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Green-Mountain freeman. (Montpelier, Vt.) 1844-1884, June 14, 1844, Image 2

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lieveJ, that it never was in the contemplation of
the framers of the Constistution to add foreign ter
ritory to the Confederacy, out Af which new States
were to be formed. The acquisitioiu of Louisiana
nnd Florida may be defended upon the peculiar
ground of the relation in which they stood to the
States of the Union. After they were admitted,
we might well pause awhile, people our vast
wastes, develope our resources, prepare the means
of defending what we nossess. atimnRiu our
strength, power, and greatness. If, hereafter, fur-',
ther territory should he wanted for an increased j
population, we need entertain no apprehensions
but that it will be acquired hy means, it is to be
hoped, fair, honorable, and constitutional.
It is useless to disguise that there are those who
espouse, and those who oppose the annexation of
Texas, upon the ground of the influence which it
would exert, in the balance of political power, be
tween two sections of the Union. I conceive that
no motive for the acquisition of foreign territory
would be m:re unfortunate, or pregnant with more
fatal consequences, than that of obtaining it for the
purposo of strengthening one part against another
put of the common Confederacy. Such a princi
ple put into practical operation, would menace the
existence, if not certainly sow the seeds of a diso
lution of the Union. It would be to proclaim to
the world an insatiable and unquenchable thirst for
foreign conquest or acquisition of territory. For
if to-day, Tex:is be acquired to strengthen one part
of the Confederacy, to-morrow Canada may be re
quired to add strength to another. And, after that
might have been obtained, still other ami further
acquisitions would become necessary, to equalize
and adjust the balance of political power. Finally,
in the progress of the spirit of universal dominion,
the part of the Confederacy which is now weak
est, would nnd itseir still weaker, from the impos
sibility of securing new theatres for those peculiar
institutions which it is charged with being desir
ous to extend.
, But would Texas, ultimately, really add strength
to that which is now considered the weakest part
of the Confederacy? If my information be cor
rect, it would not. According to that, the territory
of Texas is susceptible of a division into five Stntes
of convenient size and form. Of these, two only
would be adapted to those peculiar institutions to
which I have referred, nnd the other three, lying
west and north of San Antonio, being only adapted
to farming and grazing purposes, from the nature
of their soil, climate, and productions, would not
admit of those institutions. In the end, therefore,
there would be two slave and three free States
probably added to the Union. If this view of the
soil and geography of Texas be correct, it might
serve to diminish the zeal, both of those who op
pose and those who are urging annexation.
Should lexas be annexed to this Union, the U.
States will assume and become responsible for the
debt of Texas, be its amount what it may. What
it is, I do not know certainly; but the least I have
Been it stated at is thirteen millions of dollars.
And this responsibility will exist, whether there be
a stipulation in the treaty or not, expressly assum
ing the payment of the debt of Texas. For I sup
pose it to be undeniable that, if one nation becomes
incorporated in another, all the debts, and obliga
tions, and incumbrances, and wars of the incorpo
rated nation, become the debts, and obligations,
nnd incumbrances, and wars of the common na
tion, created by the incorporation.
If an European nation entertains any ambitious
designs upon Texas, such as that of colonizing her,
or in any way subjugating her, I should regard it
ns the imperative duty of the Government of the
. United States to oppose to such designs the most
firm and determined resistance, to the extent, if
necessary, of appealing to arms, to prevent the ac
complishment of any such designs. The Executive
of the United States ought to be informed as to the
aims and views of foreign Powers with regard to
Texas, and I presume that, if there be any of the
exceptionable character which I have indicated,
the Executive will disclose to the co-ordinate de
partments of the Government, if not to the public,
the evidenc j of them. From what I have seen and
heard, I believe that Great Britain has recently,
formally and soloinnly disavowed any such aims or
purposes has declared that she is desirous only of
the independence of Texas, and that she has no
intention to interfere in her domestic institutions.
