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GREEN MOUNTAIN FREEMAN
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XXX. ; asertion, bnt no charge made of leas uiH eeaU MONTPELIER, VT., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1873. NO. 38 Nottcea of Iteath and Marrtana Inserted ratta, hai ezteniMKi untnirr Notices or Foetrr will M charged at the rate of five cent per Una. The Oxford Methodists. Mers. Harper & Brothers have just i : l 1 tkie intprpatintr inn valuable Memoirs o- .rt : ' The Oxford Methodists : of 11 'V. Messrs. tjlayton, Ingham, Uambold , viy aud Broughton, with biographical u jj.'t of others," by the Rev. L. Tyerman. r ,-rew out of the author's desiie to make u-.-ut the large amount ot surplus biogra phic1 material left over from his "Life alll Times ot Wesley." It is of interest, not ali to the large and respectable de nomination w th whose founders it chiefly deals tUt t0 tne reading public in general. Tuc uiiit r history of the great religious ci.Avment begun in November, 1723, by the '1'uur oung gentlemen of Oxford," who agreed to spend some eveniugs every w,-ek t .gather io reading the Greek Testa, im tit, i.- told in the.-e pages. The rrative jg ititT-p rsd with reminito nces o1' Wmuik-ld, the Wesleys, and their assooi-av-,anl with extracts from letters never before published. Th u.t'oi mation concerning some of the Ox! nl brotherhood in very scaat ; with ali the author's diligence he has been able to eo;ltct but briei notices of several ot Ve. lei 's earlier associates, a scrap or two ofaiieedote and bits of letters. The sketch. tJ u! Clayton, Iiigham, Gambold, Hervey and Broughton are more extended, the material being ample. It is a curios fact that up to the time of their general dis persion from that seat of learning, the Ox lurJ Methodists were all, with the except ion ot Whitefield, Church of England Rit. uaii'ts. Every morning and every evening tiny sp-uit an hour in secret prayer ; anl through out the day, habituated them, selves to tbe use of ejaculations for humil. ity, taith, hope and love. They also ob. served the discipline of the Church of Eng land to the minutest details, and were scrupulous in practising the rubrics and canons. Every Wednesday and Friday they lasted, tasting no food whatever, till ;i o'clock in the afternoon. They more than approved of the mixture of water with the sacra ental wine, and religiously observed saint day s, holidays and Satur days. They maintained the doctrine of apustolical succession, and believed noooe had authority to administer the sacraments who was not episcopally ordained. Even ill Georgia Wesley excluded dissenters from the holy communion, on the ground that they had not been properly baptised, lie nlo enforced confession, penance and iLorti filiation ; and, as far as posible, carri ed into execution the apostolic constitution. Iu hhort, with the exception of some things which they thought savored of I'opery, the Oxford Methodists held many views in common with the present Ritualis tic party in the Church of England. . Tiie lour young gentlemen who formed the first society of Methodists at Oxford we.e John and Charles Wesley, William .Morgan and Robert Kirkham. Of the latter nothing is known after he quitted Oxford to become curate to his uncle. He was, in early youth, a frank, jovial tellow, but suddenly become serious, took to hard study, and was oue of John Wesley's warmest friend.-. Wresley was tendeily attached to a sister ot Kirkham s. Tyer man says she was probably the " first of his sweethearts. J. bey corresponaea lor several vears in the most affectionate manner, but the acquaintance was sudden )y brokenly off. William Morgan was the s n of an Irish gentleman, lie was of weak heal'h, and died in delirium at an earlv aire. Tbe enemies of Methodism charged his death to "religious madness. Though safe from actual violence, these four young geutlemen were subjected to a singularly trying species ot religious per secution lrom their college associates. The men of wit ot Christ Church called them Sacremeutarians. Their allies, at Mertoa, styled them the Holy Ciub. Ochers Stig matized them as the Godly Club: and others the enthusiasts, or the Reforming Ciub. Rut rtdicule, though far from pleasant, failed to turn them from their chosen course. Their persistency in following what they deemed the path of duty, at length drew to them other associates, the most noted of whom were the live men whose names are on the titk-page of Mr. Tyerman's work. It is a painful circumstance, but one of which polemics can unfortunately, furnish too many, that, later in life, differ ences in doctrine should have brought per sonal estrangement between the Wesleys atid tour ot tbete early associetes. As we have said, Mr. Tyerman's work contains many illustrative anecdotes and scraps of correspondence which throw much light ou the early history of the Methodist movement and on the character of its founders'. Earnest in all things, their solicitude extended to the most tri fling things. We find the Rev. Mr. Clay ton, with monastic inaction, earnestly thauking God that he has fully conquered his " affection for a morniDg nap." The Row Dr. Deacon believed that the com munion wiue should be mixed with water, and shuddered to think how terrible might be the consequence of " omitting part of our Redeemer's cup." The Rev. Benja min lngbam, writing to Wesley, desires his counsel on these weighty matters: "Will it be lawlul to sell a thing above its worth, purely because the buyer bath a desire of it ? Also, whether it be convenient or lawful for a Christian to dwell with a Quaker when under no necessity ? Al-o, whether persons ought to eat, or openly declare they fast, when no necessity puts them upon it." Wesley's repiy is not giv en. The antithesis of " Christian " and " Quaker " is suggestive. In connection wuh this, the following remark from another of Ingham's letters is worthy of Mark Twain iu his best mood. Speaking ot certain persons he says : " They were brought up Quakers, but are now serious people !" We have room for but one more extract from a work abounding in interesting pass ages. In 1748 Whitefield and Ingham made a preaching tour through Yorkshire. During the progress many singular and exciting scenes occured one ot which is thus described : " Id one Dlace Whitefield mounted a temporary scaffold to address the thou sands who stood before him, and, with a solemnity peculiarly his own announced . his text, It is appointed unto men once to die ; but alter this the judgment.' No sooner had the words escaped his lips than a terrifying