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Green-Mountain freeman. [volume] (Montpelier, Vt.) 1844-1884, July 09, 1879, Image 4

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grifuttural Drpartracnt.
O.M. TINKHAM, Editor.
All r-onimmitrstlons for this oiBrtinelit abntild br
nit to tlie nlitur, Mr. O. U. TtSKUAM, M. Pom
Irrt, Vt.
Pies write on oue Ride of the pstr ouly, litrn aurh
name or inftlsls at rnn wished imbMahed. but virt
yir fi'll namk A!tD address, post otltc.. County and
state.
llajinr.
Now comes tlie furmers' driving time of
a'l the year, when the singing of the mow
ing machine comes faintly from the distant
meadows or rattles uoisily from those
nearer homo. Xow has eomo the time
wheli the horizon is scanned most care
fully in the morning to " seo if it will tin
to mow when the weatherwise m igh
I ir is nt a premium, and " sign9 of a
shower" hurry up the carting. Yet haying
is not what it was forty years ago, when
the " swish " of the scythe laid the gras
in even heavy swaths which the lwy had
to spread, thinking it a great hardship
that ho couldn't mow. Then, a gallon ol
now ruin was thought as necessary fur
each day's work its a mowing machine is
now. Machinery has tlone much for the
Jarmcr. As our hired man remarked
yesterday, " It makes a heap o' difference
what kind of a stomach a man has for
pitching in the afternoon, whether ho has
swung a scythe all tho forenoon or not;"
and now with improved implements hay
ing can scarcely be reckoned harder than
the majority of a farmer's work.
We have not much of ml vice or instruc
tion for our brother farmers concerning
haying. We hivo noticed in some agri
cultural journals such minute and particu
lar instructions that a casual reader would
thinl; fi.inSrs hardly knew enough to
plant a hill of beans properly, or get in a
load o" hay, and no:so than all, the wiit'ng
is such that we are convinced that we
don't know much about wh it they write of
nr else they don't. Hero is what one
writer s ays about keeping hay :
Tl o fermentation (healing, farmers call
it,) of a cock or mow of hay is caused by
the oxygen of the air uniting with the
carbon of the hay, just as the oxvgen
unites with the carbon of the wood in a
stove, and as there can be no lire in tin
stove without tho admission of air, so
there can be no fermentation in a mow of
liny unless the air comes in contact with
it Who ever saw any signs of fermenta
tion in the center of a large mow of hay?
It is only within n foot or two of the sur
face that fei mentation occurs, as only
here iloes the air have access. The centre
is effectually canned. If these facts and
principles are correct, some of our eom
iiiuii practices are wrong, as, for instance,
the practice of putting one load of hay in
one mow and the next in another mow, so
lh"y may cure the better by greater ex
posure to the air. The true method is ti.
put all the hay taken into the litrn in one
itay in as compact a mass as possible, and
tre:itl it down hard so the air cannot have
access to it, and if the hay is a little wet
to cover the top of the mow with some
dry straw, tread down tightly.
The old practice of having wide cracks
in the siding of a barn so as to aerate and
cure a mow of hay was all wrung. The
hay contiguous to these cracks was sure to
be damaged.
Now wo have seen barns with wide
cracks, but we never saw a particlo of
hay hurt near tho cracks, but in the mow,
in tho " pitching hole," we have seen hay
hurt, and there is where wo have seen
most heating in tho mow, or perhaps we
should say " fermentation," Probably
most of our readers know just as much
about haying, how green to cut and get it
in, tho best modes of handling and storing,
as we do many no doubt much more.
And we wish they would write and tell us
how they do it and the reasons why.
Notwithstanding that we are taught by
agricultural chemistry that the nutrition
in early and late cut hay differs very little
if any, wo are cutting our hay earlier
year by year, and whereas it used to be a
custom having almost tho binding force of
a statute, not to begin ..haying till the
".Monday after tho 4th," now we observe
many of our best farmers well along in it
tho last week in June, and now as we
write this !d day of July, wo have two
days' works more to finish up. And we
believe early cut hay is better, that slock
o it it more readily, that it is more digesti
ble, that It makes more and better colored
butter when fed to milch cows.
We have seen directions for getting in
hay without exposing it much to sun,
dews or rain. We presume if tho farmers
could order tho weather to suit, or could
know just what was coming, they would
not probably get hay ovcrdried or much
wet, and till they can, we seo no way for
t'ltim but to no on and do according to
their best judgment, only remember there
will probably be hay cut after we are
dead; that all flesh is grass, and such hot
weather as wo have in haying time may,
if one works too hard and takes no care
for himself, leave it to bo said of him,
" cut down and withered." Take it easy
unless a shower is coming up.
linowlfdire and riciiro-Piieiniioiiia.
Tho Sprigliold Ilepublkan, in speaking
of the cattle-plague, happened to remai k
that " Tho spread of these contagions
among farm animals magnify the neces
sity for greater attention to veterinary
science, ine lariner must not only study
ins sons nnn manures, but bis cattle and
oilier stock as well."
The which stirs the bilo of Iiro. Hos
kius, and he asserts that tho Itepublican
has been the "contemptuous onemy " of
special agricultural education from the
beginning, mid finds proof in tho fact in
that "It has always steadily opposed the
appropriation of state's money to the
Massachusetts Agricultural College, ridi
culed its instructors and spoken contempt
uously of its work."
Hut this is not the extent of the Hcpub
licaii's misdemeanors. Tho gist of the
matter lies deeper, and is of a darker
deeper dye :
Hut the fact is that tho Ilepublkan is
edited by graduates of literary colleges,
and the jealous spite of all such ngaTnst
the breaking of their monopoly by the
spread of liberal knowledge uniong " the
masses " shows itself continually in its
columns. As Mr. Goodman says, in the
New Kngland Farmer, " class prejudice
is blighting in its bitterness, and the 'col
lege bred ' men look down upon tho insti
tution created to raiso up near their level
the toiling masses in the same spirit with
wiiicu tne siuticnts oi uieir alma mntor
tail to recognize ' tho Aqijies. who may
in the land and water natiis of life. n,r.
leap them In the race, as thev have, wlinn
put to the test, walked or rowed away
j.uiu luLiu iu iuu encounters oi sport. In
tho snmo spirit our so-called educated
men, merchants, manulacturers and ninny
ignorant farmers hesitate nbout placing
tho agricultural college upon a substantial
and self-supporting basis, not discerning
tho immediate benefit it is bestowing upon
agriculture in the stato and out of it, nnd
not being able to ronlizo tho iranienso ad
vantage which will be conferred hereafter
upon the wholo commonwealth."
How pitiful Is this spirit, and how littlo
ground does it furnish for the claim that
tho " culture " of our colleges is " liberal "
in it character. To overlay nd smother
in Industrial college at it birth, or to
starve it to death in its infancy, is hardly
characteristic of a " benign mother."
