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GREEN MOUNTAIN FREEMAN,
4:n in the Brick Block. Hud or SUUBtreU
if I fc) il J in advance; oUitrwUe, 3.uo.
payment may be mule bj mail or otherwise to
H R. WH EE LOCK,
Editor and Proprietor.
The Fan mas, under the receot Uw of ConirreM
nrriiiates free in waBbimtton County. On all paiera
fut ouUide VVusbiuirton County, tba postave la paid
by the j'ublisber at the office in Uontpelier.
WEDNESDAY. MARCH 11, 1879.
Ouirht (.'Iris to Seek a Higher Oil.
" God iniirht have made the eartu briojc forth ,
Luou-rh tor areat and Btnall;
The oak tree and the cedar tree
Without a llower at all."
So m:iy woman prepare bodily food for
herself ami family, without n knowledge
of anything further than her own tread-mill
existence, with neither thought nor cara for
the grand, good things in the world at
large, without feeling the heart-throbs of
a nation, or listening to the broad world's
songster. Having eyes she yet may not
see beyond her own kitchen walla, and
having ears slio may but catch the echo of
Iter own hollow notes. But, thanks to His
name, God did not make the earth without
flowers, neither did ho Intend men to mo
nopolize the brain power of the world.
Thinking women are needed no loss than
As lie made the tree, even the mighty
oak, dependent for its strength and life on
the tiny flower so our greatest men will
often attribute their greatness to their
mothers, who, though they might have
been self-educated, must have been cul
Years ago the world awakcnd to the
fact that woman really possessed brains.
It. like all other idoas in advance of their
time, was ridiculed and railed at; but,
finally, owing to tho fact that "Truth
will prevail," it received a tacit acknowl
edgment. This idea has slowly but surely
gained ground, until now io true woman
is content to live a mere vogclnting exist
ence. The army is ou tho march ; they are ad
vancing nobly; many brave women, in
spite of the numerous obstablos they must
overcome, have, after contesting cvory
inch of the way, attained a rank sido by
sidu with men upon whom divine fortune
has smiled, and whoso pathway has been
strewn with (lowers, and illuminated by
the encouragement of the self-same world
which, when putting every hindrance in
the way of woman's progress, has lifted
him gently and borne him proudly on
ward in a coach and four.
We have now found out what woman
can do, and wo naturally ask, Of what use
is it? What reason is there for girls ob
taining tin education beyond the actual de
mand of their presont station? I think we
can find manifold reasons for it. In this
html aud especially in those times, no girl
is sure of her present station beyond to
day. It may be lower, it may bo higher;
and though all may not be a Mrs. Stowe
or Jenny Liud, yet attaining tho highest
culture possible either in literature, music,
art or science will but make us well fit for
any higher round in the ladder of social po
sition, ami if it descent instead of a rise be
our lot, our culture will but serve to koep
the heart warm and the face bright, while
the cottage without it would seem cold
We must not judge of the advantages
tr true culture by only present and out
side seeming. Like all tho gold and
and precious jewels of the world, it is
found deep, deep down beneath all surface
How often we hear a father say, " I
can't send my girl to school any more;
she knows enough for all ordinary pur
poses, and the boys must go to college.
After girls get married all their learning
amounts to nothing. Thoy can't make
bread with it." lleware, fathers! You
know not tho wrong you tire unwittingly
committing. Think you not that daughter
is all the happier and better for that love
of good literature which hor education has
given her? Is not her mind the stronger
for tho discipline of geometry and the
classics? Are not all the portions of God's
glorious world of inlinitely greater inter
est sineo the sciences became her boon
e mipanions? Can she not listen to the
harmonious song of nature with a keener
zest ami a fuller appreciation since all the
music of poetry and song became her in
heritance? Is not every glorious sunset
anil every lovely landscape all the lovelier
to her for a thorough art culture? All
this ami more a thorough culture gives to
an earnest-iuiiulcd girl. Bo she poor, or
be she rich, it matters not. God, in His
benelieent greatness, gives to all an ability
to enjoy these blessings in some degree.
Three sisters played beneath the same
old tree, fed at the same tabic, shared each
other's childish joys and eorrows, and, al
most as one, grew into girlhood. Each
was equally well endowed with mental
faculties. E ach enjoyed all the advantages
of a small district school, und each wished
to delve deeper into the mine of knowl
edge. Their parents thought it a foolish
whim. Their farm would support their
daughters without teaching, and for what
else was learning noeded!
Still tho girls persisted. They longod
for a deeper draught at tho well of knowl
edge, a slight tasto of whoso waters had
but awakened in them a burning thirst for
In tho eyes of the father ibis was impos
sible. Finally he compromised by saying,
" One may go." The youngest was a
little fairy with a pretty winning face and
vacillating disposition. " t want no study
ing to spoil her bright eyes and rosy
cheeks, for they will ba a fortune to hor
when tho right one comes along," thought
he. Tho eldest was a noble, quiet girl
and a real strong arm to her mother.
' Sho cannot go," said her father, " for
what would mother do with all this fami
ly, if deprived of hor cook"? So tho sec
ond one, who was very ambitious, and had
quito set hor heart on it, was selected for
Think of it three sisters, and the father
willing one to livo by her hands', nnother
by her brains and tho the third by her
pretty face! But let us follow them.
Years passed; trouble came; tho farm
was mortgaged; real estate foil; the father
died, the mother was taken, and those
poor orphans were alono in the world
without friends or home.
Tho Martha of the household soon found
a placo whero, by constant toil and careful
economy, sho could earn her tlaily broad
and sufficient clothing ; but with no lime
for might else. Tho second daughter ob-
taincd a situation as principal of one of tho (
schools in a neighboring city, and on ac-
count of the good salary her culture com- 1
mantled was able also to support her ,
younger sister, whose sole dependence sho
was. For she, the beauty, could do nothing
to insure her a decent living. Her hands
were unused to toil. Her mental powers
had received little training.
It was not long however before her
pretty face drew special attention. She
heard tho old, old story, and, despite her
sister's tears and entreaties, left her one
true friend and went with the stranger.
She, poor child, wa3 dazzled by, the gla
mour of an unknown lover. Culture had
never opened the doors of our sound liter
ature to her. Sensational novels and ro
mantic love stories were her hourly com
panions and sole delight. Was it strange
she saw not, like her clear minded sister,
beyond tho romantic outside? lie was a
prince in disguise to her, and she the
sleeping beauty just awakened. God pity
her! for sho went from her best friend,
and she was blinded needlessly.
