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Green-Mountain freeman. (Montpelier, Vt.) 1844-1884, August 16, 1844, Image 1

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ViL 1 JLJLl 1
" Give me JLib ertyoriv e me Death!"
i x ,
in Lyman's building, Main st. near the Union House
J. C. ASPENWALL, Editor.
J; POLAND, Publisher,
Single copies $1,60 in advance, or $2)00 aft r the ex
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jlJ" Book and Job Vor of every description thank
fully received and executed with neatness and dispatch
For AGENTS see last page.
t wish you to understand, as'my feelings, that the (pieo-
lion of slavery, and, most particularly, the question about
the domination of the slave representation, which over
burdens us all, is the great question on which your in
terests are concerned in the government of the United
States. . Q. Adams, at Dedham, 1843.
There is only on proper and effectual mode by which
the abolition of slavery can be accomplished, and that is
by legislative authority, and this, so far as my suffrage
Vrill go, shall not be wanting. Washington.
Then come the Liberty Party , embracing a large portion
ttf the virtue, intelligence, and legal knowledge, the Chris
tianity and Patriotism, of the North. Taking the ground
first occupied by Washin'on himself, that slavery was
'the creature of the lnw, and should be abolished by law
Ihey appeal to the ballot-box, not the bayonet; like the
(treat Irish reformer, having laith in the power oi reason
truth, and virtue, they expect to achieve a bloodless revo
cation more glorious than any vet arising from fore:' and
arms. This party, a few years ago, numbered but seven
thousand voters; now, in 1843, they poll sixty-live thou
unnrl men at the ballot-box. havina doubled theni-olves
every year from the time of their organization. At such
continued rate of increase, I leave it to the reflecting to
determine how long it will be before they absorb the v- hole
political power of the. North. Cassius M. Llay.
And cm the liberties of a nation be thought si cure
when we have removed their onlv firm basis, a onivic
(inn in thn minds of lha neonle that these liberties a: e 111
oift of God? Indeed, I tremhlo for mv country, v!'en
reflect that God is iujl: that Ili-s justice cannot sleep for
erun that, considerine nuriibers, nature, and natural
imsans only, a revolution of the wheel of fortune, an ex
change of situation is amonir possible events: it may be
come orobablo by supernatural interference! The Al
mighty has no attribute which can take side with us
such a contest. Jefferson's JVotes on Virginia.
freeze their young blood.' He is too high, too
faint to ask tor his lather and mother, his brothers
and sisters to come and witness or avert his de
struction. But one of his companions anticipates
his desire. Swift as the wind, he bounds down
the channel,, and the situation of the fated boy is
told upon his father's hearth-stone.
Minutes ot almost eternal length roll on, and
there are hundreds standing in that rocky channel,
and hundredsou the bridge above, all holding their
breath, and awuitin the fearful catastrophe.
I he poor boy hears the hum of new and numer
ous voices botli above and below, iie can just
'distinguish the tones of his father, who is shout
ing with all the energy of despair, " William! Wil-
liaml Don't look down! Your mother and Hen
ri, and Harriet are all here, pray ins; for vou!
Don't look down! Keep your eye towjtrds the lop!'
li.. I.ov di;!:rt !oo:; coir;.'. i':s i-v, is fixed hko a
flint towards Heaven, and his young heart on Him
who reigns there, lie grasps again his knite.
He cuts another niche, and another loot is added
to the hundreds that remove him from the reach
of human help from below. How carcfuly he uses
his wasting blade! How anxiously he selects the
oftest places in that vast pier! How he avoids
every flinty grain! How ho economizes his phys
ical powers I resting a moment at each gain he
::uts. now cverv motion is watched from below!
Phere stands his father, mother, brother and sis
ter, on the very spot where, if ho falls, he will not
all alone.
flic sun is now half-way down the west. The
lad has made fifty additional niches in that mighty
wall, and now finds himself directly under the mid-
lie ot that vast arch ot rocks, earth, and trees.