shriek issued from the center of the congregation. Grimshaw hurried to the place where Whitefield stood, and shouted : Brother Whitefield, you bttnd among the dead and dying ; an immortal soul has been called into eternity : the destroying angel is passing over the corigregat.on ; cry aloud and spare not.' A few moments elapsed, and Whitefield reanuounced his text, when another loud shriek ws heard; a shriek. ah.cn, in Uugj instance, came from the spot where the Countess of Huntingdon and Lady Mar- garet Ingham were standing. A second person had dropped down dead. Conster- , nation was general ; but Whitefield pro- ceeded with the service, and, in a strain of tremendous eloquence, warned the wicked j to flee from the wrath to come. Who can adequately conceive and paint the scene just mentioned ? Whitefield on a platform thousands assembled before him two :n the midst of them, in an instant struck with death the Incumbent of Uaworth rushing to the preacher with his irrepress ible exclamation and two noble ladies with lngbam at their side, gazing at the awful spectacle, their souls thrilled wi h leeliogs which no language can describe ?" W ith many faults ot taste and temper and some historical inaccuracies which we cannot afford space to notice in detail, Mr. Tyerman's work is certainly an interesting and valuable addition to the relgious lit erature of the time. New York Eeening fost. A Man Who Bsats Blondi.v out of sight has turned up at Niagara Fills in tbe peson ot a young Italian tight-rope walker, named Signor Henry Bellini, who not only walks a tight rope over the river below tbe falls, but in addition leaps from the middle of the rope at a point at least a 1UU feet above the water into the boiling river below. A tttout manilla cable, 1500 feet long and 2 12 in ches in diameter, is stretched across the riv er, the point of landing on tbe American side being just af-ove the suspension bridge in Frospeet park. the first performance came off on Monday 20th ult. ; 4 o'clock was the hour appointed, but a trial of tbe rope showed that it was not tight enough, and an other hour was spent in drawing it up. Even then the great weight caused it to sag ho much that from tbe center to each end there was a sharp incline. At 15 minutes to 5 all was ready, and the professor" start ed. He made the distance to the American side in 23 minutes, halting once at a point in the middle to return salutations to the ap plause which greeted his performance. The ascent from the centre tirea him consider able, but, alter resting a few moments, he started back, and as this was the time he was to make the leap expectancy was on tip toe. He reached the centre safely, and stooped to unloosen a coil of rubber rope iHBteneJ to the cable, by which he was to make the terrific plunge. While thus en gaged, he lost his balancing pole, which fell into tbe water and sank. While the specta tors were wonuering what be would do with out it, and almost before they were aware he caught tbe end of the elastic cord and dropp ed. 'Down, down, ten thousand fathoms down,' he descended like an arrow, and tbe recovering snap of tbe rubber cord was simultaneous with the loud splash of his fall in the water. For a moment all was hush ed, then the head of tbe signor was seen above tbe sur ace as be rose and swam for the boat which bad been provided to pick idm up. He was taken in, wrapped in blankets, and carried to his stopping place, where he was met by his wife and t ie ap plauding crowd. The daring performer of this 'eat was born in England, but of lta ian parentage, is live feet 7 inches in height and weighs 132 pounds. He bas been 15 years engaged in bis profession, and has given ex hibitions in Austria, France, India, and America. II is walk across the river is the loosest ever accomplished by him. He in tends to repeat the teat twice a week tbe rest ot tbe season. The iSaniana Bay Company. General D. Vickers gives this account of the work of the Simana Biy Company. When the contract for the ninety-nine year lease had been completed, about toe first of January last, it had to be confirmed by the Senate, and by a popular vote. The wori of ratification was not complet ed, aud the official reports received until three mouths later. In March the en gineer corps of the Company, uuder the charge of Captain S. C- Piummer, a grad uate of West Point, began an elaborate survey of the laud under tbe jurisdiction of the compatfy, including the Vega" Real, or Royal Piain, a tract of prairie land one hundred and eighty-tour miles in length by forty in breadth. This plain or Valley contains soil of remarkable fertili ty, is but slightly wooded, and is watered by at le;ist torty streams of various sizes. Ihrough a part ot it Hows the Yuna River, which empties into Samana Bay, and is navigated tor sixty miles. Ihe bay is thirty miles in length by thirteen in width. At the present town of Samana, which contains some eight hundred or nine hun dred inhabitants, has an unfavorable site, the engineers have also been engaged in laying out a new city at right angles to the old town aud facing the mouth of the bay. Tbe situation of the new town will expose it to all the land and sea breezes, w hich blow with such regularity, render ing the nights so cold that a blanket is al ways required for comfort in the height of summer. Ihe heat ot the sun, when one is exposed to its direct rays, has an inten sity unknown out of the tropics, but in the Shade the temperature is never oppressive. During the stay of General Vicsers the height of the mercury at no time exceeded eighty-five degrees. The company has built a hotel at Sama na, which is expectjd to be a favored re sort for consumptive patients, but the site of the building is at too great an elevation, and a new structure will soon be erected. Picturesque scenery abounds ia the neighborhood, and there are beautiful building spots ou a hillside near the site ot the new town. The Vega Real begins a few miles from Samana Bay, but to reach the most desir able situations tor farms and settlements the colonists must go about forty-five miles up the Yuna River. The names who wish to join the com. pany comprises tarmers, mechanics, ana men ot almost all trades. J-he greatest care will be exercised in the selection ot the colonists in order to keep away thrift less adventurers, and obtain industrious, energetic men, who can be trusted to de- velop tbe wealtn ot tne country. o . . , Within the next month tne company will begin to ship tools and machinery to Samana, and to build wharfs at the same place. It will also begin the construction