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VOL. xxxix.
SO. 21.
e Ui
WKD5 KSDAY, MAY 21. 1882.
Sunday School Lesson Note.
MayiHli: I'ollowlmt Cbriat Mark Kill IK; it I.
Tho discourso previously recorded was
particularly addressed to tlio disciples;
but as tho Master now has something of
.iinportaneo to every ono to utter.he called
the peoplo unto bioi. Lnko says "ho said
unto all." It is not argued that what was
epoken particularly to tho disciples is not
of interest or importance to us but tho
teachings of this passage aro plainly said
to ho for all; and henco wo aro to-day
drawn per force into tho audienco that
listened to tlio words of Josus. Another
word shows tho general application of
what i3 here fqiokcn. Christ opened his
remarks with the general terra "whoso
ever." Tho teachings givon ns in this
lesson aro then most cloarly for all tinio
and every person. His words on this oc-
easion seem to b'avo been prompted by
tlio remonstrance Peter had niado against
the foretoltl humiliation and death of the
Master. So ho really says not only must
tho Sou of Man suffer many things, and
be killed, but whosoever will come after
ino, must aho boar tho cross of his cruci
fixion. A3 it wasproporin makiugdisci
pies or converts, Christ hero states tho
conditions that must bo met in order that
one come after him. Thofirst issolf-dcnial.
When wo reilcet upon it for a littlo it bo
comes plain that man can becomo worthy
in no sense until heloarns to practice self
denial. Man was not made to servo solf,
to pamper his own appetites and desires.
He is not a machine constructed simply to
secure gratification to himself, but rather
ho is designed to sorvo othors. Anil in
every sphere in lifo a man is a bad man
until he has learned to dony self. The
child must practice self-denial to bo a good
child ; tho parent to be a worthy parent,
and tho public man iu order that bo may
bo of value to tho public must set aside
self. We have domestic difficulties, and
social disturbances, and political wrang
lings in the world, because men have failed
to go after Christ In tho way of self-donial.
To follow Christ plainly means to bo Tike
him. And of him it is said, "ho made
himself of no reputation." And, again,
" Who fur (instead of) the joy that was
set before him endured tho cross, despising
' tho shame." Tho second condition to be
mot is taking up his cross. Tho common
method of criminal punishment among the
llomans had becomo known tho world
over. And any refcrenco to taking up the
cross would at once bo understood as
moaning orucilixion. In. this reforenco
Christ foretells tlio mannor of his own
death, as well as teaching that if wo
would reign with him wo must also suffer
with him. In this address to tho people
Josus next utters, in form of a paradox,
one of the most weighty teachings ho ever
gave: Life secured or saved by losing it,
or lest by saving it. Tho clue to the
meaning of this teaching is to he found
in a doublo meaning put upon tho word
life. It refers both to our higher spiritual
life, and to the lower earthly lifo. If we
are evermore concerned about tho lower
selfish lifo wo lose tho higher, and if we
nro willing f lose tho former, and really
forgot self in the anxiety to do well, then
wo begin to find tho latter. Wo need not
go far to find tho living proof of what our
Lord here eponks. Tho devoted mother
forgets self, becomes regardless of her own
ease or comfort or health or lifo that she
uny care for thoso whom God has given
her;' but wlillo she thus forgets self and
becomes tryannical over self, what a world
tif joyful meaning comes into her life.
The earliest patriot forgets himself in an
overmasteing love fur the land he calls his
own. That ho may servo that land hois
willing to giveup every personal consider
ation to be misunderstood and maligned,
to leave his homo and thoso dearer than
lifo to him, nil this that ho may serve
his country. Yet in making thoso sacrifices
what an untold gain! Giving up lifo, ho
linds it in a nobler, higher senso. Just so
in tho service of God. Wo talk of sacri
fices, and losses, but wo havo never given
anything for (!od and his oause which has
not brought its hundred fold of strength
nnd joy back to our lives. Wo spoak of
tlio deprivations of missionaries, nnd of
tho heroic devotion of martyrs. Hut no
truo missionary would loavo his iiold or
loso his martyr's crown. Ho has in view
a prize more valuablo than a moro lifo
of secular oaso or gain. And by nnd by
unknown thousands rise np to call him
blessed, and ho lives in tho truost immor
tality that oarth can give, and further on
he lives in tho bliss of tho heavenly world.
Ho that is willing to loso his lifo tho same
shall save it.
Christ next propounds a startling ques-
1 tion to all tho world, "What shall it profit
a man, if ho shall gain tho whole world
an'l lose his own soulP" It is to bo noted
here that "foul" in this verso is the same
word in tho original as that rendered lifo
in tho verso preceding. Tlio two mean
ings belong naturally to tho original
nnd no violence, is dono when tho chango
is nmdo from one rendering to tho other.
Tho question is equivalent to thestrongost
assertion, nnd is meant as a kind of com
ment upon the thoughts boforo oxpressod.
Its moaning Is that it would bo tho high
est folly to barter life, or tho soul even
the whole world wore soourcd in return.
Tho estimate Hod puts upon tho soul as
hero suggested ought to alarm tho multi
tudes who havo inward this priceless
treasure, and yet appear to value it so
lightly. If nil tho world is too small a
price for a soul, what is to bo said of thoso
who for some monger bit of earthly good
fell out eternal possessions? Tho ,'iStli
verse hhows how wo may forfait our
null's interests nnd gain tho gravost loss.
It is simply by being nshainod of Chri3t.
It may he wise for us to reflect in how
ninny ways we may practically say that
we are ashhicd of Christ and his words.
It is possible that a littlo close scrutiny on
this point may revoal lo us what we have
before hardly suspected. The people
among whom wo lire are spoken of as an
adulterous and sinful generation. Adul
terous in this connection means unfaithful
in tows to God.' Such is tho common Old
Testament usa of the term in such connec
tions. Whcro many are unfaithful it is
much easier for us to bo ashamed of
Christ, for wo nro prono to go with tho
multitude. In tho coming glory of the
Son of Man it will bo a tcrriblo calamity
to have hint ashamed of us. Tho lesson
of the day shows us how this awful doom
may bo avoided, and wo become partakers
of his glory, in whoso footsteps of sacrifice
and sorrow wo walk while on earth.
Hie First Year of tho "JcanneUo,"
In a darkoned room in a hospitablo Rus
sian homo at Irkoutsk Lieutenant Dancn
bower recounted to a Herald roporter tho
fascinating story of the Jcannolto. Two
months later, to a day, so much of tho sto
ry as rc'atos to the first year out from San
Francisco was published. The lioutenant
was an cyo-witnoss of tho events described
in this installment of tho narrative, but
about tho tinio to which it brings us ho
was attacked by disease of tlio left eye,
from which he lias Buffered confinement
ever since, though his acuto and reten
tive memory and his remarkably clear
mind enabled him to still givo, tho reporter
says, a most valuablo nnd comploto account
of "what passed about him, and which was
faithfully roported to him, Tho Jcannottc,
' thoroughly put in order " and "perfectly
soa-worthy," loft San Francisco on tho 8th
of July, 1870, with ofliocrs and crew num
bering thirty-three men. At Oonalaska
two Ainorican Indians wore taken on.
