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GREifFM CVUXT.A I Jf'PU EE-MA N
THE GREAT. CONTROVERSY. From Zinn'a tlrnilil an4 We-I -yin Jourmit 11. And yet we may be misunderstood un less the reader bears in niinJ the two conditions italicised above. Our meaning depends entirely upn these, and the future .course of New Eng land would be essentially icAntridled ly them. This brings us to the second inquiry. If op tions of the South shotild remain with us on the first condition, viz., that they are. opposed to slavru, and especially to a pro slai-try church, we believe they would have no reason to fear in convenience from any imprudence among us. In this position, wc recognize our brethren on the line, especially the Baltimore Conference. We have spoken heretofore too heartily uf these brethren, to need here any expression ot good will and we know tint none admire their noble course more than the abolitionists of New Eng s fist has-1 land. JM man can doubt tint slavery is la.ilnT t. i oni! nil lliromrh lint region, and from "the standa.d liken by our B tltimore brelh-1 slavery. .We have pokeu hard tilings of it in ren.aad the tendencies of the times, there is a this article, bui none too hard. W e have seen general disposition among us to confide the fu-Mtas l.t b. m, very Me.hod.st who reads these ture task ofextiimiisim.g it to their own lnmkjl m the boiith, and some will read them,) Om brethren there may rest assured that it they,"'" ' ". . adhere to their late position, no measure, howev or emnll u'ill tin nt ip'tuitp:! bv us. if there is dan- ,,f;,', itPr-,ri.r ;,!, their own asencv h - -i ,i v ,i.:..i, ; dni il'MlMM M ivciv. m i; inula li " in in 'ii.-i- ih:. n,.wt ifnt all voted iii the Prnv idenee Con-', ference against anv attempt to alter the section on slavery. Wo were taken by surprise w'nh those icsolutions, and believe they would hive been modified had they been presented earlier. But the meaning of the affirmative voters was clear. They believed that the remnants ol slavery among us can best be done away by the j k,.l,,n l..,.ll ,,or,l and I hat it would best . , ' , r.i i p, ,.,! favor the cause ofthe slave to abstain trom any i ,t i.i. ,. t, 1, ' measure, however otherwise desirable, wluctii might embarrass them. When, however, jic i work is consummated, we hope to wipe out eve ry trace of that section, and if need be, erect a, barrier around the church, which can never1 again be scaled by slavery. But, in the seaotid place, if churches in the South should remain with us on the second con- Witinn i. i r i c.nir nn flip nnrn. ntntfnrm of the: ' , ,-, ,, . , :,:,. i constitution, and abide the a;tiim of majorities, , , ,., . , i,i,i as in all other deliberative bo:lics, then we hold i . .,, ,. rii ....... ,i : ourselves bound to recognize them, notwithstand-1 . . . . , . . . - i : them on the question of slavery, as on any other j hit tin 'in n srtvir;i in li nun null issue win question pert-iining to our action. Doubtless the course of abnli'ionists would be much modi fied. The cxtr:ivaTint men VP (Mlic from us 1(1 n' 11 !1 ' but the firm ones remain ; the fi.rvid excitement has passed, but the fundamental principles arc . i.l i .. ,.i 1 rpi n iii ,,,, only the better settled, llie.ro would be a pru-. , . , r.i ,,r . c ,..c..i, dent consideration ol the dithculiies ot our Ninth- cm brethren but the slave could not be lor -but the slave could not be for-1 gotten, and we would be content with nothing less than a befitting place among the Christian bodies whic'i are nray'mu and actinir against the greatest social enormity on our planet. If, in the third place, large pro-slavery frag ments should be detached, by the efforts referred to, from the Suiithern movement, on the pledge of 'going back to the neutralism of twelve or fifteen years ago, they will find no such pledge recognized by the church in the North. We earnestly pray to God to avert from us such a misfortune, for we believe it would revive much of our former strife and renew the work of se cession and ruin among our churches. These views agree perfectly with what we gave some months since, in reply to inquiries in the Christian Advocate and Journal. That reply, which was quoted by ihe Advocate with warm approbation, by all New England, was in these words ; , " We come directly to the point and give nn answer, in which we believe all the East will concur, viz., that while New England agrees with the assertion (in our preceding remarks on im mediate emancipation J that the iK-tnin;,! or legal relation of slavery may exist without sin, and therefore it would be wrong to exclude members from the church for it under all circumstances, wh.Ie she has no intention, tacit or expressed, ol insisting on such a proposition, in our -present circumstances, deeming it both unjust and im- politic yet it is her intention to abide by the constitution of the church as it now ,,, and to her constitutional power for the 'extirpation' of shn-ery, as prudence, the best interests of the church, and the providence of God may demand; and we believe she would not listen a moment to any proposition