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GREEN M0U5TAI5 FIEIMAX. MOKTTEUKB.VT. tmca In tba Brick Bloot. Bulofliin street, tnnt l.M if paid la dTtBea: otbanriaa,a.2.w. 1'ar mant may t mada by null or otberwtaa to 0 B.WHEELOCK. Editor nd Proprietor. TUe Fbxivas. nnder tlia reoMt.li ofCowrreai cirouUtMfreolri WublrurtonCountjr. Ou all ptpore ivotouUideWublnirtoiiOnnntr.Uit poeune le paid br tlie publiaba at tbe offloe in MontpeUer. Slic freeman. 1IONTPELIE. VT WEDNESDAY. JUNE 21. 1882. Sunday School Lesson Notes. tr 11EV. J. O. 6HEBBURN. June 13: Quarterly Ret low. As to the Importance a thorough review of the work we pass over from qnartor to quarter there can well be but ono mind ; but the methods of reviow advocated are almost as numerous as tbe writers on Sun day school work. Perhaps some general thoughts on the subject may be as sng gostive and helpful as anything wniob could bo presented by tho writer or? this occasion. Tbe chamoler of our review work will be moulded largely by tbe vie whioh we take of the lessons we have passed over. We may put emphasis upon one part or anottior of the study we hav mado. We have been engaged in the atadv ef a htatom Ibe stud, ol it m, Wh might put special study Upon the order of event;. as ntrr .ted by th evangolist nnd iry to lis the season of the your during whioh tho events we have studied took placo. This is a matter worthy of careful, patient study, and may well enough en- 'ago our attention inciueniauy m we view, but it is not the most important matter by any means; and we havo such imperfect data upon which to base oui reasonings in tho matter that the stud) would hardly be profitable aftor all. Then again tho events recorded have a spaci location ; they transpired in different parts of Palestine It is not uninteresting or improlitablo to trace the (ournoyings ol our Lord ns they are brought to our notice in the study of the quarter. A good blackboard map of tho localities named itud an explanation of tho roads ho took In toaching tho people, healing their siek and raisiug the dead, o9 well as tho way ho walked in private with the chosen iwclvo, would add much to tho intorost of tho reviow. But this again is not the prinoipal thing. We have studied neither history, chronology, nor geography ex clusively, or chiefly. All these are but llio settings of tho taro jewels of truth upon which wo havo looked. Thoso sot tings help to a clear view of tho truth, but we should be most unwise to look at thoui only. Again, one of the most unprofitable reviows is that ono which is a mere mo moiiter affair, wherein the attempt is made, by catch-words, diagrams and the like, to recall each lesson, as n lesson, nnd be able to tell its title and golden text. This is an excellent beginning for a re view, but can never tako tho place of a review properly considered. Wnat wo really need, as an aid in fixing tho groat practical lessons we have been ovor during this quarter, is a presentation and empha bizing ol those very suggestivo nnd in struetive lessons brought before ns in the Savior's words nnd works. Wo need to get down under the outer garb, the loiter of truth, to the inner soul, tho spirit, which alouo giveth life. Thus in lesson lirst Christ sent otit his disciples to preach Put emphasis on the fact that the followers of Christ aro called to some work. Urgi the question, havo you gono forth at tin Master's bidding? Do you work according to his bidding? Lesson second shows ns tho fearless advocate of truth and puriu Make the school feel that the world nee- a multitude of just such men, and that n one is worthy tho name of Christ who ha not that spirit. Tho third lesion gives u tho picture of the truo disciple boarinjj bread to Irs hungry fellow men This is j tho ijreal work of disciples in all lime j As thoy gavo forth of their scanty store i j was greatly increasod. Inquire, docs God ' work thus by his disciples nowP In tin i midst of storm and danger Christ cam, j upon tho suit to succor his disciples. II will do the s imo for us if wo arc going in j obedienoo to his oommands. Wo need j fear neither the storm nor his approach for tho storm becomes t calm when he is with us. Lesson fourth teaches these i things. Illustrate and enforce these teach- j ings. Lesson Imb shows us that it is vain mid blasphomous lo worship God with our lips or keep the form of worship without the heart's devotion. Lesson sixth shows us what stroug and persistent faith can do a lesson worthy of much reflection; ono of several in tho quarter toaching tho omnipotent power of faith in God. Beware of false teaching and tho cor rupting influence of worldly and political alliances. The leaven of the Pharisees and of lleroil, says tho seventh lesson a good text for the adults; just what is needed in our lax times. Lesson eighth shows as a rann pro nounced blessed beoauao of his correct theology and manly profession of faith, but almost at the samo breath severely rebuked because he had such a poor con ception of tbe real nature of tbe Christ life. Many fail here now. Lesson ninth gives tis the standard re quirement for following Christ. We must walk as He walked. God witnesses to tbe divinity of His son in lesson tenth. His testimony is of greater weight than thatol a world of inudel men All things aro possible to faith Is the emphatic thought of tbe eleventh lesson. Apply Ihe thought. Man made truly great by denying solf and serving his tcllows m the theme ol the twollth lesson Some of these great truths fixed in the heart of Bible students will be a irreatcr work than tho most perfect knowlcdgo of tne tetter oi uou s wora. Impurity. There is ono Deculiaritv nbout deeds and thoughts nnd words of Impurity. It Is the loatbsorao and stirring tenaoity wnn wnicn tney enne to the mind The vindictive man may become meek. and not a trace of the vengeful spirit re main, i nus a was who raui, wnn, originally Ireful and revengeful, learned to say, "Most gladly will I spend and bo ppent for you, though tbe more ardently I jove you, tne less l ne lovea." unnallow- ed ambition my be replaced by the deepest humility. But unclean thoughts once harbored never leave tbe soul empty and swept and garnished. There is always a taint. Ihe gospel converts ell sorte of men. But we believe that the impure man tne nsruei to convert, and we be lieve that, even when converted, there remains in nis nature a rankness of odor, a coarseness of grain. VOL. XXXIX. American History. Nearly every one vrbo reads Amtricu history will remember some of the event ; but most of these are battle either with tbe Indians, French or English or the south. Hero is a list of some of the events that have happened, bat are given in a stylo not initially found in the his tories: 1620. Rock. 1621. eating. 1622. Landing made on Plymouth Thanksgiving keptbut no over Builds a meetine bouse no firm in it, however. 1623. Proclaims a fast day, and set the fashion. 1628. Cuts down a May pole at Merry Mount. No vain recreations in those tiara. 