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GREEN MOUNTAIN FREEMAN.
110NTPEUEB, VT. efflce 10 tlie Brlck Block. Head of 8Ute Street. 1190 if i-aiil f advance: otlienrUe. 1M. l'j -pieiit may l' wad W niil or othfilM to II It. WUEELOCK. Editor and Proprietor. Hi.- r'ui.i mas. under the recent law of ConirrcH I.'iiU's lriT in Wa&hinirton County. On all alera "' ..nt.uli' Waalilwrtun County, tlie poataa-e ia raid .', the ,i,ii1iit at the uffli-e In Uontpelier. LETTER ON .VITUK.IL HISTORY. No. 8. T.v PH.HtB.lJi A. CUTTiau. Fungi and Animalcules. 5III.DEW OB UUST. Peculiar hot anj dump days will be Jivailed ly nearly all on account of " mil .l.av,'' hut " mildew " is one of those loose terms tliiit represents no definite j,,-a, or a very different one to various iti diri luals. Talk of mildew of grain to a farmer, uinl lie tells you of the rust which appears in lines or irregular spois upon the wheal -talk, indicating Puccinia graminii, which is known to hitu and generations butore him in many suctions as mildew. Talk lo a New England housewife of uiiMcw.and she will describe a minute spe oies of fungus which attacks damp linen. :i true mildew, and will ask if you know wli.it will rumovo the spots occasioned by it. A-k the hop grower of New York about mildew, and he will point out a species ol mould th it infests the hop vine, but whicn dill'jrs as mu ill from the mildew of tin south as does the mil lew of linen. Tile librarian will tell you of mil lewud books and papers, all I the housemaid of mil dewed cellars, all meaning a fungu growlb, but as wide in their significance as the poison hemlock and hemlock tree. Mildew in England me ins in literature but one thing, and that is the rust up. i. wheat and other grain, known scieniilioul ly as Vaccinia gramiais. Hut let us look into the history of thi pest. In view of a clearer understands, of this peculiar pest, so long supposed to le several sep irate species, anil which under the present light of science sccm f.t-t merging into one. Wo will suppot a line day in Juno dawns upon our re solve to learn of mildew, or rust, nud w. strny away from the villago to gain the chance to examine a wheat field. Having reached the field, there is no appearand of anything but a healthy crop ; we walk into ii perhaps fifteen or twenty yards be fore wo find a single fungus of which we ate in finest. Hut let us look closely down at the green leaves at the very bottom of the wheat plant, and wo are soon reward cd, as we shall find one or two that look rusty. The surface seems powdered with red ochre, and to have grown sickly unde the operation Pluck It carefully, and ex amine it with a low magnifying power p ieket Ions will do. Already the cuticle of the loaf is traversed with numorou longitudinal cracks or fissures, within which and around which you discern an orange powder, lo which the rusty appu tr ance on the leaf is due. Funh er ex uui nation reveals also portions in which the cuticle is distended into yellowish elongt led pastilles, not yet ruptured, and which is an earlier stage of this same disoasc. This is the ru-t of the New Engluug agri culturist, the Trichobasii rubigo-vtnt of the botanist, or the iiist phase of mildew. To know more of this parasite we musi take it to our micro-cope, and by careful inanipuU ion we sh ill find that the vege tative system of th s, as well as of all similar lungi, consists of a number ol delicate simple or branched threads, often intertwining and even uniting one to the other by little branch ets. These threads as wc have before explained are called the mveulium; they penetrate the intercellular spaces and insinuate th msclves in a com plete network am ing the cells of which the leaf or ot ier deceased portion of the plant is composed. We m iy regard the whole mycelium of one pustule, or pure spot, as the vegetative system of one fun gal plant. At lirst it might have originated as several individuals, which afterward become combined as one, for the prodiie tion of Iruit, and by their combined ell'uri a cluster of fruit, or spore spot, is pro duced. In the first instance it number of minute. transparent, co'orless cellules are devel oped from the lnycleuni ; these enlarge and are filled with un orange colored .mloehrome, and appear beneath the leaf as yellowish spots. As a eonsequohce ol this increase of bulk, tho cuticle becomes d. -tended in the form of a pustule over the yellow cellules, and at length, unable lo withstand the pressure from beneath, ruptures in irregular, but more or less elongated fissures, and the yellow bodies, which I will call spores, break from their short pedicels and escape; lo the naked eye presenting tuo appearance oi an orange powder. On the lirst of August we will again visit our wheat field. Ru-ty leaves are more common than before. A little care ful examination, and here and there we shall find a leaf with decidedly brown pustules intermixed with tho ru-ty ones. If wo remove from the browner spots a little f the powder by means of a sharp pointed knife and place it in a drop of wa ter, and cover it with a thin glass, anil place it uuder our microscopo, a different seric3 of forms will bo observed. There will still bo a p irtion of one-celled yellow spores, but the m ijority will bo elongated, mostly with short stalks, and either de cidedly two-celled or a tendency to be so These two-celled spores aro another form of tho mildew called Puccinia gram- inis. which may be produced in tho same pustules and from tho same mycelium as the rust previously described, and Is gen erally considered at the present time to be the same fungus. Other grain and vari ous other plants are likewise affected. fig. 3 represents al , wheat straw infest ed with this rust; b. cluster of spores mag nified ; c, singlo sport magnified 300 illume- lers. This rust is so com mon and so much alike oil all plants that this plate will answer to represent the fungus wherever found. Iut us now for the third time visit our wheat field. Ii is ripe, or else mi ch damaged, pos'lbly destroyed by one I'uleM Hit uuuitwr of lurwrtioiiB are niaik! u the i.d rertia, -nt It Mill bo .-..t.tiiiio-d until orilrr4 out. i.iixthi U1R.-..UUT luaar to merclialul and ututr advtr- lamic tj in., j tar. . . TERMS FOR ADVERTISING. AJfmw I K r ono miaBi-fti'f IS Hut- or )fMOf Atratetyp. -M I LilMTt It tl . 