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MONTPEL1EB. VT., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 30, 187,
After the shower, the tracqnil ion ;
After the scow the emerald leaves ;
Silver atari when the day is done ;
After the harvest, golden fbeaTea.
After ihe clouds, the violet sky ;
A tier the tempest, the loll of waves;
Quiet wcod when the winds go by ;
After the battle, peaeefnl graves.
Afior ihe knell, ibe wedding bells ;
After the bad, the radiant rose ;
Joful greetings from aad farewells ;
After our weeping, sweet repose.
Aftr he burden, the bliiaful meed ;
After the flight, the downy ntst ;
After tbe farrow, the waking seed ;
After Ihe thadowy river rest !
Several months after the ending of the civil
war I visited the city of Springfield in South
west Msouri. Springfield ia not a burgh of
extensive dimensions, yet it is tbe largest in
that part of tbe State, and all roads lead to it
which is one reason why it was the point a"
ippui, as well a the base of operations for all
military movements during the war.
On a warm summer day I sat watching from
the shadow of a broad awning the coming and
going of a strange, half-civilized people, who,
from all the country round, make this a place
for barter and trade. Men and women dressed
in queer costumes ; men with coats and trow
sers made of skin, but so thickly covered with
dirt and grease as to have defied tbe identity of
the animal when walking in the flesh. Others
wore homespun gear, which oftentimes appear
ed to have peen lengthy service. Many of
those people were mounted on horse-back or
mule-back, while others urged forward the un
willing cattle attached to creaking, heavy laded
wagons, their diivers snapping their long
whips with a report like that of a pistol-shot.
Ia front of the shops which fined both sides
of the main business street, and about the
public cquare, were groups of men lolling
against posts, lying upon tbe wooden fcide-waik-t.
or sitting in chairs. These men .were
temporary or permanent denizens of the city,
and were lazily occupied in doing nothing.
1 he most marked characteristic of the inhabi
tants seemed to be an indisposition to move,
and their highest ambition to let their hair and
Here and there upon the street the appear
ance tf the army blue betokened the presence
of a returned Union aoliier. and the jaunty,
confident air with which they earried them
selves was all the more striking in its contrast
with the indolence which appeared to belong
to the place. The only indication of action
was the inevitable revolver which every body,
excepting, perhaps, the women, wore about
their persons. When people moved in this
lazy city they did so slowly and without meth
od. No one seemed in baste. A huge hog
wallowed in luxurious ease in a nice bed of
mud on the other side of the way, giving vent
to gentle grunts of satisfaction. On the plat
form at my feet lay a large wolf-dog literally
asleep with one eye open. He, too, seemed
cemented to let the world wag idly on.
The loose, l.-rzy spirit of the occasion finally
took, possesion of me, and I sat and gated
and smoked, and it is possible that 1 might
have fallen into a Rip Van Winkle sleep to
have heen aroused ten years hence by the cry,
' Paergers for the flying machine to New
York, all aboard !" when 1 and the drowsing
ci'y were roused into life by the clatter and
crah of the hoofs of a horse which dashed fu
riously across the square and down the street.
The rider at perfectly erect, yet following
with a grace of motion, seen only in the horse
men of the plains, the rise and fall of the gall
oping steed. There was only a moment to
observe this, for they baited suddenly, while
the rider springing to the ground approach
ed the party which the noise had gathered
" This yere is Wild Bill, Colonel," said Cap
tain Uones'y, an army officer addressing me.
He continued :
How are yer. Bill ? This yere is Colonel
N , who wants ter know yer."
Let me at once describe the personal appear
ance of the famous Scout of the Plains, Wil
liam Jlitchcrck, called Wild Bill," who
cow advanced toward me, fixing his clear
gray eyes on mine in a quick, interrogative
way. as if to take " my measure."
The result seemed favorable, for he held forth
a small muscular hand in a frank open manner.
As I locked at him I thought his the hand
somest physique I had ever seen. In it ex
quisite manly proportions it recalled the an
tique. It was a figure Ward. would delight to
mod-l as a coronanion to hi Indian "
Bill stood six feet and an inch in bis bright
yellow moccasins. A deer-skin shirt, or frock
it might be called, bUng jauntilv over his shoul-
1 a 1 . J
uers, ana reveaiea a chest hose breadth and
depth were remarkihle. These lunjra had had
growth in some twenty years of the free air of
the Rocky Mountains, the small, round waist
was girthed by a belt which held two of Colt's
navy revolvers. His legs sloped gradually
fr-m the compact thieh to the feet, which were
nail.and turned inward as he walked. There
was a Mngular grace and dignity of carriage
about that bgure, which would have called your
attention, meet it where you would. The head
which crowned it was no-v covered by a large
fomhero, underneath which there shone out a
quiet, manly face : so eentle is his exnression
as he greets you as utterly to belie the history
oi us owner, yet it is not a face to be trifled
with. The lips thin and seneative, the is
not too aquare. the cheek bones slightly prom
inent, a mm of hne dark hair falls below the
neck to the shoulders. The eyes, now that
you are in friendly intercourse, are as gentle as
a woman's. In truth the woman nature seems
prominent throughout, and you would not be
lieye that you were looking into eyes that have
pointed tne way to death to hundreds of men.
kes. Wild Bill with his own Hands has killed
hundreds of men. Of that I have not a doobt
' He shoots to kill," as they say on the bor
In vain did I examine the scout's face for
some ev:d-nc of murderous propensity. It
ws a eentle face and singular only in tbe
sharp anle of the eve, and without any physi
ognrmiea! reason for the opinion, I have
thougSt h;s wonderful securacv of aim was in
dica'ed by hi peu!Uritv. Ha to'd me, how
ever, to use his own words :
I alters shot well ; but I come ter be per-
feck in th mountains by shooting at a dime
for a mark, at bets of half a dollar a shot.
And then until the war I never drank liquor
nor smoked, he continued with a melancholy
expression ; " war is demoralizing, it is."
v.ap'ain noneey was right, l was vsry cu
nous to fe Wild Bill, the Scout. ' who
few days before my arrival in Springfield, in a
duel at noonday in the public square, at fifty
paces, had sent one of Colt's pistol-balls
through the heart of a returned Confederate
Wh enever I had met an officer or soldier
who had served in the Southwest I heard of
V ild Bill and his exploits, until these stories
became so frequent and of such an extraon in
ary character as quite to outstrip personal
knowledge of adventure by cam and field :
and the hero r f these at range tales took shape
in my mind as did Jack the giant killer or
Sinbad the sailor in childhood's days. And
then, I now had the most implicit faith in th
existence of tbe individual ; hut how one roan
eo vi Id accomplish such prodigies of strength
and feats of daring was a cor Mnued wonder,
In order to give the reader a clearer under
standing of tbe condition of this neighbrr
hood, which could have permitted tbe due
mentioned above, and whose history will be
hereafter in detail, I will describe-tbe situation
at the time of which I am writing, which was
Va in the summer of 1863, premising that
this section of the country would not to-day be
t elected as a model example of modern civilization.