of a wagon road leading from the bay, through the Vega Real, to Santiago. Two flat-bottomed steamers will be plaoed on the River Yuna, and a few snags and other obstructiong in the stream will be removed. The work of sending out the first colony will not be begun until next spring, when the emigrants can at once begin to plant their crops, and when the climate is most favorable for new comers. The land owned by the company will be sold at a very low price, as the pron are w ue ou tiined in other wavs. Tne company owns the peninsula, which ia twenty miles in length by twelve io breadth, and will have a want of three lea r nea ot nublio land on each fid of B every mile of railroad built, two leagues 00 eaon side for every mile of wagon ! road, and one league on each side for tel. ' egraph. The government, moreover, is ' willing to permit these lands to be occupi ed before the roads are actually construct ed. The comparatively small part of the Vega Real which is now cultivated pro duces annually 125,000 saroons of tobac co, a saroon containing 110 pounds. The export duties on this amount to $600 000 in gold. W ith northern colonists General Vickers thinks that in three years hence two hundred nvllion pounds of tobacco could be annually raised within twenty five miles of the head of the Yuna River Tobacco is now the principal produc tion, owing to the lack of energy in the native population and the effects of the domestic wars. Ia 1728 no less than 175, 000,000 pounds of sugar, 75,000,000 pounds of coffee ani l,0l)0,000 pounds of indigo, in addition to large quantities of chocolate, were shipped from the upper part of San Domingo, including Hayti. Tbe soil and climate are eminently favor able for the production of these crops. ibe sugar cane can there mature before it is cut, and can be ground at any time of the year, while in Louisiana the best pait of the cane is lost, owing to the neces sity or cutting it before the frost, Ibe hills throughout the country are covered with magnificent growth ot ma hogany, lignum vita; and other hard woods, which will be immensely "valuable after the introduction of sawmills and in creased facilities of transportation. The climate, General Vickers considers to be very healthy and pleasant. Gold, silver, copper and tin were form erly mined, and are believed to exist in large quantities. A Curious Lawsuit. A delicate point involving a large inheritance, was decided, a few days ago, by the civil tribunal ot Rennes. It arose out of the tragic occur rence which took place in October, 1871, on the rooi ot ireumarch, in i imsterre This rock, of gigantic dimensions, overhangs the Atlantic, and, being one ot the most picturesque features of the Brittany coast, is much visited by tourists and marine painters. It ju s out at a great bight over the sea, and the abyss beneath is known to the aboriginal fishers as Tall au Item or the mouth of hell. An Evil Spirit, these primitive people believe, is constantly lying in wait at the foot of the rock to entrap unwary mortals, and cut them off from among the living in the midst of their sins. This idea, founded, like most local superstitions, on fact, is not always sufficiently present to the minds of excursionists to Penmarch. The victims of the Tall au If'ern demon in October, 1871, were Mme Levainville, the wife of a Brittany prefect, her daughter, MJlle Gabrielle Levainville, a beautiful young girl ot 18, her nephew and niece M Georges and Mdlle. Eugenie Dresch and Mdlle. Bonnemain the fiancee of Georges. ibey had been staying on a visit at the romantic chateau ot Kernuz the seat of M Mantras duChatellier, and bad driven over on the 8th ot October with their host's son M Paul Mantras duChatellier a marine painter of some repute, to visit his studio overlooking Penmarch. Atter inspecting some paintings, they went to compare them with the sites they represented. Mile. Levainville proposed that before returning to the chateau of Kernuz she and her young relations should pass half an hour on tbe platform watching the effects of an angry sunset. The sky was menacing the horizon in a blaze the atmosphere close and charged with electricity and the sea smooth as glass. The tide was full in and nothing indicated the presence of the legendary demon of Tall au lfern. M Paul du Chatellier while bis friends were admiring the superb effects of color returned to his studio to fix them on canvass. As the positions taken up by tho two groups into which the excursionists split was the chief element in the case the Ren nes tribunal had to decide, it is well to state that Mme Levainville and M and Mdle Dresch were sitting together on the most northern point of the rock, nnder a sort of natural parapet. Mdle Gabrielle Levainville and Mdle Bonuemain were standing at a distance ot about two yards behind them. Suddenly a vast wave arose, gathering in hight as it advanced, and, be fore the five persons on the platform had time to perceive the danger, washed them into the yawning Tall-au-Ifern. The fore most group was taken first, dashed against the parapet, and precipitated violently in to the sea. The half-spent wave then gent ly lifted the two young girls, and sent them to rejoin their relatives. JNow Mme JUe- vule was the owner ot large estates and Mdlle Gabrielle her only child. The question the tribunal of Rennes had to de cide was who should inherit this iortune, which was claimed by Mme Dresch, the sister of Mme Levainville, as the heiress of this lady, and by M Levainville as the heir of Gabrielle. It it could be proved that the wife died last, the property would go to the sister ; and if not, to the husband, as the daughter's heir. M Paul du Chat ellier, who was sketching the rock at the moment of the accident, was the prinoipal witness. He stated that the foremost gioup, comprising lume uevainvuie ana Georges and ilugente JJrescn, must have been killed at once by tne violent collision into which they were brought with tbe lateral parapet. When they were flung into the sea he lost sight of two ot the bodies. That of Georges which remained floating some moments, seemed to him an inert, mangled mass When the wave carried the two girls Into the Tall-au-Ifern, they must have been in the full possession ot their faculties, and physically unhurt. There was, in J1 du Chatellier s opinion more than a fair presumption that Gabrielle survived her mother for perhaps a minute, or, so long a time as it takes to die trom submersion. Mme Dresch herself admit ted that she saw her sister dashed head foremost against a rook and flung into the sea ere the wave had reached the