1637 Makes a war on tbe Quakers i tirl the Petjuol Indians, and whips h 1638 Thinks he had better hare a t-ulibgu; begins with higher education rii-rtt. 1040. Sots up a printing precs. 164$ Will not have any witches, i lai.ps one. 1G49 Gives notioeln meeting tfc. . ,;n inn no wear long luinua,,,, ' f 1652io "Cm. Uu rtn. tr shiHis. , r iSfiSioO I'LlGdS ii uTfnrqjftflEaHa: siaVmi a. .Mor-WTiotief -htag' eU.fiavlenavi Hire 1702. Wants another college, and starts i ; it is U'-w in Nnw Hnven. 1704. Prints the first newspaper at ill un. 170S. 1710. h. 1711. 1721. Coffee is tasted. Then tries lea. but it is cost Starts a post olliee. The potato Is planted as a can ,.6ity; uod. ities to cat it; thinks It pretty 1721. Hoars about innooulation ; tries . ; some say it is wicked to do it. Begins i sing by note un Sundays; this causes ;rext trouble. 1740. Begins to manufacture and ped lie tir. ware. 1711. Builds the Fnneuil Hall. 17o0. l'otatoes seen in market; a bush el considered enough for winter. l.ob. l!u i Ids an organ but no play ng it in meeting houses no sir! 175G. A queer man named Franklin invents a stove; also a lightning rod. 1700. Some signs of fashion creep in; collars are worn on shirts, and chaises appear. 17C5. Great talk abont "liberty" heard; no buying of Btamped paper. 1770. Wooden clocks made in Con neticut of course. 1773. Much trouble about toa; throws a lot into tho sea. 1774. Boston has lights In her streets oil lamps. 1780. An umbrella seen in the hands of i he rich is much laughed at; those using them are considered effemin- ate. 1791 ed. A cotton spinning factory start- 1702. Raises silk worms nnd makes a little silk; carpels appear in tbe houses of the rich. 1703. Invents the cotton gin, and thus makes eotton raising protitable. l"9.r) 1800. Pantaloons are seen, but for full dress breeches ore tho style. Plates are used at breakfast and tea. 1802. Vaccination is tried; some relig ious scruples however. 1800. Tries to burn tho rhiadelphia "stone coal, cut it is a launre 1807. A steamboat goes np the Hudson ; no end ol talK about it 1810. Clocks aro very costly vet; the short shelf clocks are made, and cost $10 to S-10. 1817. Stoves are put in some meeting houseB, but most resist think "it shows very ltttlo religion. 1 818. A sioamboat runs on Long Is ana. .819, to 1823. A steamboat crosses tho Atlan- Gas lights usedin Boston. Finds out liOW to burn bard coal. Buys sloe I pens (iriiliiti 8.) lne mines on thin bo -oii,8 b'-gin to disappear for every day .huts. 1H2.". Percussion caps made 1820. KubbiT over shoos appear, nod qui t-i Bl ntied ones loo. 1828 Tomatoes having been raised for , nirs in the garden as "JUive Apples, are t. tea hCMiaungiy (suppotea to bopoision l Ui- ) 1x32. Builds a railroad. 1833. Firt nses the "Luoifer" match , i en "Loco Foco." The tinder box i' In itl iifide. 1 j35. Invents a revolver. 1837 F.tst panic Uses much paper ni- n v. ami cull tl'vniu pl.t-tirs " 138 The use of envelopes begins. lfl.'JU. U igeurreoiypes, camnhenc and ui iiiiil' 11 u t tl h timar. lx-14 Jr irst message by electric tcle- jimpli. .846. Has a little "brush" with Mox 1847. Snwino- machines invented Son it rnnpin"s heard. MM. J.ays an ocoan cable, but It uon t wotk well. 1861. Family quarrel breaks out; goes south to settle it ; takes longer than we oxpected. Uses piles of paper money. linilits monitors I860. Struck dumb with the assassina tion of tho president. Ocean cable works Bpienuidly. 1871. The biagestcilv of tho west burn ed. 1873. John Bull has to pay bags and bags of gold for his sympathy with the wrong party iu the family quarrel. 1877. Silver getting plenty. 18812. Struck dumb again by the assassination of another president . Scliolar's Companion. Colorado Sritmos. The incorporators restricted that this should be a temper ance town. By adberingto that plan, and by religiously carrying It out, there is pre sented in Colorado Springs a city of near ly six thousand inhabitants, situated in tho far west, an attractive place, which has none of tho vices usually found in Colorado cities, and whioh can truly and honestly boast of a refinement which com pares favorably with that found In many an eastern town. Tbe Springs can well be proud of the reputation it has earned. It deserves all the praisos lavished by en thusiastic visitors and contented inhabit ants. It is exao'.ly suited to the wants of the invalid and tbe lover of tbe beautiful. Those coming hero for the sake of their lungs or their liver may take that perfeot rest which they in so many cases need the most; and if thoir health is really Im paired they will find in the Springs a city of comforts, fair living, good rooms and a placo where tbe air is as bracing and invigorating as the most fastidious ceuld desire. Thoro Is no smoke from manu facturing establishments to poison tbe air, and no noisy pavod streets to deafen tbe c.ir. It is not hard to Gnd a quiet coun try (own with pure air; but it - is diffi cult to find a place with city comforts which has no drawbacks. And I am sure that many a weary body and tired mind can bo restored here. Let tbe invalid live a sensible life at tbe Springs, sleenlne well, eating enough, and riding or driving to the many points of interest near at band ; let tho sufferers from all ills accept tbe gifts of sunshine and air which nature so lavishly gives, and I venture the assertion that they will bless tbe day tbey came here. There is no drunkenness outside of private homes and there are po saloons. Cor, Sottnn 'Van crip'. Tbe Folly, Danrer and 81a or Frighten ing People. An old man said these words to me to day: "When I was In oollega. one night I was sitting up qnlte late in my room; the great balldlng was silent; and it seemed to me as I sat reading that nobody else was awake. I beard steps In the ball and presently a knock at my door. Instead of saying "Come In." I went to tbe door and opened it. Before me stood a man with a (rightful mask over his face. The sight was so sodden and fearful that I fell to tbe floor with a shriek of terror that must have gone through tbe halls. The man who had thoughtlessly, foolishly and wiekedly pat this joke upon me fled. If he had stopped to see If I was injured, he would have frightened me out of my sen ses. After lying some time i recovered my strength, but I have never recovered from the impression of that moment, though ihe thing happened more than hall a century ago. I never go into the dark without seeing the mask and rarely open a noor in tb - night without thinking of a terrible object tho other Bide of It." Only a few nights ago some young men determined to put to the test the of a oompnnion who buaatwi of not belief ,1 fnaf in ffhnatm II k.ni . 1A i ? ing near bis bed, and In the vnln15f,h tbe ewe of the children as if she were at r - - ..p. iwMnu LTvivm zTT . F ' armw the .mtjaUtil attnt c E older sister. She had abo-ii .1. nM JiauiauL.rk,. uu, lrf 1 Mftwayd, Ittte fv.Hioa.eWttrl.ihe. rrxxu. l 1,, -..-L '. i' r , , Tj' . 