At that timet peace and comparative quiet
had succeeded tbe perils and tumult of war in
all the more Southern States. Tbe people of
Georgia and the Qirolinau were glad to enfoice
order in their midst ; and it would have been
safe for a Union officer to have ridden unattend
ed through the land.
In Southwest Missouri there were old scores
to be settled op. During the three years occu
pied by General Smith who commanded the
Department and was on a tour of inspection
in crossing the country between Rolla and
Springfield, distance of 120 miles, five men
were killed or wounded on the public road
Two were murdered a short distance from
Rolla by whom we could not ascertain. An
other was instantly killed and two were wound
ed at a meeting of a band of ' Regulators,"
who were in the service of the state, but were
paid by tbe United States Government. It
should be said hare that their method of "reg
ulation" was slightly informal, their war-cry
was, A swift bullet and a (hart rope for re
turned rebels !"
I was informed by General Smith that dur
ing tbe six months preceding not less than
4000 returned Confederates had been summar
ily disposed 'tf by shooting or hanging. This
statement seems incredible ; but there U tbe
record, and I have no doubt of its truth. His
tory shows few parallels to this relentless de
struction of human life in time of peace. It
can be explained only upon th' ground that,
before the war, this region was inhabited by a
lawless people. In the outset of tbe rebellion
the merest suspicion of loyalty to the Union
coat the patriot his life ; and thus large num
bers fled the land, giving up home and every
material interest. As aooo as the Federal ar
mies occupied tbe country these refugees re
turned. Once securely fixed in their old
homes they resolved that their former persecu
tors should not live in their midst. Revenge
for the past and security for the future knot
ted many a nerve and sped many a deadly bul
Wild Bill did not belong to the. Regulators.
Indeed, be was one of tbe law and order party.
He said :
u When the war closed I buried the hatchet.
and I won't fight now onlees I'm put upoD.
iJiil was born of Northern parents in the
State of Illinois. He ran away from home
when a boy, and wandered out upon the plains
and into the mountains. Fcr fi teen years he
lived with the trappers, hunting and fishing
When war broke out he returned to the States
and entered the Union service. No man prob
ably was ever better fitted for scouting than he.
Joined to his tremendous strength he was an
unequaled horseman ; he was a perfect marks
man ; he had a keen sight, and a constitution
which had no limit of enduranee. He was
cool to audacity, brave to rashness, always pos
sessed of himself under tbe most critical cir
cumstances : and, above all, was such a mas'er
in the knowledge of woodcraft that it might
have been termed a science with him a
knowledge which with the soldier, is priceless
beyond description. Some of Bill's adventures
during the war will be related herealter.
The main features of the story of the duel
was told me by Captain Honesty, who was un
prejudiced, if it is possible to find an unbiased
mind in a town of 3000 people after a fight
has taken place. 1 will give the story in his
They eay Bill's wild. Now he isn't any
sich thing. I've known him goin on ter ten
year, and he's as civil a disposed person as
you'll find here-abouts. But be won't be put
l il tell yer how it happened. Bu-. come
later tbe rtbee ; thar s a good many round
hv'ar as i-ides with Tutt the man that's shot.
But 1 tell yer 'twas a far fight. Take some
hi-key P No ! Well, I will if yer'l excuse
You see." continued the Captain, setting
the empty glass on the table in an emphatic
ay, " Bill was up in tin room aplayin seven-
up, or tour-nana, or some or tnem pesky
games, inn reiusea ter p:ay witn i utt, who
was a professional gambler, ter see Bill was
a scout on our side during the war, and Tutt
was a reb scout. Bill bad killed Dave I u't s
mate, and, atween one thing and another, there
war an onusual hard feelin atwixt 'em.
Ever since Dave came bac't he hed tried to
pick a row with Bill ; so Bill wouldn't play
cards wi h him any mote. But Dave stood
over the man who was gambling with Bill and
and lent tbe feller money. Bill won bout two
hundred dollars, which made I utt spiteful mad.
Bime-by he says to Bill :
Bill, you ve got plenty of money pay me
that forty dollars yer owe me in that horse
And Bill paid him. Then he said :
Yer owe me thirty-five dollars more ; yer
lost it playing with me t'other night.'
Dave s style was right provoking ; but Bill
answer d him perfectly gentlemanly :
I think yer wrong Dave, li i only twenty-
five dollars. I have a memorandum of it in
my pocket down stairs. Ef it's thirty-five dol
lars 1 11 give it yer.
Now Bill's watch was lying on the table.
Dave took up tbe watch, put it in his pocket,
and B-iid : I'll keep this yere watch till yer
pay tne that thirty-five dollais.'
Tliis made Bill shooting mad ; fur, don't yer
see, Colonel, it was a-doubting his honor like,
so he got up and looked Dave in the eyes, and
said to him : ' I don'i want ter make a row in
this house. Ii'sa decent house, and I don't
want ter ir jure the keeper. You'd better put
that watch back on the table.'
But Dive grinned at Bill mighty ugly, and
walked off with the watch, and kept it several
days. All this tine Dave's friends were spur
ring Bill on ter fight ; there was no end Ur
the tblk. They blackguirded him in an un
derhand sort of a way, and tried ter get up a
scrimmage, and then they thought they c;iuld
lay him out. Yer see B.1I has enemies all
about. He's settled the accounts of a heap of
men who lived round here. This is about the
only place in Missouri whar a reb can come
back and live, and ter tell yer tbe truth, Colo
nel " and the Captain, with an involuntary
movement, hitched up his revolver-belt, as he
said, wi'h expressive significance, " they don't
stay long round here 1
Well, aa I was saying, these rebs don't like
ter see a man walking round town who they saw
in the reb army us one of their men, who they
now know was on our side, all the time he was
tending us information, sometimes from Pap
Price's own bead-quarters. But thty couldn't
provoke Btil inter a row, for ht's afeard of his
self when he gets awful mad ; and he alters
left bis hhootin irons in his room when he went
out. One day tbet-e cusses drew their pistols
on him aad dared bim to fight, and then they
told him that Tuit was a-goiu ter pack tta'
watch across tbe sq lar n-xt day at noon.
1 Lerd of this, lor every body was talking
about it on the street, and so 1 went after Bill,
and found bim in his room cleaning and greas
ing aiid loading his r to. vers.
Now, Bill, says I, 'you're going ter git
, inter a fig!'.'
Don't you bo'.her your-elf. Captain,' fays
he. It's not the firai time 1 have lv en in a
fight ; aud these d d hounds have put on me
long trough. Ycu don't want ter give up uiy
honor, do yer r
No, Bill,' says I, 'yer must keep your
Next day about noon. Bill went down on the
qur. He had said that Dave Tutt shouldn't
pack that walcb across the squar unless dead
met could walk.
When Bill got outer tbe tquar he found
crowd staoin in the corner ot tbe street by
which be entered tbe aquar, which is from the
south, yer know. In tins crowd he saw a lot
of 'Full's irierds; some were cousins of bis'n,
just tack from tbe reb army ; and they jeered
him, and boasted that Dave was a-goiog to
pack that watch ecroes the squar as he prom
1 hen Bill taw Tutt sianio near the court
house, which yer remember is on the west
ice, so that the crowd war behind Bill.
