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Green-Mountain freeman. [volume] (Montpelier, Vt.) 1844-1884, July 16, 1879, Image 4

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VgticuXtural gjrpartmcut.
O .M. TINKHAM. Editor.
All communication for tlilidfpartment should tx
eu to tlis editor, Mr. O. 11. TISK1IAM, N. Pom
lirt, Vt.
fu-mra write on nrn ld of tb ipr onlr. aim .nel
name or Initials M yon wkbed published, but ffiTt
your rrLL ham e as n addbkm, pot office. County ani
Ml te.
Some Thill? Coneprnliie Horses and lluii
DrlTors.
As we liavo before intimated In other
articles we have been truveling abou
sumewliut this summer, nnd we ruther
like it. There nrc a good ui.'iny things tc
b" seen urn! heunl, if a man keeps liU
eyes and ears opi'n. The cars are com
fortabln and convenient, especially when
one wiMios to journey rapiilly. but foi
rijjht down enjoyment, fur interest, in
struction and fun (hey are no more to Ix
compared to a stage coach than a moJeri
"sociable" is to an old-fashioned " app'r
paring." Especially :3 this the case if you
h ive an interest in and lovo for horses,
which naturally interests you in theii
driv'', aiid when, as one still may Some
times ch-ince to do, olio happens to mee'
one of lhoo old-tiiuo tirivcui, who lwlc
the whip when st:ijc ilriving was lankc.
almost a profi'S-iiou, and tlo driver honor
ed and respectod as much as the minister,
tho igh porbaps in a Uill'eieiit way and bj
a different c' i; then you are foitunait
indeed. Thon yon want to gel a sout on
the b.)X beside him, and if you pass wis
ior and g tin his favorable notice, you arc
right. Then such acu lints of persona!
;i Ivcnlnre, such ruiiiiuisccuces of local
history along the routo, such recollection
i.l ho scs he has driven and broken in
a.. ', ch hints how to care f ir and man
airo them; will bring one to his journey's
en l before ho is aware of having started.
We were so fortunate not long since a
to uen't all these conditions. Hiding alon
through our beautiful Vermont sennen
beside such a driver wo reniarkcd.that hit
"nign" leader seemed a fine animal, nnl
tu.u ih- off wliecler looked like a hard on
for m ordinary hand to manage, and that
lie must have driven sumo years. Then
ho warmed toward us. Yc, he ha '
linld tho reins thirty-two years, come nexl
September, and e::p -cteil to drive now as
long as he lived; be should think lie htd
driven, a ood many different horses, and
never found two alike; they had their in
dividual peculiarities which any one to
handle them successfully must mike n
nute of and proceed accordingly, lie had
never losi a horse and never came across
one he couhlu't drive. Drivers who had
trouble with their horses getting sick an.:
lued up, mostly didn't tako care of theii
horses as they ought to. lie never lef
his horses after a hard drive till they were
all dried off and cleaned off if he had to
sleep on the straw w ith lliem. No, whip
ping never did uu ugly horse any good.
Me never saw a balker that he couldn't
drive, and he didn't want any Harey
straps ami strings either. Would ho give
us the secret of his successful method?
Well, ho didn't tefcul. Tkt the worst
balUcr you ever saw, or the ugljust horse
that ever looked through a colla'r, and just
pour half a gill of new rum in his ears
and ho U your hos. you c m just do
what you have a mind to with him; he'll
follow you anywhere ami do ,'anythiug
you want him to. We suggestod whethci
cold watur might not answer -is aood
p'.-.rpose, and be preferable on temperance
principles. Mu thought not, but he knew
a cure for colic just as certain as the o her
iva3 I'or balking, and so handy anybody
could get it at any house on tho road, or
very often beside the road. We suggested
that so euro and simple a remedy should
tie generally known, and if ho would tell
us wo would havo it printod. Well, that
ought lu bo done, certainly. Tuko any
horse that has tho belly ache, no matter
how bad ; so that ho lays down and
thrashes round and groans, and just il 1 1
his ears with cold water, and in ten min
utes he will be on his feet and eating his
feed as well as ever. lie flicked a lly ofl
the 11 ink of tho nigh leader with his whip
and continued reflectively, " I don't set
what connection there is between a
horse's ears and his stomach, but that will
do it every time." We professed our ina
bility to enlighten him on the point, bu:
did not venture to express our skepticism
:m to the fact.
W.j now givo our readers the benefit of
the information, and hope it may fall into
the Lands of some of our veterinary sur
ge ns aud that they will ';ivu the theory
.ji .:.- .uo. As to tho balking, we would
prefer the new rum in the horso's cars
biiau iu the driver's mouth, and his ears
britig o much nearer his brain than his
stomach thoio m ly be a more easily
traced connection between them, and a
uew we be found for new rum.
Long may tho old driver handle the
leathers, and his evident kind care of his
horses secure him an easy trip when ho
takes his last long journey.
llnylu.
D'.li'ioq; a recent trip through our own
stato, parts of Now Hampshire and Massa
chusetts, wo have had an opportunity to
observe how forward wo in central Ver
mont are in our haying compared with
others. So far as we could see on the
railroad, wo in central Vermont arc far
ther advanced than in tho vicinity of Bos
ton. Their grass is riper than ours and
we should judge their custom to be later
cutting than ours. Cur trip to lioston
was by way of Bellows Falls, Kecne and
Fitchburg, and a very pleasant routo it is
The road is in good repair, tha scenery
pleasant, aim especially so when ono up
proaches tho city, where tho numerous
ponds and pleasant residences about them
imika a landscapo of remarkable beauty.
Much of tho land about is low lying, nnd
tho grass is much of it swamp grass nnd
waved its feathery spires most beautifully
Buy a ticket via Bellows Falls and Fitch
burg when you next go to Boston, and see
if tho scenery is not charming Irr a quiet
way.
Corn and potatoes ns field crops are not
moro forward than with us find we ob
served they, like us, havo tho " bunr " in
plenty, whioh t,.ey ere poisoning mostly
with plaster op flour, ns tho fields wore
white. The grass "crop wo thought not
very satisfactory, at any rate it would be
thought a small crop iu Vermont. On the
Connecticut there is we should think
about the usual area in tobacco, and the
crop looks well though late; fruit prom
ises only a medium crop though peaff are
woll set for a heavy crop. , "
In business there seems to be a more
buoyant feeling, rather tbaik a decided
improvement, and we are slowly but
surely ooming to a better state of things.
This week we go a-pleasuring to the an
nual meeting of the Vermont Editors'
and Publishers' Association, of which w
will give soma brief account after we get
home.
For the Freeman.
k Chat with Farmers.
BY A0K100LA.
ABOUT NOXIOUS KSECTS.
The flea tribe has been placed among
the bugs, by our writers, at leaU. By
what authority we are not prepared to say.