1 The yimng manTlrtd at him, hnfjagain and auaio till ho had emptied all the chambers of the pistol, and finding that none ot ibe snots took etlect, lie was over whelmed with torror, and went stars mad. Only roconilv ono of tbo young women employed as a weaver in a cotton mill took a email snake with her, and after frightening several of her companions, threw the reptile upon a girl named Y elsh. The latter was so trightencd that she fell don in convulsions and to tbo next day bad not regained consoiousuoss. I could multiply tbotc examples to any extent. Not a week passes without the record of similar instances in the news papers. Many persons will remember impressions made upon their minds in childhood by frightful objects, sometimes accidentally seen, and at others put before tbem in miscmet, nisi tor tun there is great difference In the nervous tempera ment ot individuals, and somo are far more easily frightened than others. Manv children are very sensitive to sights and sounds. They may have strength enough to oonceal their emotions wnen othors are present, and they are perhaps ashamed to appeared soared when othors aro only amused, but tbey carry their impressions into their beds, sloop is driven away from their pillows, or when it somes, bad dreams come also, and the little sufferer tosses all night in constant foar of what it has seen. Ibe child shuts Its eyes, but tbe image is there and is as visible and terrible in the dark and to its closed eyes as if the sun were shining. And more so, because with the return of light, moro than half tbe horror dies out. In my childhood a nurse shut me up in a dark closet by way of punishment, i reraem ber keeping close to tbe door in awful horror of what might be in the back part of it, every moment trembling lost 1 should bo seized by some fearful being dwelling in blackness of darkness. There is no one thing which parents should more carefully guard against when they trust their children to the care of a nurse, than this sin of frightening them. The shock given by one fright, when the system Is delicate, frail and exquisitely sensitive, may be fatal in early life if spared a long misery. let this cruelty Is inlliotcd on children and young people, not by nurses only, but by parents ana leacnors, without a mo ment's thought of the dreadful conse quences sure to result. Perhaps it is well that we ao not understand the exceeding delicaoy of the human frauio and especi ally those pattsol It winch torm tbo inex plicable connection of mind with matter, tbe body and tho soul. The fact of such connection we know. The nature and manner of it aro unknowable. Why sor row should come in drops of water from tbe eye, or joy cover the faoo with smiles, who can say? The sense of fear, even when not sudden, is uften followed by great physical suffreings. I hare seen conviots brought out to be flogged, and the apprehension of anguish was attended with complete prostration. Reason does pot hetp to resist the t ffoot of fright lbero is no time for argument. The shoik comes llko a stroke of lightning The blood seems to rush back on the heart, or, with increased violence, it presses on tin- brain. The normal revolution of tho wheel at the cistern is disturbed. I do noi know whero the throne of reason is, but I know that it is deser otl, and its cmpiro mado desolate oy sudden tnglit. Anion the aneitnt Greeks the utmost care was taken with children that they should not be excited. They wero guarded against noise and stirring scenes, that in infanoy ttielr delicate orain worK might not be sub milted to any disturbance. This was i part of a groat system of physical and mental training. It was philosophical. We pursue no such plan in our nny.but reverse it. Children are stimulated, roused, excit ed in their cradles, and nil along the early days of childhood, at tho very timo when they ought to be kt pt quiet nnd suffered to grow. Tho nervous excitability of the men and women of our tlmo is largely due to tbe in essant stimulus of the mind In childhood. And tbe matter is getting worso and worse with cacli generation. Children at parties, childron at balls, chil dren out or bed and away from homo at midnight, must become, if tbey live, rest less, fidgety, nervous and unhealthy men and women. They cannot have a sound mind in a sound body. Peace, rost, cqui librinm, are essential to the perfect regu lation of tho mysterious machinery that mns tho human body with tho soul at tached. Tliis is getting away from the poiut, but it is all in the same lino. Tho most dangerousexcitcment is that which Is pro duced by sudden fright. Who can tell why it sometimes turns tho black hair of a strong man white in a single hour? It does, and there are men In every commu nity wno will oarry thoso while hairs to their graves as witnesses of the power of fear. It may be imagination that does it, as when a man caught bold of tho edge of a pit into which be had fallen in the dark and nung thero all night; when res cued in tbe morning it was found tbat he was only two inohes from tbo bottom, but his hair was as whlto as snow. You may not blanch the locks of others by fright ening them, but you run the risk of doing tbem far greater harm than tbat. If the misoblef ware confined to tbe hair, it were not worth speaking of. But it is the brain that suffers. And the evil wrought there is often far worse than doath Itself. re news, in New York Obarvtr. A little child gave expression to an old story in the following manner: It seems that tbe little fellow bad discovered a bee orawling upon his hand, and, after re maining stationary for an instant, stung tbe little fellow. When the cry of pain was over, the little child said to his mam ma that be didn't care for the bee's walk ing about on him, but be didn't like his sitting down on blm. C. L. Adams, class of '80, Vermont Methodist seminary, Is taking high rank in the soDhomore class at Dartmouth col lege. He adds one more to the alumni of tbe seminary who devote themselves to the work ot the ministry. MONTPELIER, VT., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 21, 1882. The Strikers. The summer months open with reports of a strike of huge proportions in tbe iron manufacture in western Pennsylvania, and that region In the adjoining states Of late years these events have become common, and It is a phenomenon which forces at tention and demands explanation. The theory of our political system is tbe equal ity of men. that the laborer baa equal rights with the capitalist or the employer, hat not that the workingmen should be fnvured any more than any other classes I'he idea of inequality came in wiih the treat tide of foreign immigration. Tho European laborers bad been accustomed tu li-ok upon their employers as superior ; beings, and as their natural enemies, hav ing intitrest opposed to th v of the lab ir ing obiss; and they oonld not divest them -Hives of the inculcated idna when thoy itmH to a country where work w-s no ign of a servile mind, ami where the er vmt and the employer labored side hy si'lein the field and in the