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GREEN MOUNTAIN FIEEMAN.
liOHTPEUIB.VT. lOBra la tha Brick Bloc. nasd of stale street. tiihi: 1.90 If paid lo advanca; otharwlaa.t J.w. Parmant may be mada by mail or otbarvlia to D R.WHKELOCK. Editor and Proprietor. Tha rantfAB, nnder tb want law of Comrr circulate frw In WaahlnMon County. On all paixra aeatontatdaWaahinirtoli Count?, tha poatate la raM b j tba publUhar at tha offloa In Montpeller. TERMS FOR ADVERTISING. ,.?r..ori "I" or Hn or teat of Ajrata trpa mia L.L '" Ilumk" oi loarrtuu are u.rkM oo Uia Probata and oru-niaaloiiara' NuUcaa. j 'SSiSTEBsar -IS - Jlot.w"'? 10 nrwi '"tim. 10 mi jwr Una aadi inw-T-tiou. but uo tlura-aa luJe uf Urn ihii il l""iT5, S!! n,,!S'.'h"S1 H"" InwrMd rratl-.bu' VOL. XXXIX. MONTPELIEIt, VT., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 2S, 1882. NO. 2G. $Iu $tttmm. MONTPELER. VT. WEDNESDAY. JUNE 28. 1882. Sunday School Lesson Notes. I'.Y RKV. .1. O. SHERRCHN. .luno 2d: A Lesson on Home Mark lfl : i-l All the events transpiring at about this time in the ministry of our Lord cannot easily be put in their exact order considerable number of miracles and teachings are usually placed botwecn the events of tho transfiguration nnd those here recorded. He Is now coming toward Judca, from tho eastward, in a land known in Bible history as Perea. Ho soeins to have been in retirement for a season, but, as soon as ho is seen abroad, the multi tudes throng him, and, as was his custom everywhere, he taught them. Here, as almost everywhere else where he taught the Phariseos or their agents were prcsont . to catch him in bi words. It has been gonorally thought that tho incidont of tho woman taken in adultery. whoso nccuscrs evidently of the Phari see's party were so effectually silencod by tha Master, camo in not long before the events of this lesson. The position Christ took upon that matter had doubtless been a subject of debate .among tho enemies of Jesus. Now they como to him with a kindred subject, and seek to draw lilm Into a snaro by socuring an expros sion from him which they can uso ngainst him. They havo this chanoo to ensnaro him; if ho shall say divorce is proper for a variety of causes, they will accuse him of looseness respecting marriags and the relations of the sexes, as thoy doubtless had an account of bis position concerning tho adulterous woman. If, on tho other hand, ho shall declare against divorco, tiien they will accuse him of speaking against Moses. Jesus saw their craftiness, nnd at once puts to thorn the question, "What did Moses command you" nc evidently took this courso that ho might begin on some basis of agreement with the Pharisees. Whon thoy answer that Moses allowed divorco, Christ readily agrees with them. He says, in substance, (hero can be no disputo about this matter, Moses did make provision for tho putting away of ono s wife, liut Jesus goes further and shows thorn why such a pro vision was entered In thoir law. It was simply us a yielding to the oxogenoies of the times on the part of their law giver, a caso where tho law is adapted to the morals of tho people rather than have the law what it should be, and havo it utterly disregarded on tho part of tho people ' Beware of the hardness of your hearts," Josus says. The stubborn adherence of the Jews to old prr.0tic.e3, both in their early history, whon tho law was given, and on lo the limo of Christ, rendorod it necessary to legislate concerning many matters which woro wholly wrong and which were ex pected to lie done away as tho peoplo im proved. Hence tho Mosaic law had reg ulations concerning slavery and concern ing various social crimes, which were by no moans sanctioned because thoy were not at once and utterly prohibited. Thoy were trentod as great wrongs, but be wrongs which could hardly bo reached and rectifiod by legislation, at least in the time when the law was given. So of the provisions for divorce. From tho begin ning, Christ says, It was not so; the primal design was that tho union Bhotild bo perpetual. Tha divine plan was that at propor nge the son should leavo his childhood's home, the daughter hers, and tho two joined in matrimony set up another homo of which they are the joint head, and henceforth thoy are no more twain, or two, but one perpotually by virlno of this new rolatiou which they have entered into. Then the Master pro eeeds to give, in the most positive and solemn manner, the sanction which God puts upon this very important relation o man and wifo. There is no provision for polygamy; only two, twain, are spoken oi in iho statement. Those two ontcring matrimony aro joined together by God, the Maker of all, and Jesus says, let not man put asunder those who are thus united. In this statoment of tho matter we got at the true answer concerning legal divorce. Man cannot make void tvhat God has sanctioned. Matrimony, being a stato ontcrcd according to a divine plan and with a divine sanction, cannot be nullified by man, cither tho individual man or men collectod as law makers or as rulers in tho churohos. So far as civil law is concernod, at least English law, it is only a fow years since any pro vision was mado for granting divorces through the courts. A blight rest upon the day whon such a thing was first astimed! Tho practico of things in this matter is all wrong, and contrary to tho S.ivior's law as given horo. No court on earth, no council or consistory, not oven tho pope has, or ever had, any powor to dissolve the marriage state when once en tered. Tho sooner wo got back to tho divine plan in these things tho hotter for church and stato, (or society and for every individual. The disciples were hardly made sure by the answer Jesns gave, so in tho house they ask him again of tho matter. Now if o arc to ground an argument against divorco on tho Scripture we do well to notice that the nnswer Jesus gavo to his disciples is, in cvory sense, of the highest importance. Thoy desired tha truth; thoy asked nftor it. Ho was most solemnly bound to put tho mattor in the clearest light before them j to say just what he meant and no nioro. His answor is un mistakable; the union is perpetual, and any breaking from it on the side of either contracting party for tho purpose of bo c miing freo to marry again is of tho same nature as adultery. Tho best and only ruliuf fur unhappy marriages is in the pirlie3 remaining asundor, but unmarried. The bringiug in of the children is very Ntting in this losson on the homo. They me bound up in their intorests with this law of a stable home. They lso sustain a very intimate rolation to Christ and his church. It seems almost unaccountable that the disciples should have been troubled or displeased that they were brought to Jesus. But their displeasure has incidentally served an excellent purpose, just as did the effort of the Pharisees to catch Jesus in tho matter of divorce. Had the Phari sees shown no disposition to ensnaro him, wo might havo been without his clear and positivo statements in the mattor, and had his disciples been able to look upon the children as he did we