If she has made such an avowal and declaration, I
presume they are in the possession of the Execu
tive. In the future progress of events, it is probable
that there will be a voluntary or forcible separa
tion of the British North American possessions
from the parent country. Iain strongly inclined
to think that it will be best forthe happiness of all
parties that, in that event, they-should be erected
into a separate and independent Republic. With
the Canadian Republic on one side, that of Texas
on the other, and the United States, the friend of
both, between them, each could "advance its own
happiness by such constitutions, laws and meas
ures, as were best adapted to their condition.
I hey would be natural allies, ready by co-operation,
to repel any European or foreign attack tip
on either. Each would afford a secure refuge to
the persecuted and oppressed, driven into exile by
either of the others. They would ' emulate each
other in improvements, in free institutions, and in
the science of self-government. Whilst Texas lias
adopted our constitution ns the model of hers, she
in several important particulars, greatly improved
upon it.
Although I have felt compelled, from the nature
of the inquiries addressed to me, to extend this
communication to a much greater length than I
could have wished, I could not do justice to the
subject, and fairly and fully expose my own opin
ions, in a shorter space. In conclusion, thoy may
be stated in a few words to be, that I consider the
annexation of Texas, at this time, without the as
sent of Mexico, as a measure compromising the
national character, involving us certainly in war
with Mexico, probably with other foreign powers,
dangerous to the integrity of the Union, inexpedi
ent in the present financial condition of the coun
try, and not called for by any general expression of
public opinion.
I am, respectfully, your obedient servant,
ation of Louisiana and Floridn, has virtually invest
ed Congress, or any department or officer of the
government, with power to annex a foreign, in
dependent government to ourown, is as absurd as
it is dangerous. It is to take the ground, that re
peated violations of the constitution written, too,
as it is by those solemnly sworn to defend it from
violation, clothe the traitors rightfully with the
very power ther have usurped. A doctrine more
licentious and dcspoticfll could not be advanced.
Ut the acquiescence ot the country in the anuexa
tion of Louisiana and Florida, it is quite enough to
say, that it leaves these acquisitions undisturbed,
as parts of our territory.
llie annexation oushtto be resisted because we
have territory enough. Surely two millions of
square miles, all within the temperate zone, and
not surpassed in natural advantages ly any other
country ot equal extent ought to relieve us trom
any particular uneasiness, lest our posterity may
not possess their duo proportion of this earth's sur
face for a very long time to come.
Annexation ought to no resisted, because it is
sought with a special view to extending slavery,
and confirming the rule of the slave power in this
country. Although the constitution pretends not
to confer authority toestblish slavery nny where;
and although, under the legitimate sway of the
constitution, the slavery existing in Texas would,
in the event of annexation, cease the moment it
took place notwithstanding this, such is the pre
dominancy of the slave power in the administration
of our affairs: in Congress; in the judiciary; in fine,
in all places of oflicial influence; and such si the un
faithfulness of the great majority of the public men
and functionaries of the free States to the cause of
human freedom among us, that we should, beyond
all doubt, witness similar results from Texas annex
ation, to those we have seen flowing from Louisia
na and Florida annexation. General expressions
in the treaty as was the case in the treaties by
which we acquired Louisiana and Florida apply
ing to property, would be construed into a gu
aranty of the slaveholder's peculiar rights; the ex
plicit provision of the constitution which declares,
that 7io person shall be deprived of liberty without
due proc.su of law, would be rudely thrust aside,
if it could not be dexterously avoided; the enslaved
of Texas would be detained in bondage: the ensla
ved, too, of the United States would be driven in
to the freshly acquired territory, as sheep into a
newly enlarged walk, and the whole of that.cliarm
ing country, so inviting as an abode of liberty
would only become the habitations of cruelty.
For, let not the common sense of the country be n
gain insulted by the impudent assertion, that the
expansion of slavery tends to its annihilation.
Think what American slavery would now have
been, had it been restricted as our constitutional
fathers intended it should be, to the original States;
and what it now is, in its diffusion over the, new
States, Kentucky, Tennessee, Louisiana, Missou
ri, Mississippi, Alabama, StArkansas and say, if
the expansion nf the accursed evil is the proper
cure? No: when tares begin to diasppear in con
sequence of their wider dissemination over fields
favorable to their growth; when beast of prey nnd
noxious vermin begin to decrease by having am
pler range and securer hiding places provided for
them, then and not till then, may this i'rontlcss, this
impious dogma be true.