He must cut his way in u new direction to get from
under this over-hanging mountain. The inspira
tion of hope is dying in his bosom; its vital heat is
fed by the increasing shouts of hundreds perched
upon cliffs and trees, and others who stand with
ropes in their hands on the bridge above or with
ladders below. Fifty gai lies more must be cut
before the longest rope can reach him his wasting
blade strikes again into the limestone. The boy
is emerging painfully, foot by foot, from under
that lofty arch. Spliced ropes are ready in the
hands ot those who are leaning over the outer edge
of the bridge. Twowminutes more, and all will
be over. That blade is worn to the last half inch.
The boy's head reels, his eyes arc starting from
their sockets. His last hope is dying m his heart;
his life must hang upon the next gain he cuts.
That niche is his last. At the last faint gash ho
makes, his knife that faithful knife falls from
From the Christian Vilizcn.
The Natural Bridge
ed by gentleness and kin dues.;, would, to the latest
day of your existe "Switu sincere and con
stant affection. I
Sometimes yields ms to hers. She has
preferences as strong ftTou, and it may be just as
trying to her to yield her choi.;-j as to you. Do
you find it hard to yield soifi'limes Think you
it is not dimcult tor her to give up aiwaysf lr you
never yield to her wishes, there is danger that she
will think vou are selfish, and care only for your
self, and with such feeling shu cannot love you as
she might.
Again, show yourself manly, 90 that your wife
can look up to you, and feel t'lut you will act no
bly, and that she can coulido in your judgment.
The scene opens with a view of the great Natu
rnt Bridge in Virginia. There are three oi four
lads standing in the channel below, looking up
with awe to that vast arch ot unhewn rocks, which
the Almighty bridged over those everlasting hut
ments "when the morning stars sang together."
The little piece of sky spanning those measurless
piers, is full of stars, although it is mid-day. It is
almost five hundred feet from where they stand,
-up those perpendicular bulwarks of limestone, to
the key rock of that vast arch, which appears to
them only of the size of a man's hand. The si
lence of death is rendered more itn perceptive by
the little stream that falls from rock to rock down
the channel. The sun is darkened, and the boys
have unconsciously uncovered their heads, as if
standing in the presence chamber of the majesty
of the whole earth. At last, this feeling begins to
wear away; they begin to look around them; they
find that others have been there before them. They
see the names of hundreds cut in the limestone hut
ments. A new feeling comes over their young
hearts, and their knives are in their hands in an
instant. 'What man has done man can do,' is
their watchword, while they draw themselves up
and carve their names a loot above those of a hun
dred full grown men who have been there before
They are all satisfied with this feat of physical
exertion, except one, whose example illustrates
perfectly the forgotten truth, that there is no royal
road to intellectual eminence. I his ambitious
jouth sees a name just above his reach, a name
that will be green in the memory of the world,
wherf those of Alexander, Cuesar, and Bonaparte
.shall rot in oblivion. It was the name of Wash
ington. Before he marched with Braddock to that
his little nerveless hand, and, ringing along the
precipice, falls at his mother's feet. An involun
tary groan of despair runs like a death-knell throv
the channel below, and all is still as the grave. At
the height of nearly three hundred feet, the devo
ted boy lifts his hopeless heart and closing eyes to
commend his soul to Lrod. 'lis but a moment
there! one foot swings off! he is reeling trem
bling toppling over into eternity! Hark I a
shout falls' on his ear from above! The man
who is lying with half his length over the bridge,
has caught a glimpse of the boy's head and shoul
ders. Uuiek as thought the noosed rone is with
in reach of the sinking youth. No one breathes.
With a faint, convulsive effort, the swooning boy
drops his arms into the noose. Darkness conies
over him, and with the words, God! and Mother!
whispered on Ins lips just loud enough to be heard
in heaven the tightening rope lifts him out of his
last shallow niche. Not a lip moves while he is dan
gling over that tearful abyss; but when a sturdy
V it-ginian reaches down and draws up the lad
and holds him up in his arms before the tearful
breathless multitude, such shouting such leaping
and weeping for joy never greeted the ear of a
human being- so recovered from the yawning gulph
ot eternity. H,. li
fatal field, he had been there, and left his name a
Toot above all -his predecessors. It was a glorious
.thought ot the boy, to write his name side by side
with that of the great father of his country. He
grasps his knife with a firmer hand; and, clinging
ko a little jutting crag, he cut u gain into the lime
stone, about a foot above where he stands; he then
reaches up and cuts another for his hands. 'Tis
A dangerous advrnture; but as he puts his feet and
Jiands into those gains, and draws himself a foot
above every name chronicled in that mighty wall.