kitchen. So long as we were all Americans of the old sUMik, a strike would have been impossible tnu ineonceivauie. i tie nelp in the boute hold was not a servant in popular phrase. of the family; sitting at tbe KamKMaw 10 most nouses . . . , . Ill u i.,'rl. : wages which is paid to do tsti servants in these davs. but she laid TiirJ - orOMhing more than she spent for her , tothing, and considered horself as tbe equal of the woman of tho house, and sometimes she uiairied ihe son, and very often a neighbor, and becoming n matron herself had help not servants. Tho fac tory system did not ohango this. The mill girls at Lowell, before tho tide of foreign immigration sot in, wero tho daughters of substantial farmers, just as good, and feel ing themselves the equals of the mill own ers, and in fact many of them were owners in the stock. lucy did not wish high wages as tho foreign workers got now, but they would nover have thought of a strike us they never tnouuht of themselves as a class. The mill girl was of ibe same class as the president of the company, or the agent or overseer or the room, and 11 she had any grievance she left, if it was not rectified on complaint being mado. The nolion of classes of laboring men, employ ers and capitalists, was introduced by foreigners who had never nny hopes of rising. Tbe original Yankee stock had no such ideas. The help in the kitohen look ed forward to being the head of a house hold as comfortable as that in whioh she was employed ; the workman in any trade looked to be a master, and thero was no more division of classes than there is be tween father nnd son, mother and daugh ter. Tho feeling of independence and individuality was too strong for tho pos-! sibility of strikes, nnd the original Yankee native was too proud and amoitious to ne classod as a workingman who looked up with fear and hatred to an employer. It was tho inllux oi Europeans wno nan been accustomed lo looking up to superi ors and down upon inferiors which led to tbe classification ot tnose woo ought to be free and independent American citi zens, the laboring man free to become an employer of labor, and the employer a laboring man when tuoro was nooessity for it. The growth of wealth has had something to do with widening the dis tinction between the workingman and the employer, but it would not have become a class distinction if it had not been im ported from Europe. The Yankee farm hand, brakeman, laborer on the roads. apprentice in any trade, looks forward to the time when ne shall employ young men, and he has nono of the animosities ol class which load to strikes unless his mind is poisoned by contact with the Europeans who have been educated in servile ideas. The names of leaders of strikes and of labor movements aro sug gestivo. They aro never those of the old stock, but of modern importation. Our revolution wiped out all class distinctions in tbe thirteen colonies, and what there is now is an imported article, on whioh there is no tariff since our naturalization laws are so liberal, and immigration has always bi-en encouraged, except of the Chinese. Newburyport Herald. The CrtiNKSB at Home The chiel characteristics ol the Chinese, as n nation, the speaker said, is industr). Their work ing day bogtns at dawn and lasts till sun set. Schools open at sunriso and do not closo till 5 r. M., there boing but ono short reoess during the day. The emperor and his court riso soon Hfter midnight, and court audiences are given between 5 and 8 o clock in the morning. This same in dustry is cxbibitod by nil classes. After sunset very few peop'o are in the streets, the Chinese, like domestic fowls, retiring early to ro3t. There Is no day correspond ing to Sunday, and only a few holidays in tho year. Busily as they toil, these people aio never in a hurry, at e never nervous and are not given to worrying; but are steady, cheerful and sober. Thoy rarely quarrel and cvon ii they do.scldom come to blows. Thero will be a little que pulling, somo calling of hard names, and then tho by standers will quietly separate the com batants. It is not physical timidity but a sensitive consciousness or toe disgrace ol lighting that keeps them from engaging in brawls. That they are not cowards is well proven by Ihe fact that they submit without flinching lo the most severe sur- 2ical operations without ever using antes thetlcs. They maintain that it is very injurious to health to bo nervous, lo worry or to crive wav to angor. As tt people, the Chincso do not desire a voico iu tbo government. Tbe common people are not public spirited, and are not only, throngs ignorance, indifferent to beneficial reforms, but they oppose them strongly if they are apt to increase the . tu. t r t : i. . lUieS. 1UQ KUTCIUU1DU, 11 Ulll IB UUl nearly so aristocratic as lorcigners are no customed to think it is, but when tbe pop ular voico is onco aroused it is sure to have great force. In any case whero there is a conflict between tho mandarin or gov ernor.of a district and the people, if tbe people are patient and commit no aots of violonce, the mandarin cither yields or is romovod by tho government. The people have the proloundcst respect ror precedent, and are, in fact, conservative. Althongh in the main they use tbe same implements and materials known to them for thousands of years, yot their religion itself is an im portation irom inaia, ana may use foreign watches, neodles, kerosene, sulphur match- cotton tabrics, etc. inoy are, as a people, excessively polite, and their cere monial of sooial intercourse is to foroignors painfully elaborate. It is an error to sup pose, however, that they are a oringing race; they assort their rights vigorously enough when occasion calls. They nre not a trulD-tellingpeoplo. Thoy give falso evidence in trials, furnish false statistics, and even officials present reports that aro tissues ol falsehood, it is imnos- sible to shame thorn by exposing their untruthfulness. They are not addicted to thieving, however. There is much said about tne gross immorality of the people. In China, at least ll it exists it is not soen. There are societies for tbe suppression of immoral books, x ne sacred writings con tain not one Indecent word, and their naintings and sculpture are perfectly pure. Vulgar language is never board above tbe lowest classes. All unmamen drink some wine, and a nstivo beverage made of rice, but drunkenness is absolutely unknown, so that there are none of the evils of in tern poranoe there, so common bore wife beatlne. brawling and violence ol all kinds, Tbe habit that curses tbe nation, opium smoking, enervates the physical, mental and moral nature, but dons not lead to violence. A', ii. Drew. The Worklnf Trmperauce Church. t, , Apaner read at meetlninof tbe Boartt of Airrlcul iiVery true and tlmel" reform slioill l ho Mra by Hetiry Lane of Cornwall, member of ft born and nursed and reared and supported, Board ) by the church of Jesus Christ. Thore is I do not believe in or share the views not a single moral precept which