Annexation ought to be resisted because it would
involve us in a war that we should feel was a base
and dishonorable one on our part. What a pict
ure we should present in ourselves to the world'
A. people, the first to publish in the face of all na
tions the political equality of man nnd bis inalien
able right to liberty as fundamental to All just
government, warring for the extension of the bas
est system of human degradation that ever afflicted
man and defied Heaven! And this too, against a
sister republic, led by our example to enter on the
fearf'uf struggle for independence, and generously
adopting our principles, whilstshe as niaguaniniuos
ly abandons our practice! The countrymen of
Washington, Franklin and Jav, confederate in
criuc to uphold a brutish system which wiwsfdisap-
pcar before religion and civilization, and the gen
tler refinements that attend thcni,can quietly over
spread and bless the land ! In such a war with
the attributes of God aguionst us with the holy an
gels against us-with the just and the good of every
land under heaven against us with our own con
sciences against us how can we hope for victory,
how can we expect any thing but discomfiture and
humiliation? Do we forget that,
"Thrice is he armed who hath his quarrel just,
And he but feeble, tho'locked up in steel,
Whose conscience with injustice is oppressed?"
Annexation ought to be resisted because of the
dissensions it will cause among ourselves. The
present rising-up of the friends of the Constitution
and of universal emancipation cannot be suppress
ed, or even seriously stayed on its way to accomp
lish that whereunto it has been sent. Annexation
may protract the conflict, but it will make the is
sue more terrible. Slavery in all countries, strug
gling for something higher and better in social life
than they now have, mmtd'ie: in this country, in a
few years. It must cither consent to die, or it
must die in the way it has always lived by vio
lence. It has taken the sword. unless itvolunta-
" Pliant as reeda where Freedom's waterV glide
Firm as the hills to Blcrrj Oppression's tide!"
Nominated by the National Convention, May, 1843
of Michigan.
" Our own slave slates, and especially the more south
ern of them, in which the number of slaves is greater,
and in which, of coarse, the sentiment of injustice is
stronger than the more northern ones, are to be placed on
the list of decaying communities.
" The miration now for the INortli finally to decide is
r s,all the slave slates draw us down wilh them, and both
perish, or shall we, hy a decided conjunct exertion of vir
tuous enerpv, save ourselves arid them from destruction "
James G. Birney.
" I allow not to human laws.be they primary or secon
dary, no matter by what numbers, or wilh what solemni
tier ordained, the least semblance of right to establish Sla
very, to ma'te property of my fellow, created equally wilh
myself, in (he image of (iod. Individually, or as political
communities, men have no more right to enact Olavery,
than they have In enact murder, or blasphemy, or incest,
or adultery. To esla!lisWkvery is to dethione rigW, to
trample on justice, the only ..-true foundation of Govern
ment. Governments exist', not for the destruction of lib
erty, but for its defence not for the annihilation of men's
rights, but their preservation." Birncy on Annexation.
of Ohio.
" I rejoice, that the abolition of slavery throughout the
civilized world is no longer problematical; it seems to be
almost universally conceded that litis stupendous fraud
upon a portion of llie liuman race is fast drawing to a
close, and the great question with us is truly, what meas
ures are best suited to accomplish this desirable end in
the United States.
" Political action is necessary to produce
moral reformation in a nation : and that action wilh us
can only be effectually exorcised through the ballot box.
And surely the ballot box can never be used for a more
noble purpose, than to restore and secure to every man
his inalienable rights." Thomas Morris.
Dying Away.
We frequently hear the enemies nf the Liberty
Party assert that it is fast dying away. And much
more frequently do we hear it predicted that it
will die away soon. Now we would just inform
people of this discription, that it is much the saf
est for them to stick to their predictions, and not
refer to matters of fact. Ever since 1840 the cry
"your party is all dying away" has been ringing
in our cars; and yet, during this period, it has in
creased more than at the rate of one hundred per
cent ench year, and there is no good reason to
doubt that it lias increased quite ns fast since the
last elections as at any former period.
