis nie, to uerange, per
haps annihilate, the government?
The system of dueling is a system of despotism,
tending directly nnd powerfully to the destruction
of liberty. T he feelings of the duelist are ungod
ly feelingsthe haughtiness of pride and relentless
revenge, and which, instead of a dispensation for
indulgence, deserve the chastisement of scorpions.
To reduce such unruly, spirits, the law should
brandish all its thunders.
To elevate duelists to office, the deliberate con
temners of law, is to place their example in the
most conspicuous point of view, and to clothe it
with most woful efficacy to destroy public virtue.
Select for your rulers men of profligate exam
ples, who contemn the religion and despise the
laws of their country, and they need not conspire
to introduce despotism; you will yourselves intro
The Tendency of Dueling to Restiain the Liberty
of Speech and of the Press, is also Direct
The people have a right to investigate the con-
duct of their rulers, and to scrutinize the charac
ter of candidates for office; and as the private nnd
moral character of a man is the truest index,
it becomes them to be particular on this point.
But who will speak on this subject, who will pub
lish, when the duelist stands before him with apis
tol at his breast? And what aggravates the res
traint, the more unprincipled and vile the man.
the greater need of speaking, the greater danger of
unveiling Ins enormity, vv line nent upon promo
tion, and desperate in his couise, he is prepared to
seal in death the lip that shall publish his infamy.
What should you think of a law that forbade th"
people to speak of the immoralities of candidal,
for office which made death tVie penalty of Iranv
We should not endure it a moment.
If the road to Washington was beset by robbers
if they sacrificed yearly as many as are now
slain in duels, could the wretches live unmolested?
Their crimes notorious, could they mingle in soci
ety? Could they boast of their prowess, anil glory
in their shame? Could they enjoy the confidence
of the people, and receive their suffrages, and be
made guardians of civil liberty?
The inconsistency of voting for duelists is glar
ing. To profess attachment to liberty, and vote
for men whose principles ami whose practices are
alike hostile to liberty to contend for equal laws,
and clothe with power those who despise them
to enact laws, and entrust their execution to men
who are the first to break them, is a farce too ri
diculous to be acted by freemen. In voting for
the duelist, we patronize a criminal whom, in our
law, we have doomed to die. With one hand we
erect the gallows, and with the other rescue the
victim; at one breath declare him unfit to live,
and at the next constitute him the guardian of our
Cancel, I beseech you, the laws against dueling
annihilate your criminal code level to the
ground your prisons, and restore to the sweets of
society and the embraces of charity their more in-
nocenl victims, lie consistent. It you tolerate
one set of villains, tolerate them all; if murder
does not stagger your confidence, let it not waver
at inferior crimes.
In our prayers we request that God would be
stow upon us good rulers; just men ruling in the
fear of God. But by voting for duelists we dem
onstrate the insincerity of such prayers for when
by the Providence of God, it is left to our choice
whom we will have, we vote for murderers. Unless,
therefore we would continue to mock God by hyp
ocnticai prayers, we must cease to patronize men
ot blood, by elevating to important stations men
whose hands are stained with blood, we do little
less than reward them for their crimes.
THE ONLY REMEDY.
Withholding the public suffrage from duelists,
is the only method in which there is the least pros
pect of arresting the practice of duelling.
We may reason and ridicule, and lament, and
remonstrate, and threaten, and legislate, and mul
tiply penalties, and the evil will still progress.
1 here is no way to deal with these men, but to
make them feel their dependence on the people;
and no way to effect this but to take the punish
ment into our own hands. Our conscience must
be the judge, and we must convict and fine and
disgrace them at the polls. Here, and no-where
beside, will our voice be heard and our will be
come a law. W ithhold the public suttrage from
the duelist, and the practice of duels would speedi
DUTY OF MINISTERS.
Nothing is necessary to awaken and embody in
one formidable phalanx of opposition, the great
mass of our plain and honest people, but to place
the crime in its horrible aspect and fearful connex-
i full before them. Only let them see, and
they will feel let them feel and they will act, will
hurl indignantly every duelist whom they have el
evated, from his eminence, and consign to merited
infamy every one who shall solicit their favor.
Nor is it impracticable thus to exhibit the sub
ject. Ministers ot different denominations, all
united, would be able to eflect it perfectly. Let
each, in his appointed sphere, make due exertion
to enlighten his flock, anil the fire of indignation
would soon begin to blaze through the nation.
And if besidessuch exertions, further efforts should
be needful, the newspaper, the magazine, and
tract, may be enlisted as auxiliaries.
