TurnUj Morning, Mnt-eli H, 1804
NEWS OF THE .WEEK
1 HEW A II.
lien. Kilpatrick lias just made a bold raid
through tin rebel lines, Iruiu the liuiJtiD to the
reuiosulu. It was hoped hy tnis raid, undoubt
edly, to capture Richmond, but it ailed of that
result. Tiio New York Timet dispatch says ol
the raid :
Miles of railroad track on the two principal
roads over which Lw trun-portt hit supplies
fir ilio rinrtlirrri unoy o( irgi'ua, have been 10
thoroughly destroyed that sumo lime must elapse
lelore the mad cm ho put in running rder
' D-poisul commissary and q'liirteriii iB
via mure were burned or destroyed. Sn lew
than six grim mills and one saw null, principal
ly at work lor the rebel army, were burned. Six
canal boat loaded wiih gr in, .-viul locks on
the Jauie river o.inal, and the almost inv lua
ble Coal pus at Manikin's bend, were destroyed
Nearlt '600 prisoners were captured Several hun
dred nurses were pret-B.-d iuio the service and bun
ilreds uf negroes availed iliein'l' ta ol this op
portunity to come within our lines.
Gen. Kilpitnck lost lrom 1.10 to 500, the es
timates ol the loss varying t thai extent. The
retails say Kilpatrick came near capturing both
Wise and Lee.
The.reporte lrom Gen. Sherman's expedition
are entirely unsatief ictory. One statement is
that he is advancing, a.io'her that lie is moving
on Mobile mid another that he is retreating to
icmiiiiirg ; ii n a eitncr seems as well s ibataulia
ted us the others
Fitrrsgut's attack on Mobile, is said to be pro-
Ki'itmng, nut wuu no Uioieive result.
Gen. Smith's cavalry expedition has returned
to Memphis, having failed in its (flbrta to loim
a junction w ith Sherman's army, They got on
ly m V est Point, about half-way between Cor
inth and .Meridian. At this pbioe, Lee, Chal
mers, and Koddy attacked tin in wi'li a heavy
forco, and alter soma revere fighting our men
began a retreat toward Memphis. The expe
dmon destroyed over l.UOO.OOO bushels ol con.
toro up and destroyed nubs ol the Memphis
and Onto Railroad track, burned nany bridgts
and trtBtes. captured and broughr in over 1,
500 -uules arid hoises, about SiJHMI negroes, and
over 300 rebel prisoners. Our loss is much less
than the enemy's. The expedition was success
lul at every point and in every particular, ex
cept the importunt one of making u junction
with Sherman. The retreat was not at any
time a rout, although thero Was straggling
The President's Amnesiy Proclamation aud
Gen. Oram's orders were extensively circulated
throughout the countiy.
Gen. tester's cavalry expedition to the led of
Lee's army has returded to the north side of tho
Kupiduii, having ncc mphslud the purpose in
tended. Not a an killed ; only II wounded,
and 'J ouptuied. Gen. Custer's business was to
luako a diversion in favor of Kilpatrick, whn-e
11 "Id was on the rebel right. Custer had 1,500
men and a otion ol i rtillcry. He went through
M.dison Court House on M ,nJay, crossed thr
Rapidun and Kivaniia, ami went within three
miles of Charl itiesvillu. There tho rebels had
hastily gather d a heuvy force, and Cutter
wheeled abiut. Meantime, the rebel cavalry
bad gathered in bis rear, to lbo number ol a
whole brigade, and Kit sure of capturing bis en
tire force, hut by a series of brilliant movement,
including Some line charges and sharp fighting,
our uieu got salely cfl, having burn', the long
bridge over the Kivaniia s, veral mills and lac
tone ; taken BO pneoners, uia.y valuable hors
es, uight wagon loads of stoics, six caissons, two
forges, ia The horses belong to the rebel
uruiy, aud had been put out to board, so as to
be iu good o indium l,r the- Spring campaign.
Sksate, Fib, 'J' Mr. Sumner reported a
wis ioi me repeal ol all iaws lor the giving up
of fugitive slaves. The bill to euuulixo the nav
ol soldiers was tat en up, but afmr lemarka by
Mr. Fons-nden, Mr, Sumner, and Mr. Wilson,
it was recommitted l..r alteration. The Com
mitt"o mi SUvery and Freedmen reported a bill
tos-enre tquaiity in the United Slate Courts
llotsii Mr. Ljng proposed a resolve to
qiesling the Pnsi lent to apoint ex President
Pierce, 1 1- lee-President Filluioie, the II in
1 nomas bwing and uny others be may select.
touiiiiihsioners lo meet like C missiuiicrsfmiu
me Bouth tu agree upon a restoration ol the
lciion. 1 he resolution was voted down, tnly
i voting lor it, 'Jli against. The House missed
the ruil reported lrom the Committee ol Wavi,
miu .muiis lasi ween, iiiitln.rinuig a change 10
the lui ui ol apart ol the loan auihorixed by
the act ol March last This is the bill lor the
irsue of jjiiiOO O11O (1(10 ,. five-lorty bohds.J
Mr. Scheiiuk offered certain resolutions, which
were unanimously adopted, declaring me Reb
el, and iheir symputiiers public enemies ; that
to present -luuiro rebellion tho cause tf this
on 1 must be ex irpaled, Ac. Mr, Pendletou
propo.-cd a risolu'iou denouncing 'he arrest ol
Vallandigliain which was rejectod Yeus 47,
Si) 70 Adjourned.
Sk,tk, Maieh, 1 The Home j lint resold
lion grant ng thanks to officers and soldiers
who have re-eulisled, was passed without
Hoist. The Ways and Moans Committee
were instructed to report upon the expediency
ol taxing imported salt tea cents per bushel
Mr. biaudag e off red resolution which wus
pawed, fixing the 31st day of May, the Senate
concurring lor the a .j iurnment of Congress
The Houm resumed the consideration ol the
bill to establish a Bureau lor Fieeduien's Af
fairs. Mr Knapp oppjsed and Mr. Price ad
ocattfJ the bill. Mr Washhurne (111.) offer
ed a resolution that the House insist on us dis
agreement to tho Senate amendment and that
the II iu e r -quest another Committee ol Con
sietuoi, and that the House hereby declares as
its judgment that in the adjustment uf the diff
erences there e'luuld bean additional tax ol
not less than twenty nor more than tilty cents
a gallon upon spirits on hand. Debate lollow
d. Air. P. tidleton moved that the House recede
from us aiuendiuei,m taxing whisky on hand.