might have been left without his tender words concerning them and his expressions of infinite lolicitudo for them as be took them op in his arms and laid his hands upon them. Concerning the reoent celebration of Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe's seventieth birth day, at which notables from all ovor the land vied with each other in giving praise to the heroine of the age, the Rutland Herald says : "In 1S50 there were no more abolition ists, scarcely any more anti-slavery men than thero were when Phillips in 1837 spoke over Lovejoy's corpse more inspir ingly than Antony OTer Crcsar. In 1851 tha hunt far fugitive" slaves at the north began. Twenty-six were draggod bauk from Pennsylvania, twelve from New York, and on the 12th of April, 1851, Sims was surrendered in Boston; the people submitted, save the handful of abolition ists, whose pathetic and indignant elo quence was no more consequence to a liosten merchant than the aurora in a winter's night; it was brilliant, erratic and beautiful, but it did not represent fuel nor stand for flame. Just then when all brave hearts were breaking fast at the shameful sight a plain, delicate, but broad-browed little woman, whose lips were touched bv the finger of God, stood np and flung her whole passionate, symoatholic soul into the fight, and woman-iiko she cast her soul on the weaker side ; she warmed the lacts of bar experience to a white heat of wrath; wolded them togother with fine dramatic instinct; she fused her deep heart anu icuming urain into a glowing mass. stamped it "Uncle Tom's Cabin" and flung it nt the head of the Moloch of slavery in his most insolent hour of vie tory. From the day that this little worn an'a soul was flung into this fight it was a steady march to victory without n halt. Luther and bis Bible was no moro to the reformation than this woman and her book was to the cnuse of the slave. Elo quenco, constitutional arguments, logio, invective, all tha ordinary maseuline weapons of agitation bad been discharged at the citadel of slavery, and not a stone had been displacod upon its battlements, but here was something more than eloquence, or argument, or law ; it was the ringing cry and pealing protest of a woman's heart, beating through all the pagos ot tier noon against wrongs upon the primitive rights of human nature, wrongs that kill the soul before the body, wrongs whoso wide appeal whenever sounded by a master hand echo round tbe earth, following as far as the roligien of unmanity reaoues inrougn (jurist to tho Koran. Mothers at the north cried over it; mothers at the south began it with angry contempt and yet finished it in toars The wonderful dramatio genius of tho woman swept all hearts bv storm. The springs of human nature were smitten so strongly that the angry politicians of both pnrnea Tnunrt rnpmanlvao lik tbi. infiriAl who went to chnrch to scoff and remained to pray. Tho heart of Europe was touch ed as strongly ns that of America." Personal. Miss Ella J. Wheeler of Boston has cn- lowed Jhc Friends' school at Providence with tho sum of $30,000. Rov. S. M. Crothers has definitely ac cepted a call to the Unitarian chorch of Brattleboro, nnd will preach his first ser mon July 2d. Rev. G. XV. II. Clark, an esteemed mem ber of tho New England conference and a preacher of large experience, has been ap pointed to the pastorato of tho M. E. church at Enosburgh Falls, Vt. Rov. 11. Morgan, the popular presiding eldor of St. Albans district, was in attend ance for two days at tho recent seminary conference, and reports a good opening of tho work on his district. Rov. A. C. Stevens, 1). D of Brooklyu. formerly of tho Vermont conference, has been dangerously ill for sovornl weeks. Some hopes are entertained of his recov ery. Rev. A. B. Truax of the M. L church, Brattleboro, rejoioos in tho fact that the parsonage is undergoing a complete reno vation. Brattleboro peoplo think Bro. Truax the right man in the right place. The commencement exercises of Barro academy occurred last week and a class of three gentlemen and eleven ladies were graduated from tho institution. Enough money has been subscribed to secure the existence of tho school another year. Rev. Dr. Burns of Hamilton, Ontario, presiJent of a Methodist fomale colloge, who camo into prominent public notice by hi3 letter of sympathy during tho Thomas heresy trial, has just been acquitted by the proper ecclesiastical authorities. Rev. II. F. Austin, of tho Bellows Falls M. E. church, has commonead giving the five minute sermonetto to the children be fore the regular sermon. Bro. Austin followed up Children's day, which was a grand success, with a sermon to tho young men on tho following Sabbath. Rev. A. B. Dascomb, the pastor of tho Bellows Falls Congregational church is very popular, being ono of the most talent ed and bost educated clcrgyraon In the state. Ho is making arrangements for exlonsivo repairs on his rcsidenco at Wostminster. iho London Methodist conference of over 200 ministers has just been holding a session at Woodstock, Canada. Among other things it disousscd the subjoot of tho Bible in the public schools, and adopted a resolution promising to uso all legitimate effort to secure the introduction of the Biblo into the public schools of Ontario. Rev. J. W. Hamilton will cro long have tho largest nudionco room of any Protest ant pastor in New England, tho Peoples' church when complotod being expected to hold 1,000. Bro. Hamilton will fill it, too, if any ono in Boston can do it. Even In tho hottest Sabbaths in summer the chapel, which holds 700 has been crowded, and the best of attention is paid. Revs. XV. N. Barber of Wilmington, E. Smiley of Putney, G. W. Jenkins, state missionary ; J. Giflbrd of Jacksonville. E VV Whitney of Rrattloboro, S. H. MeCol lister, D. D., of Bellows Falls; A. A. Rice of Hinsdalo, N. II. ; J. B. Fabor, S. Barber and S. B. Flngg wore present at the Wind ham and Bennington Universalist associa tion held at Vernon, Juno 13th and 14th. An interesting meeting was reported. MlCS. LfVERMORK AND Tilt SOLDIER'S Wiiiow'S Rixo. When Mrs. Mary A. I.iveriuore lectured in Albion, Michigan, recently, at the close of tho lecture an elderly white-haired woman approached her with the following inqairy: "Do yon rememoer writing a inner lor John of the 12th Michigan Volunteers, when he lay dying in the Overton hospital nt Mem phis, during the spring of 1863, and of completing tho loiter to his wifo and mother after ho had diod ? Mrs. Liver- more repliod that she wrote go many let- tors uuring uiw war, unuer similar oireum stances, that she could not recall any par ticular caso. The woman drew a long letter from hor pocket that had been torn into pieces in the folds of the note' and was then stitched together with fine sewing cotton. "Do you remember this letter?" she asked. Mrs. Llvermore recognized her penmanship and admitted her authorship of the letter. The first fonr pages were written to his wife and mother, at the diotation of a young soldier who bad been shot through the lungs, and was dying of the wound. Then she had completed