1 III' fur Oiuli Mil Iwi-.i ui-nt ltim-rf i ... ft El .aW ym. m.Z.sL gH ll III .lW V TT ' ill 'W iW 11 1 W IBT IT W H V . U ' ' ill 11 ' I- IB w in T 11 r?!ii mum II m iti iu Hal in , n x m iti iu iu ,11 ta m m m s n 11a 11 sm n 1 If I itlTX 1 Si H :' II (i 'Ifl II I II H H III IH B . H MB II B 111 II U 'w It II n ' 1 IB fl u rrou.,,, 11 ww 1 . ti liar ir iwm itm - ikii ii tm in h tm tmm . in in m m icj u mm i itm tm m n ui n n ih n ih in in 11 r r vi ei . ti h - v 11 lB a n h in ta a ib h a a w m m m . im. m m n Am. m a h w rv at; im iH M" m3 v iv wty w tsjr ww v r . , - ' ' 1 - . VOL. XXXVI. MONTPELIER, VT., WEDNESDAY, JULY 1G, 1879. NO. 29. ' -r-- On the straw we shall fiud black lines or bhu-kish spots, from tho size of a pin -head to an inch in length; this is tho mil dew, rust, or I'uccinia it matters no what name it is called, in full maturity and when it is once seen it is never for t;o'lcn. liotanists may dispute about lit intermediate stages; may give it differ ent names when found on other plants, but it still remains the great pest of tlv husbandman. Thero aro no lingering doubts in the minds of the agriculturalists Ixjtanists, savans of science, or laborers, ihat tho rust is not injurious, because th. most casual observation shows it in tin sickly condition of all plants nffecte. through the season. The manner of impregnation is un known, or if known is in dispute. Sonii' lielieve ns the stomata or breathing spore of tho plant aro open in damp weather. ihat tho infinitesimal germs enter these pores and gain a foothold, and push their rootlets into the cellular tissue of the plant. Others think that they enter from the ground through the roots, and others -till do not believe that they enter the plant at all, but that the seeds are poison ed by the touch of their spores. Be it as it may, wo well know that it exists, and oi ioni se ih sire to have as little damage from it as possible. Observation lias shown thai rich land, or that manured by old manure. s much more likely lo have the grain crop njuied than land not so rich, or manured by green manure, or some of our ferlili . u s. This should teach care in tho prep- tratioii of our l.tn l. Some claim that an idmixture of sulphur in sowing, nnd itheis that if it is sifted on the leaves is i preventative Careful experiments have hown all such remedies useless. Ashes ,re good to produce a healthy oon lition of (hecnu) while thev have no effect upon i he fungi. The statu of the atmosphere conducive o very rapi I growth is usually liable to levelop the post. We believe that all -traw infested to a largo extent should be burned, and all grasses and weeds stand ing around such fields, should shaie the siinio fate. In this way tho principal langer might bo avoided. Another instance of the two-formed condition of thii smaller fungi can bo traced in the delicate condition of mouldi ness which frequently covers the loaves of the lilac, tho grape, tho fruit of the goose berry, and various other plants. It looks like strings of beads made of colorless cells. In this condition it is known and lescribed as " O Inim. ' Fig. 4. , tufts f conida of the Oiilium MonVio idea ; b, portion of grass leaf with same species of blight, the spores being tho self same heads and egg-shaped bod ies, whence the iien. ric n un.-, out careiul observation will show us that this is not its porfeet condi tion: an I when later in autumn these throads become more compact, and are tiriiiotinted on their horizontal surfaces by shining black capsules, or perithccia, IM.UOKTALITV. Are titer looklnv down npoi tin. Lovetl ouea wuo have irunc boloro7 In a worm of UVlit and Klory Do tney love lie aa of yore? Are the brbrhteyea elueed in alnniber Ope'J and tfaziuY from nn hi?u, Beamiuir with a clearer vi.lon. Wutuhin o'er ua, y ea, fur eye? Do they know our thmufbtii and feelinirs. Kuow our iuiu-JAt heart, to rca.l? D.) they mourn vhon we are tempted? Wuen we fail to sow nw& eed ! Are they watehlnir, are they waiting For the coming of onr feet? Will the aatne fond heart, receive tie? Will the aaiuo aweet voice, irroet? Who .hall .ay they are not with n.? Men of acleuce and of lore. Can you tell ua with your wiHd.ini, Aa you o'er rour volmnca pire, If the heaveu. are far bivond un If those reHlms are hurh above? Or a rciriou all aronn.l 11., Where Clod'e ineaaeuprerB ol lore Are npllftiusr humnn creature., Uelptnir them each day and hour. Bettor to au.tain their burden.. Butter yet to know Hi. powor? Or i. It a world of trior, Ail divl led from ourown. Where noluQannce can niinirle With the trial, earth hath known. Oh, for hope that come, to irladden. Oh, for faith that doth asnuro. That our loved ones have not left ub, Thouirh immortal now. aud pure. They are .till beside ub watkluit, Thouirh unseen by mortal eye; They are terkiuw tn his vlueyard. They art with tho Fther, unrh. e Patient Willi Your Boys. liV MRS. IIENItV WAUD liEKCIIEIt. ' f ilt ich of which is filled with elliptical and elongated cells, and each in turn contain- insr several spores, we shall find in Erysi. phi: licit we have arrived at the conclusion of the dimorphism of this fungus, so inju rious in its effects. The famous gr ipe mildew so destructive to the graons of K nope, and known as Odium Tuckeri, is also only an imperfect form of somo common Erinyplte; so of the grape fungi of New England, as well as of various other fungal plants. Even tho cluster cup first described is quite likely to turn out but one form of the rust, on somo other plant. Some, as I havo before said, even now suppose it identical with the pucciuia, nnd with good reasuii. (7b be continued.) A Man l'ltoposr.s to Jttiii i uom the NiAfJMiA Snsi-i:nsion Biuimie and Gets too Duunk to Do IT. Five thousand persons asM inbled tit Niagara Falls Friday afternoon to witness the feat of II. I'. Peer, of jumping from ihenew snsjiension bridge into the Niagara river. At half oast he niado his apiiearanco dressed in tights, hut in such an intoxicated condition that he w is not permitted to make the attempt. At 5 o'clock ho was sniugulivl nwav, amid the complaints of the crowd. A large number of people came from distant places in Canada, and excursion ruins liail oeen ' un irom various places. It will bo remembered that a few months ago Peer made the jump successfully. While desiring that mothers should keen fast hold of their girls as long as ibey 1 an, what shall we do with the boys? It rests will! t ho mothers usually, lar more than with I ho fathers, to decide. If ho mother is tender, but firm and rquifa hie, overlooking misdeeds thai do not sprina from natural depravitv. but from 1 lie tlioughilessness ot youtn, wan us irol icsome, bubbling, etiervesoing spirits 11 he is prompt and ever watching to know whereunto this boisterousness may tend. always ready with loving but restraining hand to check their wild play whenever it approaches real wrong or evil then, we . l .1 ...in i ,u..: may 00 sure, sut-11 motuers win kccii iueii boys, lis well ns their girls, where their influence will always be strong er and more holy 1 nan any oilier. But with the mothers who are constantly restraining and thwarting every childish pleasure, giving words of unmerited re proof for every tnis'ake oi wayward act, ihero is danger that I heir children will become peevish, selfish and deceitful. Particularly is this the danger with boys. who. when out of doors, are beset by the very evils that ns-ail them through the unecjtnin, nnd often unnatural, discipline of boarding schools. Ah! if some of the mothers who most conscientiously endeavor lo do their duty bv their children, giving elipcrfully their own ease, strength and comfort to tikis work, could, while iho Hi tin ones are urowina up, act with the Same insight and judgment which comes to them alter this formative work is done, what precious ro stills would follow! How many of our most scrupulous nnd conscientious moth ers err by over-governing over watchful ness! Their children, after a hltle while, learn to look upon tln-m ns " keepers," or spies, and do not dream ihat this irritating supervision comes