We know that they bave no wings, and
Hence they are not birds. In the place of
wings there are four little scales pressed
closely to llie sides of their bodies. The
mouth is titled for suction and is armed
.villi several lancet-like pieces for making
punctures, . as many a mortal knows.
These insects undergo a complete trans
formation. In the lurvou state they are
vorm-like and have no feet; hut at the
lext stage the legs are free. There are
many different kinds of fleas, though we
w no good reason why they ftiould have
been created at all
Kar-wigs seem to bo related to two diff
tent orders. Then wo have the spider
dy, the bird-fly, the sheep-tick nnd the
May-fly, which are defined by technical
names that cannot be understood by your
readers who havo not made this sub
ject a special study. Some of them feed
m the spider and the bird, and one, cer
tainly, lives on mulLn and among the
tine wool of the fliwk.
Many persons are repelled from the
study of natural history by tho formidable
array of scientific names and terms which
vo have attempted in these papers, as far
as possible, to shun. In treating of ento
mology, however, we find it very difficult
to avoid such terms, as the various kinds
of insects very far outnumber the species
if every class of the animal, vegetable
and mineral kingdoms. It would be im
possible to give them all common names.
I'lio scientific names arc intelligible to
scientific men in all parts of the world ;
while the common names are very limited
in their application nnd use.
Wo know a certain insect in this coun
'ry by tho name of weevil, and yet when
wo eome to examine the subject we find
th name applied to six different kinds,
two mollis, two flics and two beetles. In
deed, there lire newly four thousand
species of weevils. Who could distinguish
ill these species by a separate name with
my satisfaction? By the use of scientific
uiiues all theso weevils are arranged
under three hundred and fifty-live sur
names, requiring but a few additional
words lo indicate the various species. The
single term LtjtUlnplera includes at
)iice the whole tribe of butterflies, hawk
moths nnd millers, and all insects having
orawny scales and a spiral tongue, and
whoso young aro in the form of caterpil
lars. No Knglish word that would an
swer the same purpose could bo used.
Still we prefer to bo unscientific in treat
ing this subject, rather than louse lan
guage that our common readers cannot
understand.
We will now call attention ngain to the
beetle tribe. At the head of this order is
placed the most robust and. largest animal
of the beetle tribes.peculiar in shape, hav
ing formidable horns like prominences on
tho head. These are very destructive in
their attacks on vegetables. Their ninubor
is immenscand they differ not only in their
.structure but also in their habits. Thej
ire all known by tlieir movable horns.
Another feature by which they are ilislin
guishoil from each other is tho projecting
ridge of the forehead which extends over
the face. The fore-legs of these beetle
ire fitted for digging. This extensive
family of insects is divided into several
groups distinguished by peculiarities ol
structure and habits. Those that live upon
or beneath .the earth are called ground
beetles. Some live on trees whose leaves
bey devour. These aro called tioe
lieetles. Still others, frequent flowers and
ire called flower-beetles. The ground
'leetles, including tho earth-borers and
Irug-beetles, inhabit excremont; the skin
beetln lives on dried animal substances,
md the Ilercules-beetlo occupies rotten
wood. Theso are less destructive than
sumo of t lie kinds and may be passed
over without further noiico.
What a Kaumfk's Wife Has to Do
Seeing tho query, " Why are .farmers'
wives more liable than other women, to
become insane?" I thought I would give
i hint as to what mijjlit be one of the
reasons A woman on a farm has to
vork so much harder than ono in town
It is only common for her to have to do
most of the garden tending, look after the
chickens, bring the cows from the pus
Hire, milk and take them hack, slop the
hogs, do nil her own housework, washing
mil ironing included, nnd attending to
children. Then, when Sunday comes and
she wants to go to church or on a visit,
she is told by " Seth " that " the horses
ire very tired," or he "don't feel like
li'ing." Very likely he has been gone a
ween, on business, ot course, hut it was
quite a change from being at home. So
lie does not feel the need of chaniro as she
does, and he is too selfish to exert himself
to phase her; for the time he would do
that Is past. As it is too far for her to go
none, sue stays at noma, no lor weeks.
months and years It is the same routine of
labor, without relaxation. No wonder
'ho mind and body both give way. If
ome one will giveareciiie to euro solfish
ness in a husband it will be of more ben
efit than nnvthing else I can think of.
Itinda, in Indiana Farmer.
That Icf. Hol'se. We havo always
taken occasion, at the season when ice
may be cut and stored, to urge upon our
farmer readers tho advantago of having
an ice house and a store of ice put up for
use in warm weather. Perhaps the advioe
would have more effect if made now
warm weather has come, nnd the need of
the coobng treasure will bo moro acutely
felt. Those who have never had any ice
to uso of eoiirso do not appreciate its
i.en' fit-j; hut those who have once had a
little experience with it, cannot lie got to
do without it, if it can possibly be had.
We are glad to note that the number of
users gradually increases, year by year.
and the tiuio will eouio when the farmer
will as soon be without a barn as without
an ice house. Tho ico so lishtcns the
labor and care of the dairy, nnd so saves
in tho keeping of food, as well as makes
possible many little luxuries which would
otherwise never be known, that it should
count among those essential modern annli-
ances which no well regulated farm will do
without. And. above all.it is so cheap,
and so easily made, that the poorest need
not be stinted In Its use. Il is only those
who arc too shiftless to harvest and store
a crop which nature produces in abund
ance in this latitude, who do not enjoy its
auvaniages. jjtrwtu courier.
Tho question is ofl on agitated in regard
to the stale of agriculture in New England,
some claiming prospenty.others a deelina
The former party have failed to sustain
their position. They have appealed to
figures to bolster up i heir assertions con
trasted tho cash value of certain produc
tions of the years I860 and 187U,forgotting
or not caring to rcnn mber that the value
of 1800 was at a gold standard while that
of 1870 was in an inflated currency, which
gave a fictitious value; a value that is not
sustaini d to-day.
The money value does not decido the
question. Are we supporting more life
through our agricultural productions than
at any former period of onr history? If
we are then Is agriculture on the increase,
if not il is on the decline.
Are wo raising more pounds of meat,
more bushels of corn.wheat, ryo, oats.etc
than ever beforo? I will leave the question
to be answered by some one that has the
census at hand.
My observation has shown me that there
is less stock, less manure and a lens
amount of orops. I do not see how any
one can question the ground taken by the
governor in hia late message, that our
agriculture has declined.
In rov next I will endeavor to discuss
some of the onuses of the decline as I see
them. Correspondent in Massachusetts
Ploughmm.
Reclaiming Swanp Land.
We have, some time since, eiven an
account of the extensive operations in re
claiming marsh lands in this state and the
gratifying success attained. Other in
instanoes, of less importance as regards
the mere extent of land under treatment,
hare also been noted. We bave lately
seen an account of a very successful ex
periment with some bogs in the town of
Chester, N. Y.. the particulars of which
are of considerable interest.