tho letter by the addition of three pages written by herself, beside the dead husband and son, in whiob she sought to oomfort the lonely and be reavod relatives. "I think my daughter-in-law and I would have died when we heard that John was dead but for this letter," said the worn and weary lookirg woman. "It comforted ns both, and by and-bye, when we heard of other women similarly alllict ed, we sent them the letter to read, till it was worn in pieces. Then we sewed the pieces togcthor and made copies of the letter, which we sent to those of our ac quaintance whom tho war bereft. But Annto, my son s wile, never got over John's death. She kept about, and worked I and went to church, bnt tho life bad gone out of her. Eight years ago she diod of gastric fever. Ono day, a little before her death, she said : 'Mother, if you ever find Mrs. I.iveriuore, or bear of her, I wish you would give her my wedding ring, which has never beer, oil' my finger since John put it there, and which will not be taken off till I am dead. Ask her to wear it for John's sake and mine, and toll her that this was my dving request.' " "I live eight miles from here," contin ued the woman, "and when I read in the papers that you were to lecture here to night 1 decided to drive over and give you the ring, if you will accept It." Deeply affected by this touching narrative, not a S articular of which she is able to recall, Irs. Livermore extended her hand, and the widowed and childless woman put the ring on hor finger with a fervently uttered benodiction. touch's Companion. The Heaviest Locomotive in the Would. -The Pennsylvania railroad has rccontly built tho heaviest engine in the world. "Jumbo," as the novel steam monster is called by the habitues of the round house, is ungainly in appearance, weighs 120,400 pounds, or a little over sixty tons, and is fitted with a five-feet driving wheel. Tho cylinder is a 17x21, and tho water tank which has a capacity of 2,000 gallons surrounds the entire fire box which is eight feet deep. The engine is so constructed as to run in either direc tion and has a pilot at each end. The locomotive is ono solid frame, there being no break botwoen the tondor and the en gine proper. Iho oab, which is entirely closed, is about threo times the size of that of other engines. Either hard or soft coal may uu uaeu. "Juuibii Una u jaluuI Uul water reversing gear, whioh has ncvor been put into practical use on any engine in this country. As is generally known, enginos aro reversed by tho power of steam. "Jumbo" is so constructed as to be reversed with tho hot water from the boiler, and virtually reversos itself, Baving tho engineer physical work, ns all he has to do is to touch a spring and the engine will instantly change its course. "Jumbo" is probably the hoaviost locomotive in tho world. Beautiful Hands. There was a dis puto among three maidens ns to which had tho most beautiful hand. Ono sat by tho stream and dipped her hand in the stream and held it up. Another plucked strawberries until the ends of her lingers were pink nnd another gathered violets until her hands wore fragrant. An old, haggard woman, passing by asked: "Who will give me a gift, for I am poor? All threo donied ber.but another who sat near, unwashed in tho stream, unstained with fruit, unadorned with flowers, gave hor a little gift and satisfied the poor woman. And then she asked what was the dispute, nnd they told her nnd lifted up before ber their beautiful hands. "Beautiful indeed!" she said when she saw them. But whon they asked her which was tbe most beau tiful she said: "It is not the hand that is washed clean in the brook; it is not the hand that is tipped with red; it is not the hand that is garlanded with fragrant flowers, but it is tho hand that givos to the poor which is tho most beautiful." A Very Curious Riddle. Here is a curious old story that is something like a puzzle: A crocodile stolo a babv. "in the days when animals could talk," and wos about to make a dinner of it. The poor mother bogged pltootisly for her child. "Tell me one truth," said the crocodile, "and you shall havo your babv a"ain.". The mother thought it over, and nt last said: "You will not givo him back." "Is that tho truth you mean lo tell ?" asked the crocodile. "Yes," replied the mother. Then by our agreement I keen him." added tho crocodile; "for if you told me tho truth I am not going to give him back. and if it is a falsehood, then I havo also won. Said she: "No, yon aro wrong. If I told the truth you aro bound by your promiso; and, if a falsehood, it Is not a falsehood until you havo given me mv child." Now tho quostion is, who won? England has just had a lightning-rod convention, which formulated the qualifi cations of a first-class protector thus : Tbe rod shonld not be sharply pointed but presorvo its size very near lo the end, which may bo beveled off. About a foot bolow tbe top, however, there should be attached a coppor ring with threo or four copper needles to draw off silent discharges of electricity. All vanes or other iron work upon a building should bo connect ed with the conductor. The rod should be of copper, and perfectly insulated with an earth connection. Sleup may "knit up tho raveled sleeve of care," but it won't darn the torn stock- ings of povorty worth a oont. An oditor has offered threo dollars for the best written lovo-lottor. Thoro nrc some people who would givo more than that to get back somo that they havo written. Rev. J. II. Gaylord of Bornardston. Mass., a moruber of the Vermont confer ence, has been supplying tho pulpit at Halifax Contrc. Rev. Messrs. Curtis and Snoalh. theolog ical students from Yale, who aro supplying the Congregational churches at Williams town and Weston with great acceptability contemplate finishing their theological course at Boston university anil school of theology. Two students from the Mont peller seminary JNewcomb of '81 and Poland of '82, enter the same department the coming Sontember. So also do Messrs. Knight and Tirroll of '82, Dartmouth. The solid work which Boston university has done Is bringing it into incrensed favor with tho public. According to the census the people of .i . i .