niece. The state of four out of five of the bodies that were found confirmed M du Chatellier evidence. Those of Mme Levainville and M Dresch were all mangled, whilst that of Mdlle Levainville did not present a single contusion. It had the sleeping appearance wnich M James Bertrand gave to the drowned Virginiai in a beautiful picture he exhibited, tour or five summers back. The court held that Gabrieile' must have survived her mother for at least a few sec onds, and accordingly decided that the fortune she inherited from her goes to her father, and not to Mme LeyainyUle's sis X.qt.' London. Daily News. A Simile. Slowly, slowly up the wall Steals the sunshine, steals the shade: Evening damps begin to fall. Evening shadows are display 'd. Round me, o'er me, everywhere, All tbe sky Is grand with clouds, And athwart tbe evening air Wheel the swallows home in crowds. Shafts of sunshine from the vest Paint the dusky windows red; Darker shadows, deeper rest, Underncaihland overhead. Darker, darker, and more wan ; In my bread ihe shadows fall; Upward steals tbe life of man, As tbe sunshine from the wall. From the wall into the sky, From tbe roof along the spire ; Ah, tbe souls of them that die Are but sunbeams lilted higher. Longfellow. The Book Agent. AN OWKB TRUE TALE. I have had a visit from a book agent. Books may be good and agents may be necessary, but no excellence of one can furnish any excuse to the other for mak ing himself a nuisance. I talked and reasoned with him, but my words seemed to have no effect on his brazen effrontery. He was shielded by suoh a determination that he would not, or by such wilful stu pidity tbat he could not understand any thing but that he must sell and the public must buy. Ihe front attack tailed. wish now to send a shot after him. It may do him no good, but it will relieve my mind. Or it may serve as well as many another shot at a venture, and bring down some other one of ti e number less nuisances who waste time and wear temper. I was called from my study by the message that a gentleman wished to see me, and oould not send up his errand. came down with pen in hand that the visitor might see that I was busy. "Is this the Rev. Mr. So-and-so ?" " Yes, sir." " I have called" (spoken in one breath after the manner of agents, as if they were trying to pronounce that famous word of Aristophooes with its one hundred and fiftv-four letters.) " I have called to bring your attention to a new, important interesting and very valuable work which supplies a plaoe long felt to be vacant in sacred literatuie, which I am sure you will find to be a store-bouse ot instruction, a much-needed companion for the study- table, an excellent volume for devotioual reading. Its subject is one of transcen dent interest. It is written in a clear and lucid style, and illustrated by seventeeu steel engravings by the most celebrated living engravers of the world, and bound in any style you may desire. It is " Yes, sir. But I do not care to buy it, I believe. " It is entitled The Lives and Tim.?s of the Prophets and Apostles.' It is by the Rev. Theopilus Thistlewister, D. D., L.L V; and is universally commended as one of the most learned and brilliant exposi tions of biblical themes ever offered to the public It is " " Yes, sir ; but 1 believe that I do not want it." " It is published only by subscription and it will be impossible to procure it ex cept through me, and it cuutains all the fruits of the most recent study of the Bible, and the investigations of the best scholars brought up to date. It is " " Yes, sir ; but 1 don't want it." " It is adorned with engravings in the highest style of the art, and profusely llustrated with wood-cuts from pictures taken on the spot, and bound in red morocco and gilt, it would make " But 1 don't want it." It is a very valuable and interesting work, and it would be a very great as- sistance to any minister to have it scat tered broadcast through his congregation, as it would excite a deeper interest in the study of the Bible and add a charm to the pulpit ministrations by connecting with them the brilliant writings of Rev. Dr. Thistletwister. I had an uncle who was a chaplain in the army and I desire to do what 1 can to introduce in the families of this place, good, sound, religious read- g-l " ies, sir, but 1 do not wish tbe book." " Then you will be so kiod as to give me the list of the members of your congre gatioo, so that 1 can call on tbem aud 1 would be obliged to you it you would give me a note commending the book. "So you said before. Do you want me to write a note saying "Ihe agent ot this book says it is a very good book ?" " No, sir; I never send people to my congregation on such errands. 1 have a principle against giving names tor any purpose of the kind. And 1 cannot com mend the book, for I have never examined it." "Well, if you would just put down your name on my list, and let me know of some one who could direct me to some ot your prominent people, I would be very glad to leave you a copy at half price, for 1 am very anxious to do what 1 can in diffusing solid and religious reading. And if you could just say a word or two approving the book. But how can l approve ot tbe book when I have never looked into it ?" " Well, it is a new, important, interest ing, and very valuable work." No ; but it bas been very highly spoken of ; and if you will read these testimonials you will Bee that it is a very excellent book, and then you can commend it,' " I can say, I believe that the persons who wrote these testimonials thought the book a good one ; will that do ? Do you know Rev. Dr. This, of New York, and Professor that, ot Col lege?" " Yes, I know one personally, and the other by reputation." " They both spoke in high terms of the volume, and you would believe what they say, wouldn't you?" ' Certainly. But do you want me to write a note saying, 1 believe that you say that Dr. This and Professor That said this was a good book ?" Why, look at the title. It tells about the prophets and apostles ; can't you say that it is good ?" " I .can say that I think the apostles and prophets were good, and, for all I know, Dr. Thistlewister is good, and the book may be good. It may be the best book ever written on the subject, but 1 can't commend it, simply because I know nothing about it. " Well, a minister can do a great deal in introducing good religious reading into his congregation and the community, and 1 thought, as you were a pastor here, you would like to recommend & superior book, and ao help the cause of religun." " It does not strike me as helping the cause of religion to say that