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Green-Mountain freeman. [volume] (Montpelier, Vt.) 1844-1884, May 17, 1882, Image 1

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.(ni.a in tin Brtck Bloc. Uaad of State Street,
1.U if paid lu adrsnca: oibiwH.2 0'
i'.vmtr.t may 1 suada tij mail ot otliarwlsr
Editor and Proprietor.
liol iitcu-.uuJir Ilia recant law of loinrroas
rlroalitasfrw In WaeUinaaoB County. On all I-apere
.ntouUlilaWaalnirton County, the postage la paid
liy tne rubllener at the offloa In Montpelier.
Fr on sonar ftf t: lines or Wm "f Arat trpa. i'M
llis.-rtK.il. m: for ea.-b sulw.urut niw-niiMi, 3s rta.
liil- the nuwtp-r or 110,,-rt an. are rurk on tha
aiti-rllrfetiieiit It ll) l-r coditlAd until ordrd ont
l.to-ra! iiHt-.unt made t j uruitauLs and others ad ver
UUur liy tho yt-ar.
I'rutijtelDifioui uissloaerf'XotlMs.S-.M.
l'-.r N.'tl,v:sof T.lnaratlon, rstrsys. the Formsttoa
snd UtMw.lutriti of (:o-nrtnr)iu-. Me , aLjaaaoh for
thr. liif-rtir.it. If aai,t l.y luail tha m nty must aa-oumi-Ki.y
the e-lter.
tlon, t..,t ii-.
news e-dnmiis. la AMit pr Una tarn luaur.
jbatHua ii,aau uf ie. than tm cvuta.
XO. 20.
N-.'L' (vt r.f Iiatlis and Marriaa-ea lnrtd rratts.bu1
ext'.-n-!! ohituary N-tirH t,f v-wtry m uetharirod at
the i.iteof&cuiitp-rllue.
Mt freeman.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 17. 1882.
auntie saiil: "'Dese r piecof ai n't dowr
in no note booik, an' (ley am rudilcr short,
but 'pears liko am mighty sight iMbitanai
in 'cm."
I led tho go a or:il class, nml at tlio closi
also. The man was not fully healed at
nee. His visioa came at the first touch
if too Savior's hind, bat it was indistinct.
This may be only to giro us a typs of the
eating Christ brings to the sin blinded
the minister said ho ' Unowcd ho sxkei ml. The work is in a proper sonso in-
Latter from South Carolina,
t suppose it will not amount to much for
mo to say that I hud it in luy thoughts to
f end you several leltors during my stay
here, when eight weeks havo elapsed nn J
you have not had a siuglo word.
" Well, to toll tho iruth. white folks have
not received much of my attention latoly.
and it is only bceauso I am within a few
days of my return homo that I have takon
up " do claims of do norf ."
Time certainly has mado good use of
its wings, for it lias flown with unparal
leled swiftno?s, and though I may truth
fully say I havo been diligent, I cannot
exactly boast of having found tho rest for
which weary mortals are said to pino.
And I may as well reooid it hore, and in
advance of any ijestions which might be
asked me, that it is my firm conviction
that to a soul allamo with Christ's love.
ihcra is no place in this sin cursed world
where rest can be found. No mattor how
delightful tho place, if one has "oyes to
sec and oars to hoar," tho old cry comes
over, " Come over and help us." It comes
from tho loungers around the grog shops,
from tho profano lips of tlio Sabbath
breaker, from uncaicd for or carelessly
taught children in our schools and on our
streets, from the sad homes and wrecked
lives which aro everywhere and even
from the very church of God which is
comparatively powerless, because so largo
a majority of its membership " havo a
name to live and are dead." and I might
aj woll add, and from the pulpit also, for
so many daro to stand as God's evangel
and fail to declare tho whole truth to a
dying world.
I have been greatly interested in the
colored people here, and understand as
never bei'oro the difficult questions which
they aro working out in connection with
their social, civil and religious life. Tlicy
are surely a wonderful people when wo
lako into consideration the past and its
many disadvantages, to say nothing of its
cruel wrougs and tho few years of their
freedom, which has necessarily been large
ly spout in securing a foothold and sup-
plying daily sustenance. Many of them
havo nico homos and live in tasto and
I saw a laro audience of such people
on Easter morning at St. Mark's church,
Charlestown. Tiicro was not a turban or
coarsely dressed person among thorn. The
ohurcb was beautifully decorated, tho
music fine and tlio service, Episcopal, con
ducted very impressively by. tho colored
rector, tlio first, I am told, ever admitted
I 'j tho Episcopacy.
Tli ca'or of tho congregation ranged all
the way from tho bluo eyed and llaxen
hai o l, with nothing about them to unini
tiated oyes to dcuoto their race, up through
all th shades of brown, to tho real shiny
black, which I am inclined to like best,
1'uenuso it is genuine. l'Icascd as 1 am
with this class, and greatly as I rejoice In
a'.l to which they havo attninod, lam more
deeply interested in those who are largely
in tho majority, on whom ignoranco and
poverty and tho mixed social relations
tbo cursed heritage (if slavory press
heavily, and out of which it Is impossible
for them toriso without help.
Tho schools aro doing much and the
influence of northern teacher is very
marked-, but in the country places the
population is widely scattered and the
schools aro many miles npart; besides, tho
children are put to work at a very early
age. " Mus' do it, tor keep do hominy
pot bilin', missus." i
Some of tho parents who feel knecnly
thuir own lack of education aro willing to
make any sacrifices to havo their children
" know suthin'," and the eagor boys and
girls walk daily six and seven miles,
starting " befo' sun up," and not reaching
home again until " black darkness catch
'cm." They cheerfully plod through tho
heavy sand, tho littlo b3gs,wlth books and
frugal dinner of sweet potatoes.slnng over
their shoulders, "goin' af'cr larnin',
I have made several trips back iuto tho
country to see plantation life, which in
souio respects isn't so greatly changed
from tho past. Oppression has not ceased,
by any means, and " might makes right,"
I said to one man, " Aro you any hotter
off than iu tho old slavery days?"
" 'Pears liko not much, missus. Has jes,
as hard time, sumways ; but den we'se
free, an' dat is ebbory ting, tank do Lord."
" Yes," said his wife, " an' dey can't
sell us liko do cattle, if wo docs hah to lib
like 'em."
One thing 1 have noticed, that however
low and debased they may he, allowing
free rango to appctito and lust, that
according to their own phraseology they
have " ho oiler determine but to fit inter
hebhin when do troubles ob dis ar wicked
woiT niu oljcr," 1 said to one, "but
you must have another determine; you
must love tlio Lord and try to servo him
whilo in tliij wicked world."
" Oh, missus, I docs lub do Lord; course
I does, Nobody ken help doin' dat; an'
as to s.n vin' him, putty poo' sarvieo ho'd
tink mint was, I 'snccts; an' 'sides, do
debhel kocp ubbcry one so mortal busy."
'Hill," I continued, " why should you
iU into heaven if you do not try to obey
the commimd.i of tho Iord?"