Just then Tutt, woo war alone, started from
the court-boose and walked out ioto theequar
and moved away from tbe erowd toward tne
west side of tbe equar. Bout fifteen paces
brought them opposite to eecb other, and bout
fifty yards apart. Tutt then showtd his pis
tol. Hill had kept a sharp eye on him, and
before I utt eauld pint it Bill bad hta'o out.
At that moment you could have heard a pin
drop in that squar. Both Tutt and Bill fired,
but one discharge followed the other so quick
that its hard to say which went off first. Tutt
was a famous shot, but he missed this time ;
the ball from his pistol went over Bill's head.
Tbe instant Bill fired, wilhout waitia to see ef
he had hit Tutt, he wheeled oa his heels and
pointed his pistol at Tutt "a friends, who had
already drawn their weepons.
Aren't yer satisfied, gentlemen f cried
Bill, as cool as an alligator. ' Put op your
shootin-irons, or there'll be more dead men
here.' And they pot 'em up, and said it war a
M What became of Tutt F" I asked of tbe
Captain, who had stopped at this point of his
story, and was very deliberately engaged in
refilling his empty glass.
" Oh ! Dave ? He was a plucky feller as
ever drew trigger; but. Lord bless yer ! it was
no use. Bill never shoots twice at the same
man, and his ball went through Dave's heart.
He stood stock-still for a second or two, then
raised his arm as if ter fire again, then he
sawyed a little, staggered three or four steps,
and then fell dead.
Bill and his friends wanted ter have the
thing done regular, so we went up ter the Jus
tice, and Bill delivered himself up. A jury
was drawn ; Bill was tried and cleared t e
next day. It was proved that it was a case of
self-defense. Don't yer see, Colonel t" -
I answered that 1 was afraid that I did not
see that point very clearly.
Well, well!" he replied with an air of
compassion, " you haven't drunk any whiskey,
that's what's the matter with yer." And then,
putting his hand on my shoulder with a half
mysterious hali-conscious look in his face, he
muttered, in a whisper :
The fact is, thar utat an. undercurrent of a
tcoman in that fight .'"
The storv of the duel was yet fresh from tbe
lips of the Captain when its hero appeared in
the manner already described. After a few
moment's conversation Bill excused himself,
" 1 am goin out on the prarer a piece to see
tbe sirk wife of my mate. I should be glad
to meet yer at the botel this afternoon, Ker
nel." " I will go there to meet you," I replied.
" Good day, gentlemen," said the scout, at
he saluted the party ; and mounting tbe black
horse who had been atanding quiet, unhitched,
he waved his hand over the animal's head. Re
sponsive to the signal, she shot forward as tbe
arrow leaves the bow, and they both disappear
ed up the road in a cloud of dust.
" That man is tbe most remarkable charac
ter I have met in four years' active service,"
said a lieutenant of cavalry, as the party re
sumed their seats. " He and his mate the
man who soouted with him attempted the
most daring feat that I ever heard of."
As there appeared to be no business on band
at the moment the party urged the lieutenant
to tell the story.
" 1 can't tell the thing as it was," said the
young officer. " It was beyond description.
One could only bold their breath and feel. It
happened when our regiment was attached to
Curtis's command, in the expedition down into
Arkansas. One day we were in the advance,
and began to feel tbe enemy, who appeared in
greater strength than at any time before. We
were all rather uneasy, for there were rumors
that Kirby Smith had come up from Texas
with all his force ; and as we were only a strong
re-connoitring party a fijiht just then might
have been bad for us. We made a big noise
with ajjght battery, and stretched our cavalry
out ia tbe oen and opposite to the rebel cav
alry, who were drawn up in line of battle on
the slope of the prairie about a thousand yards
away. There we sat for half an hour, now
and then banging at each other, but both par
ties keeping pretty well their line of battle.
Tbey waited for us to pilch in. We were
waiting until more of our infantry should
It was getting to be stupid work, however,
and we were all hoping something would turn
up, when we noticed two men ride out from
the centre of their line and move toward us.
At the first instant we paid but little heed to
them, supposing it some act of rebel bravado,
when we saw quite a commotion all along the
enemy's front, and then they commenced fir
ing at the two riders, and then their line was
a 1 enveloped with smoke, out of which hoi se
men dashed in pursuit. The two riders kept
well together, coming straight for ua. Then
we knew tbey were trying to escape, and the
Colonel deployed our company as skirmishers
to assist tnem. There wasn't time to do much,
although, as I watched the pursued and their
pursuers, and found the two men had baited at
what I could now see was a deep ditch, the
moments seemed to be hours ; and when tbey
turned I thought they were going to give
themselves up. But noj in the face of that
awful fire they deliberately tnrned back to get
sptce for a gt.od run at tbe ditch. This gave
time for two of tbeir pursuers to get within a
few yards of : hem, when they stopped, evident
ly in doubt as to the meaning of this retro
grade movement. But they did not remain
long in doubt, tor the two men turned aaio,
and, with a shout, rushed for the dilch, aud
then we were nesr enough to see that they
were Wild Bill and his mate. Bill's compan
ion never reached the ditch. He and his horee
must have been shot at the same time, tor
thev went down together ana did not rise
Hill did not get a scratch, lie spoke to
Black Nell, the mare we saw just now, who
knew as well as her master that iheie was life
and death in that twenty-feet ditch, and that
he must jump it ; and at it she went with a
big rush. I never saw a more magnificent
sight. Bill gave the mare her head, and turn
ing in his saddle bred twice, killing both of nis
pursuers, who were within a few lengths of
bim. They went out of tbeir saddles like
stones, 1 u.st as Black rseii new into tne air ana
landed saf ly on cur side of the ditch. In a
moment both tbe daring scout and the brave
mare were in our midst, while our men. cheer
ed and yelled like mad.
We asked Bill why h3 ran such a risk, when
he could have stolen iuto our lines during the
' Oh, said he,' mate and 1 wanted to show
them cussed rebs what a Union soldier could
do. We've heen with them now for more than
a month, and heard 'lOthiog but brag. We
thought we'd take it out of them. But '
nod Bill looked across the green-swara to
where his companion still lay motionless ' if
they have killed my mate they shall pay a big
price for i. i
Bill must have Dr'ugnt vauaoie iniorma-
tion, continued the lieutenant, for ne was
at once sent to tie General, and in an hour
we had changed position, and foiled a flank
movement of the rebels."
I went to the botel during the afternoon to
keep the Seoul's appointment. The large room
of the hotel in Springfield is perhaps the cec-
tral point ot attraction in the city. It (routed
on tbe street, and serve! in several capacities.
It was a sort of exchange for those who bad
nothing better to do than to go there. It was
reception-room, parlor, and office ; but its
distinguished and moat fascinating characteris
tic was ihe bar, which occupied one entire end
of the apart., ent. Technically, the bar is the
counter upon which the poliie official places
bi viands. Practically, tne bar ia represented
in the long rows of bottles, and cut-glass de
canters, and tbe glasses and goblets of all
thapes and sizes suited to the various liquors to
be imbibed. What a charming and artistic
display it was of elongated transparent vessels
containing every known drinkable fluid, trom
native Bourbou to imported I,crym Cortsti l
The loom, in i s way, was a temple of art.