Her sister never saw her more. She
may havo been raised, as she expected, to
an honorcl placo in a happy homo, or,
and far more likely, she may have sunk to
a deeper, darker misery than wo daro
Now whose fault was this? Was that
weak one to blame whoso ungoverned im
pulses led her an easy captive into the path
of error, she, whose untutored judgment
could not distinguish true wortli from the
counterfeited dross, or will the parent bo
answerablo for hor weakness? He who
refused her petition and turned a deaf car
to her pleading when she was begging for
that which doubtless would have saved
her from ruin.
Think of it, parents. Which path will
you choose for that bright-eyed daughter
just budding into girlhood. Think of it,
mothers, as you clasp that babo in your
arms so tightly nnd map her futuro boforo
you. It is greatly in your power; and
which course shall she take? Shall she by
toil earn her dally bread without oven the
happiness of thoughts of great men and
noble women of whom she has learned lo
cheer her, or tho happy songs which her
previous hours of culture would havo loft
ringing in her ears a never dying blessing,
or shall sho be fitted for her future by the
best it is in your power to give, so that sho
may in turn bestow it on her prattling
child, and make him perhaps a power for
good in the nation?
What mother, when sho sees her boy
lounging in tho street evenings, would not
sacrifice years of her life to turn him from
the coming ovil! And yet your daughter
may bo carrying the same burden to her
Heavenly Father in tho future, when per
haps a real interest in his studies, which
a knowledge of thorn would givo, might
renew bis interest, and keep him at home
to spend the evening on tho work which
would become almost play if mother could,
in a few words, mako it plain to him. Soo
his brow scowling over that knotty problem
finally it is given up in despair; ho can't
do any of them, anil off he rushes to have
some fun. Father is not at home, but if
mother could only by a few suggestions
'dear away the cobwebs, and enable her
boy to see right through it, would sho not
most surely keep him the whole evening
at work on those very problems, which
discouraged him, simply because ho could
not understand some little point?
Ah! we cannot tell how far into futuri
ty a girl's education may reach. They
havo tho whole future of the nation and
the world in their heads and hands, and
the fathers and mothers of to d ly should
loak to it, that they put no unnecessary
stumbling-block in the way of their ad
vancement. What is needed then is n
praiseworthy ambition on tho part of every,
girl, and a hearty encouragement on the
part of parents, for our girls to attain the
highest degioo of culture their circum
stances will allow.
If, for a time, you cannot attend school,
don't givo tip and go back, for yon cannot
stand still; but press onward by yourself,
even though your progress may be very
slow and tho way thorny. The little you
can do will lighten your other duties, and
help to make homo a happy placo. When
you leave school, don't surrender your
advanced position mentally and jump back
with a single bound over the road it has
taken months and years of hard labor to
travel; but take your knowledge home
with you. As you knead that light dough,
which thoso men of Owen Meredith fame
will soon be devouring, recall what chem
ical changes are taking place in it, and
thus review your old-timo lessons. As
sontence after sentence falls from your
lips in daily and hourly conversation and
chit-chrt, note whether the " verbs and
nouns do oft agree," or if like poor Mamie's
they are utter strangers. When you are
strolling in the woods, or resting neath
yonder oak, notice that tiny Uower near
you. It may bo only a weed, but look at
it carefully, and seo if you can distinguish
the petals, sepals and stamens, and
whether it is of endogenous or exogenous
growth, as readily us of old. Every bright
evening recall some constellation and thus
refill your soul with that love anil rever
ence for God which a near communion
with His wondrous works cannot fail to
All this requires not time as much as
improvement of the idle moments when
tho inind may work though tho body bo
weary. Leave not that piano or organ
closed day after day, and thus allow your
talent in that direction to rust; und if God
lias granted you that prince of blessings, a
voice of song, try frequently with tho
birds your old-time powers. Let not your
paint brush lie idle, but, though only for
a few moncnts each wook, give it some
attention. Aud, above all, read the pa
llors. Givo your father no cause to think
a girl cannot be interested in what tho na
tion is doing. Make yourself familiar
with the busy world's affairs. In a word,
girls, ndvaneo onward and upward as
rapidly as your different circumstances
permit in the path of culture. Teach
your little sisters to love the way, nnd
your brothers to honor it. And though
you may not all reach tho topmost round,
the future generations will prayerfully
bless thoso who caused somowhal of tho
spirit of the Careys, tho talent of Rosa
Bonheur. the cual of Mrs. Stanton, or the
womanliness of Mrs. Browning to ema
nate from and make bright their house
Calais Superintendent's Report.
To the Freemen of Ike Town of Calais :
As providod by law, the town superintend
ent submits the following report: During
tne present year the superintendent has
made thirty-one visits to the schools taught
in the eleven organized districts in town.
During tho year there has been twenty-
eight terms of public school supported by
tho several districts, under tho charge of
twenty different teachers, as follows:
District No. 2. Two terms of school ;
summer term taught by Miss Nora A.
Bateheldcr of Plainfield, who passed at a
private examination 70 5-6 per cent of the
questions required to be answered by law;
number of scholars, six. The second term
was taught by Miss Cora Kelso, who pass
ed 82 er cent at the public examination;
number of different scholars, nine.
DiSTitlCT No. 4. Three terms of school :
summer torm taught by Miss Gertie Allen,
witn a standing ot VI l-il per cent at pub
lic examination; nineteen different schol
ars. Tho fall and winter terms were
taught by Miss Flora J. White, standing
at the public examination 1)1 1-4 per cent;
nuinncr ni senoiars during tall, twenty
four: winter, twenty-five.
Distinct No. 5. Three terms of school :
summer term taught by Mrs. W. W.
Ainsworth, who passed at the public ex
amination 93 1-4 per cent. The fall and
winter terms were untler the management
of Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Ainsworth. Mr.
Ainsworth passed tho publio examination
00 i C per cent.
Untler the continued charge of two such
competent and successful teachers the
school has established a reputation second
only lo our academies. Tho district arc
united and further every worthy effort of
their teachers to bring into tho school
room all those aids which have a tendency
to clevato and refine the tasto of the
scholar and stimulate him to tho highest
degreo in acquiring a more general ami
thorough education than we arc accus
tomed to find in our common schools.
Hence we find in this school a geological
cabinet, a valuable librnry, a dictionary
and an organ, all of which ought to bo in
every school in town.
District No. C Two terms of school ;
both of which wore taught by Miss Julia
K. Merritt, who passed 83 8-4 per cent at
a private examination. The terms num
bered fourteen and thirteen scholars.