-. -. . . . - ' r . una country nave sa.uuu.uuo invested in uuuikifcg nuu auiuBiuing over aa,uuu,uuu, 000 in mines and agriculture. New En. gland, with 4.010.529 inhabitants, holds $2,002,076,680 or 661.27 per capita. Next come the Middle States, with 11,700,- Uoj inhabitants, with $5,567,073,848, or lli J.55 per capita. Tbe west has 18.621. or $333.63 per capita: and the sooth 981 inhabitants, with $6,180 521,614, brings up the rear with 15.257,393 inhab- minis nun J,OOU.Xin,B'.IU or qzul,ku, 296 less than New England. Not long since a smart seven-yoari-old son of one of our preaobors, after sarvioe was over nnd tbe family ha I returned home from obnrch, said. "Papa, do von ever look at me while you aro preaching?" ine miner, inmKing mat lie was a little hurt by supposed neglect, said. "Certainly my son, I olten look at yon and think of you wnen I am preaching.' But to-day did you notice me at all?" "Yes, 1 did. my son, several times," said the father. "Well, papa, did you see me wink at you two or mree limes "Xo. mv ion: what did you wink at me for when I w.as preaching?" "I winked at you, apa, to stop; you were spinning it too long.' In excavating tho clay on Lord Noi manton's English estate near Crowland, tho workmen have exposed about three acres of a subterranean forest, ten fuel below the surface. Some of the trees are in an admirable state of preservation, one gigantic oak measuring 18 yards in length. The trees are in such a condition that the oak can bo distinguished from the elm, while a kind of fir tree seems to be the most abundant, tho wood of which is so hard that tho tree can bo drawn out of theclayin their entirety of rootand branch ino surrounding clay contains quan tities oi ine remnants oi nags, grasssos and typos of lower vegetable lite. The spot has been visited by crowds of people, including ine local soientiuc societies. Georgia has not been regarded as particularly progressive stale, and yet it uas ocen me urst to enact a no-fence law. One of its features was a county option and Coweta county was tho first ono to put it in operation. After a year's exper ience the now law Is reported to be porioctiy satisiactory in its working, and the system of fencing cattle in as against fencing cattle out is declared to bo worth thousands of dollars to the people of the county. To fence the cultivated lands of Coweta under the old system cost $391, 094, and it required $90,000 a year to keep the fences In repair. The law gets rid of three-fourths of the fences, reducing the cost to S223.700. and bringing the annual expense for repairs aown to .'--',)Uu. ine total value oi all the cattle, in the county is $394,485, or less than half what tho fences cost under the old plan. The result of the no-fence law there, has beon to incroaso the acreage of tho crops by 2t per cent, and to ndd sen sibly to tho wealth and prosperity of the farmers. "De Best Way." "Well, Sam," said his honor, "I'm afraid I'll have to send you up again ; the evidence is pretty strong against you. To be sure, as you remarked, the chicken that you had under your coat might have got thero without your knowl edge, by climbing np the leg of your pant aloons; but the evidence shows that it was a, protty ifiirt night, anrl t.hophifUen would hardly havo groped its way to its comfort ablo roost without creating some little commotion. Besides, that fails to account for tho presence of the one you had In your hat, the two in your coat tails, nnd tho trunk you had slung over your back. But I must confess that the evidence does not set forth how it was possible for you to steal those chickens when they are roosting right under the owner's window and there were two savage dogs in the yard. How did you manage it?" "Bless do Lord, Massa Jedge, it won't do no good fcr dis child to splain how I kotched dom chickens, for you couldn't do it in forty times yerself, and yer mout get yerself kotched by dor dog, nn' yer hide full o' buckshot de I erry fust tlmo yer put yer log ober do fence. Do best way for yer to do, Massa Jedge, am for yer to buy yer chickens in do market." "Sixty days," said his honor Chicago Tribune. Grange Discussions. For the last four years I havo been rauchnniong the grang es both in public and private meetings, and no subject oi practical importance h is been so fully and so often discussed ns the subject of butter making, and it his been clearly seen that a fooling of emulation was being developed, which ouhi but pro duce good results. No woman likes to be outdone by her neighbor, and when one sister tells of getting thirty-live or forty conts for butter, the other sister who is selling for twenty gels a bee in her bonnet at once. When one farmer tells of getting four hundred pounds from his cow, his neighbor, who is getting but one hundred and fifty, sees a big holo in the skimnior that lie never knew of before, and forth with he begins to investigate tbe cotton seed and Indian meal question, and prob ably he will batten up tho cracks in the tie-up and get a load of saw dust for bed ding. I know of nothing that will more strongly influence ambitions men or worn en than this feeling of emulation, and nowhere can practical questions be so Intelligently and unreservedlydiscussed as in the grange. Cor. of Maine Farmer. A Ciieai' Plant Stand. We made a very effective plant stand for our front yard last summer in tho following man ner: A cedar stake, two or threo inches in diameter, was driven into tho ground so as to stand firmly and of the required height, a small piece of board nailed across the top, and another piece, a little larger, nailed over this, so as to make a substantial base, and a cheoscbox nailed lo this. Then we filled the box half full by putting in a couple of Inches of sand, and sphagnum ovor it. The wliolo was than covored with tho pendent lichen which grows on our swamp cedars, so as effectually (o conceal tho materials nsod in its construction, and the box filled with plants in pots, tall ones in tho centre and smaller ones aronnd them, with trail ing plants to hang over the sidos. It was shaded by trees during the hotter portions of the day, and such plants as glcechoma, alyssum, ivy, othonna crassifolia, otc, succeeded finely by morely pressing a handful of sphagnum around the base of cnttinrs anil nrnRqinir ilmm inin 1,a a..anA belweon the pots. Gardener's Monthly. How to Cook Rice. Rice is becoming a much moro popular article of food than heretofore. It is frequently substituted for potatoes at tbe chief moal of the day, being more nutritious and much more readily digested. At its present cost, It is relatively cheaper than potatoes, oatmeal, or grain grits of any kind. In preparing it only just enough cold water should be poured on to prevent the rice from burn ing nt the bottom of tho pot, which shonld have a close-fitting cover.and with a mod erate fire the rice is steamed rather than boiled until it is done; then the cover i taken off, the surplus steam and moisture allowed to eseape, and the rice turnos out a mass of snow white kernols, each sepa rate from the other, and as much superior to tho usual soggy mass as a fino moaly potato is superior to tho water soaked article. Tub Music or the Mosqu ito. Mr Beeoher, in his quaint work. "Eves and Ers," has tho following whimsical re marks upon the music! gift of iUUf). quilo: "A, mosquito his nn intuits individuality. Other insects there are that love plunder, that will shed bloods secure their ends, they are powerless lo d. so at night. But this only of these adventurers commits depredation under thn color of Gna arts. Other insects, that shall be nameless, make business of supplying their hunger without refinement, without the accomplishments of conversation or any refinement whatever, it Is mere ap petite. Bnt a mosquito will not gorge uiiaaoii ior too sane ul eating; lie will Urst offr you n song, be will exhibit you many feats of dexterity; he is a good gymnast and nimble enough. Your first intimation of his presence is the