Lost, leas 5,1, Nays 7S. Mr. Washbun.e'l
RimnJui nit was adopted, Ytas 76 Nays ti7
'J'ue consideration of the F.oedmm'e bill was
resumed, and alter djoate it was panned by two
Sks.ti, M troll 2 Mr. Wilson reported a
new bill loiqiialii'i the pay of so'diers ol the
toiled States aitny. Mr Sncruiaii filled up
the bill to encourage emigration, and it as
A rcsolut'outuiaquire into the causes!
of ih-i late disaster in Florida was adopted
nous . iinn g ot importance done,
Sknati, Miroi 3 Mr. Wilson introduced
the House a j nut resolution ler the cuntinuauee
ol lbo ti.yiinnt ol the bounties to volunteers t"
April i, as reported doui the Committee ou
Military Afla rs, with a letter Ir m the Secre
tary ol Wr reeoiiimeiiding that it be immedi
ately patsvd. The resolution was passed without
amendment- Mr. Davit introduced in aniciid-
mnt tu the j tint revolution to amend the Con
sututton, winch rovidit that no person whose
mother or grunduiulhtr is a Drgn shall be en-'
lined to cnut'ie-hip ; and also that the Slate of:
Maine and Mariacliuwtia shall constitute One
ftate, to be called Eist New England, and that
Vermont. New Hampshire, Rhode lland and
Connecticut constitute another to be ca led tit '
lloiss. Mr Stebbitit proposed a resolution
that ihe Secretary be author tsl to sell any ur-plu-
gold on due notice, or use it in advance
ledeuipdoo of inierot oouxus. .Mr. Moinll
reporud thai the Whuky Conlercnee Commit
tee euuld nut agree. Ilesnd it was necessary
lor the House to reeds from ill dissgreeineut
In the Senate's amendmetits ui lots Ihe bill ihe
Sei aUj would not agree to tat whisky on bund
that point out of llit way, an sgreeun not
niijht be matte, lit movid that the (lout rt-
cede. After a lon debate the vote was takcu,
and the Housi tefus-'d 10 recede by Teaedl,
Niys 71. It was then voted to adhen
Sksatk, March 4 Mr. Sherman from the
Coiuuiittce of C nlerenoo on tho disagreeing
vote of the two Houses on t lie Kevenuo f ill, re
ported that the Committee of tho Senate was
unable to agree with that ol the Ilouso. He
moved that the Senate recede from amendments
disagreed to by the U juae, which motion was
adopted, by Ve8, 25 ; Nays, 11. T ho bill as
it now stands provides a tax of tji cents on all
domestic liquors manulaetured or removed lor
sale slier tho passage of the act until July 1,
lhtjt, ai d 40 cents on imported spirits on hand
House. The Committee on JUvolutionary
Pension reported a resolution which was unan
imously adopted, tendering thanks to the sur
viving Kevolo tmniry soldiers, twelve in number
and sincerely rt j jieing that by the decree of
Providence, iho.r bus havo been protracted
b y md the period allotted to man. Copies ef
this ruioloti n are to bo sent by the Speaker to
inch of the rtifololioiiy pensioners. The con
tested seat in the 1 1 Id Distric of Massachusetts
was settled by denying the claim uf Mr. Sleeper.
Mr. Kiee acnn member, was cui.linui"! by a
The newly elected Heptiblican State Senator
of Pennsylvania was made a lion at Harrirbuig,
being tscorted to the Capitol by a great process
ion, with banners, speeches and hiirruhs. The
lirst business, alter taking his neat, was the
passing of the Soldiers' Voting bill by 17 to 10,
every republican voting Yea, and every Demo
crat Nay. This rtnult was hailed with tre
The Senate confirmed the nomination of ien.
(irantas Major General in the U. S. Regular
Army; also ol (iens, Meade, W. T. Sherman,
rtioiniis, ami McPnorsoti as Brigadiers in the
llfguiars. (iens. Plensanton and Warren were
continued as M ijor tienerals of Volunteers.
Hy uo arrival from New-Orleans we have
dates two days alter the election. The returns
then received for (Jovnrnor, foot up us follows :
Michael llabn, Free State 5.7j7
J. V A Fellows, Conservative 2 170
11. F. Fianders, Free State 1,1125
Mr. llahn is elected by a handsome uiaj irity
over both his couiietitors The Vols of tho Statu
will probably reach 11,000, which will bo
about one-fourth ol that cat bo President in
The Spring elections iu New York, have re
stilted gete Tally in Union gains.
Wendell Phillips' Lecture.
The Students' (ieologicul and Debating S iOio
ty here have procured Wkndkix I'iiilUts to Lec
ture in Montpelier, Friday evening of this week.
Of course wo need only inako this announcement
to secure a crowded ultimdunoe. The lejturo
will he delivered either in tho Iirick Church or
Depot Hall, as tho Village Hall would ac
commodate but a fraction of thoc who wilf v ish
to attend. The pioneers in the Auti-slarory
causo here and in all the neighboring towns, will,
of course, avail themselves of this opportunity to
hear the silver-tongued orator, who was tho
champion of tho cause when it required a brave
man to speak for it, and who is still, when Free
dom has become national, tho Voidest and m 8t
eloquent advocate of tho inalienable rights o'
man. Mr. PlilUirs utters what lie believes to be
the truth, w ithout fear or favor, and those who
frequently disagree with him, and we reckon
outselves among that number agree with his
warmest friends in acknowledging the wundetful
charm of his eloquence. He is one of tho intel
lectual giante of New England, and no one who
tduiires the finest oratory, or loves the freest
and boldest seeeb, will stay away from his leo
line. County Commissioner.
We give ehevthrre the vote in this County for
Commissioner last Tuesday, resulting in the elec
tion of Mr. Htllou. Mr. Parmelee was the cm
d.date o! the friends of a free traffic in rum. The
votes for him had been circulated quietly, and
this " slill hunt " would have been successful, un
doubtedly, had it not been for a slip or hitch in
ihe "circulating" michinery ir. Woodbury,
where no Parmalee billots appeared. It sua
supposed here until Thursday evening, that Mr.