It seems that, when the Erie railroad
was being constructed, the engineers en
countered a vast morass in Chester, cover
ing nearly five hundred acres, and filled
with treacherous quagmires and springs
that were almost bottomless. To con
struct a foundation for the road-bed of the
railway across this great swamp required
the driving of piles to the depth of one
hundred feet, and the use of hundreds of
thousands of loads of stones and dirt The
building of the mile of road necessary to
cross the swamp called for a greater out
lay of money than any five miles of the
road between Piermont and Jersey City.
The tract of swamp was not considered
worth the nominal tax collected from iu
owners, and for twenty years after the
road was built remained in its noisome
condition, the home of malaria and deadly
fevers.
Twenty years ngo a farmer conueiyed
the idea of draining a portion of the tract
and making it tillable soil. By ditching,
be reclaimed sixty acres. The first acre
he bought cost him one dollar. When it
was found that the draining left as a soil
the finest of black muk, composed almosi
entirely of vegetable mold, the price ad
vanced lo seventeen dollars an aero. Aftei
the sixty acros were reclaimed, the price
slill further increased, until to-day as high
as one thousand dollars has been paid for
tho reclaimed land. Tho ruling prire is
five hundred dollars an acre. The great
value of the land is owing to its extraor
dinary adaptibility to the culture of onions.
A crop of eight hundred bushels of onions
to the acre is not uncommon, and the
(ireycourt onion meadows are celebrateil
throughout tho country. About three
hundred acres are under cultivation Ibis
year, and the success of the onion business
in the meadows lias led to the reclaiming
of similar lands in other parts of the
county, and it is believed that the onion
crop of Orange county will amount to live
nunureu oustiels tnis year, the average
price received by onion raisers is one dol
lar a bushel. The average yield is three
hundred bushels to the acre. The crop is
almost invariably sold fur cash as soon as
it is ready for market, and as it matures
early in the season, the farmer is allowed
abundant timo to keep his land in the
condition necesssiy to its productiveness.
There are seventeen thousand acres of
swampland in the Wallkill Valley which
will eventually bo covoried into this muck
soil, which is the best in the world for
vegetable raising. The land, after drain
ing, is tilled with the slightest labor.
Onion seed is sown by a hand drill, and
the greatest labor is in keeping down the
weeds after the plant begins to grow.
This work is done by boys and girls. Hun
dreds of these may be seen in the growing
season on their hands and knees between
the onion rows, pulling up tho weeds that
the rich soil calls rapidly into existence,
file weeding requires skill and care, as
i he soil is so loose that there is constani
danger of tearing up the young ami
lender plants by their roots or removing
uieir covering ot earth, lne red onion i'
i he variety grown most succo-sftilly, a:
lie dark muck gives the white onion a
'lirty hue which injures its marketable
value. When the onion tops are at the
height of their growth, their odor tills the
air for great distances around. New hug
land Farmer.
Cows fok BuTTF.it. It must be appar
ent to every intelligent dairyman thai to
succeed during this period of low prices
for dairy products, certain essentials must
he closely observed. If butter making is
pursued, it makes quite a difference what
kind of cows nre used, while the methods
of feeding and treatment are quite as ini
portant. Again, the proper location of
the milk room and the mode of seiting
the milk for raising tho cream are equally
essential to success.
From long experience nnd careful ob
servation I am fully convinced there are
no better cows for butter making than the
Jersey and Devon, which are so largely
kept in this seolion of the country. To
some dairymen it is quite a nice point lo
determine which to select. Each breed
has points of excellence.
In this brief communication, however.
to illustrate my convictions, I will take a
dairy o! Jersey cows, and while I mignt
speak of many which are perhaps doing
as well, I will simply give an account of
that belonging to C. W. Gardner, of Fuir-
haven, Vt. I think he commenced to
gather his herd of Jerseys in January,
1875, since which time he has increased
his herd' to eleven this present season.
During the year 1878 he kept eight cows
and one heifer, the latter of which ho set
apart for family use, leaving the product
of tho eight entire. From these eight
cows he made 2817 pounds of butter,
which sold at an average price of twenty
eight cents per pound, yielding an income
of $98 70 from tho butter of each cow. It
is well known, that dairies do not average
more than Irom to Aa per cow. Air,
Gardner has not only got good butter
cows, but ho is possessed also of a good
oool dairy room, raising the cream in open
pans. His net income from einht Jersey
cows in one year was $724.00, a snug
little sum to realize in these times. Make
a note of this, dairymen ! What one has
done, others can do. Let us hear from
other successful dairymen through the
columns of the Cultivator. JS. D. Rich
ards, Correspondent of American Cultiva
tor. CoNTKOixiNO Vicious HonsF.s. A now
and very simple method of training vicious
Horses was exliiniteil in West roiladoU
phia recently, nnd the manner in which
some ol the wildest horses wero subdued
was astonishing. Tho first trial was that
ola kicking or" bucking" mare, which
her owner said had allowed no ridtr on
her back for a period of five years. She
became tame anil gentle In Hhout as many
minutes, and allowed herself to be ridden
about without a sign of her former wild-
ness. The means by which the result was
accomplished consisted of a piece of light
rope, which was tmsscd around the front
jaw of the mare, just above the upper
teeth, crossed in her mouth and thence
secured back of her neck, It was claimed
that no horse will kick or jump when
thus secured, and that a "bucking"
horse, after receiving the treatment a few
times, will abandon his vicious way
forever. A very simple method was also
shown by which a kicking horse could be
shod. It consists in connecting the ani
mal's head and tail by means of a rope
fastened to the tail and then to the bit, and
drawn tightly enough to incline tho
horse's head to one side. This, it is
claimed, makes it absolutely impossible
for the horse to kick on the side of the
rox. At the samo exhibition, a horse,
which for many years had to be bound on
the ground to be shod, suffered the black
smith to operate on him without attempt
ing to kick while secured in the manner
described. Lebanon Courier.
KEEI'INO Manuue. Horse manure that
is free from litter needs the most careful
management lo prevent dry rot, or what
is known as fire fanging. This is occa
sioned by tho evaporation of the moisture
by the heat or fermentation. The drying
up of the water carries off all the ammonia
that has been formed, and has been dis
solved by it. The consequence is that
burned, or fire-fanged manure is nearly
worihlcss. To prevent this injury it is
necessary to pile this manure in flat heaps,
out of doors, where It oan reoeive the rain
or be watered when necesssary, and to
trample or pack it down very lightly; it
should then be turned over occasionally
mdu repacaea again as sonaiy as possible,
When in u n u rm In I h ! a . ik. m..n.,M la
kept in the best condition "and retains all
its valuable qualities.
Incidental Siieep Husbandrt. One
of the strongest of lh elements that have
brougnt disaster to efforts at sheep hut-
l .4 t. . U .L- J ' . . ' - .