While his companions are regarding him with
concern mid admiration, he cuts his name in rude
capitals, large and deep, into that flinty album.
His knife is still in his hand, and strength in his
sinews, and a new created aspiration hi his heart.
Again he cuts another uiche, and again he carves
, his name in lurger capitals. This is not enough,
i Heedless of the entreaties of his companions, he
cuts and climbs again. The graduations of his as
cending scale grow wiucr apart. He measures
his length at ev.'ry gain he cuts. Hie voices of
his friends wax weaker and weaker, till their
words are finally lost on his ear. He now for the
first time casts a look beneath him. Had that
glance lasted a moment, that moment would have
been his last. He clings with a convulsive shud
tier to his little niche in the rock. An awful abyss
awaits his almost certain tall. He is faint withse
vere exertion, and trembling from the sudden view
of the droadtul destruction to which he is exposed
1 His knite is worn halt-way to the halt, no can
hear the voices, but not the words, of his terror-
stricken companions below. What a moment!
; What a meagre chance to escape destruction!
There is no retracing his steps. It is impossible
to put his hands into the same niches with his feet
and retain his slender hold for a moment. His
companions instantly perceive this new and fear
ful dilemma, and await his full with emotions that
Remedy for Restlessness at Night,
. A man who kept a small rum-selling estaUi
ment, was a protessor ot religion. Une evening
wlnle attending a religious meeting, he rose am
began to make some remarks. Another member
of the church rose and interrupted him by saying
brother, 1 don't like to hear you speak in meeting
it troubles me very much. Why? said the oth
er. liecause you are engaged in a tralhc, which
you know is the cause of the destruction ofthous
unds ot your tellow beings. 1 say it kindly, but
must be faithful. The rum-seller was silent. On
returning home after the meeting, his wife, per
ceiving that all was not right, says to him, Hus
band, what is the matter? you look very sad.
Why, said he, brother such an one, has reproved
me in meeting for selling ardent spirits. I am glad
ot it, said she; for when you are gone, I have to
deal it out myself, and my conscience won't bear
it much longer. He went to bed, but did not
sleep. From his restlessness, his wife perceived
that his reflections were not of the most pleasant
kind; but not a word was said by the one or the
other. All at once, he said, wife, I have a good
mind to get up and cut down my sign. Do, said
she, and I'll get up and hold the light for you. No
sooner said than done. He sprang out of bed, and
with the assistance of his wife, laid his sign pros
trate on the ground. He went to bed and slept
soundly till morning. So quiet was his conscience
and so undisturbed his sleep, that his rum drink
ing customers came lor tlieir bitters betoro he a
woke. He got up and went to the door. See,
said they, those cursed cold water men have cut
your sign down. True, said he, so they have; I
um the cold water mail mysell. So, gentlemen,
you must go some where else for your bitters this
Now, if any rum-seller doubts the happiness of
mat man, let nun make inu experiment and see.
lemp. liec.
How to treat a Wife. First get a wife.
Secondly, be patient. You may have great trials
and perplexities in your business with the world;
but do not therefore carry to your home a cloudy
or contracted brow, i our wile may have had
trials which, though, of less magnitude, may have
been as hard to bear. Do nut increase her dim
culties. A kind, conciliating word, a tender look,
will do wonders in chasing from her brow all
clouds of gloom. You encounter your difficulties
in the open air, fanned by heaven's cool breezes,
but your wife is often shut in from these healthful
influences, and her health fails, and her spirits
lose their elasticity. But, oh! bear with her; she
has trials and sorrows to which you are a stranger
but vyhich your tenderness can deprive of all their
anguish. Notice kindly her littlo attentions and
efforts to promote your comfort. Do not take
them all as n matter of course, and pass them by,
tit the .sun io tune being very sure to obscrvo any
omissions of what you may consider her duty to
Do not treat her
THE Fll f01N.
