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GREEN MOUNTAIN FREEMAN,
MOSTPELIElt. VT. offlee iu the Brick BIork.Head of Htale stni. TEKIfM (IJUlf paid in advanos: otherwise, raiment mir be made br mill or otherwise to n. B. WIIEELOCK. Editor anil Proprietor. Tl FantaM. under the recant Uw of ConirreM circulates free In Waahlnrtoo County. On 11 papers sent outside Wanhlwrton Oountr. the posuire U paid By the publisher t the ofnce In Montpeller. TERMS FOB ADVERT .SIKH. V r . ue riaroM-j lln -ir l,s of Wite !- . .10 litTtl.oi. l ; fi.r n 'lli-.-'ii-:it 111-rti'ii,, i, 1 f,.-t- i.nMiU-r , 1 -:ii .r, a- ntvfc.-i "i l lwi,w it wall- nie.l or4-r -1 -it . i.li -r.il . n.Atli .. j.tei lunT au I mMi.- tl i!,tr tr a:- ap (- i'-.r X ti-.- .! 1,.1,-ral 01. I.tra. tbe K'-tn:ut,on ar.'l I'l 1.... artuei tipw. etc., i i,.r til '-j luai. lue lii'.urv In ml c- wi pain toe letter Ni.te es in 1 -w clii i,r, .1,1 ,-etji ii-i e. u u ser tlun. but iicjchsr.fi. u.iui, -.1 lenattiau Ule.rU. . X'ltlcra t Ih-athti and Marriair-Hi inserted irralia, I lit ext. nil-,1 otHtui-r N,,tieea o 1'uetry aillui ehajgtd at the rate 01 i cent per line. VOL. XXXIX. MONTPELIER, VT., WEDNESDAY, JULY 2G. 1882. NO. 30. tent JttotBttrat Mi .$mmau. OtiTFELEH. ?T. WEDKESDAY. JULY 20. 1882. Concerning Pensions. Jio little has been said and printed lately about pitying such enormous sums for pensions to the war-worn vetorans wh' yet remuin. Wben will wealthy tax py on begin to consider the matter in Its true light t In 1861 they thought the union must be saved at any cost, and they cheered when the farmer left his plow, the blacksmith his forge, and the carpentqr his bench. What did the wealthy tax payor then do? Said he would be willing to sacrifice anything for the salvation of the country even to the giving to the army ot all his first wife's relations, and then staid at home and loaned his money at exorbi tant rates, or secured a government con tract and trebled the money invested True, large bounties were paid to recruits, but who sacrificed the most those wh went to the front or those who remained at homcf The soldier has lost hi J health or his limb, while the wealthy tax payer lias quitted a large inoreaae in his wealth. Those who went to the front had every thing to lose, while those who staid ai home had everything to gain. Why, then, should they complain if a scanty return is given to the soldier for his years of suffer ing and sacrifice? Who ever knew of a disbanded soldier having his taxes abated or complaining of great sums paid for pensions. Even though not receiving one himsolf ho feels willing to help pay taxes to pension others since be knows some' thing of the sacrifices made by those who fought the battles of their country and saved frcm disgraco the old flag. Hut the bond-holders who.in 1861, wero the loudest inthoircall for ollitrn to no to tho front ate now tho loudest to complain of the inadequate roturn inado to llioso who braved the dangor that thieves might be the safety. 1 csmo home from the war with my health shattered, found my house robbed, my muadow a pasture for my neighbors' cows, and 1 am to-day, (a fact, Mr. Editor,) suffering from the disoase I contracted in the prison pons of the south. Uow much havo those who staid at homo lost? Irt justice be dono though iho heavens fall. Akdejssonvili.e. Sunday School Lesson Notes. BT REV. J. O. SIIEItllUKN. July tftth: TIjo Triumphal Entry-Mark 11:1 11. Tho incidents of this days's lesson gain their importance chiefly from tho fact that by means of them a very important Old Testament prophecy is fulfilled. Upon this prophecy, (Zech. 9:9-11) perhaps as much as any single passage from th prophets, the people rosted their hope anil expectation of a temporal kingdom sot U by the Messiah. Christ bad no dispositior to ft liter the expectations of the people in this direction, but all the prophecies con cerning him must be fulfilled. Fron Jerico he has come a day's journey to tbi village of Botbphage, loss than two tulles from Jerusalem. The crowds about him havo increased constantly. Tho groai feast of the Jews is at hand, and pious pilgrims throng every way loading to the Holy City. The divine prescience of Christ appears iu all the provisions made for his entry into Jerusalem. He directs his disciples to a plaoe where they may find an ass on which he can ride and describes the exact place whero they shall find him, and tells them what answer to give wben they are questioned about loosing him. Different views have been taken of this incident ; some have supposed that Jesus had pre-arranged the matter of the use of this animal through some agent there, as Lazarus, perhaps, or some other friend in one of the villages. It is not at all necessary to make such a supposition; Jesus had many friends and followers in Bethany, a few months bofore ho had there raised from the dead one who bad been in the grave four days, and many believed on that account. Others had long before that accepted him as the promised deliverer of Sod's people. Any one of these followers of Jesus would doubtless have boen pleased to put at his service anything they possessed. So it was only necessary that tho two disciples sent out for tbo purpose should say in answer to tho ownor's question, " Tho 1orJ bath need of him," and this man was ready to servo Christ by granting the uso of what he possessed. Some question Ins ariseu as to the choice of an ass as the boast to be usod on this occasion of kingly triumph. Two nearly opposito viows have been taken by different Biblo writers. Soma havo aOlrm od that tho ass was tho royal animal, and that eastorn kings evon to the prcsont day use tho ass or mule on such occasions Others have held, and their view soems to have support in the prophecy already mentioned, whore Christ is termod " low ly and sitting upon an ass' colt," that Christ rode upon an nnbroken and com monplace animal that lie might put himself on a footing with the lowly and the poor, and might also symbolism tho rude imJ untrained character of tho subjects over which his sway is set up. Another meaniug has iu more recent time been put upau his aotion in this mut ter. It is said that the horse was the animal for kings when they wont forth to war, but when they rola in peacoful state among their subjects tho ass was chosen. This view us iv, iu soma senso, bo said to combine tho two former, and givos us, doubtless, the better explanation. Christ's kingdom is ono of peace, and royalty at peace was jJit tin proper gym1)?! for this occasion. The lowliness of Ciirist is to tdo promi nent in tlia fact tint ho rolo upon u borrowed boast, and its only trappings were the coarse outer garments which his loving followors took 'from their own persons to supply the place of a saddle. The conduct of the disciplos is, however, just as honoi'iibio to thorn and just as much to the h mur of Christ as if they ' conference, was