requiring her to restrict, to her present constitutional rights to disc iss, petit.on, or to leg.s ate on the subject. She re- spects herself and the constitution ol the church .in, inuv,,. tu ...j, ,i.CuSc ;pi 111 abide by that constitution prudently and in the fear of God." Thus much for the present position of New England and her probable course in future. We believe the faithful brethren of Baltimore, and up would be considered right the sentiments of all similar Methodists in the connection, can join J mankind Would compel their governments to in h inds with New England here, and thus secure terferc with it in their negociations theologians peace lor the future. Peace, peace, is what we : would point to it a a proof of the necessity ol now want. The South Ins gone : let it go with divine revelation Christians Would attempt to our prayers; let us not attempt to distract it fur-j invade it with., missionaries 'and Bibles the ther by wrong showing. All who now remain ! friends of liberty would furnish it with arms as can harmonize by a little prudence, and without j they did Greece "and Poland for a revolution to the sacrifice of a single principle. Let us then j help men to escape from ii would be considered proclaim the eimtrovirsy at an end, nnd turn tola holy service, mid the shout of insurrection com our work of spreading holiness over the land, jing from it would b6 responded to'by; the voice : Would that our pipers could now drop it, as ad-; of the civilized world. .American Christians, ' vised by Dr. Olin last week, and devote their col-j look not to China for it there , is none such umns henceforth to the great interests of Educa- there , it is under the banners' and amidst the lion, Missions, (sabbath Schools, and iindefilcd religion. This, at least shall be our own course as it has been for months past. And yet, by peace we do not mean comprom ise. We hold that the field of the Methodist Episcopal Church is yet unrestricted ; that if rrovider.ee opens me way oy presenting prudent j occasions, she is again to take tip her line of. ..kU C...I 1 .1 lt i,.J, !.. l.ll in u ii iTJuiimiuu, i.nu nn i.iui i nii.ii9.uc niuiii over. Above all, by having peace, we do not mean that she is to abandon her anti-slavery . principles, aiie can have both. U.iuotless, as V, the necessity of effort ceases in the church, agit--' ation will cease ; but this will no more indicate declension of principles linn the return of a , ictorious army to the arts of peace would indi cate its d?faat, Its energy, though in repose, Jias but gained strength by the triumph which suppressed farther effort. Ia God's name, let us not cease to abhor American slavery. Before we quit this subj-ct, we must be permitted to utter a word from the - depth of our heart respecting it. We are wri- ' ting these lines on a memorable day, the First of August, while we trace t his , paragraph, tfie morninj rut) t risin? amidst the rinying of Bells, shouts and tears of joy, in the emancipate! West Indian Isles. Blessed be God for this day a day when 800,000 people began the career of freemen, and, still better, when the pet pie ol England, with a national debt which no centu ries can liquidate, and with hundreds of thou sands among them pale with the want of bread, nevertheless put upon the altar cf humanity an offering of a hundred millions to redeem the free dom of their Aricau brethren the people, we say, for though done by the government, it was by the constraint of the people. Whatever may be said, and said justly, ofthe foreign usurpation and domestic wretchedness of England, no man who has a heart within him can withhold his ad miration from this act of her people the nobler, because o( the intolerable sufferings under which they achieved it. Would that we were disposed to approximate it ! In God's name, wc repeat, never lei us so far forget our humanity, not to say our religion, as to decline into indifference about American 'sert that its enormities have not and scarcely can 1 1... ....... I ' i. ..,:,i, ..i. i I be iiiuu. Jl, la .ipicii; nun iiuirrui physi ",oral- social,, political, aud all other evi.'s. It I. 1 no; s three millions of human beings in a state i i a chaltelship. It sells them like cattle, at the auctioneer s stand, and drives them to and tro m the. land by a stupendous trade. ' It attenijts to extitignish'their intellects by laws prohibiting them to Icaru to read It renders their tenderest relations, separating, at its caprice, and for ever, husbands and wives, parents and children.' It ! vio'ates the protections of female virtue, and sprcaus iicomuousiis ur us o.e u rruory (no candid man in the south can deny it.) It has v '. . converted States proverbial fcr " chivalry into , , i mere oreeuiiig isiaies 10 supply -me mar ket. It has blighted the soil ot the former gar den spots of the land. It has corrupted the youth of the South, by indolent and imperious habits, leading them to false sentiments (if honor, l'ie 'nmt,J;l' carrying of deadly weapons," and a contempt lor the noble dignity ol labor. Jt has blasted the spirit of enterprise, so that while one section of the Union is outstripping all precedents . . . 