finest andible sounds, as if be bad strung a gossamer tinon his violin and was sounding the scale far up in those tones whioh end the earthly scale and join on the othcreal sounds loo tine for gross mortal oars. It is not a dull mono. lone. His swift flight and a habit of ex cursion give lo his musio the variable and intermitting eUeuts no'.ioed in nn it; jlian harp now loud, now soft, now noar. and now fir distant. It is this variety, among other things, that gives such effect to his music. Many persons who do not listen to common music listen instantly when ever they hear his. Persons without nny natural musical ear can detect to a nicety evory note of this niry muician, and often he sets tbem to beating time for him. Some havo supposod the moinuito was of a devout turn, nnd never would partake of a meni witnout saying grace; but tint can hardly be so long is tho ceromony uuj loss tie be imagined a Puritan, addiote-t to excessive length of service. Others sap posed him a gallant out on a serenade. singing gaily to some fair one; or some roysterer returning home from too convival a meeting, and singing duties una snatch cs as he goes along. But no one who ex amines this gentle creature can hold these theories. Ho is spare, which indicates temperate habits; ho Is slight andsiondor, and may be a little vain of his iiguro, but the sober gray of his dress shows that he is not a conceited top. 1 am, upon pro found meditation, satisfied that the mos quito has a natural voice; that, like the nightingale, he sings el preference at nignt, and llmt bloodsucking Is but an incident, wlulo the line arts are the true aim of bis being. Trusted Him. A noted horso thief, named Muthart, while in gaol, in Phila delphia, lately, related a singular incident in his career, which on inquiry proved lo be true. One evening hn entered a stable on a farm in Pennsylvania, saddlod and bridled a fine horse, and was about to load him out when a voice said calmly, "1 hoe had better put tnat Dorse back In the stall." Turning, he confronted a middle agod Qnakor, quietly watching him with a club in bis band. "1 saw" said Muthart, "that he was no more afraid of mo than a lion would bo of a cat, and that ho was as brave ns ho was honest." 11 o quietly marched tho thief into the bouse and invited him to give an account ot Himself. Muthart asserted that he was on his way to the next city in search of wort, and only meant to ride tho horse to town, and then turn him looso to find his way homo. The Ouaker kent him over night, and then gave him two dollars at parting. Muthart went to tho city, and returned the money with a lener ol thanks. 1 could not," he said "cheat tho man who had trusted mo." Sir Walter Crofton, whose reformatorv prisons at Luck, in Ireland, are models all over tho world.al ways addressed a prisoner as a man who had wandered into the wrong road, and anxiously dosired to beset right. it mere was any seed of good in the man, this confidence warmed it into life. rhe whole Luok system is designed to fit the prisoner to return to the world nnd boar the part of Bn honest man in it When Mr. Mooiv, tho famous preacher. first came to one of our largo cities a fow years since, ho choose to preach in a dis used depot, rathor than in n church, and so atlractod crowds of dijsolute women who lived in the neighborhood to hear him. They listened with streaming tears. joining witli fervor in many of the hymns, which thoy had learnod probably on their mother's knee. Ono of them on coming out said, "He lorsn't stand up like a judge and toll mo 'you shall bo damned;' but lie says, We havo both fallen. Coma, let us try nnd climb up again.' " Ihat teacher, preacher or parent will bo most successful, who recognizes most clearly tho capacity for good in others. Doo Teams in Germany. A Berlin letter says: One sees various combina tions and stylos of dog teams, varying, of course, with the wealth and station of life of the ownors. For ordinary pur posos nnd light work a singlo dog is sufficient, hut when tho load to bo drawn is a little heavier, and tho owner's purse will not admit of the extra expense of another dog to feed, a boy is put on the other side of the tongue, and dog and bsy go contentedly along togother, the dog, of courso doing most of the work, and tbe boy, us all boys will, amusing himself by whistling, racing with other teams, and slopping now nnd then to discuss matters witli other buys. When there isn t a boy handy, which is tolorably frequent, an old woman or girl hitches herself in alongside the dog and tugs alongsido stolidly, feel ing, no doubt, happy and contontcd in her possession of ono of woman's lights. ltioso who are a little wealthier or a little moro aristocratic employ a double team of dogs, and the crciue do la crome, so lo speak, of the peasantry go to the extrava gance of hitching in threo dogs. But this Utter is rather rare, bocause the old wom en aro sufficiently numerous to enable one to avoid suoh un extravagant outlay. Tbe old women must be fed and why shonld they remain idle? Not only are these dog teams employed by tho poaBants to draw their loads of vegetables, milk and tho liko, but some of tho stores havo tbem attached to delivery wagons. Fivo children, all of one family, woro instantly killed on the Harlem railroad, noar Cos Cob, N. Y., Wednesday, at 5 i m. They woro children of John Lock wood of that villago, three girls and two boys, tho eldest 14 and the youngest 4. They were walking on tho track, when suddenly they heard a train behind thorn. Thoy crossed ovor lo the ad joining track,' but hardly had they put a foot on it whon the Now Haven oxpress dashod up. Ut torly bewildered and unnblo to get out either way, the children Blood still for a moment. Tho engineer saw tbem nnd endeavored to stop tbe train. It was too late, however, and the train dashed ovor them, killing them Instantly. Two were litorally ground up. What mal e j the case a particularly distressing ono is that the undo of the children, Frederick Lock wood, was tho cngineor of the train. The Into Dr. John F. Gray, America's pioneer homieopatbist, once gave to a poor sewing girl who came to him for advice a vial of medicine, and told her to go home, tnko the dose and go to bad. She replied that she could not do so, as she was depend ent on her daily earnings for n living. "Then," said hei "I'll have to change the medioine a little." Taking hack tho vial, he wrapped it in a ten-dollar bill, and returning it he repeated tbe order: "Go home and go to bed, and take tho medicine, wrapper and all." ' The Boys wno Never got Home." Tin following tender and touching trib ute to the soldiers who never returned from tiie war was written by George XT. IV n of the Salvonal Tribune, in tbe form H a letter of regret at being unable to tlnil a "camp fire" of a Grand Army post at Janesville, Wis. : " It is pleasant now to chase the festive be in around the camp fire and talk of the uighu whon you slept on the ground in a pup tent,' or on somo battle field, with your wot and muddy pantaloons' legs froz en as stiff as a dried codfish, while yon