On tho 28th of August the stoamer passed
through Bchring Strait. On the 3l9t she
was headed northwsst toward tho south
east cape of Wrangcll Land, tho lieutenant
feeling that then their " arctio cruiso had
actually commonccd." The steamer worked
her way painfully but stondily through
much floating ice. On the bth of Septem
ber "Horald Island loomed up in the
clouds," and judging that he had reached
the "lead" between tho Siberian and
North American "packs," the captain
took charge from tho "crow's nost" and
the ship entered tho pack, ramming its way
through the young ico, that shook the ship
badly but did not damage hor. But by
4 r. m., on that day, she could go no fur
ther, i'ircs wero banked; ice anchors
were put out; the ship was frozen in to the
north and east of Herald Island, twenty
ono miles distant. On tho 15th an attempt
was mado to reach tho island across the
ice by sledges, but, within six miles of the
beach, open wator was fonnd. The ship
was drifting with tho ice, and the "captain
would not send other persons to tho island
with boats."
reparations woro made for a long stay.
The ship hocled to the starboard, and had
to bo stayed with mast head tackles
hooked to heavy ice-anchors. Tho ice
drifted, thiugh slowly, having a "cycloidal
motion with tho wind, and tho resultant
was in a northwost direction. ' "Our po
sition, "says Lioutonant l)anenhower,"was
not an enviable ono. At any moment tlic
vossel was liablo to be crushed liko an
egg-shell among this enormous mass of
ico, the eoneral thickness of which was
trom live to six loot, tnougn somo was ovor
twenty, where tho floo pieces had overrun
and cemented together, nnd turned topsy
turvy. Pressures wore constantly felt. Wo
heard distant thundering of the heavy
masses, which throw up high ridges of
young ice that looked liko immense pieces
oi crushed sugar."
On the 2.1d of November tho ico split
leaving tho vessel lying in a "half-cradle,"
the corresponding impress oi its side
lloating away somo thousand yards. A
curious demonstration of general and com
mon motion of tho ico was ntlordod by tho
fact that an out-liouso Ictt on too ice was
found, sixteen (months later, only three
milos distant from the ship to the southeast.
Tho vessel drifted somo olevon hours, and
then was again frozen in, Tho long night
had begun on tlio lOtu ot Novomber, antl
was to last unbroken until tho 25th of
January. Life, in spite of the presence of
great danger, was " quiet," and even
" monotonous." Tho discipline of the
ship's company was admirable nnd "for
the twenty-one months in the pack hut ono
punishment was given, and that for pro
lanity." I'ircs for heating and cooking
wero kept up only from 7 A. m. to!) p. M.,
to save coal, ono hundred and forty pounds
a day being allowed for all purposes.
Breakfast was at 0 A . M., from 11 A. ji. to
1 p. ji. hunting and oxorciso on tho ico,
dinner at o r. M., nnd about 7 tea. The
food consisted of canned goods, with bear
and seal meat twico a week, pork and
beans and salt beef once a woek, nnd "no
mm or spirits except on fostivo occasions
two or throo times a year." Tho men's
health was excellent, and their carriago
and spirits were unfaltering. In January,
1880, tho vossol sprang a bad losk in the
bows. With the temperature forty-two
dogrces below zero (tho freezing point ol
mercury) tho mm woro ordered to the
pumps, " working with their feet and legs
in ice-water, and everything frozen and
freezing solid." The ship was pumped,
by hand, by steam, and by a windmill
pump, for eightcon months a fight for
tho frail hold tho crew had on even a
chanco of lifo.
About the middlo of Fobruary it was
found that tho vessol was within fifty miles
from whoro she cnterod, though in the
five months that had clapsod since that
oventsho had "drifted ovor an immenso
area, approaching and receding from the
180th meridian," but not crossing it.
During May she " took up a rapid and
uniform drift to tho northwest," but re
turned ovor tho Bamo courso during Juno.
Although the coldest woathcr was in Feb
ruary fifty-eight degrees below zero
yet July and August wero inoro trying.
ucing tuisiy aim raw, wuu - a damp
and fog and cold that struck a chill to the
bones." Tho snow disappeared about the
middle or Juno nnd " thaw-water " no
pcarcd on the surface of the floe; but the
Joannette remained " imbedded in the ice
so firmly that a whole cargo of explosives
would have been tisoless " to release her.
The many cracks near tho ship never led
in any definito direction. Game was
soarce. more wero a cood manv seals.
but " tho moat wns not pleasant to tho
i.isiu, mm n luqmrcu me strongest philo
sophy to cnablo ono to cat it at all." The
seal most frcquontly found was thh " fine.
rat," of which species the fossil remains
aro found In the hills of Scotland. Boar
hunts wero tho most exciting pastime
.i I, .1 .l:.t....:.u . i
luougu inuy tun uut. jtum mure, inanilltoen
animals tho first yoar.
The narrative of Lieutenant Danenhower
contains many scientific data, of wliich
only brief mention can remade here. Tho
conclusion was roachod that tho "conoral
motion of tho ico was due principally to
tho wind, and that tho resultant of the
winds wns from tho southeast." Thore
was much talk among tho oflioors and ob
servers "about the polar region boing
covcrod witli an immense ' ice cap,' wliich
seemed to havo a slow eonornl moyouient
in the direction of tho hands of n watch.the
direction ot the drilt boing, of course, dif
ferent in tho dillorcnt sogmonts." Thore
was littlo evidonce oX a current. The
wator, when soundings oould be made,
was from scvontten fathoms to sixty, tho
average uoing iniriy, anil mo ocean bot
tom, usually uniform, covered with blue
mud and shale.
Lioutonant Danenhower arrived at Oren
burg on tho 2,'th of April, and sot out to
St. Petersburg tho next toy.llarpcfs
Tbe lomreat days of atimmer
Poured down tbelr aultry beama;
And aoon ahonld dawn our proudest day
In brtKUt, exultant irleama.
The north, tbe nonth, the eaat and went.
Should frreet that mornlnK'a turn,
Aud ninff their atarry banners out,
Aa thoy had ever dono.
ItfRouodlnir bootua should thunder forth
To usher in the day;
And loud proclaim that liberty
Hhould never past, away.
Iliiterethat dawn had tinned the east
Whou no alarm was iriven
And tranquU was the summer sky
A boll crtlHhed dotnn from Hravm.
Then tidings dark and dreadfu 1
Flashed o'er tbe trembling wires:
Whilst woe and consternation
Sent up tbelr buriod hres.
And stricken hearts were beating
In all our sorrowiufr land.
1'jt the nation's chief had fallen
R- afintl avwMin's hantl.