1 1 p ' . of Mstory, the other is sinking writh decrepitude. ,,.,' , , , It forbids all common school education, (the stam- ma of States.) bv the extent of n antations and ' ' "'l fP?'"'" ,f ',,c Pe"Plc- It is ever and anon involving tlie Irec laiior ol ttic INortli in losses and bankruptcy, by the failure of its sup- - . . i ..i.i . t . i i P"rlersio incei iheir oiiiiganons. ii lias creaicu i: i ... .: ..c i ..i i'1" ' 1" i''i"ini.i.uiLe in inner o.istu on po- nprlv in honiiii lint r n :iutl iiiii ft lii i-io. 1 ' i 1 .i. i... -..r....: i . . l.ll ;u I i 11" i.iiim iiniiiii, ny i- iiaiiii ii ic.llll " 11 . . ' j " . " 'the. petitions of Northern citizens, in their own .' , ,, ... ', , 1 I I.. .11 . . i il, ...1 I. 1. . . .1 . r. . .1 " -; "lt'- "- " ;thc laws and powers ol the general govermtient ; bv a Mirveilaiicc ( ver the Pi st Ollice, cpeninc ! ilfoi-e rjiu i inl-i niir t, hn ndmi u .o I irt rrc eminent wivit shall and what shall not be carried by them. It has usurped nearly all the oflices of our Nasy, Army, and Diplomacy. It has sei zed men recognized among us as our fellow cit izens, and peacefully occupied on board our ships in its harbors, and imprisoned them in its dungeons, against the express provision of the constitution, and the decision of its own courts in former cases, and such men are now clogged with fetters, sweeping the streets of its cities. It has incarcerated some of our noblest young men and women for doing what the Levitical law de manded towards the escaping captive, and what, if done on the coast of Birhary, would be com mended by all good men as heroically viituous. It has corrupted the church to its infamous prin ciples, and is jvrecking the great religious bod ies of the land. .Strong only in iniquity and i uraggaruism, it nas nevertheless made the once strong spirit of the North bow with mean ohc j quioiisncss Before it, and our Senators and Rrp- rescntaives cower at its impotent tin cats, till a ! few brave spirits, branded as fanatics, and some j of them at last made such by their terrible trials, I arose and recalled us to our ancient honor. It ias (letrovprl our nntinnul Ko!f.rni;oor'l mnrln im j )lush for our pietPUlions t0 merty. ami rendered I . lll8si und n , j. a le nnti(la Wc .lelibcately sav there is no parallel to it Lm(ni.T ,ie civjlicj or j.jii,.,,, colnnimii. tios ()f ,he e;ir wpre (() ,)C .lscortaim;( t,m the vemm(;llt of China hd(li froin cen or illcrest one ()f i(s provi,CCS) w,jth I poplllalioI1 of thrce mi),i()11Si hl ise, ()e C()U dhi()1 of our 8ayes vioUi ieir llomcstic re. m- disposing cf them as chattels, depriving them ( ( .ie (,f ticjr t()i hibiti' J jntceeUla, dcveopelnout) and- in fi covcrt. , t),em an(j thejr clli,dre b iliexorabe pro. cesses, ilk. a hone ess excent ion to ..II tl.P lnu. lof developement and progress which God has stfinined on the destinies of thf linmnn rars lo ; discovery of such an anomaly would astound the world. Any effort from any quarter to break it , temples of your own land ! Let it not be said, that it is a matter of neces sity; God never allowed such a dire necessity to enter this world. Say not that there are ma ny Christians there who relieve these abuses: they are but exceptions to the great whole, and scarcely appreciable amidst the evil. Say not these things ; it is but the ' small talk' about the : l .. I . . . cvii, nun gooa men nave ion since grown wea ry of it. Slavery, as a great whole, is such as we have described it. It knows no mitigations, wishes no limitations, but is stretching out its grasp at this moment at all Central America. God forbid, then, we repeat, that our interest for the slave should abate. Let us work harder than ever for him, but better than ever also. Let us remember that we are Christians ; that forbearance and harmony among ourselves that kind, though truthful words, and untiling patience should chiiracteiize us tlint as Christians we can only look to the force of moral means not to the political stratagems the insurrectionary or revolurionary plots, which are the usual instru ments of worldly reformers. . . 1 , Let especially those among us who have shun ned the cause becaute of the aberrations of its leaders, avail themselves of these better times o do their duty towards it. It has indeed had se rious faults its advocates do not deny the fact. But was there ever, or can there ever be, a great movement, tearing up the profoundest evils of society, without temporary perils 1 The Chris tian religion won its way through untold strifes and fanaticisms the Reformation was attended with popular outbreaks, 'which spread fire and blood over its territory the great revival under Wesley was marred through its whole infancy with sad aberrations and tumults, How can a man have any confidence in Providence, or hope ofthe world, who is firightened by these things? Tim discerning mind looks at them as the phi losopher on the sea shore sees the waters dashing against the strand. "Every wave that reaches for the shore fails and rolls hrck again ; yet he knows that os surely as the laws of nature, the tide is