mado a D. D. by Dart had furnished him tho most oostly saddle, j mouth college at its lato commencement. trimmed with cloth of gold. They fur nished the best they had, and sovereignty can rightly ask no more. When once tho ride toward the city is begun, we have a picture upon which imagination and thought may well lovo to linger. Christ in his dignity and sorrow (for he wept when the city of solemnities came into view) is the central figure; bofore hiui in eager adoration the multitudes carpet the way with their garments and strew it with palm branches, ami all the while they unite with the crowds that follow after, irylng, Hosanna, blessed is he that comoth in the name of tho Lord. Scholars tell us that the word Ilosinna is the imperative form of the verb moan ing to save, united with a pirlicle equiva lent to our " now." S ive, now, would bence be the senso of tho word which came doubtless to ba use! almost like an interjection. Tho root of the word is the same that appears in Joshua or Jesus, and the idea of salvation is prominent in all those words. Joined with these expressions of Joyful adoration were others which be trayed the ignorance and worldly notions which still possessed the minds of the people They wero th'f'.'tig of the splendor and glory of David's reign, and looked to see the return of that glory, while they failed to understand the real mission of him whom they hailed as con quering king and savior of their people. The procession advances toward the city and is met by a throng from within the walls, and in one vast enthusiastic crowd they enter within the city gates and go up to the temple upon Mariah. It is probable that Jerusalem had not witnessed such a scene, and unless we admit special divino restraint we can hardly ncoount for tho fact that tho Jewish rulers in their hitter hatred did not then seize upon him and put him to death. Though such a thing might havo been almost impossiblo while tho multitude expected so confidently that Jefus would soou proclaim himsolf their king and rid them of tho hated Romans. Jesus entered the temple and lookod about upon his Fathor's house ; ho vicwod tho Holy City in all its rcadinoss for tho coming foast, and the day being ended ho sought rest and retirement with tho loved ones at Bethany. To the poople tho day had boon ono of disappointment, for Christ had not assum ed tho place they hoped to see him take. Co the Master the day had boon one of keenest sorrow, for lie saw not only the awful doom awaiting the sacred city, but he walked in the shadow of Gethsemane and Calvary. Personal Rev. M. D. Jump of Bennington has :i vacation through tho month of August. Ex-Gov. J. G. Smith delivers the ad dress at the coming state fair at Burling on. Rev. E. W. Whitney of the Brattleboro Cniversalist church spends a fonr weeks' vacation near Boston. Rev. Dr. II. M. Storrs purposos to re sign tho secretaryship of the American ionie missionary society. The salary of Rev. Dr. John P. Now man of tho Madison avenue Congregation tl church has boen increased to $10,000. W. J. Bray of St. Johnsbury has been warded the contract of building the new Presbyterian church at that place. Rev. Mr. Perry of Brunswick, Mo., is conducting nt the Congregational church, East llardwick. Ralph, the promising son of Rev. U. II. Parker of the Grafton Baptist church, died last week, Wednesday, after a brief illness. C. B. Simpson and wife of Sheffield have been engaged to have charge of tho board ing house, Seminary Hill, for tho ensuing school year. Win. Taylor is preparing a book upon "Self-supporting Missions." For this work he is doubtless better qualified than any other man living. John Wesley's obituary notice of Fletch er was brief yet comprehensive: "A pat tern of all holiness, scarce to be paralleled in a century." Dr. Fitzgerald, editor of the official organ of the M. E. church, south, is re covering from a dangorous illness, though still unable to be at his post. The two sons of Rov. W. M. Donslow of Rutland certainly ought to bo patriotic. One was born July 4th, 1878, and the other July 4th, 1882. It is rumored that Dr. Thayer, one of tho professors who havo resigned chairs at Andover, will go to Harvard divinity school, Cambridge Ex-Secretary Evarta says tho 'NJUti uicd als given to those of the Chicago convention who poriiistcntly votod for Grant should havo boon tuado of boaton brass." Bishop Foster proachod iu tho People's church last Sunday, this being his last sor vico In Boston previous to bis departure for the tour of our missions in India and China. Simon Willard, an alumni of the scmin ary at Montpeller and a rocent graduate of a Now York modical collego, Is at home in Pawlet preparatory to settling and commencing practice. John Bright has resigned his position in the English cabinot, becauso of his nou approval of tho government's foreign policy. In this Mr. Bright is truo to tho convictions of a lifo time. A Venetian artist has completed a glass mosaic portrait of Gon, Garfield, whioh is to be bnng bosldo tho picture of Abraham Lincoln in tho old House of Roprosenta lives at Washington. Tho Rev. E. C. Boaz, presiding elder of the Fort Scott district, Kansas, wants two "live young mon" to help him, promising thum "plenty of work, a grand opportuni- ty, and fair Bupport Rev Clifford II. Smith of West Brattle boro, just graduated from Yale thoologic' , al seminary, reoently began his labors as pastor of tho Congregational eburchos of , 1'ittsQeld and Sherburne. Rev. K it. Morideth, of Philip's Congre gational church, South Boston, and form' erly of the M. E. church, New England The late Mrs. Elinor Parker Long, ol Philadelphia, bequeathed an estate valued at 200,000 for the establishment of a bom for orphan girls in that city, especially the orphan daughters of union soldiers and firemen. Miss Tourger, daughter of Dr. Eber. Touigor of the celebrated New England conservatory of music, having been teach er of music for three years at St. Agnes Episcopal ladies' school at Bellows Falls, has resignod. Rev. Dr. A. M. Shlpp has been elected dean of the theological faculty of V'ander bilt university in place of the lamented Dr. T. O. Sumnors, who died during the recent session of the general conference of the M. E. church, sonlh. Charles II. Goldtbwailo, a graduate of Harvard college, second in a class of 183, with several years' experience, has been chosen principal of the St. Albans graded school.vice S. W. Landon who resigned to accept a similar position in Burlington. W. 11. Barnes, an old chum of the assist ant editor of this paper, has just graduated with high rank at the medical department of the U. V. M. The best wishes of his many friends will go with him, and wish him abundant success in whatever place he may cast his lot. The lato Rev. H. O. Higley and his sons. Rev. II. P. Higley of Beloit, wis., Prof. K. H. Higley of Middlebury and A. E. Higley of