Now the Idea that college-bred " men .
have a monopoly of either learning or
talent, or claim to have it. or that tney re
fuse to recognize It in others not college
bred seems to us. most ridiculous. And
it is no proof to us. or an Indication even
of such a spirit, that educated men, and
many not college bred, have condemned
the oersistent. never ending cries of
' more, more," from the Institution at
Amherst which greet each succeeding
legislature of a state which has already
given over half a million dolhrs to put on
" substantial and self-supporting basis
an institution vhich has apparently cither
no power of or no inclination for self-support
us long as the legislature will "give
down."
We have never had the advantages of a
oollego education, yet we are among those
who have not seen the agricultural millen
nium dnwning from the windjwa of some
agricultural college. The fact stands be.
yonil dispute that as educators of farmers,
or even of young men to bo farmois, they
have been conspicuous failures. Tho in
dictnienl against them is not that the)
educate farmers, but that they do not cdu
eato farmers. Almost every one has his
idea of the cause, but that it is owing to
" jealous spite of college bred men " and
their opposition to tho spread of liberal
knowletlgo we do not in nny degree be
lieve, and especially as in those who, like
tho editors of the Ht publican, must expeel
their profits and success to bo just in pro-
pertion as the people do become educated,
a thinking, reading community.
But there are other classes who arc
blamablo in the matter, and they are " so
called educated men " when lneichant
or manufacturers, but "ignorant farmers."
What proof of their Ignorance they have
shown here we cannot see, but if they be
ignorant as asserted, why here is another
and striking instance where extremes
meet; few so wise as to honor such an
institution and fewer so poor as to render
homage.
Let Amherst or any other agricultural
college show good solid work, and even
encouraging results, let such a college
become a place which students will seek
instead of being coaxed to, where it wi.l
turn out a respectable majority of its
graduates good common sense, educated,
working farmers, and we prophesy it will
not lack Btudenls or a handsome recogni
liou and hearty co-operation from college
bred men, so called educated men, or ig
norant farmers. Till they do show some
results, other than making debts for the
slate to pay, and an excuse for drawing
liberal salaries, tbey must expect the crit
icism of those who love and prize thorough
education and despise shams.
For tlic FreemaD.
A Chat with Farmers.
BY AOKIOOLA.
AHO ITT NOXIOUS INSECTS.
Mosquitoes, gnats and flies eomo next
under review. They have a horny oi
fleshy proboscis and two knobbed poisers.
Their transformation is complete. At first
they are maggots without feet or wings or
bills. These are all taken on at the next
stage of their being. The two winged in--eets
are not very large, but they are very
numerous, both in species and in individ
uals of the same kind. Indeed, thev
swarm in countless multitudes.
Klies live wholly on liquid food, and
have provided for them a proboscis exactly
adapted to their wants.
No mortal who has ever lived in or
near marshy places need be told of the
blood-thirsty propensities of gnats and
mosquitoes. They are shameless and ag
gravating disturbers of the eaee, and
have incurred the everlasting hatred of
human kind. The black flies of this coun
try eomo in for a share of this hatred
The larvae of these insi cts live in stagnant
water. Horse Hies, the golden-eyed foresi
flies and the stinging stable flies wlm,e
lurtic live in the ground, atlack both man1!
and beast, and sometimes drive them
most to madness.
f And then we tind the winged horse
licks, the bird flies, the wingless sheep
licks, the spider flies and the hen
which pass their whole annoying lives on
ujt r-tviu Ul lillici annuals.
The cad flv lives in the hruti,,. nr i,-
cattle, sheep and oilier animals while in
ine lame slate, and then cats enough to
iasi nun his snort, me. tlenee iu the
wingou suite ne takes no food, and is des
tiiuie oi a pronoscis.
Some flies that are harmless in lb,
winged slate deposit their eggs on plants,
on the juices of which tho vouno- snhsici
and hence they are very destructive in the
growing crops. Among the mosldestruc
ive oi uieso are the gall gnats, the wheal
uy and tno Hessian fly, the root eatiny
maggots of some of Ihe lnnu- loirov.il ,m..,
I he flower flies and the two winged gall
flies and the fruit flies, the common house
fly, tho meat fly, the flesh fly and the
cheese Uy, the parent of the well known
' skippers'' found in old cheese!
Hut some flies are harmless, and others
are even iiseini in various ways. House
flies and fl.'sli flies, while larva;, feed upon
in, u. mi j,,muii uicii service wild van
oos irines oi scavenger beetles, aid in the
worn oi pur ncai ion
Another large class, whilo in tho larva.
siuie, nvo in water upon the veeetabl
matter which it contains, and in this win
prevent inai waier irom becoming putrid
The maggots of other flies live in ih,.
mushroom, toadstool, decaying wood, and
in me excrescences oi growing trees,
aim join tueir service with the destructive
beetle, lo hasten the removal ol these use
less sunstances and make room for new
vegetation. Ihese wood eating insects,
wucu iraiisiormeu into uies, as most ol
mem are, live on other insects. And
some, tnougii not preilaoeous themselves
deposit thoir eggs among plans lice, uiioii
whose blood tho young, when hatched
will subsist. Many of these lay iheh
jf;3 uu caicrpiuais, anil tne ma''ols
iiatciieu irom mem live on their victims
until destroyed. And still others drop
....., uu, m ncaia ui insects, lo rob
their offspring of their food and thus starve
mem io ocaiu. in such ways flies and
other insects subserve an important pur
pose in the economy of nature.
Bats, moles and many birds live partly
or wholly on insects. Tho nightingale
and thrush, the finest song birds we have,
feast with the highest relish on niaggutsj
(lies and other insects, while tho warblers,'
vircos, fly catchers and swallows devnnr
the two winged insects in great numbers
Wn 1 ,. ....... ..11.. 1.. I ...
iii,i,d uuw niiuueu to seven order
or groups of insects, which occupy an
important field in the insect world. These
nave mutual relations lo each other, and
may be grouped together in a clusipr n
that each order may come in contact with
several others. Besides these, there are
several groups of importance. These we
will consider in our next paper.
Farmers who have money at command
cannot easily put it In n mora profitable
investment than judicious outlay on their
farms. Draining wet land is estimated
to reiurn from forty lo eighty per cent on
tho yearly cost. In the same way. pood
stock pays far betler than poor; good
fencing, well selected fruit trees, carefully
looked after homesteads, nil repay , the
money laid out, and bosidos all that. add
immensely to the comfort of tho ocenninr
Western Agriculturist. 1
Sugar from Indian Cora and Sorghum.
(HabtUnofl of
a paper or F. L. Htswsrt, read at tbs I
reoem ineetiost
Briefly described, the new process of
sugar manufacture with which my name
is associated, deals wiin saccharine juices
containing, in their normal condition,
both eane and fruit sugars, the former
largely preponderating. I recognize three
distinct classes of saccharine juices, viz :
1st Those like the tropical sugar cane
nd the beet, which, when their juices are
mature, contain in association with other
substances, true crystallizable sugar only.
2d. Those like most fruits, such as the
apple and the grape, which, whatever
their composition otherwise, contain no
true sugar, but only glucose, etc.