Oh never;dawuod ixQloriovjw, lk
In sorrow such as this;
Tho nntinn's heart was bloodina-.
And there yawned a dork abyss.
No sounds of loud rciniclntr
But a wailiiur of dospalr ;
And the supplb-atlnir murmurs
at a nation bowed in prayer.
A ltd still tho shadow deepened
As the anxious linurB went by,
Aud tlio brce-os bore sad tidintrs
That the wounded chief must die.
Then the sun declinlnfr slowly
On its pathway to the west.
Sent no bramB of hope or comfort
To the nation's troubled breast .
And it seemed in that sad twilluht
Every sound amid the trlooni
Wat a doath knoll sadly tollinv
l'or our country at lts;doom.
Oh, Ion shall bo remembered
That saddened fostal day.
When the soul of President (iarfleld
Hceined about to paR8 away.
w.l. r
Bradford, VI.
What Came to Willy's House.
Dilly was perched on a fenco-post, her
light hair flying abont hor face, as usual,
and her little, red hands behind hor back,
Tbe threo or four small toes that peeped
through her ragged shoe wero red, also,
for the autumn day was cold ; but Dilly
was used to such trifles. Toddles, the
baby, who could not climb the fence, con
tented himself with looking through. Ho
was bundled up in an odd fashion, of
Luiy'sown invonting in an old shawl;
and, if tho round face that peered between
the fence rails was roughened by the chill
wind, he, liko Dilly, had grown accustom
cd to such discomforts.
It oocurred to Freddy I?urr, in tho next
yard, howover, that their situation was
scarcoly agreeable. Ho looked up from
the stick ho was trying to split with his
now hatchet and askod :
"What makes you sit up thore in such a
day as this? Why don't you go into tho
house and keep warm?"
" 'Causo I'd rather stay horo nnd watch
you," said Dilly serenely. " 'Tain't no
fun in the house."
"Well, I wouldn't think it was any fun
out here, I can toll you, if I didn't havo a
warm coat and scarf and these thick
boots," remarked Freddy, displaying tho
pair of red-tops, that wore his nrido.
Dilly looked at them, and an old, vaguo
wonder awoke as she did so, and grow
moro distinct, until, presently, it took
sliape m words.
"Why don't I havo such thino-a. tim
Froddy Burr shoes and new clothes ami
sometuing to wear on my head?"
"Uauso your lather drinks 'em up,"
answored Freddy, promptly, and without
tho slightest hesitation iu displaying the
Dilly pondered a moment and as
promptly denied.
"No he don't, either. Folks can't drink
such things. Where do yon get yours?"
"My father buys 'cm for mo; and the
reason yonrs don't get any for you is
'Cause they all go into old Harney's rum
uarrois, oown at mo corner. That's the
wny of it, true as you livo. Oillv Keener
and it's awful moan, too!" doclarcd Fred
dy, growing indignant, as he explained.
'ru.. r. .
xuuu u, vuiuu uuiii mo preity nouso
beyond called Freddy; nnd he ran in,
whilo Dilly and Toddles, with their
amusomcnt of wntchinr ended, tiirneii
slowly away. Dilly surveyed tho baby
and herself thoughtfully, and sat down
upon an old log to meditate. If whut
tretldy I.nrr had told her was true. Rome-
thing ought to be dono about it; and the
longer sho pondered tho more fully she
became convinced that she has heard tho
'Cause other folks has things ami wn
don't, and it niuH be ours goes somewhere
elso," she roasoned. "They can't bo any
good there either. I'm just sure they can't.
lueuny i vo goi a noon lucbby It would
be a nico red one, pretty aud warm. Wish
l naa u now. wisU Toddles had"
Sho stopped, as a brilliant plan flashed
suddenly through hor brain. Wouldn't
her mother bo surprised, if sho could do
that poor mothor who was out washing,
and who would bo so tired when sho came
homo at night.
'"Toddles, let's do it," she said, spring
ing up excitedly. "Iyet's go and sco if wo
can got some ol 'cm. "
"Yah!" answerod Toddles, coutcntodlv:
and, taking his hand, Dilly opened the
creaking gato nnd led the way down tho
Thcro woro a number of men in tho
storo at the corner a queor store, with
a curtain across tho lower half of its front
window. Dilly saw them whdn tho dunr
opened ; but sho was a determined little
body, when onco sho had decided nnnn
the proper thing to do. So sho clasped
Toddles' hand closer, and walked in and
up to the counter, making an extra effort
to speak distinctly, because hor heart beat
so last.
"l'loase, sir, havo you got anything of
ours a-soak horo?"
Thero was an instant's silence, ami
thon a shout of laughter from tlio men.
"Woll, now, that's a neat way of nut-
ting it. Hey, Koene, these youngsters of
yours want to know If Barney has you in
onob hornS'l '
An old slouchod hut behind tho stovo
was raised a little, but thoro was no
other sign that tho man heard. Dillv
shrank back abashed.
"Oh! I didn't mean him."
"What did you moan, thon?" asked n
coarso, rod-faced man, advancing from
behind the bar and speaking in tones not
at all gontlo or amiable.
"Shoes and coats and such things,"
faltered Dilly. "Hoods I'm afraid it's
spoiled with the whisky; but nicbby ma
could wash it out. Wouldn't yon take
somo of 'em out of your barrel, Mr Bar
ney? Wo need 'em awful bad."
"I should think as much," muttered
ono of the bystanders, surveying the two
dilapidated figures; but Mr. Barney's
wrath was rising.
"What barrol? Who sent you hero?"
he demanded angrily.
"Your rum-harrol;" answored Dilly,
standing hor ground desperately, though
with a little catch in hor breath, that was
just ready to break into a sob. "Ma works
hard all the time, and she looks so sorry;
and we don't havo anv nice dinners at our
house, like Freddy Burr's; and no now
snoos, or caps, or anything. I asked Fred
dy where our good things went to, 'cause
they don't come to our house ; and he said
you had 'em down here in your barrels.
I'lease do take Some of 'em out, Mr. Bar
noy. I'm sure it oan't make anybody's
drink taste a bit hotter to have a poor
littlo boy's and girl's new shoes aud
drosses and everything in the barrel."
"You're right thero. Sissy. It's' nigh
about spoiled the taste of mine," said one
of the group at tho counter, putting down
his glass with a queer, perplexed look.
But there was no perplexity in tho bar
keeper's look. That was wrathful. "Wo've
had enough of this nonsense! Now. yon
leave, you young ragamuffins, as f ist as
your feet can carry you, and novor let
me catch you inside these doors again."
lie stepped towards them, as if to drive
thom out; but tbe man behind the stove
suddenly arose
Take care, Barney ! You'd better not
tonch them. You've knocked mo about
times enough, but you'd best lot them
alone." There was a tiro in the eyes un
der tho old slonchod hat, before wliich Mr.
Barney drew back.