Castleton, are all natives of Castleton, fitted for college in Castleton and were graduated at Middlebury be tween tho years 18;)0nd 18G0. Tho Boston Journal says: Probably the wealthiest sexton in tho world is the ono who, every Sunday, ushers to their seats tho congregation of St. James' chap el, Elboron, N. J. Ho lives near by in a $70,000 cottage, has a bank account of sev eral millions and is known to the world as G. W. Childs, propriotor of the Philadel phia Public Ledger. Another Veruioulor, resident iu tho West, is likoly to bo a member of uou grcss. Rollin A. Horr, twin brother cf Iieprcsoutativo Horr of Michigan, has just been nominated by the republicans of tho fourteenth Ohio district after uOo ballots. Tho brothers are natives of Waitsfiold, Washington county. Rev. Ohan Gladzakyan, a native of Torsus, Asia Minor, converted through missionary effort, is now in this country studying medicine. He has taken ono coarse of lectures at Burlington and com pletes his preparation at Dartmouth, when he will return to work among bis own peoplo as pastor and physician. The Boston Jurml says somebody hns spoken of Gladstone enthusiastically as "the grand old man," and the phrase hav ing boen taken up and ridiculed. Sir Stafford Northcoto, the loader of the con servatives in tho Houso of Commons, has been dubbod "tho grand old woman," be causo of his "general tea party aspect." Prof. C. W. Bennott, of Syracuse Uni versity, ia spending his summer vacation in Boston and Cambridge, not in sight see ing and pleasure hut in historical research in the great libraries of those cities He is at work upon his history of Christian Archnsology, which is nearing completion. He has bad bis work in hand since 1869 and hopes to havo it ready for the printers next year. The Rev. J. B.Vernim.father of Dr.Leroy M. Vernon, superintendent of tbo Italian mission, and of Dr. S. M. Vernon, pastor of Roberts Park church, Indianapolis, died in Mt. Pleasant Grovo, June 16, 1882. He was a member of tho M. E. church from boyhood, a local preacher for forty years, and win greatly respected and beloved in tho community where he lived. J. J. Lafferty, D. I) , says in the ilich- mond Christian Adcoeile, "The Yankees bother us. They were on the wrong side in the war. Tlioy are given to heresies. They are avaricious; anil, somehow, nearly every morning in opening the papers some Yankee has given a million to found a charily, endow a college or start a 'plank' for the poor. All those queer things piuzle us. The religion of the Yankee runs to udder for the feeding of the race. The religion of the south, we fear, is likely to develop in the line of Texas cattle in horni, elevated, hard and hollow." Rev. Moses Fatleo, famliarly called Father" Patloo, and widelv known in Northern Now Hampshire, died recently at Bloouifiold, Vt., nt tho ngo of 71. He began as a preacher in the Methodist Church nearly half a century ago, and continued in active work until 1R81. His stations extended not only in New Hamp shire and Vermont, bin into Canada. He was mainly instrumental in tho erection of the fiuc Methodist church at Colebrook. His character was blameless and bis long lifo was one of groat usefulness. Tho doeoasod was frequently called to civil positions, having beco lour times elected a representative to tho logislattiro of' Vormont and onco to that of New Hamp shire, although it proved that ho had not been longonoueh a rcsidonl of the stato to qualify him for tho seat. Tho funeral occured al Holland, Vt., his old home, Rev. D. J. Smith of tho New Hampshire cenferonca otriciatcd. "Father" Tattoo left a widow and two children. Levi Scott, D. D., one of tho bishops of tho M. E. church, diod at his homo at Odessa, Delaware, on Thursday, July 1.3. Ho had been vory fceblo for several months, and tho death seemed to result from a gradual giving way of tho vital powers. Simpson's Cyclopedia of Meth odism says: "Bishop Soott was born in Odessa, Del., October 11, 1882. His par ents wero mombors of tho church, his father being a class leader and local preacher, wbo became in 1803 a member of the Philadelphia conference, but died during tho following year. He labored on a farm until his sixteonth year, when be engagod in mechanical operations. In 1822 be was oonvertod and united with the ohurch, and aflor groat hesitation and under a thorough conviction of duty, he was licensed to preach in 1825, and the following Tear was received into the Philadelphia conference. Ilia appoint monts were successively to Talbot, Dover, St. Georgo's charge, Philadelphia and West Chester. In 1832, on account of impaired health, ho recoivod a supernu nierary relation, but tho following year he was able to resume work. In 1834 ba was unexpectedly appointed presiding eldor of Delaware district. He continued to fill oa9toral charges until, in 1810, nt the arnest solicitation of Dr. Durbin, he ac cepted the position of principal of Dickin son grammar school at Carlisle. He held that position for three years, when he returned again u the pastoral work which was more congenial to bis taste. Ho was elected a member of every general eon ter mer from 183() to 1852. At theenoral -onference of 1818 ha was elected assistant wok agent at New York. After hiving -erved four years ho was in 1852, elected -lishop Ho has traveled extensively hrougb all the states and territories. The winter after his election he sailed for Africa and visited the mission! on that coast, holding the session of the Liberia 'onference, and he has tlirco times visited the conferences of the Pacific. At the time of his death lie was tho senior bishop of the church, and was greatly beloved by all wbo knew liltu. May the mantle of bis saintly lifo tail upon his followers." Congratuliitoy Address Iu the Methodist Ministers Iowa. Tho recent grand victory for prohibition iu Iowa was promoted in no slight degree by the constant co operatiou of the Meth odist clergy and people of that state, in the canvas and the vote for constitutional o hibition. Bishop Hurst has therefore pub lished tho following: To the mir.itters of the Melkoilist EpUcopal ehureh of Iowa : With glad and grateful heartll congrat ulate you on the magnificent triumph of me prohibitory amendment on June 27th On that day the sun set on redeemed Iowa. Your part in this conflict has been worthy of the first decades in the history of our church. Your irresistiblo appeals; your tireless work by day and night, at home and abroad ; your sympathy with the suf ferer, and charity towards the authors of his sorrow; your intelligent presentation of the evils of intemperance, to tho young and old, to the English, Germnu, and Scandinavian tongues; your unanimous and simultaneous uprising even before the general assembly placod the privilege of a vote bofore tho peoplo; and your patience in the midst of innumerable obstacles and much misrepresentation, havo helped iu no small measure