'Sil. Those like maize ami sorghum,
which have not heretofore been general I v
recognized as distinct, containing in their
best condition, both cane sugar and un
crystullizable sugar, but which, by reason
f the defective modes of treatment here
tofore resorted to, have proved practically
uucrystallizahle.
The dilticulties are now entirely remov
ed. It is now clearly shown that the
juices of maize and of sorghum grown in
me united states are richer in sugar ol
the true cane type than any other plants
i hat can be grown in temperate latitudes ;
that nine-tenths of their saccharine matter
is such sugar, and that the impediments
to crystallization are such as are peculiar
to these plants. Accordingly I find that
neitner the processes adapted to toe ex
traction of sugar from the southern eane,
nor the much mote elaborate or costly
methods of the beet tunar manufactures
in Europe, are appropriate to the success
ful extraction of sugar from these plants.
which in this case involves entirely new
conditions ant requires radical changes in
the mode of chemical treal men t. Entirelv
aside from its advantages as an antiseptic
and a decidorizcr, I have discovered a
peculiar property in the dioxide of sulphur
when employed upon these juices under
certain conditions which, heretofore un
known and unused, now perfectly solves
i nc proniem i me separation and cry-tat
lization-of the sugar. This is done ex
peditiously, cheaply and certainly. Prac
tically, then, the value of these now suzitr
producing plants may bo concisely stated
as ioiiows
i he stems of Indian corn, in any of its
many varieties, if taken, at the proper
stage or development, as well as those of
the different varieties of sorghum, contain
In great abundance a saccharine juice
scarcely excelled in richness by toe sugar
eane of Louisiana. The sugar produced
iy this process is true crystallized cane
sugar, il.iizi) sugar, it need hardly be
said, is nut the so-called and comparative
ly worthless "corn sugar" someiimes
made from the starch of ihe ripened grain
by a well-known chemical iranslormation.
but it is a natural pro-1 net of the immature
plant. One hundred pounds of the siems
of these plants, at the proper period of their I
;,.vr.. ... , a, pi.iui 19 iu LIIO U1I1B. III
'he
i lie case of corn and from shortly after
flowing period to perfect riucness in the
casu ot sorghum), contain about eitrhtv
"uveu huh onu-naii parts ol juice anil
iweiveanu one-nail parts ol woody liber
and insoluble substances. Twelve to lif
leen per cent of the juice is crystallized
cane sugar, nearly all of which can be
extracted.
The Management of Hoot Crops.
Having determined from the most Bath
factory evidence that a good erop of roots
is more profitable llian any other, because
thcie Is more leeding capability m it than
in corn, which is our next crop in the order
of producMveness, it is the most important
business to see that the culture given to it
is of the right kind, lo sow beets, man
gels or turnips upon rough, cloddy ground
is to throw away an opportunity. The
writer s exjierience the present season has
heen most instructive in this regard. A
piece of corn stubble was prepared by
plowing under a dressing of manure
which was. unfortunately, not thorough v
rotted and fine. The planting done with
Monitor liana secil-ilnll was a most
irouhlesomo piece of work, and mori
trouble is promised when weedintr and
cultivating comes to be done. A piece of
ryo siuoDie, (iresseu wiin snort manure
tnd thoroughly well harrowed and rolled
before the planting, mnde the best and
easiest of work. The latter niece will
I. tint less, be worked ut a cost of half the
lalior that will be needed on the first piece.
Willi smooth, mellow ground the seed-
drill mentioned will do very eootl work
planting one acre in three hours, and sow
ing six pounds of seed per acre with the
use of the No. 3 roller, which drops three
or Tour seeds together about six Inches
apart. The seed is sown and covered, and
the soil rolled, at one operation.
After sowing, the cultivation of a root
al-icron consists of k.ninr ih li mn..,
I r ---r-"i
tnd free from weeds, and thinning out th
plants. This may be done at first with a
hand cultivator, provided with two wheels
to run astride of the row, and having hoes
or scrapers which work both sides at
once. This may be used whilo the plants
ire small, and afterward the larger one
horse culiivator maybe run through ihe
rows. To encourage rapid growm, the
working of tbe rows should be frequeni.
and a moderate application of Peruvian
guano or prepared beet fertilizer worked
in witii the cultivator will be useful Tut
thinning or singling of tbe plants can be
done with the hand cultivator tho best
for this purpose which tbe writer has used
is the Planet hand cultivator, . which hn
two wheels and a scraper on each side of
ihe row ihe supernumerary plants can
be cut out very rapidly by a side motion
of the cutters, as tho rows are cleaned to
within an inch of the young plants. After
the Duios nave begun lo torru and the
broatl leaves begin to coyer tbe rows, the
work of cultivation is nearly at an end.
One more loosening of the soil, and the
crop may be laid away. For mangels, a
dressing oi mree nunureu to tive hum red
pounds of salt per acre will be found ben-
encul and profitable.
Kulabagas and turnips, which ruav he
sown, Ibe first in June ot July, and' Hie
laiutr in August or September, are of
quick growth and are greatly benefited by
irequeui cultivation ami the use ot phos
phaiic fertilizers. These small seeds can
be sown wiih the drill previously men
tioned, or any other of the standard gar-
ten seed sowers, anil can bo cultivated
and thinned out with any of the two-
wneeieu nnini cultivators. This use of
ihe hand cultivator for singling tbe plants
we find to be a great improvement on the
usnul method with the hoe, being done
much more rapidly and effectively. Sew
York Uimea.
English Agriculture. There is room
in the world for all. The briskest compe
tition should engender no feeling of grau-
imaiion at me reverses ol a rival. 1 hem-
lore it is a matter for regret to notice tbe
unsatisfactory, not to say disastrous con
di ,ion of English agriculture. English
journals are filled with complaints and
lorenouings oi evil. Agriculture was
never in so depressed a condition. Uents
are unpaid; farms go a-begging; ihe
owners cannot work them ; the tenants
cannot make enough out of thom to pay
for labor and for rent. The English
Itrmers are deluged under a flood of
American products. The cheao lands ,f
this great continent nnd our free system of
moor iu wmcn w include tne irivilnr,.
to work without loosing caslo as a pvnt Io
nian -have borne the fruit which has
been so long a-ripening; and our unfortu
nate rivals across the water are no lomrer
able to compete with us. The gates are
broken down. Our exports are flowing-
n'nuroi uenny ni, tuts rate 01 OHO million
dollars eaoh day, over and above the
amount of im ports. This result is the
inevitable ffeot of a law which no man,
or nation, can set aside. We oould not
help it If we would. The best we can do
is to offer to our rivals a osition by our
side where they can share our advantages.
iibio is room ior an. mere tne balance
is disturbed ; here it is suspended evenly
and is not likely to bo disturbed until our
broad fields and plains are fully occupied.
ami tins cannot occur ior a contni v
twrhans for surnl of th-m t . J'
Rural New Yorktr.