from imperfect judg ment not lack of afleclion in the moth ers, who would gladly give tlitir own lives to bo able to make their cuildren always happy while trying 10 lead them in the straight and narrow path. Yet the sense of responsibility which they feel, nnd which, is supposed to rest upm parents always, makes tho little ones shrink from them. Conscientiousness is so largely devel oped in sonic minds as to make their lives a perpetual torture to themselves and all who come under their infl icnceor cuitrol So 6troti2 is the hold that ibis peculiar trait of character has over their whole lives, a trait expressed in so many different forms of action, that llley are not able to di-tinguish the follies and Ireaks of joyous childhood from the flagrant sins and vices of riper and more responsible ago. ho ihev mete out the same reproof or punish ment lo tho " toddling wee things " that may be merited by a child ju-t on the borders of mature Ii lo. Then, sickness, in many cases, is too mighty for some mothers, and they indulge in reproof aud irritability liccause their nerves aro unstrung, and not because the child is deserving of rebuke. Particularly is this the case with llie b.ys in a family. Boys must be boys. They must run and whisllo, burst into the house whooping like young Indians, forgetful not regard less that their mother s aching head is not benefitted by such a mode of entrance. Who more soi ry than these young thtin den rs when thev see Ihat they have in creased the sufl'oring? Yet how soon is it all forgotten wheu the door closes after them, and they once more feel the invig orating air which sets their young blood dancinsr. But the ixior mother forgets her own young life, or what is so natural to boy I The Indian Trappera or Hudson Bay. I About the first of November, when lh j animals havo got their winter coalt, am I fur is ' in season," the Indian trappei I lays out his trapping walk for the winter, i along which he places n line of traps fron ti n 10 fifteen miles in lengto. unce 01 twieo a week ho makes the round ol wis walk, and gathers such furs as may b c-inght. Most of the liner furs are taken bv means of the wooden dead fall am steel trans of various sizes, the larger lir bearing animals being either shot, eaiigti in snares, or killed by the poisioned ball Toward I he latter end of March thi Indian trappers leave theirhuniing groun and make a journey to the forts with tin products of 1 heir winter S toil. Here thm couio. moving through the forest, motley throng. I ho braves uiarcn in ironi, to pr.iud and 1 izy to carry anuhiug but their puns, and not always doing even that. After them come the squaws, bending under loads, drivins doss or hauling hand sleds laden wilh meat, furv, tanned deer skins and infants. The DUPPV dog and inevitable baby never fail in Indian lodge or procession. The cheerful speeiacleof the two packed together upon the back of a woman is not of infreq ient occurrence Day after day the mongrel purty Journeys ..n, until the fort is reached. Then comes the trailing. The trader separates the furs into lots placing the standard valuation upon each.. Then he adds the sums together, and in foims the trapper that he has got sixty or seventy " skins " At tho same time he hands' his customer sixly or seventy small hits of wood, so that the lattor may know by returning these in payment for the goods for which he really barters his furs, ju-t how fast his funds have decreased. The lirst act of the Indian is to cancel the debt eont ractcd for in advance at the be oinningof tho season; then he looks round upon the bales of cloth, blankets, &c and after a long while concludes to have a white capote for his toddling boy. The nriee is told lii 111. and he hands back ten ot his small pieces of wood, then looks about l im for somettimg else, f.very thing is carefully examined, and with each purchase thore is a contest over the ap parent Inequality between the iimount re ceived and that given. In the Indian's opinion, one skin should pay for ono arti cle of merchandize, no matter what tho value of the later may be. And he insists upon selecting the skin. The steelyard and weighing balance are his especial objects of dislike. Ho does not know wdiat medicine that is. That both his tea and sugar should be balanced against a bit of iron, conveys no idea of llie relative values of peltries and mer chandise to him. He insists upon making the balance swing even between the trader's troods and his own fur, until a new liirlit is thrown upon tho question ol steelyards and scales by the acceptance of ns proposition. 1 nen, wni-n ne nuns uw line furs balanced against heavy blankets, he concludes to abide bv tho old method ..f nllowinsr the white trader to decide the weirdit his own wif: for it is plain that steelyard is a very great medicine, which no bravo understands. When the trapper has spent all his small pieces of wood, and asks for further ad vancs. ho is allowed to draw nnv tensona- ble amount ; for, contrary to tho rule in civilized life, a debt is seldom losisavo by the death of the Indian. He may change his place of abode hundreds of tunes, but he still has only a company's post at which to traded The company has always been a "Mod friend to him and his. an I lie uavs when he can; he knows that, when he pays his old debt, he makes a Dew one iust as big. When ho is ill he goes to tho nearest tort, ami is cared 101 unui 10- covers. When ho does his duty well he g.-ts a present, and he never performs any labor without receiving fair compensation Such humane treatment strongly binds the Indian and half breed to the compiny. . .1. Uobinmn, in II irper's Migazinc. Weston's Peculiarities. Weston's ' peculiarities as a pedestrian are marked. nd mere can be no doutit mat oy over Minting them he won iu the present con test, for which he put himself in thorough raining, and praci iced a running gait lor he first time. Before this occasion ho vould not train at all. His health was I ways good, and he had no superfluous lesh. A long sleep just before starting vas all the physical preparation he would nake, and nervousness often interfered veil vith that preliminary. He would t permit a trainer lo oome near him lurinz the walk, but kept several servants iciivelv ensrarred nitrht and day, his wants icing numerous. Pettisuness is his chief h aracteristio as soon as the strain begins so affect his system, and at time he noears to be all but ins ine. He imagines hat persons around him aro plotting iliainst him, and frequently de-charges all lis attendants. His caprices are some dines absurd. During the walk in the American Insti- lure building, for example, be kept the hand playing a single lune over and over ill one afternoon and evening; sent an order to the door to admit no sporting men; hired a woman to band Inm bou quets on the track, and a little girl to lodge Uider the railing and kiss him; sent a proposition to Mr. Hepworth to preach on athletics on the following Sun day While he sat on the platform ; invited tcoupany of the 7th regiment to osoort him to a hotel at the close of the walk ; and did many other ridiculous things In the way of grotesque costumes and antics. Before the walk commenced he wrote out