Y e had occasion, a few weeks since, to notice
that the JYiilwaukie Democrat had changed its
name and character, and become a Liberty paper.
It is one of the largest nnd best conducted papers
in the field. Since then, a new liberty paper has
been established at Cadiz, Harrison county, Ohio,
called the " Liberty Courier." It is edited by
M. H. Urquarr, and gives promise of good ser
vice in the cause of freedom. The " Spirit of
Liberty," a small Liberty Party paper, has also
just been commenced at Chagrin Falls, by Mr. It,
Doolittle, and edited by E. Calkins. This makes
three full blooded Liberty papers in Ohio. To
day, we have to announce the commencement of
The Beacon of Liberty," another liberty paper,
in Taunton, Mass. by Hock and Bradbury. Mr.
II. L. C. Newton, a spirited young printer, is also
about establishing a Liberty paper at Lowell,
Mass. to 1m called the "Middlesex Freeman," and
edited by John G. Whittier. This is a suflicient
guaranty that the paper will be of the very first
order. This looks like dying uway strangely, to
be-sure, but it probably can't be helped very well.
In addition to about thirty weekly popers, the Lib
erty party have now three ably and well conduct
ed daily papers; viz. the Bangor Gazette, the Cin
cinnati Herald, and the Morning Chronicle at Bos
ton. In addition to these, we understand that it is
in contemplation to establish Liberty dailies in
Pittsburgh, Cleveland, and Chicago.
Third District.
We had the pleasure of attending the District
Convention at Hinesburgh on Thursday and Fri
day of last week. The number in attendance was
large between two and three hundred, we should
judge and the meeting was spirited throughout.
lhere were present, the Hon. Horatio Needham,
of Bristol, heretofore a prominent democrat; Law
rence Brainard, Esq. of St. Albans, a pioneer in
the Antimasonic struggle; Hon. Win. P. Briggs,
Rev. Cyrus Prindle, and many others that have
stood high in the favor of the other parties and of
community, but who, with a multitude of other
strong heads and warm hearts, have had the con
viction forced upon their minds, by the previous
course, and more particularly by the late nomina
tions of both the leading parties, that Slavery
Rules the Nation, and that, in the language of
Henry Clay, " neither of the two great parties have
any aim or design at abolition:" consequently,
no alternative is left but for the friends of Ameri
can liberty to unite in a Liberty arty, and stake
their "lives, their fortunes, and their sacred hon
or" upon the issue. And we can assure the pro
slavery parties in the third district, that, in the bat
tle which is there to be fought between the friends
of universal liberty and the supple tools of tho
slave tower, they will encounter a host of tried and
indomitable spirits.
William H. French, Esq., of Williston, tho
candidate at tho last election, was again put in no
mination. Mr. French is a practical farmer, of
superior intelligence, sense and integrity, and a
tried and true friend of liberty; and should he bo
elected, as we ardently desire he may, his constit
uents may rest assured, that when the southern o
verseers ask Congress to appropriate the hard ear
nings of the North to catch runaway slaves, or to
apply a gag to the mouths of freemen, or to pass
resolutions which give the lie direct to the unani
mous and often-expressed opinions of the Vermont
Legislature, Mr. French will neither cower under
the lash, or dodge the question by running the
house! j. p.
For Representatives to Congress:
of Williston.
of Albany.
CJeorjre II. Tare.
Convention at Royalton. In compliance
with the kind invitation of our friends at Royal
ton, we would say, that the editor of the Freeman,
and probably a few others from this village, ore
intending to attend the District Convention to be
held there on Tuesday, Jne 19th. Mr. Hall of
that place, and chairman of the committee, says:
" Please give notice in your paper that provision
will be made here for all the friends who honor
us with their attendance, vve no nope mat no
town in the district will fail of being represented,
even if there is but one liberty man in it." We
would suggest that this will bo a good time for our
friends to forward payments to the Freeman, and
also to supply themselves with tracts.