Both children wore crying by that lime;
but tbe father took a hand of each.
"Come, Dilly; come, baby," and without
a word or look to his companions, ho
passed out into tho street. It was a vory
silcut walk. Toddles' tears were dried as
soon as tho stranger, whoro loud voice
had awakened bis baby torror. was out of
sight ; but poor little Dilly's heart was sore
Willi disappointment nnd fear. Shu bad
failed in tho littlo scheme that sho bad
thought promised so fairly. No hood or
shoes had sho seen, after all her bravery
in venturing into that dreadful store; and
who could tell how nngry her father
might bo? She stolo shy glances up undor
tbe old bat; but sho only saw a sober,
downcast face, and he said nothing, not
even when thoy reached homo. He hunt
ed up some fuel and roado a better lire;
and then sat down boforo it, with his
head botwoen his hands, and left tho chil
dren to their own devices.
But two weeks lator Dilly completed
tho etory, confidentially, to Freddy
"See horo !" sho said, pushing the toes
of a pair of stout, new shoes through tho
"Whcro did you get 'em?" asked
"Aud see hero!" continued Dilly, bob
bing up for an instant, to show tho hood
that covered her yellow hair and touch
ing it significantly witli her finger.
"Whero did you get 'cm?" repeated
'My pa worked and bought 'em,
homo; aud they didn't got into nobody's
barrol," explained Dilly, with groat pride
nnd littlo regard for grammar. Then sho
pressed her small face against the fence,
for a prolonged interview.
"You see, the billennium has come to our
"Tho what?" questioned the bewildered
"Tho billennium. It's a pretty long
word," said Dilly, complacontly ; "but it
means good timos. Anyhow, that's what
ma called it and I guess sho knows. It is
just this wny, Freddy Burr. When you
told mo Mr. Barney had all our nice things
down to his store, in a barrol, I l'n3t went
right down thero, nnd asked him for 'cm
mo and Toddles."
"You didn't!'' exclaimed horrified
"Did too!" dcelarod Dilly, with an em
phatic nod. "Well, ho wouldn't givo mo
one of 'em, and ho was just as cross as
anything. So, then, my pa got up from
tho stovo and walked home with us. Ho
didn't scold a bit; but ho just sat down
boforo the fire, this way, and thinked antl
tbinked and thinked. At last, he put his
hand in one pocket, but there wasn't any
thing there; nnd then ho put it in tho oth
er, and found ten cents, nnd ho went out
and bought somo moat for supper. Then,
when ma came homc.ho talked to her and
they both criod I don't know what for,
'less it wns 'causo wo couldn't get the
things out of that old barrel. And ma
hugged and kissed mo most to death that
night, sho tllil.
"Woll, my pa got sonic worn the next
day, and brought homo some monoy; and
now ho lias found a placo to work ovory
day. Ho has bought all theec things, and
says his little boy nnd girl shall have
things liko other folks. So, now you'll
know want billennium moans, Freddy
iiurr when anybody asks you; nnd you
can tell 'em Dilly Keeno splained it to
lnr. roci;iKO-iNirri'.ns. Litero is no
company of stocking-knitter? knowncarlicr
thau lo27, in which year a company estab
lished ilseli in l'.-xris, choosing for its patron
saint St. l'iaere, because ho wns supposed
(in France) to bo a Scotch prince, the son
of a Scotch king, and it was granted to do
Scotland, the knitting eoun ry .every honor.
Bo this as it may, knitted stockings of rare
kind came to be seen in F.ngland un choice
and spare occasions then. Ilonry VIII. is
related, by Stow, lo have had a pair im
ported onco, antl again after long interval,
from Spain. Young Ivlwnrd VI. accepted
a pair from Sir Thomas Crosham. Eliza
beth, when sho had been queen two years,
in l,r)60, hatl a pair presented to her. Says
Stow: "Ilersilk woman, Mrs. Montague,
prcsontcd to her majesty a pair of black
knit silk stockings tor a Now Year's gift,
wliich, after a fow days' wearing a
longthy piece of mcdiieval queenly toilette
which may bo noted with amusomont
pleased hor highness so well that sho sent
for Mistress Montaguo, and asked her
whoro sho had thom, and if sho could help
hor to any more ? Who answered saying :
l niado them carefully on purpose for your
majesty; and seeing they pieaso you so
woll, I will presently set moro In hand.'
'Do so,' said tho quoon, 'far I liko silk
stockings so well that I will not honeoforth
woarany moro cloth hoeo.'" Still sllk
knittod boso for highnesses did not ronro-
sent all. Tho masses always cet recog
nition, somehow, nnd a stride toward this
was mado as soon ns lOiii. Hose, half
hose, trunk-hose, were knitted in that year
in more pleblan worsted. An observant
young tradesman, named Uidor, serving
his worthy apprenticeship in one of thu
littlo timber shops which mado a bustling
markct-placo of tho old timbor London
bridge, is credited with this. Tho legend
is that he saw some Italians near his abode
knitting worsted, that he seized the notion,
and had a pair of worstod stockings knit
tod for a gift to the Karl of Pembroko. llo
was tho husband of Cathcrino, tho poor
beheaded young Lady Jano Gray's sistor;
had thero been no beheading, his placo
would havo boon very near to tho throno,
and in acknowledgment of this, perhaps,
he was plotting to bring forward the
claims of Mary Queen of Soots. Ho was
prominont, at any rato. Rider mado wiso
choice of him ; his worsted hose worn seen,
wore imitnted, and rapidly wero univers
ally adopted all ovor tho country. So is
thoro fine historic ooloring in what follow
ed. , William Lee, master of arts, of Wood
borough, near Nottingham, expollod from
St. John's, Cambridgo, for tho (academi
cal) guilt of marrying, watched tho wifo,
for whom ho had lost so much, as she sat
practicing her now accomplishment of
knitting, besido him, nnd as her pins
clevorly used up hor worstod (for him, of
course,) ue saw me slocking come. It was
in 1580. Knitting had had but a short
lifo. It had come out of frames, to do
away with frames, so as woll as to give
that peculiar power to pnt and lit that
could novor como from cloth. But Wm.
Leo saw how he could put it back into
framos again, and niako it quick and cheap
for such yeomen as had not broad pieces
enough to buy the best, and William Loo
did it. Sey, and ier-soy. and kor-sev and
bombast, and ell-broad tafi'ety, had formid
able rival men; and William Leo, proud
anu oopeiui, applied io p.iizaboth lor pat
ronage. All the Year Bound.
A Story About Lincoln.