District No. 7. Three terms of school.
The summer and fall terms were taught
by Miss Lovina Gootlell, who passed 80 1-6
at the public examination. The winter
term was taught by Miss Kate Morgan,
who, on account of sickness, was unable
to complete tho term.
District No. 8. Two terms of school ;
fall term taught by Miss Anno Ualentino,
who passed, at a private examination,
82 1-2 per cent; winter term taught by
Mies Alma Leonard, who passed 07 1-2
per cent at a private examination.
District No. 10. Threo terms of
school. The summer and winter terms
were under the charge of Miss Annio E.
Iturn.tp, who passed the public examina
tion, 05 0-6 per cent. The fall term was
taught by M iaa Klaio J. Wheeler; schol
ars for tho three terms were twenty-four,
thirty five nnd forty-three.
District No. 11. Two terms; summer
term taught by Miss May A. Morse, who
passed at the public examination 8'J 3-1
per cent; number of scholars, 10; winter
term by M. S. Hathaway, who passed
07 1-2 per cent at the public examination;
number of scholars, twenty-live ; one of
the best managed schools in this town.
District No. 12. Three terms, all of
which were taught by Miss Jennie E. Hill,
who passeil at a private examination
90 1-4 per cent. The terms have number
ed respectively twenty-t ...o, twenty-three
and thirty scholars. Under the contin
ued management of one teacher this
school has made good progress.
District No. 13 The summer term,
untler the charge of Miss Mary A. Wheel
er, who passed 80 1-4 per cent at the pub
lic examination, was well nianagetl and a
profitable school. 'I ho fall term also com
menced by Miss Wheeler, but on account
of sickness in her family she was obliged
to givo it up. Miss Clara I'iko finished
this term of school ; winter term taught
by Miss .Mary Snow, who passeil at the
public examination 91 1-4 percent.
District No. 14. Two terras; summer
term taught by II R. Bancroft, with sev
untuen scholars; second term was taught
by Miss Lucy B. Dudley, who gave very
With one or two exceptions I think the
school year has been, on the whole, a suc
cess. In more than one-half of tho dis
tricts the same teachers havo been retained
two or more terms. In districts Nos. 5,
10 anil 12 the samo teachers havo been re
tained two or moro yen's for the greater
part of the time, and theso three schools
rank as the best schools in town.
In my opinion our common soliools can
be mailt) to bring forth (he best results
only by seonr'ng the services of tho com
petent teachers ami givo the whole charge
of the school into their hands. They will
soon know what each scholar is capable of
accomplishing, and can so grado his work
from term to terra ns to make it of the
greatest benefit to him. Hire tho best
teachers you can Und. Hire them cheap
if you can, but biro them and then keep
them in your schools from term to term.
G. II. Gray, Superintendent.
Steam Carriages on the Highway.
Two years ago, the legislature at Wiscon
sin offered a purse of $10,000 for tho best
road motor to be used as a substitute for
animal powor upon tho common roads of
this country, nnd for .plowing, and other
agricultural work. A trial has recently
been held before a board of judges, at
which a steam motor, costing $1000, and
with a daily oxpenso for running from
two to six dollars, performed all tho work
required by the act of the legislature. It
made a trip of over two hundred miles, ut
a rato exceeding five miles per hour, haul
ing a load weighing nearly two tons, and
a portion of tho way, nearly seven tons.
Tho committoo report that the machine
plowed, threshed, and performed satisfac
torily all tho work put upon it, but they
deemed tho cost of the motor too groat to
bring it within tho requirements of the
act. They recommend a gratuity, how
ever, as an acknowledgment of the success
gained. The offer has yet nearly throe
years to run, nnd it is hoped that during
that time, improvements will bo nindo that
will warrant the award of the full amount
of the prize. During the trial trip much
sand aud mud was encountered, aud steep
grades overeomo, while no horses wore
frightened, nor an injury caused to the
bridges passetl. Tho wheels followed in
tho worn track, and tho establishment was
turned out of tho ruts, when teams wero
mot, with no inconvenience more than if
the power had been that of oxen or hordes.
Tho power to do groat things arises,
generally, from the willingness to do
MONTPELIER, VT., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 12,
" lilesaed be uotblwr !" aonld woman laid
At she scrubbed away fur her daily bread.
I'm better off thau my neighbor tbe Uiro;
He's afraid of robbera, afraid of Arc.
Afraid of flood to wreck bia unit.
Afraid of eometbintr to cross bia will.
I've not bin to burn, and notbinir to steal
But a bit of pork and a Larrel of meal.
A bouse tbat only keej'B off tbe rain,
la easy burnt up aud built atrain.
Blessed be nothin ! .My heart ia 1 hrbt ;
I aiiifr at my washing, aud sleep all night "
" Blessed be nothing !" tbe your. man cried.
As be turned with aautile tob-a amiliuir bride,
" Hanks arc breaking aud.'atocks are down:
There's dread aud bitterness all over towu:
There are brokers groan ing aud baukera sad.
And men whose losses have made them mad;
There's Bilk aud satin, but want of btead,
Aud mauy a womau would fain bo dead
Whose little children sob and cling
For tbe daily Joy sho cauuot bring,
llleased bo nothing, for you aud inc. 1
We have no ricbos on wiugs to flee."
Blessed be nothiug ! If man might choose.
For he who batb it hath uaugitt to lose;
Nothing to fear from flood or lire,
All things to hope for aud dcalrc;
The dream tbat la better tbau wakiug days.
The future tbat feedB the longiu irazo;
Better, far better, thau aunt we hold.
As far as mining exeeedetb goM .
Or hope fruition in earth below.
Or psace that is iu us outward show.
Almost, when worn by weary years.
Tired with a pathway of thorus aud tears,
Wheu kindred fail us, and; love has fled.
And we know the living let's tbau the dead.
We think that the best of mortal good
Is a paiulosj, friendless solitude.
For tbe pangs are more than tbe peace they givo,
Who ma kc our lives so sad to live ,
Blessed be nothing ! it knows no Inns,
Nor tbe sharpest nail of the .Master's crons;
Nolriendto deuyus.of none bereft,
And though wo have no one, yet God is leit.
Yet, having uotblug.thc whole is ours.
No thorns can pierce us who havo no flowers.
Aud sure Is the promise of Ilia word.
Thy poor are blcsBed in spirit, Lord !
Whatever we lose of wealth or care.
Still there is left us the breath of prayer-
That heavenly breath of a world so high.