.KT A small portion ot our papers to-day ore
erroneously dated, on 1st page, June 24: should
be June 14.
Democratic Convention the Tariff and
the U. S. Dank.
The doings of the lute democratic convention, at
Baltimore, shows most conclusively that that party
is quite os destitute of honesty, in relation to the
issue nnd measures which its leaders keep before
the people as of vital importance, as are the whigs,
r or many years past this party lias lound more
fault with the whigs on account of their advocacy
of the Tariff and a United States Dank, than nil
i ... :. ,i :. , u 1 1 : .1. i,., .i, I u '
.iiiv Klv ll uuv l, ll euun m: 9 iiy uiu nvvuin. 11 .t .1 . . .1 T . f. r 11
. ' ' 1 .. 1 y ... . 1 01 her thincs nut tnrnt mir ntrni' it wns full v
it depart not peaceably aye, and speedily, too-lhe , ,
young Liberty that is among us will soon grow understood by the convention, that the slaveocrats
strong enough to snow ins intolerance ot the men-; nu t decreed that lr. Van Uuien should be cust
sler's longer presence, nnd demand it3 extinguish
ment in a way that will seem summary, and by no
James U. Birncy.
The following eloquent letter was written by Mr
Birncy to the Anti-Texas Committee of Cincinna
ti, Ohio.
Lower Saginaw, Mich. )
April 20th, 1844. $
Gentlemen, The communication which you
have been pleased to address tome, on behalf of a
meeting of the citizens of CinctSnati, held to tako
into consideration the proposed annexation of
Texas to the United States, has been duly receiv
My views on the annexation question generally
.lave Deen given to the nubhc already, at some
l.uigth, in answer to the request of a committee op
pointed at a meeting of the citizens of Alleghany
county, Pennsylvania. Since then, however, the
question has become one ot extreme urgency. A
crisis lias been. precipitated on the country, when
no one at all concerned for its welfare, or its honor,
can feel neutral, or ought to sneok m any other
manner than the 'explicit" one, demanded in one
of the resolves of the meeting you represent. To
shun explicituess, in such a juncture as the present,
would be to show ourselves unworthy of the pub
lie confidence and our opinions undeserving public
The annexation of Texas ought to be resisted be
cause it would be unconstitutional. To say, that
popular acquiescence in the unconstitutional annex-
means well, to many.
Other objections might be stated against tho an
nexation; such as the necessary assumption by us
of the public debt of Texas, now swelled as persons
intelligent of such matters think, to the enormous
sum of twenty-five millions; the squandering of
her national domain and the like; but these are
lisht and superficial compared with others that
have already been mentioned of deeper and bonder
foundation as affecting our honor and striking at
the harmony of our people, and at the root of our
political existence.
Such, gentlemen, are tne reasons wnicn persuaue
mo as a friend of my country, to resist in such way
as 1 can, the foul project of annexation, and to look
on all those who are complotting for its consum
mation be they high or low as virtually enemies
to the peace and harmony, the honor and dignity
of the republic
Very respecttully, gentlemen,
Your obedient servant,
James G. Birney.
To S. P. Chase. 1
Thomas Heaton,
In addition to the fifteen different kinds of tracts
which we now have on hand, we are daily expect
ing a supply of Dr. Beecher's, and also of Rev. J.
C. Lovejoy's Sermon.
We understand that the democratic convention
held in this village on Wednesday last, nominated
Jacob Scott, of Barrc, and Roderick Richardson
of Woitsfield, for County Senators; and concluded
lhat it was best to spew out Mr. Van Buren and
swallow Mr. Polk, Dallas, Texas and Oregon, all
DO" We rejoice to say that our representation
of Mr. Polk as a duillist, seems to be incorrect ac
cording to the best information we can at present
obtain. The mistake probably occurred in the pa
pers from which we copied on account of Mr.
Polks brother, who, it is said shot a Mr. Hayncs
dead in the streets of Columbia.
T. Finkbine,
Gam'l Bailey, Jr.