Parmalee was elected, and his healthy 'ooking
friends were jubilant accordingly, and even went
to fat as to propose lo bury the " League " as a
defunct body. Hut when the returns from Wood
bury ac'ually nppetreil, the rum slock suddenly
weiitduwnto zero, and the prohibitory stock
took a corresponding rise. Our daily cotempo
rary illustrated this general appearance of ihe
successful and defeated parties hy appropriate cula
t f a triumphant rooatrr and a used-up rooster,
which though originally deigned to embellish t
different subject, were to pertinent as to create
much merriment ab out town.
Monni.ua Town Msxtino and tux Lkioti.
The town meeting here last Tuesday, as a
general thing, (aseed off quietly, theie being no
contest rtPieoling any officer lo be eleoted ex
cept the third selectman, and the oversea of
the Poor. The ballot (or selectman is ouly de
snving of mention because it h is been made
the occasion of much unnecessary, and in some
instances, unkind and uncharitable remark.
No regular nominations for selectmen had been
made, but it was generally understood that the
old board, would be voted lor. The Loigue
had made no nominations. Alter Mr. Foster
and Mr. Uancroft had boeu elected, however,
tho Iriende of an unrestricted sale of rum be
gin to circulate votes iji J. W. F.i.lis. Mr.
Nitt, who had held the office but one year was
however ro elected because there waa.no gm d
reason for turning lnin out. It la due, injus
tice to Mr Ki.i.is, to re uark here, that the uf
of his name was wholly unauthorised, and un
known hy liuu ; and as he was tiecessaitly aU
,ent from the meeting, he bad no opportunity ol
lc iming w bat was in progress. W hen the Con
stitution of the Temperance league was first
circulated Mr. tig.cj it, nut lor reasons
abundantly sufficient, and entirely Honorable,
Eadirg he tould not approve ol all the prnrtod
inits uf lbo League, be Irankly ai d boiie-tly.
mi 1 like a high iiulidid geutlemun withdrew
I is name. This act was made the occasion for
n my unjust, uncharitable, "nd wo four in some
i .'taucce rather mean criticisms, of his course;
I. tt none ol them, we think, was quite so mean
this attempt of those who's trafbo the League
l is interfered with lo make Mr. K., without
i j knowledge and wholly against hit will,
i. eir standard liearer.
Xiw Mi sic, " I cannot call her mother," is
l',e i le uf to excellent son,by Wiu. P. Chain
V ljin, a Veruioiit linjer, win in few have out
n and hoard. Jul-, published by Melvin
U right, Proctorarille, Vt. It cm ouly be ob
...i .ed by adJrwting the publisher, who will
I f-srd it, pottage piJ, on the rccoipt of twen
I. rivt e hit.
Tiii DurT Provost Marshal Crane, in
I u uvt that the draft bat been postponed until
The Frcmdency- One Term. ,
We notice in the Huston Journal, which ii d-;
voesting the numioation of Mr. Lincoln for the (
next preM'lcn'jy, sn nrlirle litpttcatihg criticism!
upon the abi'ity of Mr. Lincoln, or hit conduct of t
the war,-and, in effect, urging that Mr. Li. coin '
, ,,, . , 1
hoi',,! be nominated without objection, ;
criticism upjn the Adminiitratioa will give cop-,
perheads comfoit. 1: occurs to us that this is a
novel doctrine in a Republics (iovrnmenl. Mr. 1
...... ' 1
Lincoln i ei her the best man for the lucesmon j
or he i not. If he is the best man, having had
nearly four years ii which to exhibit his superior :
flmen for the pjsition, his special champions;
ought to be able to show it, and be ready to invite
invesligition. If lit is not the lust man, or the 1
most availib'e mm, it will Iu a great (leal betti.r
for th't cieiulry to ti.i 1 tlul ciu' no, or a', least
before the noinin niori, than tu l 'arn it at the ;
nexi e.niior, or through the uiscuiIiim of the
next four years. The Journal sajs ; 1
We oppose this suicidal course, then, because,
independent of President Lincoln's personal
claims e believe tint his itdmimstrMtion is
nt-iiiiiu ui iho looiuouii enuoi nruiriii aou com-
mendation of the American neonle. and we should
not want to see the next Presidency turn on its
failure to receive i', as such a result no matter '
how good a mm might be chosen-would be pro-,
lihc in mischief.
lflhcmnm is s.iisli.d upon ibis, why not ,
invite rather lb in repel criticism ? And doe, no,
the Journal understand that the Democrats m '
not spare Mr. Lieciln's faults, or the errors f f,
his Administration, if he should be re-numins- j
ted j ami how will it deal with that? Must it
not then bring forward, facts and ligurea and ar-
gumenta .Uid wui n it tne.e tacts and figures
no arguments as avulibie against Uepalia-
cans ta against Deni ie,-a:s ? Mr. Line iln will yet
pray to be delivers I from the silvocscy of the
papers wi ich cotninenee their work by attempting
the suppression of cindid and Ii ni"st opinions.
It is one thing to bold up President Linetlii's
hands while he is and must bj the recogniied
head of the Government, but it ii quile another
thing ta declare through a convention or an else-
tino that he should be chosen for another term.
And in tbia c. nut ciion, and for the purpuie of
thowing another phase of the machinery by which
Mr. Lincoln's nomination is to be compassed, we
make the following extract from ihe Boston Trnv
"Mr. Lincoln's re-election stooltl break that
"one term " rule when has prevailed for a quar -
rt v aueiuuis, diiu uie e leuuii u ss n en nas
. i, . -. . ,i
hkiS mii.'h In tli mill, hriinimi, Ihu ti.i.Eiinn
had much to do with bringing the secession war
upon us. Ihe war would have been postponed
for twenty years, peril ijis it might have been al
tngei her avoided had not fvery Presidential elec
tion since that of 1 He'll brought a double evil up
on the country. Not only have we hid the ordi
nary and inevitable atruggle between parlies, but
parties themselves have been convulsed by the
action of the followers of in my aspirants to the
nomina'iorn of those parties for the Presidency.
Ihere haa been no rest, and the competition for
the next nomination haa been commenced on the
very dsy that saw an election decides1. Mr. Lin
coln's re-election would elf ct a change in ihia
reaped, lint should be beneficial to the nation, i
I he country would fall back upon the old prac- i
lice, anil thereby would gain the chance of obuin-1
ing regular recurrences of perioda of comparative
repose. The slaveholders would not icknon ledge !