Horrow and Biuniog come not uigh ;
The sure aud certain mercy of llitu
Who sittoth botweeu the cherubim,
YetcarcB for tho lonely sparrow's fall.
And is ready and eager to help us al 1,
llicb 1b His bouuty to all beneath;
To tho poorest and saddest IIo giveth death.
Floors Versus Carpets.
There is a strong protest offered in dif
ferent ways and from different sources,
against our long established practice of
making poor floors with tho design of
keeping them cuvered with carpets
stretched and fitted to every part and
tacked down. Carpets in daily use can
not be kept clean except by very frequent
shaking and beating, and they do much
toward corrupting the air by retaining
impure gases, hiding the finest, most pene
trating dust in their meshes and under
neath them, and by giving oil' particles of
lino wool into the atmosphere, with other
dust, as they are swept or walked upon.
There is a demand for better floors, not
necessarily inlaid or mosaics, of different
kinds of precious wood, but made double,
of strong seasoned wood, that will not
shrink or warp (spruce, however well sea
soned, is almost sure to warp), and then
carefully finished so as to be durable and
easily cleaned. Carpeted floors seem a
relief to tho housekeeper when once the
carpets nro procured and lilted to the
room and tacked down, because they do
not show the dirt as the bare floors" do.
But oh! when they do get full of dust!
And when house cleaning time comes,
and they must bo taken up and shaken and
whipped as they well deserve! With
warmly made floors nnd large, warm
rugs, couldn't we dn without tlueo nliom
inalions, even in winter? Certainly our
rooms would be cooler nnd sweeter in
summer. Hut in that case we must take
more pains with our floors, and wo must
have something better than tho common
unpiinted ones. Oiled lloors are better
liked than those painted, even for kitch
ens. Women find that they can oil their
lloors themselves, and many a kitchen
floor has, within a few years, been made
decent and comfortable in that way. lloil
ed linseed oil is used, and two or three
coats are put on, one after another, as fast
as they are dry. Floors of alternate
hoards of different kinds of wood are
pretiy for some rooms, and sometimes a
border made in this way, with diagonal
stripes, bordered by a straight board on
each side, or wooil of two kinds laid in
checks or diamonds, is very satisfactory.
These bordered rooms are especially de
signed for pal lors or rooms where a heavy
bordered carpet or largo rich rug is in
tended to merely cover most of the floor,
leaving a margin of about two feet around
the edges a carpet which can ofien be
carried out nnd shaken free from dust.
Oiled lloors do not need hard scrubbing
like unpainted lloors, but simply a good
washing, with warm (not hot) water, often
changed, as you go over it. Strong suds,
of course, will gradually remove the oil
with which you have tilled the pores
Grease spots do not have the same effect
as upon an unpainted or unoi'ed lloor,
which must bo kept free from grease in
order to look well, for now you have it
greaseu an over; wnatever grease gets on
it now, which cannot be scraped or wined
up, may be thoroughly rubbed in. Amer
A Fishermen's City on let:. Tho
business of fishing through the ice on
Saginaw bay has been prosecuted fegular
ly for several years, and has attained laro
proportions, giving employment to large
numbers of men, and forming a city as
distinct as it is novel and picturesque.
At present there are about 700 buildinos
composing tho city on the iee, and active
operations aro progressing. The city is
irregularly laid out; in fact, no intention
whatever is paid to right angles; and it is
not likely that the ordinary rules for find
ing a given locality in a city would avail
hero. Tho buildings in this peculiar and
interesting town have all been erected
since cold weather set in; and, with very
few exceptions, the dwellers are all of tho
sterner sex. The city commences three or
four miles from the light-house, and ex
tends several miles out.
The houses are nearly of uniform si.e,
about four by eight feet. They are cheap
ly though, warmly constructed, generally
made of thin pine boards, lined or covered
with building paper. The bunk is placed
in the end opposite the door, and the p in
try is a shelf on one side of iho luit. A
small window in the side admits light, but
while engaged in fishing this is usually
covered. The little houses are warmed
with sheet-iron stoves, about 10 inches
long, round except at the top, where is a
griddle for cooking.
In the floor of the shanty is a trap door,
about 21) inches square, which, on being
raised, reveals a holo through iho iee.
I'lio fisherman seats himself on a block at
one side of the hole, and lowers into I he
water a herring attached lo one end of a
string the opposite end being fastened to
the top of tho building. Tho herrings are
usod as decoys, and are caught as needed.
In getting the decoy ready, a piece of lead
about four inches in length is forced down
the herring's throat (for a sinker), a Blip
nooso is placetl ovor his head, and ho in
letdown. If alive, he swims about unai
ded; but if dead, tho fisherman resorts to
artificial methods by dangling tho line.
The water where the shanties are located
is from 10 to 15 feet deep, ami the bottom
being unusally sandy, is easily discerni
ble. Attached to nnothor siring Is tho
spear. A nail in tho handle enables it lo
be hung on the edge of tho lloor, whence
it Is quickly taken whonevur the li,h eom
up to the decoy. It Is then darted swiftly
and before an inexporiencod person could
hardly realize it, the victim is pierced xnd
pulled through tho ice into tho shanty.
Tho lidi run best.early in the morning
and after 4 l M. After dark a lamp with
a reflector is used, mid tile business is pros
ecuted as persistently as in the day-time
Tho bulk of I lie lish caught are pike and
pickerel. witli occasionally trout and while
rish. When the fishing is good an indus
trious fisherman will take out from 60 lo
15(1 pounds per day. Tho lish run in
schools, and the water is often fairly black
with them. The fish are sold to whole
sale dealers at Hay City and Saginaw, and
shipped in every direction. As high as
2,000,000 pounds havo been caught in a
single season. This year the season com
menced rather late, and the product will
Tho occupation is not without danger,
especially in the early spring, when the
ice crack's; and there is scarcely a season
that some of the hardy fiehermen are not
carried out to sea, from which they are
rescued with great difficulty. Correspon
dence of the Chicago Tribune.
A Cleanliness That May Bb Sinful
ness. With all duo respect for St. l'aul
in pronouncing cleanliness next lo godli
ness, I believe that extreme cleanliness,
which requires the life service of any
human being, to be not merely neat to
sinfulness, but actually it. What I do
indorse is a sense of general wholsomeness
in and about a house, clean cookery,
clean dish cloths, a clean table-cloth and
bright china and silver essentials. That
there are mud-tracks on tho lloor, fly
specks on the window panes, dust on the
top of picture frames, finger marks on
doors, or a carpet that has not hail a
thorough sweeping for a month, such
things are of minor importance, and ought
lo disturb the happiness of no woman who
desires to use her time for better work.