A 11 sorts of pictures budded and blpssomed
and blushed from the walls. Six penny poi
traits of the I'resiaents enoomued in pioe
wood frames i Mazappt appeared in the four
phases of his celebrated one-horse act ; while
a lithograph of " Mary Aon " smiled and
simoered in spite of the stains of tobacco juice
which had been unsparingly bestowed upon her
originally eocarmioed countenance. But the
banging committee of this undesigned academy
. r i t j iil
seemeu to nave ueeu prejuuicea as an nang
tag committees of gool taste might be in fa
vor of Harper s Weekly ; for tbe walls t tbe
room werj) well covered with wood-cuts cut
from that journal. Portraits of noted generals
and statesmen, knaves and politicians, with
bounteous illustrations of battles and skirmishes,
from Bull Run number one to Dinwiddie Court
House. And the simple-heaited comers and
goers of Springfield looked upon, wondered
and admired these pictorial descriptions fu'ly
as much as if they had been the master-pieces
of a Yvon or Verne t.
A billiard-table, old and out of use, where
caroms seemed to have been made quite as
often with lead as ivory balls, stood in the
centre of the room. A doz-o chairs filled up
the complement of the fusmiture. The appear
anoe ot the psrty of m-n assembled there,
who sat with their slovenly t-hod feet dangling
over the arms of the chairs or hung about tbe
porch outside, was in peitect harmony with the
time and place. Ail of them religiously obey
ed the two before-mentioned characteristics cl
the people of tbe city their hair was lom and
targled, and each had fulfilled the m st ex
halted requirement of laziness.
I was taking a mental inventory of all this
when a cry a- d murmur drew my attention to
the outside of the house, when I saw Wild
Bill, riding up the street at a swift gallop. Ar
rived opposite to the hotel, he swung his right
arm around with a circular motion . Biack
Nell instantly stopped and dropped to the
ground as if a cannon ball had knocked life
out of her. Bill left her there, stretched upon
the ground, and joined the group of observers
on the porch.
" Black Nell hasn't forgot her old tricks,"
said one of them.
" No," answered the scouf "God bless
her 1 she is wiser and truer than most men I
know on. That mare will do anything for
me. Won't you Nelly ?"
The mare winked affirmatively tbe only e)e
we could see.
" Wis-5 !'' continued her master; " why,
she knows more than a judj;e. 1M bet tbe
drinks for the party that she'd walk up these
steps and into the room and climb upon the
billiard-table and lie down."
Tbe bet was taken at once, not because any
one doubted the capabilities i f the mar?, but
there was excitement in the thing without ex
ercise. Bill whistle! in a low tone. Nell instaotly
scrambled to her feet walked toward h;m, put
her nose affectionately under his arm, followed
him into the room, and to mv extreme won
derment climbed upon the billiard-table, to the
extreme astonishment of the table, no doubt,
for it groaned under the weight of the four
iegged animal and several of those who were
simply bifurcated, and whom Nell permitted
to sit upon her. When 6he got down from
ihe table, which was as graceful a performance
as might be expected under the circumstances,
B:ll sprang upon ber back, dashed through the
high wide doorway, and at a single bound
cleared the flight of steps and landed in the
middle of tbe s'reet. The scout then dis
mounted, snapped his riding-whip, and the
noble beast bouoded off down the street, rear
ing and plunging to her own intense satisfac
tion. A kindly-disposed individual, who mut
have been a stranger, supposing the mare was
running away, tried to catch Der, when she
slopped, and as if she resented his iaiperti
neoce, let fly her heels at him and then quietly
trotted to her stable.
" Black Nell has carried uue along through
many a tight place," said tbe s-cout, as we
walked toward my quarters. " She trains
easier than any animal I ever saw. That trick
of droppisg quick, which you saw, has siveu
my lifetime and again. When 1 have been
out scouting on the prarer or in tbe woods I
have come across parties of rebels, aud have
dropped out of sight in the tall grass before
they siiw us. One day a ging of rebs who
had been hunting for me, and thought they
had my track, hahed for half an hour within
fifty yards of us. Nell laid as close as a rah
bil, and didn't even whisk her tail to ke-p the
flies off, until the rebj moved off, supposing
they were on the wrong ncent. The mare will
come at my whistle and foliar mil layout just
like a di g. She won t mind any one else, nor
allow them to mount her, and will kick a
harness and wagon alt ter p ec?s ef you try to
hitch her in one. And sho's riht. Kerne:,"
added Bill, with the enthusiasm of a true lover
of a horee sparkling in his eye. " A hess is
too no ile a beast to be degraded by such tog
gery. Harness mules and oxen, but give a
hoes a chance ter run."
I had a curiosity, ahich was not an idle one.
to hear whit this man had to s-ay about his duel
with Tutt, and I aked him :
" Do ycu not regret killing Tutt ? You
surely do not like to kill men ?'!
" Ap ter killing men," he replied, " I nev
er thought much aoout it. Tho in. s! of the
men I have kilioi it was one or t'other of ue,
and at sich times you don't stop to think; and
what's the uoe utter it's all over? As lor
Tutt, I had rather not haie killed him, for I
want ter settle down nuiet heie now. But
thar's been bard feeling between us a lo.ig
while. 1 wanted ter k ep out of that rjht
but he tried to degrade me, and 1 couldn't
stand that, you know, fjr I am a fighting
man you know."
A cloud pas-sjd over the npeaker's face for a
moment as be continued :
" And there was a causa of quarrel between
us which people round here don't know about.
One of us had to die ; and the secret died
Why diJ you n'jt wait to see if yuur
ball had hit him? AVhy did you turn round
so quickly ?"'
The scout fixed his gray eyes on mine,strik
iog his lag with bis riding-whip, as he an
swered. " I knew he was a dead man. I never miss
a shot. I turned on the crowd because I was
sure they would shoot ino if tbsy saw him
The people about here tell me you are a
quiet, civil man. How is it you get into
D d if 1 can tell," be replied, with a puz
zlod look which at onoe gave place to a proud,
defiant exf ression as he continued ' but you
know a man must defend his honor."
' Yes," I admitted, with some hesitation,
remembering that I was not in Boston but
on the border, and that the code of honor and
mode of redress dinar slightly in the one
place from those of tbe other.