Samuel Lewis.
Committee, &c.
What they will Do,
The whigs, it successful, intend to creato a Na
tional Bank a curse to the country for the benefit
only of the planters, which no body wants but
they and the speculators; and to which an over
whelming majority of the people are known 40 be
The democrats, if successful, intend to annex
Texas war or no war a curse to the country for
the benefit only of the planters, and which no bodv
wants but they end the speculators; and 10 which
an overwhelming majority of the people are known
to bo opposed.
The only ticket that will fairly represent the
real wishes of the people of the United States, on
me maiiera 01 puuuc roncy, which ostensibly di
vide the parties, is the Liberty Party.
Vole jor Birney and Morris.
overboard, there seems to have been an attempt
on the part of the north to make out a S01,t f c'om
promise in the nomination of Gen. Cass. Hence
at one ot tlie bnllotmgs, ho received more votes
than any other candidate; and almost as many as
all the rest. But Gcu. Cass is known, the country
over, to be in favor of the Tariff. Did these wise
men of the nation forget that the question of free
trude nnd the tariff wtls one of tho greatest at is
sue between them and the whigs? So it ..would'
seernfor, on this ground, there does not appear to
have been any objection to Mr. Cass. And what
was the course of things when Mr. Wright refus
ed to be candidatcd for Vice President under
Mr. Polk? Why the Hon. John Fairfield of
Maine was the chosen man of the north, and re
ceived by far the largest number of votes. But
Mr. Fairfield, when Governor of Maine, had com
mitted the unpardonable sin, by refusing to deliv
er up Uapt. I'hiiorooK anu iur. Kiuerum, at the
demand of the Governor of Georgia, because a
slave had secreted himself in their vessel, while
lying in a southern port. He is therefore cashir
ed, and George M. Dallas put in nomination.
But who is George M. Dallas? and what demo
cratic exploit has ho performed to entitle him to
this high distinction in his party? Why, he is the
gentleman who wrote and introduced into the
House tho new charter for tho United States
Bank which Gen. Jackson vetoed, and voted for
it some sixty times. So, it seems, that every dem
ocrat who votes the democratic ticket must vote
for an active, decided United States Bank man.
Are the democrats of Vermont ready to acknowl
edge themselves a pack of miserable hypocrites,
and give their former professions of opposition to
" that corrupt institution, the U.S. Bank," the lie,
by voting this ticket, merely for the sake of voting
! for a slave holding tyrant? We shall see.
Who are to be Believed.
Our whig neighbors are contending with most
unbounded vehemence, that the abolitionists
should unite with them und elect Mr.Clay, to pre
vent the annexation of Texas, by which they tell
us that the slave States would become so numer
ous and strong that all hope of any action of Con
gress asainst slavery would be forever cut off.
But Mr. Clay tells us that this measure would
strengthen the free States and weaken the slave
States. He says "in the end therefore, there
would be three free and two slave States, proba
bly, added to the Union." Now, gentlemen, who
knows best, you or the doctor? Suppose you set
tle this contradiction between yourselves, and the
" great embodiment," before you again insult ab
olitionists, by inviting them to give their own
principles the lie in voting for a slaveholder?
Governor Mattocks' Letter.
Calvin Townsley, Esa. Chairman of the
State Whig Central Committee:
Sir: As a Whig Convention is soon to be called
to nominate State officers, and as I mnv acain be
proposed for Governor if I remain silent, I tako
the liberty to inform you and the Freemen of the
State, that I most respectfully decline being a can
didate for re-election. The reason for doing this,
having held the office but one year, although un
doubtedly anticipated, should be stated.
The overwhelming affliction with which it has
pleased God to visit me has rendered me unfit to
be the Chief Magistrate of this intelligent State,
where there are so many of far superior qualifica
tions, and whose minds are not impared by old age
and mental suffering.
In retiring forever from public life, I desire to
express my gratitude to the people of the State
for the offices which, by their representatives they
have conferred upon me.