It is plain that a housekeeper must put a
limit somewhere to her labors, or else give
herself up to hopeless drudgery. What
health nnd absolute comfort demand
should be carefully ntlcnded to; but
beyond that the work becomes, in a large
part, unprofitable drudgery. It makes
nobody better or happier often the
reverse while Ihe best that can be said of
it is, that it gratifies in a way the small
vanity of the woman who does it. She
likes to see things look clean! So do all ol
us. And she is spurred on by some secret
impulse lo clean and polish, and sweep
and brush, and scrub and scour, as if by
such work eternal life wero to bo won.
The force of habit finally bocotnes sueli
sho can't lie down for a nap and get a
wink of sleep, if she knows that the
mantel-piece has not been dusted or that
there is a bit of thread or a scrap of paper
lying on the carpet. I doubt if any
woman so hampered with a care for small
things can rise to a large and just concep
tion of life, and understand' in its true
sense that life is more than moat and body
more than raiment. I believe in giving
some good food to the mind every day of
one's life, though the kitchen floor ha not
been scrubbed for a fortnight, or the
parlor windows rubbed for a month.
Correspondent in liural Kern Yorker.
Bueathing Gymnastics. The import
ance of breatbingiplcmifiilly of fresh ail
as an essential of health is "generally ad
mitted. Well ventilated rooms, open-air
exercise nnd excursions into Ihe country
arc appreciated lo some extent by ail
classes. Hut the art of breathing is very
much overlooked. Iicing a process not de
pending on the will for its exercise, it is
too much left to the mere call of nature.
It is. however, an act which can he in
fluenced very materially by the will.
1'roperly trained singers are taught to
attend very carefully to their breathing.
When brisk muscular exercise is taken,
breathing ia naturally active without any
special cflort. Hut when Hie body is lit
rest or engaged in occupation requiring a
coniineii posiure, mill especially w hen the
mind is absorbed in thought, ihe breathing
naturally becomes diminished and Hie ac
tion of the lungs slow and feeble. Asa
remedy for this, it has been suggested lhai
there is room for what might be fitly
termed breath gymnastics to draw iii
long and full breaths, filling tho lungs full
at every inspiration, and emptying them
as completely as possible at every inspira
tion, and to acquire thelhabit of full breath
ing at limes. This mode of breathing has
a direct ell'eet in supplying the largest
pussiblo amount of oxygen to the blood
and moro thoroughly consuming the car
bon nnd so producing animal heat. It
has also Iho very important effect of ex
panding the chest and so contributing to
the vigor of tho system. The breath
should be inhaled by iho nostrils as well
ns by the mouth, more especially while
out of doors and in cold, weather. This
has partly Ihe clleclof a respirator in so
far as warming the air in its passage to the
delicate air cells and in also rendering
one less liable to catch cold. This full
respiration is of so much importance that
no proper substitute is to bo found for it
in short though more rapid breathing.
In short breathing a large portion of the
air cells remain nearly stationary, the
upper portion of the lungs only being en
gaged in receiving and discharging n
small portion of air. Chambers'1 Jjnmal.
Things in Common There are usually
twelve ribs in the human body, though
sometimes eleven or thirteen. The skull
consists of eight bones, four at the top and
four in pairs at ihe sid s. There are three
kinds of teeth, thu incisors, the tearing and
the grinders, and in many the three kinds
are opposite lo each other, above and be
low. The number of teeth at maturity is
thirty-two, or sixteen on each jaw. The
perspiration of a man in health is about
twenty-eight ounces in twentv-four hours.
This fact alone shows the necessity of
bathing and washing the skin. The quan
tity diminishes while eating, but increases
dining digestion and sleep. Tho blood is
about one fifth of the weight of the body.
The heart, by its muscular contraction,
distributes two ounces of blood from seven
ty lo eighty times in a minute. The lungs
owing to the continued reception of fresh
cold air, are tho coldest part of tho body.
In sleep tho respiration is less frequent
than at other times, A respiration may
be held for a minute and a half, or oven
longer if it bo taken deep and long.
How to See tiik Wind. Take a polishs
ed metallic surface of iwo feet or more,
with a straight edge a handsaw will an
swer the purpose lake a windy day
whether hot or cold, clear or cloudy, only
let it not rain or bo murky ;in other word,
let the air bo dry and clear, but this is
nol essential. Hold your metallic surface
at right angles lo the direction of the wind
i. e., if the wind is north, hold your sur
face east and west, but instead of holding
the surface vertical, incline it about forty
five degrees to the horizon, so that the
wind, striking, glances and flows ovor tho
edgu (keeping it straight) as water over a
ilain. Now sight carefully over the edge
of somu minute any sharply defined object
and you will see tho air flow over as water
flows over a dam. Mako your observa
tion carefully, ami you will hardly fail to
seo thu air, no matter how cold; the re
sult is even better when tho sun is ob
scured. A meteoric stonu fell in ltjlii, in South
Carolina, within twenty miles of Colum
bia. The event took place during a terrific
thu.uler storm, and tho terolito was seon
lo fall by an aged negro, who picked it up
ami ran lo ihn house with it saying :
" Gorainily, missus! here's a chunk of
My lunds hve often been weary h lids
T tired to do their daily tank ;
Aud Just to fold theui lor evermore
Uaa seemed tbe b ou tbat was beat to ask.
My feet have often been weary feet,
T.o tired to walk another day;
And I've thought, " To sa aud Cindy wait
Is better far tbau the onnard way."
My eyes with tears hae been so dim
That I Lave said, " I can not mark
TliB work 1 tlo or tbe way I Uke,
For everyw here it is dark so dark I"
Hut. oh thai, k God! There never lias c one
That hour that make toe bravest quail;
No uiatt-r bow weary tbe feet aud bands,
Go.l never Ins suiT'-d :uy heart to fail.
So the fold.-d hands take up their work.
And tbe weary feet pursue their way;
And all is clear when the good be.irt cries,
" lie brave ! -to-morrow's another day."
Study to Kxtf.ktaix. M my
seem to think that the capacity to
tain people, and bo cutertaiued,
naturally; that certain ones can
people happy, because they are y-ifted and
have extraordinary endowments which
make it possible for them to delight people.
u never seems io occur lo tliem that in
order to entertain people one must cive
lliought to it; that people urn not made
happy without effort wisely directed
Our obsorvalif n leads us to think thai
half at leastfof thu good companionship of
the world comes from the eood fototboiio-hi
of somebody. Somebody has planned it.