HAiimj una uwa lue uosirs to arc a Dig
business. Men reared to other CHllinr.
seeing the profits others were reaping
irum wen-oirecieu mora at sneep hus
bandry, have hastened to become the
owners of flocks; while slill others, who
have made money from a few hundred
sheep, have become imbued with the idea.
- me more sneep. tne mora money," and
have soon placed themselves beyond the
bounds of prudence, by incurring indulg
ed ness on the one band, and more eare
and labor than they are able to bestow, on
the other hand both have been overtaken
by the disaster of the temerity invited.
I'o a majority of farmers small fl icks
ihat is, nuintx rs remaininz in the linn.
dreds will bo the most profitable. The
exceptions to this rule will occur to every
careful student of sheep husbandry. Not
only can the highest profit upon invested
capital be thus rendered more certain, bin
i lie disappointments that occasionally fol
low the bet of plans, and the most care
ful manipulation, are by no means so
disastrous. Where sheep are handled as
an incident to general (arming operations
the plan now contemplated care should
bo taken that they do not trespass upon
the oilier interests. When the farmer
feels that his sheep are a burden that is,
that they are drawing upon the other de
partments for the care and feed not liefore
assigned to them he should fatten, and
sell down to such number as will conven
iently work along his crops and other live
stock. local butchers will always pay n
fair price for a few good wethers, and
some good neighbor can usually be found
ready to make Mom for a few desirable
store sheep. As the facilities for enhanc
ing tuo numbers or the Hick improve, the
annual drafting may be confined lo full
grown wethers, and such ewes as, by rea
son of age nnd other disqualifying ecul
iarities, aro undesirable. The flexibility
of a small flock is one of its strongest
recommendations enabling it to bo ac
commodated to the circumstances or am
bitious of the owner more readily than
any other live stock property. Nat. Live
mock journal.
Do not Mow too Close. There was
true economy in tho advice of the farmer
who recommended that the lower joint ol
grass De lelt in tno liehl lor the old
orindle cow rather lhan cut and cured fu
ller. He was one.of the numerous array
of mowers who had learned there is noth
ing gained by cutting too close.
The testimony with respect to tho hight
from the ground at which it is best to cut
grass is conflicting and tends to confuse
and oftentimes mislead a novieo iu the
hay field. Cultivators vary in practice
from one-half inch, or close as possib'o, to
four inches. The general tendency, is,
however, lo cut close, and many fine
meadows have been seriously injured
therefrom.
Close observation has taught that tim
othy cannot be cut low, in dry weather
especially, without inflicting injury. All
attempts at close shaving sward should Ih
avoided. Many of our most successful
larmers cut timothy nearly or quite four
inches from the ground. Others in gaug
ing mowing machines for this grass take
care to run them so high that it will not
cut below the second joint above the tuber.
Close mowing of upland meadows
ought also to bo avoided, as the hot sun
and dry wcalhor following the harvest
affects 1 1 10 roots of the grass unfavorably
when left without some protection. On
the other hand low, wet mowing grounds
will bear close cutting as possible: tbesi
are benefited by the influences which
would dry and hum up an upland mead
ow. Again where the practice is followed
of top dressing the meadow Immediately
afier taking off tho grass, the mowing
may be dono low and a smooth surface
lelt to cut over next year.
Generally speaking, grass cut two inches
high will start much quicker and thrive
better than when shaved close to lne
ground ; the finer grasses, as a rule, when
iho season is not a very dry one, can be
cut lower with more safety than coarser
sorts. New York World.
Washing Sheep, etc Eds. farmer
I am breeding tho Cotswold sheep, and
have been trying lo improve them year
alter year, until 1 think I have a good
Hock. I see that many aro down on wash
ing sheep. I am in favor of it, but noi
dipping. For tho last throe years I have
washed my sheep at the pump two men
wasinng and one pumping, tsy this nielli
od you always have clean water, and your
wool will bo nice nnd clean. Some may
think tho water too cold, and would in
jure tho sheep. I have never lost ono by
it yet. Driving sheep off two or three
miles lo some lake where the water
stands stagnant, until yon stir it up, ami
the more you wash the dirtier it gets, and
the dirtier you make the wool this is
injurious. Such work is all lost, and
worse than lost.
Last year my sheep avoragrtd 8 pounds
of nice, clean wool, which sold at 36 cents
This year they averaired 6i pounds. I
ought to have let them run about two
weeks nftcr washing, lo gather greaso in
tho wool, but I sheared them ns soon as
they wero dry, and sold tho wool at 40
cents per pound. I sold yearling wethers
immeuiaieiy alter snearing, at o per
head. I think I will continue to keep
sneep, keep good ones, and keep them
well. It pays. Would like to hear from
others. Cor. Uhw Farmer.
The Uses of Salt. To bo sure none of
us can keep house without salt, nnd Mrs.
Al hight will say: " Who noeds to be told
of its uses? Of course we all know that
it enters into tho preparation of all animal
and vegotatile lood; we cannot make butler
without its use; we cannot keep meat, fish.
pickles, etc. Ho don t need an article iu
tho newspaper lo tell us that." Softlv.
softly, Mis. Allright. Doubtless you tin
know all its uses, but perhaps your next
door neighbor does not. JNor did you
know until the other day, when you turned
your inkstand all ovor your carpet, that ii
would take the Btain entirely out of the
woolen material.
It will also sometimes helu sick head.
ache. Dissolve a teaspoonful of it in half
a tumbler of water, and try it for yourself
uie uexi tituu you are mulcted, lne next
doso will lid your child of tho terrible
trouble of worms, and it will also ease the
pain of irritable diseases of the skin, such
as hives, etc. It will stop vomiting fre
quently when all other remedies fail, and
it will also slop hemorrhages fiom the
lungs. There is no more fertilizing me
dium for the growth of many kinds of
vegetables; celery, cabbage, asparagus,
sea-kale and many other varieties are" all
raised in a superior condition by its assist
ance. Add a teaeupful of it to your warm
water bath, and you will soon feel the
benefit of its intluenoe upon your skin.
Indeed, we possess no more valuable
remedial article than salt, and its uses are
yearly developed in new ways.
It is a mistake to think that tho good and
beautiful are not at homo on earth ; that
we nre to on lor lain them as gods. No
poison ever walked the earth or lived In
the homes of" men who was too fair or
too noble for his placo. Goodness is not
out of its element in this world. It is the
very persons that we say are too good for
the world that we need to make the world
better. There was never yet kindness too
kind for humanity, never goodness too
good for mortals, never man or woman
too high and pure for earth, lt ns leArn
to say, " Ho is good enough to live,"
The world is for those who make It better.
Inaex.
A slow but sure way to exterminate
Canada thistles is to pull them. . We use
an instrument shaped like a pair of tongs
any mechanic oan make one, - To those
who have comparatively few thistles, or
when a lew get into the meadow, I oan
reocommond ihe Implement as invaluable.