dreamed that every star that was looking tiown from above was the eye of a dear one at home, beckoning you to ' Hold the Fort,' and hurry up and get through with theconfounded foolishness and come home Yon can laugh now as you think bow you got up in the morning after such a night's rest looking as though you had been drawn through a brush fence. You who are left have a right to bo happy, but in the midst of your bean banquet let me ask you to stand up with your tin eup of black coffoo and drink to ' Tho boys who never got homo,' tho brave fellows who returned not to meet the lovod ones they parted with twenty years ago. Lst us hope that tho great Congress above ' removed the disabilities ' of the boys who left the va cancies in thoir regiments, and that the fow chickens they took in the way of busi ness from the enemy will not be entered up against them on the Big Book, but that tho provost guard on duty nt the gates of the New Jerusalem will present arms to them nnd tell the boys that they are welcome to the best there is.and that when we all get in our work here, and aro ready to join our regiment in Heaven, that the fellows that wo buried years ago, may stand on the parapet as 'a e como strag gling in, givo us thesoldiers' welcome with three times three and a tiger. And we shall sny to them, ' All right, comrades we should havo been here befjro, only we were detained oy business.' ' Cruelty to Immigrants. The Senate has a plain duty to perform in passing at once the bill to regulate the carriage of passengers by sea, which the House has already indorsed. This bill would bring witnin reaen ot punishment mo Koyal Netherlands steamship company, whiob has mado a record of nl most unparalleled cruelty in its treatment of immigrant passengers, ino steamer nemesis or this lino, plying between Amsterdam and New York, latelv landed a nartv of immigrants. at the latter port, who disclose the fsot that the steamor was little better than a floating coffin. They left Amsterdam in vigorous health, understanding that they were to have wholesome food for them selves and their children, but the smallest of the latter, stowed away in the steerage, were allowed notning out a rancid drink of condensed milk and salt water. As a result they soon sickened, ten died on tbe voyage.tbree after the steamer reached the harbor of New York, and live soon after they were landed and taken to the hospital on Ward's Island. Others will probably dio from tho effects of neglect and mal treatment. The steamer bad left Amster dam May 10, and for a few days tbe food and drink was such as could be swallowed ; but then the fare was suddenly changed. Petty officers compelled the immigrants to pay extra for oatable food, the surgeon, a drunken fellow, refused medicine to sick ones, tbe captain laughed brutally when complaints were made, and is the voyage drew noar its end the officers had the au dacity tu send through the filthy steerage a paper wmcn tncy commanded trio pas sengers to sign. It was a statement that they had been handsomely treated by kind nnd courteous officials throughout the passage. Dr. Tuttlo, who has many of the suffering immigrants in tbe state hospital at Ward's Island, says that he never before received a ship load in such a wretched condition, and the commissioners of emi gration consider the officers of the Nemesis "highly censurable." However, the steamer was well off again botore the do tails of the cruelty had been given. Stand up Straicht. Dear children, now listen to this from Dr. Dio Lewis, who wants to say a word to you about a very important subject which deeply con corns your welfare. The subject is the shape of your bodies. God knows the best shape. He created us upright in his own image. None of the inferior animals walk upright. God fitted the great vital organs in your bodies to an erect spine. Do your shoulders ever stoop forward ? If they do, so do the lungs, heart, liver nnd stomach fall down out of their natural places. Of courso they can't do thoir work woll. To show you how this is I will tell you that when you bend forward you can only take about half asjmuch air into the lungs as you can when you stand up straight. As I have said, God has so arranged the great organs of the body that they can't do their duty well except when the body is straight. Oh, how it distresses mo to see the dear children, whom I lave so much, bonding over their school desks, nnd walking with their head nnd shoulders drooping! My dear children, if you would have a strong spino and vigorous lungs, heart, liver and stomach, you must, now while you are young, learn to walu erect, it one of my children were nbout to leave this country for Japan never to return, and wero to come tc me and ask for rules to preserve bis health, I should sny : "I am glad to see you, and will give you four rnles, which, carefully observed, will be pretty sure to preserve your hoalth." He might say lo me : "Four are a good many ; give mo ono, but the most important one, nnd I promise not to forget it." I should reply: "Well, my dear child, if I give you but one, it is tills : Keep yourself straight, that is, sit upstraight; walk up straight, and whon in bed at night, don't put two or threo pillows under your head as though intont on watching your toes all night; and I be lieve that in this I should give the most important rule which can be given for the preservation of health Hnd long life." UUVKlt ENDIXI. HOLMES STolil OK His First Poem. The first article of mino that ovor saw tho light was a little poem of four stanzas, entitled "damos' Tree." A little lad, son of the laic .1 udgo Dewey ot Massachusetts, stuck a willow twig into tho ground of his father's gar den, which took root after the manner of such twigs, and grew into a tree. The boy livctl long enough lo call this tree his own, nnd lo secure its protection as such, and then he died. After his death I wrote the poem, and it was published in tbe Youth's Companion, a publication still prosperous. I was then seventcsn years old, and that was forty-four years ago. I look tho printed copy containing it from tho post ollico, peeped within, and then walked homo on air. I shall probably never bo so absorbingly happy as 1 was then. I '.trlh has nothing like it earth nover had anything liko it for mo. I havo seon my work in type since then until 1 bavo been tired of the sight of it, but I can never forgot tho groat joy of that occasion. Smith Collego at 'North ampton now stands on tho site of tho old Dewey Place.snd when t hey cleared things away for the new buildings they found an old, gnarled willow tree. On learning the history of the tree and tho nature of my own association with It, President Seol.y had a book rack, olegantly mounted, made of it, nnd sent it to me. Of course It was installed among my household gods. The bost way far a man to chew tobacco is to es-chow it, and the best way for him to use liquors Is to ref-uso them. The Central Vermont Pomona Krang Held its quarterly meeting at Roxbury the 7th inst. Being a member of the order I thought I would take a trip to