gradually rising and that the ever retreating wave will, sooner or later, dash at his feet, and the growing waters cover all the coast, and bear fleets securely over the buried rocks, upon which they at first seemed to break in vain. So will it be with this movement, as sniely as there are moral laws over the world. Let us especially put away the petty sophistry that this great move ment has only retarded emancipation, that the Providence cf God will leave it to be not only a failure, but a curse. We have heretofore exam ined this point in reference to Virginia, and showed that all the plans agaiust slavery before abolitionism arose, were based on economical views views which could never afreet it mate rially throughout the g-eat region of the South and-South-West, where, stimulated by interest, it is now spreading out wider man ever. Then was necessity for u moral basis for the move ment ; abolitionism has furnished it, anil now the reformers of Kentucky and Western Virgin ia, every day increasing, acknowledge their b ligations to it. It eccms to us that a point has been reached where all sober minded men can cease to criticise the faults of the cause, and unite to carry it on and keep it right. Let us do so. While we keep peace in the church for the better success of the object, let us use al! ap propriate means elsewhere for its accomplishment. Vermont Legislature. Agreeably to the constitution and laws, the Senators and Representatives elect convened at tlie State House on Thursday, Oct. !), 1845, at 10 o'clock, A. M. Senate. . The Secretary of the last Senate called the body to order. , Prayer was ottered by Rev. John Gridley. The roll was exiled and oath administered. The Lieut. Governor being absent, Mr. J. Barrett was chosen President pro tern. Barrett 22, LB. Vilas (i. D. W. C. Clarke was chosen Secretary of the Sen ateClarke 'W, L. P. Poland li. Frederick Billings was chosen Assistant Secretary Billings 22, Charles Reed tj. Rev. John Gridley w.is elected Chaplain. Messrs. Howe, llurd, Chittenden, Billings, Wood hridge, Onion, Bellows, Page, Smith, Beinis.Mirshill, " I Noyes, Simonds, L idd, w ere appointed a Canvassing Committee on the pirt of thr Senate, Resolutions adopted adopting the rules of last ses sion for the present, informing tlie Gov. of tlie organi zation of tlia Sen ite, and ordering one daily und week ly nswspapsr lor each member. Joint resolutions adopted ordering 4C0 copies of a Legislative Directory, and adopting tlie joint rules of last sassion for the present. Adjourned. House. The members elect were called to order by the Secretary of State and qualified. Hon. E. N. Uripgs was choaon Speaker pro ten Briggs 105, Daniel Kellogg C8, Reuben Farnsworth 1), Orlando Stevens 5, J. t. Marston 1, J. A. Beers 1. F. F. Merrill was chosen Clerk pro tern. Merrill 118, C. G. Eastman ti2, R. V. Marsh 10. The old rules were temporarily adopted. The following gentlemen were appointed on the Canvassing Committee: Bennington com Bkckmcr, Bentloy, Gardiner; Windham Hall, Stoddard, Morse; Windsor Harlow, Danforth, Churchill; Rutland Gilmore, Clark, Mixharn; Addison Lawrence, Frost, Strong of Starks boro' ; Orange Jones, Buchanan, Bur ton; Chittenden I Vas3, Fletcher, FairchiM ; Wash ington Tilden, Holden, Carpenter; Caledonia Fair banks, Wesson, Wilinartli ; Franklin Clark, Mason, Drury ; Orleans Nelson, Wheelock, Hitchcock; La moille Keelrr, Waterman, Benson; Essex Howe, Fry, Crawford ; Grand Isle Adams, Davis, Holcomb, Resolutions adopted adopting the old joint rules temporarily, inviting the clergymen of Montpelier to officiate in ntatioii as chaplaius, providing a daily and weekly paper to each member, and ordering 400 copies ot the legislative i-hrectory. Adj, Sf.matk, afternoon. Resolutions adopted for joint assembly at 4 o'clock for the election of State officers, and tor county conventions on r nuav to noniim.te coun ty officers, an 1 a joint assembly on Saturday to conihni such nominations. Auj IIocsk, afternoon. The Senate came in, when the canvassing committee reported as follows For Governor, Wm. Slide, Daniel Kellogg, William R. Shafter, Scattering, Total, For Lie.tU. Gov., Horace Eaton, Wyllis Lyman, Horatio Nedham, Scattering, Total, For Treasurer, John Spalding, Daniel Baldwin, Zenas Wood, Scattering, 22,770 18,594 C,534 362 48.2C0 23,204 18,402 0,503 99 48,208 23,C88 18,494 0,434 10 48,026 Total, The Senate retired. After some unimportant business, The Senate came in, and tho joint assembly procee ded to elect state otticers, as tollows : Fur Governor WILLIAM SLADI 132, elected. 75, M, 221 130, elected, 73. 12, 1, Win. R. Shal'tor, . Governor- -HORACE EATON, Wyllis Lyman, Horatio N'eedhain, Blank, 222 For Treasurer JOHN SPALDING, Daniel Baldwin, Zenas Wood, 130 elected. 75 12 223 t The Senate withdrew. Adj. Sknatk. Oct 10. Prayer by tlie Chaplain. ' The Gov. elect announced his Rppoinunent of Geo. H. Beaman as Secretary of Civil and Military Affairs. . Tho Senate proceeded to tlie election of Standing vxmmnutitiH, as ionowg ; On Finance Messrs. Ricli, Fifield, Onion. On Judiciary Messrs. J. Barrett, Vilas, Woodbridge. On Claims -Messrs. Hard, Noyes, Hodges. On Education Messrs. Sabine, Smith, Campbell. On Agriculture Messrs. Button, Ladd, Howe. On Manufactures Messrs. Winn, Billings, Rich ardson. 