Nor can ony one reasonably object to such con
duct on the part ot ministers; nor will any one
probably attempt it, who does not, for himself or
some favorite, fear the consequences. Our obli
gations are most solemn to lift up our voice, and
to put forth our exertions against this sin. Our
God ca s us from heaven the damned call us
from hell the blood of murdered victims from the
ground lifts up its voice and mingles with the cry
ot the widow anil the fatherless tne example
of our Saviour, of the prophets, of the apostles
forbid us to be silent or inactive.
It is the dutv of ministers to direct the attention
of their people, and arouse their just indignation
towards criminals of this description.
Let it be known that you wilt not uphold despo
tism and murder, and the names of Despots and
Murderers will no longer disgrace your tickets of
suffrage. The fighting of a duet will become a
disgrace a mill-stone about the neck of aspiring
You have often lamented the prevalence of du
elling, but have not known how, as individuals, to
arrest the evil. Now, you perceive what you can
do. The remedy is before you; it is simple and
easy and certain; and if you do not apply it if you
continue to vote for duelists, and thus to uphold
the crime, you are partakers of the sin, and are ac
countable for all the evils which ensue, and which
you may now so easily prevent.
Finally, the appointment ofduelists to office will
justly offended the Most High, und assuredly call
down the judgment of heaven. Jjueiung is a
great national sin, with the exception of a small
section of the Union, the whole land is defiled
On the floor of Congress, challenges have been
threatened, if not given: and thus powder and ball
have been introduced as the auxiliaries of deliber
ation. Oh, tell it not in Gath, publish it not in the
streets of Askelon ! Alas, it is too late to conceal
our infamy. We are murderers a nation of
murderers while we tolerate and reward the per
petrator of the crime. And shall I not visit for
these things, saith the Lord? Shall not my soul
be avenged on such a nation as this?
TO BE CONCLUDED.
From the W eslern Citizen.
Echo from the Den.
Knox County Jail, April SO, 1844.
Here am I; shut up in a dismal, gloomy prison;
derided, scoffed at, mocked bj the giddy and the
thoughtless. And for what? Why am I torn from
the bosom of my beloved family, and shut unlike
the vilest felon in the common prison? What dark
stain upon my conscience, or my character, de
mands this incarceration from the justice of my
country? my country to whose redemption from
the foulest of her sins I have especially devoted the
last eight years of my toilsome pilgrimage. With
vhnt foul crime am I charged? Of what damning
.!i suspect' Of opening my door to the wny-
riandtK.. i traveler! ut giving protection
to the Irieiidit , lather, and her fatherless dnld-
! Of dist f , l a ding the statutory enactments of
our state Legislature, which require me to forswear
my allegiance to the King ot kings, by trampling
under toot his command to feed the hungry, and
minister to the necessities of the suffering! Of re
fusing to turn bloodhound at the beck of petty ty
rants, to howl upon the track of human game, and
seize and return the escaping victims of unearthly
despotism!! 1 hese, these are the crimes laid to
In what age and country do we live, that it
should be accounted the blackest of crimes to feed
the hungry and shelter the houseless? Is this pa
gan Rome, and this the reign of Nero, or Domit
ian, or Calligula? Truly, in our race of infamy,
we, "the pe ple ot Illinois," have completely dis
tanced the madness of Calligula, and the blood
thirsty spirit of Nero. In our fiery zeal to pluck
down the vengeance of Almighty Orod on our devo
ted land, we have even outstripped the frenzy of
Julian, the apostate. In the days of those tyrants,
Christians were required to sacrifice animals, to
ensure the favor of imaginary deities; but in owr
time it isdemanded of us to sacrifice the unprotect
ed widow and the helpless orphan to appease
the wrath of SLAVEHOLDING DEMONS.
In whose name, and by whose authority, I ask, is
this bigh-handed despotism inflicted ? and the drea
ry and wet walls of my prison answer, "IN THE
NAME, AND BY THE AUTHORITY OF
THE STATE OF ILLINOIS"!!! The peo
ple of Illinois, a large proportion of them, (and es
pecially the citizens of Knox County, by whose a
geucy this tyranny is executed,) the descendants of
the pilgrims, wdio cast themselves houseless exiles
upon the rock-bound cost of New England, to es
cape from the crushing despotism of Europe, are
they whose peace is disturbed, and whose dignity
is insulted by extending the rights of hospitaliy to
the pennyless traveler, who, like our ancestors,
would seek on foreign soil an asylum from the
soul-killing tyranny of our own country.