' Don't know, missna. Nobbcr try tur
look into sich vtyUtruns, but know dis
fo" sure, dat by do timo gots troo wld dis
!ir bard wori', shall bo all tired out wid
du debbel an' his works an' shall be
mighty n!uus to in out ob do dob
bll's clutches.
I have beard similar arguments couched
in vnriouH terms from people in vory dif
ferent walks of life. "To get into hoaven,"
somi how, bring their hope and purpose.
The singing hern is somotuiog wondor
ful. Every ono sings old and young
mid I never tiro of listening to them.
Their old timo songs, which they term
"spiriluulr," are full of pathos.
After one of our meetings they staid
and tang to me for an hour; and one old
do mind of all do brudders an sister
when ho said drfy was all glad to bab dc
whito sister wil dem, an' hoped sheV
comeeblxiry time, for her coinyany werr
berry ilcecplabl to ebbcry one," and thei
ho iiraved for me : " Oh 1ird, bross dt
ooJ sister what am wid us dis evenin .
Oh, Lord, hrcss her in her consMootion,
stantnneous, and in another proper sense
progressive. Spiritual discernment does
not come at onco in all its perfection, but
after a timo tho senses become trained to
discern good and evil. Wo nro not in
formed whether thi3 was a case of life-long
ilindness, or whether the man had by
somo means become blind. The fact that
do, Lord. Ilresa her next Sunday, when j no saw not clearly at lirst may be consid-
she go 'cross do creek to speak at do sin j ercd only a natural result of the disuso of
ners dar. Load her guns, doar Lord, dat ihoso functions of brain and mind by which
sbo may bring do sinners down, an' make C sight is sccarod, and if any one choi so so
dem howl for dcr sins." jj to consider it, wo may look upon the mir-
East woek we want up to camp meotiug. aclo as twofold: first, tho restoring of
myself and friend being the only while I Vision, so that light affected tho proper
folks present, and on Sunday thero wore J norvo and the man saw ; second, the ho
over 6ix thousand people on the ground. I stowal of tlial power which experience
No word3 could describe It ; the meetings 3 gives to every one of us whereby wo dis
were kept up night and day and the great ! tingulsli objects, and clearly discern those
est enthusiasm prevailed. Hundreds came i movements that are going on about ns.
to tho altar, and so great was " do power We cannot doubt, however, that tho same
dat sometimes fifty were laid out dead at J divino power which let tho light into the
i .hn ... F , T, n. I ...... ;
OnCC. I ouw Lumuuci ui inn vjv uutl Ullliseu
It was a sceuo never to bo forgotten,
and one which would bo impossible among
any other class of people. Tho singing
was grand, tho preaching good and the
prayors models, many of them, in their
directness of appeal and childliko faith
and trust.
As wo listoned to some of the preachers
rand men everyway the question
wonld come, What would theso men have
been if freodom had not come to tneir
Wo mot Kev. S. F. Fleglcr, who has been
several years in Liberia, and Rev. Mr.
Sturratt, pastor of Emanuel church,
Charlestown, which has a membership of
threo thousand with one thousand pro
Being anxious to seo all phases, we took
a carriage anu weni out 10 ioiuuoi
Gregg's phosphato works, where two
hundred and soventy-live convicts arc
omploycd. Every courtesy was shown
us, and we were taken on tho engine four
miles to seo tho chain gangs at work.
They wero all colored and wore mana
cles, and for every squad (ten men) a
whito man stood guard with a loaded
musket. Next to rum-selling I thought
their occupation would seem the most
despicable. Most of the men were young
and even boyish in thoir looks and what
a life ! Clad in prison garb, the clanking
of the chain at the least movement,
lodged in barracks at the stockade, eating
their breakfast before going to work at 0
A. 51., dinnor taken from tin palls under
that musket rango, work till dark and
then their walk back, with tho same pros
pect beforo them for months and even
years. And what brings most of them to
this? I asked.
"Oh, rum, mobi, marm, in one way
or another."
I visited tho guard liouso, jail aud court
house in Charlestown ; also tho hospital,
and mot thorcsultsof rum drinking every
a hero. How 1 halo it and everything
connected with it, and mo3t of all the
social wino drinking which prevails to an
alarming extent in thn south among all
classes of people
tho nnusod, and perhaps diseased nerve, to
respond to tho action of tho light, could
have comploted tho work at onco and
brought tho man to sec clearly. When
questioned, however, ho acknowledged
that as yet bis vision was imperfect. It is
never wise that the soul receiving the first
touch of savin grace should rest satisfiod
with that. If we acknowledge our need of
a further work, a mighty Savior waits
to finish In us tho work begun.
Again in this case, as often before, wo
Gnd Jesus commanding the restored man
not to speak of his healing among tho mul
titude, but to return at once. So was the
prophecy concerning Christ fulfilled: "IIo
shall not strive nor cry, neither shall any
man hear his voice in the streets."
From this locality, north of tho lako,
Jesus proceeds somo twenty-five miles
further north to tho villages nboutCasaroa
I'hilippt. This place, like Bethsaida beforo
mentioned, was a town which bad been
built up by Roman patronage. Ilorod
Philip had enlarged and adorned both
these towns, and constituted them royal
dwelling places for himself and kisoflicers.
Tho important question asked the dis
ciples: "Whom do men say that I am ?"
seems to havo been propounded ns thoy
journeyed tot ween these two places. If
we so understand tho account, wo begin
to get an insight into ono real purpose of
theso frequent journeys. Christ would
havo somo time and some privacy wherein
to instruct his disciples; so as tho crowds
increased in ono locality ho withdrew to
another, and by tho way ho held many of
tho conversations with tho twclvo, which
are recordod by the evangelists. In an-
swer to tho question Jesus asked, his dis
ciples give the leading theories concerning
his character and mission which were
abroad at tho time; somo, among whom
was Ilorod, thought Christ to be John tho
Ilaptist risen from tho dead. This viow
could havo been obtained only among those
who wero ignorant of the early part of
Christ's ministry, for ho was for some
timo a contemporary of John. Others,
marking tho likeness between his teach
ings and those of Elijah and other of the
i.in;h:m,ovh i..t poku
Why doet thoti wtldlr ruu autl rur.
Mad Klrar.0 Mid River?
Wilt thon aot pause and ceaas to pou r
Tlir burrrlnir, headlong water o'or
Tula rockr ilMlf forever ?
VYUat aecret trouble alirrs thy brujM
Uiv all Uila tret and flurry
UopRt tliou uot kqow that what la bp.'
1 u thia rcntlt'ia world ifl rvst
rrrm overwork aud worry :
nr. r.ivi-n.
.Vti:it woald'at thou lu these rntiimtaiu ski-
O stranxor from the city?
M it perhapa Rome foolish streak
or thine, to put the words I frpsb
Inloai-lalutlvo ditty ?
Vi-k: I would learn of thee thy ohk.
With all its tlowlnir number.
And in a rolce as (rein aud stroui
Aalhineia, sing it all day lonir.
And hear It in my slumber.
Tin: hivkr.