One of the reasons fjr my desire to make
tne acquaintance of Wild Jlill was to obtain
from his own lips a true account of Home ot
the adventures related of him It was not
an easy matter. It was hard to overooiue
the retioence which makes men who have
lived the wild mountain life, and which was
one of his valuable qualifications as a a scout
Finally be said :
' I hardly know where to begin. Pretty
near all these stories are true. I was at it all
the war. That affair of my swimming the
river took place on that long scuut of mine
when I was with the rebels five months, when
1 was sent by General Curtis to Price s army
Things bad dome pretty close at that time,
and it wasn t sate to go straight inter tneir
lines, ruvery body was euspected who came
from these paits. S3 I started off and went
way up to Kansas City. I bought a horse
there and struck out onto the plains, and tnen
went down through Southern Kansas into
Arkansas. I knew a rebel named Barnes, who
was killed at Pea Ridge. He was from near
Austin in Texas. So I called myself his
brother and enlisted in a regiment of mount
General Prioe was just then getting ready
for a raid into Missouri. It was sometimes
before we eot into the oampait'o. and it as
mighty hard work lor me. lbe men ot our
reyimer't were awful. They didn't mind
killing a man no more than a hog. ihe ofli
cers bad do command over tnem Ihey were
afraid of tbeir own men, and lei. tbem do
what they liked; eo they would rob and
sometimes murder their own psople. It was
right bard for me to keep np with them, and
not do as they did. I never let oa that I was
a good shot. . I kept that back for big occa
sions ; buti you'd heard ne swear and cues
the blue-bell;- s, you'd a-thougbt ma one of
tbe wickedest A the whole crew. S i it went
on nntil we came near Curtis's army. Bime-
by tbey were on one side Sandy Kiver and we
were on t'otber. All the time I had been
getting information until I knew every regi
ment and its strength ; bow much cavalry
there was, and how many guns the artillery
You see 'twas time for ma to go, bat it
wasn't easy to git out, for the river was close
picketed ou both sides. One day when I was
on picket our men and the rebels got talking
and oussia each other, as you know they used
to do. After a while one of the Union men
offered to exchange some coffee for tobacco.
So we went out onto a little island which was
neutral ground like. The minute 1 saw the
other party, who belonged to the Missouri
cavalry, we recognized each other. I was
awful afraid they d let on- So I blorted out:
Now, Yanks, let's see yer coffee no
burnt beans, mind yer but tbe genuine stuff.
We know tbe real article if we is Texans '
"The boys kept mum, and we separated.
Half an hour afterward General Curtis knew
I was with tbe rebs. But how to get across
the river was what stumped me. After that
when I was on picket, 1 didn't trouble my
self about being shot. I used to fire at our
boys, and they'd bang away at me, each of us
taking good care to shoot wide. But bow to
git over the river was the bother. At last,
after thinking a heap about it, 1 came to the
conclusion tiat I always did, that the boldest
plan is the best and safest.
" We had a big sargent in our company
who was alius a-braggin that he could stump
any man in the regiment. He swore be had
killed more Yanks than any man in tbe army,
and that he could do more daring things
than aoy others. Sj one day when he was
tilking loud 1 took him up. and offered to bet
horse.ior horse that I would ride out into the
open, and nearer to the Yankees than he.
He tried to back out of this, but the men
rais d a row, calling him a funk, and a br&g
ger, and all that ; so he had to go. Well,
we mounted cur horses, but before we came
within shootin distance ot tbe Union soldiers
I made my borse kick and rear so that they
could sae who 1 was. Then we rode slowly to
the river bank, side by side.
" There masK have been ten thousand men
watching us ; for, besides the rebs who
woulJn't have cried about it if we had both
been killed, our boys saw something was up,
and without being seen thousands of them
came down to the river. Their pickets kept
fireing at the sargent; but whether or not
tney wero afraid of putting a hall through
me I doa't know, but nary a shot hit him.
lie was a plucky feller all the saioo, for tbe
bullets zitied about in every direction.
" Bime-by we got right closa tr the river,
when one of the Yankee soldiers yelled cut,
Bully for Wild Bill !'
" Then sargent suspicioned me, for he turn
ed oa ma and growled out, By God, I be
lieve yer a Yank !' And he at onst drew his
revolver; but he was to late, for the minute
be drew his pistol I put a ball throngh him.
I mightn't have killed him if he hadn't sus
picioned me. 1 had to do it then.
' As he tolled out of the saddle I took his
hore by the bit, and dashed into the water as
quic as I ecu d. Tbe minute I f-hot the sar
gent ur boys set up a tremendus shout, and
opened a smashing fire on the rebs who bad
cjniiuenced popping at me. But I bad got
into deep water, and had slipped off my horse
over his back, and steered him for the oppo
site bank by holding onto his tail with one
hand, while I held the bridle rem of the Sar
gent's horse in the other band. It wa the
hottest bath I ever took. Whew ! For
about two minutes how the buliets zitted and
skipped on the water. I thought I was bit
aain and aaio, hut ihe reb sharp shooters
wero botherei by tbe splash we made, and in
a little while our boys drove tbem to cover,
an 1 after sjtne tumbling at tbe bank got into
the brurh with my two horses without a
" It is a fact," said the scout, while he ca
ressed his long hair, I felt sort cf proud when
the hoys took me into camp, and General Cur
tis thanked me before a heap ot generals.
Bat 1 never tried that thing over again ; nor
1 didn't go a ic uting openly in Price's army
alter that. They all knew me too well, and
sou see 'iwouldn't a been healthy to have been
The scout's story of swimming the river
ouht, perhaps, to have satisfied my curiosity ;
but 1 was especially desirous to hear him re
late the history of a singuinary fight which he
had with a parly of ruffians in the early part
of the war, when, single-handed, he fought
and killed ten men. 1 bad heard the story as
it came from an officer of the regular army
who, an hour after the affair, saw Bill and the
ten deed men some killed with bullets, others
hacked and slashed to death wi'h a knife.
Aa 1 wriie out the details of this terrible tale
from uotes which 1 took as tbe words fell from
the scout's lips, I am conscious of its improb
ability ; but while I listened to him I remem
bered the story in the Bible, where we were
told that Samson " with tbe jawbone cf an ass
ew a tnousana men, and as 1 looked upon
his magnificent example of human strength
and daring, he appeared to me to realiz-j the
iwers of i biinson and Hercules combined.
and 1 should not have been inclined to place
ny limit upon his achievements. Besides this.
one who has lived for lour years in the presence
of such grand heroism ard deeds of prowess
as was seen during the war is in what might be
alied a " receptive mood. Be the story
true or not, in part, or in wnoJe, 1 believed
hen every word Wild Bill uttered, and 1 be
ieve it to-day.
" 1 don t like to talk about that M Aandlas
ffiir," said Bill, in answer to mv ques'ion.
' It gives me a queer shiver whenever I think
of it, and sometimes 1 dream about it, and
wake up in a cold sweat.
ou see this M Kandlas was the Captain or
a gang of desperadoes, horse thieves and mur
derers, tegular cut-throats, who were the terror
of tvery body on the border, and who kept us
in the mountains in hot water whenever they
were around. I knew tbem all in tbe mount
ains, where they pretended to be trapping, but
thev were there hiding Iron the btnmin.
M 'Kan lias was the biggest scoundrel and bully
of tnem ail, and was allers a braggin of whi .
he could do. One dsy I beat him shooting at
a mark, aud then threw him at tne back-holt.
And 1 didn't drop him as soft as you would
baby, you may be sure. Well, he got savage
mad about it, and swore he would have bis te-
venpf on top soraA timo.
1 his was iut before the war broke out, and
we were already lakin sides in the mountains
either for the South or for the Union. Al'Kan-
a and his gat g were border ruffians in the
Kansas row, ud of course they went with the
rtbi. Bitne by he clar'd out. and I shouldn't
have thought of the feller agin ef be hadn't
crossed mv patb. I; 'p-ars he didn't fbrgst
" It was in 'Gl, when 1 guided a detachment
of cavalry who were comin in from Camp
Fioyd. Well d neatly reached the Kansas
line, and were in South Nebraska, when one
atternoon I went out of camp to go to the cab
in of an old friend of mine, a Mrs. Waltman.