It was not so, when a band of midnight ruffians,
in the same county, laid wait for, and assulted me
with rifles, and other deadly weapons. No peace
disturbed no dignity insulted them. The perpe
trators of that midnight outrage walk abroad un-
whipped ot justice, and are selected by the Com
missioner's Court, term after term, with but one
exception, from that day to this, to make up the
panel ot jurors. INo indictment, then, though the
evidence of the facts was fully before the Grand
Jury, by the testimony and boasts ot tne assailants
themselves. But'perhaps the Grand Jury thought
like the Dutch justice, who would not record judg
ment on the confession of the defendant, "because
he was such a liar no man could believe him." liut
when the hungry are fed, and the wanderers shel
tered, the case is far otherwise. Then the jury
room becomes one vast hornets'nest; and wo to the
luckless wight on whose head their ire may chance
to full, especially when their bloodhound scent is
quickened by the fumes of "peach brandy."
From what land of chains and cowskins comes
this impious claim to chattelize human beings?
At whose beck, and for w hose benefit is this migh
ty holocaust to be offered? Alas! the claim is set
up in the indictment, for the ownership of human
bodies and souls in the prairie State; and Andrew
Borders, of the Slate of Illinois, is represented ac
cording "to the form of the Statute in such case
made and provided," as "the lawful owner" of
these immortals, for whom Christ died.
Awav, then, with all this trumpery of vain boas
ting about liberty and equal tight. Illinois is (if
not constitutona v) in law. and in fact, a slave
State, as is abundantly proved by the acts of her
Legislature, the presentments of her juries, the
decisions of her courts, the rolls of her marshals.
Ud. then, to the rescue. The slave on our own
beautiful prairies sends up his cry of agony, com
mingled with the wail from tobacco fields of Vir
ginia and Missouri and the death shriek from ths
cane-brakes of Louisiana, and the cotton fields and
rice swamps of Georgia and Alabama.
"Up, then, in Freedom's manly part,
From grey beard old to fiery youth,
And on the nation's naked heart
Scatter the living coals of Truth."
!" I .',, P. M. The sheriffhas iust visited me,
-Tirid informs tne if Lhave any food, Imupt furnish
itvvjself; another glorious feature ot pro-slavery
jurisdiction, to incarcerate a man in prison for us
ing hospitality, and then tell him to support him
self, or die! But for myself, I huve no complaint.
To the spirit of the laws, and of those who execute
them, I would fix the public gaze. I am yet far
"better ojff" than the poor slave, or even the free
man of color, who, whilo on our national domain,
may be thrown into jail for the crime of wearing
his own skin, and then sold into perpetual slavery
to pay kis jail fees I Better, infinitely better, to
die here of starvation.
Have just enjoyed the privilege of giving a
course of law lectures to a group of school children,
who came with all the prying curiosity of child
hood to see who was shut up in jail; by distribu
ting among tbein, for the benefit of their parents,
et bono publico, a good supply of" the Slave Code
The den is exceedingly filthy, and without bed,
chair, table, stool, or any other article of furniture,
or comfort whatever, except my trunk, which wos
carefully examined by the sheriff, until he came to
the abolition corner, where were a Bible, and
somo " other anti-slavery publications;" when he
suddenly gave up the search, as though he feared
he might take the infection the natural way, and
die in the operation, I should think, however, he
has been sufficiently vacinated to be out of dan
ger. Brs. Waters, Metcalf, Cole, and Williams have
called to-day. Br. Waters only was admitted to
mv room. Verily, "I was in prison, and they
came unto me." The Lord reward them for their
More anon. Kusa.
From the Albany Patriot
A Murderer Honored.
Buffalo, 29th May, 1844.
E. W. Goodwin, Esq. The Murderer of Cil
ley, the Hon. W. J. Graves of Ky., lectured here
an Saturday evening. The advertisements posted
about the city, noticing the meeting, were signed
by the order of the Clay (Jlub ot this city. Ihe
great body of the whgs sanctioned the infamous
lecturer, by attending the meeting. 1 he whig
'Knock Down Committee,' declared in my hearing,
mat it any one mentioned in the meeting the tact
of the speaker being the murderer of Cilley, such
person should be thrown out of the meeting.
The Murderer left yesterday (Sunday) morning
for the west.
It will be recollected that Hon. Millard FilImore
is a member of the Buffalo Clay Club, and is
dollhtlpce ono of tho mppnrtm6 nf this, rtiurftpringr
whig lecturer. So much for whig morality.
Heaven save us from their tender mercies.
Affray of Honor.