War of Slavery on Northern Commerce
and Agriculture.
More than sixty years ago, Edmund Burke, the
great philosophic statesman, declared that the les
sons of all history pioved that slavery was not a
self supporting system. Crime is svldom profita
ble. He w ho enslaves man must keep him in igno
rance, or the slave will burst his fetters. With
littlo intelligence, and deprived of nearly every
motive to industry, the slave will do less than the
thinking freeman, and his labor will have little
skill or enterprise to guido it. Hence the univer
sal acknowledgement of Southern men that one
freeman does the work of two slaves, with-less
hardships. Besides, in a slave Stuto, labor is dis
graceful. No person will work if he can help it,
lest he sink to the level of the slave. The labors
of thn field and the cares of the household are a-
like thrown upon the slave, who must support
himself and his thriftless master. Hence in a
slave country, one half of the people perform lit
tle or no productive labor to add to their wealth
or comforts. One half of the laboring class, of
course, are children too young, or persons too in
firm to labor. Many more are house and body
servants. Hence, in a State like South Carolina,
or in those parts of it from which free labor is
banished, hardly one in five ot tno wliole popula
tion is a producing laborer. In .a free State, like
New York, one in every two persons does the
work ot an able bodied man. Yet the State val
uations show that we inNew York only retain our
capital stock, and add about 4 1-2 per cent a year
to it. It is easy to see that li only one in live
worked, we should be growing poorer every year.
This is actually true of the slave labor parts of the
South. I he only apparent exception is w here
new lands are cleared up. in tno oiner section
where slave labor still prevails, there is an actual
loss of wealth. The free States are about twice
as rich as the slave States, in proportion to their
population. The wealth of the free section in
creases faster than the population, while the in
habitants of the slave region' increases taster than
its wealth. Free labor makes one richer, slave
labor makes the other poorer every (lay. I he
entire value ot the annual productions ot ins
Southern Slates is less than $b0 to each inhabit
ant. Takiug Senator Walker's estimate of the
cost of maintaining slaves,at $17 a head, it leaves
33 each for every free person. Any body by cal
culating the cost of maintaining his family, will
sec that it is not enough to support them. Much
less can it support the reckless extravagance ot
slaveholders. Hence, though the plantation slaves
be half starved, on tlieir peek of corn per week,
the slaveholding South cannot live on its own re
sources. It is not enough to rob the slave of his
manhood, bv taking awav all right motives to in
dustry, and ihcn to rob him of what little money
can be whipped out of his miseries. The slave
svstem must plunder free labor, also, of its
earnings, or it must die. For this system of rob
bery and fraud never did and never can earn an
honest living! Slavery needs at least $30,000,000
more than the whole predict ot slave labor every
vear. to keen it alive. It must plunder the free
States of this amount. It does.
Do yoa ask how? Attend to the facts I shall
now give. We buy up about $100,000,000 worth
of clothing, food, drinks, iron, glass,crockery, tools
and other goods, each year in foreign countries.
Mow are they to be paid tor? Not by gold or sil
ver. A single year would drain the nation of its
last penny. V e do it by exchanging the products
of our labor for these goods. Now the man that
raises the wheat or cotton with which 1 pay for
English broadcloths, or French silks, has in his
hand the real money I must use to pay for them.
I must buy his wheat or his coru on his terms.
If he chooses to ask pay in advance, one or two
years, I must give it, or go without my coat, and
my wife must go without her silk gown. lie con
trols the foreign exchanges of the country, because
he has the only thing by which they can be made.