A hrooklot uaineleasand nukuowit
W'aa I at nrst, reBemlillnir
A little child , that all alone
Cornea venturing dowu tho atair of atom-.
Irresolute aud trenilillnir.
l.iler. by wayward fanoios le.l.
Tor the wide world I panted :
Out of tho forest dark and draail
Aitoss the open ttelds 1 fled, ' '
I.Ike one pursued and haunted .
1 tossed my arms, I saniralontl.
My voice exaltant blomtiua
With thttndor from the passing- i-l.,iiil ,
The wind the forest bent and bowc-l,
The rush of rain dcsceudiui-.
1 heard the distant ocean call.
Iinplorlnr and entreating;
lirawn onward, o'or this rooky wall
I plunged, and tho loud waterfall
Mudo answer to the grcetlnir.
And now. besot witli'many ill.
A toilsome life I follow:
Compelled to carry from the hill?.
These lo-rs to the Impatient mill.
llelow thero iu the hollow.
Vi-t something; ever chears aud char nn
The ritdeuess of my labors ;
lially 1 water with those arms
The cattle of a hundred farms.
A ud have the birds for ncihburc .
lieu call tne Mad. and well they may.
When full of rave and trouble,
I burBt my banks of sand aud clay.
And sweep the wooden bridu-e awav.
Like withered reeds or stubble.
Now a-o and write Uiy little rhyme,
As of thy own creatim;,
Thou scesttbo day Is pant Its priiur;
I can no longer waste my time;
The mills are tired of waiting,
-Atlantis ilantl.bj .
Had I time I should liko to tell you of old prophets, said he is Elijth or lie is one
the temnurance work of my friend hero, i of tho prophets.
who hai given twolvo years of her life to i
work amongtho freedmen. She isa Khode j
Island woman, s-wndrng her summers j
with in, coming back every autumn to
take up her school, which is under tho
patronago of the Friends in Philadelphia, j
Iu addition to her duties thoro, which are
irduous, she finds timo for temperance or
religious work and is, just now, opening a
children's homo," which will be a great
blossing to tlio sUle. Tho funds for pur
chasing the homo aud furnishing havo all
been sent from tho north and moans for
carrying it on must como for tlio present
largely from that source.
There is much in and about Charlestown
of great interest, and I havo visited most
of the plnccs which would bo peculiarly
attractive to a northerner, Forts Sumter
and Moultrio being, of course, among tho
The whole visit has been delightful. I
have enjoyed the beautiful flowers which
grow in such profusion, tho early vegeta
bles and fruits, peas, beans, new potatoos,
strawberries and blackberries, with lots of
other things. But bost of all, I have enjoy
cd the open-handed, large-hearted hospi
tality of tho people everywhere.
God bless the "sunny south" and purify,
uplift and savo her people, whito and
black. Mrs. J. K. lUit.EV.
Do you liko ncrostics? How doos the
following strike vou? You will observe
tho first letters of each lino taken together
express nooui me rignt sentiments, and
then, beginning with tlio first italizlsed
word, and taking them in their order, vou
have a preamble of tho constitution of the
United States. We would add this is
purely original ; nothing cute or extra is
claimod for it, it boing an off hand pro
duction ot its author, voicing a passing
thought :
h Ive i'-r fi-eo republicans now lu a nalion ,
I n which all the 'o.Vof whatever Htatiou,
B clieve tbo best form ni government know ti
E ver yet, is tlif ono we call proudly our own .
K ecotloct the Unittd Slain yet is but youug.
T hough quito often in verso has he r valor been sung ;
V ot comparative n,?fr around hordoth reign ,
A nd gay competence smiles from the hill Mho ilain.
N ot perfect, ns yet, is theoi'it of our law,
D eie;ts may exist still, and many a ilaw :
U ntil man's inrrc than human is perfect iu hear l,
N othing can be trrfo-l that's made by man's art.
I n our vtiiria beat hopes may bo suffered to blight.
O ftentimos wo may fall joo,!ublih the right;
N ot always Aamjuitiet prevail as it should.
N ot always injure we our country's best good.
O n the way that our private itnmrnti? llfo tends-.
W hat tmtiiuilitt for our whole couutry depends:
A ud, though woll to iirari'lt tot somo war far away,
N ot to ho unproparedir fhr battle to-tlay:
D evute your bent work to our rvoMiionday life,
F or lr f-nc' of our peace only, enter tho strife.
(I r war inayVroiiii'c valor's growth in tuo men.
It eveal'" bravo traits that havo slumbered till then,
K veu that may not wiirk for his tciwrut good:
V ainly seeks Le hiawrtntrr iu dark deeds of blood.
K vcr think of our fathers (onUhelr purpose pure,
II Ight well fought they then our sweet peace to trr'trr;
" h.lliey would havo had peaccore llf lighting begun
N ot, h iwever, such blrtititipi, wero easily won.
K veu now vi: ions ofto'tholr army appears,
A nd their earnest cry " Lilmty rings iu our i-ai ;-;
N ot in vain to tmri-lrrx did their spirit descend,
i -, D are you say we'd uot nght'in- gain pcaco in the etui .'
" ls" I n (i.'i day too, aro found as bravo men as of vom.
j N ay, poilcritu will but repeal lliein ouco more.
The next ijucstion Jesus asked
ciplea was a far moro important one
"Wt.mii vi vn tliriH .in. 1" It U nr v..n. i " "" "la licni-y with lorclhlo breath,
J J J B vcr fnlaiif our mutki this: " rrcdom or lieatb !
r- reparo wo lor war Km" ror peace. !., prepare,
A nd etf(ililili peace over our land broad and fau
lt emsmhor, tlio objects of our onfrittiti,i
A re 1 3 prevent or provide. r a like revolution
Hut we for tin- country as bildly would strive.
I, oveour I'uite-t .SYo'c.i Willi a love as alive,
Kcnsuicnuf1 uicrcrt In sevonty-n e.
Sunday School Lesson Notes.
r.v rev, j. o. sriEitnuiiN.
jlayls;: .Seeing aud Confessing Christ Mark ls"-i-3X
The incident with which this losson opens
is omitted by tho other evangelists. No
reason is apparent for this unless wo con
eluded that l'ctcr was more thonghtful
than tlio other apostles in recalling each
incidont connected with the ministry of the
master. At Eothsaida, t. c, Ucthsaida
Julias, north of the Sea of Galilee, tho
healing of this blind man occurred.
Frionds bring him to Josus. Tho same
story ovor and ovor, showing the respon
sibility and tho prlvilego of holping our
holplcss friends to como to Jesus. The
blind man could not mako his way to
where- tho Ilcaler was unless he had help.
So many of our friends must bo assisted if
over thoy como to him. Tho faith of theso
people is shown Iu tho petition thoy offer
ed for their alllicted friend. ' They simply
ask Jesus to touch him. Their faith saw
bt aling in tho moro touch of our Lord.
Tho Incidents of tho healing are vory liko
those moDtloncd in tho bcaliug of the deaf
and dumb man In tho lesson of May 7th.