T'le bosl ,ti,ue l P'"' tn"m is Immediately
iafler rain. A. I. lienson, Jutceess Co-
I N, Y.
A VONIERFl X CHILD.
hX ATTIC . BCHIELC.
I'ts read KwiMn About jrlri
WboM cheeks are rui red.
While ffolden treaeec, curl on curl.
Bedeck ber pretty bead.
Her eyes, I'm told, are brfirht and biae,
Her smite la kind and iweet;
The erranda abe ia aaked to do
Are done with willing feet
'Tin aald that when ahe worn to ac hool
She's uat the aweetest lass I
Ho quick to mind the stbrhteat rale.
And prompt in every claw.
To srirls and boy's she's never rul
Wbflnallare.it their play;
Her " coudiitit ' be It auderstood-
Is " perfect every day."
Where Uvea this child, I cannot say.
Nor who her parents are.
Although for many a weary day
I've souirht her near and far.
If you should ever see her smile.
As o'er the world you rove.
Just hold her little baud awhile.
And give her my best love.
St. Aicholat for July.
Nellie Unttou'a Lamb.
Little Nellie Dutton was only seven
years old when she lost her father, who
had been a shepherd to a rich sheep mas
ter on tho Cheviot hills. His widow was
very sad and very poor, and hail a b ird
struggle to support her ono orphan, Nel
lie, who was too young to ti 'lp Her much.
lint Nellie knew the Good bhepherd who
gave His life for the sheep, and prayed o
linn to make her one ot the lambs ol His
flock.
She nnd her mother lived in a little cot
tage on the outskirts of the moor, where
she kept a goat and a few hens. Mrs.
Dutton knitted stockings for the farmer
wives, anil somelimes heleil in their dairj
work in the busy summer time, and in the
evening she taught Nellio to read in her
father s Uilile. .Nellie used to help her hy
picking up firewood, and heritage for tin
ioat; and by winding the wool for knit
ling. When she was between nine nnd
ten years old, she was sweeping away tin
now from the doorway one very cold
morning in February, when a drover p iss
ed the door with bis flock, nd in his arms
was a poor littlo weak lamb, just born
that looked ready to die.
The drover had known Nellie's father,
so ho spoke kindly to her, and seeing ho
H ifully sbo looked at ire mile lamb, he
said, " Here, Nellio, tike this poor thing
it won't live an hour, but it will make n
slew for you and your mother;" and so
saying, he put it in her nrms, nnd hurried
on to his flock, which tho sheep dog wai
Icading through the snowy road to market
Nellie was tilted with joy at the thought
of having the lamb for her very own, anu
she hurried into the Cottage to her mother
" Oil mother,'' she said, ' see what 1
have sot! Sandy the drover gave it to mt
to make a stew. Ho said it was ding;
lull if wo warm a little milk for il, ami
keep it by the lire, majbe il would recov
er." Mrs. Dulton hail just boiled some
milk and poured it on some broad for
Nellie's breakfast, and she said, "I have
no more milk, Nellie."
"O'.l'll share my breakfast with my
little pet," said Nellie; and so seying. shi
sal down by the blazing wood fire, on hei
stool, and wrapping the lamb in a warm
old shawl, she took it on hor lap, opened
its mouth with her linger, and by degree
not a few spoonfuls of tho warm milk
d wn its throat, and after a Utile the beat
and food revived it, and it opened its i ye?
and gave a feeble little "man.'' This
was sweet niuie to Nellie's ears; and
-queezing hor bits of bread out of Hit
basin, and eating them herself, she kept
tho milk by the fire, and every half-hour
gave a spoonful or two to little Flossy as
she called her pet, and by evening il wa.
able to stand on its legs without nursing;
it night it was wrapped up warmly by the
fireplace. Her care was successful; for
every day it grew stronger, and soon fol
lowed her about like a lilllo dog. and by
die time tho summer came, it was begin
ning lo pick the blades of lender grass.
It would make our story too long to tell
von of all the lamb's pretty gambols, and
die delight of kind Nellie Dutton when in
skipped about after her wherever she
went. The nexl summer it bad a good
lleece to be shorn, that, when it was spun
made plenty of warm stockings for Nellie
and her mother, as well as some to sell;
and the next spring after that, lo, and he
hold! there were two moro liitlo lambs,
and the kind farmer, Mr. Maylielil, who
knew Mrs. Dutton, and helped her in
mary ways, gave Nellie gra-s on bii
shecp walk for her little flock, and offered
10 buy them all from her. Nellie sold the
two babies, hut the mother she would not
part with. The lamb brought prosperity
to the widow and her child.
Kindness to animals is the sign of a
aentle, loving disposition, and it is pleas
ant in the eyes of Him whose " tender
mercies arc over all His works." Early
Oays.
ItStinus. " How pretty!" cried little
Sam. as his little fat hand grasped a bunch
of white lilac which grew near the gate of
bis father's mansion. The next moniont
the child's face grew red with terror, and
he dashed tho lilac to the ground, shriek
ing, " It slings! it stings !"
What made it sting? It was a bright,
beautiful, and sweet-sinelling flower. How
could it hurl the child's hand? I will tell
yu.
A busy little bee, in search of a dinner,
had just pushed his nose in aiming the
lilac blossoms, ami was sucking the nec
tar Irom it most heartily when Simony's
fat hand ilisiurbed him; so, being vexed
with the child, lie stung him. Thai's how
Sammy's hand came to be stung.
Sammy's mother washed the wound
with hartshorn, and when the pain was
gono she said; " Simmy, my dear, let
this teach you that tiniiiy pretty things
have very sharp slings."
Let every child take nolo of this:
" Many pretty things have very sharp
stinsrs." It may save theiu from uemg
stung if they keep this truth in mind.
Sin often makes itselt appear very
pretty. A hoy once went to it circus be
cause the horses wero pretty and their j
riders gay, but ho learned to swear there, !
hoi! thus that pretty Hung llie circus
stung him. I
Another boy once thought wine a pretty
thing; he drank it and learned to be a
drunkard. Thus wine stung him.
A girl once took a luscious peat from a
basket and ate it.
'Have you eaten one?" asked her
mother pleasantly.
bearing sue would not get another it
she said " Yes," she replied ' No," got
another pear, and then felt so stung that
she could not sleep.
thus you sue that sin, however pretty it
looks, slings. It stings sharply loo. It
stings fatally. Tho Bible says, "Tho
soul that sinneth it shall die."
If you let sin silng you, nothing can
beal tho wound but tho blood of Jesus. If
you fuel the smart of the stinsr go lo
Jesus with it, and Ho will oure it. Afier
that, never forget that many pretty things
have very sharp slings, and be careful not
to touch, taste or handle such things.
Youny Reaper.