During the canvass for the office which I now
hold, the support of my political friends and es
pecially the Whig press, deserves my wannest ac
knowledgements; and my opponents, including
their Presses, (with a few small exceptions,) gave
me battle in a manner that was fair and honorable,
tor which 1 otter them my thanks.
People of Vermont, adieu! I have known you
long and love you well and may the Almighty
have you in his holy keeping.
Peacham, April 10, 1844.
Whatever may have been thought of gov. Mat
tocks as a politician, or his administration as gov
ernor, no ono possessed of a common share of hu
manity, can read the above letter and not drop a
tear of sympathy with him in his afflctions. May
he find that comfort and support in the religion of
the Savior, to which we understand he has resolv
ed to devote the remainder of his days, which the
labors and honors of political life have never afford
ed him.
CO"An indignation Meeting was held in Rich
mond Virginia, a few days since, for the purpose
of expressing great dissatisfaction towards the
General Conference of the M. E. Church, for sus
pending Bishop Andrew from the office of Bishop,
on account of his becoming a slaveholder.
K3"Hon. Mr. Briggs' letter will bo published
next week. We very much regret that it did not
arrived in season for this week.
W3 A large portion of the paper this week is oc
cupied with the letters of the presidential candida
tes. Our readers will recollect that another very
able letter from Mr. Birney on the subject of an
nexation was published in the Freeman some
weeks since, But for wont of room we would in
sert it again.
We hope our friends will all read Rev. Mr.
Gleed's letter. They need not doubt that he is in
needy circumstances. Anything that may be con
tributed for his wants, either in money, clothing,
or provision, con be sent to him at Wolcott, or if
more convenient, it may be left at the Freeman
POSTSCRIPT! The Annexation Treaty was
rejected by the Senate on Saturday ovening at 9 o'
clock, by a vote of 16 ayes to 35 noes! !
Our Army.
The principle use of the army of the U. States,
is to protect the inhabitants from slave-insurrections,
and incursions of Indians. Together with
the Navy, it costs annually some eight or ten
times as much ns all the expenses of government.
A letter from the Secretary of War shows that the
officers of one regiment (the 4th of Artillery,) late
ly iikiu u meeting 10 see 11 iney wouiu senu a dele
gate to Washington, to "attend to their interest ,"
at the Seat of government. "War," said Rob-jrt
null, "is a repeal ot all the virtues;" and stand
ing armies are the nurseries and instruments of
war. Villauy, idleness, lust, animalism, ruffian
ism, and a duelist's honor, are the natural growth
of "the camp," and upon a mere question of pub
lic economy, our nation had better suffer, unpre
pared,a periodical invasion every fifteen years,and
muster its men to meet it from the plough than to
keep up our present army establishment of eleven
thousand men. Justice done to the negroes and
Indians, would leave them nothing to do. They
know nothing of human equality of rights; and
corrupt, by their own errors and vices, more thara
any nation which should undertake to invade us.
could kill us with arms. IValcman of the Valley.
Pro-Slavery Voting. Say some, if you knew
that pro-slavery rulers would immediately abolish
slavery, would'nt you vote for them? I answer,
Yes if I knew thatoze would safely guard the
geese; and wolves most quietly keep the sheep; and
the devil be the best MISSIONARY to convert
the heathen world to God; and a generation of
serpents and vipers would swallow themselves;
and the enemies of liberty be firmest to maintain
it; at last, not least, if I knew it to be right to do
evil that good may come, I Would cheerfully.
True Wesleyan. B. Shaw
Lightning Telegraph. It is said that a few
hands will put up easily one mile of telegraph per
day several gangs could, if required, complete
the telegraph to New York in 60 or 90 days. Who
would hesitate to expend $50,000 for this laudable
object, and this sum is fully adequate? Railroad
companies seem willing to allow the privileges of
setting posts near their trucks, and might in return,
have the benefit of placing on the same posts a,
wire for their private use. And would not the su
perintendence of this work, under the general di
rection of professor Morse, be well performed by
officers of the army, some of whom need activ
service, which would cost the government nothing
additional to the present pay ? May there not be
lie danger in delays The people will have tU
graph. Baltimore Sun.

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