Christ takes tho man aside and performs
curtain physical acts instead of speaking
liira wholo at orcc. Wo can hardly doubt
that this had to do with tho proving and
ihu training of tho man. II is willingness
to go apart with Christ, outside tho town,
showed his confidence and faith in him,
aud thus rctirod Jesus could better exert
An inlluonco over him to fix his faith upon
the (Ircat Holpor. Tho euro was peculiar
greater moment that wo should personally
kuow Christ than that we should know the
viows that othors hold of dim. Wo may
be ablo to explain all theso different viows
and compare their soundness, but yet be
destituto of all real knowlcdgo of Christ.
I'eter, always foremost among tlio twolvo,
mado answer for all. It may bo doubted
whether all tho twclvo were ready to yield
unqualified assent to Fetor's declaration of
faith; but without question his disciples
had revolved tho matter much in their own
minds and questioned with each other, so
that I'eter had somo authority for answer
ing In behalf of all, "Thou art tbo Christ,
the anointed ono." Finding out the gen
uineness of their faith, Jesus commanded
them to loll no man of him, that is at pres
ent, then proceeds to reveal to thciu what
is to happen to the Son of man. Mark and
Matthew both indicate that this was tho
first lime Jesus had foretold his sufferings
directly. How strange it must have seem
ed to the disciples, just as ;they had pro
claimed their faith in him as tho chosen of
God, to bo told that tho Jewish loaders
would reject him as an impostor, and that
he should suffer death. Often our mo
ments of sublimcst faith and deepest dis
couragement como not far apart.
But along with theso revelations of a
gloomy nature, Christ speaks of victory
over death. The disciples paid littlo lined
to the last declaration of the Master; they
were too much stunned by the first. In
our thoughts of doath wo many times find
no placo for thoughts of tho resurrection.
Peter rebuked Jesus for speaking thus of
himself after having sanctioned their viow
that ho was the Christ. Jesus turned to
ward tho other disciples from whom Peter
bad drawn him, and with bis back toward
Peter, said, "(let theo behind mo, Satan."
Dy this he meant to say, you bring to mo
a suggestion which is from Satan, namely,
a suggestion to abandon my beaven-assign-
od work. To Satan in all bis forms and
by all his agents Josus said "Oct theo be.
hind mo."
A lU'lit of Honor.
Tho best place for the cultivation of
bananas is said to bo on a side liill where
the sun has great power. Each treo bears
a slnglo bunch, which ls ready to cut
about nine months after setting out the
plant. After romoving the bananas tbo
trees are cut off close to tbo ground, and
from the old stumps three or four more
treos will spring up, each of which will in
about nine months yield a bunch. Tho
trees grow about fifteen foot high. In
setting out a now field, the roots of old
trees aro taken. Those roots grow in
clumps, and contain a numbor of eyes,
from which the now sprouts start. Those
roots are cut into piooes. The first crop
of bananas is always the best. The ba
nanas aro larger and tbore aro more on a
bunch. They avorage about two hundred
and fifty on a bunch, and yield aliout one
hundred and seventy-five bunches per
acre. The second crop Is poorer in qual
ity, the yield becomes less and in four or
five years the land runs out.
I'.UiT 1.
A t llL .MI! TO A MOI SK.
It was the wet forenoon of a January
day, just two years ago, when the usual
gang of idlers that hang about tlio ferry
wharves wero delighted nt having the
monotony of gazing out from under tho
dripping awnings, broken by tho singular
movements of n eouplo of policemen.
Ono of these well-fed guardians of the
peace was on his kness besido a hole bro
ken through the Iloonnr; of a neifr iboi-ino-
dock, and engaged in angrily issuing,
evidently disregarded, commands to some
fugitive concealed beneath, whilo Jus fel
low, with equal profanity and perspira
tion, endeavored to pry up a loose board
fnrthcr along, for tho purpose of also
gaining access to the offender.
"What's up? What's tho mattor?" asked
tlio bystanders, crowding up, whilo the
passengers coming off the just-landed fer
ry boat, stopped to look on.
Tho policemen, however, ignored the
inquiries leveled at them, with all the
haughtinoss peculiar to the Celtic munici
pal official of tho period, for it Is hardly
nocessary to say that both belonged to the
favored raco which Amoricans, with rc
markablo modesty, employ to run their
own country for them. Hut when a bus
tling citizen, who was evidently a mer
chant and taxpayer, paused, and said,
brusquely " Hollo, there, Mike! What aro
you after. Tat?" one of the blue and brass
luminaries looked up and growlod out:
" Nothing but a wharf rat, zur."
" Then why didn't you tend in a dog, if
it's a rat?" returned the mo rchant, innocently.-
But tho contemptuous critioism
of his ignorance, about to be made by the
officer, was interrupted just thon by tho
cries of the rodent in question, which ap
peared at tho first mentioned aperture in
consequence of a vigorous clubbing admin
istered by one of the policemen, who had
finally succecdod in removing the plank.
Tho captive thuB scoured was an inde
scribably diminutive and preposterously
dirty urchin, with tlio blackest eyes and
roddost head Imaginable. As the police
man dragged him into tho daylight by his
threadbare collar, and perched lntu, tremb
ling and whimpering, on a balo near at
hand, a shout of appreciative gratification
went up from tho bystanders. Nothing
tickles the risibles of your ordinary street
crowd, so much as a littlo gonuino pain
aud suffering exhibited gratis.
liooking at the spectacle in this popular
and kindly fashion, thoro was, indeod,
much cause for merriment. Nothing sad
dor or more pitiful could bo imagined,
than tbat littlo hunger-pinched, bare-footed,
rascod fizuro, with its nntimelv ktbA
and witborod face, whito with despair at
the consummation of the ono terrible dread
or its owner's brief life lis had been
' took up."
" What's ho done?" asked the sevoro
looking man eagerly. " Not been right
ine dogs, eh?"
" The bye, is't," responded ouo of the
Dino-coatea magnates. leisurely puttin
up his club. ' Oh, he's only wan 'or thim
wharf rats, as lives beneath the wharvos
here, an' stales from the projoosc schooners
o'niubts. We be running thiui all In now
for vagrancy, an' ouilacont exposure, by
raison ov Ihiin going in schwiminin' every
foive minntcs widont their clothes. It's
afthorthis raskil we've been fora wnko or
moro. It's no use thryin' tor catch ono o'
thim feltovs in the naicr. They schwim
loike a lisli, begorra, thim rtoov and,
they've more holes terschlip inter than the
eels themselves, so thoy have."
"Ah!' said the sovcre-looking man,
who was au officer of the S. P. C. A., " I
was in hopes it was a case for me," and
ho walked oil' much disappointed.
The wharf rat ceasod his low, terrified
sniveling long enough to put in a plea that
no was not a vagrant, but flolil papers;
that he only slept beneath tho wharf be
causo It didn't cost anything; that In
didn't know that it was any harm to go in
swimming, and oilier excuses common to
great criminals.