directions as to his treatment by his attendants, and lectured to them on the subject. They were to speak to him senilv at first when asleep and the time came logo on the track; then lender if he did not respond, and finally if ho remained on his couch, argue wilh him on the folly oi his course. His meals were to be served at regular hours, and in exact quality nnd quantity. In point of fact, however, he would subject hinself to no rules or restraints. Nobody could influ ence him in the least. Ho would eat whatever and whenever he pleased. He walked at whatever gait suited him at the moment, nt one time being despondent sauntering, and nt another boyishly elated and nimble. That.he was a walker with wonderful powers was well known to those who knew the man tho'oughly; but his policy of holding aloof from sporting men antagonized them, and they did all they could to injure him. That he was trickster was anuntiantiy proved, ana his faculty of borrowing simply astonish ing, while ho never repaid the smallest loan. He got $6UU out of the evor trustlui Horace Greeley. These frailties wore made the most of by his many enemies. and he came to lie regarded as a " beat." His achievements as a walker were set lown as fraudulent, and the man became a martyr to his own faults. It was wilh difficulty that he embarked for England some of his creditors threatened to have him arrested as an absconding debtor; hut Col. 1). a. 1 nomas, wbo went along is his business manager, was shrewd enough to get linn safely away. New York hitler to Boston Herald. TEACH MK TO 1.1 VK. Teach me to live ! 'tia easier far to die; Gently and alien tly lo paa. away. On earth. Iouk nurut to close the heavy eye. And waken In the realm, of irloriuu. day. Teach me that harder lesson, hew to live. To serve Tnae In the darkest patha of life; Arm me for connici now; fresh vhror irive. And make me more than cou'iueror in the strife. Teach me to live ! my daily cross to bear, Nor murmur thotM b I bend beneath ItB load , Ouly be with me; let me feel Thee near; i Thy ainile spreads irladiieaa on the darkest road. : Teach me to live, aud And my life in Thee; Lookiutr from earth and earthly thinira away; Let me not falter but uutlriUKly Press on. aud irain new strength and power each ! day. I Teacta me to live 1 with kindly words for all; ! Wearing no cold repulsive brow of g-looni; ' Waiting, with cheerful patience, till Thy call Summons my auirlt to her heavenly home. Incomi-etent Doctoks. With the exeep in ol ono co.lcge in iSew lork I-ia 3. wmmmmi J n I -. i Si Little Harry S., of five summers, who had been exalted from girl 8 to boy s ha biliments, recently appeared at school arrayed again in tho former, when his teaciier kindly remarked: "Children, I hnpelhat none of you will tease Harry, nor speak ot his dress, as his mother has nt him in it lo punish him for being naughty lino lie leets moi tineii anu sorry. 'hereupon Ma Ier Harry quickly mounted his seat and repu liatini: his teacher s kind protection, extended his clenched fist and inrrnmrt-d his class thus: "II any eiri says anything about ii. III say nothing; but if tnv hoy docs, I u Kiiocr uis ueau ou, anu the lire of his eyes bespoke his self-reliance, Boston I ransci i;. the fungi. A Stiiange Statement. Nearly all iho medical autlioi'ilcs, and those who have been fortunate enough to recover from a stroke of lightning, agree that the electricity acts with such extreme rapidi iv as to be absolutely painless. Prof i'vndall relates that while standing in the presence of ail audience, nnd about to lecture, ho accidentally touched a wire leading from a charged battery of fifteen large Leyden jars. Life was absolutely blotted out for a very sensible interval without a trace of pain. In another sec ond or so consciousness relumed Ho saw himself in the presence of tho audience and in contact with the apparatus, anil realized that he had received the discharge The intellectual consciousness of his rxwi tion was restored with exceeding rapidi ty, but not so the optical consciousness, to prevent tho audience being alarmed, ho stated that it had often been his desire to receive accidentally such a shock, and thatjiis wish had at length been gratified Hut while making this explanation llie appearance which his body presented to himself was that of being in separate pieces. His arms, for example, seemed to be detached Irom his body nnd sus pended in tho air. Memory aud the power of reasoning and speech were complete long before the optic ncryo recovered from the electric shock. The ruoi'Eit Way to Get kid ok Com pF.TiriVE Convict Laiiok. Mr. E. Ii llewes. warden of tho Connecticut Suite Pi ison at Westfield. writes as follows to the Hartford Vouranl: " Permit mo to submit so the public a few thoughts, throuih jour vlulile paper, on the sut j ct of pi ison labor. The gov erning piincile of this management is that the prisoner must earn his living. We have too much sympathy with the honest mechanic oniside, who has never transgressed the laws of his country, to ask him to divide llie hard-earned profits of his daily toil to support in idleness his incun-Hlerato l. tiow mortal wno, oy me commission of crime, lias lorieuea nis liberty and fallen into prison, and yet this prisoner must live. We may take his freedom but may not take his life. If he is to live he must be fed and clothed. Who, is to provide this food and these clothes? They must come from the outside of the prison walis, if they are not earned within. We say our convicts must be producers as well as - consumers; and why should they not? Thev have healih.strcngth.sinew and muscle, and all the faculties of sound men, and, more than all are willing to work. And vet there is no work ihoy can do which does not come directly or Indirectly, more or less, in contact with outside labor. But our country is so largo and elastic ood's health and buovant spirits, and hereloro is not eas ly appeased, or ready t,.,i jn contrast, prison labor.all told is scarcely felt In competition, occasion ally some one may seem to suffer individ ually in this direction, but this cannot be avoided, aud no one has a right to com plain when the larger number are benefit- The nnlv lniritimate and successful way to get rid of competitive prison labor is to begin with boys in the family and touch th.