a book is good when 1 do not know anything about It may be good, but L don t know whether it is or not.' " You can see for yourself. It is about the prophets and apostles, and it's written by Rev. Dr. " 1 beg your pardon, we have been over that ground before. , i don't say the book is bad, ouly this; I can't write a note say ing 1 know it is good." '-But you might write a few lines recom mending people to read religious books, and tell them that this, being about the prophets and apostles ' " My triend, i do not think we are kely to agree on this matter. I do not wish to buy the book. I cannot give you any names, and it would not be honest for me to approve a book of which tI knew nothing.". " Well, sir, it is a great responsibility to stand in the way of the diffusion ot religious literature!" And with a calm look of injured inno cence, be closed his satchel, shook tbe dust from his fee, and judicially slammed tbe door. Congreijationalist. Unwbitten Heroes. Amid all the hor rors ot the recent railroad disaster near Lemont and we can scarcely recall any catastrophe of a similar nature where tbe details have been more terrible it is re freshing to read of the noble humanity and heroic effort to relieve suffering which were characteristic of some ot the passengers on the ill-fated train. It does not mitigate the sufferings of the poor victims ; it can not restore the dead to life, or alleviate the sorrow in so many households ; it does not palliate the criminal foolhardiness and recklessness of the conductor of the freight train, and yet one cannot read ot the no ble work of these men and women, and of the remarkable fact that, althouga the dis aster occurred in a neighborhood inhabited by rough people, there was not an unseem ly act committed, without feeling a sense ot thankfulness, aud having a more abid ing faith in the nobility ot humanity. It is no discredit to the great majority of those who were witnesses of this disaster that they were so paralyzed with horror as to be utterly demoralized, aud that their very first impulse was to fly from the dreadful scene, to turn their eyes from the heart-rending sight, and close their ears to the waiis and groaus of agony. Near ly all the passengers had retired or were retiring lor the night. This sudden and terrible change, this unexpected summons to meet death at an instant's notice in the most terrible form, was sufficient to appall the stoutest heart. The darkness of the night, tbe sudden crash, the rending of the ponderous eogiues, tbe splitting and crush ing ot cars piled together in promiscuous ruin, the bursting ot tbe boiler and the es cape of the scalding steam into a car filled with buuiau beings, some of them unable to extricate themselves, others hur ed many feet away, and still others to whom death was more mercilul and came instantly, make a picture of absolute terror which must forever haunt the memories of those who have survived it. Dark and fearful as this picture is, how ever, it is relieved by the uoble conduct of a tew who rose superior to it, and showed themselves to be the masters of the situa tion. To master such a situation, and to master one's self at such a time, require mental aud physical qualifications ot the highest order. Humauity and sympathy are not the ouly elements necessary. They only suggest tbat something must be done, and, in such a terrible emergency as this, the person who does not feel these prompt, logs is a little lower than the brute Pro. bably every person on the train who escap ed unhurt felt as if he must do something, and yet it is evedeut that but two out of the large number were not wholly over come and demoralized. Even the conduc tor himself, upon whom passengers place reliance at such a time, was of no more help than if he had been a thousand miles away. Two men, however, in addition to their humanity and sympathy, had cool ness and presence ot miud enough to rea lize the extent of the disaster, to see the extent of the disaster, to see the necessity of doing something immediately, and to determine what must be done. There were others who may also have been equal thus far to the emergency ; but there is still another quality, of a physical charac ter, which is absolutely necessary to the achievement ot any result in such cases, and that is nerve. There are 'few, very few, people who can look upon such terri ble slaughter and such agonies of suffering without quailing and being paralyzed, how ever humane and sympathetic and anxious to do something they may be. These two men, Mr. B. R. Hawley ot Normal, and the Texan, Magee, had all these qualities, and when others stood terrified, or fled de moralized, or waited for some one to take the lead, they bent all their energies to the rescue, directed others, and worked like heroes themselves until all the victims in the smoking-car were taken out from their prison-house of torture and tenderly cared tor until help arrived from Lemont aud Chicago. Such men as these never want reward, for their reward consists in the consciousness that they have done a man's duty, in a manly way, but to this will be added the fervent gratitude of those who survive, and the tearful blessings of the friends of the dead. There were other instances of heroism on this sad occasion. The tender care, the sympathetic heart, the loving hands of woman aided these men and tbe others who were ready to do when the way was shown them. Such occasions as these de monstrate that all women are not dolls or faint-hearts ; but, on the other hand, that there are those who have nerve enough for any situation an almost superhuman strength with which to work, and an intui tive knowledge how best. to administer those offices of consolation and mercy whioh belong only to a women's tender hands The interviews of our reporters have dis covered the name of one of these ladies, Mrs. Robert McCart of Bloomington, " a little lady who worked like an angel." Mr. Burgess, the sleeping-car conductor, says : " This little lady found her mission some how it is almost always the little women who have the great hearts and strong nerves and she performed it like a heroine and the angeis of mercy above must have recogn zed one ot their number in this an gel ot mercy below." The deeds of these men and women belong to the unwritten history of heroes, and yet there must come a day when much tbat appears great must be pronounced small, and on that day these will be recognized and receive their reward. The record of the deeda of hero, im on that niirht would h inodnmlete without a refereuee to toe clear at A 1 Mr. Lettle of