One of tho olliccrs strolled oil to look up
an express wagon to carry their prisoner
to Headquarters, llus lie did partly be
causo it would involve a loss of dignity to
convey so insignificant a prisoner through
tlio streets, and partly because lift had a
friend in the express business, who was
always good for a " divvy " on these little
obs. Tho other guardian majestically re
posed, after his exertion-, on a hawser
jiost, after impressing upnn tbo child that
an Immediate ce'salion ot its blubbering
would obvlnto the necessity of Imving his
head caved in with a club.
Meanwhile, several other passers to and
from the ferry, loitered to ga.o at the
strong hand of tho law in full operation
and to ask the prisoner's offense. Ono of
theso was a sleok and boncvolent minister
of an up-town church, hut as be was hur
rying home to writo up a pathetic sermon
on the tcxtofthe Good Samaritan, he had
no tune to waste upon latter-day 1 bills-
lines, and so he passed by on the other
Another was a great mining capitalist,
but it always made him angry to look at
people that were poor, dirty and vulgar.
He had been poor, dirty and vulgar him
self, once, and he now regarded all such
attribute! as direct personal reflections, bo
to speak. So he stepped frowningly into
tho line carriage that was in waiting, and
rattled oil'.
The next citizcu who stopped to look on
was a political economist, who spoke three
times a week on suffering Ireland, and
ameliorating tho condition of tlio work
ing masses. His soul sickoncd at the in
justice of society, tie used to say, and
pausing long enough to make a shirt-cuff
note on the fearful increase of crime
among children, he, too, went oil' shaking
his head.
And then another millionaire chanced
by. Ono of those continually haunted by
a fear of being themsolves left in poverty
and want some day, despite their present
wealth. So this one clutched his purse
tighter than cver.and gave way to a eoup
lo of giggling women, who wero the next
Does not somo writer say that sweet
charity and holy piety dwell always In
women s gentio nrcast:' Jiut tueso were
San Francisco women of tho period, and
so they tittered with one breath : ' What
a horrid littlo bratr and then they
minced on toward tho matinee.
Meanwhile, tho brisk morchanl first
mentioned walked rapidly up Market
street, like a man every movement of
whose tune meant coin. But when ho
had proceeded about three squares, his
paco, lor some reason, seemed togo6lowor
and slower.und from timeto time ho jerked
his head impatiently, mid said, "Pshaw!"
indignantly to himself, as though ho
was engaged in combating some unwol
eomo mental impulse that persisted In
presenting itsolf to his consideration.
Tlio fact was, this brusque. Imperative
man of trade was troubled with a most un
common and annoying nll'cction of tho
heart, called humanity. It wns so unnat
ural and singular a disease for a grown
man to possess now-a-days, that the mer
chant was very properly ashamed of it;
nut only that, but it seemed this was an
hereditary affection that persevered iu
making itself felt, and compellin" its pos
sessor to do all things in the most absurd
manner possible.
Left to himself, tho merchant was
wealthy, respectable, :i una of inlltieuec,
and a city magnate. In fact he possessed
all tliu necessary qualifications lor being
scllish, uncliaiitaulo, sell-ceulnred and in
human, mid it irritated him to the lust do
rcc. Just when he was about, for in
siaiico, to imitate his wealthy neighbor!
and ova lo subscribing to soino charity or
perpetrating any other kind action, to
have this silly littlo imp of humanity ac
tually torment him into doing the very
thing his worldly training but hiiu most
to avoid.
lie had noticed, too, that tins disease
though it is not an epidemic, the reader
will understand always allecicd hiiuiuost
when most happy and contented himself,
and as he was in a more than usually se
rene mood just then, ho was annoyed, but
not surprised, to hear a familiar Utile voico
m Ins breast say, and keep saying :
" Itemember the loving little child you
kissed when you left homo just now. bun
poso it were there sitting instead of that
wretched little waif, crushed and despair
ing. Come, stop thinking of bow your
neighbor Jones would net, and go back
and see if you cannot do something for the
As vc have said, lie fought against this
ridiculous impulse for a time, but it ended
In his turning at last, and retracing his
steps with that sort of half-injured, lift f
slmmefaced expression many men put on
when they set about a good action, for
some yet unsolved reason.
" What's your name?" he grullly asked
of the child, who by this time had been
pitched upon tho soat of tho wagon, which
was about ready to start.
"Snub," replied the small hoodlum,
eying the interrogator a iiiomoiit in a Bort
of despairing stupor. The houso of correc
tion lor six months, wlilcli bo Know was
the fato that awaited him, was moro
much more to bis kind, than tho more
disgrace and punishment It implied. It
moant, iu addition, just what bankruptcy
and ruin doos to the business man. Iong
before his release, the particular street
corner on which ho sold his paper;, and
the solo and equitable right to oceupy,
which be Had delondcd Irani ins lellow
merchants at the expense of many a gamely-fought
battle and bloody nose, would
be gone forovcr.
Snub what? said the merchant.
Walker, or suthin liko that," replied
the grimy midget, alter a moment of
attempted recollection. Tbo boys call mo
only 'hnniv that nn.
" Why?"
lie shook his head in answer, allhoutrli
the shape of his infinitesimal nose supplied
tho ucoessary information.
wnore B your niouior.'
" (lono dead."
" Dunno long lime 'fore d id run
" Away where?"
" Tcr sea."
" And so you shift for yourself, and sell
papers? Hum! Why do they call you a
wharf rat?"
" Dunno. 1 ain't no rat," said tho red
headed pitrmv. explanatorily, and some
what wartuod into a show of interest by
tlio morn kindly voico oi tuo stranger.
' Well, no; you aro hardly big enough
for a rat," laughed tho other. ' You're
more like a mouse, and so l II give you a
And just thou tho wagon started, the
merchant stepped into a cab and told tho
driver to hasten to the city hall, und be
very quick about it, as he was missing an
engagement at the merchants' exchange.
As fjr "bnu, bo watched the queer gen
tleman ont of sight with a kind of pathetic
curiosity. The rat had been inured to j
books, until, after what scorned an eternity
of time to the white, watching faces alnvo,
a narrow streak of water wis reveuled,
which grew wider and wider.
" Well, I'm d d!" said one of the
deck InnJs, who was peering und;r the
" chatting,' and other branches of popular side, " if a wharf rat hasn't "ot it.
street amusement, and so used torldiculoj But I ho shudder caused by this strange
on account of his puny frame and bristly ; remark was unnecessary, for presently
rod hair, that it did not surprise him to i the eacr eves above beheld swirurnine
see this gentleman go eff. liko every one . below them a creature whose close-cropped
else, in Hinto of his steady eyes and clear bead and bead-like eyes sufficiently rcseiu
voice. For "Snub"dldn't clearly rctnem- i bled a rat's, but which in realitv belonged
ber to ever beforo heard a kind voico in to an under-si.od bov swimmer, a mater
tbo Whole course of his brief career. He I of tho art withal.
was still musing over tho novelty when j Floating behind him with her fair ho-id
tho wagon turned down into Merchant upturned and resting upon tho wiry little
street, and the shadow of tlio jail again ; shoulders that struck oat o nnnfully
foil over his benumbed littlo sonl. i through tho churning water, was the
But tho man with the kind voice was ; merchant's littlo daughter. Towim? the
thero beforo him, chattering nfl'ably with insensible infant by means of ber long
the captain in charge
"How ruucli will tlio malefactors lorlett
bail como to?" ho asked, ns the expos
ure chargo was booked.