1 lie happy occurrence was not an accident
it was the result of premeditation. All
the little and sweet social stirnrisos of
life; all tho little domestic secrets between
diildren and parents, which, in their un
folding, brim the household with glad-
ss; all the larger utnl more stately social
festivities that keep tho life of a neighbor
hood and village buoyant, aro only the
natural sequence of benevolent and good
natured thought on the part of some one.
Have you invited a little company to
your house of an evening, friend? Well.
then, how do yon propose to entertain
them? '. Do you think that sliced tongue
anil escallopeil oysters will sullice? lhese
do well for the stomach and the flesh.
Hut how shall you feed the intellects and
spirits of your guests? Music? Yes, if
they can si ng. Hut perhaps of the dozen
you have invited, not over one or two havo
voices sufficiently cultivated to sing in
public. Games? Excellent. Few of us
that don'l like to play games, checkers,
chess, whist, anything that's light.spright
ly and entertaining. Have you any pie
torial books in your library or about tho
house? If so, be sure to place them on the
centre table. We've known a single vol
ume furnish delightful entertainment to
i whole group for an hour. Have von a
Chineso top? If not purchase one. It
may cost you twenty cents, and we'll war
rant that tho hrst evening after you get it
if you be rightly constructed morally, you
will want no other entertainment than you
will get out of spinning it yourself. Do
you say " Pshaw, tops are for boys?'' All
right; why not be a boy occasionally?
1'ry it, and see how you like it. We dare
iity you have been a man so long you have
forgotten all about being a boy. How
long is it since you slid down hill? Twen
ty years? Wo are ashamed of you! (Jet
:t sled and try it to-morrow night. What
v time vou will have! We wish wo could
be with you. (lotib n Ilulc Magazine for
Giving anii Hkci.iving. Tho Pitts
burgh Telegraph tells the following story:
"A young man who had been on a three
days' debauch wandered into the readii.g
rooin of a hotel, where he was well known,
sat down and stared moodily into the
street. Presently, a liltle girl of about
ten years came in and looked timidly
about the n om. She was dressed in rags,
bill she had a sweet, intelligent face that
emild scarcely fail to excite sympathy.
There were five persons in the room, and
she went to each bagging. One gentleman
gave her a live-cent piece, and she went
lo the gentleman spoken of and asked hiin
for a penny, adding, 'I haven't had any
thing to eat for a whole day.' The gentlc
inaiijwas outjof linmor, and he said crossly ;
Don' bother me; go away! I haven't had
anything to eat for three days.' The
child opened her eyes in shy wonder and
stared at him for a moment, and then
walked slowly toward the door. She
tin ned the knob ami then after hesitating
a few seconds, walked up to him and
gently laying the five cents she had receiv
ed on his knee, said with a tone of true
girlish pity in her voice, ' If yon haven't
had anything to eat for three days, you
take this and go and buy some bread.
Perhaps I can get some more somewhere,'
Tim vnnnir fidlnw hlnslipi In I lie rorita of
I his hair and lifting the sister of charity in
his arms kissed her two or three times in
delight. Then he took her to the persons
in the room and t'-.ose in Iho corridors
and tho olliee, and told the story and
a.-ked contributions, giving himself all the
money he had with him. He succeeded
in raising over 10 and sent the littlo one
on her way rejoicing.
Ql IXIN-H, WllKliF. OllTAINEI) AND I T8
Use. The alkaline substance known as
quinine, notwithstanding its universal uso
throughout civilization as a powerful tonic
and remedy for intermittent and remittent
fevers, has been discovered less than sixty
years. Quinine has been much employed
recently as a preservative of health when
the system is exposed to certain noxious
influences. Its value as a prophylactic is
so generally recognized that in our own
and other navies quinine is regularly
administered when snips aro witliin a
given distance of the fever infected coasts
of Africa. It has not been found effective
against all kinds of intermittent fever;
and the physician in medical charge of
Livingstones Zambesi expedition favored
rum in preference. Procured from Ihe
yellow hark of that variety of tho cinchona
tree known us calisaya, it is to bo had
only in Bolivia and thu adjoining Peruvian
provinces of Carabays, although tho gen
oral impression is that it comes exclusively
from Peru. Tho forest in which the
calisaya treo is, aro ten to twelve miles'
journey from inhabited places. They nro
penetrated ivy companies ot Uascarillos,
men who make an encampment, and roam
through the region felling trees and gath
ering the bark which is sent to Arica,
and thence shipped to Europe and this
How the Fakm was Bought. A
young man was very anxious to secure
a piece ol property which was ust then
for sale, on very advantageous terms.
Ho went to confer with a friend of his.who
was a banker, about tho matter, nnd to in
quire whether it would he prudent to bor
row tne requisite sum, and pay it in regu
lar installments. lie thought ho should
be able to manage all hut the first install
He was advised to borrow from tho bank
a sum enough larger than ho wished to
raise to cover tho first payment, lay it
strictly aside, and then go ahead.
' Hut," said his friend " yon must spend
literally not hinj,. You must .livo off of
your place. Vou must mako a box and
drop in it all tho money you receive."
The young man and h's wife went brave
ly to work to follow this advice. If it was
necessary to dine off of a head of boiled
cabbage Hnd salt they did so, mid nover
grumbled. Every payment was prompt
ly met. The egg money and the butler
money, and the cara and wheat money
all went into tho payment box, and at the
specified limo the place was theirs. There
was an invisible wealth about such hard-
earned possessions that common observers
knew nothing of.
On the day for the Irrt payment the
young man presented himself before his
friend wilh a suiilinir face, and with the
money in hand. There wero no rags to
be seen, but his clothing was well covered
with darns from head to foot.
" Yon seo I have followed your advice,"
ho said, casting a glance over himself;
" nnd my wile looks worse than I do. Hut
I have earned tho farm, and now I know
how to cam another."
It is to he hoped he did not set out to
earn another until he had bought himself
and his wife each a new suit, and laid in
a good supply of provisions for another
such campaign. Hut his example points
in the right direction. A young couple
who want to buy a home must agree to be
extremely saving. The savings-box must
become a regular institution in the house,
and must absorb all the dimes that com
monly slip away on trifles. Whom Ihe
two are agreed on the matter it is not near
ly so hard ns it looks, he liltle drop
pings count up fa-ter than you would sup
pose, and the end in view is a very wor
thy one. Try tho experiment of those
young people, in a modified form for one
year, and see if the result is not most en
couraging nnd satisfactory. Cincinnati
The editor of a Mississippi journal re
quests that his friends nnd contemporaries
no longer address him as ' colonel." He
is supposed to be insane. M niphii Aa
tanche. Habits influence the character nretlv
much as under currents influence a ves-ci.
and whether they speed us on the way of
our wishes or retard our progress, their
uocts is not tho less important because
If tho spring puts forth no blossoms, in
summer there wi'l be no beautv, and in
autumn thero will bo no fruit. So. if
youth he trilled away w ith without im
provements, riper years will be contempti
ble, and old age miserable.