Whilo oflielallv resident in Washington
during tho late war I once bad occasion to
call upon President Lincoln with the late
henator Henry Wilson, upon an errand of
a public nature in which wo were mutual
ly interested. In the reeogni.od order of
precedent a member of tho Mousu of
Representatives, as I then was, could not
in timos of pressure of audionee with tho
president gain admittance so long as thore
wero cabinot ministers, members of the
diplomatic corps, scuators or justices of
tho supreme court desiring audience with
him, and all civilians must wait their
opportunity until after members of con
gress and officers of tlio nrmy and navy,
and of tho civil service and others had had
their turns respectively. Having a joint
errand with Senator Wilson, I could
avail of his privilege of earlier admission ;
but we wire obliged to wait somo time in
the ante-room before wo could be received,
aud when at length the door was opened
to us, a small lad, perhaps ten or twelve
years old, who had boon waiting for ad-
uussiuri suverai tiays wiiunut success,
slipped in botwoen us, and approached tho
president in advance. Tho litter cave
tho senator and mysolf a cordial but brief
salutation and turning immediately to tho
lad said, " And who is the littlo boy?"
During their conference the senator nnd
myself wero apparently forgotten. Tho
boy soon told his story which was in sub
stauco that ho had come to Washington
seeking employment as a pago in tho
House of Representatives, and he wished
the president to givo him such nn appoint
ment. To this tho president replied that
such uppoiiitmonts wero not at his disposal
and that application must be made to the
door-keeper of tho House at tho capitol.
" But, sir," said tho lad, still undauntod,'
" I am a good boy, anil have a letter from
my mother, and one from tho supervisors
of my town, and ono from my Sunday
school tcachor, nnd thoy all told me that I
could earn enough in ono session of con
gress lo keep my mother and the rost of
us comfortable all the remainder of tho
year." Tho president took tho lad's papers
and ran his eye over thom with that pene
trating nnd absorbent look so familiar to
nil who knew him, nnd then took his pen
and wrote upon tlio back of one of them :
" If Captain (loodnow can givo this good
littlo boy a placo.I shall bo "ratified." and
signed it " A. Lincoln."
Tho boy's face became radient with hope
and ho walked out the room with a step
as light as though all the angels wero
whispering their cougratulations.
Only after the hoy had gone did the
president seem to realize- that a senator
and another person had been some time
waiting to sco him.
Think for a moment of the president of
n great nation, nnd that nation cngnged
in ono of thu most terrible wars over
waged among men, himself worn down
with anxiety and labor, subjected to the
alternations'of success and defeat, racked
by complaints of the envious, the disloyal
and the unreasonable, prossod to tho de
cision of grave questions of public policy,
and encumbored by tho numborless and
nameless incidents of civil nnd martial
responsibility, yet able so far to forgot
them all as to give himself up for the time
boing to tho errand of a little boy who
had braved an interview uninvited, and
of whom ho knew nothing, but that ho had
a story to toll of his widowed mother, and
of his ambition to serve her! Ex-Go).
JUcc in a forthcoming memorial volume.
A IlEiu r. Ann Ai'.itAHAM Lincoln.
About two years ago, just as I was dis
missing a party of visitors from tho door
of the catacomb a very plain.modest loos
ing man of middle nge approached and
said ho had como to sea and loam all ho
could about tho monument and Lincoln.
I proceeded in my usual way, when visi
tors aro much interested, and concluded
my explanations on tho terraco in front of
tho stntuo of the president. From tho
general bearing of tho visitor I should
have taken him for a son of an original
New England abolitionist. When I left
off speaking he remained and seemed ro-
luctant to take his eyes Irom the statue.
After several minutes spent in silent med
itation ho artoni-diod mo by saying sub
stantially ;" I was a soldier in tho Confed
erate army and spent four years doing my
utmost to defeat all that Abraham Lincoln
was trying to accomplish. Mo succeeded,
and I havo no regrets on that account.
I ho visitor then assumed a tragic nlti
tiude, and raising his right hand toward
tho slatue, be said with deliberation and
emphasis: " He was a greater man than
Geergo W asliington ever was. H itu bis
eyes Used on the statuo and as though
his whole soul was in his words ho C3iitin
ued : "Washington had no diltieulty in do
tnrinining who were his friends and who
were not. His enemies were principally
on the water, on thu other side ot it, or of
ficers, sent hereto enforce the mandates of
a tyrant. I list friends were, his neighbors
who, iu addiiiim In their struggles for ex
istence in a new country, weie oppressed
by taxation without representation. The
lino was clearly drawn from the begin
ning. With Lincoln it was dilVorcnt. His
enemies wero in every department of the
government They fiiled the civil olliccs,
thoy commanded his skcloton of an nrmy
they trod the decks of his Fhips, such as
lliey were. Where they could with impu
nity lie open, they were bold and outspok
en. Where it was policy they were wily,
complaisant ami cautions. It reqtirioj
two years, or half his lirst term, to find
out who were friends and who were eno-
mies, but he was equal to the emergency.
And through it all a littlo child could ap
proach him with perfect confidence, but
tho most wily statesman could not swerve
him a hair's breadth from what ho believed
to bo right."
That is wh it I c.ill a eulogy, nnd if tlio
author of it is not a thoroughly reconstruc
ted rebel 1 never expect to see one.
Ono often hears is tho street remarks
about this person or that boing badly
"Ictt, ' but it has ueeu reserved lor a school
boy in this city to deiuonstrato to what an
extent ono may sudor such fortuno. ilo
went out of town ono Monday morning
to visit a youthful friend, ami was strictly
enjoined to return on tho following Satur
day evening. Ho had to quote from ono
of his letters to his family " a red hot
time," and whon Saturday came round ho
packed up his trunk with great roluctanco
and amid loud expressions of regret from
his friend that ho must return so soon,
lie had to drive about three milos to catch
tho train, and nlthough conscientiously
using all tho spood he could, ho arrived nt
thu station about fivo minutes after tho
cars had departed. Ho acoordenly went to
the nearest telegraph office, and to allay
tho anxiety which his non-appearance
might occasion at homo, compiled and dis
patched tho following message : "Missed
the train; will bo back next Thursday."
This is considered by his family tho worst
caso of boing " left " on record.
Nonsense! the hint that any minister is
likely to get into troublo from ordinary
parish visits, because be is so apt to find
only tho women nt homo. Let liira only
behave with proper reserve and dignity
and ho need i no acoident insurance policy
to warrant his sifcty; but let him boa
fool and go around grooling the young
women with a " holy kiss " and making
long visits where ha ought to make short
ones, and his business Iweomos far more
dangerous thnn that of a Gloucester sailor.
West China.
Almost immediately after leavinz Ichanz
the traveler enters a gorge several miles
in length. Emerging from this he soon
approaches another, which is succeedod by
a tuinl, a lourlb, and a littu, the last being
mst below Kweicban. Between these re
markable formations of nature the country
is Slightly opon, but still very mountain
ous. Here ono beholds tbe wonderful
works of God. Probably there is nothing
like it in any other part of tlio world such
peaks and towers, such lofty walls of solid
masonry; so much of the pictarcsqiie, the
boautiful, the sublime, with a great river
running through the midst. Numerous
rapids are also a characteristic; thero bo
ing not less thnn twelve to fifteen distinct
places whero tho waters are vexed and
troubled, whoro they pour over jaggod
rocks, which rise in vain from unknown
depths to impedo thoir progress.
soon alter leaving Wushan, the country
nppcared loss nnd less mountainous.
lvwcichau is beautiful lor situation, stand
ing on tho north side of a vast natural
amphithoater, and is important ns a politi
cal and commercial center. Wan (Men)
is a third-rato city, has a large population
and many superior bnildings, besides con
trolling a largo trade, and maintaining
direct communication, by "tbe overland
route," with Clungtn and Chungking.