to achicvo a victory whose territorial area and scope in time no faith or imagination is strong enough to measure. When the first woslorn itiuerauts preach ed in tho cabins and out on the broad prairies between tho Mississippi and tho Missouri thny encountered only the Indiau and tho wild boast, and all tho inconveni ences of an unsettled country. But in every community whore you have lived and labored, you have had intemperance as your constant foe, fortified by wealth, talents, social arts and great persistence. Your heroism, however, has prove 1 to bo of the same firm, fine fibre as that of our fathers, and posterity will give it as secure a place in Its love and gratitude. But our victory will be barren, and our accounta bility greater, if we do not embrace tho now wider opportunity ot the good work of gathering in souls, of healing the wounds made by uncontrolled intemperance, and of guarding and educating our people on those more insidious dangers of intoxicat ing drinks from which no popular verdict or righteous legislation can exempt us. To this new phase of tho great reform let us now address ourselves. For what you have done toward tho triumph of the 27lh, our 80,000 members in Iowa, and the millions of our communion in this and dis tant lands, will thank you, and join with you and your congregations in thanks giving to him who gave bis Inspiration at tbe beginning of this great contest, and In prayer that he may give us the courage and wisdom to reap the best possible har vest from tho signal popular triumph of over thirty thousand majority in Iowa over the biting serpent and stinging adder of intemperance. John i. Hurst CUIUOSITIES Ol' AN Owis Nest. It is commonly known that owls havo two or three sets of young in the course of a sea son ; but as far as I can make out, after sitting upon tho hrst egg, or pair of eggs, and hatching tho birds, no further eH'ort in incubation is mado. Directly after the owlets are out of the shell, tin; hen bird lays one or two more beautiful white oirgs, but does not sit, devoting herself to feed ing the insatiable little monsters she has started into life, and the warmth of their bodies hutches tho next owlet. This one hatched, nrcthor is laid with the same re suit, and it Is vivified by I lie yoong one's warmth, escapes from the shell, and once more an egg or two occupy the nest, so that in the same corner, in a shallow, downy spot, may lie seen an owlet three parts grown, nnotnor halt grown, another a few hours old, and a couple of egos four stages in all; and, if inspected by day, the three .youngsters will he seen huddled together in very good fellowship, one and all asleep, and the eggs in the coldest place outside. The sight is not pleasing, as may be supposed from the description of tho young owls; but if the eye is offended, what is to he said of the nose? Take something in a bad state of putrefaction and arithmetically squaro it, the result will bo an approach to the foul odor of a nest of owls in hot weather. The reason is not far to seek, when it is borne in mind that tho owl is a bird of Diev; but all the same I have visited the ucsl earlier in the soason, and found the place quite sccutlesi, and tbat, too, at a time wuen rangcti in a semicircio about ttie young were no less than twenty-two young rats and full grown mice, so fresh that they must havo been caught during the previous night, tho larder being supple mented by a couple of young rabbits. If then a pair of owls dispose of so many spcoiuionts of mischievous vermin in a night, they certainly earn the title of friends of man. It may bo argued that, inhabiting it pigeon ooto, the youngstors wore the off springs of two or thrco pairs ; but as far as I can mnko out, a single pair occupy the coto from year to year, tho young birds scoking a homo elsewhere; and I may say for certain that the old birds do not come near their young and eggs by day, gener ally passing tho timo in somo ivy-shaded treo while the sun is above tbo borison, faraway from tbo ooto containing their sleeping babes. When fully Hedged and nearly ready to fly, if tho strong scent is risked and a visit paid, tho birds start into something approaching to wakcfulnes, and, huddling up togethor, will staro and hiss at the intruder, ready to resist hand ling with beak and claw and a clutch from a full-grown owl's set of claws is no light matter ; for nature has endowed them with most powerful muscles, and an adaptability for their use that is most strik ing. When bunting for food, tbo owl glides along on silent wing beside somo barn or stack, and woe betide the cower ing mouse or ratling that is busy on the grain I As the owl passes over, down goes ono log, and four sharp claws have snatched tbe little quadruped from tbo ground, the four points seeming to slope toward a common centre, so tbat escapo is impossible. Every solzure is performed with tho claws; the beak being reserved for dividing tho animal when too largo, and not degradod into forming nn instru ment for solzure or carriage of prey. I have bad owls calmly seated upon my nana, out ior a very snort time, and 1 can not recommend ladios to try them for pete; for the sooner they aro perched olsewbere tho more ploasant it is for the skin, their claws being exquisitely sharp, London Qraphv. tii it oi.d w tat. HuJr tin Ahk-lr apple tree. Lioklntr ap to the sun and hreexi. Walled at, hU with tta moaay bauds, rue stieioat well of tbe homestead staud; Its time worn rurb In the irraeB mink deep, Uib la the air Ita till weU sweep. Where the sailing swallows oorue and iro. Or sun themselves in a slanting: row. Feathery fonts wave over the eds-os. Uuchene cling- Id th. stonr letbres. And all tbe stars ol the evening sky In Its sUent darknau seems to lie. Warfarins- men with wrarr feet 'Hop to drink of Ita waters sweet To watch the buekt with orjrstal dip Brliu np ite oomfort for ere and Up. tnd the laborers come whan the snn Is hkru; With tkeir dinner-paUa. from the aelds near by iid. renin then, will sometimes tell Of Michael Orlswold' who do the well. 0 vraudslre mine, you did not know. When yon dux tho well so lone uo - Wlinu you irs'bered tbe stones and piled in a heap. And laid tho foundations strong; and deep: When you yoked your oien at break of day. And into the forest plodded away. Where yon wakened the yornw birds out of their sleep As you foiled a tree for the Ions; well-iweep- r.lttle yon knew when you rearet It bhch. With Its i-halu and bucket to swlna- thereby. Aud the post In the ((round did Irmly nt.: What au excolleut Job you made of it. Ynu did not know tbat the well's smooth face Would bear the ptctureshf all your race; That lootr after you had passed away. Tour ctiildreii, HilldrHi would round It flay. When 1 wa a child t need to see Plnasnut face looking- with me: Fattit-r aud mother-kin and klu Shadowed Ita quiet depths within. Now lieu I lean and look, ah, me ! What