Mr. Lincoln aa President for tins term, and ihe
proji'ble effect of their folly as regartli the
President,,! n.liee. will h. In , Ii.. him . second
term, to which, it may be assurred, he never would
lave thought of aspiring had matters been allow -
td to takt their old constitutional course."
We aro surprise 1 tints piper of the ability of
the Trai'rllrr, and once an organ of the Whir
party which had " one term " as one of its cardi-
nal principles, should fall into such a blundering
style of reasoning, the more wonderful as it seems
to fe the weakest possible argument against tht
onetertn rule. D ies the TraitUtr man to
intimate lhat it is, and haa been dangeroui to the
stability of the Kepublic, to cinvass freely and
fully the merits of any man whose name ii pre
senttd fur the Presidency f Would it have bean
better for ihe country if Van Btrtn hid been
reelected, or Tyler, or Polk, or Fillmore, or
Pierce, or Huchanan ? If rotation ia dangeroui, j aubject. A table of logarithms is simple in e on
why was Ihe 7Yatf Her in favor of rotating Hu-(parison.
hanan out? And doea the Traveller mean to
say that rotation haa brought about rebellion ?,
W e shall expect next to ase one bold opponent j
of the herei) of "one term,"suggest the danger also,
or any election, and gravely argue that it ia bet- j pelicr but a few months ago, that, prior lo the
ter to make theoflicer a perpetual iicumbent and draft, Montpelier had furnished 80 men more
call him king at once. Tbia will aave all the di- j than all her quotai. Less than a week ago, Pro
visions, tho psrty ilrifea, the heat and psaiiona j vost Marshal Crane published an order ataling
which elections always engender. Napoleon the ; tliat the quota of Montpelier under the call for
I hird rests hia empire upon ths same argument j 500,000 men, was 5, ol wh'ch number 54 had
-wilh just l.ttle h dp from bijoneti.-and why been furnished the government, leaving this lown
may not aome bold man.with bayonete at hit eon- one deicient. Montpelier, then, sccording to
trol, snd the Traveller lo furnish hi.n arguments, 1 tay old fashioned arithmetic ihould stand credited
do a like kind thing for the liability of govern-' with 79 excess, yet the Provost Marshal's arith
meot on this side of the water, an I thus bring rnetic makes it 61, or 27 lesi. We think the
about a long period of " oompirative repost f" ' arithmetic by which that result ia reached, is not
The truth ii, Air. Lincoln doean't need any generally in use in the schooli
such championship, and his aclf-sppointed cham-' ye had intended to pursue this arithmetic fur
pions, if they s'e wise, will abandon lhat style of iher, but it ie io hopelessly intricite, conlrsdic-
.,l.i.tav AI .,nn.t Mr T tn.il.i'a mnrllm ... ii)!l . 1 I . ' . .
..... , ..... ..,..w,... ........ ..v ...U
and appreciable, if ihey are not brillian', snd hii
nominat.on ought not lo be asked for or thouiht '
of unle'i it can be rested on these mnita. The ;
Democrats would like no better capital for an
appeal to the people thai such Huff as the Trav
tiler prints about the danger of a political contest)
and ihe discusaion of ths menu of candidates,1
, , ,
and with that and a popular cacdidate.they would
, .. . .. . , !
become a formidable opposition in the next tiec
, ,1 . . u , ,
tion. Let us, at leas', if we cannot bs fully of
.... , ,
one mind about men, aland fst by the cardisal
. , ,
principiss of a free Governtnen', Iree speech, i
1 ., . , . '
Iree prosi, snd frtquent elections.
Some indications of a change in policy in lef-
or. uee Pi the question of Slavery, have been ap-
pcaruig at ,n,rval. for the past few week, from
. .. . -
i""' "mi innfiiiivsin si
notice mine uf ourc iiitomporaries aro apparent
ly ireamg these ulterancs a, an evidence lhat
, o, p..ion have .iven p Slavery, as an in-
stuuiion whosodelei.ee they do nil pn.posj any
longer to undertake Among iIipso inductions
is the following extract from a speech by James
Ilrooks, ol New York, recently made in Con-
" Mr. Speaker, there am some things iu this
world which we Yankees have designated by
tho vigorous word " fixed,'' or what the French
in their philosophic phrase, call "fail annmpli." .
Sir, the hUiIiiioii ol slavery is a " lixed laci," a
fact tec Jtnplislied. I must accept it. I cannot
elos-j my eye to it any more limn upon the run
: ZneXriT ' 'tt n.1. u", Z
and I mutt read it, and I should b blind if I
did not tee that slavery is abolished, and the Ab
noan, too, with it ; 1 cannot stud it. Massa
chusetis has ordained It, aud the country ac-
ceo, it, aud if no, a, a w,e n,an at 1 as," a- a 1(linip, . C()lleft(,n Q, WQtl ' ,
public man, I must abide by aud act upon it.1. . . ' ' ''l'UKa,
When the Under i talcs voted up..n the door of tuDf' Dd "" " Th Piesident's Hymn,"
this Houso at an early period ol tbit session, and
, their rote organ xel this lluute it wi ,it. iod Uiue," Ellsworth '. Avengeri," tod olher i government bounty swindlers. The, have ob
ten.lt wasdeureed, irreilblv Screed, thai i . .. n... , . IT. . .. . . , .. j . w
slavery was als)li.be.I, and thert was no del, f, r
The New York World, the org-in of the Sey-
niour Democracy, states the Democratic position .
rather more mildly and ambiguously, as follows : j
When the South mtued opan tliiij war, liiey
deliberately exposed their slave prop-rty to the
Pril ft,lJ of a military e mtest and
they muit take the consequences, lb') Demo-
cratic party of the North steadfastly holds to
tho name principles of non-intervention which
l""f always insisted upon as the true constitu
ti"n"1. doclr),nf- A? 11 wml'J '"! 1nt"''!'8. to
cripple or destroy slavery , though disapproving
iti M M t lutl.rfero , Hav slavery
from the consequences to which i's Inendfl have
We call attention to these declarations for the
purpose of saying, that we do not believe that
Hrooks, or tho IWrf has any le-s p-lm-J for
slavery than in retolore ; nl tins- mini i"iio
and deelarati rs we regard as simply ttid-nco
that a portion of tho DjinocMtic pirty have b.:-
U0UJ i,aaUa(led lh.it unless titev abandon
slavery, they do not stand the ghost of a chance
' carrying the next rcsid.nlial election. This
view does not, how 'vei , eem to be shared fuily
h mn ,.f tlx II .,. Tl... .,.,..(
, ... t r i
lh!u,0"l' htate t or.vention in New ork
n nniimto delegates to the national
Convention at Chicago, passed no resolution'',
wlich elIIJWtt very conclusin-ly that they havo no
. , , . , , ,
principles ur policy wlncli they dare announce.