"Ten dollars," said tho clork with a
If an aqgel from heaven had risen out
of the floor to slow music and offered
" Snub " a whole pot-pio at oneo, after
two days' fasting from bad business, as he
had dreamed one did, he would no' havo
bcon moro astonished than he was then to
behold the stranger Uko out a huge hand
ful of dazzling gold and loss down a
shining ten.
" There, Mr. .Mouse," ho said ; thero it
sunny curls passed over his shoulders and
gripediiniily in bis month, tho boy strug
gled on to the nearest pile, t: wbidi lie
finally clung like (lie small amphibious
animal that ho really was.
A boat-hook twisted into the gaimeiils
of tho girl soon relieved him of his charge,
which was placed in tin? trotiihling itrnu
of its mother, who heaven-raised eyes
told plainly that sho felt tho baby's heart
still beating against her own.
As they lowered tho hooks :ij.iin to
draw up the almost exhausted rescuer, the
men noticed that the drops that fell btck
from his clothes mado a red stain nn the
water. As they lifted him gently over the
your crumb. Your bathing bill is soltlod." ; edge of tho wharf and laid him down on
Joes ycr mean i Kin go now, mister.'" ms back a terrible wound.extendiug around
gasped the prisoner, for a runtnent too
stunned to grasp the fact.
"Yes," said the gentleman ; und then,
winking at the clerk, he continued ; " but
you know, I only lend you this money. I
expect you to pay it back in a year, you
But even while they wero all laughing
hoartily at so rich a joke, the wharf rat
raised his little clenched paw and said
with an earnestness that even made the
callous specials look aronnd :
"I'll doit, sir; indeed I will I hope I
may be struck dead if I don't!"
"Well, ahem! see that you do," said
his benofactor, with assumed gravity, "or
I shall think vou are not a mouse of your
"I hope I may be struck dead!" repeat
ed tho pigmy solemnly, so solemnly, in
deed, that the merchant felt, ho couldn't
say why, a sort of lump rise in his throat,
as he searched his pockot for a supple
mental four-bit piece.
" No," said the small dealer, declining
this last firmly, "I havo forty cents that's
enough fur tho papors;" and hurriedly
glancing at tho clock, which showed the
hour for the aflornoon issues had arrived,
bo was gone like a flash, for to be late
then meant the total risk of his email cap
ital, and a moal or two skipped until the
loss was mado up.
I'.UiT li.
I wondor how many passengers on the
Oakland ferry over speculate seriously on
what tney would uo, in lact, on what
would happen should they fall over
board on tho trip.
It such a gloomy calculation hi led their
minds, and, impelled by thorn, the passon-
gcr strolled forward or aft on tho main
dock: to inspect too mo boats, tij would
not need to possess a very intimato knowl
cdgo of nautical affairs to be ominously
impressed iiy wiiat no would sec.
on his side, anil cutting Heir through two
ribs, was exposed.
"Stand back 1" .said one of tbo men to
tho crowding bystanders; "he is ail broke
up; must have dived under tho wheel for
i The lookers-on drew back aghast from
the puny, wet form king there on the
slowly expanding carpet of red blood
wincn llirotiocd Iroin Ins mangled side.
In the awe-struck silence the low t-ob
bing of the reviving baby near by was
Heard, at wuicli sound the wounded bov
slowly opened his eyes and smiled faintly.
"Whore is he?" said a strong voice,
shaken with emotion, and the uierchunt
pushed his way through the ring and
knelt tenderly by tho pitiful littlo ligiiro.
"Cod bless you, my little mau. What
can I do for you?" and then in n shocked
tone, he added, "Why ho is wounded.
Some ono go for a doctor at onco!"
"'Taint no use," whispered the boy,
faintly; and then beckoning the merchant
to bend closer, ho said in irregular gaps,
"Does ycr savey tho mouse?"
The merchant looked perplexed.
"Ycr don't know me, but I knowed you
and the little gal, too. as sooti as I seed
her drop. I'm the boy what tooked her
"Yes; yes, I romeuiber, but you must
not talk until the doctor comes, mv poor
"'Taint on use, I'm going," said the
small mouse. "Here, take that out and
count it," and ho indicated a lump that
protruded trora a pocket of his wot
clothes. Tho merchant withdrew a rug,
in which was a roll of silver.
"Count it," persisted the lad earnestly.
Tho man wouderingly obeyed, and then
said there was just !?'J.40 in the bundlo.
"I sasd I'd pay you back this year,"
aid the boy in a fainter whisper and with
a disregard of his terrible pain that was
marvelous; "but 1 can t now; 1 m going,
and I'm sixty cents short!"
j And he said this with so earnest a look
( If course, wu all know that a rreucr.il : of distress and shame at his hulure. that
law renuiros each steamboat, in addition IHvough tlio mind of tho wet-eyed crcd
to other lirn-savitirr faailitics. to nrovliln a Hor involuntarily, passed a thought of
number of lifo-boats m proportion to tho i l" l,KUJ puvnuou. tuo reascicss nine
atnainor's cmiacitv. Theso arc. in the! of self-denial, the half-fed days and
language of the specifications relating i shivering uiguts that were expressed by;
thereto, "to bo slung on tho main deck, caul1 ot tne nattered mines mid Hoarded:
kept in constaut working order, ready for - nickels of the slowlv acquired im beheld
nstant use, and tno ileek-liands lainiM.ir-! 111 "
Izcd with the working of the same bv ! ".Never muni the money.' s.iid the
wcokly drills." I lather iu a cnoHing voice; "my baby is
Tho innuirinj; passenger referred to i worth nil tho money in the world ionic,
would notice, wo repeat, that on the ferry "ni' 5'011 llsve saved her lif.M A he
lines referred to, these regulations arc j spoke a sudden thought dimly brightened
practically ignored. Tho boats, ho would tlio eyes of the battered Utile, tradesman,
perceive,' arc slung on davits, stout by i Accustomed as lie was from his irlicst
rust; the loworing tackle solidatcd into I moments to liaht the desperate battli f
iron-liko rigidity by thuuso oi" paint; the existence with his huogcr-slwrprnoil faenl-life-boats
themselves covered bv an clab- j ti on the alert for every advaiihife ard
orately fastened canvas hood, aiid the oars! offset in his pigmy bargauj. lie asked:
fastened in a sort oi rant, nnd tbo whole : "is ga.s won a anyiumg.-'
nppartus tied, strapped and incumbered: It was evident that saving aiioiln-r lire,
in a manner perplexing to tho most ready- j or losing his own, was a sm ill matter bo
linrrcrad, much less to tho chuckle-headed, sides bis anxiety to pay the debt of honor
slow-moving deck-hand of tho period. that weighed upon him. He asked the
A very impartial little calculation would question mcreuiwoiiniy. tnoiign. i ue.ievv
then show the astonished passenger in I girls of "fcnub's" acquaintance were
question, that should he fall overboard, or i wretchedly iuell'ectiial creatures, unable
jump ovor and then repent him of tlio act, ! to com polo in the paper trudo.and pi opnr
"as most suicides do.it would he at least 'tionatoiy worthless and insignificant,
fifteen minutes, in all human probability, ' "Ye-, yes; mine is worth eve: so
beforo ho could be reached. Adding this much," said l.'ie parent gently, and hardly
cheerful result to the fact, statistically j knowiug how to frame his answer to the
proved, that not more thon four persons 'odd.question.