Friends.--People who havo warm
friends are healthier and happier than
those who have none. A single real
friend is a treasure worth more than gold
or precious ktono. Money can buy many
things good and .evil. All tho wealth in
the world could not buy a friend or pay
you for the loss of one. "I havo wanted
only one thing to make me happy,"
Haslitt' writes, hue wanting that bave
wanted everything, and again, my heart.
shut up in prison of rude clay, has never
found, nor win it nnd, a heart to spnak
tp." We are the weakest ol spendthrifts
if mo let One friend drop off through
inattention, or let one push away another;
or If we hold aloof from one for petty
jeslonsy or heedless slight or roughness.
w ou in you tnrow away aaiaiuono nooauso
it provoked youP Ono good friend is not
to be weighed against the Jewels of tho
earth. -
False Sentiment as n Work for Young
Ladles.
A false sentiment has rendered it derog
atory for woman to be a business woman,
for a girl to earn or appreciate dollars anil
cents, if she can possibly find a father.
orotner, or undo to support her. ine no
hie army of working women, who of all
women best demonstrate their rasion
detre is in general a despised army; and
wniie society applauds the woman wbo Is
an artist, an editor, an author, it does so
hy calling her a genins.and setting her out
of that grand corps where she legitimate
ly belongs. Families with three, four or
live d uigliters, whether there are sons or
not, if the father can possibly support
them, aro brought np to do nothing bin
help mother a little! This helping is no'
generally really learning housekeeping
and seamstress work in alt its varieties
but skimming the surface of things, mak
ing cake, dusting a room, trimming a
gun, and leaving those weightier matters
of the law, as shirt making, ironing.
bread making nnd beef cooking to some
one eio. Uiris speak ol ft as a hardsnip,
if they aro obliged by stress of circuiu
stances to earn a support. "Anna thinks
il so hard; all her friends have their time
to themelves, and she is forced lo teach.
poor child! ' The whole training of the
girl is aside from knowing anything about
nusiness; sho reads stories and lasllloi
magazines, not newspapers, and works on
-cience and architecture, and praetn a
every-ilay lifo. She does not learn tele
grtiphy, or carving, or furniture decora
ting, or gardening, or book keeping, nm
does she i'o into her f tiller's business an.
learn it as her brother would if she had
one; hle.-s you, it would make her a
working woman ! Thus out of this arm)
of working women aro kept, so far nc
possible, all women of education, means.
retinement, euliured taste, lne-e organ
ized inioa society make no end of blunder
in business, and regard them as creditable
rather than otherwise, as a Chinese laih
cherishes llie deformity of a cramped foot
If they rend common law and medicint
o as to bo as well informed on these
points as ordinary men, bless you, 'thet
tie very odd.' at tho least. These good
adies will) the very be-t intentions under
ake to handle the working woman que
ijon; they are thrown into contact will
i he poor, and knowing absolutely nothing
of what it H to earn a living, or what u
.o-ts to cam a dollar, or what a doll u
can be made to bring, they havo only thi
most general and no particular sympa
hies; on tho one h mil, they will be de
eived and kill by over kindness, on tin
other, they will mi-iind. is and and kill b
Hardness. Il needs working women to
understand and help working women
i ben they know that bein.' bread winners
does not fin felt for them their position a
wives and mothers; that while they earn
tally wages they have the aUeclloiia ol tin
nearih; that the ooor mother, left a wid
iw, wants to keep her children in a home.
not to sow Ihcin broadcast in orphan nsy
uius; that the poor couple who have
passed their married fify jears, unhonoreii
it is true by a golden wedding, do no
ivnnt to be thrust one into an old menV
ioiuu, the oilier into an old women f
home, or put iu the separate wards of ai
tlmshouse, or one go to one blind asylum
ind the other to another, there is a Inn
kind of charily in Kngland, where endow
ments have been left so that decent desti
ulo old couples, or single people, car
Have a nico three roomed cottage, will
fuel, water and lights, and a certain nil in
her of shillings weekly on which to sub
sist; and tbey can take in an orphai
!raudchild, or leclile child, living as n
i heir own home, subject only to curtail
regulations of sobriety, cleanliness, tint
good order. kundai Afternoon tor -July.
Rustic Chains. A pretty method of
making rustic chains to hang Irom poicllcs.
verandas or garden arches, to support th
lelicato creepers and vines, is much in
voguo in llclgium. Ihov arn made by
oiking brunches of trees of from one ti
two inches in diameter, and sawing them
into lengths of from three to six inches.
i lien cutting willow rods of about ball
an inch in diameter and about tuo sain
lengih: splitting them an I bending one
half of one so as to form a semicircli
around tho end of ono of tho sticks, and
fastening it securely by brad nails
rhroiigb this loop the bent split willow
rod to be fastenetl co the next bit of stick
is passed beforo being nailed the second
time; and so on until the chain is made as
long as may bo required. The kinds ol
vnod which show to the best advaniage iu
this work are tlios; that have a rough
hark, like the Norway spruce. These
chains will form very graceful curves,
and when covered with a balloon vine or
iiiauraiidias or morning glories, will
altracl much attention.
Duties aro ours, events are tho Lord's.
It is our pu t to lei tho Alniigh y exercise
His own ollice, and steer His own helm.
Ruthnord.
THE QUIN ("ESSENCE OF JAMAICA
GINGEli, CHOICE AllOMATICS,
AND FKEXCII BIUNDY.
A I'RKlWTtATIONsneleirnntly flavored and meili
a nuall.v etrtTtive uh to uttrr! Burpum, all erflvlinj.
lirPparutlonH.KiKtiiK-es lir Hxtructn of Glnirur.OoiniioB!
tiou. tl'Tt) Thus, Paiu H"litn-erN. aud ttiH hundred aud
,iitfl aixif iiMtinir and naitnuatiiiir noaaetH with wli.idi w.
Imvo tioeii wout to done uiiratavuti. Its luiitaiiuueou
euoetiu
Cholera. Cholera Morbus, cramps and
Tains, Chronic Dlanhuja. Dts nti-rt
and Cholera Iniaiitum, Diairl osa in
Teething and all Summer Complaints.
Dyspep-ia, Flatulency. Sluggish Diges
tion. Want of Tone and Activity in the
Stomach and Bowels, Oppifssmn after
Ealing, Rising of Food aud similar Ail
meets, Chills and Fevers, Colds and
I 'hills. Feverish Symptoms, M tlarial
Fevers, l'ains in the liones and Joints.
Symptoms of Rheumatism, Neuralgia
aiid (ioul. Cold Exiremities, Suspended
Circulation and Depressed condition ol
tno Vital Forces, render it tho Standard
Household Medicine throughout the
lengih itml breatlihof the land. On sea,
on land, for the travo.lt r. for the young.
the aged, under all clrcuiiislances and
and conditions, both as a medicine and
ns a gontle stimulant or beverage, it is
the most grateful and effective prepara
tion ever compounded in the history ol
medicine.