Tho Now y..ik l.-adr.r, a Deniocratn paper,
wpulikill), for Tamuiany Hall, declare, however,
tit ,.,, ri.wlutiin, would )mw prevailed in
the Convention il any had been introduced ; and
a ,,ellca convention of the Dem oer itiestripo is
nuw a pro-slavery c invention,
The position of the Democratic party with
respect to slavery, ii very much like that of the
ungincor who. with nuiiv expressions of regret
jumped from his locomotive as it was goinir
, ,owu an omlmnkuiunt, preferring to mraain on
j the track to going to destruction with tho b si
, engine ever constructed. The Deinoeratic
,iv,,ry irachme it now g .ing down a pretty
j high and sleep euibanktnent, and the cliancn
are small that any man or party that follows it
j will cscapo a complete wreck Tho Democratic
! engineers aro getting off, and this is not became
tboy love slavery less, but because they love
themselves more. If they can lua'io slavery
'again serviceable to draw them into places of
j profit and power, they will be its champions os
I herotoforo, but if they cannot accomplish thai
j result thoy will undoubtedly bo ready to pirt
1 company with it. We warn ami-slavery lu'ii
i ,,, . , ,1,,,,.,,. ... ,l -,ct
against placng much confidence in thes an.
notincomcnts of Democratic politician.". If they
oati savo slavery, they will do it yet , and as few
elavo Stutes will pirticipato in the next presi
dential election, it will doubtless he necessary for
thorn to assume in that contest, substantmllv.tbe
ground taken by the Wnrl.l. Hut, whatever !l y I duties ol 'citizenship, they claim io stand upon
may do, tho aiiti-slavery mon have but one course 1 a level wnh any other portion of the pet pie of
to pursue, and that n to steadfastly labor and I l'""'8'"'"- -'J t" rtamly, as far as my kr.owl
, r i , ,, edge g f, alter no inconsiderable inquiry lrom
t ote for men whose opinions and probable oc j tl,L hl,v.g the most ii.ti.natc knowedge ol their
tion aro known leyond doubt or cavil. 1 affairs, in regard to intelligence, good character,
! industry and property, 1 huve never heard tlieir
claim desputtd, even by the most prejudiced op
The Arithmetic of the Provost Marshal's P""9 The one single obieetion w, the iota.
; (lor many ol them are even fairer in complexion
j man you i r I), of colored pigment in their cu
Me have aludiid several Arithmetics in our : tiele
t dsy, and once thought we had a tolerable knack '
I i. , ,, , , , I
! " ' CPh"'n. "UI art Compelled to Sckno. edge
: ou"elvea entirely floored by the figuring of the j
' Provost Marshal's oiice in the comnutsti n of I
Indoles under ths recant rail nf ih. ,.;,!. i
j Adams' arithmetic w,n considered worth lomi-'
thing in iu day, and Greenleaf'a has among the
prtsenl generation been regarded as furnishing
j rules for all possible) ways of " working sums,"
j but neither Adama nor Oreenleaf hsd any
j idea of quotaa, or ibt tblea in a Provost Msr-
' abal't office. If any one doubts this we advise
him to consult the "figures" which frcm time lo
time have been issued respecting (be draft, and,
ai a test, attempt to comprehend the corrected
j table of quotai for Washington Co itily, given in
j another plact in thia paper, taken in connection
w,t, iie circular of Gen. Washburn on the s.me
f Let us look at this a little. Gin. Washburn's
order ii tolerably lucid Towns, he aava, ire to
have credit for all men furnished by them. And
Gen. Washbum informed the people of Mont-
iUrVl Blm Unirue anu unjuit in iti results, lhat we
w; ony add that we hope the Bcaid of Kluca-
tion will not at present recommend its use in the
schools. It had ketfr be confined to the few
profetors who nro Utl making themselves illus.
trious by the practice of its arbitrary rules.
, . , ...
PROP. Aiif.ms I.icttrb Prof. Aiken, of
... . , .. , , '
Dartmouth Colleg-, delivered a eclure on
"Practical tullure before the oung Men's
, . , , r. L .
Geological end Doba'ing Soctetv, at Vi lsge Hall,
, , , ,, ' ,, . . '
last Wednesday. Ihe Hall was illed by sn an.
. . .. . , '
prectalive audience. e have no space lo sp.ak
' , . . , , , ,
of the lecture, except as a whole, inrl we charac'
terie it ai an unusually polished and scholarly fir"
sument. I he lecture snd tho lecturer were the mi
.', fi ,n,i h.slthv evamnle. nf il, :.. i
i 1 l''i ova
Cllltr, which lhe tprlkfr ,nforceJi ,nj h
,,t mtion, of'h glc. Prof. Aikfn, J
letrr.s almost too nine adortieU in Iti severe
earnestnesi and eminent praoiicsJtiesi It has no
holiday phrase., and not many ol the flower, of
thftofl it is ,mooth Md UM,nt flllB ing
(1il, ai the current of a deep and quiet river,
And while he doei not need to cultivate thegrac
f ,le r expression, it hi. seemed to us. a. we
DM rilli"! S.
have heard him both in the pulpit and in ihe lec
lure room, that he too if verely restraint both hie '
fancy and hi. imiinti)n, lost they should lure j
him away from ths valuible truths which he teach-j
L'nion Leach Mklumis. A collection of
patriotic Hymni and Tunes, original and select-
J Ny Melodies, Mclodcon, sic., Ilos-
''in: Ilcnjamin B, Kussell, No S15, Washington
Street, p. p. 31.
This it a convenient ind cheap hnok. mis.
. Ivally round the Flag Boys, '" Red, White
' ' "rl ,n ' isn
The Old Freemea of Louisiana.
Niw York, March 1, 1H14.