-i.i in n-row un virtuous, honest, temper ate und industrious.and then we shall have no need of prisons, because we shall Have no prisoners to put in them." to forego tho reprimand wlncn sucll thoughtlessness seems iu her estimation to deserve. She forgets that these wild, noisy Iwiys w ill ere long shoot up into men " and learn lo do without her." We have known and Ich it all, nnd just now, while tossed on the resiles ocean, as we draw near to home, we are looking backward over many years, rcuiembering the few litile frets and annoyances, tlie many perplexities and great mistakes of j r fife in iho years that will never come back to us again. When we tluuk that tho liitie girls have now grown beyond our guidance or gono to tho better land ; when we remember that from tins titno " None but tall and deep-voiced men Will.irravely call us Mother,' Or we be stretching; empty bauds From this world to the other," how we wisli we had Ireen more patient, more gentle. More loving we could not have been. But we see, as no doubt all mothers do where we made mistakes, whore we conld have done moie and belter quickly frayed out along the paving for our children, and think " If we could i stones, is really a eown. and not a ' proin- Lbut take them back to the time when they entitle costume;' ihat it- need not bring a had not learned lo do without us!" j blush to the cheek of even Mr. Podsnap s The mother's overtaxed strength orYung Person lo say leg, instead of falling health is often made llie reason for ; limb,' when leg is meant; that the sup sending iho troop of noisy boys to sch(ol; I per at an evening party is not 'tbeen and they grow up to manhood with a I tertainment;' and that there are well ceititin love for home and parents, but are founded objections to the use of ' nicely ' not much distressed if they lin.l ihat llley hs an adjective describing tbo state of must do without it ror a lew years a ones neahu." " lo clotne low-crocping homo lovo is kept alive by the quarterly j matter with high-flown language," said visits during vacation but mothers, be-, old Fuller, "Is not tine fancy, but flat ware! The pleasure nnd exhilaration of , foolery. It rather loads than raises a cowing home will soon subside if they wren to fasten tho feathers of an ostrich chance, occasionally, to see symptom of j to her wings." impatience wilh their spons and uoiso, on , weariness al any disturbance as vacation T p,.0bablo that, at no distant day. draws to a close. If they have the least fa BlurcsHof , 1)imd 8ea will become occasion to think that their presence be- . . f . ;n,.,ort.,n. industries. gins to c isturo the quiet, the comfort ot Th(j WMon of tlm ..j , olloa,ica lliusu ni uuiue, paieuis iijuv uu tui y ouiu and two in otner stales, says names .a ucalwnal Monthly, any one may become a medical student without preliminary examinations in anything, moral character not excepted. Students are always grad ated with two years study, and in some institutions the course of study is even more superficial and imperfect. Exami nations for diplomas are not at all rigid. a knowledge of chemical analysis not he i ii!? red uired. 1 here is not a single diiclor in one of the western counties of New York who can conduct a decent chemical analysis, or even tell whether his nitrate of bismuth does or does not contain arsenic. A doctor recently stated on examination that the proper dose of piussic acid lor a child two jcarsold was from two to six drops! As a general thing, doctors in rural places, and in some of our cities as well. slick to the antiquated remedies and outrageous doses. We ibinx our educational journals ought to stir up the young doctors to more diligent habits as students. Each one of them should have his chemical laboratory, where he daily sluai'd conduct such chemical analy sis as sickness demands, ii doctor s were little more enterprising and pushing. we should know someibing more about such diseases as typhoid fever and measles. Call two doctors in succession lo a child Hacked with these diseases, and the probabilities are that they will give you contradictory explanations and totally different remedies. This is no recom mendation to tlie medical profession. Because doctors are not scientific, the practice of medicine is not conducted on scientific principles, and medicine to-day is not a science. Jt is a practice we admit, much lo the honor of sensitive tastes. The day will be hailed with joy by a diseased world when this practice is conducted on scientific principles. We laymen would like to Know many things our medical advisers will not tell us simply because they cannot. Let us have some light on these diseases lurking unsubdued in all parts of our land. It is your duty to enlighten the world, and ii yon are the students you snould be, some of you will bless this humanity of ours by telling exactly what will care certain diseases, and why it will do so. You should be paid to prevent as well as cure. We would rather give you twenty-five dollars to keep ns well, than ten lo cure us whtn sick. . Pnbllshln? and Reading Immoralities. It is the habit of the great newspapers of the world, to set afloat news in all its gradations, from the top to the bottom of human nature. Society obliges mon to we ir clothes ; newspapers do not allow them to wear a rag. No man c m walk (he streets irftlccenily ;but that part of con duct which U Indecent newspapers are permitted to send down through all the Ii reels and highways and byways of the whole land. ( Newspapers are nnblo channels of learn ing; they carry intelligence and a thous and inspirations to virluo and to patriot ism; they are invaluable; nevertheless, they have their common sower at tho bot tom, and out of that comes the mephitic aras that invades our dwellings. D iy by day the representation of that side of man which it lowest and most animal goes on wilh a continuity and a minuteness that is most repugnant to Christian morality, to honor and to delicacy. When a word of this kind is uttered, the reply constantly Such news is marketable. We pub lish a paper, not for preaching; we are not schoolmasters, nor ministers; wc are venders; we publish a paper to sell. We of course would not indulge in that which was absolutely oriminal for the sake of selling our papers; but who shall mark out to us that which is and that which is not criminal? What the people want, nnd will have, we undertake to supply to them. Our rivals will do it if we do not." : Many, say: " We ourselves do not relish doing it; we wish there was a pub lic sentiment that prevented its being done but as tilings are, we are obliged to do it if we would maintain our position." And thero is a great deal of reason in Unit ; thero is no excuse in it; but it does open a clearer idea of tho pressure which is brought to bear on newspapers in that direction ; and, after all, it rolls on you tho readers the burden. If you would not read such things they would not have to print them. They expose this carrion in market becaufe you are the purchaser of it. You do like it. ' Of courso there aro persons that stand high that will not have anything to do with it. Then there aro persons that stand low, and would not have anything to do with a paper that was without it. The great intermediate class, that do not approve of this or that p iper, and do not take it, buy it now and then just to see what it has lo say! So it has the market. Thero is a morbid curiosity to know who has been shut to-day; what hideous i.iiwiviirra' Xotiref.tauKeailt. FW Noti.-N of Liberation F.trTK. tl..-Formation Hid liinaolution of Co-partnership. &c.,l ea h tor Hire- iua.-rt.-ju. II sent by uiaii the money luunt ac .inpaLy ineietter. N. .tire in HrWl ,-nl.i...nB In ta nnv Km. na.-h in. aerlion.but nocharua fc nude of lLan au.a-uljt. Notices of Deaths and Mama Inderteo- e ills hi.t STtcndt d obituary Notices of Poetry will be charifea i no. ...r oi ii,.- .