Rearing of Calves. The calf is the
aking of the cow. If the vounar animal
I I. ... .... r . K
"
is neglected and stunted, its constitution
is weakened and iu vigor In after life is
diminished. If this is permitted, the value
of the fu'ure animal is seriously depreciat
ed. "It is a poor rule which will nut
work both ways." and if a race of animnl.
as the Jersey, the Ayrshire, or tbe Short-
norn breeds, tor instance, nave been so
improved and developed by careful culture
that each is in every respect different
from its original type from which the
course of improvement started, it is equal
ly reitsonahlo to believe that an animal
may bo quickly degraded and Impoverished
by neglect. No other principle is to well
established among breeders and naturalists
as Hits, and in practical life noon the farm
it should be made the rule for our gu dance
in ihe treatment ol our young animals.
It should also he remembered that while
this is true physically, it is also true in
other respects, and while the body of an
animal may he developed, so its dlsoosi
tion and temper may be modilied by early
treatment and training. It is not enough,
therefore, that young calves shr uld he
well fed and eared for, ami they should be
trained by kindness and familiarity for a
future life of usefulness and docility. 1 be
young calf does mil need full milk at all
after Ihe fourth day of its life; as soon as
tlie dams milk is nt for uso in Ihe dairy,
the call may be fed upon skimmed milk,
warmed at Una to the natural heat of new
milk, this is very Important, as the
cooling down ol the calf's stomach hv ihe
drinking of several quarts of cold milk In
a day is injurious and prevents erowih.
The calf should have warm milk for at
least three montbs.and li e work of warm
ing the milk np to 80" for a month lonsr. i
will be amply repaid. During the latter
two months of this period Ihe calf will
easily learn to eat grass and hay cut and
mixed with a little meal.bran or middlinora.
These must be fed very cautiously, lest
uy over-iioeranty me stomacn, incapable
oi perieciiy iiigesung tno novel lood,
should be disordered and a weakening
diarrhea should result. When broa"! t
MioccssluHy up to this age, there is ni
iinucuiiy in continuing the progressive
treatment with satisfactory results up t
the maturity of the calf, and it becomes a
cow. This may happen at two years ol
age, and the earlier Ibe young animal
comes into profit ihe better. Uy caulious
handling. kind treatment. mid familiarizing
her wuh her owners and the whole family
tne younetieiier is brought to the pail
without trouble, and in a dairy lhi
managed, kicking, self-sucking, and other
disagreeable vices are never or hardly
ever Known, anu u mey should happen
they are cured without difficulty. New
lork limes.
Wonderful Stouies. Ordinary com
monplaee farmers, of a s'aid conservalivi
disiosition, indtistrious.careful and, withal.
contented with their lot, or their farm
I and its income, are greatly disturbed ant
rendered Iretful sometimes, by wonderfu
stories of others sucoe-ses. They read or
hear that this man ttid-i customers for hi.1
butter nt one dollar a pound; that thai
man makes a fabulous income from grow
ing red kidney beans, or distillina" ix-noer
mint oil or gathering sumac, or going to
lvansas ami Oecoming a bloated caitli
lord or vast wheat grower; and theii
modest desires are changed into envioib
hopes of emulating this or that man
But by and by the secret comes out; tli
irnth is known, and we find it to be nil
mistake, or worse. Tlie man who hi s
heen selling butter, or said lo hav been
at one dollar a pound, strangely gives up
his profitable business and goes to sellinj:
milk at eight cents a quart, or about three
or four cents net when expenses ate paid
Something has been wrong, and it is in
the retained price of the butter: for wliil.
all the fools aie not dead, their mo few
lelt alive who will pay a dollar for wha1
they can purchase for thirty-live or forty
cents or less in the market; and so we
tind the noted or notorious fancy dairvmei.
going out of business because if they couh
sell butter in small quantities at a dollar
a pound, tlie expenses of keeping up iln
needed notoriety to attract a few butiei'fl
customers swallow up all the profit, nni
cost price, too. Lei us ho content, not
envy an) man, but do the best we can in
our o n way, keeping a sharp eye "foi
the main chance,"and using all iheenergt
and enterprise we can brine lo bear oil
our business, and never gelling troublei
by forgetting the solid fact that no man
gets a dollar, very olten, without giving
a dollar in labor or skill, or sometimes
in actual money for it. New York 'limes.
It is related of a Kentish farmer that h
condensed his practical experience inio
mis line; reeu your lanu ne lore it is
hungry, rest it before is is weary, antl
weed it belore it is foul.
Last year I gave tho roosts, eto.. n coni
of tar.applied while nearly at boiling heal.
wunanold nrush, lilbng all Ihe crevice-
tnd well known hiding places of tin
insects with the hot sticky material, anil
finished the work with dustim? olontv oi
flour of sulphur over it. This remedy did
iiotber tne lowls for a few days, as theii
feathers would now and then stick to ill,,
rposts, but I have n"t seen a hen spider
since. Correspondent in littral New York
tr.
StJMMEIt PlIUNINO OK GliAI'E VlNES
Die pruning of grape vines in ihe sum
mer is rarely attempted except hv nrofcs
sional growers. But it is a very useful
practice. It keeps the vine within bounds,
prevents much useless and wasteful
S'rowth which would otherwise divert tin
strength of ihe plant from tho formation
ol fruit, and greatly improves the qualiij
of the gra)es. There is no secret about
the method. With a sharp pruning knile
(which has a curved blade) slash off by u
quick stroke the ends of the shoots which
are intended to bear fiuit, leaving those
intended lo make wood to grow on. II
fine fruit is desired, only one branch should
be left on each spur or shoo t branch ; II
abundance is desired more than qualiiy.two
clusiers may be left. The ends of the shoots
may be pinched off wilh the finger and
thumb just as easily .Nan York Times.
Tuainino Fruit Titki-s
'As
,1
lie
twig is bent the tree's inclined." Bp t-ik.
ing advantage of thin dnniu ,lia,Li.i.. 1
one can make anything of a young tree.
i ne direction ol ine branches, the form of
the head, tho height or tbe rotundity of
the tree may be changed to suit trie's
wishes. An ill-si aped young tree mav h
Drought into regu
igularity; upright branches
may be made to droop by hanging sulFt.
"
cient weights (stones or brickbats) upon
them; drooping or wrongly directed
branches may bo led aright by means of
strings to support or confine them; too
vigorous limbs may be shortened by
pinching off the exlremo eml while it is
soft; badly placed shoots limy thus be
nipped in the bud or changed into fruit
spurs, and mmr branches may bo pre
vented from growing and thus wasting
ihe vigor of the tree upon useless material
which must be cut away after it has
grown. New York Times.
Barnyard manure is by far tho best and
most important fertilizer that can i
obtained and in this opinion there is no
disagreement beween tho scientific man
anu tue unienrnoa. it is tho natural
means of restoring fortiliiv to exhni,i
soilst because it is natural for decayed
onqt uiiig punormed its
functions as plants, to return to the ,.rth
and become inconorated with ii. ti,u
only reason for employing ohemioal ferti
lizers, is to maice up ior ine ilelioicncy of
narnyaru manure oi wmcn mere Is n. ,..,.
enough. The commercial fertilizer is
formulated lo meet nspecitl demand, for
good, well rotted manure is of iiaoir .
store of. food lor growing vegetation
uirougiiouc me period oi uielr existenoe
Hence the importance of inoroasing the
quantity and preserving tbe quality f illt
great natural fertilizer which to every
farmer is mine of wnalth. Mnine farmer.