And then, I must pay him for his cotton or wheat
in pork, or shoes, or anything he wants; and I
nmsttrust him till his cotton is sold in Europe,
and the money for it comes back in the shape of
iron, or glass, or whatever 1 wish to buy. bo then
ho has the control of the domestic, as well as the
foreign exchanges. Hence, this man can com
mand as much credit as he wants, belter than any
one else, because he raises the real money, (the
wheat or cotton") that must be used to buy foreign
goods with, and which lies at the bottom of all bu
siness. This shows the reason why slaveholders
have always been anxious to have nothing but the
products of tlave labor exported from the country,
Thev could then control the business of the coun
try. They could establish on unlimited credit for
themselves t the North, run in debt two to four
hundred millions beyond their means, and either
plunder us of twenty-five or forty millions a year,
in the shape of bad debts, or rob us of the whole
ouco in everv three or five years, by a general
bankruptcy, as thev have done, ever since 1312
Now look at the following facts. By eleven
years' struggle, the scat of government was phi
ced between two slave States, where freedom of
speech and of the press might be crushed mid the
government corrupted and controled by the slave
. !.. .1... .. 1. .. .
power to suit is interests, dv inu uurciiusu oi
Florida and Louisiana, and the violent and cruel
removal of the Indians, the richest lands on the
continent were thrown open to slave labor. By
the war of 1812 and its connected measures the
north were doprived of tho carrying trade with
Europe, its commerce crippled, and its industry
paralyzed. By the tariff of 1817, tho burden of
paying seven eighths of the national debt was
thrown on the northern consumers of foreign goods
while foreign nations were excited to shut out
northern products from their markets. And final
ly, by the disgraceful Missouri couilironiise, the
control over Congress and tho Executive were
have wit enough to bribe or frighten one fourth of
the northern representatives into supporting their
measures. What was tho result? In 1917, the
total exports of the United States were over $60,
000,000. Of this over" $45,000,000cousisted of the
wheat, flour, pot and pearl ashes, lumber, beef,
pork, hams, cheese, and other products of the free
states. In 1812, and so on till now, when the pop
ulation of the free states had risen from four to
ten millions, the entire exports of the- North,
amounted to barely ten or twelve millions, while
the south had risen from fifteen to over eigty mil
lions. The little Northern produce exported,
went chiefly to South America, or countries more
remote, being shut out from all the great markets
of Europe, where we bought our imported goods;
wh.de the products ot tlave labor found a Jree ue-
ceto all these markets, and were a
nayuig for thuiii. How did t hunt
ppen ;
used in
I reply,
from 12 to $ 1800 apiece in the shambles. Tbff
banks loaned their entire resources, and privato
men their hoarded treasures to negro tnufers, ami
cotton and land speculators; the South run in debt
more than $ 400,000,000 to tho North. States lent
their credit to get funds from Europe for tho sainw
dark business, and the nation rejoiced in its 'pros
perity' a bloated prosperity, based on the groans
and sweat and tears and bloojl of 360,000 victims
of the infernal traffic in men's bodies and souls,
and 1,500,000 more compelled, to ceaseless toil in
"the cotton and sugar fields ol' the South. When
was avarice ev-er glutted Greedy of more gain,
slavery stretched its credit to the utmost, when,"u
1837, the cottons ot India, gypt and lirazd began
to compete witti American blood produce, tlier
price fell suddenly a hundred percent., the bubblo-
of our prosperity burst, slavery swallowed up iir
as buniiruii'.uic-d the resources ot (lie nation, anil
the entire power of our government by which soever Isiich desolation filled the land as nVaf, even, wlil
party it has been wielded, has been constantly em- all its horrors, never wrought! Yet who did not
ployed to bring it about from 1816 to this hour. Lpulaud the French treaty of 1831 ? So it is with
r our out ot nve ot our rrcsidents, oainnci minis- ,. our treaties, till our tantls and other laws. Sla
ters, Ambassadors, and other public officers, who very the only gainer, free labor the only loser.
have shaped our laws and treaties, have been Search and see. Take a few collected lacts: Tho
slave holders, and have shaped them to make slave largest and oldest bookseller now living, told mo
labor as profitable us they could; and then to en- that his average losses, in Southern trade tor 40
ible it to plunder enough ot the earnings ot tree- years, have exceeded 50 per cent, on his stiles
men to make up the deficit. By favoring some The loss on his Northern business, 2 per cent!
one interest of tho North at the expense of the One of the oldest living importers and dealers in
rest, and by the bribo of ofhue, tho slave power dry goods stated his Southern losses at 25 to 30
i . I.l . I 1- . - I H II! . . . . i - r
nas maue norinern r euorausis ami uepuuncaus, per cent.; his IN orthern and V estern losses ai .