sinful certain advooate of the Merino slieei humanity needs but tho church should who, a few years since, declared that fl leach it; there is not a wholesome ex mi wooled sheep mty be kept wherever in, In pie to bese but the church shou'd pmotion trious men tnd intelligent breeding ex i The Christian chuich will hit the I think it is I rue that no race of hi, I in most Chris -like which does the most "hi haa more ex enilii.t rane of h.ibmt i se-k and save the lost." aud will aubus on grett a vn ie y Among all the great rairal reform, none Vegetation hs sheen; and no breed Iris a stronger olaitnon Christian men and sheep will endure the vicissitudes ami x Christian ministers than the enterprise nf ttetnesof weather under so great a v trm m iving sootety from the crime and our.e tinn of locality and food as well as th of drunkenness. And intemperance never M lino Bu. hnwevcr pliant m iy be th will be cheoked. the liquor tntfrle never constitution of tb breed, there a, will be pt'onibiied, the drinking us iges of geographical limits beyond whieh it dot Sia3t.il lile will never be ovorturown until notthuve; and there are loea iiies mon ihe inemoers of Cnrist's church all feel j congenial to it, where it is mns' viioriii Hint th:-y are also member of C rist's nnd in tbe bands of skillful breeders hn great temperance socioty. If the church 1 been improved almost to perfeeilon. A loes not savo the world, then tho world ! will sink the church. And what a hnr. Ieqtie it is to style that church organiz i Uon a "salt or the earth" which h is n trimmer in its j tilpit nnd tipplers in its pews! - Holding these Incontrovertible opinions wo earnestly insist that every Curlstlau church which expects to do Its whole work must have a tomperance department as much as a Sunday school or a mission ary department. It must have a machin ery to promote total abstinence, just as much as a machinery to promote Bible distribution, or Mission schools, or Sab bath observance. A well appointed steam er must not only have a good engino in its hull, and n good pilot at the wheel, but a good supply of life preservers in the cabins. What are some of the essential foaturos of a working temperance ohurch? 1. We reply that the llrst essential is, a thorough teetotaler in its pulpit An ac tivo temperance church with it wine bib bing minister is as rare a curiosity as a victorious army with a drunken command er. A zealous teetotaler will not only practice abstinence from intoxicating drinks, hut he will preach it as n vital part of his gospel message on tho Lird's dny. The Bible abounds In temporanoa texts; and every community nbounds in people who need lo hear tbem. It is the pastor's ofUoo to expound the causes and the curse of drunkenness. It is hisoilioeto ciealo a temperance conscience among his congregation. It is his duty to take the lead in arranging and conducting temper ance meetings in his neighborhood. Not only may a nealous temperance pas tor look for revivals in his flock, but also for a more extended influenco anions the surrounding world. A tearless preachor against uonulnr sins commands, in the long run, the popular ear and the popular heart. He may repol a few trimmers and time servers ; be may awaken somo bad passions In the self- indulgent and tho lovors of their lusts; but ho attracts to him tbe warm hearted. the philanthropic, the spiritually minded. urunaaras- wives will persuade their hus bands to come and hear him. Mothers will rejoico to place their sons under hia faithful ministry. The benevolent will oo- operato with an earnest advocate of Christian reform. The masses lovo and honor a bold defender of the right. It is not the man who drifts with with tbe cur rent of evil, but be who, like the sure an chored rock, stems theourrent, that is sure to arrest tho popular attention and com mand tho popular heart. 2. h.very elfioient churoh should have one or moro well organized total absti nence societies, wtilon should be anxilary to national or state societies, as tho W. O. 1 b., I, O. G. T. or prohibition alliances. etc In Surrey Chapel, London, the oelebra ed Newman Hall has a totuDerance socie ty which has enrolled 8,000 members In liftoen vears; 150 reformed inebriates have been received into membership with the church in which Bro. Hall is so bild and faithful a spiritual loader. There Is also Band of Hope which enrolls a irreai number of children. 3 This leads us to say that a working o-mperance cnurcn win lay out no small pan ot Its offoris on the youth of its Sun day subool. Ab the Sunday school deals vvitli the beginning of lifo, it should logic ally deal with the beginning of sin. If all our children could be kept from touching me nrst giass, intemperance would disap pear. in eiiiciont bund:iy school operations, tne lonowin ori absolutely indispensa ble: Good temperance books in tho library. A circulation of some temperance Dauer among the scholars. The total abstinence pledge discreetly administered by the teachers or superin tendent. Frequent and simple addresses to the school on tho dangers of tampering with drink, and on the sin ami sorrows of the drunkard. No teacher's breath should ever be fla vored by the odors of tho wino glass or the beer cup. Total nbitenonee should be taught as a Christian virtuo. "Woe unto him who causoth one of these little ones to stum ble." 4 Ourlinal recommondalion is.thatevery church member should make temperance a part of his daily religion. The bottle is the deadliost foe to Christ in our ohurohos and our communities. A friend of Christ must bo tbe enemy of the boltlo. More souls aro ruined by the intoxioating cup than by any single vice or error on the globo. Kvory professed Christian who gives bis example to the drinking usages is a partner in the tremendous h.ivoo which those evil customs produce. "If any man will come after mo,'1 said the divine Mastor, "lot him deny himself." And the great apostle only olenobed this glo rious precept woeu ne saia, "it is good not to drink the wino whereby my brother stumblotb, or is offended, or is made weak." On this iuimutablo rook of self- denial stands tho temperance reform! Thero the divine Founder of Christlanitv placed it; with Christianity It is linkod; with Christianity it will stand or perish. we do not hesilato to close this brief iraner with the declaration that with the triumnh and prevalence of Christian self-deuial in the church is bound up the only hopo of the triumph and prevalence of pure Christianity In cur world. -A'eo. Thea. I.. vuuier. It. t.,t Brooklyn, N. Jr. One Sunday, at Montgomery wu were talking about duels, and when the names of several parties who had gone out In the post yoars to satisfy tbeir honor were mentioned, tho judge koncked the ashes off his cigar and said: ' Gentleman, It may be mentioned right bere tbat I have been there myself." "Were you challeng ed?" "I was. It was over In South Car olina, and I called a man a liar. He sent me a challenge, and I selected swords as the weapons. We met at 7 o'clock the next morning. It was lust suoh a morn ing at this bright, beautiful, and full of lire." "And bow did you feelr" "Very queer. I Clever shall forget my sensation as I saw my rival, and he seemed to be as visibly affected. We couldn't either of us say a word." "Was it in tho grove? "Oh no: It was at the deoot." "The de- poll Why you didn't fight at the depot, did you?'' "Well, no. The morning express trains passed there at 7 o'clock.and he took one and I Hip other," Pelraft Free 7Vct. - WM.