To thr. Editor of the Eieniiu Pol
Uentlniien: I he ptinnc jitirnais nave an- 1
noutieeu 1110 arrnm iu ims cuv, ou men "j I
Washii gton, of a delegation from the free col-1
ored I'Coiilo ol Louisiana, to tireRent to the gov-1
ernmeiit their claim to bo invested with all the j
rights, civil an i political, ol free nativo citizens
01 me 1 niteu amies.
My recent visit to tho Department ol the dull i
afforded uie the opportunity of becoming ac-:
quaintcd with many important facts with regard j
to these peorle, that I think cannot fail to be of,
interest to your readeis, and 1 therefore take
tho liberty of sending to you the lollowing
brief stateincnts : '
The free c ilored people of Imisiana, prevsous ;
10 tho rebellion, constituted about one-tenth of
her who: p, pilnlioii. According i the!
State Kegi-iei Ioi the y. ur 1X5,1 tin re wer- but
. 11.. r I . I
o.ie thous.iinl a.l oil males out el a population j
ol lrom twenty-five thousand to thiny thousand j
ol luetic tree color u people Who could not reau
anu write, anu in me year r"u nicy vme
assessed lor Mate and other tax 's, upon retil and
personal estate, to the amount ol nearly fifteen
inillioiis of collars. Hv a comparison of the
ttalistics with those ol tho white population!
, . . ,, ,. , t, ' , ., i 1
r.t utii'.i to leN.iiiiii koFn 'i'tH it. will he round
that they are a body of people not only us well j
educated as, but richer than any other equal
portion of the inhabitants of the State I
It is truo that, whilo (Ley havo been compelled ,
. ii. .. I .
to pay the school tixupjii the largo aitioiint;
. i J .1 . . .r . . .
above state), they have been rigidly excluded
from any participation in the benefits ol the very
schools they weie compelled to support. Lot
, i i i i .i . .,: i-1
they have amp y provided or the instruction of
. J .. . I 3 I ,
their children in private institutions. Ma .y of
tho most wealthy of them l.ave been acciistunied
iu send their children abroad, and especially lo
France, lor their education.
Many, indeed tho greater portion of these
people, arc the descendants ol the first Spanish
and French settlers, while Louisiana was still
' a colony or province uf France," and at the
p"rioJ til the tie.ity of cession to iho United
Staiis were us Iree as any othrr po.'tion of its
inhabitant! I'h i French republic, mindful of
lh" n,;lits ol ail its cit zftis, and fully trusting
iu the goid l.iitb of its sister republic, believed
it had provided lor a complete recognition ol
the.-? rights in the third article of the treaty of
cvsi.in, which was in tins: words, viz :
' 1'he iiiliab'lants ol the ceded territory shall
be incorporated into tho I'uiun of tho United
State., and admitted, as soon as possible, ac
cording to the principles ol the federal Cunsti
tuti' n, to the enjoyment of all the rights, ad
vantages and iminunitiet of citizens of the
That treaty w is concluded and signed at Paris
ui the 30th day of April, I80o, the first Napo
leon being then Fust Consul
After a lapse ol more than sixty yean, may
not the children of the " inhabitants " whose
rights, privileges and immunities were guaran
tied by this treaty, riuaonably nek lor its fulfill
ment on the part of the United States?
Hut tin ho people do by no means found tlieir
claim to recognition itfon tbia ancient pledge
of good lui'li of the national government, sol
oiun us it was, al ) u. In themselves, and in
ilo.ir itiiriiihie i .oitlifii-ftt ions to discharge a 1 the
Uutj.istnuw, Mr. EJitor, the question of
loyalty to the nation-il government is of tho
dot-peal interest in Louisiana. The re-habilita-tion
ol the State with a truly loyal constituency
is tho one great need there as well as elsewhere.
And in disregard, how do these free colored
people of Louisiana s and ? Let the facts spoak
In June last, whilo General Binks was laying
siege to Port Hudson, leaving the city of New
Orleans with few troops for its defence, a re
port came to Governor Shepley that Magruder,
with a force ol fifteen thousand men, was advan
cing on the city, and was already not far in the
rear of Algiors, the little village on the opposite
hank of the river Gov. roor Shepley imme
diately issued a call to tho loyal while inhabi
tants of the city to rally to its defence, and pro
vided for their org itiizition into regiments Af
ter waiting several days, and after ascertaining
that m my el the police and other patriotic offi
cials ol t tie city had resigned and roiired into
privato lila, and that thero was little help to be
hoped for from that quarter, Governor Shepley
called for volunteers from the free colored peo
ple. Tl is call was made on the morning of the
21 of July, and belorn night moio than a hun
dred ol the stores aud workshops ot the city
were closed by the occupauts, and on the 4th ol
July, the first regiment was already organiied.
armed, and ready lor service, and in seventy-two
huuia alterwards a second regiment was in the
field. Arnold Bertonnoau, one ol the delega
tion now in this ony, was a oaptain in the first
of these regiments.
Magruder did not make his appearance, and
eouio six weeks afterw ards the loyal white in? n
began to volunieor, and a part of tho regiment
was, I believe, subsequently raised under the
call ol Governor Shepley.
At this pres nt momenl New Orleai.s is not
agitated by i threatened attnek of the public
enemy, but by the question as to who ol the in
habitants of Ihe Stato are entitled to the high
privilege of aiding in the restoration to the
L nion. in tins exigency niese ireo cu oreu
men of Louisiana, who wero free in tho blood
of their lathers ai the time of the treaty above
mentioned, who, boeidos, indisputably possess
all the nualtficittions ot character, intelligenc
and property uf any other portion of the in
habitants of the State, and whose loyalty has
been proved by a test at least aa stringent as
any oath that Jacob Barber might ojncludo to
tike under protest (besides being willing to take
that oath in their hearts as well as upon their
lips), ere. under the recent Proclamation ot
General Hanks, excludsd from all political
rights, and so from what they conceive the great
privilego of aid'ng in tho restoration of the
Stato to iho Unit n as a loyal State,
Under these circumstances they have very
properly taken an appeal to the paramount ju
risdiction of the national authorities. Their
case is a peculiar one and is to bo judgrd on its
own grounds. There is no other such body of
pooplo in the United States. 1 he question of
granting them political rights has nothing to do
with the propriety or justice ol i-onlerring these
rights at once upon tho whole tiody ot oinanci
, .... ., ,- . . , ,, . . .
P nere ..no par, , oe.ween inem
i present tho other.