Democrats and Whigs all parties that numbered ,i,,is j.s iw experience of all classes of business
slaveholders among their members consent to men. The aggregate, in any ten years, thus plun-
such a shameless subserviency to the interests of derel from the people of the free labor States, is
despotism, hook at a few tacts. In 1SSJ3, there ,10l asH than 9300,000,000, all of which goes to
were 1425 northern vessels employed in the trade mate up the pauperism of slave labor, lhis is a
with tho British West Indies, (which were the Bamnle of onlv one or two of the many modes In
enterports of a vast commerce with other nations.) which slavery makes its control over the gorern-
1 ne goods sunt by tnom wore cnieny me prouucis nlunt n blessing to itselt, and a curte to tne peopw
ot lMew iLiigiaiid, JMew koi-k, new jersey: aim wno live by honesty, by the sweat ot tlieir brows-
Pennsylvania. The slaveholders, led on by Gal- ail(i the labor of their own hands. "Democracy ."ir
noun, complained that their sugar, nee, molasses ever orating of "human rights," and " Whigisru.1
and rum, (or slavery,) were not protected, and by ever 0ud in profession of "more favorable" in re
changes in the tariff from 1823 to 1826, the north Si,eet to tho slnve and his friends, combine in un-
. "l ...I. ..II. f....... ...inru ... I I. I .'.I. I . I. .. T
whs iuiiiusi wuuiijf tuiuii iiutn inuac umi iwi noiy league W illi siuyerj, uj fjiuuum nuuiiicii v
its goods; the number ot vessels employed in tne their hard earnings! 1 he tree States, all coun
trade reduced from 1425 down to less than 450; tries, are made to contribute, in tears and bloody
and we obliged to pay lor our yvest imna goous 9weat, to build up the bloody throne ot this mo
bv bills of exchange drawn against Southern cot- loch, to whom we are and our children, our inter-
ton. sent to Europe! Again. In 1820 over 350 Lsts and our rights, the freedom of the press and
sail of American vessels were employed in trade 0f speech, our personal safety, and the purity of
-.1 1. I 1 1." P e. '. ! i-i 1 -I !C 11-.
wnn lieiauu, currying me prouucis oi me nee ourcnurcnes, aime inane ine cosiiy Biicmiue. himt
States (chiefly provisions) to her people & bring- 0ng shall it bo so? Are you a slave, son of Nev
ingback Irish linens, kerseys, and other goods. England, son of Ireland, son of Freedom, that rod
Bv similar changes in our tariff, directed by the wi' cling to oroslaverv sects that barter religion
South, the trade was destroyed. Daniel O'Con- in it.s truth. Christ in its members, for a little of
nell stated at a repeal meeting at Belfast, in 1841, the sold stolen from the slave? That you vot
that it turned 350,000 Irishmen out of employ ment, for men, for public office, who for power will bar
and covered the most flourishing parts ot the ter your interests and your rigbtaf Oh, ceas to
"Green Isle" with desolation. We know that for sacrifice vourself. vour country, your religion, lo
years after, not an American vessel entered an t,.3 tyrants who have already made one half of ib
Irish port, and not a dollar's worm ot our provis- laboring men ot tho nation ignorant, sensual, o-
ioiis or other goods entered an irisiiman's nome.
What s:iy you, sons of Ireland, to the curses Amcr
ican slavery has brought to your native land?-
Smce 1S1G, there have been about 163 treaties
made by our government to regulate our trade
and intercourse with foreign nations. Thirteen
of everv seventeen of tho ambassadors and
tish slaves, and who exultingly proclaim the com
ing of the day when the same accursed system
shall spread all over the land! Answer then witb
the might ot a tiecniau's power, tue ballot-box:
From the Buffalo Gazette, Aug. 5.