&UJJJJJ Agricultural. Merino Sheep. low, level country, with a humid atnioa phere, and witb a moist, luxuriant soil. not suited to ibe Merino, but high, dry warm, rolling lands are their natural home. The general rule that may bo laid down, limiting the home of the breed in thi oonntry. is hetween latitudo 30 and 45" Certain high altitudes south of 0-, uuo low allituncs north of 45 may be favor able. Lands less than 200 feet above the ocean or within 50 mites of tho ooast are generally not well adapted lo these sheep The Merino is an upland sbeep. Tho nutri tious herbage of elevated table land, dry, warm, rolling pasture and lofty hillsides are well adnpled to them. They love 10 browse among bushes, about rocks and on steep declivities. The Amerioan or improved Merino of to-day is so unlike tho sbeep imported from Spain, or so unlike those ot forty years ago tbat one not acquainted with ihe rapid improvements made within this time, nnd especially in the past twenty yeais, could hardly realize what the Me rinos of the present time are. Nearly forty years ago selections from some of the best flocks in the country oamo into the possession of Hammond nnd a few otiier breeders, nnd by years of olose attention to the true principles of breeding aided by tho natural advantages of leea tion, soil and climate, have, in the Ver mont Merino, accomplished what bus not been accomplished by the breedors of any other stato or conntry. To illustrate the rapid march of im provement, look at tho Increase in tbe proportion of wool to live weight in seventy years: In 1812 the best rams Produced but about 6 per cent of wool; in 844 it had increased to 15 per oent, and in 1865 to 21 per cent. During the past sixteen years it has increased very rapidly to 22, z-l 3U and even 8l percent. There were forwarded from Vermont to the Paris exposition C7 fleeces selected for fine style and quality of wool as well as woigbt of fleece. Ihe per cent or wool to live weight of the whole number was 22; of tbe best 30, 25.2; of tbe best 6 30.1 ; the best one, 36 0 per cent. Twenty one of the 67 were rams; 46 were ewes. At a publio sbeep shearing at Middle bury April 5 and 6, 1882, 11 stock rams averaged 23 per cent ; 11 two years old rams 23.4; 10 one year old rams, 20 3 ; 7 two years old ewes, 25.6; 12 one year old ewes, 20 a. Ihe whole 04 averaged 23.3. the gain is not as good in whole flocks. but the proportion of wool haBbeen nearly or quite trebled. Merino sheep have inoreased in size since their importation from Spain. This increase is Irom 10 to 2a per cent. A great change and improvement has also been made in their build, appearance and beauty, with greater vigor ol constitution. Tbe general impression among breeders not acquainted with the facts has been tbat, with the inoreased size, vigor and wool bearing capacity of the improved Merino, there has been no lmpiovemen in quality of fleece. The actual facts are there, and tbey show s marked improve ment in this direction. In Himmond's day it was thought by observing breeders that the night of itu provemenl in ibis breed had been reached ; hut his ex tmple. teachings and Improve, ment has helped a younger class of breed ers by sound judgment, close observation aand diligent care lo develop greater im provemenis than have ever been made in ll e samo timo in ihe history of this fine breed. Hammond's name goes down In history with lhat of Bates, Collins, Bokewell ano At wood as an Impruvor of a breed Hammond has truly been ca l td tho B ke well of America. I don't know ol a Me rino flock in Vermont that bas not some strata of the Hammond Improvement and was improved by it. The Rich flook, now owned by Virtnlan Rich, Addison County, Vt., is said to be the "oldest flock ef pure bred Merinos now existing in the United States without change of ownership except hy regular descent. It has been kept on tbo same farm and owned in the samo family for three generations, or a period of fifty seven years, no othor ewes having been added to the flock." It is somewhat questionable If this superior flock would now rank with other good flocks in the county if it were not for an infusion of new blood by seleoting a siro from the Hammond improvement. T. Stlckney, nnothcr breeder whose " flock has been kept together and bred by one person for a period of over fortj years, and the agod proprietor (who died the past winter) could point as evidence of the improvement effected by him to his ram Consol, from tbe Jarvis flock breed, in 1835 shearing about 14 pounds at bis boat and to Fremont shearing 34 pounds nnd 14 ounces in 1868, and producing for ttino years fleeces averaging 27 pounds and 1 ounce, a total of 243 pounds." Kwes from this flock wero taken to Hammond's Sweetnko, Silver Mine and Gold Drop. The publishing committee of tho Ver mont Sheep Register say that, " Wo bo lievo that there is scarcoly a stock ram ol any note in Vermont that does not in wholo or In part traeo its pedigree to the Atwood llock," nnd mostly through Ham mond. Let us look more minutely nt what Vermont breeders have accomplished nnd the direction of their pie.ent effort at improvement : The size of tho Vermont Merinos bas been Increased somewhat since they were first brought into tho state, but not nearly m the samo ratio as in tne woigait ot fleece. Hams nt that time weighed from 100 to 110 pounds and owes from 70 to 76 nounds. Those weights h.tve been in creased, probably on an average about 9U percent, lne small sheep, with equal length and thickness of fleece, on aocoum of greater proportionate surface, will pro duce the largest per cent of wool ; and the tendency a low years ago was to sacrifice sire to per cent of fleece. It was found tbat some Btnall sheep were yielding a larger per cent of wool than their sine and constitution wonld warrant their sus tainlog, consequently breeders are now breeding to gradually Increase their sine It is believed tbat this can be accomplish ed without sacrificing any of tbe good qualities already attained. Vermont will never bo able to produce large Merinos. The oonditions are un favorable for this. It is true that when our sheep after reaching mature age are taken to any section of our country outside of New England tbey will increase in size. This i claimed by sheep breeders in all NO. 25. elates foutli anil west, and admitted In Vermont breeders. While V. rmont o produce a stockv. thick. -mr nr-ata. th south and west will produce more lengtl ot ootiy nna leg. a more rangy nrt l.