CIlOOslMi a KITTEN.
ST MSB. OUU POTT BITE.
Ther ware In, anil tbey found them In the bar
Fire lilUe klttena atowed away
8o ana and warm
And far from barm
That, bad It not been for tbe children 'a plar.
They'd bare llred In secret to tale dev.
Jark put the yellow one In bla bat;
Tbe buck one nimble, the white one fat,
He claimed beeide.
Then Teddy cried:
I apeak for thla 1 and I apeak for that I"
(None left, you aee, for tbe poor old cat !
Old puHy had thonirht herself eo wlae.
Bit. what can yon hide from the children's ai ea T
So beautiful !" aald
The breethleea Ted,
- They're all asleep, and all of a alze !"
And they bjure to tbe bouse the woodrons prlxn.
Did mamma smile 7 Ah, no ! she frowned;
And the rest ol the children gathered round;
And Teddy beard
The dreadful word;
' 'Tia rory fortunate they were fu ad
Keep one; bat the others mast be drowned !"
Then each would chooae I So down they sat,
'Twss this one Brat, and then 'twas thst;
cb maklus? choice
With an eeurer roioe.
Of the white or the irray, tbe slim or the.fat
Just which hechauced to be looking at.
Ted said at lan: " We can't spare none I"
(His trraminer was poor, but hla tallica won)
We'll hide them away
AkhIu in the hay I
Put two In your hat and rou, jsrk, run !
We'll save them all 1" And It waa done.
W'iile Awake.
Slit fitimU (!i!iwU.
No Undoing,
A littlo girl sat trying to pick out a
seam that she had sewed together wrono.
Her chubby fingers picked at the thread
that would break, leaving the end some
where among the stitches she had laborer
so wearily to make short and close; am1
I hough the thread came out, yet the needle
holes remained, showing just how the
seam bad been sewed ; and, with tears in
tier eyes, she cried, "O, mamma, I cannot
undo it!"
Poor little girl! you nre learning one of
ibe saddest lessons there is. The desirt
of undoing what never can be undone
iyes us more trouble than all the doings
of a busy life; and, because we know this
so well, our hearts often ache for the
boys and girls we see doing the things
hey will wish so earnestly by and by to
und.
Are there nny of you old enough to read
his, who never laid your head on your
pillow nt night with a weary ache all
through you, as you could not shut ou
the unkind words you have spoken to
father, mother, brother or sister? Older
noys and girls have felt keener heart
iches for graver faults. You all know
-omeihing of this desire to undo, and sor
row that you cannot.
It is a very sad picture; and now where
is the bright side? Right liere, little boys
mil girls, big hoys and girls. Let us try
o do a thing the first time so we will
never wish lo undo it. Wu don't care lo
undo tho words of kindness we spoke to
mr classmates when they faded in spell
ing, or cried when they could not reniem
her how many seven times eight were; nor
would Wb take back I lie apple we eavu a
poor beggar boy, nor unsaw (he wood we
sawed fur ni iniuia this morning, though
our arms have ached all day, for it was a
aice kind of aclio that we enjoyed.
No; we never wish to unoo a thing thai
is done right. Then how much better it
is. and how much trouble we save our
selves, if we do a thing right at first!
Sometimes we don't know what is right ;
but we can always ask. If tho title girl
oad asked her mother about ihe seam slit
ns sewing, and had dono as she was
told, she would have saved the trouble of
nicking it out. We can ask our friends ;
tnd, above all, we can ask our Heavenly
Father. He never leu-Is us wrong; anil
my thing we do under Ilis guidance we
shall never wish to undo. 'Ihe Myrtle.
To Be Hait-ic I will give you two or
'hree good rules which may help you to
becomi- happier than you would be with
out knowing Diem ; but as lo being com
plelelv happy, that you can never be unl
you get to Heaven.
luenrsi is, irv your nest to maki
tilers happy. " I never was happy.
-aid a certain king, "fill I began to Ink
pleasure in tho welfare of my people; hut
ever since then in the darkest day, 1 have
'tail sunshine in my neart.
My second rule is, Bo content with
little. ' There are many good reasons fi
this rule. Wo deserve but hitle. and "bet
ter is little with the fear of God, than
;rent treasures and trouble therewith.
I wo men were determined to be rich, hn
they set about it in different ways; for th
one strove to raise his means lo his desire-
while ihe oiher did his best lo bring down
Ins doires to his means. J ho result was,
he one who coveted much was alwavs
repining, while he who desired but little
was always contented.
,iv mini ruie is, jxiok on tne sunny
siue oi tilings
" Look wilh hopeful eyef,
Though all things so-m Ibrlorn;
The sun that tela t, -nighl will rise
Attain to-morrow mom."
The skipping lambs, the singing lark
and the leaping fish tell us that happine-s
is no', confined lo one place; God in Ilis
goodness has spread it abroad on the
ai th. iu the air and in tho waters.
teluham.
Kitty Clover. Kitfy Clovor is a pret
ty child, but she is always in a fret,
Morning, noon and night you hear Kiitv
Clover crying. Her aunty said tho otner
lay that she thought she ically would
have to go abroad. She could not live
ino lier year in tno Same house with i
girl who was forever in tears.
The day beuins in this way with Kittv
.uituima says. " uoiue, darling, u s tunc
to get up. The first bell rang five loin
utes ago." " O, dear!'' says Kitiy, " I
naven t nau nan enougn sleep, j can t
wake up yet! " Bui. my love, you have
not time to lie still. Ureaklast will be
'ready, and you have your lessons to look
i a -t i. ii, l i ,,
over' llni' 9 o'clock will soon be here.
Very ungraciously Kitty rises. Shu
P"kesoul hrsl one foot und then the other.
iuurs nuoui iu see wuai sue can
fin(1 tt!) a c""se of complaint. " Must I
weM lhlit hltteful dress?'1 she exclaims.
P'9ently ; " 1 want lo wear my new one.
and my ruilled p on.' " 1 hat dress will
uu iui Luis wcck, ut-ar, tuamnia answers.
.i r.. i. .1 ... . . .
cheerfully. But it is no use. Kitly Clover
cries. .
Between daylight nnd dark she some
times cries sixteen times. Yet strange to
say, it is only at home that she behaves
so. In school, our teacher tells us, she is
a very good child. Nowhere except
where mamma is, is our little girl so cross
and fretful. v
What shall we do with Ki'ty? We are
afraid that a pucker is growing on her
pretty forehead, and that the tears will
wash all the brightness out of her blue
eyes. Is there nothing that Kitty horself
could do to help mend this dreadful statu
of affairs? JiJligious Herald.