Springfield, who, while in the I narrow space hail hurtles, fire-balls glare; agony of death, sent for the sleeping car a,d whirl winds wait j, and the performan oonductor, told him his name, made his I ce9 usually conclude with a general walk- will and signed it, and handed over bis I watch and jewelry to be sent to his wife I and famdy, and then requested the con- I due tor to leave him and help those to whom I help would be of avail. lhat man was made in the heroic mold. He was horn- bly scalded, boiled, and mutilated, and yet be would not die until he had performed his last duty like a man. In this terrible retrospect it is gratifying to contemplate I such instances as we have cited. It proves I steady malevolence towards barns, out or.ee more that, in the presence of these I houses, farm-wagons ; and agricultural srrcat catastroDhes. aa high a nobility oi o t' o . - l character and as chivalrous a degree or purpose may oe ueveiuueu as mo ,v i I J I J Ua na.M'.a I battle-fields have ever shown, or the pages of history have recorded. Chicago 1 ri- hunt. ..... COCTEBFEIT COIN. The Skill Shown Dy th nimtertaitera of our American coin is truly amazing. Indeed, we scarcely see how the great public can be protected lrom thir alninst sunerhuman insenuitv. Oa this subject Mr. Ashley, of the sub-treas. ury recently gave a reporter of the iMew York Times some valuable information : Referring to the practice of counterfeit. sry legend, it is atterwara iouna un- ,t st4rta jine it reqmres half a doxen pag ing, Mr. Ashley remarked that there were harmed. Then there is the cow ; but lei 8eg to make it gjve owa aj home pens "filled" coins of the denomination ottwen- ty dollars, and then added : " 1 suppose you don t know what a hlled coin it I ua receiving an affirmative response to his query, Mr. Ashley took from a small draw- er a double eaele. which, to all aDDearance was perfectly genuine. The minutest ex- animation of the surface and ot tbe mined edge failed to disclose any marks of fraud- ulent manipulation ; the weight was cor- rectto the decimal 01 a grain, ana wnen struck on the counter the com gave a loud clear ring, true as any which were taken trom a neighboring pile of tbe genuine ar- tide. iNothing seemed wanting in this Bkillful counterfeit ; but it was a oouter- teit, nevertheless. " This is a filled coin," continued Mr. Ashley, as he balanced it on the tips of his fingers. " The weight is correct, it appears good, tbe acid test would tail on it, ana the sound is true. It 18 one of the most dangerous counterfeits ever made. Here is another, cut through the center, to show the filling. You sec the inside of the co:n is filled with a compositition of platina. To fill in this, the milled edge is carefully removed, the coin sliced into, and the in- side of it pared away, leaving the two faces intact. An amount of the composi- tion of the same weight has been substitu- ted for the more valuable metal removed and the several parts of the coin have been skillfully joined together again; and none but an expert can detect the signs ot the work. From a double eagle the amount of gold thus removed amounts to foirteen dollars, so you see a man could make a livi ng it he only made one of these filled coins a day." In response to an inauirv how the fraud- - ... ulent coins were detected. Mr. Ash le v stated that there was a clerk iu the budd ing who could pick every one cut of a heip of genuine coin as unerringly " as a mother would pick her cbildrn out of a schoolful of others. You shall see," he continued, and, takii g the fi led piece, he placed it edgewise among some torty or more pure ones. Then laying the pile down, be call ed from his place, some distance off, one ot the clerks, aud said : Mr. Tandy, will you pi ease separate the good from tbe bad in these coins ?" The geutleman thus ad dres ed scrutinized the upturned edges ot the coins, aud threw out the conterteit in an instant. Mr. Ashley then spread them out on the counter , and throughly nrxed them up. Again the counterfeit was de. tected at a glance. Twice the experiment was made, aud with tbe same result. Some one diverted Mr. Tandy's attention for an insta-t, and Mr. Ashley quietly removed the conterteit coin, and ouce more asked the expert to search tbe mass. He did so, but was not deceived, though for a moment puzzled. He pronounced all the coins to be genuine, and Mr. Ashley triumphantly threw down the counterfeit. Mr. Tandy could uot explain how he detected the false pieces, farther that " they did not loo right ;" and Mr. Ashley frankly confessed he could not himself tell how it was done; neither could he do it. Some of tbe filled pieces were shown, which seemed absolute ly perfect, particularly one five dollar piece, which was pronounced a " marvel of workmanship." To successfully fill a coin so small and thin as this, is naturally a more difficult and delicate operation than filling tbe thick and heavy douhle-eagles ; bnt the perverse ingenuity of the counter feiters is equal to it, and only the eye ot so skillful an expert as the gentleman who admiringly showed the coin to the reporter is competent to detect tbe fraud. Of course, an assistant possessing such exceptional skill is too valuable to be parted with. It need scarcely be said that political changes do not affect such as he. M . Ashley stated, however, that he had a standing offer of a situation in one of the principal banks at a much higher salary than tbe government paid which was not munifi cent and that he remained in the service only because the sub-treas rer and he (Mr. Ashley) had personally agreed that his salary should be the same as that offered by the bank. It may be mentioned that English sovereigns have been subjected to the " filling "process, which the well-known automatic weighing machine of the bank is totally useless to detect. The attention of the British authorities has doubtless been called to this new fraud by this time, and when the English detectives were over here looking after the bank forgers, they were shown several sovereigns which had come to the sub treasury " filled." It was a new revelation to the officers of the law, and doubtless proved to be so to their em ployers. Thb Aerial Cow It is the season of the independent and playful Western tornado. Unannounced by the Weather Bureau, coming directly from viewless space, and hatefully descending upon some peaceful and remote Western hamlet, it is even now striking terror to bucolic settle, meats, and furnishing awe-inspiring para, graphs to an unlettered country press. And well it may. For it comes with bail whose feeblest