Unselfish and noble acts are the most
radiant epochs in the biography of souls.
Wlien wrought in earliest Youth, they lie
in the memory of age like the coral is
lands, green and sunny amid tho melan
choly waste of ocean Dr. Thomas.
A practical farmer w rites that for killinir
lice on cows, horses or hogs, he has always
Doen successiui: lake wa'er in winch
potatoes have been boiled, and rub it over
the skin of the animal affected. The lice
will bo dead in two hours, and no further
The natural selfishness of mankind is
never more strikingly set forth than in
the supreme pleasure with which the com-
tortauly housed railway passengers eniov
seeing tho train make a farmers' team
run away and scrape the troubled agri
culturist up against a barbed wire fence.
The word " Thanatopsis " is used to
signify death, having obtained the signifi
cance rather oddly. When the small
sister ol Cams Marcus asked mm if her
litllo drowned kitten was really dead, he
replied cheerfully, " deader than a top,
sis. blie misunderstood lnm, aud sup
posed the four last words to be one word,
possessing some mvstic significance So
she employed tne new word, "llian-a-top-sis,"
hi a requiem which she shortly
wrote, and ever since it has been used lo
President urant is said to have remarked
lo some English officers, while diseussin
military matters, that he considered t lit;
bayonet and sabre almost usele.-s. Alas,
Llysses! tins Irom you! Why it is only a
trifle of some fourteen years ago that yon
explained to us, that when cork-screws
were scarce and corks obdurate, nothing
lopped oil' the head of a bottle of "old rye"
wilh such neatness and precision ns a
sabre, and that a bayonet, though some
what clumsy, was an excellent substitute
for a cigar-holder Han Francisco Ncivs ,
Eight for the Sick Hoom. A kcro-
seno lamp is nol a suitable light for the
sick-room, for it should never be turned
lown low, on account of the disagreeable
odor which results. A scientific man once
said " There is nothing in the world that
will produce diphtheria sooner than a b.td
kerosene lamp." He that as it may, if
your kerosene lamp emits a disagreeable
smell, it shows that something is wrong
the oil may l.c of an inferior quality, the
burner may be poor, or it is clogged up,
or the wiek needs to be evenly trimmed.
uarpcr s uazur.
Winding the llio Clocks. The Xew
York IPorW says ; For a good many yuirs,
running back into tho TiO's, old James
Rogers wound the clocks belonging to the
city. His successor is John MiCarten, a
walcU and clock maker, ills otlieial title
is 'regulator of public clocks," and he is
employed by the department of public
works at tne magniliccnt salary ol gjUO a
year. Considering that ho not only winds
but regulates, oils ana repairs the clocks,
his ollico is hardly a sinecure. Each of
tha clock companies employ a winder to
look after the clocks of its customors, and
they also wind certain church and other
great clocks which may have been put up
by other makers.
The first thing to be learned by a boy or
young man, or any one elso having ihe
least ambition to become a useful member
of society, is the habit of saving. Xo
matter if a boy or girl has wealthy parents,
each should learn how to save, if for no
other reason than that riches are well
known lo " lake to themselves wings and
fly away." Few are so well-to-do as to be
secure against poverty and want. In this
country it is notoriously true that the
children of tho wealthy classes are often
miserably poor; while the men of large
means among us, as a rule, commenced
life without other advantages than habits
of industry coupled with the disposition to
Princess Louise's " simple manners"
are said to conquer every body at Niagara.
Her dress oorresjionded wilh her artless
wayB. Her short walking dress was made
of black silk trimmed with crape. Over
this she wore a seal-skin sacque lined with
plucked otter, and over that a Red Iliver
ulster. A seal-skin cap decked her brown
head, a whito "nubia" her neck, a pair of
fur-lined gloves and woolen wristlets her
small and pretty hands. Upon her feet
which are also pretty, wero heavy English
walking boots number three protected
by American arctics. Tho Marquis is
described as having "the appearance of
Doing a sweet-tempered gentleman; his
"manner is artless'' and "ho asks all sorts
of questions just like an American."
Wiiat He Wanted. He had been gone
from his patornal roof six months loft
home in the first bloom of summer, with a
smile upon his brow nnd a pickaxo in his
hand. The Black Hills his destination;
glory nnd gold tho goal. A summer spent
amid the auriferous rocks industry, per
srvorance and a raro knowledge of chem
istry and mineralogy his useful tools in
ndtlition to the pickaxe. Results are such
that he is enabled to return soonor than
his most sanguine expectations had allow
ed him to dream of doing.
Almost homo, lie pausos outside the
town until nightfall nnd sonds to his wail
ing, expectant parents tho following sug
gestive message :
" llring me n largo blauket aud a pair
of old pants 1'vo got a hat."
TERMS FOR ADVERTISING.
i-. , . .'! ',' r ea; .JWlt n,.. riioii. aa t u
v. r I '," '" rte.i,. are mark.don ibe ad.
I O,., i , 'I'' "'"""i.d until ..r.l.-r.d out.
OsiVg Tile ";V;U'K' "' -dyer.
K-.'lctcand Commissioners' Notices. ileo.-a. h.
aifd'fi ao?" "' ;!,'",",i"U. Ktray. Hi. Formation
and involution ofC-pai'ncrahii .., Si- .! ,1-4. b lor
;',ill?:o"' 1 b UK- luol, must -
"uipaoj ihe .elli r.
S.itlce In news columns. In uts pi r l.i.e each in
sertion, but no chart-es made of lesstuauiiiocuu.
e,1?.0,'!! ,,,a'us"dMarri","'r:''''Sd h,
ext. -lob d Jlil'tiai j .m:;,.,.w ,., Iwt.-tf u .l.L.I
What's one Hi llet to a Hasket
11 I.? An incident occurred in the bauie
of Frunkliu which I have never seen in
print. The sanguinary battle was at its
height, and now nnd then there was a
soldier who would nol face the music, and
holding ou lo ihe idea that. " distance
lends enchantment," on all such occasions
woii!.l exhibit his faith in the idea by tak
ing ' leg-bail" for the rear. These'cases
were getting too numerous toward tho
close ot the battle, and Col. 15 , A. A.