1 , i . i., ...... On Elections Messrs; Morgan, Fifield, Clonp. On Military Affairs Messrs. T. T. Barrett, Page, jjrowneu. , , On Roads and Canals Messrs. Chittenden, Mar shall, Bellows, i J i ' On Banks Messrs. Bradley, Smith, Sias.,, On Land Taxos Messrs. Bemis, Richardson, Si, monds. 1 - i Messrs. J. Barrett, Vilas, and Hodges were appoint ed ray the cliair a committee on Rules. , Adj, Hoiue. Prayer by Rev. Mr. Manser. ' . The chair appointed tlie committee on rules Messrs. ownt, ienogp, Stevens. Resolution, by Mr Fairbanks, instructing the judici ary committee to examine the railroad charters of this state and inquire whether any icgislaton is neseasary to place all on equal basis, and especially in reference to the stock. Mr. P. made explanatory remarks urging justice and equality to all companies, consistent with a sacred regard to the faith of the state. t ' ? V.l The resolution was adopted. Bill Introduced. By Mr. Swift, taxing Addison Co., which us rcfeied to the menibers from tint Co. i The House proceedad to ballot for Cle.k, when I'er- rand f . Merrill, ot alontpelicr was elected: F.F.Merrill, 1U C. G. Eastman, CI ' ' R. V. Marsh, 10 Jos. Danforth 1 Petitions for renewal of charter of Middleburv bank: to restore the militia to samefooting as under law of 1818; on education; to form Avery's Gore and part of Ripton into a town, severally referred to appropriate committees. Adj. Senate. 2 o'clock, P M. Report of com. on banks in favor of altering chap. 80 revised statutes. Petitions on education signed by 315, referred to com. on education. Adj. House. Petitions relative to improvement in com mon schools, referred to com. on education. For alter ation of Militia law; relative to peace, severally refer red. Bills introduced. Askins tax on list of 1845 of Co. of Chittenden; referred to members from that Co. Re pealing act relating to the collection of State taxes; to incorporate Winooski mill company, referred to proper committees. Adi. Senatk. Saturday, Oct 11. Prayer by the chap lain. Report. From the committee on Rules, recommend injr the establishment of the rules of last session; a dopteu. Petitions. From various sections of the State, rela tive to education, signed by 5IJ, all referred to com- mitteG on Education. A lonj memorial on the same subject, from Thos. II. Palmer was read and referred to , hc same committee. IYdl Introduced. To incorporate thoBer.nimrton Co. Hank, to be located at Manchester, appropriately refer-: cd l lie annual Message oi me uo ye, nor receive.., nmu mil Aid fnnips iinlnrf'il tn lit! nrintiul for t ie use ot t ie , . mi . 1 'AT.-.. 1 .1 S Senate A communication was received from the Sergeant- at-anns announcing his appointment of Henry Isham ! as door keeper, and of Chumoey W. Rublee assistant! .. i,..;r ,i.o Tif P.n.;,lnnt .n,i his appointment of Charles J. Loomis as messenger of tlie Senate. Adj. House. Prayer by Rev. Mr. Button . The speaker announced the committee on the peti tion of John Kelton and others, Messrs. Warner, Se gar, Barnes. Several petitions on education, referred to appropri ate committee. Petitions of select men of Bradley Vale, to com. of Ways and Means; of Burton Bemis, to General Com.; of L. D. Pelton and others, to Judiciary committee; of Ann Wilcox and others, and Marcus O. Porter and others, to com. on Banks. Rules of last session reported and adopted. The Sergoant-at-arms reported as officers of the House, A. A. Field, F. B. Barker; Moses Ilawkes, door keeper, Win. II. Hartshorn, messenger. Memorial of Thos. II. Palmer read and referred. Annual Message of the Governor read and SCO cop ies ordered to be printed for tlie House. J. Mc M'Shafter, of Burlington, elected Secretary of, Stile; Shafter, 13i, Luke P. Poland 72, 13enj. Has kell 12. Silas II. Hodges, of Rutland, Auditor of Accounts against the State; Hodges, 133, Wm. Sanborn W, Ze- nas Wood, 13, Peter P. VV ashhurn, of Vv oodstock, reporter ot hu- preme Court Decision; wasliburn, 1J0, is. li. aiattocns 72, Horatio Needhain, 3. Tha afternoon was mainly devoted to county ap pointments. RUTLAND COUNTY. Ezra Jim,- Assit)lallt Jll( ,M (,rCo. Ct. A. L. Bro-vn, $ r Jiirnli F, ls;en"M jr., Rutland, Sheriff. .In hips Rio, Hiyb liinlitl'. Wm. Hall, Jml'.'e ol Pnihale for llmDis. of III. A. Warner, Judge of Pr. for the Dist. of Fairhit- Vrll Silas H. Hodgen, ) Wm. Hull, Chs. Burt, ) Jnil Com. WINDSOR COUNTY. '?'& St.J,lges. G. H 'nrv. Woodstock, Sheriff. Joseph Churchill, High Bailiff. Julius Converse, Stnte's Attorney. Thomas F. HiMiiiiionil, Judge of Probate for the District of W indsor. Geo. K. Wales, Judge of Probate fur the Dis trict uf Hartford. Lyndon A. JMnrsh, 1 Nahiiui Haskell, Jail Commissioners. JobLyirmn, ) FRANKLIN COUNTY. Augustus Burt, ) . , T r n .. . Jonathan II. ..blmnl. Am' Co. CoU,t' John S. Foster, S'Viiiiinii, Sheriff. Orson Carpenter, Iil'Ii BViliff, Orlaiiilo Sii'vviu, Siiitf'" Altniney. Jann's On vis, Judge of Pi ubate. Bit.' Turner, 1 Jnsi-pli II 1 1 1 1 n ;o Hi I , Jail Commissioners, Jasper Cimin, ) WASHINGTON COUNTY. Joseph A: Cm ik, ? i . i i EI.,...t B me, j AM.Ju lu-esCo.Court. Gcoriio V. B 'rki'i-, Jlj mtwliur, Sheriff, J iculi S.