specimens are as large as hens' eggs; it comes with "fire balls" va riously colored, and peculiarly appalling to tbe rustic infant ; it comes with tor- nat of water gratuitously offensive to the Western adult. Albeit , coming in this lrge, whole-souled way, itd path is gen erally narrow and restnoted, and it is obliged to compress often within a width of m few hundred feet the entire range f meteorological phenomena. Within thu t0und of the elements, and a shower of frogs and other amphibia. Blood that upon examination proves to be infusoria. occasionally lends an air of novelty to the general precipitation. And yet, we be .eve, as a general thing, the Western edi- tor js not happy. For there is, so to speak, a certain reg ularity and sameness about the pro gramme. The Western tornado exhibits a imn ementa seldom if ever omitting a r - hayrick from its schedule of damages . I . . I 1 - t A mat is, in tne enu, muuoiuuuua uu uc Dressing. Then there is the usual family just taking dinner or supper, on whom the tornado swoons like an uninvited gusst, and carries their roof into another township ; tbere is tbe usual larmer, wno. l.: ..i : w c 1,-1 . U I oc'"g overwaeu iu mo ueiua uy u u compelled into a wail! wuu nis own agricultural implements, and then is drop- j pea some nuuureu jru wy and, let us hope, a Wiser man. lhen there is the baby, torn shrieking from its motner s arms anu iougcu iu p- where, rocked like the infant ot the nur- us epeaa 01 me cow u uiw not, gentle, unobtrusive, persecuted heroine ol lQe " esieru wrusuu. It may be sately observed that ot al domestic animals probably tne cow is least fi"ed for serial locomotion. Her shape.her sedentary habits.her reflective turnof mind. cautious lewperaiueui, auu iuo emuarrno- sing functions of maternity mght be supposed to indicate mat sue was mcapa- " ounu i like the swallow, iven on land, her saltatory penormances are not remanaoie lor grace ot movement or rapiauy 01 action. At is true ma. P"- cally stated that she onoe leaped over tne moo", but the narrative, weighted as it is by even more improbable statements re- girding an equal levity in a dog, a dish ana spoou, snouiu oe reotsiveu witu greai rauiiuu. i uumuuswiuuiun im the hand of Nature and of Fate clearly against her, it is the cow that becomes an essential feature of the great Western tornado. It is she that " rides on the I whirlwind and direcs the storm. It is sne mat, patiently ruminating in tne meadow, or standing mid-leg deep in some quiet pool, is first swooped upon by the gyrating whirlwind and bo-ne aloft only to add at other terror to ine storm, uoce l'lted from her native earth she assumes an w!ulness of demeanor strangely moon- sistent with her previous mildness, i levity in ghastly contrast to her former d-gotty. Accompanied by a few trees, a root or two, an assortment or chimneys, and a baby, she flashes like a meteor across the darkling prairie, and comes "wn neavny upon me distant settlement, iv.- . 1 .. . r a 11 18 lQea ln" lne citizens 01 inaiaaa ana Iowa call on the rocks to cover them. She collides with steeples; chimneys she scat, tereth like chaff before the wind; she es. teemeth hay-ricks as stubble ; even school. houses stay not her devastating career. lne next day she is found peacefully ruminating on the roof of a church or calmly contemplating the ruin she has wrought from me attic window of a farm bouse. Her removal at such times to a more eligible location is attended with great expense and some d faculty. Four. teen men in Wisconsin, tbe other day, could not dislodge her from the cupola of a court houe, where she was fiuaby killed 10 obed.euce to an excited public sentt ment. It is barely possible that some exagger. ation may have crept into the above details as delivered by eye-witnesses to a s IT Wt a trutbiui western press, we nave en. deavored to collate aud present them more 10 a feeling of justice to a peaceful domes tic animal, whose hidden merits and re markable capacity have been overlooked in our familiarity with its humble virtues, than with any idea of recording remarka ble meteorological phenomena. Ibe fact that these take place in remote districts, and that the great Western Tornado usu ally evades tbe larger towns and villages, and is recorded only by one correspondent, my to some extent account for any lack of accuracy in observation. Hew York Tribune. The Family Letter. The family letter is written on Sundays. The reason that day is selected is not alone because of the leisure it presents. The quiet ot the day, its relief trom all influences that irritate or agitate, frees the mind trom irrelevant aud antagonistic matter, and makes it preeminently a fit ccasion for communing with distant loved ones. In nine cases out often the letter is written by the bead of the family, and of those sent an equal proportion are addmwed to his wue's folks. We don't know why it is that a man so rarely writes to his own folks, but as it is not the provioce of this articlo to treat on that subject, we will pre tend a e don t care. The hour being selected for inditing the letter, the first thing is to find the paper. There is always a drawer in every well regulated family for keeping such things. tt is either in tbe table or stand. Here the writing paper and odd screws, and fid dle-strings, and broken looks, and fish-Lues, and grocery receipts, are kept. There may be other things, but if there are, he will see them. Tbe sheet of paper is fioal- ly found ; the fly stains neatly scraped off, and the search commenced for the pen and ink. The latter is invariably found on the mantle next the clock, and is im mediately laid on the table convenient to the perspiring man, who sarcastically in quires it the letter is to be written to-day or next Sunday. Th s inspires the wife with new zeal in the search. She goes over the drawer again because she knows he wouldn't see aoy-thing if it was right under his nose, but the pen is not there. Then Bhe looks over the top of the bureau, and lilta everything on the front-room table, and says it seems so singular it can't be found, when she saw it only the day be fore, aod tnougnt about the letter. Then she goes into the pantry, and. after explor ing the lower shelf in rain, stands upon a chair, ana eareiuiiy goes over the top shell where the medicine bottles and unused cans are -stationed. Alter the has done this, she starts up stairs, and pretty 0000 re turns with the pen, and takes it to tbe sink to wasn tne grease from it, bat does not succeed in quite tffaemg the delicate aceat of bergamot. T ia lea. him to observe mat anybody, wno takes a