out of a thousand, including swimmers,; "Sixty oenls?" peisisled Snub,
can keep alloat lor ten minutes in smooth : .T''s much, much more but "
water with their clotues on, the iiivssonger " men wnispereu me ciuin, wuu .an
would doubtless concludo bv keeninrr as ellort, but still triumphantly. "Were
far awav from tho side railing ru possible.
and even read tho next nnbli.shed account
of "A Determined Suicide" on tho furry
lino with as much skopticism as interest.
And yet our steamboat inspectors do not
look as if a few hundred indirect murders
weighed very heavily on their possible
minds, somehow.
It was December nirain, and lacking
a few days, a year had slipped by since
the lion had reversed the fable by gnaw
ing the net for the mouse to escape. That
morning tho merchant, who. for some in
scrutable reason, resided in that corporate
cemetery known as Uakland, had tired tho
imagination of his little daughter by read
ing at tho breakfast tunic tho inspiring
news that two baby tigers had just been
born at Woodward's gardens. As a nec
essary sequence be had finally yielded to
tho mandate of the domestic despot that
sho should bo conveyed forthwith to that
realm of juvenile doligh!. So pap.i, mam
ma aud the goiduu-Iiairud midgot in tho
Square. 1 said I d do it and 1 have! '
and his eyes closed.
"Can't I do something lor vou, my poor
littlo hero?" said thn merchant thioiigh
his tears, for tho just arrived libvsieisn
had turned away, shaking his head. "Do
you wish for nothing?"
Tho littlo black eyes opened dully t
moment, pimlered, and then closed again
"I should liko Skinny Smith to have
my corner." Tho murmur came faintly
and far oil'. And then, having mado his
brief will, ho choked, and while tha
blood oozed thinly from ids little drawn
mouth he whispered but one word more:
"It is beginning to rain," said one of
the bystanders in a husky voice. "Let us
curry tho littlo chap home."
But the little wharf rat had gone liooi
already. .SVm Francisco Fust.
I'lii.stuvvrioN of Fouls r TiiEts. Pat
family lead took mi oariv Inait for tho city i "'niorina '
-tho grown folks gravely pretendintrthat j T", " wP,rkaln1n cn"'n" B
they did not themselves care to look iTi the I telegraph pole. Surveying tho
animals, but that it wouldn't do to tri1.tlTlI0U " 'T.l'" ?? 'pr-
(till! I'JV.lUl. 1IU lllllLloi . uuuki., a. a
too bad. If it kapes on this way thero'll
bo no lorrist tree-
Vronklyn h'tigic.
tho nurse altogether in such a placo
as the icrry-uoai nuareii tuo whan un
tho city side, tho mother was in tho cabin
engaged iu the discussion of nursery mys
teries with somo neighboring matron,
whilo tho merchant, who had ilcsccuded to ; Vasbiii"loii
tno lower ueeii wuu inn cmio, was head i Ulu,t paralyzed
UVUl i-'iiia in a. n?!iwv."ii 'iia'itl3lLlou lectin!"
ing tho new cabinet. Little Lillie, at
length gelling tired of hangiug to thu uu
responsive forefinger of her father's hand,
trotted off unnoticed to tho side cf tho
boat, to peer timidly fioni boncath tho
gangway rail at tho great tall poles that
were sweeping cioso past as tho boat eu
terod the slip. They reminded her of so
many soldiers on parade.
As tho steamer's bow enishcJ iigainst
the piles with a more than usually violent
preliminary jar, a sudden inarticulate
shout of terror rose from the passengers.
The littlo bundlo of chubby prettincss had
tottered and disappeared over tho sldo."
My uoil:' shrieked tho paralyzed
left in thn coniitrr."
pnusion ageul was al
with astonishment the
other day when he found a veteran of the
late war who had sustained a permanent
injury whilo in the arniv, nnd had not
applied for a pension. The veteran had
cut nn artery in his wrist while opening a
bottle of whisky stolen from the colonel's
headquarters, and ho said ho didn't know
a wound of that character entitled him to
a pcirsion. 'Itie ngont noon convinced him
of his error, and in a few days ho will
receive $'2,800 back pension, mums 1,100
pocketed by the agent.
. r. u. ok
fathor, ns tho crowding of tlio boat against
the slip shut tho drowning child from sight
aid rendered help impossible. " She will
bo crushed under tho wheel.
' l!ack!back!" shouted tliu passengers
to the pilot, and, whilo the frantic screams
of tho hysterical mother chilled their
hearts nnd a dozen kindly hands restrained
the father from nimlcssly leaping from
tlio opposite side, the eughio bells iinirlod
lui'iousiy, ami tuo niige mass Halted and : parts ol tun state, ruo ciuircu was mane
The Temperance Cniisc.
'J'hu third annual meeting of the W. C.
T. U. of Chlttonden county was held in tho
Union church at Kssox..! unction, April L'.5
and IW, 1N8'-'. Forty-fivo delegates were
present nnd seven speakers lrom other
then began slowlv lo move outward
Hoping against hope, the coolest of the
passengers crowded to tho rail with boat
attractive bv Howard and plants ; tho hos
pltality of the ladios of Essex was liberal;
the weather was Uuc ; and the attendance
on all the meetings was large.
nii.sr iiav tiic i'.i routs.
The ins'ilute oponed at 9. 15 Tuos.ltv
morning with a devotional service led b
Mrs. It J. Ilydoof Bakorfield. The regu
lar business meeting bcran at 10 A. M , the
president, Mrs. C A. I.. K. White of Wi
nooski, in the chair. In absence of tho
secretary Miss F. A. Atwater of Hurling
ton was elected socrotary pro tcm. Nrs
llobart .f the lvwcx Junction Union wel
comed the delegates. The response wag
made by Mrs. Dr. Durdickof Winooski.
Keports of local unions were called for.
Mrs. P.cllc l'arsams slated that at Essex
Junction monthly prayer meeting woro
held.teinperance literature circulated. Miss
Coleman's text liook "Alcohol and Hv
giene," by tho efforts of tho W. C. T. V.
had been introduced into the puhlio
schools. Tho money for purchasing thes
tcxtbiKiki was raised by a !eniernc.:
e-tntata tendered by the temperance school.
This school has forty scholars, meeting
weekly, taught by Mrs. Cowan and flv.s
assUtau'-. For tin .Milton union Mrs.