-eiui, .,-r (me. letpjction nas been disclosed lo-day ; what fouling of a hitherto noble name has Oaken place to day 'who is at tho whipping post to day ; who hangs dangling on the gallows to-tl ay; and all those items of news that appeal to the animal below the eats, or to tho bottom of the brain the animal part of tho brain, that is are sent abroad every day, and come into onr bouses, and are read by our children, by our servants, and even by ourselves. . I do hate such things, I would sooner sit down to a mud banquet than sit down and rend ol catastrophes. If 1 were obliged to do it, I could take a man's leg off; if it were needful, I could look at blood, tlioUL'h if it wore not needful I should faint at the sight of it; if it were necessary to save a man s life, I could use the lancet; hut ( bate and abhor it; and to sit down to this as a repast, as an inspira tion of tlie day it is cannibalism such as actual historical cannibalism never equal ed; for cannibals eat men before llley are rotten, ine euect upon the mind every day. as a mere matter of excitement, or judgment, or indulgence, dwelling upon coarse nnd brutal acts, upon nagrant im moralities, and upon shocking crimes.can not but le bad it keeps alive that conceit of human nature which is too strong in men, and needs to be repressed and cor rected. Rome had her gladiators; Spain had her bull-fights; England had her bear baiting; and America has her newspapers. ) Is litis an assault upon the newspaper? No more than it is an assault npon Lbns tian families. Tho whole community, in churches and out of churches, love evil. They love faults in men. They love to talk about them. They love to have pa pers bring them in at their door. They are particeps criminis. And, with all their defects, our newspapers are less at fanlt than men who read them and demand them. I take it that there is scarcely a newspaper whose proprietor would not be glad lo instruct their editors and reporters to leave out all the basilar news; but the people would not tolerato them ; and if they do wrong they do it because you de ntand that wrong. II. W. Baeckcr, in Christian Union. Locusts in llie East. A resident of Smvrna furnishes some ', interesting facts e meerning tho locust I pest in the East. Ho says: -In the month i of May. 187ri. I wvnt by rail to a village situated about five miles from tho town of j Smvrna. On one part of tho line there 11 an Incline, wlucn 1 noticed wo were nseending at an unusually low rate of speed, anu the cngino was puiung ano Inborin" in a most unaccountable manner. On look'1112 out of tho window to ascertain tho cause, I perceivcVl that tlie ground was literally covered with locusts, and scarcely a minute had elapsed ere the tram ceased to move, owing to tuo wuceis having become wet and slippery from the number of these insects that had beec crushed on tho line. Sand was thrown on the rails, and brooms were placed in front ol the locomotive, by which moans the train was again set in motion; and we finally reached our destination in thirly fi'o instead of fifteen minutes, the usual leneth of the journey. On entering the village, I called al a friend's house, and found the inmates assembled in the garden, drawn up in battle array, armed with brooms, branches of trees, nnd other implements of destrnction, waging war against their unwelcome visitors, llie locusts, which it appears, had scaled the outer walls of tho premises, taking the place by assault, and were committing sad havoc on every green thing to be lound in the garden. Tho united efforts of the household, howevor, were Kworless against their cmemies, which were mo mentarily increasing in number; so they were compelled lo beat an ignoniuiotis retrent, and seek refuge in tho house. Locusts are lirst seen toward the end of April on the slopes of Iho hills, where the eggs ot tuo Ii males nan nccn ticposiieti the previous -autumn. When born they are about tuo size ol ants, out develop in a wonderfully short time tn their full size. Early in May they are sufficiently strung to travel all day ou foot collecting, together at mzht in dense masses. At sunrise tney re-commence their march their head: invariably turned to the south devouring every green herb that comes in their way grass especially being their favorite food In the rear ot these advancing armies others are followins.whieh subsist on what is left by their more fortunate companions ot the advanced euard. inward tuo cnu of May locusts arc aullicicntly developed to take short fliehts on the wing, and wher ever thoy alight woe betide the unfortunate owners of the property ! In June and J uly theyjrisc to a consiilerahleheight in the air darkenm" tho sun. As at tms season oi tho vear there is no more grass in the plains, and the corn has been harvested ihe.vincyards are unmercifully attacked as well as tho leaves ot Ihe trees; and wnen hard pressed for food, even the bark of trees is not spared by ineso voracious insects, lxmsts die off in August; but before this occurs tho females boro holes in tho ground on tho slopes of the hills sufficiently largo to insert their bodies then the males I nm assured by eye witnesses cut off their wives' heads and thus the errns which are contained in tlie female's bodies averaging about seventy in number aro preserved against the inclemcnces of the wintor season. " It occasionally happens that locusts disappear for a number ol years in su. cession : it is therefore presumed that in seasons of scarcity they arc compelled hefore the breeding season lo taKe long flights in search of food ; and when litis occurs millions of thoir dead are found on the shores of the sea, and the effluvia from their bodies often occasions great sickness. In the year 1S-12 locusts lay two feet deep in tho ilay of Smyrna. Ship and typhus and other fevers beenmo so prevalent in the town that many families in a position 10 leave took refuge in the country villages. Wiih a proper government, this eastern plague could by degrees bo done away with : but tho Turks leavo everything to fate; nnd although occasional orders are given by the governors in tho interior for "heir destruction when they lirst appear in Iho stirinr. only half measures are taken, and little is gained by these futile nitempis to destroy them. In former times Cyprus was annuany uevasiaieti oy locusts; but of late years this great inflic tion has almost ceased to bo a source of anxiety lo its agricultural population, owing to tho intelligence of a European who holds property on the island, anu who inveuted ihe followingsimplo method of destroyinz them in thoir infancy, which has been already alluded lo in the public journals. Tyocusts, as mentioned before, aro born on the slopes of tho hills, and when they aro siilliuiuntly developed to comiucneo their work of destruction, descend into tlie plains in long and regular columns, never deviating from their path. Anticipating this method of progression, trenches are dug at tho baso of these hills; aud when tho locusts are within a few yards of the nits, thev are inclosed between two long strips of canvas placed perpendicularly in parallel lines leading to mo moutns oi me oits. A piece of oil-cloth is then spread on the ground, extending a few inches over these trenches in a slanting position over which the locusts continue to advance and are precipitated into these traps in innumerable quantities, and immediately destroyed. If tho Turkish