G. of our brigade was sent back to the
rear to intercept those seeking for safety
and return them to their respective posts
Col. 11 said ho hailed one fcilow
who was making tracks for some placo of
safety with all the energy of despair.
" Halt! I say, and return to your co.u
The Hying son of Mars took no notice of
" Halt! I sav, aud go back to vow
Tho soldier paid no attention io him.
The colonel now hi came exasperated,
and yelled out:
" If you don't turn and go back to your
command, I will shoot you. sir! "
Without pau-ing iu his flight the w Uiui'
yelled back to him :
"Shoot and be lmn"ed! What's one
bullet toa basketful? " '
Col. 11 let him go, and alter the
battle told the incident as a good joke.
Tin; Hutciiek Hoy anii the Hakek'.i
Giiti.. It was down in the yeast part of
tho city. IIo was a burly butcher boy
sho was tho pie-ous daughter of a German
baker next door, with eves like currants
and her yellow hair twisted on the back of
hor head like a huge cruller. They leaned
toward each other over the backbone of
the separating railing. 11 was casting
sheep's eyes at her, w hile hers turned to
him with a provocating roll.
" Meet me to-night bcel-fore qonritr to
ten, ' he said.
" Oh, dough-nut ask it," said she.
" I make no bones about it," said he.
" You're not well bread," said she.
" Only sweet bread," said he.
" Don't egg mo on," said she.
" I never sausage a girl. Don't keep
me on tender-hooks'." said ho, quite ch"'
fallen. Why don't you wear the dear Hour I
gave you?" asked she.
" Pork-quoi?" asked he.
" Oh, knead I say?" asked she.
" That don't suet nie," said he.
" You're crusty. I only wanted to crack
er joke," said she.
" Yon gave me a cut the cold shoul
der," said he.
" Ah, you don't loaf me!" sighed she.
" Veal see. I cleave to you and no
niissteak if you have money," said he.
" I can make a bnn danee," said she,
" Then no morn laiiib-cntations," said
he. " You shall be my rib."
" Well done!" said siie.
And their arms embrace like a pretzel.
So his cake was not all dough; she likes a
man of kidney ; ami being good livers,
they will no doubt live on tho fat of tho
land, raisin' lots of children. This world
is a qu "er jumble, but love seems" bread
in the bone." Front 'oiler's Monthly.
Sue Wouldn't Melt. A day or two
ago, when a servant girl opened the side
door of a house on Sibley street in re
sponse to a tramp's knock, her face looked
so kind and benevolent that the hungry
man had no doubt that a good dinner
awaited him, Ho bad, however, laid out
oertnin phofiramme. and bo therefore
My dear woman, I haven't had any
thing to eat for two days, and I wanted to
ask if you would spare mo one of these
icicles which have fallen from the eaves?
Well, I durum, she slowly replied, as sho
looked out; I suppose we might spare you
one, if you are really suffering; bill, of
course, you won't take the largest and
lie steppeil down and selected an icicle
about two feet long, and in a hesitating
manner inquired :
If you uould only sprinkle a liltle pep
per on this I would be forever grateful.
It's rather bold in you to ask it; but I
suppose 1 can sprinkle on a little a very
little, she replied; and sho got tho pepper
hip1 dusted his luncheon very sparingly.
He started to move away, but seeming
to recollect something, he turned and said:
Yon seem to be so benevolent I'll ask
you to sprinkle on a little salt as well.
I like my icicles seasoned up pretty high.
You are a very bold man. sir, and it's
pretty plain that yon have the nppetim of
a glutton, but I'll give yon a bit of salt,
and then yon must be gone, she replied.
When Ihe icicle had been duly salted
the man expressed bis thanks, but did nut
move away. His game wist' working to
suit him. Rome folks woiihhi' havo stood
there and seon him bile oil' the elul of a
big icicle; but this girl did, And further,
when he hesitated to go, .-he indignantly
I know what you want. "ou no.v want
me to warm the icicle in ihe oven fur you
and then put on some mustard, but I'll
never, nevu' do it!
The man moved slowly out of tho gate,
and as he threw his icicle at a passing dog
he gave utterance lo his disgust in lan
guage punctuated entirely with slung
shots. From the Detroit Free Press.
One Half to the Inform ant. An "Old
Doctor" contributes to the Charlottesville,
Virginia, Chronicle, the following amusing
story: "In colonial times, when Colonel
Archibald Cary was a magistrate living
at Williamsburg a man who was much
disliked by his neighbors on account of
his vindictiveness and general meanness
came before the old Colonel and informed
him that his noighbor, John Krown, had
violated the gaiuo law by killing a deer
before tho first of September. Now,
although Brown was a good, honest, poor
man, luueti esteemed uy ms acquaintances,
Esq. Cary was bound to issue a warrant
for his arrest, and when Brown appeared
before him ho confessed that he had killed
the deer, knowing at tho lime that he was
violating the law, but that his wife had a
groat longing for venison, and knowing
that tho deer daily frequented his corn-
Held, slio gave him no peace. Ho had
begged hor io wait, a litllo while, till tho
lirs t ol boptemoer, but sne vowed sho
would not wait. So ho killed the deer.
The old magistrate seeming full of com
passion, said :
Brown, tho law is explicit; you will
havo to pay tho lino, which is 5.'
'Lord bless your heart, Colonel Cary,'
said Brown, nil that I havo on earth would
not sell for 45.
'Well, then,' said the juslico, turning to
the law and reading, without paying strict
attention to punctuation or tho exact
position of tho words, 'Whoever shall bo
guilty of 8hootig, snaring, trapping, or in
any way killing a deer within this, his
Majesty's Colony of Virginia, at any timo
between the 1st of May und tho 1st of
September, shall pa n fine of 5, and if
ho is unable to do Ihis, tho punishment
shall bo awarded by 39 lashes on the bare
back, well laid on, one half to bo given lo
the informant and tho other half lo
the king.' 'Mr. Constable,' said his
honor, 'as we are en joined to do justico
aud lovo mercy, and where an odd amount
which is not capable of an equal division
is to be divided between a rich man and a
poor man, I always give tho poor man the
larger share; yon will, therefore, give tho
imformant in this ease tho 20 lashes, and
whenever you catch his majesty, the king,
in tills colony you will givo him tho 19.'
So the majesty of law was maintained,
much to tho satisfaction of nil who knew
the odious inf .-riiruii