According to tho accepted mans of the
Colostial Empire, a city callod "Pei"
stands on tho south bank of tho Yangtse,
at tbo mouth of "Wu" River. On reach
ing the locality, we found a largo walled
town bearing tho ancient nnd honored
name of t oo (chau), lying nt tho embou
chure of tho Kungtan Ho. As to tho first,
tho error may have occurredfrom a mis
pronunciation, the character uscdhrving
a closo resemblance to tho moro common
word "pei." Foo is a principal mart for
opium, and near it arc extensive govern
ment buildings for tho storing of salt.
Kungtan River is tho first largo tributary
west of Tungting Lake, and is a highway
of travol and commerce botwoen two prov-
nces. l have named tho principal cities
between IchangandCliunghing; but there
are several cities and numerous towns and
villages not indicated on tho map of the
world. Wan ami l oo I take to be tho two
most important places, from a missionary
stand point, being centers of population,
and points from which radiate highways of
communication with the country and rc
moto cities. From Wushan to the tor
minus of our journoy, nearly tho whole
land was cultivated liko a garden hills,
mountains and valleys witli the same
sedulous care. Even in the region of the
gorges thore were numerous villages, and
ip-rieulturo ana pastoral pursuits nourish
ed among crags and peaks. I was often
led to wonder nt tho industry and skill
that could change a mass of rocks into a
summit of beauty and a mine of wealth.
Signs of thrift woro everywhere visible,
and many of tbo farm hou sos were certain
ly superior to tuo average ot that class ol
buildings in North and Central China.
products oi' corNTnr.
Tho sugar-cano is largely produced;
also, wheat, beans, barley, Indian corn,
tea, indigo, hemp, tobacco, and a variety
of vegetables, with silk, vegetables, wax,
and paper. Opium is grown oxtonsivoly,
especially about Foo; hut It is largely ex
ported, so that the vicious drug which
was undoubtedly introduced into West
China by smugglers frara Burrnah does
not wholly remain nt home to curse Its
producers. I judgo that tho opium habit
prevails quite as much throughout J.sst
orn China n3 in tho west. Snlino wells or
springs near Kweichau and abovo Chung
king furnish omploymont to many pcoplo,
and to largo floet of junks. Not a few
coal mines at various points along the
river aro being worked, aud the province
yields a superior quality of "black dia
monds." Iron ore holds an important place
in the list of natural resources, and the
iron workoiB near Chungking, with thoir
hugo chimneys and columns of smoko,
were observed by us with peculiar interest.
Gold washing is carried on to somo extent
on the lints and bars; hence tho name,
"River of tho Goldon Sand," sometimes
applied to the Upper Yangtze. Szchuan,
moreover, is famed for its medicinal
plants, and pharmacists in all the provin
ces of the empire replenish, through agents
here, thoir most valuable stocks of rcme
ilios. I'll I'K'I KINO.
Chungking is tbe first profeetuial oily in
S.chuan, govorning two ehnu nnd eleven
lam cities, some of which aro largo and
populous, and situated In papulous dis-
tricts. Besides tho cities, there aro many
market towns, containing from ono to ton
thousand inhabitants. Its political liU'
inousan.i innaimsnis. its pontics nu-
por anco i ppoars, aiso, in me incc ma it
contains tho imperial treasury,' whcro all
the revenue ol' tbo m-ovinon ia reenivoi!
of tho western frontier army, under the
administration of a Mandarin who is in
dependent of tho viceroy, :md responsible
directly lo tho board of war at Peking.
Chungking is tlio great commercial city
of West China. It has wator communica
tion with all tho principal citios of Yunan,
Kweichau and S.chunn, and roads from
all parls converge to it as the grand em
porium. AScMiLi) Lrox. A sensational drama
haj recently been performed in tho chief
theatre of Moscow, the crowning situation
of the pieco being a combat in a rocky
pmg between a lion and an Arab chief,
The lion tfiiiinhled up a steep nscont,
and is about lo siuiug from its summit
upon his foe, when the
nan brings him
shot. Ibe part
down wilh a well aimed
of the lion had b"rii sustained most suc
cessfully by a trained gymnast named
jui-Mjmiuu until ;ioont, a loriiiiirni njri),
when the artist f.iddenly fell ill and the
management was compelled to intrust his
role to an active super, who undertook il
nt a few hours' notice. Wheu the time
arrived for his debut, ho bounded Jon tho
stage with admirable vigor, and scuttled
up tho cliffs injirrepronchablo style. But
when Iho Arab chief discharged his mus
ket, the lion, utterly thrown oil' his guard
by the report, stood oreet on his hinder
paws, crossed himself devoutly, aud. ex
claimed "Heaven help us!" hurriedly
descended the cliff tail foremost, amid tho
jubilant shouts of the audience.
..... .11 .J , - . 1
A speck iu Ihc ocean only is Pitcairn Is-
land, or tho "Islo of Content," as it is aptly
called. Although only six miles in cir -
cumferonce, it is inhabited by ninety-six
of the happiest persons in tho world. Tho
isiiiiiii is siuiiut'u jti 11 iieiigutiui ciimaio ;
abont three thousand miles west of the j
northern etiast of South America. All tho
tropical fruits grow there in abundance.
The inhabitants form an English colony,
and live a simple happy life, undisturbed
by Iho strife of tho world around thom.
Money is practically- unknown among
them. The one magistrate on tho Islnnd
has a sineouro, for thcro aro no disputes
anu lawlessness is unKnown. j-.acii man
has his own house and land. Tho life is
communistic in a way, for all aro socially
enpial and share their goods with each
otbor when one becomes needy. Shoos
aro seldom worn by the women. The
children, when only a few years old, learn
how to swim, and tumble around in the
breakers without fear of danger. The
peoplo aro religious, and worship in a little
church, some one of their number roading
tho service of tho Cliureli of Kngland ana
preaching every Sunday. They aro zeal
ous iu succoring shipwrockod sailors, and
seom, on the whole, to lead nn Ideal life of
quiet and contentment.
Why and now tub Elkctiuc Liout
Burns. If we examine one of the electric
lamps in the streots, we shall find it con
sists or two rods, one pointing upward
from the bottom of the lamp, the other
banging downward. The rods seem to
touch, and tho brilliant flame is exactly
whore they seem to meet. Once a day a
man comes round with a bag ol the rods.