-ott, Jlih Ba I in". Newell Kinsman, Slate's Allunirv. Jeremiah T. JUarstou, Jjclye of I'loliu'e. Alfred ll'iiintvriyht, ) Cyrus IFnri!, Jail Commissioners. Silas C. French, ) CHITTENDEN COUNTY. Georjr." A. Allen, ) . . , , , ,. John JJ. Tower, A- 3"c C"- turt. Huriice Ferris, Burlington, Sheriff. Luther P. Blodgen, Hn B.iilitT. Isrunl P. RicliiiriUoo, State's Attorney. Charles Russell, Judge of Probate. W in. A. Griswuld, 1 Isna.'L Dow, V Jail Commissioners. David Paimbnrn, ) WINDHAM COUNTY. Pardon T. Kimball, iigll BxilifT, Win. Ailiuif, i Ni'iij. Orinsbee, Jail Commissioners. Nullum F.ager, ) Elery All , Judge of Probate for the District of H'estmiiister. " ADDISON COUNTY. Doriistus VVooster, ) . . , , . , r, Ville Lnwre.i,-. Awwlnnt Judges Co. Court. D. S. Church. Miihllrlmry, SheritT. Asa ('liapiiinii, Hiirh Bailiff G. VV. Giiindey, Suite's Attorney. S. H. Jenison, Judge of Pruba(e Dis. of Addison. H. Mimill, " ' " Newlmven. Nullum Parker, 1 Ira Allen, Coin, for Jail nt Middlubury. J. B Cipelniid.5 John Pirrpoinl, 1 K. Slierrill, Cum. fur Jail i;t VTergennes. S. Mnrgali, ) LAMOILLE COUNTY. Niithanil June, ) . , , , r r r Moss FUk, ' As,t. Juds ol C Court. H. Powers. Moi riMown, SlieritT, Ivh Ch.ifr.i, Hih Bailifl. ,' L. P. Poland, Sut' Aituriipy. L. H. Noyes, Judge of Probate, W, P. Sawyer, 1 II.' Town. Jail Coniniisiioner. G. A. Eatoit, GRAND ISLE COUNTY. w:,SG:::a,,SA---o.coUr,- John Reynolds, Sheriff. Pardon Duwnll, Hifh Bailiff. F. Hazen, State's Attorney. A. Kninht, Judge uf Probate. Aimer Ladd, 1 Elihn Parks, Jnil Cotnraiwiuners. VV. H. Ruhsi!, BENNINGTON COUNTY. f F. M.mh, ? Aiflt. jul, of Co. Courl. L. Saryennl, 8 Jasper Viall, Sheriff. , Aaron Deiiiii jr., High UnilitT. A. P. Lviiiim, State's Attorney. H. Barton, Judge of Probate fur Dis. Bennington Manchester. Divid Love, ' J. Bimrdnmii, O C .Merrill, ' Com, fur jail nt Bennington. Y ; 1 1 -; Com. for j iii nt Manchester. M Haw Icy, D Andrew M Slot'um, OR VNGE COUNTY. FfedeilPlt Smith, ;, ,',"1 ..(.,,, ,.' IJUlin iUi lllir, 1 T l ... t I t ri5.-l. W HI lll VU. Court. II. nd S a i, Thi'ilonl, Sliei ill, Amu 3.' Lull", H it'll Uiditf. J. rti;iiiu P. Kiil.li!!-. St He's Art'inicy. E Imuiid Wi'Miin, Jud.'e ol' Pro. Dis. Ramlidih, J. W. I). P.irker, Jml) ProhiiUf Di. Bradford. H. E. G. Mi LauKlilni, 1 Ehhu Nortuii, J a i I Ciinmi.sijioiici'S. Lemuel H. George, ) T li 11 P 15 li fi H A N " riiant as roeds whre Freedom's waters glide Firm as the hill to stem OrritciiioN's tide !" MONTPELIER, Vt. OCTOBER 1G, 1845. Governor's Message. This document, long as it is, we give to our readers entire this week. It is a well written message, and will repay an attentive perusal. We can allude to but two or three subjects therein discussed. The subject of common schools has been fairly pre sented tlie vital defects in our system plainly stated, and the necessity of immediate and thorough action properly urged upon the legislature. We sincerely hope, tlr.it the suggestions of the Governor, and the numerously signed petitions that are pouring in froir all sections of the State, will induce an early and fuithful consecration of this subject by the legislature The abolition of the " School Fund," and its appro- priation to the liquid ition of tlv Stita dubt and the institution of a reform in our school system, as advoea- tC( a m conccrnin which we are not sufficiently informed to judge. The reasoning of Gov. Blade is plausible, to say the least; but it has become almost entirely a party question, and is of course , , , ... . , , ,.. , . 80 shroujed with paitizan drapery as to be difhcult of a just and impartial settlement. We doubt not the whigs will follow out the suggestions ofthe message provided they are not afraid it will kick. The Annexation question is again presented at some length and die Gov. is still of opinion that Vermont, in case the scheme is consumm ated, would be just ified in withdrawing from the Union tho' ho does not ad vocate the eepeditney ofthe step, as in last years mess age. He would rather hold the right of withdrawal in reserve, to be " acted upon as circumstances may suggest" The retrograde progress of tlie Gov. upon this question, is just about in keeping with that ofthe " universal whig party," ond is the very kind of hostili ty to annexation that pleases the South. Grumble a little just enough to show that they are aware of the insult, and then bow to tlie yoke ! But the Gov. makes some admissions, in the discuss ion of this subject, which we cannot fail to notice. He says: " But, in tha event of annexation, there will remain j ft great practical duty for us to perform. It will be, to ; go to tho very verge of our constitutional power to ef- feet the abolition of slavery, (1) as " the chief evil in our country, and the great crime of our age." Slavery will, by ami 'xition, hive been taken imiler the special protection of tlie national government, and made in the highest snue, a national