I'. iiiiy derrick reported a Hand of II qx
with oiVfers chosen from among thu chil
dren Yornperance sermon in church each
q:ia"tir. Temperance literature distribu
ted in tho families. They have had festi
val, end expect to have soon a loan
libra:y Winooski union repined 17
members, weekly prayer me.etiris. .Vi
children in the Hand of Hope. Thoy have
also given an cntcrialnme.nl. Williston
reported by Miss M. Kingsbury, new
union, 10 members, havo all tho commit
tees. Meet every week. No places where
liquor is publicly sold. Aro most troubled
by cider drink ing.
Kv-ex Centre New Union, has ii mem
Imts strong in faith and ready to work,
repirlo I by Mrs V. Chapin. Miss A. N.
N'ealy of West liolton reported a new
union, had had only two meetinn No
hotel in their village: but they have to
contend with cider.
Mrs. Hyde, by request, gave an interest
ing acejtint of tho work done by tho
liake.ishold union and spoke of pulpit no
tices of our meetings as a means of good.
Mrs. Murtevaat was requested to give a
report of the Middlcbury union. She Slid
they hava a membership of fid; hive done
considerable missionary work, have for
two years clothed and kept in school S3
boys and girls: aro educating a younjr
man who lost his hand in a printing press ;
thoy give temperance instruction in lh
public schools.
Tuesday afternoon the session opened
with a consecration meeting, led by Mrs
F.. G. Greene of St. Albans, president of
tbo stato W. 0. T. U. At tho business
mooting following, tho chair appointed
Mrs. Ii. II. Day, Mrs. Dr. l.und, and Miss
M. Kingsbury committee on resolutions.
J. W. Guernsey of Underbill read nn ex
cellent essay on "Education of Floys."
This was followed by a discussion of cvau
gelistio temperanco work. Mr. Chrystlu
of Milton was called for, and made inter
esting remarks. Little Edna Greenleaf of
Winooski gave a recitation. Mrs. K. G.
Greeno with the question box showed her
self writ acquainted with all branches of
the subject. Kev. Mr. Olmstcad BKke.
favoring tho introduction of temperance
text books into the schools. Mr. I.uad rec
ommended that tho unions give to oach
teacher, with permission of tha school
commissioners. Miss Coleman's text book
on "Alcohol Hygiene." and ask that it bo
used in giving oral lessons. Mrs. I.. C.
Harrows of Middlobury gave a normal
lesson to tho children, which was perhaps
the most pleasant exorcise ef tho day. The
session closed with prayer by Uov. Myra
Tuesday evening session began with a
lliblo reading conducted by Mrs. Hyde,
subject. "Our Savior." I'ruyer by Kev.
Sir. t otvaii oi Essex .Junction. Alto solo
by Miss Ida .Stanley. Essey by Miss
Annie Hitrdick nf Winooski, ou "The Fir-t
Glass." An address was given by Mr.
Kennedy of Watcrbury. Mrs. K J.'flyda
ma le an eloquent address, showing that
every mau aud every woman owes per.
on.'.l effort to the work ef louipeianco re
form. After an alio solo by Miss Stanley
and chorus, Mrs. lnul g.ivo an explana
tion of S 'wall's stomach plates. M'wic by
tlio choir, and benediction ft 7 !1"V. Mr.
IVw.m closed tin; meeting.
vi;ini-:soay s sk.ss,i'.
Wednes lay morning se-iiiei opji:-.'.l with
t in1. i;se serve;.! c udiiL-'el by Mrs. I,. U.
!.-: il of II li'!ill ''.ia, foiloA-el by cail
are! rcaliug r-f minutes. Mrs. K. A.
SyiridVanl addressed thn institute on tent-
peancc literature, touiper.itcij .schuol text,
bonks, leailels, moKocs. Sineitiu' by the
choir "U i-i thy I, read iimui ins Waters.
Essay by Mrs I'm I of Essex .fiincioii on
"Rjl.ition of Tuiiipeianec to Labor and
Capital." Article on "Fermented vs. L'n-
Icrincnlod Communion Wine, byAIiss I.
T. Iltadshaw oi Monlpclicr. An essay by
Mist Alice G'tcriisy on Temperance in
struction iu -chju'.s was read, also a com
nitiiiicalion from lis r lo the unions. This
was followed by discussion of Young
Woman's Chri-iitii Tempurance Union,
by Miss Jonie Gill of Mon'pehcr, Mrs.
flei'iick ni" Millon, Miss I,tlumi t Kscz
Junction, and .Mrs. Siiutcvaiit.
Jle. ports from the rom.tining lucal unions
were hear'!. Ilinosbiirgh, thirty members,
holds prayer meetings once in two weeks,
gives instruction in tiie public schools, was
compelled lat fall to suspend jivcniln
temperance school. Uichmond miinn juji
organized with IS members. Jericho
union organized in March with 7 member,
has now :0 members, and all the commit
tees. Burlington union has SO tueinbei,
holds meetings twice each month. The
Band of Hope has varied in attendance
from K'j lo lo. Uses Miss I'olemaji's
"Alcohol and Hygiene." Ha raisod and
expended a large sum of money, $10 of
which went toward the salary of Mrs.
Sturlcvnnt, state secretary and organizer.
Mrs. Kund brought up tho subject of a
new basis of representation at onr state
conventions, mado necessary by tho in
creasing number of unions. Tho session
closed with prayer by Mrs. Uello Farsons
of Essex Junction.
Wednesday afternoon the session opened
with a song service conducted by Kev.
Myra Kingsbury of Williston; followed by
Scripture reading and prayer by ltev. Mr.
Emerson of Underbill. Quartette "Thn
Old Oaken ftuckot," bv the choir. Koli
call and reading of minutes. Mrs. Day,
chairman of committee on resolutions, re
ported resolutions of cncccrageuient anil
of thanks jto tho poople of Essex which
wero adopted.
Mrs. Euud gave hints to ihow In lug
who wish to give scientific temperance in
itrucliou to children. Heading by little
Florence Uurdick of Winooski. Exurcisc
of tho Essex juvonilo tempoianco nchoo!
woro conducted by Mr. Cowan and two
assistants, consisting of responsive read
ings. Singiug. recitations, temperance
oatechlsiu, by tlio infaut class, lessons from
Miss Coleman's "Alcohol and Hygiene,'
by older classes.
Tho last exorcise of tbo session was an
address by Mrs. E. 11. Eord of Burlington
on tho injurious effects of alcoholio modi
icincs on infants and adults. Mrs. xtA
read a selection from tho Simdny Si-i,n.
I Times on tho same suhioet.
Wednesday evening session bejan with
prayer meeting, led by Mrs. Dr. l'owers
of tho Uichmond union. An original
poem was delivered by Mr. C. S. Jiord of
Winooski. This was followed by an essav
by Mr. E. E. llallnrd.
Mrs. 11. G. Hammond's resignation whs
read and accoptcd. Florence A. Atwater
of Eurlington was elected, in her place,
secretary of tho county union. Miss Viola
Greenleaf of Winooski gave a recitation.
Tho address of tho ovemng was given bv
Mrs. K. A. Sturtevant.
Fi.omw.'E A. Atwatru, See.

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