-ii g heep. The same Cunae m iy produce tin bfferenon ilwt pnelures the difference n Duild of men rai.-ed in sei.nniti- si etmi i ourcuntry. The avenge ?-z' ,,i He soldiers thai emist'-d Irom Venn,., 'nring IIih la e civil war was one in rtfrr round the chest -ban tt,e ave-g.- I tne aoldl, r fn.m Keti'ucny, widl, i K ll Ui-kl 8, ,irli. r :nei ,oe,l une Ii l"-r ih .n b. V.riiinut so', her Our bie,dei prefer n medium s z eep with a tfiiuid eei p budy, sh, i tck neok, broad, straight back, q .m utiock, straight from txp to the nmn e -imb from nose to tail three tu three fi e jat inch's. hi.ii tu ti,p t.f shoul ive.rlghibs .if leng li. di p Ii i.f body ft- n ah and one ba,f tr four no,es the lentil t leg Our -oil nnd eliniHte fivor tl. odtiction of tliii build of .Merino. OIL. I'he large percent of wool to live weigh hat Is now produced is a cause of atiin shtuent to some persons, and when the 25 lo 30 fleeces are cleansed and prudun. mly from 7 to 8 percent, thev sav. Win not produce the same amount of woo with less oil? that it mut tako a cert ii , mount of fond to produce this oil. wld I in the end Is ol no oeiieiu .u...,. , is only waste; and some from ignoranc. magine tbat while it is useless it is uls. detrimental. Io answer to tho obinetion to so nmr! oil in the Merino fleece, I will say tha Ihe best breeders do not believe that a profitable a fl.eco cm be raised without i, largo amount of oil, although they do no propose to Increase the amount only it the samo ratio ns the amount of wool i, increased. I think it is true that ih per cent of oil to wool is no greater tb u it was twenty years age. Oil promote? the growth of wool. No breeder has beet able lo produce a heavy cleansed fleec. without oil lireedcrs who have tried t. dispense with oil or breed with less to it the average amount have mut witb m sorious loss of wool nnd a deterioration ol strength, fineness and evenness of fleece Af ter some of the heaviest rams aud ewes' fleeces raised in Vermont (and these madi heavy Irom tbe amount of oil in them) bad been cleansed, it was thought tlia some dry, bulky fleeces could be selecio. tbat would produce more cleansed wool; but in no Instance could a dry fleece b found that would produce the per cent oi wool as the oily ones. The bulky fleec. is bulky because it is dry, and not for thr reason that It contains more pure wool An oily fleece will always tie up tighten tb in a dry one, just as a wet fleece wonle not be half as bulky as when dry. Tu, wet your fur and it will press tocethei and occupy but little space ; but when dr will lay open and light- A deficiency ot oil causes tho staple to be dry, harsb ami weak, and the tendenoy will be to grad unity become thin and coarse. Years ago there was a class of Merino thai had a great excess of oil and wer invariably feeble in constitution, and fo, that reason were discarded from the flocks. Breeders who have attomp'ed to breeu smuoth sbeep with wool free from oil hav, not only failed in heft of fleece, but have also failed in quantity nnd quality o; cleansed wool. Wool owos much of it- softness and brilliancy to the presence oi a sufficiency of oil. WKINKLKM. Breeders oonsider folds or wrinkles in the skin an indication of heavy fleeces and therefore encourage their develop ment over the cireass It is ith wrinkle as with oil some breeders carry thin Ijoin'S to an excess. It is true that th, heavy fleeces are produced on wrink t sheep A tit si thought it may nppe ir t som" persons lhat the Merino h ts an c. cess of oil ami wrinkles for the wauls i. , he pruoiical wool grower. It will In remembered that ihe flocks of sheep it, vool crowing sections no al.i.o-t deslitu of these two qualities of the M rino, ami as we breed lor the improvement of ni dne wooled sheep, for the production o wool and mnitoD it is best that these tw qualities should be furnished in a marked degree. There has been a great change in breed in wrinkles fur he past lew years. Th folds are not quite ns large but thicker with less gure or coarse wool on them ; ii fact, the coarse hair on the wrinkles am thighs on our best bred Merinos have nearly disappeared. Maasurements oi wool from tlitlerent parts of the fl-eco oi i ram showed the wrinkles on the neck as One as the wool on the belly and a lir.il finer than on tbo thigh. The wool on lie wrinkles appears much courser than it it Irom the fact that it is almost entirely des titute ef oil. In this we ofien get verj much deceived as to the quality of wool Randall said in his Practical Shepherd " that he nover yot rad seen a wnnkij sheep which presented the maximum oi both length and den-ity of wool as yieldoe a maximum in weight ot wool. Fo, reasons which I cannot explain the wool, though often very thick between the lolds is never very long, and it is usually com paratively loose, dryish and light, as wi t as coarse on the outer edges of the folds.' What Randall wrote of wrinkly sheep twenty years ago is not true of thorn to- uay. lne oosi iticnuus are wrinaiy They havo good length of staple, a heav fleece of line quality of wool " The average length of staple of the Vermont fleeces at tbo Paris exposition was 3J inohes. Ihere were 9 that measured 4 inches and over, and 2 that wero fully 4J inohes." The fleeces wore selected foi beft of fleece as well as quality aud length of staple, nnd wero taken from some ol the most wrinkled nnd heaviest shearing rams and ewes. The fashion of wrinkles now is to have from three to livo heavy folds on tbe neck, not large on tho upjier side but large ou the under side, two or three short folds on and immediately back of oach olbow oi arm, flue thick wrinkles running down the bides, but not extending over the bock Wrinkles across tho hips, sometimes from the tail in tho direction of tbe stifle, ami sometimes at right angles with tbem ; folu also around tho tail to give it a wide apjioaranoe and also folds aoross the tbigb with a deep flank. Theso folds exoept on tbo neck if not too large do not show when a Tours growth of wool is on tbe sheep These folds are what ploase tho eye of v breeder of taste. I will assert what I believe to bo true-, that any breeder who attempts to breed irotna rain witnout wrinkles and a oertnin amount of oil win fail lo realize any improvement in tht wool producing capacity ol his slock. In 1844 and 1845 Mr. Charles S. Fleisch man visited Germany and made minu e investigation of principles upon which wool raising and sbeep breeding was con dueled in Silesia in their efforts to im prove tbe Ppanish Merino aheep In lie eapaelly aa a producer of fine wool. Tbt result of these observations and investi Kations were given In ihe Patent Offlo Report for 1847, from wbieb 1 take ibis xxtraott "Twenty years ago bucks with a smooth, tight skin, which bad exiremel) one wool, were considered tbe best. Th, German Merino wool growers bad to oouie buck to tbe original form of rams with a i .oote skin, many folds and heavy Stmoes, and since then have sucoeeded in uniting with s great quantity of wool a high de greaof fineness. " A few years later, or about 1835 to ISS8, a few of those smooth, fine, ligbt fleeced Saxon rams wore trougni into Vermont, and if tbe breeders of that time had not foresight nnd wisdom to discard thia class TERM 9 FOB ADVERTISING. For on. uun of II liiu-a or laaa of iarc tip., on uKrtfx SIio: tor aaob aabaequant Uswffluu, 31 na. traru-m,t tt will be is-u qq4 until , rsltrad u(iL -wi no,aiii maor 1-. lailciMOiU aiid yujtre auv ''M bi luaraar. Probata and Com luaalonara ' Hotlce , lltw . Por S.itl. of Liberation, Fjnrafa, tbe rnMn d Oiraolunorj of Oo-pwrturbll4j. ate , !.