institution; (2) an.l, thencefoith will become a leading and controlling element m tlie Union. It will then be seen in a stronger and clearer light th in it ever has been. The success of annexa tion will have signally illustrated its character; and tho time is not distant, when it will be able no longer to adjust its iniluence in the scale of parties, so as to maintain its ascendancy by Northern co-operation : (3 , for the North will have learned the indispensable ne cessity of union, in order to roll back the tide of its u surpations, and so change tlie policy ofthe government that it shall cease to make the support of slavery an object of special and paramount regard. If the North, for the sake of peace, shall submit to annexation, the bouth must submit to tlie legitimate anil inevitable con sequences of thus forcing, everywhere, an investiga tion ot tlie merits ot slavery, (4) and a thorough expo sure of the impossibility of long maintaining a Union, embracing the hostile nnd irreconcilable elements of slavery and freedom." (1) A candid admission that we never have gone "to the verge of our constitutional power to abolish slave ry;" while tlie whigs have strenuously claimed that they had " done everything that could be done," to se cure its abolition. Pin down this admission! (2) Why will " slavery betaken under the protec tion of the nitional government, and made a national institution," by the annexation of Texas, any more than by establishing and maintaining slavery in tlie District of Columbia by the Louisiana and Florida purchases, and tlie extension of slavery over their broad territory; by the admission of eiriit new slave States into the Union by engrafting upon our national statute book laws for the kidnapping of slaves by protecting and encouraging Die inter-state slave trade awl by con ferring the lion's share of tho offices and emoluments of tlie general government upon slaveholders? We can point to the testimony of multitudes well qualified to judge of John Quiucy Adams, Caleb Cushing, and even Gov. Slado himself, to show that " slavery has long colored and controlled tho action of tho general government." (3) Then slavery lias " adjusted its influence so as to maintain its ascendancy by Northern co-operation!" This is a fact the Liberty party has long tried to estab lish, against the loud denials of both the pro-slavery parties. (4) In conclusion we are told, " that if, for the sake of peace, tlie North shall submit to annexation, the South must submit to a faithful examination of the merits of slavery:" upon reading this, we could but con trast it with fonner whig arguments. Last year we were told that if we did not help elect Mr. Clay, & thus prevent annexation,the scheme would be consummated, and then all efforts of tlie abolitionists would be wholly fruitless. Wc could but sit down as hewers of wood and drawers of water to the slaveholders. Now, when tlie work is about to be perfected, we are advised to submit to it, for the sake of peace; and rVicn recommend ed to investigate tlie merits of slavery! Alas, for the ludicrous appearance of white blnclibinls, and pro-slavery alo'.U'on'sts! The outrages of South Carolinia andlAiuisiana upon Massachusetts, and other northern States, in tlie im prisonment of colored seamen, &c, is brought to tlie notice of the Legislature. The wound and malady is exposed, but no remedy prescribed! Is there no balm no physician? Forbearance i a groat virtue! The subject of Peace is appropriately recommended to tho favorable consideration of the legislature. We regret that it has been shuffled ofT by a reference to the "military committee," which is generally composed of men "whose voice is still for tear." We regret that it was not considered of sufficient importance to be re ferred to a select committee of men "whose thoughts are turned on peace." Eastern Convention. We give this week the conclusion of tlie proceed ings of this great Convention. The resolutions, Ad dress and Special Address upon Annexation, are crowd ed out by tlie Message. CI We are having remarkably warm and pleasant weather for the session an agreeable contrast to our usual abundance of rain and mud, V . - The Final Resnlt , We are able to give to our readers this week the of ficial vote for Governor. The result is full of encour agement to the friends of Liberty. The whig have lost since last year 5b'50, the democrats have lost 2503, while the Liberty party has gained 890, and 2G0O since the last presidential election. Last year the whig and democratic majority against Shafter was 440C9; thin year the' majority against him is only 84785 a net GAIN of TEN THOUSAND TWO HUNDRED AND EIGHTY FOUR. We have gained 3 or 4 members in the House, while the whigs have lost more ' than 20. At the same rate of increase another year, the Liberty members will be able to hold the balance, of power in the House, and within 3 years the Liberty party will revolutionize the State if we gain no more than we have done the pust yeaT. God be nraised for , what we have already done and let every friend of liber- ty take courage and gird himselt anew for another con- ' test more deadly than any wo have had to encounter. The old parties in Vermont will make one more des perate, death struggle, and it will be all over- with them. Their destiny is written in characters too legi-' ble to be mistaken, and their doom is irretrievably fix ed. 