Is the picture that I see? A weary face, some tresses gray. And tho tran'inil hea vena-far away. ilariu 11. Ilu tint. A WIFK TO HER 111X11 ll Ouc of us, dcar- iiut one Will alt by a bed with a marvelous four, Aud i'laap a hand, ti rowlnx cold as it feels for the spirit laud Darling which one ? One of us, dear-- IJi.t oue Will htaud by theother's eolhu bier. And look aud weep, Wltile tlioHo marble lips strange silence keep Harlinif, which one ? One of us. dear - ltitt ouc -liy an opeu grave will drop a tear. And homeward go, Ttie anguish orau unshared grief to know - Darliug which ouo ? i uc of us, darliug, it must be, II may be you will slip from me: Or perhaps my life will first be done; Which uue t The Old, Old Story. Wo've had a most awful timo in our houso. There have been over so many robberies in town, and everybody has boen almost afraid to go to bed, lue robbers broke into old Dr. Smith's house one night. Dr. Smith is one of those doctors that don't give any medicine ex cept cold water ; and he heard the robbers and eanio down stairs in his nightgown, wan a nig umbrella in bis band, nnd said. "If you don't leave this minute, I'll shoot you."" And the robbers they said, " Olio! that umbrella isn't loaded;" and thoy look hiui nnd tied his bands and feet, and put a mustard plaster ever his month so that be couldn't yell, and then they filled the wash tub with water and made him sit down iu it, and told him tbat now he'd know how it was himself, and went away and left him, and he nearly froze to death before morning. Father wasn't a bit afraid of the robbers, but bo said ho'd fix something so that he would wake up if they got in the house. So ho put a coal scuttle full of coal about half way up the stairs, and tied a string across tho upper hall just at the bead of the stairs. Ho said that if a robber tried to come up stairs, he would upset the coal scuttle and make a tremendous noise, and that if he did not happen to upsot it he would certainly fall over the string at the top of tho stairs. Ho told us that if we hoard the coal scuttle go off in the night, Sue and mother and I were to open tbe windows and scream, while he got up and shot tho robber. The first night, after father had fixed everything nicely for the robbers, he went to bi'd, and then mother told him that she ba l forgotten to lock the back door. So father he said, "Why can't women some times remember something," and he got up and started to go down stairs in tho il:irk. lie forgot all about the string and fell over it wiih an awful crash, and then b i'-ui to fall down stairs. When ho ''ot Irilf way down he met the coalscuttle and that went down the rest of the way witu linn, ami you never in your lite Heard anything like the noise the two of them- made. vVe opened our windows and cried murder and lire and thieves and some men that wero going by rushed in and picked father up and would have taken him off to jail, ho was that dreadfully black, it 1 had a t told them wbo he was. But this was not the awful time that I mentioned when I began to write, and if I don't oegin to tell you about it I shan't have any room left on my paper. Mother gave a dinner party last Thursday. There were ten ladies and twelve gentlemen, and one of them was that dreadful Mr. Mardiu witli a cork leg, tni other im provements, as Mr. Travers calls them. Mother told me not to let her see me in the dining room or she'd lot me know; and I meant to mind, only I forgot, and went into tbe dining room just to look at the table, a few minutes before dinner. I was looking at the raw oysters, when Juno that's tho girl thnt waits on the table said, "Bun, Master Jimmy; hero's your mother coming." Now 1 hadn't time enough to run, so I just divod undor the table, and thought I'd stay there for a miuulo or two, until mother went out of the room nai.i. It wasn't only mother that camo iu, hut ia tvlipiln e.inininv an I tlinu ant iliiwrn in the whole company, nnd thoy sat down to dinner without giving mo any chanco to got out. I toll you, it was a dreadful sit uation. I had only room onough to sit still, and pearly evory timo I movod I hit somobody's foot. Once I tried to turn around, nnd while I was doing it I hit my head against tho tablo so hard that I thought I had upset somothing, and was sure tint peoplo would know I was there. But fortunately ovorybody thought that somolio ly olso had joggled, so 1 oscapod for that liuio. Il was awfully tirosomu waiting for those people to got through dinner. It seemed as if they could nevor oat enough, and when they were not eating thoy were all talking at once. It taught me a lesson against gluttony, and nobody will ever find mo silting for hours and hours at the dinner tablo. Finally I mado up my mind that I must have somo amusement, and as Mr. Martin's cork leg was closo by mo, I thought I would have some fun with that. There was a big darning needle in my pockit, that I kept there in case I should want to use it for anything. I happened to think that Mr. Martin couldn't feel any thing tbat was done to his coik leg and tbat it would be great fun to drive the darning needle into It, so that peoplo who didn't know that his log was cork would see it, and think he was suffering drond fully, only ho didn't know it. So I got out tho ueodle, nnd jammed It into his leg with botli hands, so that it would go in good and deeu. Mr. Martin gave a yell that made my balr run cold, and sprang up, ana nearly nyset tho table, and fell ovor his chair .backward, and wasn't there a circus in that dining-room! I had mado a mistake about tho leg, aud run tho neodlo into his real one. I was dragged oat from under tbo table, and But I needn't say what happened to mo after. It was "the old, old story," t Suo says when she sings a foolish son; about up at five o'clock in tho morning as if she'd ever been awnko at that time in her whole life! Jimmu Urown, in liar' per's Youny 1'copfc. Do not wear your troubles and inisfor tunes all on the outside like an over ooat but keep them hidden within like a ragged back vest. Lowell Citiien. In all cases of slander currency, when ever the former of the lie is not to be found the injured parties should have a right lr come on any of the indoraers. Shcridiir. They don't havo rains out west. A clou.' just saunters np and examines a town an tnen collapses right over it. Nobody e capes but the newspaper reporters and th book agents. Atlanta Constitution. There is a boy in Columbia couniy, N Y., who has living a great great-grand mother, three great grandmothers, iw. grandmothers, and two grandfathers. If tbat boy doesn't know the taste of pre serves, he is not awake to Ids advantages Noise is the music of industry. Thai will do on general principles, but wben tbe sweot cherub of the honsehold is try ing to work the tight-fitting cover off a glass jar full of jam without his mother V knowing it, there isn't much noiso in the