I took only one of my revolvers with me, for
although the war had broke out I did'nt think
it necessary to carry both my pistols, and in all
or'nary 6cirmmages, one is belter than a dozen,
ef you shoot straight. I saw some wild tur
keys on the road as I was goin down, and pop;
ped one of 'em over, thinking he d be just tbe
thing fur supper.
Veli, 1 rode up to Mrs. Waltman siump-
ei cti my horce, and went into the cabin,
which is like most of the cabins on the prarer,
with only one room, and that had two doors,
one opening in front and t'other on ay aid like.
" How are you, Mrs. Waltman r 1 said
feeling as j l!y as you please.
"Tbe minute she saw me she turned as
white as a sheet and (creamed : " Is that you.
Bi it? Oh, my God ! tney will kill you! Run !
run! They will kill you!'
Who's a-oiu to kill me?' said I
'TberVa two that can play at that game.
It's M'Kandlas and his Ban. There's
ten of thtm, aud you've no chai.ee. 'Ihei've
jes none do wo tbe road to the corn rack. Ihey
came up here only five minutes ago. M Kand
las was dragging poor Parson Shipley on the
ground with a lariat round his neck. The
preac'ier was most dead with choking and the
horses stamping on him. M'Kandlas knows
yer bringin in lhat party of Yankee cavalry,
and he swears he'll cut yer heart out. Run.
Bill, run ! But it's too late; they're comin up
" While she was a talkin I remembered I
bad but one revolver, and a load gone out of
that. On the table there was a horn of pow
der into the empty chamber and rammed the
lead after it by hammering the barrel on the
table, and had just capped the pistol when 1
heard M'Kandlas shout :
"There's that d d Yank Wild Bill's
horse ; he's here ; and we'll skin him alive !
" If 1 had thought on runnin before, it war
too late now, and the house was my best holt
a sort of fortress like. I never thought I
should leave that room alive "
The sjout stopped in his story, rose from
his seat, and strode back and forward in a state
of great excitement.
I tell you what it is, Kernel," he resumed,
after awhile, " I don't mind a scrimmage with
these felhrs round here. Shoot one or two of
them and the rest run away. But all of
M'Kandlas' gang were reckless, blood-thirsty
devils, who would fight as long as they had
strength to pull a trigger. I have been in
tight places, but that's one of tbe few times I
said my prayers.
' Surround the house and give him no quar
ter !' yelled M'Kandlas. When I heard tht
I felt as quiet ard cool as if I was a-going to
church I looked round the room and saw a Haw
kins rifle har.gin' over the bed.
Is that loaded?' eaid 1 to Mrs. Waltman.
' Yes," tbe poor thing tT iispered. She was
so frightened she couldn't sp-k out loud.
' Are you sure? ssid I &s 1 jumped to the
bed and caught it from its hooks. Although
my eye did not leave the door, yet I could see
she nodded ' Yes ' again. I pjt the revolver
on the bed. and just then M'Kandlas poked
his nose inside the doorway, but jumped back
when he saw me with the rifle in my hand.
' Come in here, ycu cowcrdly dog! ' 1 shout
ed. 4 Come in here and fiht me ! '
' M'Kandlas was no coward, if he was a
bully. He jumped inside the room with his
gun levelled to shoot; but he was not quick
enough. My rifle-ball went through his heart.
He fell back outside the I ouse, wnere he was
found afterward holding tight to his rifle,
which had fallen over his head.
" His disappearance was followed by a yell
from his gang, and then there was a dead si
lence. I put down the rifla and took the revol
ver, and I said to myself; Only six shots and
nine men to kill. Save your powder. Bill, for
the death-hug's a-comin ! ' I don't know how it
was, Kerne), crntinued Bill, looking at me in-
qu;ringly, but al that moment thirgs seemed
ciear and sharp. I could thirk strong.
" 1 here was a few stcocds of that awful
stillness, and then the ruffians came rushing in
at both doors, lhv wi:d they looked with
their red, drunken faces and inflamed eyes,
shouting and cussing ! But I never aimed more
deliberately in rt y life.
line two three four ; and four men
"Tr at diJ'nt stop the rest. Two of tbem
fired their bird-guns s.t me. And then I felt
a sling run all over me. The room was full of
smoke. Two gol in close to me, their eyes
glaring out of the clouos. One I knocked
down with my fist. You are out of the way
or while, I thought. The second I shot
dead. The other three clutched me and crowd
ed me onto the bed. 1 fought hard. I broke
with my hand one man's arm. lie had his
fingers round my throat. Before I could get
to my feet 1 was struck acrois the breast with
the stock of a rifle, and 1 felt the blood rush
ing out tf my nose and mouth, lben I got
ugiy, and I remember lhat 1 got hold ot a
knife and then it was cloudy like, and I was
wild, and I struck savage blows, following the
devils up from one side to the other of the
room and into the corners, striking and slash
until I koew lhat every one was dead.
" All of a sudden it seemed as if my heart
was o'i nre. 1 was bleeding everywhere, l
rushed out to the well and drank from the
bucket, and then tumbled down in a faint."
Breathless with the intense interest with
which I had followed this strange story, all the
more thriving and weird when its hero, seem
ing to live over again the bloody events of that
day, gave way to its terrible spirit with wild
savage gestures, I saw then what my scrutiny
of the morning had failed to discover tbe ti
ger which lay concealed beneath the gentle ex
' You must have been hurt almost to death,"
There were eleven buckshot in me. I car
ry some of tnem now. I was cut in thirteen
places. All of them bad enough to have let out
the life of a man. But that blessed old Dr.
Mills pulled me tnrough it, after a bed sif ge of
many a long week.
That prayer of yours, Bill, may have been
more potent for your safety than you think.
You should thank God for your deliverance.
" To tell you the truth. Kernel," responded
the scout wi'h a certain solemnity in his grave
face, ' I don't talk about sich things ter the
people round here, hut allers feel sort of thank
Ful when I eet out of a bid scrape."
"In all your wild, perilous adventures," I
aked him, have vou evrr leen afraid ? Do
you know what tbe sensation is? I am sure
you wid not misunderstand the question, for 1
take it we soldiers comprehend justly that there
is no higher courage than that which shows it
self wnen the c insciousne-is of danger is keen,
but where moral strength overcomes the weak
ness of ihe body."
44 I think I know what you mean, Sir, and
I'm not ashamed to say that I have been so
frightened that it 'peared as if all the strength
and blood had gone out ol my body, and my
face was as white as chalk It was at the
Wilme Creek fiht. I had fired more thau
fifty cartridges, and i think fetched my man
every time. 1 was on the skirmish line, and
was working up closer to the rebs, when all of
a sudden a battery opened fire right in front of
me, and it sounded as if forty thousand guns
wero firing, and every shot and shell screached
within six inches of my head. It was the first
time I was ever under artillery fire and I was so
frigb'ened that 1 couldn't move for a minute or
so, and when I did go back the boys asked me
if 1 had seen a ghost r Itiey may shoot bul
lets at ma by th-- doz-n, and its rather excit-
iae if I can shoot back, but 1 am always sort
ot nervous when the big guns go off.''