Roxbury. distance of nearly luirt v miles, and en joy the pleasure of meeting the farmers of toe surrounding towns. So in order to be there at appointed time it was necessary to start at an early hour. Before the clock told the hour of 1 found me out among the chores, which must be attended tdbefore pleasure. At 6 we had accomplished our task and was ready to start, i. e., my better half and myself, for the ladies are cordially welcomed at these meetings. We had a pleasant morning ride of 12 miles, bnt we were glad to don our overcoat and gloves to bo comfortable. We arrived at Mont polier in good timo to take the cars for Roxbury, noticing on tbo way quito a large area ofaground not yet planted. We ar rived at Roxbury a little past 10 o'clock where were several already there. Not withstanding the pressure of spring work, which has been so materially delayed on account of wet weather, thero was quite a goodly number present though a little be hind time, which seems the result of all such gatherings. Promptness on time is .1 I . r i. . At 11 o'clock the meeting was called to order and cenducted nnder tbo following ollicers: Mastor, William Brown; over seer P. T., G. S. Carlton; steward P. T., A. L. Frost; assistant steward P. T., 1). A. Cook; lecturer, L. A. Flint; chaplain, Joseph Geld; treasurer, II. 1). Abbott; Seo., N. A. Kellev: irate keerjer. H. B. Howard ; Cores.Mrs. Geo. Crane; Pomona, Mrs. V. W. Currier ; Flora, Mrs. A. I, Frost; stewardess, Mrs. N. A. Kellev. The urual business connected with these meetings was considered and transacted The 6th degreo conferred on seven mem bers. An amendment to tho by-laws adopted. Tho sub. granges respondod as culled, and wero in number in about the usual manner; whilo somo arc materially advancing others aro taking a retrograde movement. Question by Bio. Crane : Do members make personal effort to increase the membership of the Crango? Bro. 11 u. Abuoil thought it bad been done in their association. Thought financial dis appointments were an in jury to the order nnd should not be considered ns a matter of very great importance unless quito i large number could be accommodated Bro. Andrews thought financial trouble was at tbe bottom of many failures, but for social improvement was second to none. Bro. Cuuimings thought tho grange of much importanco to larmcrs in many re spects. Bro. Gold thought not vory much per sonal work had been done in their grange, bnt believed the principles to be right nnd shonld continue to advocate them. The snbject of the reduction of admit tance fee was suggested but was generally opposed, on tbe ground that a nominal fee would induce many to join the order simply for curiosity. The mattor of having closed doors was introduced by tho master and quito freely discussed, when a voto was taken, which resulted very docidctlly in favor of open doors in afternoon. It was thought the declaration principlos sufficiently broad for any ont to stand on, nnd we wero not ashamed to havo them proclaimed to the world. Tho delegates reported tho next meeting at the farm of E. K. Andrews in Berlin, tho last Wednesday in August next, to be public a farmers' picnic. After o song, it .being 1 o'clock, dinnor being uppermost in tho minds of nil, the meeting adjourned to moot as soon ns time would permit. AFTERNOON SESSION. The mooting was called to order at 1:30 o'clock. After a song by the choir Mrs. Bacon road an essay, entitlod "Destruction of tho old oak" very instructive. Worthy Lecturer 1.. A. runt presentod tba subject for tho afternoon's consideration, to wit, "Unjust speculation in breadstuff's," show ing by facts and figures tho operation in grain in Chicago, Cincinnati and other western markets to be simply a species of gambling by betting on tlio nso or rail of the market lor a given time, and paying or agreeing to pay tlio margin only, and then resorting to every means a stock gamblor would to crcato a stringency in tho market, advancing the price, which the consumer hail to pay and tlio producer did not receive. liro. Andrews tnouglit tliero was no sympathy with monopolists, for any man or set ol men so long as their collurs wore being filled, but must bo restrained bv legislative action, to accomplish which it was necessary to navo tlio masses bettor informed in matters of public policy and political economy, and meetings of this kind were proper places to consider these as well as other agricultur.il topics. Tho disposition of the products of the farm are ot ns much consequence to farmers as any tbing olso. Bro. Carlton thought each individual should have tho privilege of buying ami holding as much ami ns long ns he pleased, and that tho peoplo of Vermont should raise what grain they usod ami not he de pondont on other states. Jiro. Uummings ot isranitreo thought it was useless to talk of Vermont raising all the grain that was needed at the present, for it was impossible lo do so. Thought un just speculation to bo wrong, and mono polios shonld not be smlored to rule. i;ro. II. i). Abbott thought the masses generally did not understand the causes which produced tho trouble, and it was somewhat a difficult m ttlor to so under stand it as to produco tho desired result We thought the matter under eonsidera tion to bo wrong and ought to bo remed ied, and in ordor to remedy tho evil tho rural population would have to movo in the matter. Bro. Cuuimings said wo had monopolies on every hand bank monopoly, insurance monopoly, leather monopoly, iron mono poly, coal and oil, telegraph and tolophonc, railroads, elevated and terrestrial but I think he dill not mention nn agricultural or farmers' monopoly. Others expressed similar views. It was conceded that trans portation had much to do with tho rise anl fall in prices of breadstuffs. During tlio timo Mr. O. M. Tinkbam f tho r re km an camo in, and being called for somo remarks, as is his wont, favored the meeting with a ten minutes' spicy talk. (1c remarked that In attending tho meet ings of the board of agriculture the fanner's lifo was represented as ono ef sunshine and prosperity, whilo hero he had heard very littln but tho hardships of tho farmer. Ho boing a farmer, I think, did not attompt to say ho had not heard moro truth than fiction. Ho thought trades unions had rather boon an injury than a benefit. In speaking of monopolies said that men and animals in somo re spects were much nliko.t'.c, the shrewdest nnd strongest would riso while thewoakcr would go to tho wall (I am not aware that ho mentioned it was necessary somotimcs to restrain tlioso that wero wont to push with their horns to tho in jury of tbe herd.) Thought rogues woro not nil confined to monopolists and speculators, as packages in the hands of commission merchants clearly showed, as for instance threo inches of clour salt in tho bottom of a tub of hut tor, barrels of boans, ono-half hand picked the remainder culls, etc., direct from the producer. He was aware there was trouble, but with his present knowledge if he were given the power of the Creator would not really know justhat to do to remedy tho evil. He gave us somo