operation, yet there can be found a better sample of industry. Yonl er Qatctte. The earth itself is the best of all disin fectants, owing to its antiseptic and de odorizing properties. It is porous In the highest degree, and readily transmits air through its surlace, thus changing to healthy action the otherwise obnoxious fermentation. It does not act so rapidly, or rather its results are not so instantly apparent as those following the use of the chlorides, but its effect is more widespread and lasting. Iifc is made of little things. He wbo travols over a continent must go step by step. He who writes a book must do it sentenco by sentence; ho who learns a science must master itjfact by fact.and prin ciple by principle. Of what is the happi ness of our lifo mado up? Littlo courto sics, little kindnesses, ploasant words, genial smiles, a friendly letter, good wishes, and good deeds. Ono ina inilllion, onco iu a lifetime, may do a heroic action ; but the little things that make np our life come every day and every hour. A Presbyterian minister relates the fol lowing, which camo under his observation, to illustrate'the wit of southern ex-slaves: A little colored boy was brought before the overseer to be whipped. He had hoen on his master's watermelon patch. "What were you there for?" asked the overseer. "I wasn't stealing your melons," was tho answor, "I was prayin'." "Prayin', were you. Well, want to hear you pray now. Down on your knees and get at it. I'ray, or you'll get the cowhide." The boy saw he was cornered, but his wit saved him. Kneeling down, he raised his eyes and clasped hands toward hoaven and offered the following petition: "Lord, dismiss us with thy blessing." It is Charles Dudley Warucr who urgos that boys should bo caught young, put in a barrel and fed through tho bung-hole until they havo arrived at years of discre tion. And yet after many and forcible reasons for regarding boys as blessings in disguise, and so well disguised as to be mistaken for something quite the contrary, most everybody will agree with tho eulogy he pronounces upon the boy. "After all," he says, "there is something I like about a boy." Boys are certainly a nuisance, and yet in their most obnoxious aspect they have an invaluablo disciplinary value, which all who have nothing to do with them cannot sulliciently admire. A minister who had lost his child askod another minister to come and preach for him. Ho came nnd told that ho lived on ono side of a river and felt vory litllo in terest in the people on the other side until his daughter was married and went over there to live, and then evory morning he wont to tho window and looked over that river and felt very much concerned about that town and all the peoplo there. "Now," said no, "I think as this child has crossed another river heaven will be much dearer than it has ever been before. Shall we not lust let our hearts and affections be set on the other sido of the river? It is but a stop; it Is but a veil; wo shall soon be in the other world." Oive the young and struggling a word would not ,aV(J tho,0 ,,ufl9 jn j ' . dow boxes without water, nor refuse tt of encouragement when you can. You to open the shutters that the sunlight might tall upon mem; but you would leave somo human flower to suffer from waut of ap preciation or the sunlight of encourage ment. There are a few hardy souls that can struggle along on stony soil shrubs that can wait for the dews and sunbeams vines that climb without kindly training; but only a few. 1,'ttnr the kind word when you can seo that it is deserved. The thought that "no ono cares and no one knows" blights many a bud of promise. Bo it tho young artist at the casol, tho young preachor In his pulpit, tho work man at his bench, tho boy at his mathe matical problems, or your little girl at the piano, give what praise you can. How Jamib Woi:iii-.!. "I'm going to have the nicest kind of a garden," said Jamie one morning. "I'm goiug touiako it in that pretty little spot just over tho bauk. l'apa said I might have that for my own. 1 mean to have some flowers in pots aud some in Uuls, just liko tho gardoner, and then .you can havo fresh j ! rjut OVer llicro now. I ....... ones every day, mamma. i iu going jamio started oil bravely wiih his spade on his shoulder. But when, aftor an hour. mamma wont to soo how lie was frottinrf on, sho found him lying ou the grass with the ground untouched : "Why, Jamie, where is your garden?" "I was iust lying horoaud thinking how nico it will look when it is all dono," said Jamio. Mamma shook her head : "lint that will not dig the grouud nor make the flow ers grow, little boy. No good dood in nil tho world was cvor dono by only lying still aud thinking about i?'Thc Sun beam. Tim Trouble at mi: l'osr uti e. A Milesian female approaches Sho is short and angular, with a hatchet shaped face and a hatchet edged voice : "Whore's mo lotthor?" is hor abrupt question. "What lettor?" askod tho clerk. " Nivor mind now; I want me three chits." "What thrco oonlsP" "The three chits I gov yo to sond a lotthor to Baltimuor." "What do you want tho throo cents for, then?" "Because tbe letther nivor wint." "And how do you know it noverwent?" "Beoausewhcn me sister answored it sho said she niver got It." 'How could she answor it if sho never got it?" "Arrah, hould your head! Will yor givo me three cents, or won't ye?" "No, ma'am; you must bo crazy to ask it." "Is it mo crazy?" "Certainly; crazy as a bod bug.'1 "Bad luck to ye, an' is it the likes of you that tin re to call me a bed hug? Is thoro any other way of gottin' nt ye excopt through this little windy?" asked the now furious woman. "No, ma'am, no other way." "Faith, it's lucky for you, thin. Av there was, I'd come and welt yc liko nn old shoo. Niver mind," oontinucd tho lady, as sho wont away, "I'll tell me husband to-night, and he'll dot tho two eyes of yo, so he will." Education for the Farmer. It is a mistake to suppose, as was at om line supposed, that education is on' leeded if a boy is to be a doctor or a law or or a minister. Tho chj.