penholder to lift hair-grease from a bottle, it to pate , and innuotait for tbw wot hi. Everything now in readiness, good ho" mor is restored, the wife takes a seat oppo site, with her elbows on the table and her chin in her hands, and assumes an express- on of countenance that is mysteriously calculated to both encourage and depress (be writer; and he grasps the pen tightly between his finger?, and stares at the pa per with an intensity that is entirety un necessary. The date line s'arts t ff glibly and then suddenly ceases as it reaches the late itself. He puts the holder in his mou'h, and immediately ppits it out again. making up a face that is no wise sugges tive of bergiraot, and pettishly asks her if she k nows the day ot the month. Of course she does. It is the 13rh or is it the bat no it must be. She hesitates, stares at him. wavers, and is lost. She don't know whether it is the 13th or 18th, but the almanac will tell, and she at once starts to hunt it up. This occasions a delay of 15 minates aaring whiott Be makea O 195 pM8es at0De fly. th,- j.tJI h:n(, hfin aatisfaetori set- ted np0t an(j the things which rolled Ter tne floor M the Btmnd drawer nuex- nAAtedlv It'll nut. havinir hetan restored to their piaoe the aate jDe w completed, and Dear Mother " started. Toe pen is a home en of Da8Q(ai mould, and whenever , )o And all home sheets ot paper have weak Bta which the ink refuse to 1 crOM thus creating some remarkable divi- 1 8joa8 0f .jord ana considerable confusion among sentences. Soma ot these spots are twn : diameter, and anvbadv in the elt TOQm can un te momeai the writer come9 to them, iust as well as if he was I looting over his shoulder. When the Setter ,B completed, which generally occurs at 1 the end of the fifth hour from the commence- I ment, it is carefully read over and suppli- ed with absent words, and then gone over again ad artjgtjciiy touched op with the peu at the bae places. Then it is folded ap fo, the envelope, and the disoov- ery i(J made that thera ia 0 enTejope ia lhe house uj tne tter is tucked in be- nin-i the c)ook UQtll tne want 8applied. Dantury JSetCS. j Protestast Cow. Paddy Marphy ani I his wife Bridget, after many years of hard labor ditching and washing, had accuma. I iated a sufficiency (beside supporting them- selves and the childers') to purohase a cow, (0f course they had pigs!) which they did at the first opportunity. As it was bought of a ProtesUnt neighbor, Paddy stopped on 1 his way home at the house ot the priest, and procured a bottle of holy water with which to exorcise the false faith out of her. Isn't she a foioe creature T asked Pat, Lf the admiring Bridget. Jest hould her tlH 1 fix the sued.' To save tie precious fluid from harm, he took it into the house and sat it up in a cupboard until he had fixed things. Then at. - - he returoed aod brought the bottle back again, and while Bridget was holding the rope, proceeded to pour it upon her back. But poor P ldy had made a slight mis take. Standing wthin the same closet was a bottle of aqua fortit that had been procured for a tar d ff-reut purpose, and as it dropped upon the back of tbe poor cow, and the hair began to smoke and the fljsh burn, she exhibited decided appearances of restlessness. Pour on more. Paddy,' shouted Brid get, as she tugged at the rope. I'll give her enough, now, qioth Pad dy, and he emptied the bottle. Up went the het-U of the cow, down went her head, over weut Bridget aod half a dozen childers,' and away das'ied the in furiated bovine down tbe street, to the terror of all the mothers and the delight of tbe dogs. Poor Paddy stood for a mo ment breathless wth astonishment, and, then clapping his hands npoa his hips, looked sorrowla ly, and exclaimed : ' Be jabbers, Bridget, but isn't tho Pi-otestant strong in her the baste !' Vice President Wilso told tbe itvv of his sickness to a reporter, tbe other dv. tie sys that be was anting at the te-t-ttble, in his usual heal b. when he noticed (he first symptoms. Ua raising a cup of tea to his lips be felt a singular and ouiah eeoatioa in bis mouth, but attended with 00 pain. Ha arose and walked out on the lawn, tbe aaiae feeling of numbaese spreading over the right side of tbe face. Ua returning to the boa- be saw, in the looking-glass, that his oi uih -s drawn out ot level. Experiencing, no other inconvenience, be wrote, tbat evening, eighteen letters, and tbe next day, went iota ooeton ana consulted bis pnysieiaa. Dr. 1 ward Clarke, who bad treated Mr. Sumner for bis spinal disorders. Dr. Clarke rxa a ined him, and declared it a cas of taoial paralysis. He found tat a am ill artery a tbe leit lower posterior I be of (he kuli had burst, and tnis leaioo, was doubtless, the at teodaot, it not the cauae of (be a tf-ct ion on tbe right side ot (he face. Ha pi(iveJr forbade any mental labor, and eoj-Moed eo- tire rent lor eoine mootbs. A simple vegeta ble dist was prescribed, aad laed.ciue to allay the tendency of blood to tbe nead, tt watch Mr. Wilson has been subject flr many years. App'ication 01 tee in a rubber bag was alo mode to the spine, and this applioatioi is continued to (be prea nt timo. (oe ice being reoewea tnree umee aauy liuder this treat mentand be bas Dune other, ia proposed Mr. Wilson bas been regularly acquinugtha muscular action ol bis lace He u abstain ing wholly from study, though oe retds tne ewe paper, and m apeodiag bis tine ia moderate exercise, visiting hta friend, and in social intercourse. A Kentucky paper tells a story of a nr gro, whose mule took fright and ran with him, Btraight toward a precipice at a point where there is a sheer descent of 50 feet. The mule saw the danger and stopped sud denly at the very brink, but the shock thre the negro over his head. He did'nt fall, however, for, just as he was going over the male's head, he clutched at the rein ani held on to it. and. as the mule sprang back at that instant, he was landed in safety on the bank. Children are often fretful on railroad trains, aod a case occurred on the portly Tucker's train on tbe Boston and Maine r d a few days ago. The little fellow was verv uneiav. and to quies bua nia aaother aid that sometiiaea tbe conductor swallowed naughty boys. In a lew moments the gi gutie form of Tucker hove in sight, and the litue lellow crepe Denina tus avHber, and. with a frightened whisper, exoiaimed, Ua, I guess that conductor has swallowed one al ready I Latortuct AmcricAA. A maU-bag whieh ws lost in the Oonneo tieut Hirer, near Duamerston eisiioa, last anting, was fished iruiai (oe river few days u Or, and atraugjiy ooago toe eoatoaM we band in ywJ exa luua.