Beware of i'lnted and worthies Imitatloua reeom
lueudi'd by dealers lor riiri'iwes of Kalu. Ask for aud
lualal urou liavuiK HANk'oKU'a Jamaica Ginukb.
Sold by Wholesale aud Uetall Drwnritite, Grocers
and liealera lu Modu-ine throuiruotu the Uuited Hiatea
a.d C;mudaa fried MeeulB per bottle WKKKS ol
l'OTTLK, oeiu-i al AKenta aud Wholesale DrUKVlBU,
llontou , . ass.
ELECTRICITY
FOK THE MILLION. AN ELECTRIC
BAT TEH Y FOU 5 CENTS.
Collins' Voltaic Plaster
Cures Talus and Aches,
It equalizoB tho Otreulntion.
It suhi.itea Inflammatory Action.
It cure Ituiitii oh uud HtruuiH.
It remove Pain and -iormiosB.
It cures KtUnry CompUint.
It utrtjuvtlitiua thn Ai use lea
, t cures KiumiiiHttmn and Neura.KU
It reiaieti .Stitltmoil (Jordu,
It cuit'8 Nervous HhorkB
It m invaluable iu Paralysis.
It cures Inflammation of the Liver.
It removes Ntirvous Paiiis.
It cures Hfinal Weakness.
It Is uruttdut and duotiuntf .
Itcuron Kpilopfiy or Fits.
It is Bafo, Itel.tiblt and Economical.
It la prescrmed by Phvsiciana.
It i uudorsud by Eleclrlciaus.
Collins' Voltaic Plaster .
Ih warranted, on the remitatton of Pr. Collins. iU in.
VAutor. an old nhvalflaii. to be tilft brut ilastpr in ih
world of medicine. Tbe union of the twoifreatoiMirat
aire is, vis., lum'inciiy uuu mt'uirm it u run ana Mmq
cAB.tu.lv I list i hurt tii claim, aud entitles tins rpmulv
to rank foremost a uon all ourailve comixninda tax
mi HiKiruai Acuea auu rams auu uuromo Aumauta.
booareful to call for COLLINS' VOLT Alf FLAHTKE
Iftut y-ui tret l ime worthiemi ImiUti u. Hold by all
Wholesale and Hatail Dnurista tbroiuunt lb Cottad
States and Canada, aud by WEEK6 IKf iTr R.Tro
prietera, Doirton Mast. mtfaml
MISCELLANEOUS.
3
' BENSON'S CAPC1NE
rOROUS PLASTEU
FOB WOMEN AND CHILDIifcN .
remHMnrrer1n(rfmmrlnand weaki.?" w :
livreat comfort and ttrfti.rlh Irnm me lif t ..:
lieuaou,sOap.'iueroni."i-i'r- "
r colds or weak limits, it is the uie and nily t r-at
meuttbey ti'iuld re.-eive.Tbi.. arn. le o.utain n- v
oedlt-at elements sin-h aa 1 found tu no othet
remedy in me same mnu n,"i1'
ommon porous platem. liutmruU.-ilectr ft-d a
illam es and other external n-medics. It reli -v-
inters will not eveu relieve, frop l.'tm a.i-:
Weak Ihwk. lib eira at lm, Kidney ilin.;aiis a tin al;
local aciies aud aius it is also the J...I kirnvvi
remedy Ask for Bauson's Cai-ti.e Fluster and
lake uootner. tiold by all lirurfUta. PrU e i6ceiit
VMttfyl
Central -Yermont R. R. Liss.
Commencing Monday, July 1. 1879.
TRAINS GOING BOCTII AND EAST.
LssveWnntppllTatll A. M .2 II", 1 00 slid ! 11 p. M.
un..o l,.iint.iiiH Kxpn-KB frnra Svnti-tMft slid Oir-
Vn.lMlrtr.Ht Albatisaud BitrltiiKtnu srrivija at Mrnit
'"':. ...,.
1HAIK mini .nwiii rm i. nt. nnniin. umihi..-
nn. kc , leaves Mouti.eher II 45 A m . ior liust-.i.,
evr London. SpriUKfleld, New York, and inter-
nKV?resrfr"in Mnlreal.St Albans, Rtirlitnrtoii leaves
f.iiitnelier 1 (15 P. M for U iilOU VI LoWe.il. alHO liel-
lows Falls and Brattleln.ro
WUlte MOUIltalUB nxiirens inmi oirai'n nrriimn.
tutlaud aud Uurlimftou, Ac., arrived at Montpelier 4.j
nlXKD miN leaver -vm;iu i j r i , imuiiii'hi
1p w..Montielier7l P M .jiT Northfi id.
Night ExpkehR from Otrdenshurtr. Montreal, wt. AI
lanft aud Uurliun-tou. le ve Muutpelicr al J w p. m ,t' T
i tston via, Lowell or FitrhburKh. .SriiiU(:ld,N;
fork aud intermediate points.
TRAINS OOIXO KOKTH AND WLKT.
LeaveMoutpellerat38 45A.u., 11-30 and 35U.&55
f M
Dat Eipbesr leaves Boston via , Fitrblmru-h at 8 uu
i. m . via.. Lowell 8 U0 a. m.. New Loudou 6 i) a m..
IprinirfleidSiWA a., .l mtpeli-r a 5ti p m , for liur
lutrton.Ht. Albans. Moutreal and OdeunbiiTir
Accommodation Train lo ivet Nortliheld at :W a m ,
4outpelier 8 46 M , for B-irliuKtou, Uutiund. Ht
Vlbans, St Johufl and (tfchfnrd.
Mixed leaves White Itiver Tutietinn 5 l A M.,Nortb
leld lo JO M., arrives at Montiel1er 12 t'ii p. m.
Hara'otra Kxpros from White MutiiitaniB, leave
tfotitpelier U ) a m for st. Albans. liurlliiKtou, Knt
and and S iratowa HiiriinH
Acomm"diitii.n leuveB White River Junction r
Montifllier&&6P. M.,for LurhUKtuu, ltutland and
U. Albans
Night Express leaves Boston via .Lowell at 7.K v
, via, Fltelibunrh 6.11 P. M . New York 3 mt p m.
iprluirneld H.iri f m., Monti elier 3 :tu a. m ,1-ir Ilurliiiaf-
u. St. Albans, Montreal and UafdeusbnrK. and the
A'est
TralnslnavfiM'ontuelierforBarreatT.OO a m.,10.0"
V M , aiid 4 8(1 P M
Retnrulntfleaveliarrrat7 45a M..anJ 10.51 a M.,and
20 p m .
SleeplnirrarH are attached tn Viirht Krprenn triiinp
'ituuliur bet wee u Moutrenl and Ltmlnn.uud Monticul
md Spriutffleld, aud New York and via. Troy, and
Jrlor Uars aud Lay Linros between Huntou and
1'intreal.