I he Daughter at Home. Do not
think that because there comes to yon no
great opportunity oi pertorming awonder-
i ill work, you will lot tlie thousand littlo
ones pass you unimproved. It is no small
tiling lo ba the joy of the domestic circle,
tbe one whose soft touch and whose gentle,
filly spoken word averts disturbance ami
disagreement, conciliates the offended,
a- d makes alien natures understand each
other. It is no small thing to possess the
happy tact which makes pooule pleased
with themselves, and which insensibly
urges people to appear at their best. The
young woman who is gifted , wilh this
grace of touch, this swiftness of sympa
thy, and this beautiful unselfishness, may
not have a fair faco, nor a trim figure, but
she will be endowed wilh a dignity moro
winning man either. Bible JSanner.
Ah Idle Word. now Inadequately
spoken, and yet how frequently with serf
his and painful results. I low many hearts
has an idle word severed now many
iroken. For true it is that a thoaghtles
expression will make a breach betwwB
i bote that fate, in its visitation, could noi
livide; hearts that would have struggled
ogether through the storm of life thai
vould have clung to each other foi
-trength when its buffet ings had almost
vorwhelmml them, that would, have
Graved all tho changes of fluctuating for
une and still see in their own unchanging
ove a gleam of brightness through Uit
slackest cloud. And yet an idle word
ne has separated hearts like these. The
reach once made, o'hers step in to mak
it wider and wider. False pride, niistaki n
ecungs, tne sudden bitterness the hear
an feel even towards those it loves, all
id the work of cruelty, the distance in
Teases day by d iv. until finding it impos
ihle to return, like the wrecked mariner,
they give up in despair ami sit down t
iioiirn over their fate, careless, it seeui-
vhelher Vf live or dio.
And this is not the romnncoof vouihful
alb-ctlon, though there is perhaps nion
iiffering from the early disappointment oi
lie heart man the more serious ones att- i
ifo produces. No, it is witnessed in th
xperience of every one, in the friendships
I lite, in the laiuily circle, in business
vhal mundi rsiandings, what bickering
-trife and ii reconcilable difference mat
nave arisen from one idle word; it niaj
ntve lieen spoken in ium, in a spirit
'eviiy, in an attempt to bo witty, or it maj
lave neen S lid innocently or inadverleni
y with no motive ami no intent, and still
or some causes of which you are totally
anorani, a certain party applied the r
nark accompanied by a knowing win!
did in a moment a firebrand was kindled
How entirelv do we ignore that " In
ho ruleth bis tongue is mightier than b
ho talketh a citv," that on the last day
efore the tribune of the Eternal Judge
shall have to render an account for every
idle word.
Fertilizers for Housk Plants.-
When a plant is in a bad condition, it is
mistake to apply a stimulating fertilizer
The causes of ill health are many, but th
most general one wilh those who have had
no experience in the care of the plants i
overwatering. Plants to live, must havi
water; therefore the more witter the hetlei
-eems to be the reasoning, and tlie conse
quence is starved nearly leafless sticks in
pots of mud. In the ru-ijority of cases
withholding Ihe water is one of Ihe things
' eeded. and with invalids, a stimulating
fertilizer is i lie one thing of all others noi
needed. When plants are in a flourishing
condition and making rapid growth, tin n
lertilizers may he uselul, especially if tin
soil in the pots was originally rather poor
Any of the fertilizers used in the garden
a on Id answer for plants in the Imue, were
it not necessary to avoid unpleasant odors.
to consult neatness andease ol application
For hard wooded, slow-growing plants.
very line bono flour of bono sold b
seedmen for tho purpose, is perhaps the
nest; a I w taolespoonluls being forked
into the soil ot the pot. for soft-wooded,
quick growers, a liquid fertilizer, may be
used. This may be guano, a teaspoonful
to a gallon of water; soot, two tablespoon
fills to a gallon; or the water of ammonia
(liquid hartshorn) of tbe drug stores, an
ounce lo a gallon. Water the plants ilh
either ot these, instead of clear water.
nce or twice a week, as the condition of
the plant requires. No invariable rule can
bo given. American Agriculturist.
How to See a Seed Gitow. Many
little lo'ks wonder how a seed grows
Some boys and girls have taken up the
seed after planting it in the ground, und
thereby prevented it from taking root.
We may, however, see the roots shoot
ing out from the hyacinths and other
bulbs that we grow in glasses in our win
dows And in this way we may see other
seeds sprout and shoot.
A gentleman, to gratify his little sons
took a glass tumbler, round which he tied
a bit of common lace, allowing the lace ti
hang or drop down in the centre of tin
glass. lie then put enough water in the
glass to cover the loer part of the lace.
and in this hollow lie dropped two sweet-
peas. The littlo boys were told to look at
them every day, and they would learn
what was going on under ground wiih
similar seeds.
Next morning the boys hurried from the
breakfast room to Icok at Ihe gla-s with
the peas in the south window. They found
mat whim they were last asleep the little
brown skins had burst, and a tiny wbiie
sprout was seen on Ihe sido of each pea
I he little sproms soon grew long enough
io reach through Ihe holes in Ihe lace, and
on the top of iho peas two Utile green
leavi s wore seen.
In lime the boys saw the white thread
like roots rei.ch almost to the bottom of
the glass, while tho green leaves grow
large and gave way to a stock or stem.
In this way most seeds may be seen to
grow.
SANFORD'S
iinin
111,1 till Ull
THE QUINTESSENCE OF JAMAICA
GINGEIt, CHOICE A KO MAT ICS,
AND FRENCH BRANDY.
A PREPARATION so elnrsntly asvored and modi
ritiully nffpctivi! ne lo ulterl.v Blirtnis alt erevtoui.
preparations. EnsenreH "r ExtruetB ol liiUrfcr.OumpoBi.
tiou. 11,'rb Tea, Paiu KHievers. ami tun tnnulreil autl
oiip ilistfUHtiuir autl iiuuxestjiiir possets with wha-h wi
have linen wout to dose ouraelveB. Its liiHti,iitJ,iiM,,u
effect in
Cholera. Cholera Morbus, crumps and
l'ains, Chronic Diarrhoea. Dys-ntert
and Cholera Infantum, Diarrhoea in
Teething and all Summer Complaints.
Dyspepsia, Flatulency. Sluggish Diges
tion. Want of Tone and Activity in the
Stomach and Bowels, Opptssion after
Eating, Rising of Food and similar Ail
nients, Chills and Fevers, Colds and
Chills, Feverish Symptoms, Mtlarial
Fevers, Pains in the llones and Joints.
Symptoms of Rheumatism, Neuralgia
and Gout, Cold Extremities, Susperided
Circulation and Depressed condition ol
tne Vital Forces, render it the Standard
Household Medicine throughout the
length and broadih of the land. On sea,
on land, for the Ira voder, for the young,
tho aged, under all circumstances and
and eonduions, both as a medicine and
as a gentle stimulant or beverage, it is
the most grateful and t-flvctive prepara
tion ever compounded in the history ol
medicine.
Beware of rl'lntsd and wrthlfRa imitjOinna ,,Mn.
nieudt-d by dealers for purpoHes of vhIii. Ami fur and
lumBt upon having- San poun's Jamaica Oinueb.