He takes ont the old rods that were burned
tho night beforo, and plaoes a new set in
each lamp. After he has gone about, as if
he were putting now wicks into the lamps,
anu each is ready lor us night s work, all
the lamps are lighted in broad day, to see
that every one is in proper trim. They
are allowed to burn until the men have
walked about in the streets nnd examined
each lamp. If all aro burning well, they
aro put out nil it begins to grow dark. If
ono fails to burn properly, a man goes to
that lamp to see what is the mailer. I he
rods are mado of acurious black substance,
like charcoal, that is called carbon. When
the lamp is out tho two rods touch each
other. In order lo light the lamp they
are pulled apart, and if you look at the
rlamo Ihrongh a smoked glass you will see
that tho rods do not quite touch. There
is a small spaco between their points, and
this space is filled with fire. Look at Ihc
othor parts of the rods, or tho copper wires
that extend along tho strocts. They have
no light, no heat, no sound. Tho wires
aro cold, dark and silent. If wo were to
push the two rods In the lamp close to
gether, the light nnd heat would disappear
and tho curious hissing sound would
cease. Why is this? Lot us go to the
woods near some brook, nnd it may be
thnt we can understand this matter.
Horo is tho brook, flowing quickly
along, smooth, docp, and without a ripple.
We walk beside Iho stream, and come to a
place whore there nre high rocks and
steep, stony banks. Here the channel is
very narrow, and the water is no longer
smooth and silent. It boils and foams
botwoon tho rocks. There nre oddies and
whirlpools, and at last we come to the
narrowest part of all. Here the once tlnrk
and silent water roars and foams in whito,
stormy rapids. There are sounds, antl
furious leaping and rushing water, and
clouds of spray. Why is the smooth dark
water so whito with rage, so impetuous,
so full of sounds and turmoil? Tho rocks
arc the cause. Tho way is narrow and
stoep. The waters are hemmed In, and
thoro is a grand display of flashing white
foam aud roaring waterfalls, as the waters
struggle together to get past the narrow
It is tho same with Iho, electricity flow
ing through the largo copper wires. It
passes down ono wire into the other,
through the lamp, in silence and darkness,
so long as tho rods touch and the path is
clear. When tho rods in the lamp are
pulled apart, thero is a space lo be got
over, nn obstruction, liko the rocks in Hit
bed of the brook. The electricity, like the
water, struggles to get over the hindrance
in its path, nnd it grows white-hot with
anger, and flames and hisses as it leaps
aoross tho narrow space betwoon the rods.
There is another kind of electric lamp,
used in houses; it has a smaller and softer
light, steady, white, and very beautiful.
In these lamps, also, we have something
like the narrow placo in the brook, l hey
aro made with slender loops of carbon,
enclosed in glass globes. The electricity,
flowing silently through n dark wire,
enters tho lamp, and finds only a narrow
thread on which it can travol to reach the
homo-going wire and, in its struggle to
get past, it heats the tiny throad of carbon
to whiteness. Like a livo coal, this slen
der throad gives us a mild, soft light as
long as the current flows, it seems calm
and still, but is endnring the same fury of
the electricity that is shown in the larger
This is the main idea on which these
lamps are made: A stream of electricity is
sot flowing from a dynamo-electric ma
chine through a wire until it moots a nar
row place or a break in tlio wire. Then
it seeks to get past tho obstruction, and
there is a grand putting forth of energy,
and in this way tho electric force, though
itself invisible, is made known to our eyes
by a beautiful light. St. Xi-hohi for May.
Stranoi:i: max thr Auap.ian Nuiurs,
Having succeeded so well with their
electric railway between Lichten field and
Cadnltenhaus Messrs. Siemens have now
opened another line in the suburbsof Herlin.
l or short distances, and for such purposes
as are served by our elevated roads, the
system will soon come into general uso,
and no revolution will havo been more
r rnnj . i, n,llos Phniom-aoW,, !
luiciiy euocteii. a no uses oi eiecirieny
emplov it to catch a fleeting expression.
M. haliTnac has proved that housewives
can cook by it. Velocipedes have been
jrvon with IU help through the streets o!
; raris. Mariners nro learning its ndva
(an.c9' jn stCorinf. M
t , i
riouve showod
M. Giffard
used it to navigate a balloon. With equal
case it will hatch a chicken, work a rail
toad brako and kindlo a beacon at sea. ft
lights our streets; it registers the found of
our voice. Wnr and tbo arts, medicine
nnd astronomy, agriculture and meteorol
ogy, will all bo translormed by it. Nuoly
thero is nothing more wonderful
"Arabian Nights."
Could a vote be taken at any time or
placo among tho people who assemblod to
listen to tho groat infidel, Bob Ingersoll
en the quostion as to whe.ther it was for
the interest of mankind to break up tbo
Christian religion, and destroy that faith
in God and immortality which was tbo
.1.., rn., f.Olinfa in ilwi ,la,-L- An.a . ,f lit.
reTolntiorii Rtld w,jci, ha, i,cen"iho stay
ana h of miilion9 for 1S(W 0!lr8i thal
I hope ol millions tor 1S(W years
audienco of Amorican citizens, though
' they might listen with patience and accopt
...i. ,i,.., ,i, ,r n, i,
VI LY .1 Z llu iL 7 .
1 lUIIUUl, HIUUiiu im-J iLiiiinii inujiii mis
jokes and witticisms, though they might
enioy his masterly stylo iu using Hie ora
torical knife and the ease with which ho
dissected th c defenders of religion, yet
when they came to vote a to whether it
were best to sciitllo the, gro:'.t religious
ship, Iho vote would bo ten 10 one ugainst
him ami in favor of continuing the Chris
tian religion. Hoslon Star.
An interesting experiment is said lo have
been made on a hibernating hedgehog, in
which Iho brain of the sleeping animal
j Was removed, thon tho ontiro spinal cord,
j but for two hours hardly any change was
1 noticeable in tho notion of tho heart, and
j a day afterward that organ contracted
! when touched by the operator.
The Liquor Trlfflc a Public Enemy,
Tho question of tho relation of tho
liquor traflic to tho public good is now
occupying public attention moro generally j
than ever before. The psople understand
now bettor than at any former period,
that this traflio is realy a formidable ene
my. It wages deadly war upon every
interest of tho nation, state and people,
at tho sauio time that no possible good
comos or can come from any publio or
private interest.
Almost all questions of public policy
nave two siaos wnicn snonid b lairly
considered in forming a resolution as to
the action of tho state. Tho great nuei-
tion of American slavery was one of tbese.