-ct of cdueatim ' to tench the stmlenl as much as posMb', f tho most valunble facts that are known ind to train him so lha' he can stiily ami tteep up with tho times in whatever ne ihings are discovered, nnd if need be i, discover new thii.gs for himself If yen want a bov t bo a goid mechanic send him to a school where he nn atmlv on gineering nnd drawing; if ymt wuit hii.. to be a civil engineer you do not sum him out carrying a cnain, hut you sen 1 him to a school where he can study civ ngineering; and if von wm a hoy I "wcome a chemist you do nut make him a elork in a drug store, but send him to wll appointed laboratory. In every d. pjrtment of work meu aro making :t 1 rancesnnd improvements and inventions; ind if a man is to keep np with tho time be must be thinking and reading as wi-1 ts working; if he works to day as he (tin e. years ago he will get left behind; an. d bny is to hold his own with the bes h . must havo tho ndvatnages of the bust It is just as true of farmer's sons as of ant ither class of boys. It is getting to b. gcnenlry understood that lawyers nnd ualn hJ-s and doctors nro not neeessarih wiser or greater than the rest of mankind ; nor are they tho only ones who need to use their brains. It" you say that a farm er's boy, or girl either, doesn't need cdti eating, you say that tho amount of intelli gence nnd brains needctl to work and manage a farm is less than in any other pursuit. That is not true. If farming is lo be mado to pay, if it is to be just as lionorablo to be a farmer as to he a mcr chant or a lawyer or a mechanic, if the eomforts and requirements of civijized lift aro to be brought into nnd kept in tin farmers' homes to tho same extent they tro in thoso of their city friends, If a farmer's sons and daughters are to feel that they havo, and have a right to have, the same culture and intelligence and respectful consideration that other people havo, then thoso sons and daughters must havo tho samo chanco for tin educa tion that is given to every one clso. And if this is not so, if farming is a business that doesn't need brains and scientific education for tho same, then urge every ooy nna gin oi you, acquaintance to leave tho farm ami get into some business where they can look down on tho lifo their fathers led. Aud if that time ever comes wo shall indeed havo a lower class, and this country will no longer be a republic, but will be governed by nn aristocracy ; and wo will have to chango the declara tion of independence so that it shall lead that all men except farmers are created free and equal, and that nil men except farmers are entitled to life, liberty and the pursuit of happinoss. That is just exactly what it comes to. And that is just exactly what it isn't coming to, because all men know better. Farming never was makino- such progress as it is at tlio present time; never until now wero agricultural books and papers so numerous; never before were so many farmers' sons and daughters fitting themselves for life-work in our higher schools. Within the recollection of middle-aged men, there has grown up in this country, as well as in other countries, what we may regard as thi most encouraging sign of the times a demand for a practical education. It is not tho first time in the history of tho world that such a demand has been mado; aud it always means intellectual growth. In tho fifteenth century, when the study ef Greek was introduced into the ICnglish universities, it was bitterly opposed by tho most of the teachors of that time; but there was a real need and demand f jr it, for the learning of tho timo Lad degener ated into pedantry, and tho study of Greek gave new birth to notions, not themselves now, but which had almost died out, ol political freedom and iudupundeueu of tile mind; and no study was ever more prac ticed than was L,reok nt that tune, lor it brought in the new current of thought and feeling which soon gave rlso to tho English Bible and tho reformation, religious and civil liberty. Does any one study Greek for sueh a purpose now? No one pretends to. It serves ns a means ol intellectual training of a certain sort, very perfect in its way; but no ono now ever thinks to get new ideas or practical meth ods from it. Undoubtedly classical litera ture abounds in eloquence and sense; but the man who, on reading Plato, said " there wero a groat many now thinirs 'that book" is generally quoted with that Massachusetts man who, alter attenilin the performance of "Hamlet," said "he didn't believe there were ten men in Bos ton who could write a play like that." Now we have the complaint that the time which can bo given to getting an education is inadequate at the best; and that tho exclusivo .study of the classics leaves a youth ignorant of the great scien tific progress of the age, without knowl edge of which ho is unlit to enter the world of business. It is useless for tho advocates of classical education to pretond that tho classical courses of study have been so modified as to contain the main things in scientific knowlodgo; tho fact is that all the scientific knowledge a student in a classical course of study gets is the merest smatterings; it is very doubtful whether it is worth what little timo is spent upon it or not. It would bo butter to say, what no one disputes, that if a man wishes to bo a lawyer of a ministor tho best training ho can get is a classical one; and let it go at that. Almostcvcry classical graduate spends a year or so in teaching as soon as ho is through college; it is becauso he can find nothing clso to do; soldom or uover do you Itnd a graduate of a scientific school teaching, for a bettor salary awaits hiui iu somo technical work. This shows that there is a real demand for strictly scientific education. It cannot bo objected to this that touching is the high est grade of work, for, In fact, it is gener ally tho least in point of enumeration, anil the condition of our public, schools is a disgrace to our country. How, what sort of an education docs a farmer want? 1 boliovo that tho popular vordict is right, as it gcnorally is, and that tho best that tho schools can do for bim is to teach him as much as possiblo of the real things ho will cucouutor in his every day, out-of-doors life. I,ot him be taught to understand correctly what be sees, and know tho true reasons for things, and to havo genuine scientific methods of thoujht; not desccuding to verbal quib bles or rhetorical whimsicalities, but graspiug tho truth as a wholo, with a thorough, knowledge ot tho principles which govorn tho details, and with a practical oxporicnoo of tho best way of examining tho details themselves. Such knowledge as this is what evory scientific school gives ; if it docs not it has no right to tho name. Wo hear a great deal from time to timo about tho " breadth of cul ture " given by a classical education, which is what men who know nothing but classics are ploascd to call a " liberal ed ucation;' now it tends to make a man more of a man, aud n more intelligent citizen, as if scientific study did not do the same. To my mind, it is shcor humbug to talk of breadth of culture as bolonging to a man who is ignorant, as most olassical graduates aro, of a thorough knowledgo of tho methods and facts of modern scien tific discovery and research; nnd when suuh u man tells you that he is able, from his own overflowing store of knowlodgo, to give to aspiriuz young peoplo a " liber al " education, ho is simply boasting of his ignorance with a rhetorical flourish. Givo a young man a wide knowledgo of 'he facts and processes and laws of nature; train him thoroughly In habits of oher vilion, experimenting, nnu reasoning; n-till Into his mind a sincere lovo for s-ckkI literature, especially history, and a Imlike for