Sold hv Wholeflile and Itetall Drnvvlil, nnu-H,
ami PealerB In Mcdir-iiie throus-hout the United HiateB
, , ,,ni,t,i.,i, uv(.,-iiiH per ooilin n l-.tas A
roilEK.Ueiieiul Avoids and Wholesale Pruavlats.
Boston, Mumb.
ELECTRICITY
POtt THE MILLION. AN ELECTRIC
BATFEUY FOR 25 CENTS.
Collins' Voltaic Plaster
Cures Fains and Ache.
It etinallzes the Circulation.
It subdues Inflammatory Action.
It cures Kuiitu es and Strains.
It removes Pain aud .ioreues.
It cures Kidury Complaint.
It Btreutftheiis the Musctos.
It cures Rheumatism aud Neuralgia.
It relaxes Stiffened Cords.
It cuies Nervous Shocks.
It is Invaluable iu Paralysis.
It cures IuUaumiatiou ot the Liver.
It cures Silnal W Auki.in
It Is Orateful and Soothmr.
v cuius cauitjiiMy ur r us.
tia Safe, Reliable and Economical,
t la prescribed by Vh siciaus.
1 11 eDdorsed.by ElecirtcUua.
Collins' Voltaic Plaster
In warranted, on the reputation of Ir Collins Italn-
veLtor, an old phsiclau, to be the best plaster In the
world 'if medicine The union of the twourHMtmArii,..!
afreuts. yii., Electricity aud medical Oums and Essen
luiiy 4 tut in us tne otaiin.aud entitles this remedy
ink forttmniat n iinrn all mirMtlvA mm irn t.'-
all eiterual Aches aud Pains aud Ourouio AUmeuti,
Be careful to rail forCOI.T.TWH Vrtr.T ATP St.iiiwb
lest you tret some worthless iiniutlou. Hold by all
BUtes and Cauadas, and by WEEKS & POTTiiR, pro-
prieters, Boston Maes. wutlml
m in i
Ji ll Mi l II I 1 II 11 11
IUUII
MISCELLANEOUS.
BENSON'S CAPCINE
POROUS PLASTER
FOB WOMEN AMD CHILDREN.
Fsmalss Bnaenna-irom i'.'
"rserted With wli.wpicr .-oiwh.or.llnsry .-oiisb.
inent they uliould re.-eive.Tbl. srtl. -Ir contslus iie
remedy in the ssroe form II Is fr superior t
plism-es and other external remediea. It relieve
i.lSBters will not even relieve. r"r ijnmr.
(tea Hack. Itheumati.m.KldneydmeBses and all
remedy. A.k for Beuson'a tlapeine Pls.ler snl
tssonuoiuer. - -
Central Vermont R. R. Lids.
Commencing Monday, July 7. 1879.
TRAINS GOING SOUTH AND EAST.
Lit MrratpellM" t 11 45 A W , 2 (IB. 7 f anrl 9 flfl p. .
White Mountain irorn yra-w8B anu uc-
ltnbur.f. Ht Albma ud Burliutrton arrives at Muut-
Mail Tbain from Montreal. Ht. Albion, HnrliuH--on
fcc , leafe Motitpehfr II 45 A H , for lioHtnti,
tew Ixtudnn. HpriUKDeld, Mew York, and luttr-
"li'rPrrmn Montral.St Albant, Bnrlinirto,, lfavf
.fnnti'ftli-r 9 116 p w for HiatuD via Lowell, a Iho Bel
owaFaimaiid UrattWx.ro
White Mouutatna Kxpp'f" from iSanttnira Sn-lnira.
tut laud and burliutftou, Sic., arrives at Muutpelier 4. at
P M.
vTixedTrum leave U Mbunn'tajp h , BurllDKtui
4SP M. Moutf,t?r 7 9 p u . If T NoTtbfldd.
Night Expbkhh (rom On-denaimrtr, MntitrpMl. fit. Al
arm and Bur il turf on. le ve MontpWier at Dim p. M.,fn
tontou via, L-iwetl or FitrhburKU, .iriiiKllold,ew
tforkaudtoterinediatt puluta.
TRAINS GOING NOKTH AND WEST.
Leave Moiitj.elier at 3 30 8 46 a.m., 11.30 and 3 60, 6 W,
P M
Day EzPBERft leaven BoatoD via , Fitrhbnrvh at 8h
. M , via.. Lowell 8.10 a. m . New Loudon fi iu a h
(printrfleldetK) a , .! 'utpelier 3 60 p m , for Bur
Invrton. St. Albans. Montreal and ()rletifiburr.
Accommodation Train leives Northtleld at n :to a . m
fnntpeiier 8 45 A M. , for BurliuKtou, Kutiaud.Si
Ubaun.Ht Jolincand llichford.
Mixed leaves White itiver Junction 6 3n a m., North
ield IU 'X M., arrives at Moutpelier 12 oA v. m.
Hara'iitra Kxpres from White Mountains, lenve
Vfin,tre)l(ir U at a m for St. Albaus, UurlniKtou, Kut
ort and 8i.rato.ra Hprimrs
Arooinmi'dHt.oti leaven While River .Iiinetii.n l.fw p
h., Montpelier Stop. M.,for llurliniftuu, Hutliiiid una
Ht. Albans
Nioht ExPtiEsn leaves Boston via .Lowell at 7un
via, Flt'libiiru'li p. m.. New York Sixip m
tprinif Held B.iio p m.. Monti elierS :w a. m .for BnrliiiK
'ti, St. Albaua, Montreal and OKUensburK. and tl"
.Vest
Tralnsteave, vTmtuelierfor Bar re at 7,uo a m., 10. ui
i m . and 4 an p m
BetiiruluK leave Barreat" 43 a M.,andl().6i a. M.,atui
) '20 P M.
Hleeplnte ears are attached to Mtrlit Etjirenf" train
ftiunimr between Montreal and Boston, und Moulreii
md Spribsfftebl. and New York and via. Troy, and
Parlor Cara and l)y Express between Boston atd
Montreal.
Parlor Cars are attached to express trains bttwcei
vVdite Mountains aud Saratoga .springs
T b routs h ticketK for Chicago and the West for sale at
'he principal stations.
J. W.HOBART,
(ieul Bupt,
oi. AiDana, vi .duiyo. ipf.
mn mn nn nmr
ulu M11U nriinnir
Db. Sa-npord's Liveb Ixvioorator!
is a Standard Family Remedy for ,
diseases oi lucuiver, Stomach
and Bowels. It is Purely
Vegetable. It uever 2-
.Debilitates It is .
....
Cathartic and -s5
1UUIC
WW .
5v6 r9
Id1 V.D'9 v n
V(s 5
.,6" in
O' VP) o. IJ 1
.U ,.sl Yl"rt
v.t - io-. .it "tc.o- m
Rjpr in my practice
Tsnn,1 W i.i:-
i r" j ruuni;,
J for more than 3j years,
V wlln unprecedented rt suits.