" I wou'd like to see you shoot."
Would yer?" replied the scout, drawing
his revolver ; and approaching the window, he
pointed to a letter O in a siga-board which was
fixed to the stone-wall of a building oa the
other side of the way.
" mat 6ign is m-re than ntty yards away
I will put these fcix balls i.ito the inside of the
circle, which isu t bi'er tnan a man a heart.
la ac otf-hani way, and wilhout sighting the
pistol wilh his eye. be discharged the six shots
of his revolver. I afterward saw that all the
bullets had enterer the c:rc!e.
As Bid i.rrceedfd to reload his pistol, he
said to me with a naivete of manner which was
ment to be assuring :
Wnenever -you get into a row do not
shoot too q iitk. Take time. I've known
many a feller slip up for shootia' in a hurry.'
It would be easv to ad a volume witn th
adventures of thai remarkable mio. My ob
ject here has been to make a slight rsoord of
one who is oae ot the best perhaps the very
bes- sxauiple ot a class who more than any
other eticoun ered lien id and privations in de
tense of our nationality.
Oae alter.ioon us Oeceral Smith and I
mounted our horses to start uj oii our journey
toward the 1". lot. Wild Bill cania to shake
hands g odby and 1 said to bim :
It you rave no objection 1 will write out
for public itioo an accooot cf a tew of your d
Certainly you may," he replied. I'm
sort of public properly. B'U, Kernel," he
continued, lrar.it. g upon my stdd!e bow, while
there was a trembulous softness in his voice
and a str nge moisture in his averted eyes,
have a mo her back there in Illinois who ia old
and f-eble. 1 caven't seen her this many
year, and haven't been a good son to her, yet I
love ber better than any thing in this life.
don't matter much what they say about me
here. But I'm not a cut-throat and vagabond,
and I'd like the old woman to know what'll
make her proud. I'd like her to here that her
runaway boy has fought through the war for
the Union like a true man."
! William Hitchcock called Wild Bill, the Scout
of th FUm shall have his wish I have told hia story
precisely as it was told to me, confirmed in all impor
tant points by many witnesses ; and I have no doubt of
its truth. O- VV. N.
Wednesday Morning, January, SO, 18G7
Harper'' t Magazine for February is received.
The first article is the exciting narrative of
Wild Bill which we give in this paper. The
story is well told and graphically illustrated.
The author is Col. Nichols, who was on
Sheiman'a ctaff, and whose" Story of the
Grand March " has made him well known in
connection with the -literature of the war.
The magazine aK-o contains a finely illustrated
article on " Fishes," and one on u Calcutta
he City of Palaces." The Virginians in
Texas is continued, and an adventurer by
rail from New York to Washington gives an
amusing account of his trip. The remaining
prose and poetry of this number is agreeable
and entertaining reading.
Six Hundred Dollars a Year " is the title
of a neat little volume published by Ticknor
and Fields, Boston, which gives the experi
ence ot a family which lived, in ihe early
days of the war, one year upon six hundred
dollars. The book is considerably more than
dull detail of the expenses of the year, and
the management required to get the comforts
of life for tne money ; in fact, " Six hundred
dollars a year " seems to have only been tbe
pretext fir givirg the public an exceedingly
leasant and entertaining, and well written
ketch of the author and her way of life for
wo or three years during the war. Tbe book
ill hardly enable people now, 'even if follow
ing its example, to bring their annual house
hold exptnses within six hundred dollars, as
prices, when this experiment was tried, were
little more than half what they are now ;
but the volume givee many valuable hints as
to economy, and could not but be an aid to '
any one desiring to know how much can be
prooured with a moderate inoomo in a city,
where the expense of living is supposed to be
larger than in the country. The volume also
contains numerous receipts for cooking.
For sale by Wilder.
Hours at Ho me for February is received.
and has the following contents: Moral Use
of Dark Things, by Dr. Buthnell ; Marcella
of Rome continued ; De Rebus Ruris, by
D.naldG. Mitchell; Tne Emigrant's Wife ;
Representative Cities, by Prof. Tyler ; The
Pines ; Paintings and Painters of Italy ;
Persia Cnvailed ; Storm-Cliff; Saint Chry-
sostoin ; John VY esley s sermons ; Our Uead ;
Present Aspects of the Papacy ; What I Saw
at the Battle of Kissingen ; Researches of a
bgy ; To Urania , Short Sermons to Sunday
School Teachers ; Tbe Modern Samaritans ;
Booka of the Month.
Dr. Bushnell'e article is the commencement
of a series troatingtof the beneficent uses of
igbt and sleep. Mitchell's article is devoted
to the laying out of grounds, and is written
n the felicitous style of that author. The
description of the battle of Kissengen, is a
graphio account of that great battle between
'russia and Austria. This magazine bag
reached a wide circulation and influence. Its
ntributors are among the beet writers in tbe
country, and its well established and excellent
reputation is deserved.
Demorest's Young America" for Feb-
ruary is a little gem. it is tun or stories,
conundrums, puzzles, rebuses, musio and pio.
tures, and enraptures the children. The
price for single copit s is 15 cents, or $1.50 a
year. Each additional eopy $1, and five
copies for $5.
The National Publishing Company of
Philadelphia, announce that they will shortly
publish a work by Alexander II. Stephens,
Vice President of the late rebellion, entitled
A History of the Lte War between the
States Tracing its Origin, Causes and Re-
u'us." The title is rather a milJ way of
r a i 1
mentioning the fact ot reoeuion, and is, un
doubtedly, indicative of the purpose of the
author to show that tbe war fur tbe mainte.
nance of tbe government against traitors was
only a struggle between states, in which one
was as much to blame as another. It will not,
however, be uninteresting to read tbe history
of the rebellion, written by an eminent rebel
and from the rebel, stand point. We hope
Stephens will in tbe volume fully discuss the
contest in the Georgia Constitutional Con
vention in 1861, in which he so forcibly re
sisted secession, and predicted with so much
accuracy the consequences of treason to the
South. Many persons are curious to see how,
after such a speeoh as(that, be could consci
entiously, not only be a rebel, but could take
a leading part in the rebel government.
The Rivtrtide Magazine for Young People
for February, is received. It has two full
page illustrations, the first capitally illus
trating " There was a Piper had a cow, and
tried to beguile her from ber hunger by piping
to her on his pipe, but the cow, showing her
appreciation ot music as well as humor, bade
him play the other tune, " Cora rigs are
bonny." The second illustration graphically
sets forth the extremity ef a poor hare, flee
ing from the pursuing jaws of a fox. There
are eight other illustrations. The first and
second articles of this number are continua
tions of articles in the January number.