meredip!ay; do thext thing, and ihn chancei are that ho will hn an intelligent citiz n. a useful menilx'r ot tlm cmmiinity, anitn mn of good j'ldgm -r.t net liberal thought. All sects are diflerent, because they tome (mm man. Morality is everywhere the -ime, because it conies Irom (tod. lot- f'lf're. ' Where are you going, my little man?' I'o seli iol." "You learn to read? " "No." Whit do yon do?'' "I wait for school to be out." IIusbnd ani Wife. In tho majority of homes in this country tbe husband ami wife must work. It is for the family and for the common gond, and should lt not only without harm to either of them, t nt a positive good to both. A good deal of tboughtfulness on the part of the husband, aud a largo disregard of Mrs. Grnndv by both nusbanu anu wito. should go far to relieve the matter . The work of the hus band is ontside. It takes him into daily contact with his fellow men He Is at tho village store, at the post office, at the black smith shop, at the grist mill. His work varies with the seasons, and It is carried on amid the song of birds nnd tho sough of tho wind. He must sometimes bido ; he storm also. The toil of the wife Is an unvarying round Little children arc born, but the work goes on all the same, with the added labor which each child brings But if with thi there could be an oeassional "outing," a genuine appreciation of lior work, and sympathy expressed for her in Its perform ance, and a generous sharing of tho oom- mon gain or income, it would be n great relief of the tedium and e.are of the work that devolves on her. It'om iw's Jnumal. A Citv Under Oi:olni. For the pist six months tho work of digging the canal to connect Lakes Kustis and Dora' in order to open up the more southern lakes of the Great lake Itegion ot t lorula" has been prosecuted. The second cutting of Iho canal was finished last week, under tho supervision of Mr. T. II. Sprott, who has been Horn tbe commencement one 01 tna foremen on tho work. At the outlet of Lake Dora tho sand bar had already been cut to tho depth of nearly or quite three feet on the previous digging, and was dug ahout two feet deeper last week. At a dntance ol over tour loet below the old level of Liko Dora a moundwas discover ed. Tho first excavations revealed the ex istence of it clearly defined wall lying in a lino lending toward the southwest from where it was struck This wall was com posed of a dark brovvn sand stone, very much crumbled in places, but more dis tinct, more clearly defined, nnd the stone more solid as the digging increased in depth. Tho wall was evidently the eas tern side of an ancient homo or fortifica tion, as tho slooa of the outer w ill was to the west. About eight feet from tho slope of the eastern wall a mound of sand was struck. tubedded in the muck formation above and around it. This sand mound wns dug into only a few inches, us the depth of the water demanded but a slight increased lep h of the channel at that point, but enou"h was discovered to warrant mo belief that here on the north western shore of Liko Dora is submerged a city or town or fortification older by centuries than anything vet discovered in that part ot Florida. Small curiously shaped blocks of s indstouo, some of tliein showing traces of lire, pieces of pottery and utensils made of a mot' led flint, were thrown out by the meu while working waist deep in water. V spear head of mottled llint, live nnd a half inches long by ono and a quarter inches wide, nietily finished, was taken from tilts top of the sand mound and abotu four feet below the water-level of the lakn. Tracers Herald Is a. WiiAi.h's Moi Til. Fayal is tho rendezvous of the whalers from tho neigh boring whaling grounds, and Captain C and his wife are much looked np to by the rest. lie is a sun-burnt fellow, sober, silent and retiring, like all tho rest, in the usual shore o'.ottms of the sailor, blue broadcloth suit and white waistcoat. His wife is a tine specimen of a smart ynn kee woman. In hor shiny alpaca gown and stiff lace rulllo at her throat, she is as trig ns her own brig. Her husband seems very proud of her, but is himself of gentler mien. Kach defers pleasantly to the other, and neither is self asserting. When Mi s. C was pressed by a tourist to relate the story of how she saved her husband's lifo Willi hot plates, she hesitated, but final ly began tho recital in a subdued voice, with an admirable re-nrvo and dieuiiy and a solemn senso of the awful peril through which her husbaud had passe, t. They had captured a whale and got it alongside to cut up. Thu jiws were un usually large, nnd the captain himself was occupied in getting tho upper one, which contains the whakbono of com merce, out from the-head. As is uri.il' an inimcnco iron hook was inserted in the lower jaw, attached to chains and blocks in tho rigging by which it was lifted. Vthin the' cavity of the mouth thus form ed, ou a platform rigged over the ship's side, directly abovo tho upper jaw, the captain stood hard at work, carefully cut ting out the thin plates of whalobono from tho upper jaw. His wife came up from below, looked over the sido at her hus band's position, and cxclalmod, "Oh, V illiam. how dangerous that looks!" at that instant tho hook gavo way, the hor rible iaw fell, crushing tho staging to spliuters, shutting tho captain within the nwttil cavern oi mo mouiu, aim uuiyiug him under water. Tho oruol tooth pene trated tho llosh of his back, goring him terribly; but tho wavos buoyed up tt great jaw, and the captaiu, with the most remarkable'presence of mind, fooling him solf loosed, pushed his foot against the ship's sido, aud so kickod himself clear of the whale s inouin 110 was picscu up for dead and lifted on deok. He made signs that ho was dying, and tbat ho did not wish to po carriod polow. "But" said his wife, "I wa'n't a-goin' to givo him nn so: I told the uieu to carry mm below; I stripped off bis wot clothes. His faoe was gashed and bleeding ;he couldn't breathe ; ho gaspod now ana toon ; uo wns cold as death. I told the stoward to boat all the plates there wore on the imp ana I oovored him with hot platos till I began to feel bim growing warm. Then I pour ed brandy into bim. Ir five days nnd nights, I and a man from forward watoh ed and nursed him. I wrapped him in poultioes as big as a sheet, and changed nem every twenty minutes to tano wo soreness out of him; and so he lived. Then aftor a ruomont's pause, entirely ignoring her own part in tho matter' tho captain's wife added earnostly: "But ho couldn't have lived if he'd been a drink ing mnn. He'd always been strictly tem perate ; so, when he needed the brandy, it brought him right up." It was the best temperance lecture I ever hoard. "I dunno about the brandy," said tho captain quiotly. "I guoss brandy could'nt havo done much for me without my w'f; but, anyhow, I hain't never meddled much with whales' jaw sence.' Prom "A Summer in the Awes."