' BEND FOR CIRCULAR '
S.T.W.SANF0RD,M,D..l?2.?",0S
5 ITT DRt'tlOIHT Hll.l, TF.I.I. VIM ITH ItFI'l TlTlOV J
O f p I. Vr"13 tttaioueil for mnehiiiilcM) ot :
a -s.a-.ii s. kj iiieireuiiiliounclR. oruumeuta
leslirnB.traUe-marliS. and UbelR. Cavrati,, Abbic
'onnts, Iuterroreui-es. Aimh'sIb. tiultt, fur lnfriun
'uenla. and all rbpr RrUin iii,,ir tl, f.-rtv-n
LAWS.pruiuptlyatteudvd to.
INVENTIONS TUAT IIAVK 111 KN
I? J? T T?rirW1 VT liytlie Pateut Office ii-ay
lZlL still. In in,it crl. lie
pa silted by us. Beinir opi'nfllte tlie ratcnl oflirr.we i
makeclOBer seari-bca. snd secure Patent morel
promptly.snd with broader claims, tlian tuoBe who,
ireretaote Irom WaBliiiiKtou.
IWPMTf b!?C 'r'"i " model or
1.1.1 T till J. (.ketch of your Uiviee:
e make examinations Jice of charge. and ailvipc
4R to patentability. All correspondence striekb eon--tdential
Priees low, and NO CUAlltiE rNl.KKK
PITKNT IS SEOUIlliD.
We refer to onVialB In the Patent Oftlce. to our
ellente in every Htate of the I'nion. aud to your
tenator ana Representative iu ConirresH. Special
referenceBulreu whop desired Address,
O. A. SNOW ft CO.,
rldtf OppoMte ratcnl OjMet. Il'aniniofen nr.
PATENTS.
R. Ii. liDDY,
No. 76 State St., opposite Killtv, Boston.
Jerures Patents in the UnftM Static aluninOrfint
Britain. Fram e ami other foreiirn ritntitri.-. CoU
j : A f 'j j i "i-'Tiir:, Hl n,HUMlKtOa .Vfi
tun tor obtaining I'utfntM nr ax-ertainimr the imti-nta-
uuuyor invention, n.n. fcUUi, Holu-iter of Puteuls.
TF.KTIUOSlALfl.
Ireii-ird Mr. Ei.dv an niiPnf thumnutn
tvrfjtiprctltumer8withwb)DiI Lave hd official
UHA8 MAMON.Oomniiiminnprof Patentp.
Invfntorn cannot cmnlov n nr-mnn mnea
'hvorjnnre ospahienf Rppn'rimr forthpni n rarlv and
rnT'Tftltlt' ioitiflfnitt(in at the Ptint (llllco
EDMUND BURKE, late CommisHinuer of Patent."
Boston, October 19. 1870.
R. H. EDPY. Kno-Dpnr Hir: Vfll nrnrnrod fnr m i
D IBM HIV HrHtnatcnt. Since tlii'ii vnn hnvniPiuHr.,.
ind adviRftl ma in hnmirpdn of rnBn mid unu-iiKn i
many natpiitu TeiPHUCB aDi extPiiHioi'B. I have niv-a-ionatly
emi'loyrd the bptt ayfncirs in Sow York
PhllHitflnlita and Wnshinirtnii hnt I Mtill iiv t-.m ui
most the wlmlflof my business, in y.iur ami ad-
vise others to em ploy j ou. Yourt t ni I v.
Boston,. Tan'y lot.lfiTi. rMlyl
.ST 4
H a m t
i
wa C"- aW w
1 S;l i
B
sMIjS i
1 B l P 5
1 1 w&"Vhi
J. ESn COMPANY,
f, i
"J-. -7.:-- -A'-.t 6.'
BRATTLEBORO. VT.
The Most Extonsivo Manufactory cf Reed Organs
IN THE ?
ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUZS SE!!T FRE3.
la POWIT. crmililne.l -.tilh VL'ItlTY tti' TON!;, in Hi l: III 1.17 V :i.l 1IMSII.
t:.ps Orjrans am l iirlvuli-d.
MISCELLANEOUS.
xinnfo W N,
GENERAL INSURANCE AGIKT.
Fire and Life I nFurance placed in
Responsible Companies,
AT HIIORT NOTIf'F. ANU AT IIATFS WHIm
CXPKUIKNt'K H I'KOVKII ARK HKWIMH
TO TIIK HAFKTY OK THK t llMI AXlls
AND A 1-IJOHI1H PIKITKC'IION (If
THE IXSI liKD.
Losses .nljtKpil anil prouiitly paid m
this oflicc. ComniuniRntiono ly mail will
recoive prompt intention.
OrncR ConNKn ok Statk am Main Sxittri.
MOXTPEMER, VT.
Are a symptom of Jaundice,
Dyspepsia, Constioation. T'.n.
iousness(r.d LiverComplaint.
BR, BflXTZin'SMBaAXE
will cure thr- dir case and re
move yel'nvness from skin
and eye-?, "Warranted to cure.
Eo!J cv.-.r h, ' ': i j r.i...r bottle.
WILCOMHITE
ORGAN CO.
Meriden, Conn. U.S. A.
"Chita's Blow Pedals,"!
Adjusted orromovedinstantly.
Invented ai;d Exclusively
used by this Company,
The most popular
Organs of the clay !
UNRIVALLED IN QUALITY.
"Tho Wilcox & Whito
Organ Ini:trtictor" is the
BEST ard CHEAPEST
in the aiiarket !
Stnd Fir Tr.,..-',1 i',,Mmjue.
! obtained for Inventors, in the (Tnltrd States, 4;u:mi3
j and Euroce. ut reilnocd rates. Willi our pnm ipul
tlif e located in Wmliniutnu, dirrctly opposite tl.o
i United States Patent OlH.'e, we are nble to attrud tn all
I Patent IJusiiieufwith irreat'-r prom ptm-Fs and despatch
and less cnnt.t hun other patent attorneys, win areata
distain-efroni Washington amj WU( huve. therefure,
toemp!iy "associateattorueyn." We muke iTeliin
inaryexamiutionf! and fnnnnh ophtions as to pat
entHbility.froeuf euarirn, and ml who are interested
in new inventions and I'nteiits are invited to send for
anony of our " Guide for Obtain inw Patents," wbu li
8-nMit froft toatiy ad Iresn, and contains complete in
structions how to obtuiu Patents, and other vaiuiibl
matter Were erto the iVrtn.in-.Vnieii.'au National
Hank, Viiahin.rton, p. C; tno Royal Swedish, Hot
wen-ain, aud Danish L.'tratious, nt Wauiiiru-ton; Hon-
Joseph fawey, lat Chfet J ..slice r. H. Court of Claims
totheOillciInof theU.S Patent Oftice, and to Sfna.
tors and Members of Ctimrrnss from every State.
Address, LOUIS UAOOKIt fi CO.. Solicitors of
PitentH and Atttirnoys at Law. I.o Droit DmldiUK'
Washinoton . D. C. FMitf
J V E K K I X
U LA CK SMITH
AND- -
W O R 1C E U IN IRON,
SIIOI" ON I'.Klil.IN STKF.KT,
Xext U.ior South uf Jhaiuutti .airtcr M,,,,,
t-vliyl
No Vatcnt No Vv$
PATENTS
-i rr - -

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