The Whigs and Abolitionists. A report
having been industriously circulated that the Hon.
others who have made them have been slavehold-
n ml thnv have shaned them to their liking.
Consequently, not one of them of any importance Isaac Phelps, of Aurora, an influential tarmer.and
lino hud nnv i-et'ni ence tn thn interests of the north, formerly an Assembly man and Judge of theCoun-
or free labor. They have all, or nearly all, had ty, together with tho Liberty men acting wiln tnni
iv.i. tlmlf filiiiM-t thn Riilnrirninont nf free, markets, in in that town, had conic to the determination to
hII thn world for cotton. "rice, sugar, tobacco, tho abandon tlieir own candidate and support Mr.
products of slave labor, and the exclusion of nor- Clay, in the coming election, the following extract
thorn products from those markets,and the destruc- of a letter has been handed us, with a request for
lion ot nortnern commerce, so as to nringine price us ijuiih;hihiii, muci iukihk "'' nS
of tho wages of ftee labor down to the level ot show what dependence cat) be placed upon suc&
slave labor. For this our government has strain- statements generally:
Griffin's Mills, July 24, 1844.
Dear Sir 1 have just received the important
information, from a communication handed me by
Deacon Moore, that my vote at tho coming elec
tion will be cast for Henry Clay. Before that cau
take i) ace. 1 must have the most authentic evi-
has embraced ail me sentiments oj
ed every nerve. For this it has now 24 diplomatic
agents in Europe, while not one line has been
written, not an ambassador sent out since 1806 or
'07 to any country to get u market for an article
raised by a northern farmer or made in a northern
work shoo or factory. The last treaty ever made
r.ti. tlin Luiiufit fVpf" hilii-tr. ivii4 nprntinrfil bv thp.
t i ii-ii ..f n..a;.i. rJl !...."... I deuce th tit he
11011. ill I. 11 I I Ol -DUUillU, Willi lUII uuuii ui j. in- , - , ,, ,. . I
h!..l. .mm ihnt mnnnri-l, h-ld his court the Liberty party, emancipated all his slaves, and
' . .o ioao rmudiated slaveru tn all its forms; and, even un-
!l rr! V" !U" . .0.;.., .,., der such circumstances, I should not feel at liberty
y lei - mai iieaiv n nisi uuu iciy ijmuiuuiu n imo . .,... ,.l,:l.. ...K,,,,,;.,
,m between Brazil and the tree States. We to withdraw my suffrage from our ph lanthropio
sent nnarlv $10,000,000 of grain, flour, pot and
nearl ashes, lumber and 'manufactures, to Brazil,
in exchange for her sugar, rice, coffee. &c. Eith
er partv could terminate the treaty by a year's no
tice. Who gave it? The United States. At
whose bidding? John C. Calhoun! What for?
The result shows. 1 he market tor northern
oods was immediately destroyed by discrimma-
rA t i I
ting duties, ine price oi grain, nour, lumuer,
not and nearl ashes, land and labor was lowered
20 percent. One manufacturer of pot and pearl
ashes at Locknort, told me it destroyed his busi
Hundreds ot merchants in Maine,
LI ..n.t..n.l.. t .v.n.w.Hn... 1.1
ness eui reiv. iiu i cua ui civnunii) m iuihu. , . e ,
IIL33 biiiuoij. r nunoTiitifin w t in nreservntion of slave
Massachusetts and INew i orK were ruineu aim . " r
their losses thrown back unon the farmers and ry-..le !!nys .
mechanics who had trusted them. Who cared?
Slavery sret its ends. Henceforward we must pay
for our Brazil sugar, coiiee, anu nines wnn cotton
-.1 I, I C.. L-i: .U
sent to r.urope, anu ex.-.M .u .... u"g .,. . , no(n, ,. frnin .ho mlltuu
French goods.sent to Urazil in Uritisli ana J) rencn - -"7 - ..-
a ... . . , , .
vesse s. The American tanner, mecnanic, ana
shin owner might complain of the loss of bread.