' l5,'"d,'''. permit mo to suggest that there aro
' t f'ln,w!" aii'n "V'"-' "T'"' ""T"' ?
I ZluS TlZ
j ero called to take up arms. The government
I ","ot f 10 l'1"''. there or elsowhere in the
! tM " th mil ""P'10" f any f 'l ,ru
Jssus Mi Kith.
Tventy-two recruit have died at Brattle-
Ikiro this winter, mostly oases ol Pneumonia or
j Meningitis. Tncy have been of the average
sge of H, fi:e ol them below tho agi of 17.
j - " "
j ol the Hospital at lintthhiro, Vt., ta hold un
1 hundred more inn, making it capibleofac-
j c.,mmiKAting ,ix hundred, it will then he one
I .r .i.. i . is i.i i- v . ri.
' ZZ . V "
Capt. Crane, Provott Marshal ol ths 1st
; Dist. of Vt., has tuocordedin cirturina His
tmneo ins countT m mr a,ieren, towns in
I truiout and lour diUsrint SUsei.
CottQty Commissioner 1884.
roported 27 uiaj.
y t jj
f ' ,.; ',.
-lirr ,n '
Kctland. There waa quite a contest in Kut-
)anj fl)r (owu officers Tuciday. The test quo,tinn
. , . , .... .r, ,.,.
was on tho election ol moderator. Ihovotewasus
follows : John Cain 33,3 ; Chas 11. Joyce 330.
This was a triumph of the Anti-League turn,
'jh)0 putanj trif says of lh:s mooting:
. . , ., , , .
oilt to mu BimuK': iuiiuiu in u.iki, it v.tv
. . . ..r1 ' .
nriler-lovimr. law u ulniL tiori nn nt our neoide
- -- ---n o i . i i
to turn out to the Town Meeting yesterday, and
tho combination of the now excited liquor in-
tereni w 1 1 ii e opposnoii ins rest, wc mi'
, . ,. , ! '. . , ,, .,
rin element. ' IihO tt about nil their own wav.
A caucas was had at Wi,t Kutland, Monday
night; the marble quarries took a thorough
vomit yesterday morning, and several more can
cuses wore held during the day, one ol which
wo happened to witness near the lon Hall,
held by several sons of the Emerald Isle and a
bottle of whisky, in vrlnch the bottle was de
cidedly the most corisultel an best man of the
lot. Kusp'ctable citizens wore hissed and yelled
down in the meeting bythtss ' bully boys."
Nominations attempted to be made by the for
mer were not listened to, or refused to tie put lo
the meeting; and this modern " diniecratio
time was a through going disgrace to the town.
When our townsmen get suHinietiily tired of
having their interests disposed of hy an irre
sponsible inob we ttippt se they will lake ihe
trouble to turn out, and attend to town matters
themselves. When that good lime shall arrive
depends upon them to determine. Until they
shake off their apathy out Town Meetings w ill
continue tube what that was yesterday,
s ench in the nostrils of every man of decency.
S)tiopsis of ohserva'ioi.i at tht Khatftiek b
Average of ol servatior.a at 7 A. M., I9fia
It P.M., ;!J,o
" the three, JJ.fi
Average ol c Iwrrvatiens at 7 A. M.
" w P. M ,
" 'he ll r-s,
(ir. at- s' roni. r Issa'io. , y h,
Leas! - " lfi'h.
, 29 iZH
A'ni int i f snots fs.l.n,
" trr "
Gl.'i. 11 li;uut.s, Dsitmouth Co
llanofr, N. II., March 1, IniIs).
Brown. -Will snt It. Hruwn, ihe fsn.oui foui
ic .uig-r, whom the Portlsnl Print stiles " the
brownest llrown of all ihe brave Urowtis," an
nounees one of his .eltfi w n fined music! en-
tertsinmrirs s; Washington Hal, Mon'ptlier
Sstordsv Kve, March ltf h. Mr. Hrosn will be
a&is ed ny Mih r.. A Mirsh, a young lad of
rate si i ity, ho is rsrorted to be the beat C'on-
tnlio Vocalist America erer produced. She eom
plet. ly turned the hesds of the Unionism recent
ly, wuo aim 'it i.verhe.m'd l;tr wiin houqueti
and npp,iis, cubr.g h-r before the curUin no
leas 'hju i i times in one ivniing. Mr. Ilrown'i
Conce ts are highly eon mended by Ihe pres,
wherever he hss sung, and so popular lis hit
eiitert.iiiiiienia b com i;mi be is obliged to turn
crowds aw it aimo-i ( v. ry nigh', and in roost of
the Isrge ci iesjs compt lied to repeat h a Concerts-
Hy referring to our advertising columns s list o'
Mr. Hrowu't eng gemenla in ikn viciniiy may be
found, ar.d as ht is always lure of a crowd, (host
who w nt seata muil go early, or " atand and bt
Thi Sivisthnth Kxoisjxnt Last week the
men enlistod in ibis regiment were mostly mus
tered into the Unitsd States service at Burling
ton. As far as companies hue been organiiid,
they are officered as follows :
Comptny A. Capt. S. T. Brown, St. Albans ,
1st Lieut, S. G.Brown, Jr. St. Albans 2d
Lieut. Henry Gilruore, Uighgate. Comrany H.
Capt. Andrew J. Davis, Cambridge ; 1st Lieut.
E. L. Hibbard, Charlotte: 2d Lieut. A II.
Danforth. Company C. Capt. Frank Kenfirld,
.'jurritiiown ; in i.ieui. uuy it. uwyer, vy of
cott ; 2d Lieut. C. W. Randall, Moutlier
Cumraay D. Henry D. F.atn, Captain.
Lt Col. Cummtngs is the only field oBoer
who haa been mustered in.
Tux liooxs ol the Treasurer at Kutland iho
that from June 1st, 101, to December loth,
1X63, 2,109 Vermont Volunteers have died in
the United Slates service. This is about 1 to 10.
Tim number does not include the ofBoors of all
grades, who would undoubtedly swell the num
ber to 2.500 men,
The Burlington Timet says : Mr. H L. Ltmb.
our lato associate in the management of thit pa
per, is now ono of the principal editor if the
Utica .yfnrnmff HrrM. An industrious and
systematic worker, a writer of onusual ability
Mr. Lamb is a most valuable acquisition to the
eliional stulTof any paper.