By a paragraph in the Newburyport Herald we
learn that while the Hon. S. S. Prentiss was on
his Northern tour, on account of some abusive
language respecting him, used by Thomas S.
Robins, Mr. Prentiss' partner, John J. Guion,
challenged Robins. They fought, and Guion was
mortally wounded. . The seconds also quarrelled,
and one of them was shot dead on the spot.
Prentiss arrived at Vicksburg, on the evening of
the same day, und on hearing what had happened,
immediately challenged Koinns, and they were to
fight the next morning. O, honor! How many
tears hast thou cost humanity!
Southern newspapers teem with abuse of white
men who labor for their subsistence. Robert
Wickliffe, a prominent Kentucky politician, and a
member of a large and influential family, says in a
speech published in the Louisville Advertiser,
'Gentlemen want to drive out the black popula
tion that they may obtain white negroes in their
place. White Negroes have this advantage over
black negroes, they can be converted into voters;
and the men who live upon thesweat of their brow,
and pay them but a dependent and scanty subsis
tence, can, if able to keep ten thousand of them in
employment, come up to the polls and change the
destiny of the country,
"How improved will be our condition when wo
have such white negroes as perform the servile la
bors of Europe, of Old England, and he would
add now, of New England, when our body ser
vants, our cart drivers, and our street sweepers
are white negroes instead of black. Where will
be the independence, the proud spirit, the chivit
ry of Kentucky then?"
The Editoi ot'tlic Ticc LaUui Ail ui iiic buys ur
Mr. Clay's letter:
"If it were not too grave a subject for mirth, it
would be laughable to see the cunning of the ol d
Fox, in the attempt to reconcile the slaveholders
to his views, by persuading them that if Texas
were annexed, it would rather weakcu than strength
en southern influence and power, as from the na
ture of its soil and its geographical position, it
would probably be divided into five states, three
of which would be free states, unit two, slave
states. There, if Van Buren will beat that in cun
ning craftiness, he will get the presidency I think.
Clay surely thinks he has another great compro
mise on hand."
"Bargain and Sale." We perceive thai sofne'
of the Democratic papers are again starting the
old story, that a corrupt contract existed bttwecu
J. Q. Adams and Mr. Cluy, by virtue of which,
Clay was to vote for Adams as Presidont, and re
ceive for his service the Secretaryship of State.
The charge has never been well sustained but,
had we given explicit credence to it, the emphatic
and solemn denial which Mr. Adams gave to it
last year, in the presence of thousands, would have
satisfied us that t is not true. Mr. Adams we bo
live incapable of such corruption and us for Mr.
Clay, he has enough actual transgressions to an
swer for, without laying this sin to his charge.
A Screw Loose. Isaac W. Vanleer, F,sq., of
Chester County, Penn., having been nominated by
the Whig State Convention, as a Presidential Elec
tor, has very promptly declined the honor, on the
ground that he 'could not in conscience support for
the Chief Magistracy of the Nation, a tnanwhafis
a known and avowed slaveholder.' Mr. Vanleer
gives up no political principle in making this de
clination, but shows that he has a higher regard for
righteousness than for party. We honor his in
tegrity, and commend his example to whig and
democratic abolitionists generally.
The Lost Found. A. young man by thenamo of
William Conant, was found drowned near tliii
Lowell railroad depot on the Cumbridge side, yes
terday morning. He has been missing since last
Monday week. For some time previous he ap
peared to be unusually melancholy and depressed
and from the tone of his remarks wns sup
posed to be partially insane. Wo learn that he
was a promising young man, a baker by trade
and is u great loss to his widowed mother. Jour
nal. Caution. A correspondent of the Advertiser says
that, within three weeks, three boys have died soon
after eating fruit sold in our markets under the
name of checkerberries, on a post mortem exami
nation, it was ascertained that poison was ie cause
of the fatal sickness, by eating dogberries, which
were mixed with the checkerberries. These ber
ries resemble each other in size and color,being of
a bright red but vhile thecheckerberry is a harm
less and agreeable fruit, the dogberry is tasteless
Improvements. An enterprizing mechanic has
shown us a memoranda of one hundred and thitv-
four brick dwelling-houses now is course of erec
tion in tnis city, mostly ot inree and lour stories
each. The land bordering on the Tremont road
will be improved (luring the coming season, by
the erection of more than a hundred houses on
the lines of the dew streets laid out in that quar
ter, 'f ruly this is a growing city. Bay State
CO" Cyrus the wise Persian said that no man
;ht to govern who is not better than those who