government followed tho example set them by the inhabitants of Cyprus, Asia Minor would soon be froo of locusts ; but as thei o is little chanco of this beinz the case, we most, expect a vearlv increase of these insects, and trust to natural causes for iheir destruction." The amount of piu money required bv the married woman depends on whether she uses diamond pins or rolling pins. The name of a New Hampshire school teacher is May I. Conch. Tlie Attn- California remarks Hint it is much more common to hear school teachers addressed as May I Uwout. A man out west has eiylit children, and every last one of them has the mumps, in ooi ii enet-KS, in unnroken chorus. And tho family looks like a convention of book agents. ' Why?" Why? Oh, because. When Washington learned of Arnold's treachery, he exclaimed: ' Whom 'can we trust nr.w? ' The next evening he received a postal card from a retail grocer tclliug him ihat he would havo to trust everybody, if he wanted to get any trade. Clouds, in heavy weather, are seldom above half a mile higb;but in clear weather from two to five miles, and they can rise from five to seven. Clouds are often of enormous size. ten miles each way and two thick, containing 2X) etibio miles of vapor. A minister once told Wendell Phillips that if his business in life was to save the negroes, be ought to go south where they were and do it. " that is worth thioking of," replied Phillips; "and what is your business in liter " lo save men irom Hell," replied tho minister. "Then go here and attend to your business: said Mr. Phillips. A now comet is coming sit down, sit down; wha 's the uso of getting excited? It. is only visible Irom tlie second peak of Mount Aytchimhopuandalahasta in central Asia, nnd only there with a three story telescope. and then it is only visible twenty minutes at midnigh', and not then unless tho atnio-pl.ere is exactly right; and when it is visible it looks like a ster ab tit half the size of tho little one in Job's coffin. By all tho slurry worlds that swing in space, when "we" were a boy the comets used to come around every summer, wilh heads on them like fire halloons, and tails stretched from the big lipper to Ihe southern cross, and wagged back and forth like a bewildered torchlight proces-ion, and came so (dose to the earth that they put '.he moon out. Out on theso single barii lhd coincLs.lhree for a quarter that they get up for us in these degenerate modern (lavs! Wo wouldn t walk from here to Aia to seo a hundred of 'em. Burlington JIaickcye. A Xalt.htv Man and a Nice Gim.. A friend if mine coming from New York lately, was a fellow passenger wilh a Yankee wl.o never by any chance, except when he was eating or sleeping, hud a cigar out of tiis mouth. " I havo seen a god many smokers." said my friend to this individual, " hut I never saw such nn incurable chimney us jou aro." " Yes," was the reply: "1 am fond of my Havana, and I have leit instructions that one is to he put in my coffin when I die." " And." interrupted another Yankee of tlie paity, " I guess you won't have far to go for a light anyhow!" This anecdote being re peated in the presence of two specimens of the rising female generation, one evi dently enjoyed it, but the other looked very solemn indeed. When they got to gether out ot the room, she ot llie hi-riotis turn of mind said to her companion : "That was a very naughty title that your uncle told. I know that there are all sorts of nice things in Heaven, but I am sure there are no cigar lights there." A right minded child that. Whitehall Review. "I wish young women could be taught," says Mrs. Calhoun ltunkle, "that it does not add one cubit to the stature of a house to call it a ' residence ;' that a church or even a meeting house is as venerablo as 1 the sacied edifice;' that it is no more genteel to 'retire' than to go to bed; that the garmeut so fondly anil slowly covered with side planing, so ooiuiy and that from that lime all the beauty of home coming Will pass out ol their lives lornver. l'hcy will, of course, be happy to see homo friends for a little while, and will feel the salt ol great variety they are seven eight times more salt than those of the ocean. These salts Bre chlorides of sodium. mairnesium. calcium and potassium. All of them much used in tho arts and some of , . , Ul IUI necessity o: running into port mr repairs j fa bnv- ,a, VH,U VVitn ,ho but it will be under a feeling of restraint. liva 0K.uin2 0p of the east, con- Iheswcotness, the excitement, trie love j ' upon'the Berlin treaty, we may element will have passed out of sight;, ra,'.onHiiy oxpoo,, multiplication of faci and to recall it by any extra attentions or ,:., , oTJtmi ana transportation. With lliuuijieui:w iu i-uu iu."u "l. impossible Christian Union. True courage is unassuming; true piety, serious and humble. Hubert Ball. theso facilities established, that wonderful region of which the Dead Sea is the centre, oilers opportunities for profitable invest ment of capital that are already attracting notice. The Grasshoppeu Pest in the West. Grasshoppers are hatching in innumer able myriads on the prairies west of the Missouri river now, nnd unnumbered myriads have been batching out for quite a while. The ground is black with them. They hang upon tho grass like bees after a swarm. But this is not surprising, for they hatch out in the same way here every year. I have been familiar with them for llie past ten years and see no change in litem at all ; possibly they are a little big ger, for under ihe iaws of evolution they ultimate in the kangaroo. On the plains they are at home, they are vigorons and grass is their natural food and as long as Ihey food upon grass they ' thrive, but let tnein give up tnoir natural food and ior sake iheir native land, the arid plains and go upon our wheat farms nnd lnxuriate upon the rich, highly concentrated food of cultivated grain, and disease sots In, gan grene of the vitals is the result, and the grasshopiier perishes! Three crops of wheat will destroy any one invasion. After passing three summers In cultivated fields, an epidemic (worse than dyspepsia) produced by high living, will carry them oil' entirely and no more will be heard of tliem until some one situated like myself on me irontier will report from their re criming camps Unit they are preparing fur another raid. It is my opinion that the frontier farms will always be suhiect to these dosolatory incursions from grasshoppers, but as the tide of empire rolls westward the grass- nopper will go with It and finally be will disappear, and like the locust of Egypt ne win oniy oe terrible to read about, in the meantime be will continue to make disastrous raids to the east, but the dis tance be will or oan go will be limited, and the fear often expressed that some day he win continue his flitrht to the lar east and become a scourge to tbo middlo stales is altogether groundlesa. -Dakota , UlUr lo the tit. Paul Pioneer Prat. a 1 : The following iocideut took place in Washington, Texas: The jury of a circuit court, beforo whom a miserable wretch had been tried, returned a verdict of guilty, and suggested the "whipping post-" The court then adjourned for din ner. Immediately after dinner the de fendant's counsel, without consulting his unfortunate client, moved for a new trial, and commenced reading the motion. Hold on!" whispered the client, pull ing at the counsel s co.it tail. " Don t read that!" Let me alone," muttered the lawyer, irritably; "I'll attend to you when I've read the motion." 