But slavery willed it! Shall the "white
you. uo not treat her with ltidilleience, it you
would not fear and palsy her heart, which, water- secured to shivery, it its southern supporters could
fellow citizen, James G. Bii ncy, after the pledgo
we gave last tall nor do 1 know ot a single indi
vidual in this section that has left the ranks.
Respectfully, yours, &o.
Geo. W. Johnson, Esq.
P. S. I. Phelps will never vote for a slavehold
er, knowingly.
The Reason vor Annexation. Mr. Calhoun
in a note to Mr. Packenham, the British Minister,
of date of April 27th, 6tates explicitly that the
"The United States in concluding the treaty of
annexation with Texas, are not disposed to shun
any responsibility which may fairly attach to them
on account ot annexation. 1 lie measure was a-
dare to assail his master!
Take one more example. A long series ot trea
ties has secured the admission of slavo labor cot
ton into England ami France, &, through France,
into nearly all Continental markets. The last was
that of 1841. with France, the real object of which
was covered up by tho paltry 'indemnity' ot five
millions, which gave it a name. What were its
and permanent welfare of tho two countries inter
ested. It was made necessary in order to preserve
domestic institutions placed under the guaranty of
their respective constitutions, ana Uccmea essen
tial to their safety and prosperity."
Slave by Nature. The Kalamazoo Gazette
reports the following as a speech of a Whig orator
in that vicinity
"Mr. President: Within these veins courses Iho
I.I. ... I ..i twolilit irrn tut jI fete Krkt h nf ivluiltk 11 II
We agreed to take oil our duties on i rench , .... fi.. nf ... mintrv witi1 . .,:,.
brandies and silks. (Intemperance came . , , ,.,.,, ,i, i,,:11J ,, f a .,.i-ir,.,
in upon us like a flood, anil the country was dram- m yet, Mr. President, proud as 1 am of my
ed of its resources to pay for silks and other luxu- .., s.1(.i. ,.11P.pSt,v. i have often tho't
that I would be willing to change places with tho
rind France in return took off her duties on
slave labor cotton. The cotton sent to France, in
creased nine-fold in 3 years! The news of the
ti-pntu mirtP.il the nrice of cotton 3 cents a pound,
i I . I. : .1' .l.,i,nj i.i hvoe-
in one nour: ra sen me price ui siim-a i.ic.w-
ding States from $300 to 400 apiece; stopped the
nhnlitintl debate in the Virginia and Kentucky le-
led to
meanest slave of Henry Clay, in order to be con
tinually by the side of that great and good man.
Tho Charleston S. C. Mercury says: "For
many reasons wo shall support the Democratic;
candidates lor f resident and v ico rrcsineni mil
iriltnies-. revived the internal slave trade;
the export of 160,000 victims from Maryland and anv n0p0 0f tt modification of tho tariff resulting
Virginia, (of which at least 70,000 passed through from t,ejr success, is not among thoso reasons."
the .National omve iuarKoisui vvuHiutigiouj mine
States, between 1832 and 1833, ac-
. . .i i .1 i i' :i- . . I t .., . y. ... .. ...
romnanied UV tno norrors oi stiuuereii iiiuiiiies, Uaming. young uiun m iuiunjr,
broken hearts, and bodily suffering that mark this York, it is stated, lost, a fow evenings ago
int'mnnl traffic everywhere on earth, lo meet
tho necessities of the slavo traders and cotton
triowers. a horde of new banks wero created, on
northern capital, chiefly; vast tracts of laud were
thrown into the market; the fever of over credit
ami speculation encouraged to its utmost extent.
Cotton rose to 18 cents a pound. Slaves were worth
lost, a fow evenings ago, at a
I'aming house, s$18,000(by means of marked enrd,
or some other knavery of gaining. I'he matter
is to undorgo a judicial investigation in a day or
Isaac E. Morse, the newly elected member or
Congress, from Louisiana, is a native of Haver
hill, N. II.

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