The dominant political party insisted that
whatever evil there wns in slavery was
necessary, and that the people ught to
acquiesce in ila continuance for that (rea
son. They urged that tbe industries of a
.at go part of the country were absolute! v
dependent upon slavo labor; that cotton
rice, sugar, tobacco, could not be produced
by white labor, and that the blaoks
would not work without compulsion; thai
under emancipation, the four million
blacks would become an enormous mas
of ignorance, sloth, pauperism, degrada
tion and crime, their condition being a
thousand times worse than it was under
slavery; they would be a terror and au
intolerable burdeu not only to the seu
tion of the country inhabited by them
but to tbe whole Union. It was insisted
that the midnight sky in a!l the south
would bo constantly aglow with incendiary
fires ; plantations, cities, villages wonld
be laid in ashes and the unal mnr.i.,.j
the whole land would be drenched in blood
and desolated.
All Ibis and a "rent donl m,r.
urged by "the other side." It w,
said that we had no other
ating our indebtedness lo other nations
but in the product or slave labor; that tfce
whole nation would be bankrupt and
ruined without it. This view of the
matter was stoutly maintained and lirmly
bclicvod by the most prominent businsss
men and professional men ami hth ,
of industries of every class. In shorl. i
was fully believed that slavery was reallv
tho corner-stone of our liberties as well as
of our prosperity.
Then again, the bishops, the doctors nt
diTinity, with all thelossar liounf n,oi
ogy, church wardens, elders.'deacons ami
iue rest oi tnem, wero fully of tho opinion
that slavery was a divine institution, that
in old times it wa3 established by God
himself, that the most fj L1T1 (Ml a man nt'
old Bible history was a slaveholder, hon
ored and beloved of God, who had never,
at any time, uttered a word against Slav,
ery. 'J'huy said God had expressly ordain
ed American slavery that African pan-nns
might bo brought to the knowledge of
tbo truth as it is in Christ in this New
World. Slavorv thev mninfino,l in l,
right, financially, theologically, commer
cially nnd economically. Hare we have
in a few words, "the other side" of the
anti-slavery agitation. That question
certainly had two sides. How is it with
tho prohibition agitBtion?
Here in our case: I state it as briefly as
possible. The liquor traflic is a treiiien
dous public and social mischief. It lives only
by spreading broadcast in the community,
poverty, pauperism, suffering. trrnni,,m,
degredation, insanity.crimejand premature
ucmu. laiuuiu "anoiner sine ' to that ' No
thero isu't, nobody denies all that to ho true
It wastes tho wages of labor, disinclines to
steady, patient iadnstry, and by and by
renders industry ef any kind impossible ;
converting the sober worker, whether by
hand or head.intoatrampandavao-abone'.
It creates no value, but it wastes and de
stroys tho values created by others; it sub
lists upon tho oarnings of others, earniti"
nothing itself. It sends an infinite mis"
ery into hnndreds of thousands of
homes, which but for it would In
comfortable, prosperous and happy. That's
our side of tho question ; is there another
side? The liquor traflic inflicts moro suf
fering npon the people, year by year and
every year, thsn comes from war, pesti
lence and famine, those three great scour
ges of mankind. The London Timtz said
that some months ago, and aftorward Mr.
Gladstone, tho prime minister of England,
borrowed these wordj, adopted "them
as his own, and repeated them beforo an
immense audience. That is ono side o:'
the question; has anyone ever su"-festeI
that there is another side? Never!"
John Wesley said moro than one hund
red years ago : " Liquor sellors are nnis
oners gcnoral. They mnrder his majestvV
subjects by wholesale. Neither docs th'rir
eye pity or spare; their gain is the blood
of the people." Lord Chesterfield in Kir.
in a speech on the "Gin Bill," in the
House of Lords, called liquor dealers
"artists in human slaughter." From John
Wesley's time to onr day, no ono ln
denied or doubted that all this is true.
Mr. Senator Morrill, of Maine, on the
floor of the United States Senate said:
"The liqnor traflic is tho gigantic crime
of crimes." All this has been repealed a
thousand times and moro on the plat
form and in tho press, but no man ha
dared to say it is not truo. The liquor
trnllio inflicts more suffering upon the peo
ple, and misery in a thousand ways, than
ome irom nil other evils combined. That
j IS o"1". ''; does anyone pretend that
' there is another sitlo to it ? No one has
I ever dared to do so.
i no prohibition of lu.s trade is founded
in the belief that there aro virtue, in'.el:-
iStmcu, nieiy, ana patriotism enomrli
among the people to induce them to com
bine injorderto deliver the rommunity
from tho maligu influences of this
devilish trade. I ea'l it so because ils
Solo tOllllenCV is to drive out fi-nni immi
tho people every good thing and to snl"
stitute everything that is bad. It converts
good citizens to bad ones; good father,
brothers, husband, son", into bad one--After
all this terrible array of evils com
ing inevitably from Iho liquor trallie, w
demand of its friends to show tho good thai
comes of it, and thev are dumb. "n m:in
can show good to the value of a shilling
ooming from the liquor traflic to nation
stato or people. Why then, in heaven's
name, wo ask. should society longer en
dure ibis dreadful scourge? 'Why should
it not be put into the list of prohibited
industries with lotteries, gambling house:
brothols and obscene books and pictures '
Thcro are piety, intelligence and virtue
enough among the people to accomplish
this, if they can be brought to act uniiedlv
upon it. This we are striving to aceo.11
We are endeavoring to procure for the
people, in nil our states, un opportunity
to express their will in relation to it
at tho ballot box, in the choieo of lan
makers and other oflicers, and especially
in domanding constitutional amendments
forever prohibiting the manufacture and
salo of intoxicating liquors. It is the un
doubted right of the people lo do this if
they wish it, and no demoer.it or repub
lican of intelligence or honor will sav.
" Tho peoulo shall not amend the eonsti!
I tulion ; the peoplo shall havo the liquor
'trallie in spite of thoir protests."
But the political parties throuodinui
tho nation are face to face with this burn
ing question, and they cannot shirk ii
When prohibition eamo up in Maine in
Iho democratic party was in an over
whelming majority in the state,(and had
been so for many years, but tho lender"
put tho party squarely against the move .
meat, ami tho temperance men abandoned
it, and tho party went down like a drown
ing man, and nothing of it has over came
to the surface since, except a bubble in tkc
shape of Governor Garcelon, and he was a
The old whig party shirked the mi
slavery question and expirod of senile
mortthcation ana decay. The republican
party eamo into existence on that issue,
combined in Maine with prohibition wrii
glorious victories. The anti-slsvery ques
tion is settled, and now this, a moro im
portant one, nas come to the front, and It
is impossible for tho republican party to
shirk it nnd live. The welfare of the
country is as deeply involved in this
question, as it ever wasjin that of slavery
toe people see it to be so. Thero is aiid
must bo "an irrepressible conflict" be
tween the publio welfare ami tho liqnor
traflio that will novor ceaso to raga until
It shall bo settled in aeeordao
truth nnd right. The repliblicHn party can
not arrest it, but will certainly perish if it
attempts to do so. Hon. Xeal Port.
iKiid. Me., in Central CirUlton Advcn ,'
V 1
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