1 1 don't want you to read the motion,' whined the agitated culprit. Don t want me to read? Why notr What's the matter? I'm going to get a new trial!" But I don't want anew trial!" ex claimed iho wretch. ' Don't want one? Why not?" returned the other heatedly, frowning from under his eye-glasses. " Cause it s too late, ttred the client. While you were out to dinner the sheriff took me out and whipped the very hide oil me. The motion was summarily withdrawn . Tue Charm of Tkue Markiaoe. Our advanced theories of divorce and freo lovo making tho matrimonial relation merely a partnership to bo dissolved at pleasure, whatever else may be said in their favor, Strike a deadly blow at an clement in it which was meant perhaps to be supromo above all others. What is the sweetest charm of all true marriage, what the greatest advantage, what the most price less happiness, take life through, which it brings lo the human heart? Not the flush and splendor of its early lovo: not the richer development which it brings to the character; not even the children who are gathered around it shrine. No, but the intimacy and reliability of its companion ship; tho fact that it gives those who enter It, eacn In the other nnd through all scenes and changes, n near and blessed stand-by. Biarriaga in some oi its aspects is doubt less tbo source of an immense amount of onbappiness, crime, Injuslico, blight nnd down-dragging, one of the most perplex ing institutions society has to deal with. only the blindest sentimentalist will deny that, un tno other hand, however, and this is not more sentiment but sober fact of all the evidences of God's goodness to be found in this lower world, nil the proofs that he cares for us not only with the wisdom of n Creator, but with the interost and love of a Fattier, thore Is none quite equal to his sending human boings iuto the arena of life, not to fight it-t battlos, win its victories and endure its sorrows alone, but giving thorn, ns they go forth out of their childhood's homo, a relation in which each two of them aro bound together with the closest of nil ties. live together undor the same root, have their labors, theirproperty, their interests. tneir parental affections all In common, and nre moved to stand bv each other. band to hand and heart to heart, in every sorrow, misfortune, trial ami stormv day tlim em ui enn oung. it is an irieni, ii not always realized in mil, which is lastod even now, amid all that is said about mar riage miseries, more -widely perhaps than any other happiness. Bundau Afternoon '.for July. ' . Thn e.od is one of tho most fecund of fish, and more widely used tor lood tnan any other fish, except, perhaps, mo ner ring. It is not confined, as some persons seeni to think, to the waters of this conti nent, extensive fisheries of this kind being on tho coasts of Sweden, .Norway, irolanu and the north of Scotland. The Nether- landers were engaged in them ns early as the fourteenth century the English went to tho coasts of Ireland about the samu timo for the same purpose, and the French have been similarly employed. llie cou U always caught bv line: the bultow method, introduced by the French, being adopted both on the coast and at sea. Tho bultow is a line of sometimes 3,000 fathoms, ith hooks fastened on it oy snoods fi feet lomr. about 12 foot apari. Runva and anchors are altacnea to eacu end of the line, which is stretched across the tide to prevent entanglement of the hooks. The next morning the lino is set at Jevoning the hooks aro loaded with large fish several hundred usually dead from drowning, more man u.uw juiu nean vessels, independent of boats along shore.nre said to bo engaged iu the fishery, and ono man has been known to catch 500 or 600 fish in 10 or 12 hours on tho banks of Newfoundland, which excel all other regions in productiveness. It is estimated that the roe of tho female con tains from I'lO.UOO to 900,000 nnd tnat no who caU it eats what if allowed to arrive at maturity, would equal some 200,000,000 pounds of food. Thore are 2.500 vessels, tonnage PJ5.0U0 tons, and 12.000 to 13,000 men oniployed in the cod fishery of the United Suites. Tho fishery has been carried on for nearly live centuries without interruption; nnd yet thoro has been no diminution of tho supply, which is prodi gious, equal to any apparently possible fnerenfln of demand. Almost the whole civilized globe oaU cod nowadays, and nature Beams determined to contribute far more than enough, even should the entire world become a voracious consumer. A BitiGiir Boy's Haphv Tnouciir. The Hartford correspondent of the Spring- held Ikpublican says: "ihat was a prefy bright thought ot ono ot the Battersons, who, when employed somo years since as a lad in an office in New York, was sent to present a bill to a shaky concern, with orders to collect it at all hazards. After much urging the head of the debtor house gave him a check for $100, the amount of the bill. Hurrying to the bank at which it was payable, the lad presented tho check, only to be told 'not enough funds to meet it' -How much is the nci ount short?' was tho boy's quick retort. "Seven dollars,' said the toller. It lacked but a minute or two of 3 o'clock, and tho teller was about to close the door on ihe boy, when tho latter suddenly pulled seven dollars from his own pocket, and pushing it over, with a deposit cheok, said: Put that to the credit of & Co.,' the parties who bad given the check. The teller did so. when ihe lad at once present ed the check for $100, and drawing the amount thereof want back to his employ ers in triumph. But, as he puts it,' & Co.' who failed the very next dav.'wore hopping mad when they found they had no funds iu their bank.t " No Money to Waste. A Detroiter who has the reputation of being hard pay was waited on the other day by a man who began : "Mr. Blank, I hold your note for $75. It is long past due, and I wanted to seo what you would do about it." "My note? Ah.yes, yos, this is my note. For value received I promise to pay, and so forth. Have you been to tho note shavers wiih this? " I have, but none of them would havo it." "Wouldn't eh? And have you tried tho banks?" "Yes, sir, but they wouldn't look at it." "Wouldn't eh? And I surrjose von went to a justice to see about suing it?" " l did, but no satd a judgment Wuuldn t be worth a dollar." Did eh? And now what proposition do vou wish to makeP" ' This is your note for $75. $5 and yon can have it P" "Five dollars! No, sir I I money to throw awav. sir!" But It is your own note." " True, sir, very true, but Vxa not such an Idiot as to throw away money on worthless securities nn matter who signs them. I deal only inflrst class paper, sir, nnd when that note has a negotiable value I will be Pleased to discount it Good day. : Death is tho foreshadowing of life. We sir, looks like settled weather again I " dio that wo may die no more. Hooker. Ddroit Free Pest, Give me have no i