Parlor Cars are attu-hed to etrreRS tr;iiua between
Vhlte Mountains and Maratou-a sitmik's
Tlirmwhtli'kctn fttr tJbicnound the West for sale at
he principal stations. .
J. WJIOBAUT,
Ueul Hurt.
St. Albans, Vt .July 5. 1HTK.
OLD AND RELIABLE. ;
0 Db. Sanfobd's Lrv-EB Invkjoiiator J
1 is a StundarJ Family Remedy for $
J diseases of the Liver, Stomach fc
and Bowels. It is Purely IL, S
Vegetable. It nevt
Debilitates) It is
2 Cathartic and
JTonic.
S t k r H
&::.i
!IT
in i
n
lias beeu used?
in TllV nmetinrti
gand by the public, 2
. for mora than Rj vpnr.
j w
with mirmwdi'iitpil r.imrii f.
SEND FOR CI Prill ad '
5.T.W.SANF0RD, M.D., L'2 JSSiSJv J
1ST DRnifilST WILL TELL TOf ITS RUM'TATIUI. 1
PATPVT htflimipd fur mfclmiiical or
L l. M. 1 u tlieirrum pounds, ornamental
teflitfnB.trade-marks, and labels. Caveats, Assijfn
oents, Interferences, Appeals, Huiu for tnfriiiK
ueuts, and all cases arising nutter the PATENT
LAWS.proraptly attended to.
INVENTIONS THAT HAVK I3LEN
TJTi1 TI7,rirT1I7T by the Patent OfHcpmny
It VjtJ aLJVy A HjIJ still, in moot cies. be
atmitedbyua. lining opposite the Patent ofllrp.we
rtau makerlnser geurebeB. aud secure Patent- niori
nromptly .and with broader claims, thtiu those who
iroremote from Washington.
f V17TXTr!TLJ send us a model or
111 f Oil Xir sketeh of your dlvier:
ve make examinations free of charge, and advitr
istooatentabillty. All correspond etire strielilj eon-
Identlal Prices tow. and NO CHANGE UNLESS
PATENT 18 8EOUUED.
We refer to officials in the Patent Office, to our
clients In every state of the Union, and to rout
Senator aud Representative in Congress. Special
refereuceBtfiveu when desired Address,
0. A SNOW k CO.,
rltiU Oipoitc Patent Office. Vahhivt C.
PATENTS.
Tt. II. - EDDY,
No, 76 State St., opposite Kilhy, lioston.
Sernrea Patents In the United States; nlao in Ore- t
Britain, Kranr e and otl'er foreiirn cnniitrin Cm 'ft
if the el litis of any Patent furnished bv ren'fnir on
1Hir AsHtsruimMihi recorded nt Wn'iirn-ton. .Xo
Aycncv In the Uniti'ti statin ww'hm .;' wr r'tH'ili
tifn tor ahtainfno Patent h or ftx-frtainitio the vatrnta
bxlit y of inventimiH. ft U. EDDY, Solicitor otPatenu
TKHTIMONIALH.
"Treirard Mr Kddy as ooenf Hie mnt mimhte an
ucceHf'ul practitioners with whom I have hud nihYiit
iuteruouTne.
CHAS MAOM.Cotnniisslonerof Parent."
" Turentors eannot employ n person nmre trnstwoT
hv or more eanaMeof neeorinu- for them uu earlv an
favnrnble eotifrtf Htton at the Patent Office
EDMUND BUKKE.late Commissioner of I'utenU."
Hobton, Or toiler 1!. I7il
R H. ETVDY. EsQ-Denr Htr: y u procured for m
'n i40 mv first patent. Miner th"ii you havenctf-d f.
and advised me in hnndreda of nes, ami erin nre
mnv patents reissue and exteTmintu I h:ive m-cp
"inna'ty employed tlip nest twencfrft in Sew Yin I
Philndelphia and Washington but I still mveyu '
moat the wholeof mv business, in your line nnd a1
viae others to employ you. Ynr 'mtv
ai.oum; ihuphi
Boston. Jsn'v lst.lsi. m1i t
J, ESTif leOlPAHY,
Ji,l? ' ' J','rr-r- ,.:...-- f i
i ln
BRA7TL
The Mot
la a.N ...
SII.SCJ.LLANKor.N.
a. c. j; 1: 0 w
GENERAL M2JLCE
I nr-vm
r:r and I. if I T:-
Eespoiisiblo Companies,
AT HHOUT NilTM 1. AM, a I. t s
" ' " 1 . r. l.l .. 1 I -1 it
, To 1 in: sin. 1 j nr , mi. 4 N ,
' AM) A I K'.!-; I: I-1: - I l.i I i-
I in: ini i:ii
I
! this oHir'. ('(luiiiinnii- it.; !,v "u.:ti
I receive jirouit :i:t- ntii.n. "
Otim Ci.-.s-ni or S;,rr.
MONTI'EMKi:, VT.
HENRY & JOHNSON'S
LINIMENT
For Han and Beast.
ml sure cure for Wound.
Sprains, fJaMSJrunf ,
Burnt, AT .Vlcert,
C"t' WARRANTED eW
Galls! JO GIVE sort,
Wind 1 SATISFACTION Eoain,
Cors, lloils.
Strain, fyristula,
and all Slcin Diseases. Jtub
it in tecll trith the hand.
Sold by all druggists. Prio an I '.'K- r lottl.
WILCOX&WHITE
ORGAN CO.
Muriden, Conn. I'.S.A.
"Children's Blow Pedals," I
Adjusted orisiiiovcdlRStantfy.
Invented and Exclusively
used by his Company.
The most popular
Organs of the day!
UNRIVALLED IN QUALITY.
"The T7ilcc ii TThite
Organ, ia-i-ncto." is the
BEST miZ CHEAPEST
in ih'i iap.rlj.ttt !
Seni Ft )';..:'' -.,? r.-.-,vv..7,iP.
obtained for Inventor. l:i
and Europe, at redu-vd r
illiee located lu W.irfom.
United Mtatet Patent O'Ti .
Patent ltusinesswlth .Treat .
aud tegs cost, than pi ti r ra1
dlst uuce from Wnii ii-ti u
m employ "imsocuietiti .n
iliary ei auiiu ttuiiiH ai -1 t - .
-nUbllity. free ! e oir.v.
mi new invention at. 1 I
icm.y of our " tl;i: I-1 I i
-mut ft e t i an v ! i -0
ttnietiotlS bow to iiljta,;i 1 .
natter Y'v re it t j lit- .
tank. Wasiiiiitft io, h
vewatu, and Daiiixli I. i
feph ('axey, Ut ' ii . r J
the oth.-i il- .f tl.. V -irsat:il
vicit, i -t.-
Ad Ire-. I. (i t- I. .
ttenf h ai. 1 V' -f '
VVahisui.- 1 l
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HI. I.' i.
I
Xo Patent No Vs

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