- eaon l,.r bree luwrtlune. tl aaut by mall tlia niuuar aiual ac- .umaur tbe lettar. fotirea lb newe eolnmna. 10 cents per line eaeb inaer iia. but uo cbara-ee tuaUe uf leas tbau U uenu. . , . """taeano HimirM inaerted a-raue bo -rtebiied Ubltnary STScea of poetry U1 ue Jbivil at tberale of iceota perllo. f rams after two or ihren veirs' ot. nnd '-eed out their increase the Merino fl icks ' 'hat ilm wnnld h iv been mined The pedigree rnmtl. liter. In their reiiort "'n'ed In Ihe firat volume cf Ri tjla'er of Vrnf,ni SheepBreedtr-' A-nrii'jnn. . 'f we n Imil thxi our hes flek-. f M. ri w h- ve nil nnd wrinkle- in . xe. s- of ihe nti.fth pnctloil wool grower, for rd hem ing sheep. a n rlass. we n'enil ihi' wh nre noi hreedirsr alto- 'ni r wnn a view or Wool rrowin? in rmnnt. hat onrm"?t pn-titnhle prniiict V, ""o". 111:11 will proillK-e inip'oreinenis 'he wool Yw iru.g cupm-ities of fl k io e litle where i i. hard r ke, p 'hern np he most proB'ahle standard. Hem e it lor our b. st interest, ns it is for theirs, .t we shU he -.i.le to f0'nt-h lliein w. h eep having these qualities In a verv ked degiee. :,nd uie.tlv in ex.-es uf hti lu-iy. pirhnp.. be their ideal " TlliriiMsg op FI.EICE. Here Is where ihe greaiesi nuprnvpinnt been made and where the great in 'eased weight ol rl -eoe is largely lo be e.-minte i lor. I b ive not been aide to ei lactsot the actual thickness of the verngo Merino fleece of forty tenrs a"n. erefore cannot make anv com put i-"m vitn its pre-ent thickness." The oldest rocders are agreed that the improvement n this direction has been great. Mr niapnim (si c'etiry of too Vermont Mli'eep treeilers' AsKiointion) hid a ntcn fl eoed 101 tbat proved not 10 be a sloes getter. Mot wishing to impose upon or cheat any ne, bo bad this barren rum killed. Una neb of the pelt just as It ws on the sheep vas taken out and sent to Dr. Cni'ipg 1-ecreliiry of the State Board of Aznctil nre) for him to ascertain ihe number of tibres it oont lined. It was found to con i" 230,000 fibres. This pelt was at least ne 'qu irn vard, and if so, wonld o.m'ain 110,000 000 fibres. By counting 8 ti'.r. a 1 second it would take 3 days of 8 ouisoueb toeonnt the 1 inch and nh-.ut 2 years 10 count the fihirs on the whole it If Ibese fibers were 2 Inches Ions; ud plao-d end to end, they would extend "out 12 000 miles. Do vou sav that 130,000 to a square Inch is Impossible? It uay seem so at first thought, but think 11 noment. The wool on this pelt was by ctnal measurement finer than 1000 to the "eh, but If bat 1000 to tho Inch and tbe I'ires were close together, there would be 1 000.000 on the loch. Tbo gbres now oupy butabeut one fifth of Ihe spice. rTou can press the wool as it grows on the nek of the sheep In to one-fifth of 1 he space occupies. The open space to the occu ued on a nelt nf mHt,im ti,i,.i,nAaa t , uu.wu. iivacnB oi vool would be about the same as the open pace in tntcR timbered woodlatid com oirod to that upon which the trees stand. Ve see from this that notwithstanding he Merino fleece is now thick there Is 00m for improvement in this direction, .'lose, thick fleeces are necessary In our 'Id climate to protect the sheep from the ffi-cts of cold and wet. FINENESS OF FLEKCK. Until reoently it was thought that while was an established faot that there b id ieen improvements in the constitution, za, beauty of form and weigh:, of fleece m Merinos, tbe q lality had become j'tarser. Recent measnrement made by Dr. Cut mg, who is acknowledged authority In '"ientiflo investigation, bas proved th tl in im-nrs and evenness of wool ihe Improve-in-nt is nearly equal to tbat made in any her direction In 185G very aceunte measurements of te s ze of fibres of Meiino ami Saxon oois weie made tinder the direc ion of Ir. William Youutt, with these re-ulis: lerinowoo 1-700 of an inch; siipor.eWota s xon wool (hieh is the thtcsr, in tbo fl eoe) was 1 840 of an inch. The result of Dr Cutting's tutta-vfe lenu. nre th-e ten fl ires In eicb fl vere measured : Wettfuteta.-c.-i 1 H.HIC" 1 l'atri. k liuirj , i stun : 4 Hki.-a.Uam ; t"S- 1:, 111 1.9.1 i tu I his 1 us. . ti.v l-WI I-m;-I It;'. Avurtwe ttarua UUUlvt.,ir 'ii;,v: I,.,'.ve-! i i. ..;,:,!,,.... 1-tl.', I-14U 1-ft'l 11! Urcedlwi hv i ' it - : M, II 1-1 iv : r3c .! rino Kirra l-IWs 1-i-a; I t- r I-1 '.Is Sample "t very fliK- Auierol.m wovj.,.. uf v,.ry tine Australian L. wol. " of MHtnmamn M-rltio wooL.... " el Nilfcrlan a-nuiwl wool " nl Sal.m P. lUodle, 3. Uroau'a " of Iluiiwariau Cleansed wnol " of Uuuirartan unwusued wo.,1.. " of Cspe of t.iod Holm wool " ot Cotawotd Kmn'a wool.. ....... " ot CotswolU Kwe'ii wool " of LeioflBter rUm'B wool of Month rn Ilam'a wool of tjoulliaru Kwe'a wool 1-14J1 I- syj MOW I -lis I-nSS I-1S14 I 1761 1-34H 1-451 l-l 1-47 1-714 1-713 :S'S .Pit, I .1,1461 .(Ml! ' .11.9 ' .10 : ,lJ I .IS .US I Lnst year Mr. Chapman requested Mr. Carl lloyne of Red Hook. N. Y , (owner if tho Into William Charubcrlin's celebra ed flock of Silesian Merino sheep) to fur lisb blm with samples of wool taken from .ho tlnest fleeced ram and ewe he had oa rxhibitton at the New York state fair. These samples with those- selected from a VIerino ram and ewe were sent : Wash ington for measurements, wbic- - uked is follows: sittutan Merino ram, SilABian Merino ewe, ,'rmoul .Itertuo ram, Vermont Merino ewe, tver. iro ol Milesian flamplea, IveraKouf Merino aamolea. 1-150 of on IneU I- l.VS 1-1116 l-tfij Mat) 1-kw The want ol crimp in wool when viewed with tho naked eye is not a sat'o gutd to ludge of the Oneness of tbe fibre. W kjI with but ten to fiiteen crimps to the i icb generally will look and appear coarser han wool with twenty lo twenty five trimps t the inch when both are of equal rjuenss. eveknbss or ritma. From the recent investigations into tbe quality of Merino wool as now produced it is ascertained 10 have gieat strength and evenneae of fibre. Ten measurements were made on each fiber, which showed great evenness ol fleece from root to ouMr no. Tears ago from one-fourth to one third of an inob on the outer end of tho wool was very muob coarser than the reBt el' the fleece, in some cases three or four nmes as large. This coarse ended wool has been bred out, and the Merino wool is even, and this evenness extends to the outer end of the fibre. Evenness of fleeoe is one proof of good breeding. The fol lowing will snow too evenness of ateoe from all parts of the pelt inoluding the wool on the wrinkles t (continued o irn iuoe) If