Qiotaoi Vxkmont A new arrongsment of
the quota of Vermont haa been made by Gen.
Pitcher and Adjutant General Washburn with
tho War Department, as follows : Grost excess,
lob. 1st, ovor all calls, 229.1 ; deficiencies in cer
Uiu towns, 41.
- - .
Tpi Fan it Washinotosi. The Fair at
W aehington is reported to lie a tuecesa, Mr.
WalUm writes to hit paper lhat Vermont not
only makes a erediuble appearance at tht Fair,
but is ahead ol all other states, lion. L. E.
Chittenden delivered the opening address.
MoNTMLixa. Montpelier, on Tuesday, voted
$3u0 bounty to volunteers to ths number of 25,
who have enlisted or may enlist in the Seven
teenth Regiment, to the end t of (he town.
Ihere wasiome informality, however, in tht
vote, and anothor town met ting hat been called,
which will doubtlett modifv It somewhat.
John Morse, the temperance candidal lor
County Commissioner in Caledonia Count? is
elected with little opposition.
Hon. Crosby Miller is lectl contnisiionsr of
Windsor County. I
it alteted comusinioast of .
A. (i. Button
Quota of Towns in Washington County.
The following quotas of towns in Washing
ton County lor the. draft to t iko place on th
10th ol March, (now iudelinitoly postponed,) by
diroclion of tho President of the United States,
are hereby announced for then formation of all
2'l IS 71
s :it 4'i
Ii (I is
a i vi aa
K Miintpslier ISU
'.; 1 1 .i:
The new computation ol quotas is made up
to Feb. 21.
Ai k.tjwi KiKiybNT Below wo a int a hand
some acknowledgment lrom the agent of the
Christian Commission at Chattanooga, of a do
nation mado by tho ladies of Montpelier to that
V. 8. CiiKurus Commission, Hhvni ii Omen, )
Chatt.noogii, Feb. 21, I Slid. t,
Mrs. (Jimp: DksR MsDvm : Wo opened a
box yesterday, and found, as we are always glad
lo find, an invoice and an envelope addressed to
yourself, which the dampness of the climate and
the prei ute of the articles in the b x against the
cover, (doulitlesa in ttinr iiiipitieuc! to get out
and be doing something for the soldiers,) hud
sealed up, and therefore I send you nut that but
It could not has corns in better season. The
socks, comforters, drawers, anil flannel shirti are
in daily demand, and the fuel is lhat we do not
need half ths covering in the bleak North that
we do hero in llie " Sunny South." The nighti
seem determined to give us the co'd shoulder in
proportion as tht tun gives us a ssrm reception.
The very country itself has a nightly chill, and
a daily fever.
It is in camping out in such nights is theat
that o'jr brave aoldiers run more deadly risks
ind receive more deadly irjurits tim they do on
the battle field.
We aro doi'ig ill e can fur lliem meotilly,
m irally, and physically, ar.d such bmci is that
of yours irt just what e need.
Accept our thanks in lol.sif of " the boyi,"
ind believe me, mudsill, both to yourself tad
those whom you represent in e ding the-e do
nations, jour most obedient servant,
W. A. LawKKNcr,
Aget.l U. S. C. C, Chattanooga, Ttnn.
Pbkrnttion. To the editor of the Green
Mountain Freeman : C'ap'.aia 1). Lillie, of tht
4th Vt. Regiment, Co. I, is it home on a short
furlough. Mil company have all re-enliated but
one, man snd be wanted to, but waa lick. Previ
ous to hii coming home he was presented, by hia
company, with a sword, sash and btlt valued at
("apt. Lillie was formerly of Karnsrd Vt. As
a cillten at home, and in riffic er in the trmy, he
hit but a few if any superior".
. . .
We are under obligations to Hon. J. S.
MoiaiLL, and Hon. F. F. Wooesatnti for val
uable public documents.
For the list of towniffcert published in thil
paper, we arc indebted, in part, to several of
our cotemporariot, ind especially, the H'ara
W. W. Storki, recently caihier of the Orange
County Hank, it Chelsea, bits accepted ar, ap
pointmenl as cashier of the First National Kank,
at Concord N. II.
The New Hampshire election comes off to -diy
(Tuesday. ) Tho couteit hss bwn a hard one,
but there is supposed to he no doubt thai the
Union ticket will be elected.
The First Vermont Cavalry, were in the cav
alry forco under (ten. Kilpatrick in the raid
lrom the Rapidan through to the Peninsula, and
were in the hardest of the fighting. We do nut
yet gel, however, any statement ol the losses in
Mr. William Gray, formerly of West Rut
land, but for the past lour years a resident of
Georgia, has reached Vermont again, alter
much difficulty and delay in making his escape
lrom the rebel lines.
WawDxi.t, Pun.Lirs will delivor a Lecture
on " Reconstruction," at Montpelier, un Fri
day evening the Klcvenlh of March, inet.
Mr. Phillips was one id the earliest and has
been among the most steadfast and most brilliant
advocates of the great Truths of the Declara
tion of Independence, and haa ever been a firm
and utilmching champion of tho Rights ot
Man. No ono who admires the highest order ol
foremic eloqueneo, ur the fearlest advocacy of
the lundamentil principles upon which all
honest Democratic Governments mint be built,
thould fail to hear him.
Admittance, 2." oente. Lecture io commence
al 7 12 o'clock.
Lieut. Geo W. Debovoiso, Co. (. 1.1th regi
ment Invalid Corps, haa been appointed Inspec
tor of Provoit Marshal's Board lor Vermont.
It is supposed that two companies ol drafted
men at Brattleboro will this Spring be sent to
Ihe front, and ths company or 1st Battallion
Invalid Corps now forming bo put on duty in
Stiiitii Hums, Ths notorious criminal
Fred. F. Streeler was hung at Medina, Ohio,
Feb. 19. e died declaring his innocence.
Wt call tbs mention of thoie in want of t
good 7 Octave Piano Ports lo the adverti.emenl
of GRovmrns & Co., of Now York, who offer
them at extremely low price.. Seod for thtir
la the list of those min ng from the 9tb
t iglmcnt after the late fight lo North Carolina
art tht following names of men from Limoill
svunly: O F. Davis, Cimbridgt ; A. A. Colt,
Hyd Psrk ; Charles E. rrtvman, VToltott ;
IU Uavaue, iiwwt.
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