vory good suggestions for thought. I concluded ho thought best to let tho mattor stand about as it is and take the chanoes. I must bog to differ a littlo on that subject, but bare not time or space here to explain it ; but would say if there is a wrong being done, let every ono learned or unlearned strive to ri"ht the wrong either by organizations or" other-wise. SempfUttfr. The Blue and the Gray. "Laws, honey, 'taint on use r.ikin' ud iiw- .bW hygones. Twooldn t bring him back ef yo was ter secede again; he was a right royal man was Massa Robort, as bofe sides knew, an' It don t matter nowef l, i,...i ,. ,i. ui . or the gray when he went ter elorv: his rones are all white now, 'whiter than no luller on earth can whiten 'om,'" contin ued the sneaker with ih.t - Scripture quotation common to tho reli"- iuus uiacKS. The scene was tho military cemetery of A . "Beautiful for .;i.: overlooked a peaceful river, and its tall oaks and chestnuts alm.l-H i;i countless rows of green hillocks beneath which slept, quietly now.the brother forms once arrayed against each other in deadly hostility. Thero wero acres and acres of those uniform graves, the only difference between them being that on one side of a broad path small whito stones bore the initials of the sleeper, and upon the other the black letters wore painted upon wood alone. It was by the side of ono of theso the old colored Maunieo stood as she addressed the young lady whom she had sheltered, and to whom sho bad been as mother ami father both ever since the fatal day whon he ba 1 of a federal soldier left her and her older brother orphans, as tho confis cation oi their property had already loft them penniless. T.,o pair, la common with multitudes of other groups on both sides of the dividing path, had finishod decorating with floral wreaths and crosses a gravo whoso head board bore the initials It. It., with tho official rank of him who had borne them; and as they turned to leave the cemetery preparatory to scttis" out on their journey toward their south ern homo, tho girl's eye caught the sight of other initials across the divldin-r line which sent the passionate southern blood Hying to her cheeks, clenched the little whito hand, and called forth a sudden word of execration upon those who had destroyed the "lost cause" and so many of those who had supported it. Every yoar "Maumee," as tho youn" people still called her, and her charge performed this pious pilgrimago.and not a littlo toil, seir.Jonial and contrivance did it cost the faithful old soul. Until recently a bright, manly boy had accompanied them, but tho boy had grown into a man now, and the descendant of the free, white race had voluntarily sold himself into a worse slavery than Maumce's ancestors had ever known. Night after night saw tho hnv'u un steady steps leavo tho dramshop; day after day saw his brightness dim and his character deteriorate, till both Man men and Grace felt, though they never con fessed It even to ono anothor, that it would havo beon better had he too lain under tho green furrows of A etery besido tho father whose name was spoken with reverence, alike by friend and foe. It was a tradition in tha littlo house hold whether with or without founda tionthat the gun which shot down Grace and Max's father had been in tho hand of ono Malcolm Bennett, of Wiscon sin, and the yearly prilgrimago had como to bo not only an occasion for piously remembering their own doad, but also for hoaping upon the gravo of the supposed murdorcr, which happened to bo iust across the path, suoh contumely as lay in passionate tliongnts anil weak words. Maumee had once joined in those invec tives, hut since she had, as she would have said," 'sperienced 'ligion," she alwavs sought to calm tho excitement of hot charge in somo such words as the above. It was night whan thetravelers retched homc,ar.d tho lonoly darkness of tho cloan little cottagn struck a chill to both hearts. Maumee bustled about, lighted a lire, and prepared such a supper of fried chicken ant! corn eako ns she nlono knew how to make, sighing, as she placed a third chair, to think how probably usoless was that preparation. To her great surprise, however. Max walked in, grecled his sistor affectionately, gave her an old fash ioned hug, and ate his supper with a rel ish which told how much ho had missed hor cookery. To hor still fitrthor surprise he did not go out again, but went off to bed without further conversation. There was plainly something upon his mind, but as plainly he was not drunk, and both Maumeo and Grace looked on In astonish ment. The same thing occurred the next night and the-next, which was Saturday, and when on Sunday morning Max " camo down ready dressed lo accompany his sister to church, n thing that had not happened for several years, the old wom an could contain herself no longer. "What's come ober yo, slroro chile? Has yer got through? Has yer done got the blcssin'?" "Not as you mean; though I do hope to be a better boy to you, dear old Maumee. and a better brother to Grace. I mean to mako n home for you both, and you shan't work your lingers to the bone for us, you dear old soul, if God will help me to keep a promiso." And then, as they walked across the square to church, Max told his sister Hie story. How there had come a northern tomporanco speaker to C . a woman- anil how ho, with some boon companions, nad gono lo tno meeting to "hear the virago rant and shriek;" how astonished and captivated ho had been by the beauti ful, sweet-voiced, womanly woman who, with thrilling earnestness and unanswer able argument, bad plead for total absti nence on the sido of manliness, cood citizenship and Christianitv; how amid outhusiasm and foars, impossible to depict, a woman's Christian tompernnce union had been organized among the fairest a,nd njost cultured ladios of the city, tho secre tary being a cortain little "Yankee school mistress" whom "tho rollers" hnd been wont to sotid to Coventry. How tho latter had found him out on a suhscquont occa sion, and succcodod in getting his namo as sn "honorary raember''of tho new asso ciation, and how someliowjho had signed the plodgc, and promisod tho fair girl who offered it him, to sook strength to keep it wnero oniy sucn sirengm was to be lonnd. SckrlC't. Tho recent groat overflow of iho Mississippi rivor scorns not to havo beon barren of good results. A corresnnndnnt of the Memphis Avulancic. who has traveled extensively through tho Missis sippi valley, says that the general opinion is that no such overflow as the ono just gone has beon known In that section ' for luliv nan a century. Nor havo tho nn- counts of damages and tho destruction of live stock and other pronertv incident to the flood boon exaggerated. Plantations aro covered with sand and scooped into mighty gullies, or oovered with a forest of driftwood and debris to remove which re quires labor equal to that of first clearing But the silt mud of the overflow, it Ts universally admitted, has imparted new and rich fertility to the soil, and tho plant ers look forward to bountiful cropsithe coming autumn.