They are written by Jacob Abbott end Vieux
Moustache, who will each furnish a story for
each number during the year, in which tbe
characters here introduced will continue to
be presented. Each number will contain two
full page illustrations, " Tom, Tom, the
Piper's Son," being the frontispiece of the
next nomber. A serial of Greenland life, by
an Aroiio traveler, will begin in March. Tbe
magazine cannot fail of securing a wide pop
ularity. Published by Hard and Houghton,
Every Saturday for February 2, has articles
from the Spectator, Good Words.JMacnillan's
Magazine, Once a Week, Blackwood, All the
Year Round, and other popular foreign pub
lications. The two stories, " Silcotes of S 1
cotes " and " Black Sheep," are continued.
The fiist article ia an appreciative, critical
notice of James Russell Lowell and his poetry,
from tbe London Spectator, one of the ablest
of foreign critical publications.
Niw Mtsic. We have received frcm O.
Ditson fc Co., Boston, the f dlowing n?w
musio: " Only a Lock of Uiir," mu-ic by
Claribel, words by Hon. Mrs. G. R. Gsffjrd ;
" Ho ! for Carolina," composed and dedicated
to the Daughters of Carolina, by Dr. Wra.
B. llarrell, and arranged for the piano by
Mrs. W. B. Harrell ; " Georgie," a quick
step by Andrew P. Clark ; " Who Can Tel! "
a ballad, music by Geo. B. Allen, wtrds by
We have also from C. J. Whitney & Co.,
publishers, Detroit, Michigan the following :
" Somebody's Darling is slumbering hero,"
song and chorus, composed by C. R. Voon ;
44 My Darling's Little Shoes " a ballad with
chorus, composed by T. Martin Towne ;
"Storm Mirch,"a piece for the piano, by J.
L Truax. The above music is far sals by
Wilder at the Freiman Bookstore.
Frecduieii's Schools ill ICicIi
moiid. We print below a letter by one of the gen
tlemen now laboring in the Fraedmeo's schools
in Richmond, and who is chiefly su; ported
in that field of labor by tho Freedmen's Aid
Society of Montpelier :
Dear Madam. Your communication of
November 14th was duly received aad read to
all tbe teachers at the bakery. For one, 1
most heartily sympathize with the oho.-rfully
and cordially adopt the policy therein indica
As our district includes quite a large per
centage of the poorest colored people (boing
remote from the dojk, canal, machino thups
and tobacco factories, &c.,) of Richmond, and
as all the other societies that have schools
here in the City supply all fuel, dio. , grava ap
prehensions were at first felt by several of the
teachers, that to call on the children or their
parents to supply fuel for the echools, would
ter d to cause many to 1 ave the soaools.aoi
otherwise act injuriously. Mirs Canedy, who
ou know t OM-ebties a clear head, warm bear,
and sound judgment, and ban also the advan
tage ol much experience, lelc very tearful thst
wouid nearly break up the school. We
consulted in regard to the beat course to pur
sue to accomplish the desired objjet. Tha
majority were in favor of calling on the pu
pils for five cent contributions weekly. At
to myself, 1 considered the better way would
be; to call a meeting of the parents and
guardians of the pupils, aad lay the hubject
Hence, last Monday morning I requested
the ladies to announce to their schools that
there would be a meeting of the parents in
the school-room where we hold the night-
school, on Wednesday evening, at half-past
seven, and that all were earnestly and cor-
lally invited to attend, as a matter ot much
importance and interest to them was to be
presented for their consideration. The nutica
was repeated for three days ia succession.
At tbe appointed hour, between two and
three hundred were present. The room was
filled, and many oould not gain admittance
tor want of room. Mr. Brooks was called by
the meeting to the chair. After prayer, by
equest of the chairman, I proceeded to in
form those present of the object of calling the
meeting, lhat as teachers, we desired to
personally form the aquaintance of the pa
rents of scholars attending our schools, to in
form them about what amount the Commis
sion was required to spend yearly in paying
tbe teachers salaries, the expense ot the bi
ting up the buildings, &c. That the good
people ot tbe North paid about nine tenths of
all these expenses. Also what the freedmen
were uuiu t tttwi-. r-
that it was becoming veiy diffijuit to raise the
necessary funds ; that the work was a great
and glorious one. I pointed out to them the
results already accomrlisbea in their midst,
is., how the loyal people of the North had
been taxed, and what sacrmces they bad niaae
patting down the rebellion, and giving
tbem tbeir freedom. And finally, that they
were now called upon to lend a helping hand
towards paying a very small portion (ony
one thirtieth ot the whole amount) of the ex
pense ot supporting schools for their own
r.ecial nenent. X estimated tne wnoie Cost of
supplying fuel for the schools, the remainder
ot the school year, at -UU, which, tor each
tbe 400 attending the scnools would ba
only 50 cents. That probably some would
not be able to contribute anything while
others were abundantly able to pay three or
tour times that amount.
Afier several very favorable and friendly
peeches by prominent colored men, the fol
lowing resolution was unanimously adopted
by the meeting :
Resolved, lhat the parents present at this
meeting ot popils attending these schools,
agree to contribute 50 cts. tor each child sent
towards providing fuel lor tbe echools ; ana
those whose circumstances will permit to con
tribute a greater amount.
A committee was appointed to obtain tbe
church for the purpose, and another meeting
called for next lhursday evening, when con
tributions are to be banded in " smack down '
and " right on the spot," as one speaker ex
ihe meeting aajournea in tne greatest gooa
humor, and all present seemed to I eel that
they had been benefitted, and a good work
had been accomplished in calling tbe parents
I will duly inform you ot tbe result of the
meeting next Thursday evening. I am hope
ful that we shall be able to carry tne school
through tbe remainder of the school-year,
without another dollar's expense to the com
mission, beyond the teachers salaries Bo
assured that everything shall be managed to
save and avoid expense as much as powible,
compatible with the interest and usefulness
of the schools.
Most cordially and respectfully,
your obedient servant,
Horace W. Aovkt.
Abstinence of Roman Women.- The ar.-
oient Romans, in some respeou, were in ad
vance of the present ago in their practical
physiological knowledge. This was specially
tbe caee in tne habits ot the women, thev
seemed to be fully aware of the fact that a
hardy race must bo born of healthful mothers,
and consequently any usage or practice likely
to affect injuriously the health of women whs
viewed by the state with suspicion. The
muscles were systematically educated. Fre
quent bathing was required by law. Largo
bath-houses were established, which were
places of common resort. For several cen
turies of the past ages of Rome, it va! a
criminal offense for a Roman mother to drink
intoxicating liquors. At the time of cur
Saviour on earth, and for a long period after,
it was considered intamous lor a Koman to
taste wine. For a guest to offer a glass cf
wine to one of the women of the household
was looked upon as i deep insult, as it im
plied a want of chastity on her part. History
records several instances where women were
put to death by their husbands because they
smelt of " tometum." The consequences of
this physical training and abstinence from all
intoxicating liquor was, that the Romans were
noted for their endurance and strength. Had
we the same habits, with our superior Chris
tian oivil'iation, we should astonish the world '
bj our physical health and strength.
An ingenious meehanic, a native of New'
England, has invented a process by which the
enamel can be removed from tbe fibre of the
milk-weed. Tbe bore tnen becomes equal, to
cotton soft, silky, and of great strength.
Cloth made from it is stronger than that from
aoy material now known.