'Personal Liberty. " - We rejoice to notice that Mr. Farnsworth, from Wesiford, one of the Liberty members of our legislature, has introduced a bill in amend ment of the act of 1943, for the protection of personal liberty, proposing to strike out the pro viso, which virtually says it is constitutional and! right for judges of the U. S. District Court,' Marshals, their deputies, &c. to deliver up fugi- tive slaves to their southern claimants. The bill has been tefered to the Judiciary Com. If the ' measure pisses as we cannot but trust it will then the pains and penalties now provided for private citizens and State officers, who shall aid or assist in kidnapping, will attach to every cit izen oj the, Slate and thus, so far as the law for the arrest of fugitives is concerned, our State will have cleared her skirts of blood-guiltiness. . We think our legisl iture owe it to themselves, to the State, to the great charter of our liberties, which was adopted to secure the rights of all, and to the flying bondman, who seeks our Green Mountains as an asylum from the scourge of the oppressor, to take this step. Even if, as is claimed, the word 'Tekson," in the last clause of section 2, chapter 4, of the Constitu tion, for the surrendry of whom provision is therein made, docs mean SLAVES, then the conclusion is inevitable, that the provision is nullified by Article fifth of the Amendments to the Constitution, which expressly declares that "no PERSON shall be deprived of life, LIB ERTY or property, without cue process or LAW." Concert. We last Monday evening attended a concert of Vocal and Instrumental Music, by Mr. W. II. Houghton, with much gratification. Mr. H. is a Vermonter, and has been for the past two years under the instruction of Mr. Henry Russell, the most popular ballad singer in he United States. Mr. II. sings with great expression his mu sic is ofthe highest order. His execution on' the Piano is "second to none" in our estimation. Mr. II. gives bis second concert on Saturday evening next, at which time he will sing a song entitled " The Vernionters of 1779," present ed him by Henry Stevens, the Antiquarian; that song alone should ensure him a full house of real "Motives." See advertisement. liberty Address and Boston Post. The following opinion of the Democratic or gan of New England is worthy of notice, as containing an admission that certainly augurs well for the ultimate success of the cause. At the same time it shows how far the Boston press is in advance of its echoes in Vermont, in a frank and manly avowal of those truths pro scribed by its party. "We cannot further follow this singular ond well written ad lr.m, tlv? stem an! gloomy fanaticism of which seemed to p irtake of the fervid sincerity and the stubborn one idea bigotry ofthe old Scottish cove nanters." Infoiniiitiiin Wanted. Noah Ifvnr;, formerly of Massachusetts, (or his children) will learn something to their ad vantage by addressing Stepheu Harrington of Millbury, Worcester Co. Mass. It is supposed he went to Canada; was a Blacksmith by trade. Canadian Papers will confer a favor by copy ing the above. Boston Advertisements.- We would call the at tention of our readers to two or three advertisements of Boston business men, which may be found in our col umns. The Hat, Cap"1 and Fur Store of Mr. Shute is the most extensive and thorougldy furnished we have ever seen; and from some experience, and tlie general reputation of the establishment, we have no hesitation in saying that he is an honorable and fair dealing man, and that his word in trade may be relied upon which is saying a good deal. We trust he may be patronized by all such as visit tlie city and want goods in his line- From the advertisement of Mr. Burgess, it seems that an entirely new and desirable article Ladies' Self Contracting Half-Wig has been introduced. We should judge this to be an invaluable improvement up on what has been usually worn. (XC.G. Eastman, Esq., of tlie Woodstock Age, it is said, is to take charge of tlie Vt Patriot after tlie 1st of Jan. next. fX7"The great length ofthe Governor's Message al most entirely excludes our usual variety of miscellany and news. When we get a Liberty governor, we trust he will not cover so much ground in tlie discus sion of his "one idea." The stock of tlie Erie Railroad has all been taken by tlie New Yorkers and a balance over. The Presbyterian Church in Goshen, N. Y exc it n unicatcd fi ur cf its members last Sun day for the sin of carrying their milk to the rail road depot on Sunday. ' ", An extensive religious revival is now going ... . t 1 . ti m t on in WetumpKa, Aiaoama. iion. rm. u. Yancey is among the number of those who have professed religion. Mr. Bishop having declined the nomination for Lt. Governor of Massachusetts, George Savary, Esq. of Bradford, has been nominated as the Democratic candidate. ' .